4/22/12 LEARNING THEORIES FOR TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION

DIRECTED AND CONSTRUCTIVITIST INSTRUCTION MODELS

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Nama Iberahim

: Mohamad Farham Bin

No Matrik : PEK 110012

OBJECTIVISM
Also known as directed.Objectism is grounded primarily in behaviorist learning theory and the information processing branch of the cognitive learning theories.

4/22/12

Ø

Learning is transmitted knowledge.Teaching should be directed,systematic and structured. Ø Inquiry approaches are too slow to be practical.Learning has to be teacher directed. Ø Students should all pass the same tests;standardization means accountability.

4/22/12 CONSTRUCTIVISM This theoretical framework holds that learning always builds upon knowledge that a student already knows; this prior knowledge is called a schema. A wide variety of methods claim to be based on constructivist learning theory. Most of these methods rely on some form of guided discovery where the teacher avoids most direct instruction and attempts to lead the student through questions and activities to discover, discuss, appreciate and verbalize the new knowledge.

ü

Knowledge is constructed by students self.Students will do activities that help them to generate their own knowledge. Directed instruction is teacher centered;hands-on instruction is student centered. ü Let students show what they have learned in different ways like a do practical,asking question and assignment.Not just on written tests.
ü

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