List of countries with their capitals and currencies Country - Capital - Currency Afghanistan - Kabul - Afghani Albania - Tirana

- Lek Algeria - Algiers - Dinar Andorra - Andorra la Vella - Euro Angola - Luanda - New Kwanza Antigua and Barbuda - Saint John's (Antigua) - East Caribbean Dollar Argentina - Buenos Aires - Peso Armenia - Yerevan - Dram Australia - Canberra - Australian Dollar Austria - Vienna - Euro Azerbaijan Republic of - Baku (Baki) - Manat Bahamas - Nassau - Bahamian Dollar Bahrain - Al-Manama - Bahrain Dinar Bangladesh - Dhaka - Taka Barbados - Bridgetown - Barbados Dollar Belarus - Minsk - Belorussian Rubel Belgium - Brussels (formerly Belgian Franc) - Euro Belize - Belmopan - Belize Dollar Benin - Porto Novo (official capital); Contonu (seat of govt.) - CFA Franc Bhutan - Thimphu - Ngultrum Bolivia - La Paz (seat of govt.); Sucre (capital and seat of judiciary) - Boliviano Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo - Marka Botswana - Gaborone - Pula Brazil - Brasilia - Real Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan - Brunei Dollar Bulgaria - Sofia - Lev Burundi - Bujumbura - Burundi Franc Cambodia - Phnom Penh - Riel Cameroon - Yaound' - CFA Franc Canada - Ottawa - Canadian Dollar Cape Verde - Praia - Cape Verdean Escudo Central African Republic - Bangui - CFA Franc Chad - N'Djamena - CFA Franc Chile - Santiago - Chilean Peso China - Beijing - Yuan/Renminbi Colombia - Santa Fe de Bogot - Colombian Peso Comoros - Moroni - Franc Congo Dem. Republic of - Kinshasa - Congolese Franc Congo Republic of - Brazzaville - CFA Franc Costa Rica - San Jose - Colon Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro - CFA Franc Croatia - Zagreb - Kuna Cuba - Havana - Cuban Peso Cyprus - Lefkosia (Nicosia) - Euro (Formerly Cyprus pound) -

Dinar Kazakhstan .Berlin .Shekel Italy .Quetzal Guinea .CFA Franc Guyana .Nairobi .Nakfa Estonia .Koruna Denmark .Tokyo .Euro (Formerly French Franc) Gabon .Amman .Won Korea South .Accra .Guyanese Dollar Haiti .Dublin .Tallinn .Djibouti .Birr Finland .San Salvador .Gourde Honduras .Helsinki .Euro (Formerly Drachma) Grenada .Tenge Kenya .Lari Germany .Cedi Greece .East Caribbean Dollar Dominican Republic .Dominican Peso East Timor .Euro (Formerly Kroon) Ethiopia .Libreville .Baghdad .Prague .Australian Dollar Korea North .Kingston .Pyongyang .Budapest .Egyptian Pound El Salvador .Birr Fiji .Dili .Rupee Indonesia .Forint Iceland .Saint George's .Dinar/US Dollar Ireland .Krone Djibouti .Colon / US Dollar Equatorial Guinea .Yen Jordan .CFA Franc Gambia .Seoul .Guinean Franc Guinea Bissau .Tegucigalpa .Dalasi Georgia .Cairo .Santo Domingo .Malabo .Suva (Viti Levu) .US Dollar Egypt .Euro (Formerly Irish Pound) Israel .Paris .New Delhi .Lempira Hungary .CFA Franc Eritrea .Jakarta .Guatemala City .Astana .Banjul .Rupiah Iran .Tehran .US Dollar Ecuador .Asmara (Formerly Asmera) .Georgetown .Roseau .Addis Ababa .Czech Republic .Rome .Bissau .East Caribbean Dollar Guatemala .Euro (Formerly Marka) France .Rial Iraq .Copenhagen .Port-au-Prince .Conakry .T'bilisi .Quito .South Tarawa .Icelandic Krona India .Euro (Formerly Deutsche Mark) Ghana .Athens .Reykjavik .Dinar Japan .Won - .Djibouti Franc Dominica .Jerusalem1 .Euro (Formerly Italian Lira) Jamaica .Kenya Shilling Kiribati .

Us Dollar Mexico .Guarani Peru .Liberian Dollar Libya .Norwegian Krone Oman .Balboa / US Dollar Papua New Guinea .Kuwaiti Dinar Kyrgyzstan .Napalese Rupee Netherlands .Namibian Dollar Nauru .Niamey .Ariary Malawi .Chisinau .Euro (Formerly French Franc) Mongolia .Abuja .Port Moresby .Lima .New Zealand Dollar Nicaragua .Tripoli .Majuro .Monaco Ville .Asuncion .Ringgit Maldives .Kwacha Malaysia .Windhoek .Islamabad .Muscat .Gold Cordoba Niger .New Kip Latvia .Kuala Lumpur4 .Monrovia .Mexico City (Distrito Federal) .Valletta .Wellington .Leu Monaco .Nuevo sol Philippines .Metical Myanmar .Euro Mozambique .Beirut .Tugrik Morocco .Bishkek .Kyat Namibia .Antananarivo .Kuwait City .Palikir .Pristina .US Dollar Moldova .Australian Dollar Nepal .Vilnius .Libyan Dinar Liechtenstein .Maseru .Oslo .CFA Franc Nigeria .Vientiane .Amsterdam .Manila .Padgorica .Litas Luxembourg .Dirham Montenegro .Loti Liberia .CFA Franc Malta .Luxembourg Ville .Rabat .Mexican Peso Micronesia Fed.Vaduz .rufiyaa Mali .Lat Lebanon .Euro (Formerly Dutch Florin) New Zealand .Riga . govt offices in Yaren District .Pakistan Rupee Palau .Euro Kuwait .Swiss Franc Lithuania .Denar Madagascar .Managua .Skopje3 .Lebanese Pound Lesotho .Bamako . States of .Kina Paraguay .Peso - .Rangoon5 .Male .No official capital.Ulaanbaatar .Kosovo .Som Laos .Euro (Formerly Maltese Lira) Marshall Islands .Naira Norway .US Dollar Panama .Lilongwe .Omani Rial Pakistan .Euro (Formerly Luxembourg Franc) Macedonia .Maputo .Kathmandu .Koror .Panama City .

Sri Lanka Rupee Sudan .CFA Franc Tonga .Nuku'alofa .Bucharest .Dinar Suriname .Dobra Saudi Arabia .Madrid .Rand Spain .Funafuti10 .Manat Tuvalu .Qatari Riyal Romania .Khartoum .Victoria .Lilangeni Sweden .Tala San Marino .Surinamese Dollar Swaziland .Leu Russia .UAE Dirham - .Euro (Formerly Slovenian Tolar) Solomon Islands .Abu Dhabi .Doha .San Marino .Basseterre .Moscow .Australian dollar Uganda .Taiwan New Dollar Tajikistan .CFA Franc Serbia .Ankara .Euro (Formerly Italian Lira) Sao Tome and Principe .Seychelles Dollar Sierra Leone .Honiara .Lisbon .Leone Singapore .Ugandan New Shilling Ukraine .Dar es Salaam9 .Trinidad and Tobago Dollar Tunisia .East Caribbean Dollar St.San Juan .Bern .Euro (Formerly Escudo) Puerto Rico .Mogadishu .Belgrade .Rwanda Franc St.Sao Tome .Colombo7 .Kampala .East Caribbean Dollar St.Singapore .Ashgabat .US Dollar Qatar .Lome .Singapore Dollar Slovakia .Solomon Islands Dollar Somalia .Swiss Franc Syria .Damascus .Bangkok .East Caribbean Dollar Samoa .Dakar .Ruble Rwanda .Warsaw .Bratislava .Pa'anga Trinidad and Tobago .Yugoslav new dinar Seychelles .Turkish New Lira (YTL) Turkmenistan .Riyadh .Castries . Vincent & the Grenadines .Kingstown .Euro (Formerly Peseta) Sri Lanka .Poland .Baht Togo .Koruna Slovenia .Hryvna United Arab Emirates .Port-of-Spain .Mbabane8 .Paramaribo .Tunisian Dinar Turkey .Zloty Portugal .Krona Switzerland .Kiev .Kigali .Ljubljana .Stockholm .Dushanbe .Tanzanian Shilling Thailand .Freetown .Riyal Senegal .Apia .Pretoria6 .Syrian Pound Taiwan .Taipei .Somali Shilling South Africa .Somoni Tanzania .Tunis . Lucia . Kitts and Nevis .

Lusaka .Caracas .London .Dong Yemen .Port-Vila (Efate) .Montevideo .Sana .Vatu Vatican City (Holy See) .Bolivars Vietnam .Uruguay Peso Uzbekistan .Harare .Washington DC .Tashkent (Toshkent) .Euro (Formerly Italian Lira) Venezuela .Uzbekistani Som Vanuatu .Vatican City .Rial Zambia .Zimbabwean dollar Read more: http://wiki.United Kingdom .Hanoi .Pound Sterling United State .answers.com/Q/Can_you_List_world_countries_their_capitals_and_currencies #ixzz1Uhy1hRvl Albania Belgium Bulgaria Canada Croatia Czech Rep Denmark Estonia France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Italy Latvia .Kwacha Zimbabwe .US Dollar Uruguay .

Kuwait. and Venezuela. Ecuador. Libya. OPEC ( /ˈoʊpɛk/ OH-pek. one of the principal goals is the determination of the best means for safeguarding the organization's interests. Iran. OPEC has maintained its headquarters in Vienna since 1965. Indonesia withdrew in 2008 after it became a net importer of oil. Saudi Arabia. Angola. Iraq. and a fair return on their capital to those investing in the petroleum industry. Nigeria. also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance. individually and collectively.[4] . giving due regard at all times to the interests of the producing nations and to the necessity of securing a steady income to the producing countries. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) is an intergovernmental organization of twelve developing countries made up of Algeria. Belgium. an efficient and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations.Lithuania Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Turkey United Kingdom United States The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO ( /ˈneɪtoʊ/ NAY-toh. French: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord (OTAN)). Qatar. is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.[2] and hosts regular meetings among the oil ministers of its Member Countries. the United Arab Emirates. but stated it would likely return if it became a net exporter again.[3] and the organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.[3] According to its statutes. It also pursues ways and means of ensuring the stabilization of prices in international oil markets with a view to eliminating harmful and unnecessary fluctuations. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels.

affording them considerable control over the global market. concerns that OPEC members had little excess pumping capacity sparked speculation that their influence on crude oil prices would begin to slip.C. This explanation encompasses OPEC actions both before and after the outbreak of hostilities in October 1973. Prior to the G-20 creation. international co-operation. the North Sea. Two subsequent meetings comprising a larger .[6] The next largest group of producers. The inaugural meeting of the G-20 took place in Berlin. As of November 2010. Its aim was to involve non-G-7 countries in the resolution of global aspects of the financial crisis then affecting emerging-market countries. on December 15-16. By contributing to the strengthening of the international financial architecture and providing opportunities for dialogue on national policies.8% and 14. of the world's total oil production. and international financial institutions.”[5] OPEC's ability to control the price of oil has diminished somewhat since then. Arab members of OPEC alarmed the developed world when they used the “oil weapon” during the Yom Kippur War by implementing oil embargoes and initiating the 1973 oil crisis. and concludes that “OPEC countries were only 'staying even' by dramatically raising the dollar price of oil. Canada. members of the OECD and the Post-Soviet states produced only 23. these changes were triggered largely by previous unilateral changes in the world financial system and the ensuing period of high inflation in both the developed and developing world. the G-20 helps to support growth and development across the globe. since it became effective in determining production and prices.OPEC's influence on the market has been widely criticized. Origins The G-20 was created as a response both to the financial crises of the late 1990s and to a growing recognition that key emerging-market countries were not adequately included in the core of global economic discussion and governance.8%.[8] [9] The Group of Twenty (G-20) Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors was established in 1999 to bring together systemically important industrialized and developing economies to discuss key issues in the global economy. due to the subsequent discovery and development of large oil reserves in Alaska. from OPEC’s point of view[citation needed]. the Gulf of Mexico. hosted by German and Canadian finance ministers. similar groupings to promote dialogue and analysis had been established at the initiative of the G-7. the opening up of Russia. and market modernization. 1999. Although largely political explanations for the timing and extent of the OPEC price increases are also valid.[7] As early as 2003. The G-22 met at Washington D. respectively. Mandate The G-20 is the premier forum for our international economic development that promotes open and constructive discussion between industrial and emerging-market countries on key issues related to global economic stability. in April and October 1998. OPEC members collectively hold 79% of world crude oil reserves and 44% of the world’s crude oil production.

To ensure global economic fora and institutions work together. The G-20's economic weight and broad membership gives it a high degree of legitimacy and influence over the management of the global economy and financial system. member countries represent around 90 per cent of global gross national product. Such a regular dialogue with a constant set of partners was institutionalized by the creation of the G-20 in 1999. Membership The G-20 is made up of the finance ministers and central bank governors of 19 countries: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China France Germany India Indonesia Italy Japan Mexico Russia Saudi Arabia South Africa Republic of Korea Turkey United Kingdom United States of America The European Union.group of participants (G-33) held in March and April 1999 discussed reforms of the global economy and the international financial system. the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the President of the World Bank. who is represented by the rotating Council presidency and the European Central Bank. plus the chairs of the International Monetary and Financial Committee and Development Committee of the IMF and World Bank. Achievements . 80 per cent of world trade (including EU intra-trade) as well as two-thirds of the world's population. also participate in G-20 meetings on an ex-officio basis. The G-20 thus brings together important industrial and emerging-market countries from all regions of the world. The proposals made by the G-22 and the G-33 to reduce the world economy's susceptibility to crises showed the potential benefits of a regular international consultative forum embracing the emerging-market countries. is the 20th member of the G-20. Together.

but the G-15 does have a Technical Support Facility (TSF) located in Geneva. presumably out of the conviction that human welfare will be enhanced as a consequence. and technology. the present . and Asia with a common goal of enhanced growth and prosperity.[5] Annual meetings of Ministers of Foreign Affairs — G-15 Ministers of Foreign Affairs typically meet once a year to coordinate group activities and to prepare for the nest summit of G-15 leaders.[4]By design. It is composed of countries from North America. South America. with the venue being rotated among the three developing regions of the G-15 membership. including (a) a shared set of normative and principled beliefs. but the name has remained unchanged. Africa.[4] The G-15 membership is marked by a range of attributes and factors. the G-15 has avoided establishing an administrative structure like those for international organizations. a set of common practices associated with a set of problems to which their group competence is directed.The Group of 15 (G-15)[1] was established at the Ninth Non-Aligned Movement Summit Meeting in Belgrade. (b) shared causal beliefs.that is. which provide a value-based rationale for the social action of community members. (c) shared notions of validity — that is. The membership of the G15 has expanded to 18 countries. internally defined criteria for weighing and validating knowledge in the domain of their expertise. The G15 focuses on cooperation among developing countries in the areas of investment. The TSF provides necessary support for the activities of the G-15 and for its objectives. This informal forum was set up to foster cooperation and provide input for other international groups. such as the World Trade Organization and the Group of Eight. which are derived from their analysis of practices leading or contributing to a central set of problems in their domain and which then serve as the basis for elucidating the multiple linkages between posible policy actions and desired outcomes. and (d) a common policy enterprise -.[5] Other organs and functions of the G-15 include: • • • Summit of Heads of State and Government — The G-15’s summit is organized biennially. trade. intersubjective.[3] [edit] Structure and activities The G-15 is intended to be an informal forum for discussions involving an intentional community or an epistemic community. such as the United Nations or the World Bank.[5] Steering Committee (Troika) — A Steering Committee or Troika is composed of three Foreign Ministers. The TSF functions under the direction of the Chairman for the current year. Yugoslavia in September 1989. one from the preceding summit host country.

002.895. Industry and Services (FCCIS) is a private sector forum of G-15 member countries. the chairmanship of the G-15 was accepted by Sri Lanka at the conclusion of the 14th G-15 summit in Tehran.[6] Contents [hide] • • • • • • • 1 Structure and activities 2 Members countries and organizations 3 G-15 Summits 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links [edit] Members countries and organizations Region Foreign Minister Population Minister of Abdelaziz Mourad Algeria President Foreign 34.420. the Federation of Chambers of Commerce.711. economic development and joint investment in G-15 nations.000 Tantawi Affairs Minister of Moses Kenya President Mwai Kibaki Foreign 39.597 Wade Niang Affairs Minister of Zimba Robert Samuel President Foreign 12.[5] In addition.• host country and the up-anticipated next host countries.000 Bouteflika Medelci Affairs Mohamed Minister of Egypt President Hussein Foreign Nabil Elaraby 77. The purpose of the FCCIS is to coordinate and maximize efforts which promote business.[5] Personal Representatives of Heads of State and Government — Each member country is represented by Personal Representatives of Heads of State and Government who meet regularly in Geneva.[5] In 2010.772 Wetangula Affairs Africa Minister of Goodluck Henry Odein Nigeria President Foreign 155.000 bwe Mugabe Mumbengegwi Affairs Member Leader .215.000 Jonathan Ajumogobia Affairs Minister of Abdoulaye Madické Senegal President Foreign 13.521. These three are responsible for oversight and coordination.

196. President Fernández de na International Kirchner Trade and Worship Minister of Dilma Brazil President External Rousseff Relations Latin Minister of America Sebastián Chile President Foreign and Piñera Affairs the Caribbean Secretary of Felipe Mexico President Foreign Calderón Affairs Minister of Jamaic Prime Bruce Foreign a Minister Golding Affairs Minister of Venezu President Hugo Chavez Foreign ela Affairs Minister of Prime Manmohan India External Minister Singh Affairs Susilo Minister of Indone President Bambang Foreign sia Yudhoyono Affairs Asia Minister of Mahmoud Iran President Foreign Ahmadinejad Affairs Minister of Malays Prime Najib Tun Foreign ia Minister Razak Affairs Minister of Sri Mahinda President Foreign Lanka Rajapaksa Affairs Jorge Taiana 40.310.180.000 20.928 26.859.000 [edit] G-15 Summits Date 1st G-15 summit 2nd G-15 summit 3rd G-15 summit 1–3 June 1990 27–29 November 1991 21–23 November 1992 Host country Host city Host Kuala Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad Lumpur Venezuel Caracas a Senegal Dakar .369. Krishna 1.843 S.000 28.814. M.251.000 Marty Natalegawa Manouchehr Mottaki Anifah Aman G. Peiris 231.211.000 111.500 74.000 17.425 Antonio Patriota Alfredo Moreno Patricia Espinosa Kenneth Baugh Nicolás Maduro 192. L.063.Ministry of Foreign Cristina Argenti Affairs.789 2.825.238.134.

^ Aims and Objectives. "Lanka Heads Powerful G-15 Serving Collective Interests. p. ^ a b The official website adopts the "G-15" orthography (with a hyphen) in order to distinguish an abbreviated reference to this group -. 2." May 20. ^ a b c d e f About the G-15 6. 184 at Google Books 5. ^ Prematillake. . Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. Tharindu. 2010. Bob et al." The Nation (Colombo). ^ a b Reinalda. ^ PressTV: "Iran to Host G15 Summit. May 22. 4.4th G-15 summit 5th G-15 summit 6th G-15 summit 7th G-15 summit 8th G-15 summit 9th G-15 summit 10th G-15 summit 11th G-15 summit 12th G-15 summit 13th G-15 summit 14th G-15 summit 15th G-15 summit 28–30 March 1994 5–7 November 1995 3–5 November 1996 28 October – 5 November 1997 11–13 May 1998 10–12 February 1999 19–20 June 2000 30–31 May 2001 27–28 February 2004 14 September 2006 17 May 2010 2012 India}] a e Argentin Buenos Aires Zimbabw Harare Malaysia Egypt Jamaica Egypt Kuala Lumpur Cairo Montego Bay Cairo Hosni Mubarak Robert Mugabe Mahathir Mohamad Hosni Mubarak Indonesia Jakarta Venezuel a Cuba Iran Caracas Havana Tehran Hugo Chavez Raul Castro Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Mahinda Rajapaksa Sri Lanka Colombo [edit] See also • Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP) [edit] Notes 1. 2010. G-15 website 3.contrasts with other similarly named entities. (1998).

Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. "Introduction. Reinalda.M.1:1-35.10-ISBN 020345085X. (1998).Part I Part II Part III (Free PressTV documentary) IMF [hide]v · d · eNations in the Group of 15 (G-15) Algeria Argentina Brazil e-filing of documents Chile Egypt India Indonesia Iran Jamaica Import manifest or Import Report Entry Inwards .[edit] References • • Haas. OCLC 39013643 [edit] External links • • • G-15 official website G-15 Summit in Tehran . Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. London: Routledge. 13-ISBN 9780203450857." International Organization 46. P. 10-ISBN 0415164869/13-ISBN 9780415164863. (1992). Epistemic communities and international policy coordination.

Risk Management System Bill of Entry for home consumption on payment of customs duty Bill of Entry for warehousing .

examination and assessment Bond Out of customs charge order Demurrage if clearance from port delayed .Noting.

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