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Muhammad Zainiy Uthman
It is a revolutionary interpretation of world history put forward by Prof. S. M. N. al-Attas, Founder-Director of ISTAC, that it is Islam that created world history 1. One major evidence to support this thesis is none other than the transfer of knowledge and learning from the East to the West. "Islam carried to the West superior knowledge and the spirit of intellectual and rational investigation of higher truths that was to set the pace in the development of Western Christian intellectual history,'? .The Medieval West not only enlightened itself with it, but also after its appropriation of "new sciences" from the Muslim World it later developed and created new ones, just as the Muslims did with the Greek sciences. Shortly thereafter, a new period began in the "Western Christian World". The great period for the dissemination of Islamic science and medicine in the West began in the 12th and 13th centuries when a large number of texts by major authors such as Ibn Sina, Ibn al-Jazzar, Ibn Rushd, al-Razi, Ibn al-Haytham, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi were translated into Latin. Muslim authors, as a result of these translations, became widely known under Latinized names: Rhazes for al-Razi, Avicenna for Ibn Sina, Averroes for Ibn Rushd, and so on. These translations were widely read, frequently cited and quoted, commented on, abbreviated and expanded. These Latin versions revived the spirit of learning in Western Europe during the late Middle Ages and many became standard texts in the universities, giving the necessary impetus to the
For a discussion on the rise and spread of Islam and its influence on the West and world history, see S. M. N. al-Attas, Islam and Secularism (Kuala Lumpur: ISTAe, 1993, reprint), 97-105. Ibid,103.
The description of each item was prepared by Farhad Hakimzadeh. Athari alBasri. Ibn al-Nadim. The number of each item represents their call nos. Ghalib al-Khayyat (known as Albohali) (d. was the chief and most 136 . one by Plato of Tivoli (Plato Tiburtinus) at Barcelona in 1136. Ioanni Schonero consesso. 1546. Ghalib al-Khayyat (ALBOHALI). in his great bio-bibliographical dictionary of the 10th century. etc. which are both extant.-De judicis nativitatum liber unus. 1549). Abu 'Ali Y~ya b. With the advent of printing in the second half of the 15th century. Italian and English. almost all of this material began to be published. The physical detailed description of each item is featured in full in the ISTAC Library Special Collection Catalog. sometimes in Arabic and Persian and eventually in French. Ionnaes Montanus & Ulrich Neuber. attributes to Albohali the Kitab almasa'ilfi ahkam al-nujum and the Kitab al-mawdltd. Albohali's fame in medieval Europe stems from the Kitab al-mawtilid. the latter translation was printed at Niirnberg (1546. Ioannes Hispalensis.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN growth of European science. frequent citations from Ptolemy and Hermes on the pars fortunae. initially in Latin. The translator. Two Latin translations were made of it. a text on judicial astrology which also contains horoscopes for illness. along with a number of other works now lost. Al-Attas for the ISTAC Library with a special grant from the Government of Malaysia through the Ministry of Education. ca. al-Fihrist. 835 AD) was one of the best known astrologers of his time and a pupil of the highly influential Masha' allah b. and the other by John de Seville (Ioannes Hispalensis) in 1153. The following books were acquired by Prof. Cum privilegio D. German. Noribergae (Numberg). These books illustrate the spread and influence of Muslim learning which gave rise to learning in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. A rare first edition of Albohali's Kitab al-mawidid as translated to Latin by Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville). 01 Abu 'AlI Y~ya b. antehac non editus. in ISTAC Special Collection of Rare Books in the Latin Category (SpRBL01SpRBL16).
-Praeclarissimus liber compeletes in iudicis astronum. 4 April 1503. English and French.A COLLECTION OF EARLY PRINTED BOOKS voluminous translator of astrological works from Arabic into Latin in the twelfth century. aI-Mu'izz b. The work was published at the instigation of Johannes Schoner (1477-1457). a prominent geographer and astronomer at Numberg. [Venice]. and it is to Melanchton that the preface is addressed. aided by Petrus de Regio. Kitab al-Bari fi ahkam al-nujum. The 13th century translation of Old Castilian was subsequently translated twice to Latin. its sources include a vast array of 137 . The preface is by Joachim Heller. Badis. Ibn Abi al-Rijal (ALBOHAZEN or ABENRAGEL). Ibn Abl al-Rijal al-Katib al-Shaybani (also known as Albohazen or Abenragel. catarchic astrology. His translations remained in use during the later Middle Ages and many of them appeared in print in early editions. 01 'Ali b. The first edition was published in 1485. In it Heller explains Albohali's method and states that the work is published for the first time from a manuscript which was in the library of King Mathias of Hungary. nativities. as well as to Old Portuguese. The work is subdivided into eight books and deals with interrogations. It can still be consulted in more that twenty Arabic manuscript copies. became one of the most popular astrological compendiums in the East and the West. 'Ali b. a composer from Weissenfels and a leading member of the circle of the celebrated humanist and reformer Philip Melanchton. Bapti. astrological history and astrological meteorology. thence three times to Hebrew. the first being more correct as Abenragel was his father's name) was tutor and astrologer to the Zirid ruler of Qayrawan. Sessa. and held high office in his administration during the first half of the 11th century: His principle surviving work. using a Spanish translation made by Yehuda ben Moshe. 10. An extremely rare second edition of Albohazen's Kiuib al-Bdrifi a~kam al-nujum as translated into Latin by Aegidius.
its present usefulness lies primarily in its quotations from the Sassanian Andarzghar literature and from Al-Kindi.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN authorities. 'AlI al-Qablsi (ALCABITIUS). the citations from which make it one of an historian's most valuable possessions (pingree. John of Saxony wrote a commentary on that standard medieval introduction to the art of astrology the Ysagogicus of Alcabitius. His most famous work is an astrological treatise entitled al-Madhkal us sinii' at ahknm al-nujum. Carmody singles out the presentation of lunar mansions as particularly important. the Indians. who flourished ca. John of Saxony completed his commentary in 1331. John says. this work became widely known in Europe through the Latin translation of Johannes Hispalensis. Hermes Trismegistus and Valens. 'Uthman b. 03. is an introductory exposition of some of the fundamental principles of genethialogy. Ad magisterium judiciorum astrorum interpretatus a Joanne Hispalensi scriptumque in eiusdem a Joanne Saxoniae editum utile serie connexum incipient. A rare early edition of Alcabitius' al-Madhkal ila sind'a: abkam al-nujum. Dorotheus of Sidon. 1500 AD. with corrections by Bartholomaeus de Alten (from Neuss in Germany). 299-300). 1502. 18 February. Kepler is said to have used information from this text. 'Uthman b. The first edition of this work of Alcabitius was published in 1473 AD. 'Ali al-Qabisi alMisri (known as Alcabitius) was a prominent mathematician and astronomer in 10th century Iraq and a recognized authority on Ptolemy'S Almagest. which is. Ptolemy. supplied with a commentary by Johannes de Saxinia. The Book. of books introductory to astrology. the one favoured by the modems. Sayf al-Dawlah (ruled 944-966 AD). Abu al-Saqr 'Abd al-'Azlz b. Venetiis. Dedicated to the Hamdanid ruler of Aleppo. as the title indicates. Joanem et Gregorius de Gregorii Fratres.-Libellus isagogicus. completed in 1331 AD.Abii al-Saqr 'Abd al-'Azlz b. and he supplements Alcabitius by mate138 . as translated into Latin by Johannes Hispalsensis (John of Seville) written in the first half of the 12th century. Masha' allah.
reiectis sortilegijs et absurdis vulgoque receptis opinionibus. VALENTIN. the Indians. 1500 AD. Dorotheus of Sidon. supplied with a commentary by Johannes de Saxonia. Masha'llah. Hermes Trismegistus and Valens. qui arabum doctrinam compendio prodidit. completed in 1331 AD. and the supplements Alcabitius by material based on the more recent Alfonsine Tables or by his own experience based upon observation with instruments. 01 Abu al-Saqr 'Abd al-'Aziz b.NABOD. 'Uthman b. who flourished ca. and corrections by Bartholomaeus de Alten (from Neuss in Germany). Venetiis. Ptolemy. 1512. expositionem. John of Saxony wrote a commentary on that standard medieval introduction to the art of astrology the Ysagogicus of Alcabitius. 05. John of Saxony completed his commentary in 1331. in qua praeter Alcabiticii. its present usefulness lies primarily in its quotations from the Sassanian Andarzghar literature and from Al-Kindi. The first edition of this work of Alcabitius was published in 1473 AD. atque cum Ptolemaei principiis collationem. is an introductory exposition of some of the fundamental principles of genethialogy. Mechior Sessa. A rare early 16th century edition of Alcabitius' ai-Madhkal ila sinii'at ahkam al-nujum. John says. as translated into Latin by Johannes Hispalsensis (John of Seville) written in the first half of the 12th century.A COLLECTION OF EARLY PRINTED BOOKS rial based on the more recent Alfonsine Tables or by his own experience based upon observation with instruments.-Enarratio elementorum astrologiae. which is. as the title indicates. 'Ali al-Qabisl (ALCABITIUS) Libellus isagogicus. de verae artis praerceptorum 139 . The book. Ad magisterium judiciorum astrorum interpretatus a Joanne Hispalensi scriptumque in eiusdem a Joanne Saxoniae editum utile serie connexum incipient. of books introductory to astrology the one favoured by the modems.
etc. including Al-Kindi. Al-Madkhal ila sind' at ahkiim al-nuium: This is an extremely scarce edition and is based on the Latin version of Alcabitius' text prepared in 1144 by Johannes Hispalensis. Ibn Ridwan. seasons and climates. metheorologica vti sapietes experientia comperientes voluerunt. utilissime ordinatu incipit sidere felici et primo prohemium together with: HIPPOCRATES. and other meteorological predictions derived from folklore. 1560. 1335-45. global changes due to conjunctions and eclipses. Arnoldi A first edition of a Latin commentary on Abu al-Saqr 'Abd al'Azrz b. Pseudo-Libellus de medicorum astrologia incipit: Petro d' Abano in latinum traductus. 'Ali: al-Qablsi's (Alcabitius) principal surviving work on astrology. Abu Rijal. It is the first edition of the earliest printed collection of astrological weather predictions. In the text much use is made of the 'Tables and Directions of Regiomontanus' . the best known and widely circulated work of Firmin de Beauval. In 1560 Valentin Naibod or Naiboda.. Abu Ma'shar. 06. ordinary professor of mathematics at Cologne. dissertur..MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN origine et vsu satis Birckmanni. 1485.-Opusculu repertorii pronosticon in mutationes aeris tam via astrologia. Cologne. It is issued together with: 140 . predictions concerning rain. [FIRMIN DE BEAUVALJ..g. The work is based on 23 Islamic sources on the subject. the work deals with the influence of planets on meteorological phenomena.Venice.. Divided into seven chapters. Erhard Ratholt. but by collating it with Ptolemy and rejecting sortilege and absurd vulgar notions. a French astrologer who flourished ca. This book is one of the earliest treaties on meteorology. published an elementary work on astrology based upon the text of Alcabitius. phenomena and astrology. e.
The work has been attributed to various authors including Imbrasius of Ephesus.A COLLECTION OF EARLY PRINBTED BOOKS Pietro d' Abano's (1250-1316) translation of Hippocarates' (pseudo Hippocrates) De medico rum astrologia. 1553. 1550. de Re Medica Libri Tres. 'Masawayh (ca. the name of Mesue the Elder (Joannes Mesue Damascenus-Yuhanna b. Masawayh al-Mardini (known as Mesue the Younger) (928-1015) is one of the outstanding names of Islamic medicine and of the most typical representatives of the science of his period. This is an extensive commentary on the Antidotarium of Ibn Masawayh. Pietro d' Abano was primarily an astrologer. Angelus & Bartholomeus Di Civitavecchia-In Antidotarium Ioannis filii Mesuae. Iacobo Sylvio Medico Interprete. Yuhanna b. but had a good knowledge of astronomical theory and was genuinely interested in science and medicine and was indeed one of the greatest representatives of medical astrology. 08. This was a complete pharmacopeaia based on Muslim knowledge. Jeremie De. Cum annotationibus & scholijs eiusdem.-Ioannis Mesuae Damasceni. it was commented on quite frequently. Joannem Frellon. 07. Ad haec. Lugduni (Lyon). MESUE the Younger. for the sake of its prestige. Receptarium quam castigatissium cum suo repertorio. No Arabic originals of his works have been traced. 777-857)). and it remained for centuries the standard textbook of pharmacy in the West. Paris. Bound with: Dryvere. which has at times led to speculations that his works are Latin compilations of the 10th and 11th century and that they may have been given. The Receptarium at the end consists of extracts from the Antidotarium. Cum declaratione simplicum medicinarum. Palea. & solutione multorum dubiorum ac difficilium terminorum. censura. As it was considered to belong to the quintessence of Arabist therapeutics.-Commentarii in Hippocratem de 141 .
His major work on physics and mechanics. Together with: Zimara. The First work contains the three main books of Mesue (on theory.-Diggressiones omnes. Jacques Dubois' (Iacobo Sylvius') (1478-1555) edition was first printed in Paris in 1542.-Contradictionum Solutiones. with ornamental woodcut on title. which served as the basis for innumerable commen142 . Aristotle-De Physico Auditu libri octo. Super libros Physicorum Ait Aristotelis. Ex optimis exemplaribus Graecis fidelius. Venetia (Venice). spotting and some soiling throughout both works.-I Libri di Gio Mesue de I semplici Purgativi. [4 leaves]. of Hippocrates by Jeremie de Dryvere (Hieremias Thriverus Brachelus) (1504-1544) includes the Latin text of Hippocrates.. Marcus Antonius. a commentary on De victus ratione in morbis acutis. 1621. 276pp. digna in libri Physicorum Arist. Alessando de Vecchi.Patavii (Padua). et delle medicine composte. Laurentii Pasquali. which remained for centuries the standard textbook of pharmacy in the West. The Younger. Lugduni (Lyon). 1552. a work. and was reprinted thereafter several times in both Paris and Lyon. Giacomo Rossetto. A Rare edition of the Physica of Aristotle (first publisher ca. The Second work.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN Ratione Victus in Morbis. 10. MESUE. 1564. It was first published in Lyon a year earlier. 09. contemporary vellum somewhat soiled. 1472-1475) (ca. In dictis Aristo. novamernte traduti & dal Latino nella nostra vulgar lingua per M. The first edition of this Italian translation was published in 1559. Together with: Ibn Rushd (AVERROES). Documenta. Godefridum & Marcellum Beringos. 8vo. 248 leaves. 384-322 BC). simples and antidotes).
The commentary of Averroes (first published ca. Opera Jacobi Golii. He wrote a number of works on the astrolabe. The first Latin translation was published in 1493 in Ferrara. Cairo and Princeton University. The influence of the Elementa Astronomica on mediaeval Europe is clearly attested to by the existence of numerous Latin manuscripts in European libraries. from a manuscript in Leiden University. Amsterdam. 11. First edition of al-Farghanl's Arabic text. and the notes cover only the first nine chapters. which survives in Arabic manuscript copies in Oxford. Cum notis ad res exoticas sive orientales. with the commentaries of Marcus Antonius Zimara (ca. 1472-1475) stimulated discussion of the dynamic approach and the determining factors in movement. Muhammad Ibn Rushd (known as Averroes) (1126-1198) was issued with this edition. is a non-mathematical account of Ptolemaic astronomy called Kitab Iawiim:' 'ilm alnujum wa u§uZ al-harakiit ol-samawtyab (Elementa astronomica). Arabice & Latine. Death interrupted his work. with Golius' translation. AbU al. but his best known text. References to it in mediaeval writers are many. 1669. que in iis occurrunt. It was commented on by Abu al-Saqr al-Qabisi and translated to Latin by Johannes Hispalensis (John of Seville) and also by Gerard of Cremona. which opposed the kinematic approach that later was upheld by Thomas Aquinas. Muhammad al-Farghani (Alfraganus). Paris. 1470-1532) and AbU Walid Muhammad b.'Abbas Ahmad b. Abu al-tAbbas Ahmad b. Johannes Janson and the widow of Elizei Weyerstaet. at least until this role was taken over by Johannes de Sacro 143 . Ahmad b.A COLLECTION OF EARLY PRINTED BOOKS taries. and there is no doubt that it was greatly responsible for spreading knowledge of Ptolemaic astronomy. Kathir alFarghani (also known as Alfraganus) was a major figure in the history of Islamic astronomy. Muhammad b.-Elementa astronomic a. al-Farghani lived during the reigns of the Abbasid Caliphs al-Ma'mnn and al-Mutawakkil and is said to have worked on the construction of the Nilometer at Fustat. published two years after Golius' death.
It was translated twice to Latin. where he worked for the governor of Khorasan al-Mansur b. Iacobum Iordanum. This is the first edition of Greenhill's translation of Rhazes' treatise on smallpox and measles. 144 . Franciscus. ut eius meridiana luce contenti. as well as to Syriac and Greek. A previous English translation by Thomas Stack (under the guidance of Richard Mead) was first published in 1748. 13. London. Venice. where he was appointed head of the Mu'tadidi Hospital-so called after the Caliph al-Mu'tadid. It was from the Elementa Astronomica (in Gerard of Cremona's translation) that Dante derived his astronomical knowledge. One of his three important works that reached Europe was his study of smallpox and measles. Printed for the Sydenham Society. Al-Razi was a prolific writer and his medical works in particular became wellknown in Europe. MD.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN Bosco's (John of Holywood. 1565. and Sacrobosco's Spaera Mundi was clearly indebted to it. Abu Bakr al-Razi (RHAZES). His two other main works are the al-Htiwi fi al-tibb (Cotinens). omnem compositorum. Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Translated from the original Arabic by William Alexander Greenhill. and the Abbasid capital of Baghdad.865-925) divided his career between his native Rayy. fulgore ita irradians. Zakanyya al-Razi (known as Rhazes) was the most original physician-philosopher among the Arabic-speaking peoples. Alexander. 1868.-A Treatise on the Smallpox and Measles by Abu Beer Mohammad Ibn Zacariya arRazi (commonly called Rhazes). et simplicum normam suo. Kitab al-Iadari wa al-hasbah. Ishaq. which is an extensive medical text that comments on earlier authorities as well as invaluable case histories and his Kitab al-Mansiai fi al-tibb (Almansorem) in ten chapters and so called after the dedication to his patron. 12.-Apollo Francisci Alexandri vercellensis medici. also known as Sacrabosco) Spaera Mundi. AI-Razi (c. Even then the Elements of al-Farghanl continued to be used.
nunc primum editi. (The Fatimids and Their Traditions of Learning.A COLLECTION OF EARLY PRINTED BOOKS An extremely rare first edition (later editions were published in 1604 and 1613). ointments. Ibn al-Haytham was the most accomplished of the scientists who served under alHakim. Ibn alHaytham is one of the most illustrious names in the history of science in medieval Islam. His own learning is always towards the Islamic Sciences and most of this work is based on the findings of Islamic authors. August 1572. etc. Abu 'Ali al-Hasan b. Franciscus Alexander was the personal physician of the Duke of Savoy and an important medical authority of his time (born 1529 in Vercelli and died in 1587). Ibn al-Haytham was associated with the Fatimid rule in Egypt. Alexander presents one of the key sources in comparing the pros and cons of both source materials. As stated by Ha1m: "At once a physician. Mu'adh al-Jayyani. Together with: Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad b. oils.-All texts edited by Friedrich RisnerBasel. The dominant motivation for writing it was to correct the mistakes of Mathiolus and Brassavolus.-Opticae thesaurus. libri septem. who had founded the Dar al-Hikmah in 1005. Significantly. in particular Avicenna.-De crespusculis & nubium ascensionibus. After Imam al-Hakim's death. It is known that he was encouraged to move to Egypt by the Fatimid Imam al-Hakim. Ibn al-Haytham settled in 145 . 14. Together with: Witelo. Eusebius Episcopius and the heirs of Nicolaus Spiscopius. It is an analysis on syrups. He is considered one of the principal Arab mathematicians and. Being active at the height of the humanist movement where the merits of Islamic Science are always being challenged by the theories and tenets of the more ancient sciences from Greece. The 'Apollo' is his most important published work. This is the first edition of the Latin translation of Ibn alHaytham's (Alhazen) classic work on optics and vision. without any doubt. astronomer. the best physicist. page 76). mathematician and philosopher.-Libro X. al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham (ALHAZEN).
Kepler. 1608.. Witelo's treatment of the subject. which has never been studied in detail. is frequently found in manuscript with Alhazen's Optic." Alhazen's Optics was translated into Latin in 12th century Spain. becoming one of al-Azhar's teachers.-Venice. A Joanne Costeo. it influenced the medieval scientists Roger Bacon and John Pecham and the Polish writer Witelo. Witelo's Persperctiva. Indeed. 15. probably by the prolific Gerard of Cremona. 1270 is a massive work that relies extensively on Ibn al-Haytham as well as other ancient writers on optics. 1535. 1551). et Joanne Paulo Mongio annotationibus iampridem illustrus. who based his text on two Latin manuscripts discovered by Ramus. His Perspectiva. which had been published twice before its inclusion in the present edition (Nurmberg. which deals with the refraction of sunlight in the atmosphere. Ibn al-Haytham's most significant contributions were in the fields of optics.Avicennae Arabum medicorum principis. it was translated into Latin by Gerard of Cremona. often attributed to Alhazen.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN Cairo. This first edition of Alhazen was prepared by the mathematician Friedrich Risner. His most important single work is the comprehensive Kitiib al-Manasir (The Book of Optics'). was provided with redrawn figures and cross-references to the text of Alhazen.us. written ca. it is largely on the basis of this work that Ibn al-Haytham has been described as "the greatest Muslim physicist and one of the greatest students of optics of all times. or Opticae libri decem. Ex Gerardi Cremonensis versione. influencing scientists such as Brahe. offers an analysis of reflection that was not surpassed until the 17th century. et Andreae Alpagi Belunensis castigatione. under the title Perspectiva. Per Fabium Paulinum Utinensem. Little is known about Witelo. a protege of Pierre Ram. 'Abd Allah Ibn Sina (Avicenna). This combined edition served as the standard reference work on optics well into the 17th century. Galileo and Descartes. astronomy and mathematics. In this form. 146 . AIJayyant's short treatise on the twilight. Junta. Abu 'AU al-Husayn b. until his death.
Arnoldum Doude. some sixty Latin editions of the complete or partial text of Ibn Sina's al-Qanun fi al-tibb were published. remaining in use until the 17th century at the medical schools of Louvain and Montpellier. Accessit ejusdem medulla a1chimiae Gebricae. Hayyan is famous in the context of early Arabic alchemy. This 1608 edition was the last major scholarly publication of the Canon to be produced in Italy. throughout the Muslim world.Gebri Arabis. His most enduring and influential work. Omnoa edita a Georgio Homio. alQiinun fi al-tibb ('The Medical Canon') reached a huge readership. An analysis of the vast corpus of alchemical texts attributed to Jabir reveals that many contain terminology and knowledge that derives from the ninth-century translations from the Greek of Hunayn b. physician of Freiberg. this edition was revised and elaborated in 1595 and again in 1608 (the present item). 'Abd Allah al-Kufi al-Sufi (GEBER). The name of Jabir b.A COLLEcrION OF EARLY PRINTED BOOKS Ibn Sina (Avicenna) is considered one of the greatest scholars and physicians of his age. The Canon was known to Europeans and commented upon from the 12th century to the Renaissance. Hayyan b. the editor was Caspar Horn. 16. His father was an apothecary in Kufa who was sent on an early Shi'ite mission to Khurasan. sive traditio summae perfectionis et investigatio magisterii innumeris locis emendata a Caspare Hornio. Ishaq and his school.-Leyde. 1668. There are elements of Mu'tazila and Ismaili theology such as may be found in the tenth-century writings of the Ikhwan 147 . The historical figure seems to have lived in the eight and early ninth centuries. Jabir b. Chimia. Between 1500 and 1674. It includes Fabio Paulino's "Oeconomiae librorum canonis" and "Tabulae isagogicae". both guides in outline form to the material covered in the Canon. This is a very rare edition of Jabir's Summa perfectionis. This two-volume edition of the Canon was prepared by Giovanni Costeo (a professor in the faculty of medicine at Bologna) and Giovanni Mongio (practiced medicine in Venice and Padua). Originally published in 1564.
texts associated with Jabir were a major source for alchemists in the East and in Europe where the name Geber was also applied to alchemical texts that were not necessarily of Arabic origin.MUHAMMAD ZAINIY UTHMAN al-Safa'. Later in the Middle Ages. 148 .
Ohio in 1976.D. Jordan. Monmouth. Illinois. in 1970 and in 1973. Iran. between 1972 and 1987. the Order of Kiiig Abdul Aziz Medal 15t Class of Saudi Arabia and the Order of The Gambian Republic (OGR)-to name a few. Prof. Jab is also a member of the board of trustees of the International Islamic University of Pakistan. He taught at various universities. He has written several articles and is the author of a book entitled Islamic Sociology: An Introduction which has been translated into 7 languages. he joined ISTAC as Professor in 1997. In addition. Ethiopia and Somalia. Canada. Malaysia. Lebanon. Aligarh and Department of Social and Preventive Medicine.) in Arabic Literature and Islamic Thought from Cairo University in 1966. Among his published works are The Zubdat AI-J:Iaqii'iq of 'Ayn AtQu¢iih Al-Hamadiini: An Annotated English Translation from the Arabic and articles in journals. Turkey.A.A. he has been teaching at the Department of SOCiology and Anthropology. Cleveland. Saiyad Farced Ahmad received his B. he has been researching on various socio-economic issues at the Department of Economics at Muslim University.NOTES ON CONTRIDUTORS Omar Jah received his B. New Delhi. Social Deviance. at the International Islamic University. Jeddah.D. His forthcoming publications include Islamization of Knowledge: A Bibliographic Study and God. Rationality and Evil: An Islamic Perspective. Iraq. he was Chairman of the Governing Council of the Research Centre for Islamic History. in Islamic History and Thought from McGill University. with specialization in Medical Sociology. Miami. 149 . He was Deputy Assistant to the President of the Islamic Development Bank in a special assistance office in Jeddah from 1991 to 1996. Since 1997. Since 1955. in Anthropology and English Literature and M. Nigeria and Imam Muhammad University. Ohio and King Abdul Aziz University. such as the Order of the Republic of Sudan. (Hons. From 1982 until 1990. A member of various international organizations such as the Islamic Fiqh Academy.A. Art and Culture (IRCICA). Egypt. He obtained both his M. respectively. Riyadh. Miami University. He obtained his Ph. he was Ambassador of the Republic of Gambia to Saudi Arabia with concurrent accrediation to the Gulf States. he taught at Monmouth College. from 1995-2000. Istanbul. in Physical Anthropology and Human Genetics from Lucknow University in India in 1953 and 1955 respectively. Jeddah and the Royal Academy for Islamic Thought and Civilization. and Social Problems from Case Western Reserve University. and Ph. namely Ahmadu Bello and Bayero Universities.A. Lady Harding Medical College. A productive scholar and recipient of numerous awards.
Sc. (Iranian Studies. as well as on Persian cultural influences in Southeast Asia.D. Umar Kasule Mukasa. Saiyad Nizamuddin Ahmad obtained his M.A. Indiana (1992). from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1986. His Master of Arts thesis. in Islamic Studies (2000) from Princeton University. He obtained his Masters from the The University of Chicago in 1990. Dr.D. Funeral and Marriage Customs of the Baganda. Philippines from 1992 until 1997. At present." is under preparation for Publication. He received his Ph. In 1997 he obtained his doctoral degree from ISTAC after having successfully defended his dissertation entitled "Ranlri's La/a'i! al-Asrar U-Ahl Allah al-AlYar: An Annotated Transliteration Together With A Translation And An Introduction Of His Exposition On The Fundamental Aspects of Sufi Doctrines". General Santos City. entitled "The Impact of Islam on the Death. His dissertation which won the First Prire of the Iranian President's Awardfor the Best Study on Iranian Culture (International Category) for the year 1379 (2000) will be published by ISTAC in 2002. He received his RSc. in Arabic Language from Indiana University. Marcinkowski lectures presently in history and historiography at ISTAC.A. respectively).D. Kampala. Saiyad Nizamuddin is a Senior Research Fellow at ISTAC and he lectures on Islamic Civilization. Dr. He is currently a Ph. graduated from Makerere University. a Persian handbook of later Safavid administration by Mirza Rafi't. The last mentioned subject constitutes his main research interest. Anshari Pangaga Ali graduated from the Mindanao State University in 1986 with a B. with emphasis on Thailand. Marcinkowski has published on various issues pertaining to the history of the Middle East and Southeast Europe (in particular on the Biiyid. Princeton. He received his M. Political Science. Safavid and Ottoman periods.D. student at the International Institute of Islamic 150 . Muhammad Zainiy Uthman 1S currently Associate Professor at ISTAC. M. from ISTAC in the year 2002. in Islamic Studies from the University of Philippines in 1992. in International Relations. from ISTAC (1998).A. Islamic Studies) from the Freie Universitdt Berlin (1992) and his Ph. He has been a member of the Philippine Shari'ah Bar since 1994 and he was Professor of Shari'ah courses for the College of Law of the Mindanao State University. It consists of an English translation and commentary on the Dastiir aI-Muliik. in Near Eastern Studies (1993) and Ph.A. Uganda where he did his Bachelor of Arts and Masters degrees in Religious Studies in 1989 and 1994 respectively. He joined the Islamic University in Uganda in November 1990 as an academic staff where he is still a faculty member. where he holds the position of Associate Professor..Muhammad Ismail Marcinkowski received his M.
Arshad obtained her B.A. She received her M. in Islamic Civilization from ISTAC in the year 2000.A.Thought and Civilization where he is writing a doctoral thesis entitled "Islam and Human Rights: The Pursuit of Human Dignity and Justice" which is in its final stages. Malaysia (llUM) in 1995. (Hons) in Islamic Revealed Knowledge from the International Islamic University. 151 . Asmaa' Mohd. Her master's thesis is entitled "Ethical Dimension of Child Education of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali: An early Example of Islamization of Contemporary Knowledge." She is currently a Research Fellow at ISTAC.
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