COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 1.

m = 20 kg, g = 3.75 m/s 2 W = mg = ( 20 )( 3.75 )

W = 75 N

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 2.

At all latitudes, (a) φ = 0°,
g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 φ = 9.7807 m/s 2 W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.7807 )

m = 2.000 kg

(

)

W = 19.56 N

(b) φ = 45°, g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 45° = 9.8066 m/s 2
W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.8066 )

(

)

W = 19.61 N

(c) φ = 60°, g = 9.7807 1 + 0.0053 sin 2 60° = 9.8196 m/s2
W = mg = ( 2.000 )( 9.8196 ) W = 19.64 N

(

)

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 3.

Assume g = 32.2 ft/s 2 m= W g W a g

ΣF = ma : W − Fs =  a W 1 −  = Fs g  or W = Fs 1− = 1− 7

a g

2 32.2 W = 7.46 lb

m=

W 7.4635 = = 0.232 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft g 32.2 ΣF = ma : Fs − W = W a g

 a Fs = W 1 +  g  2   = 7.46 1 +  32.2  

Fs = 7.92 lb

For the balance system B, ΣM 0 = 0: bFw − bFp = 0 Fw = Fp   a a But, Fw = Ww 1 +  and Fp = W p 1 +  g g   so that Ww = W p and mw =
Wp g

mw = 0.232 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

. Periodic time: Radius of Earth: Radius of orbit: Velocity of satellite: τ = 12 h = 43200 s R = 3960 mi = 20. Elliot R.7019 × 10 m = 59.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.33 × 106 ft v= 2π r = ( 2π ) (87. Clausen.2 ) = 1901 lb W = 1901 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7019 × 103 ft/s It is given that (a) mv = 750 × 103 lb ⋅ s m= mv 750 × 103 = = 59. Beer.046 )( 32.9088 × 106 ft r = 3960 + 12580 = 16540 mi = 87. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft (b) W = mg = ( 59. 8/e. Eisenberg..046 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 3 v 12. Jr. E. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.33 × 106 ) 43200 τ = 12. Solution 4. William E.

Phillip J.2 )(10 ) = 8. Elliot R. E. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.05)(1. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 5. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. William E.. David Mazurek.05 ft/s2 40 40 ay 32.91 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. + ∑ Fy = ma y : 10 + 10 + 10 + 20 − 40 = ay = ( 32. 8/e.5) v = 4. Beer.2 ay = dv dy dv dv = =v dt dt dy dy v dv = a y d y ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ 0 a y d y v = 2a y y = v v 1 2 v = ay y 2 ( 2 )(8. Eisenberg.

81 µ = 0. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. a = v dv dv = = constant dx dt 0 xf ∫ v0 v dv = ∫ 0 a dx 1 2 − v0 = a x f 2 a=− 2 v0 2x f =− (30) ( 2)( 75) = − 6 m/s 2 0 tf ∫ v0 dv = ∫ 0 a dt − v0 = a t f tf = − (b) v0 − 30 = a −6 t f = 5. Clausen.. 8/e. .00 s + ∑ Fy = 0: N − W = 0 N =W ∑ Fx = ma : µ=− − µ N = ma ma ma a =− =− N W g µ=− ( − 6) 9. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Data: v0 = 108 km/h = 30 m/s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Beer. Eisenberg. x f = 75 m (a) Assume constant acceleration.612 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Jr. E. Solution 6.

E.444 ) v0 =− 2a ( 2 )( − 4. Phillip J.6728) 2 x f = 63.6728 m/s 2 v0 = 88 km/h = 24. Eisenberg. Solution 7.81 m/s 2 sin 4° = − 4. 8/e. (a) + ∑ F = ma : a=− =− Ff m + − F f + W sin α = ma Ff W sin α =− + g sin α m m 7500 N + 9.444 m/s From kinematics. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.9 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. William E. a=v dv dx xf 0 ∫ 0 a dx = ∫ v0 v dv 1 2 a x f = − v0 2 xf = − 2 ( 24. Jr. Elliot R. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6728 m/s 2 1400 kg 4° ( ) a = 4. Clausen. Beer..

. (a) Coefficient of static friction.963 (b) Stopping distance with skidding. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.80 )( 0.667 ) v 2 − v0 = = − 31.001 ft/s 2 2 ( s − s0 ) ( 2 )(170 ) 2 at = For braking without skidding µ = µ s .001 = − t = W g 32. Jr. 8/e. E. ( s − s0 ) = 2 0 − (102.2 µ s = 0. Use µ = µk = ( 0. so that µ s N = m | at | ΣFt = mat : − µ s N = mat µs = − mat a 31. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek.770 ΣF = mat : µk N = −mat at = − µk N m = − µk g = − 24. .667 ) v 2 − v0 = 2at ( 2 )( − 24.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Eisenberg. ΣFy = 0: N −W = 0 N =W v0 = 70 mi/h = 102.963) = 0.801 ft/s 2 Since acceleration is constant. Phillip J.801) 2 s − s0 = 212 ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Solution 8. Beer.667 ft/s 2 v 2 v0 − = at ( s − s0 ) 2 2 2 0 − (102. Elliot R.

v = at = ( 289.00 s 32. Jr. For the thrust phase. a = − g = − 32.8 ft/s 2 W 0. t = 10.00 s.1 ft y − y1 = − 2g ( 2 )( 32.9 ft 2 2 For the free flight phase. Phillip J. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 )( t − 1) At v = 0. Elliot R.8 )(1) = 144. David Mazurek.8 = 9. t −1 = 289.00 s (b) As already determined.2 ) 2 (a) ymax = h = 1304.8 + ( − 32. ΣF = ma : Ft − W = ma = W a g F   2  a = g  t − 1 = ( 32. Clausen. Ferdinand P..2 )  − 1 = 289.8 )(1) = 289. t > 1 s. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.1 + 144.2 ft/s v = v1 + a ( t − 1) = 289. Beer.2 2 v 2 − v1 = 2a ( y − y1 ) = −2 g ( y − y1 ) 2 0 − ( 289. . Russell Johnston.9 h = 1449 ft t = 10. Solution 9.8 ) v 2 − v1 =− = 1304.2     At t = 1 s. William E.8 ft/s y = 1 2 1 2 at = ( 289.

Russell Johnston. William E.25cos 20° ) cos50° − 0. set a = 0 and µ = µ s = 0.81)( sin 20° + 0. P= ( 40 )(1. Kinematics: Uniformly accelerated motion. Elliot R. . Ferdinand P. 8/e. David Mazurek. Solution 10.81)( sin 20° + 0.25 m/s 2 2 2 t ( 4) ΣFy = 0: N − P sin 50° − mg cos 20° = 0 N = P sin 50° + mg cos 20° ΣFx = ma : P cos 50° − mg sin 20° − µ N = ma or P cos50° − mg sin 20° − µ ( P sin 50° + mg cos 20° ) = ma P= ma + mg ( sin 20° + µ cos 20° ) cos50° − µ sin 50° For motion impending. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J.25) + ( 40 )( 9.25. v0 = 0 ) x = x0 + v0t + 1 2 at . Beer. use µ = µk = 0.25sin 50° P = 612 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.30sin 50° = 593 N For motion with a = 1..30cos 20° ) cos50° − 0.25 m/s 2 . P= ( 40 )( 0 ) + ( 40 )( 9. ( x0 = 0. Eisenberg. E. Jr. Clausen.30. 2 or a= 2 x ( 2 )(10 ) = = 1.

v0 = 100 km/hr = 27. David Mazurek. (θ = 6° ) ΣF = ma : − Fbr − mg sin θ = ma a=− Fbr − g sin θ m = −6.81sin ( −1.145° ) = − 6.455 m/s 2 x − x0 = 2 0 − ( 27. θ = −1.9 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( tan θ = −0..145° ) ΣF = ma : − Fbr − mg sin θ = ma F a = − br − g sin θ m = − 6.778 m/s 2 v 2 v0 − = a ( x − x0 ) 2 2 a= 2 0 − ( 27.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2a ( 2 )( −6. Jr. Beer. 8/e.234 ) 2 x − x0 = 61.234 m/s 2 x − x0 = 2 0 − ( 27. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P.43 − 9.02. E. Clausen. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.43 m/s 2 ΣFx = ma : − Fbr = ma Fbr = −a = 6. Russell Johnston.43 m/s 2 m (a) Going up a 6° incline.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2 ( x − x0 ) ( 2 )( 60 ) 2 = −6. Calculation of braking force/mass ( Fb / m ) from data for level pavement.778 ) v 2 − v0 = 2a ( 2 )( −7. Solution 11. William E.43 − 9. .455) 2 x − x0 = 51.81sin 6° = −7. Eisenberg.7 m (b) Going down a 2% incline. Phillip J.

Solution 12. Phillip J.33673) g   T = 16. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. g mB   aA 3  Eliminating T and solving for ( 3mA g − mB g ) sin 30° =  3mA +   ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° = ( 30 − 8) sin 30° = 0.101 m/s 2 30° 30° (b) Using equation (1).30 m/s 2 a B = 1.. Beer. 8/e. Russell Johnston.02 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek.30 ) = −1. . Let the positive directions of x A and xB be down the incline.33673 aA = g 3m A + mB / 3 30 + 2.101 m/s2 3 a A = 3. Constraint of the cable: x A + 3xB = constant or 1 aB = − a A 3 a A + 3aB = 0 For block A: For block B: ΣF = ma : mA g sin 30° − T = mAa A (1) ΣF = ma : mB g sin 30° − 3T = mB aB = − mB a A (2) aA .667 (a) a A = ( 0.81) = 3.81)( sin 30° − 0.33673)( 9. William E. E. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Elliot R.  a  T = mA g  sin 30° − A  = (10 )( 9.30 m/s 2 aB = − 1 ( 3.

Let the positive directions of x A and xB be down the incline. David Mazurek. Jr. Calculate aA for sliding. mB g ( sin 30° + µ cos30° ) − 3T = − Eliminate T.20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. E. Set a A = 0 and solve for µ. g continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Use µ = µk = 0.334. Constraint of the cable: x A + 3xB = constant 1 aB = − a A 3 a A + 3aB = 0 Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − mA g cos 30° = 0 ΣFx = ma : mA g sin 30° − µ N A − T = m Aa A Eliminate N A. Eisenberg. William E. Ferdinand P. mA g ( sin 30° − µ cos 30° ) − T = mAa A Block B: ΣFy = 0: N B − mB g cos 30° = 0 ΣF = ma : mB g sin 30° + µ N B − 3T = mB aB = − Eliminate N B .334. Solution 13. sliding occurs. 8/e.. mB a A 3 mB   aA 3  mB a A 3 ( 3mA g − mB g ) sin 30° − µ ( 3mA g + mB g ) cos 30° =  3mA +   Check the value of µ s required for static equilibrium. ( 75 + 20 ) Since µ s = 0. . Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. µ = ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° ( 3mA + mB ) cos 30° = ( 75 − 20 ) tan 30° = 0. Clausen. Phillip J.25 < 0.

E. Eisenberg.327 ) T = 18.442 m/s 2 30° 30° 1 aB = −   (1.20 )( 30 + 8) cos 30° 30 + 2..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ( 3mA − mB ) sin 30° − µ ( 3mA + mB ) cos 30° aA = g 3mA + mB / 3 = ( 30 − 8) sin 30° − ( 0. 8/e. Elliot R.327 m/s 2 a A = 1. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.667 = 0. Jr. Clausen. .81)( sin 30° − 0. David Mazurek. William E.442 m/s 2 3 (b) T = mA g ( sin 30° − µ cos 30° ) − mAa A = (10 )( 9.81) = 1.13525 )( 9.20cos 30° ) − (10 )(1.79 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.327 ) = − 0. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P.327 m/s 2 a B = 0.13525 (a) a A = ( 0.

Fc = coupling force. Solution 14. Beer. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : Fc − Fb = mAax Fc = mAax − Fb = (1708.5534 m/s 2 mA + mB 1708.1)( 4. Data: mA = mB = 55000 lb = 1708.667 ) = − 751 ft v2 xf = − 0 = − 2ax ( 2 )( 4. William E. Elliot R. Clausen.. David Mazurek.5534 ) 715 ft to the left (b) Use car A as free body. Russell Johnston.2 ft/s 2 v0 = − 55 mi/h = − 80.667 ft/s (a) Use both cars together as a free body.5534 ) + 7000 = 778 lb Fc = 778 lb tension Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.5 dv dx ax x f = 2 2 v0 2 ax = v xf 0 ∫ 0 ax dx = ∫ v0 v dv ( −80.5 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fb − Fb = mAax + mB ax ax = Fb + Fb 7000 + 7000 = = 4.1 + 1366. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. Both cars have same acceleration. . 8/e. E. Eisenberg. Phillip J.1 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. Consider horizontal force components only.2 ft/s 2 44000 lb = 1366.

8/e.5 dv dx 0 ax = v ∫ xf 0 ax dx = ∫ v v dv 0 ax x f = 2 2 v0 2 xf = − 2 ( −80.2 ft/s 2 44000 lb = 1366.. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Consider horizontal force components only.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.5)( 2.1 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. Phillip J.2767 ) 1429 ft to the left (b) Use car B as a free body.1 + 1366.667 ) = 1429 ft v0 =− 2ax ( 2 )( 2. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fc = mB ax − Fc = (1366. Ferdinand P. William E. . Fc = coupling force.2767 ) = 3110 lb Fc = 3110 lb.5 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32. Jr. Clausen.2767 m/s 2 mA + mB 1708. Solution 15. Both cars have same acceleration.667 ft/s (a) Use both cars together as a free body.2 ft/s 2 v0 = − 55 mi/h = − 80. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. Data: mA = mB = 55000 lb = 1708. Beer. compression Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. ∑ Fx = ∑ max : − Fb − Fb = mAax + mB ax ax = Fb 7000 = = 2.

Clausen. E. Beer. Solution 16. . Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.20. Block B: ΣFy = 0: N AB − WB cosθ = 0 ΣFx = ma : − T + µ N AB + WB sin θ = WB aB g Eliminate N AB and aB . Assume that block A moves down and block B moves up. Jr.20 (WA + 3WB ) cosθ s continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Constraint of cable: 2 x A + ( xB − x A ) = x A + xB = constant. µ = µs = 0. Phillip J. or aB = −a A a A + aB = 0. 8/e. William E..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. a A = aB = 0. David Mazurek. −T + WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) = WB aB a = −WB A g g Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − N AB − WA cosθ = 0 N A = N AB + WA cosθ = (WB + WA ) cosθ ΣFx = m Aa A : − T + WA sin θ − FAB − FA = −WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) − WB WA aA g aA + WA sin θ − µWB cosθ g aA g aA g − µ (WB + WA ) cosθ = WA (WA − WB ) sinθ − µ (WA + 3WB ) cosθ = (WA + WB ) Check the condition of impending motion. θ = θs =0 (WA − WB ) sin θ s − 0. Eisenberg.

8° < θ = 25°. g (WA − WB ) sin θ − µk (WA + 3WB ) cosθ aA = g WA + WB = 64sin 25° − ( 0.15cos 25° ) + (16 )( 0. Phillip J.40 64 WA − WB θ s = 21.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System tan θ s = 0. Jr.15 and θ = 25°. 8/e.20 (WA + 3WB ) ( 0. Eisenberg.20 )(128 ) = = 0. . William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.10048 a A = ( 0.15 )(128 ) cos 25° 96 = 0.10048 )( 32. Calculate aA using µ = µ k = 0. Clausen.54 lb ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.24 ft/s 2 25° ! = 16 ( sin 25° + 0.24 ft/s 2 (b) T = WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) + WB aA g a B = 3.2 ) = 3.24 ft/s 2 (a) aB = −3. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.10048 ) T = 10. Ferdinand P. Beer. The blocks move.. E.

8/e. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. a A = aB = 0. Solution 17. David Mazurek. Beer. θ = 25° (WA − WB ) sin θ − µ s (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + Ps ( µ s sin θ + cosθ ) = 0 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Phillip J. µ = µ s = 0. William E. Eisenberg. Block B: ΣFy = 0: N AB − WB cosθ = 0 ΣFx = max : − T + µ N AB + WB sin θ = WB aB g Eliminate N AB and aB . Constraint of cable: 2 x A + ( xB − x A ) = x A + xB = constant. Elliot R. or aB = −a A Assume that block A moves down and block B moves up. −T + WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) = WB aB a = −WB A g g Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − N AB − WA cosθ + P sin θ = 0 N A = N AB + WA cosθ − P sin θ = (WB + WA ) cosθ − P sin θ ΣFx = mAa A : − T + WA sin θ − FAB − FA + P cosθ = −WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) − WB WA aA g aA + WA sin θ − µWB cosθ g aA g aA g − µ (WB + WA ) cosθ + µ P sin θ + P cosθ = WA (WA − WB ) sin θ − µ (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + P ( µ sin θ + cosθ ) = (WA + WB ) Check the condition of impending motion. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. a A + aB = 0. .20. Jr. Clausen.

20149 )( 32.15 )(128 ) cos 25° + (10 )( 0. 8/e.15cos 25° ) + (16 )( 0. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Ps = µ s (WA + 3WB ) cosθ − (WA − WB ) sin θ µ s sin θ + cosθ = ( 0. Calculate aA using µ = µ k = 0.49 ft/s 2 25° ! = 16 ( sin 25° + 0. ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. θ = 25°.15sin 25° + cos 25° ) 96 = 0. David Mazurek.20149 ) T = 12. E.20149 a A = ( 0. Ferdinand P. and P = 10 lb. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.49 ft/s 2 (a) aB = −6. Jr. (b) T = WB ( sin θ + µ cosθ ) + WB aA g a B = 6.16 lb. Phillip J.49 ft/s 2 . Elliot R.20 )(128) cos 25° − 64 sin 25° 0. Eisenberg.20 sin 25° + cos 25° = −3. Russell Johnston. .15.2 ) = 6. William E.88 lb < 10 lb Blocks will move with P = 10 lb.. g (WA − WB ) sin θ − µk (WA + 3WB ) cosθ + P ( µk sinθ + cosθ ) aA = g WA + WB = 64 sin 25° − ( 0.

8/e.30 a A = 9.493 m/s 2 or a A = 0. David Mazurek. µ k = 0.32 aB = 9. For box A. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.81( 0. Boxes are slipping. Assume a B > a A so that the boxes separate. E. Russell Johnston. William E.. Clausen. Beer. Solution 18.81( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. µ k = 0.30cos15° − sin15° ) For box B.304 m/s 2 15° independent of m. 15° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.32cos15° − sin15° ) or a B = 0. µ = µk ΣFy = 0: N − mg cos15° = 0 N = mg cos15° ΣFx = ma : µ k N − mg sin15° = ma µ k mg cos15° − mg sin15° = ma a = g ( µ k cos15° − sin15° ) . Elliot R. Jr. . Ferdinand P.

Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 ) = − 2.43 ft/s 2 aC = 2.477 ) = 7. Let y be positive downward position for all blocks.48 ft/s 2 (b) Tensions.076923)( 32.38 lb TC = 18.477 ft/s 2 a A = − ( 3)( − 2.477 ) 32.46 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. WC − TC = mC aC . Block B: WB − 3TA − TC = mB aB WB − 3 (WA − 3mAaB ) − (WC − mC aB ) = mB aB or (a) Accelerations. Ferdinand P. William E. Elliot R. 20 ( 7.43) 32.477 ft/s 2 a B = 2. 8/e.076923 g WB + 9WA + WC 60 + 180 + 20 aB = ( − 0. Constraint of cable attached to mass A: y A + 3 yB = constant a A + 3aB = 0 Constraint of cable attached to mass C: aC + aB = 0 or or a A = −3aB aC = − aB yC + yB = constant For each block Block A: Block C: ΣF = ma : or TA = WA − mAa A = WA − 3m AaB or TC = WC − mC aC = WC − mC aB WA − TA = mAa A .431 ft/s 2 aC = − ( − 2. Clausen. David Mazurek.477 ) = 2.48 ft/s 2 a A = 7. . aB W − 3WA − WC 60 − 60 − 20 = B = = − 0. Solution 19. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. E.2 TA = 20 − TA = 15. Phillip J..2 20 TC = 20 − ( 2. Jr.

Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. . Jr. William E. Phillip J. Let y be positive downward for both blocks. Russell Johnston. E.. aA = WA − WB − P g WA + WB 2 2 v A − ( v A )0 = 2a A  y A − ( y A ) 0    (1) with ( v A )0 = 0 (2) v A = 2a A  y A − ( y A ) 0    v A − ( v A )0 = a At t= vA aA continued with ( v A )0 = 0 (3) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 20. Constraint of cable: y A + yB = constant a A + aB = 0 or aB = −a A For blocks A and B. Ferdinand P. Clausen. ΣF = ma : Block A: WA − T = WA aA g or T = WA − WA aA g Block B: P + WB − T = P + WB − WA + WB W aB = − B a A g g WA W a A = − B aA g g Solving for a A . Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. 8/e.

69 ft/s ! = 2. Jr. WB = 50 lb. System (1): t1 = System (2): t2 = System (3): t3 = 10 10. System (1): WA = 100 lb.2 ) 100 ( a A )2 = 16.10 ft/s 2 ! System (3): WA = 1100 lb.73 10 16. . System (1): System (2): System (3): ( v A )1 ( v A )2 ( v A )3 = = = ( 2 )(10. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.932 s ! t2 = 0.621 s ! t3 = 13. William E. Elliot R.74 ft/s ! (c) Time at v A = 10 ft/s.73)( 5) ( 2 )(16. ( a A )3 = 1100 − 1050 ( 32. WB = 1050 lb. Use formula (3).2 ) 1100 + 1050 ( a A )3 = 0. Russell Johnston. E.36 ft/s ! = 12.35 s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J.10 )( 5) ( 2 )( 0.749 t1 = 0. ( a A )2 = 100 − 50 ( 32. Beer.749 )( 5) ( v A )1 ( v A )2 ( v A )3 = 10.. 8/e. Eisenberg.10 10 0. P = 50 lb By formula (1).COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (a) Acceleration of block A. P = 0 By formula (1).2 ) 100 + 50 ( a A )1 = 10.73 ft/s2 ! System (2): WA = 100 lb.749 ft/s 2 ! (b) v A at y A − ( y A )0 = 5 ft. P = 0 ( aA )1 = 100 − 50 ( 32. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. Clausen. Use formula (2). By formula (1). WB = 0.

25 N1 = ma a = 27. Clausen.2 ) = 23. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.60 )W = ma a = 0.4 ft/s 2 ! For the upper beam.  3000  T = 0. As in Part (a) N1 = mg. (a) Maximum acceleration.25 + 0. Jr. David Mazurek. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. For the upper beam.25g = 8.85 W = ( 0. Beer. only the lower beam can move. ΣFy = 0: N 2 − N1 − W = 0 or N 2 = 2W ΣFx = ma : 0.. Elliot R. Eisenberg.25W = ma a = 0. ΣF = ma : 0. . ΣFy = 0: N1 − W = 0 N1 = W = mg For the lower beam. Case 1: Assume that only the top beam slips.37 ft/s 2 m ΣFx = ma : T − 0.85 )( 32.37 ) = 2927 lb  32.25 N1 + 0. The cable secures the upper beam.30 N 2 = ( 0.25 )( 3000 ) +   ( 23. E. Solution 21.2  T = 2930 lb ! (b) Maximum deceleration of trailer. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.05 ft/s 2 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.25W + ma = ( 0.

Jr.66 ft/s 2 The smaller deceleration value governs. Clausen. Eisenberg.30 g = 9. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. a = 8. Beer. ΣF = ( 2m ) a : ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Case 2: Assume that both beams slip.30 )( 2W ) = ( 2m ) a a = 0. Elliot R.05 ft/s 2 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.. As before N 2 = 2W . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. E. .

ΣF = mB a cos 30°: F f = mB a cos30° F f = (10 )( 5. Solution 22. ΣF = Σ ma : P − mA g sin 30° − mB g sin 30° = ( mA + mB ) a a= P 500 − g sin 30° = − 9. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.. Beer. E. Jr.124 123. Use blocks A and B together as a free body.575 µ min = 0.124 N ΣF = mB a sin 30°: N B − mB g = mB a sin 30° N B = mB ( g + a sin 30° ) = 10 ( 9. Since both blocks move together. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.357 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . Russell Johnston. Phillip J. they have a common acceleration. 8/e.81 sin 30° mA + mB 50 = 5. Eisenberg.575 N Minimum coefficient of static friction: µ min = Ff NB = 44. David Mazurek.095 sin 30° ) = 123. William E.095 m/s 2 Use block B as a free body. Elliot R.095 ) cos 30° = 44. Ferdinand P.81 + 5.

Ferdinand P.2 )(1.6 − 3.5 ) = 3. Elliot R.35 mg Ff m = ap s ( )1 < µmN ( )1 = µ s g = ( 0. Acceleration phase.8 m/s x1 = xo + vot1 + 2. 8/e. (a) Kinematics of the belt.41667 s −11. vo = 0 1.8 = = 0. William E. Jr. Clausen.81) = 3. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.8) v2 − v1 = = −11. v2 − v1 0 − 4. Assume no slip. Eisenberg.35 W = 0.5 ) = 4. Russell Johnston.2 )(1. ( a p )1 = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.52 m/s 2 t2 − t1 = (b) Motion of the package. . 1 2 1 2 a1t1 = 0 + 0 + ( 3.2 m/s 2 v1 = vo + a1t1 = 0 + ( 3.2 m/s2 ΣFy = 0: N − W = 0 or N = W = mg ΣFx = ma : F f = m a p The required friction force is F f .6 m 2 2 Deceleration phase.43 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. E. v2 = 0 since the belt stops. 2 2 v2 − v1 = 2a2 ( x2 − x1 ) a2 = 2 2 0 − ( 4.52 a2 1. David Mazurek..52 2 ( x2 − x1 ) 2 ( 4.35 )( 9.6 ) 2 a 2 = 11. Solution 23. Acceleration phase with a1 = 3. The available friction force is µ s N = 0.

Beer.. Deceleration phase. ( v p )1 = v1 = 4. William E.41667 ) + 1 ( −2. 8/e.787 x p/belt = 0. Ferdinand P.8 + ( −2.52 m/s2 ΣFx = ma : − F f = m a p Ff m = ap ( )2 ( )2 = −11. 2.41667 ) = 3.387 − 4. Eisenberg. Clausen.4525)( 0.43 m/s 2 < 11.25 )( 9.2 m/s 2 < 3.43 m/s 2 . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4525 m/s 2 ( v p )2 = ( v p )1 + ( a p )2 ( t2 − t1 ) = 4.52 m/s2 µs N m = µ s mg m = µ s g = 3.6 + ( 4. E.78 m/s2 ( x p )2 = ( x p )1 + ( v p )1 ( t2 − t1 )2 + 1 ( a p )2 ( t2 − t1 )2 2 = 3.6 = 0.787 m Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. ( a p )2 < 11.387 m 2 Position of package relative to the belt ( x p )2 − x2 = 5. Phillip J. ( a p )2 = −11.41667 )2 = 5. Jr.81) = −2. Elliot R. the package does slip. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Since 3.52 m/s 2 Since the available friction force µ s N is less than the required friction force F f for no slip.8 m/s and ( x p )1 = 3. . the package does not slip.52 m/s2 . Russell Johnston.4525)( 0. Assume no slip.6 m. ( )2 k ( a p )2 = − µmN F f = µk N ΣFx = m a p : − µk N = m a p ( )2 = − µk g = − ( 0.8 )( 0.

Russell Johnston.53 m/s 2 cos 65° − 0.81) = 4. Elliot R.24 m/s 2 65° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J.30sin 65° a1 = 19.432 )( 9. F1 = µ s N1 = 0.30 N1 ΣFy = mAa y : N1 − WA = mAa1 sin 65° N1 = WA + mAa1 sin 65° = mA ( g + a1 sin 65° ) ΣFx = mAax : F1 = mAa1 cos 65° F1 = µ s N or mAa1 cos 65° = 0. David Mazurek. .53 m/s 2 65° Deceleration a2 : Impending slip.81) = 19. Jr. 8/e. Clausen.30 g = (1.30sin 65° a2 = 4. Solution 24.30 g = ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.24 m/s 2 cos 65° + 0. William E. Acceleration a1 : Impending slip. Beer. E..30 N 2 ΣFy = ma y : N1 − WA = −m Aa2 sin 65° N1 = WA − mAa2 sin 65° ΣFx = max : F2 = mAa2 cos 65° F2 = µ S N 2 a2 = or mAa2 cos 65° = 0. Ferdinand P.30mA ( g − a2 cos 65° ) 0. Eisenberg.990 )( 9.30mA ( g + a1 sin 65° ) a1 = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. F2 = µ S N 2 = 0.

Phillip J. Ferdinand P. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5 m/s 2 N 2 − WP cos 20° = −mP aT sin 20° N 2 = mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.81) = 0.309 m/s 2 (b) xP / T = ( xP / T )o + ( vP / T ) t + aP / T = 1 1 aP / T t 2 = 0 + 0 + aP / T t 2 2 2 s ( 2 )(1) = 12.40 N1 ΣFy = mP a y : N1 − WP cos 20° = −mP aT sin 20° N1 = mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) ΣFx = max : F1 − WP sin 20° = mP aT cos 20° F1 = mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° ) mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° ) = 0. aP = aT and F1 = µ s N1 = 0.4 )2 Fy = mP a y : a P / T = 12. (a) Find the value of aT so that the relative motion of the plywood with respect to the truck is impending.5 m/s 2 20° ) 20° a P = aT + a P / T = ( aT → ) + (12. Russell Johnston. 2 xP / T = 2 t ( 0. Elliot R. Let a P be the acceleration of the plywood. Eisenberg.40cos 20° − sin 20° ) g cos 20° + 0. David Mazurek. Clausen. Solution 25. .40 mP ( g cos 20° − aT sin 20° ) aT = ( 0. aT be the acceleration of the truck.309 aT = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.03145 )( 9..5 m/s2 . 8/e. E. William E. and a P / T be the acceleration of the plywood relative to the truck.40sin 20° = ( 0.

30sin 20° = ( −0. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. .5 ) = 11. Phillip J. Clausen.30 cos 20° − sin 20° ) g + aP / T cos 20° + 0. E. William E. Elliot R.. Eisenberg.05767 )( 9.43 aT = 11.81) + ( 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.9594 )(12. 8/e.43 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ΣFx = Σmax : F2 − WP sin 20° = mP aT cos 20° − mP aP / T F2 = mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° − aP / T ) For sliding with friction F2 = µk N 2 = 0.30mP ( g cos 20° + aT sin 20° ) aT = ( 0. David Mazurek.30 N 2 mP ( g sin 20° + aT cos 20° − aP / T ) = 0. Jr.

William E. 2 F0 = kv0 = 0 k = F0 2 v0 When the propellers are reversed. Clausen. E. At maximum speed a = 0. Beer. Jr. Solution 26. Elliot R. F0 is reversed.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.347 2 m0v0 F0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. . Phillip J. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. ΣFx = ma : − F0 − kv 2 = ma − F0 − F0 v2 = ma 2 v0 dx = a− F0 2 v + v2 2 0 mv0 ( ) 2 vdv mv0 vdv = 2 a F0 v0 + v 2 ( ) ∫ x = − 2 mv0 F0 x dx 0 = − 2 mv0 0 vdv ∫ 2 F0 v0 v0 + v 2 2 2 mv0  2 mv0 2 ln v0 − ln 2v0  = ln 2  2 F0  2F0 1 2 ln v0 + v 2 2 ( ) 0 v0 = − ( ) x = 0. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. E. Beer..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek. . William E. Phillip J. k m ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 27. Eisenberg. 8/e. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. which is linear. Clausen. Jr. ΣF = ma : P − kv = ma dv P − kv =a= dt m t v ∫ 0 dt = ∫ 0 P − kv = − k ln ( P − kv ) 0 = − k ln ( P − kv ) − ln P    v m dv m m t = − m P − kv ln k P or ln v = P − kv kt = − m m P 1 − e− kt / m k t 0 P − kv = e −kt / m m x = ∫ 0 v dt = t or t ( ) Pt k − 0 P  k − kt / m  − e   k m = x = Pt P − kt / m Pt P e + −1 = − 1 − e− kt / m k m k m Pt kv − .

36 m h = 335 m continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.0024 )( 90 )2   m  kv0 4 + 1 = + 1 ln  ln   mg  2k  ( 2 )( 0. E. Beer. ΣFy = ma : − D − mg = ma  D kv 2   a = − g +  = − g +   m m      dv kv 2  k  2 mg  v = − g +  = − v +   dy m  m k    v dv k = − dy mg m v + k 2 ∫ v dv k =− mg v0 2 m v + k 0 0 ∫ h 0 dy 1  2 mg  kh ln  v +  = − k v m 2  0 mg  1 1  kv 2 kh k ln = − ln  0 + 1 = −  mg  2 v 2 + mg 2  m  0 k h = 2  ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Russell Johnston. (a) Upward motion. Let y be the position coordinate of the projectile measured upward from the ground.. Ferdinand P. The velocity and acceleration a taken to positive upward.81)     = 335. Phillip J. David Mazurek.0024 )  ( 4 )( 9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. Jr. Solution 28. William E. Eisenberg. . D = kv 2.

David Mazurek.6 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr.0024  ( )   ( 4 )( 9. Russell Johnston. . 8/e. Clausen. Elliot R. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) Downward motion.0024)(335.36)/4  v f = 73. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.81) 1 − e−( 2)( 0.6 m/s = 73. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. E.. ΣF = ma : D − mg = ma D kv 2 −g = −g m m dv kv 2 k  mg  v = −g = −  − v2  dy m m k  a = v dv k = − dy mg m − v2 k ∫ vf 0 v dv k =− mg m vf ∫ 0 h dy 1  mg kh  ln  − v2  = 2  k m 0  mg − v2 f 1  k − ln  2  mg  k    kh  = m     kv 2  2 kh f  = − ln 1 −  mg  m   1− vf = ± vf = kv 2 f mg = e− 2 kh/m mg 1 − e−2 kh/m k  0.

and let x be positive to the right. Eisenberg. E. and the magnitude of the force exerted by the spring is Fs = ke = k By geometry. Solution 29. Choose the origin at point C. Russell Johnston. Beer. 8/e. Ferdinand P.. Phillip J. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Then.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. from the right triangle L = 2 + x2 The elongation of the spring is e = L − . and x0 is its initial value. ( 2 + x2 − ) cosθ = x 2 + x2 ΣFx = max : − Fs cosθ = ma −k ( 2 + x2 − ) x 2 + x2 x = ma a = − k x − m  2    + x2  v 0 ∫ 0 v dv = ∫ x0 a dx v 1 2 k 0 = − ∫x x − v m 0 2 0  2  k 1 2  dx = −  x − 2  m2 + x  x 2 2 + x0   2  + x   x0 2 0 1 2 k v = − 0 − m 2 v2 = k 2 m k  =  m 2 − ( 1 2 x0 + 2 2 2 2 + x0 − 2 2 + x0 − 2 2 + x0 ) ( 2 ) 2 2 + x0 + 2   k m answer: v = ( 2 2 + x0 − ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. Let L be the stretched length of the spring. . Jr. David Mazurek. Then x is a position coordinate of the slider B.

ΣF = ma : m A g − 2T = m Aa A aA = g − 2T mA (2) Block B. William E. (3) and (4) into (1).COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. .409 m 2 ∆y = 0. Elliot R. 8/e. Block A. B. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. yB. Then the corresponding velocities and accelerations are positive downward. E. T = 65.81 −  T = 0  T = 65. y A − ( y A )0 = ( 2 )( 65. Beer. Clausen. (a) Change in position. Jr.4 N ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.27 )( 0.4 ) = − 3. Let yA. and yC be the position coordinates of blocks A. a A − aB + a A + 2aB + aC = 0 (1) Draw free body diagrams of each of the blocks. and C respectively measured downward from the upper support. Constraint of cable: y A − yB + y A + 2 yB + yC = constant 2a A + aB + aC = 0 Differentiating twice.27 m/s2 10 1 a At 2 2 y A − ( y A )0 = 1 ( − 3.. Eisenberg.5)2 = − 0. ΣF = ma : mB g − T = mB aB aB = g − T mB T mC (3) Block C.409 m ! (b) Tension in the cable.  2T   T   T  2 g − =0  + g −  + g − mA   mB   mC    4 1 1 4g −  + +  mA mB mC 4 1 1 ( 4 )( 9.4 N Substitute into (2). Russell Johnston. ΣF = ma : mC g − T = mC aC aC = g − (4) Substitute (2). Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.81) −  + +  T = 0  10 10 10    a A = 9. Solution 30.

Elliot R.05 N Assume that block B slides downward relative to block A.49 + 4.44 N.274 )( 0. Russell Johnston.48 ) = 4. The friction force F2 is directed as shown.1 N WB = mB g = 49.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. vB / A = aB / At = (1. 8/e.20 N 2.78 m/s 2 30° 30° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 31.20 )(127.1cos30° = 127.1sin 30° − 25. Its magnitude is F2 = µk N 2 = 0.5 s. Phillip J.248 N.05cos30° = 42.5 ) v B / A = 0. . Clausen.781 m/s2 10 aB / A = aB − a A = 4. (b) Velocity of B relative to A at t = 0. E. David Mazurek.781 = 1. N1 = WB cos30° = 49. F1 = ( 0.48 + 98.055 m/s2 5 mB Assume that block A slides downward relative to the fixed plane. Ferdinand P.637 m/s a A = 2. Jr. ΣFx = mB aB : WB sin 30° − F1 = mB aB aB = 1 1 (WB sin 30° − F1 ) = ( 49. WA = m A g = 98. N 2 = 42. (a) Acceleration of block A. William E.274 m/s 2 Since both aB / A and a A are positive. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. F2 = ( 0. Fy = 0: N 2 − N1 − WA cos30° = 0.10 )( 42.44 ) = 25.248) = 4.48 N.055 − 2.248) = 2. ΣFy = 0: N1 − WB cos30° = 0. Then the friction force F1 is directed as shown.10 N1.49 N ΣFx = mAa A : WA sin 30° − F2 + F1 = mAa A aA = = 1 (WA sin 30° − F2 + F1 ) mA 1 ( 98..05sin 30° − 4. the directions of relative motion are as assumed above. Beer. Eisenberg. Its magnitude is F1 = µk N1 = 0.

William E.0605 )  ( 32. Constraint of cable: 3 ( xC − x A ) + ( xC − xB ) + ( − xB ) = constant 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 (1) ΣFx = max : Block A: Block B: 3T = m Aa A 2T = mB aB or or or aA = aB = 3T 3T = g mA 20 2T 2T = g mB 10 (2) (3) (4) Block C: P − 4T = mC aC aC = P − 4T P − 4T = g 20 20 Substituting (2). Elliot R.5 ft/s 2 From (4). Phillip J.3 ft/s 2 = 39. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P.3 ft/s 2 a B = 39. Jr.0605)( 32.2 ) 20 = 29. and accelerations be to the right.0605 lb (a) From (2). a A = From (3). aB = ( 3)( 6. T = 6.0 ft/s 2 aC = 41. Beer.12121) P = ( 0. Russell Johnston..5 m/s 2 ( 2 )( 6.06 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 )  = 41. David Mazurek. (3).COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 ) 10 50 − ( 4 )( 6. Let the origin lie at the fixed anchor. Clausen. and (4) into (1).12121)( 50 ) = 6.0605)( 32. Solution 32. Let the positive direction for position coordinates. Eisenberg. E. velocities.0 ft/s 2 a A = 29. . 8/e. aC =  20 (b) As determined above.  P − 4T   2T   3T  4  − 2  −3   = 0  20   10   20  4 9  4P  16 + +  T = 20  20 10 20  T = ( 0.

Elliot R. Eisenberg. Jr. . mA = mC = 20 10 = 0.4 ) ( 0. Russell Johnston.31056 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft 32.20 g mA mA (2) (1) FB = µkWB ΣFx = mB aB : 2T − FB = mB aB aB = 2T − µkWB 2T = − 0. E. David Mazurek..4 )2 = 30 ft/s 2 (5) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. mB = = 0. Constraint of cable: 3 ( xC − x A ) + ( xC − xB ) + ( − xB ) = constant 4aC − 2aB − 3a A = 0 Block A: ΣFy = 0: N A − WA = 0 N A = WA .62112 lb ⋅ s 2 / ft. FC = µ kWC ΣFx = mC a A : P − 4T − FC = mC aC Kinematics: xC = ( xC )0 + ( vC )0 + aC = 2  xC − ( xC )0    t 2 (4) 1 1 aC t 2 = 0 + aC t 2 2 2 = ( 2 )( 2. Solution 33. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 32.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. FA = µ k N A = µκ WA ΣFx = mAax : 3T − FA = mAa A aA = Block B: N B = WB . 8/e. and accelerations be to the right. William E.20 g mB mB (3) Block C: NC = WC . velocities. 3T − µkWA 3T = − 0. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Let the origin lie at the fixed anchor. Beer.2 Let the positive direction for position coordinates. Phillip J.

Jr.5608) 0. a A = 20. Russell Johnston.37 ft/s 2 From (3).62112  = 120 − 27. William E.5608 lb From (4). ( 4)(30) − ( 2)    2T   3T  − 0.2)  − ( 3)  − ( 0.20 g    0.2)( 32.20 )( 32. aA = aB = (a) = ( 4 )( 5. and aC are to the right. T = 5.20 )( 20 ) + ( 0.2 ) = 20.5608 ) + ( 0.62112 − ( 0.2 ) = 29. (3) and (5) into (1). ( 2 )( 5. aB . (b) (c) Tension in the cable.2)   0. 8/e.20 g  − ( 3)  − 0.62112  0.4 ft/s 2 a B = 29. Elliot R.9 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.62112 )( 30 ) ( 3)( 5.42 ft/s 2 − ( 0.2 = 0 T = 5.2)( 32. Beer.37 T + 32. Force P. David Mazurek. Clausen.31056 Acceleration vectors.20 )( 32. and FC are to the left as assumed.31056  2T   3T  = ( 4)( 30) − ( 2)  − ( 0. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Substitute (2). . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.31056   0.877 lb From (2). the friction forces FA .5608) 0.. FB . P = 4T + FC + mC aC = 44. Phillip J. E.4 ft/s 2 aC = 30 ft/s 2 Since a A .56 lb P = 44.

Solution 34.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. (3). Phillip J. (4) to Eq. (3). Jr. 8/e. . Ferdinand P. (2) and subtract Eq. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. T = 137. Elliot R. William E. and let the origin lie at the cable anchor.2 N ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.068 or a A = −0. aB / A = 0.880 (4) Eliminate aB / A using Eq. Let the positive direction of x and y be those shown in the sketch.328 ΣFy = mB ( aB ) y : mB g cos 20° − T = mB aB / A mB aB / A + T = mB g cos 20° 15 aB / A + T = 138. David Mazurek.0740 m/s 2 .0740 m/s 2 From Eq. a A = 0. where the positive directions of a A and aB / A are respectively the x and the y directions. 55 a A = −4.2 N T = 137. then add Eq.276 (2) (3) Block A: ΣFx = m A a A : m A g sin 20° + N AB + T = m A a A m Aa A − N AB + T = m A g sin 20° 25 a A − N AB + T = 83. Constraint of cable: x A + yB / A = constant or a A + aB / A = 0. (1)..0740 m/s 2 20° ! From Eq. E. Russell Johnston. Beer. Eisenberg. Then aB / A = −a A 20° ) + ( aB / A 20° ) (1) First note that a B = a A + a B / A = ( a A Block B: ΣFx = mB ( aB ) x : mB g sin 20° − N AB = mB a A mB a A + N AB = mB g sin 20° 15 a A + N AB = 50. (1).

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Beer. . Russell Johnston.81)  sin 25° + ( 20 )( 0. E. Elliot R. a B / A = 0. William E. Clausen.4sin 25° ) = 2495 N (b) Trolley A: ΣF = mAa A : TCD − (TAB + mA g ) sin 25° = mAa A TCD = (TAB + mA g ) sin 25° + mAa A =  2495 + ( 20 )( 9. David Mazurek. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. 8/e. since the system starts from rest. Solution 35.4cos 25° = 0.363 a B / A = 0. say to the left in the diagram and ( a B / A )n is directed 25° ) + ( aB / A toward point A.4 )   TCD = 1145 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81 + 0. Initially. Particle B is constrained to move on a circular path with its center at point A. Motion of B relative to A. Ferdinand P. Jr.363 m/s 2 Fy = mB ( aB ) y : TAB − mB g = mB a A sin 25° TAB = mB ( g + a A sin 25° ) = 250 ( 9. Eisenberg. (a) a B = a A + a B / A = ( a A Crate B: ) ΣFx = Σmax : 0 = mB aB / A − mB a A cos 25° aB / A = a A cos 25° = 0. ( a B / A )t is the component of a B / A lying along the circle.

Russell Johnston.5) = 0.81)( 0. Ferdinand P. E.21° T = 23. Jr.2° ( 2 )( 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek. a= v2 ρ + ΣFy = ma y : ΣFy = max : T cosθ − W = 0 T sin θ = ma W mv 2 mv 2 sin θ = = cosθ L sin θ ρ T = W cosθ (a) (1.21° (b) T = W mg = cosθ cosθ = θ = 34. Phillip J. Clausen. Beer. 8/e. . Elliot R.7 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg.38226 mv 2 v2 tan θ sin θ = = = WL gL ( 9. The ball moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = L sin θ Acceleration (toward center of circle). Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.6 ) 2 θ = 34.81) cos 34.. Solution 36.

The length of the wire is L = ρ sin θ1 + ρ sin θ 2 . Beer. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. 8/e. William E. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. E. Solution 37. ρ = L sin θ1 sin θ 2 sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ΣFy = 0: T cosθ1 + T cosθ 2 − mg = 0 T = mg cosθ1 + cosθ 2 mv 2 ΣFx = max : T sin θ1 + T sin θ 2 = man = ρ mg ( sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ) mv 2 ( sin θ1 + sin θ 2 ) = cosθ1 + cosθ 2 L sin θ1 sin θ 2 v 2 = Lg sin θ1 sin θ 2 sin 60° sin 30° = ( 2 )( 9.2193 m 2 /s 2 cosθ1 + cosθ 2 cos 60° + cos30° v = 2. Let ρ be the radius of the horizontal circle. Clausen.49 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Ferdinand P.81) = 6.. Solving for ρ . Phillip J. Elliot R.

0642 ft (1) (2) W cosθ 2 ( 4 )( sin 25° )( sin 50° ) sin 25° ΣFy = 0: TAC cosθ 2 + TBC cosθ1 − W = 0 ΣFx = max : TAC sin θ 2 + TBC sin θ1 = Wv 2 gρ Case 1: TBC = 0.0642 ) tan 50° = 117.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.78 ft/s Case 2: TAC = 0.59 ft 2 /s 2 v = 10. Phillip J. Clausen. Beer. TAC cosθ 2 − W = 0 or TAC = Wv 2 gρ TAC sin θ 2 = W tan θ 2 = v 2 = g ρ tan θ 2 = ( 32. William E. 8/e. Solution 38. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.84 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. . Ferdinand P.2 )( 3.. Elliot R.84 ft/s 6. David Mazurek.78 ft/s ≤ v ≤ 10. E.01 ft 2 /s 2 v = 6. Russell Johnston. θ 3 = θ1 − θ 2 = 50° − 25° = 25° sin θ 2 1 = d sin θ 3 1 sin θ1 or 1 = d sin θ 2 sin θ 3 ρ = = = d sin θ 2 sin θ1 sin θ 3 = 3.2 )( 3.0642 ) tan 25° = 46. Eisenberg. TBC cosθ1 − W = 0 or TBC = Wv 2 gρ W cosθ1 TBC sin θ1 = W tan θ1 = v 2 = g ρ tan θ1 = ( 32.

47 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek.. Clausen. Russell Johnston. Solution 39. Beer. William E. Phillip J.48 lb (b) ΣFx = man : T cosθ = m ρ v2 = ρT cosθ m = ρW cosθ m sin θ = ( 3)( 32. Eisenberg.77 ft 2/s2 ρg = tan θ tan 60° v = 7. 8/e. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. . (a) ΣFy = 0: T sin θ − W = 0 T = W 16 = sin θ sin 60° v2 or T = 18. Ferdinand P. Jr. E.2 ) = 55.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

0000 ) = 9.81)(1)(1. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg. Elliot R. 8/e. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.81 m 2 /s 2 (b) N = v = 3. Phillip J.87 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen. = r = 1 = tan θ 2 dx or θ = 45° ΣFy = 0: N cosθ − mg = 0 N = mg cosθ ΣFx = max : N sin θ = man mg tan θ = m v2 r v 2 = gr tan θ (a) v 2 = ( 9. E..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E. y = r 2 dy .81) mg = cos 45° cos 45° N = 13. Solution 40. Beer. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.13 m/s (1)( 9.

3 m/s 2 an = Mass m = 1 kg ΣFt = mat : N cos β = (1)(1. .3)( 0.3 N = 1. Geometry OC 2 = OB 2 + 2 BC 2 −2 2 OB OC cos 30° = ( 0.6 ) cos 30° = 0.3 = 1.3) = 1.79° (b) Force exerted by rod on collar is 1.40345 β = 23. Russell Johnston. 8/e.24 N ( 30° + β ) = 53. Solution 41.421 sin 23.6 = 1.13823 m 2 OC = 0. Beer.667 + 1.79° v2 ρ = 2 vC BC = (1)2 0. E.79° Acceleration components: at = 1.667 m/s 2 ΣFn = man : T − N sin β = (1)(1. Jr.3) sin 30° 0. Phillip J. Ferdinand P.37179 = 0.6 ) − ( 2 )( 0.3) + ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Eisenberg.8° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.667 ) = 1.37179 m sin 30° sin β = OB sin 30° OC OC = = sin β OB ( 0. David Mazurek.667 (a) T = 1. William E.421 N cos 23.8° 1.421 N 53. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..421 N Force exerted by collar on rod: T = 2. Clausen. Elliot R.

34 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2198 ( unacceptable ) ( acceptable ) By Eq. (2). William E. By Eq.10261 TDA + 0.81) = 4. (2). v 2 = ( 0. (1a).6638 Try TDE = 0.5 )( 9. By Eq. TDE = 75. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.5356 m 2 / s 2 v = 0.15)( 0 ) = 0.34 ) + ( 0. Clausen. TBC .34 m Try TDA = 0.150 m ΣFy = 0 : TDA cos 20° − TDE cos 30° − W = 0 0. W = mg = ( 0.732 m/s For 0 ≤ TBA .10261)( 74.15 )( 75 ) = 18.15 TDE (2) Try TDA = 75 N. Jr.86603 TDE = 4. TDE ≤ 75 N. Phillip J.905 N ρ = 150 mm = 0. E.877 m 2 / s 2 v = 4. 0.72 N > 75 N (unacceptable) Try TDE = 75 N. TDA .905 TDA = 0. 8/e. (1b ) . Solution 42.5 2 v 0. By Eq.732 m/s ≤ v ≤ 4. David Mazurek. By Eq.2198 TDE = 1.34 N < 75 N (acceptable) By Eq.6638 ΣFx = man = mv 2 (1a) (1b) 0. Ferdinand P.92160 TDE + 5. TDA = 74..10261)( 5. (1a ) .93969 TDA − 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.08506 TDA − 5. v 2 = ( 0. (1b). TDE = −5. Eisenberg. TDA = 5.150 ρ : TDA sin 20° + TDE sin 30° = v 2 = 0. Beer. Elliot R.2198 ) + ( 0. . Russell Johnston.

92 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. v 2 = ( 0. 8/e.030 ΣFx = max : TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° = man = mv 2 (1a) (1b) ρ v2 = (TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° ) m 0.03 N By (2).72 m/s For 0 ≤ TCA .780 TCA = 1.9 = (TCA sin 40° + TCB sin15° ) 5 = 0. By (1b).34 m 2 / s 2 v = 3. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.96593 TCB = W = 49. Elliot R. . Clausen. Eisenberg.115702 TCA + 0.79307 TCA − 50. E.26093 TCB + 64.046587 TCB ρ (2) Try TCB = 116 N. By (1a). William E. 2. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.408 m 2 / s 2 v = 2. Solution 43. TCB = −50.046587 )( 41.9 m ΣFy = 0 : TCA cos 40° − TCB cos15° − W = 0 0.115702 )(116 ) + ( 0.3 N (unacceptable) Try TCA = 116 N.05 TCB = 0. TCA = 210. ( unacceptable ) ( acceptable ) v 2 = ( 0.81) = 49.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.05 N ρ = 0.216 N (acceptable) By (2). Beer.76604 TCA − 0.216 ) = 15. W = mg = ( 5 )( 9. TCB = 41.78 N Try TCB = 0. By (1a ) .115702 )( 64. Jr. TCB ≤ 116 N.92 m/s Try TCA = 0. Ferdinand P. By (1b ) ..030 ) + 0 = 7.72 m/s ≤ v ≤ 3. TCA = 64.

Beer.742 W TAB = 0. Clausen. E. Solution 44. 8/e. Elliot R. (a) Before wire AB is cut. an = v2 TCD = 0.940 W Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. . v = 0 ρ =0 + Fn = man = 0 : TCD − W cos 20° = 0 TCD = W cos 20° TCD = 0. William E. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.395 W (b) Immediately after wire AB is cut.. Jr. TAB = 0. ΣFx = 0 : ΣFy = 0 : a = 0 (1) (2) − TAB cos 50° + TCD cos 70° = 0 TAB sin 50° + TCD sin 70° − W = 0 Solving (1) and (2) simultaneously. Eisenberg. Phillip J.

300)  9.32 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Jr.6979 m/s Time at slipping.150 ts = 11. E. Ferdinand P.883 m /s  0. Eisenberg. ΣFy = ma y : N − mg = − man = − N = mg − mv 2 mv 2 ρ ρ ΣFx = max : Ft = mat At onset of slipping. .75  µs   vs = 1. ts = vs 1..6979 = at 0. Ft = µ s N 2  mvs  mat = µ s  mg −   ρ     a  0. Russell Johnston.81 −  = 2. Solution 45. 8/e. Elliot R. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.150   2 2 2 vs = ρ  g − t  = ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. David Mazurek. William E. Phillip J.

2 )2 21120 ρ = 12. ρ = ∞.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. 200 = 6. . Beer.13963) = 2949 ft sBC = (0.5)(5280) = 2640 ft.475 ) = −34.277 ) = 123. Elliot R. s AC = 2949 + 2640 = 5589 ft 480 5589 ∫ 540 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds or 4802 5402 − = at ( 5589 ) 2 2 at = −5. ρ = (4)(5280) = 21120 ft v2 = an = ( 509.211 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32. David Mazurek.2 ft/s..75 lb ΣFx = Ft = mat : ( Ft )1 = ( 0.01 lb an = 0 N 2 = W = 200 lb Just after point B. William E. N increases by 76.2 ft/s Mass of passenger: m = Just before point B.01 lb Ft does not change. θ = 8° π = 0. Solution 46.277 ft/s 2 ΣFy = N1 − W = −m ( an )1 : N1 = 200 − ( 6. Russell Johnston.25 lb magnitude of change of force = 76. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.211)( −5.2 v = 509.475 ft/s 2 vB 2949 ∫ 540 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds 2 vB = 259300 ft 2 /s 2 or 2 vB 5402 − = ( −5.13963 rad 180° Length of arc: s AB = ρθ = ( 4 ) (5280) ( 0.6221)( −5. ΣFy = 0 : N 2 − W = 0 ΣFx = mat : Ft = mat = ( 6.2 ft/s. Jr. Ferdinand P.474 ) = −34.475 )( 2949 ) 2 2 vB = 509. Eisenberg. v = 509. Angle change over arc AB. E.211)(12. 8/e. Phillip J.

83 lb P = ( 5. θ = 0. s AB = ρθ AB = ( 21120 ) vB s AB ∫ v A v dv = ∫ 0 at ds 2 2 vB v A 2 2 − = 2at s AB or vB = v A + 2at s AB = 5402 + ( 2 )( −6 )( 2949 ) 2 2 = 256212.2 ft/s From Eq. Eisenberg. W = 165 lb. Ferdinand P. F= N = 165 − ( 5.65 = 11. David Mazurek.2° 7. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. E. 8/e. β = 85.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.124 )( 506. (2). William E. From Eq.124 )( −6 ) = −30. F = N v = 180 m/s.2° N 2 + P 2 = 93. (1).124 )( −6 ) = −7. From Eq. Jr. Clausen. .83) 2 + ( 30. (2) θ = 8° = 92.. Beer. dt ρ = (4)(5280) = 21120 ft 8°π = 2949 ft 180° Length of arc AB. at = dv = − 6 m/s 2 dt ( ) v= ds = 3 (180 − 2t ) m/s.3 lb.0 lb. (2). Solution 47.65 lb ( 5.2 g mv 2 For passenger.2 )2 21120 = 102. m = ΣF = man : W cosθ − N = N = W cosθ − mv 2 ρ (1) ρ ΣF = mat : P − W sin θ = mat P = W sin θ + mat (a) Just after point A. t = 0. v = 506.78 lb 92. From Eq.78 F = 93. β = 73.2° (b) At point B.345. (1).124 )( 540 )2 = 165cos8° − 21120 P = 165sin 8° + ( 5.909. tan β = β − 8° = 77.4° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.2 ft/s W 165 = = 5.4° 30.74 ) = 107.124 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.74 lb 2 (102. vB = 506.3 lb 73.74 F = 107. Russell Johnston. s = 3 180t − t 2 m.83 = 3. tan β = 102.0 lb 77.

Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. (a) v = 160 km/h = 44. 8/e.44 m/s Wheels do not touch the road. Jr. William E. Russell Johnston. Elliot R.81 −   201. Phillip J. ΣFy = −man : − mg = −mv 2 / ρ ρ = ( 44. E.44 ) = 201.22 m/s m = 70 kg for passenger ΣFy = −man : N − mg = − mv 2 ρ  v2  N = m g −   ρ    22.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.22 2  = ( 70 )  9.81 2 ρ = 201 m (b) v = 80 km/h = 22.4    N = 515 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 v2 = g 9. Beer. David Mazurek. Clausen. Solution 48. Ferdinand P. .

Solution 49. W = mg = (0. . m = 0.2)(9.534 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. where r = 0.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 m.0 ) = 0. Ferdinand P. Jr. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.6 m for 0 ≤ θ ≤ 90° v = vmax when the cord touches the peg or θ = 90°. E. Elliot R.962 ) 0. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E.2 − ( 2 )( 9. Beer. ΣFy = man : Tmax − W = mvmax 2 ρ vmax 2 = ρ m (Tmax − W) (2) Eliminating vmax 2 from equations (1) and (2). 2 2 vmax = v0 + 2 gr (1) When the cord touches the peg.3)(10 − 1.962 N ΣFt = mat : W cosθ = mat at = W cosθ = g cosθ m v s θ ∫ v0 v dv = ∫ 0 at ds = ∫ 0 at rdθ 1 2 1 2 v − v0 = 2 2 θ ∫ 0 g cosθ rdθ = gr sin θ 2 v 2 = v0 + 2 gr sin θ . Clausen. the radius of curvature of the path becomes ρ = 0.285 m 2 /s 2 v 0 = 0. 8/e.81)( 6. David Mazurek.81) = 1. 2 v0 = ρ (Tmax − W ) m − 2 gr = ( 0.2 kg.

5 W W sin θ ≥ 0. Mass of block B. Russell Johnston.2° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. William E.2 ft/s 2 an = v2 ρ = (9 ft/s) 2 = 27 ft/s 2 3ft at = 0 since v = constant. Solution 50.5 0. Phillip J. Jr.5lb = 0. Acceleration of block B. ∑ F = ma : Q − P − W sin θ = − man Q = P + W sin θ − man But.. E. Beer. Clausen. . 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.015528)(27) 0. Q ≥ 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. mB = 0. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. P + W sin θ − man > 0 sin θ ≥ man P (0.3 − = − 0.015528lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.8° ≤ θ ≤ 166.2385 13.

77 ft/s2 120 W 2 v A = ρ an = ( 3600 )( 69. ΣF = man : NC + W = W an g an = NC + W 80 + 120 g = ( 32.2 × 103 − 251.67 ) = 193.2 ) = 69.67 ft/s2 120 W 2 v C = ρ an = ( 3600 )( 53. Phillip J. At position A. using vC − v A = 2at s AC at = 2 2 vC − v A 193. s AB = π 2 ρ = π 2 ( 3600 ) = 5655 ft 2 2 vB = v A + 2at s AB = 251. the vertical component of apparent weight is shown as N A.562 ft/s 2 At position B.2 × 103 = 2s AC ( 2 )(11310 ) = − 2. Solution 51..2 ) = 53. Russell Johnston. Clausen.2 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 Length of arc ABC: s AC = πρ = π ( 3600 ) = 11310 ft 2 2 Calculate at .2 × 103 + ( 2 )( −2. Jr. . Elliot R. Eisenberg.77 ) = 251. E.562 )( 5655 ) = 222.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. Beer. the vertical component of apparent weight is shown as NC . Ferdinand P. ΣF = man : N A − W = W an g an = NA − W 380 − 120 g = ( 32. David Mazurek.2 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.2 × 103 ft 2 /s 2 At position C.

5 lb ΣF = man : N B = man = 230 lb Force exerted by seat: F = NB2 + P2 = tan β = 2302 + 110. Jr. David Mazurek. Ferdinand P. 8/e.5 230 β = 25.52 = 255 lb 110.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Effective forces at B: man = 2 W vB 120 222. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Eisenberg.5 lb 32. Russell Johnston.5 = 110. Elliot R.562 ) = −9.2 3600 mat = W 120 at = ( −2. Clausen..2 × 103 = = 230 lb g ρ 32. E.7° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. .2 g ΣF = mat : P − W = mat or P = W + mat = 120 − 9.7° F = 255 lb 25. William E.

Solution 52. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. William E. . Clausen. The road reaction consists of normal component N and friction component F. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Elliot R. Beer. 8/e. E. The resultant R makes angle φs with the normal.. Case 1: v = vmax ΣFy = 0: R cos (θ + φs ) − mg = 0 R = mg cos (θ + φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ + φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ + φs ) vmax 2 = g tan (θ + φs ) r vmax = Case 2: v = vmin ΣFy = 0: R cos (θ − φs ) − mg = 0 gr tan (θ + φs ) R = mg cos (θ − φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ − φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ − φs ) vmin 2 = g tan (θ − φs ) r vmin = gr tan (θ − φs ) gr tan (θ − φs ) ≤ v ≤ gr tan (θ + φs ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Solution 53. . Acceleration. F = 0 at rated speed.889)2 sin 51.81)sin 51. Beer. F = µN v = 320 km/h = 88.875° − (200) (9. Elliot R.. 0= tan θ = mv 2 ρ cosθ − mg sin θ v2 (50) 2 = = 1.875° = 0.81) θ = 51.81) cos 51. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen.2742 ρ g (200) (9. W = mg a= v2 ρ ∑ Fx = max : F + W sin θ = ma cosθ F = mv 2 ρ cosθ − mg sin θ (1) ∑ Fy = ma y : N − W cosθ = ma sin θ N= mv 2 ρ sin θ + mg cosθ (2) (a) Banking angle. Eisenberg.449 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Rated speed v = 180 km/h = 50 m/s. Weight.44899 µ = 0.875° (88. E. Russell Johnston.9° µ= µ= F v 2 cosθ − ρ g sin θ = N v 2 sin θ + ρ g cosθ (88.875° (b) Slipping outward. Ferdinand P.875° + (200) (9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Jr.889) 2 cos51. William E. David Mazurek.889 m/s θ = 51.

875° + 0. Phillip J.875°) cos 51. 8/e.875° = = 1029.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Minimum speed. Elliot R.44899 cos 51.875° − 0. −µ= F = −µ N v 2 cosθ − ρ g sin θ v 2 sin θ + ρ g cosθ v2 = ρ g (sin θ − µ cosθ ) cosθ + µ sin θ (200) (9.87 m 2 /s 2 v = 32. Jr. Beer. David Mazurek.5 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.81) (sin 51. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ..44899sin 51. E. Eisenberg. Russell Johnston.09 m/s v = 115. William E.

Solution 54.6. 125 mi/h = 183.2)( 2674)    = 0.33) = 0.. ΣFx = max : Fs + W sin (θ + φ ) = man cos (θ + φ ) = mv 2 ρ cos (θ + φ ) (a) φ = 0. Jr.3° φ = 21. . v2 cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ ) = 0 gρ v2 (183.2 tan 8° g tan θ 2 or ρ = Let the x-axis be parallel to the floor of the car.33 ft/s From Sample Problem 12. Russell Johnston. Clausen.39035 tan (θ + φ ) = = g ρ ( 32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.247 W ! (b) For Fs = 0.33) 2  cos8° − sin 8° =W  ( 32. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. 2 vR = g ρ tan θ 2 (110 ) = 2674 ft vR = 32. Eisenberg. Beer. 8/e. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.247 W Fs = 0.3° − 8° φ = 13.  v2  cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )  Fs = W   gρ   (183.2)( 2674) 2 θ + φ = 21. Rated speed: vR = 75 mi/h = 110 ft/s. Phillip J.3° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. David Mazurek.

8/e.90° ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P.2 )( 2674 ) 0. Phillip J.24u + 0.12 W = W 0.39035 cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )    Let u = sin (θ + φ ) .39035 and F = 0.0144 + 0.15237 1 − u 2 = 0.12 W so that = s gρ ( 32. 125 mi/h = 183. cos (θ + φ ) = 1 − u 2 .6.39035 1 − u 2 = 0. William E.90° − 8° φ = 6.90° − θ = 14. Jr. Then.13797 = 0 ( ) The positive root of the quadratic equation is u = 0. 0. Elliot R. Beer.33 ft/s From Sample Problem 12. 0.39035 1 − u 2 − u or 0.24u + u 2 or 1.2 tan 8° g tan θ 2 = g ρ tan θ or Let the x-axis be parallel to the floor of the car.90° φ = 14.. . Rated speed: vR = 75 mi/h = 110 ft/s.12 = 0.12 + u Squaring both sides. Then. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. θ + φ = sin −1 u = 14. Solution 55. E.15237u 2 + 0. ΣFx = max : Fs + W sin (θ + φ ) = man cos (θ + φ ) = mv 2 ρ cos (θ + φ ) Solving for Fs .33) = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 2 vR 2 (110 ) = 2674 ft vR ρ = = 32. Clausen. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.  v2  cos (θ + φ ) − sin (θ + φ )  Fs = W   gρ  2 Now v2 (183.2572.

William E. 180°. . Jr. Ferdinand P. it moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = r sin θ .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. v = ρω Normal acceleration. Clausen.5) (7.3488 (0.81 = 0. Beer.6° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. If the collar is not sliding. and 69. 8/e. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. an = v2 ρ = ρ 2ω 2 = (r sin θ ) ω 2 ρ ∑ Fy = ma y : N cosθ − mg = 0 mg N = cosθ ΣFx = max : N sin θ = ma mg sin θ = (m r sin θ )ω 2 cos θ Either or sin θ = 0 cos θ = g rω 2 θ = 0° or 180° or cosθ = 9.. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Solution 56. E. Eisenberg.5)2 θ = 0°.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. it moves at constant speed on a circle of radius ρ = r sin θ . the collar does not slide.500 m. David Mazurek. ..7987 N Since F < µ s N .   F = (0.5)2    = 7. F = 0. If the collar is not sliding.25)(7. Elliot R. William E.25) 9.5)2  sin 75° = 0.61112 N N = (0. Beer.81cos 75° + (0. E.5 rad/s.81 − (0. Russell Johnston. m = 250g = 0.1950 N µ s N = (0.1950) = 1. ω = 7. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.500sin 2 75°)(7.500 cos 75°)(7. Ferdinand P. 8/e. 12. v = ρω From Prob.611 N continued 75° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. an = v2 ρ = ρ 2ω 2 = (r sin θ )ω 2 ρ ma: ΣF = F − mg sin θ = − m (r sin θ ) ω 2 cos θ F = m ( g − rω 2 cos θ )sin θ ΣF = ma : N − mg cos θ = m(r sin θ )ω 2 sin θ N = m( g cos θ ) + r ω 2 sin 2 θ ) (a) θ = 75°. Solution 57. Phillip J.56 Normal acceleration: r = 500 mm = 0. Clausen.25) 9. Jr.250 kg.

5)2    = 4.25) 9.. Clausen. ∑ Fn = + ma : N − mg cosθ = man sin θ N = mg cos θ + m (r sin θ )ω 2 sin θ = m  g cos θ + (r sin 2 θ )ω 2    = (0. F = µk N .25) (4. the collar slides.81cos 40° + (0. Russell Johnston.25) 9. Beer.957 N 40° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.500cos 40°) (7.8858 N N = (0. Ferdinand P.5)2  sin 40° = − 1. William E.7839 N F = µk N = (0. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (b) θ = 40°.81 − (0.1960 N Since F > µ s N .5) 2    = 4. David Mazurek.957 N F = 0. Since the collar is sliding. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.81cos 40° + (0.   F = (0.7839 N µ s N = (0.500sin 2 40°)(7.20) (4.7839) = 1. 8/e. . Eisenberg. Phillip J. Elliot R.7839) = 0. Jr.500sin 2 40°)(7.25) 9.

and set it equal to µ s for impending slip. Jr. David Mazurek.2 ft/s 2 ΣFt = mat : − W sin 30° + N = 0 N = W sin 30° ΣFn = man : W cos 30° − F = m Wv 2 ρg v2 = Wv 2 ρg ρ F = W cos 30° − Form the ratio F .. Elliot R.2 ) /(1)(32. 8/e. g = 32. Ferdinand P. E. N 2 cos 30° − ( 4. Draw the free body diagrams of the block B when the arm is at θ = 150°.636 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Russell Johnston.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Beer. Clausen. v = at = 0.2) cos 30° − v 2 / ρ g F = = µs = sin 30° sin 30° N µ s = 0. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 58.

Let β be the slope angle of the dish.2) = 579. ΣFy = 0: N cos β − µs N sin β − W = 0 N = W cos β − µs sin β mv 2 = Wv 2 ρg ΣFn = man : N sin β + µs N cos β = ρ W ( sin β + µs N cos β ) cos β − µs sin β v2 = ρg = Wv 2 ρg sin β + µs cos β sin 45° + 0. E. . Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. David Mazurek.1 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. tan β = 1 or dy 1 = r dr 6 β = 45° Draw free body sketches of the sphere. 8/e. Phillip J.5sin 45° v = 24.5cos 45° = ( 6)( 32. Solution 59.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.6 ft 2 /s 2 cos β − µs sin β cos 45° − 0.. tan β = At r = 6ft. Ferdinand P. William E. Beer. Clausen.

46 × 10−9 (12 ) = 1.0 )2 + (1. Eisenberg.46 × 10 ) ( 48) = −9 2 5 /12 = 644.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.3975 × 10−6 lb.46 × 10−9 lb s 2 / ft g D 5 ft = 5 in. . David Mazurek. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. v = v0 + at t = 0 + (12 )( 4 ) v = 48 ft/s (b) ΣFt = mat : Ft = 116. E. = 2 12 60 × 10−6 lb 16 (a) For uniformly accelerated motion. Jr. Uniformly accelerated motion on a circular path. Phillip J.0 × 10−6 lb Magnitude of force: F = Ft 2 + Fn 2 = 10−6 ( 644. Clausen.. Solution 60.3975)2 F = 644 × 10 −6 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. William E. Beer. mv 2 ( ) ΣFn = man : Fn = man = ρ (116.2 ft/s 2 m= W = 116. ρ = W = 60 × 10−6 oz = g = 32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. 8/e.

315 W µ s = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.3144 W : Fn = gρ ( 32. Uniformly accelerated motion on a circular path.75 at : Ft = W t = W = 0. The normal force N is calculated from equilibrium of forces in the vertical direction. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.315 W This is the friction force available to cause the trunk to slide. Solution 61.2 )(8) 2 Fn = man = F = Ft 2 + Fn 2 = 0. Beer. ΣFy = 0: N − W = 0 Since sliding is impending.0233 W g g 32.75 )(12 ) = 9 ft/s Ft = mat = W a 0. 8/e..315 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Ferdinand P. Clausen. ρ = 8 ft v = v0 + at t = 0 + ( 0. David Mazurek. Jr. Phillip J.2 W (9) Wv 2 = 0. N =W µs = F = 0. . Elliot R.

2 m ΣFx = max: F = man cosθ ΣFy = ma y : N − W = −man sin θ N = mg − man sin θ F man cosθ cosθ cosθ = = = g gρ N mg − man sin θ − sin θ − sin θ an vB 2 Ratio With g ρ ( 9. Ferdinand P.2 ) F cosθ = = 4.5° and 165.0041 − 0.5° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.7 m/s. the ratio becomes = 2 2 N 4. at = 0 an = vB2 ρ with vB = 0.81)( 0.258 N (a) Minimum value of µs for no slip. David Mazurek.446° 4.258 θ = 14. Eisenberg.446°.0041. For constant speed.446° = 165. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.0041 − sin θ  ( 4. William E.0041 sin θ d   = 0   = ± dθ  4.24974 4. Jr. ± cosθ 1 − 4. (b) Corresponding values of θ . F = 0. Beer.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0041 − sin θ vB ( 0. ( µs )min = 0. Solution 62. 8/e.554°. µs ≥ F cos θ = N 4.0041 cos14.24974 = 0. . ρ = 0. Phillip J.258 θ = 14. F N = θ = 180° − 14.0041 − sinθ )2 sin θ = 1 = 0. Clausen.7 ) For no impending slide. Russell Johnston. Elliot R.0041 − sin θ To find the value of θ for which the ratio is maximum set the derivative with respect to θ equal to zero.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen.805 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J.. cos 2 θ − ( u − sin θ )( sin θ ) d  cosθ  1 − u sin θ = = = 0   2 dθ  u − sin θ  ( u − sin θ ) ( u − sin θ )2 The corresponding ratio F . Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. Elliot R. William E. . gρ θ = arctan ( 0.29° = 0.7 m/s.29°.35 N vB 2 = sin θ . at = 0 an = vB 2 ρ with vB = 0.2 m ΣFx = max : F = man cosθ ΣFy = ma y : N − W = −man sin θ Ratio N = mg − man sin θ F man cosθ cosθ cosθ = = = g gρ N mg − man sin θ − sin θ − sin θ an vB 2 Let u = gρ F cosθ = so that N u − sin θ vB 2 Determine the value of θ at which F/N is maximum.2 ) sin19.648 m 2 /s 2 vB = 0.81)( 0. ρ = 0. u −1 = vB 2 = ( 9.35) = 19. Jr. For constant speed. 8/e. E. Eisenberg. N ± u −1 1−u −2 F ± 1 − u −2 = = N u − u −1 = ± sin θ = ± tan θ cosθ (a) For impending sliding to the left: F = tan θ = µ s = 0. Solution 63. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

For impending motion to the right:

F = − tan θ = µ s = 0.35 N

θ = arctan ( −0.35 ) = 160.71°
u −1 = v2 2 = sin θ , gρ

vB 2 = ( 9.81)( 0.2 ) sin160.71° = 0.648 m 2 /s 2 = 0.805 m/s

(b)

For impending sliding to the left, θ = 19.3° For impending sliding to the right, θ = 160.7°

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 64.
Consider the motion of one electron. For the horizontal motion, let x = 0 at the left edge of the plate and x = l at the right edge of the plate. At the screen,
x =

l
2

+ L

Horizontal motion: There are no horizontal forces acting on the electron so that ax = 0. Let t1 = 0 when the electron passes the left edge of the plate, t = t1 when it passes the right edge, and t = t2 when it impacts on the screen. For uniform horizontal motion,
x = v0t , so that t1 =

l
v0

and

t2 =

l
2v0

+

L . v0

Vertical motion: The gravity force acting on the electron is neglected since we are interested in the deflection produced by the electric force. While the electron is between plates ( 0 ≤ t ≤ t1 ) , the vertical force on the electron is
Fy = eV / d . After it passes the plates ( t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ) , it is zero. ΣFy = ma y : a y = vy = vy Fy m =

For 0 ≤ t ≤ t1,

eV md

( )0 + a y t

= 0+

eVt md

y = y0 + v y

( )0
y1 =

t +

1 2 eVt 2 a yt = 0 + 0 + 2 2md

At t = t1,

( )1
vy

=

eVt1 md

and

2 eVt1 2md

For t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ,

ay = 0
y = y1 + v y

( )1 ( t − t1 )

At t = t2

y2 = δ = y1 + v y

( )1 ( t2 − t1 )

δ =

2 eVt1 eVt1 eVt 1 + ( t2 − t1 ) = 1  t2 − t1    md md  2md 2 

=

eV l  l L 1 l + −   mdv0  2v0 v0 2 v0 

or δ =

eV lL ! 2 mdv0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 65.

Consider the motion of one electron. For the horizontal motion, let x = 0 at the left edge of the plate and x = l at the right edge of the plate. At the screen,

+ L 2 Horizontal motion: There are no horizontal forces acting on the electron so that ax = 0.
Let t1 = 0 when the electron passes the left edge of the plate, t = t1 when it passes the right edge, and t = t2 when it impacts on the screen. For uniform horizontal motion,

x =

l

x = v0t ,

so that t1 =

l
v0

and

t2 =

l
2v0

+

L . v0

electron is Fy = eV / d . After it passes the plates ( t1 ≤ t ≤ t2 ) , it is zero. For 0 ≤ t ≤ t1,

Vertical motion: The gravity force acting on the electron is neglected since we are interested in the deflection produced by the electric force. While the electron is between the plates ( 0 ≤ t ≤ t1 ) , the vertical force on the

ΣFy = ma y : a y =

Fy m

=

eV md

vy = vy

( )0 + a y t

= 0+

eVt md
= 0+0+ eVt 2 2md

y = y0 + v y
At t = t1, But y <

( )0 t + 1 a y t 2 2

l
v0

, y =

eV l 2 2 2mdv0

d − 0.075d = 0.425d 2

So that

eV l 2 < 0.425d 2 2mdv0 d2 1 eV eV > = 1.176 2 2 2 0.425 2mv0 l mv0

d eV > 1.085 2 l mv0

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

90 m/s 2 60° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek.6 m. Jr. . Clausen. Fθ = −W sin 30° && && (a) Fθ = maθ = m rθ + 2rθ : ( ) && 2rθ = & r = − Fθ mg sin 30° && && && − rθ = − − rθ = − g sin 30° − rθ m m && ( 9. && θ = 30°. E.6 )( 0 ) = −1. Beer.6 )( 2 ) + ( 9. William E. θ& = 2 rad/s. Phillip J. θ = 0 r = 0. Elliot R.. Eisenberg.226 m/s g sin 30° + rθ = − & 2θ ( 2 )( 2 ) v B / rod = 1.226 m/s 60° & r (b) Fr = mar = m && − rθ 2 : ( ) & && = rθ + r Fr mg cos 30° & & = rθ 2 + = rθ 2 + g cos 30° m m 2 = ( 0. W = mg Block B: Only force is weight Fr = W cos 30°.81) sin 30° + ( 0. Solution 66. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e.81) cos 30° = 10.90 m/s 2 a B / rod = 10.

468 (b) ΣFr = mar : mg sin 45° = m r − rθ 2 ( ) r = mg sin 45° + rθ 2 = g sin 45° + rθ 2 m = ( 9. Ferdinand P. William E.81) cos 45° + 0. Solution 67.94 m/s 2 45° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Jr. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R.47 N 45° = (0. E. vr = r = 0. . r = 0.937 m/s 2 a B / rod = 6. Eisenberg.81) sin 45° + 0 = 6.5)(9. Phillip J. (a) ΣFθ = maθ : N − W cos 45° = m rθ + 2rθ ( ) N = mg cos 45° + m rθ + 2rθ ( ) N = 7. θ = 45°.8 m. θ = 10 rad/s2 W = mg vθ = rθ = 0. Russell Johnston..8 )(10 ) + 0    = 7.5 ( 0. David Mazurek. 8/e. Clausen.

r = 3t 2 − t 3 ft r = 6t − 3t 2 ft/s r = 6 − 6t ft/s 2 θ = 2t 2 rad θ = 4t rad/s θ = 4 rad/s 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = 6 − 6t − (3t 2 − t 3 )(16t 2 ) = 16t 5 − 48t 4 − 6t + 6 ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = (3t 2 − t 3 )(4) + (2)(6t − 3t 2 )(4t ) = 60t 2 − 28t 3 ft/s 2 Mass: m = (a) t = 0. Fr = mar = (0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.98 lb Fθ = 3. David Mazurek.2 g ar = 6 ft/sec2 aθ = 0 Apply Newton’s second law. E. Jr.12422)(6) Fθ = maθ = (0.745 lb Fθ = 0 (b) t = 1 s. Solution 68. Beer. William E. Eisenberg. 8/e. ar = − 32 ft/s 2 aθ = 32 ft/s 2 Apply Newton’s second law. Elliot R. Fr = mar = (0.98 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.12422)(0) Fr = 0.. Russell Johnston. Use radial and transverse components of acceleration. . W 4 = = 0.12422)(32) Fr = − 3. Phillip J.12422 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32. Ferdinand P. Clausen.12422)(−32) Fθ = maθ = (0.

031056 lb ⋅ s 2/ft 32.87 ft/s2 aθ = 473.71 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Use radial and transverse components of acceleration.031056)(473. Jr. Eisenberg. Fr = mar = (0. ar = − 236.61 ft/s 2 aθ = 0 Apply Newton’s second law. Phillip J. 8/e.75 s.. Fr = mar = (0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ar = − 710. Solution 69. David Mazurek.36 lb Fθ = 14. E. Russell Johnston.031056)(−236.2 g (a) t = 0. Clausen.61) Fθ = maθ = 0 Fr = − 22. William E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. r = 6(1 + cos 2π t ) ft r = −12π sin 2π t ft/s θ = 2π t rad θ = 2π rad/s r = − 24π 2 cos 2π t ft/s 2 θ =0 ar = r − rθ 2 = − 24π 2 cos 2π t − (6 + 6 cos 2π t )(2π )2 = − 24π 2 − 48π 2 cos 2π t ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0 + (2)(−12π sin 2π t )(2π ) = − 48π 2 sin 2π t Mass: m = W 1 = = 0. Elliot R.031056)(710. . Ferdinand P. Beer.74) Fr = − 7.87) Fθ = maθ = (0.74 ft/s 2 Apply Newton’s second law.1 lb Fθ = 0 (b) t = 0.

8t ) = 3.5t ft r t ∫ 0 dr =∫ 0 r dt θ = 0. θ = 0.6t ft/s 2 Kinetics: Sketch the free body diagrams for the collar.5 ft/s.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.5 )( 0. Kinematics: dr = r = 1.6t.5t )( 0. Ferdinand P. Solution 70.8 ) + ( 2 )(1. Phillip J. ΣFr = mar : − T = mar ΣFθ = maθ : Q = maθ Set T = Q to obtain the required time. David Mazurek.96t 3 ft/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = (1.6 = 3. . Beer. William E. E.8 rad/s 2 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = 0 − (1. Jr.96 t = 1. Russell Johnston. −mar = maθ Using the calculated expressions 0. r = 0 dt or r = 1.5t )( 0. Eisenberg.8t rad/s.75 s 2 0.936 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.8t ) = −0.96t 3 = 3. t2 = or − ar = aθ 3.. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 8/e. Elliot R.

Phillip J.233 lb ! ( 0. Jr.5/32. Elliot R. . William E.5)(10 ) + ( 2 )( 0 )(12 ) = 0.233   Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. && θ& = 10t rad/s. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. r = 0 (a) Acceleration of B relative to the rod. θ = 10 rad/s2 m = 0.015528 lb " s 2 /ft Before cable breaks: Fr = −T and && = 0. Solution 71. && && Fθ = maθ : Fθ = m rθ + 2rθ ( ) Fθ = 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Beer. & m && − rθ 2 = 0 r ( ) or & && = rθ 2 = (1.015528)(1.105 ) = 257. Russell Johnston.5 )(13.5) θ& = 13.6 ft/s 2 r 2 a B / rod = 258 ft/s 2 radially outward ! (b) Transverse component of the force. David Mazurek.733 rad 2 /s 2 mr ( 0. Ferdinand P.015528) (1. Clausen. 8/e. r & Fr = mar : − T = m && − rθ 2 r ( ) & && mrθ 2 = mr + T or θ& 2 = && 0+4 mr + T = = 171. Eisenberg.. E.105 rad/s & Immediately after the cable breaks: Fr = 0.2 = 0.

θ = 15 rad/s. k = 60 N/m ΣFr = Fr = mar : − kr = m r − rθ 2 ( ) ( k − mθ ) r = −mr 2 (a) Radial coordinate.33455 m ΣFθ = maθ : Fθ = m rθ + 2rθ 2rθ = ( ) Fθ − rθ m r = Fθ − mrθ 9−0 = = 1. m = 230 g = 0. Phillip J.230 )(15) vr = 1.304 m/s (b) Radial component of velocity..304 m/s 2mθ ( 2 )( 0. Clausen. William E. θ = 0. Fθ = 9 N. 8/e. r = −12 m/s2 Due to the spring. . Solution 72.230 kg. Elliot R.230 )( −12 ) mr =− 2 2 k − mθ 60 − ( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. vr = r Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Beer. Fr = −kr. David Mazurek. Eisenberg. E.230 )(15 ) r = 335 mm = 0. r =− ( 0. Ferdinand P. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Jr.62° Draw the free body diagram of the collar.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.5 Acceleration vector. Solution 73.62° = 46. E. + ΣF = ma : Fs cos 22.6° = mat at = Fs cos 22.29 m/s 2 tan φ = 115. At point A. Russell Johnston.8)2 = 115.2 m/s 2 in negative r-direction ar = − 84. David Mazurek.077 m/s 2 m 1.29sin 46.55° φ − 22. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. Beer. . 2 a = an + at2 = 115. Eisenberg.6° 70cos 22.52 43.29cos 46. an = v2 ρ = (3.93° aθ = 90.1 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.93° = 84.125 tan θ = − 125 175 + 125 θ = − 22. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.93° ar = a cos 46. Elliot R.52 m/s 2 0.0772 = 123. Clausen.93° = 123. 8/e..93° = 123.077 φ = 69.522 + 43.62° = = 43.2 m/s 2 aθ = a sin 46.

(6) into Eq.99 ft/s 2 a B = 15.. and changing signs gives (5) aB = a A cosθ Substituting Eq. Use either the scalar product of vectors or the triangle construction shown.2) = = 17. David Mazurek.2 )(17. (4) and solving for a A . Let r and θ be polar coordinates of block A as shown. Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. T = ( 40/32. r − rθ 2 = ar = a A ⋅ er = −a A cosθ Noting that initially θ = 0. Clausen. (2). (c) Acceleration of block B. and let yB be the position coordinate (positive downward. 8/e. For block B. aB = 17.991 ft/s 2 WA sec θ + WB cos θ 40sec30° + 50 cos 30° (6) From Eq. William E. Elliot R. aA = WB g ( 50)( 32. a A = 17. (2) to eliminate T. E.8 lb (b) Acceleration of block A. (1) to eliminate r . origin at the pulley) for the rectilinear motion of block B.991) sec30° = 25.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. + ΣFx = mAa A : T cosθ = ΣFy = WA W a A or T = A a A secθ (2) g g WB W aB : WB − T = B aB (3) g g WA W a A secθ + B aB (4) g g Adding Eq. Russell Johnston. . r + aB = 0 or r = −aB (1) For block A.58 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. using Eq. Ferdinand P. Solution 74.991cos 30° = 15. (6). Beer. WB = Radial and transverse components of a A.581 ft/s 2 (a) From Eq. Jr.81 T = 25. being careful to note the positive directions of the components. r + vB = 0. (1) to Eq. Eisenberg. Constraint of cable: r + yB = constant.

+ ΣFx = mAa A : T cosθ = For block B. Radial and transverse components of v A. r + vB = 0. Beer. origin at the pulley) for the rectilinear motion of block B. (1) to eliminate r and changing signs gives (5) (6) aB = a A cosθ − rθ 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. r + aB = 0 or r = −aB (1) For block A. Let r and θ be polar coordinates of block A as shown. 8/e. (1) to Eq.4 r + yB = constant. Russell Johnston. WA W a A or T = A a A secθ (2) g g WB W aB : WB − T = B aB (3) g g WA W a A secθ + B aB (4) g g ΣFy = Adding Eq. Phillip J. and let yB be the position coordinate (positive downward. Jr. Solution 75. (2) to eliminate T. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.19615 ft/s rθ = vθ = v A ⋅ eθ = −v A sin 30° = 6sin 30° = 3 ft/s θ = Constraint of cable: vθ 3 = = 1. r − rθ 2 = ar = a A ⋅ er = −a A cosθ Using Eq. Use either the scalar product of vectors or the triangle construction shown. Use a method similar to that used for the components of velocity.. WB = Radial and transverse components of a A.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. Eisenberg. William E. .25 rad/s r 2. Clausen. Elliot R. being careful to note the positive directions of the components. David Mazurek. r = vr = v A ⋅ er = −v A cos 30° = −6cos 30° = −5.

8 Acceleration of block A.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Substituting Eq. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (6) into Eq.2 )( 20.086 cos 30° − ( 2. William E.1 ft/s 2 a B = 13.25 ) = 13. Clausen.65 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. aA = WB g + rθ 2 ( ) WA secθ + WB cosθ = ( 50 ) 32.086 ft/s 2 From Eq.8 lb a A = 20. T = 28. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. 8/e. Beer. Acceleration of block B.4 )(1. . E. Phillip J. T = ( 40/32. Elliot R.645 ft/s 2 (a) (b) (c) From Eq. (4) and solving for a A . aB = 20.086 ) sec30° = 28. Jr. David Mazurek. (2).4 )(1. Ferdinand P.2 + ( 2.. (6).25)2      40sec30° + 50cos 30° 2 = 20.

E. David Mazurek. Beer. h = constant. . Phillip J. Jr. 8/e. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 76. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = Radial component of velocity..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. vr = r = r0v0 r v cos 2θ v = 0 0 2 = 0 cos 2θ 2 r0 r r0 dr d  r0 θ =  dθ dθ  cos 2θ  sin 2θ θ θ = r0  ( cos 2θ )3/ 2 vr = v0 sin 2θ cos 2θ = r0 Transverse component of velocity. (12. Russell Johnston. William E. Using Eq. Since the particle moves under a central force. Clausen.27). Ferdinand P. sin 2θ ( cos 2θ ) 3/ 2 v0 cos 2θ r vθ = h r0v0 = cos 2θ r r0 vθ = v0 cos 2θ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

Russell Johnston. r =  sin 2θ sin 2θ v0 sin 2θ dr d  r0 θ = θ = r0 cos 2θ = v0  θ = r0 3/ 2 3/ 2 dθ dθ  cos 2θ  cos 2θ ( cos 2θ ) ( cos 2θ ) r0 Differentiating again. Clausen.27). E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. aθ = 0 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. r = dr d  sin 2θ  2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ v 2 2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ θ = θ = 0  v0 θ = v0 dθ dθ  r0 cos 2θ  cos 2θ ( cos 2θ )3 / 2 sin 2θ vr = 0 sin 2θ r0 cos 2θ v= vθ = rθ = = v0r cos 2θ r0 v= v0r r0 (a) vr = r = v0 ( vr )2 + ( vθ )2 v0r sin 2 2θ + cos 2 2θ r0 r0 v0 2 cos 2 2θ cos 2θ r0 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = = v0 2 2cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ − r0 cos 2θ v0 2 cos 2 2θ + sin 2 2θ v0 v 2r = = 02 r0 r0 cos 2θ r0 cos 2θ Fr = mar = 2 mv0 r : r02 Fr = 2 mv0 r r02 Since the particle moves under a central force. Using Eq. William E. (12. 8/e. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = r0vn r v cos 2θ v = 0 0 2 = 0 cos 2θ 2 r0 r r0 Differentiating the expression for r with respect to time. Elliot R. Ferdinand P. h = constant. Solution 77. Since the particle moves under a central force. . Phillip J. Beer. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg.. David Mazurek. Jr.

Elliot R. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Magnitude of acceleration: a = ar 2 + aθ 2 = v0 2r r0 2 Tangential component of acceleration. Clausen. . Russell Johnston. at = dv d v r v v 2r =  0  = 0 r = 0 2 sin 2θ dt dt  r0  r0 r0 Normal component of acceleration. 8/e. David Mazurek. E. Eisenberg. Jr.. an = ρ or ρ = v2 v 2r 2 r = 02 ⋅ 2 an r0 v0 ρ = r3 r02 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. William E. 2 at = v0 2 r a 2 − at 2 = v0 2r v 2r cos 2θ 1 − sin 2 2θ = 0 r0 2 r0 2 r  But cos 2θ =  0  r (b) But an = v2 Hence.

(12. Using Eq. h = constant. Solution 78. .. Clausen. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Jr. Phillip J. William E. Speed. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 or θ = r0v0 rv v0 = 2 0 02 = 2 r r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Radial component of velocity.27). 8/e. v= vr 2 + vθ 2 = r0θ = vθ = rθ = ( r0 cosθ )θ r0v0 r0 cos 2 θ v= v0 cos 2 θ Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Eisenberg. vr = r = d ( r0 cosθ ) = − ( r0 sinθ )θ dt Transverse component of velocity. Ferdinand P. Since the particle moves under a central force. Russell Johnston. E.

. Ft = 0 Ft = 2mv0 sin 45° cos5 45° Ft = 8mv0 2 r0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. h = constant Using Eq. Elliot R. E. at = ( −2 )( − sin θ )θ = 2v0 sin θ ⋅ v0 = 2v02 sin θ dv = v0 dt r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos5 θ cos3 θ cos3 θ 2mv0 2 sin θ r0 cos5 θ Ft = 0 Tangential component of force. Clausen. Russell Johnston. h = r 2θ = h0 = r0v0 θ = r0v0 rv v0 = 2 0 02 = 2 r r0 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Radial component of velocity. (b) θ = 45°. Since the particle moves under a central force. Ft = mat : Ft = (a) θ = 0. 8/e. Solution 79. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Phillip J. Eisenberg. v= vr 2 + vθ 2 = r0θ = vθ = rθ = ( r0 cosθ )θ r0v0 v0 = 2 cos 2 θ r0 cos θ Tangential component of acceleration.27). . vr = r = d ( ro cosθ ) = − ( r0 sin θ )θ dt Transverse component of velocity. Beer. Speed. David Mazurek. (12.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. William E.

E. τ = But. 8/e. Clausen. Ferdinand P.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston. For gravitational force and a circular orbit. Eisenberg.. vτ = 2π r 2π r 3/ 2 GM hence 3/ 2 or τ GM = 2π r r Solving for τ . M = 4 3 π R ρ. 3 3π  r    Gρ  R  GM = 2 π 3 G ρ R3 / 2 Then. William E. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Phillip J. Solution 80. τ = Using r = 3R as given leads to τ = 33/ 2 3π π =9 Gρ Gρ τ = 9 (π / G ρ ) 1/ 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Jr. Elliot R. . Beer.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 81.

For gravitational force and a circular orbit,
Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r

Let τ be the period time to complete one orbit. But Then
vτ = 2π r
GM τ 2 r = 4π 2
3

or

v 2τ 2 =

GM τ 2 = 4π 2r 2 r
1/ 3

or

 GM τ 2  r =  4π 2    

Data: τ = 23.934 h = 86.1624 × 103 s

(a) In SI units: g = 9.81 m/s 2 , R = 6.37 × 106 m
GM = gR 2 = ( 9.81) 6.37 × 106

(

)

2

= 398.06 × 1012 m3/s 2

 12 86.1624 × 103  398.06 × 10 r = 4π 2  

(

)(

)

2

    

1/ 3

= 42.145 × 106 m

altitude h = r − R = 35.775 × 106 In US units: g = 32.2 ft/s 2 , R = 3960 mi = 20.909 × 106 ft

h = 35800 km

GM = gR 2 = ( 32.2 ) 20.909 × 106
 14.077 × 1015 86.1624 × 103 r =  4π 2  

(

) )

2

= 14.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2     
1/ 3

(

)(

2

= 138.334 × 106 ft

altitude h = r − R = 117.425 × 106 ft

h = 22200 mi

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

(b) In SI units:

v=
In US units:

GM = r

398.06 × 1012 = 3.07 × 103 m/s 6 42.145 × 10

v = 3.07 km/s

v=

GM = r

14.077 × 1015 = 10.09 × 103 ft/s 138.334 × 106

v = 10.09 × 103 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 82.

For gravitational force and a circular orbit,
Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2
or

v=

GM r

Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit.

vτ = 2π r
4π 2r 3

or

τ

GM = 2π r r

from which GM = But
GM = gR 2 ,

τ2
hence, g = 4π 2r 3 R 2τ 2
 gR 2τ 2  r =  4π 2    
1/ 3

(1)

Solving for r, Data: r = 417,000 mi = 2.202 × 109 ft
R = 44, 400 mi = 234.4 × 106 ft

τ = 3.551 days = 85.224 h = 306.8 × 103 s
Using (1),
g = 4π 2 2.202 × 109
3 2

(306.8 × 10 ) ( 234.4 × 10 )
6

(

)

3 2

= 81.5 ft/s 2

g = 81.5 ft/s 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

E. Eisenberg.6792 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 (a) Mass of sun. Solution 83. Data: GM = rv 2 r = 67. Ferdinand P.3 × 103 mi/h = 114.6792 × 1021 = 2 R2 22. William E.2 × 106 mi = 354.84 × 103 ft/s GM = 354. M = GM 4. R = 432 × 103 mi = 22.84 × 103 ( )( ) 2 = 4.. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Jr. Phillip J.0 × 1027 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft (b) At the surface of the sun. Clausen.81 × 109 ft GMm = mg R2 g = GM 4.81 × 109 ( ) g = 899 ft/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.6792 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 = G 34. .4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 M = 136. For the circular orbit of Venus. Elliot R. Let M be the mass of the sun and m the mass of Venus.8 × 109 ft v = 78. Beer. GMm mv 2 = man = 2 r r where r is radius of the orbit. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.8 × 109 114.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

Russell Johnston.98 × 1012 v=  1.209 × 103 m/s v = 8.98 × 10 r= 4π 2   By Eq. hence. William E. Solution 84. (2). For gravitational force and a circular orbit.56 h = 1.81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9.37 × 106 For Jupiter: GM = ( 319 ) 398. (1).071 × 106 km (b) For Callisto: τ = 16. Jr.071 × 109 m r = 1. Eisenberg.15 days = 171. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.06 × 1012 = 126. g = 9.76 × 103 s  15 617.37 × 106 m. David Mazurek. Beer. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. . Elliot R.76 × 103  126. Ferdinand P. 2π r = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or r3 = or v= GM r τ τ GM r GM τ 2 4π 2  GM τ 2  r =  4π 2     1/ 3 Solving for r.69 days = 400. Clausen. ( )( ) 2      1/ 3 = 1.21 km/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Fr = But v= 2π r .4420 × 106  By Eq.81) 6. Phillip J. 8/e.. ( )    1/ 3 = 8.4420 × 106 s  2π 126.6 h = 617.98 × 1015 1/ 3 (2) ( ) 2 = 398.  4π 2  GM v = = GM   GM τ 2   r   2 1/ 3 (1)  4π 2 ( GM )2   =   τ2   1/ 3  2π GM  v=   τ  For earth: R = 6.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 ( ) (a) For Ganymede: τ = 7.

06 × 1012 ( 7200 )2   r=   4π 2   (a) altitude (b) cosθ = h = r − R = 1. 8/e.48)( 7200 ) = 1509.055 × 106 m h = 1685 km θ = 37.7908 r 8.81) 6. William E.81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9.74° t AB = ( 75.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 min Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. g = 9. David Mazurek.37 × 106 = = 0.37 × 106 m.6 s 2θ τ = 360° 360 t AB = 25.055 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 ( ) 1/ 3 = 8. Ferdinand P.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. R = 6370 km = 6. E. Jr. Beer. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit. Clausen. Elliot R.685 × 106 m R 6. Eisenberg. Solution 85. For earth. For gravitational force and a circular orbit. .37 × 106 Data: τ = 120 min = 7200 s  398. Russell Johnston. vτ = 2π r  GM τ 2  r =  4π 2     or 1/ 3 τ GM = 2π r r Solving for r. Phillip J.

Clausen. William E.7024 × 106 ft ( ( )( ) ) g = 5.7584 × 106 ft an = v= v 2 GM = 2 r r GM r 2π r 2π r 3/2 = v GM 2π 6.4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 5.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.032 × 1012 ft 3/s 2 (a) At the surface of the moon. E. GMm = man r2 an = GM r2 GM = 34. Beer.7024 × 106 ft g= 34.032 × 10 τ = τ = ( ) 3/2 12 = 8. r = 1080 + 200 = 1280 mi = 6. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Phillip J. Elliot R..3923 × 103 s τ = 2. an = g ( )( ) r = R = 1080 mi = 5.7584 × 106 173. Ferdinand P.03 × 1021 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft GM = 2 R2 5. Solution 86.33 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅ s 4 5.03 × 1021 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft = 173. David Mazurek. . Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Jr. 8/e.32 ft/s 2 (b) Orbit of space vehicle.

Beer. .53 × 103 s GM 2 τ 4π 2 = 34.1 × 10 24 M = 39.732 × 109 ft (b) Mass of Saturn.8 × 106 ft τ 2 = τ Tethys: 2 τ = 1. M = 4π 2  GM    G  4π 2  ( )( ) 2 = 5.. William E. Elliot R.068 × 1015 390.12 × 103 s 967.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.068 × 1015 34. Phillip J. Eisenberg. Solution 87. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 × 10 −9 ( ) = 39.52 days = 390.12 × 103 ( ( ) ) 3 2 = 34. 8/e.8 × 106 GM = 4π 2 163. Clausen.888 days = 163.3 × 103 mi = 967.068 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 Rhea: r3 = τ = 4.1 × 1024 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Russell Johnston.53 × 103 (a) r = 1. Jr.1958 × 1027 ft 3 r = 328 × 103 mi = 4π 2 34. GMm mv 2 = man = 2 r r v= r3 2π r v2 = 4π 2r 2 GM r GM r τ = GM = constant 4π 2 r = 183.

.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.349 × 103 m/s sin 45° v B = 7.35 × 103 m/s 45° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. R = 6370 km = 6.. Eisenberg. David Mazurek. Beer. 8/e. Phillip J. Solution 88. dy 2 yB x = 2kx = dx xB 2 At point B.196 × 103 = 7.33 × 106 10. Elliot R.4 × 103 rAv A = = 5. Ferdinand P. y = kx 2 from which k = yB xB 2 Differentiating with respect to x.33 × 106 dy 2 yB = tan φ = = = 1.67 × 10 x A = 0. William E.37 × 106 m rA = 6370 + 960 = 7330 km = 7.67 × 106 m mrAv A = mrB ( vB )θ ( vB )θ = Parabola AB. Jr. 7. yA = 0 ( )( ) xB = rB = 14.33 × 106 m For a parabolic trajectory. ( 2) 7. Clausen. E. Russell Johnston.0000 dx xB 14.67 × 106 φ = 45° vB = ( ) sin 45° ( vB )θ = 5.196 × 103 m/s 6 rB 14.33 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 8300 = 14670 km = 14.67 × 106 m yB = rA = 7. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

( )( ) ( GM )sun rE = 4.96 × 106 mi = 490. Russell Johnston.12 × 103 ( )( ) For circular orbit of Mars. R = 3960 mi = 20. rA = rE . rE = 92.5 × 106 mi = 747. For earth. E.6849 × 1021 ft 3/s 2 For circular orbit of earth. ( ∆v ) B = v M − vB = 79.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For sun.. Eisenberg.2 ) ( 20.909 × 106 ft ( GM )earth = gR 2 = ( 32.527 ft/s rB 747.8 × 109 rB = rM = 141.12 × 109 Speed increase at B.527 × 103 = 8.70 × 103 ft/s 490.5 × 106 mi = 747.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.83)( 5280 ) = 107.8 × 103 14. .187 × 103 − 70.077 × 1015 = 4.70 × 103 + (1.187 × 103 ft/s 747.8 × 109 ft vE = For transfer orbit AB. Elliot R. rM = 141. William E. Jr.36 ft/s mrAv A = mrBvB vB = 490.36 × 103 rAv A = = 70. Clausen. Solution 89. Ferdinand P.12 × 109 ft vM = ( GM )sun rM = 4.8 × 109 107.909 × 106 ) 2 = 14. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.6849 × 1021 = 79.6849 × 1021 = 97.660 × 103 ft/s ( ∆v )B = 1.640 mi/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. David Mazurek. ( GM )sun = 332.12 × 109 ft v A = vE + ( ∆v ) A = 97. 8/e. Beer.

Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.0208 × 103 ft/s − 5.392 × 106 ft ( vA )1 = ( 34. Beer.4 × 10 )( 5. Ferdinand P. .392 × 10 )( 4. ( 34. Clausen.1178 × 103 ft/s = −97. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies..864 × 106 ft ( vB ) 2 = (a) Transfer orbit AB.864 × 10 6 = 5. Circular orbits: v = GM r rA = 1400 mi = 7. David Mazurek. ( ∆vB ) = ( vB )2 − ( vB )1 = 5.4 × 10 )( 5. Phillip J.03 × 10 ) −9 21 7. E.12 × 103 ft/s (b) Speed change at B.864 × 103 ft/s ( vB )1 = 5.1178 × 10 = 6 3 3 6.7522 × 103 ft/s mrA ( v A )2 = mrB ( vB )1 ( vB )1 = rA ( v A )2 rB ( 7.8382 × 103 ft/s rB = 1300 mi = 6.0208 × 103 ft/s ( v A )2 = ( v A )1 + ( ∆v ) A = 4.0 ft/s Speed reduction at B.03 × 10 ) −9 21 6. ∆vB = 97. Russell Johnston.8382 × 103 − 86 = 4.7522 × 10 ) = 5. Jr. William E. 8/e. Solution 90.0 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.392 × 10 6 = 4.

37 × 106 m. rA = rD = 6370 + 610 = 6980 km = 6.73102 × 103 m/s vB = ( vB )circ + ( ∆v ) B = 7.81602 × 103 rBvB = = 7.37 × 106 ) 6.37 × 106 ) 6.53579 × 10 6 3 3 6.54416 × 103 + 79 = 7.73102 × 103 + 85 = 7. = gR 2 = rA gR 2 = rB ( 9.62316 × 10 ) = 7.81) ( 6. Jr.62316 × 103 m/s ( )( ) ( vC )2 = ( vC )1 + ( ∆v )C rC ( vC )2 rD mrC ( vC )2 = mrD vD vD = = ( 6.66 × 106 7.54416 × 103 m/s 6 rC 6. Clausen. .81) ( 6.90 × 10 )( 7.55173 × 103 − 7. E. William E.53579 × 103 = 15.90 × 10 = 7. 6. Russell Johnston. 8/e. Eisenberg. Elliot R.66 × 106 = 7.98 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 290 = 6660 km = 6.55173 × 103 m/s 2 = ( 9.94 m/s ( ∆v )D = 15.98 × 10 6 2 = 7. Phillip J.81602 × 103 m/s mrBvB = mrC ( vC )1 ( vC )1 = For path CD. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.66 × 106 m.94 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. rC = 6900 km = 6.98 × 106 m/s ( ∆v ) D = ( v A )circ − vD = 7.. Solution 91. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek. Beer.90 × 106 m ( vA )circ ( vB )circ For path BC. R = 6370 km = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 92.

Masses: mA = mB =

2.6 = 0.08075 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.2 or y =r

Let y be the position coordinate of B, positive upward with origin at O. Constraint of the cord: r − y = constant (a) Kinematics:

( aB ) y

= y =r

and

( a A )r

= r − rθ 2 (1)

Collar B: Collar A:

ΣFy = mB aB : T − WB = mB y = mB r ΣFr = m A ( a A )r : − T = mA r − rθ 2 −WB = ( mA + mB ) r + m Arθ 2

(

)

(2)

Adding (1) and (2) to eliminate T,

a A / rod = r =

( 0.08075)( 0.6 )(10 ) − ( 2.6 ) m Arθ 2 − WB = mA + mB 0.08075 + 0.08075
2

a A / rod = 13.90 ft/s2

From (1),

T = mB ( r + g ) = ( 0.08075 )(13.90 + 32.2 ) T = 3.72 lb

(b) Conservation of angular momentum of collar A: ( H 0 )2 = ( H 0 )1

mAr1(vθ )1 = mAr2 (vθ )2
(vθ )2 = r1(vθ )1 r12θ (0.6) 2 (10) = = = 4.00 r2 r2 0.9

( vθ )2

= 4.00 ft/s

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 93.

Masses: mA = mB =

2.6 = 0.08075 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft 32.2

(a) Conservation of angular momentum of collar A: ( H 0 )2 = ( H 0 )1

mAr1(vθ )1 = mAr2 (vθ )2
(vθ )2 = r1(vθ )1 r12θ1 (0.6)2 (12) = = = 3.6 r2 r2 1.2

( vθ )2
θ2 =

= 3.60 ft/s

( vθ )2
rA

=

3.6 = 3.00 rad/s 1.2

(b) Let y be the position coordinate of B, positive upward with origin at O. Constraint of the cord: r − y = constant Kinematics: or

y =r

( aB ) y
Collar B: Collar A:

= y =r

and

( a A )r

= r − rθ 2 (1)

ΣFy = mB aB : T − WB = mB y = mB r ΣFr = mA ( a A )r : − T = mA r − rθ 2 −WB = ( mA + mB ) r + m Arθ 2

(

)

(2)

Adding (1) and (2) to eliminate T,
mArθ 2 − WB ( 0.08075 )(1.2 )( 3.00 ) − ( 2.6 ) = = −10.70 ft/s 2 0.08075 + 0.08075 mA + mB
2

a A / rod = r =

T = mB ( r + g ) = ( 0.08075)( −10.70 + 32.2 )

T = 1.736 lb

a A / rod = 10.70 ft/s 2 radially inward.

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 94.

Since friction and mass of the rod are neglected, the resultant force acting on the collar is the spring force, which is a central force. The angular momentum of the collar about the shaft is constant. mrvθ = mr0v0 = mr02θ 0 (a) vθ = r02θ 0 (0.150)2 (12) = r 0.600 e = 0.600 − 0.750 = − 0.150 m Fr = − ke = − (5)(−0.150) = 0.750 N vθ = 0.450 m/s

Calculate the spring force. Elongation: Force:

Apply Newton’s second law. Fr = mar (b) ar = Fr 0.750 = m 0.300 ar = 2.50 m/s 2

Fθ = 0 aθ = (c) Fθ m
2 vθ r

aθ = 0

Acceleration of B relative to the rod. ar = r − rθ 2 = r − aB/rod = r = ar +

2 vθ (0.450)2 = 2.50 + r 0.600

aB/rod = 2.84 m/s 2

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Kinematics: ar = r − rθ 2 Newton’s second law: Fr = − k (r − l0 ) = mar Eliminating ar. r = 600 mm = 0. r0 = 150 mm = 0. 12. William E. Solution 95. Beer. l0 = 750 mm = 0.  r 2  r 2θ 2 k d   = 0 0 dr − (r − l0 )dr  2 r m   r2 2 r 2 = r02θ0 0 ∫ dr k − 3 r0 r m r ∫ r r0 (r − l0 ) dr continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. noting that r = 0 when r = r0. Ferdinand P. Jr.. The angular momentum of the collar about the shaft is constant. Data from Prob. m = 300 g = 0. Since friction and mass of the rod are neglected.300 kg. 8/e. θ 0 = 12 rad/s. David Mazurek. mrvθ = mr 2θ = mr02θ 0 θ = (a) r02θ 0 r2 Radial component vr of the collar. r − rθ 2 = − r= k (r − l0 ) m dr dr dr  dr  1 d (r ) 2 = =  r = dt dr dt  dr  2 dr 1 d k (r )2 = rθ 2 − (r − l0 ) 2 dr m = 2 r04θ 0 k − (r − l0 ) m r3 Separate variables and integrate with respect to r. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.600 m.94. Clausen.750 m. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. which is a central force. the resultant force acting on the collar is the spring force. Phillip J. . k = 5 N/m. Russell Johnston. Elliot R.150 m.

750 rad/s (0. Phillip J.6625 m 2/s 2 r = 2. aθ = rθ + 2rθ = Fθ =0 m vr = 2.600  0.0375 + 5. Russell Johnston.600 θ = − 7. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.94 m/s θ =− where θ = 2rθ r r02θ 0 (0.625 = 8. Jr.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System 1 2 1  k 1  2 r = r04θ0  − 2  −  (r − l0 ) 2  2  2r  r m  2 r 0 r r 0 1  k 2 1 r 2 = r02θ 0  2 − 2  −  (r − l0 )2 − (r0 − l0 )2  r  r  m  0  1  5   1 (0. .600 − 0. Clausen. Eisenberg.150 = 3. Elliot R.3   0.150)4 (12)2  − − 2 2  0.150 − 0.750) 0.750) 2 − (0. William E. E.750)2  = (0. David Mazurek.600) 2 r2 θ =− (2)(2.9432 m/s (b) Value of θ .9432)(0..150) 2 (12) = = 0. Ferdinand P.36 rad/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. 8/e.

Jr. and r0 are constants. William E. h. F is proportional to Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. Phillip J.37 ) d 2u cosθ = 2 r0 dθ d 2u 2 F +u = = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. Solution 96. E. r2 Since m. r r0 du sin θ = . Eisenberg. u = 1 2 − cosθ = . . Clausen. Elliot R. David Mazurek. or inversely proportional to r 2. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. dθ r0 by Eq. F = 2mh 2u 2 2mh 2 = r0 r0r 2 1 . (12. Russell Johnston. 8/e..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

P12. u = 1 6cosθ − 5 = . Solution 97. (12. Beer. William E. d 2u 6cosθ = dθ r0 d 2u 5 F +u =− = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. and r0 are constants. r r0 du 6sin θ =− . Ferdinand P. h. F is proportional to 1 . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. .. Clausen. 8/e.97. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. David Mazurek. dθ r0 by Eq. The minus sign r2 indicates that the force is repulsive. Russell Johnston. as shown in Fig. F =− 5mh 2u 2 5mh 2 =− r0 r0r 2 Since m. or inversely proportional to r 2. Eisenberg.37 ) . E. Elliot R.

F is proportional to By Eq. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.. or inversely proportional to r 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) = u r h Comparing with (1) shows that ε = 1 and GM 1 = 2 2r0 h h= 2GMr0 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. But y = x2 4r0 x = r sin θ . Phillip J. From Fig. P12. Simplifying gives r = 2r0 1 + cosθ or and 1 1 + cosθ = =u r 2r0 d 2u cosθ =− 2r0 dθ 2 (1) du sin θ =− dθ 2r0 d 2u 1 F +u = = 2 2r0 dθ mh 2u 2 Solving for F. Solution 98. r =  2  2r0  − cosθ ± cos 2 θ − 4  1 − cos θ  4r0 1 − cos 2 θ    2r (1 − cosθ ) 2r0 − cosθ ± 1) = 0 2 ( 1 − cos θ 1 − cos 2 θ    ( −r0 )      = since r > 0. F = mh 2u 2 mh 2 = 2r0 2r0r 2 1 . 8/e.98. Russell Johnston. y = r0 − r cosθ or r0 − r cosθ = r 2 1 − cos 2 θ r 2 sin 2 θ = 4r0 4r0  1 − cos 2 θ   4r0  ( )  2  r + ( cosθ ) r − r0 = 0   Solving the quadratic equation for r.39′ ) . Jr. . h. (12. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Clausen. Ferdinand P. Beer. and r0 are constants. David Mazurek. William E. r2 Since m. E.

. and h are constants. Phillip J. David Mazurek. E. Clausen. Solution 99. Jr. m. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. or inversely proportional to r 3. Elliot R. Russell Johnston. F is proportional to Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer. u= 1 1 −bθ = e r r0 du b = − e−bθ dθ r0 d 2u b 2 −bθ = e r0 dθ 2 d 2u b 2 + 1 −bθ F +u = e = 2 r0 dθ mh 2u 2 F= (b 2 + 1)mh 2u 2 −bθ e r0 (b 2 + 1)mh 2u 2 (b 2 + 1)mh 2 = r r3 1 .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.. r3 = Since b. 8/e. William E. Eisenberg.

Ferdinand P.73 × 10−12 m3/kg ⋅ s 2 M = (350 × 106 )(26. Solution 100.9 km/s = 26. For a parabolic trajectory. . Eisenberg. Jr. Russell Johnston.9 × 103 )2 (2)(66. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.73 × 10−12 ) M = 1. William E. David Mazurek. Phillip J. E.. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer. Clausen. the velocity v0 at the perigee is equal to the escape velocity. Elliot R.9 × 103 m/s G = 66.898 × 1027 kg Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. v0 = vesc = 2GM r0 M = 2 r0v0 2G Solving for M. Data: r0 = 350 × 103 km = 350 × 106 m v0 = 26.

∆v = vcirc − v0 = −9.845 mi/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Solution 101.513 × 103 ft/s 20.30 mi/s vcir = GM = r0 11..4 × 10−9 ft 4 /lb ⋅s 4 334 × 1021 lb ⋅ s2 /ft = 11. Russell Johnston. 8/e. GM = 34.739 × 103 ft/s = −1. Beer. Phillip J.490 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 R = 3761 mi = 19. Clausen. E. David Mazurek.252 × 103 ft/s or v0 = 6.782 × 106 (b) Decrease velocity at A.490 × 1015 = 23.858 × 106 ft r0 = 3761 + 175 = 3936 mi = 20.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. William E.490 × 1015 ) 20. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Elliot R. ( )( ) v0 = 2GM = r0 ( 2 ) (11. Jr.782 × 106 ft (a) Velocity of probe as it approaches A. .845 mi/s or ∆v = 1.782 × 10 6 = 33.

820 × 106 5.3 × 109 h2 1+ε = = = 106. Ferdinand P. 8/e. GM = ( 0.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.81 m/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 9. R = 6.5 r0GM 2. Phillip J.06 × 1012 = 5.955 × 1012 ( ( )( ) 2 ) ε = 105. Eisenberg. v0 = 15 × 103 m/s ( ) h = r0v0 = 42. William E.81) 6.3 × 109 m 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h and 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h 42. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.37 × 106 m g = 9.5 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For Io. David Mazurek. Jr. Beer. Russell Johnston.955 × 1012 m3/s 2 r0 = 2.01496 ) 398. . E. Solution 102. For earth.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R.820 × 106 m. Clausen..

3824 × 1027 = 12. .45) h 48.81)(6. Jr. Solution 103.37 × 106 m g = 9.452 )(126.583 × 1015 )(23. Russell Johnston.980 × 109 m (126. Earth: R = 6. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.6 × 109 m 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h r0 = h2 GM (1 + ε ) 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) r1 h r1 = h2 GM (1 − ε ) 2a = r0 + r1 = 2h 2 GM (1 − ε 2 ) h 2 = (1 − ε 2 )GMa = (1 − 0.810 × 1012 m/s r0 = r1 = 2. Ferdinand P.6 × 109 ) = 2.426 × 103 r1 34. 8/e. a = 23.810 × 1012 = = 1.06 × 1012 ) = 126.760 × 103 9 r0 12.583 × 1015 m3/s 2 Orbit of satellite. E. Elliot R. Clausen.220 ×109 vmax = 3760 m/s ! vmin = 1426 m/s ! vmax = vmin = Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..220 × 109 m (126.3824 × 1027 = 34. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.37 × 106 )2 = 398.3824 × 1027 m 4 /s 2 h = 48.810 × 1012 = = 3. William E. Beer.45) 2. Phillip J.583 × 1015 )(1 + 0.81 m/s 2 GM e = gR 2 = (9.980 ×10 h 48. Eisenberg.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 Jupiter: GM = (318)(398.583 × 1015 )(1 − 0.

E. Ferdinand P. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B . But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Solution 104. 8/e. (12. rB h θ B = θ A + 180°. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr. Phillip J. Russell Johnston. Beer. Eisenberg.. David Mazurek. Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 1 1 1 1 2GM + = + = rA rB ro r1 h2 Adding.39 ) . Using Eq. . William E.

5. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.848 × 109 ft 2 /s vA = h 885.818 × 106 ) 125.375 × 103 ft/s ∆v = 5.974 × 10−9 ft −1 2rArB ( 2 ) 83. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 Adding.077 × 1015 ( )( ) 2 ε = 0. E. Solution 105. Ferdinand P. David Mazurek..077 × 1015 = 12. 8/e.37 ) .909 × 106 = 14. ∆v = vesc − vcirc = 5.848 × 109 = = 10.582 × 106 ft vcirc = vesc = GM = rA 2GM = rA 14.379 × 103 ft/s (c) 1 1 r − rB − = A = C cosθ B − C cosθ A = 2C rB rA rArB C = rA − rB 41. Russell Johnston. (12. Phillip J.764 × 106 = = 5.2 ) 20.333 ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.077 × 1015 )(83.353 × 103 ft/s (a) Increase in speed at A. R = 3960 mi = 20.818 × 106 ( )( ) By Eq.40).077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 ( ) rA = 3960 + 11870 = 15830 mi = 83.974 × 10−9 885.38 × 103 ft/s ! Elliptical orbit with Using Eq.582 × 106 ∆v = 2380 ft/s ! (b) Decrease in speed.582 × 106 )( 41.978 × 103 ft/s 83.848 × 109 Ch2 = ε = GM 14. h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (14. ∆v = vcirc − v A = 2. William E. 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Jr. rB h θ B = θ A + 180°.582 × 106 41. . Beer.818 × 106 ft. For earth.582 × 106 2 vcirc = 18. Elliot R. (12.4 × 106 = 885.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32. Clausen.599 × 103 ft/s rA 83. But rB = 3960 + 3960 = 7920 mi = 41.

so that cosθ B = − cosθ A 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB Adding.683 × 103 m/s (b) Speed of observatory at B. R = 6370 km = 6. 000 = 146..37 × 106 m For a circular orbit with r0 = rA .39).931 × 103 m/s 6 16. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Solution 106.000 = 16370 km = 16.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.40 × 103 m/s ∆v A = 1. Eisenberg.370 × 10 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B .81) 6. ∆v A = v A − vcirc = 1.370 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 140. Using Eq.370 × 106 )(146.74 × 106 = 108. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Jr. William E.37 × 106 ) 162. For earth. Beer. Phillip J. 8/e. ( 2 ) ( 398. Russell Johnston. (12. vcirc = Elliptic orbit. Ferdinand P. rB h 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h and θ B = θ A + 180°. But GM = r0 398.370 = 146.06 × 1012 )(16. vB = h 108.370 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.614 × 103 m/s rA 16.27 × 109 = = 6.37 × 106 vB = 7. .370 × 106 m GM = gR 2 = ( 9.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 rA = 6370 + 10. Clausen.683 × 103 m/s h 108.27 × 109 = rB 146.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.06 × 1012 = 4.27 × 109 m 2 /s vA = (a) Increase in speed at A. E.

06 × 1012 = 132.81) 6. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB hAB 2 hAB = 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (132. R = 6.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Phillip J. William E.474 × 1018 m3/s 2 ( )( ) For elliptic orbit AB.39).474 × 1018 )( 325 × 109 )(148 × 109 ) 473 × 109 = 5.97 × 103 m/s For transfer orbit AB′.1907 × 1015 = = 15. Beer. Eisenberg.1907 × 1015 m 2 /s (a) ( vA )1 = hAB 5. Ferdinand P. rB = 148 × 109 m 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = + C cosθ B .8 × 103 398. Elliot R.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For sun: GM = 332.971 × 103 rA 325 × 109 ( vA )1 = 15. cosθ A = − cosθ B . Using Eq. (12. Adding. rB hAB 2 But θ B = θ A + 180°. Solution 107.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.6 × 109 m continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. rB′ = 137. 8/e. rA = 325 × 109 m. For earth.. . Jr. David Mazurek. E. Russell Johnston.37 × 106 m GM = gR 2 = ( 9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen.

David Mazurek.474 × 1018 )( 325 × 109 )(137. E.186 × 103 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System hAB′ = 2GMrArB′ = rA + rB′ ( 2 ) (132. Jr.8977 × 1015 m 2 /s ( vB ′ ) 2 Decrease in speed at B′: = hB′A′ 4.594 × 103 m/s rB′ 137. Russell Johnston. William E. Elliot R.0609 × 1015 = = 36.6 × 109 ( vB′ )1 − ( vB′ )2 = 1.6 × 109 )( 264. Ferdinand P. = hAB′ 5.780 × 103 m/s rB′ 137.6 × 109 ) 462. .0609 × 1015 m 2 /s ( v A )2 (b) Decrease of speed at A. Eisenberg. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.3 × 109 = 4. Clausen..6 × 109 rA′ = 264.572 × 103 m/s 9 rA 325 × 10 ( ∆vA ) = ( vA )1 − ( vA )2 ( vB )1 = For elliptic orbit B′A′.186 × 103 ∆vB = 1.7 × 109 m 2GMrB′rA′ = rB′ + rA′ hB′A′ = ( 2 ) (132.7 × 109 ) 402. = 399 m/s ∆v A = 399 m/s hAB′ 5.8977 × 1015 = = 35.474 × 1018 )(137. 8/e. Phillip J. Beer.6 × 109 = 5.0609 × 1015 = = 15.

where θ = 0° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hAB hAB (2) Adding.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. GM = 0. Ferdinand P. Jr. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E. where θ = 180° 2GM = rA ( 2 ) ( 326. . At point A. Solving for hAB.. Elliot R.41 × 1012 )(15 × 106 )( 300 × 106 ) 315 × 106 = 96. Phillip J. For Earth. E. Eisenberg. 8/e. Solution 108. Beer.81) 6.571 × 109 m 2 /s continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 For Venus.5971 × 103 m/s rB = 300 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rA hAB hAB (1) At point B. GM earth = gR 2 = ( 9.82 GM earth = 326. 1 1 r + rA 2GM + = B = 2 rA rB rArB hAB hAB = 2GMrArB = rB + rA ( 2 ) ( 326.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.41 × 1012 ) 15 × 106 = 6.41 × 1012 m3/s 2 For a parabolic trajectory with rA = 15 × 106 m ( v A )1 = vesc = First transfer orbit AB.

3918 × 103 m/s 6 rC 9 × 10 ( vC )1 = Final circular orbit. David Mazurek. Clausen. Beer..571 × 109 = = 321. 8/e. Phillip J. where θ = 0. E. . rC = 9 × 106 m ( vC )2 = GM = rC 326. hAB 96.5265 × 109 = = 8.0223 × 103 m/s 9 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rC hBC hBC Adding. Eisenberg.571 × 109 = = 6.90 m/s rB 300 × 106 rC = 9000 km = 9 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hBC hBC At point C.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System ( v A )2 = ( vB )1 = Second transfer orbit BC. At point B. William E.41 × 1012 = 6. Russell Johnston.5265 × 109 = = 251. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 1 1 r + rC 2GM + = B = 2 rB rC rB rC hBC 2GMrB rC = rB + rC hBC = ( 2 ) ( 326.4381 × 103 m/s rA 15 × 106 hAB 96. Ferdinand P.41 × 1012 )( 300 × 106 )( 9 × 106 ) 309 × 106 = 75. Elliot R.5265 × 109 m 2 /s ( vB )2 = hBC 75. Jr.76 m/s rB 300 × 106 hBC 75.

William E.37 × 103 m/s ! Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.76 ∆vB = 70. David Mazurek. Clausen. Jr. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.4381 × 103 ∆v A = 159. ( vC )1 − ( vC )2 = 8. (a) At A. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Speed reductions.. E. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Ferdinand P. ( v A )1 − ( vA )2 = 6. Elliot R. 8/e.3918 × 103 − 6.1 m/s ! (c) At C.90 − 251.0 m/s ! (b) At B.0223 × 103 ∆vC = 2. Beer.5971 × 103 − 6. ( vB )1 − ( vB )2 = 321.

81) 6. Elliot R. David Mazurek.059 × 1012 m3/s 2 GM = 0.108: rC = 9000 km.56 m/s rB 498. 8/e.409 × 1012 1 2GM 1 1 = 2 − = − = 2. William E.5 × 109 = = 195.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398. 1 1 2GM + = 2 rA rB hAB ( ) ( 2 ) 326.0057 × 10−9 m −1 2 6 9 rB rA hAB 15 × 10 97. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.409 × 1012 m3/s 2 v A = 6500 m/s. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.82 M earth GM earth = gR 2 = ( 9. Beer.56 × 106 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.56 × 106 m rB = 499 × 103 km ( vB )1 = hAB 97.5 × 109 m 2 /s At point A. rB = 498. . For Earth. Russell Johnston. Data from Problem 12. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 109. M = 0. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rA hAB hAB At point B. For Venus..5 × 10 ( ( ) ) (a) Radial coordinate rB. Jr. where θ = 0° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hAB hAB Adding. Clausen. rA = 15 × 106 m Transfer orbit AB: hAB = rAv A = 15 × 106 ( 6500 ) = 97.82 GM earth = 326.

Phillip J. Russell Johnston.2 m/s At C ( vC )1 − ( vC )2 = 8.968 × 109 m 2 /s ( vB ) 2 = hBC 75.0223 × 103 m/s 9 × 106 ( vC )1 = Circular orbit with ( vC )2 = At B (b) Speed reductions at B and C.0223 × 103 ∆vC = 2. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.56 × 106 = 75.968 × 109 = = 152. 1 1 r + rC 2GM + = B = 2 rB rC rB rC hBC hBC = 2GMrB rC = rB + rC ( 2 ) ( 326.56 × 106 )( 9 × 106 ) 507. William E. Eisenberg. David Mazurek.42 × 103 m/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. GM = rC 326. where θ = 180° 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 180° = 2 − C rC hBC hBC Adding. At point B. Beer. 8/e. Elliot R.4409 × 103 m/s rC 9 × 106 rC = 9 × 106 m. Clausen.409 × 1012 = 6.968 × 109 = = 8.409 × 1012 )( 498.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Second transfer orbit BC.56 × 106 hBC 75.. . Ferdinand P. where θ = 0 rC = 9 × 106 m 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos 0 = 2 + C rB hBC hBC At point C. ( vB )1 − ( vB )2 = 195.56 – 152.37 m/s rB 498.4409 × 103 − 6.37 ∆vB = 43. Jr.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. GM = ( 0.82 × 106 292. Russell Johnston. Solution 110. For earth. Eisenberg. rB = 112500 mi = 594 × 106 ft ( ) ( ) 2 = 14. Adding.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32. Elliot R.0901 × 103 ft/s First elliptic transfer orbit AB. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = 2 rA rB rArB hAB hAB = 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (1. David Mazurek. Phillip J.077 × 1015 = 1.2 ) 20.6 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.45 × 109 m 2 /s a= 1 1 ( rA + rB ) = 29.51188 × 1015 ) 29. Clausen. . For the parabolic approach trajectory at A. Ferdinand P. so that cosθ A = − cosθ B . E.7 × 106 and = 10.95 × 10 3 s τ AB = 123.85 × 106 132.7 × 106 + 594 × 106 = 311.51188 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 rA = 5625 mi = 29. τ AB 2π ab h 1 π ab = τ = 2 h τ = τ AB = π 311. (12..7 × 106 )( 594 × 106 ) 623. Jr.1074 ) 14. rB hAB θ B = θ A + 180°.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 ( vA )1 = 2GM = rA ( 2 ) (1. = 2 + C cosθ A rA hAB But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . R = 3960 mi = 20. William E.7 × 106 hAB = 292.45 × 10 9 ( )( ) = 444.82 × 10 6 6 6 ft Periodic time for full ellipse: For half ellipse AB.909 × 106 For Mars.7 × 106 ft.85 × 106 ft 2 2 rArB = ( ) b= ( 29. Beer.39). 1 GM Using Eq.51188 × 1015 )( 29.7 × 10 )( 594 × 10 ) = 132. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Solution 111. Beer. 2/3 2 3  76 years  = rE    1 year  2/3 = 17.6 × 106 mi ( ) rmax = 3. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen. T  aH = aE  H   TE  Also. Ferdinand P.942 rE aH = 1 ( rmin + rmax ) 2 rmax = 2aH − rmin = ( 2 )(17. Russell Johnston. . Elliot R.942 rE ) − = 35. E. Eisenberg..  TH   aH    =   TE   aE  Solve for aH. William E.3844 ) 92. Solve for rmax. Phillip J. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. 8/e. From Keplers third law. Jr.3844 rE or 1 rE 2 rmax = ( 35.28 × 109 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 112.

For earth, R = 3960 mi = 20.909 × 106 ft ,

g = 32.2 ft/s 2

GM = gR 2 = ( 32.2 ) 20.909 × 106
For circular orbit of satellite,

(

)

2

= 14.077 × 1015 ft 3/s

r0 = 3960 + 310 = 4270 mi = 22.546 × 106 ft/s v0 = GM 14.077 × 1015 = = 24.988 × 103 ft/s r0 22.546 × 106

6 2π r0 ( 2π ) 22.546 × 10 τ0 = = = 5.6692 × 103 s 3 v0 24.988 × 10

(

)

For elliptic orbit of spacecraft it is given that

τ = τ 0 = 8.5038 × 103 s
a=
Using Eq. (12.39), But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that 1 ( rA + rB ) , 2 and

3 2

b=

rArB

1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . rB h

θ B = θ A + 180°,

cosθ A = − cosθ B . or h= GMb 2 a

Adding,

1 1 r + rB 2a 2GM + = A = 2 = rA rB rArB b h2

Periodic time:

τ =

2π ab 2π ab a 2π a 3 / 2 = = h GM GMb 2

14.077 × 1015 8.5038 × 103 GM τ 2 a = = 4π 2 4π 2
3

(

)(

)

2

= 25.786 × 1021 ft 3

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

a = 29.543 × 106 ft, rB = 2a − rA = 36.541 × 106 ft, h= 2π ab =

rA = r0 = 22.546 × 106 ft b = rArB = 28.703 × 106 ft

2π 29.543 × 106 28.703 × 106 8.5038 × 10
3

(

)(

τ

) = 626.54 × 10

9

ft 2 /s

vA = (a) Increase in speed at A.

h 626.54 × 109 = = 27.789 × 103 ft/s rA 22.546 × 106

∆v A = v A − v0 = 27.789 × 103 − 24.988 × 103 (b) Periodic time for elliptic orbit. As calculated above τ = 8.5038 × 103 s

∆v A = 2.80 × 103 ft/s

τ = 141.7 min

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System

Chapter 12, Solution 113.

For earth’s orbit about the sun, v0 = GM 2π RE 2π RE 3/ 2 , τ0 = = RE v0 GM or GM = 2π RE 3/ 2

τ0

(1)

For the comet Hyakutake, 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) , r0 h a= 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) , r1 h b= r0r1 = r1 = 1+ε r0 1−ε

1 r ( r0 + r1 ) = 0 , 2 1−ε h=

1+ε r0 1−ε

GMr0 (1 + ε )
1/ 2

τ =

2π r0 2 (1 + ε ) 2π ab = h (1 − ε )3/ 2 GMr0 (1 + ε ) 2π r03/ 2 GM (1 − ε )
3/ 2 3/ 2

=

=

2π RE 3 (1 − ε )

2π r03/ 2τ 0

3/ 2

 r  = 0   RE 

1

(1 − ε )3/ 2
3/ 2

τ0

= ( 0.230 )

1

(1 − 0.999887 )

3/ 2

τ 0 = 91.8 × 103 τ 0

Since τ 0 = 1 yr, τ = 91.8 × 103 (1.000 )

(

)

τ = 91.8 × 103 yr

Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics, 8/e, Ferdinand P. Beer, E. Russell Johnston, Jr., Elliot R. Eisenberg, William E. Clausen, David Mazurek, Phillip J. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

θ = ± 90° 1 1 GM = = 2 rB rC h or rB = rC = h2 = 2rA GM As the spacecraft travels from B to C.043 h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.78 × 109 ( ) τ BC = 1.2 ft/s 2 GM = gR 2 = ( 32. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For trajectory BAC. rA = 4560 mi = 24. the area swept out is a parabolic area A.077 × 106 ft v A = 6. g = 32. A= 2 8 8 ( rB + rC ) rA = rA2 = 24. Clausen.458 × 10 = = = 3.. William E. θ = 0 while at B and C .909 × 106 At point A. Beer. For earth.077 × 106 3 3 3 dA 1 = h dt 2 tBC or A= ( ) 2 = 15. Elliot R. R = 3960 mi = 20.753 × 103 s h 823. Jr. Ferdinand P. Phillip J. 8/e.214 × 103 ft/s from which h = rAv A = 823.48 mi/s = 34.78 × 109 ft 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) with ε = 1 r h ( ) 2 = 14.909 × 106 ft. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg.458 × 1015 ft 2 1 1 ∫ h dt = 2 ht 2 15 2 A ( 2 ) 15. At point A. E. David Mazurek.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Solution 114.2 ) 20.

8698 × 106 ) = 564. R = 3960 mi = 20. Clausen.2 ) 20. William E. David Mazurek.64 × 109 ft 2 /s 6 6 2π ab 2π 22.4844 × 106 ft 1−ε 0.077 × 1015 )( 21. Phillip J. r0 = 3960 + 182 = 4142 mi = 21.0356 ) (14. Beer. Solution 115.6627 × 106 ft h= (1 + ε ) GMr0 = (1.. Eisenberg.6627 × 10 τ = = h 564.0356 − 21.9088 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For the orbit. Russell Johnston. 8/e.8698 × 106 ft 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) r1 h 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε ) r0 h r1 = r0 a= 1+ ε 1.2 ft/s 2 .6770 × 106 ft 2 b = r0r1 = 22.6770 × 10 22. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. For earth.64 × 109 ( )( ) τ = 95.9644 ( ) 1 ( r0 + r1 ) = 22. Elliot R.3 min ! = 5. Ferdinand P. E.9088 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14. g = 32. Jr. .8698 × 106 = 23.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.7188 × 103 s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.

. David Mazurek. Solution 116. r0 = rA = nR v0 = The crash trajectory is elliptic. Eisenberg. θ = π − φ 1 1 = rB R 1 1 + ε cos (π − φ ) 1 − ε cos φ = = R β 2nR β 2nR or β2 = 1 − ε or ε = 1− β2 ε cos φ = 1 − nβ 2 or cos φ = 1 − nβ 2 ε = 1 − nβ 2 1 − β2 φ = cos −1  1 − nβ 2 / 1 − β 2   ( )( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. For the circular orbit. Jr. Clausen. William E. Phillip J. Elliot R. 8/e. Russell Johnston. Beer. Ferdinand P.. θ = 180° 1 1 1−ε = = 2 rA nR β nR At impact point B. v A = β v0 = h = rAv A = nRv A = GM = r0 GM nR β 2GM nR β 2n GMR GM 1 = 2 2 β nR h 1 GM 1 + ε cosθ = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) = r β 2nR h At point A. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.

rB h θ B = θ A + 180°. rA = 1110 mi = 5.39).. David Mazurek. R = 3960 mi = 20. E.827 × 106 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rB hBC 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cos 70° ) rC hBC (1) (2) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.839 × 109 = = 3.909 × 106 For the moon.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. θ = 70°. Jr. But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Solution 117 For earth. Eisenberg.688 × 106 = 36.2 ) 20. hAB 36. θ = 180°. At C.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32.01230 ) 14.839 × 109 ft 2 /s ( vB )1 = For crash trajectory BC. William E.861 × 106 ft.827 × 106 ) 17. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. (12.149 × 1012 ft 3/s 2 ( ) For elliptic orbit AB. At B. ( ) 2 = 14. r = rC .827 × 106 ft Using Eq. rB = 2240 mi = 11.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 GM = ( 0. cosθ B = − cosθ A Adding.1148 × 103 ft/s rA 11. Phillip J. Russell Johnston.861 × 106 )(11. Ferdinand P.077 × 1015 = 173. Beer. 1 1 r + rB 2GM + = A = rA rB rArB h2 h= 2GMrArB = rA + rB ( 2 ) (173. r = rB . . Elliot R. 8/e.149 × 1012 )( 5.

(1). (1). William E. Ferdinand P.149 × 10 ) ( 0.827 × 10 ∆vB = ( vB )2 − ( vB )1 = −263.726 × 10 12 6 9 ft 2 /s ( vB ) 2 = hBC 33. .8516 × 103 ft/s 6 rB 11. Clausen.55545) (11. Eisenberg.44455 2240 /1080 + cos 70° (173. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. (2) by Eq. Phillip J. E.. hBC = GM (1 − ε ) rB = 2240 /1080 − 1 = 0.726 × 109 = = 2. 8/e. Beer. Jr. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Dividing Eq. rB 1 + ε cos 70° = rC 1−ε or ε = rB / rC − 1 ( rB / rC ) + cos 70° ε = From Eq.2 ft/s ∆vB = 263 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.827 × 10 ) = 33. Elliot R.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. For earth. Beer. At C.909 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32. = 2 (1 + ε cos153.909 × 106 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h φ 1 GM θ = 180° − = 153.5 × 109 = = 13. rC 25.077 × 10 ) ( 0. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston.233° (14.077 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For the trajectory. (2). .2348 − 1 = 0. Jr.2 ) 20. Phillip J.48 mi/s ε = 0.233° = = 1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. rC 1 + ε cos153.536 × 106 = = 0. R = 3960 mi = 20.233°. h= GM (1 − ε ) rC h= 1. vC = h 337. rC = 3960 + 930 = 4890 mi = 25.819 × 106 = = 1.6866 1. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Eisenberg.2348 rA 20. (1) by Eq.909 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14. William E. ε = From Eq. E.687 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Clausen.909 × 106 ft. s AB 19.9343 rad = 53.. (b) Eccentricity of trajectory.534° R 20.3134) ( 25.909 × 106 Range A to B: s AB = 3700 mi = 19.233°) 2 rA h (1) (2) 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rC h Dividing Eq. Solution 118.07 × 103 ft/s rC 25.819 × 10 ) = 337.2348 + cos153.500 × 10 15 6 9 ft 2 /s (a) Velocity at C. 8/e.819 × 106 vC = 2.819 × 106 ft rA = rB = R = 20.536 × 106 ft φ= For an elliptic trajectory. (2).2348 rA 1−ε θ = 180° . At A.

6946 × 109 ft 2 /s At point A.7969 × 103 ft/s For trajectory AB. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.0771 × 1015 = = 25. Solution 119. R = 3960 mi = 20. William E. Phillip J.9648 × 10 522.997512 × 10−9 ft −1 continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. ( vA )1 = After speed reduction at A. hAB = rA ( v A )2 = 21. Radius of Earth At point A.6946 × 109 ( ) 2 = − 5. For Earth. David Mazurek.3159 × 103 ft/s 6 rA 21. ( )( ) C= 1 GM 1 14.94 ) ( 25. 1 GM GM = 2 + C cos θ = 2 + C rA hAB hAB Solving for C. Jr.2 ) 20.0771 × 1015 ft 3/s 2 For circular orbit at point A. θ = 0.9088 × 106 ft rA = R + altitude = 4160 mi = 21. 8/e.9648 × 106 ft GM = gR 2 = ( 32. GM 14..9088 × 106 ( ) 2 = 14. . E.3159 × 103 ) = 23. Beer.9648 × 106 23.7969 × 103 = 522.9648 × 10 ( vA )2 = ( 0. Clausen. Elliot R.0771 × 1015 − 2 = − 6 rA hAB 21. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston.

. Beer. Phillip J. rB − R = 68.05 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Clausen. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Russell Johnston. David Mazurek. 8/e. Elliot R. θ = 50° 1 GM = 2 + C cos 50° rB hAB = ( 14.0771 × 1015 522.6946 × 109 ) 2 + ( −5.9 × 103 ft altitude = 13.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System At point B.6698 × 10−9 ft −1 rB = 20.997512 cos 50° ) = 47. Jr. William E.9777 × 106 ft Altitude at B. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P.

Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Jr. Elliot R.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Russell Johnston. 8/e. cosθ A = − cosθ B . . rB h But θ B = θ A + 180°. an = GMm mh 2 = man = 2 r2 r ρ v2 ρ = h2 r2ρ But Fn = 1 ρ = GM 1 1 1 =  +  2 2  rA rB  h 1 ρ = 1 1 1  +  2  r0 r1  Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. (12. Solution 120. Clausen.. Adding. 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h so that and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . Using Eq. 1 1 2GM + = rA rB h2 At points A and B the radial direction is normal to the path. E. Beer. Ferdinand P. William E. David Mazurek.39).

Jr. Clausen. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h At A. Phillip J. . 8/e. Ferdinand P.. Russell Johnston.230 RE = 21.999887 21. Beer.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. At B. Elliot R. Eisenberg. Solution 121. E.39 × 106 r0 = 1−ε 1 − 0. David Mazurek. William E.39 × 106 mi (b) ε = r1 − r0 r1 + r0 r1 = 1+ ε 1 + 0. θ =0 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) rA h or rA = h2 GM (1 + ε ) rB = h2 GM (1 − ε ) θ = 180° 1 GM = 2 = (1 − ε ) rB h or rB 1 + ε r = = 1 rA 1 − ε r0 (a) RE = 93 × 106 mi r0 = 0.999887 ( ) r1 = 379 × 109 mi Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.

. David Mazurek. Elliot R. Clausen. Adding. 1 1 r + rB 2a 2GM + = A = 2 = rA rB rArB b h2 h=b GM a By Eq. Beer. τ12 = 3 4π 2a1 GM and 2 τ2 = 3 4π 2a2 GM Forming the ratio. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. For an ellipse 2a = rA + rB and b = rArB and 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ B . so that cosθ A = − cosθ B . (12. .  τ1   a1    =   τ2   a2  2 3 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. rB h Using Eq. (12. E. Solution 122.39). τ = τ2 = 2π ab 2π ab a 2π a3/ 2 = = h b GM GM 4π 2a3 GM For orbits 1 and 2 about the same large mass. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Eisenberg. Phillip J. Ferdinand P. William E.45). But 1 GM = 2 + C cosθ A rA h θ B = θ A + 180°. Jr. Russell Johnston.

h2 1  2h 2  1 = + = GM  1 + ε 1 − ε  GM 1 − ε 2 ( ) h= GMa 1 − ε 2 But for an ellipse. (12. Jr.. William E. . Clausen.39′ ) . Phillip J. By Eq. Ferdinand P. θ = 0° or rA = h2 GM (1 + ε ) h2 GM (1 − ε ) At B. Elliot R. David Mazurek. Eisenberg.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. θ = 180° or rB = Adding. Solution 123. 8/e. 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h 1 GM = 2 = (1 + ε ) rA h 1 GM = 2 = (1 − ε ) rB h rA + rB = At A. Russell Johnston. rA + rB = 2a 2a = 2h 2 GM 1 − ε 2 ( ) ( ) Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Beer.

. Beer.74 ft/s2 g µs N F = W W For constant acceleration. Elliot R. E.42W ) = 10. 2 vmax = 2ax = ( 2 )(10. Clausen.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.2 )( 0.42 W.65W . . 8/e. David Mazurek.82 ft/s2 g µs N R = W W For constant acceleration.2 )( 0. 2 vmax = 2ax = ( 2 )(16.2 mi/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.82 )(1320 ) = 28.80 )( 0. Eisenberg. Phillip J. (a) Front wheel drive with N f = 0.563 × 103 ft 2 / s 2 vmax = 169.0 ft/s vmax = 115.80 )( 0. ΣF = ma : µ s N F = W a g a= ( 32. vmax = 143. Russell Johnston. Ferdinand P. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Jr.74 )(1320 ) = 44.204 × 103 ft 2 /s 2 vmax = 210 ft/s (b) Rear wheel drive with N R = 0. William E.65W ) = 16. Solution 124.2 mi/h ΣF = ma : µ s N R = W a g a= ( 32.

170 ) (b) FH = ( 6800 )( 5. Beer. Solution 125. Elliot R.16 kN Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.16 × 103 N FH = 19. Ferdinand P.4 m ΣFx = ma : − FH − 16 × 103 = ( 6800 )( −5. v0 = 90 km/h = 25 m/s ΣFx = ma : − 60 × 103 − 16 × 103 = ( 7900 + 6800 ) a a=− 76 × 103 = −5.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. William E. Russell Johnston. Eisenberg. Jr. 2 v 2 v0 − = a ( x − x0 ) 2 2 2 2 0 − ( 25 ) v 2 − v0 (a) x − x0 = = 2a ( 2 )( −5. David Mazurek.. 8/e. .170 ) − 16 × 103 = 19.170 ) x − x0 = 60. Clausen. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. Phillip J.170 m/s 2 14700 For constant acceleration.

where a B / A is directed along the inclined contact surface. William E. Eisenberg.2  Block A: ΣFx = max : T − T cos 25° + N AB sin 25° = mAa A 55 a A − ( sin 25° ) N AB = 50 (1 − cos 25° ) 32. a A = 8. 8/e. a B / A = 32. (b) Acceleration of B relative to A.93168 aB / A = 37.2  0.. Jr. (a) Acceleration of block A. Ferdinand P.2  32. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. David Mazurek.70807 a A − 0. Beer.42262 N AB = 4. E. Clausen. Solution 126. Phillip J.189 (2)   32. Russell Johnston.39374 a A + N AB = 27.2 ft/s 2 25° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Elliot R.2 1. .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.63 ft/s2 (1) (3) Substituting for a A into (1) and solving for aB / A . a B = a A + a B / A . Block B: ΣFx = Σmax : T − WB sin 25° = mB a A cos 25° + mB aB / A 30  30  aB / A = 50 − 30sin 25° cos 25°  a A +  32.6846 Using (2) and (3) to eliminate N AB and solve for a A .84439 a A + 0.321 ΣFy = ΣmB a y : N AB − WB cos 25° = −mB a A sin 25°  30  sin 25°  a A + N AB = 30cos 25° or 0.

6 )2 40 + 180 = 228 T = 228 lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.9 lb (b) At bottom of swing. Elliot R. θ = 30°. Russell Johnston. Phillip J.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Clausen. Ferdinand P.9 T = 155. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. v = 0 T = 0 + 180cos30° = 155. θ = 0°. m = W 180 = = 5. David Mazurek. Jr.59 lb ⋅ s 2 /ft g 32. E. v = 18. William E. 8/e.. .2 ρ = 40 ft ΣFn = man : T − W cosθ = man = mv 2 mv 2 ρ T = ρ + W cosθ (a) At top of swing.59 )(18. Eisenberg. Beer.6 ft/s T = ( 5. Solution 127.

39 = 9.0 km/h (b) θ = −5°.16 m/s ∆v = 33. Ferdinand P.56 − 21. ΣFy = 0 : R cos (θ + φs ) − mg = 0 R = mg cos (θ + φs ) ΣFx = man : R sin (θ + φs ) = man man = mg tan (θ + φs ) vmax 2 = g tan (θ + φs ) r vmax = rg tan (θ + φs ) = ( 50)( 9. Solution 128. Elliot R. 8/e. The equation derived in part (a) applies also for negative value of θ . Eisenberg. vmax = rg tan (θ + φs ) = ( 50)(9.02°) = 16..16 m/s Speed reduction: ∆v = v0 − vmax = 30.02° v0 = 110 km/h = 30.56 − 16.56 m/s (a) θ = 10°. tan φs = µs = 0.81) tan ( −5° + 33.40 m/s ∆v = 51. Beer. Russell Johnston. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. William E.16 = 14.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.81) tan (10° + 33. David Mazurek. E. Clausen. Jr.65 or φs = 33.02°) = 21.39 m/s Speed reduction: ∆v = v0 − vmax = 30. The resultant R makes angle φs with the normal.8 km/h Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Phillip J. . The road reaction consists of normal component N and friction component F.

05 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Russell Johnston. Solution 129. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.0 ) cos 40° − 0.2 )( 2. Elliot R.18 ft/s ≤ v ≤ 13. Jr. v 2 = ( 32.18 ft/s For impending motion upward. = 2 ft.0 ) cos 40° + 0. E. David Mazurek. .35cos 40° v = 13.35sin 40° = 170.35 F = ± µ s N . Phillip J. v 2 = ( 32. where the upper sign applies for downward impending motion and the lower sign for upward impending motion.34 ft 2 /s 2 sin 40° − 0. r = 24 in.05 ft/s Range of speeds for which the collar will not slide: 6. Beer.2 )( 2.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. α = 40°.35cos 40° v = 6. µ s = 0. Eisenberg.35sin 40° = 38. Clausen.. 8/e. William E. +ΣFy = 0 : N sin α + F cos α − W = 0 N ( sin α ± µ S cosα ) = W N = W sin α ± µ S cosα W v2 g r ΣFx = man : N cos α − F sin α = N ( cos α ∓ µ s sin α ) = W v2 g r v 2 = gr N ( cos α ∓ µ s sin α ) W = gr cos α ∓ µ s sin α sin α ± µ s cos α For impending motion downward.25 ft 2 /s 2 sin 40° + 0. Ferdinand P.

r = 0.5664 rad/s 2 ( ) r = 0.0126 ) = −2. .332 ) = 4.94248 )( −12.5 )( −12. Russell Johnston.0126 m/s 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = ( 0.3π 2 sin π t (a) At t = 0.5664 ) = −78.332 m/s 2 Fr = mB ar : Fr = ( 0.5664 ) + ( 2 )( 0.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Elliot R.41 Fθ = mB aθ : Fθ = ( 0. Clausen.76248 )( −2. Eisenberg.5664 rad/s θ = 12.41 N Fθ = 4. William E. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies.4 )(12. Jr. r = ( 0.3π cos π t m/s r = −0.96 (b) At t = 0.4040 ) = −6.5133 ) = 12.67634 )( −2.957 ) = −31. 8/e.76248 m/s r = −1.5664 ) = −17.5133 rad/s θ = 12.74040 m/s 2 Fr = −31.5 )(12. Phillip J.93 N Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4040 m/s Fr = mB ar : Fr = ( 0.957 m/s 2 2 aθ = rθ + 2rθ = ( 0. Ferdinand P. Beer. r = 0.4 )( −17.74040 − ( 0.94248 m/s r = 0 ar = r − rθ 2 = 0 − ( 0.5133) = −6.6 N Fθ = −6.8 s.93 Fr = −2.3sin π t ) m θ = 2π t 2 − 2t rad θ = 4π ( t − 1) rad/s θ = 4π rad/s 2 θ = 0 θ = −12.5664 ) + ( 2 )( −0. David Mazurek.5 + 0.5 m r = 0. Solution 130.5664 rad/s 2 2 ar = r − rθ 2 = −1.67634 m r = −0.6 Fθ = mB aθ : Fθ = ( 0..4 )( −78.0319 rad θ = −2. E.67634 )(12.4 )( −6.96 N θ = −6.

165 tan θ sec3 θ lb ΣFr = Q cosθ = Fr θ Q = 1. Phillip J.165tan 2 θ secθ lb W 2Wb aθ : Fθ = tan θ secθ θ g g Fθ = 1. W = 4 oz = 0. . = 0. 8/e.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12.75 ft. θ = 0. r = Kinematics: r = θ cosθ cos 2 θ r = b  cos 2 θ b sin θ θ +  cos 2 θ b 1 + sin 2 θ cos θ 3 ( ) ( cosθ ) − (sinθ )( 2cosθ )( − sinθ ) θ  cos θ 4 2 = ( ) with θ = 0 b 1 + sin 2 θ cos3 θ ar = r − rθ 2 = ( )θ 2 − b 2b sin 2 θ 2 θ2 = θ cosθ cos3 θ = 2b tan 2 θ secθ θ 2 b sin θ 2 θ = 2b tan θ secθ θ 2 cos 2 θ (a) Radial and transverse components of effective forces.25 lb b b sin θ . Elliot R. θ = 10 rad/s. Eisenberg.165 tan 2 θ sec2 θ lb Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Beer.2 (b) Forces P and Q exerted on the pin by the arm OA and the wall of the slot DE. W 2Wb Fr = ar : Fr = tan 2 θ secθ θ 2 g g aθ = rθ + 2rθ = 0 + 2 = ( 2 )( 0.25)(10 )2 tan 2 θ secθ 32.25)(10 )2 tanθ secθ P = 1. = ΣFy = P cosθ = Fr sin θ − Fθ cosθ ( 2 )( 0. respectively. David Mazurek. Jr. Ferdinand P. Russell Johnston. b = 9 in. Solution 131. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. William E. Clausen.2 Fθ = Fr = 1..165 tan θ secθ lb 32.

Clausen.5 × 106 −12 M= ( 66.3604 × 106 s G = 66. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. vτ = 2π r 4π 2r 3 Gτ 2 or τ GM = 2π r r Solving for M. Elliot R. . Russell Johnston.32 days = 655.3604 × 10 ) 6 ( ) 3 2 = 6. M = Data: r = 384. Eisenberg. Phillip J.68 h = 2. 8/e. David Mazurek. Jr. Solution 132. William E.73 × 10 )( 2. Ferdinand P. E.04 × 1024 kg Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics..COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Beer. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit.73 × 10−12 m3/kg ⋅ s 2 4π 2 384.04 × 1024 M = 6. For gravitational force and a circular orbit.5 × 106 m τ = 27.

vτ = 2π r or τ GM = 2π r r 4π 2re3 4π 2rm3 = GM e GM m 6 or τ2 = Since earth orbit and moon orbit have the same periodic time.740 × 106  ( 9. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. E. David Mazurek.01230 )   1.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Ferdinand P. Fr = GMm mv 2 = r r2 or v= GM r 4π 2r 3 GM Let τ be the periodic time to complete one orbit..37 × 106 m.819 kN ( GM )e m r2 ( 398.617 m/s 2 Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. τ2 = M  (b) rm =  m   Me  1/ 3 re = ( 0. For earth: Re = 6370 km = 6. . Russell Johnston. William E. Elliot R. Beer. Eisenberg.870 × 106 m For the given orbit: ( GM )e (a) F = = g e Re 2 = ( 9.740 × 106 m 2 (c) gm  6. 8/e.81 m/s 2 re = 6370 + 4500 = 10870 km = 10.81) 6.37 × 106   M  R  =  m  e  g e = ( 0.01230 ) 1/ 3 (10. Solution 133.870 × 10 ) = 2. Phillip J. g e = 9. Clausen.870 × 10 ) 6 2 For gravitational force and a circular orbit. Jr.81)   M e  Rm    g m = 1.37 × 106 12 ( ) 2 = 398.06 × 10 ) (540) = 1819 N = (10.509 × 10 and 6 m rB = 2510 km GM e = ge Re 2 G = 2 GM m = g m Rm 2 g e Re 2 g R 2 = m m Me Mm with Rm = 1740 km = 1.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 F = 1.

( FB )r = 0. (1). Ferdinand P. Elliot R. Fr = mB ( aB )r : ( aB ) r =0 Transverse components of acceleration. Phillip J./s. θ B = θ A = θ .COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. David Mazurek. ( a A )θ ( aB )θ && && & & = rAθ + 2rAθ = raθ && & & = rBθ + 2rBθ (1) Since the rod is massless.6 ) = 737. Clausen. . (a) Components of acceleration Sketch the free body diagrams of the balls showing the radial and transverse components of the forces acting on them.28 in. Solution 134. At t = 0. Russell Johnston. Beer. Let r and θ be polar coordinates with the origin lying at the shaft. 8/e. Radial component of acceleration of B. E. Owing to frictionless sliding of B along the rod./s 2 rB 2 && = 61. Draw its free body diagram. William E. it must be in equilibrium. θ B = θ A = θ . From Eq. θ = 10 rA & && − rBθ 2 = ( aB )r = 0 rB & && = rBθ 2 = ( 8 )( 9.. Jr. & & & && && && Constraint of rod: θ B = θ A + π radians.6 rad/s = 8 ft/s = 96 in. Eisenberg. & & −2rB rBθ 2 mArA + mB rB 2 & rB = 0 && so that θ = 0. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. ΣM 0 = 0: rA ( FA )θ + rB ( FB )θ = rAmA ( a A )θ + rB mB ( aB )θ = 0 && && & & rAmArAθ + rB mB rBθ + 2rBθ = 0 ( ) && θ = At t = 0.4 ft/s 2 rB Continued Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. applying Newton’s 3rd Law. ( aB )θ =0 ( v A )θ & ( v A )θ = 96 = 9. (b) Acceleration of B relative to the rod.

8/e. William E. Phillip J..  WA 2 WB 2  & W 2 W 2 & rA + rC θ f =  A rA + B ( rB )0  θ 0  g g g g     θ& f = WArA2 + WB ( rB )0 & (1)(10 ) + ( 2 )(8) 9.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System (c) Speed of A. David Mazurek.765 in.5765 rad/s θ0 = ( ) 2 2 WArA + WB rC (1)(10 )2 + ( 2 )(16 )2 2 2 2 ( vA ) f & = rAθ f = (10 )( 3. E.98 ft/s Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics. Substituting gives d & mr 2θ for rFθ in each term of the moment equation dt d d & & mArA2θ + mB rB 2θ = 0 dt dt ( ) ( ) ( ) Integrating with respect to time.5765 ) = 35. Beer.6 = 3. Eisenberg. Ferdinand P. Elliot R. & & & mArA2θ + mB rB 2θ = mArA2θ ( ) + ( m r θ& ) 0 B B 2 0 Applying to the final state with ball B moved to the stop at C. Russell Johnston. Jr. . Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Clausen./s ( vA ) f = 2.

GM = gR 2 = ( 9. Clausen. E. Russell Johnston.81) 6.933 × 106 7.06 × 1012 6. Elliot R.4795 × 109 m 2 /s 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ ) r h At point A.4253 × 103 m/s h = rAv A = 6. 8/e.933 × 106 ( ( )( ) 2 ) ε = 0.933 × 106 m rB = 6370 + 121 = 6491 km = 6.491 × 106 ( ( )( ) 2 ) cosθ B = 1.3° AOB = 130.5773 × 103 − 152 = 7. William E.5773 × 103 m/s 6.6463 θ B = 49.02567 − 1 ε = 0.4795 × 109 h2 1−ε = = = 0. Eisenberg.491 × 106 m For the circular orbit through point A.933 × 106 For the descent trajectory. David Mazurek.06 × 1012 = 7. Jr. Solution 135.4795 × 109 h2 1 + ε cosθ B = = = 1. r = rA 1 GM = 2 (1 − ε ) rA h 51.7° AOB = 180° − θ B = 130. .. Ferdinand P. Phillip J.3° Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Statics and Dynamics.4253 × 103 = 51.37 × 106 ( ) 2 = 398.96028 GM rA 398.06 × 1012 6.03972 1 GM = 2 (1 + ε cosθ B ) rB h 51. ( )( ) θ = 180°. Cornwell © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies. vcirc = GM = rA 398.02567 GM rB 398.COSMOS: Complete Online Solutions Manual Organization System Chapter 12. Beer. v A = vcirc + ∆v = 7.06 × 1012 m3/s 2 rA = 6370 + 563 = 6933 km = 6.

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