Romero, John Terrence M.

Dapitan (Mindanao) – place managed by Jesuits where Rizal was exiled Rizal kept communication with: 1. His family 2. Fellow reformists 3. Eminent scientists and scholars of Europe Beginning of Exile in Dapitan Cebu – steamer which brought Rizal to Dapitan - Carried a letter from Fr. Pablo Pastells (Superior of the Jesuit Society of the Philippines) to Fr. Antonio Obach which states that Rizal could live at the parish convent if he will a. Retract his errors regarding religion b. Perform church rites & make a general confession c. Conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and man of religion

P20,000 – lottery prize; P6,200 of it was given to Rizal; P2,000 of his share he gave to his father and P200 to Basa, the rest he invested thru purchasing agricultural lands from the coast of Talisay Three (3) pesetas – amount Rizal allotted for lottery tickets every month Rizal – Pastells Debate on Religion The debate started when Pastells sent Rizal a book by Sarda along with an advice that Rizal should desist from his majaderas (foolishness) in viewing religion from the perspective of individual judgement and self-esteem The debate can be read in four (4) letters. Rizal was bitter against the friars because they commit abuses under the cloak of religion. Father Pastells tried to bring back to Catholicism Rizal by telling him that human intelligence is limited, thus he needs the guidance of God. Behind the debate, Pastells and Rizal were friends as evidently pictured when: 1. Pastells gave Rizal a copy of Imitacion de Cristo by Fr. Thomas a Kempis 2. Rizal gave Pastells a bust of St. Paul which he had made

Captain Ricardo Carnicero – in his home did Rizal stay; he was good to Rizal; he gave good reports about Rizal and gave him complete freedom (proved Rizal continued to hear mass and celebrate by his permission for Rizal to ride religious events. his chestnut horse.) A Don Ricardo Carnicero – poem which Rizal wrote for Captain Carnicero on his birthday Wins in Manila Lottery Butuan – mail boat which brought the news about Rizal’s winning in the lottery Lottery Ticket No. 9736 – second-prize winning ticket jointly owned by Rizal, Capt. Carnicero & Francisco Equilior (Spaniard from Dipolog)

Rizal Challenges a Frenchman to a Duel Mr. Juan Lardet – a French businessman whom Rizal had a conflict Lardet purchased logs from Rizal’s lands of which some are of poor quality. Lardet was disgusted of the business deal and expressed this in a letter to Antonio Miranda. Miranda showed Rizal the letter which made Rizal angry, eventually challenging Lardet into a duel. Captain Carnicero heard of this and advised Lardet to apologize for he would not win against Rizal

Though the operation was surrounded by fruit trees. the infection was immediately Rizal’s Encounter with the Friar’s Spy treated. forwarded it to Governor General Blanco who. Nephews Teodosio.M. Rizal’s and about 30 years old who was favorite teacher at Ateneo de Manila hired by the Recollect friars to spy on Rizal’s activities Though Sanchez failed to persuade Rizal to discard unorthodox views. The spy stayed in Dapitan and spread talks among the people that he was a relative to Rizal. as evidence of kinship. sent the spy away. Jose Vilaclara. impostor to Captain Juan Sitges (successor of Carnicero) Rizal and Father Sanchez Sitges ordered Pablo Mercado’s arrest and told In his aspiration to reconcile Rizal with the Anastacio Adriatico to investigate him Church. Cura of Dipolog Florencio Namanan – a. single 3. Idyllic Life in Dapitan As Physician in Dapitan Among his family members who visited Rizal were: Rizal continued practicing medicine in Dapitan.because he was expert in fencing and pistol shooting. Fr.a Pablo Mercado. he helped Rizal in beautifying However. Father Obach. Sitges stopped the investigation and the town plaza. his mother had a wound infection after hospital for his patients. 1. Estanislao.k. Francisco Paula de Sanchez. Don Ignacio Tumarong – Rizal’s patient who was able to see again after his operation. The next day. Pablo Mercado – assumed name of the spy who visited Rizal at his house and pretended to be a relative by showing a photo of Rizal and a pair of buttons with the initials P. he patients. ignoring Rizal’s instruction of not removing the bandages. His mother Most of his patients were poor so he gave them 2. Cura of Dapitan 2. His sisters Trinidad. in turn. he paid Rizal P3. 3. he offered the spy Rizal prescribed medicinal plants to his poor to spend the night at his house. wanted to throw the spy outside but considering his values and late hour of the night. Estudios sobre la lengua tagala – manuscript which Rizal gave to Sanchez on his birthday The secret mission of Pablo Mercado was not an assassination attempt but espionage only. and a successful. Fr. in turn he gave Rizal a the patriots in Manila. a school for boys. Maria and Narcisa free medicine as well. Mauricio and Prudencio Dona Teodora and Maria lived with Rizal for a year and a half.000 Don Florencio Azcarraga – rich hacendero of Aklan who was cured of eye The spy offered to be Rizal’s courier of letters for ailment. Lardet wrote an apology letter to Rizal which Rizal Rizal went to the comandancia and reported the accepted. 1. However. kept the issue as highly confidential. Rizal became suspicious and cargo of sugar. . Father Pastells sent to Dapitan: immediately. It is here when Rizal operated his Rizal built a house by the seashore of Talisay mother’s right eye.

he received scientific books and surgical instruments. archaeological. Russian During recess. Draco rizali (a flying dragon) b. H. Apogonia rizali (a small beetle) c. The lighting system consisted of: a. Arabic 22. Japanese p. boxing. swimming. Rhacophorus rizali (a rare frog) 3. Coconut oil lamps 3. stone-throwing. 4.F. writing. Built up a rich collection of concology (consisting of 346 shells of 203 species) 2. Greek 18. Equipped the town with lighting system using P500 one of his patients paid him. and 4:00 8. Contributions to Science Mr. To pursue his artistic activities.m. pupils built fires to drive away insects. industrial 5. languages 3. Latin 17. Subanum 3. students had gymnastics. nature study. Bisayan 14. stones and grass Rizal as Teacher He had 1. Artistic Works in Dapitan Outside class hours. morals and gymnastics. He also applied the “emperor” system like 9. Malay languages 16 of his pupils did not pay tuition. Portuguese that of Ateneo 10. arnis and boating. Bisayan 3 pupils who increased to 16 and eventually 21. Drained the marshes to get rid of malaria that was infesting Dapitan 2. Rizal 1. history. English 19. Rizal made them work in his He knew by that time 22 languages as follows gardens and construction projects. French 20.Water System for Dapitan Hymn to Talisay As a perito agrimensor (expert surveyor). Contributed paintings to the Sisters of Charity who were preparing the sanctuary of the Holy Virgin . 6. geological and geographical studies. It began with 1. Rizal learned in Dapitan: Rizal established in Dapitan a school. ethnographical. Ilokano 13. Dutch mathematics (arithmetic and geometry). Rizal . 2. Discovered rare specimens like: a. Swedish 11. Chinese Formal classes were between 2:00 p. Cameron – American engineer who praised Rizal for his engineering ingenuity. Spanish 16. Beautified the town of Dapitan by remodeling the town plaza and making a huge relief map of Mindanao out of earth. Conducted anthropological. Sanskrit (Spanish and English). Italian 7. wrestling. Instead of charging them fees.m. Subanum 15. In turn. Continuing his study of languages. Community Projects for Dapitan Rizal had 1.A poem Rizal wrote in honor of Talisay applied his engineering knowledge by constructing which he made his pupils sing a system of waterworks to furnish clean water to the townspeople. German 21. geography. Hebrew Rizal taught them reading. Linguistic Studies Rizal sent specimens he found to the museum of Europe especially the Dresden Museum. 1. Catalan work. Tagalog 12. pruned fruit trees and manured the soil. Malay 2.

Dona Teodora returned to Manila.000 coconut trees and numerous fruit trees. Rizal also engaged in lime manufacturing. Rizal as Businessman Ramon Carreon – Rizal’s business partner in Dapitan Rizal made profitable business ventures in fishing. Paul for Father Pastells Rizal as Farmer Rizal acquired total land holdings of 70 hectares where 6. was eaten by a crocodile 4. Modeled a statuette called “The Mother’s Revenge” to stress the moral of the incident where a puppy of his dog. Rizal and Josephine Bracken decided to get married but Father Obach refused to marry them without the permission of Bishop of Cebu. he met Josephine. Mr. she regretted neglecting her muses. Josephine accompanied Mr. Taufer tried to commit suicide by cutting off his throat with a razor but Rizal was able to prevent this. He planned to establish an agricultural colony in Sitio Ponot because it was ideal for raising cacao. Rizal’s Inventive Ability Among Rizal’s inventions were: 1. He organized the Cooperative Association of Dapitan Farmers to break Chinese monopoly. coffee. Their limeburner had a monthly capacity of more than 400 bags of lime. He purchased hemp in Dapitan at P7 and 4 reales per picul and he sold it to Manila at P10 and 4 reales. A wooden machine for making bricks “My Retreat” Upon restoring her eyesight. She requested Rizal to write poetry. Manuela Orlac – Filipina companion who accompanied Josephine Bracken to Dapitan. Rizal and Josephine Bracken The death of Leonor Rivera left a poignant void in Rizal’s heart. George Taufer – man who adopted Josephine after her mother died of childbirth Mr. Constructed a statue of a girl called “The Dapitan Girl”. Made sketches of persons and things that attracted him in Dapitan 3. This is how Josephine and Rizal met. Hemp industry – Rizal’s most profitable business. In his loneliness. copra and hemp industries. corn. 1. Mr. James Bracken and Elizabeth Jane MacBride – Josephine’s parents who are both Irish in citizenship Mr.2. Syria. Taufer became blind so he sought for an ophthalmic specialist. Taufer back to Manila. Seeing how busy Rizal is. As a response. Once he shipped 150 bales of hemp to Manila. Made a bust of St. coconuts and cattle. Cigarette lighter which he sent as a gift to Blumentritt called “sulpukan” 2. Josephine Bracken – Irish girl of sweet eighteen who was born on Hong Kong. Hearing of the planned marriage and unable to endure the thought of losing Josephine. To avoid a tragedy. a woodcarving of Josephine Bracken (Rizal’s wife) 5. Taufer returned to . sugarcane.000 hemp plants. Rizal wrote “Mi Retiro” relating his serene life as an exile in Dapitan. this did not materialize due to lack of support from the government. coffee and cacao were planted. However.

“The Song of the Traveler” Upon receiving the acceptance of his offer to go to Europe then to Cuba to help in the curing of He stayed in Dapitan for four years. Pio Valenzuela – emissary to Dapitan in order to inform Rizal of the plan of Katipunan during the meeting at a little river called Bitukang Manok. Governor Blanco later notified Rizal of the acceptance of the offer. Arms and funds must first be collected before raising the cry of revolution. Angelica (Narcisa’s daughter). He was named and six pupils. As farewell. thirteen days and a few hours. his three nephews The baby lived for only three hours. Volunteers as Military Doctor in Cuba When Cuba was under revolution and raging yellow fever epidemic. Rizal played a prank on Josephine Rizal was accompanied by Josephine. the town brass of Dapitan played the Rizal and the Katipunan dolorous Funeral March of Chopin. he wrote a poem “El Canto del Viajero” Adios. “Francisco” in honor of Rizal’s father. patients suffering yellow fever. However. The notification came along with an instruction of acquiring first a pass for Manila from the politico-military commander of Dapitan. . Narcisa. Venus – steamer Valenzuela boarded to reach Dapitan Raymundo Mata – blind man who came with Valenzuela to camouflage his mission Rizal objected Bonifacio’s project because: 1. Rizal and Josephine married themselves before the eyes of God. Rizal wrote to Governor General Ramon Blanco offering his services as military doctor. Dapitan España – steamer which brought Rizal to Manila from Dapitan The two were happy for they were expecting for a baby. making her give birth to an eight-month baby boy. The people are not ready for a revolution 2.Hong Kong alone while Josephine stayed with the Rizals in Manila. Having no priests to marry them.

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