TRANSLATED

VERSION

I
MALAYSIA

MAJLIS PEPERIKSAAN MALAYSIA
(MALAYSIAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL)

SIJIL TINGGIPERSEKOLAHAN
Arahan kepada calon:
JANGAN DEMIKIAN. BUKA BUKU SOALAN INI SEHINGGA

(MALAYSIA HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE)

ANDA DIBENARKAN

BERBUAT

Ada enam puluh soalan dalam kertas ini. Bagi setiap soalan, lima cadangan jawapan diberikan. Pilih satu jawapan yang betul dan tandakan jawapan itu pada helaian jawapan aneka pilihan yang dibekalkan. Baca arahan pada helaian jawapan aneka pilihan itu dengan teliti. Jawab semua soalan. Markah tidak akan ditolak bagi jawapan yang salah. Buku Data dibekalkan. Instructions to candidates: UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET

There are sixty questions in this paper. For each question, five suggested answers are given. Choose one correct answr and indicate it on the multiple-choice answer sheet provided. Read the instructions on the multiple-choice A Data Booklet is provided. Semua soalan dalam kertas ini telah diterjemahkan olehPearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. dengan kebenaran Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia. Oleh itu sebarang pertanyaan ten tang versi terjemahan terse but sila rujuk kepada Pearson Malaysia Sdn. BM. All questions in this paper are translated by Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. with the permission of Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia. Should there be any queries regarding the translated version kindly refer to Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. answer sheet very carefully. Answer all questions. Marks will not be deducted for wrong answers.

Kertas soalan ini terdiri daripada 18 halaman bercetak, (This question paper consists of 18 printed pages.)
© Majlis Pep=riksaan Malaysia 1999

STPM 1999 Section A Five suggested answers labelled correct answer. E are given for each question. Choose one

1 At 273 K, 50% of 1 moleofPC15 according to the following equation. PCI/g)

ina

C6ntlliner of 22.4 dm' capacity decomposes

. .PC13(g)·

+ C12(g)

What is the total pressure in the container after the dissociation? [l mole of gas occupies 22.4 dm' at s.t.p.] A 0.5 atm B lDatm C
1.S atm

D

2.0 atm

E

3.0 atm

2 At constant temperature'andvolurne, an idealgasXexerts a pressure of P atm while hydrogen gas exerts a pressure of 1.01 P atm. Which of the following best explains this difference? A B C D E The movement of hydrogen molecules are random. Intermolecular attractive forces exist between hydrogen molecules. The collisions between hydrogen molecules and the walls of the container are not elastic. The total volume of the hydrogen molecules cannot be ignored when compared with the volume of the container. The kinetic energy of the hydrogen molecules is higher compared to the kinetic energy of the molecules of the ideal gas.

3 What is the maximum number of emission lines possible for a hydrogen atom with electronic energy levels of n = 1, n =·2, and n = 3?
A

B

2

C

3

D

4

E

5

4 Among which of the following pairs of the Period 3 elements is the difference in boiling point the greatest? A B C D E 5 Silicon and argon Sodium and argon Sodium and silicon Aluminium and chlorine Aluminium and phosphorous

Which of the following statements regarding metallic bond is correct? A B C D E The strength of the metallic bond depends on the size of the atom of the metal, The metallic bond enables metals to be a good conductor of heat. Due to the metallic bond, all metals are solid at room temperature. The metallic bond is formed from the attraction between the electrons and the nucleus in the atom. The metallic bonds are formed because metals have relatively high ionisation energy.

STPM 1999

6 The graph below shows the variation of the first seven ionisation energies of an element in the Period Table.

Ionisation energy

oL--------------------------Order of electrons removed
Which of the following best explains the large increase between the fourth and the fifth ionisation energies? A B C D E 7 The repulsive force between the electrons decreases. The fifth electron is closer to the nucleus. The fifth electron has lower energy. The fifth electron is in a completely filled inner shell. The fifth electron is in the outer shell.

The covalent molecule XYn has the following properties. (i) It is polar. (ii) It has a pyramidal shape. (iii) It forms a co-ordinate bond with the boron trifluoride molecule. Which of the following statements is not true with regard to the XYn molecule? A B C D E Element X is more electronegative than element Y. Element X is in Group 15 of the Periodic Table. The X atoms undergo
Sp3

hybridisation during bond formation with Yatoms.

The XY n molecule is a Lewis acid. The XYn molecule has a lone pair of electrons.

8 Which of the following is best explained by the relative strength of the intermolecular forces between the hydrogen halide molecules, HZ, (fluoride to iodide) in the liquid state? A
B

The enthalpy of formation The enthalpy of vaporisation The enthalpy of combustion The H-Z bond energy Boiling point

C
D E

STPM1999 9 The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide
---7

2HP2

2Hp

+ 02
T, and T2" Which of the following

which is a first order reaction is conducted graphs is correct if T2 is higher than T,? A

at temperature B

r
T2

-d[HP2J dt

T[

-dlHP21 dt

T2
0 0

T[

[HP21

[HP21

C

T[

D

T2

T2
-d[HPe] dt -d[HP21 dt

T[

E

STPM 1999

10 Which of the following is correct with regard to a catalyst? A B C D E
It decreases the temperature of the reaction. It alters the mechanism of the reaction. It increases the yield of the products. It does not take part in the reaction.

All catalytic actions can be explained by the Collision Theory.

11 Which of the following is correct with regard to the equilibrium constant, Kc and Kp of a reversible reaction? A B C D E Both have the same value under the same pressure. Both have the same value for gaseous systems only. Both are constant under all conditions. Both will change when temperature changes. Both will change when the concentration of the reactants change.

12 The graph below shows the variation of concentration of substance X with pressure.

Concentration mol dm "

of XI

O~------P-re-ss-ur-e/-mm------~

Which of the following equilibrium reactions could give the graph above a constant temp erature? A
B 2W(g) 2W(g)

+ X(g) ~ ~ + X(g) ~

Y(g) 2Y(g) 2Y(g) Y(g) Y(g)

+ Z(g) + Z(g) + Z(g) + 2Z(g) + Z(g)

C D
E

W(g) + 2X(g) ~ W(g) W(g)

+ 2X(g) ~ ~ + X(g) ~

----

13 What is the pH of the solution obtained when 300 em' of 0.2 mol dm' sulphuric acid is added to 200 ern' of 0.4 mol dm? aqueous potassium hydroxide? A 1.10 B 6.88 C 9.51 D 12.60 E 13.30

STPM 1999

14 Water ionises according to the equation HPCI) H'(aq) + OH-c(aq).

If the concentration of water is c and its degree of dissociation is a, which of the following expressions is not correct?
B

[W] m
-3

=

ca
E Kc =

C

Kw

=

co?

Dc

I 000 --ys-mo

1d

[W][OH-] [HPJ

15 What is the pH of the buffer solution formed when 500 em' of 0.2 mol dm? ethanoic acid, CH3COOH, is added to 500 ern' 0.33 mol dm" sodium ethanoate, CH3COONa?

[Acid dissociation constant of ethanoic acid, Ka
A

=

1.75

X

10-5 mol drrr"] 4.97 E 5.33

4.00

B

4.20

C

4.51

D

16 The Ag" concentration in a saturated solution of argentum ethanedioate, Ag2C204, is 2.3 x ] 0-4 mol drrr ' at 298 K. What is the solubility product, Ksp of argentum ethanedioate at the same temperature? A B C D E 2.3 x 10-4mol dm? 5.3 x 10-8 mof dm" 6.1 x 10-IZ mol' dnr? 1.2 x 10-11 mol' dm? 4.9 x 10-11 mol' drrr"

17 Below are the standard electrode potential, E8, at 298 K for several copper and ferum species. Electrode system Cu2+(aq)/(Cu+(aq) Cu +(aq)/Cu( s)
2

E8N +0.15 +0.34 +0.52 -0.44 -0.04 +0.77

Cu'( aq)/Cu( s) Fe2\ aq)/F e(s) Fe3+(aq)/Fe(s) Fe3\ aq)/F e2\ aq)

Based on the above information, which of the following is correct? A B C D E Cu(s) is the strongest reducing agent. Fe3+(aq) is the strongest oxidising agent. Cu2+(aq) is able to oxidise Fe2+(aq) to Fe3+(aq). The electromotive force of the cell Fe(s)/Fe2+(aq)IICu+(aq)/Cu(s) is 0.08 V. The reaction Cu-'(aq) + Cu(s) --» 2Cu+(aq) can occur.

STPM 1999

18 The standard electrode potentials for copper and argentum are given below. Cu2+( aq)/Cu( s) Ag'(aqj/Agts)
Ee
= =

+0.34 V +0.80 V

E"

The following cell is set up to obtain pure copper by electrolysis as shown in the diagram below.

Copper argentum alloy Copper(II) sulphate solution

When a current of 40.00 A flows through the electrolyte for 26.80 minutes, the mass of the anode decreases by 26.47 g. What is the percentage composition of copper in the copper argentum alloy?
A

50%

B

60%

C

70%

D

80%

E

90%

19 The variation of the lattice energy of three halides X, Y and Z is shown in the graph below.

t
Lattice energy

x The X, Yand Z halides are
X A B Y

y

z

Z LiCl LiCl NaBr NaBr Nal

NaBr Nal Nal LiCl LiCI

Nal NaBr LiCl Nal NaBr

C
D E

STPM 1999 20 The carbonates the equation of the Group 2 elements MC03(s) Which of the following combinations Lattice energy of MC03 (beryllium to barium) decompose according to

~ MO(s)

+ CO2(g).
Group 2? of Decomposition temperature MC03 Increases Decreases Increases Increases Increases

is correct when descending

Lattice energy of MO MO Increases Decreases Decreases Increases Decreases when

A
B

Increases Increases Increases Decreases Decreases

C
D E

21 The following observations are obtained separately to 0.01 mole of aqueous M'" ions. (i) No observable is added. (ii) A white precipitate is added.

the following

solutions

are added

change when 20.0 em' of 2.5 mol dm? aqueous sodium hydroxide is obtained when 25.0 em' of 1.0 moldm' sodium hydroxide sulphide,

(iii) On the addition of 20.0 ern' of 1.0 mol dm' aqueous sodium effervescence occurs and a gas that blackens leaden) ethanoate paper is given off.

D

Mg2+ of the +4 more more

22 Which of the following is responsible for the increasing relative stability oxidation state with the increasing proton number of the Group 14 elements? A B The elimination difficult. The elimination difficult. The elimination of the two electrons of the two electrons in the s orbital becomes in the p orbital becomes becomes increasingly

increasingly increasingly

C
D E 23

of the four valence electrons

more difficult.

The inert pair effect increases. The ionisation energy of the elements increases. properties.

A tetrachloride

of Group 14, XCI4, has the following

(i) It is easily hydrolysed
(ii) Unstable to heat (iii) Decomposes X could be A germanium B carbon at room temperature according to the equation XC14
. ...-f

XClz

+ Cl2
tin

C

lead

D

solicon

E

STPM1999 24 The method used in the industrial preparation of nitrogen gas is

A
B

decomposition

of ammonia

in air dichromate nitrite

thermal decomposition thermal decomposition

of ammonium of ammonium

C
D E

heating benzenediazonium fractional distillation

chloride in air

of liquefied air

25 When excess of aqueous ammonia is added to aqueous copper(Il) ion, the [Cu(NH3)4P+ species is formed. Which of the following statements is true regarding the statement?

A B C
D

Ammonia

acts as a Lewis base.

The [Cu(NH3)4F+ ion is unstable. Water molecules are unable to displace ammonia from [Cu(NH3)4F+. of the Cu-N bond.

Copper and nitrogen each donates one electron in the formation Addition of excess ammonia results in the formation

E

of [Cu(NH3)6]2+.

26 Which of the following equations shows the equilibrium that exists between the oxides of nitrogen at different temperatures, beginning with the oxide that exists at the lowest temperature?

A
B C D E

2N02

~2NO 2N02 2N02 2NO

+ °2 ~ ~
~ ~ ~ ~

NP4

~NP4 ~
NP4 NP4 N2

~ ~ ~

°2
°2 ~N2
~

+

+ 2°2
N204

+ 2°2 ~

2N02

27 The scheme below shows the reactions between aqueous X and several other reagents. Brown solution .. concentration H2S04 aqueus X solution

1

AgN03(aq)IHN03(aq)

Yellow precipitate

Pb(NO,),{'q)

Yellow precipitate

Xis A
B C D E potassium potassium potassium chloride bromide iodide

leaden) bromide lead(lI) iodide

STPM 1999 28 Which of the following statements is correct regarding transition elements?

A B C D E

All transition elements exhibit oxidation state of + 1 to +7. The stability of the oxidation state of a transition element in a complex does not depend on the nature of the ligand. The oxidation state of the transition element in
+5.

Crp/-

and CU(HP)42+ is more than

The Cr3+ ion and Mn2+ ion are stable in an aqueous solution in the presence of oxygen. The MnO4-- is stable in an alkaline solution. ion

29 A transition element has high catalytic property because

A B C D E

the element forms coloured ions the element has high density the element has a suitable surface for reaction to occur the element exhibits variable oxidation states the atom of the element has incompletely filled 3d orbitals

30 An element which exhibits only one oxidation state in its compounds is
A B

titanium vanadium chromium cobalt zinc

C
D

E

31 Which of the following compounds exhibits optical isomerism? A B C D E CH3CH=CHCH3 CH3ClI2C(Cl)2CH3 CH3CH2Cl-IPH CH}CH2CH(OH)CH3 HOCH2CH(OH)CHPH

STPM 1999

32 In which of the following series, are the compounds arranged in the order of increasing basic strength?
A CH3NH2@-NH2, , @-NHZ

CI
B @-NH2, CH3NHz, @-NH2

Cl
C @-NH2, @-NH2, CH3NH2

Cl
D @--NH2, CH}NH2, @-NH2

Cl
E CH3NH2@-NHZ' , @-NH2

Cl 33 The rate of reaction between methane and chlorine in the presence of sunlight at 140 DC is reduced by the addition of N02 to the reacting mixture. Which of the following best explains this observation? A B C D E NOz decreases the number of chlorine free radicals.
N02 prevents the formation of the chlorine free radicals. N02 prevents the collision between the chlorine free radicals and the methane

molecules.

N02 absorbs light energy for its dissociation. N02 breaks the C-H bond in methane.

34 When chlorine water is added to phenol, the chlorine water is immediately decolourised and a white precipitate of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol is formed. The mechanism involved in the reaction is
A B C D E

electrophilic substitution nucleophilic substitution electrophilic addition nucleophilic addition free radical reaction

STPMJ999

35 Which of thefollowing represents an addition reaction?
A

0
@ @
@CH3

C12

~

O-Cl
Cl

B

@-CI Cl

C

Cl~\Cl CI ~CI Cl2 ~ @:CI CI

D

E

@CH3

--~

cr,

r;-\
<&!)-CH2CI

36 Which of the following compounds does not react with -OCH3?
A B

CH3CH2CH(Cl)CH3 @CH2CI CH3CH2Br (CH3)3CBr @Br to R-Cl in the laboratory is

C
D

E

37 A reagent that can be used to convert R-OH
A B

chlorine trichloromethane sodium chloride dilute hydrochloric acid sulphur dichloride oxide

C
D

E

STPM 1999

38 Compound X has the following properties. (i) Forms an orange precipitate with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (ii) Forms a yellow precipitate when warmed with alkaline iodine Compound X is A B C D E C6HsCHO C6HsCH(OH)CH3 C6HsCOCH3 C6HsCOCI C6HsCOOCH3

39 Which of the following compounds reacts with phosphorous pentachloride with the release of white fumes and can also be reduced to a primary alcohol?
A B C D E

CH3CHOC CH3COCH3 CH3COOH CH3COOCH3 (CH)3COH

40 Which of the following compounds does not produce benzoic acid when hydrolysed by acids? @-CN
A

@-COCl
B

@-COOCH2CH3 C

@-COOCH2

-@
E and reagents will react to form

D

41 Which of the following pairs of compounds benzenediazonium chloride under suitable conditions? A B C D E Phenol and H2SO/HCl Methylbenzene and HNO/HCl Nitrobenzene and Sn/HCl Phenylamine and NaNO/HCI Phenylamine and RNO/HCI

STPM 1999 42 Compound Y dissolves in water without any vigorous reaction and does not react easily with aqueous sodium carbonate.

Compound Y could be A B C CH3CH(OH)CH2COCI CH3CH(Cl)CH2COOH Cl-@-OH Cl-@-COOH

D

E

@-OH CH2COCl

43 An organic compound L, CSH1Pz' is refluxed with aqueous sodium hydroxide. When the products are acidified, organic liquids M, C2H40Z' and N, C3HgO are produced. When N is warmed with alkaline iodine, a yellow precipitate is obtained.

The structure of L is
A

CH CH -C-O--CH
3 .

z

II

z

CH

3

B

CH CH-C--O-CH
3

I

C

H-C-O-CHCH

o
E

II

°

I

CH
2 3

D

CH3 CH -C-O-CHCH
3

°

II

3

CH3

CH3-C-O-CH2CH2CH3

°

II

I

3

CH3

°
44 A reagent that cannot react with HzNO(CH3)2COOH is

II

A B C D E

CH3CHPH HNO/aq) NaHCO/aq) NaOH(aq) Brz(aq) of the following compounds can act as a monomer m condensation

45 Which A B C D E

polymerisation?

CH3CH3 CH3COOH CH3COCH3 CH2=CHCl HOCH2CHzOH

STPM1999 Section B

For each of the questions in this section one or more of the three numbered statements 1 to 3 may be correct. Decide whether each of the statements is or is not correct. The responses A to E should be selected on the basis of the following.
A B

C
2 and 3 only are correct

D 1 only is correct scheme.

E 3 only is correct

I

I

1,2 and 3 are correct
46 A radioactive

1 and 2 only
are correct element W disintegrates

J

according to the following __ +y ____ +z a

w__ _ +x~~ a _
Which of the following 1 statements

are correct regarding

the disintegration

above?

X and Y have the same nucleon number.

2
3

W, X, Yand Z are from different groups in the Periodic Table.
The number of neutrons in Y is the same as the number of neutrons in Z.

47 The electronic configuration of an element Q is Is22s2 2p6 3s23p6 3d 1 4s2• Which of the following are correct regardingQ? 1 2 3 48 The proton number of element Q is 21. The atom of Q has four energy levels that are filled with electrons. The number of valence electrons of Q is 2. R, C3HP2' has the following properties. to release a flammable in benzene is 148. gas.

Compound

(i) R dissolves in water and reacts with magnesium
(ii) The relative molecular Which of the following mass of R when dissolved R?
=

is true regarding
=

[Relative atomic mass: C 1 2 3

12,0

=

16, H

1]

R has the ·-COOH group in its molecule.

R forms hydrogen bonds with water. R forms hydrogen bonds within itself to form dimer when dissolved in benzene.

STPM1999 A B 1 and 2 only

C
2 and 3 only

D

E

I

1,2 arid 3 are correct

are correct

are correct

1 only is correct

3 only is correct

49 Which of the following pairs of solutions will form a white precipitate when mixed at room temperature? [The solubility product of CaS04, at room temperature, is 6 x 10-5 mof drrr"] 1 2 3 50 em' of 0.1 mol dm' H2S04 and 50 em' of 0.1 mol dnr? Ca(NH3)2 100 em30fO.Olmol drrr" H2S04 and 100 ern' of 0.01 mol drrr-' Ca(N03)2 150 ern' of 0.001 mol dm" H2S04 and 150 ern' of 0.001 mol dm' Ca(NO)2

50 The following diagram shows the arrangement of an electrochemical cell,

Salt bridge

FeSOiaq) l.0 mol dm?

Deposit of metal M Aqueous MX+ l.Omol drn"

The standard electrode potentials of some metals are given below: Electrode system Ag+(aq)/Ag(s) Cu2+(aq)/Cu( s) Fe2+( aq)/F e( s) Zn2+(aq)/Zn( s) E8N +0.80 +0.34 -0.44 -0.76

Which of the following solutions are suitable to be used as MX+ solution?
2 CuS04

51 Which ofthe following is true for the Born-Haber cycle? 1
2 It can be used to calculate the lattice energy. It starts with the reaction that involves the elements only. It has a close relationship with Hess's law.

3

,A B

C

-

STPM1999 D E

I
I

1,2 and 3 are correct

1·and 2 only are correct

2 and 3 only are correct

1 only is correct

I

3 only is correct

I

52 Which of the following statements explains the increasing thermal stability of the carbonates of the Group 2 elements (beryllium to barium) when descending the group? 1 2 3 The radius of the cations increases. The charge density of the 02- ion is higher than the charge density of the The polarising power of the cations increases.

cot

ion.

53 Chlorine is used to make hexachlorophene, that is a type of compound in mouthwash that kills bacteria. The structural formula of hexachlorophene is shown below.

CI~OH ~J9fr;HCl

OhO
CI

Cl CI

CI

Which of the following statements are correct regarding hexachlorophene? [Relative atomic mass: C = 12, H =1,0 at room temperature] 1 2 = 16, Cl = 35.5; 1 mole of gas occupies 24 dm'

The mass of 1 mole of hexachlorophene is 407 g. 72 dm' of chlorine gas measured at room temperature is required to produce 1 hexachlorophene. of

::, 3 dm' of 2 mol dm' hexachlorophene.

sodium hydroxide is required to react with I mole of

54 Which of the following statements are true regarding benzene? 1 2 3 Benzene undergoes electrophilic addition reaction. Each carbon atom undergoes sp hybridisation. The benzene molecule is stabilised by delocalisation of its electrons.

55 Which of the following compounds are expected to react with alkaline potassium manganate(VII)?

STPM1999 A B

C
2 and 3.only

D 1 only

E

1, 2 and 3 are correct

1 and 2 only are correct

are correct

is correct

3 only is correct

following is true regarding Y?
1 2

56 Methylbenzene reacts with chlorine in the presence of light to produce compound X, C7H7Cl. X is hydrolysed by aqueous sodium hydroxide to produce compound Y. Which of the It forms benzoic acid when oxidised. It is neutral. It does not give a violet colour with aqueous iron(III) chloride.

3

57 When Q is

Q is substituted into the benzene ring of phenol, the acidity of phenol increases.
2

-Cl

58 The mechanism for the reaction between ethanal and hdyrogen cyanide is shown below.

-'C=N' + CH 3-C-H •• In the reaction,
1

o II

-----

l

CH3-C-H

0I

j

CN the carbon atom in the carbonyl group has low electron density the reaction temperature must be higher than room temperature

I

--

wi

OH

CH 3-C-H CN

I

2 3

the nitrogen atom in the CN- ion donates one lone pair of electrons for bond formation

59 Compound Z, ClIsN02, reacts with nitrous acid, HN02 to liberate nitrogen gas. 10 em' of a solution containing 0.75 g dm' of Z requires 10 em' of 0.01 mol dnr" sodium hydroxide for complete titration. Which of the following are true regarding Z? [Relative atomic mass: H 1 2 3
It is an amino acid. It is a monobasic acid. It is an amide.
=

1, C

=

12, N

=

14,0

=

16]

60 Which of the following statements are true regarding polymerisation that uses the ZieglerNatta catalyst?

1 2 3

The polymerisation process involves free radicals. The polymerisation involved is addition polymerisation. The polymerisation process produces high density polymers.

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