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PROBLEM 2.
1
Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam. Determine
graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the
parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
(a)
(b)
We measure: 8.4 kN R
19 D q
8.4 kN R 19q W
1
PROBLEM 2.2
The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC. Knowing that the
tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD, determine graphically the
magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the stays
at A using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
We measure: 51.3 , 59 D E q q
(a)
(b)
We measure: 575 N, 67 D q R
575 N R 67q W
2
PROBLEM 2.3
Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support.
Knowing that P 15 lb and Q 25 lb, determine graphically the
magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law,
(b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
(a)
(b)
We measure: 37 lb, 76 D q R
37 lb R 76q W
3
PROBLEM 2.4
Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support.
Knowing that P 45 lb and Q 15 lb, determine graphically the
magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law,
(b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
(a)
(b)
We measure: 61.5 lb, 86.5 D q R
61.5 lb R 86.5q W
4
PROBLEM 2.5
Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. Using trigonometry and
knowing that the force in the lefthand rod is F
1
120 N, determine
(a) the required force F
2
in the righthand rod if the resultant R of the
forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical, (b) the
corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Graphically, by the triangle law
We measure:
2
108 N F #
77 N R #
By trigonometry: Law of Sines
2
120
sin sin38 sin
F R
D E
q
90 28 62 , 180 62 38 80 D E q q q q q q q
Then:
2
120 N
sin 62 sin38 sin80
F R
q q q
or (a)
2
107.6 N F W
(b) 75.0 N R W
5
PROBLEM 2.6
Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. Using trigonometry and
knowing that the force in the righthand rod is F
2
80 N, determine
(a) the required force F
1
in the lefthand rod if the resultant R of the
forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical, (b) the
corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Using the Law of Sines
1
80
sin sin38 sin
F R
D E
q
90 10 80 , 180 80 38 62 D E q q q q q q q
Then:
1
80 N
sin80 sin38 sin62
F R
q q q
or (a)
1
89.2 N F W
(b) 55.8 N R W
6
PROBLEM 2.7
The 50lb force is to be resolved into components along lines  a ac and
 . b bc (a) Using trigonometry, determine the angle D knowing that the
component along  a ac is 35 lb. (b) What is the corresponding value of
the component along  ? b bc
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
(a)
sin sin 40
35 lb 50 lb
E q
sin 0.44995 E
26.74 E q
Then: 40 180 D E q q
113.3 D q W
(b) Using the Law of Sines:
50 lb
sin sin 40
bb
F
D
c
q
71.5 lb
bb
F
c
W
7
PROBLEM 2.8
The 50lb force is to be resolved into components along lines  a ac and
 . b bc (a) Using trigonometry, determine the angle D knowing that the
component along  b bc is 30 lb. (b) What is the corresponding value of
the component along  ? a ac
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
(a)
sin sin 40
30 lb 50 lb
D q
sin 0.3857 D
22.7 D q W
(b) 40 180 D E q q
117.31 E q
50 lb
sin sin 40
aa
F
E
c
q
sin
50 lb
sin 40
E
c
§ ·
¨ ¸
q
© ¹
aa
F
69.1lb
aa
F
c
W
8
PROBLEM 2.9
To steady a sign as it is being lowered, two cables are attached to the sign
at A. Using trigonometry and knowing that D 25q, determine (a) the
required magnitude of the force P if the resultant R of the two forces
applied at A is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
Have: 180 35 25 D q q q
120 q
Then:
360 N
sin35 sin120 sin 25
P R
q q q
or (a) 489 N P W
(b) 738 N R W
9
PROBLEM 2.10
To steady a sign as it is being lowered, two cables are attached to the sign
at A. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 300 N,
determine (a) the required angle D if the resultant R of the two forces
applied at A is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
(a) Have:
360 N 300 N
sin sin35 D
q
sin 0.68829 D
43.5 D q W
(b) 180 35 43.5 E q q
101.5 q
Then:
300 N
sin101.5 sin35
R
q q
or 513 N R W
10
PROBLEM 2.11
Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using trigonometry
and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine (a) the required
angle D if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is to be
horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
(a) Have:
20 lb 14 lb
sin sin30 D
q
sin 0.71428 D
45.6 D q W
(b) 180 30 45.6 E q q q
104.4 q
Then:
14 lb
sin104.4 sin30
R
q q
27.1 lb R W
11
PROBLEM 2.12
For the hook support of Problem 2.3, using trigonometry and knowing
that the magnitude of P is 25 lb, determine (a) the required magnitude of
the force Q if the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is to be
vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
Problem 2.3: Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a
hook support. Knowing that P = 15 lb and Q = 25 lb, determine
graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the
parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines
(a) Have:
25 lb
sin15 sin30
Q
=
° °
12.94 lb Q = W
(b) ( ) 180 15 30  = ° ÷ ° + °
135 = °
Thus:
25 lb
sin135 sin30
R
=
° °
sin135
25 lb 35.36 lb
sin30
R
°  
= =

°
\ .
35.4 lb R = W
12
PROBLEM 2.13
For the hook support of Problem 2.11, determine, using trigonometry,
(a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the
resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is horizontal,
(b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using
trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine
(a) the required angle D if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the
support is to be horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
(a) The smallest force P will be perpendicular to R, that is, vertical
20 lb sin30 P q
10 lb 10 lb P W
(b) 20 lb cos30 R q
17.32 lb 17.32 lb R W
13
PROBLEM 2.14
As shown in Figure P2.9, two cables are attached to a sign at A to steady
the sign as it is being lowered. Using trigonometry, determine (a) the
magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the resultant R
of the two forces applied at A is vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude
of R.
SOLUTION
We observe that force P is minimum when is 90 , D q that is, P is horizontal
Then: (a) 360 N sin35 P q
or 206 N P W
And: (b) 360 N cos35 R q
or 295 N R W
14
PROBLEM 2.15
For the hook support of Problem 2.11, determine, using trigonometry, the
magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces applied to the
support knowing that P = 10 lb and o = 40°.
Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using
trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb, determine
(a) the required angle o if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the
support is to be horizontal, (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Using the force triangle and the Law of Cosines
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
10 lb 20 lb 2 10 lb 20 lb cos110 R = + ÷ °
( )
2
100 400 400 0.342 lb ( = + ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
2
636.8 lb =
25.23 lb R =
Using now the Law of Sines
10 lb 25.23 lb
sin sin110 
=
°
10 lb
sin sin110
25.23 lb

 
= °

\ .
0.3724 =
So: 21.87  = °
Angle of inclination of R,  is then such that:
30   + = °
8.13  = °
Hence: 25.2 lb = R 8.13° W
15
PROBLEM 2.16
Solve Problem 2.1 using trigonometry
Problem 2.1: Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam.
Determine graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant
using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
Using the force triangle, the Law of Cosines and the Law of Sines
We have: ( ) 180 50 25 o = ° ÷ ° + °
105 = °
Then: ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
4.5 kN 6 kN 2 4.5 kN 6 kN cos105 R = + ÷ °
2
70.226 kN =
or 8.3801 kN R =
Now:
8.3801 kN 6 kN
sin105 sin 
=
°
6 kN
sin sin105
8.3801 kN

 
= °

\ .
0.6916 =
43.756  = °
8.38 kN = R 18.76° W
16
PROBLEM 2.17
Solve Problem 2.2 using trigonometry
Problem 2.2: The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC. Knowing
that the tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD, determine graphically
the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the
stays at A using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
From the geometry of the problem:
1
2
tan 38.66
2.5
o
÷
= = °
1
1.5
tan 30.96
2.5

÷
= = °
Now: ( ) 180 38.66 30.96 110.38 u = ° ÷ + ° =
And, using the Law of Cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
500 N 160 N 2 500 N 160 N cos110.38 R = + ÷ °
2
331319 N =
575.6 N R =
Using the Law of Sines:
160 N 575.6 N
sin sin110.38 ¸
=
°
160 N
sin sin110.38
575.6 N
¸
 
= °

\ .
0.2606 =
15.1 ¸ = °
( ) 90 66.44  o ¸ = ° ÷ + = °
576 N = R 66.4° W
17
PROBLEM 2.18
Solve Problem 2.3 using trigonometry
Problem 2.3: Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a
hook support. Knowing that P = 15 lb and Q = 25 lb, determine
graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the
parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines
We have:
( ) 180 15 30 ¸ = ° ÷ ° + °
135 = °
Then: ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
15 lb 25 lb 2 15 lb 25 lb cos135 R = + ÷ °
2
1380.3 lb =
or 37.15 lb R =
and
25 lb 37.15 lb
sin sin135 
=
°
25 lb
sin sin135
37.15 lb

 
= °

\ .
0.4758 =
28.41  = °
Then: 75 180 o  + + ° = °
76.59 o = °
37.2 lb = R 76.6° W
18
PROBLEM 2.19
Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.
Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is
30 kN in member A and 20 kN in member B, determine, using
trigonometry, the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces
applied to the bracket by members A and B.
SOLUTION
Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines
We have: ( ) 180 45 25 110 ¸ = ° ÷ ° + ° = °
Then: ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
30 kN 20 kN 2 30 kN 20 kN cos110 R = + ÷ °
2
1710.4 kN =
41.357 kN R =
and
20 kN 41.357 kN
sin sin110 o
=
°
20 kN
sin sin110
41.357 kN
o
 
= °

\ .
0.4544 =
27.028 o = °
Hence: 45 72.028  o = + ° = °
41.4 kN = R 72.0° W
19
PROBLEM 2.20
Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.
Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is
20 kN in member A and 30 kN in member B, determine, using
trigonometry, the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces
applied to the bracket by members A and B.
SOLUTION
Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines
We have: ( ) 180 45 25 110 ¸ = ° ÷ ° + ° = °
Then: ( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
30 kN 20 kN 2 30 kN 20 kN cos110 R = + ÷ °
2
1710.4 kN =
41.357 kN R =
and
30 kN 41.357 kN
sin sin110 o
=
°
30 kN
sin sin110
41.357 kN
o
 
= °

\ .
0.6816 =
42.97 o = °
Finally: 45 87.97  o = + ° = °
41.4 kN = R 88.0° W
20
PROBLEM 2.21
Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.
SOLUTION
20 kN Force:
20 kN cos 40 ,
x
F q 15.32 kN
x
F W
20 kN sin 40 ,
y
F q 12.86 kN
y
F W
30 kN Force:
30 kN cos70 ,
x
F q 10.26 kN
x
F W
30 kN sin70 ,
y
F q 28.2 kN
y
F W
42 kN Force:
42 kN cos 20 ,
x
F q 39.5 kN
x
F W
42 kN sin 20 ,
y
F q 14.36 kN
y
F W
21
PROBLEM 2.22
Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.
SOLUTION
40 lb Force:
40 lb sin50 ,
x
F q 30.6 lb
x
F W
40 lb cos50 ,
y
F q 25.7 lb
y
F W
60 lb Force:
60 lb cos60 ,
x
F q 30.0 lb
x
F W
60 lb sin 60 ,
y
F q 52.0 lb
y
F W
80 lb Force:
80 lb cos 25 ,
x
F q 72.5 lb
x
F W
80 lb sin 25 ,
y
F q 33.8 lb
y
F W
22
PROBLEM 2.23
Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.
SOLUTION
We compute the following distances:
2 2
2 2
2 2
48 90 102 in.
56 90 106 in.
80 60 100 in.
OA
OB
OC
Then:
204 lb Force:
48
102 lb ,
102
x
F 48.0 lb
x
F W
90
102 lb ,
102
y
F 90.0 lb
y
F W
212 lb Force:
56
212 lb ,
106
x
F 112.0 lb
x
F W
90
212 lb ,
106
y
F 180.0 lb
y
F W
400 lb Force:
80
400 lb ,
100
x
F 320 lb
x
F W
60
400 lb ,
100
y
F 240 lb
y
F W
23
PROBLEM 2.24
Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.
SOLUTION
We compute the following distances:
( ) ( )
2 2
70 240 250 mm OA = + =
( ) ( )
2 2
210 200 290 mm OB = + =
( ) ( )
2 2
120 225 255 mm OC = + =
500 N Force:
70
500 N
250
x
F
 
= ÷

\ .
140.0 N
x
F = ÷ W
240
500 N
250
y
F
 
= +

\ .
480 N
y
F = W
435 N Force:
210
435 N
290
x
F
 
= +

\ .
315 N
x
F = W
200
435 N
290
y
F
 
= +

\ .
300 N
y
F = W
510 N Force:
120
510 N
255
x
F
 
= +

\ .
240 N
x
F = W
225
510 N
255
y
F
 
= ÷

\ .
450 N
y
F = ÷ W
24
PROBLEM 2.25
While emptying a wheelbarrow, a gardener exerts on each handle AB a
force P directed along line CD. Knowing that P must have a 135N
horizontal component, determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its
vertical component.
SOLUTION
(a)
cos 40
x
P
P
q
135 N
cos 40
q
or 176.2 N P W
(b) tan 40 sin 40
y x
P P P q q
135 N tan 40 q
or 113.3 N
y
P W
25
PROBLEM 2.26
Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD.
Knowing that P must have a 960N vertical component, determine (a) the
magnitude of the force P, (b) its horizontal component.
SOLUTION
(a)
sin35
y
P
P
q
960 N
sin35
q
or 1674 N P W
(b)
tan35
y
x
P
P
q
960 N
tan35
q
or 1371 N
x
P W
26
PROBLEM 2.27
Member CB of the vise shown exerts on block B a force P directed along
line CB. Knowing that P must have a 260lb horizontal component,
determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its vertical component.
SOLUTION
We note:
CB exerts force P on B along CB, and the horizontal component of P is 260 lb.
x
P
Then:
(a) sin50
x
P P q
sin50
x
P
P
q
260 lb
sin50
q
339.4 lb 339 lb P W
(b) tan50
x y
P P q
tan50
x
y
P
P
q
260 lb
tan50
q
218.2 lb 218 lb
y
P W
27
PROBLEM 2.28
Activator rod AB exerts on crank BCD a force P directed along line AB.
Knowing that P must have a 25lb component perpendicular to arm BC of
the crank, determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component
along line BC.
SOLUTION
Using the x and y axes shown.
(a) 25 lb
y
P
Then:
sin 75
y
P
P
q
25 lb
sin75
q
or 25.9 lb P W
(b)
tan 75
y
x
P
P
q
25 lb
tan 75
q
or 6.70 lb
x
P W
28
PROBLEM 2.29
The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed
along BD. Knowing that P has a 450N component along line AC,
determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component in a
direction perpendicular to AC.
SOLUTION
Note that the force exerted by BD on the pole is directed along BD, and the component of P along AC
is 450 N.
Then:
(a)
450 N
549.3 N
cos35
P
q
549 N P W
(b) 450 N tan35
x
P q
315.1 N
315 N
x
P W
29
PROBLEM 2.30
The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed
along BD. Knowing that P has a 200N perpendicular to the pole AC,
determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its component along
line AC.
SOLUTION
(a)
sin38
x
P
P
q
200 N
sin38
q
324.8 N or 325 N P W
(b)
tan38
x
y
P
P
q
200 N
tan38
q
255.98 N
or 256 N
y
P W
30
PROBLEM 2.31
Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.24.
Problem 2.24: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces
shown.
SOLUTION
From Problem 2.24:
500
140 N 480 N F i j
425
315 N 300 N F i j
510
240 N 450 N F i j
415 N 330 N 6 R F i j
Then:
1
330
tan 38.5
415
D
q
2 2
415 N 330 N 530.2 N R
Thus: 530 N R 38.5q W
31
PROBLEM 2.32
Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.21.
Problem 2.21: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces
shown.
SOLUTION
From Problem 2.21:
20
15.32 kN 12.86 kN F i j
30
10.26 kN 28.2 kN F i j
42
39.5 kN 14.36 kN F i j
34.44 kN 55.42 kN 6 R F i j
Then:
1
55.42
tan 58.1
34.44
D
q
2 2
55.42 kN 34.44 N 65.2 kN R
65.2 kN R 58.2q W
32
PROBLEM 2.33
Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.22.
Problem 2.22: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces
shown.
SOLUTION
The components of the forces were determined in 2.23.
x y
R R R i j
71.9 lb 43.86 lb i j
43.86
tan
71.9
D
31.38 D q
2 2
71.9 lb 43.86 lb R
84.23 lb
84.2 lb R 31.4q W
Force comp. (lb) x comp. (lb) y
40 lb
30.6
25.7
60 lb 30 51.96
80 lb 72.5 33.8
71.9
x
R 43.86
y
R
33
PROBLEM 2.34
Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.23.
Problem 2.23: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces
shown.
SOLUTION
The components of the forces were
determined in Problem 2.23.
204
48.0 lb 90.0 lb F i j
212
112.0 lb 180.0 lb F i j
400
320 lb 240 lb F i j
Thus
x y
R R R
256 lb 30.0 lb R i j
Now:
30.0
tan
256
D
1
30.0
tan 6.68
256
D
q
and
2 2
256 lb 30.0 lb R
257.75 lb
258 lb R 6.68q W
34
PROBLEM 2.35
Knowing that 35 , D q determine the resultant of the three forces
shown.
SOLUTION
300N Force:
300 N cos 20 281.9 N
x
F q
300 N sin 20 102.6 N
y
F q
400N Force:
400 N cos55 229.4 N
x
F q
400 N sin55 327.7 N
y
F q
600N Force:
600 N cos35 491.5 N
x
F q
600 N sin35 344.1 N
y
F q
and
1002.8 N
x x
R F 6
86.2 N
y y
R F 6
2 2
1002.8 N 86.2 N 1006.5 N R
Further:
86.2
tan
1002.8
D
1
86.2
tan 4.91
1002.8
D
q
1007 N R 4.91q W
35
PROBLEM 2.36
Knowing that 65 , D q determine the resultant of the three forces
shown.
SOLUTION
300N Force:
300 N cos 20 281.9 N
x
F q
300 N sin 20 102.6 N
y
F q
400N Force:
400 N cos85 34.9 N
x
F q
400 N sin85 398.5 N
y
F q
600N Force:
600 N cos5 597.7 N
x
F q
600 N sin5 52.3 N
y
F q
and
914.5 N
x x
R F 6
448.8 N
y y
R F 6
2 2
914.5 N 448.8 N 1018.7 N R
Further:
448.8
tan
914.5
D
1
448.8
tan 26.1
914.5
D
q
1019 N R 26.1q W
36
PROBLEM 2.37
Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb, determine the resultant of
the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.
SOLUTION
Cable BC Force:
84
145 lb 105 lb
116
x
F
80
145 lb 100 lb
116
y
F
100lb Force:
3
100 lb 60 lb
5
x
F
4
100 lb 80 lb
5
y
F
156lb Force:
12
156 lb 144 lb
13
x
F
5
156 lb 60 lb
13
y
F
and
21 lb, 40 lb
x x y y
R F R F 6 6
2 2
21 lb 40 lb 45.177 lb R
Further:
40
tan
21
D
1
40
tan 62.3
21
D
q
Thus: 45.2 lb R 62.3q W
37
PROBLEM 2.38
Knowing that 50 , D q determine the resultant of the three forces
shown.
SOLUTION
The resultant force R has the x and ycomponents:
140 lb cos50 60 lb cos85 160 lb cos50
x x
R F 6 q q q
7.6264 lb
x
R
and
140 lb sin 50 60 lb sin85 160 lb sin50
y y
R F 6 q q q
289.59 lb
y
R
Further:
290
tan
7.6
D
1
290
tan 88.5
7.6
D
q
Thus: 290 lb R 88.5q W
38
PROBLEM 2.39
Determine (a) the required value of o if the resultant of the three forces
shown is to be vertical, (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.
SOLUTION
For an arbitrary angle , o we have:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 140 lb cos 60 lb cos 35 160 lb cos
x x
R F o o o = E = + + ° ÷
(a) So, for R to be vertical:
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 140 lb cos 60 lb cos 35 160 lb cos 0
x x
R F o o o = E = + + ° ÷ =
Expanding,
( ) cos 3 cos cos35 sin sin35 0 o o o ÷ + ° ÷ ° =
Then:
1
3
cos35
tan
sin35
o
° ÷
=
°
or
1
1 3
cos35
tan 40.265
sin35
o
÷
  ° ÷
= = °


°
\ .
40.3 o = ° W
(b) Now:
( ) ( ) ( ) 140 lb sin 40.265 60 lb sin 75.265 160 lb sin 40.265
y y
R R F = = E = ° + ° + °
252 lb R R = = W
39
PROBLEM 2.40
For the beam of Problem 2.37, determine (a) the required tension in cable
BC if the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B is to be vertical,
(b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.
Problem 2.37: Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb, determine
the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.
SOLUTION
We have:
84 12 3
156 lb 100 lb
116 13 5
x x BC
R F T 6
or 0.724 84 lb
x BC
R T
and
80 5 4
156 lb 100 lb
116 13 5
y y BC
R F T 6
0.6897 140 lb
y BC
R T
(a) So, for R to be vertical,
0.724 84 lb 0
x BC
R T
116.0 lb
BC
T W
(b) Using
116.0 lb
BC
T
0.6897 116.0 lb 140 lb 60 lb
y
R R
60.0 lb R R W
40
PROBLEM 2.41
Boom AB is held in the position shown by three cables. Knowing that the
tensions in cables AC and AD are 4 kN and 5.2 kN, respectively,
determine (a) the tension in cable AE if the resultant of the tensions
exerted at point A of the boom must be directed along AB,
(b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.
SOLUTION
Choose xaxis along bar AB.
Then
(a) Require
0: 4 kN cos 25 5.2 kN sin35 sin65 0
y y AE
R F T 6 q q q
or 7.2909 kN
AE
T
7.29 kN
AE
T W
(b)
x
R F 6
4 kN sin 25 5.2 kN cos35 7.2909 kN cos65 q q q
9.03 kN
9.03 kN R W
41
PROBLEM 2.42
For the block of Problems 2.35 and 2.36, determine (a) the required value
of o of the resultant of the three forces shown is to be parallel to the
incline, (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.
Problem 2.35: Knowing that 35 , o = ° determine the resultant of the
three forces shown.
Problem 2.36: Knowing that 65 , o = ° determine the resultant of the
three forces shown.
SOLUTION
Selecting the x axis along , aa' we write
( ) ( ) 300 N 400 N cos 600 N sin
x x
R F o o = E = + + (1)
( ) ( ) 400 N sin 600 N cos
y y
R F o o = E = ÷ (2)
(a) Setting 0
y
R = in Equation (2):
Thus
600
tan 1.5
400
o = =
56.3 o = ° W
(b) Substituting for o in Equation (1):
( ) ( ) 300 N 400 N cos56.3 600 N sin56.3
x
R = + ° + °
1021.1 N
x
R =
1021 N
x
R R = = W
42
PROBLEM 2.43
Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Determine the
tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
From the geometry, we calculate the distances:
( ) ( )
2 2
16 in. 12 in. 20 in. AC = + =
( ) ( )
2 2
20 in. 21 in. 29 in. BC = + =
Then, from the Free Body Diagram of point C:
16 21
0: 0
20 29
x AC BC
F T T E = ÷ + =
or
29 4
21 5
BC AC
T T = ×
and
12 20
0: 600 lb 0
20 29
y AC BC
F T T E = + ÷ =
or
12 20 29 4
600 lb 0
20 29 21 5
AC AC
T T
 
+ × ÷ =

\ .
Hence: 440.56 lb
AC
T =
(a) 441 lb
AC
T = W
(b) 487 lb
BC
T = W
43
PROBLEM 2.44
Knowing that 25 , D q determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in
rope BC.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle
Law of Sines:
5 kN
sin115 sin5 sin 60
AC BC
T T
q q q
(a)
5 kN
sin115 5.23 kN
sin60
AC
T q
q
5.23 kN
AC
T W
(b)
5 kN
sin5 0.503 kN
sin60
BC
T q
q
0.503 kN
BC
T W
44
PROBLEM 2.45
Knowing that 50 D q and that boom AC exerts on pin C a force
directed long line AC, determine (a) the magnitude of that force, (b) the
tension in cable BC.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle
Law of Sines:
400 lb
sin 25 sin60 sin95
AC BC
F T
q q q
(a)
400 lb
sin 25 169.69 lb
sin95
AC
F q
q
169.7 lb
AC
F W
(b)
400
sin 60 347.73 lb
sin95
BC
T q
q
348 lb
BC
T W
45
PROBLEM 2.46
Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Knowing that
30 , D q determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle
Law of Sines:
2943 N
sin 60 sin55 sin65
AC BC
T T
q q q
(a)
2943 N
sin60 2812.19 N
sin 65
AC
T q
q
2.81 kN
AC
T W
(b)
2943 N
sin55 2659.98 N
sin 65
BC
T q
q
2.66 kN
BC
T W
46
PROBLEM 2.47
A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. Knowing that each
chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair E weighs 890 N, determine
that weight of the skier in chair F.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram Point B
Force Triangle
FreeBody Diagram Point C
Force Triangle
In the freebody diagram of point B, the geometry gives:
1
9.9
tan 30.51
16.8
AB
T
q
1
12
tan 22.61
28.8
BC
T
q
Thus, in the force triangle, by the Law of Sines:
1190 N
sin59.49 sin 7.87
BC
T
q q
7468.6 N
BC
T
In the freebody diagram of point C (with W the sum of weights of chair
and skier) the geometry gives:
1
1.32
tan 10.39
7.2
CD
T
q
Hence, in the force triangle, by the Law of Sines:
7468.6 N
sin12.23 sin100.39
W
q q
1608.5 N W
Finally, the skier weight 1608.5 N 300 N 1308.5 N
skier weight 1309 N W
47
PROBLEM 2.48
A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. Knowing that each
chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair F weighs 800 N, determine
the weight of the skier in chair E.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram Point F
Force Triangle
FreeBody Diagram Point E
Force Triangle
In the freebody diagram of point F, the geometry gives:
1
12
tan 22.62
28.8
EF
T
q
1
1.32
tan 10.39
7.2
DF
T
q
Thus, in the force triangle, by the Law of Sines:
1100 N
sin100.39 sin12.23
EF
T
q q
5107.5 N
BC
T
In the freebody diagram of point E (with W the sum of weights of chair
and skier) the geometry gives:
1
9.9
tan 30.51
16.8
AE
T
q
Hence, in the force triangle, by the Law of Sines:
5107.5 N
sin 7.89 sin59.49
W
q q
813.8 N W
Finally, the skier weight 813.8 N 300 N 513.8 N
skier weight 514 N W
48
PROBLEM 2.49
Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in
equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown. Knowing that
F
A
510 lb and F
B
480 lb, determine the magnitudes of the other two
forces.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
Resolving the forces into x and y components:
0: 510 lb sin15 480 lb cos15 0
x C
F F 6 q q
or 332 lb
C
F W
0: 510 lb cos15 480 lb sin15 0
y D
F F 6 q q
or 368 lb
D
F W
49
PROBLEM 2.50
Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in
equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown. Knowing that
F
A
420 lb and F
C
540 lb, determine the magnitudes of the other two
forces.
SOLUTION
Resolving the forces into x and y components:
0: cos15 540 lb 420 lb cos15 0 or 671.6 lb
x B B
F F F 6 q q
672 lb
B
F W
0: 420 lb cos15 671.6 lb sin15 0
y D
F F 6 q q
or 232 lb
D
F W
50
PROBLEM 2.51
Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection.
Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and the P = 400 lb and
Q = 520 lb, determine the magnitudes of the forces exerted on the rods
A and B.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
Resolving the forces into x and y directions:
0
A B
= + + + = R P Q F F
Substituting components:
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 lb 520 lb cos55 520 lb sin55 ( ( = ÷ + ° ÷ °
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
R j i j
( ) ( ) cos55 sin55 0
B A A
F F F + ÷ ° + ° = i i j
In the ydirection (one unknown force)
( ) 400 lb 520 lb sin55 sin55 0
A
F ÷ ÷ ° + ° =
Thus,
( ) 400 lb 520 lb sin55
1008.3 lb
sin55
A
F
+ °
= =
°
1008 lb
A
F = W
In the xdirection:
( ) 520 lb cos55 cos55 0
B A
F F ° + ÷ ° =
Thus,
( ) cos55 520 lb cos55
B A
F F = ° ÷ °
( ) ( ) 1008.3 lb cos55 520 lb cos55 = ° ÷ °
280.08 lb =
280 lb
B
F = W
51
PROBLEM 2.52
Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection.
Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and that the magnitudes of
the forces exerted on rods A and B are F
A
= 600 lb and F
B
= 320 lb,
determine the magnitudes of P and Q.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
Resolving the forces into x and y directions:
0
A B
= + + + = R P Q F F
Substituting components:
( ) ( ) ( ) 320 lb 600 lb cos55 600 lb sin55 ( ( = ÷ ° + °
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸
R i i j
( ) ( ) cos55 sin55 0 P Q Q + + ° ÷ ° = i i j
In the xdirection (one unknown force)
( ) 320 lb 600 lb cos55 cos55 0 Q ÷ ° + ° =
Thus,
( ) 320 lb 600 lb cos55
42.09 lb
cos55
Q
÷ + °
= =
°
42.1lb Q = W
In the ydirection:
( ) 600 lb sin55 sin55 0 P Q ° ÷ ÷ ° =
Thus,
( ) 600 lb sin55 sin55 457.01lb P Q = ° ÷ ° =
457 lb P = W
52
PROBLEM 2.53
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that
W 840 N, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
From geometry:
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5.
Thus:
3 15 15
0: 680 N 0
5 17 17
x CA CB
F T T 6
or
1 5
200 N
5 17
CA CB
T T (1)
and
4 8 8
0: 680 N 840 N 0
5 17 17
y CA CB
F T T 6
or
1 2
290 N
5 17
CA CB
T T (2)
Solving Equations (1) and (2) simultaneously:
(a) 750 N
CA
T W
(b) 1190 N
CB
T W
53
PROBLEM 2.54
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Determine the range
of values of W for which the tension will not exceed 1050 N in either
cable.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
From geometry:
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5.
Thus:
3 15 15
0: 680 N 0
5 17 17
x CA CB
F T T 6
or
1 5
200 N
5 17
CA CB
T T (1)
and
4 8 8
0: 680 N 0
5 17 17
y CA CB
F T T W 6
or
1 2 1
80 N
5 17 4
CA CB
T T W (2)
Then, from Equations (1) and (2)
17
680 N
28
25
28
CB
CA
T W
T W
Now, with 1050 N T d
25
: 1050 N
28
CA CA
T T W
or 1176 N W
and
17
: 1050 N 680 N
28
CB CB
T T W
or 609 N W 0 609 N ? d d W W
54
PROBLEM 2.55
The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can
roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant
speed by cable DE. Knowing that 40 o = ° and  = 35°, that the
combined weight of the cabin, its support system, and its passengers is
24.8 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be negligible,
determine the tension (a) in the support cable ACB, (b) in the traction
cable DE.
SOLUTION
Note: In Problems 2.55 and 2.56 the cabin is considered as a particle. If
considered as a rigid body (Chapter 4) it would be found that its center of
gravity should be located to the left of the centerline for the line CD to be
vertical.
Now
( ) 0: cos35 cos 40 cos 40 0
x ACB DE
F T T E = ° ÷ ° ÷ ° =
or
0.0531 0.766 0
ACB DE
T T ÷ = (1)
and
( ) 0: sin 40 sin35 sin 40 24.8 kN 0
y ACB DE
F T T E = ° ÷ ° + ° ÷ =
or
0.0692 0.643 24.8 kN
ACB DE
T T + = (2)
From (1)
14.426
ACB DE
T T =
Then, from (2)
( ) 0.0692 14.426 0.643 24.8 kN
DE DE
T T + =
and
(b) 15.1kN
DE
T = W
(a) 218 kN
ACB
T = W
55
PROBLEM 2.56
The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can
roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant
speed by cable DE. Knowing that 42 o = ° and  = 32°, that the tension
in cable DE is 20 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be
negligible, determine (a) the combined weight of the cabin, its support
system, and its passengers, (b) the tension in the support cable ACB.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
First, consider the sum of forces in the xdirection because there is only one unknown force:
( ) ( ) 0: cos32 cos 42 20 kN cos 42 0
x ACB
F T E = ° ÷ ° ÷ ° =
or
0.1049 14.863 kN
ACB
T =
(b) 141.7 kN
ACB
T = W
Now
( ) ( ) 0: sin 42 sin32 20 kN sin 42 0
y ACB
F T W E = ° ÷ ° + ° ÷ =
or
( )( ) ( )( ) 141.7 kN 0.1392 20 kN 0.6691 0 W + ÷ =
(a) 33.1kN W = W
56
PROBLEM 2.57
A block of weight W is suspended from a 500mm long cord and two
springs of which the unstretched lengths are 450 mm. Knowing that the
constants of the springs are k
AB
1500 N/m and k
AD
500 N/m,
determine (a) the tension in the cord, (b) the weight of the block.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram At A
First note from geometry:
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 8:15:17.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are in the ratio 3:4:5.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 7:24:25.
Then:
AB AB AB o
F k L L
and
2 2
0.44 m 0.33 m 0.55 m
AB
L
So:
1500 N/m 0.55 m 0.45 m
AB
F
150 N
Similarly,
AD AD AD o
F k L L
Then:
2 2
0.66 m 0.32 m 0.68 m
AD
L
1500 N/m 0.68 m 0.45 m
AD
F
115 N
(a)
4 7 15
0: 150 N 115 N 0
5 25 17
x AC
F T 6
or
66.18 N
AC
T 66.2 N
AC
T W
57
PROBLEM 2.57 CONTINUED
(b) and
3 24 8
0: 150 N 66.18 N 115 N 0
5 25 17
y
F W 6
or 208 N W W
58
PROBLEM 2.58
A load of weight 400 N is suspended from a spring and two cords which
are attached to blocks of weights 3W and W as shown. Knowing that the
constant of the spring is 800 N/m, determine (a) the value of W, (b) the
unstretched length of the spring.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram At A
First note from geometry:
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 12:35:37.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 3:4:5.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are also in the ratio
12:35:37.
Then:
4 35 12
0: 3 0
5 37 37
x s
F W W F 6
or
4.4833
s
F W
and
3 12 35
0: 3 400 N 0
5 37 37
y s
F W W F 6
Then:
3 12 35
3 4.4833 400 N 0
5 37 37
W W W
or
62.841 N W
and
281.74 N
s
F
or
(a) 62.8 N W W
59
PROBLEM 2.58 CONTINUED
(b) Have spring force
s AB o
F k L L
Where
AB AB AB o
F k L L
and
2 2
0.360 m 1.050 m 1.110 m
AB
L
So:
0
281.74 N 800 N/m 1.110 m L
or
0
758 mm L W
60
PROBLEM 2.59
For the cables and loading of Problem 2.46, determine (a) the value of D
for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the
corresponding value of the tension.
SOLUTION
The smallest
BC
T is when
BC
T is perpendicular to the direction of
AC
T
FreeBody Diagram At C Force Triangle
(a) 55.0 D q W
(b) 2943 N sin55
BC
T q
2410.8 N
2.41kN
BC
T W
61
PROBLEM 2.60
Knowing that portions AC and BC of cable ACB must be equal, determine
the shortest length of cable which can be used to support the load shown
if the tension in the cable is not to exceed 725 N.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: C
For 725 N T
0: 2 1000 N 0
y y
F T 6
500 N
y
T
2 2 2
x y
T T T
2 2
2
500 N 725 N
x
T
525 N
x
T
By similar triangles:
1.5 m
725 525
BC
2.07 m ? BC
2 4.14 m L BC
4.14 m L W
62
PROBLEM 2.61
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that the
maximum allowable tension in each cable is 200 lb, determine (a) the
magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied at C, (b) the
corresponding value of D.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle
Force triangle is isoceles with
2 180 85 E q q
47.5 E q
(a) 2 200 lb cos 47.5 270 lb P q
Since 0, P ! the solution is correct. 270 lb P W
(b) 180 55 47.5 77.5 D q q q q 77.5 D q W
63
PROBLEM 2.62
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that the
maximum allowable tension is 300 lb in cable AC and 150 lb in cable BC,
determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied
at C, (b) the corresponding value of o.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle
(a) Law of Cosines:
( ) ( ) ( )( )
2 2
2
300 lb 150 lb 2 300 lb 150 lb cos85 P = + ÷ °
323.5 lb P =
Since 300 lb, P > our solution is correct. 324 lb P = W
(b) Law of Sines:
sin sin85
300 323.5
 °
=
°
sin 0.9238  =
or 67.49  = °
180 55 67.49 57.5 o = ° ÷ ° ÷ ° = °
57.5 o = ° W
64
PROBLEM 2.63
For the structure and loading of Problem 2.45, determine (a) the value of
D for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the
corresponding value of the tension.
SOLUTION
BC
T must be perpendicular to
AC
F to be as small as possible.
FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle is
a right triangle
(a) We observe: 55 D q 55 D q W
(b) 400 lb sin 60
BC
T q
or 346.4 lb
BC
T 346 lb
BC
T W
65
PROBLEM 2.64
Boom AB is supported by cable BC and a hinge at A. Knowing that the
boom exerts on pin B a force directed along the boom and that the tension
in rope BD is 70 lb, determine (a) the value of D for which the tension in
cable BC is as small as possible, (b) the corresponding value of the
tension.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: B
(a) Have: 0
BD AB BC
T F T
where magnitude and direction of
BD
T are known, and the direction
of
AB
F is known.
Then, in a force triangle:
By observation,
BC
T is minimum when 90.0 D q W
(b) Have 70 lb sin 180 70 30
BC
T q q q
68.93 lb
68.9 lb
BC
T W
66
PROBLEM 2.65
Collar A shown in Figure P2.65 and P2.66 can slide on a frictionless
vertical rod and is attached as shown to a spring. The constant of the
spring is 660 N/m, and the spring is unstretched when h 300 mm.
Knowing that the system is in equilibrium when h 400 mm, determine
the weight of the collar.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Collar A
Have:
s AB AB
F k L L c
where:
2 2
0.3 m 0.4 m 0.3 2 m
AB AB
L L c
0.5 m
Then:
660 N/m 0.5 0.3 2 m
s
F
49.986 N
For the collar:
4
0: 49.986 N 0
5
y
F W 6
or 40.0 N W W
67
PROBLEM 2.66
The 40N collar A can slide on a frictionless vertical rod and is attached
as shown to a spring. The spring is unstretched when h = 300 mm.
Knowing that the constant of the spring is 560 N/m, determine the value
of h for which the system is in equilibrium.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Collar A
( )
2
2
0: 0
0.3
y s
h
F W F
h
E = ÷ + =
+
or
2
40 0.09
s
hF h = +
Now.. ( )
s AB AB
F k L L ' = ÷
where ( )
2
2
0.3 m 0.3 2 m
AB AB
L h L ' = + =
Then:
( )
2 2
560 0.09 0.3 2 40 0.09 h h h
(
+ ÷ = +
(
¸ ¸
or ( )
2
14 1 0.09 4.2 2 m h h h h ÷ + =
Solving numerically,
415 mm h = W
68
PROBLEM 2.67
A 280kg crate is supported by several ropeandpulley arrangements as
shown. Determine for each arrangement the tension in the rope. (Hint:
The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley. This
can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of pulley
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
2
0: 2 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
2
T
1373 N T W
2
0: 2 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
2
T
1373 N T W
2
0: 3 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
3
T
916 N T W
2
0: 3 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
3
T
916 N T W
2
0: 4 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
4
T
687 N T W
69
PROBLEM 2.68
Solve parts b and d of Problem 2.67 assuming that the free end of the
rope is attached to the crate.
Problem 2.67: A 280kg crate is supported by several ropeandpulley
arrangements as shown. Determine for each arrangement the tension in
the rope. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a
simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of pulley
and crate
(b)
(d)
2
0: 3 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
3
T
916 N T W
2
0: 4 280 kg 9.81 m/s 0
y
F T 6
1
2746.8 N
4
T
687 N T W
70
PROBLEM 2.69
A 350lb load is supported by the ropeandpulley arrangement shown.
Knowing that E 25q, determine the magnitude and direction of the
force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to maintain
equilibrium. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a
simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Pulley A
0: 2 sin 25 cos 0
x
F P P D 6 q
and
cos 0.8452 or 32.3 D D r q
For 32.3 D q
0: 2 cos 25 sin32.3 350 lb 0
y
F P P 6 q q
or 149.1 lb P 32.3q W
For 32.3 D q
0: 2 cos 25 sin 32.3 350 lb 0
y
F P P 6 q q
or 274 lb P 32.3q W
71
PROBLEM 2.70
A 350lb load is supported by the ropeandpulley arrangement shown.
Knowing that 35 , D q determine (a) the angle E, (b) the magnitude of
the force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to
maintain equilibrium. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each
side of a simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.)
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Pulley A
0: 2 sin cos 25 0
x
F P P E 6 q
Hence:
(a)
1
sin cos 25
2
E q or 24.2 E q W
(b) 0: 2 cos sin35 350 lb 0
y
F P P E 6 q
Hence:
2 cos 24.2 sin35 350 lb 0 P P q q
or 145.97 lb P 146.0 lb P W
72
PROBLEM 2.71
A load Q is applied to the pulley C, which can roll on the cable ACB. The
pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD, which passes
over the pulley A and supports a load P. Knowing that P 800 N,
determine (a) the tension in cable ACB, (b) the magnitude of load Q.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Pulley C
(a) 0: cos30 cos50 800 N cos50 0
x ACB
F T 6 q q q
Hence 2303.5 N
ACB
T
2.30 kN
ACB
T W
(b) 0: sin30 sin50 800 N sin50 0
y ACB
F T Q 6 q q q
2303.5 N sin30 sin50 800 N sin50 0 Q q q q
or 3529.2 N Q 3.53 kN Q W
73
PROBLEM 2.72
A 2000N load Q is applied to the pulley C, which can roll on the cable
ACB. The pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD,
which passes over the pulley A and supports a load P. Determine (a) the
tension in the cable ACB, (b) the magnitude of load P.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram: Pulley C
0: cos30 cos50 cos50 0
x ACB
F T P 6 q q q
or 0.3473
ACB
P T (1)
0: sin30 sin50 sin50 2000 N 0
y ACB
F T P 6 q q q
or 1.266 0.766 2000 N
ACB
T P (2)
(a) Substitute Equation (1) into Equation (2):
1.266 0.766 0.3473 2000 N
ACB ACB
T T
Hence: 1305.5 N
ACB
T
1306 N
ACB
T W
(b) Using (1)
0.3473 1306 N 453.57 N P
454 N P W
74
PROBLEM 2.73
Determine (a) the x, y, and z components of the 200lb force, (b) the
angles T
x
, T
y
, and T
z
that the force forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) 200 lb cos30 cos 25 156.98 lb
x
F q q
157.0 lb
x
F W
200 lb sin30 100.0 lb
y
F q
100.0 lb
y
F W
200 lb cos30 sin 25 73.1996 lb
z
F q q
73.2 lb
z
F W
(b)
156.98
cos
200
x
T or 38.3
x
T q W
100.0
cos
200
y
T or 60.0
y
T q W
73.1996
cos
200
z
T
or 111.5
z
T q W
75
PROBLEM 2.74
Determine (a) the x, y, and z components of the 420lb force, (b) the
angles T
x
, T
y
, and T
z
that the force forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) 420 lb sin 20 sin70 134.985 lb
x
F q q
135.0 lb
x
F W
420 lb cos 20 394.67 lb
y
F q
395 lb
y
F W
420 lb sin 20 cos 70 49.131 lb
z
F q q
49.1 lb
z
F W
(b)
134.985
cos
420
x
T
108.7
x
T q W
394.67
cos
420
y
T
20.0
y
T q W
49.131
cos
420
z
T
83.3
z
T q W
76
PROBLEM 2.75
To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are
attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods
anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 4.2 kN,
determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the
tree, (b) the angles T
x
, T
y
, and T
z
that the force forms with axes at A which
are parallel to the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) 4.2 kN sin50 cos 40 2.4647 kN
x
F q q
2.46 kN
x
F W
4.2 kN cos50 2.6997 kN
y
F q
2.70 kN
y
F W
4.2 kN sin50 sin 40 2.0681 kN
z
F q q
2.07 kN
z
F W
(b)
2.4647
cos
4.2
x
T
54.1
x
T q W
77
PROBLEM 2.75 CONTINUED
2.7
cos
4.2
y
T
130.0
y
T q W
2.0681
cos
4.0
z
T
60.5
z
T q W
78
PROBLEM 2.76
To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are
attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods
anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 3.6 kN,
determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the
tree, (b) the angles T
x
, T
y
, and T
z
that the force forms with axes at A which
are parallel to the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) 3.6 kN cos 45 sin 25 1.0758 kN
x
F q q
1.076 kN
x
F W
3.6 kN sin 45 2.546 kN
y
F q
2.55 kN
y
F W
3.6 kN cos 45 cos 25 2.3071 kN
z
F q q
2.31 kN
z
F W
(b)
1.0758
cos
3.6
x
T
107.4
x
T q W
79
PROBLEM 2.76 CONTINUED
2.546
cos
3.6
y
T
135.0
y
T q W
2.3071
cos
3.6
z
T
50.1
z
T q W
80
PROBLEM 2.77
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which
are attached to a support at D and form 30q angles with the vertical.
Knowing that the x component of the force exerted by wire AD on the
plate is 220.6 N, determine (a) the tension in wire AD, (b) the angles T
x
,
T
y
, and T
z
that the force exerted at A forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) sin30 sin50 220.6 N
x
F F q q (Given)
220.6 N
575.95 N
sin30 sin50
q q
F
576 N F W
(b)
220.6
cos 0.3830
575.95
T
x
x
F
F
67.5
x
T q W
cos30 498.79 N
y
F F q
498.79
cos 0.86605
575.95
y
y
F
F
T
30.0
y
T q W
sin30 cos50
z
F F q q
575.95 N sin30 cos50 q q
185.107 N
185.107
cos 0.32139
575.95
z
z
F
F
T
108.7
z
T q W
81
PROBLEM 2.78
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which
are attached to a support at D and form 30q angles with the vertical.
Knowing that the z component of the force exerted by wire BD on the
plate is –64.28 N, determine (a) the tension in wire BD, (b) the angles T
x
,
T
y
, and T
z
that the force exerted at B forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) sin30 sin 40 64.28 N
z
F F q q (Given)
64.28 N
200.0 N
sin30 sin40
q q
F 200 N F W
(b) sin30 cos 40
x
F F q q
200.0 N sin30 cos 40 q q
76.604 N
76.604
cos 0.38302
200.0
x
x
F
F
T
112.5
x
T q W
cos30 173.2 N
y
F F q
173.2
cos 0.866
200
y
y
F
F
T 30.0
y
T q W
64.28 N
z
F
64.28
cos 0.3214
200
z
z
F
F
T
108.7
z
T q W
82
PROBLEM 2.79
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which
are attached to a support at D and form 30q angles with the vertical.
Knowing that the tension in wire CD is 120 lb, determine (a) the
components of the force exerted by this wire on the plate, (b) the angles
T
x
, T
y
, and T
z
that the force forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) 120 lb sin30 cos 60 30 lb
x
F q q
30.0 lb
x
F W
120 lb cos30 103.92 lb
y
F q
103.9 lb
y
F W
120 lb sin30 sin60 51.96 lb
z
F q q
52.0 lb
z
F W
(b)
30.0
cos 0.25
120
x
x
F
F
T
104.5
x
T q W
103.92
cos 0.866
120
y
y
F
F
T
30.0
y
T q W
51.96
cos 0.433
120
z
z
F
F
T
64.3
z
T q W
83
PROBLEM 2.80
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which
are attached to a support at D and form 30q angles with the vertical.
Knowing that the x component of the forces exerted by wire CD on the
plate is –40 lb, determine (a) the tension in wire CD, (b) the angles T
x
, T
y
,
and T
z
that the force exerted at C forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) sin30 cos 60 40 lb
x
F F q q (Given)
40 lb
160 lb
sin30 cos60
q q
F
160.0 lb F W
(b)
40
cos 0.25
160
x
x
F
F
T
104.5
x
T q W
160 lb cos30 103.92 lb
y
F q
103.92
cos 0.866
160
y
y
F
F
T
30.0
y
T q W
160 lb sin30 sin 60 69.282 lb
z
F q q
69.282
cos 0.433
160
z
z
F
F
T
64.3
z
T q W
84
PROBLEM 2.81
Determine the magnitude and direction of the force
800 lb 260 lb 320 lb . F i j k
SOLUTION
2 2 2
2 2 2
800 lb 260 lb 320 lb
x y z
F F F F 900 lb F W
800
cos 0.8889
900
x
x
F
F
T 27.3
x
T q W
260
cos 0.2889
900
y
y
F
F
T 73.2
y
T q W
320
cos 0.3555
900
z
z
F
F
T
110.8
z
T q W
85
PROBLEM 2.82
Determine the magnitude and direction of the force
400 N 1200 N 300 N . F i j k
SOLUTION
2 2 2
2 2 2
400 N 1200 N 300 N
x y z
F F F F 1300 N F W
400
cos 0.30769
1300
x
x
F
F
T 72.1
x
T q W
1200
cos 0.92307
1300
y
y
F
F
T
157.4
y
T q W
300
cos 0.23076
1300
z
z
F
F
T 76.7
z
T q W
86
PROBLEM 2.83
A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by
the angles u
x
= 64.5° and u
z
= 55.9°. Knowing that the y component of
the force is –200 N, determine (a) the angle u
y
, (b) the other components
and the magnitude of the force.
SOLUTION
(a) We have
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2 2
cos cos cos 1 cos 1 cos cos
x y z y y z
u u u u u u + + = ¬ = ÷ ÷
Since 0
y
F < we must have cos 0
y
u <
Thus, taking the negative square root, from above, we have:
( ) ( )
2 2
cos 1 cos64.5 cos55.9 0.70735
y
u = ÷ ÷ ° ÷ ° = ÷ 135.0
y
u = ° W
(b) Then:
200 N
282.73 N
cos 0.70735
y
y
F
F
u
÷
= = =
÷
and ( ) cos 282.73 N cos64.5
x x
F F u = = ° 121.7 N
x
F = W
( ) cos 282.73 N cos55.9
z z
F F u = = ° 158.5 N
y
F = W
283 N F = W
87
PROBLEM 2.84
A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by
the angles u
x
= 75.4° and u
y
= 132.6°. Knowing that the z component of
the force is –60 N, determine (a) the angle u
z
, (b) the other components
and the magnitude of the force.
SOLUTION
(a) We have
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2 2
cos cos cos 1 cos 1 cos cos
x y z y y z
u u u u u u + + = ¬ = ÷ ÷
Since 0
z
F < we must have cos 0
z
u <
Thus, taking the negative square root, from above, we have:
( ) ( )
2 2
cos 1 cos 75.4 cos132.6 0.69159
z
u = ÷ ÷ ° ÷ ° = ÷ 133.8
z
u = ° W
(b) Then:
60 N
86.757 N
cos 0.69159
z
z
F
F
u
÷
= = =
÷
86.8 N F = W
and ( ) cos 86.8 N cos 75.4
x x
F F u = = ° 21.9 N
x
F = W
( ) cos 86.8 N cos132.6
y y
F F u = = ° 58.8 N
y
F = ÷ W
88
PROBLEM 2.85
A force F of magnitude 400 N acts at the origin of a coordinate system.
Knowing that T
x
28.5q, F
y
–80 N, and F
z
! 0, determine (a) the
components F
x
and F
z
, (b) the angles T
y
and T
z
.
SOLUTION
(a) Have
cos 400 N cos 28.5
x x
F F T q 351.5 N
x
F W
Then:
2 2 2 2
x y z
F F F F
So:
2 2 2
2
400 N 352.5 N 80 N
z
F
Hence:
2 2 2
400 N 351.5 N 80 N
z
F 173.3 N
z
F W
(b)
80
cos 0.20
400
y
y
F
F
T
101.5
y
T q W
173.3
cos 0.43325
400
z
z
F
F
T 64.3
z
T q W
89
PROBLEM 2.86
A force F of magnitude 600 lb acts at the origin of a coordinate system.
Knowing that F
x
200 lb, T
z
136.8q, F
y
0, determine (a) the
components F
y
and F
z
, (b) the angles T
x
and T
y
.
SOLUTION
(a) cos 600 lb cos136.8
z z
F F T q
437.4 lb 437 lb
z
F W
Then:
2 2 2 2
x y z
F F F F
So:
2
2 2 2
600 lb 200 lb 437.4 lb
y
F
Hence:
2 2 2
600 lb 200 lb 437.4 lb
y
F
358.7 lb 359 lb
y
F W
(b)
200
cos 0.333
600
x
x
F
F
T 70.5
x
T q W
358.7
cos 0.59783
600
y
y
F
F
T
126.7
y
T q W
90
PROBLEM 2.87
A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B,
C, and D. If the tension in wire AB is 2100 N, determine the components
of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at B.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 4 m 20 m 5 m BA = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 m 20 m 5 m 21 m BA = + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( )
2100 N
4 m 20 m 5 m
21 m
BA
BA
F F
BA
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
F i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 N 2000 N 500 N = + ÷ F i j k
400 N, 2000 N, 500 N
x y z
F F F = + = + = ÷ W
91
PROBLEM 2.88
A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B,
C, and D. If the tension in wire AD is 1260 N, determine the components
of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at D.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 4 m 20 m 14.8 m DA = + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 m 20 m 14.8 m 25.2 m DA = + + =
( ) ( ) ( )
1260 N
4 m 20 m 14.8 m
25.2 m
DA
DA
F F
DA
( = = = + +
¸ ¸
F i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 200 N 1000 N 740 N = + + F i j k
200 N, 1000 N, 740 N
x y z
F F F = + = + = + W
92
PROBLEM 2.89
A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that
the tension in cable AB is 204 lb, determine the components of the force
exerted on the plate at B.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 32 in. 48 in. 36 in. BA = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
32 in. 48 in. 36 in. 68 in. BA = + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( )
204 lb
32 in. 48 in. 36 in.
68 in.
BA
BA
F F
BA
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
F i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 96 lb 144 lb 108 lb = + ÷ F i j k
96.0 lb, 144.0 lb, 108.0 lb
x y z
F F F = + = + = ÷ W
93
PROBLEM 2.90
A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that
the tension in cable AD is 195 lb, determine the components of the force
exerted on the plate at D.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 25 in. 48 in. 36 in. DA = ÷ + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
25 in. 48 in. 36 in. 65 in. DA = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( )
195 lb
25 in. 48 in. 36 in.
65 in.
DA
DA
F F
DA
( = = = ÷ + +
¸ ¸
F i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 75 lb 144 lb 108 lb = ÷ + + F i j k
75.0 lb, 144.0 lb, 108.0 lb
x y z
F F F = ÷ = + = + W
94
PROBLEM 2.91
A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0.96 m and is
supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at
B. Knowing that the tension in cable BD is 220 N, determine the
components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at D.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.96 m 1.12 m 0.96 m DB = ÷ ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.96 m 1.12 m 0.96 m 1.76 m DB = + ÷ + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( )
220 N
0.96 m 1.12 m 0.96 m
1.76 m
DB DB
DB
T T
DB
( = = = ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 120 N 140 N 120 N
DB
= ÷ ÷ T i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 120.0 N, 140.0 N, 120.0 N
DB DB DB
x y z
T T T = + = ÷ = ÷ W
95
PROBLEM 2.92
A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0.96 m and is
supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at
B. Knowing that the tension in cable BE is 250 N, determine the
components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at E.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.96 m 1.20 m 1.28 m EB = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.96 m 1.20 m 1.28 m 2.00 m EB = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( )
250 N
0.96 m 1.20 m 1.28 m
2.00 m
EB EB
EB
T T
EB
( = = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 120 N 150 N 160 N
EB
= ÷ + T i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 120.0 N, 150.0 N, 160.0 N
EB EB EB
x y z
T T T = + = ÷ = + W
96
PROBLEM 2.93
Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown
knowing that 500 N P = and 600 N. Q =
SOLUTION
( )  500 lb cos30 sin15 sin30 cos30 cos15 = ÷ ° ° + ° + ° ° P i j k
( )  500 lb 0.2241 0.50 0.8365 = ÷ + + i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 112.05 lb 250 lb 418.25 lb = ÷ + + i j k
( )  600 lb cos 40 cos 20 sin 40 cos 40 sin 20 = ° ° + ° ÷ ° ° Q i j k
( )  600 lb 0.71985 0.64278 0.26201 = + ÷ i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 431.91 lb 385.67 lb 157.206 lb = + ÷ i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 319.86 lb 635.67 lb 261.04 lb = + = + + R P Q i j k
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
319.86 lb 635.67 lb 261.04 lb 757.98 lb R = + + =
758 lb R = W
319.86 lb
cos 0.42199
757.98 lb
x
x
R
R
u = = =
65.0
x
u = ° W
635.67 lb
cos 0.83864
757.98 lb
y
y
R
R
u = = =
33.0
y
u = ° W
261.04 lb
cos 0.34439
757.98 lb
z
z
R
R
u = = =
69.9
z
u = ° W
97
PROBLEM 2.94
Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown
knowing that P = 600 N and Q = 400 N.
SOLUTION
Using the results from 2.93:
( )  600 lb 0.2241 0.50 0.8365 = ÷ + + P i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 134.46 lb 300 lb 501.9 lb = ÷ + + i j k
( )  400 lb 0.71985 0.64278 0.26201 = + ÷ Q i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 287.94 lb 257.11 lb 104.804 lb = + ÷ i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 153.48 lb 557.11 lb 397.10 lb = + = + + R P Q i j k
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
153.48 lb 557.11 lb 397.10 lb 701.15 lb R = + + =
701 lb R = W
153.48 lb
cos 0.21890
701.15 lb
x
x
R
R
u = = =
77.4
x
u = ° W
557.11 lb
cos 0.79457
701.15 lb
y
y
R
R
u = = =
37.4
y
u = ° W
397.10 lb
cos 0.56637
701.15 lb
z
z
R
R
u = = =
55.5
z
u = ° W
98
PROBLEM 2.95
Knowing that the tension is 850 N in cable AB and 1020 N in cable AC,
determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces
exerted at A by the two cables.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 mm 450 mm 600 mm AB = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
400 mm 450 mm 600 mm 850 mm AB = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm AC = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm 1250 mm AC = + ÷ + =
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 mm 450 mm 600 mm
850 N
850 mm
AB AB AB
AB
AB
T T
AB
( ÷ +
= = =
(
¸ ¸
i j k
T
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 N 450 N 600 N
AB
= ÷ + T i j k
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) 1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm
1020 N
1250 mm
AC AC AC
AC
AC
T T
AC
( ÷ +
= = =
(
¸ ¸
i j k
T
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 816 N 367.2 N 489.6 N
AC
= ÷ + T i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 1216 N 817.2 N 1089.6 N
AB AC
= + = ÷ + R T T i j k
Then: 1825.8 N R = 1826 N R = W
and
1216
cos 0.66601
1825.8
x
u = = 48.2
x
u = ° W
817.2
cos 0.44758
1825.8
y
u
÷
= = ÷ 116.6
y
u = ° W
1089.6
cos 0.59678
1825.8
z
u = = 53.4
z
u = ° W
99
PROBLEM 2.96
Assuming that in Problem 2.95 the tension is 1020 N in cable AB and
850 N in cable AC, determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant
of the forces exerted at A by the two cables.
SOLUTION
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 mm 450 mm 600 mm AB = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
400 mm 450 mm 600 mm 850 mm AB = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm AC = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm 1250 mm AC = + ÷ + =
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) 400 mm 450 mm 600 mm
1020 N
850 mm
AB AB AB AB
AB
T T
AB
( ÷ +
= = =
(
¸ ¸
i j k
T
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 480 N 540 N 720 N
AB
= ÷ + T i j k
( )
( ) ( ) ( ) 1000 mm 450 mm 600 mm
850 N
1250 mm
AC AC AC AC
AC
T T
AC
( ÷ +
= = =
(
¸ ¸
i j k
T
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 680 N 306 N 408 N
AC
= ÷ + T i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 1160 N 846 N 1128 N
AB AC
= + = ÷ + R T T i j k
Then: 1825.8 N R = 1826 N R = W
and
1160
cos 0.6353
1825.8
x
u = = 50.6
x
u = ° W
846
cos 0.4634
1825.8
y
u
÷
= = ÷ 117.6
y
u = ° W
1128
cos 0.6178
1825.8
z
u = = 51.8
z
u = ° W
100
PROBLEM 2.97
For the semicircular ring of Problem 2.91, determine the magnitude and
direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the cables at B knowing
that the tensions in cables BD and BE are 220 N and 250 N, respectively.
SOLUTION
For the solutions to Problems 2.91 and 2.92, we have
120 N 140 N 120 N
BD
T i j k
120 N 150 N 160 N
BE
T i j k
Then:
B BD BE
R T T
240 N 290 N 40 N i j k
and 378.55 N R 379 N
B
R W
240
cos 0.6340
378.55
x
T
129.3
x
T q W
290
cos 0.7661
378.55
y
T
40.0
y
T q W
40
cos 0.1057
378.55
z
T
96.1
z
T q W
101
PROBLEM 2.98
To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are
attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods
anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in AB is 920 lb and that
the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz
plane, determine (a) the tension in AC, (b) the magnitude and direction of
the resultant of the two forces.
SOLUTION
Have
920 lb sin50 cos 40 cos50 sin50 sin 40
AB
q q q q q T i j j
cos 45 sin 25 sin 45 cos 45 cos 25
AC AC
T q q q q q T i j j
(a)
A AB AC
R T T
0
A
x
R
? 0: 920 lb sin50 cos 40 cos 45 sin 25 0
A x AC
x
R F T 6 q q q q
or
1806.60 lb
AC
T 1807 lb
AC
T W
(b)
: 920 lb cos50 1806.60 lb sin 45
A y
y
R F 6 q q
1868.82 lb
A
y
R
: 920 lb sin50 sin 40 1806.60 lb cos 45 cos 25
A z
z
R F 6 q q q q
1610.78 lb
A
z
R
? 1868.82 lb 1610.78 lb
A
R j k
Then:
2467.2 lb
A
R 2.47 kips
A
R W
102
PROBLEM 2.98 CONTINUED
and
0
cos 0
2467.2
x
T 90.0
x
T q W
1868.82
cos 0.7560
2467.2
y
T
139.2
y
T q W
1610.78
cos 0.65288
2467.2
z
T 49.2
z
T q W
103
PROBLEM 2.99
To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are
attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods
anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in AC is 850 lb and that
the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz
plane, determine (a) the tension in AB, (b) the magnitude and direction of
the resultant of the two forces.
SOLUTION
Have
( ) sin50 cos 40 cos50 sin50 sin 40
AB AB
T = ° ° ÷ ° + ° ° T i j j
( )( ) 850 lb cos 45 sin 25 sin 45 cos 45 cos 25
AC
= ÷ ° ° ÷ ° + ° ° T i j j
(a)
( ) 0
A
x
R =
( ) ( ) 0: sin50 cos 40 850 lb cos 45 sin 25 0
A x AB
x
R F T = E = ° ° ÷ ° ° =
432.86 lb
AB
T = 433 lb
AB
T = W
(b)
( ) ( ) ( ) : 432.86 lb cos50 850 lb sin 45
A y
y
R F = E ÷ ° ÷ °
( ) 879.28 lb
A
y
R = ÷
( ) ( ) ( ) : 432.86 lb sin50 sin 40 850 lb cos 45 cos 25
A z
z
R F = E ° ° + ° °
( ) 757.87 lb
A
z
R =
( ) ( ) 879.28 lb 757.87 lb
A
= ÷ + R j k
1160.82 lb
A
R = 1.161 kips
A
R = W
0
cos 0
1160.82
x
u = = 90.0
x
u = ° W
879.28
cos 0.75746
1160.82
y
u
÷
= = ÷ 139.2
y
u = ° W
757.87
cos 0.65287
1160.82
z
u = = 49.2
z
u = ° W
104
PROBLEM 2.100
For the plate of Problem 2.89, determine the tension in cables AB and AD
knowing that the tension if cable AC is 27 lb and that the resultant of the
forces exerted by the three cables at A must be vertical.
SOLUTION
With:
( ) ( ) ( ) 45 in. 48 in. 36 in. AC = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
45 in. 48 in. 36 in. 75 in. AC = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( )
27 lb
45 in. 48 in. 36 in.
75 in.
AC AC AC AC
AC
T T
AC
( = = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 16.2 lb 17.28 lb 12.96
AC
= ÷ + T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 32 in. 48 in. 36 in. AB = ÷ ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
32 in. 48 in. 36 in. 68 in. AB = ÷ + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 32 in. 48 in. 36 in.
68 in.
AB
AB AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.4706 0.7059 0.5294
AB AB
T = ÷ ÷ + T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 25 in. 48 in. 36 in. AD = ÷ ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
25 in. 48 in. 36 in. 65 in. AD = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 25 in. 48 in. 36 in.
65 in.
AD
AD AD AD AD
AD T
T T
AD
( = = = ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3846 0.7385 0.5538
AD AD
T = ÷ ÷ T i j k
105
PROBLEM 2.100 CONTINUED
Now
AB AD AD
= + + R T T T
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.4706 0.7059 0.5294 16.2 lb 17.28 lb 12.96
AB
T ( = ÷ ÷ + + ÷ +
¸ ¸
i j k i j k
( ) 0.3846 0.7385 0.5538
AD
T + ÷ ÷ i j k
Since R must be vertical, the i and k components of this sum must be zero.
Hence:
0.4706 0.3846 16.2 lb 0
AB AD
T T ÷ + + = (1)
0.5294 0.5538 12.96 lb 0
AB AD
T T ÷ + = (2)
Solving (1) and (2), we obtain:
244.79 lb, 257.41 lb
AB AD
T T = =
245 lb
AB
T = W
257 lb
AD
T = W
106
PROBLEM 2.101
The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B, C, and D and
supports a downward force P at A. Knowing that the forces in members
AB, AC, and AD are directed along the respective members and that the
force in member AB is 146 N, determine the magnitude of P.
SOLUTION
Note that AB, AC, and AD are in compression.
Have
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
220 mm 192 mm 0 292 mm
BA
d = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
192 mm 192 mm 96 mm 288 mm
DA
d = + + =
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0 192 mm 144 mm 240 mm
CA
d = + + ÷ =
and ( ) ( )
146 N
220 mm 192 mm
292 mm
BA BA BA
F ( = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
F i j ì
( ) ( ) 110 N 96 N = ÷ + i j
( ) ( ) 192 mm 144 mm
240 mm
CA
CA CA CA
F
F ( = = ÷
¸ ¸
F j k ì
( ) 0.80 0.60
CA
F = ÷ j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 192 mm 192 mm 96 mm
288 mm
DA
DA DA DA
F
F ( = = + +
¸ ¸
F i j k ì
  0.66667 0.66667 0.33333
DA
F = + + i j k
With P = ÷ P j
At A: 0: 0
BA CA DA
E = + + + = F F F F P
icomponent: ( ) 110 N 0.66667 0
DA
F ÷ + = or 165 N
DA
F =
jcomponent: ( ) 96 N 0.80 0.66667 165 N 0
CA
F P + + ÷ = (1)
kcomponent: ( ) 0.60 0.33333 165 N 0
CA
F ÷ + = (2)
Solving (2) for
CA
F and then using that result in (1), gives 279 N P = W
107
PROBLEM 2.102
The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B, C, and D and
supports a downward force P at A. Knowing that the forces in members
AB, AC, and AD are directed along the respective members and that
P = 200 N, determine the forces in the members.
SOLUTION
With the results of 2.101:
( ) ( ) 220 mm 192 mm
292 mm
BA
BA BA BA
F
F ( = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
F i j ì
  0.75342 0.65753 N
BA
F = ÷ + i j
( ) ( ) 192 mm 144 mm
240 mm
CA
CA CA CA
F
F ( = = ÷
¸ ¸
F j k ì
( ) 0.80 0.60
CA
F = ÷ j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 192 mm 192 mm 96 mm
288 mm
DA
DA DA DA
F
F ( = = + +
¸ ¸
F i j k ì
  0.66667 0.66667 0.33333
DA
F = + + i j k
With: ( ) 200 N = ÷ P j
At A: 0: 0
BA CA DA
E = + + + = F F F F P
Hence, equating the three (i, j, k) components to 0 gives three equations
icomponent: 0.75342 0.66667 0
BA DA
F F ÷ + = (1)
jcomponent: 0.65735 0.80 0.66667 200 N 0
BA CA DA
F F F + + ÷ = (2)
kcomponent: 0.60 0.33333 0
CA DA
F F ÷ + = (3)
Solving (1), (2), and (3), gives
DA
104.5 N, 65.6 N, 118.1 N
BA CA
F F F = = =
104.5 N
BA
F = W
65.6 N
CA
F = W
118.1 N
DA
F = W
108
PROBLEM 2.103
Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown. Determine the vertical
force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AB
is 60 lb.
SOLUTION
The forces applied at A are:
, , and
AB AC AD
T T T P
where P P j . To express the other forces in terms of the unit vectors
i, j, k, we write
12.6 ft 16.8 ft AB i j
JJJG
21 ft AB
7.2 ft 16.8 ft 12.6 ft 22.2 ft AC AC i j k
JJJG
16.8 ft 9.9 ft AD j k
JJJG
19.5 ft AD
and 0.6 0.8
AB AB AB AB AB
AB
T T T
AB
T i j
JJJG
O
0.3242 0.75676 0.56757
AC AC AC AC AC
AC
T T T
AC
T i j k
JJJG
O
0.8615 0.50769
AD AD AD AD AD
AD
T T T
AD
T j k
JJJG
O
109
PROBLEM 2.103 CONTINUED
Equilibrium Condition
0: 0
AB AC AD
F P 6 T T T j
Substituting the expressions obtained for , , and
AB AC AD
T T T and
factoring i, j, and k:
0.6 0.3242 0.8 0.75676 0.8615
AB AC AB AC AD
T T T T T P i j
0.56757 0.50769 0
AC AD
T T k
Equating to zero the coefficients of i, j, k:
0.6 0.3242 0
AB AC
T T (1)
0.8 0.75676 0.8615 0
AB AC AD
T T T P (2)
0.56757 0.50769 0
AC AD
T T (3)
Setting 60 lb
AB
T in (1) and (2), and solving the resulting set of
equations gives
111 lb
AC
T
124.2 lb
AD
T
239 lb P W
110
PROBLEM 2.104
Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown. Determine the vertical
force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AC
is 100 lb.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.103 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)
below:
0.6 0.3242 0
AB AC
T T (1)
0.8 0.75676 0.8615 0
AB AC AD
T T T P (2)
0.56757 0.50769 0
AC AD
T T (3)
Substituting 100 lb
AC
T in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations
using conventional algorithms gives
54 lb
AB
T
112 lb
AD
T
215 lb P W
111
PROBLEM 2.105
The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is supported by three
cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in
cable AB is 3 kN.
SOLUTION
The forces applied at A are:
, , and
AB AC AD
T T T P
where P P j . To express the other forces in terms of the unit vectors
i, j, k, we write
0.72 m 1.2 m 0.54 m , AB i j k
JJJG
1.5 m AB
1.2 m 0.64 m , AC j k
JJJG
1.36 m AC
0.8 m 1.2 m 0.54 m , AD i j k
JJJG
1.54 m AD
and 0.48 0.8 0.36
AB AB AB AB AB
AB
T T T
AB
T i j k
JJJG
O
0.88235 0.47059
AC AC AC AC AC
AC
T T T
AC
T j k
JJJG
O
0.51948 0.77922 0.35065
AD AD AD AD AD
AD
T T T
AD
T i j k
JJJG
O
Equilibrium Condition with W W j
0: 0
AB AC AD
F W 6 T T T j
Substituting the expressions obtained for , , and
AB AC AD
T T T and
factoring i, j, and k:
0.48 0.51948 0.8 0.88235 0.77922
AB AD AB AC AD
T T T T T W i j
0.36 0.47059 0.35065 0
AB AC AD
T T T k
112
PROBLEM 2.105 CONTINUED
Equating to zero the coefficients of i, j, k:
0.48 0.51948 0
AB AD
T T
0.8 0.88235 0.77922 0
AB AC AD
T T T W
0.36 0.47059 0.35065 0
AB AC AD
T T T
Substituting 3 kN
AB
T in Equations (1), (2) and (3) and solving the
resulting set of equations, using conventional algorithms for solving
linear algebraic equations, gives
4.3605 kN
AC
T
2.7720 kN
AD
T
8.41 kN W W
113
PROBLEM 2.106
For the crate of Problem 2.105, determine the weight of the crate
knowing that the tension in cable AD is 2.8 kN.
Problem 2.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is
supported by three cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that
the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)
below:
0.48 0.51948 0
AB AD
T T
0.8 0.88235 0.77922 0
AB AC AD
T T T W
0.36 0.47059 0.35065 0
AB AC AD
T T T
Substituting 2.8 kN
AD
T in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations
using conventional algorithms, gives
3.03 kN
AB
T
4.40 kN
AC
T
8.49 kN W W
114
PROBLEM 2.107
For the crate of Problem 2.105, determine the weight of the crate
knowing that the tension in cable AC is 2.4 kN.
Problem 2.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.105 and P2.108 is
supported by three cables. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that
the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)
below:
0.48 0.51948 0
AB AD
T T
0.8 0.88235 0.77922 0
AB AC AD
T T T W
0.36 0.47059 0.35065 0
AB AC AD
T T T
Substituting 2.4 kN
AC
T in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the resulting set of equations
using conventional algorithms, gives
1.651 kN
AB
T
1.526 kN
AD
T
4.63 kN W W
115
PROBLEM 2.108
A 750kg crate is supported by three cables as shown. Determine the
tension in each cable.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)
below:
0.48 0.51948 0
AB AD
T T
0.8 0.88235 0.77922 0
AB AC AD
T T T W
0.36 0.47059 0.35065 0
AB AC AD
T T T
Substituting
2
750 kg 9.81 m/s 7.36 kN W in Equations (1), (2), and (3) above, and solving the
resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms, gives
2.63 kN
AB
T W
3.82 kN
AC
T W
2.43 kN
AD
T W
116
PROBLEM 2.109
A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by
three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex
A of the cone. Knowing that P 0 and that the tension in cord BE is
0.2 lb, determine the weight W of the cone.
SOLUTION
Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone, the cords all
have the same length, and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the
generators of the cone.
Thus, for example, the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB.
Hence:
cos 45 8 sin 45
65
AB BE
q q
i j k
O O
It follows that:
cos 45 8 sin 45
65
BE BE BE BE
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
cos30 8 sin30
65
CF CF CF CF
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
cos15 8 sin15
65
DG DG DG DG
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
117
PROBLEM 2.109 CONTINUED
At A: 0: 0
BE CF DG
6 F T T T W P
Then, isolating the factors of i, j, and k, we obtain three algebraic equations:
: cos 45 cos30 cos15 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T
P q q q i
or cos 45 cos30 cos15 65 0
BE CF DG
T T T P q q q (1)
8 8 8
: 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T W j
or
65
0
8
BE CF DG
T T T W (2)
: sin 45 sin30 sin15 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T
q q q k
or sin 45 sin30 sin15 0
BE CF DG
T T T q q q (3)
With 0 P and the tension in cord 0.2 lb: BE
Solving the resulting Equations (1), (2), and (3) using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination,
matrix methods or iteration – with MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain:
0.669 lb
CF
T
0.746 lb
DG
T
1.603 lb W W
118
PROBLEM 2.110
A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by
three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex
A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 1.6 lb, determine the range
of values of P for which cord CF is taut.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.109 for the Figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3)
below:
: cos 45 cos30 cos15 65 0
BE CF DG
T T T P ° + ° ÷ ° + = i (1)
65
: 0
8
BE CF DG
T T T W + + ÷ = j (2)
: sin 45 sin30 sin15 0
BE CF DG
T T T ÷ ° + ° ÷ ° = k (3)
With 1.6 lb W = , the range of values of P for which the cord CF is taut can found by solving Equations (1),
(2), and (3) for the tension
CF
T as a function of P and requiring it to be positive ( 0). >
Solving (1), (2), and (3) with unknown P, using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix
methods or iteration – with MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain:
( ) 1.729 0.668 lb
CF
T P = ÷ +
Hence, for 0
CF
T > 1.729 0.668 0 P ÷ + >
or 0.386 lb P <
0 0.386 lb P < < W
119
PROBLEM 2.111
A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and
anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. If the tension in wire AB is 3.6 kN,
determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.
SOLUTION
The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of
the force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 18 m 30 m 5.4 m AC = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
18 m 30 m 5.4 m 35.4 m AC = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 18 m 30 m 5.4 m
35.4 m
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.5085 0.8475 0.1525
AC AC
T = ÷ + T i j k
and ( ) ( ) ( ) 6 m 30 m 7.5 m AB = ÷ ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
6 m 30 m 7.5 m 31.5 m AB = ÷ + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 6 m 30 m 7.5 m
31.5 m
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.1905 0.9524 0.2381
AB AB
T = ÷ ÷ + T i j k
Finally ( ) ( ) ( ) 6 m 30 m 22.2 m AD = ÷ ÷ ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
6 m 30 m 22.2 m 37.8 m AD = ÷ + ÷ + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 6 m 30 m 22.2 m
37.8 m
AD
AD AD AD
AD T
T T
AD
( = = = ÷ ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.1587 0.7937 0.5873
AD AD
T = ÷ ÷ ÷ T i j k
120
PROBLEM 2.111 CONTINUED
With , at : P A P j
0: 0
AB AC AD
P 6 F T T T j
Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic
equations:
: 0.1905 0.5085 0.1587 0
AB AC AD
T T T i (1)
: 0.9524 0.8475 0.7937 0
AB AC AD
T T T P j (2)
: 0.2381 0.1525 0.5873 0
AB AC AD
T T T k (3)
In Equations (1), (2) and (3), set 3.6 kN,
AB
T and, using conventional
methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple,
for example), we obtain:
1.963 kN
AC
T
1.969 kN
AD
T
6.66 kN P W
121
PROBLEM 2.112
A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and
anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. If the tension in wire AC is 2.6 kN,
determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.
SOLUTION
Based on the results of Problem 2.111, particularly Equations (1), (2) and (3), we substitute 2.6 kN
AC
T
and solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations
(MATLAB or Maple, for example), to obtain
4.77 kN
AB
T
2.61 kN
AD
T
8.81 kN P W
122
PROBLEM 2.113
A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that
the tension in cable AC is 15 lb, determine the weight of the plate.
SOLUTION
The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the
(scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 32 in. 48 in. 36 in. AB = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
32 in. 48 in. 36 in. 68 in. AB = ÷ + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 32 in. 48 in. 36 in.
68 in.
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.4706 0.7059 0.5294
AB AB
T = ÷ ÷ + T i j k
and ( ) ( ) ( ) 45 in. 48 in. 36 in. AC = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
45 in. 48 in. 36 in. 75 in. AC = + ÷ + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 45 in. 48 in. 36 in.
75 in.
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.60 0.64 0.48
AC AC
T = ÷ + T i j k
Finally, ( ) ( ) ( ) 25 in. 48 in. 36 in. AD = ÷ ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
25 in. 48 in. 36 in. 65 in. AD = + ÷ + ÷ =
123
PROBLEM 2.113 CONTINUED
( ) ( ) ( ) 25 in. 48 in. 36 in.
65 in.
AD
AD AD AD
AD T
T T
AD
( = = = ÷ ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3846 0.7385 0.5538
AD AD
T = ÷ ÷ T i j k
With , W = W j at A we have:
0: 0
AB AC AD
W E = + + + = F T T T j
Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic
equations:
: 0.4706 0.60 0.3846 0
AB AC AD
T T T ÷ + ÷ = i (1)
: 0.7059 0.64 0.7385 0
AB AC AD
T T T W ÷ ÷ ÷ + = j (2)
: 0.5294 0.48 0.5538 0
AB AC AD
T T T + ÷ = k (3)
In Equations (1), (2) and (3), set 15 lb,
AC
T = and, using conventional
methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple,
for example), we obtain:
136.0 lb
AB
T =
143.0 lb
AD
T =
211 lb W = W
124
PROBLEM 2.114
A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Knowing that
the tension in cable AD is 120 lb, determine the weight of the plate.
SOLUTION
Based on the results of Problem 2.111, particularly Equations (1), (2) and (3), we substitute 120 lb
AD
T and
solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations
(MATLAB or Maple, for example), to obtain
12.59 lb
AC
T
114.1 lb
AB
T
177.2 lb W W
125
PROBLEM 2.115
A horizontal circular plate having a mass of 28 kg is suspended as shown
from three wires which are attached to a support D and form 30q angles
with the vertical. Determine the tension in each wire.
SOLUTION
0: sin30 sin50 sin30 cos 40
x AD BD
F T T 6 q q q q
sin30 cos 60 0
CD
T q q
Dividing through by the factor sin30q and evaluating the trigonometric
functions gives
0.7660 0.7660 0.50 0
AD BD CD
T T T (1)
Similarly,
0: sin30 cos50 sin30 sin 40
z AD BD
F T T 6 q q q q
sin30 sin60 0
CD
T q q
or 0.6428 0.6428 0.8660 0
AD BD CD
T T T (2)
From (1) 0.6527
AD BD CD
T T T
Substituting this into (2):
0.3573
BD CD
T T (3)
Using
AD
T from above:
AD CD
T T (4)
Now,
0: cos30 cos30 cos30
y AD BD CD
F T T T 6 q q q
2
28 kg 9.81 m/s 0
or 317.2 N
AD BD CD
T T T
126
PROBLEM 2.115 CONTINUED
Using (3) and (4), above:
0.3573 317.2 N
CD CD CD
T T T
Then: 135.1 N
AD
T W
46.9 N
BD
T W
135.1 N
CD
T W
127
PROBLEM 2.116
A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and
anchored by bolts at B, C, and D. Knowing that the tower exerts on the
pin at A an upward vertical force of 8 kN, determine the tension in each
wire.
SOLUTION
From the solutions of 2.111 and 2.112:
0.5409
AB
T P
0.295
AC
T P
0.2959
AD
T P
Using 8 kN: P
4.33 kN
AB
T W
2.36 kN
AC
T W
2.37 kN
AD
T W
128
PROBLEM 2.117
For the rectangular plate of Problems 2.113 and 2.114, determine the
tension in each of the three cables knowing that the weight of the plate is
180 lb.
SOLUTION
From the solutions of 2.113 and 2.114:
0.6440
AB
T P
0.0709
AC
T P
0.6771
AD
T P
Using 180 lb: P
115.9 lb
AB
T W
12.76 lb
AC
T W
121.9 lb
AD
T W
129
PROBLEM 2.118
For the cone of Problem 2.110, determine the range of values of P for
which cord DG is taut if P is directed in the –x direction.
SOLUTION
From the solutions to Problems 2.109 and 2.110, have
0.2 65
BE CF DG
T T T (2 ) c
sin 45 sin30 sin15 0
BE CF DG
T T T q q q (3)
cos 45 cos30 cos15 65 0
BE CF DG
T T T P q q q (1 ) c
Applying the method of elimination to obtain a desired result:
Multiplying (2 ) c by sin 45q and adding the result to (3):
sin 45 sin30 sin 45 sin15 0.2 65 sin 45
CF DG
T T q q q q q
or 0.9445 0.3714
CF DG
T T (4)
Multiplying (2 ) c by sin30q and subtracting (3) from the result:
sin30 sin 45 sin30 sin15 0.2 65 sin30
BE DG
T T q q q q q
or 0.6679 0.6286
BE DG
T T (5)
130
PROBLEM 2.118 CONTINUED
Substituting (4) and (5) into (1) c :
1.2903 1.7321 65 0
DG
T P
DG
T ? is taut for
1.2903
lb
65
P
or 0.1600 0 lb P d W
131
PROBLEM 2.119
A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by
three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex
A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 2.4 lb and that P 0,
determine the tension in each cord.
SOLUTION
Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone, the cords all
have the same length, and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the
generators of the cone.
Thus, for example, the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB.
Hence:
cos 45 8 sin 45
65
AB BE
O
q q
i j k
O
It follows that:
cos 45 8 sin 45
65
BE BE BE BE
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
cos30 8 sin30
65
CF CF CF CF
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
cos15 8 sin15
65
DG DG DG DG
T T
q q § ·
¨ ¸
© ¹
i j k
T O
At A: 0: 0
BE CF DG
6 F T T T W P
132
PROBLEM 2.119 CONTINUED
Then, isolating the factors if , , and i j k we obtain three algebraic equations:
: cos 45 cos30 cos15 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T
q q q i
or cos 45 cos30 cos15 0
BE CF DG
T T T q q q (1)
8 8 8
: 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T W j
or
2.4
65 0.3 65
8
BE CF DG
T T T (2)
: sin 45 sin30 sin15 0
65 65 65
BE CF DG
T T T
P q q q k
or sin 45 sin30 sin15 65
BE CF DG
T T T P q q q (3)
With 0, P the tension in the cords can be found by solving the resulting Equations (1), (2), and (3) using
conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix methods or iteration–with MATLAB or Maple,
for example). We obtain
0.299 lb
BE
T W
1.002 lb
CF
T W
1.117 lb
DG
T W
133
PROBLEM 2.120
A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by
three cords, where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex
A of the cone. Knowing that the cone weighs 2.4 lb and that P 0.1 lb,
determine the tension in each cord.
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.121 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3) below:
cos 45 cos30 cos15 0
BE CF DG
T T T q q q (1)
0.3 65
BE CF DG
T T T (2)
sin 45 sin30 sin15 65
BE CF DG
T T T P q q q (3)
With 0.1lb, P solving (1), (2), and (3), using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination, matrix
methods or iteration–with MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain
1.006 lb
BE
T W
0.357 lb
CF
T W
1.056 lb
DG
T W
134
PROBLEM 2.121
Using two ropes and a roller chute, two workers are unloading a 200kg
castiron counterweight from a truck. Knowing that at the instant shown
the counterweight is kept from moving and that the positions of points A,
B, and C are, respectively, A(0, –0.5 m, 1 m), B(–0.6 m, 0.8 m, 0), and
C(0.7 m, 0.9 m, 0), and assuming that no friction exists between the
counterweight and the chute, determine the tension in each rope. (Hint:
Since there is no friction, the force exerted by the chute on the
counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute.)
SOLUTION
From the geometry of the chute:
( ) ( ) 2 0.8944 0.4472
5
N
N = + = + N j k j k
As in Problem 2.11, for example, the force in each rope can be written as
the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the
cable. Thus, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m AB = ÷ + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m 1.764 m AB = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m
1.764 m
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3436 0.7444 0.5726
AB AB
T = ÷ + + T i j k
and ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m AC = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m 1.8574 m AC = + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m
1.764 m
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3769 0.7537 0.5384
AC AC
T = + ÷ T i j k
Then: 0: 0
AB AC
E = + + + = F N T T W
135
PROBLEM 2.121 CONTINUED
With 200 kg 9.81 m/s 1962 N, W and equating the factors of i, j,
and k to zero, we obtain the linear algebraic equations:
: 0.3436 0.3769 0
AB AC
T T i (1)
: 0.7444 0.7537 0.8944 1962 0
AB AC
T T N j (2)
: 0.5726 0.5384 0.4472 0
AB AC
T T N k (3)
Using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations
(elimination, MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain
1311 N N
551 N
AB
T W
503 N
AC
T W
136
PROBLEM 2.122
Solve Problem 2.121 assuming that a third worker is exerting a force
(180 N) = ÷ P i on the counterweight.
Problem 2.121: Using two ropes and a roller chute, two workers are
unloading a 200kg castiron counterweight from a truck. Knowing that at
the instant shown the counterweight is kept from moving and that the
positions of points A, B, and C are, respectively, A(0, –0.5 m, 1 m),
B(–0.6 m, 0.8 m, 0), and C(0.7 m, 0.9 m, 0), and assuming that no friction
exists between the counterweight and the chute, determine the tension in
each rope. (Hint: Since there is no friction, the force exerted by the chute
on the counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute.)
SOLUTION
From the geometry of the chute:
( ) ( ) 2 0.8944 0.4472
5
N
N = + = + N j k j k
As in Problem 2.11, for example, the force in each rope can be written as
the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the
cable. Thus, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m AB = ÷ + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m 1.764 m AB = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.6 m 1.3 m 1 m
1.764 m
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3436 0.7444 0.5726
AB AB
T = ÷ + + T i j k
and ( ) ( ) ( ) 0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m AC = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m 1.8574 m AC = + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.7 m 1.4 m 1 m
1.764 m
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3769 0.7537 0.5384
AC AC
T = + ÷ T i j k
Then: 0: 0
AB AC
E = + + + + = F N T T P W
137
PROBLEM 2.122 CONTINUED
Where ( ) 180 N = ÷ P i
and ( )
( )
2
200 kg 9.81 m/s
(
= ÷
¸ ¸
W j
( ) 1962 N = ÷ j
Equating the factors of i, j, and k to zero, we obtain the linear equations:
: 0.3436 0.3769 180 0
AB AC
T T ÷ + ÷ = i
: 0.8944 0.7444 0.7537 1962 0
AB AC
N T T + + ÷ = j
: 0.4472 0.5726 0.5384 0
AB AC
N T T ÷ ÷ = k
Using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations
(elimination, MATLAB or Maple, for example), we obtain
1302 N N =
306 N
AB
T = W
756 N
AC
T = W
138
PROBLEM 2.123
A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB,
AC, and ADE. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A, passes over the
pulley at D and back through the ring, and is attached to the support at E.
Knowing that W = 320 lb, determine the tension in each cable. (Hint:
The tension is the same in all portions of cable ADE.)
SOLUTION
The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along
the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 9 ft 8 ft 12 ft AB = ÷ + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
9 ft 8 ft 12 ft 17 ft AB = ÷ + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 9 ft 8 ft 12 ft
17 ft
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.5294 0.4706 0.7059
AB AB
T = ÷ + ÷ T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 8 ft 6 ft AC = + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0 ft 8 ft 6 ft 10 ft AC = + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 ft 8 ft 6 ft
10 ft
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.8 0.6
AC AC
T = + T j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 4 ft 8 ft 1ft AD = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
4 ft 8 ft 1ft 9 ft AD = + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 4 ft 8 ft 1ft
9 ft
ADE
AD AD ADE
AD T
T T
AD
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.4444 0.8889 0.1111
AD ADE
T = + ÷ T i j k
139
PROBLEM 2.123 CONTINUED
Finally,
( ) ( ) ( ) 8 ft 8 ft 4 ft AE = ÷ + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
8 ft 8 ft 4 ft 12 ft AE = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 8 ft 8 ft 4 ft
12 ft
ADE
AE AE ADE
AE T
T T
AE
( = = = ÷ + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.6667 0.6667 0.3333
AE ADE
T = ÷ + + T i j k
With the weight of the machinery, , W = ÷ W j at A, we have:
0: 2 0
AB AC AD
W E = + + ÷ = F T T T j
Equating the factors of , , and i j k to zero, we obtain the following linear algebraic equations:
( ) 0.5294 2 0.4444 0.6667 0
AB ADE ADE
T T T ÷ + ÷ = (1)
( ) 0.4706 0.8 2 0.8889 0.6667 0
AB AC ADE ADE
T T T T W + + + ÷ = (2)
( ) 0.7059 0.6 2 0.1111 0.3333 0
AB AC ADE ADE
T T T T ÷ + ÷ + = (3)
Knowing that 320 lb, W = we can solve Equations (1), (2) and (3) using conventional methods for solving
Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination, matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple, for example) to obtain
46.5 lb
AB
T = W
34.2 lb
AC
T = W
110.8 lb
ADE
T = W
140
PROBLEM 2.124
A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB,
AC, and ADE. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A, passes over the
pulley at D and back through the ring, and is attached to the support at E.
Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb, determine (a) the tension
in AC, (b) the tension in ADE, (c) the weight W. (Hint: The tension is the
same in all portions of cable ADE.)
SOLUTION
See Problem 2.123 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1), (2), and (3), below:
0.5294 2 0.4444 0.6667 0
AB ADE ADE
T T T (1)
0.4706 0.8 2 0.8889 0.6667 0
AB AC ADE ADE
T T T T W (2)
0.7059 0.6 2 0.1111 0.3333 0
AB AC ADE ADE
T T T T (3)
Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb, we can solve Equations (1), (2) and (3) using conventional
methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination, matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple, for
example) to obtain
(a) 50.0 lb
AC
T W
(b) 162.0 lb
AE
T W
(c) 468 lb W W
141
PROBLEM 2.125
A container of weight W is suspended from ring A. Cable BAC passes
through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B and C. Two forces
P = P i and Q = Q k are applied to the ring to maintain the container is
the position shown. Knowing that 1200 W = N, determine P and Q.
(Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of cable BAC.)
SOLUTION
The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the
(scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.48 m 0.72 m 0.16 m AB = ÷ + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.48 m 0.72 m 0.16 m 0.88 m AB = ÷ + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.48 m 0.72 m 0.16 m
0.88 m
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.5455 0.8182 0.1818
AB AB
T = ÷ + ÷ T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.24 m 0.72 m 0.13 m AC = + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.24 m 0.72 m 0.13 m 0.77 m AC = + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.24 m 0.72 m 0.13 m
0.77 m
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3177 0.9351 0.1688
AC AC
T = + ÷ T i j k
At A: 0: 0
AB AC
E = + + + + = F T T P Q W
142
PROBLEM 2.125 CONTINUED
Noting that
AB AC
T T because of the ring A, we equate the factors of
, , and i j k to zero to obtain the linear algebraic equations:
: 0.5455 0.3177 0 T P i
or 0.2338 P T
: 0.8182 0.9351 0 T W j
or 1.7532 W T
: 0.1818 0.1688 0 T Q k
or 0.356 Q T
With 1200 N: W
1200 N
684.5 N
1.7532
T
160.0 N P W
240 N Q W
143
PROBLEM 2.126
For the system of Problem 2.125, determine W and P knowing that
160 Q N.
Problem 2.125: A container of weight W is suspended from ring A.
Cable BAC passes through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B
and C. Two forces P P i and Q Q k are applied to the ring to
maintain the container is the position shown. Knowing that 1200 W N,
determine P and Q. (Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of
cable BAC.)
SOLUTION
Based on the results of Problem 2.125, particularly the three equations relating P, Q, W, and T we substitute
160 N Q to obtain
160 N
456.3 N
0.3506
T
800 N W W
107.0 N P W
144
PROBLEM 2.127
Collars A and B are connected by a 1mlong wire and can slide freely on
frictionless rods. If a force (680 N) P j is applied at A, determine
(a) the tension in the wire when 300 y mm, (b) the magnitude of the
force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the system.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagrams of collars
For both Problems 2.127 and 2.128:
2
2 2 2
AB x y z
Here
2 2
2 2
1m 0.40 m y z
or
2 2 2
0.84 m y z
Thus, with y given, z is determined.
Now
1
0.40 m 0.4
1m
AB
AB
y z y z
AB
i j k i k k
JJJG
O
Where y and z are in units of meters, m.
From the F.B. Diagram of collar A:
0: 0
x z AB AB
N N P T 6 F i k j O
Setting the j coefficient to zero gives:
0
AB
P yT
With 680 N, P
680 N
AB
T
y
Now, from the free body diagram of collar B:
0: 0
x y AB AB
N N Q T 6 F i j k O
145
PROBLEM 2.127 CONTINUED
Setting the k coefficient to zero gives:
0
AB
Q T z
And using the above result for
AB
T we have
680 N
AB
Q T z z
y
Then, from the specifications of the problem, 300 mm 0.3 m y
2
2 2
0.84 m 0.3 m z
0.866 m ? z
and
(a)
680 N
2266.7 N
0.30
AB
T
or 2.27 kN
AB
T W
and
(b) 2266.7 0.866 1963.2 N Q
or 1.963 kN Q W
146
PROBLEM 2.128
Solve Problem 2.127 assuming 550 y mm.
Problem 2.127: Collars A and B are connected by a 1mlong wire and
can slide freely on frictionless rods. If a force (680 N) P j is applied at
A, determine (a) the tension in the wire when 300 y mm, (b) the
magnitude of the force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the
system.
SOLUTION
From the analysis of Problem 2.127, particularly the results:
2 2 2
0.84 m y z
680 N
AB
T
y
680 N
Q z
y
With 550 mm 0.55 m, y we obtain:
2
2 2
0.84 m 0.55 m
0.733 m
?
z
z
and
(a)
680 N
1236.4 N
0.55
AB
T
or 1.236 kN
AB
T W
and
(b) 1236 0.866 N 906 N Q
or 0.906 kN Q W
147
PROBLEM 2.129
Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD.
Knowing that P must have a 300lb horizontal component, determine
(a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) its vertical component.
SOLUTION
(a) sin35 3001b P q
300 lb
sin35
P
q
523 lb P W
(b) Vertical Component
cos35
v
P P q
523 lb cos35 q
428 lb
v
P W
148
PROBLEM 2.130
A container of weight W is suspended from ring A, to which cables AC
and AE are attached. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable
which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached
to a support at D. Knowing that W = 1000 N, determine the magnitude
of P. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD.)
SOLUTION
The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along
the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.78 m 1.6 m 0 m AB = ÷ + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.78 m 1.6 m 0 1.78 m AB = ÷ + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.78 m 1.6 m 0 m
1.78 m
AB
AB AB AB
AB T
T T
AB
( = = = ÷ + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.4382 0.8989 0
AB AB
T = ÷ + + T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1.6 m 1.2 m AC = + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0 m 1.6 m 1.2 m 2 m AC = + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0 1.6 m 1.2 m
2 m
AC
AC AC AC
AC T
T T
AC
( = = = + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.8 0.6
AC AC
T = + T j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 1.3 m 1.6 m 0.4 m AD = + + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
1.3 m 1.6 m 0.4 m 2.1m AD = + + =
( ) ( ) ( ) 1.3 m 1.6 m 0.4 m
2.1m
AD
AD AD AD
AD T
T T
AD
( = = = + +
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.6190 0.7619 0.1905
AD AD
T = + + T i j k
149
PROBLEM 2.130 CONTINUED
Finally,
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.4 m 1.6 m 0.86 m AE = ÷ + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.4 m 1.6 m 0.86 m 1.86 m AE = ÷ + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.4 m 1.6 m 0.86 m
1.86 m
AE
AE AE AE
AE T
T T
AE
( = = = ÷ + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.2151 0.8602 0.4624
AE AE
T = ÷ + ÷ T i j k
With the weight of the container , W = ÷ W j at A we have:
0: 0
AB AC AD
W E = + + ÷ = F T T T j
Equating the factors of , , and i j k to zero, we obtain the following linear algebraic equations:
0.4382 0.6190 0.2151 0
AB AD AE
T T T ÷ + ÷ = (1)
0.8989 0.8 0.7619 0.8602 0
AB AC AD AE
T T T T W + + + ÷ = (2)
0.6 0.1905 0.4624 0
AC AD AE
T T T + ÷ = (3)
Knowing that 1000 N W = and that because of the pulley system at B ,
AB AD
T T P = = where P is the
externally applied (unknown) force, we can solve the system of linear equations (1), (2) and (3) uniquely
for P.
378 N P = W
150
PROBLEM 2.131
A container of weight W is suspended from ring A, to which cables AC
and AE are attached. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable
which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached
to a support at D. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 150 N,
determine (a) the magnitude of the force P, (b) the weight W of the
container. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD.)
SOLUTION
Here, as in Problem 2.130, the support of the container consists of the four cables AE, AC, AD, and AB, with
the condition that the force in cables AB and AD is equal to the externally applied force P. Thus, with the
condition
AB AD
T T P
and using the linear algebraic equations of Problem 2.131 with 150 N,
AC
T we obtain
(a) 454 N P W
(b) 1202 N W W
151
PROBLEM 2.132
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Knowing that
Q 60 lb, determine the tension (a) in cable AC, (b) in cable BC.
SOLUTION
0: cos30 0
y CA
F T Q 6 q
With 60 lb Q
(a) 60 lb 0.866
CA
T
52.0 lb
CA
T W
(b) 0: sin30 0
x CB
F P T Q 6 q
With 75 lb P
75 lb 60 lb 0.50
CB
T
or 45.0 lb
CB
T W
152
PROBLEM 2.133
Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. Determine the range
of values of Q for which the tension will not exceed 60 lb in either cable.
SOLUTION
Have 0: cos30 0
x CA
F T Q 6 q
or 0.8660 Q
CA
T
Then for 60 lb
CA
T d
0.8660 60 lb Q
or 69.3 lb Q d
From 0: sin30
y CB
F T P Q 6 q
or 75 lb 0.50
CB
T Q
For 60 lb
CB
T d
75 lb 0.50 60 lb Q d
or 0.50 15 lb Q t
Thus, 30 lb Q t
Therefore, 30.0 69.3 lb Q d d W
153
PROBLEM 2.134
A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces
shown. Knowing that 8 kN
A
F and 16 kN,
B
F determine the
magnitudes of the other two forces.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of
Connection
3 3
0: 0
5 5
x B C A
F F F F 6
With 8 kN, 16 kN
A B
F F
4 4
16 kN 8 kN
5 5
C
F
6.40 kN
C
F W
3 3
0: 0
5 5
y D B A
F F F F 6
With
A
F and
B
F as above:
3 3
16 kN 8 kN
5 5
D
F
4.80 kN
D
F W
154
PROBLEM 2.135
A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces
shown. Knowing that 5 kN
A
F = and 6 kN,
D
F = determine the
magnitudes of the other two forces.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of
Connection
3 3
0: 0
5 5
y D A B
F F F F E = ÷ ÷ + =
or
3
5
B D A
F F F = +
With 5 kN, 8 kN
A D
F F = =
( )
5 3
6 kN 5 kN
3 5
B
F
(
= +
(
¸ ¸
15.00 kN
B
F = W
4 4
0: 0
5 5
x C B A
F F F F E = ÷ + ÷ =
( )
4
5
C B A
F F F = ÷
( )
4
15 kN 5 kN
5
= ÷
8.00 kN
C
F = W
155
PROBLEM 2.136
Collar A is connected as shown to a 50lb load and can slide on a
frictionless horizontal rod. Determine the magnitude of the force P
required to maintain the equilibrium of the collar when (a) x 4.5 in.,
(b) x 15 in.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of Collar (a) Triangle Proportions
4.5
0: 50 lb 0
20.5
x
F P 6
or 10.98 lb P W
(b) Triangle Proportions
15
0: 50 lb 0
25
x
F P 6
or 30.0 lb P W
156
PROBLEM 2.137
Collar A is connected as shown to a 50lb load and can slide on a
frictionless horizontal rod. Determine the distance x for which the collar
is in equilibrium when P 48 lb.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram of Collar
Triangle Proportions
Hence:
2
ˆ 50
0: 48 0
ˆ 400
x
x
F
x
6
or
2
48
ˆ ˆ 400
50
x x
2 2
ˆ ˆ 0.92 lb 400 x x
2 2
ˆ 4737.7 in x
ˆ 68.6 in. x W
157
PROBLEM 2.138
A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a
frictionless ring at B. Knowing that the tension in the cable is 385 N,
determine the components of the force exerted by the cable on the
support at D.
SOLUTION
The force in cable DB can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the
cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 480 mm 510 mm 320 mm DB = ÷ + i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
480 510 320 770 mm DB = + + =
( ) ( ) ( )
385 N
480 mm 510 mm 320 mm
770 mm
DB
DB
F F
DB
( = = = ÷ +
¸ ¸
F i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) ( ) ( ) 240 N 255 N 160 N = ÷ + F i j k
240 N, 255 N, 160.0 N
x y z
F F F = + = ÷ = + W
158
PROBLEM 2.139
A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a
frictionless ring at B. Determine the magnitude and direction of the
resultant of the forces exerted by the cable at B knowing that the tension
in the cable is 385 N.
SOLUTION
The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along
the cable. That is, with
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.48 m 0.51 m 0.32 m BD = ÷ + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.48 m 0.51 m 0.32 m 0.77 m BD = ÷ + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.48 m 0.51 m 0.32 m
0.77 m
BD
BD BD BD
BD T
T T
BD
( = = = ÷ + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.6234 0.6623 0.4156
BD BD
T = ÷ + ÷ T i j k
and
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.27 m 0.40 m 0.6 m BE = ÷ + ÷ i j k
JJJG
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
0.27 m 0.40 m 0.6 m 0.770 m BE = ÷ + + ÷ =
( ) ( ) ( ) 0.26 m 0.40 m 0.6 m
0.770 m
BE
BE BE BE
BD T
T T
BD
( = = = ÷ + ÷
¸ ¸
T i j k
JJJG
ì
( ) 0.3506 0.5195 0.7792
BE BE
T = ÷ + ÷ T i j k
Now, because of the frictionless ring at B, 385 N
BE BD
T T = = and the force on the support due to the two
cables is
( ) 385 N 0.6234 0.6623 0.4156 0.3506 0.5195 0.7792 = ÷ + ÷ ÷ + ÷ F i j k i j k
( ) ( ) ( ) 375 N 455 N 460 N = ÷ + ÷ i j k
159
PROBLEM 2.139 CONTINUED
The magnitude of the resultant is
2 2 2
2 2 2
375 N 455 N 460 N 747.83 N
x y z
F F F F
or 748 N F W
The direction of this force is:
1
375
cos
747.83
x
T
or 120.1
x
T q W
1
455
cos
747.83
y
T
or 52.5
y
T q W
1
460
cos
747.83
z
T
or 128.0
z
T q W
160
PROBLEM 2.140
A steel tank is to be positioned in an excavation. Using trigonometry,
determine (a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for
which the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is vertical, (b) the
corresponding magnitude of R.
SOLUTION
Force Triangle (a) For minimum P it must be perpendicular to the vertical resultant R
425 lb cos30 P ? q
or 368 lb P W
(b) 425 lb sin30 R q
or 213 lb R W
161
PROBLEM 2.2
The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC. Knowing that the tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD, determine graphically the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the stays at A using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
We measure: (a)
51.3 ,
59
(b)
We measure:
R
575 N,
67
R
575 N
67
2
PROBLEM 2.3
Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support. 15 lb and Q 25 lb, determine graphically the Knowing that P magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law, (b) the triangle rule.
SOLUTION
(a)
(b)
We measure:
R
37 lb,
76
R
37 lb
76
3
5 lb 86.5 4 . determine graphically the Knowing that P magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law.5 R 61.PROBLEM 2. 86. 45 lb and Q 15 lb.5 lb.4 Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support. SOLUTION (a) (b) We measure: R 61. (b) the triangle rule.
determine (a) the required force F2 in the righthand rod if the resultant R of the forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical. Using trigonometry and knowing that the force in the lefthand rod is F1 120 N.PROBLEM 2. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. SOLUTION Graphically. by the triangle law We measure: F2 R By trigonometry: Law of Sines F2 sin 90 Then: F2 sin 62 R sin 38 120 N sin 80 or (a) F2 (b) R 107.5 Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. 180 120 sin 62 38 80 28 5 .6 N 75.0 N 108 N 77 N R sin 38 62 .
SOLUTION Using the Law of Sines F1 sin 90 Then: F1 sin 80 R sin 38 80 N sin 62 or (a) F1 (b) R 89.2 N 55.6 Two control rods are attached at A to lever AB. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. Using trigonometry and 80 N. R sin 38 180 80 sin 80 38 62 6 .PROBLEM 2.8 N 10 80 . determine knowing that the force in the righthand rod is F2 (a) the required force F1 in the lefthand rod if the resultant R of the forces exerted by the rods on the lever is to be vertical.
determine the angle knowing that the component along aa is 35 lb. (b) What is the corresponding value of the component along bb ? SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines (a) sin 35 lb sin sin 40 50 lb 0. (a) Using trigonometry.7 The 50lb force is to be resolved into components along lines aa and bb .PROBLEM 2.5 lb 7 .3 (b) Using the Law of Sines: Fbb sin 50 lb sin 40 Fbb 71.74 Then: 40 180 113.44995 26.
31 Faa sin Faa 50 lb sin 40 50 lb sin sin 40 Faa 69. determine the angle knowing that the component along bb is 30 lb.1 lb 8 .7 (b) 40 180 117.3857 22.8 The 50lb force is to be resolved into components along lines aa and bb . (b) What is the corresponding value of the component along aa ? SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines (a) sin 30 lb sin sin 40 50 lb 0. (a) Using trigonometry.PROBLEM 2.
(b) the corresponding magnitude of R. SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines Have: 180 120 Then: P sin 35 R sin120 360 N sin 25 or (a) P (b) R 489 N 738 N 35 25 9 . determine (a) the required magnitude of the force P if the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is to be vertical. two cables are attached to the sign at A.PROBLEM 2. Using trigonometry and knowing that 25 .9 To steady a sign as it is being lowered.
5 (b) 180 101.10 To steady a sign as it is being lowered. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. two cables are attached to the sign at A.5 10 .5 Then: R sin101.5 300 N sin 35 or R 513 N 35 43.68829 43. SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines (a) Have: 360 N sin sin 300 N sin 35 0. determine (a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is to be vertical.PROBLEM 2. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 300 N.
PROBLEM 2. SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines (a) Have: 20 lb sin 14 lb sin 30 sin 0. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.11 Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. determine (a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is to be horizontal.4 Then: R sin104.1 lb 11 .4 30 45. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb.6 (b) 180 104.6 14 lb sin 30 R 27.71428 45.
12 For the hook support of Problem 2.4 lb 12 . (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.PROBLEM 2. (b) the triangle rule. determine (a) the required magnitude of the force Q if the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is to be vertical. determine hook support.3.94 lb (b) 180 135 Thus: R sin135 R 25 lb sin135 sin 30 15 30 25 lb sin 30 35.36 lb R 35. Problem 2.3: Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a 15 lb and Q 25 lb. Knowing that P graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law. SOLUTION Using the triangle rule and the Law of Sines (a) Have: Q sin15 25 lb sin 30 Q 12. using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 25 lb.
(a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is horizontal.11.32 lb R 17. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. SOLUTION (a) The smallest force P will be perpendicular to R. that is. determine. vertical P 20 lb sin 30 10 lb P 10 lb (b) R 20 lb cos 30 17.32 lb 13 .13 For the hook support of Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb. using trigonometry.PROBLEM 2. Problem 2. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. determine (a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is to be horizontal.
determine (a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is vertical.9. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R.PROBLEM 2. Using trigonometry. P is horizontal Then: (a) P 360 N sin 35 or P 206 N And: (b) R 360 N cos 35 or R 295 N 14 . two cables are attached to a sign at A to steady the sign as it is being lowered. SOLUTION We observe that force P is minimum when is 90 . that is.14 As shown in Figure P2.
13 15 .23 lb 0. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces applied to the 40 .3724 So: Angle of inclination of R.11.87 R 25. Using trigonometry and knowing that the magnitude of P is 14 lb.342 lb 2 400 636. determine (a) the required angle if the resultant R of the two forces applied to the support is to be horizontal. SOLUTION Using the force triangle and the Law of Cosines R2 10 lb 100 2 20 lb 400 2 2 10 lb 20 lb cos110 0. is then such that: 30 8. using trigonometry.15 For the hook support of Problem 2.8 lb 2 R 25.23 lb Using now the Law of Sines 10 lb sin sin 25. support knowing that P 10 lb and Problem 2.11: Two forces are applied as shown to a hook support.23 lb sin110 10 lb sin110 25.13 Hence: 21.PROBLEM 2.2 lb 8. determine.
1: Two forces are applied to an eye bolt fastened to a beam.1 using trigonometry Problem 2.PROBLEM 2.5 kN 2 6 kN 2 2 4.3801 kN 0. the Law of Cosines and the Law of Sines We have: 180 105 50 25 Then: R2 4.38 kN 18.3801 kN 6 kN sin 8.76 16 . (b) the triangle rule. SOLUTION Using the force triangle.226 kN 2 or Now: R 8.5 kN 6 kN cos105 70.756 R 8.16 Solve Problem 2.6916 43.3801 kN sin105 sin 6 kN sin105 8. Determine graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law.
using the Law of Cosines: R2 500 N 2 160 N 2 2 500 N 160 N cos110.6 N sin110.6 N 0.5 38.96 110.66 tan Now: 180 1 1. SOLUTION From the geometry of the problem: tan 1 2 2.6 N Using the Law of Sines: 160 N sin sin 575.38 38.38 575.2: The cable stays AB and AD help support pole AC.44 R 576 N 66. determine graphically the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the stays at A using (a) the parallelogram law.PROBLEM 2.4 17 .17 Solve Problem 2. Knowing that the tension is 500 N in AB and 160 N in AD.38 160 N sin110.2606 15.5 2.1 90 66.5 30.2 using trigonometry Problem 2.66 And.96 30.38 331319 N 2 R 575. (b) the triangle rule.
3 lb 2 or and 25 lb sin sin 37. (b) the triangle rule.4758 28.3: Two forces P and Q are applied as shown at point A of a hook support.6 18 .41 Then: 75 76.59 180 R 37.15 lb 25 lb sin135 37.15 lb sin135 R 37.3 using trigonometry Problem 2.PROBLEM 2. Knowing that P 15 lb and Q 25 lb. SOLUTION Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines We have: 180 135 Then: R2 15 lb 2 15 30 25 lb 2 2 15 lb 25 lb cos135 1380.15 lb 0.2 lb 76.18 Solve Problem 2. determine graphically the magnitude and direction of their resultant using (a) the parallelogram law.
PROBLEM 2.19 Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.0 19 . Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is 30 kN in member A and 20 kN in member B. using trigonometry.4 kN 2 R 41.357 kN 0.028 R 41.357 kN sin110 20 kN sin110 41. determine.028 Hence: 45 72. SOLUTION Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines We have: Then: R2 30 kN 2 180 20 kN 45 2 25 110 2 30 kN 20 kN cos110 1710.4 kN 72.357 kN and 20 kN sin sin 41.4544 27. the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces applied to the bracket by members A and B.
6816 42.357 kN and 30 kN sin sin 41.20 Two structural members A and B are bolted to a bracket as shown.4 kN 88. the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces applied to the bracket by members A and B.97 Finally: 45 87.PROBLEM 2. Knowing that both members are in compression and that the force is 20 kN in member A and 30 kN in member B.0 20 . SOLUTION Using the force triangle and the Laws of Cosines and Sines We have: Then: R2 30 kN 2 180 20 kN 45 2 25 110 2 30 kN 20 kN cos110 1710.357 kN sin110 30 kN sin110 41.97 R 41. using trigonometry. determine.4 kN 2 R 41.357 kN 0.
26 kN 28.86 kN Fy 30 kN Force: Fx Fy 42 kN Force: Fx Fy 20 kN sin 40 . Fx Fy 15. SOLUTION 20 kN Force: Fx 20 kN cos 40 .32 kN 12.36 kN 21 . 30 kN sin 70 . Fx Fy 10.21 Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.2 kN 42 kN cos 20 .5 kN 14.PROBLEM 2. 30 kN cos 70 . Fx Fy 39. 42 kN sin 20 .
80 lb sin 25 .5 lb 33.0 lb 52. Fx Fy 30.0 lb 40 lb sin 50 . Fx Fy 30.PROBLEM 2.6 lb 25. 60 lb sin 60 .22 Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.8 lb 60 lb cos 60 .7 lb 22 . 40 lb cos 50 . Fx Fy 72. SOLUTION 40 lb Force: Fx Fy 60 lb Force: Fx Fy 80 lb Force: Fx Fy 80 lb cos 25 .
0 lb Fy 212 lb Force: Fx 102 lb Fy 90. 102 Fx 48. 100 in.0 lb 400 lb 80 .23 Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.0 lb 212 lb 56 .PROBLEM 2.0 lb Fy 400 lb Force: Fx 212 lb Fy 180. 102 90 . 106 Fx 112. 100 60 . 106 in. Fx 102 lb 48 . 100 Fx 320 lb Fy 400 lb Fy 240 lb 23 . 106 90 . SOLUTION We compute the following distances: OA OB OC Then: 204 lb Force: 48 56 80 2 2 2 90 90 60 2 2 2 102 in.
0 N 70 2 240 2 2 250 mm 2 210 120 200 225 290 mm 255 mm 2 2 500 N 480 N 435 N 300 N 510 N 450 N 24 .PROBLEM 2.24 Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown. SOLUTION We compute the following distances: OA OB OC 500 N Force: Fx Fy 435 N Force: Fx Fy 510 N Force: Fx Fy 510 N 120 255 225 255 Fx Fy 240 N 435 N 210 290 200 290 Fx Fy 315 N 500 N 70 250 240 250 Fx Fy 140.
PROBLEM 2. Knowing that P must have a 135N horizontal component.25 While emptying a wheelbarrow.2 N (b) Py Px tan 40 P sin 40 135 N tan 40 or Py 113. SOLUTION (a) P Px cos 40 135 N cos 40 or P 176.3 N 25 . (b) its vertical component. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P. a gardener exerts on each handle AB a force P directed along line CD.
PROBLEM 2. Knowing that P must have a 960N vertical component. SOLUTION (a) P Py sin 35 960 N sin 35 or P 1674 N (b) Px Py tan 35 960 N tan 35 or Px 1371 N 26 .26 Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD. (b) its horizontal component. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P.
(b) its vertical component. Px sin 50 260 lb sin50 339. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P.4 lb P 339 lb (b) Px Py Py tan 50 Px tan 50 260 lb tan 50 218. and the horizontal component of P is Px Then: (a) P Px P sin 50 260 lb. Knowing that P must have a 260lb horizontal component. SOLUTION We note: CB exerts force P on B along CB.PROBLEM 2.2 lb Py 218 lb 27 .27 Member CB of the vise shown exerts on block B a force P directed along line CB.
determine (a) the magnitude of the force P. SOLUTION Using the x and y axes shown.70 lb 25. (b) its component along line BC.PROBLEM 2. (a) Py Then: P 25 lb Py sin 75 25 lb sin 75 or P (b) Px Py tan 75 25 lb tan 75 or Px 6.28 Activator rod AB exerts on crank BCD a force P directed along line AB. Knowing that P must have a 25lb component perpendicular to arm BC of the crank.9 lb 28 .
1 N Px 315 N 549 N 29 . (b) its component in a direction perpendicular to AC. Then: (a) P 450 N cos 35 549.PROBLEM 2. SOLUTION Note that the force exerted by BD on the pole is directed along BD. and the component of P along AC is 450 N.3 N P (b) Px 450 N tan 35 315. Knowing that P has a 450N component along line AC. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P.29 The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed along BD.
30 The guy wire BD exerts on the telephone pole AC a force P directed along BD.8 N or P 325 N (b) Py Px tan 38 200 N tan 38 255.PROBLEM 2. SOLUTION (a) P Px sin 38 200 N sin 38 324. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P. (b) its component along line AC. Knowing that P has a 200N perpendicular to the pole AC.98 N or Py 256 N 30 .
Problem 2.PROBLEM 2.31 Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2. SOLUTION From Problem 2.24: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.5 2 R 415 N 530.2 N Thus: R 530 N 38.5 31 .24.24: F500 F425 140 N i 315 N i 480 N j 300 N j F510 R Then: F 240 N i 415 N i 450 N j 330 N j tan 2 1 330 415 330 N 38.
PROBLEM 2.2 kN j 14.36 kN j 55.42 kN j F 34.44 kN i 55. Problem 2.2 kN 58.5 kN i 12.26 kN i 39.32 Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2. SOLUTION From Problem 2.2 32 .42 kN 34.32 kN i 10.44 N 65.44 58.86 kN j 28.21: F20 F30 F42 R Then: tan 2 1 15.1 2 R 55.21: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.21.42 34.2 kN R 65.
86 R Rxi Ry j 43.4 33 .6 30 72.9 31. (lb) 25.9 lb 84.9 lb i tan 43.9 y comp.2 lb 31.7 51.5 71.23.86 lb j 71.PROBLEM 2.8 Ry 43. Force 40 lb 60 lb 80 lb Rx x comp.22: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown.38 R 71. (lb) 30. SOLUTION The components of the forces were determined in 2.23 lb 2 43.86 lb 2 R 84.96 33. Problem 2.22.86 71.33 Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.
23: Determine the x and y components of each of the forces shown. SOLUTION The components of the forces were determined in Problem 2. F204 F212 F400 Thus 48.PROBLEM 2.0 lb i 320 lb i 90.0 256 30.75 lb 2 30.0 lb 2 R 258 lb 6.0 lb j 180.68 tan and R 256 lb 257.0 256 6. Problem 2.68 34 .0 lb j 240 lb j R R Now: tan 1 Rx Ry 30.34 Determine the resultant of the three forces of Problem 2.0 lb i 112.23.23.0 lb j 256 lb i 30.
91 tan R 1007 N 4.8 86.8 4.7 N 600 N cos 35 600 N sin 35 491.9 N 102. determine the resultant of the three forces SOLUTION 300N Force: Fx Fy 400N Force: Fx Fy 600N Force: Fx Fy 300 N cos 20 300 N sin 20 281.5 N 344.8 N 1006. 35 .PROBLEM 2.5 N Further: tan 1 86.35 Knowing that shown.4 N 327.91 35 .2 N 2 1002.1 N and Rx Ry R Fx Fy 2 1002.2 1002.6 N 400 N cos55 400 N sin 55 229.2 1002.8 N 86.2 N 86.
determine the resultant of the three forces SOLUTION 300N Force: Fx Fy 400N Force: Fx Fy 600N Force: Fx Fy 300 N cos 20 300 N sin 20 281.7 N 52.PROBLEM 2.5 N 1018.9 N 398.8 N 2 914.8 N 448.8 914.7 N Further: tan 1 448.5 448. 65 .5 N 448.36 Knowing that shown.9 N 102.1 36 .5 26.1 tan R 1019 N 26.8 914.3 N and Rx Ry R Fx Fy 2 914.5 N 600 N cos 5 600 N sin 5 597.6 N 400 N cos85 400 N sin 85 34.
determine the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.177 lb Further: tan tan Thus: 1 40 21 40 21 62.3 37 .PROBLEM 2. 21 lb 2 Ry Fy 2 40 lb 40 lb 45.2 lb 62.3 R 45.37 Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb. SOLUTION Cable BC Force: Fx Fy 100lb Force: Fx Fy 156lb Force: Fx Fy 145 lb 145 lb 84 116 80 116 105 lb 100 lb 100 lb 100 lb 3 5 4 5 60 lb 80 lb 156 lb 156 lb 12 13 5 13 144 lb 60 lb and Rx R Fx 21 lb.
and ycomponents: Rx Rx Fx 140 lb cos 50 60 lb cos85 160 lb cos 50 7.38 Knowing that shown. 50 .5 38 .6 88. determine the resultant of the three forces SOLUTION The resultant force R has the x.59 lb Further: tan 1 290 7.6 290 7.5 tan Thus: R 290 lb 88.6264 lb and Ry Ry Fy 140 lb sin 50 60 lb sin 85 160 lb sin 50 289.PROBLEM 2.
(b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.265 40.265 60 lb sin 75.265 160 lb sin 40.PROBLEM 2. for R to be vertical: Rx Fx 140 lb cos 60 lb cos 35 160 lb cos 0 Expanding. cos Then: tan or tan 1 3 cos cos 35 sin sin 35 0 cos 35 sin 35 1 3 cos 35 sin 35 1 3 40.265 R R 252 lb 39 . SOLUTION For an arbitrary angle .3 (b) Now: R Ry Fy 140 lb sin 40. we have: Rx Fx 140 lb cos 60 lb cos 35 160 lb cos (a) So.39 Determine (a) the required value of if the resultant of the three forces shown is to be vertical.
0 lb 140 lb 60 lb R R 0. determine the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B of beam AB.0 lb 60. determine (a) the required tension in cable BC if the resultant of the three forces exerted at point B is to be vertical.6897TBC 140 lb (a) So. (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.0 lb (b) Using TBC R Ry 116. for R to be vertical.40 For the beam of Problem 2.724TBC 84 lb 0 TBC 116. SOLUTION We have: Rx Fx 84 TBC 116 Rx 12 156 lb 13 0.724TBC 3 100 lb 5 or and Ry Ry Fy 84 lb 80 TBC 116 5 156 lb 13 4 100 lb 5 0.37.6897 116. Rx 0.PROBLEM 2.0 lb 40 .37: Knowing that the tension in cable BC is 145 lb. Problem 2.
respectively. Then (a) Require Ry or Fy 0: 4 kN cos 25 5. (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant.41 Boom AB is held in the position shown by three cables. Knowing that the tensions in cables AC and AD are 4 kN and 5.03 kN 41 .PROBLEM 2.2 kN. SOLUTION Choose xaxis along bar AB.2 kN sin 35 TAE sin 65 0 TAE 7. determine (a) the tension in cable AE if the resultant of the tensions exerted at point A of the boom must be directed along AB.2909 kN cos 65 9.29 kN (b) R Fx 4 kN sin 25 5.2 kN cos 35 7.03 kN R 9.2909 kN TAE 7.
determine (a) the required value of of the resultant of the three forces shown is to be parallel to the incline. Problem 2. we write Rx Ry Fx Fy 300 N 400 N cos 600 N sin (1) (2) 400 N sin 600 N cos (a) Setting Ry Thus 0 in Equation (2): tan 600 400 1. determine the resultant of the SOLUTION Selecting the x axis along aa . (b) the corresponding magnitude of the resultant. determine the resultant of the 65 .36: Knowing that three forces shown.1 N 400 N cos 56.3 600 N sin 56.42 For the block of Problems 2. Problem 2.3 (b) Substituting for in Equation (1): Rx Rx 300 N 1021.5 56.3 R Rx 1021 N 42 . 35 .PROBLEM 2.36.35: Knowing that three forces shown.35 and 2.
29 in. (b) in cable BC. 21 in.43 Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown. Determine the tension (a) in cable AC. 20 in.56 lb 600 lb 600 lb 0 0 TAC TBC 441 lb 487 lb 43 . 2 20 in. we calculate the distances: AC BC 16 in. 2 2 Then. from the Free Body Diagram of point C: Fx or and or Hence: (a) (b) 0: TBC 16 TAC 20 29 21 4 TAC 5 21 TBC 29 0 Fy 12 TAC 20 0: 12 TAC 20 20 29 29 21 TAC 20 TBC 29 4 TAC 5 440.PROBLEM 2. 2 12 in. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram From the geometry.
determine the tension (a) in cable AC. (b) in SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle Law of Sines: TAC sin115 (a) TAC TBC sin 5 5 kN sin 60 TAC 5.503 kN TBC 0.23 kN 5 kN sin115 sin 60 5 kN sin 5 sin 60 5.23 kN (b) TBC 0.PROBLEM 2.503 kN 44 .44 Knowing that rope BC. 25 .
73 lb TBC 348 lb 45 .45 Knowing that 50 and that boom AC exerts on pin C a force directed long line AC.7 lb 169. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle Law of Sines: FAC sin 25 (a) FAC 400 lb sin 25 sin 95 400 sin 60 sin 95 TBC sin 60 400 lb sin 95 FAC 169.69 lb (b) TBC 347.PROBLEM 2. determine (a) the magnitude of that force. (b) the tension in cable BC.
46 Two cables are tied together at C and are loaded as shown.66 kN 46 . SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Force Triangle Law of Sines: TAC sin 60 (a) TAC TBC sin 55 2943 N sin 65 TAC 2.PROBLEM 2. (b) in cable BC.98 N TBC 2.19 N (b) TBC 2659. Knowing that 30 . determine the tension (a) in cable AC.81 kN 2943 N sin 60 sin 65 2943 N sin 55 sin 65 2812.
6 N sin100.32 7.5 N skier weight 1309 N W Finally.61 Thus. determine that weight of the skier in chair F.39 1608. by the Law of Sines: Force Triangle W sin12. the geometry gives: AB tan 1 9.51 BC tan 1 22.49 TBC 1190 N sin 7.39 Hence. in the force triangle.87 7468.5 N 47 .5 N 300 N 1308.6 N FreeBody Diagram Point C In the freebody diagram of point C (with W the sum of weights of chair and skier) the geometry gives: CD tan 1 1. the skier weight 1608. Knowing that each chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair E weighs 890 N.2 10.23 7468.47 A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. in the force triangle. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Point B In the freebody diagram of point B. by the Law of Sines: Force Triangle TBC sin 59.8 30.8 12 28.PROBLEM 2.9 16.
PROBLEM 2. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Point F In the freebody diagram of point F.23 5107.39 TBC 1100 N sin12. by the Law of Sines: Force Triangle W sin 7.2 10.9 16.39 Thus.8 N 5107.8 N 300 N 513.5 N sin 59. the skier weight 813. in the force triangle.51 Hence.49 813.8 30.89 W Finally. Knowing that each chair weighs 300 N and that the skier in chair F weighs 800 N. the geometry gives: EF tan 1 12 28.62 DF tan 1 1.8 N skier weight 514 N 48 .32 7.8 22.5 N FreeBody Diagram Point E In the freebody diagram of point E (with W the sum of weights of chair and skier) the geometry gives: AE tan 1 9. in the force triangle. by the Law of Sines: Force Triangle TEF sin100.48 A chairlift has been stopped in the position shown. determine the weight of the skier in chair E.
SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Resolving the forces into x and y components: Fx 0: FC 510 lb sin15 480 lb cos15 0 or FC 332 lb Fy 0: FD 510 lb cos15 480 lb sin15 0 or FD 368 lb 49 . determine the magnitudes of the other two forces.PROBLEM 2.49 Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown. Knowing that FA 510 lb and FB 480 lb.
Knowing that FA 420 lb and FC 540 lb.PROBLEM 2. determine the magnitudes of the other two forces.6 lb sin15 0 or FD 672 lb 232 lb 50 . SOLUTION Resolving the forces into x and y components: Fx 0: FB cos15 540 lb 420 lb cos15 0 or FB 671.6 lb FB Fy 0: FD 420 lb cos15 671.50 Four wooden members are joined with metal plate connectors and are in equilibrium under the action of the four fences shown.
SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Resolving the forces into x and y directions: R Substituting components: R 400 lb j P Q FA FB 0 520 lb cos 55 i 520 lb sin 55 j FBi FA cos 55 i FA sin 55 j 0 In the ydirection (one unknown force) 400 lb Thus. determine the magnitudes of the forces exerted on the rods A and B.51 Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection.08 lb FB 280 lb 51 . FB FA cos 55 520 lb cos 55 520 lb cos 55 FB FA cos 55 0 1008.PROBLEM 2. FA 520 lb sin 55 FA sin 55 0 400 lb 520 lb sin 55 sin 55 1008.3 lb FA 1008 lb In the xdirection: 520 lb cos55 Thus. 400 lb and Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and the P Q 520 lb.3 lb cos 55 280.
09 lb Q In the ydirection: 600 lb sin 55 Thus.PROBLEM 2.01 lb P 457 lb P Q sin 55 0 42. Q 320 lb 600 lb cos 55 cos 55 42. Knowing that the connection is in equilibrium and that the magnitudes of the forces exerted on rods A and B are FA 600 lb and FB 320 lb.1 lb 600 lb cos 55 Q cos 55 0 52 .52 Two forces P and Q are applied as shown to an aircraft connection. determine the magnitudes of P and Q. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram Resolving the forces into x and y directions: R Substituting components: R 320 lb i 600 lb cos 55 i 600 lb sin 55 j P Q FA FB 0 Pi Q cos 55 i Q sin 55 j 0 In the xdirection (one unknown force) 320 lb Thus. P 600 lb sin 55 Q sin 55 457.
53 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5. determine the tension (a) in cable AC. Knowing that W 840 N. (b) in cable BC. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram From geometry: The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17. Thus: Fx or 1 TCA 5 and Fy or 1 TCA 5 2 TCB 17 290 N (2) 0: 4 TCA 5 8 TCB 17 8 680 N 17 840 N 0 5 TCB 17 200 N (1) 0: 3 TCA 5 15 TCB 17 15 680 N 17 0 Solving Equations (1) and (2) simultaneously: (a) (b) TCA TCB 750 N 1190 N 53 .PROBLEM 2.
with T 1050 N TCA : TCA or and TCB : TCB or W 1050 N 680 N 17 W 28 0 W 609 N W 1050 N 1176 N 25 W 28 680 N 25 W 28 17 W 28 609 N 54 . Thus: Fx or 1 TCA 5 and Fy or 1 TCA 5 2 TCB 17 80 N 1 W 4 (2) 0: 4 TCA 5 8 TCB 17 8 680 N 17 W 0 5 TCB 17 200 N (1) 0: 3 TCA 5 15 TCB 17 15 680 N 17 0 Then.PROBLEM 2. Determine the range of values of W for which the tension will not exceed 1050 N in either cable. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram From geometry: The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CB are in the ratio 8:15:17. The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse CA are in the ratio 3:4:5.54 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. from Equations (1) and (2) TCB TCA Now.
PROBLEM 2.55
The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant 40 and 35 , that the speed by cable DE. Knowing that combined weight of the cabin, its support system, and its passengers is 24.8 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be negligible, determine the tension (a) in the support cable ACB, (b) in the traction cable DE.
SOLUTION
Note: In Problems 2.55 and 2.56 the cabin is considered as a particle. If considered as a rigid body (Chapter 4) it would be found that its center of gravity should be located to the left of the centerline for the line CD to be vertical. Now
Fx
0: TACB cos 35
cos 40
TDE cos 40
0
or 0.0531TACB and
Fy or 0.0692TACB From (1) TACB Then, from (2) 0.0692 14.426TDE and (b) TDE (a) TACB 15.1 kN 218 kN 0.643TDE 24.8 kN 14.426TDE 0.643TDE 24.8 kN (2) 0: TACB sin 40 sin 35 TDE sin 40 24.8 kN 0
0.766TDE
0
(1)
55
PROBLEM 2.56
The cabin of an aerial tramway is suspended from a set of wheels that can roll freely on the support cable ACB and is being pulled at a constant 32 , that the tension speed by cable DE. Knowing that 42 and in cable DE is 20 kN, and assuming the tension in cable DF to be negligible, determine (a) the combined weight of the cabin, its support system, and its passengers, (b) the tension in the support cable ACB.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram
First, consider the sum of forces in the xdirection because there is only one unknown force: Fx or 0.1049TACB 14.863 kN (b) TACB Now Fy or 141.7 kN 0.1392 20 kN 0.6691 W 0 (a) W 33.1 kN 0: TACB sin 42 sin 32 20 kN sin 42 W 0 141.7 kN 0: TACB cos 32 cos 42 20 kN cos 42 0
56
PROBLEM 2.57
A block of weight W is suspended from a 500mm long cord and two springs of which the unstretched lengths are 450 mm. Knowing that the 1500 N/m and kAD 500 N/m, constants of the springs are kAB determine (a) the tension in the cord, (b) the weight of the block.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagram At A
First note from geometry: The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 8:15:17. The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are in the ratio 3:4:5. The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 7:24:25. Then: FAB and LAB So: FAB 1500 N/m 0.55 m 150 N Similarly, FAD Then: LAD FAD 0.66 m
2
k AB LAB
Lo
0.44 m
2
0.33 m
2
0.55 m
0.45 m
k AD LAD
Lo
0.32 m
2
0.68 m
1500 N/m 0.68 m 115 N
0.45 m
(a) Fx or TAC 66.18 N TAC 66.2 N 0: 4 150 N 5 7 TAC 25 15 115 N 17 0
57
57 CONTINUED (b) and Fy 0: 3 150 N 5 24 66.18 N 25 8 115 N 17 or W W 0 208 N 58 .PROBLEM 2.
The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AC are in the ratio 3:4:5.8 N 281.74 N 62. (b) the unstretched length of the spring.4833W 0: 4 3W 5 35 W 37 12 Fs 37 0 59 . Then: Fx or Fs and Fy Then: 3 3W 5 or W and Fs or (a) W 62.4833W 37 400 N 0 0: 3 3W 5 12 W 37 35 Fs 37 400 N 0 4. determine (a) the value of W. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram At A First note from geometry: The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AD are in the ratio 12:35:37. The sides of the triangle with hypotenuse AB are also in the ratio 12:35:37. Knowing that the constant of the spring is 800 N/m.PROBLEM 2.841 N 12 W 37 35 4.58 A load of weight 400 N is suspended from a spring and two cords which are attached to blocks of weights 3W and W as shown.
58 CONTINUED (b) Have spring force Fs Where FAB and LAB So: 281.360 m 2 k LAB Lo k AB LAB Lo 1.050 m 2 1.110 m 60 .PROBLEM 2.74 N 800 N/m 1.110 L0 m or L0 758 mm 0.
SOLUTION The smallest TBC is when TBC is perpendicular to the direction of TAC FreeBody Diagram At C Force Triangle (a) (b) TBC 2943 N sin 55 2410. determine (a) the value of for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible.8 N TBC 55.59 For the cables and loading of Problem 2.PROBLEM 2. (b) the corresponding value of the tension.41 kN 61 .46.0 2.
07 m 4.5 m 525 2.14 m L 4. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: C For T 725 N Fy 0: 2Ty Ty Tx2 Tx2 1000 N 0 500 N Ty2 2 T2 725 N 2 500 N Tx 525 N By similar triangles: BC 725 BC L 2 BC 1.14 m 62 .PROBLEM 2.60 Knowing that portions AC and BC of cable ACB must be equal. determine the shortest length of cable which can be used to support the load shown if the tension in the cable is not to exceed 725 N.
61 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. 85 P 2 200 lb cos 47.5 (a) Since P 0.5 (b) 180 63 . the solution is correct. Knowing that the maximum allowable tension in each cable is 200 lb. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle Force triangle is isoceles with 2 180 47. (b) the corresponding value of .5 270 lb 77.5 77.5 270 lb P 55 47.PROBLEM 2. determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied at C.
PROBLEM 2. (b) the corresponding value of .49 57.5 lb P 324 lb 300 lb.5 0.9238 67. our solution is correct.62 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown. determine (a) the magnitude of the largest force P which may be applied at C. Knowing that the maximum allowable tension is 300 lb in cable AC and 150 lb in cable BC.49 67. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle (a) Law of Cosines: P2 300 lb 2 150 lb 2 2 300 lb 150 lb cos85 P Since P 323.5 64 . (b) Law of Sines: sin 300 sin or 180 55 sin 85 323.5 57.
determine (a) the value of for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible. SOLUTION TBC must be perpendicular to FAC to be as small as possible.PROBLEM 2.45.63 For the structure and loading of Problem 2. FreeBody Diagram: C Force Triangle is a right triangle (a) We observe: (b) or 55 55 TBC TBC 400 lb sin 60 346. (b) the corresponding value of the tension.4 lb TBC 346 lb 65 .
64 Boom AB is supported by cable BC and a hinge at A.93 lb TBC 68. in a force triangle: By observation. and the direction of FAB is known. (b) the corresponding value of the tension. Then.PROBLEM 2. TBC is minimum when (b) Have TBC 70 lb sin 180 68.9 lb 70 30 90.0 66 . SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: B (a) Have: TBD FAB TBC 0 where magnitude and direction of TBD are known. determine (a) the value of for which the tension in cable BC is as small as possible. Knowing that the boom exerts on pin B a force directed along the boom and that the tension in rope BD is 70 lb.
The constant of the spring is 660 N/m.65 and P2.65 Collar A shown in Figure P2. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Collar A Have: where: LAB 0.986 N 5 0 or W 40.3 2 m 49.3 2 m 2 Fs k LAB LAB 0.4 m 2 LAB 0.PROBLEM 2.0 N 67 .986 N For the collar: Fy 0: W 4 49. and the spring is unstretched when h 300 mm. Knowing that the system is in equilibrium when h 400 mm.3 m 0. determine the weight of the collar.66 can slide on a frictionless vertical rod and is attached as shown to a spring.5 0.5 m Then: Fs 660 N/m 0.
where Then: LAB h 560 hFs h 2 h2 h2 Fs 0 40 0.09 h2 h2 or 14h 1 0.2 2h h m Solving numerically. determine the value of h for which the system is in equilibrium. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Collar A Fy 0: W 0.3 or Now. h 415 mm 68 . Knowing that the constant of the spring is 560 N/m. The spring is unstretched when h 300 mm.3 0.3 2 m 40 0.09 2 k LAB h2 m 0.09 Fs 0.PROBLEM 2.3 2 LAB LAB 0.09 h2 4.66 The 40N collar A can slide on a frictionless vertical rod and is attached as shown to a spring..
8 N 2 0 T (c) 1373 N Fy 0: 3T T 280 kg 9.81 m/s 2 1 2746.PROBLEM 2.8 N 3 0 T 916 N (e) Fy 0: 4T T 280 kg 9.81 m/s 2 1 2746.8 N 4 0 T 687 N 69 .81 m/s 2 1 2746.) SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of pulley (a) Fy 0: 2T T 280 kg 9.81 m/s 2 1 2746. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.8 N 3 0 T (d) 916 N Fy 0: 3T T 280 kg 9. Determine for each arrangement the tension in the rope.81 m/s 2 1 2746.8 N 2 0 T (b) 1373 N Fy 0: 2T T 280 kg 9.67 A 280kg crate is supported by several ropeandpulley arrangements as shown.
68 Solve parts b and d of Problem 2.PROBLEM 2.81 m/s 2 1 2746. Problem 2.67: A 280kg crate is supported by several ropeandpulley arrangements as shown.) SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of pulley and crate (b) Fy 0: 3T T 280 kg 9. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4. Determine for each arrangement the tension in the rope.8 N 3 T 916 N 0 (d) Fy 0: 4T T 280 kg 9.81 m/s 2 1 2746.67 assuming that the free end of the rope is attached to the crate.8 N 4 0 T 687 N 70 .
3 Fx 0: 2P sin 25 P cos 0 71 .3 or P For Fy 0: 2P cos 25 32.3 P sin 32.1 lb 0 32.) SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Pulley A and cos For Fy 0: 2P cos 25 0.69 A 350lb load is supported by the ropeandpulley arrangement shown. Knowing that 25 .3 or P 350 lb 274 lb 0 32.3 P sin 32.PROBLEM 2. determine the magnitude and direction of the force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to maintain equilibrium. This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.3 350 lb 149.3 32. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley.8452 or 32.
Knowing that 35 . This can be proved by the methods of Chapter 4.0 lb sin Fy 1 cos 25 2 0: 2P cos P sin 35 or 350 lb 0 24. (Hint: The tension in the rope is the same on each side of a simple pulley.PROBLEM 2.) SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Pulley A Hence: (a) (b) Hence: 2P cos 24.97 lb 350 lb 0 P 146. determine (a) the angle .70 A 350lb load is supported by the ropeandpulley arrangement shown.2 Fx 0: 2 P sin P cos 25 0 72 . (b) the magnitude of the force P which should be exerted on the free end of the rope to maintain equilibrium.2 or P P sin 35 145.
30 kN (b) Fy 0: TACB sin 30 sin 50 800 N sin 50 800 N sin 50 Q Q 0 0 2303. which passes 800 N. Knowing that P determine (a) the tension in cable ACB.PROBLEM 2. The pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD. over the pulley A and supports a load P. (b) the magnitude of load Q. which can roll on the cable ACB. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Pulley C (a) Hence Fx 0: TACB cos 30 cos 50 800 N cos 50 0 TACB 2303.5 N sin 30 or sin 50 Q 3529.71 A load Q is applied to the pulley C.2 N Q 3.5 N TACB 2.53 kN 73 .
72 A 2000N load Q is applied to the pulley C. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram: Pulley C Fx or Fy or 0: TACB cos 30 P cos 50 P cos 50 0 (1) 0.3473TACB TACB 1305.3473TACB sin 50 0.766P P sin 50 2000 N 2000 N 0 0: TACB sin 30 1.766 0.PROBLEM 2. Determine (a) the tension in the cable ACB.5 N TACB (b) Using (1) P 0. which passes over the pulley A and supports a load P. which can roll on the cable ACB.3473 1306 N 453. The pulley is held in the position shown by a second cable CAD. (b) the magnitude of load P.266TACB (2) (a) Substitute Equation (1) into Equation (2): 1.57 N 1306 N 2000 N P 454 N 74 .266TACB Hence: 0.
0 lb 73.98 200 100. y.0 200 73.98 lb Fx Fy 200 lb sin 30 100. and z components of the 200lb force.PROBLEM 2.0 lb Fy Fz 200 lb cos 30 sin 25 73.2 lb 38. SOLUTION (a) Fx 200 lb cos 30 cos 25 156.3 156.73 Determine (a) the x.0 lb 100. and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.1996 200 or x cos y or y 60.5 75 . (b) the angles x.0 cos z or z 111. y.1996 lb Fz (b) cos x 157.
3 76 .PROBLEM 2. and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.0 lb Fy Fz 420 lb sin 20 cos 70 49.1 lb 134.0 cos z 49. y. y. and z components of the 420lb force. (b) the angles x.985 420 x 108.67 420 y 20.74 Determine (a) the x.67 lb 135.985 lb Fx Fy 420 lb cos 20 394.7 cos y 394.131 420 z 83. SOLUTION (a) Fx 420 lb sin 20 sin 70 134.131 lb 395 lb Fz (b) cos x 49.
Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 4.07 kN 2.6997 kN 2.46 kN Fy Fz 4.70 kN Fz (b) cos x 2.2 kN.PROBLEM 2.2 kN sin 50 cos 40 2. (b) the angles x. and z that the force forms with axes at A which are parallel to the coordinate axes. determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the tree.2 kN sin 50 sin 40 2.2 kN cos 50 2. SOLUTION (a) Fx 4.75 To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm.4647 kN Fx Fy 4.2 x 54.1 77 .0681 kN 2. y.4647 4. cables AB and AC are attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods anchored in the ground.
PROBLEM 2.5 78 .2 y 130.0 z 60.75 CONTINUED cos y 2.0 cos z 2.7 4.0681 4.
6 kN cos 45 sin 25 1.0758 kN Fx Fy 3. SOLUTION (a) Fx 3.6 kN cos 45 cos 25 2.0758 3.4 79 . determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this cable on the tree.6 kN sin 45 2.076 kN Fy Fz 3.PROBLEM 2.6 kN. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 3.3071 kN 2. and z that the force forms with axes at A which are parallel to the coordinate axes.31 kN 1.546 kN 1. cables AB and AC are attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods anchored in the ground. y.55 kN Fz (b) cos x 2.76 To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm. (b) the angles x.6 x 107.
6 z 50.3071 3.0 cos z 2.76 CONTINUED cos y 2.1 80 .PROBLEM 2.546 3.6 y 135.
107 575.6 575.32139 z 108. (b) the angles x.6 N.5 x Fy cos F cos 30 Fy 498.6 N (Given) 575.95 N sin 30 cos 50 185. and z that the force exerted at A forms with the coordinate axes. determine (a) the tension in wire AD.79 575.77 A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical.79 N y F 498.95 0. y.95 N F 576 N 220.3830 67.6 N sin30 sin50 (b) cos x Fx F 220. Knowing that the x component of the force exerted by wire AD on the plate is 220.0 y Fz F sin 30 cos 50 575.95 0.95 0.107 N cos z Fz F 185. SOLUTION (a) Fx F sin 30 sin 50 F 220.7 81 .86605 30.PROBLEM 2.
PROBLEM 2.78
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical. Knowing that the z component of the force exerted by wire BD on the plate is –64.28 N, determine (a) the tension in wire BD, (b) the angles x, y, and z that the force exerted at B forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) Fz F sin 30 sin 40 F (b) 64.28 N sin30 sin40 Fx 64.28 N (Given) 200.0 N F 200 N
F sin 30 cos 40 200.0 N sin 30 cos 40 76.604 N
cos
x
Fx F
76.604 200.0
0.38302
x
112.5
Fy cos
F cos 30 Fy
y
173.2 N
F Fz
173.2 200 64.28 N 64.28 200
0.866
y
30.0
cos
z
Fz F
0.3214
z
108.7
82
PROBLEM 2.79
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical. Knowing that the tension in wire CD is 120 lb, determine (a) the components of the force exerted by this wire on the plate, (b) the angles x, y, and z that the force forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) Fx 120 lb sin 30 cos 60 30 lb Fx Fy 120 lb cos 30 103.92 lb Fy Fz 120 lb sin 30 sin 60 51.96 lb Fz (b) cos
x
30.0 lb
103.9 lb
52.0 lb
Fx F
30.0 120
0.25 104.5
x
cos
Fy
y
F
103.92 120
0.866 30.0
y
cos
z
Fz F
51.96 120
0.433 64.3
z
83
PROBLEM 2.80
A horizontal circular plate is suspended as shown from three wires which are attached to a support at D and form 30 angles with the vertical. Knowing that the x component of the forces exerted by wire CD on the plate is –40 lb, determine (a) the tension in wire CD, (b) the angles x, y, and z that the force exerted at C forms with the coordinate axes.
SOLUTION
(a) Fx F sin 30 cos 60 F 40 lb sin30 cos60 40 lb (Given) 160 lb F (b) cos
x
160.0 lb
Fx F
40 160
0.25 104.5
x
Fy cos
160 lb cos 30 Fy
y
103.92 lb
F
103.92 160
0.866 30.0
y
Fz
160 lb sin 30 sin 60 cos Fz F 69.282 160
69.282 lb 0.433 64.3
z
z
84
8889 x cos y F Fz F 260 900 320 900 0.3 cos x Fx F Fy 800 900 0.8 85 .3555 z 110.81 Determine the magnitude and F 800 lb i 260 lb j 320 lb k. direction of the force SOLUTION F Fx2 Fy2 Fz2 800 lb 2 260 lb 2 320 lb 2 F 900 lb 27.2 cos z 0.2889 y 73.PROBLEM 2.
4 cos Fz F 0.82 Determine the magnitude and direction F 400 N i 1200 N j 300 N k.7 86 .PROBLEM 2.92307 y 157.1 cos x Fx F Fy 400 1300 1200 1300 300 1300 0.23076 z 76. of the force SOLUTION F Fx2 Fy2 Fz2 400 N 2 1200 N 2 300 N 2 F 1300 N 72.30769 x cos y F z 0.
Knowing that the y component of the force is –200 N.7 N 158.70735 x 282.5 2 cos 55.9 Fx Fy F 121.73 N cos 55.5 N 283 N Fz F cos z 87 .5 and z 55.9 2 0. (b) the other components and the magnitude of the force. SOLUTION (a) We have cos Since Fy 2 x cos 2 y cos y 2 z 1 cos 2 y 1 cos 2 y cos 2 z 0 we must have cos 0 Thus. we have: cos (b) Then: F Fy cos y y 1 cos 64.0 200 N 0.73 N and Fx F cos 282.73 N cos 64.PROBLEM 2.70735 y 135.83 A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by the angles x 64. taking the negative square root.9 . determine (a) the angle y. from above.5 282.
8 N 21.757 N F Fx Fy 86.6 2 0.PROBLEM 2. taking the negative square root.84 A force acts at the origin of a coordinate system in a direction defined by the angles x 75.8 F and Fz cos z 60 N 0.69159 z 133. SOLUTION (a) We have cos Since Fz 2 x cos 2 y cos z 2 z 1 cos 2 y 1 cos 2 y cos 2 z 0 we must have cos 0 Thus.6 .4 2 cos132. Knowing that the z component of the force is –60 N. we have: cos (b) Then: z 1 cos 75.4 and y 132.8 N 88 .69159 x 86. (b) the other components and the magnitude of the force.9 N Fx Fy F cos F cos 86.8 N cos132.4 y 86. from above. determine (a) the angle z.6 58.8 N cos 75.
SOLUTION (a) Have Fx Then: F2 Fx2 Fy2 2 F cos x 400 N cos 28.3 89 .85 A force F of magnitude 400 N acts at the origin of a coordinate system.3 N cos Fy y F Fz F 80 400 173.PROBLEM 2.5 N Fz2 400 N 2 351.5 .5 N 2 80 N 2 Fz 173.5 N Fz2 80 N 2 So: Hence: Fz (b) 400 N 2 352.43325 z 64. and Fz 0. Knowing that x 28. determine (a) the components Fx and Fz.5 Fx 351.20 y 101.5 cos z 0. (b) the angles y and z.3 400 0. Fy –80 N.
PROBLEM 2.333 x 70. determine (a) the components Fy and Fz.86 A force F of magnitude 600 lb acts at the origin of a coordinate system. (b) the angles x and y.8 437.7 600 0.4 lb 437.7 90 .4 lb 2 2 2 358. Knowing that Fx 200 lb. z 136.7 lb (b) cos x Fy 359 lb Fx F Fy 200 600 358.4 lb Fz 437 lb Then: F2 Fx2 Fy2 2 Fz2 So: Hence: 600 lb Fy 2 200 lb 600 lb 2 Fy 200 lb 2 437. Fy 0.8 .5 cos y F 0.59783 y 126. SOLUTION (a) Fz F cos z 600 lb cos136.
PROBLEM 2. determine the components of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at B. and D. If the tension in wire AB is 2100 N. SOLUTION BA BA 4m BA BA 4m i 2 20 m j 20 m 2 5m k 5m 2 21 m F F BA F F 2100 N 21 m 4m i 20 m j 500 N k 5m k 400 N i 2000 N j Fx 400 N.87 A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B. Fz 500 N 91 . Fy 2000 N. C.
8 m 25. determine the components of the force exerted by the wire on the bolt at D. C. and D.8 m k 200 N i 1000 N j 200 N.PROBLEM 2.2 m 14.8 m k 2 20 m 1260 N 25.88 A transmission tower is held by three guy wires anchored by bolts at B. Fy 1000 N. SOLUTION DA DA 4m DA DA 4m i 2 20 m j 2 14. If the tension in wire AD is 1260 N.2 m F F DA F F 4m i 20 m j 740 N k Fx 14. Fz 740 N 92 .
j 36 in. F F BA F F BA BA 204 lb 68 in. i 144 lb j Fx 48 in.0 lb.0 lb. Fz 108.89 A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. Fy 144. Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 204 lb.0 lb 93 . 32 in. j 108 lb k 36 in. k 96 lb i 96. SOLUTION BA BA 32 in. determine the components of the force exerted on the plate at B.PROBLEM 2. k 68 in. 2 32 in. 2 48 in. i 48 in. 2 36 in.
determine the components of the force exerted on the plate at D. 195 lb 65 in.0 lb. Fy 36 in. 2 36 in. k 144. i 144 lb j Fx 48 in.0 lb 94 . Fz 108. 2 25 in.90 A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. 75 lb i 2 48 in.PROBLEM 2. SOLUTION DA DA 25 in.0 lb. k 65 in. Knowing that the tension in cable AD is 195 lb. j 108 lb k 75. F F DA F F DA DA 25 in. j 36 in. i 48 in.
determine the components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at D. TDB 140.0 N 95 .76 m 1.96 m k 0.96 m i 2 1.96 m k TDB 120 N i TDB x 120.12 m 220 N 1.0 N.96 m 2 0.96 m i 140 N j 1.91 A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0. TDB z 120. SOLUTION DB DB 0. Knowing that the tension in cable BD is 220 N.96 m DB DB 1.12 m j 120 N k y 0.76 m TDB T DB T 0.0 N.12 m j 2 0.PROBLEM 2.96 m and is supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at B.
92 A steel rod is bent into a semicircular ring of radius 0.PROBLEM 2.20 m j 1.20 m j 1.28 m 2 0.00 m 0.28 m k TEB 120 N i TEB x 150 N j 160 N k y 120. TEB 150.96 m and is supported in part by cables BD and BE which are attached to the ring at B.96 m EB EB 2.00 m TEB T EB T 250 N 2.20 m 2 1.96 m i 2 1.0 N. TEB z 160. Knowing that the tension in cable BE is 250 N.0 N 96 .28 m k 1.96 m i 1.0 N. determine the components of this force exerted by the cable on the support at E. SOLUTION EB EB 0.
98 lb 0.0 cos Ry y R 635.86 lb 757.64278j 0.05 lb i Q 250 lb j 418. SOLUTION P 500 lb 500 lb cos 30 sin15 i 0.04 lb 757.86 lb 635.04 lb 757.67 lb j 2 R 319.50 j sin 30 j 0.25 lb k sin 40 j cos 40 sin 20 k 600 lb cos 40 cos 20 i 600 lb 0.PROBLEM 2.8365k cos 30 cos15 k 112.86 lb i 2 635.67 lb j R P Q 319.93 Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown knowing that P 500 N and Q 600 N.67 lb 261.26201k 157.91 lb i 0.9 97 .34439 z 69.206 lb k 261.98 lb 0.71985i 431.04 lb k 2 385.98 lb R 758 lb cos x Rx R 319.2241i 0.83864 y 33.42199 x 65.67 lb 757.98 lb 0.0 cos z Rz R 261.
48 lb 701.9 lb k 0.PROBLEM 2.94 lb i 257.11 lb j R R P Q 153.94 Find the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces shown knowing that P 600 N and Q 400 N.50 j 0.11 lb j 2 153.15 lb 0.10 lb k 2 134.71985i 287.4 y cos z Rz R 397.21890 77.10 lb 701.26201k 104.64278 j 400 lb 0.15 lb 0.93: P 600 lb 0. SOLUTION Using the results from 2.11 lb 701.11 lb 397.56637 z 55.5 98 .48 lb i 2 557.2241i 0.10 lb 701.79457 37.15 lb 0.804 lb k 397.8365k 501.4 x cos Ry y R 557.15 lb R 701 lb cos x Rx R 153.46 lb i Q 300 lb j 0.48 lb 557.
4 99 .2 N j 1089.2 N j 489.44758 y 116.2 1825.6 N k R x Then: and cos x 1825.6 N k R TAB TAC 1216 N i R 817. SOLUTION AB AB 400 mm i 2 450 mm j 2 600 mm k 2 400 mm AC 450 mm 600 mm 850 mm 1000 mm i 2 450 mm j 2 600 mm k 2 AC 1000 mm AB AB 450 mm 600 mm 1250 mm 600 mm k T AB TAB AB TAB 850 N 400 mm i 450 mm j 850 mm T AB T AC TAC AC 400 N i 1020 N 450 N j 1000 mm i 600 N k 450 mm j 1250 mm 600 mm k TAC T AC AC AC 816 N i 367.8 817.PROBLEM 2.6 1825.8 N 0.59678 z 53.66601 1826 N 48. determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted at A by the two cables.8 cos y 0.2 1216 1825.8 0.95 Knowing that the tension is 850 N in cable AB and 1020 N in cable AC.6 cos z 1089.
SOLUTION AB AB 400 mm i 2 450 mm j 2 600 mm k 2 400 mm AC 450 mm 600 mm 850 mm 1000 mm i 2 450 mm j 2 600 mm k 2 AC 1000 mm AB AB 450 mm 600 mm 1250 mm 600 mm k TAB TAB AB TAB 1020 N 400 mm i 450 mm j 850 mm TAB TAC 480 N i 850 N 540 N j 1000 mm i 720 N k 450 mm j 1250 mm 600 mm k TAC AC TAC AC AC TAC R TAB 680 N i TAC 306 N j 408 N k 1128 N k R x 1160 N i R 846 N j Then: and cos x 1825.6178 z 51.8 N 0.8 0.6353 1826 N 50.96 Assuming that in Problem 2.6 1160 1825.6 cos 1128 1825.8 z cos y 0.4634 y 117.8 846 1825. determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted at A by the two cables.95 the tension is 1020 N in cable AB and 850 N in cable AC.8 100 .PROBLEM 2.
7661 40.1 101 .6340 x x 129.91.97 For the semicircular ring of Problem 2. determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the cables at B knowing that the tensions in cables BD and BE are 220 N and 250 N. we have TBD TBE 120 N i 120 N i 140 N j 150 N j 120 N k 160 N k Then: RB TBD TBE 240 N i and cos R 290 N j 40 N k RB 379 N 378. SOLUTION For the solutions to Problems 2.55 0.92.55 0.91 and 2.55 0.0 y cos z 40 378.1057 z 96.55 N 240 378.3 cos y 290 378. respectively.PROBLEM 2.
82 lb 1806.47 kips 102 .2 lb RA 2.60 lb TAC 1807 lb (b) RA y Fy : 920 lb cos 50 RA y 1806. (b) the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces. Knowing that the tension in AB is 920 lb and that the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz plane.PROBLEM 2.78 lb 1610. SOLUTION Have TAB TAC 920 lb sin 50 cos 40 i TAC cos 45 sin 25 i cos 50 j sin 45 j sin 50 sin 40 j cos 45 cos 25 j (a) RA TAB RA RA x x TAC 0 TAC cos 45 sin 25 Fx 0: 920 lb sin 50 cos 40 0 or TAC 1806.60 lb sin 45 1868.78 lb k 1868.98 To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm.60 lb cos 45 cos 25 RA z Fz : 920 lb sin 50 sin 40 RA RA z 1610. cables AB and AC are attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods anchored in the ground. determine (a) the tension in AC.82 lb j Then: RA 2467.
7560 x 90.PROBLEM 2.98 CONTINUED and cos cos cos x 0 2467.2 0 0.2 49.65288 z 103 .2 0.2 y 1868.82 2467.78 2467.0 139.2 z y 1610.
PROBLEM 2.99
To stabilize a tree partially uprooted in a storm, cables AB and AC are attached to the upper trunk of the tree and then are fastened to steel rods anchored in the ground. Knowing that the tension in AC is 850 lb and that the resultant of the forces exerted at A by cables AB and AC lies in the yz plane, determine (a) the tension in AB, (b) the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the two forces.
SOLUTION
Have TAB TAC (a)
RA RA
x x
TAB sin 50 cos 40 i
cos 50 j sin 45 j
sin 50 sin 40 j cos 45 cos 25 j
850 lb
cos 45 sin 25 i
0 850 lb cos 45 sin 25 0
TAB
Fx
0: TAB sin 50 cos 40
TAB
432.86 lb
433 lb
(b)
RA
y
Fy :
432.86 lb cos 50
RA
y
850 lb sin 45
879.28 lb 850 lb cos 45 cos 25
RA
z
Fz :
432.86 lb sin 50 sin 40
RA
z
757.87 lb 757.87 lb k
RA
RA
RA
879.28 lb j 1160.82 lb
x
1.161 kips
x
cos cos
0 1160.82
0
90.0 139.2 49.2
y
879.28 1160.82
z
0.75746 0.65287
y
cos
757.87 1160.82
z
104
PROBLEM 2.100
For the plate of Problem 2.89, determine the tension in cables AB and AD knowing that the tension if cable AC is 27 lb and that the resultant of the forces exerted by the three cables at A must be vertical.
SOLUTION
With:
AC AC
45 in. i 45 in.
2
48 in. j 48 in.
2
36 in. k 36 in.
2
75 in. 36 in. k
TAC
TAC
AC
TAC
AC AC
27 lb 45 in. i 75 in. 17.28 lb j
48 in. j 12.96 k
TAC and
AB AB
16.2 lb i
32 in. i 32 in.
2
48 in. j 48 in.
2
36 in. k 36 in.
2
68 in. 36 in. k
TAB
TAB
AB
TAB
AB AB
TAB 68 in.
32 in. i 0.7059 j
48 in. j 0.5294k
TAB and
AD AD
TAB
0.4706i
25 in. i 25 in.
2
48 in. j 48 in.
2
36 in. k 36 in.
2
65 in. 36 in. k
TAD
TAD
AD
TAD
AD AD
TAD 25 in. i 65 in.
48 in. j 0.5538k
TAD
TAD 0.3846i
0.7385 j
105
PROBLEM 2.100 CONTINUED
Now R TAB
TAB
TAD
TAD
0.7059 j 0.5294k 16.2 lb i 17.28 lb j 12.96 k
0.4706i
TAD 0.3846i
0.7385 j
0.5538k
Since R must be vertical, the i and k components of this sum must be zero. Hence: 0.4706TAB 0.5294TAB Solving (1) and (2), we obtain:
TAB
0.3846TAD 0.5538TAD
16.2 lb 12.96 lb
0 0
(1) (2)
244.79 lb,
TAD
257.41 lb
TAB TAD
245 lb 257 lb
106
AC. and AD are in compression.PROBLEM 2.60FCA 0. Have d BA d DA dCA and 220 mm 192 mm 0 2 2 2 192 mm 192 mm 2 2 2 0 2 292 mm 2 96 mm 2 288 mm 192 mm BA 144 mm 240 mm FBA FBA 146 N 292 mm 96 N j 220 mm i 192 mm j 110 N i FCA FCA CA FCA 192 mm j 240 mm FCA 0.80j 0.60k 144 mm k FDA FDA DA FDA 192 mm i 288 mm 0. Knowing that the forces in members AB.66667 j P 192 mm j 96 mm k FDA 0. determine the magnitude of P. and AD are directed along the respective members and that the force in member AB is 146 N.101 The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B.66667 FDA 0. C.66667 165 N 0 0.33333 165 N Solving (2) for FCA and then using that result in (1).66667i With At A: 0. SOLUTION Note that AB.33333k Pj F 110 N 96 N 0: FBA 0. gives P 279 N 107 .80 FCA FCA 0 FDA or P 0 FDA P 0 165 N (1) (2) icomponent: jcomponent: kcomponent: 0. AC. and D and supports a downward force P at A.
101: FBA FBA FBA BA FBA 292 mm 220 mm i 192 mm j 0.80 j FDA FDA DA FDA 192 mm i 288 mm 0.102 The support assembly shown is bolted in place at B.80FCA 0.66667 j P F 192 mm j 96 mm k FDA 0.65753j N 144 mm k FCA FCA CA FCA 192 mm j 240 mm 0.33333FDA 0 0 200 N 0 (1) (2) (3) Solving (1).1 N FBA FCA FDA 104.66667i With: At A: 0.6 N.33333k 200 N j FCA FDA P 0: FBA 0 Hence. gives FBA 104. equating the three (i.6 N 118.5 N 65. Knowing that the forces in members AB.PROBLEM 2.60FCA 0. determine the forces in the members. SOLUTION With the results of 2. k) components to 0 gives three equations icomponent: jcomponent: kcomponent: 0. j. C.75342i 0. (2). AC.1 N 108 . and D and supports a downward force P at A. and AD are directed along the respective members and that P 200 N.66667 FDA 0.5 N.65735FBA 0. FDA 118. FCA 65.66667 FDA 0. and (3).60k FCA 0.75342 FBA 0.
75676 j TAD AD 0.6 ft k AB AC AD 21 ft 22.56757k TAC TAC TAC TAD AC AC AC TAD 0.103 Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown. k. SOLUTION The forces applied at A are: TAB .8 ft j 9.6 ft i 7.8j TAB 0. To express the other forces in terms of the unit vectors i.6i 12.8 ft j TAB 16.3242i AD AD 0.50769k TAD 109 . we write AB AC AD and 12.9 ft k TAB AB AB 0. Determine the vertical force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AB is 60 lb. TAD and P where P Pj . j.8 ft j 16. TAC .2 ft 19.PROBLEM 2.5 ft TAB TAC AB 0.2 ft i 16.8615 j 0.
j. k: 0.75676TAC 0 0. and k: 0.50769TAD Setting TAB 60 lb in (1) and (2).8TAB 0.3242TAC i 0.PROBLEM 2. TAC .2 lb P 239 lb 110 .56757TAC 0.3242TAC 0 P 0 0 (1) (2) (3) 0.103 CONTINUED Equilibrium Condition F 0: TAB TAC TAD Pj 0 Substituting the expressions obtained for TAB . and TAD and factoring i.8TAB 0.75676TAC 0.56757TAC 0. j.8615TAD 0. and solving the resulting set of equations gives TAC TAD 111 lb 124.6TAB 0.6TAB 0.50769TAD k Equating to zero the coefficients of i.8615TAD P j 0.
and solving the resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms gives TAB TAD 54 lb 112 lb P 215 lb 111 .56757TAC 0.6TAB 0.8615TAD 0. SOLUTION See Problem 2. and (3) below: 0.75676TAC 0.PROBLEM 2. (2). and (3) above. (2).3242TAC 0 P 0 0 (1) (2) (3) 0.104 Three cables are used to tether a balloon as shown.103 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).8TAB 0.50769TAD Substituting TAC 100 lb in Equations (1). Determine the vertical force P exerted by the balloon at A knowing that the tension in cable AC is 100 lb.
8 m i TAB TAC 1.54 m k .36TAB 0. 1.35065k TAD AD TAD 0. AB AC AD 1.77922TAD W j 0. TAC .8 j 0.35065TAD k 112 .72 m i 1.2 m j 0. k.51948TAD i 0.108 is supported by three cables. To express the other forces in terms of the unit vectors i.51948i Wj TAC 0.8TAB 0.54 m AB 0.47059TAC 0. TAC .105 and P2. and k: 0.PROBLEM 2. TAD and P where P Pj .2 m j 0.88235j 0. j.48i 0.48TAB 0.77922 j Equilibrium Condition with W F 0: TAB TAD Wj 0 Substituting the expressions obtained for TAB . Determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in cable AB is 3 kN. we write AB AC AD and TAB TAC TAD TAD 0.5 m 1. and TAD and factoring i.105 The crate shown in Figure P2.2 m j TAB TAC AD AD AB AB 0.36 m 1.88235TAC 0 0.54 m k . 0. SOLUTION The forces applied at A are: TAB .47059k TAC 0.36k TAB AC AC AC 0.64 m k . j.
47059TAC 0. (2) and (3) and solving the resulting set of equations.36TAB 0.8TAB 0.3605 kN 2.51948TAD 0 W 0 0 0.48TAB 0.41 kN 113 .7720 kN W 8.PROBLEM 2.35065TAD Substituting TAB 3 kN in Equations (1).105 CONTINUED Equating to zero the coefficients of i. j. k: 0.77922TAD 0. using conventional algorithms for solving linear algebraic equations. gives TAC TAD 4.88235TAC 0.
and (3) above. and solving the resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms.88235TAC 0.35065TAD Substituting TAD 2.105 and P2.36TAB 0.77922TAD 0. Problem 2. gives TAB TAC 3.106 For the crate of Problem 2. (2). and (3) below: 0.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.8 kN in Equations (1).105.8 kN.40 kN W 8.47059TAC 0.8TAB 0.108 is supported by three cables. determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in cable AD is 2.48TAB 0.03 kN 4.51948TAD 0 W 0 0 0. (2). Determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.PROBLEM 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).49 kN 114 . SOLUTION See Problem 2.
(2).105. Determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in cable AB is 3 kN.51948TAD 0 W 0 0 0.77922TAD 0. (2).651 kN 1. gives TAB TAD 1.4 kN in Equations (1).48TAB 0. and solving the resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms.105: The crate shown in Figure P2.8TAB 0.107 For the crate of Problem 2.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).526 kN W 4. SOLUTION See Problem 2. and (3) above. and (3) below: 0.4 kN.63 kN 115 .88235TAC 0.105 and P2. Problem 2. determine the weight of the crate knowing that the tension in cable AC is 2.47059TAC 0.108 is supported by three cables.36TAB 0.35065TAD Substituting TAC 2.PROBLEM 2.
Determine the tension in each cable.47059TAC 0. gives TAB TAC TAD 2.48TAB 0. and (3) below: 0.36 kN in Equations (1).35065TAD 7.PROBLEM 2.63 kN 3. and solving the resulting set of equations using conventional algorithms.77922TAD 0. (2). and (3) above.105 for the figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).51948TAD 0 W 0 0 0. SOLUTION See Problem 2.43 kN 116 .88235TAC 0.82 kN 2.36TAB Substituting W 750 kg 9. (2).108 A 750kg crate is supported by three cables as shown.8TAB 0.81 m/s 2 0.
109 A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by three cords. for example. determine the weight W of the cone. Hence: It follows that: TBE cos 45 i AB BE 8j sin 45 k 65 TBE BE TBE cos 45 i 8 j sin 45 k 65 8j sin 30 k 65 8 j sin15 k 65 TCF TCF CF TCF cos 30 i TDG TDG DG TDG cos15 i 117 . the cords all have the same length. the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB. Knowing that P 0.PROBLEM 2. Thus.2 lb. where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex 0 and that the tension in cord BE is A of the cone. SOLUTION Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone. and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the generators of the cone.
603 lb 118 . matrix methods or iteration – with MATLAB or Maple.669 lb 0. and k.PROBLEM 2. isolating the factors of i.109 CONTINUED At A: F 0: TBE TCF TDG W P 0 Then. (2).746 lb W 1.2 lb: Solving the resulting Equations (1). we obtain: TCF TDG 0. j. for example). we obtain three algebraic equations: i: TBE cos 45 65 TCF cos 30 65 TDG cos15 65 P 0 or TBE cos 45 j: TBE 8 65 TCF cos 30 TCF TDG cos15 TDG P 65 0 0 (1) 8 65 8 65 W or TBE TCF TDG W 65 8 0 TDG sin15 65 (2) k: TBE sin 45 65 TCF sin 30 65 0 or With P TBE sin 45 0 and the tension in cord BE TCF sin 30 TDG sin15 0 (3) 0. and (3) using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination.
(2).729 P 1. where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex A of the cone. for TCF or 0 1. and (3) below: i : TBE cos 45 j: TBE k: TCF TCF cos 30 TDG W 65 8 TDG cos15 0 TDG sin15 65 P 0 (1) (2) TBE sin 45 TCF sin 30 0 (3) With W 1.386 lb 0 119 . determine the range of values of P for which cord CF is taut.109 for the Figure and the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1). (2).110 A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by three cords. Solving (1).386 lb 0 P 0. SOLUTION See Problem 2. Knowing that the cone weighs 1. for example). and (3) for the tension TCF as a function of P and requiring it to be positive ( 0). and (3) with unknown P. we obtain: TCF Hence. the range of values of P for which the cord CF is taut can found by solving Equations (1).668 lb 0.PROBLEM 2. matrix methods or iteration – with MATLAB or Maple.729 P P 0.6 lb.668 0.6 lb . using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination. (2).
SOLUTION The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the cable.9524 j 30 m j 2 30 m j 0.7937 j 30 m j 0.111 A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and anchored by bolts at B.1525k 7.5873k 22.2 m k 120 .4 m 2 18 m AC AC 35. and D.6 kN.5 m k 2 5.5 m TAB T AB TAB TAB 6m i 0.2 m k 2 7.8 m TAD T AD TAD TAD AD AD TAD 6m i 0.PROBLEM 2.5 m k Finally AD 6m 2 30 m TAD 37.4 m 0.5 m 0.4 m TAC T AC TAC TAC TAC 18 m i 35.2381k 22. That is.8 m 0.4 m k 5. with AC AC 18 m i 2 30 m j 30 m 2 5.8475j 30 m j 2 30 m j 0.2 m 37.1587i 22.5085i 6m i 6m AB AB TAB AD 2 and AB AB 30 m TAB 31. C.4 m k TAC 0.5 m 31. determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.1905i 6m i 7. If the tension in wire AB is 3.
6 kN.1587TAD 0.5873TAD 0 0 P 0 (1) (2) (3) k : 0.8475TAC 0.111 CONTINUED With P Pj.2381TAB In Equations (1).1905TAB 0.963 kN 1.PROBLEM 2. and k to zero. and. at A: F 0: TAB TAC TAD Pj 0 Equating the factors of i.7937TAD 0.5085TAC 0.1525TAC 0. (2) and (3). for example). using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple.9524TAB 0.66 kN 121 . j. set TAB 3. we obtain the linear algebraic equations: i: j: 0. we obtain: TAC TAD 1.969 kN P 6.
PROBLEM 2.6 kN and solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple. (2) and (3).77 kN 2. and D. we substitute TAC 2. C.81 kN 122 . determine the vertical force P exerted by the tower on the pin at A.112 A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and anchored by bolts at B. If the tension in wire AC is 2. particularly Equations (1). SOLUTION Based on the results of Problem 2.111.61 kN P 8.6 kN. for example). to obtain TAB TAD 4.
determine the weight of the plate.PROBLEM 2. k 2 36 in. AB AB TAB 2 48 in. 48 in.60i 0.7059 j 48 in.48k 36 in. j 2 48 in. SOLUTION The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. That is. i 75 in. i 2 25 in. AD AD TAC 0. k TAC Finally. 36 in. i 2 AC 45 in. j 48 in. j 0. 48 in. 75 in. k 2 36 in. i 32 in. 36 in. 32 in. 123 . 65 in. with AB AB 32 in.4706i 45 in. i 0. AC AC 48 in. TAC T AC TAC TAC 45 in.113 A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown. j 2 25 in.5294k 36 in. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 15 lb. j 0.64 j 48 in. k 36 in. 2 36 in. TAB T AB TAB TAB 68 in. 2 68 in. k TAB and AC 0.
PROBLEM 2.5538TAD 0 W (1) 0 (2) (3) k : 0. for example).4706TAB 0. (2) and (3). k TAD With W TAD 0. we obtain the linear algebraic equations: i: j: 0. AD 48 in.3846i 0.60TAC 0.3846TAD 0. we obtain: TAB TAD 136.7059TAB 0. i 65 in. and k to zero. set TAC 15 lb. at A we have: F 0: TAB TAC TAD Wj 0 Equating the factors of i.0 lb W 211 lb 124 . j. j 0.113 CONTINUED TAD T TAD AD AD TAD 25 in.5294TAB 0 In Equations (1).7385 j Wj.5538k 36 in.48TAC 0. using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple.0 lb 143.7385TAD 0.64TAC 0. and.
Knowing that the tension in cable AD is 120 lb. for example). particularly Equations (1). (2) and (3).2 lb 125 . to obtain TAC TAB 12.59 lb 114. determine the weight of the plate. we substitute TAD 120 lb and solve the three resulting linear equations using conventional tools for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (MATLAB or Maple.PROBLEM 2.111.114 A rectangular plate is supported by three cables as shown.1 lb W 177. SOLUTION Based on the results of Problem 2.
7660TAD Similarly. Determine the tension in each wire.3573TCD 0.6527TCD (3) (4) TCD cos 30 0 28 kg 9.81 m/s 2 or TAD TBD TCD 317. SOLUTION Fx 0: TAD sin 30 sin 50 TBD sin 30 cos 40 0 TCD sin 30 cos 60 Dividing through by the factor sin 30 and evaluating the trigonometric functions gives 0.50TCD 0 (1) TCD sin 30 sin 60 or From (1) Substituting this into (2): TBD Using TAD from above: TAD Now.2 N 126 .7660TBD 0.6428TBD TBD 0.6428TAD TAD 0. Fz 0: TAD sin 30 cos 50 TBD sin 30 sin 40 0 0 (2) 0.PROBLEM 2. Fy 0: TAD cos 30 TBD cos 30 TCD 0.115 A horizontal circular plate having a mass of 28 kg is suspended as shown from three wires which are attached to a support D and form 30 angles with the vertical.8660TCD 0.
115 CONTINUED Using (3) and (4).3573TCD TCD 317.9 N 135.PROBLEM 2.2 N TAD TBD TCD 135.1 N 127 . above: TCD Then: 0.1 N 46.
C.33 kN 2. and D.2959 P TAB TAC TAD 4.37 kN 128 . SOLUTION From the solutions of 2.112: TAB TAC TAD Using P 8 kN: 0.116 A transmission tower is held by three guy wires attached to a pin at A and anchored by bolts at B.295P 0. determine the tension in each wire.PROBLEM 2. Knowing that the tower exerts on the pin at A an upward vertical force of 8 kN.5409 P 0.111 and 2.36 kN 2.
114: TAB TAC TAD Using P 180 lb: 0. SOLUTION From the solutions of 2.9 lb 12.113 and 2.117 For the rectangular plate of Problems 2.113 and 2.6440 P 0. determine the tension in each of the three cables knowing that the weight of the plate is 180 lb.6771P TAB TAC TAD 115.9 lb 129 .0709 P 0.114.PROBLEM 2.76 lb 121.
110.3714TDG Multiplying (2 ) by sin 30 and subtracting (3) from the result: TBE sin 30 or sin 45 TBE TDG sin 30 0.2 65 sin 30 (5) 130 . SOLUTION From the solutions to Problems 2. have TBE TBE sin 45 TBE cos 45 TCF TDG 0.118 For the cone of Problem 2.2 65 sin 45 (4) 0.PROBLEM 2.2 65 (2 ) 0 (3) 0 (1 ) TCF sin 30 TDG sin15 TCF cos 30 TDG cos15 P 65 Applying the method of elimination to obtain a desired result: Multiplying (2 ) by sin 45 and adding the result to (3): TCF sin 45 or sin 30 TDG sin 45 TCF 0.6679 sin15 0.6286TDG 0. determine the range of values of P for which cord DG is taut if P is directed in the –x direction.110.9445 sin15 0.109 and 2.
1600 lb 131 .7321TDG P 65 0 TDG is taut for P 1.PROBLEM 2.2903 1.118 CONTINUED Substituting (4) and (5) into (1 ) : 1.2903 lb 65 or 0 P 0.
and the unit vectors lying along the cords are parallel to the unit vectors lying along the generators of the cone.PROBLEM 2. for example.4 lb and that P determine the tension in each cord. Knowing that the cone weighs 2. A of the cone.119 A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by three cords. SOLUTION Note that because the line of action of each of the cords passes through the vertex A of the cone. where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex 0. Thus. the unit vector along BE is identical to the unit vector along the generator AB. Hence: cos 45 i AB BE 8j sin 45 k 65 It follows that: TBE TBE BE TBE cos 45 i 8 j sin 45 k 65 8j sin 30 k 65 8 j sin15 k 65 TCF TCF CF TCF cos 30 i TDG TDG DG TDG cos15 i At A: F 0: TBE TCF TDG W P 0 132 . the cords all have the same length.
for example). matrix methods or iteration–with MATLAB or Maple. (2).299 lb 1.4 65 8 0. and k we obtain three algebraic equations: i: TBE cos 45 65 TCF cos 30 65 TDG cos15 65 0 or j: TBE TBE cos 45 8 65 TCF TCF cos 30 8 65 TDG 8 65 TDG cos15 W 0 0 (1) or k: TBE TBE sin 45 65 TCF TDG 2. the tension in the cords can be found by solving the resulting Equations (1).117 lb 133 .3 65 P 0 (2) TCF sin 30 65 TDG sin15 65 or TBE sin 45 TCF sin 30 TDG sin15 P 65 (3) With P 0. and (3) using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination. isolating the factors if i.119 CONTINUED Then. j. We obtain TBE TCF TDG 0.002 lb 1.PROBLEM 2.
A of the cone. where the lines of action of the cords pass through the vertex 0.120 A force P is applied as shown to a uniform cone which is supported by three cords.4 lb and that P determine the tension in each cord.1 lb. (2). and (3) below: TBE cos 45 TBE TBE sin 45 TCF cos 30 TCF TDG TDG cos15 0.3 65 TDG sin15 P 65 0 (1) (2) (3) TCF sin 30 With P 0.121 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).006 lb 0. (2). matrix methods or iteration–with MATLAB or Maple. Knowing that the cone weighs 2.056 lb 134 .1 lb.357 lb 1. using conventional methods in Linear Algebra (elimination. solving (1).PROBLEM 2. and (3). SOLUTION See Problem 2. for example). we obtain TBE TCF TDG 1.
5384k 1m k TAC 0.3436i 0.8 m. Thus. and assuming that no friction exists between the counterweight and the chute.764 m 0.8574 m TAC T AC TAC TAC 0.121 Using two ropes and a roller chute.6 m AB AB TAB AC AC 0.4 m j 0.6 m. and C(0. the force in each rope can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the cable.3 m j 2 1m k 2 1.11. 0.7 m i 0. B(–0.7 m i 2 0. the force exerted by the chute on the counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute. and C are.4 m j 2 1. respectively.3769i Then: F 0: N TAB TAC W 0 135 .3 m j 0. Knowing that at the instant shown the counterweight is kept from moving and that the positions of points A.4 m TAC 1.7444 j 1.7 m. 0.6 m i 0.5726k 1m k 2 1m k and 1. A(0. 0). 1 m).764 m 1m 1.5 m.PROBLEM 2. with AB AB 0.9 m.764 m TAB T AB TAB TAB TAB 1.8944 j 0.3 m 1m 1. 0). for example.7 m AC AC 2 1.7537 j 1.6 m i 0. two workers are unloading a 200kg castiron counterweight from a truck.) SOLUTION From the geometry of the chute: N N 2j 5 k N 0.4472k As in Problem 2. (Hint: Since there is no friction. –0. B. determine the tension in each rope.
4472 N 1962 0 0 (1) (2) (3) j: 0. j. for example).8944 N 0. we obtain N 1311 N TAB TAC 551 N 503 N 136 .3436TAB 0.5384TAC 0 0. MATLAB or Maple. we obtain the linear algebraic equations: i: 0. With W and k to zero.3769TAC 0.7444TAB k: 0.5726TAB Using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination. and equating the factors of i.121 CONTINUED 200 kg 9.7537TAC 0.PROBLEM 2.81 m/s 1962 N.
3 m j 2 1m k 2 1.764 m 0. and C are.3436i 0.6 m i 0.9 m. 0).8944 j 0. determine the tension in each rope. the force exerted by the chute on the counterweight must be perpendicular to the chute.6 m i 0. the force in each rope can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the cable. 0.11.7 m AC AC 2 1.121: Using two ropes and a roller chute. with AB AB 0.6 m AB AB TAB AC AC 0. and assuming that no friction exists between the counterweight and the chute.6 m.7537 j TAC P 1. Thus.4 m j 0.4 m TAC 1. (Hint: Since there is no friction. Problem 2. and C(0.7 m i 0.5726k 1m k 2 1m k and 1.121 assuming that a third worker is exerting a force P (180 N)i on the counterweight. 1 m).3 m 1m 1.7 m i 2 0. for example.3769i 0: N TAB Then: F 0 137 .) SOLUTION From the geometry of the chute: N N 2j 5 k N 0. 0. respectively. A(0. two workers are unloading a 200kg castiron counterweight from a truck. Knowing that at the instant shown the counterweight is kept from moving and that the positions of points A.3 m j 0. B(–0. 0). –0.4 m j 2 1.PROBLEM 2.8574 m TAC T AC TAC TAC 0.8 m.7444 j 1.7 m.764 m TAB T AB TAB TAB TAB 1.122 Solve Problem 2.5384k W 1m k TAC 0.5 m.4472k As in Problem 2.764 m 1m 1. B.
8944 N k : 0.5384TAC Using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination. we obtain N 1302 N TAB TAC 306 N 756 N 138 . for example).122 CONTINUED Where and W P 180 N i 200 kg 9. MATLAB or Maple.7444TAB 0.3769TAC 180 0 1962 0 0 j: 0.PROBLEM 2. j. and k to zero. we obtain the linear equations: i: 0.4472 N 0.81 m/s 2 1962 N j j Equating the factors of i.5726TAB 0.3436TAB 0.7537TAC 0.
and is attached to the support at E.4706 j 0.1111k 139 . and ADE.123 A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB.7059k and AC AC TAC T 0 i 0 ft 2 8 ft j 8 ft TAC 2 6 ft k 6 ft TAC 10 ft 2 10 ft 0 ft i 8 ft j 6 ft k AC AC AC TAC TAC 0.5294i 0. determine the tension in each cable.8889 j 0.8 j 0. That is.PROBLEM 2. Knowing that W 320 lb. with AB AB TAB T 9 ft i 9 ft TAB AB AB 2 8 ft j 8 ft TAB 17 ft 2 12 ft k 12 ft 9 ft i 2 17 ft 12 ft k AB 8 ft j TAB TAB 0. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A. passes over the pulley at D and back through the ring. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable ADE.6k and AD AD TAD T 4 ft i 4 ft 2 8 ft j 8 ft TADE 2 1 ft k 1 ft TADE 9 ft 2 9 ft 4 ft i 8 ft j 1 ft k AD AD AD TAD TADE 0.) SOLUTION The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable. AC.4444i 0.
we can solve Equations (1). and k to zero.1111TADE 0. (2) and (3) using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination. j. we have: 0: TAB TAC 2TAD Wj 0 Equating the factors of i.8889TADE 2 0.123 CONTINUED Finally.8TAC 0.6667 j 0.2 lb 110.4444TADE 2 0.7059TAB 0.6667i 0.3333k With the weight of the machinery.4706TAB 0. at A. for example) to obtain TAB TAC TADE 46. AE AE TAE T 8 ft i 8 ft 2 8 ft j 8 ft 2 4 ft k 4 ft TADE 12 ft 2 12 ft 8 ft i 8 ft j 4 ft k AE TADE AE AE TAE TADE 0.8 lb 140 .5294TAB 0. we obtain the following linear algebraic equations: 0.3333TADE 0 W 0 0 (1) (2) (3) Knowing that W 320 lb.6667TADE 0.PROBLEM 2.6TAC 2 0. matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple. W F W j.5 lb 34.6667TADE 0.
and (3).8889TADE 2 0. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable ADE.8TAC 0.124 A piece of machinery of weight W is temporarily supported by cables AB. (2). (b) the tension in ADE.3333TADE Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb. Knowing that the tension in cable AB is 68 lb. and ADE.4706TAB 2 0.PROBLEM 2.7059TAB 0. matrix methods via MATLAB or Maple.123 for the analysis leading to the linear algebraic Equations (1).0 lb 162. AC.6TAC 0.1111TADE 0. determine (a) the tension in AC. for example) to obtain (a) TAC (b) TAE (c) W 50. and is attached to the support at E. we can solve Equations (1).4444TADE 2 0.5294TAB 0. passes over the pulley at D and back through the ring. (c) the weight W. (2) and (3) using conventional methods for solving Linear Algebraic Equations (elimination. below: 0.0 lb 468 lb 141 .) SOLUTION See Problem 2.6667TADE 0 W 0 0 (1) (2) (3) 0. Cable ADE is attached to the ring at A.6667TADE 0.
77 m TAC T AC TAC TAC 0.13 m k TAC TAC 0.24 m AC AC 2 0.48 m i 0.72 m 2 0.88 m 2 0.24 m i 0.5455i 0. with AB AB 0. Two forces P Pi and Q Qk are applied to the ring to maintain the container is the position shown.3177i F 0.9351j 0: TAB 0. determine P and Q.1688k TAC P Q W At A: 0 142 .72 m j 0.77 m 0.48 m i 0.72 m j 0.72 m j 0. Cable BAC passes through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B and C.13 m k 0.72 m j 0.125 A container of weight W is suspended from ring A. That is.24 m i 0.16 m k 0.16 m k TAB TAB 0.72 m TAB 0.PROBLEM 2. Knowing that W 1200 N.8182 j 0.) SOLUTION The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable.48 m AB AB 2 0. (Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of cable BAC.13 m 2 0.16 m 2 0.1818k and AC AC 0.88 m TAB T AB TAB 0.
PROBLEM 2.125 CONTINUED
Noting that TAB TAC because of the ring A, we equate the factors of i, j, and k to zero to obtain the linear algebraic equations:
i:
0.5455 P
0.3177 T
P
0
or
j:
0.2338T 0.9351 T 1.7532T 0.1688 T Q 0 W 0
0.8182 W
or
k:
0.1818 Q
or With W 1200 N:
T
0.356T
1200 N 1.7532
684.5 N P Q 160.0 N 240 N
143
PROBLEM 2.126
For the system of Problem 2.125, determine W and P knowing that Q 160 N.
Problem 2.125: A container of weight W is suspended from ring A. Cable BAC passes through the ring and is attached to fixed supports at B and C. Two forces P Pi and Q Qk are applied to the ring to maintain the container is the position shown. Knowing that W 1200 N, determine P and Q. (Hint: The tension is the same in both portions of cable BAC.)
SOLUTION
Based on the results of Problem 2.125, particularly the three equations relating P, Q, W, and T we substitute Q 160 N to obtain T 160 N 0.3506 456.3 N W P 800 N 107.0 N
144
PROBLEM 2.127
Collars A and B are connected by a 1mlong wire and can slide freely on frictionless rods. If a force P (680 N) j is applied at A, determine (a) the tension in the wire when y 300 mm, (b) the magnitude of the force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the system.
SOLUTION
FreeBody Diagrams of collars
For both Problems 2.127 and 2.128:
AB
2
x2 0.40 m
2
y2
z2 y2 z2
Here or
1m
2
y2
z2
0.84 m 2
Thus, with y given, z is determined. Now
AB
AB AB
1 0.40i 1m
yj
zk m
0.4i
yk
zk
Where y and z are in units of meters, m. From the F.B. Diagram of collar A:
F
0: N xi
N zk
Pj
TAB
AB
0
Setting the j coefficient to zero gives: P With P 680 N, TAB 680 N y yTAB 0
Now, from the free body diagram of collar B:
F
0: N xi
Nyj
Qk
TAB
AB
0
145
866 1963.3 m z and (a) or and (b) or Q 0.127 CONTINUED Setting the k coefficient to zero gives: Q TAB z 0 And using the above result for TAB we have Q TAB z 680 N z y 300 mm 2 Then.PROBLEM 2.866 m TAB 680 N 0.7 N TAB 2.84 m 2 0. from the specifications of the problem.2 N Q 1.27 kN 2266.3 m 0. y z2 0.30 2266.963 kN 146 .7 0.
55 1236. SOLUTION From the analysis of Problem 2.127.127 assuming y 550 mm.55 m.128 Solve Problem 2.55 m 2 and (a) or and (b) or Q 1236 0.236 kN 147 .127: Collars A and B are connected by a 1mlong wire and can slide freely on frictionless rods.84 m 2 680 N y 680 N z y Q With y 550 mm 0.733 m 0.PROBLEM 2. Problem 2.906 kN TAB 680 N 0. particularly the results: y2 z2 TAB 0.866 N 906 N Q 0.84 m 2 0. If a force P (680 N) j is applied at A. determine (a) the tension in the wire when y 300 mm. we obtain: z2 z 0.4 N TAB 1. (b) the magnitude of the force Q required to maintain the equilibrium of the system.
Knowing that P must have a 300lb horizontal component. SOLUTION (a) P sin 35 P 300 1b 300 lb sin 35 P 523 lb (b) Vertical Component Pv P cos 35 523 lb cos 35 Pv 428 lb 148 .PROBLEM 2. (b) its vertical component.129 Member BD exerts on member ABC a force P directed along line BD. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P.
3 m TAD AD AD 2 1.1905k 149 .4 m 2 2.6 m j 1.3 m i 2. That is.6 m 2 0.130 A container of weight W is suspended from ring A. to which cables AC and AE are attached.2 m 2 2m 1.6190i 0.4 m k 0.8989 j 0k AC AC TAC T 0 i 0m TAC 1. with AB AB TAB T TAB 0.) SOLUTION The (vector) force in each cable can be written as the product of the (scalar) force and the unit vector along the cable.2 m k AC AC AC 0 i 1.3 m i 1.6 m j 0m k AB TAB 1.78 m AB AB 2 1.6 m TAC 2m 1.6 m j 1.6k AD AD TAD T 1.8 j 0.4 m k AD TAD 1.78 m i 0.78 m 1.6 m 2 0m k 0 2 1.4382i 0. determine the magnitude to a support at D.6 m j TAD TAD 0. Knowing that W of P.PROBLEM 2.78 m i TAB and TAB 0. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached 1000 N.6 m j TAC and TAC 0.78 m 0.2 m k 2 1. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD.7619 j 0.1 m 1.6 m j 2 1.1 m 0.
AE AE TAE T TAE 0.4624TAE Knowing that W 1000 N and that because of the pulley system at B TAB TAD P.4 m i 1.8602 j 0.PROBLEM 2.86 m k 0.86 m 2 1.8602TAE 0 0 W 0 (1) (2) (3) 0. we can solve the system of linear equations (1). (2) and (3) uniquely for P.6TAC 0. P 378 N 150 . we obtain the following linear algebraic equations: 0. at A we have: F 0: TAB TAC TAD Wj 0 Equating the factors of i.6 m j 1. and k to zero.86 m 0.86 m k AE TAE 1.6 m j TAE TAE 0.86 m 0.4382TAB 0.8989TAB 0.130 CONTINUED Finally.4 m AE AE 2 1.6 m 2 0.4 m i 0.6190TAD 0.2151TAE 0.8TAC 0.1905TAD 0.7619TAD 0.4624k With the weight of the container W Wj. where P is the externally applied (unknown) force.2151i 0. j.
as in Problem 2. (b) the weight W of the container. with the condition TAB TAD P 150 N.130. (Hint: The tension is the same in all portions of cable FBAD. Knowing that the tension in cable AC is 150 N. Thus. we obtain (a) and using the linear algebraic equations of Problem 2.131 A container of weight W is suspended from ring A.) SOLUTION Here.PROBLEM 2. AC. the support of the container consists of the four cables AE. AD. and AB. to which cables AC and AE are attached. with the condition that the force in cables AB and AD is equal to the externally applied force P. A force P is applied to the end F of a third cable which passes over a pulley at B and through ring A and which is attached to a support at D. determine (a) the magnitude of the force P.131 with TAC P 454 N 1202 N (b) W 151 .
determine the tension (a) in cable AC. SOLUTION Fy With (a) TCA 0: TCA Q Q cos 30 60 lb 0 60 lb 0.132 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown.866 TCA 52. (b) in cable BC.0 lb 152 .0 lb (b) With Fx 0: P P TCB 75 lb Q sin 30 0 TCB 75 lb 60 lb 0.50 or TCB 45. Knowing that Q 60 lb.PROBLEM 2.
8660 Q 60 lb 60 lb 69.PROBLEM 2.133 Two cables tied together at C are loaded as shown.50Q 60 lb 60 lb 0. Fy Q 0: TCB TCB 75 lb TCB Q cos 30 0 0.8660Q or From or For 75 lb or Thus. SOLUTION Have or Then for Fx 0: TCA TCA TCA 0.50Q Q 15 lb 30 lb 30. Therefore.50Q 0.3 lb P Q sin 30 0. Determine the range of values of Q for which the tension will not exceed 60 lb in either cable.3 lb 153 .0 Q 69.
determine the magnitudes of the other two forces.134 A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces shown.40 kN Fy 0: FD 3 FB 5 3 FA 5 0 With FA and FB as above: FD 3 16 kN 5 3 8 kN 5 FD 4. FB 4 16 kN 5 4 8 kN 5 FC 6. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of Connection Fx With FC 0: FA 3 FB 5 FC 3 FA 5 16 kN 0 8 kN.80 kN 154 . Knowing that FA 8 kN and FB 16 kN.PROBLEM 2.
determine the magnitudes of the other two forces. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of Connection Fy 0: FD 3 FA 5 FD 3 FB 5 3 FA 5 8 kN 0 or With FB FB FA 5 kN.00 kN Fx 0: FC 4 FB 5 FA 4 FA 5 0 FC 4 FB 5 4 15 kN 5 5 kN FC 8.00 kN 155 . Knowing that FA 5 kN and FD 6 kN. FD 5 6 kN 3 3 5 kN 5 FB 15.PROBLEM 2.135 A welded connection is in equilibrium under the action of the four forces shown.
.5 or P 0 10. Determine the magnitude of the force P required to maintain the equilibrium of the collar when (a) x 4. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of Collar (a) Triangle Proportions Fx 0: P 4.PROBLEM 2.98 lb (b) Triangle Proportions Fx 0: P 15 50 lb 25 or P 0 30.0 lb 156 .136 Collar A is connected as shown to a 50lb load and can slide on a frictionless horizontal rod.5 50 lb 20.5 in. (b) x 15 in.
6 in.7 in 2 ˆ x2 ˆ x 68.PROBLEM 2. 157 .137 Collar A is connected as shown to a 50lb load and can slide on a frictionless horizontal rod. Determine the distance x for which the collar is in equilibrium when P 48 lb. SOLUTION FreeBody Diagram of Collar Triangle Proportions Hence: Fx 0: 48 ˆ 50 x 400 ˆ x2 0 or ˆ x 48 400 50 ˆ x2 ˆ x2 ˆ x2 0.92 lb 400 4737.
That is. Knowing that the tension in the cable is 385 N. with DB DB DB DB F 480 mm i 480 2 510 mm j 510 2 320 mm k 2 320 770 mm F F DB F 385 N 770 mm 240 N i 480 mm i 255 N j Fx 510 mm j 160 N k 240 N. SOLUTION The force in cable DB can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the cable. Fy 320 mm k 255 N. Fz 160.PROBLEM 2.138 A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a frictionless ring at B. determine the components of the force exerted by the cable on the support at D.0 N 158 .
3506i 0.4156k 0.6234i 0.32 m k 0.5195 j 0.48 m i 0.27 m BD BD TBE 2 0. because of the frictionless ring at B. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of the forces exerted by the cable at B knowing that the tension in the cable is 385 N.32 m k and BE BE 0.40 m j 0.5195j 0.770 m TBE T BE TBE TBE TBE 0.6234i 0.32 m 2 0.6 m 0.6 m k 2 0.77 m 0.7792k 375 N i 455 N j 460 N k 159 . with BD BD 0. SOLUTION The force in each cable can be written as the product of the magnitude of the force and the unit vector along the cable.51 m 0.51 m j 0.48 m BD BD TBD 2 0.6 m k Now.40 m j 2 0.3506i TBD 0.48 m i 0.51 m j 2 0.6623j 0. TBE cables is F 385 N and the force on the support due to the two 385 N 0.6623j 0.77 m TBD T BD TBD TBD TBD 0.PROBLEM 2.27 m i 0.26 m i 0.770 m 0.7792k 0. That is.40 m 0.139 A frame ABC is supported in part by cable DBE which passes through a frictionless ring at B.4156k 0.
0 160 .83 or x 120.PROBLEM 2.83 N or F The direction of this force is: x 748 N cos 1 375 747.83 460 747.139 CONTINUED The magnitude of the resultant is F Fx2 Fy2 Fz2 375 N 2 455 N 2 460 N 2 747.1 y cos 1 or y 52.83 455 747.5 z cos 1 or z 128.
determine (a) the magnitude and direction of the smallest force P for which the resultant R of the two forces applied at A is vertical. (b) the corresponding magnitude of R. SOLUTION Force Triangle (a) For minimum P it must be perpendicular to the vertical resultant R P 425 lb cos 30 or P (b) R 425 lb sin 30 or R 213 lb 368 lb 161 .140 A steel tank is to be positioned in an excavation.PROBLEM 2. Using trigonometry.