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Strategic Urban Design and Cultural Diversity, by Nada Lazarevic Bajec, Marija Maruna

Strategic Urban Design and Cultural Diversity, by Nada Lazarevic Bajec, Marija Maruna

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The book is distinguished by an interesting approach that introduces a neglected theme of culture
into the urban design process. Tested in work with urban design students at the Faculty of Architecture
of Belgrade University, ideas put forth in this book demonstrate how the recognition of
cultural diversity enables a better understanding of the local context, leading to adjustment of work
methods and design of more adequate interventions. The book is inspired by contemporary tendencies
of interaction of cultural traditions and forms toward creation of an intercultural society that
transforms the lifestyles and calls for adequate spatial solutions and new spatial forms. The problems
related to culture, cultural rights, cultural sustainability, cultural policies and similar emerge
today at the forefront of global agendas and declarations… Having recognized the pivotal role of
culture in urban design, the authors argue against a one size fits all model, reminding us that each
new situation requires a creative contribution and that different cities and their parts are created
and shaped by historically and culturally specific factors.
This is a valuable book for students of architecture, urban design and urban planning, who need to
broaden their knowledge on the new socio-economic and cultural world and free their creativity in
order to provide the best professional contribution in urban interventions. Stretching the boundaries
of the profession by a better insight into the social sciences may contribute to comprehending of
complex processes that have a bearing on space production and enable multidisciplinary problem
solving. The complexity of problems and severity and persistence of consequences of professional
work pushes urban designers out of their comfort zone - a narrowly defined discipline lacking perspective
on physical and social environments and their interconnectedness.
Professor Petar Arsić, MSc. BSc.Arch
The book is distinguished by an interesting approach that introduces a neglected theme of culture
into the urban design process. Tested in work with urban design students at the Faculty of Architecture
of Belgrade University, ideas put forth in this book demonstrate how the recognition of
cultural diversity enables a better understanding of the local context, leading to adjustment of work
methods and design of more adequate interventions. The book is inspired by contemporary tendencies
of interaction of cultural traditions and forms toward creation of an intercultural society that
transforms the lifestyles and calls for adequate spatial solutions and new spatial forms. The problems
related to culture, cultural rights, cultural sustainability, cultural policies and similar emerge
today at the forefront of global agendas and declarations… Having recognized the pivotal role of
culture in urban design, the authors argue against a one size fits all model, reminding us that each
new situation requires a creative contribution and that different cities and their parts are created
and shaped by historically and culturally specific factors.
This is a valuable book for students of architecture, urban design and urban planning, who need to
broaden their knowledge on the new socio-economic and cultural world and free their creativity in
order to provide the best professional contribution in urban interventions. Stretching the boundaries
of the profession by a better insight into the social sciences may contribute to comprehending of
complex processes that have a bearing on space production and enable multidisciplinary problem
solving. The complexity of problems and severity and persistence of consequences of professional
work pushes urban designers out of their comfort zone - a narrowly defined discipline lacking perspective
on physical and social environments and their interconnectedness.
Professor Petar Arsić, MSc. BSc.Arch

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Published by: Arhitektonski fakultet on Oct 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/17/2013

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Contemporary urban intervention, i.e. the process of

steering spatial development and shaping the envi-
ronment, relies on the concept of dialog between dif-
ferent actors. In a general model it means recogniz-
ing and respecting individual interests and reconcil-

ing them in the process of searching for solutions.
That way, democratic character of the process that
lies in the base of the new concept, shifts the focus

of planning and design to the local level where indi-
vidual values and aspirations are more easily recog-

nized and respected.

Participation of actors/stakeholders in decision mak-
ing, planning and design significantly changes the
method of creating ideas, as well as the character
of the product. The process is tailored to facilitate

effective communication among numerous partici-

pants, their mutual understanding and willingness to
achieve the agreements. Significant change occurs
also in selection of development direction, where the

responsibility for adopting the regulatory framework
for construction is shared with actors and assumes

their ability for reasonable decision-making.

The expertise in clearly defined areas and formal hi-
erarchically defined procedures are replaced with a
new concept that assumes interaction and creation
of the process as well as the product and poses a
challenge for professionals, administration and nu-
merous actors. The administration is forced to ap-
proach each task open-mindedly, by allowing vari-
ous adequate forms in its definition. Professionals
in spatial disciplines, on the other side, are oriented
towards recognition of urban dynamics, assessment
and synthesis of wider interests, experiences and
knowledge. It means that the scope of their work

includes not just projects or urban regulations that

Agenda za urbanu praksu

Redefinicija pristupa
urbanim intervencijama

Savremena urbana intervencija, odnosno proces
usmeravanja prostornog razvoja i oblikovanja okru-
ženja, počiva na konceptu dijaloga između različitih
aktera. U opštem modelu to podrazumeva prepozna-
vanje i uvažavanje pojedinačnih interesa i usaglaša-
vanje u procesu traganja za rešenjima. Demokratič-
nost procesa, koja leži u osnovi novog koncepta, na
taj način težište planiranja i kontrole prebacuje na
lokalni nivo na kome se prepoznaju i poštuju konkret-
ne vrednosti i aspiracije.

Učešće aktera/stakeholdera u procesu odlučivanja,
planiranja i projektovanja bitno menja način dola-
ska do ideja kao i karakter proizvoda. Proces se pri-
lagođava potrebama efikasne komunikacije između
mnogobrojnih učesnika, njihovom međusobnom ra-
zumevanju i spremnosti za postizanje dogovora. Bit-
na promena se dešava i u domenu izbora pravca ra-
zvoja, gde se odgovornost za usvajanje regulativnog
okvira za izgradnju deli sa akterima i podrazumeva
njihovu sposobnost za razumno odlučivanje.

Zamena ekspertize u jasno definisanim područjima,
uz formalno hijerarhijski uređene procedure novim
konceptom koji podrazumeva interakciju i kreiranje
kako samog procesa rada tako i proizvoda, pred-
stavlja izazov za stručnjake, upravu i brojne aktere.
Uprava je prinuđena da otvoreno pristupa svakom
pojedinom zadatku dozvoljavajući primerene oblike
njegovog definisanja. Stručnjaci za prostorne disci-
pline su sa druge strane usmereni na prepoznava-
nje urbane dinamike, procenu i sintezu šireg polja
interesa, iskustava i znanja. To znači da predmet
njihovog rada nisu samo projekti, odnosno, urbana
regulativa, koje treba oblikovati prema utvrđenim
ciljevima i zadacima, već je pred njima i zadatak
uobličavanja procesa koji će uključiti raznovrsnosti

122

are designed based on the predetermined goals and

aims, but also the task of shaping the process so as

to include diversities and enable exchange and in-

teraction. Strategic design calls for knowledge and
skills expansion, as well as an open-minded ap-
proach that continually adapts the context in which
urban designers and different social groups learn

and experiment, engage in a dialogue, redefine the

system that allows action and involvement in urban

interventions.

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