COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 1.

m = 20 kg, g = 3.75 m/s 2 W = mg = ( 20 )( 3.75 )

W = 75 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 2.

At all latitudes, (a) φ = 0°,
g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 φ = 9.7807 m/s 2 W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.7807 )

m = 2.000 kg

(

)

W = 19.56 N

(b) φ = 45°, g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 45° = 9.8066 m/s 2
W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.8066 )

(

)

W = 19.61 N

(c) φ = 60°, g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 60° = 9.8196 m/s2
W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.8196 ) W = 19.64 N

(

)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 3.

Assume g = 32.2 ft/s 2 m= W g W a g

ΣF = ma : W − Fs =  a W 1 −  = Fs g  or W = Fs 1− = 1− 7

a g

2 32.2 W = 7.46 lb

m=

W 7.4635 = = 0.232 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft g 32.2 ΣF = ma : Fs − W = W a g

 a Fs = W 1 +  g  2   = 7.46 1 +  32.2  

Fs = 7.92 lb

For the balance system B, ΣM 0 = 0: bFw − bFp = 0 Fw = Fp   a a But, Fw = Ww 1 +  and Fp = W p 1 +  g g   so that Ww = W p and mw =
Wp g

mw = 0.232 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Periodic time: Radius of Earth: Radius of orbit: Velocity of satellite: τ = 12 h = 43200 s R = 3960 mi = 20. Elliot R. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.046 )( 32.0 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft (b) W = mg = ( 59.2 ) = 1901 lb W = 1901 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.33 × 106 ft v= 2π r = ( 2π ) (87.9088 × 106 ft r = 3960 + 12580 = 16540 mi = 87.7019 × 103 ft/s It is given that (a) mv = 750 × 103 lb ⋅ s m= mv 750 × 103 = = 59. William E. Jr. Ferdinand P. Beer.. David Mazurek.7019 × 10 m = 59. Clausen.046 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 3 v 12. Eisenberg. Solution 4.33 × 106 ) 43200 τ = 12. .

. Solution 5. + ∑ Fy = ma y : 10 + 10 + 10 + 20 − 40 = ay = ( 32. Phillip J. Elliot R.05 ft/s2 40 40 ay 32. William E. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Jr. Beer. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.05)(1.91 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.2 )(10 ) = 8. . David Mazurek. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.5) v = 4. 8/e.2 ay = dv dy dv dv = =v dt dt dy dy v dv = a y d y ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0 a y d y v = 2a y y = v v 1 2 v = ay y 2 ( 2 )(8.

612 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. x f = 75 m (a) Assume constant acceleration. William E. Eisenberg. E. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81 µ = 0. Data: v0 = 108 km/h = 30 m/s. Russell Johnston. a = v dv dv = = constant dx dt 0 xf ∫ v0 v dv = ∫ 0 a dx 1 2 − v0 = a x f 2 a=− 2 v0 2x f =− (30) ( 2)( 75) = − 6 m/s 2 0 tf ∫ v0 dv = ∫ 0 a dt − v0 = a t f tf = − (b) v0 − 30 = a −6 t f = 5. Elliot R. Clausen. . Beer.00 s + ∑ Fy = 0: N − W = 0 N =W ∑ Fx = ma : µ=− − µ N = ma ma ma a =− =− N W g µ=− ( − 6) 9. David Mazurek.. Jr. Solution 6.

6728 m/s 2 1400 kg 4° ( ) a = 4. Beer.444 ) v0 =− 2a ( 2 )( − 4. Ferdinand P. Solution 7.6728 m/s 2 v0 = 88 km/h = 24. a=v dv dx xf 0 ∫ 0 a dx = ∫ v0 v dv 1 2 a x f = − v0 2 xf = − 2 ( 24. Jr. . Phillip J.6728) 2 x f = 63. (a) + ∑ F = ma : a=− =− Ff m + − F f + W sin α = ma Ff W sin α =− + g sin α m m 7500 N + 9. Russell Johnston.9 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Clausen.. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.81 m/s 2 sin 4° = − 4. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.444 m/s From kinematics. Elliot R.

667 ft/s 2 v 2 v0 − = at ( s − s0 ) 2 2 2 0 − (102. William E.2 µ s = 0. . Beer. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.001 = − t = W g 32.801) 2 s − s0 = 212 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.667 ) v 2 − v0 = = − 31. Russell Johnston. Clausen. Use µ = µk = ( 0. Solution 8.001 ft/s 2 2 ( s − s0 ) ( 2 )(170 ) 2 at = For braking without skidding µ = µ s .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J.963) = 0. so that µ s N = m | at | ΣFt = mat : − µ s N = mat µs = − mat a 31. David Mazurek.667 ) v 2 − v0 = 2at ( 2 )( − 24. E.801 ft/s 2 Since acceleration is constant. ΣFy = 0: N −W = 0 N =W v0 = 70 mi/h = 102.770 ΣF = mat : µk N = −mat at = − µk N m = − µk g = − 24. ( s − s0 ) = 2 0 − (102. (a) Coefficient of static friction.80 )( 0.963 (b) Stopping distance with skidding.. Jr.

t = 10. E.8 + ( − 32.00 s.1 ft y − y1 = − 2g ( 2 )( 32.9 h = 1449 ft t = 10.00 s 32.8 )(1) = 289. Solution 9. v = at = ( 289. ΣF = ma : Ft − W = ma = W a g F   2  a = g  t − 1 = ( 32.2 ft/s v = v1 + a ( t − 1) = 289. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 )( t − 1) At v = 0.8 ft/s 2 W 0. Elliot R.2     At t = 1 s.8 ) v 2 − v1 =− = 1304. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. t −1 = 289. William E. a = − g = − 32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.1 + 144.2 ) 2 (a) ymax = h = 1304.2 2 v 2 − v1 = 2a ( y − y1 ) = −2 g ( y − y1 ) 2 0 − ( 289. For the thrust phase.00 s (b) As already determined.8 = 9. Ferdinand P. . Phillip J. Beer.9 ft 2 2 For the free flight phase. David Mazurek.8 )(1) = 144. Eisenberg. Clausen.2 )  − 1 = 289. t > 1 s..8 ft/s y = 1 2 1 2 at = ( 289.

( x0 = 0. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 2 or a= 2 x ( 2 )(10 ) = = 1.81)( sin 20° + 0.25sin 50° P = 612 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. P= ( 40 )(1. Jr. v0 = 0 ) x = x0 + v0t + 1 2 at .81)( sin 20° + 0. Elliot R. use µ = µk = 0.25. Clausen. E. Solution 10.25cos 20° ) cos50° − 0. Ferdinand P. set a = 0 and µ = µ s = 0.30. Kinematics: Uniformly accelerated motion.25 m/s 2 .25 m/s 2 2 2 t ( 4) ΣFy = 0: N − P sin 50° − mg cos 20° = 0 N = P sin 50° + mg cos 20° ΣFx = ma : P cos 50° − mg sin 20° − µ N = ma or P cos50° − mg sin 20° − µ ( P sin 50° + mg cos 20° ) = ma P= ma + mg ( sin 20° + µ cos 20° ) cos50° − µ sin 50° For motion impending.30sin 50° = 593 N For motion with a = 1. Eisenberg. Beer. David Mazurek.25) + ( 40 )( 9. Phillip J. P= ( 40 )( 0 ) + ( 40 )( 9. William E.30cos 20° ) cos50° − 0. .. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.

234 m/s 2 x − x0 = 2 0 − ( 27.9 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81sin ( −1.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2 ( x − x0 ) ( 2 )( 60 ) 2 = −6. Jr.455) 2 x − x0 = 51. Eisenberg.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2a ( 2 )( −6.81sin 6° = −7.7 m (b) Going down a 2% incline.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. William E. Russell Johnston. (θ = 6° ) ΣF = ma : − Fbr − mg sin θ = ma a=− Fbr − g sin θ m = −6. Calculation of braking force/mass ( Fb / m ) from data for level pavement. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2a ( 2 )( −7. Ferdinand P.455 m/s 2 x − x0 = 2 0 − ( 27.02. E.43 − 9. Clausen.43 m/s 2 ΣFx = ma : − Fbr = ma Fbr = −a = 6.43 − 9. David Mazurek. θ = −1.43 m/s 2 m (a) Going up a 6° incline. v0 = 100 km/hr = 27. Elliot R. ( tan θ = −0. Phillip J.. Solution 11.145° ) ΣF = ma : − Fbr − mg sin θ = ma F a = − br − g sin θ m = − 6. .234 ) 2 x − x0 = 61.145° ) = − 6.778 m/s 2 v 2 v0 − = a ( x − x0 ) 2 2 a= 2 0 − ( 27.

33673) g   T = 16. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. Beer. . Let the positive directions of x A and xB be down the incline. Constraint of the cable: x A + 3xB = constant or 1 aB = − a A 3 a A + 3aB = 0 For block A: For block B: ΣF = ma : mA g sin 30° − T = mAa A (1) ΣF = ma : mB g sin 30° − 3T = mB aB = − mB a A (2) aA . Clausen. Jr.30 ) = −1.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.30 m/s 2 a B = 1.33673)( 9. 8/e.30 m/s 2 aB = − 1 ( 3. g mB   aA 3  Eliminating T and solving for ( 3mA g − mB g ) sin 30° =  3mA +   ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° = ( 30 − 8) sin 30° = 0.33673 aA = g 3m A + mB / 3 30 + 2. E. Phillip J.101 m/s 2 30° 30° (b) Using equation (1).02 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81)( sin 30° − 0.101 m/s2 3 a A = 3.667 (a) a A = ( 0. David Mazurek.  a  T = mA g  sin 30° − A  = (10 )( 9. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 12. William E.81) = 3.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. sliding occurs.334. mB g ( sin 30° + µ cos30° ) − 3T = − Eliminate T. Use µ = µk = 0. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.25 < 0. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Set a A = 0 and solve for µ. Constraint of the cable: x A + 3xB = constant 1 aB = − a A 3 a A + 3aB = 0 Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − mA g cos 30° = 0 ΣFx = ma : mA g sin 30° − µ N A − T = m Aa A Eliminate N A. Phillip J. Let the positive directions of x A and xB be down the incline. Elliot R. Calculate aA for sliding. g continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. William E. ( 75 + 20 ) Since µ s = 0. Jr. µ = ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° ( 3mA + mB ) cos 30° = ( 75 − 20 ) tan 30° = 0. Solution 13. Beer. mB a A 3 mB   aA 3  mB a A 3 ( 3mA g − mB g ) sin 30° − µ ( 3mA g + mB g ) cos 30° =  3mA +   Check the value of µ s required for static equilibrium.334.. mA g ( sin 30° − µ cos 30° ) − T = mAa A Block B: ΣFy = 0: N B − mB g cos 30° = 0 ΣF = ma : mB g sin 30° + µ N B − 3T = mB aB = − Eliminate N B . 8/e. Russell Johnston.20.

442 m/s 2 3 (b) T = mA g ( sin 30° − µ cos 30° ) − mAa A = (10 )( 9.13525 )( 9.81) = 1. William E.81)( sin 30° − 0. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. . Eisenberg.327 m/s 2 a A = 1. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.327 ) = − 0. Phillip J. E.442 m/s 2 30° 30° 1 aB = −   (1.20cos 30° ) − (10 )(1.327 m/s 2 a B = 0..667 = 0.327 ) T = 18. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° − µ ( 3mA + mB ) cos 30° aA = g 3mA + mB / 3 = ( 30 − 8) sin 30° − ( 0.79 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Jr.13525 (a) a A = ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e.20 )( 30 + 8) cos 30° 30 + 2.

Data: mA = mB = 55000 lb = 1708.667 ) = − 751 ft v2 xf = − 0 = − 2ax ( 2 )( 4.667 ft/s (a) Use both cars together as a free body. E.1 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. William E. Ferdinand P..2 ft/s 2 v0 = − 55 mi/h = − 80. Russell Johnston. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fb − Fb = mAax + mB ax ax = Fb + Fb 7000 + 7000 = = 4. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : Fc − Fb = mAax Fc = mAax − Fb = (1708. Clausen. Both cars have same acceleration. David Mazurek. 8/e.5534 ) 715 ft to the left (b) Use car A as free body. .5534 m/s 2 mA + mB 1708.2 ft/s 2 44000 lb = 1366. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5534 ) + 7000 = 778 lb Fc = 778 lb tension Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.1 + 1366.5 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. Phillip J. Eisenberg. Solution 14. Consider horizontal force components only. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.1)( 4.5 dv dx ax x f = 2 2 v0 2 ax = v xf 0 ∫ 0 ax dx = ∫ v0 v dv ( −80. Fc = coupling force. Elliot R. Jr.

∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fb − Fb = mAax + mB ax ax = Fb 7000 = = 2. David Mazurek.2 ft/s 2 v0 = − 55 mi/h = − 80. compression Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.1 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32.667 ft/s (a) Use both cars together as a free body. Solution 15.1 + 1366. E. Fc = coupling force.5 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. 8/e. Clausen.5)( 2. Eisenberg. Beer. Elliot R.5 dv dx 0 ax = v ∫ xf 0 ax dx = ∫ v v dv 0 ax x f = 2 2 v0 2 xf = − 2 ( −80.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 ft/s 2 44000 lb = 1366. Phillip J. Data: mA = mB = 55000 lb = 1708. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fc = mB ax − Fc = (1366. Ferdinand P. William E.2767 ) 1429 ft to the left (b) Use car B as a free body..667 ) = 1429 ft v0 =− 2ax ( 2 )( 2.2767 ) = 3110 lb Fc = 3110 lb. Jr.2767 m/s 2 mA + mB 1708. Consider horizontal force components only. . Both cars have same acceleration. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.

. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. . Jr. E.20. 8/e. Elliot R. −T + WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) = WB aB a = −WB A g g Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − N AB − WA cosθ = 0 N A = N AB + WA cosθ = (WB + WA ) cosθ ΣFx = m Aa A : − T + WA sin θ − FAB − FA = −WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) − WB WA aA g aA + WA sin θ − µWB cosθ g aA g aA g − µ (WB + WA ) cosθ = WA (WA − WB ) sinθ − µ (WA + 3WB ) cosθ = (WA + WB ) Check the condition of impending motion. William E. Solution 16. µ = µs = 0. Constraint of cable: 2 x A + ( xB − x A ) = x A + xB = constant. a A = aB = 0. Block B: ΣFy = 0: N AB − WB cosθ = 0 ΣFx = ma : − T + µ N AB + WB sin θ = WB aB g Eliminate N AB and aB . Clausen. Phillip J. θ = θs =0 (WA − WB ) sin θ s − 0.20 (WA + 3WB ) cosθ s continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Assume that block A moves down and block B moves up. Russell Johnston. Beer. or aB = −a A a A + aB = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.

William E.15 )(128 ) cos 25° 96 = 0. E.2 ) = 3.54 lb ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. The blocks move.40 64 WA − WB θ s = 21.10048 )( 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System tan θ s = 0. Phillip J..10048 ) T = 10.10048 a A = ( 0. Elliot R. Jr. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.24 ft/s 2 (b) T = WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) + WB aA g a B = 3. Calculate aA using µ = µ k = 0.20 )(128 ) = = 0. 8/e.15 and θ = 25°.20 (WA + 3WB ) ( 0. David Mazurek.15cos 25° ) + (16 )( 0. . Eisenberg.24 ft/s 2 (a) aB = −3. Clausen.8° < θ = 25°.24 ft/s 2 25° ! = 16 ( sin 25° + 0. Beer. g (WA − WB ) sin θ − µk (WA + 3WB ) cosθ aA = g WA + WB = 64sin 25° − ( 0.

E. θ = 25° (WA − WB ) sin θ − µ s (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + Ps ( µ s sin θ + cosθ ) = 0 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. Beer. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. a A = aB = 0. William E.20. µ = µ s = 0. Block B: ΣFy = 0: N AB − WB cosθ = 0 ΣFx = max : − T + µ N AB + WB sin θ = WB aB g Eliminate N AB and aB . −T + WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) = WB aB a = −WB A g g Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − N AB − WA cosθ + P sin θ = 0 N A = N AB + WA cosθ − P sin θ = (WB + WA ) cosθ − P sin θ ΣFx = mAa A : − T + WA sin θ − FAB − FA + P cosθ = −WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) − WB WA aA g aA + WA sin θ − µWB cosθ g aA g aA g − µ (WB + WA ) cosθ + µ P sin θ + P cosθ = WA (WA − WB ) sin θ − µ (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + P ( µ sin θ + cosθ ) = (WA + WB ) Check the condition of impending motion.. Solution 17. a A + aB = 0. Russell Johnston. . Elliot R. David Mazurek. Clausen. Constraint of cable: 2 x A + ( xB − x A ) = x A + xB = constant. or aB = −a A Assume that block A moves down and block B moves up.

15 )(128 ) cos 25° + (10 )( 0.88 lb < 10 lb Blocks will move with P = 10 lb. Clausen.. E.20149 )( 32. (b) T = WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) + WB aA g a B = 6.15sin 25° + cos 25° ) 96 = 0. 8/e. Phillip J.49 ft/s 2 .49 ft/s 2 25° ! = 16 ( sin 25° + 0.15cos 25° ) + (16 )( 0.2 ) = 6.20149 ) T = 12.49 ft/s 2 (a) aB = −6. Ferdinand P. ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. θ = 25°. Calculate aA using µ = µ k = 0. g (WA − WB ) sin θ − µk (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + P ( µk sinθ + cosθ ) aA = g WA + WB = 64 sin 25° − ( 0. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Beer. and P = 10 lb.20 )(128) cos 25° − 64 sin 25° 0. Jr.16 lb.15.20 sin 25° + cos 25° = −3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Ps = µ s (WA + 3WB ) cosθ − (WA − WB ) sin θ µ s sin θ + cosθ = ( 0. . David Mazurek.20149 a A = ( 0. Elliot R.

Jr. Solution 18.30cos15° − sin15° ) For box B. William E. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.30 a A = 9. µ = µk ΣFy = 0: N − mg cos15° = 0 N = mg cos15° ΣFx = ma : µ k N − mg sin15° = ma µ k mg cos15° − mg sin15° = ma a = g ( µ k cos15° − sin15° ) .32 aB = 9.32cos15° − sin15° ) or a B = 0. Elliot R. Phillip J. .81( 0. For box A.493 m/s 2 or a A = 0.. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81( 0. 8/e. µ k = 0.304 m/s 2 15° independent of m. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. µ k = 0. E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. 15° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Assume a B > a A so that the boxes separate. Boxes are slipping.

David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. . Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.477 ) = 2.076923 g WB + 9WA + WC 60 + 180 + 20 aB = ( − 0. Phillip J.46 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E.43) 32.477 ft/s 2 a A = − ( 3)( − 2. 20 ( 7.43 ft/s 2 aC = 2. Beer. Block B: WB − 3TA − TC = mB aB WB − 3 (WA − 3mAaB ) − (WC − mC aB ) = mB aB or (a) Accelerations. 8/e. Solution 19.48 ft/s 2 (b) Tensions.477 ) = 7.48 ft/s 2 a A = 7. Let y be positive downward position for all blocks.431 ft/s 2 aC = − ( − 2. WC − TC = mC aC .2 20 TC = 20 − ( 2.38 lb TC = 18.. Jr. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen.2 TA = 20 − TA = 15.2 ) = − 2.477 ) 32. Elliot R. Constraint of cable attached to mass A: y A + 3 yB = constant a A + 3aB = 0 Constraint of cable attached to mass C: aC + aB = 0 or or a A = −3aB aC = − aB yC + yB = constant For each block Block A: Block C: ΣF = ma : or TA = WA − mAa A = WA − 3m AaB or TC = WC − mC aC = WC − mC aB WA − TA = mAa A .076923)( 32. aB W − 3WA − WC 60 − 60 − 20 = B = = − 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.477 ft/s 2 a B = 2.

E. Constraint of cable: y A + yB = constant a A + aB = 0 or aB = −a A For blocks A and B. Clausen. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. William E. . Eisenberg. Beer. 8/e. Ferdinand P. aA = WA − WB − P g WA + WB 2 2 v A − ( v A )0 = 2a A  y A − ( y A ) 0    (1) with ( v A )0 = 0 (2) v A = 2a A  y A − ( y A ) 0    v A − ( v A )0 = a At t= vA aA continued with ( v A )0 = 0 (3) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Let y be positive downward for both blocks.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Jr. ΣF = ma : Block A: WA − T = WA aA g or T = WA − WA aA g Block B: P + WB − T = P + WB − WA + WB W aB = − B a A g g WA W a A = − B aA g g Solving for a A .. Solution 20.

Elliot R.749 )( 5) ( v A )1 ( v A )2 ( v A )3 = 10. System (1): WA = 100 lb. P = 0 ( aA )1 = 100 − 50 ( 32. By formula (1). System (1): t1 = System (2): t2 = System (3): t3 = 10 10.2 ) 1100 + 1050 ( a A )3 = 0. Eisenberg. WB = 50 lb. Use formula (3). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.749 t1 = 0. . Phillip J.. David Mazurek.35 s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.69 ft/s ! = 2. Ferdinand P.73 10 16.73 ft/s2 ! System (2): WA = 100 lb.2 ) 100 ( a A )2 = 16. E.621 s ! t3 = 13.10 10 0.2 ) 100 + 50 ( a A )1 = 10.10 )( 5) ( 2 )( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) Acceleration of block A.36 ft/s ! = 12.73)( 5) ( 2 )(16. P = 50 lb By formula (1). System (1): System (2): System (3): ( v A )1 ( v A )2 ( v A )3 = = = ( 2 )(10.10 ft/s 2 ! System (3): WA = 1100 lb. William E. Russell Johnston. 8/e.932 s ! t2 = 0. P = 0 By formula (1). Beer. ( a A )2 = 100 − 50 ( 32. ( a A )3 = 1100 − 1050 ( 32. Jr. WB = 1050 lb.74 ft/s ! (c) Time at v A = 10 ft/s. Use formula (2).749 ft/s 2 ! (b) v A at y A − ( y A )0 = 5 ft. WB = 0.

4 ft/s 2 ! For the upper beam.2 ) = 23. Solution 21. Eisenberg.30 N 2 = ( 0. David Mazurek. Elliot R. (a) Maximum acceleration.05 ft/s 2 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.60 )W = ma a = 0. Phillip J. William E. Russell Johnston. ΣFy = 0: N1 − W = 0 N1 = W = mg For the lower beam.37 ft/s 2 m ΣFx = ma : T − 0.25 )( 3000 ) +   ( 23.2  T = 2930 lb ! (b) Maximum deceleration of trailer. As in Part (a) N1 = mg. 8/e. E.25W + ma = ( 0.85 W = ( 0. ΣFy = 0: N 2 − N1 − W = 0 or N 2 = 2W ΣFx = ma : 0. Clausen. ΣF = ma : 0. For the upper beam. Case 1: Assume that only the top beam slips.. Beer.25W = ma a = 0. only the lower beam can move.25 + 0. Ferdinand P. The cable secures the upper beam.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.25 N1 = ma a = 27.25g = 8.25 N1 + 0.  3000  T = 0. Jr.37 ) = 2927 lb  32.85 )( 32.

Eisenberg. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.66 ft/s 2 The smaller deceleration value governs. 8/e. Jr. . David Mazurek. Phillip J. Beer. William E.30 )( 2W ) = ( 2m ) a a = 0. E. Elliot R. Ferdinand P.05 ft/s 2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.30 g = 9.. a = 8. ΣF = ( 2m ) a : ( 0. As before N 2 = 2W .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Case 2: Assume that both beams slip. Russell Johnston.

124 123.095 ) cos 30° = 44. Phillip J.81 sin 30° mA + mB 50 = 5. William E. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. they have a common acceleration. Beer. Russell Johnston..575 N Minimum coefficient of static friction: µ min = Ff NB = 44. Jr.095 sin 30° ) = 123. Elliot R. Use blocks A and B together as a free body.357 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81 + 5. 8/e.575 µ min = 0. Solution 22. ΣF = Σ ma : P − mA g sin 30° − mB g sin 30° = ( mA + mB ) a a= P 500 − g sin 30° = − 9.124 N ΣF = mB a sin 30°: N B − mB g = mB a sin 30° N B = mB ( g + a sin 30° ) = 10 ( 9. E. Since both blocks move together. . David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.095 m/s 2 Use block B as a free body. Clausen. ΣF = mB a cos 30°: F f = mB a cos30° F f = (10 )( 5.

Phillip J. William E.2 m/s2 ΣFy = 0: N − W = 0 or N = W = mg ΣFx = ma : F f = m a p The required friction force is F f . 1 2 1 2 a1t1 = 0 + 0 + ( 3. Acceleration phase with a1 = 3. Russell Johnston.52 2 ( x2 − x1 ) 2 ( 4.5 ) = 4.2 )(1. Ferdinand P. v2 = 0 since the belt stops.2 m/s 2 v1 = vo + a1t1 = 0 + ( 3.35 )( 9. 8/e. Beer.6 − 3.35 mg Ff m = ap s ( )1 < µmN ( )1 = µ s g = ( 0. (a) Kinematics of the belt. The available friction force is µ s N = 0. Jr. Solution 23. v2 − v1 0 − 4.6 m 2 2 Deceleration phase.41667 s −11. Acceleration phase. vo = 0 1. Elliot R.35 W = 0. E. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.52 m/s 2 t2 − t1 = (b) Motion of the package.2 )(1.8) v2 − v1 = = −11.. . David Mazurek. ( a p )1 = 3. Clausen.52 a2 1.43 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8 = = 0. Assume no slip. 2 2 v2 − v1 = 2a2 ( x2 − x1 ) a2 = 2 2 0 − ( 4. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8 m/s x1 = xo + vot1 + 2.6 ) 2 a 2 = 11.5 ) = 3.81) = 3.

.387 − 4.4525 m/s 2 ( v p )2 = ( v p )1 + ( a p )2 ( t2 − t1 ) = 4.8 + ( −2. the package does slip. Assume no slip. ( )2 k ( a p )2 = − µmN F f = µk N ΣFx = m a p : − µk N = m a p ( )2 = − µk g = − ( 0.6 m. William E.787 x p/belt = 0. Deceleration phase. Jr.52 m/s2 µs N m = µ s mg m = µ s g = 3. ( a p )2 < 11.8 m/s and ( x p )1 = 3.. the package does not slip.25 )( 9.43 m/s 2 < 11.4525)( 0. Clausen. Russell Johnston.387 m 2 Position of package relative to the belt ( x p )2 − x2 = 5. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek.78 m/s2 ( x p )2 = ( x p )1 + ( v p )1 ( t2 − t1 )2 + 1 ( a p )2 ( t2 − t1 )2 2 = 3. 2. E.41667 )2 = 5.41667 ) + 1 ( −2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.52 m/s2 ΣFx = ma : − F f = m a p Ff m = ap ( )2 ( )2 = −11.787 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81) = −2.52 m/s 2 Since the available friction force µ s N is less than the required friction force F f for no slip.52 m/s2 .8 )( 0.6 = 0. Eisenberg. ( a p )2 = −11.41667 ) = 3.43 m/s 2 . Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Since 3. Beer. 8/e.2 m/s 2 < 3.4525)( 0.6 + ( 4. ( v p )1 = v1 = 4. Elliot R.

F2 = µ S N 2 = 0. E. Elliot R. Jr.30sin 65° a1 = 19.30sin 65° a2 = 4.30mA ( g + a1 sin 65° ) a1 = 0. William E.30 N1 ΣFy = mAa y : N1 − WA = mAa1 sin 65° N1 = WA + mAa1 sin 65° = mA ( g + a1 sin 65° ) ΣFx = mAax : F1 = mAa1 cos 65° F1 = µ s N or mAa1 cos 65° = 0. Beer.53 m/s 2 cos 65° − 0.30 N 2 ΣFy = ma y : N1 − WA = −m Aa2 sin 65° N1 = WA − mAa2 sin 65° ΣFx = max : F2 = mAa2 cos 65° F2 = µ S N 2 a2 = or mAa2 cos 65° = 0.24 m/s 2 cos 65° + 0..30 g = ( 0. F1 = µ s N1 = 0.30 g = (1.81) = 4.30mA ( g − a2 cos 65° ) 0.81) = 19.990 )( 9. Phillip J. Clausen. David Mazurek.24 m/s 2 65° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. . Solution 24. Acceleration a1 : Impending slip. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.53 m/s 2 65° Deceleration a2 : Impending slip.432 )( 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Ferdinand P.

5 m/s2 .40cos 20° − sin 20° ) g cos 20° + 0.309 aT = 0.40 N1 ΣFy = mP a y : N1 − WP cos 20° = −mP aT sin 20° N1 = mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) ΣFx = max : F1 − WP sin 20° = mP aT cos 20° F1 = mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° ) mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° ) = 0. Beer. . David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. (a) Find the value of aT so that the relative motion of the plywood with respect to the truck is impending.40 mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) aT = ( 0.4 )2 Fy = mP a y : a P / T = 12.81) = 0.5 m/s 2 N 2 − WP cos 20° = −mP aT sin 20° N 2 = mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.309 m/s 2 (b) xP / T = ( xP / T )o + ( vP / T ) t + aP / T = 1 1 aP / T t 2 = 0 + 0 + aP / T t 2 2 2 s ( 2 )(1) = 12. 8/e. Clausen. 2 xP / T = 2 t ( 0. Jr. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. and a P / T be the acceleration of the plywood relative to the truck. aP = aT and F1 = µ s N1 = 0. Solution 25.5 m/s 2 20° ) 20° a P = aT + a P / T = ( aT → ) + (12. aT be the acceleration of the truck. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Let a P be the acceleration of the plywood.03145 )( 9. William E. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.40sin 20° = ( 0..

. Beer.43 aT = 11. .5 ) = 11.05767 )( 9. Jr. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.81) + ( 0. Elliot R.9594 )(12. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Eisenberg.30 N 2 mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° − aP / T ) = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ΣFx = Σmax : F2 − WP sin 20° = mP aT cos 20° − mP aP / T F2 = mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° − aP / T ) For sliding with friction F2 = µk N 2 = 0.30 cos 20° − sin 20° ) g + aP / T cos 20° + 0.43 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.30mP ( g cos 20° + aT sin 20° ) aT = ( 0. Clausen.30sin 20° = ( −0. Russell Johnston. 8/e.

Clausen. Eisenberg. F0 is reversed. Ferdinand P. Solution 26. Elliot R.347 2 m0v0 F0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ΣFx = ma : − F0 − kv 2 = ma − F0 − F0 v2 = ma 2 v0 dx = a− F0 2 v + v2 2 0 mv0 ( ) 2 vdv mv0 vdv = 2 a F0 v0 + v 2 ( ) ∫ x = − 2 mv0 F0 x dx 0 = − 2 mv0 0 vdv ∫ 2 F0 v0 v0 + v 2 2 2 mv0  2 mv0 2 ln v0 − ln 2v0  = ln 2  2 F0  2F0 1 2 ln v0 + v 2 2 ( ) 0 v0 = − ( ) x = 0. E. At maximum speed a = 0.. William E. 8/e. Jr. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. 2 F0 = kv0 = 0 k = F0 2 v0 When the propellers are reversed. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. . Beer.

k m ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Russell Johnston. which is linear. David Mazurek. Jr. William E. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. Beer. Eisenberg.. Solution 27. Elliot R. ΣF = ma : P − kv = ma dv P − kv =a= dt m t v ∫ 0 dt = ∫ 0 P − kv = − k ln ( P − kv ) 0 = − k ln ( P − kv ) − ln P    v m dv m m t = − m P − kv ln k P or ln v = P − kv kt = − m m P 1 − e− kt / m k t 0 P − kv = e −kt / m m x = ∫ 0 v dt = t or t ( ) Pt k − 0 P  k − kt / m  − e   k m = x = Pt P − kt / m Pt P e + −1 = − 1 − e− kt / m k m k m Pt kv − . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . E. Clausen.

Russell Johnston. . Eisenberg.0024 )  ( 4 )( 9. D = kv 2.. Beer. Jr.0024 )( 90 )2   m  kv0 4 + 1 = + 1 ln  ln   mg  2k  ( 2 )( 0. Solution 28. Phillip J. David Mazurek. The velocity and acceleration a taken to positive upward. Ferdinand P. 8/e. E. ΣFy = ma : − D − mg = ma  D kv 2   a = − g +  = − g +   m m      dv kv 2  k  2 mg  v = − g +  = − v +   dy m  m k    v dv k = − dy mg m v + k 2 ∫ v dv k =− mg v0 2 m v + k 0 0 ∫ h 0 dy 1  2 mg  kh ln  v +  = − k v m 2  0 mg  1 1  kv 2 kh k ln = − ln  0 + 1 = −  mg  2 v 2 + mg 2  m  0 k h = 2  ( 0. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Let y be the position coordinate of the projectile measured upward from the ground. (a) Upward motion.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R. Clausen.36 m h = 335 m continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81)     = 335.

. ΣF = ma : D − mg = ma D kv 2 −g = −g m m dv kv 2 k  mg  v = −g = −  − v2  dy m m k  a = v dv k = − dy mg m − v2 k ∫ vf 0 v dv k =− mg m vf ∫ 0 h dy 1  mg kh  ln  − v2  = 2  k m 0  mg − v2 f 1  k − ln  2  mg  k    kh  = m     kv 2  2 kh f  = − ln 1 −  mg  m   1− vf = ± vf = kv 2 f mg = e− 2 kh/m mg 1 − e−2 kh/m k  0. 8/e. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.0024)(335. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. Phillip J.6 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0024  ( )   ( 4 )( 9. Eisenberg. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. William E.81) 1 − e−( 2)( 0. Jr.36)/4  v f = 73.6 m/s = 73. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Downward motion.

Phillip J. E. 8/e. from the right triangle L = 2 + x2 The elongation of the spring is e = L − . and let x be positive to the right. Elliot R.. ( 2 + x2 − ) cosθ = x 2 + x2 ΣFx = max : − Fs cosθ = ma −k ( 2 + x2 − ) x 2 + x2 x = ma a = − k x − m  2    + x2  v 0 ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ x0 a dx v 1 2 k 0 = − ∫x x − v m 0 2 0  2  k 1 2  dx = −  x − 2  m2 + x  x 2 2 + x0   2  + x   x0 2 0 1 2 k v = − 0 − m 2 v2 = k 2 m k  =  m 2 − ( 1 2 x0 + 2 2 2 2 + x0 − 2 2 + x0 − 2 2 + x0 ) ( 2 ) 2 2 + x0 + 2   k m answer: v = ( 2 2 + x0 − ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. . Ferdinand P. Let L be the stretched length of the spring. Choose the origin at point C. Russell Johnston. Then.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. and x0 is its initial value. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. and the magnitude of the force exerted by the spring is Fs = ke = k By geometry. Solution 29. Then x is a position coordinate of the slider B. Clausen. William E.

Elliot R. ΣF = ma : m A g − 2T = m Aa A aA = g − 2T mA (2) Block B.4 ) = − 3. .4 N Substitute into (2). Eisenberg.  2T   T   T  2 g − =0  + g −  + g − mA   mB   mC    4 1 1 4g −  + +  mA mB mC 4 1 1 ( 4 )( 9. Let yA. ΣF = ma : mC g − T = mC aC aC = g − (4) Substitute (2). (3) and (4) into (1). 8/e. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 30. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E. Block A. and yC be the position coordinates of blocks A. Ferdinand P.27 )( 0. Phillip J. Then the corresponding velocities and accelerations are positive downward. E. David Mazurek. a A − aB + a A + 2aB + aC = 0 (1) Draw free body diagrams of each of the blocks.81) −  + +  T = 0  10 10 10    a A = 9.. Clausen. (a) Change in position. T = 65. yB.409 m ! (b) Tension in the cable. Constraint of cable: y A − yB + y A + 2 yB + yC = constant 2a A + aB + aC = 0 Differentiating twice.27 m/s2 10 1 a At 2 2 y A − ( y A )0 = 1 ( − 3.81 −  T = 0  T = 65. ΣF = ma : mB g − T = mB aB aB = g − T mB T mC (3) Block C. and C respectively measured downward from the upper support. y A − ( y A )0 = ( 2 )( 65.409 m 2 ∆y = 0. Beer. B.5)2 = − 0.4 N ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

05cos30° = 42.1sin 30° − 25.10 N1. ΣFx = mB aB : WB sin 30° − F1 = mB aB aB = 1 1 (WB sin 30° − F1 ) = ( 49. vB / A = aB / At = (1. Ferdinand P. (b) Velocity of B relative to A at t = 0..1 N WB = mB g = 49.05 N Assume that block B slides downward relative to block A.20 N 2. . William E. 8/e.5 s. Its magnitude is F2 = µk N 2 = 0. the directions of relative motion are as assumed above.781 = 1.5 ) v B / A = 0. Fy = 0: N 2 − N1 − WA cos30° = 0.637 m/s a A = 2. The friction force F2 is directed as shown.055 − 2.274 m/s 2 Since both aB / A and a A are positive. WA = m A g = 98. ΣFy = 0: N1 − WB cos30° = 0.05sin 30° − 4.1cos30° = 127. (a) Acceleration of block A. Phillip J.49 N ΣFx = mAa A : WA sin 30° − F2 + F1 = mAa A aA = = 1 (WA sin 30° − F2 + F1 ) mA 1 ( 98. N 2 = 42.781 m/s2 10 aB / A = aB − a A = 4.10 )( 42. F2 = ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.44 ) = 25.20 )(127. David Mazurek.48 ) = 4.48 N. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. Jr. F1 = ( 0. Eisenberg.248) = 4.48 + 98. Solution 31. E.248 N.274 )( 0.055 m/s2 5 mB Assume that block A slides downward relative to the fixed plane.49 + 4. N1 = WB cos30° = 49. Beer. Its magnitude is F1 = µk N1 = 0. Clausen. Then the friction force F1 is directed as shown. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.248) = 2.44 N.78 m/s 2 30° 30° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

T = 6.12121)( 50 ) = 6.06 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. and (4) into (1).12121) P = ( 0. velocities. 8/e. William E. Beer. Solution 32. E.2 )  = 41. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (3).3 ft/s 2 = 39.0 ft/s 2 aC = 41..2 ) 20 = 29. Let the positive direction for position coordinates. .0605 )  ( 32.0605)( 32. Russell Johnston. Constraint of cable: 3 ( xC − x A ) + ( xC − xB ) + ( − xB ) = constant 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 (1) ΣFx = max : Block A: Block B: 3T = m Aa A 2T = mB aB or or or aA = aB = 3T 3T = g mA 20 2T 2T = g mB 10 (2) (3) (4) Block C: P − 4T = mC aC aC = P − 4T P − 4T = g 20 20 Substituting (2). Clausen. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. a A = From (3).2 ) 10 50 − ( 4 )( 6.0 ft/s 2 a A = 29.0605)( 32. Phillip J. Let the origin lie at the fixed anchor.3 ft/s 2 a B = 39.  P − 4T   2T   3T  4  − 2  −3   = 0  20   10   20  4 9  4P  16 + +  T = 20  20 10 20  T = ( 0.0605 lb (a) From (2). Ferdinand P. and accelerations be to the right. aC =  20 (b) As determined above. Eisenberg. aB = ( 3)( 6.5 m/s 2 ( 2 )( 6.5 ft/s 2 From (4). David Mazurek.

62112 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft.. Constraint of cable: 3 ( xC − x A ) + ( xC − xB ) + ( − xB ) = constant 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − WA = 0 N A = WA . E. Eisenberg. William E.20 g mA mA (2) (1) FB = µkWB ΣFx = mB aB : 2T − FB = mB aB aB = 2T − µkWB 2T = − 0. FC = µ kWC ΣFx = mC a A : P − 4T − FC = mC aC Kinematics: xC = ( xC )0 + ( vC )0 + aC = 2  xC − ( xC )0    t 2 (4) 1 1 aC t 2 = 0 + aC t 2 2 2 = ( 2 )( 2. Let the origin lie at the fixed anchor.4 )2 = 30 ft/s 2 (5) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 Let the positive direction for position coordinates.20 g mB mB (3) Block C: NC = WC .4 ) ( 0. velocities. mB = = 0. Ferdinand P. Jr. 3T − µkWA 3T = − 0. 8/e. Phillip J. and accelerations be to the right.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.31056 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. Clausen. Elliot R. Solution 33. . FA = µ k N A = µκ WA ΣFx = mAax : 3T − FA = mAa A aA = Block B: N B = WB . mA = mC = 20 10 = 0. Russell Johnston.2 32. Beer.

20 )( 32. ( 4)(30) − ( 2)    2T   3T  − 0. William E.5608 lb From (4). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.62112 )( 30 ) ( 3)( 5.20 )( 32.20 g    0.62112  = 120 − 27. aA = aB = (a) = ( 4 )( 5.56 lb P = 44.5608 ) + ( 0.31056 Acceleration vectors. Clausen.5608) 0.5608) 0.2 ) = 20.4 ft/s 2 a B = 29. . (3) and (5) into (1). Force P.20 )( 20 ) + ( 0. (b) (c) Tension in the cable.62112 − ( 0.42 ft/s 2 − ( 0. Eisenberg.9 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.2)  − ( 3)  − ( 0. Beer. and aC are to the right. a A = 20.2)( 32.2 = 0 T = 5. T = 5.37 ft/s 2 From (3).37 T + 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Substitute (2). Russell Johnston. Phillip J.4 ft/s 2 aC = 30 ft/s 2 Since a A . ( 2 )( 5. and FC are to the left as assumed.20 g  − ( 3)  − 0.2 ) = 29.2)( 32. FB .877 lb From (2).62112  0.31056  2T   3T  = ( 4)( 30) − ( 2)  − ( 0.2)   0. Elliot R.. Ferdinand P. Jr. E. aB . P = 4T + FC + mC aC = 44. David Mazurek.31056   0. the friction forces FA .

then add Eq. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. where the positive directions of a A and aB / A are respectively the x and the y directions. Solution 34. T = 137. (1). Jr. aB / A = 0. 8/e.068 or a A = −0. (3).328 ΣFy = mB ( aB ) y : mB g cos 20° − T = mB aB / A mB aB / A + T = mB g cos 20° 15 aB / A + T = 138.880 (4) Eliminate aB / A using Eq.0740 m/s 2 20° ! From Eq. (4) to Eq.2 N T = 137. Constraint of cable: x A + yB / A = constant or a A + aB / A = 0. (2) and subtract Eq.276 (2) (3) Block A: ΣFx = m A a A : m A g sin 20° + N AB + T = m A a A m Aa A − N AB + T = m A g sin 20° 25 a A − N AB + T = 83. Clausen. Russell Johnston.2 N ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Let the positive direction of x and y be those shown in the sketch. 55 a A = −4. Then aB / A = −a A 20° ) + ( aB / A 20° ) (1) First note that a B = a A + a B / A = ( a A Block B: ΣFx = mB ( aB ) x : mB g sin 20° − N AB = mB a A mB a A + N AB = mB g sin 20° 15 a A + N AB = 50.0740 m/s 2 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.0740 m/s 2 From Eq. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. a A = 0. Elliot R. Phillip J. David Mazurek. (3).. . and let the origin lie at the cable anchor. (1).

Russell Johnston. . Elliot R. Jr.4sin 25° ) = 2495 N (b) Trolley A: ΣF = mAa A : TCD − (TAB + mA g ) sin 25° = mAa A TCD = (TAB + mA g ) sin 25° + mAa A =  2495 + ( 20 )( 9. Particle B is constrained to move on a circular path with its center at point A. David Mazurek.4 )   TCD = 1145 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4cos 25° = 0.81)  sin 25° + ( 20 )( 0. E. a B / A = 0. Eisenberg. Motion of B relative to A. say to the left in the diagram and ( a B / A )n is directed 25° ) + ( aB / A toward point A. 8/e.363 m/s 2 Fy = mB ( aB ) y : TAB − mB g = mB a A sin 25° TAB = mB ( g + a A sin 25° ) = 250 ( 9. (a) a B = a A + a B / A = ( a A Crate B: ) ΣFx = Σmax : 0 = mB aB / A − mB a A cos 25° aB / A = a A cos 25° = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. Phillip J.. Solution 35. since the system starts from rest.363 a B / A = 0.81 + 0. Initially. ( a B / A )t is the component of a B / A lying along the circle. Beer. Ferdinand P.

Solution 36. 8/e.81) cos 34.6 ) 2 θ = 34. Clausen. Elliot R. a= v2 ρ + ΣFy = ma y : ΣFy = max : T cosθ − W = 0 T sin θ = ma W mv 2 mv 2 sin θ = = cosθ L sin θ ρ T = W cosθ (a) (1..81)( 0.2° ( 2 )( 9. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.21° (b) T = W mg = cosθ cosθ = θ = 34. The ball moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = L sin θ Acceleration (toward center of circle).COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.7 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.38226 mv 2 v2 tan θ sin θ = = = WL gL ( 9. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5) = 0. Russell Johnston. Beer. E. . Eisenberg. Jr.21° T = 23.

81) = 6.49 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. E.. Clausen. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 37. .2193 m 2 /s 2 cosθ1 + cosθ 2 cos 60° + cos30° v = 2. The length of the wire is L = ρ sin θ1 + ρ sin θ 2 . ρ = L sin θ1 sin θ 2 sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ΣFy = 0: T cosθ1 + T cosθ 2 − mg = 0 T = mg cosθ1 + cosθ 2 mv 2 ΣFx = max : T sin θ1 + T sin θ 2 = man = ρ mg ( sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ) mv 2 ( sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ) = cosθ1 + cosθ 2 L sin θ1 sin θ 2 v 2 = Lg sin θ1 sin θ 2 sin 60° sin 30° = ( 2 )( 9. William E. Solving for ρ . Let ρ be the radius of the horizontal circle. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R. Beer. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Jr.

01 ft 2 /s 2 v = 6. William E. Clausen.59 ft 2 /s 2 v = 10.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.78 ft/s ≤ v ≤ 10.84 ft/s 6. Solution 38. Jr. Beer.0642 ft (1) (2) W cosθ 2 ( 4 )( sin 25° )( sin 50° ) sin 25° ΣFy = 0: TAC cosθ 2 + TBC cosθ1 − W = 0 ΣFx = max : TAC sin θ 2 + TBC sin θ1 = Wv 2 gρ Case 1: TBC = 0.2 )( 3.2 )( 3. 8/e. David Mazurek.0642 ) tan 50° = 117. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.0642 ) tan 25° = 46.78 ft/s Case 2: TAC = 0. TBC cosθ1 − W = 0 or TBC = Wv 2 gρ W cosθ1 TBC sin θ1 = W tan θ1 = v 2 = g ρ tan θ1 = ( 32. .84 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. θ 3 = θ1 − θ 2 = 50° − 25° = 25° sin θ 2 1 = d sin θ 3 1 sin θ1 or 1 = d sin θ 2 sin θ 3 ρ = = = d sin θ 2 sin θ1 sin θ 3 = 3. TAC cosθ 2 − W = 0 or TAC = Wv 2 gρ TAC sin θ 2 = W tan θ 2 = v 2 = g ρ tan θ 2 = ( 32.

48 lb (b) ΣFx = man : T cosθ = m ρ v2 = ρT cosθ m = ρW cosθ m sin θ = ( 3)( 32. William E. 8/e. Beer. David Mazurek.47 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. Jr. E. Phillip J. (a) ΣFy = 0: T sin θ − W = 0 T = W 16 = sin θ sin 60° v2 or T = 18. Solution 39. Elliot R. . Ferdinand P.2 ) = 55. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.77 ft 2/s2 ρg = tan θ tan 60° v = 7. Clausen. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

Clausen.81)(1)(1. Elliot R. William E. Beer. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81) mg = cos 45° cos 45° N = 13. Phillip J. y = r 2 dy .0000 ) = 9. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.87 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E..13 m/s (1)( 9. Solution 40. = r = 1 = tan θ 2 dx or θ = 45° ΣFy = 0: N cosθ − mg = 0 N = mg cosθ ΣFx = max : N sin θ = man mg tan θ = m v2 r v 2 = gr tan θ (a) v 2 = ( 9. 8/e.81 m 2 /s 2 (b) N = v = 3.

8° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.79° v2 ρ = 2 vC BC = (1)2 0.3 m/s 2 an = Mass m = 1 kg ΣFt = mat : N cos β = (1)(1. Elliot R..421 N cos 23.421 N Force exerted by collar on rod: T = 2.6 ) − ( 2 )( 0. Ferdinand P. Solution 41.3 = 1.3 N = 1. Beer.421 N 53.667 ) = 1.6 = 1.3)( 0.79° (b) Force exerted by rod on collar is 1. Russell Johnston. E. Eisenberg.667 (a) T = 1.8° 1.6 ) cos 30° = 0.79° Acceleration components: at = 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J.421 sin 23.3) sin 30° 0. Jr.40345 β = 23.667 m/s 2 ΣFn = man : T − N sin β = (1)(1.3) = 1. Geometry OC 2 = OB 2 + 2 BC 2 −2 2 OB OC cos 30° = ( 0.13823 m 2 OC = 0. William E.667 + 1.37179 m sin 30° sin β = OB sin 30° OC OC = = sin β OB ( 0.24 N ( 30° + β ) = 53. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3) + ( 0.37179 = 0. . Clausen. 8/e.

15 )( 75 ) = 18. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..15 TDE (2) Try TDA = 75 N.34 N < 75 N (acceptable) By Eq. Beer. TDE = −5.93969 TDA − 0. Clausen. Ferdinand P. (1b). (2). (1a ) . (1b ) . By Eq.92160 TDE + 5. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.732 m/s For 0 ≤ TBA . By Eq. By Eq. William E. TDE ≤ 75 N.877 m 2 / s 2 v = 4. Elliot R. (2).5 )( 9. Eisenberg.08506 TDA − 5.732 m/s ≤ v ≤ 4. TDA . E.905 N ρ = 150 mm = 0. v 2 = ( 0. . (1a).15)( 0 ) = 0.2198 TDE = 1. Jr.5356 m 2 / s 2 v = 0. By Eq.10261)( 5.72 N > 75 N (unacceptable) Try TDE = 75 N. Phillip J.150 ρ : TDA sin 20° + TDE sin 30° = v 2 = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. v 2 = ( 0.6638 ΣFx = man = mv 2 (1a) (1b) 0. 0.5 2 v 0. TBC .34 m Try TDA = 0.150 m ΣFy = 0 : TDA cos 20° − TDE cos 30° − W = 0 0. TDE = 75.34 ) + ( 0.34 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2198 ( unacceptable ) ( acceptable ) By Eq.86603 TDE = 4.905 TDA = 0. 8/e. W = mg = ( 0.2198 ) + ( 0.6638 Try TDE = 0.10261)( 74. Solution 42. TDA = 74.10261 TDA + 0. TDA = 5.81) = 4.

216 N (acceptable) By (2). TCA = 64. ( unacceptable ) ( acceptable ) v 2 = ( 0.030 ) + 0 = 7. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.26093 TCB + 64. Beer.780 TCA = 1. By (1a).92 m/s Try TCA = 0. Elliot R. David Mazurek.216 ) = 15. Solution 43. W = mg = ( 5 )( 9.. Clausen.115702 )( 64.408 m 2 / s 2 v = 2.115702 TCA + 0. By (1b).34 m 2 / s 2 v = 3.9 = (TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° ) 5 = 0. TCB = −50.92 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.78 N Try TCB = 0. Phillip J.79307 TCA − 50. .9 m ΣFy = 0 : TCA cos 40° − TCB cos15° − W = 0 0.05 N ρ = 0. By (1b ) . William E. TCB ≤ 116 N.96593 TCB = W = 49. TCA = 210. 2.05 TCB = 0. Eisenberg. v 2 = ( 0.046587 )( 41.72 m/s ≤ v ≤ 3.046587 TCB ρ (2) Try TCB = 116 N. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. E.76604 TCA − 0.030 ΣFx = max : TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° = man = mv 2 (1a) (1b) ρ v2 = (TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° ) m 0.72 m/s For 0 ≤ TCA . By (1a ) . 8/e.115702 )(116 ) + ( 0.81) = 49.03 N By (2).3 N (unacceptable) Try TCA = 116 N. TCB = 41. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Ferdinand P. ΣFx = 0 : ΣFy = 0 : a = 0 (1) (2) − TAB cos 50° + TCD cos 70° = 0 TAB sin 50° + TCD sin 70° − W = 0 Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously. v = 0 ρ =0 + Fn = man = 0 : TCD − W cos 20° = 0 TCD = W cos 20° TCD = 0. Phillip J.940 W Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. William E. Clausen.742 W TAB = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. TAB = 0. . E. Beer. (a) Before wire AB is cut. Eisenberg.. Solution 44. an = v2 TCD = 0. Russell Johnston.395 W (b) Immediately after wire AB is cut. Jr. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R.

.883 m /s  0.6979 = at 0.6979 m/s Time at slipping. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.32 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.75  µs   vs = 1. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.300)  9. David Mazurek. William E. Ferdinand P. Beer.150 ts = 11. . Solution 45. ΣFy = ma y : N − mg = − man = − N = mg − mv 2 mv 2 ρ ρ ΣFx = max : Ft = mat At onset of slipping. Ft = µ s N 2  mvs  mat = µ s  mg −   ρ     a  0. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Jr.81 −  = 2. E. Elliot R. Clausen.150   2 2 2 vs = ρ  g − t  = ( 0. ts = vs 1.

277 ) = 123.5)(5280) = 2640 ft.01 lb Ft does not change.2 ft/s.2 ft/s. Elliot R. N increases by 76. Clausen.211 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.3 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. v = 509.475 ft/s 2 vB 2949 ∫ 540 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds 2 vB = 259300 ft 2 /s 2 or 2 vB 5402 − = ( −5. Ferdinand P. θ = 8° π = 0. 200 = 6.475 ) = −34.13963 rad 180° Length of arc: s AB = ρθ = ( 4 ) (5280) ( 0.25 lb magnitude of change of force = 76. Jr.75 lb ΣFx = Ft = mat : ( Ft )1 = ( 0. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.2 )2 21120 ρ = 12.211)( −5. David Mazurek. William E.01 lb an = 0 N 2 = W = 200 lb Just after point B.13963) = 2949 ft sBC = (0.2 ft/s Mass of passenger: m = Just before point B. Angle change over arc AB. ΣFy = 0 : N 2 − W = 0 ΣFx = mat : Ft = mat = ( 6.211)(12.2 v = 509.277 ft/s 2 ΣFy = N1 − W = −m ( an )1 : N1 = 200 − ( 6. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 46. ρ = (4)(5280) = 21120 ft v2 = an = ( 509. . Beer. Phillip J.474 ) = −34.475 )( 2949 ) 2 2 vB = 509. ρ = ∞. s AC = 2949 + 2640 = 5589 ft 480 5589 ∫ 540 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds or 4802 5402 − = at ( 5589 ) 2 2 at = −5. E.6221)( −5..

dt ρ = (4)(5280) = 21120 ft 8°π = 2949 ft 180° Length of arc AB.909.0 lb 77. s AB = ρθ AB = ( 21120 ) vB s AB ∫ v A v dv = ∫ 0 at ds 2 2 vB v A 2 2 − = 2at s AB or vB = v A + 2at s AB = 5402 + ( 2 )( −6 )( 2949 ) 2 2 = 256212.83 = 3.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. (2) θ = 8° = 92. From Eq. F = N v = 180 m/s.124 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.78 lb 92. v = 506.2 ft/s From Eq.83 lb P = ( 5.2° (b) At point B. F= N = 165 − ( 5. William E. From Eq.124 )( −6 ) = −30. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. From Eq.74 ) = 107. s = 3 180t − t 2 m.2 g mv 2 For passenger. β = 85. tan β = β − 8° = 77. David Mazurek.2° 7. Ferdinand P.2° N 2 + P 2 = 93. tan β = 102. Jr.. 8/e. E.65 = 11.124 )( −6 ) = −7.74 lb 2 (102. m = ΣF = man : W cosθ − N = N = W cosθ − mv 2 ρ (1) ρ ΣF = mat : P − W sin θ = mat P = W sin θ + mat (a) Just after point A. (1). β = 73.74 F = 107.124 )( 506. Clausen. . (2).2 ft/s W 165 = = 5.3 lb 73. Phillip J.3 lb. at = dv = − 6 m/s 2 dt ( ) v= ds = 3 (180 − 2t ) m/s. (2). Eisenberg. W = 165 lb.0 lb. Russell Johnston.4° 30.78 F = 93.124 )( 540 )2 = 165cos8° − 21120 P = 165sin 8° + ( 5.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 47. Beer. Elliot R.65 lb ( 5.2 )2 21120 = 102. θ = 0. vB = 506. t = 0.345.83) 2 + ( 30. (1).

81 2 ρ = 201 m (b) v = 80 km/h = 22. (a) v = 160 km/h = 44. .44 m/s Wheels do not touch the road.4 v2 = g 9. Russell Johnston. William E. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Elliot R. E.4    N = 515 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ΣFy = −man : − mg = −mv 2 / ρ ρ = ( 44. Clausen. 8/e.44 ) = 201.. Jr.81 −   201. Solution 48. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.22 m/s m = 70 kg for passenger ΣFy = −man : N − mg = − mv 2 ρ  v2  N = m g −   ρ    22. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.22 2  = ( 70 )  9.

Clausen.2)(9. 2 v0 = ρ (Tmax − W ) m − 2 gr = ( 0..3)(10 − 1. ΣFy = man : Tmax − W = mvmax 2 ρ vmax 2 = ρ m (Tmax − W) (2) Eliminating vmax 2 from equations (1) and (2).285 m 2 /s 2 v 0 = 0. William E.2 kg. Jr.2 − ( 2 )( 9. Eisenberg. m = 0.6 m for 0 ≤ θ ≤ 90° v = vmax when the cord touches the peg or θ = 90°. Phillip J.81) = 1. 2 2 vmax = v0 + 2 gr (1) When the cord touches the peg. Ferdinand P.81)( 6.0 ) = 0.3 m. the radius of curvature of the path becomes ρ = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. W = mg = (0. Beer.962 ) 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E.962 N ΣFt = mat : W cosθ = mat at = W cosθ = g cosθ m v s θ ∫ v0 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds = ∫ 0 at rdθ 1 2 1 2 v − v0 = 2 2 θ ∫ 0 g cosθ rdθ = gr sin θ 2 v 2 = v0 + 2 gr sin θ . David Mazurek. .534 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 49. where r = 0. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. 8/e.

Clausen..8° ≤ θ ≤ 166. David Mazurek. Solution 50. P + W sin θ − man > 0 sin θ ≥ man P (0.5lb = 0. mB = 0. Beer.2 ft/s 2 an = v2 ρ = (9 ft/s) 2 = 27 ft/s 2 3ft at = 0 since v = constant. ∑ F = ma : Q − P − W sin θ = − man Q = P + W sin θ − man But.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.3 − = − 0.015528)(27) 0.2385 13.5 0.5 W W sin θ ≥ 0. William E. . Eisenberg. Jr. Elliot R. E. Russell Johnston. Q ≥ 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.015528lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32. Mass of block B. Acceleration of block B. Ferdinand P. 8/e. Phillip J.

8/e.67 ft/s2 120 W 2 v C = ρ an = ( 3600 )( 53..2 × 103 − 251. Phillip J.562 )( 5655 ) = 222. David Mazurek. William E. Solution 51. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 × 103 = 2s AC ( 2 )(11310 ) = − 2. E. Eisenberg.2 ) = 69.77 ft/s2 120 W 2 v A = ρ an = ( 3600 )( 69. the vertical component of apparent weight is shown as N A. . Beer. Elliot R.2 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.67 ) = 193. ΣF = man : NC + W = W an g an = NC + W 80 + 120 g = ( 32. Clausen. s AB = π 2 ρ = π 2 ( 3600 ) = 5655 ft 2 2 vB = v A + 2at s AB = 251. Ferdinand P.562 ft/s 2 At position B. using vC − v A = 2at s AC at = 2 2 vC − v A 193.2 × 103 + ( 2 )( −2.2 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 Length of arc ABC: s AC = πρ = π ( 3600 ) = 11310 ft 2 2 Calculate at .77 ) = 251. the vertical component of apparent weight is shown as NC .2 × 103 ft 2 /s 2 At position C. At position A. Jr. Russell Johnston.2 ) = 53. ΣF = man : N A − W = W an g an = NA − W 380 − 120 g = ( 32.

5 = 110. William E. Clausen. David Mazurek.5 230 β = 25.7° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. 8/e.2 3600 mat = W 120 at = ( −2.5 lb ΣF = man : N B = man = 230 lb Force exerted by seat: F = NB2 + P2 = tan β = 2302 + 110.52 = 255 lb 110.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Effective forces at B: man = 2 W vB 120 222. Jr.2 g ΣF = mat : P − W = mat or P = W + mat = 120 − 9.562 ) = −9. . Ferdinand P.2 × 103 = = 230 lb g ρ 32. E. Eisenberg. Phillip J.5 lb 32. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7° F = 255 lb 25. Russell Johnston. Beer.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. The road reaction consists of normal component N and friction component F. . Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R. Eisenberg. William E. Jr. Beer. Clausen. Solution 52. 8/e. Case 1: v = vmax ΣFy = 0: R cos (θ + φs ) − mg = 0 R = mg cos (θ + φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ + φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ + φs ) vmax 2 = g tan (θ + φs ) r vmax = Case 2: v = vmin ΣFy = 0: R cos (θ − φs ) − mg = 0 gr tan (θ + φs ) R = mg cos (θ − φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ − φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ − φs ) vmin 2 = g tan (θ − φs ) r vmin = gr tan (θ − φs ) gr tan (θ − φs ) ≤ v ≤ gr tan (θ + φs ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. The resultant R makes angle φs with the normal. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. E..

William E.44899 µ = 0. Weight. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.889)2 sin 51.875° − (200) (9. Rated speed v = 180 km/h = 50 m/s. Beer. Elliot R. F = 0 at rated speed.2742 ρ g (200) (9. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E.. F = µN v = 320 km/h = 88. Ferdinand P. . David Mazurek. Phillip J.81) θ = 51.9° µ= µ= F v 2 cosθ − ρ g sin θ = N v 2 sin θ + ρ g cosθ (88. Jr. Clausen. 0= tan θ = mv 2 ρ cosθ − mg sin θ v2 (50) 2 = = 1.875° (88.875° (b) Slipping outward. Eisenberg. Acceleration. Solution 53. W = mg a= v2 ρ ∑ Fx = max : F + W sin θ = ma cosθ F = mv 2 ρ cosθ − mg sin θ (1) ∑ Fy = ma y : N − W cosθ = ma sin θ N= mv 2 ρ sin θ + mg cosθ (2) (a) Banking angle.875° + (200) (9. 8/e.875° = 0.81)sin 51.889) 2 cos51.889 m/s θ = 51.81) cos 51.449 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

. David Mazurek. Clausen.875° = = 1029. E.44899 cos 51. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.5 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Minimum speed. Eisenberg.875°) cos 51. Beer. . −µ= F = −µ N v 2 cosθ − ρ g sin θ v 2 sin θ + ρ g cosθ v2 = ρ g (sin θ − µ cosθ ) cosθ + µ sin θ (200) (9. Elliot R.09 m/s v = 115.44899sin 51.875° − 0. Jr.875° + 0.81) (sin 51. William E.87 m 2 /s 2 v = 32. Russell Johnston.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6. Rated speed: vR = 75 mi/h = 110 ft/s.  v2  cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )  Fs = W   gρ   (183. Eisenberg.3° − 8° φ = 13.3° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. . v2 cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ ) = 0 gρ v2 (183. Beer. Russell Johnston. Solution 54. Clausen.247 W Fs = 0.33 ft/s From Sample Problem 12.247 W ! (b) For Fs = 0. Elliot R.2)( 2674)    = 0.. David Mazurek. Phillip J.3° φ = 21. 2 vR = g ρ tan θ 2 (110 ) = 2674 ft vR = 32. ΣFx = max : Fs + W sin (θ + φ ) = man cos (θ + φ ) = mv 2 ρ cos (θ + φ ) (a) φ = 0.39035 tan (θ + φ ) = = g ρ ( 32.33) 2  cos8° − sin 8° =W  ( 32. Ferdinand P.33) = 0. William E.2)( 2674) 2 θ + φ = 21. 125 mi/h = 183.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e.2 tan 8° g tan θ 2 or ρ = Let the x-axis be parallel to the floor of the car. E.

cos (θ + φ ) = 1 − u 2 . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.90° − θ = 14.2 )( 2674 ) 0.39035 1 − u 2 − u or 0.24u + u 2 or 1. Rated speed: vR = 75 mi/h = 110 ft/s.12 = 0. Then.33 ft/s From Sample Problem 12.6. Elliot R.12 W so that = s gρ ( 32. 125 mi/h = 183. E.39035 1 − u 2 = 0.12 + u Squaring both sides. Ferdinand P.12 W = W 0. θ + φ = sin −1 u = 14. Clausen. 0.2 tan 8° g tan θ 2 = g ρ tan θ or Let the x-axis be parallel to the floor of the car. 0. . 2 vR 2 (110 ) = 2674 ft vR ρ = = 32. Phillip J. William E.13797 = 0 ( ) The positive root of the quadratic equation is u = 0. Beer. 8/e.24u + 0.0144 + 0.  v2  cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )  Fs = W   gρ  2 Now v2 (183.39035 and F = 0.39035 cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )    Let u = sin (θ + φ ) .15237u 2 + 0.90° φ = 14. ΣFx = max : Fs + W sin (θ + φ ) = man cos (θ + φ ) = mv 2 ρ cos (θ + φ ) Solving for Fs .15237 1 − u 2 = 0. Russell Johnston..90° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2572.90° − 8° φ = 6.33) = 0. Jr. Then. Solution 55.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek.

William E. and 69. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P.6° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . E.3488 (0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. If the collar is not sliding. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Clausen. Beer.5)2 θ = 0°. 180°. v = ρω Normal acceleration. 8/e. it moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = r sin θ .5) (7. Jr.81 = 0. Solution 56. an = v2 ρ = ρ 2ω 2 = (r sin θ ) ω 2 ρ ∑ Fy = ma y : N cosθ − mg = 0 mg N = cosθ ΣFx = max : N sin θ = ma mg sin θ = (m r sin θ )ω 2 cos θ Either or sin θ = 0 cos θ = g rω 2 θ = 0° or 180° or cosθ = 9.. Phillip J.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.56 Normal acceleration: r = 500 mm = 0. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.1950 N µ s N = (0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. an = v2 ρ = ρ 2ω 2 = (r sin θ )ω 2 ρ ma: ΣF = F − mg sin θ = − m (r sin θ ) ω 2 cos θ F = m ( g − rω 2 cos θ )sin θ ΣF = ma : N − mg cos θ = m(r sin θ )ω 2 sin θ N = m( g cos θ ) + r ω 2 sin 2 θ ) (a) θ = 75°. If the collar is not sliding. 12.5)2    = 7. v = ρω From Prob. William E.81cos 75° + (0.1950) = 1. Clausen.81 − (0. Solution 57. the collar does not slide.5 rad/s.25) 9. it moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = r sin θ . m = 250g = 0. Phillip J. E. 8/e. F = 0. .611 N continued 75° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25)(7.5)2  sin 75° = 0.61112 N N = (0.500 m. Elliot R. Jr.250 kg. Beer. Ferdinand P.500 cos 75°)(7..25) 9. ω = 7.500sin 2 75°)(7.   F = (0.7987 N Since F < µ s N .

7839 N F = µk N = (0. F = µk N .5)2    = 4.81cos 40° + (0.81cos 40° + (0.5)2  sin 40° = − 1. E..8858 N N = (0. Ferdinand P. Since the collar is sliding.7839 N µ s N = (0.81 − (0.5) 2    = 4. 8/e.1960 N Since F > µ s N . . Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Jr.500cos 40°) (7.25) (4.25) 9. Eisenberg.   F = (0. David Mazurek.957 N 40° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston.500sin 2 40°)(7. Elliot R.500sin 2 40°)(7.25) 9.7839) = 0.25) 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) θ = 40°.957 N F = 0. Beer.20) (4. William E. the collar slides. ∑ Fn = + ma : N − mg cosθ = man sin θ N = mg cos θ + m (r sin θ )ω 2 sin θ = m  g cos θ + (r sin 2 θ )ω 2    = (0.7839) = 1.

Jr. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v = at = 0. and set it equal to µ s for impending slip. g = 32. 8/e. Russell Johnston.2 ft/s 2 ΣFt = mat : − W sin 30° + N = 0 N = W sin 30° ΣFn = man : W cos 30° − F = m Wv 2 ρg v2 = Wv 2 ρg ρ F = W cos 30° − Form the ratio F . . Beer.636 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.2 ) /(1)(32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R.. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. N 2 cos 30° − ( 4. Eisenberg.2) cos 30° − v 2 / ρ g F = = µs = sin 30° sin 30° N µ s = 0. Draw the free body diagrams of the block B when the arm is at θ = 150°. E. Solution 58. William E.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.6 ft 2 /s 2 cos β − µs sin β cos 45° − 0.5cos 45° = ( 6)( 32.2) = 579. 8/e. Ferdinand P.. Beer. Solution 59. Clausen.5sin 45° v = 24. Elliot R. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Phillip J. Jr. Russell Johnston. tan β = 1 or dy 1 = r dr 6 β = 45° Draw free body sketches of the sphere. Eisenberg. ΣFy = 0: N cos β − µs N sin β − W = 0 N = W cos β − µs sin β mv 2 = Wv 2 ρg ΣFn = man : N sin β + µs N cos β = ρ W ( sin β + µs N cos β ) cos β − µs sin β v2 = ρg = Wv 2 ρg sin β + µs cos β sin 45° + 0. William E. Let β be the slope angle of the dish. tan β = At r = 6ft. David Mazurek.1 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

0 × 10−6 lb Magnitude of force: F = Ft 2 + Fn 2 = 10−6 ( 644. = 2 12 60 × 10−6 lb 16 (a) For uniformly accelerated motion.2 ft/s 2 m= W = 116.3975)2 F = 644 × 10 −6 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.46 × 10 ) ( 48) = −9 2 5 /12 = 644. ρ = W = 60 × 10−6 oz = g = 32. Clausen. 8/e. .3975 × 10−6 lb. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Phillip J. William E. Russell Johnston. E. Solution 60. Uniformly accelerated motion on a circular path. Jr. v = v0 + at t = 0 + (12 )( 4 ) v = 48 ft/s (b) ΣFt = mat : Ft = 116. Beer.46 × 10−9 lb s 2 / ft g D 5 ft = 5 in.46 × 10−9 (12 ) = 1.0 )2 + (1. mv 2 ( ) ΣFn = man : Fn = man = ρ (116.. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

N =W µs = F = 0. Uniformly accelerated motion on a circular path.3144 W : Fn = gρ ( 32.315 W µ s = 0. Ferdinand P. 8/e. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ΣFy = 0: N − W = 0 Since sliding is impending.2 W (9) Wv 2 = 0. Solution 61. Jr. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek.. Eisenberg.75 )(12 ) = 9 ft/s Ft = mat = W a 0.0233 W g g 32. William E.315 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. The normal force N is calculated from equilibrium of forces in the vertical direction.2 )(8) 2 Fn = man = F = Ft 2 + Fn 2 = 0.315 W This is the friction force available to cause the trunk to slide. E. Phillip J.75 at : Ft = W t = W = 0. Beer. Clausen. Elliot R. ρ = 8 ft v = v0 + at t = 0 + ( 0.

. ( µs )min = 0.554°.0041 − sin θ  ( 4.258 θ = 14. Clausen.24974 4.81)( 0. the ratio becomes = 2 2 N 4. Eisenberg. (b) Corresponding values of θ . .0041.24974 = 0. William E. Ferdinand P.2 ) F cosθ = = 4. E.5° and 165.0041 − sinθ )2 sin θ = 1 = 0. Russell Johnston. For constant speed.5° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. ± cosθ 1 − 4.7 ) For no impending slide. F N = θ = 180° − 14. µs ≥ F cos θ = N 4. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.7 m/s. Beer. 8/e. F = 0.0041 − 0.446°.0041 − sin θ To find the value of θ for which the ratio is maximum set the derivative with respect to θ equal to zero. Solution 62.0041 sin θ d   = 0   = ± dθ  4.258 N (a) Minimum value of µs for no slip.258 θ = 14.0041 cos14. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 m ΣFx = max: F = man cosθ ΣFy = ma y : N − W = −man sin θ N = mg − man sin θ F man cosθ cosθ cosθ = = = g gρ N mg − man sin θ − sin θ − sin θ an vB 2 Ratio With g ρ ( 9. at = 0 an = vB2 ρ with vB = 0. Phillip J. ρ = 0.0041 − sin θ vB ( 0.446° 4.446° = 165.

Jr. cos 2 θ − ( u − sin θ )( sin θ ) d  cosθ  1 − u sin θ = = = 0   2 dθ  u − sin θ  ( u − sin θ ) ( u − sin θ )2 The corresponding ratio F . E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. For constant speed.805 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.35) = 19. N ± u −1 1−u −2 F ± 1 − u −2 = = N u − u −1 = ± sin θ = ± tan θ cosθ (a) For impending sliding to the left: F = tan θ = µ s = 0. Ferdinand P. . Eisenberg. Beer. William E..2 ) sin19. ρ = 0.7 m/s. Elliot R. 8/e. Clausen.29° = 0. u −1 = vB 2 = ( 9. David Mazurek.81)( 0. at = 0 an = vB 2 ρ with vB = 0. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.29°.2 m ΣFx = max : F = man cosθ ΣFy = ma y : N − W = −man sin θ Ratio N = mg − man sin θ F man cosθ cosθ cosθ = = = g gρ N mg − man sin θ − sin θ − sin θ an vB 2 Let u = gρ F cosθ = so that N u − sin θ vB 2 Determine the value of θ at which F/N is maximum. gρ θ = arctan ( 0. Solution 63.648 m 2 /s 2 vB = 0. Russell Johnston.35 N vB 2 = sin θ .

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

For impending motion to the right:

F = − tan θ = µ s = 0.35 N

θ = arctan ( −0.35 ) = 160.71°
u −1 = v2 2 = sin θ , gρ

vB 2 = ( 9.81)( 0.2 ) sin160.71° = 0.648 m 2 /s 2 = 0.805 m/s

(b)

For impending sliding to the left, θ = 19.3° For impending sliding to the right, θ = 160.7°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 64.
Consider the motion of one electron. For the horizontal motion, let x = 0 at the left edge of the plate and x = l at the right edge of the plate. At the screen,
x =

l
2

+ L

Horizontal motion: There are no horizontal forces acting on the electron so that ax = 0. Let t1 = 0 when the electron passes the left edge of the plate, t = t1 when it passes the right edge, and t = t2 when it impacts on the screen. For uniform horizontal motion,
x = v0t , so that t1 =

l
v0

and

t2 =

l
2v0

+

L . v0

Vertical motion: The gravity force acting on the electron is neglected since we are interested in the deflection produced by the electric force. While the electron is between plates ( 0 ≤ t ≤ t1 ) , the vertical force on the electron is
Fy = eV / d . After it passes the plates ( t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ) , it is zero. ΣFy = ma y : a y = vy = vy Fy m =

For 0 ≤ t ≤ t1,

eV md

( )0 + a y t

= 0+

eVt md

y = y0 + v y

( )0
y1 =

t +

1 2 eVt 2 a yt = 0 + 0 + 2 2md

At t = t1,

( )1
vy

=

eVt1 md

and

2 eVt1 2md

For t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ,

ay = 0
y = y1 + v y

( )1 ( t − t1 )

At t = t2

y2 = δ = y1 + v y

( )1 ( t2 − t1 )

δ =

2 eVt1 eVt1 eVt 1 + ( t2 − t1 ) = 1  t2 − t1    md md  2md 2 

=

eV l  l L 1 l + −   mdv0  2v0 v0 2 v0 

or δ =

eV lL ! 2 mdv0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 65.

Consider the motion of one electron. For the horizontal motion, let x = 0 at the left edge of the plate and x = l at the right edge of the plate. At the screen,

+ L 2 Horizontal motion: There are no horizontal forces acting on the electron so that ax = 0.
Let t1 = 0 when the electron passes the left edge of the plate, t = t1 when it passes the right edge, and t = t2 when it impacts on the screen. For uniform horizontal motion,

x =

l

x = v0t ,

so that t1 =

l
v0

and

t2 =

l
2v0

+

L . v0

electron is Fy = eV / d . After it passes the plates ( t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ) , it is zero. For 0 ≤ t ≤ t1,

Vertical motion: The gravity force acting on the electron is neglected since we are interested in the deflection produced by the electric force. While the electron is between the plates ( 0 ≤ t ≤ t1 ) , the vertical force on the

ΣFy = ma y : a y =

Fy m

=

eV md

vy = vy

( )0 + a y t

= 0+

eVt md
= 0+0+ eVt 2 2md

y = y0 + v y
At t = t1, But y <

( )0 t + 1 a y t 2 2

l
v0

, y =

eV l 2 2 2mdv0

d − 0.075d = 0.425d 2

So that

eV l 2 < 0.425d 2 2mdv0 d2 1 eV eV > = 1.176 2 2 2 0.425 2mv0 l mv0

d eV > 1.085 2 l mv0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 66. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. E.6 m. W = mg Block B: Only force is weight Fr = W cos 30°. Eisenberg.90 m/s 2 60° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. θ& = 2 rad/s. Elliot R.81) cos 30° = 10. William E.226 m/s g sin 30° + rθ = − & 2θ ( 2 )( 2 ) v B / rod = 1. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. && θ = 30°. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. θ = 0 r = 0.81) sin 30° + ( 0. .90 m/s 2 a B / rod = 10. Clausen. Beer.. Fθ = −W sin 30° && && (a) Fθ = maθ = m rθ + 2rθ : ( ) && 2rθ = & r = − Fθ mg sin 30° && && && − rθ = − − rθ = − g sin 30° − rθ m m && ( 9.6 )( 2 ) + ( 9.6 )( 0 ) = −1.226 m/s 60° & r (b) Fr = mar = m && − rθ 2 : ( ) & && = rθ + r Fr mg cos 30° & & = rθ 2 + = rθ 2 + g cos 30° m m 2 = ( 0. Russell Johnston. 8/e.

Eisenberg. vr = r = 0. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.937 m/s 2 a B / rod = 6. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.468 (b) ΣFr = mar : mg sin 45° = m r − rθ 2 ( ) r = mg sin 45° + rθ 2 = g sin 45° + rθ 2 m = ( 9.5)(9.94 m/s 2 45° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. Phillip J. .8 m.81) cos 45° + 0. E. William E.47 N 45° = (0. θ = 10 rad/s2 W = mg vθ = rθ = 0. Clausen. θ = 45°. Jr.5 ( 0.. (a) ΣFθ = maθ : N − W cos 45° = m rθ + 2rθ ( ) N = mg cos 45° + m rθ + 2rθ ( ) N = 7.81) sin 45° + 0 = 6.8 )(10 ) + 0    = 7. Russell Johnston. Beer. r = 0. Solution 67. 8/e.

William E. W 4 = = 0.12422)(0) Fr = 0.12422 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32. r = 3t 2 − t 3 ft r = 6t − 3t 2 ft/s r = 6 − 6t ft/s 2 θ = 2t 2 rad θ = 4t rad/s θ = 4 rad/s 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = 6 − 6t − (3t 2 − t 3 )(16t 2 ) = 16t 5 − 48t 4 − 6t + 6 ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = (3t 2 − t 3 )(4) + (2)(6t − 3t 2 )(4t ) = 60t 2 − 28t 3 ft/s 2 Mass: m = (a) t = 0. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.12422)(6) Fθ = maθ = (0. Beer. Clausen.2 g ar = 6 ft/sec2 aθ = 0 Apply Newton’s second law. E. Fr = mar = (0.98 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.98 lb Fθ = 3. Jr.. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Ferdinand P.745 lb Fθ = 0 (b) t = 1 s.12422)(32) Fr = − 3. Elliot R. ar = − 32 ft/s 2 aθ = 32 ft/s 2 Apply Newton’s second law. Solution 68. Use radial and transverse components of acceleration. Fr = mar = (0.12422)(−32) Fθ = maθ = (0. .

Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. .61) Fθ = maθ = 0 Fr = − 22. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 lb Fθ = 0 (b) t = 0.61 ft/s 2 aθ = 0 Apply Newton’s second law.75 s.031056)(473. Elliot R.031056)(−236. William E.87) Fθ = maθ = (0. Ferdinand P. ar = − 236. David Mazurek.87 ft/s2 aθ = 473. Solution 69. Fr = mar = (0.. 8/e. r = 6(1 + cos 2π t ) ft r = −12π sin 2π t ft/s θ = 2π t rad θ = 2π rad/s r = − 24π 2 cos 2π t ft/s 2 θ =0 ar = r − rθ 2 = − 24π 2 cos 2π t − (6 + 6 cos 2π t )(2π )2 = − 24π 2 − 48π 2 cos 2π t ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0 + (2)(−12π sin 2π t )(2π ) = − 48π 2 sin 2π t Mass: m = W 1 = = 0. Fr = mar = (0.031056 lb ⋅ s 2/ft 32. ar = − 710. Jr. Clausen.74) Fr = − 7. E.36 lb Fθ = 14.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. Beer.031056)(710. Use radial and transverse components of acceleration.74 ft/s 2 Apply Newton’s second law.2 g (a) t = 0.71 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

t2 = or − ar = aθ 3. . Phillip J. −mar = maθ Using the calculated expressions 0. Ferdinand P.8t rad/s. Clausen.6t.8 rad/s 2 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = 0 − (1.936 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.96 t = 1.5t ft r t ∫ 0 dr =∫ 0 r dt θ = 0. Solution 70. Eisenberg.5 ft/s.96t 3 ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = (1. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.75 s 2 0. Kinematics: dr = r = 1. E.5t )( 0.. Elliot R.96t 3 = 3.6t ft/s 2 Kinetics: Sketch the free body diagrams for the collar.8t ) = −0.8 ) + ( 2 )(1.6 = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8t ) = 3. William E. θ = 0. 8/e.5t )( 0. Beer.5 )( 0. r = 0 dt or r = 1. ΣFr = mar : − T = mar ΣFθ = maθ : Q = maθ Set T = Q to obtain the required time. David Mazurek. Jr.

8/e. Clausen.. Elliot R.105 ) = 257.015528) (1.733 rad 2 /s 2 mr ( 0. Eisenberg.5/32. && && Fθ = maθ : Fθ = m rθ + 2rθ ( ) Fθ = 0.6 ft/s 2 r 2 a B / rod = 258 ft/s 2 radially outward ! (b) Transverse component of the force.2 = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.015528)(1. David Mazurek.5)(10 ) + ( 2 )( 0 )(12 ) = 0.5 )(13. Phillip J. θ = 10 rad/s2 m = 0. Jr.015528 lb " s 2 /ft Before cable breaks: Fr = −T and && = 0. r = 0 (a) Acceleration of B relative to the rod. Russell Johnston. Beer. William E.5) θ& = 13. Ferdinand P.233   Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. & m && − rθ 2 = 0 r ( ) or & && = rθ 2 = (1.105 rad/s & Immediately after the cable breaks: Fr = 0. && θ& = 10t rad/s. Solution 71.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.233 lb ! ( 0. . r & Fr = mar : − T = m && − rθ 2 r ( ) & && mrθ 2 = mr + T or θ& 2 = && 0+4 mr + T = = 171.

m = 230 g = 0. William E. r =− ( 0.230 kg.. Elliot R. E. k = 60 N/m ΣFr = Fr = mar : − kr = m r − rθ 2 ( ) ( k − mθ ) r = −mr 2 (a) Radial coordinate. Solution 72. 8/e.230 )(15 ) r = 335 mm = 0. Beer. Eisenberg. Fr = −kr. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. .304 m/s 2mθ ( 2 )( 0. Phillip J. θ = 0. vr = r Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Fθ = 9 N. Russell Johnston. r = −12 m/s2 Due to the spring. Ferdinand P.230 )( −12 ) mr =− 2 2 k − mθ 60 − ( 0.33455 m ΣFθ = maθ : Fθ = m rθ + 2rθ 2rθ = ( ) Fθ − rθ m r = Fθ − mrθ 9−0 = = 1.304 m/s (b) Radial component of velocity. David Mazurek.230 )(15) vr = 1. θ = 15 rad/s.

Phillip J.6° = mat at = Fs cos 22.2 m/s 2 aθ = a sin 46.1 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.29sin 46.62° Draw the free body diagram of the collar. Elliot R. Jr.6° 70cos 22.93° = 84.29cos 46. At point A. Eisenberg.. Ferdinand P.077 φ = 69.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.52 m/s 2 0. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.2 m/s 2 in negative r-direction ar = − 84.93° aθ = 90. William E. Beer.5 Acceleration vector.62° = 46.52 43.55° φ − 22. + ΣF = ma : Fs cos 22. Solution 73. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8)2 = 115.077 m/s 2 m 1.62° = = 43.93° = 123.125 tan θ = − 125 175 + 125 θ = − 22.93° = 123. E.29 m/s 2 tan φ = 115.93° ar = a cos 46. 2 a = an + at2 = 115. . an = v2 ρ = (3. Clausen.522 + 43.0772 = 123.

Elliot R. Constraint of cable: r + yB = constant. and changing signs gives (5) aB = a A cosθ Substituting Eq.991 ft/s 2 WA sec θ + WB cos θ 40sec30° + 50 cos 30° (6) From Eq. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. and let yB be the position coordinate (positive downward. Jr. (1) to eliminate r .2 )(17. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. T = ( 40/32. For block B. WB = Radial and transverse components of a A. Beer.81 T = 25.991) sec30° = 25.581 ft/s 2 (a) From Eq.58 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. r − rθ 2 = ar = a A ⋅ er = −a A cosθ Noting that initially θ = 0. + ΣFx = mAa A : T cosθ = ΣFy = WA W a A or T = A a A secθ (2) g g WB W aB : WB − T = B aB (3) g g WA W a A secθ + B aB (4) g g Adding Eq. being careful to note the positive directions of the components. a A = 17. Phillip J.991cos 30° = 15. (6). r + aB = 0 or r = −aB (1) For block A. using Eq. (2) to eliminate T. Let r and θ be polar coordinates of block A as shown. Eisenberg. (6) into Eq. (4) and solving for a A .99 ft/s 2 a B = 15. (1) to Eq. aA = WB g ( 50)( 32.. William E. origin at the pulley) for the rectilinear motion of block B. (c) Acceleration of block B. (2). r + vB = 0. . E. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. Solution 74. Use either the scalar product of vectors or the triangle construction shown. aB = 17.8 lb (b) Acceleration of block A.2) = = 17.

r = vr = v A ⋅ er = −v A cos 30° = −6cos 30° = −5. origin at the pulley) for the rectilinear motion of block B. Solution 75. William E. Jr. (1) to Eq. r + vB = 0. Let r and θ be polar coordinates of block A as shown. . Russell Johnston. r − rθ 2 = ar = a A ⋅ er = −a A cosθ Using Eq.19615 ft/s rθ = vθ = v A ⋅ eθ = −v A sin 30° = 6sin 30° = 3 ft/s θ = Constraint of cable: vθ 3 = = 1.. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. Radial and transverse components of v A. Use either the scalar product of vectors or the triangle construction shown. + ΣFx = mAa A : T cosθ = For block B. and let yB be the position coordinate (positive downward. Clausen. (1) to eliminate r and changing signs gives (5) (6) aB = a A cosθ − rθ 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. WB = Radial and transverse components of a A. WA W a A or T = A a A secθ (2) g g WB W aB : WB − T = B aB (3) g g WA W a A secθ + B aB (4) g g ΣFy = Adding Eq. (2) to eliminate T. r + aB = 0 or r = −aB (1) For block A. Beer. Elliot R.25 rad/s r 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. being careful to note the positive directions of the components. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Use a method similar to that used for the components of velocity. Eisenberg. E.4 r + yB = constant. David Mazurek.

25 ) = 13. Clausen. Acceleration of block B. (6) into Eq.1 ft/s 2 a B = 13.8 Acceleration of block A. aB = 20. T = ( 40/32. Russell Johnston.4 )(1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Substituting Eq. aA = WB g + rθ 2 ( ) WA secθ + WB cosθ = ( 50 ) 32.2 + ( 2. Phillip J.086 ft/s 2 From Eq.25)2      40sec30° + 50cos 30° 2 = 20. David Mazurek. (4) and solving for a A . 8/e. Eisenberg. Jr. E. William E.645 ft/s 2 (a) (b) (c) From Eq. Ferdinand P. (6). (2). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. .65 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..086 cos 30° − ( 2.4 )(1. T = 28.2 )( 20.086 ) sec30° = 28. Elliot R.8 lb a A = 20.

. David Mazurek. vr = r = r0v0 r v cos 2θ v = 0 0 2 = 0 cos 2θ 2 r0 r r0 dr d  r0 θ =  dθ dθ  cos 2θ  sin 2θ θ θ = r0  ( cos 2θ )3/ 2 vr = v0 sin 2θ cos 2θ = r0 Transverse component of velocity. Eisenberg.. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = Radial component of velocity. Elliot R. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. Using Eq. Phillip J. sin 2θ ( cos 2θ ) 3/ 2 v0 cos 2θ r vθ = h r0v0 = cos 2θ r r0 vθ = v0 cos 2θ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (12. Clausen. William E. Solution 76. Jr.27). Since the particle moves under a central force. h = constant. Russell Johnston. E.

. r = dr d  sin 2θ  2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ v 2 2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ θ = θ = 0  v0 θ = v0 dθ dθ  r0 cos 2θ  cos 2θ ( cos 2θ )3 / 2 sin 2θ vr = 0 sin 2θ r0 cos 2θ v= vθ = rθ = = v0r cos 2θ r0 v= v0r r0 (a) vr = r = v0 ( vr )2 + ( vθ )2 v0r sin 2 2θ + cos 2 2θ r0 r0 v0 2 cos 2 2θ cos 2θ r0 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = = v0 2 2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ − r0 cos 2θ v0 2 cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ v0 v 2r = = 02 r0 r0 cos 2θ r0 cos 2θ Fr = mar = 2 mv0 r : r02 Fr = 2 mv0 r r02 Since the particle moves under a central force. William E. E. Phillip J.27). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. h = constant.. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = r0vn r v cos 2θ v = 0 0 2 = 0 cos 2θ 2 r0 r r0 Differentiating the expression for r with respect to time. aθ = 0 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 77. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. Using Eq. r =  sin 2θ sin 2θ v0 sin 2θ dr d  r0 θ = θ = r0 cos 2θ = v0  θ = r0 3/ 2 3/ 2 dθ dθ  cos 2θ  cos 2θ ( cos 2θ ) ( cos 2θ ) r0 Differentiating again. 8/e. (12. Beer. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Since the particle moves under a central force. Jr.

Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Magnitude of acceleration: a = ar 2 + aθ 2 = v0 2r r0 2 Tangential component of acceleration. Elliot R. at = dv d v r v v 2r =  0  = 0 r = 0 2 sin 2θ dt dt  r0  r0 r0 Normal component of acceleration. 8/e. Beer. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. an = ρ or ρ = v2 v 2r 2 r = 02 ⋅ 2 an r0 v0 ρ = r3 r02 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.. David Mazurek. 2 at = v0 2 r a 2 − at 2 = v0 2r v 2r cos 2θ 1 − sin 2 2θ = 0 r0 2 r0 2 r  But cos 2θ =  0  r (b) But an = v2 Hence. Clausen. E. Phillip J. Jr.

Using Eq. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Jr. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = r0v0 rv v0 = 2 0 02 = 2 r r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Radial component of velocity. Beer. . vr = r = d ( r0 cosθ ) = − ( r0 sinθ )θ dt Transverse component of velocity. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. h = constant.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E.27). Since the particle moves under a central force. v= vr 2 + vθ 2 = r0θ = vθ = rθ = ( r0 cosθ )θ r0v0 r0 cos 2 θ v= v0 cos 2 θ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 78. 8/e. Phillip J.. (12. William E. Speed. Clausen.

h = constant Using Eq. v= vr 2 + vθ 2 = r0θ = vθ = rθ = ( r0 cosθ )θ r0v0 v0 = 2 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Tangential component of acceleration. Ft = mat : Ft = (a) θ = 0. William E.. Clausen. vr = r = d ( ro cosθ ) = − ( r0 sin θ )θ dt Transverse component of velocity. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Beer. E. Since the particle moves under a central force. . Russell Johnston. Jr. at = ( −2 )( − sin θ )θ = 2v0 sin θ ⋅ v0 = 2v02 sin θ dv = v0 dt r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos5 θ cos3 θ cos3 θ 2mv0 2 sin θ r0 cos5 θ Ft = 0 Tangential component of force. (b) θ = 45°. Speed. 8/e. Elliot R. Phillip J. (12.27). Ft = 0 Ft = 2mv0 sin 45° cos5 45° Ft = 8mv0 2 r0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 θ = r0v0 rv v0 = 2 0 02 = 2 r r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Radial component of velocity. David Mazurek. Solution 79.

Solution 80. τ = But. vτ = 2π r 2π r 3/ 2 GM hence 3/ 2 or τ GM = 2π r r Solving for τ . Eisenberg. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Russell Johnston. M = 4 3 π R ρ. William E. 8/e. For gravitational force and a circular orbit. . 3 3π  r    Gρ  R  GM = 2 π 3 G ρ R3 / 2 Then. τ = Using r = 3R as given leads to τ = 33/ 2 3π π =9 Gρ Gρ τ = 9 (π / G ρ ) 1/ 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. E.. Beer. Clausen. David Mazurek. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 81.

For gravitational force and a circular orbit,
Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r

Let τ be the period time to complete one orbit. But Then
vτ = 2π r
GM τ 2 r = 4π 2
3

or

v 2τ 2 =

GM τ 2 = 4π 2r 2 r
1/ 3

or

 GM τ 2  r =  4π 2    

Data: τ = 23.934 h = 86.1624 × 103 s

(a) In SI units: g = 9.81 m/s 2 , R = 6.37 × 106 m
GM = gR 2 = ( 9.81) 6.37 × 106

(

)

2

= 398.06 × 1012 m3/s 2

 12 86.1624 × 103  398.06 × 10 r = 4π 2  

(

)(

)

2

    

1/ 3

= 42.145 × 106 m

altitude h = r − R = 35.775 × 106 In US units: g = 32.2 ft/s 2 , R = 3960 mi = 20.909 × 106 ft

h = 35800 km

GM = gR 2 = ( 32.2 ) 20.909 × 106
 14.077 × 1015 86.1624 × 103 r =  4π 2  

(

) )

2

= 14.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2     
1/ 3

(

)(

2

= 138.334 × 106 ft

altitude h = r − R = 117.425 × 106 ft

h = 22200 mi

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) In SI units:

v=
In US units:

GM = r

398.06 × 1012 = 3.07 × 103 m/s 6 42.145 × 10

v = 3.07 km/s

v=

GM = r

14.077 × 1015 = 10.09 × 103 ft/s 138.334 × 106

v = 10.09 × 103 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 82.

For gravitational force and a circular orbit,
Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2
or

v=

GM r

Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit.

vτ = 2π r
4π 2r 3

or

τ

GM = 2π r r

from which GM = But
GM = gR 2 ,

τ2
hence, g = 4π 2r 3 R 2τ 2
 gR 2τ 2  r =  4π 2    
1/ 3

(1)

Solving for r, Data: r = 417,000 mi = 2.202 × 109 ft
R = 44, 400 mi = 234.4 × 106 ft

τ = 3.551 days = 85.224 h = 306.8 × 103 s
Using (1),
g = 4π 2 2.202 × 109
3 2

(306.8 × 10 ) ( 234.4 × 10 )
6

(

)

3 2

= 81.5 ft/s 2

g = 81.5 ft/s 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 M = 136. Let M be the mass of the sun and m the mass of Venus.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.0 × 1027 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft (b) At the surface of the sun. David Mazurek. Jr. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.3 × 103 mi/h = 114.81 × 109 ft GMm = mg R2 g = GM 4. Eisenberg.84 × 103 ft/s GM = 354. Elliot R.84 × 103 ( )( ) 2 = 4.6792 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 (a) Mass of sun. E.8 × 109 ft v = 78.6792 × 1021 = 2 R2 22. Clausen. M = GM 4. 8/e.. Beer. Ferdinand P. . Russell Johnston.8 × 109 114.2 × 106 mi = 354.81 × 109 ( ) g = 899 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Data: GM = rv 2 r = 67.6792 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 = G 34. Solution 83. R = 432 × 103 mi = 22. For the circular orbit of Venus. GMm mv 2 = man = 2 r r where r is radius of the orbit.

81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9. William E.15 days = 171..209 × 103 m/s v = 8. Beer.37 × 106 m. Fr = But v= 2π r .98 × 1015 1/ 3 (2) ( ) 2 = 398. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.98 × 1012 v=  1.06 × 1012 = 126. .76 × 103  126. ( )    1/ 3 = 8. Jr. (1).06 × 1012 m3/s 2 ( ) (a) For Ganymede: τ = 7. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.37 × 106 For Jupiter: GM = ( 319 ) 398. Clausen. Elliot R. 8/e.21 km/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. hence.  4π 2  GM v = = GM   GM τ 2   r   2 1/ 3 (1)  4π 2 ( GM )2   =   τ2   1/ 3  2π GM  v=   τ  For earth: R = 6. Solution 84.4420 × 106  By Eq. (2). David Mazurek.69 days = 400. Ferdinand P.56 h = 1.98 × 10 r= 4π 2   By Eq.071 × 106 km (b) For Callisto: τ = 16.6 h = 617. ( )( ) 2      1/ 3 = 1.76 × 103 s  15 617. E. Phillip J.071 × 109 m r = 1. Eisenberg. 2π r = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or r3 = or v= GM r τ τ GM r GM τ 2 4π 2  GM τ 2  r =  4π 2     1/ 3 Solving for r.81) 6. For gravitational force and a circular orbit. g = 9.4420 × 106 s  2π 126.

81) 6.06 × 1012 ( 7200 )2   r=   4π 2   (a) altitude (b) cosθ = h = r − R = 1. David Mazurek.48)( 7200 ) = 1509.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 ( ) 1/ 3 = 8.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12..7908 r 8.74° t AB = ( 75.055 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.37 × 106 = = 0. vτ = 2π r  GM τ 2  r =  4π 2     or 1/ 3 τ GM = 2π r r Solving for r.37 × 106 Data: τ = 120 min = 7200 s  398. g = 9. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. Elliot R.6 s 2θ τ = 360° 360 t AB = 25.685 × 106 m R 6. R = 6370 km = 6.37 × 106 m. Jr. . Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Ferdinand P.81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9. William E. Solution 85. Beer. For earth. For gravitational force and a circular orbit.2 min Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. E.055 × 106 m h = 1685 km θ = 37.

032 × 1012 ft 3/s 2 (a) At the surface of the moon. Phillip J. GMm = man r2 an = GM r2 GM = 34.3923 × 103 s τ = 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.32 ft/s 2 (b) Orbit of space vehicle. E.7024 × 106 ft ( ( )( ) ) g = 5.03 × 1021 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft = 173.7584 × 106 173. Russell Johnston.4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 5. Solution 86. . 8/e.4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 5. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.03 × 1021 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft GM = 2 R2 5. Eisenberg..7024 × 106 ft g= 34. Elliot R. Clausen.33 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. an = g ( )( ) r = R = 1080 mi = 5.7584 × 106 ft an = v= v 2 GM = 2 r r GM r 2π r 2π r 3/2 = v GM 2π 6. William E. r = 1080 + 200 = 1280 mi = 6.032 × 10 τ = τ = ( ) 3/2 12 = 8. Ferdinand P. Jr.

8/e..1 × 1024 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.52 days = 390.4 × 10 −9 ( ) = 39. M = 4π 2  GM    G  4π 2  ( )( ) 2 = 5. Russell Johnston.1958 × 1027 ft 3 r = 328 × 103 mi = 4π 2 34. GMm mv 2 = man = 2 r r v= r3 2π r v2 = 4π 2r 2 GM r GM r τ = GM = constant 4π 2 r = 183.8 × 106 ft τ 2 = τ Tethys: 2 τ = 1. William E. .12 × 103 s 967.53 × 103 s GM 2 τ 4π 2 = 34.888 days = 163.068 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 Rhea: r3 = τ = 4.12 × 103 ( ( ) ) 3 2 = 34.8 × 106 GM = 4π 2 163. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.068 × 1015 34.1 × 10 24 M = 39. E.53 × 103 (a) r = 1. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J.3 × 103 mi = 967. Solution 87. Ferdinand P.068 × 1015 390.732 × 109 ft (b) Mass of Saturn. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Clausen.

67 × 106 m mrAv A = mrB ( vB )θ ( vB )θ = Parabola AB.196 × 103 m/s 6 rB 14. .0000 dx xB 14. ( 2) 7.196 × 103 = 7. Clausen.. y = kx 2 from which k = yB xB 2 Differentiating with respect to x.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.33 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 8300 = 14670 km = 14. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. Elliot R.33 × 106 m For a parabolic trajectory. dy 2 yB x = 2kx = dx xB 2 At point B. William E. 8/e.33 × 106 10.67 × 106 m yB = rA = 7. Beer.4 × 103 rAv A = = 5. 7. R = 6370 km = 6. Solution 88.33 × 106 dy 2 yB = tan φ = = = 1. Jr.37 × 106 m rA = 6370 + 960 = 7330 km = 7.349 × 103 m/s sin 45° v B = 7.67 × 106 φ = 45° vB = ( ) sin 45° ( vB )θ = 5. yA = 0 ( )( ) xB = rB = 14. Eisenberg. E.35 × 103 m/s 45° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.67 × 10 x A = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.

rE = 92.5 × 106 mi = 747.8 × 109 107.70 × 103 ft/s 490. Phillip J..2 ) ( 20. ( ∆v ) B = v M − vB = 79.36 × 103 rAv A = = 70.96 × 106 mi = 490. Ferdinand P. Beer. David Mazurek. For earth.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. rA = rE .8 × 109 ft vE = For transfer orbit AB. 8/e.909 × 106 ft ( GM )earth = gR 2 = ( 32. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.640 mi/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.527 ft/s rB 747. Eisenberg. Solution 89.70 × 103 + (1. .6849 × 1021 = 79. ( )( ) ( GM )sun rE = 4.527 × 103 = 8. Clausen.909 × 106 ) 2 = 14.8 × 103 14. R = 3960 mi = 20.12 × 109 ft v A = vE + ( ∆v ) A = 97.077 × 1015 = 4.36 ft/s mrAv A = mrBvB vB = 490. rM = 141.187 × 103 ft/s 747.12 × 109 Speed increase at B.6849 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 For circular orbit of earth.8 × 109 rB = rM = 141.12 × 103 ( )( ) For circular orbit of Mars.83)( 5280 ) = 107. Russell Johnston.6849 × 1021 = 97. ( GM )sun = 332.5 × 106 mi = 747. William E. Jr.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For sun.187 × 103 − 70. Elliot R.660 × 103 ft/s ( ∆v )B = 1.12 × 109 ft vM = ( GM )sun rM = 4.

1178 × 10 = 6 3 3 6.0208 × 103 ft/s ( v A )2 = ( v A )1 + ( ∆v ) A = 4. Eisenberg. Clausen.8382 × 103 ft/s rB = 1300 mi = 6. William E. Solution 90.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R. Beer. ( ∆vB ) = ( vB )2 − ( vB )1 = 5.12 × 103 ft/s (b) Speed change at B. Ferdinand P. Jr.4 × 10 )( 5.392 × 10 6 = 4.392 × 106 ft ( vA )1 = ( 34.03 × 10 ) −9 21 6.0 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.03 × 10 ) −9 21 7. 8/e.864 × 103 ft/s ( vB )1 = 5. .1178 × 103 ft/s = −97. ( 34..864 × 10 6 = 5. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Circular orbits: v = GM r rA = 1400 mi = 7. Phillip J. E. Russell Johnston. ∆vB = 97.0 ft/s Speed reduction at B.0208 × 103 ft/s − 5.7522 × 103 ft/s mrA ( v A )2 = mrB ( vB )1 ( vB )1 = rA ( v A )2 rB ( 7.392 × 10 )( 4.4 × 10 )( 5. David Mazurek.864 × 106 ft ( vB ) 2 = (a) Transfer orbit AB.8382 × 103 − 86 = 4.7522 × 10 ) = 5.

Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. = gR 2 = rA gR 2 = rB ( 9. Clausen. 8/e. E.90 × 10 = 7.73102 × 103 + 85 = 7. Phillip J.73102 × 103 m/s vB = ( vB )circ + ( ∆v ) B = 7. rA = rD = 6370 + 610 = 6980 km = 6.53579 × 103 = 15. R = 6370 km = 6.98 × 10 6 2 = 7.94 m/s ( ∆v )D = 15.37 × 106 m.37 × 106 ) 6.90 × 106 m ( vA )circ ( vB )circ For path BC.54416 × 103 m/s 6 rC 6. Elliot R. Beer..94 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. .53579 × 10 6 3 3 6.90 × 10 )( 7.66 × 106 m. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.54416 × 103 + 79 = 7.55173 × 103 − 7. William E. Jr.66 × 106 7.98 × 106 m/s ( ∆v ) D = ( v A )circ − vD = 7.55173 × 103 m/s 2 = ( 9.62316 × 103 m/s ( )( ) ( vC )2 = ( vC )1 + ( ∆v )C rC ( vC )2 rD mrC ( vC )2 = mrD vD vD = = ( 6.62316 × 10 ) = 7.81) ( 6. Solution 91.66 × 106 = 7.81) ( 6. Eisenberg.98 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 290 = 6660 km = 6. rC = 6900 km = 6. 6.37 × 106 ) 6.81602 × 103 rBvB = = 7.81602 × 103 m/s mrBvB = mrC ( vC )1 ( vC )1 = For path CD.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 92.

Masses: mA = mB =

2.6 = 0.08075 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.2 or y =r

Let y be the position coordinate of B, positive upward with origin at O. Constraint of the cord: r − y = constant (a) Kinematics:

( aB ) y

= y =r

and

( a A )r

= r − rθ 2 (1)

Collar B: Collar A:

ΣFy = mB aB : T − WB = mB y = mB r ΣFr = m A ( a A )r : − T = mA r − rθ 2 −WB = ( mA + mB ) r + m Arθ 2

(

)

(2)

Adding (1) and (2) to eliminate T,

a A / rod = r =

( 0.08075)( 0.6 )(10 ) − ( 2.6 ) m Arθ 2 − WB = mA + mB 0.08075 + 0.08075
2

a A / rod = 13.90 ft/s2

From (1),

T = mB ( r + g ) = ( 0.08075 )(13.90 + 32.2 ) T = 3.72 lb

(b) Conservation of angular momentum of collar A: ( H 0 )2 = ( H 0 )1

mAr1(vθ )1 = mAr2 (vθ )2
(vθ )2 = r1(vθ )1 r12θ (0.6) 2 (10) = = = 4.00 r2 r2 0.9

( vθ )2

= 4.00 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 93.

Masses: mA = mB =

2.6 = 0.08075 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.2

(a) Conservation of angular momentum of collar A: ( H 0 )2 = ( H 0 )1

mAr1(vθ )1 = mAr2 (vθ )2
(vθ )2 = r1(vθ )1 r12θ1 (0.6)2 (12) = = = 3.6 r2 r2 1.2

( vθ )2
θ2 =

= 3.60 ft/s

( vθ )2
rA

=

3.6 = 3.00 rad/s 1.2

(b) Let y be the position coordinate of B, positive upward with origin at O. Constraint of the cord: r − y = constant Kinematics: or

y =r

( aB ) y
Collar B: Collar A:

= y =r

and

( a A )r

= r − rθ 2 (1)

ΣFy = mB aB : T − WB = mB y = mB r ΣFr = mA ( a A )r : − T = mA r − rθ 2 −WB = ( mA + mB ) r + m Arθ 2

(

)

(2)

Adding (1) and (2) to eliminate T,
mArθ 2 − WB ( 0.08075 )(1.2 )( 3.00 ) − ( 2.6 ) = = −10.70 ft/s 2 0.08075 + 0.08075 mA + mB
2

a A / rod = r =

T = mB ( r + g ) = ( 0.08075)( −10.70 + 32.2 )

T = 1.736 lb

a A / rod = 10.70 ft/s 2 radially inward.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 94.

Since friction and mass of the rod are neglected, the resultant force acting on the collar is the spring force, which is a central force. The angular momentum of the collar about the shaft is constant. mrvθ = mr0v0 = mr02θ 0 (a) vθ = r02θ 0 (0.150)2 (12) = r 0.600 e = 0.600 − 0.750 = − 0.150 m Fr = − ke = − (5)(−0.150) = 0.750 N vθ = 0.450 m/s

Calculate the spring force. Elongation: Force:

Apply Newton’s second law. Fr = mar (b) ar = Fr 0.750 = m 0.300 ar = 2.50 m/s 2

Fθ = 0 aθ = (c) Fθ m
2 vθ r

aθ = 0

Acceleration of B relative to the rod. ar = r − rθ 2 = r − aB/rod = r = ar +

2 vθ (0.450)2 = 2.50 + r 0.600

aB/rod = 2.84 m/s 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Elliot R. the resultant force acting on the collar is the spring force. David Mazurek. Since friction and mass of the rod are neglected. r − rθ 2 = − r= k (r − l0 ) m dr dr dr  dr  1 d (r ) 2 = =  r = dt dr dt  dr  2 dr 1 d k (r )2 = rθ 2 − (r − l0 ) 2 dr m = 2 r04θ 0 k − (r − l0 ) m r3 Separate variables and integrate with respect to r. Russell Johnston. E. Jr.750 m. r = 600 mm = 0. r0 = 150 mm = 0. The angular momentum of the collar about the shaft is constant. Phillip J. k = 5 N/m..150 m.300 kg. m = 300 g = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Data from Prob. Kinematics: ar = r − rθ 2 Newton’s second law: Fr = − k (r − l0 ) = mar Eliminating ar. which is a central force. 8/e. Beer.600 m.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. noting that r = 0 when r = r0. Eisenberg. Clausen. William E. 12. Ferdinand P. mrvθ = mr 2θ = mr02θ 0 θ = (a) r02θ 0 r2 Radial component vr of the collar.94. . l0 = 750 mm = 0. θ 0 = 12 rad/s.  r 2  r 2θ 2 k d   = 0 0 dr − (r − l0 )dr  2 r m   r2 2 r 2 = r02θ0 0 ∫ dr k − 3 r0 r m r ∫ r r0 (r − l0 ) dr continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 95.

David Mazurek.750 rad/s (0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.94 m/s θ =− where θ = 2rθ r r02θ 0 (0.150 − 0. Elliot R. Jr. Beer.600) 2 r2 θ =− (2)(2.600 − 0.36 rad/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0375 + 5. .3   0. Eisenberg.750)2  = (0. aθ = rθ + 2rθ = Fθ =0 m vr = 2.6625 m 2/s 2 r = 2. Ferdinand P. William E.600  0.9432)(0. Russell Johnston. E.150 = 3.600 θ = − 7. Phillip J. 8/e.. Clausen.150)4 (12)2  − − 2 2  0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System 1 2 1  k 1  2 r = r04θ0  − 2  −  (r − l0 ) 2  2  2r  r m  2 r 0 r r 0 1  k 2 1 r 2 = r02θ 0  2 − 2  −  (r − l0 )2 − (r0 − l0 )2  r  r  m  0  1  5   1 (0.9432 m/s (b) Value of θ .750) 0.750) 2 − (0.625 = 8.150) 2 (12) = = 0.

. Eisenberg. r2 Since m. F = 2mh 2u 2 2mh 2 = r0 r0r 2 1 .37 ) d 2u cosθ = 2 r0 dθ d 2u 2 F +u = = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. Elliot R. F is proportional to Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Phillip J..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. u = 1 2 − cosθ = . h. dθ r0 by Eq. Ferdinand P. William E. Solution 96. r r0 du sin θ = . Beer. Clausen. or inversely proportional to r 2. E. and r0 are constants. (12. David Mazurek. 8/e.

F =− 5mh 2u 2 5mh 2 =− r0 r0r 2 Since m.97. d 2u 6cosθ = dθ r0 d 2u 5 F +u =− = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. F is proportional to 1 . dθ r0 by Eq. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 97. Ferdinand P. E. (12. h. Beer.37 ) .. P12. 8/e. Phillip J. or inversely proportional to r 2. r r0 du 6sin θ =− . u = 1 6cosθ − 5 = . as shown in Fig. The minus sign r2 indicates that the force is repulsive. Elliot R. Eisenberg. William E. and r0 are constants. Jr. Clausen. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. But y = x2 4r0 x = r sin θ . William E.98. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) = u r h Comparing with (1) shows that ε = 1 and GM 1 = 2 2r0 h h= 2GMr0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. E. and r0 are constants. (12. y = r0 − r cosθ or r0 − r cosθ = r 2 1 − cos 2 θ r 2 sin 2 θ = 4r0 4r0  1 − cos 2 θ   4r0  ( )  2  r + ( cosθ ) r − r0 = 0   Solving the quadratic equation for r. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.. From Fig. Russell Johnston. r =  2  2r0  − cosθ ± cos 2 θ − 4  1 − cos θ  4r0 1 − cos 2 θ    2r (1 − cosθ ) 2r0 − cosθ ± 1) = 0 2 ( 1 − cos θ 1 − cos 2 θ    ( −r0 )      = since r > 0. Jr. Solution 98. . 8/e. Beer. or inversely proportional to r 2.39′ ) . Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. h. F = mh 2u 2 mh 2 = 2r0 2r0r 2 1 . F is proportional to By Eq. Simplifying gives r = 2r0 1 + cosθ or and 1 1 + cosθ = =u r 2r0 d 2u cosθ =− 2r0 dθ 2 (1) du sin θ =− dθ 2r0 d 2u 1 F +u = = 2 2r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. Elliot R. r2 Since m. P12.

Solution 99.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. David Mazurek. William E. and h are constants. Jr. Clausen. E.. 8/e. Eisenberg. u= 1 1 −bθ = e r r0 du b = − e−bθ dθ r0 d 2u b 2 −bθ = e r0 dθ 2 d 2u b 2 + 1 −bθ F +u = e = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 F= (b 2 + 1)mh 2u 2 −bθ e r0 (b 2 + 1)mh 2u 2 (b 2 + 1)mh 2 = r r3 1 . Ferdinand P. F is proportional to Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. or inversely proportional to r 3. r3 = Since b. Beer. Elliot R. . m.

73 × 10−12 m3/kg ⋅ s 2 M = (350 × 106 )(26.898 × 1027 kg Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Data: r0 = 350 × 103 km = 350 × 106 m v0 = 26. Beer.. William E. Eisenberg. . Elliot R. E. Clausen. For a parabolic trajectory. Jr. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.9 km/s = 26. David Mazurek. the velocity v0 at the perigee is equal to the escape velocity. v0 = vesc = 2GM r0 M = 2 r0v0 2G Solving for M.73 × 10−12 ) M = 1. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9 × 103 )2 (2)(66.9 × 103 m/s G = 66. Ferdinand P. Solution 100.

Beer.252 × 103 ft/s or v0 = 6. Solution 101.4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅s 4 334 × 1021 lb ⋅ s2 /ft = 11. ∆v = vcirc − v0 = −9. Jr.845 mi/s or ∆v = 1.513 × 103 ft/s 20. . William E..845 mi/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.490 × 1015 ) 20.782 × 106 (b) Decrease velocity at A.739 × 103 ft/s = −1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e.782 × 10 6 = 33.30 mi/s vcir = GM = r0 11.858 × 106 ft r0 = 3761 + 175 = 3936 mi = 20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. GM = 34. Eisenberg.782 × 106 ft (a) Velocity of probe as it approaches A. Clausen. E. David Mazurek.490 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 R = 3761 mi = 19.490 × 1015 = 23. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. ( )( ) v0 = 2GM = r0 ( 2 ) (11.

955 × 1012 m3/s 2 r0 = 2.955 × 1012 ( ( )( ) 2 ) ε = 105.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston.3 × 109 h2 1+ε = = = 106. For earth. Beer. v0 = 15 × 103 m/s ( ) h = r0v0 = 42.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. . Jr.37 × 106 m g = 9.06 × 1012 = 5.820 × 106 m. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.5 r0GM 2. Elliot R. William E. Clausen..820 × 106 5.81) 6. 8/e. GM = ( 0. Solution 102.3 × 109 m 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h and 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h 42.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For Io. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9. Phillip J. R = 6.01496 ) 398. Ferdinand P.

Elliot R. .3824 × 1027 = 12.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 Jupiter: GM = (318)(398.810 × 1012 m/s r0 = r1 = 2.37 × 106 )2 = 398.810 × 1012 = = 3. Clausen.81)(6.760 × 103 9 r0 12. Ferdinand P.6 × 109 ) = 2. Jr.426 × 103 r1 34. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.220 ×109 vmax = 3760 m/s ! vmin = 1426 m/s ! vmax = vmin = Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.810 × 1012 = = 1..980 × 109 m (126.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek. a = 23. Beer.220 × 109 m (126. 8/e.37 × 106 m g = 9.452 )(126. E. Earth: R = 6. William E.45) h 48.583 × 1015 )(1 − 0.583 × 1015 )(23.980 ×10 h 48.45) 2.3824 × 1027 = 34.06 × 1012 ) = 126.583 × 1015 )(1 + 0.3824 × 1027 m 4 /s 2 h = 48. Solution 103.81 m/s 2 GM e = gR 2 = (9.583 × 1015 m3/s 2 Orbit of satellite.6 × 109 m 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h r0 = h2 GM (1 + ε ) 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) r1 h r1 = h2 GM (1 − ε ) 2a = r0 + r1 = 2h 2 GM (1 − ε 2 ) h 2 = (1 − ε 2 )GMa = (1 − 0.

39 ) . David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. (12.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.. But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Ferdinand P. Beer. 8/e. . Jr. Using Eq. Phillip J. Solution 104. E. Clausen. Russell Johnston. 1 1 1 1 2GM + = + = rA rB ro r1 h2 Adding. Elliot R. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B . William E. rB h θ B = θ A + 180°. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (14.582 × 106 ft vcirc = vesc = GM = rA 2GM = rA 14. rB h θ B = θ A + 180°.353 × 103 ft/s (a) Increase in speed at A. William E.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 ( ) rA = 3960 + 11870 = 15830 mi = 83. (12. Eisenberg. 8/e.978 × 103 ft/s 83. 5.38 × 103 ft/s ! Elliptical orbit with Using Eq.077 × 1015 = 12.077 × 1015 ( )( ) 2 ε = 0.818 × 106 ( )( ) By Eq. (12. Clausen. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 Adding.818 × 106 ft.582 × 106 2 vcirc = 18.375 × 103 ft/s ∆v = 5.379 × 103 ft/s (c) 1 1 r − rB − = A = C cosθ B − C cosθ A = 2C rB rA rArB C = rA − rB 41.582 × 106 )( 41.333 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Elliot R..848 × 109 = = 10. .818 × 106 ) 125.974 × 10−9 885.848 × 109 Ch2 = ε = GM 14. ∆v = vesc − vcirc = 5. R = 3960 mi = 20. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.077 × 1015 )(83.37 ) . Russell Johnston. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Jr.909 × 106 = 14.582 × 106 41.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.974 × 10−9 ft −1 2rArB ( 2 ) 83.848 × 109 ft 2 /s vA = h 885. 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B .2 ) 20.582 × 106 ∆v = 2380 ft/s ! (b) Decrease in speed. ∆v = vcirc − v A = 2.764 × 106 = = 5. E.599 × 103 ft/s rA 83. But rB = 3960 + 3960 = 7920 mi = 41.40). For earth. David Mazurek. Solution 105.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.4 × 106 = 885.

40 × 103 m/s ∆v A = 1. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Using Eq. .370 = 146. Russell Johnston. Solution 106.06 × 1012 = 4. William E.683 × 103 m/s (b) Speed of observatory at B. ( 2 ) ( 398. rB h 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and θ B = θ A + 180°. R = 6370 km = 6. vcirc = Elliptic orbit.370 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 140.370 × 106 m GM = gR 2 = ( 9. Beer.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 rA = 6370 + 10.683 × 103 m/s h 108. ∆v A = v A − vcirc = 1.931 × 103 m/s 6 16. 000 = 146. Phillip J.39). Jr. For earth.370 × 10 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B .370 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.27 × 109 = rB 146.. David Mazurek. But GM = r0 398.000 = 16370 km = 16.27 × 109 = = 6.27 × 109 m 2 /s vA = (a) Increase in speed at A. so that cosθ B = − cosθ A 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB Adding.37 × 106 vB = 7.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81) 6.37 × 106 m For a circular orbit with r0 = rA .370 × 106 )(146. Elliot R. vB = h 108. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.614 × 103 m/s rA 16.74 × 106 = 108. (12. Eisenberg.37 × 106 ) 162.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. 8/e.06 × 1012 )(16.

Eisenberg. rB = 148 × 109 m 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = + C cosθ B . Jr.39). Elliot R.1907 × 1015 = = 15. William E. Beer. Ferdinand P.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For sun: GM = 332.37 × 106 m GM = gR 2 = ( 9. rB hAB 2 But θ B = θ A + 180°. rA = 325 × 109 m. Solution 107. Adding.474 × 1018 m3/s 2 ( )( ) For elliptic orbit AB.971 × 103 rA 325 × 109 ( vA )1 = 15. R = 6. For earth. David Mazurek. (12. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. cosθ A = − cosθ B .06 × 1012 = 132.97 × 103 m/s For transfer orbit AB′.8 × 103 398.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. .. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB hAB 2 hAB = 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (132. 8/e. E. rB′ = 137.81) 6.474 × 1018 )( 325 × 109 )(148 × 109 ) 473 × 109 = 5. Using Eq. Clausen.1907 × 1015 m 2 /s (a) ( vA )1 = hAB 5. Russell Johnston.6 × 109 m continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

474 × 1018 )(137. Jr.6 × 109 rA′ = 264. 8/e.474 × 1018 )( 325 × 109 )(137.6 × 109 ) 462. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System hAB′ = 2GMrArB′ = rA + rB′ ( 2 ) (132.8977 × 1015 m 2 /s ( vB ′ ) 2 Decrease in speed at B′: = hB′A′ 4.0609 × 1015 = = 36.186 × 103 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.186 × 103 ∆vB = 1. = hAB′ 5. William E. = 399 m/s ∆v A = 399 m/s hAB′ 5.8977 × 1015 = = 35.7 × 109 ) 402. Eisenberg. Clausen. Elliot R.594 × 103 m/s rB′ 137.3 × 109 = 4.572 × 103 m/s 9 rA 325 × 10 ( ∆vA ) = ( vA )1 − ( vA )2 ( vB )1 = For elliptic orbit B′A′. Beer.6 × 109 = 5. David Mazurek..6 × 109 )( 264.0609 × 1015 m 2 /s ( v A )2 (b) Decrease of speed at A.7 × 109 m 2GMrB′rA′ = rB′ + rA′ hB′A′ = ( 2 ) (132. Phillip J. E.780 × 103 m/s rB′ 137.0609 × 1015 = = 15. Russell Johnston.6 × 109 ( vB′ )1 − ( vB′ )2 = 1. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

where θ = 0° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hAB hAB (2) Adding. 1 1 r + rA 2GM + = B = 2 rA rB rArB hAB hAB = 2GMrArB = rB + rA ( 2 ) ( 326. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Jr. Russell Johnston. For Earth. GM = 0. David Mazurek. Phillip J. GM earth = gR 2 = ( 9.571 × 109 m 2 /s continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.41 × 1012 m3/s 2 For a parabolic trajectory with rA = 15 × 106 m ( v A )1 = vesc = First transfer orbit AB. .06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For Venus. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Solution 108. E.5971 × 103 m/s rB = 300 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rA hAB hAB (1) At point B.41 × 1012 ) 15 × 106 = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81) 6.41 × 1012 )(15 × 106 )( 300 × 106 ) 315 × 106 = 96. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. where θ = 180° 2GM = rA ( 2 ) ( 326.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. 8/e..82 GM earth = 326. At point A. Solving for hAB.

8/e.41 × 1012 )( 300 × 106 )( 9 × 106 ) 309 × 106 = 75. hAB 96.. David Mazurek. 1 1 r + rC 2GM + = B = 2 rB rC rB rC hBC 2GMrB rC = rB + rC hBC = ( 2 ) ( 326. William E.571 × 109 = = 6. E.90 m/s rB 300 × 106 rC = 9000 km = 9 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hBC hBC At point C. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.571 × 109 = = 321. Elliot R. where θ = 0. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rC hBC hBC Adding.76 m/s rB 300 × 106 hBC 75.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ( v A )2 = ( vB )1 = Second transfer orbit BC. Phillip J. . Eisenberg. Clausen.3918 × 103 m/s 6 rC 9 × 10 ( vC )1 = Final circular orbit.5265 × 109 m 2 /s ( vB )2 = hBC 75.4381 × 103 m/s rA 15 × 106 hAB 96. At point B. Beer. rC = 9 × 106 m ( vC )2 = GM = rC 326.41 × 1012 = 6.5265 × 109 = = 8. Ferdinand P.5265 × 109 = = 251. Russell Johnston.0223 × 103 m/s 9 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.

1 m/s ! (c) At C. Russell Johnston.4381 × 103 ∆v A = 159. .0 m/s ! (b) At B. William E. ( vB )1 − ( vB )2 = 321. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.90 − 251.76 ∆vB = 70. Eisenberg. (a) At A.3918 × 103 − 6. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.37 × 103 m/s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E.5971 × 103 − 6.. David Mazurek. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Speed reductions. ( v A )1 − ( vA )2 = 6. ( vC )1 − ( vC )2 = 8.0223 × 103 ∆vC = 2. Jr.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.82 GM earth = 326. 8/e. 1 1 2GM + = 2 rA rB hAB ( ) ( 2 ) 326. David Mazurek.5 × 109 = = 195.059 × 1012 m3/s 2 GM = 0. William E. rA = 15 × 106 m Transfer orbit AB: hAB = rAv A = 15 × 106 ( 6500 ) = 97.409 × 1012 1 2GM 1 1 = 2 − = − = 2. Phillip J.108: rC = 9000 km.. rB = 498. Jr. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rA hAB hAB At point B. E.56 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. .81) 6. Clausen.82 M earth GM earth = gR 2 = ( 9.5 × 109 m 2 /s At point A. Eisenberg.56 × 106 m rB = 499 × 103 km ( vB )1 = hAB 97. Russell Johnston. Data from Problem 12.5 × 10 ( ( ) ) (a) Radial coordinate rB. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. For Earth. Ferdinand P. Solution 109. Beer.0057 × 10−9 m −1 2 6 9 rB rA hAB 15 × 10 97.409 × 1012 m3/s 2 v A = 6500 m/s. M = 0.56 m/s rB 498. For Venus. where θ = 0° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hAB hAB Adding.

4409 × 103 m/s rC 9 × 106 rC = 9 × 106 m. Russell Johnston. GM = rC 326. Eisenberg.56 × 106 hBC 75. William E.56 – 152.37 ∆vB = 43. Elliot R.56 × 106 = 75. 1 1 r + rC 2GM + = B = 2 rB rC rB rC hBC hBC = 2GMrB rC = rB + rC ( 2 ) ( 326. Beer. Phillip J. E.968 × 109 = = 8. Clausen. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rC hBC hBC Adding.409 × 1012 )( 498.56 × 106 )( 9 × 106 ) 507.968 × 109 = = 152. where θ = 0 rC = 9 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hBC hBC At point C.968 × 109 m 2 /s ( vB ) 2 = hBC 75.. ( vB )1 − ( vB )2 = 195.0223 × 103 ∆vC = 2.4409 × 103 − 6. Jr. .37 m/s rB 498. At point B.42 × 103 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.0223 × 103 m/s 9 × 106 ( vC )1 = Circular orbit with ( vC )2 = At B (b) Speed reductions at B and C.2 m/s At C ( vC )1 − ( vC )2 = 8. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Second transfer orbit BC. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.409 × 1012 = 6.

39).7 × 106 and = 10.909 × 106 For Mars.51188 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 rA = 5625 mi = 29. Ferdinand P.85 × 106 ft 2 2 rArB = ( ) b= ( 29. = 2 + C cosθ A rA hAB But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . τ AB 2π ab h 1 π ab = τ = 2 h τ = τ AB = π 311. (12. 1 GM Using Eq.7 × 106 ft.45 × 10 9 ( )( ) = 444. rB hAB θ B = θ A + 180°. William E.1074 ) 14. Adding.0901 × 103 ft/s First elliptic transfer orbit AB. Solution 110. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.82 × 106 292.6 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.077 × 1015 = 1. R = 3960 mi = 20. Russell Johnston.7 × 106 )( 594 × 106 ) 623. 8/e.2 ) 20. David Mazurek. Clausen. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B .7 × 106 + 594 × 106 = 311. For the parabolic approach trajectory at A.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32. Jr. GM = ( 0. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = 2 rA rB rArB hAB hAB = 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (1..85 × 106 132.7 × 106 hAB = 292.51188 × 1015 ) 29. For earth. Phillip J.51188 × 1015 )( 29.45 × 109 m 2 /s a= 1 1 ( rA + rB ) = 29.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.95 × 10 3 s τ AB = 123.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 ( vA )1 = 2GM = rA ( 2 ) (1.7 × 10 )( 594 × 10 ) = 132. E. Elliot R. . Beer. Eisenberg.82 × 10 6 6 6 ft Periodic time for full ellipse: For half ellipse AB. rB = 112500 mi = 594 × 106 ft ( ) ( ) 2 = 14.

Solve for rmax. E. Jr. David Mazurek. 2/3 2 3  76 years  = rE    1 year  2/3 = 17.3844 rE or 1 rE 2 rmax = ( 35. Phillip J. Beer. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.942 rE aH = 1 ( rmin + rmax ) 2 rmax = 2aH − rmin = ( 2 )(17.28 × 109 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.3844 ) 92. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 111. Eisenberg.6 × 106 mi ( ) rmax = 3. 8/e.  TH   aH    =   TE   aE  Solve for aH. From Keplers third law.942 rE ) − = 35. Elliot R. . Clausen. T  aH = aE  H   TE  Also.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 112.

For earth, R = 3960 mi = 20.909 × 106 ft ,

g = 32.2 ft/s 2

GM = gR 2 = ( 32.2 ) 20.909 × 106
For circular orbit of satellite,

(

)

2

= 14.077 × 1015 ft 3/s

r0 = 3960 + 310 = 4270 mi = 22.546 × 106 ft/s v0 = GM 14.077 × 1015 = = 24.988 × 103 ft/s r0 22.546 × 106

6 2π r0 ( 2π ) 22.546 × 10 τ0 = = = 5.6692 × 103 s 3 v0 24.988 × 10

(

)

For elliptic orbit of spacecraft it is given that

τ = τ 0 = 8.5038 × 103 s
a=
Using Eq. (12.39), But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that 1 ( rA + rB ) , 2 and

3 2

b=

rArB

1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . rB h

θ B = θ A + 180°,

cosθ A = − cosθ B . or h= GMb 2 a

Adding,

1 1 r + rB 2a 2GM + = A = 2 = rA rB rArB b h2

Periodic time:

τ =

2π ab 2π ab a 2π a 3 / 2 = = h GM GMb 2

14.077 × 1015 8.5038 × 103 GM τ 2 a = = 4π 2 4π 2
3

(

)(

)

2

= 25.786 × 1021 ft 3

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

a = 29.543 × 106 ft, rB = 2a − rA = 36.541 × 106 ft, h= 2π ab =

rA = r0 = 22.546 × 106 ft b = rArB = 28.703 × 106 ft

2π 29.543 × 106 28.703 × 106 8.5038 × 10
3

(

)(

τ

) = 626.54 × 10

9

ft 2 /s

vA = (a) Increase in speed at A.

h 626.54 × 109 = = 27.789 × 103 ft/s rA 22.546 × 106

∆v A = v A − v0 = 27.789 × 103 − 24.988 × 103 (b) Periodic time for elliptic orbit. As calculated above τ = 8.5038 × 103 s

∆v A = 2.80 × 103 ft/s

τ = 141.7 min

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 113.

For earth’s orbit about the sun, v0 = GM 2π RE 2π RE 3/ 2 , τ0 = = RE v0 GM or GM = 2π RE 3/ 2

τ0

(1)

For the comet Hyakutake, 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) , r0 h a= 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) , r1 h b= r0r1 = r1 = 1+ε r0 1−ε

1 r ( r0 + r1 ) = 0 , 2 1−ε h=

1+ε r0 1−ε

GMr0 (1 + ε )
1/ 2

τ =

2π r0 2 (1 + ε ) 2π ab = h (1 − ε )3/ 2 GMr0 (1 + ε ) 2π r03/ 2 GM (1 − ε )
3/ 2 3/ 2

=

=

2π RE 3 (1 − ε )

2π r03/ 2τ 0

3/ 2

 r  = 0   RE 

1

(1 − ε )3/ 2
3/ 2

τ0

= ( 0.230 )

1

(1 − 0.999887 )

3/ 2

τ 0 = 91.8 × 103 τ 0

Since τ 0 = 1 yr, τ = 91.8 × 103 (1.000 )

(

)

τ = 91.8 × 103 yr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

the area swept out is a parabolic area A. R = 3960 mi = 20.753 × 103 s h 823. .2 ft/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 32. Russell Johnston. Solution 114.78 × 109 ft 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) with ε = 1 r h ( ) 2 = 14.043 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. g = 32. A= 2 8 8 ( rB + rC ) rA = rA2 = 24.458 × 1015 ft 2 1 1 ∫ h dt = 2 ht 2 15 2 A ( 2 ) 15.909 × 106 At point A. Beer. 8/e. rA = 4560 mi = 24. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. θ = 0 while at B and C . Eisenberg. Elliot R.458 × 10 = = = 3. At point A. θ = ± 90° 1 1 GM = = 2 rB rC h or rB = rC = h2 = 2rA GM As the spacecraft travels from B to C. Ferdinand P. William E.077 × 106 ft v A = 6. For earth.48 mi/s = 34.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.78 × 109 ( ) τ BC = 1. Phillip J.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For trajectory BAC.2 ) 20.909 × 106 ft. David Mazurek.214 × 103 ft/s from which h = rAv A = 823.077 × 106 3 3 3 dA 1 = h dt 2 tBC or A= ( ) 2 = 15. Clausen. Jr.

6627 × 10 τ = = h 564.0356 − 21.8698 × 106 ) = 564. Solution 115. David Mazurek.8698 × 106 ft 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) r1 h 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h r1 = r0 a= 1+ ε 1. Clausen. Phillip J.6627 × 106 ft h= (1 + ε ) GMr0 = (1.2 ft/s 2 .64 × 109 ( )( ) τ = 95.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For the orbit. r0 = 3960 + 182 = 4142 mi = 21.64 × 109 ft 2 /s 6 6 2π ab 2π 22. Ferdinand P.7188 × 103 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. R = 3960 mi = 20.3 min ! = 5.9644 ( ) 1 ( r0 + r1 ) = 22. Russell Johnston.0356 ) (14.9088 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14. Jr. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 ) 20.4844 × 106 ft 1−ε 0. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. g = 32. Beer.6770 × 106 ft 2 b = r0r1 = 22. For earth. Eisenberg.8698 × 106 = 23.9088 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.6770 × 10 22. .077 × 1015 )( 21.. Elliot R. William E.

. Phillip J. Beer. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E. Solution 116. v A = β v0 = h = rAv A = nRv A = GM = r0 GM nR β 2GM nR β 2n GMR GM 1 = 2 2 β nR h 1 GM 1 + ε cosθ = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) = r β 2nR h At point A. θ = 180° 1 1 1−ε = = 2 rA nR β nR At impact point B. Clausen. William E. David Mazurek. r0 = rA = nR v0 = The crash trajectory is elliptic. Russell Johnston. Jr. For the circular orbit. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. . θ = π − φ 1 1 = rB R 1 1 + ε cos (π − φ ) 1 − ε cos φ = = R β 2nR β 2nR or β2 = 1 − ε or ε = 1− β2 ε cos φ = 1 − nβ 2 or cos φ = 1 − nβ 2 ε = 1 − nβ 2 1 − β2 φ = cos −1  1 − nβ 2 / 1 − β 2   ( )( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.

827 × 106 ft Using Eq. Beer.909 × 106 For the moon.39).909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 GM = ( 0. 8/e.01230 ) 14.839 × 109 ft 2 /s ( vB )1 = For crash trajectory BC. Eisenberg. r = rC . (12. cosθ B = − cosθ A Adding. But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Russell Johnston.149 × 1012 ft 3/s 2 ( ) For elliptic orbit AB.2 ) 20. rB = 2240 mi = 11. Clausen.839 × 109 = = 3. At B. Elliot R.827 × 106 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rB hBC 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cos 70° ) rC hBC (1) (2) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (173. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. r = rB .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. θ = 180°. David Mazurek. θ = 70°. rA = 1110 mi = 5. R = 3960 mi = 20. Solution 117 For earth.861 × 106 ft.149 × 1012 )( 5. William E.1148 × 103 ft/s rA 11. Jr.861 × 106 )(11..077 × 1015 = 173.688 × 106 = 36. rB h θ B = θ A + 180°. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. . ( ) 2 = 14. At C. hAB 36.827 × 106 ) 17. E.

Ferdinand P. (1). Beer. 8/e. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Dividing Eq. Jr. Russell Johnston.726 × 109 = = 2.726 × 10 12 6 9 ft 2 /s ( vB ) 2 = hBC 33.827 × 10 ∆vB = ( vB )2 − ( vB )1 = −263. Eisenberg.8516 × 103 ft/s 6 rB 11.55545) (11.44455 2240 /1080 + cos 70° (173. E. Elliot R. (2) by Eq. Clausen. rB 1 + ε cos 70° = rC 1−ε or ε = rB / rC − 1 ( rB / rC ) + cos 70° ε = From Eq. hBC = GM (1 − ε ) rB = 2240 /1080 − 1 = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.827 × 10 ) = 33. Phillip J.2 ft/s ∆vB = 263 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. (1).149 × 10 ) ( 0. ..

536 × 106 ft φ= For an elliptic trajectory.819 × 106 ft rA = rB = R = 20. ..2 ) 20. For earth.233°.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For the trajectory.819 × 10 ) = 337.909 × 106 Range A to B: s AB = 3700 mi = 19. William E.233° = = 1. (2). 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. ε = From Eq. Russell Johnston.687 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.500 × 10 15 6 9 ft 2 /s (a) Velocity at C. (1) by Eq.2348 rA 20. Elliot R. Jr. (2).077 × 10 ) ( 0.819 × 106 = = 1. Beer.6866 1.909 × 106 ft. rC 1 + ε cos153.909 × 106 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h φ 1 GM θ = 180° − = 153. At A. = 2 (1 + ε cos153. Solution 118. R = 3960 mi = 20.2348 − 1 = 0.819 × 106 vC = 2.233°) 2 rA h (1) (2) 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rC h Dividing Eq.9343 rad = 53. vC = h 337. David Mazurek. rC 25. rC = 3960 + 930 = 4890 mi = 25.3134) ( 25.233° (14.534° R 20. At C. Eisenberg.48 mi/s ε = 0.2348 rA 1−ε θ = 180° .909 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14. E. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.5 × 109 = = 13. Clausen. s AB 19. (b) Eccentricity of trajectory.2348 + cos153.07 × 103 ft/s rC 25. h= GM (1 − ε ) rC h= 1.536 × 106 = = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.

9648 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.0771 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For circular orbit at point A.6946 × 109 ( ) 2 = − 5. Solution 119.9648 × 10 522. E. 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos θ = 2 + C rA hAB hAB Solving for C.0771 × 1015 = = 25. 8/e.3159 × 103 ft/s 6 rA 21. R = 3960 mi = 20. David Mazurek.997512 × 10−9 ft −1 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.9648 × 106 23. Eisenberg.94 ) ( 25. hAB = rA ( v A )2 = 21. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Beer. Russell Johnston. Jr. Ferdinand P. . GM 14.9088 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14.7969 × 103 = 522. Elliot R. θ = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. For Earth.6946 × 109 ft 2 /s At point A. ( )( ) C= 1 GM 1 14. William E. Radius of Earth At point A.9648 × 10 ( vA )2 = ( 0.2 ) 20.9088 × 106 ft rA = R + altitude = 4160 mi = 21.0771 × 1015 − 2 = − 6 rA hAB 21..3159 × 103 ) = 23. ( vA )1 = After speed reduction at A.7969 × 103 ft/s For trajectory AB. Clausen.

9777 × 106 ft Altitude at B. E. Beer. Jr. David Mazurek. Phillip J.. .6946 × 109 ) 2 + ( −5.05 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston. rB − R = 68.0771 × 1015 522. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System At point B.9 × 103 ft altitude = 13. Elliot R. θ = 50° 1 GM = 2 + C cos 50° rB hAB = ( 14. 8/e.6698 × 10−9 ft −1 rB = 20.997512 cos 50° ) = 47. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.

Using Eq.39). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Adding. rB h But θ B = θ A + 180°. 1 1 2GM + = rA rB h2 At points A and B the radial direction is normal to the path. Ferdinand P.. cosθ A = − cosθ B . . Phillip J. an = GMm mh 2 = man = 2 r2 r ρ v2 ρ = h2 r2ρ But Fn = 1 ρ = GM 1 1 1 =  +  2 2  rA rB  h 1 ρ = 1 1 1  +  2  r0 r1  Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Eisenberg. Elliot R. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. (12. E. 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . 8/e. Clausen. William E. Solution 120.

Solution 121. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h At A.999887 ( ) r1 = 379 × 109 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.999887 21. Russell Johnston.39 × 106 r0 = 1−ε 1 − 0. 8/e. θ =0 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) rA h or rA = h2 GM (1 + ε ) rB = h2 GM (1 − ε ) θ = 180° 1 GM = 2 = (1 − ε ) rB h or rB 1 + ε r = = 1 rA 1 − ε r0 (a) RE = 93 × 106 mi r0 = 0. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R.39 × 106 mi (b) ε = r1 − r0 r1 + r0 r1 = 1+ ε 1 + 0. Jr. . Beer.. At B. Phillip J. Clausen. Eisenberg.230 RE = 21. William E. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.

(12. Phillip J. rB h Using Eq. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. Adding.45). Beer. Jr. For an ellipse 2a = rA + rB and b = rArB and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B .39). so that cosθ A = − cosθ B . William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.  τ1   a1    =   τ2   a2  2 3 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h θ B = θ A + 180°. 1 1 r + rB 2a 2GM + = A = 2 = rA rB rArB b h2 h=b GM a By Eq. Clausen. . 8/e. Ferdinand P. Solution 122. τ = τ2 = 2π ab 2π ab a 2π a3/ 2 = = h b GM GM 4π 2a3 GM For orbits 1 and 2 about the same large mass. E. (12.. Elliot R. τ12 = 3 4π 2a1 GM and 2 τ2 = 3 4π 2a2 GM Forming the ratio.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

Jr. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Beer.39′ ) . Phillip J. (12.. rA + rB = 2a 2a = 2h 2 GM 1 − ε 2 ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. By Eq. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Solution 123. Russell Johnston. h2 1  2h 2  1 = + = GM  1 + ε 1 − ε  GM 1 − ε 2 ( ) h= GMa 1 − ε 2 But for an ellipse. θ = 0° or rA = h2 GM (1 + ε ) h2 GM (1 − ε ) At B. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) rA h 1 GM = 2 = (1 − ε ) rB h rA + rB = At A. E. William E. . 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. θ = 180° or rB = Adding.

. vmax = 143. Solution 124. Jr.82 ft/s2 g µs N R = W W For constant acceleration.2 )( 0.42W ) = 10. William E.80 )( 0. 8/e. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.74 )(1320 ) = 44. Ferdinand P.0 ft/s vmax = 115.2 mi/h ΣF = ma : µ s N R = W a g a= ( 32.2 mi/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.563 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 vmax = 169.82 )(1320 ) = 28. ΣF = ma : µ s N F = W a g a= ( 32. (a) Front wheel drive with N f = 0. 2 vmax = 2ax = ( 2 )(16. Eisenberg. Clausen. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.65W ) = 16.204 × 103 ft 2 /s 2 vmax = 210 ft/s (b) Rear wheel drive with N R = 0. Phillip J.42 W. Beer. Elliot R. .80 )( 0.65W . David Mazurek. 2 vmax = 2ax = ( 2 )(10.2 )( 0.74 ft/s2 g µs N F = W W For constant acceleration.

Solution 125. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.. Russell Johnston.170 m/s 2 14700 For constant acceleration. Elliot R.170 ) (b) FH = ( 6800 )( 5.16 × 103 N FH = 19. Eisenberg.170 ) − 16 × 103 = 19.16 kN Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 2 v 2 v0 − = a ( x − x0 ) 2 2 2 2 0 − ( 25 ) v 2 − v0 (a) x − x0 = = 2a ( 2 )( −5. Jr. William E. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Clausen. v0 = 90 km/h = 25 m/s ΣFx = ma : − 60 × 103 − 16 × 103 = ( 7900 + 6800 ) a a=− 76 × 103 = −5. E. Beer.4 m ΣFx = ma : − FH − 16 × 103 = ( 6800 )( −5.170 ) x − x0 = 60.

6846 Using (2) and (3) to eliminate N AB and solve for a A .84439 a A + 0. Solution 126. Beer.321 ΣFy = ΣmB a y : N AB − WB cos 25° = −mB a A sin 25°  30  sin 25°  a A + N AB = 30cos 25° or 0. Jr.93168 aB / A = 37.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 ft/s 2 25° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 1.70807 a A − 0. William E.. . a A = 8. (b) Acceleration of B relative to A.42262 N AB = 4. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Clausen.63 ft/s2 (1) (3) Substituting for a A into (1) and solving for aB / A .2  32. where a B / A is directed along the inclined contact surface. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg. E. Elliot R.2  0. a B / A = 32. a B = a A + a B / A . (a) Acceleration of block A.189 (2)   32.39374 a A + N AB = 27. Block B: ΣFx = Σmax : T − WB sin 25° = mB a A cos 25° + mB aB / A 30  30  aB / A = 50 − 30sin 25° cos 25°  a A +  32.2  Block A: ΣFx = max : T − T cos 25° + N AB sin 25° = mAa A 55 a A − ( sin 25° ) N AB = 50 (1 − cos 25° ) 32. Phillip J. David Mazurek.

William E. θ = 0°. E. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Clausen.9 lb (b) At bottom of swing. Eisenberg. Elliot R. v = 18. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 127. 8/e. . Jr.59 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft g 32.59 )(18. Beer.6 ft/s T = ( 5. Russell Johnston.. v = 0 T = 0 + 180cos30° = 155. m = W 180 = = 5.2 ρ = 40 ft ΣFn = man : T − W cosθ = man = mv 2 mv 2 ρ T = ρ + W cosθ (a) At top of swing.6 )2 40 + 180 = 228 T = 228 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.9 T = 155. θ = 30°.

E.16 m/s Speed reduction: ∆v = v0 − vmax = 30.16 = 14. ΣFy = 0 : R cos (θ + φs ) − mg = 0 R = mg cos (θ + φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ + φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ + φs ) vmax 2 = g tan (θ + φs ) r vmax = rg tan (θ + φs ) = ( 50)( 9. Jr.02°) = 21.65 or φs = 33.56 − 21. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.40 m/s ∆v = 51.81) tan (10° + 33.56 − 16.16 m/s ∆v = 33.0 km/h (b) θ = −5°. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Solution 128.02° v0 = 110 km/h = 30. .. Beer. Ferdinand P. vmax = rg tan (θ + φs ) = ( 50)(9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. tan φs = µs = 0.8 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.56 m/s (a) θ = 10°. 8/e.02°) = 16.39 m/s Speed reduction: ∆v = v0 − vmax = 30. The equation derived in part (a) applies also for negative value of θ . The resultant R makes angle φs with the normal. The road reaction consists of normal component N and friction component F. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.81) tan ( −5° + 33.39 = 9. Elliot R. William E.

8/e..2 )( 2. µ s = 0.05 ft/s Range of speeds for which the collar will not slide: 6.0 ) cos 40° − 0.35sin 40° = 170.18 ft/s For impending motion upward.35 F = ± µ s N . v 2 = ( 32. +ΣFy = 0 : N sin α + F cos α − W = 0 N ( sin α ± µ S cosα ) = W N = W sin α ± µ S cosα W v2 g r ΣFx = man : N cos α − F sin α = N ( cos α ∓ µ s sin α ) = W v2 g r v 2 = gr N ( cos α ∓ µ s sin α ) W = gr cos α ∓ µ s sin α sin α ± µ s cos α For impending motion downward. where the upper sign applies for downward impending motion and the lower sign for upward impending motion.35sin 40° = 38. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.35cos 40° v = 13. William E.34 ft 2 /s 2 sin 40° − 0. r = 24 in.18 ft/s ≤ v ≤ 13. Russell Johnston. .05 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Jr. α = 40°. v 2 = ( 32. Ferdinand P.0 ) cos 40° + 0. Clausen. David Mazurek. = 2 ft.2 )( 2. Elliot R. Solution 129. Beer.25 ft 2 /s 2 sin 40° + 0.35cos 40° v = 6. Eisenberg. E.

74040 m/s 2 Fr = −31.0126 m/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = ( 0.96 N θ = −6..957 ) = −31.5 )( −12. r = 0.5133 ) = 12.5 )(12.5 + 0.4 )( −17. William E.67634 )( −2.5664 ) + ( 2 )( −0.3sin π t ) m θ = 2π t 2 − 2t rad θ = 4π ( t − 1) rad/s θ = 4π rad/s 2 θ = 0 θ = −12.94248 )( −12. Ferdinand P. Beer.332 ) = 4.5664 ) = −17.5664 rad/s 2 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = −1.332 m/s 2 Fr = mB ar : Fr = ( 0.4040 m/s Fr = mB ar : Fr = ( 0. Phillip J.8 s.93 Fr = −2.67634 )(12.0126 ) = −2.41 N Fθ = 4.5664 ) = −78. r = 0.4 )( −6.5664 rad/s θ = 12.4 )(12.93 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4040 ) = −6.0319 rad θ = −2.5664 rad/s 2 ( ) r = 0.5664 ) + ( 2 )( 0.957 m/s 2 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = ( 0.67634 m r = −0.41 Fθ = mB aθ : Fθ = ( 0. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.96 (b) At t = 0.3π 2 sin π t (a) At t = 0. E.4 )( −78.6 N Fθ = −6. Elliot R. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.5 m r = 0.3π cos π t m/s r = −0. r = ( 0.5133 rad/s θ = 12.76248 m/s r = −1.76248 )( −2. .6 Fθ = mB aθ : Fθ = ( 0.94248 m/s r = 0 ar = r − rθ 2 = 0 − ( 0. Solution 130. Clausen. 8/e. Russell Johnston.5133) = −6.74040 − ( 0.

Phillip J. b = 9 in. Russell Johnston.25 lb b b sin θ . Solution 131.165 tan θ sec3 θ lb ΣFr = Q cosθ = Fr θ Q = 1. Beer. .2 Fθ = Fr = 1.25)(10 )2 tan 2 θ secθ 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. θ = 10 rad/s.165tan 2 θ secθ lb W 2Wb aθ : Fθ = tan θ secθ θ g g Fθ = 1. θ = 0. = ΣFy = P cosθ = Fr sin θ − Fθ cosθ ( 2 )( 0. W = 4 oz = 0. W 2Wb Fr = ar : Fr = tan 2 θ secθ θ 2 g g aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0 + 2 = ( 2 )( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. respectively..165 tan θ secθ lb 32. Jr.75 ft. Elliot R. 8/e. r = Kinematics: r = θ cosθ cos 2 θ r = b  cos 2 θ b sin θ θ +  cos 2 θ b 1 + sin 2 θ cos θ 3 ( ) ( cosθ ) − (sinθ )( 2cosθ )( − sinθ ) θ  cos θ 4 2 = ( ) with θ = 0 b 1 + sin 2 θ cos3 θ ar = r − rθ 2 = ( )θ 2 − b 2b sin 2 θ 2 θ2 = θ cosθ cos3 θ = 2b tan 2 θ secθ θ 2 b sin θ 2 θ = 2b tan θ secθ θ 2 cos 2 θ (a) Radial and transverse components of effective forces. Eisenberg. William E.25)(10 )2 tanθ secθ P = 1.2 (b) Forces P and Q exerted on the pin by the arm OA and the wall of the slot DE. E. Clausen.165 tan 2 θ sec2 θ lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. = 0. Ferdinand P.

Clausen.5 × 106 m τ = 27. Jr. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Beer. . Phillip J.73 × 10 )( 2. E. Ferdinand P.32 days = 655.5 × 106 −12 M= ( 66. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.3604 × 106 s G = 66. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. For gravitational force and a circular orbit. David Mazurek.68 h = 2..04 × 1024 kg Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R. Solution 132. William E.3604 × 10 ) 6 ( ) 3 2 = 6. vτ = 2π r 4π 2r 3 Gτ 2 or τ GM = 2π r r Solving for M. M = Data: r = 384.73 × 10−12 m3/kg ⋅ s 2 4π 2 384. 8/e.04 × 1024 M = 6.

81)   M e  Rm    g m = 1.740 × 106 m 2 (c) gm  6. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 F = 1. vτ = 2π r or τ GM = 2π r r 4π 2re3 4π 2rm3 = GM e GM m 6 or τ2 = Since earth orbit and moon orbit have the same periodic time.01230 )   1. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r 4π 2r 3 GM Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.01230 ) 1/ 3 (10.37 × 106 12 ( ) 2 = 398. τ2 = M  (b) rm =  m   Me  1/ 3 re = ( 0.. William E.870 × 10 ) = 2.81 m/s 2 re = 6370 + 4500 = 10870 km = 10. E.870 × 10 ) 6 2 For gravitational force and a circular orbit.81) 6. 8/e. g e = 9. Solution 133.509 × 10 and 6 m rB = 2510 km GM e = ge Re 2 G = 2 GM m = g m Rm 2 g e Re 2 g R 2 = m m Me Mm with Rm = 1740 km = 1.819 kN ( GM )e m r2 ( 398. Elliot R.37 × 106   M  R  =  m  e  g e = ( 0. Phillip J.37 × 106 m. . David Mazurek. Clausen. For earth: Re = 6370 km = 6.06 × 10 ) (540) = 1819 N = (10. Eisenberg.870 × 106 m For the given orbit: ( GM )e (a) F = = g e Re 2 = ( 9. Ferdinand P. Jr.740 × 106  ( 9. Beer.617 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Radial component of acceleration of B. 8/e. ΣM 0 = 0: rA ( FA )θ + rB ( FB )θ = rAmA ( a A )θ + rB mB ( aB )θ = 0 && && & & rAmArAθ + rB mB rBθ + 2rBθ = 0 ( ) && θ = At t = 0./s 2 rB 2 && = 61. (b) Acceleration of B relative to the rod. θ B = θ A = θ . At t = 0. ( aB )θ =0 ( v A )θ & ( v A )θ = 96 = 9. Russell Johnston. Let r and θ be polar coordinates with the origin lying at the shaft. θ B = θ A = θ . Owing to frictionless sliding of B along the rod. Jr. Solution 134. From Eq. William E./s. (a) Components of acceleration Sketch the free body diagrams of the balls showing the radial and transverse components of the forces acting on them. Beer. Draw its free body diagram. applying Newton’s 3rd Law. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ( FB )r = 0. Clausen. .4 ft/s 2 rB Continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..6 ) = 737. Fr = mB ( aB )r : ( aB ) r =0 Transverse components of acceleration. David Mazurek. & & & && && && Constraint of rod: θ B = θ A + π radians. (1).COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E. & & −2rB rBθ 2 mArA + mB rB 2 & rB = 0 && so that θ = 0.6 rad/s = 8 ft/s = 96 in. Elliot R. Phillip J. Eisenberg. θ = 10 rA & && − rBθ 2 = ( aB )r = 0 rB & && = rBθ 2 = ( 8 )( 9.28 in. ( a A )θ ( aB )θ && && & & = rAθ + 2rAθ = raθ && & & = rBθ + 2rBθ (1) Since the rod is massless. it must be in equilibrium.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Speed of A.  WA 2 WB 2  & W 2 W 2 & rA + rC θ f =  A rA + B ( rB )0  θ 0  g g g g     θ& f = WArA2 + WB ( rB )0 & (1)(10 ) + ( 2 )(8) 9. Russell Johnston.6 = 3.. William E.5765 ) = 35. Jr./s ( vA ) f = 2. Phillip J.5765 rad/s θ0 = ( ) 2 2 WArA + WB rC (1)(10 )2 + ( 2 )(16 )2 2 2 2 ( vA ) f & = rAθ f = (10 )( 3. Beer. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. . Clausen. & & & mArA2θ + mB rB 2θ = mArA2θ ( ) + ( m r θ& ) 0 B B 2 0 Applying to the final state with ball B moved to the stop at C.765 in. Substituting gives d & mr 2θ for rFθ in each term of the moment equation dt d d & & mArA2θ + mB rB 2θ = 0 dt dt ( ) ( ) ( ) Integrating with respect to time. Eisenberg.98 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. David Mazurek. E.

37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.02567 GM rB 398.933 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 121 = 6491 km = 6. Russell Johnston.7° AOB = 180° − θ B = 130. vcirc = GM = rA 398.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 rA = 6370 + 563 = 6933 km = 6.4795 × 109 m 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h At point A. Jr.4253 × 103 = 51. .933 × 106 For the descent trajectory.06 × 1012 6. Phillip J. 8/e. v A = vcirc + ∆v = 7. E.933 × 106 7. Elliot R.6463 θ B = 49.02567 − 1 ε = 0.5773 × 103 − 152 = 7..491 × 106 m For the circular orbit through point A.06 × 1012 = 7.81) 6.5773 × 103 m/s 6.4795 × 109 h2 1−ε = = = 0. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E. Beer. Ferdinand P.03972 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ B ) rB h 51. David Mazurek. r = rA 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rA h 51.3° AOB = 130.933 × 106 ( ( )( ) 2 ) ε = 0. ( )( ) θ = 180°.96028 GM rA 398.4253 × 103 m/s h = rAv A = 6.491 × 106 ( ( )( ) 2 ) cosθ B = 1. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4795 × 109 h2 1 + ε cosθ B = = = 1. Clausen.3° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.06 × 1012 6. Solution 135. GM = gR 2 = ( 9.

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