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INDO 1011 SPRING 2009

BAHASA INDONESIAINDONESIAN LANGUAGE

Background:
234,693,997 people live in Indonesia (CIA The World Factbook, July 2007 est.). There are 550 languages used in the Indonesian archipelago (Sneddon 2003). Only 14 languages have more than 1 million speakers.

- Javanese speakers: 75 million
Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder

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The Dutch also used Malay to speak with the people in the archipelago. . Traders and explorers from Europe.1856: the first newspaper in Malay was printed.Selamat malam .1865: the Dutch administration decided that Malay was the second national language in Indonesia.Bagaimana? Good morning (2:00 – 11:00 AM) Good afternoon (11:00 AM – 3:00 PM) Good afternoon (3:00 PM – 6:00 PM) Good evening (6:00 PM – 12:00 AM). .Malay language had been a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago for 500 years before the Dutch came and colonialized Indonesia in 1595. Good night How do you do? How are you? What’s up? Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder 2 . .INDO 1011 SPRING 2009 History . Greetings .28 October1928: Kongres Pemuda (Youth Congress) made three important decisions: (1) To adopt the name Indonesia as the name of the country.Selamat sore .Selamat siang .Apa kabar? . (2) To call the nation under the same name: bangsa Indonesia (=Indonesians) and (3) Named the Malay dialect spoken in the Indonesian archipelago as Bahasa Indonesia—the national language of Indonesia. . . West Asia and South Asia often met with Malay language speakers and picked up the language. because the people spoke the language among themselves already.17th century: Malay language was used in schools and by the Protestants. Indonesian is an official language in schools and offices.Selamat pagi .To this date.

Ms. How are you? Good morning. I am good. Ana. Mbak. What’s up? Good. is a term of address for an older woman. 3 . See you later. Note: Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder Morning. Between colleagues: Hanafi: Pagi. Sampai nanti di rapat jam 12 ya. Ana: Ayo. Ms. Bagaimana kabarmu? Nona: Baik. too. See you at 12 o’clock meeting. B. And you? OK. Between a student and a teacher: Hari: Selamat pagi. Note: .Baik. Hari.Kurang baik . Kamu? Hanafi: Lumayan.Lumayan Good (I am doing) Well Not too good Not bad A.Baik-baik .Ibu (or Bu) means mother or Mam or Mrs. Apa kabar. Bu Ana. Good morning.“kamu” means you. Bye. Bu.INDO 1011 SPRING 2009 . Bu? Ana: Selamat pagi. You use terms of address (instead of you) to be polite. Bang. Nona: Ya. Saya baik. Kamu? Hari: Saya baik juga. right? Sure. See you. . Hari. . but only used when you are 100% sure that you established closeness to the other speaker. Only when you feel more familiar with the person then you can switch into you. Mari. sampai nanti. And you? I am doing well.

Saya Hanafi. East Java. sister) to address Nona because she is from Java. older brother). OK? OK. Sampai nanti di kelas. Hanafi . and he wanted to use the proper term of address for a Javanese woman of his age. E.Saya guru Sekolah Dasar (=SD). F.Saya dari Ponorogo.Hanafi used “Mbak” (Jv. West Sumatra. . a term of address for a male friend from outside of Java.Saya dari Padang. See you. Nona Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder My name is Ana. Hi. bagaimana kamu? Dewi: Baik. Dewi: Ya. Note: . What’s up? Good. because they knew each other well. . And you? Me too. I am Hanafi.Both Tuti and Dewi used “kamu” to each other. 4 . Dewi. Introducing yourself D. See you in class. Barat. I am from Ponorogo.INDO 1011 SPRING 2009 .Nona used “Bang” (from “abang” = older brother). I am an elementary school teacher. I am from Padang. Between students: Tuti: Hai Dewi. . For Javanese men she would use “Mas” (Jv.Saya guru Sekolah Menengah Pertama (=SMP). Sumatra. Kamu? Tuti: Baik juga. C.Nama saya Ana .Students have to learn on their own when the degree of closeness will allow them to use “kamu” to the other speakers. . ya. I am a middle school teacher. Ana . sampai nanti. Jawa Timur.

Bali.Saya dari Salatiga.Nama saya Courtney. I teach Balinese gamelan at CU.Saya guru Sekolah Menengah Umum (=SMU). Colorado. I am from California. Central Java. I am a teacher at CU.INDO 1011 SPRING 2009 .Saya dosen di Universitas Colorado. . .Saya dari Boulder.Saya Nona. Practice/Latihan Please go around the room and introduce yourself following the examples above. . D. I am Made. I am Nona. . . Made . I am a high school teacher. My name is Courtney. Colorado. Carla . .Saya dari Tabanan.Saya karyawan di Pusat Studi Asia. F. . Here is a list of vocabulary that you can use: mahasiswa university students S1 undergraduate S2 Master’s program S3 PhD program kuliah to study at a university level jurusan major Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder 5 .Saya mengajar gamelan Bali di Universitas Colorado.Saya dariKalifornia. . Courtney . I am from Salatiga. I am from Boulder.Nama saya Carla. E. Bali. Jawa Tengah.Saya Made. I work for the Center for Asian Studies. I am from Tabanan. My name is Carla.

gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/id. UNSINDO Summer Studies in Indonesia: http://www. Sneddon.INDO 1011 SPRING 2009 Pronouns saya Anda kamu dia mereka kami kita I you (formal) you (intimate) she/he they we (not including you) you and I Reference: James N. Applications are due March 13. 2003.cia.edu/indonesian/percakapan/indonesia7days SEASSI—Southeast Asian Studies Summer Institute at the University of Wisconsin.niu. 2009.seasite. Sessions starts at June 2nd.org/summerstudies/login. Foreign Language: Its History and Role in Modern Society. 2009. Margaretha Sudarsih Department of Asian Languages and Civilizations University of Colorado at Boulder 6 . Applications for “Tuition Fellowship” are due April 13. CIA –The World Factbook—Indonesia: https://www.usindo. 2009.html Links: Learning Indonesian in seven days: http://www.edu/. Sessions: June 15 to August 7.wisc. Madison (including Indonesian): http://seassi.php. 2009.