P. 1
p7ed5

p7ed5

|Views: 241|Likes:
Published by gort400

More info:

Published by: gort400 on Oct 04, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/04/2011

pdf

text

original

Sections

  • Safety notices
  • What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i
  • SAS RAID controllers for IBM i
  • Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards
  • PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison
  • PCIe SAS RAID card comparison
  • SAS architecture
  • Disk arrays
  • Supported RAID levels
  • RAID 5
  • RAID 6
  • System mirroring
  • Disk array capacities
  • RAID level summary
  • Controller software
  • Verifying the controller software
  • Common controller and disk array management tasks
  • Viewing IBM SAS disk information
  • Considerations for solid-state drives
  • Dual storage IOA configurations
  • Possible disk storage IOA configurations
  • Dual storage IOA functions
  • Dual storage IOA function attributes
  • Viewing dual storage IOA attributes
  • SAS cabling considerations
  • Performance considerations
  • Dual storage IOA access optimization
  • Installing dual storage IOA configurations
  • SAS RAID controller maintenance
  • Rechargeable battery maintenance
  • Displaying rechargeable battery information
  • Error state
  • Forcing a rechargeable battery error
  • Replacing a battery pack
  • Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack
  • Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack
  • Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack
  • Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack
  • Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack
  • Removing and replacing a cache battery pack
  • Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card
  • Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter
  • Viewing SAS fabric path information
  • Example: Using SAS fabric path information
  • Notices
  • Trademarks
  • Electronic emission notices
  • Class A Notices
  • Class B Notices
  • Terms and conditions

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

read the information in “Notices” on page 55. “Safety notices” on page v. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. .Note Before using this information and the product it supports. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. Z125–5823. G229-9054. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. 2011.

SAS architecture . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . .

. . . . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. English source. operate. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. Before using a U. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. device.S.S.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. If this requirement applies to your country. or data.S. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. English publications. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. 2010. system. English publication to install. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. 2011 v . v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. or service this product. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U.

unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. networks.DANGER When working on or around the system. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. or structural damage. 4. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Remove the power cords from the outlets. maintenance. 4. 3. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . disconnect all power cords. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. v When possible. To Disconnect: 1. 3. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. To remove all hazardous voltages. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. and communication cables are hazardous. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. 5. v Disconnect the attached power cords. Turn on the devices. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. telecommunications systems. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. Attach the power cords to the outlets. 2. Attach all cables to the devices. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). telephone. and modems before you open the device covers. 2. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. moving. water. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise).

v (For sliding drawers.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. v (For fixed drawers. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. front. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. (R001) Safety notices vii . v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. To provide the correct power connection to a rack.

restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. v v v v v Ensure that all devices.). Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. shelves. If this configuration is not known. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. doors. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. drawers. When possible. or equivalent. and cables are secure. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. v If a long-distance relocation is required. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level.

. or laser module.S. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. (C026) Safety notices ix . CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. DVD-RAM drive. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. DVD-ROM drive. Outside the U. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. which are Class 1 laser products.S.

For this reason. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. Do not view directly with optical instruments. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. Do not stare into the beam. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. do not view directly with optical instruments. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD).

© Copyright IBM Corp. 2010. and 2BD9 cards. 2BE1. and 57CF cards. 2011 1 . February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. 2BE1. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. 57CD. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. 2011 3 . v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. and optical devices. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. 2010. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Background data scrubbing. © Copyright IBM Corp. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. General information is intended for all users of this product. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. tape. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. – Background parity checking.

one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. 6. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . system mirroring Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. 6. one physical link to DVD drive. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. RAID 6. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5.Table 1. RAID System 63. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5.

which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1.Table 1. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. 4. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. 2. Figure 1. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. The controller contains battery-backed cache. 3. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 .

6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . There are also images of adapters for you to view. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3.Figure 2.

Table 2. system 61. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. RAID 61. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 .Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 6. RAID 6. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. RAID 6. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache.

CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. Figure 4.

CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 . CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7.Figure 6.

CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. it is a narrow port. enclosures. One differential signal transmits in one direction. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. and expanders. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. expanders. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . A connection enables communication to a device. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. Port 6 connects to an expander. If there is only one physical link in the port. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. a disk). which contain one or more physical links. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. and I/O device ports. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports.

Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. If a part of the RAID system fails. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy.Figure 10. If a disk failure occurs. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. If a single drive fails within an array. If a disk failure occurs. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users.

RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. is spread across all the disks. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. If a second disk fails. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. you can continue to use the array normally. There are also images of adapters for you to view. The parity data is spread across all the disks. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . There are also images of adapters for you to view. The P and Q parity data. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode.

A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible.Figure 12. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. If a third disk fails. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. you can continue to use the array normally. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks.

Table 3. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance.The following information provides data redundancy.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. and write performance for each RAID level. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. read performance.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . but has lower capacity. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . usable disk capacity.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1. the requisite software support must be installed. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. 2010. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. For the latest PTF group. 2011 17 . For the latest fixes and updates.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. see Fix Central. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. go to the Support & downloads website. Table 4. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i.1. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. verification. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. and cumulative PTF packages for your release.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp.1 or later1 IBM i 7. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF.1 or later1 IBM i 6. The adapter runs onboard microcode.1. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. and search by entering your system type and controller type. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. cumulative package media. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website.

Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.1. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code.1. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6.1 or later1 1. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.1.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6. distributed. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. model. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. To view the SAS disk information and status. typically flash memory. 2011 19 . HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. status. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2010.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. serial number. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. operating status. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. and protection status. and details. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. Using techniques. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. capacity. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. to emulate HDDs. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields.

An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. RAID 6. known as RAID and SSD adapters. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. v Some adapters. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. or by system mirroring.

Disk protection with dual storage. 2011 21 . Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Table 5. 2010. There are also images of adapters for you to view.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. © Copyright IBM Corp. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.

Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.Figure 13. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14.

Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. At any given time. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. When the original primary controller comes back online. such as creating a disk array. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. compare device information. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). one controller detects more disk drives than the other. The controllers communicate with each other. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. For example. through the SAS fabric. For all dual storage IOA configurations. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. it switches roles to become the primary controller.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. one controller functions as the primary controller. and switch roles. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. to the optimized controller. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . it becomes the secondary controller. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array.

There are also images of adapters for you to view.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. 4. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 2. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. IOPs. 6. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 1. 2. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. There are also images of adapters for you to view. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Table 6. 3. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. SAS controller functions. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. 5.

. . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . : PCI bus . . . . . . . : Type-model . . : More. . : I/O bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . . . : Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . : Operating mode . . . : Controller . . . . : Part number . . . . . . . . .. . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . . . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . . . .. . . : Serial number . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Resource name . : I/O adapter . . . .

see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. To see details about each individual adapter. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. AT cables are used. press Enter. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive.

It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. set the parity set optimization to Performance. 4. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. see Changing parity set optimization.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. When creating disk arrays. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. and so forth) to be created. For controllers with write cache. The other controller contains the passive path. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. installation of the Cache RAID . parity set. 2. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. This can significantly affect performance. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. 6. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. For these configurations. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. which causes only a slight impact to performance. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. To change the parity set optimization. As a result. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk.

Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 15. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. 2. complete the following steps. 1. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. Press Enter to continue. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters... Dual storage IOA optimization. 3.

Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up.. 6. 5. complete the following steps. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To avoid problems during installation. press Enter. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. follow the steps exactly as written. 3. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. view the active or passive path role for a controller. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. IOPs. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. 2. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. 4. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu..

Power on your system or partition. 3. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied.1. 6. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. 4. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. 7. 5. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. For instructions. as applicable. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. 2.

The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. Press Enter. forcing a rechargeable battery error. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. which is a small rectangular card with round. Before attempting a disk movement. if the disks are members of a disk array. 1. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. 2010. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. However. type strsst. No system shutdown is required. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. 2. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. Error Log Analysis. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. and when appropriate. On the command line. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. rechargeable cache battery pack. for a removable cache card. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. © Copyright IBM Corp. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. button-shaped batteries. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. 2011 31 . Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run.

10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state .001. . . . : . : Planar ID .3. . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . : Battery type . . : Power-on time (days) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. Select Display battery information. . : Card . . . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . . . . . : Unit ID . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . Battery Information Resource name . . Press Enter. On the Start a Service Tool display. . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . b. . . . . . . . c. a. . . . Press Enter. . . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter. Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . . . . . . . : : battery pack . . . . . : Serial number . . . . : Actual type-model . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . . . . . Press Enter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. in units of days. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. in units of days. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. in units of days. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. To prevent possible data loss. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. in units of days. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. of the rechargeable cache battery pack.

34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Press Enter. Press Enter. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. select Hardware Service Manager. On the hardware Service Manager display. and press the function key that confirms your choice. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. 1. 2. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. Press Enter. b. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card.” 7. c. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. If it does not indicate yes. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. replace the cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. To resume normal operations. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. d. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. type strsst. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. Press Enter. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. For a list of replacement procedures. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. 3. Press Enter. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. Press Enter. On the Start a Service Tool display. select Start a Service Tool. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. a. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. 4.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. On the command line. see “Replacing a battery pack. 6. e. b. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. 5. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Press Enter. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack.

SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. See your system documentation for instructions. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. place it on its static-protective package. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. 1. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. To avoid damage. 3. holding it by its edges or its frame. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. If the cache data present LED is flashing. call 1-800-426-4333. For information. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. (If your device is a controller. pins. In the United States. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Remove the controller from the system. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. v Handle the device carefully. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. To avoid possible explosion. If it is necessary to set the device down. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. 2. place it component-side up. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. v Do not touch solder joints. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. do not burn. or exposed printed circuitry.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. Attention: To prevent data loss.

5. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. 8. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter.Figure 16. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. 7. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). place the pen on top of rivet (C). b. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. 6. c. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. From the back of the adapter. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. e. Install the new battery pack. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. d. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. f. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place.

Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). 1. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Figure 17. 4. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. 3.9. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Reinstall the adapter. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.

1. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. If it is flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Figure 18. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. do not continue. and remove it from the controller. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Press Enter.a. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. b.

do not continue. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Press Enter. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. If it is flashing. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. b. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. 1. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. 4. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.3. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost.

Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . After the battery is seated in the connector. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Press Enter. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 20. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. 6. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. 4. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). b.3. 7.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced.

Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. In addition. see Control panel LEDs. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Remove the controller from the system. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Before servicing or installing any features. therefore. 3. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. For more information. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. 2. For more information. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter.

Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up.Figure 21. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. To remove the battery assembly. 5. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs.

v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. 7. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. complete the following steps. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. 1. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). Replacing the cache battery 6. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. For more information. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. carefully follow this procedure.Figure 22. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Label both sides of the card before separating them. 8.

Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . To prevent possible card damage. Figure 24.2. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Figure 23. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. then. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23. and carefully pull the connector apart. as shown in the following figure. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card.

Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. Figure 26. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. To disengage the mounting pegs. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter.Figure 25.

To prevent possible card damage. Unseating the connector 7. Figure 28. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. After the connector is seated correctly. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together.Figure 27. 8. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. When connecting the two adapters together. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. To reassemble the cards. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. This ends this procedure. perform the following steps: a. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. See PCI adapters. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Return to the procedure that sent you here. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. 10. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. 3. Remove the adapter from the system. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. 2.C Screws 9. Figure 29. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. 1. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure.

Figure 31. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Lifting the levers 4.Figure 30.

Figure 33. 9. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . See PCI adapters .Figure 32. 8. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Reinstall the adapter in the system. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Using the device access finger openings (C). Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position.

Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. 3. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information.10. Select SAS Resource Path Information. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. 2. return to that procedure.

SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . Table 8. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Figure 36.Figure 35. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).

Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems.Table 8. Figure 37. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures.

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 . choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following. For SAS Fabric Path Data View.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

program. or service. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Actual results may vary. or features discussed in this document in other countries. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation.A. services. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. in writing. therefore. Therefore. The manufacturer may not offer the products. the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Any functionally equivalent product. INCLUDING. this statement may not apply to you. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. Dealer prices may vary. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. You can send license inquiries. program. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. © Copyright IBM Corp. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. or service may be used. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT. 2011 55 . program. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. However. 2010. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. Furthermore. are current and are subject to change without notice. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. program. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead. their published announcements or other publicly available sources. and represent goals and objectives only. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. to the manufacturer. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems.S. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. Any reference to the manufacturer's product. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents.

users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.This information is for planning purposes only. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. companies. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. power fluctuations or outages. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. Trademarks IBM. however. and ibm.shtml. In addition. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. This risk. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. other countries. brands. and products. the examples include the names of individuals. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. cannot be eliminated. the IBM logo. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. or both. Users who experience unplanned outages. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. To illustrate them as completely as possible. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer.ibm. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. system failures.com/legal/copytrade. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software..

in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.ibm. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.generates. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. 71139 Ehningen. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . In a domestic environment. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. this product may cause radio interference. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product.com Warning: This is a Class A product. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. uses. including interference that may cause undesired operation. VCCI Statement . Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. and can radiate radio frequency energy and.

radio interference may occur. in which case.People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. Warning: This is a Class A product. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures.This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. the user may be required to take corrective actions.

" Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“.CE . der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen.zu führen. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen .Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Notices 59 . in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Um dieses sicherzustellen. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw.

there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. 71139 Ehningen. uses. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. This equipment generates. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . However. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.ibm. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. New Orchard Road Armonk.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

Terms and conditions
Permissions for the use of these publications is granted subject to the following terms and conditions. Personal Use: You may reproduce these publications for your personal, noncommercial use provided that all proprietary notices are preserved. You may not distribute, display or make derivative works of these publications, or any portion thereof, without the express consent of the manufacturer. Commercial Use: You may reproduce, distribute and display these publications solely within your enterprise provided that all proprietary notices are preserved. You may not make derivative works of these publications, or reproduce, distribute or display these publications or any portion thereof outside your enterprise, without the express consent of the manufacturer. Except as expressly granted in this permission, no other permissions, licenses or rights are granted, either express or implied, to the publications or any information, data, software or other intellectual property contained therein. The manufacturer reserves the right to withdraw the permissions granted herein whenever, in its discretion, the use of the publications is detrimental to its interest or, as determined by the manufacturer, the above instructions are not being properly followed. You may not download, export or re-export this information except in full compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, including all United States export laws and regulations. THE MANUFACTURER MAKES NO GUARANTEE ABOUT THE CONTENT OF THESE PUBLICATIONS. THESE PUBLICATIONS ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS" AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT, AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Notices

63

64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

.

Printed in USA .

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->