This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Level II Handbook
The History of Martial Arts
- Martial arts of the world Where do the martial arts come from? Most people would answer that they come from the orient. The truth is that every culture that has a need for martial arts has them. We have fighting manuals from medieval Europe that show many of the same techniques that we teach today1. The ancient Greeks had wrestling, boxing and the pancrathalon. There are paintings on the walls of Egyptian tombs showing both armed and unarmed fighting techniques that would seem familiar to many of today’s martial artists2. - Jitsu vs. Do We are going to talk now about the Japanese martial arts because there are some very instructive things about their history that are a microcosm of martial arts in general and that are very useful in understanding American attitudes about martial arts in particular. Every Japanese martial art ends with either the word Jitsu or Do, for example Jiu-Jitsu/Judo, Kenjitsu/Kendo, Aikijitsu/ Aikido. The original arts all end with Jitsu which means the art or technique. They were created out of the necessity of a violent time, when there was a definite need for fighting ability. The entire reason for the existence of the training was to produce competent fighters. As Japanese society became more settled and peaceful, the ability to fight well became less important. This was true even for members of the Warrior class, the Samurai. This, and the modernization of the Japanese military, resulted eventually in the banning of the wearing of the swords that were the badge of samurai rank, effectively making the warrior class the same as every one else. What this meant was that there were thousands of men who had spent their entire lives training to fight who had no real need for their martial abilities. Most of them simply stopped training all together and became normal members of society, but a few looked deeper at the results of their training. They realized that they had gained much more than just the ability to fight by it. Training in the martial arts had made them in to the men that they were. This then became the new reason for training. No longer was producing competent fighters of primary concern. The principle goal was to produce better people. One very good exsample of this is Jigoro Kano, the founder of Judo. As a young man Kano became an expert in several systems of JuJitsu. However, not only was he an expert at Jujitsu, but he was also a teacher. He was director of the Tokyo Higher Normal School (precursor of the present Tokyo University of Education) for twenty three years and Chief of the Education Bureau of the Ministry of Education3. As Kano grew in his knowledge of Jujitsu, he realized that it could be used as a tool in developing better, more well rounded, people. With this in mind he formatted the Jujitsu that he had learned into a better teaching tool and called it Judo. So the main difference between the Jujitsu that he learned and the Judo that he taught was the purpose. His teachers were mostly concerned with his fighting ability and skills. He on the other hand was more concerned with building the character of his students4.
Medieval Combat: Afifteenth-Century Illustrated Manual of Swordfighting and Close-Quarter Combat ( a translation of Hans Talhoffers Fechtbuch printed in 1467), Codex Wallerstein: A Medieval Fighting Book from the Fifteenth Century on the Longsword, Falchion, Dagger, and Wrestling by Grzeggorz Zabinski with Bartlomiej Walczak Copyright 2002 by by Grzeggorz Zabinski with Bartlomiej Walczak. 2 Combat Sports In the Ancient World by Michael B. Poliakoff Copyright 1987 by Yale University 3 The Father of Judo: A Biography of Jigoro Kano by Brian N. Watson, Yukimitsu Kano 4 An excellent source on the history of Japanese martial arts is the series by Donn F. Draeger that consists of: Classical Bujutsu, Classical Budo, and Modern Bujutsu and Budo published by John Weatherhill, Inc of New York and Tokyo. Although Draeger tends to be Nipocentric in his views of the martial arts, his books some of the most thoroughly researched and well written on the subject, andin this case his Nipocentrism is not a handicap.
The Modern Martial arts
Although we have been talking specifically about the Japanese martial arts, this evolution from Jitsu to Do or in other words from concentrating on actual fighting ability to actual ability being of only secondary importance, is indicative of most of the modern martial arts world. If you read or listen to almost anything put out by someone in the contemporary martial arts community about training, it will almost invariably be colored by this change in the reason for training. To put things in perspective, imagine an accountant somewhere in America trying to decide whether or not martial art training is practical. If training cost him$50 a month, he will spend $600 per year. What are the odds that he will be robbed in a way that his training could stop for $600 per year. Therefore from a fiscal perspective it makes more sense to save his money. Now consider his chances of becoming injured in training, as compared with his chances of becoming injured by an assault and you soon see that in a practical sense it really doesn’t make much sense for the average citizen to train in the martial arts. There are of course many good reasons to train that have little to do with the practical need for fighting ability. There are thousands of people across America who are training to fight with a samurai sword. Very few of them believe they may need to defend themselves against sword wielding ninjas on the way to their car at the mall. They train because they enjoy it. For the same reason that people play baseball, or re-enact civil war battles or any other leisure activity. This of course is completely different from the situation of the Army. Modern Combatives training therefore stands apart from the vast majority of martial arts training in that producing actual fighting ability is of primary concern. Both the mental and physical benefits of training gain their worth from their usefulness in producing more capable soldiers.
Judo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu And the evolution of Mixed Martial Arts
14 years since the beginning of the Meiji era and the Japanese turn toward westernization, only 5 years since the outlawing of the wearing of the double swords. Other Jujitsu schools denigrated his system as being unrealistic and unproven. Challengers came and were met almost every day. "It seemed that the Kodokan had to take on the whole of Japan, and had to have a spirit of being ready for anything." wrote Kano in his own memoirs5. Judo had to prove itself in the trials of challenge matches. This era came to its climax in 1883 when the police officers of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Station arranged a series of fights between the top fighters of Totsuka-ha Yoshin5
P. 63, Kano Jigoro Chosakushu, by Kano Jigoro, Gogatsu Shobo, Tokyo, Japan. 1984.
ryu jujutsu and the Kodokans best which ended in a resounding victory for the Judo men6. Having with this great victory established itself as the premier martial arts school in Japan, When a young Jigoro Kano founded the Kodokan Judo institute in 1882, he had a formidable task ahead of him, how to spread the popularity of his new system in a country that was full of martial arts schools. Ad to that the volatility of the country, it had only been Kano set his sights on the rest of the world. He made several trips abroad and sent some of his best students around the world to spread the popularity of Judo They did this primarily by demonstration and by fighting the local champions of various western martial sports. Among those who went to spread the gospel of Judo to the world was his chief assistant, Yamashita, who went to America in 1903. While he was there, President Theodore Roosevelt arranged a challenge match with a middleweight catch-as-catch-can wrestler named Joseph Grant, who was teaching President Roosevelt wrestling. In a letter to his son Kermit, Roosevelt described the outcome “Inside of a minute Yamashita had choked Grant, and inside of two minutes more he had got an elbow hold on him…” The President was impressed enough to take judo lessons from Yamashita and arranged for him to teach at the U.S. Naval Academy7. Another student that went out was Mitsuyo Maeda who traveled to the United States, Europe, and Central and South America and eventually ended up in Brazil. He fought many challenge matches along the way and after arriving in Brazil was helped to raise a Japanese immigrant colony by a diplomat named Gastao Gracie. In return he taught Gastao’s sons Judo/Jiu-Jitsu. This was in the 1920s and the two terms were both still being used for the system Kano was teaching8. After training with Maeda for a short time Gastao’s oldest son Carlos opened his own school where he and his brothers, most notably the youngest brother Helio, started to teach and fight challenge matches as well9. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Helio Gracie eventually arose as the families champion. He began fighting challenge fights when he was 17 defeating a boxer named Antonio Portugal in only thirty seconds. Helio, at only 135lbs, reined as the no holds bared fighting champion of brazil until he was 47 years old. During this time he lost only twice, once to the twelve time open
An exelent source on the this climatic match is the article Judo's Decisive Battle by Wayne Muromoto Copyright ©Tengu Press and Wayne Muromoto, Honolulu, Hawaii, 2002. 7 Professor Yamashita Goes to Washington by Joseph R. Svinth, Aikido Journal, 25:2 (1998). Copyright © 2000 Joseph R. Svinth. 8 An example is the book Complete Kano Jiu-Jitsu, Jiudo, the Official Jiu-Jitsu of the Japanese Government, New York: G.P. Putnams’s, 1925 9 Brazilion Jiu-Jitsu Theory and Techniques by Renzo Gracie and Royler Gracie, Invisible Cities Press, Montpelier, VT, 2002
weight Judo champion of Japan Masahiko Kimura, and once in a three hour and forty minute battle to his former student Waldemar Santana, both of whom outweighed him by over eighty pounds. Other members of the Gracie family carried the tradition of challenge matches forward and as they did, the techniques of their system were shaped by the demands of arena fighting. In 1989 an article entitled Bad10 was published in Playboy Magazine That essentially told the world about the Gracie family history of fighting challenge matches and about Helio Gracie, his oldest son Rorion and how he had issued a challenge ”to fight anyone in the United States, winner take all, for $100,000”. Rorion had made somewhat of a name for himself around the martial arts community by selling videotapes, titled Gracies in Action, of his family and some of their students fighting against practitioners of various other martial arts. Eventually Rorion teamed with a promoter and created the first “Ultimate Fighting Championship”. The idea behind the first few UFCs was to pit practitioners of various martial arts against each other, with as few rules as possible, in order to see which arts were the most effective. In an eight or sixteen-man field, and using a single elimination format, Rorion’s younger brother Royce Gracie dominated every opponent he faced, winning three of the first four such tournaments and only failing to win once by becoming a heat casualty after winning his first fight. Mixed Martial Arts
Soon however the demands of being a television event started to force changes in the UFC. Royce fought a thirty six minute draw that went beyond the time slot for the broadcast. Because of this, the producers were forced to implement time limits to the fights. With time limits came the need to decide the winner if the time limit was reached, in other words Judges. Of course when you have judges, it significantly changes what you have to do to win the fight. Now instead of winning outright, you can simply be doing a little better than your opponent when time runs out. As time went on, more rules were implemented and changed for the same reasons rules are changed in any spectator sport, the safety of the fighters and crowd appeal. These changes in the rules began to have an effect on the fighting. For example, in the early shows fighters who punched with closed fists usually broke their hand. Fights, however are much more exciting when the fighters slug it out. Therefore, four-ounce gloves were required, not for the safety of the fighters, but because they make fighters more willing to throw closed fist punches. What evolved was modern Mixed Martial Arts.
Bad, Playboy article, vol. 36, no. 9 - September 1989 By Pat Jordan
Although the addition of more rules have decreased the value of Mixed Martial Arts fighting as a laboratory for combative technique, as long as we realize what the limitations are, we can still learn allot about what will are will not work in real fights. There are no more pure Karate or TaeKwonDo practitioners fighting in the UFC for only one reason, they can’t really fight. The crucible of competition has shown that there are only a certain amount of ways to twist someone arm behind there back, or take them off of their feet, or choke them unconscious that really work. As long as we remember that in a real fight people can also bite your nose off or poke your eye out or any number of tactics that are against the rules in MMA, we can still learn valuable lessons that in the absence of any sort of reality check on techniques, would simply be theory.
Level II Trainers Course Day 1
Review basic course ground fighting techniques Lecture on history of martial arts - Martial arts of the world - Jitsu vs. Do -Sporting rules and their impact on techniques - Capturing the benefits of competition while avoiding the pitfalls with a graduated set of competition rules 45 minutes of sparing
Drill #1 add the other ways to trap Push or pull a propped up knee to mount 1. Defend against attempts to mount, Arch -- Both feet flat on the ground -- Hold the hip down -- Arm through the armpit -- When he attempts to swing the leg over, arch into him -- roll up on top Defend against attempts to mount, back door -- Face the enemy with your leg flat on the ground -- Elbow blocking his thigh -- when he tries to drive his knee across, lift his leg with your forearm -- slide your leg under the back side -- hook your leg over his
-- climb on his back or shrimp to the guard as appropriate Lecture on the history of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu - Meada- Helio - Challenge matches and the UFC 3. Escape the half guard -- Stabilize your position, placing him flat on his back -- Walk your foot closer to his buttocks by alternately advancing your hell and toe -- Place your hand on his knee -- use a rocking motion and push his leg off of your knee -- Drive your knee over him to the ground -- If he attempts to push your knee, place your arm under his elbow and walk it towards his head -- Clear your foot to mount Escape the head lock, form the frame -- Form the frame -- Scoot your hips away -- Reach with both legs to grab his head -- If he lets go of the headlock, squeeze his neck with your legs -- If he does not let go of the headlock, go to your knees and walk around behind him --Use the hand closest to the legs to clear them and step over -- Place your heel against his hipbone -- Arms out to stabilize -- Form the frame -- Lean towards his head to break his grip -- Capture his arm -- Place your hand on the ground in front of his face or on top of his head -- Point your foot away -- step over to finish with the straight arm bar
5. Escape the head lock, follow the leg -- Attempt to form the frame -- If his head is tucked in too tight, step your leg over his hip -- Using your leg as a guide, climb on top of him -- If he rolls with you, go until you are behind him and finish with the straight arm bar as before -- If he keeps his leg out to prevent rolling with you, pull your bottom hand free -- Isolate all of your weight into the back of his shoulder, forcing him to let go 6. Escape the head lock, Arch over -- If the enemy has control of your arm preventing the previous escapes -- Gasp your hands together -- Attempt to tuck in your elbow in a quick motion -- When he adjusts his position, arch him up on the near side -- Roll him over above your head to reverse the position
Conduct all previous warm-up drills
Introduce straight arm bar from the guard drill and drill #3 with the scissors sweep Attacks from the mount 7. Paper cutter choke -- Open the collar with the weaker hand -- Place the thumb of the other hand inside the collar and as far back as possible -- Release the grip with the first hand and grasp the other lapel, pulling it tight -- Drive the elbow to the ground
8. Nut cracker choke -- Grasp the collar with one hand on each side, knuckles pointing in toward the neck -- Pull the collar tight against the back of his neck -- Line the pointer finger knuckles up with the outside of the Adam’s apple -- With the pinky knuckle as the fulcrum lever in 9. Leaning choke -- Grasp the collar loosely with the knuckles of one hand facing in -- With the same hand stretch the collar across his neck to line the pinky finger knuckle up just over the Adam’s apple -- Pull the opposite lapel tight against the back of his neck -- Without straightening the arm, drive the knuckle into his neck Lecture on “whole army plan” Attacks from the back mount 10. Collar choke -- Begin from the rear mount with one hand under his arm and the other over his shoulder -- With the hand under the armpit, pull the collar open -- Insert the thumb of the other hand inside, grasping as far back as possible -- Release the grip with the armpit hand and grasp the other lapel, pulling it tight against the back of his neck -- Tighten the choke by straightening both arms 11. Single wing choke -- Begin from the rear mount as before -- Open the collar and grasp the collar as before -- Release the grip with the armpit hand and turn it palm up in the bend of his elbow -- Move your arm in a circle, maintaining control of his arm at the elbow, until your hand is behind his head -- Tighten by straightening both arms 12. Reverse bent arm bar from side control -- From side control, control the hip with your hand and sit through as if to mount in the basic way -- Insuring that you do not compromise your base, grasp his arm at the wrist -- With your other arm, entwine the target arm gripping your own wrist -- Switch your hips and use chest pressure to push him arm to the ground -- push his wrist towards his head to place your elbow on the ground and insure his arm is bent at 90 degrees -- Bring your knees together at his hip and slide the one closest to his head, along his side until it is under his arm -- Change your hips to face his head -- Keeping your hip on the ground, step your top foot over his head -- Lean back to raise his shoulder and pressure his wrist downward
Conduct all previous warm-up drills Introduce straight arm bar from the mount drill Drill #3 with the sweep from the attempted straight arm bar 13. Triangle choke -- When your opponent places one arm through your legs in an attempt to pass, release your legs -- Place the foot of the leg that is still around his waist on the ground and use it to turn 90 degrees the other direction -- Reach up with the other leg and pull his neck down, ensuring that the bones of your lower leg are perpendicular to his spine -- Use both hands to pull his arm across your chest -- Maintaining control of his arm, reach up to grasp your shin, pulling your leg tight against the back of his neck -- Reach your other leg over your ankle, locking it behind the bend of your knee -- Place both hands on the back of his head -- Use hip pressure to finish 14. Elevator sweep #1 -- When your opponent has inserted one arm through in an attempt to pass but has not placed the leg on his shoulder, rotate your lower leg to hook your foot under his knee -- Raise your leg to sweep with the same action as the scissors sweep 15. Elevator sweep #2 -- While escaping the mount by shrimping to the guard, do not clear the foot of the second leg -- Instead, lift his leg and finish with the elevator sweep as before Lecture on benefits and draw backs of competition - evolution of technique - system of graduated rules - standard rules familiarization 16. Reverse bent arm bar from the guard -- If your opponent should place his hand on the ground while inside your guard, grasp his wrist with a thumb grip -- Release your legs and sit up, reaching over the captured arm with the opposite side arm -- Wrap your arm around his, forming the figure four by grasping your own wrist -- Place your foot over his on the same side as the captured arm -- Fall backwards keeping his arm tight to your body -- Escape your hips, and place your leg across his lower back to prevent him from rolling forward -- twist your body toward his head to attack the shoulder 17. Timing sweep -- If your opponent should lean backwards while inside your guard, release your legs and sit up
-- Reach across his body and over his opposite arm -- Grasp his arm at the elbow -- Lay your near side leg flat and drive your hips into him with the other leg -- Maintain control of his arm and finish in the mounted position Guillotine choke from the guard -- If he tries to avoid the timing sweep by hugging your waist, post your hand on the ground and scoot your buttocks backward until you are sitting upright -- Reach around his neck -- Grasp the hand of the arm around his neck with the other hand, both palms should be facing your stomach -- Cinch up the choke by pulling upwards -- lean backwards until your back is on the ground and finish the choke by pushing with your legs and pulling with your arms
Conduct all previous warm-up drills Drill #3 with the timing sweep Review Pass the guard with the knee on the tailbone -- Grasp the opponent’s uniform with both hands and work your hands back one at a time until they are both holding his pants. Insure that your elbows are tucked in -- Lean to one side and place the knee of the opposite leg against his tailbone -- Slide the other leg back to ninety degrees and break the grip of his legs by pushing with your hip -- at this point there will be two options 18. Pass the guard with the knee on the tailbone #1 Under one leg -- bring your arm under your opponent’s near side leg and raise it to your shoulder, you should control his leg with your head above his knee and your hand below it -- Pivot on your knees to bring your knee toward his armpit -- Grasp the opposite side of his collar with your thumb on the inside -- If you have the chance bring your arm through his legs and grasp his pants at the middle of the waistline. Caution- If your opponent is pulling on your sleeve, do not let go of the pants to change your grip or he will get the straight arm bar from the guard -- Pick him up, assume good posture, and pass as in the basic technique 19. Pass the guard with the knee on the tailbone #2 Under both legs -- If your opponent places his weight on the near side leg to avoid you placing it on your shoulder, bring your other arm under the opposite leg and grasp his pants with both of your hands. You should have a hand under each leg -- Pull with both hand to place him on your lap and reach both hands around his legs grasping them together, as low as possible, with the opposing thumbs grip -- feed the collar with one hand and grasp across with the other, thumb on the inside -- Walk around to one side to assume good posture -- The opposite side hand should move to the middle of his waistline to help you stack -- Pass as in the basic technique 20. Pass the guard with the near side leg through
-- After breaking your opponents guard open, push the one leg down and drive your near side knee over his thigh, your toe should remain hooked -- Hook one arm under his other knee and place your other arm over his shoulder and around behind his neck -- Back step over his leg so that your hips are facing skyward -- Push his leg, to control his hips, as you switch your hips to standard side control 21. Pass the guard with the far side leg through -- After breaking your opponents guard open, push one leg down and drive your opposite side knee over his thigh, your toe should remain hooked -- With the same side arm as the knee you have driven through, reach across his body and hook under his armpit -- With your other leg, step over his trapped leg and at the same time grasp his arm at the elbow with you remaining arm and pull it upward -- Sit your hips through so that your leg goes under his shoulder -- Switch your hips back to standard side control Introduction to runing a tournament 22. bracketing 23. refereeing 24. timekeeping/scorekeeping Tournament Practical Exercise Referee Certification Exam
Conduct all previous warm-up drills Review week one techniques Review skill level one standup techniques
Conduct all warm-up drills 22. Defense against punches in the guard Close; -- If your opponent tries to punch you from within your guard, swim both hands through the middle and pull him down on you. One hand should be pulling and the other pushing his head to avoid the head but and you should tuck your head in and avoid punches with your elbows --When he begins to attack your ribs, use your elbows to lift his arms enough to get your knees under them. -- Your knees will protect against shots to the ribs and your arms will continue to protect against head shots
Middle; -- If your opponent tries to pull away to make more room for punching, slide your hands over his upper arms -- Work your feet up to his hips. At this time your knees will be in front of his shoulders and they will be the main thing defending punches -- Your hands hooked over his upper arms are to keep him from bringing his arms back to load up a strike. If he should snake them around to free them you must also snake around to keep control -- If he does get an arm loose and is able to load up for a big strike, push with your knee to increase the distance and reach your arm across to cover your face -- When he tries to land the punch, guide his arm back over your knee and resume the controlling position with your hand Far; -- If he tries to pull away to stand up, sit up with him -- Assume a stand in base posture and kick with the bottom leg to create space -- Stand in base and immediately attack 23. Pass the guard with punches -- Defend punches and trap the biceps just as in the basic technique -- Land a couple of head buts and stand up, changing your grip to his jacket and assuming good posture by pushing with your hips -- At this point strike to his face with your palm to make him loosen his legs If he loosens his legs; -- If he lets go with his legs, pinch them together with your knees to make his feet point outward -- With the hand you used to strike, wheel your arm back to hook his leg and bring it al the way forward until you grasp his collar -- Assume good posture and pass as in the basic technique If he does not loosen his legs; -- Step back with the same side leg as your striking arm and turn your hips -- Slide the knife-edge of your hand through the gap and place it on your knee -- Squat down sliding your elbow on the outside of your knee to break the grip of his legs -- Swing his leg around with your arm to grasp his collar --Assume good posture and pass as in the basic technique Sparing with slaps and punches 24. Strikes from side control -- From side control, move your arm that is controlling his hip and pummel it under his armpit -- Place the other arm under his head from the near side and push his face away with pressure from your shoulder -- Bring your knees together at his hip -- Slide your knee along his side and under his arm until you have his arm captured between your arm and leg -- Place your palms face down and your forehead on the ground -- Reach up with the foot closest to his legs, pointing toward the sky, and knee him in the ribs -- When he attempts to block with his knee, step over to mount
Conduct all warm-up drills Review takedowns from the basic coarse Finish the takedowns from the clinch series 25. Drop to the single leg -- After achieving the clinch, if he tries to step away from you with the far leg, drop down to gain control of the near leg -- Your head should be in front with your forehead up, pointing toward his hip -- Your back knee will be on the ground and your front knee up so that you can drive into him -- Your arms should be extended and controlling his leg, with the back hand on top -- Drive into him and lift his leg, attempting to place it between your legs 25. Superman double leg takedown -- With his leg between yours, jump backwards to stretch him or make him hop towards you -- jump forward, extending both arms to grasp his far leg at the knee -- climb up into a dominant position 28. Dump -- If his leg is in front of yours, reach back and gain control of his heel -- With your back leg, step across his front -- take a large circular step backwards with your front leg, pushing with your head to drive him to the ground. This should be a pulling and spiraling down action and your head should pressing into his thigh throughout. -- climb up into dominant position 29. Treetop -- If his leg is in front you can alternately, use the knee of your back leg to raise his leg up -- Switch your back hand under his leg or grasping his ankle from the bottom -- Step away from him, pulling and then lifting his leg upwards to put him on his back -- Move into a dominant position 30. Block the far knee -- If he hooks his foot on your hip, clasp your hands together with the front hand on bottom -- Drive your hip into him and raise his leg as much as you can -- Step across his front and reach with your front hand to the far side of his other knee -- Block his knee with that hand and drive him over it by raising his leg -- Move into dominant position 31. Hip throw -- After achieving the clinch, he may try to face you by stepping back with the leg that is closest to you. -- Step through the hole that this creates and place your foot between his turning it as much as possible -- Relax your arm that is around his waist so that you hand can come up behind his shoulder and, maintaining a good grip on his other arm, drive your hip through the hole you just stepped through -- At the same time that your hips are going through, pull your second foot in so that your heels are together and your feet are at a 45 degree angle -- Use a scooping motion to lift him over your hips. He should go over and not around. -- Control his landing and come down in dominant position
32. Defense against the standing guillotine - jumping around the side -- If the enemy gets you in the guillotine and attempts to finish the choke by lifting you, Place your arm over the opposite shoulder and your palm on the same side thigh -- As he lifts, hop around to the opposite side of the choke, using your hand on his thigh to stop him from turning with you -- Bump the back of his knee with the side of yours and as you break his balance, keep pressure downward so that he cannot regain it -- Slowly put him down, making sure that you do not end up inside his legs or land on your head -- Break his grip on your neck by pushing either your shoulder or forearm into his neck 33. Defense against the standing - defending knee strikes -- If he attempts to land knee strikes, block the near side leg by placing the heels of your hands together against his thigh -- Step up with the same side leg -- Step between his legs with the other leg and sit on your heel NOTE: This technique will force the enemy to nose dive into the ground, therefore to practice, the training partner should release the hand that is not around the neck, face outboard, and should roll over his shoulder. 34. Defense against the standing head lock - with punches -- Reach over his punching arm with your front arm to stop 3. 3 -- Feed it to your back arm and control it at the elbow with a thumbless grip - without punches
Conduct all warm-up drills Introduction to knee on the stomach 26. achieve the knee in the stomach 27. paper cutter choke from the knee in the stomach 28. reverse bent arm bar and straight arm bar from the knee in the stomach Introduction to leg attacks/ lecture on when they are appropriate 29. straight ankle lock 30. straight knee lock 31. figure four ankle lock
Conduct all warm-up drills Technique review Program written test
Technique written test
Level I Combatives Instructor Course
All times should be considered as tentative. Training will be conducted according to the proficiency of the students. Monday 0900-0930 930.1000 1000-1030 1030-1100 1100-1130 1130-1300 1300-1400 1400.1430 1430-1500 1500-1530 1530-1600 1600-UTC Tuesday 0800-0900 0900-0930 0930-1000 1000-1030 1030.1130 1130-1300 1300-1400 1400-1430 1430.1500 1500-1530 1530-1600 1600-UTC Wednesday 0800-0900 0900-1130 1130-1300 1300-1400 1400-1500 1500-UTC Thursday 0800-0900 0900-1000 1000.1130 Intro/ history Stand in base (w/ kick also) Dominant Body Positions Escape the mount/ trap and roll Pass the guard Achieve the mount/ drill #1 Lunch break Film/lecture on realistic training plan Shrimp escape/ (escape the double grapevine) Shrimp drill Escape the mount practical exercise Arm push and roll to the rear mount Escape the rear mount/drill #2 (Quick roll rear mount escape) Sparing for dominant position Warm-up and review Rear naked choke/ (unbreakable Japanese strangle) Cross collar choke (from the knees, mount, then guard Bent arm-bar from mount and side control Straight arm-bar from the mount Straight arm-bar from the mount drill Lunch Film/lecture on realistic training plan Warm-up and review Straight arm-bar from the guard Straight arm-bar from the guard drill Sweep from the attempted straight arm-bar Scissors sweep/ Drill #3 Sparing with submissions Warm-up and review Sparing with submissions Lunch Film/lecture on the dangers and benefits of sportive training Warm-up and review Sparing with submissions Warm-up and review Stand-up fighting class Clinch against the puncher exercise ( close the distance/ achieve the clinch/ Pummel near side, far side/ pummel drill/ trapping arm in your armpit)
1130-1300 1300-1400 1400-1430 1430-1500 1500.1530 Friday 0800-0900 0900-1130 1130-1300 1300-1400 1400-1500 1500.1600 1600-1630
Lunch Film/lecture on training plans Front takedown to the mount Rear takedown to the mount Guillotine choke Review Student teaching Lunch Warm-up and review Grappling with punches class Grappling with punches exercise Knees from side control Class on the realities of fighting on the battlefield