ECW 512 - ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY

ECB 7D1

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Title 1.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4. 1 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 Procedure Result and analysis Discussion Health and Safety Conclusion Appendices Reference Table of Content Report Introduction Task Objectives Methodology

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REPORT 2.1 INTRODUCTION Water quality is the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water. It is most frequently used by reference to a set of standards against which compliance can be assessed. The most

WATER QUALITY TEST

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An ion is an atom of an element that has gained or lost an electron which will create a negative or positive state. pH. Conductivity Conductivity is a measurement of the ability of an aqueous solution to carry an electrical current. and the ability to detect contaminants. biological. Generally the pH influences the corrosiveness of the water. Conductivity is measure in μmhos. temperature. colour and turbidity. chemical dosages necessary for proper disinfection. During this lab. The physical characteristics are conductivity. Temperature The water temperature is very important for water quality.ECW 512 . The more total anions and cations. temperature influences: WATER QUALITY TEST 2 . The larger the number. For example. and chemical characteristics of water are directly affected by temperature. the better the conductivity of your drinking water. Many of the physical. the higher your conductivity reading will be. the more anions and cations are present.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 common standards used to assess water quality relate to drinking water. Since either condition has an important bearing on the water treatment process. we are only testing the water for their physical characteristic only. and for health of ecosystems. It turns out that pure water is poor conductor of electricity. the pH value must be determined. pH Some chemical impurities cause water to behave as either an acid or a base. safety of human contact.

silt. If water becomes too turbid. Turbidity Turbidity can be defined as a how cloudy or how clearly the water is. urban runoff. The metabolic rates of aquatic organisms. channelization. wed and industrial wastes. 2. or even too many bottom-feeding fish(such as carp) that stir up bottom sediment. the clearer the water. Turbidity can be result of suspended soil as clay. Colour is removed in order to make water suitable for general and industrial applications. The amount of oxygen that can be dissolved in water. it loses the ability to support a wide variety of plants and other aquatic organisms. The sensitivity of organisms to toxic wastes.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 1. 2. The lower the turbidity. High turbidity may be caused by soil erosion. waste discharge. industrial waste or sewage in water. dredging activities. and diseases Colour Colour in water may result from the presence of natural metallic ions (iron and manganese) humus and peat materials.ECW 512 . The term apparent colours include not only the color due to substances in solution. plankton. algae growth. The rate of photosynthesis by algae and larger aquatic plants. 3. 4.2 TASK 3 WATER QUALITY TEST . but also that due to suspended matter. Apparent colour is determined on the original sample without filtration. increased flow rate. plankton. Suspended solids reduce the amount the light that can pass through the water. parasites. flooding.

4 METHODOLOGY To conduct this experiment.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 1) Find brief LR on physical characteristic of water and discuss significant 2) From the available apparatus in lab. 2.1 PROCEDURE a. the reading will be taken at their origin place. Locate three suitable locations for taking the samples.ECW 512 . we will carry it out in the laboratory.4. ii.3 OBJECTIVES 1) To measure the physical characteristic of water samples. temperature and conductivity. WATER QUALITY TEST 4 . Each sample will undergo five physical characteristic water tests as stated above. determine the physical testing of 3 different water samples 3) Discuss the result by looking at the difference in data obtained what is the function of water quality standard. 2. pH. Prepare the equipment needed. temperature and conductivity i. 2. we need to take three different water samples. 2) To discuss the physical characteristic of water samples. For pH. As for turbidity and colour test.

Three sample of water which is drain. testing bottle that contains distilled water must be put first to get the zero (clear water) reading in Spectrophotometer. After put distilled water into Spectrophotometer. The Spectrohotometer measured the reading of the colour. pipe and curing water had been taken. iii. b. Clean all testing bottle that want use with distilled water. Make sure that the water levels are higher than the minimum water level required in using the equipment. After filled all sample in testing bottle. Put in the equipment into the water. clean the testing bottle with tissue to make sure no finger print at the testing bottle surface to get accurate result. Before put each sample in Spectrophotometer.ECW 512 . ii. vii. Let the tester bar in the water for 3 minutes. vii. Each sample of water is filled into the testing bottle iv. Using this equipment. WATER QUALITY TEST 5 . vi.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 iii. vi. v. v. we can take all the three reading for three different tests on the same time. iv. Record the reading for three times using the same procedure. Colour i. take out the testing bottle that contains distilled water and put testing bottle that contains each sample into Spectrophotometer.

The readings are taken after the signal stop beeping. clean the testing bottle with tissue to make sure no finger print at the testing bottle surface to get accurate result. sample 1 (curing water) WATER QUALITY TEST 6 . c.ECW 512 . Presses the buttons until the auto-range and signal average appear at the screen. The readings are taken. ix. Each sample of water is filled into the testing bottle iv. viii.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 viii. vii. pipe and curing water had been taken. Clean all testing bottle that want use with distilled water.5 RESULT AND ANALYSIS This is the result that we gain from those three samples. The same steps above are repeated with each sample. iii. 2. v. vi. Three sample of water which is drain. ii. Put the sample bottle into the turbidity test equipment. Turbidity i. The same steps above are repeated with each sample. After filled all sample in testing bottle.

mg/l conductivity 179.86 28.20 171.8 13 1.O.O.21 6 Dissolved Solids.8 41 2.5-9.50 543.0 15 TCU 5 NTU average 6.ECW 512 .32 85.31 82.67 14.80 1 pH sample 2 2 (drain water)Colour (Hazen Unit) 3 Turbidity (NTU) 4 Test Conductivity (µS/cm) 1 5 pHTemperature (°C) 6.86 temperature 28.8 average 9.33 2.22 Parameter 2 3 9.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 Test pH temperature conductivity color turbidity 1 9.H.6 543.69 2.2 color 172 turbidity 14.23 26.76 average 7.87 25 6.3 15 1.2 179.21 179.87 2 7.48 26. we can see that the result are different depend on the test that being done.75 26.7 sample 3 (water pipe) Test pH temperature conductivity color turbidity 1 7.2 171 172 14.72 9.00 1.21 100028.0 15 TCU 5 NTU 2 400 3 6.2 20 1.21 1000 179.23 26.73 26.9 14.9 44 36 2.6 DISCUSION From the result that we gain.43 3 7.14W.73 26.23 26. H Standard* 6.5 543.07 Standard* < 8.43 16.14 M.32 82.51 543.3 79.77 40.23 26. WATER QUALITY TEST 7 .86 28. 2.

31°C respectively.ECW 512 . The pH for drain and water pipe is 6. 28. If we WATER QUALITY TEST 8 . more than the standard that specified by WHO.23 respectively. we can see that the curing water and water pipe sample are alkaline because the pH is more than 7.5. the readings for drain. Temperature The temperatures for all three samples are slightly different from each other.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 pH test From the result obtained. The drain water is acidic because the pH is low that 7.77 and 82. All the temperature are above 25°C. 543.20. drain and pipe water are 26.73 is not within the MOH and WHO standard. The temperatures for curing. curing and pipe water are 179. We can see that the pHs are still in the standard of WHO and MOH.43 respectively. There were clearly stated in the result table show that curing water with pH 9. Conductivity From the result.86 and 7.21 and 26.

we can say that pipe water is the only sample that fit the standard criteria of water quality specified by the WHO and WATER QUALITY TEST 9 . Furthermore. with the reading of 16. we have taken several safety precautions such including wear gloves while conducting the contaminant water samples. Turbidity The results that we gain for this experiment are 2.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 compared it to the WHO standard. Other safety precautions that being taken are wearing jacket and shoes during the laboratory session. 14.14NTU. we can see that the curing water is exceeding the standard level which is 400µS/cm. 2. 2. The reading is large maybe because the water is not moving.8 CONCLUSION In conclusion. Colour All three samples that was test on colour show all reading is over than standard of WHO and MOH.20. the reading is 543. The only sample that nearly matches the WHO standard is the pipe water. the concrete block that being put in there could also give some influence on the readings. This maybe caused by domestic waste from the faculty and also from the construction work near the place where the sample is taken.77TCU.69NTU for curing.7 HEALTH AND SAFETY During the experiment.80NTU and 1. For curing water.ECW 512 . drain and pipe water respectively.00TCU. The drain water reading is 179. The reading is standard because the pipe water is already treated. Only the drain water is exceeding the turbidity standard by WHO and MOH which is 5NTU.

The other two water samples are absolutely out of the standard and are not approved to be used as human water source. Water quality standards include the following components: • Beneficial uses – designation of the public uses and benefits our water resources provide to people. • Nondegradation – extra protection for high-quality or unique waters to keep them from being degraded. If we compared WHO and MOH standard.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 MOH.ECW 512 . we can see that it is nearly the same. This is because the pipe water is already treated and safe for us to use.9 APPENDICES WATER QUALITY TEST 10 . • Numeric standards – allowable concentrations of specific pollutants in water. WHO stands for World Health Organisation while MOH stands for Malaysia Ministry of Health. • Narrative standards – descriptions or statements of unacceptable conditions in and on the water. established to protect the beneficial uses. 2.

0 REFFERENCE http://www.indiana.ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 3.edu/~bradwood/eagles/temperature.htm WATER QUALITY TEST 11 .ECW 512 .

ENVIRONMENT LABORATORY ECB 7D1 http://en.com/water-conductivity.ECW 512 .wikipedia.htm http://www.html WATER QUALITY TEST 12 .net/fundamentals/8a.org/wiki/Electrical_conductivity http://www.lenntech.org/wiki/Turbidity http://en.physicalgeography.wikipedia.

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