air pollution

Definition
The condition in which air is contaminated by foreign substances, or the substances themselves. Air pollution consists of gaseous, liquid, or solid substances that, when present in sufficient concentration, for a sufficient time, and under certain conditions, tend to interfere with human comfort, health or welfare, and cause environmental damage. Air pollution causes acid rain, ozone depletion, photochemical smog, and other such phenomena.

The Importance Of Air
Other planets have sunlight, but the Earth is the only planet we know that has air and water. Without air and water, the Earth would be unable to sustain life. A diverse community of plant and animal life has thrived on this planet for millions of years, sustained by the sun and supported by the soil, water and air. Definition of air pollution Air pollution occurs when the air contains gases, dust, fumes or odour in harmful amounts. That is, amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials. The substances that cause air pollution are called pollutants. Pollutants that are pumped into our atmosphere and directly pollute the air are called primary pollutants. Primary pollutant examples include carbon monoxide from car exhausts and sulfur dioxide from the combustion of coal. Further pollution can arise if primary pollutants in the atmosphere undergo chemical reactions. The resulting compounds are called secondary pollutants. Photochemical smog is an example of this. Historical explanation In the days before the proliferation of large cities and industry, nature's own systems kept the air fairly clean. Wind mixed and dispersed the gases, rain washed the dust and other easily dissolved substances to the ground and plants absorbed carbon dioxide and replaced it with oxygen. With increasing urbanisation and industrialisation, humans started to release more wastes into the atmosphere than nature could cope with.

because a mixture of different pollutants can intensify sickness.000. Those with heart or lung disorders are under additional risk. and can kill animals. Because people are exposed to so many potentially dangerous pollutants. Air Pollution. Many different chemicals in the air affect the human body in negative ways. nitrogen oxides. commercial and domestic sources. lung cancer. Children and infants are also at serious risk. more pollution has been added to the air by industrial. Every year. They can kill plants and trees by destroying their leaves. Studies have estimated that the number of people killed annually in the US alone could be over 50. and heart disease may all eventually appear in people exposed to air pollution. There are also natural sources such as wind-blown dust and smoke from fires. Older people are highly vulnerable to diseases induced by air pollution. The adverse effects of air pollution were graphically illustrated in London in 1952 when. Many diseases could be caused by air pollution without their becoming apparent for a long time. As these sources are usually found in major cities. and require international cooperative efforts to find solutions. Diseases such as bronchitis. and for how long. Just how sick people will get depends on what chemicals they are exposed to. the health of countless people is ruined or endangered by air pollution.Since then. Some forms of air pollution create global problems. and sulfur dioxide also have harmful effects on natural ecosystems. Air pollutants such as ozone. such as upper atmosphere ozone depletion and global warming. especially fish in highly . an estimated 4000 people died from effects of fine particle pollution. it is often hard to know exactly which pollutants are responsible for causing sickness. More about pollutants Air pollutants mainly occur as a result of gaseous discharges from industry and motor vehicles.Effect Air pollution is responsible for major health effects. in what concentrations. It is when these concentrated gases exceed safe limits that we have a pollution problem. the gases that are produced are usually concentrated in the air around them. it is often difficult to isolate those pollutants that are at fault. Also. Nature can no longer manage air pollution without our help. in just a few days. These problems are very complex.

today people are. cutting the amount of the compound in the atmosphere lets more sunlight through. On a personal level. recycling. is that the lower sulfur dioxide levels may actually make global warming worse. Generally any substance that people introduce into the atmosphere that has damaging effects on living things and the environment is considered air pollution. governments are taking measures to limit emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. In the past 150 years. planes. . Most people agree that to curb global warming. In fact. But there are different kinds of pollution—some visible. carbon dioxide is widely considered to be a pollutant when associated with cars. such activities have pumped enough carbon dioxide into the atmosphere to raise its levels higher than they have been for hundreds of thousands of years. Just as sulfur dioxide from volcanoes can cool the planet by blocking sunlight. some invisible—that contribute to global warming. which were used in refrigerants and aerosol propellants until they were banned because of their deteriorating effect on Earth's ozone layer. warming the Earth. and other human activities that involve the burning of fossil fuels such as gasoline and natural gas. This effect is exaggerated when elevated levels of other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap the additional heat. Industrialized countries have worked to reduce levels of sulfur dioxide. Carbon dioxide. Though living things emit carbon dioxide when they breathe. power plants. which keeps sunlight out and causes Earth to cool. Smog hanging over cities is the most familiar and obvious form of air pollution. a variety of measures need to be taken. But they also reflect light when released in the atmosphere. and smoke in order to improve people's health.polluted rivers. Another pollutant associated with climate change is sulfur dioxide. On a larger scale. not predicted until recently. is the main pollutant that is warming Earth. driving and flying less. so that people and companies will have greater incentives to conserve energy and pollute less. and conservation reduces a person’s "carbon footprint"—the amount of carbon dioxide a person is responsible for putting into the atmosphere. Another method is to put taxes on carbon emissions or higher taxes on gasoline. Volcanic eruptions can spew massive amounts of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. Other greenhouse gases include methane—which comes from such sources as swamps and gas emitted by livestock—and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). smog. One way is through the Kyoto Protocol. volcanoes used to be the main source of atmospheric sulfur dioxide. a greenhouse gas. Sulfur dioxide and closely related chemicals are known primarily as a cause of acid rain. an agreement between countries that they will cut back on carbon dioxide emissions. sometimes causing cooling that lasts for years. But a result. a component of smog.

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