Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language

Arts (2010) Grade 6
Standard Descriptor Reading: Literature Key Ideas and details Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says SE: RL.6.1 explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. TE: Citations

82–83, 500, 704 56, 58, 64I, 68, 70, 72, 82–83, 94, 159D, 224, 281A– 281B, 413B, 496, 498, 500, 704 36, 38, 60, 80, 102, 126, 156, 178, 180, 202, 388, 405, 452, 458, 502, 526, 572, 706 20I, 36, 38, 60, 78, 80, 102, 126, 156, 178, 180, 194, 202, 366, 388, 404, 452, 458, 502, 512, 526, 572, 620, 622, 706 38–39, 104–105, 158–159 20I, 32, 38–39, 84I, 90, 94, 104–105, 136, 158–159

RL.6.2

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is SE: conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. TE:

RL.6.3

Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a SE: series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or TE: change as the plot moves toward a resolution. Craft and Structure Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used SE: in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; TE: analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. SE: TE:

RL.6.4

198, 234–235, 412–413, 574–575 124, 174, 175, 184H, 198, 206I, 234–235, 236H, 260L, 350H, 374I, 392I, 396, 398, 412–413, 462H, 497, 511, 548I, 556, 558, 562, 574–575, 576H 386 20I, 160I, 183A–183B, 386

RL.6.5

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language Arts (2010), Grade 6

Standard RL.6.6

Descriptor Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.

Citations SE: TE: 198, 454 164, 166, 184H, 188, 198, 454, 478, 522

RL.6.7

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, SE: drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or TE: live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. (Not applicable to literature) Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. SE: TE:

37 37, 73, 117, 177, 363, 403, 453, 499, 567, 703

RL.6.8 RL.6.9

36, 60, 80, 102, 126, 156, 180, 202, 232, 254, 300, 322, 346, 368, 388, 410, 434, 458, 480, 502, 526, 544, 572, 594, 622, 640, 662, 688, 706 36, 60, 80, 102, 126, 156, 180, 202, 232, 254, 278, 300, 322, 346, 368, 388, 410, 434, 458, 480, 502, 526, 544, 572, 594, 622, 640, 662, 688, 706

RL.6.10

Range of reading and Level of text Complexity By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

SE: TE:

22–34, 42–55, 86–99, 108–123, 134–155, 162–179, 186–199, 352–365, 366–367, 376–387, 394–407, 440– 455, 488–501, 508–521, 550–569, 694–705 22–34, 42–55, 86–99, 108–123, 134–155, 162–179, 186–199, 352–365, 366–367, 376–387, 394–407, 440– 455, 488–501, 508–521, 550–569, 694–705

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language Arts (2010), Grade 6

Standard Descriptor Reading: Informational Text Key Ideas and details Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says SE: RI.6.1 explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. TE: Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes). SE: TE:

Citations

82–83, 636, 704 56, 58, 64I, 68, 70, 72, 82–83, 159D, 224, 281A–281B, 326H, 392H, 413B, 437D, 540, 597B, 636, 674, 704 202, 280–281, 525, 639, 682 200, 202, 264, 266, 268, 272, 280–281, 326I, 332, 338, 340, 470, 522, 524, 638, 682 231, 298–299 214, 216, 220, 226, 230, 244, 250, 260I, 270, 290, 298, 312, 338

RI.6.2

RI.6.3

SE: TE:

RI.6.4

Craft and Structure Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used SE: in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical TE: meanings. Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas SE: TE: SE: TE:

482–483 211, 213, 221, 225, 268, 316, 462I, 472, 473, 474, 482– 483, 582, 584, 643E, 676 228 72, 221, 228, 235B 80, 321 80, 320, 330, 354, 666H, 680

RI.6.5

RI.6.6

RI.6.7

Integrate information presented in different media or formats SE: (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a TE: coherent understanding of a topic or issue. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, SE: distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and TE: evidence from claims that are not.

200–201, 298–299, 318–319, 324, 684–687 117, 200, 227, 241, 267, 293, 302, 310, 315, 318, 319, 475, 587, 655 642, 290 630, 632, 678

RI.6.8

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Standard RI.6.9

Descriptor Compare and contrast one author’s presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person).

SE: TE:

Citations 80, 202, 254, 300, 346, 544, 594, 640, 662 60, 80, 100–101, 200, 254, 322

RI.6.10

Range of reading and Level of text By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary SE: nonfiction in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. TE:

56–59, 66–77, 100–101, 200–201, 230–231, 238–253, 262–277, 284–297, 298–299, 306–321, 328–345, 408– 409, 416–431, 464–477, 522–525, 532–543, 578–591, 602–617, 628–637, 638–639, 646–657, 658–661, 668– 683, 684–687 59, 101, 273, 299, 343, 541, 621, 661, 687

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language Arts (2010), Grade 6

Standard Writing Standards W.6.1 W.6.1a W.6.1b

Descriptor Text Types and Purposes Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly. TE:

Citations

505E–505F, 529C–529D, 547C–547D, 597C–597D 505E–505F, 547C–547D, 597C–597D

Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, TE: using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons. Establish and maintain a formal style. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented. N/A N/A SE: TE:

W.6.1c W.6.1d W.6.1e W.6.2 W.6.2a

713 505F, 529D, 547D

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, SE: 712 using strategies such as definition, classification, TE: 183E–183F, 205E–205F, 281E–281F, 303E–303F, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting 325C–325D, 349C–349D, 371C–371D, 413C–413D, (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia 483C–483D, 625E–625F when useful to aiding comprehension. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. SE: TE: 712 183E–183F, 205E–205F, 281E–281F, 325C–325D, 625E–625F 183E–183F, 325C–325D, 349C–349D, 413C–413D

W.6.2b

W.6.2c

Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among TE: ideas and concepts.

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Standard W.6.2d

Descriptor Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. Establish and maintain a formal style. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented.

Citations SE: TE: N/A SE: TE: 712 183E–183F, 303E–303F, 325C–325D, 413C–413D 712 205E–205F, 325C–325D, 413C–413D, 625E–625F

W.6.2e W.6.2f

W.6.3 W.6.3a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and SE: 712–713 introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event TE: 39E–39F, 63E–63F, 83E–83F, 709C–709D sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and TE: description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. SE: TE: 39E–39F, 63E–63F, 709C-709D 712–713 39E–39F, 63E–63F, 83E–83F

W.6.3b W.6.3c

W.6.3d W.6.3e

TE: SE: TE:

39E–39F, 63E–63F, 83E–83F, 709C–709D 712–713 63E–63F, 83E–83F, 709C–709D

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language Arts (2010), Grade 6

Standard W.6.4

Descriptor Production and Distribution of Writing Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, SE: organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are TE: defined in standards 1–3 above.)

Citations 60, 80, 102, 126, 156, 180, 232, 254, 300, 322, 346, 410, 434, 458, 502, 544, 572, 594, 689 39E–39F, 63E–63F, 83E–83F, 129C–129D, 159E– 159F, 183E–183F, 205E–205F, 235C–235D, 257C– 257D, 281E–281F, 303E–303F, 325C–325D, 349C– 349D, 391E–391F, 413C–413D, 437E–437F, 461C– 461D, 483C–483D, 505E–505F, 529C–529D, 547C– 547D, 575C–575D, 597C–597D, 625E–625F, 643E643F, 665C–665D, 691C–691D 39F, 63F, 83F, 159F, 183F, 205F, 235D, 281E–281F, 303E–303F, 325C–325D, 349C–349D, 391F, 413D, 437E–437F, 505F, 529D, 547D, 575D, 625F, 643F, 665D, 691D 689 83F, 105D, 205F, 235D, 304F, 371C–371D, 437F, 575D, 626F, 665D, 691D, 709D

W.6.5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, TE: develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 6 on page 52.) Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish SE: writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; TE: demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of three pages in a single sitting. Research to Build and Present Knowledge Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing TE: on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources. TE:

W.6.6

W.6.7

132E, 160E, 184E, 236E, 281E–281F, 303E–303F, 304E, 325C–325D, 349C–349F, 350E, 374E, 414E, 438E, 462E, 530E, 576E, 666E, 692E 20E, 40E, 281F, 303A–303B, 325B, 325D, 600F, 625D, 626E, 666F

W.6.8

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Standard W.6.9 W.6.9a

Descriptor Citations Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g., TE: “Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics”). Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., “Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not”). TE: 60, 102, 126, 156, 180, 202, 368, 410, 458, 502, 526

W.6.9b

80, 232, 254, 300, 322, 346, 434, 480, 544, 594, 622, 640, 662, 688

W.6.10

Range of Writing Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, Representative pages: reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single SE: 36, 60, 102, 180, 232, 254, 278, 300, 388, 410, 434, sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, 502, 544, 622, 640 purposes, and audiences. TE: 39E–39F, 40E, 64E, 83E–83F, 105C–105D, 132E, 159E–159F, 183E–183F, 184E, 257C–257D, 281E– 281F, 303E–303F, 304E, 325C–325D, 349C–349D, 391E–391F, 437E–437F, 438E, 462E, 486E, 505E– 505F, 575C–575D, 625E–625F, 643E–643F, 665C– 665D

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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Trophies © 2007 correlated to the Common Core State Standards Initiative for English Language Arts (2010), Grade 6

Standard Descriptor Citations Speaking and Listening Standards Comprehension and Collaboration Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on SL.6.1 grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly. Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required TE: 39L, 63L, 83L, 105J, 129J, 159L, 183L, 205L, 235J, SL.6.1a material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to 257J, 281L, 303L, 325J, 349J, 371J, 391L, 413J, 437L, evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on 461J, 483J, 505L, 597J, 625L, 643L, 665J, 691J ideas under discussion. SL.6.1b Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion. SE: TE: 81, 157, 411, 527, 545, 663 63L, 129J, 159L, 325J, 349J, 413J, 437L, 483J, 529L, 575J, 597J, 625L

SL.6.1c

Representative pages: TE: 74, 96, 113, 152, 205L, 206K, 228, 260K, 282E, 320, 326K, 386, 391L, 430, 437L, 498, 518, 542, 561, 616, 636, 656, 683 20K, 53, 54, 55, 64K, 106K, 132K, 159D, 160K, 171, 183L, 219, 282K, 345, 617

SL.6.1d

Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate TE: understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing. Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study. Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. SE: TE:

SL.6.2

127, 347 39L, 129J, 132K, 205L, 235J, 236E, 257J, 281L, 303L, 304E, 325J, 349J, 371J, 437L, 625L, 643L, 665J, 691J 281L, 483J, 505L, 547J, 575J, 597J

SL.6.3

TE:

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Standard SL.6.4

Descriptor Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information.

Citations TE: 39L, 129L, 159L, 183L, 281L, 303L, 325J, 349J, 391L, 505L, 547J, 665J, 709J

SL.6.5

SE: TE:

127, 347 39L, 129J, 132K, 205L, 235J, 236E, 257J, 281L, 303L, 304E, 325J, 349J, 371J, 437L, 625L, 643L, 665J 39L, 105L, 159L, 205L, 281L, 303L, 349J, 391L, 483J, 505L, 597J, 625L, 643L, 709J

SL.6.6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating TE: command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 6 Language standards 1 and 3 on page 52 for specific expectations.)

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Standard Descriptor Citations Language Standards Conventions of Standard English Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.6.1 L.6.1a L.6.1b L.6.1c L.6.1d Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive). Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves). TE: TE: 281G–281H, 303G–303H 325E–235F 281G, 303G–303H, 325E–325F 325E–325F

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number TE: and person.* Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear TE: or ambiguous antecedents).* Recognize variations from standard English in their own and others’ writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language.* TE:

L.6.1e

83D, 105B, 129B, 129I, 183D, 205D, 391A–391B, 461B, 505K, 547I, 575I, 625K, 643A–643B, 691I, 709B

L.6.2 L.6.2a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements.* Spell correctly. N/A Representative pages: TE: 39I–39J, 63I–63J, 83I–83J, 105G–105H, 129G–129H, 183I–183J, 235G–235H, 257G–257H, 281H–281I, 325G–325H, 349G–349H, 391I–391J, 437I–437J, 483G–483H, 529G–529H, 643I–643J, 691G–691H

L.6.2b

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Standard L.6.3 L.6.3a L.6.3b

Descriptor Citations Knowledge of Language Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.* Maintain consistency in style and tone.* TE: TE: 39G–39H, 63G–63H, 105E–105F, 129E–129F, 159G– 159H, 183G–183H 39E–39F, 63A–63B, 83A–83B, 83D, 129B, 164, 182, 183D, 374I, 592, 620

L.6.4 L.6.4a

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or TE: 40L, 106L, 325I, 350L, 391K, 438K, 462L, 505K, paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a 506L, 597I, 644L, 665I, 709I clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible). Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). SE: TE: SE: TE: 62, 370–371 40I, 44, 46, 106I, 110, 118, 304L, 349I, 350I 482 20L, 39K, 63D, 83K, 106L, 236L, 303J, 392L, 530L, 597I, 643A–643B 40L, 106L, 159K, 213, 236L, 325I, 391K, 438J, 505K, 597I, 665I, 709I

L.6.4b

L.6.4c

L.6.4d

TE:

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Standard L.6.5 L.6.5a

Descriptor Citations Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context. SE: TE: SE: TE: 234, 390 124, 148, 174, 175, 205K, 206I, 219, 246, 268, 384, 391A, 473, 483I, 497, 511, 582, 584, 676 412, 482, 574 63K, 129A, 129I, 159K, 183K, 205K, 206I, 235I, 281K, 303K, 349I, 392I, 413I, 462I, 529I, 562 83K, 391K, 575I, 643A–643B, 691B, 692H, 709B

L.6.5b

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words.

L.6.5c

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words TE: with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty). Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. SE: TE:

L.6.6

20–21, 40–41, 123–133, 414–415, 600–601 40, 132K, 132, 184, 206K, 260, 326, 374, 414, 437K, 505K, 547I, 600K, 600, 665I, 691I

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