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Prime Minister of Malaya / Malaysia 31st August 1957 - 22nd September 1970
Thefamouspeople.com stated that, Tunku Abdul Rahman was born on 8 February 1903 in Istana Pelamin, Alor Star in Kedah to the 24 th Sultan of Kedah, Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah and his sixth wife Cik Manjalara. He was the fourteenth son and twentieth child of his father. As a child, Tunku Abdul Rahman was raised in Isatan, the Palace, which was built by a Chinese contractor and had royal childhood with a number of servants around him. Tunku Abdul Rahman was sent to a Malay Primary School Jalan Baharu in 1909 and was later moved to the Government English School in Alor Star, which eventually became known as the Sultan Abdul Hamid College. In 1911, Tunku Abdul Rahman was sent to Debsirin School in Bangkok to study with his three brothers.
2 |Page . the British Administration in Kedah could not do anything as he was a prince and the son of the Sultan. Tunku Abdul Rahman drew national attention and was praised as the first student to receive a scholarship from Kedah State for studying in the United Kingdom. However. scribd. Catherine’s College in Cambridge University with the Kedah State Scholarship and graduated with a bachelor degree of Arts in law and history in 1925.com (2010). Tunku Abdul Rahman returned to Malaya in 1915 and resumed his studies at Penang Free School. In colonial Malaya. At that time. he enrolled St.com) According to scribd. This made him cross paths with the administration many times. In 1918. (thefamouspeople. almost all the District Officer was British and Tunku Abdul Rahman was the only Malay District Officer at that time had the people’s interest at heart.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ After that.com (2010) further stated that. Tunku Abdul Rahman worked in the Kedah public service and was appointed as District Officer of Kulim and Sungai Petani after returning home.
Mariam. (scrbd.com (2010).com 2010) About his family and children. Tunku Abdul Rahman returned to England to complete his law studies at the Inner Temple but was force to stop in 1938 and. His first wife was Meriam Ching. Tunku Abdul Rahman married Voilet Coulson. Sharifah Hanizah and Faridah. his former landlady in England. Tunku Abdul Rahman believed to have at least four marriages in which only three are officially confirmed. He is Malaysian charismatic and transformational leader because of his success in convincing British to give Malaya Independence and also for his sacrifices in bringing Malaysia 3 |Page .0 CHARISMATIC AND TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADER According to virtualmalaysia.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ Later on. (thefamouspeople. Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra AlHaj has always been a revered Malaysian leader who had made immense contribution to the country. on outbreak of World War II. He divorces her and married with Sharifah Rodziah Syed Alwi Barakbah and the couple adopted four children which is Sulaiman. he returned to Malaya.com) 2. a Chinese woman who gave birth to two children that are Tunku Khadijah and Tunku Ahmad Nerang. After her death.
Catherine’s College. TRAITS AND SKILLS According to virtualmalaysia. It is self-explanatory why Tunku Abdul Rahman is known as the Father of Independence. He showed initiative. but Tunku declined on principle and stayed in rented rooms throughout his university course. Cambridge University. Later.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ from colonialism to Independence.0 BEHAVIOR.com (2010). When Tunku Abdul Rahman left England to continue his studies at St. he was offered a place. Tunku Abdul Rahman were then first taste of racial discrimination. when it was learnt that he came from a royal family. He was then elected as a secretary of the association. Tunku Abdul Rahman leadership skills were unveiled in England. 3. Tunku Abdul Rahman had become the first prime minister of the Federation Malaya from 1957 to 1963 and of Malaysia from 1963 to 1970. leadership qualities and a nascent nationalism in the way he got them together to established the Malay Association of Great Britain (Kesatuan Melayu Great Britain). He realized that the number of Malay students had increased but they were not represented by any organization. The experience deepened his faith in the equality of man as an ideal to be 4 |Page . His application to stay in the college was rejected because of color.
com. social awareness and social skills. we can see how ambitious and visionary he is in ensuring Malaya get independence from British by setting his vision from the beginning starting during his study time. 5 |Page .my) Here. it kindled a desire in him to free his people from British rule.yac. when his application to stay in the hostel is being rejected due to discrimination. Tunku Abdul Rahman is a person who has high emotional Intelligence where he has the ability to manage himself and the relationship with people effectively which consists of four fundamentals capabilities that are self awareness. Tunku Abdul Rahman also is a high integrity leader. self management. In addition. (www. It’s also show how firm Tunku Abdul Rahman is when he makes a decision. There is one situation where Tunku Abdul Rahman use his emotional intelligence when he dealing and handle with the problem towards the process of achieving independence for Malaya. At the same time. In this situation. he takes other alternative by staying in the rented rooms and not accepts the offer from the college after they know Tunku status.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ fought for.
the Japanese transported thousands of young Malaysians male. the first few living skeleton arrived in Alor Setar. due to disease and malnutrition was very high. the refugees were reluctant to leave. Cholera was common and lethal. to work on the construction of a railway from North Siam to Burma. But men with skin desease were not welcome even for a single night. they were executed. The morality rate among these Malaysian laborers. Late 1943. Since the market also provided them with shelther. there was open sided marked building known as Pasar Yaacob where the villagers come to sell their fruits and vegetables. 6 |Page . In Alor Setar. the District Officer and the Medical Department for help. The railway was to provide the Japanese with land access to South Burma where they were fighting the British. The refugees strayed into this market to beg for food. the majority of them is Malays. they were covered with ulcers which gave out a repulsive stench. If they were captures by the Japanese. but no one was willing to take any official notice of the problem.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ In 1942. Their body and in particular legs. some Malay laborers escaped from the construction camp in North Siam and began to make their way painfully and slowly. Marker officials applied to the State Secretariat. In early 1943.
Tunku Abdul Rahman applies many skills that the leader must have in order to become a good leader. Tunku Abdul Rahman was made Supervisor of Education. In 1940. Tunku Abdul Rahman was appointed as Deputy Director of Civil Defense. When the Japanese handed Kedah over to Thailand in1941. negotiation. Tunku located a vacant space near a house belonging to Religious Affairs Department and commissioned a carpenter to erect a shed with a long sleeping platform and could accommodate a hundred persons. isolated from them. decision making. As a problem solver. communication skill as well as critical thinking.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ When Tunku Abdul Rahman. who was famous for his sympathy for the distressed. Tunku paid for the building with his on money and called it “Rumah Miskin”. Looking at the road to independence of Malaysia. They are delegating. Southern Kedah. Tunku Abdul Rahman also applies most of managerial skills that is technical skill. Tunku Abdul Rahman decided to locate a shelter where the refugees could be housed.a poor Man’s House. listening. interpersonal skill and conceptual skill in his work. He starts with planning the strategy on how to achieve the Independence. heard about this problem. 7 |Page . leading it and organize it until he successfully get the Independence for Malaysia on 31st August 1957. he visited the market. organize the plan. persuasive skill. talked to some of the refugees and called a meeting at his house.
He wanted UMNO to be open to the Chinese and Indians but UMNO members were not ready to accept this.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ a post he held until the British took over Kedah and the rest of the country. Tunku Abdul Rahman led a delegation to London to seek independence for Malaya. Malaya’s large Chinese and Indian populations were not assimilated into Malay culture and the uneasy relations among Malays. Determined to complete his law studies. Tunku Abdul Rahman joined the Inns of Court in England in 1947 and he received his legal qualification in 1949 and returned to Kedah with spirit to transform Malaya from Colonial to Independence. Tunku Abdul Rahman apply his 8 |Page . but the trip proved to be unfruitful. (Sulaiman Zakaria. 2007) In 1954. The British were reluctant to grant independence using excuse that there needed to be evidence that the different races in Malaya were able to work together and cooperate before independence could be obtain. A Race relation was the cause of Dato’ Onn Jaafar stepping down. Here. Chinese and Indians have been a fundamental and persistent societal problem. This not breaking the spirit of Tunku Abdul Rahman but inspire him to plan on how to make sure that all races in Malaya at that time can work together.
He uses his communication skill to communicate on how important people with all the races in Malaya need to be work together as one entity. a delegation asked Tunku Abdul Rahman to accept the leadership of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) and became the president of UMNO after Dato’ Onn bin Jaafar resigned.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ conceptual skill by applying all knowledge that his have and his ability to utilize cues to make distinctions and develop categories for classifying things as well as the ability to indentify complex relationships and develop creative solution to a problem. As the president of UMNO. In the next few years. Tunku Abdul Rahman worked towards unity. Tunku Abdul Rahman been credited with devising the formula whereby political organization representing the Chinese and Indian communities joined with UMNO to constitute the Alliance Party. Tunku Abdul Rahman uses his diplomatic skill and has managed to solve numerous political problems in the 9 |Page . His simplicity and warmth won him the respect and affection of people from all communities and all walks of life. travelling all over the country to speak to the people. (Gale Encyclopedia of Biography) On 26th August 1951.
On the 9 th September 1955. he succeeded in forging an alliance between the UMNO. Tunku Abdul Rahman declared an amnesty for communist terrorist who surrendered. The Alliance won 51 out of the 52 seats contested and then Tunku Abdul Rahman was appointed as Chief Minister and Minister of Home Affairs. the Malayan Chinese Assosiation (MCA) in 1952 and the Malayan Indian Congress (MIC) in 1955 and this known as the Alliance Party. Tun Tan Cheng Lock and Tunku Abdul Rahman. As a result. represented by Chin Peng. with the cooperation of various races. as the country was called then. Tunku Abdul Rahman was more determined than ever to 10 | P a g e . As a follow-up. tis negotiation was failed when Chin Peng reject the proposal. Chen Tien and Rashid Maidin and the Government represented by Too Joo Hing. David Marshall. 2007) As chief Minister. (Sulaiman Zakaria. Tunku Abdul Rahman made a big effort to end communist terrorism in a peaceful way. In July 1955. were sufficiently united to push for selfgovernment in their progress towards independence. the Baling Talks were held on the 28th – 29th December 1955 between the Malayan Communist Party.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ Federation of Malaya. the first election was held. However. Tunku use his negotiation skill to negotiate with Chin Peng and propose to him that the communists lay down their arms unconditionally. The people of Malaya. Here.
Dato’ Sulaiman Abdul Rahman. Hr 11 | P a g e . Tun Tan Cheng Lock. the concerted effort of Malayans seceded in ending the Emergency caused by communist terrorism. Against. Tunku Abdul Rahman was 54 years old when on 31st August 1957. Achieving independence peacefully needed a great deal of wisdom and give and take. (Abdul Aziz Ishak.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ vanquish the terrorists. Tunku use his negotiation skill and persuasive skill to make sure that the Independence was achieved. Five years later. Tunku Abdul Rahman led a delegation to London to hold talks with the British Government Concerning for Malaya. he accepted from the queen’s representative documents which formally granted independence and sovereignty to the Federation of Malaya. Tunku Abdul Rahman and other leaders like Tun Abdul Razak. 1983) In 1956.S. the status of British civil servants currently serving in Malaya States and the various steps that need to be taken during the transitional period prior to independence including the independence date. Tun H. The negotiation covered various problems which include the position of the Malay Ruler. Lee and Tun Sambanthan made invaluable contributions to the Independence cause.
at the Selangor Club Padang (now known as Dataran Merdeka or Independence Square). Sometimes. None of the successful leader had all of the strength and none of failure leader had all of the weaknesses. 12 | P a g e . (Gale Encyclopedia of Biography) On the 30th of August 1957. as the clock struck midnight. Early next morning.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ life up to that point had prepared him well for a position of national leadership. Tunku Abdul Rahman shouts of “Merdeka!” were joyously echoed by thousands of Malayans who were there and the millions who followed the proceedings through the radio. at the Merdeka Stadium. but other times it appeared to be just a matter of bad luck involving events beyond a manager’s control such as unfavorable economic conditions or political battles. the reason for derailing was obvious.0 DERAILMENTS Every leader have their own strength and weaknesses. the Malayan flag was hoisted to take the place of the Union Jack. 4. the 31st August 1957. On both occasions. Tunku Abdul Rahman read the Proclamation of Independence.
Tunku Abdul Rahman profoundly saddened by the 13th May 1969 tragedy. Tunku Abdul Rahman lost its support from the people within UMNO who were highly critical of his headship and eventually. which must be corrected. stepped down and Tun Abdul Razak became Malaysia’s second Prime Minister. Emergency was declared. he was 13 | P a g e . On the 22nd September 1970. Tun Abdul Razak. when the Alliance Party lost most of its support in the general election that year. (thefamouspeople.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ Tunku Abdul Rahman’s regime came to downfall in 1949. the race riots of 13th May 1969 jolted everyone into realizing that there were imbalance and rifts in Malaysia society. Parliament suspended and the country governed by the National Operations Council chaired by the deputy Prime Minister. an emergency committee captures the country from Tunku Abdul Rahman and declared a state of emergency leaving him with no power.0 CONCLUSION The reason why I chose Tunku Abdul Rahman as a subject for this paper is due to the fact that as one of the political leader in the world. Just as Malaysia seemed securely set on a course of peace and prosperity.com) 5.
Tunku Abdul Rahman was born on 8th February 1903 1909 . The summary of timeline of our Father of Independence. In addition.TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ able to unite the people of Malaya who are different races and religions. he is an effective leader who apply most of the key to become an effective leader and also have interpersonal and conceptual skill that make the journey became fruitful even though it is though situation. Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj is as follows: 1903 . Tunku manage to plan all his strategy perfectly before he starts his action and utilize all knowledge that he have toward achieving his mission. Tunku Abdul Rahman was a brave man to fight against the British colonialism for national independence and was a wise man to be able to secure Malaya’s independence without bloodshed.Tunku Abdul Rahman was sent to Debsirin School in Bangkok 14 | P a g e .Tunku Abdul Rahman was sent to a Malay Primary School 1911 . Besides. All his action proved that he is a charismatic and transformational leader who manages to transform Malaysia from colonialism to Independence.
Tunku Abdul Rahman began his campaign for Malaya’s independence.Tunku Abdul Rahman was made the president of UMNO 1954 .Tunku Abdul Rahman was declared independence on 31 st August 1957 .Tunku Abdul Rahman graduated with a Bachelor Degree in Arts 1949 . 1925 .Tunku Abdul Rahman was elected as the first president of Asian Football Confederation 15 | P a g e .TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ 1918 .Tunku Abdul Rahmanenrolled at St. Catharine’s College in Cambridge University.Tunku Abdul Rahman was admitted to Bar council. 1955 .Tunku Abdul Rahman started an international football tournament 1958 . 1951 .Tunku Abdul Rahman became the first Chief Minister of Malaya 1957 .
TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ 1960 . 1970 .Tunku Abdul Rahman resigned from the position of Prime Minister on 22th November 1971 .Tunku Abdul Rahman declared Islam the official religion of Malaysia 1963 .Tunku Abdul Rahman died on 6th December 1990. 1990 . 1965 . 16 | P a g e .Tunku Abdul Rahman resigned from the presidency of UMNO 1977 .Tunku Abdul Rahman became the president of the Regional Islamic Da’wah Council of South East Asia and the Pacific (RISEAP) 1987 – The Star was banned.Malaya became Malaysia and Tunku Abdul Rahman became the first Prime Minister of Malaysia.Tunku Abdul Rahman became a chair of The Star 1982 .Singapore seceded and declared its independence on 9th August.
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TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA AL-HAJ 6.com.my 18 | P a g e .net/malaysia/past-PM.com http://scribd.0 REFERENCES • Gale Encyclopedia of Biography Abdul Aziz Ishak.yac. Riwayat Hidup Tunku Abdul Rahman http://heritage.Perdana-Perdana Menteri : Cahaya • • • • • • • Kesturi (M) Sdn Bhd • www.melakareview.com/2010 http://virtualmalysia.1983.2007.html Sulaiman Zakaria.com http://thefamouspeople.com/2010 http://kiat.