STRUCTURES - II
Assoc Prof Bülent AKBAŞ
Assoc.Prof.Bülent

Crown Hall at IIT Campus
Chicago . Illinois
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Department of Earthquake and
St t l Engineering
Structural
E i
i

Composite Beams
and
d Shear
Sh
St d
Studs

Composite Beams and Shear Studs

•Composite Beams
•Nominal Bending Strength of Fully Composite Beams
•Nominal Bending Strength of Fully Composite Beams
•Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite Beams for Deflection
Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite Beams for Deflection
Calculation

Composite Beams

Composite Beams .

Composite Beams .

Composite Beams .

Composite Beams .

Composite Beams .

Composite Beams .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams .

Effective slab depth .Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams b hr tc=Ycon‐hr Ycon Concrete below the top of the top of the deck is neglected deck ribs perpendicular (beam) b hr tc=Ycon‐hr/2 Ycon average thickness can be used deck ribs parallel (girder) Figure .

85 f c' a tc=YYcon‐h hr hr Y2 C = 0.Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams b 0.85 f c'ba ((compression) p ) e d PNA  (plastic neutral axis) In this case the concrete compression flange thickness “a”  is less than the slab thickness T = f y As (tension) Fy Y2=Ycon‐a/2 PNA in concrete slab M n = Ce = Te .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams b 0.85 f c' a tc=Ycon‐hr hr Y2 Y1 Cc = 0.85 f c' Ac (Y1 + Y2 ) + 2b f FyY1 ( 1 ) + As Fy ( − Y1 )] φb = 0.90 .85 f c' Ac (compression) C fl = b f Y1 Fy (compression) PNA  d (plastic neutral axis) Tb = f y Ast = f y As − b f Y1 Fy (tension) Fy Ac = ab Y2=Ycon‐a/2 PNA within beam flange PNA within Y1 = Fy As − 0.85 f c' Ac 2b f Fy Y 2 d 2 φb M n = φb [(0.

85 f c' a tc=Ycon‐hr hr Y2 C fl (compression) Y1 d Cc = 0.90 .85 f c' Ac − 2b f t f Fy 2t w Fy +tf φb M n = φb [(0.Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams b 0.85 f c' Ac (Y1 + Y2 ) + 2b f t f Fy (Y1 − tf 2 ) + 2t w Fy (Y1 − t f )( Y1 − t f 2 d ) + As Fy ( − Y1 )] 2 φb = 0.85 f c' Ac (compression) Cw (compression) PNA PNA  Tb (tension) (plastic neutral axis) Fy Y2=Ycon‐a/2 PNA within beam web PNA within Y1 = f y As − 0.

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams (MPa) 21 MPa 21 MPa 21 MPa 42 MPa 525 MPa 70 MPa 70 MPa .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams kN kN tension area .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Fully Composite Beams .

5 mm 16 26 16x26 23.Example 2250 mm 28 MPa 82.960 mm 4 960 399 399 mm .2 mm +Ycon‐a/2=308mm / 382 kNm 250MP 250MPa 2 4.5 mm 120 mm 37.

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Partially Composite Beams .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Partially Composite Beams .

Nominal Bending (Flexural) Strength of Partially Composite Beams .

000 MPa Ec = 0.5t/m3 ( MPa ) for 1.5t/m3 .043w1c .5 f c' (kg/m3) (Mpa) Ec = 4700 f c' ( MPa ) For wc > 2.Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite Beams for Deflection Calculation (mm) 200 000 MPa 200.44 t/m3< wc < 2.

Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation .

Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation mm2 mm2 .

Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation .

Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation .

Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation .

Commentary I3.1 .Elastic Behavior and Moment of Inertia of Composite  Beams for Deflection Calculation AISC 360‐05 .

Shear Connectors .

Shear Connectors mm2 mm2 .

Shear Connectors .

Shear Connectors .

Shear Connectors .

Shear Connectors .

Shear Connectors kN kN .

Shear Connectors Top flange .

Shear Connectors .

5cm 4.Shear Connectors 345MPa 28MPa =450MPa) 12cm 7.80kN/m2 1.0kN/m2 .

80m .95m 12cm 7.65m=10.5cm 12.Shear Connectors 3.

80x3.00)x3.2m 12cm 3 60kN/m2 3.65=3.80kN/m2 3.65=16.65=17.43kN/m =4.52kN/m =(3 60+0 40)x3 65=14 60kN/m =(3.65m =4.60+0.Shear Connectors 3.60kN/m =(1.5cm .40kN/m2 =4.50x3.65=14.50kN/m2 4.65kN/m 7.40)x3.60kN/m 0.50kN/m2 0.

75*12.95kN/m 47.6 kN 33.95*12.2x16.80=305.Shear Connectors =1.802=695.75*12.6x17.43+17.802=977.95*12.52 =47 75kN/m =47.52 =16.75kN/m =33 95kN/m =33.80=217.92 kNm 47.28 kN .30 kNm 33.43+1.

Shear Connectors 28MPa =345MPa mm =450MPa) .

65/2)}=3. (3.85 x 28 x 3200 = 39.45mm = 120mm .Shear Connectors {12.66 0.20m 345 x 8709.80/4.65/2+3.

30 kNm 728.Shear Connectors 458.64mm 345 x 8709.30 kNm .9 x 1216  1216/1.72 195 39.92 kNm 1094.1 kNm > 695.4 kNm > 977.66 x 404.1 kNm > 695.45 404.64 = 1216 kNm 0.67  1094.4 kNm > 977.92 kNm 728.

043(2400 kg / m )1.Shear Connectors Ec = 0.348 x109 mm 4 0.72mm .66 * 458.10mm d = 458.46 = 430mm 52.5 28 = 26.5 f c' = 0.62 2 ] 12 I tr = 1.000 MPa 8709.62mm 75mm I tr = [2.72 / 2) 2 ] 430 x1203 +[ + 120 x 430 x52.10 − 458.66 + (120 * 430) beff / n = 3200 mm 3.964 x108 + 8709.10mm 8709.043wc1.66(541.011x109 mm 4 120mm yb = 541.72 / 2 + (120 * 430)(458.753MPa 3 n= Es = 7.75 I trt = 1.46 Ec Es = 200.2m / 7.72 + 75 + 120 / 2) yb = = 541.

75 I tr ) 384( 200.000)(1.800 Δ= = = 30 .56mm 384 E (0.K. 29 mm < = = 35. .011x109 ) 360 360 O.52 N / mm x12.800 4 12.Shear Connectors L 5wL L4 5 x17.

9(F 0 9(FyZx)=0.36 12.307 )/1 67=(345x1 486 307mm3)/1.307mm )=0 9(345x1 486 307mm3) =461.80 802=478.2x14.9(345x1.25kN/m 23 36*12 23.80 18 25*12 802=373.41 kNm =478 41 kNm 0.36kN/m =18.60+3.5kNm<478.67 1 67 =307.486.25*12.Shear Connectors =1.6x3.67=(345x1.65 =23.486.76 kNm =373 76 kNm (FyZx)/1.65 =14.1kNm<373.41kNm 18.76kNm .60+1.

Shear Connectors mm .

35 t = 120mm 401.Shear Connectors 345 x 10.33 =1.33mm 345 x 10.451.451.447.85 x 28 x 3200 460 195‐ = 47. x 401.59 0.2 kNm .35mm < 47.

2/1.92 kNm 866.30 kNm .447.5 kNm > 977.6 kNm > 695.Shear Connectors 0.9 x 1.447.302.2  1.67  1.

59 (345)==3.Shear Connectors 0.85x28x3200x47.35=3.5 977.302.92 1.606kN 1.606kN 10.33 (33% over‐strength) .451.

92kNm 977.Shear Connectors 977.92kNm .

Shear Connectors

kN

kN

partially composite beam

Shear Connectors

Shear Connectors

Shear Connectors .

20mm 2 2 .55(3.606) = 1.983.85(28)(3.92kNm Also assume 55% composite action As Fy = (10452)(345) = 3.04mm 0.000 N = = 26.Shear Connectors try to make 977.606 kN for a W18x55 beam ∑Q = 0.983 kN a' = ∑Q n n 0.04 = 195 − = 181.200) a' 26.85 f c'beff Y2 = Ycon − 1.

K .92kNm 706kNm > 695.179kNm 1.061kNm > 977.26)(345)(12.00mm O.30kNm φb = 0.30)( ) + (10.30 460 M n = [(0.20) + 2(191.85 f c' Ac 2b f Fy = 345(10.452)(345)( − 12.04) = 12.452) − 0.30)] 2 2 M n = 1.85(28)(3200 x 26.26)345 12.30mm < t f = 16. 2(191.30 + 181.04)(12.Shear Connectors Assume that Y1 is within the top flange of the beam: Y1 = Fy As − 0.67 .85(28)(3200 x 26.90 Ω b = 1.

452 x 460 / 2 + (120 x 430)(460 + 75 + 120 / 2) = 533.46 = 430mm 61.Shear Connectors Ec = 0.5 f c' = 0.043(2400 kg / m )1.452 + (120 x 430) beff / n = 3200 mm 3.590 x109 mm 4 0.000 MPa yb = 10.193 x109 mm 4 120mm yb = 533.043wc1.52 ] 12 I tr = 1.753MPa 3 n= Es = 7.5mm 10.75 I tr = 1.2m / 7.704 x108 + 10.5mm 75mm I tr = [3.452(533.5 28 = 26.5 − 460 / 2) 2 ] 430 x1203 +[ + 120 x 430 x61.5mm d = 460mm .46 Ec Es = 200.

K.56mm 384 E (0.193 x109 ) 360 360 O.000)(1.52 N / mm x12. 67 mm < = = 35.800 4 12.Shear Connectors L 5wL L4 5 x17.75 I tr ) 384(200. .800 Δ= = = 25 .

351mm )=0 9(345x1 835 351mm3) =570kNm<478.800 4 L 12.Shear Connectors W 18x55 =1.351 )/1 67=(345x1 835 351mm3)/1.67=(345x1.704 x108 ) 360 360 O.K.800 Δ= = = 17 .56mm 384 E ( I x ) 384(200.65 N / mm x12.6x3.41 kNm =478 41 kNm 18.60+3.80 18 25*12 802=373.41kNm (FyZx)/1.9(F 0 9(FyZx)=0.25kN/m 23 36*12 23.835.65 =23.36 12.67 1 67 =379kNm<373.36kN/m =18.2x14.9(345x1.60+1.835.76kNm 5wL L4 5 x3.80 802=478.76 kNm =373 76 kNm W 18x55 0. 22 mm < = = 35.25*12.65 =14.000)(3. .

30 m upper flute 6 x19 = 114 mm 8 x120 = 960 lower flute mm Note: usual rib (deck flute)  spacing is about 150mm .5 (use 26)  26 x 2 = 52 150 mm (150 mm apart ) (300 mm apartt ) 3.983 = 25.5kN ∑Q n 28MPa concrete (See the next slide) = 1.983 kN 1.9 76.Shear Connectors 19 mm Qn = 76.

5mm 2 Ec = 0.5 28 = 26.7 kN ≤ (1.5(283.5)(450) = 76.0)(0.5) 28(26.043( 2400 kg / m )1.Shear Connectors Asc = π (19) 2 4 = 283.753) = 122.753MPa 3 Qn = 0.6)(283.5kN .5 f c' = 0.043wc1.

Shear Connectors CL 84 @150 mm = 12.800mm 4650mm(everytwoflute) 16 @150mm .600 mm 150 mm ribspacing 4650mm(everytwoflute) 16 @150mm 3300mm(everyflute) 20 @150mm 12.

9(944) = 850kN 944 / 1.67 = 565kN Fy = 345MPa fiftytwo 19 mm 305.6(345)(9.91)(460) = 944kN 0.Shear Connectors 0.6kN 217.28kN .

9(345) Z x .150 x103 mm3 0.52 =47 75kN/m =47.80=305.6 kN Z x .802=977.366 x103 mm3 (345 / 1.75*12.43+17.92 kNm 33.95*12.450 x103 mm 3 695.2x16.req use W 18 x97 Z x = 3.80=217.95kN/m 47.67) .802=695.req = 33.52 =16.6x17.30 kNm 47.75*12.95*12.28 kN 977.92 x106 = 3.43+1.Shear Connectors N C Non‐Composite it Design D i of the f th Beam: B =1.75kN/m =33 95kN/m =33.30 x10 6 = = 3.

2009. Class Notes.References • Shen. Advanced Steel Structures. IIT. J.. h d d l l .