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HCA 240 Appendix E

HCA 240 Appendix E

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Appendix E HCA/240 Version 4

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Axia College Material
Appendix E
For this assignment, complete this chart to create an easy-to-read reference that will help you understand how the two forms of diabetes mellitus differ. Maintaining proper levels of insulin is critical for diabetes patients. The means by which insulin can be regulated depends upon which type of diabetes a patient has. Complete the chart with a 25- to 50-word response for each box. Form of diabetes Age of onset Defects in insulin and effects on glucose metabolism Risk factors Prevention and treatment

Type I: Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

Usually prior to age 30

Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

Family history, genetics, and geography are risk factors for Type I diabetes. People living in Finland and Sardinia have the highest incidence of type 1 diabetes — about two to three times higher than rates in the United States and 400 times that of people living in Venezuela. Weight, fat distribution, inactivity, family history, race, age, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes are all risk factors for noninsulin

Treatment for type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment to taking insulin, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight, eating healthy foods, and monitoring blood sugar. There is currently no known way to prevent the disease.

Type II: Noninsulindependent diabetes mellitus

Usually after age 45

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose). Your body either resists the effects of

Treatment for type 2 diabetes requires a lifelong commitment to blood sugar monitoring, healthy eating, regular exercise, and diabetes

HCA/240

Appendix E HCA/240 Version 4

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insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.

dependent diabetes mellitus. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is higher than normal.

medication or insulin therapy. Healthy lifestyle choices can help you prevent type 2 diabetes. Eat healthy foods, get physical, and lose excess pounds.

HCA/240

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