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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics - 6 ed - Fox - Solution manual chapter 1

Introduction to Fluid Mechanics - 6 ed - Fox - Solution manual chapter 1

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Published by: Harun Yakut on Oct 04, 2011
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03/29/2014

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Problem 1.2

Problem 1.3

Problem 1.4

m

27.8kg

=

m

61.2lbm

=

m

0.0765lbm
ft3

800

×

ft3

=

m ρV⋅

=

The mass of air is then

V

800ft3

=

V

10ft

10

×ft8

×ft

=

The volume of the room is

ρ

1.23kg
m3

=

or

ρ

0.0765lbm
ft3

=

ρ

14.7lbf
in2

1
53.33

×

lbmR⋅
ftlbf

1
519R⋅

×

12in

1ft




2

×

=

ρ

p
RairT⋅

=

Then

T

59460

+

(

)R⋅

=

519R⋅

=

p

14.7psi

=

Rair53.33ftlbf


lbmR⋅

=

The data for standard air are:

Find:Mass of air in lbm and kg.

Given:Dimensions of a room.

Solution

Make a guess at the order of magnitude of the mass (e.g., 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10, 100, or
1000 lbm or kg) of standard air that is in a room 10 ft by 10 ft by 8 ft, and then compute
this mass in lbm and kg to see how close your estimate was.

Problem 1.6

M

0.391slug

=

M

12.6lb

=

M

20414.7

×

lbf

in2

144in2

ft2

×

0.834

×

ft3

1
55.16

×

lbR⋅
ftlbf

1
519

×

1
R

32.2

×

lbft

s2

lbf

=

M

V ρ⋅

=

pV⋅
RN2T⋅

=

Hence

V

0.834ft3

=

V π
4

6
12ft




2

×

4.25

×

ft

=

V π

4D2

⋅L⋅

=

where V is the tank volume

ρ

M
V

=

and

p ρRN2

T⋅

=

The governing equation is the ideal gas equation

(Table A.6)

RN2

55.16ftlbf


lbR⋅

=

T

519R

=

T

59460

+

(

)R⋅

=

p

204atm

=

L

4.25ft

=

D

6in

=

The given or available data is:

Solution

Find: Mass of nitrogen

Given: Data on nitrogen tank

Problem 1.7

Problem 1.8

Problem 1.9

Problem 1.10

Problem 1.12

Problem 1.13

Problem 1.14

Problem 1.15

TµT

()

d
d

A

−10

B
TC

(

)

B

TC

(

)2

ln10
()

For the uncertainty

µT

()1.005103

×

Ns⋅

m2

=

µT

()2.414105

Ns⋅

m2

10

247.8K⋅
293K⋅140K⋅

(

)

×

=

Evaluating µ

µT

()A10

B
TC

(

)

=

The formula for viscosity is

uT

0.085%

=

uT

0.25K⋅
293K⋅

=

The uncertainty in temperature is

T

293K⋅

=

C

140K⋅

=

B

247.8K⋅

=

A

2.414105

Ns⋅

m2

=

The data provided are:

Find:Viscosity and uncertainty in viscosity.

Given:Data on water.

Solution

From Appendix A, the viscosity µ (N.s/m2) of water at temperature T (K) can be computed
from µ = A10B/(T - C), where A = 2.414 X 10-5 N.s/m2, B = 247.8 K, and C = 140 K.
Determine the viscosity of water at 20°C, and estimate its uncertainty if the uncertainty in
temperature measurement is +/- 0.25°C.

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