MODAL VERBS 1.

Los verbos modales no añaden –s o –es en la tercera persona del singular ni van seguidos de un verbo en tercera persona. Después del verbo modal necesitamos un infinitivo sin to (He can play tennis) INCORRECTO – He cans play tennis INCORRECTO – He can plays tennis VERBO MODAL CAN/CAN’T COULD/COULDN’T BE ABLE TO/NOT BE ABLE TO SHOULD/SHOULDN’T MUST MUSTN’T HAVE TO DON’T HAVE TO FUNCIÓN (1) Capacidad (2) Petición informal (1) Capacidad en el pasado (2) Petición formal Capacidad Consejo Obligación Prohibición Necesidad / Obligación Ausencia de necesidad PRESENTE / FUTURO I can run very fast Can I open the window? Could I use your phone? I am able to do it tomorrow. You should go to the doctor. You must do the exam You mustn’t eat during the exam. I have to go to school today. I don’t have to bring the books to class tomorrow. We are watching a film. PASADO

I could run very fast when I was young. I was able to do it yesterday.

We had to go to school yesterday We didn’t have to take the books to class yesterday. We watched a film.

SUGGESTIONS AND REQUESTS 1. LET’S – se utiliza para hacer una sugerencia o propuesta a dos o más personas incluido el hablante – Let’s eat now! 2. WOULD LIKE TO + infinitive – se utiliza para expresar un deseo o una petición – I would like a glass of water. Would you like to go to the cinema with me? 3. IMPERATIVE – es la única forma verbal en inglés que no necesita llevar sujeto. Se utiliza para: a. Dar instrucciones – Turn right and then take the first one on your left. b. Dar consejo – Eat more vegetables and don’t smoke. c. Dar órdenes – Sit down!

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