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Giving a colour code and maintaining the uniformity for colour coding in industrial piping will eliminate accidental chances, reduces operational errors. Moreover it enhances the safety aspects. Different companies, local regulations have prepared the standards for colour coding of the pipelines. Examples: IS: 2379 BS: 1710 ANSI A 13.1 Colour coding or the colouring scheme is to know, identify which fluid is flowing inside the pipelines. This can be applicable to building piping, process piping, industrial piping, chemical or process plants. Complete piping systems including valves, fittings are to be painted accordingly. Paints and paint shades selected should conform to the governing standard prior to provision. Colour Coding to Pipelines (Ground Colour and Colour Bands) Giving a base or ground colour to pipelines based on fluid flowing, the line identification is done. Further colour bands are provided accordingly. The base/ground colour gives the basic nature of the flowing fluid (i.e. water, air, gases etc.). Typically ground colours are provided on the full pipe section or minimum 300 mm length portion or by attaching the label. Ground colour Fluid flow inside the pipe Green Water Sky Blue Air Yellow Gases Aluminum Steam
Over and above the base colour or ground colour to the pipeline, colour bands are provided to differentiate and identify the application of the basic fluid.
Example: (1) Fluid: Water Ground colour code: Green Cooling water: Sea green (ground colour) and application is for cooling hence a further colour band of French blue is provided.
(2) Fluid: Air Ground colour code: Sky blue
(3) Minimum colour band width to be 25 mm. (5) For piping 100 NB to 150 NB width of the colour band is 50 mm.Plant air: Sky blue (ground colour) and application is for supplying the plant air hence a further colour band of silver grey is provided. then the ground colour should extend on both sides of the colour bands. (4) Generally below 80 NB piping width of the colour band is 25 mm. Colour Bands As stated earlier. At locations where the pipe enters the building or exits from the building Typical Practices Followed for the Provision of Ground Colour and Colour Bands on the Pipelines (1) If colour bands are provided over the ground colour. and the ground colour on the entire or partial length of the pipeline is provided. colour bands in single or double over the ground colour on the pipeline. (2) When double colour bands exist on the pipeline. (6) Valves and piping accessories to be painted with the same colour as that of the pipe ground colour. . then a proportional width of 4:1 to the next colour band is provided. These colour bands are provided at suitable locations such as: • At the beginning and termination points • For yard piping around 50 to 60 m distances • • At change in flow direction points and flow diversion locations.
the fluid name should be written in the white box on the ground colour provided for the line. company standards. Arrow sizes.(7) For insulated pipes. pipe ground colour to be given for minimum 1. Lettering size for fluid name is also based on the pipe diameter Examples : 100 NB Pipe ---------------Legend Size is 30 mm 50 NB Pipe -----------------Legend Size is 25 mm 200 NB Pipe ---------------Legend Size is 50 mm (10) Visibility of Marking: It should be such that the operator can see if it is at the normal height. If lines are above the operator's head (may be along the roof.r. (8) For uninsulated piping above 100 Degree C. S. then the lettering is to be done below or towards the bottom side of the pipe. Line carrying fluid. non-ferrous pipes. arrows to be marked at suitable intervals along the line. dimensions differ w.S. . If bands are to be provided then they should be of Teflon tape. generally colour bands are not provided (only ground colou rAluminum). (9) Flow direction. or side wall or through the rack).5 m length. Example: Below 200 NB line arrow dimensions are given below.t.
less human errors. finally uniformity for colour coding on pipelines will lead to better safety. . strips.(11) Lighting provided in the plant should not affect the colour and shades in terms of visibility particularly at night. (13) Lines carrying hazardous materials have a panel of colour with dots. crosses are marked based on the practices. (12) For closed circuit lines other than direction ‘F' for “Flow” and ‘R' for “Return” to be written for better understanding. Hence.