CHAPTER 2 PROBLEM SET 1

1. Show that, after separating variables, time dependent Schrödinger equation

takes the form

2. Schrödinger’s cat in the in the infinite well. The well include electrons whose wave function described by Schrödinger equation. At an instant if the cat is exposed more than unit energy it may die. The wave function of the electrons are measured:

a) Calculate b) The cat takes a walk from one energy level to the other. Is the cat died or alive? Free Particle 3. Consider a particle moving in one-dimension characterized by the wavefunction that is obtained from the solution of the Schrödinger equation for free particle. Write expressions for the following quantities: (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) show that the parameters are constrained to . probability of finding particle between x=a and x=b average (expectation) value of its position average value of the square of its position average value of its momentum average value of its kinetic energy average value of its total energy average value of the velocity

(i) uncertainty in its position (j) uncertainty in its momentum (k) group velocity of wave (l) phase velocity of the wave

Particle in the infinite well 4. Consider a particle in a 1-D infinite square well of width a, arranged to the coordinate system as shown in the figure.

(a) Verify that satisfies Schrödinger’s equation for the region inside the well. Write down the expression for the energy. (b) Apply the boundary conditions at x=-a/2 and x=+a/2. Show that you obtain the following two classes of solutions:
n ( x)

Bn cos k n x An sin k n x
2 2ma 2
2

n 1,3,5,... n 2,4,6,...

(c) Show that the particle’s energy is

E
(d) Is (e) (f) (g) (h)

n2

eigenfunction of the kinetic energy operator

?

Show that Kinetic energy operator is Hermitian. Write down time dependent form of the wave function. Show that the Schrödinger equation is satisfied. Show that the wave function is single valued, continuous, square integrable and differentiable. (i) calculate probability current density. (j) Show that the wave functions of n=1 and n=2 states are orthogonal.

(k) wave function of the particle is given by

, calculate

, calculate probability of the particles finding each state. (l) Sketch the well and the wavefunction for n=1 (m) Sketch the well and the probability density for n=1 (n) Calculate average value of position (o) Calculate average value of momentum (p) Calculate normalization constants. (q) Show that 5. Determine which of the following functions are eigenfunctions to the operator (a) ; (b) cos(kx) ; (c) k ; (d) ; (e) Give the corresponding eigenvalue where appropriate 6. Determine which of th following functions are eigenfunctions of the inversion operator (which has the effect of making the replacement Ix= - x). (a) ; ( b ) coskx ; (c) . 7. Determine which of the following functions are eigenfunctions to the operator (a) ; (b) cos(kx) ; (c) k ; (d): ; (e) Give the corresponding eigenvalue where appropriate 8. Evaluate the following commutators (a) ; (b) ; (c) ; (d) ; (e) Where p is momentum, x is position and H is Hamiltonian(energy) operator. 9. In classical physics angular momentum operator is defined as vector product of position and momentum operators. In quantum physics position and momentum operator is defined as: Using , determine quantum mechanical expression for the angular momentum operator. 10. Consider the wave function

Find the probability current corresponding to this wave function. 11. Show that for one dimensional probability current can be related to expectation value of the momentum:

12. Consider the wave function (a) Calculate expectation value of (b) Verify uncertainty principle. 13. Consider the wave function (a) Calculate expectation value of (b) Verify uncertainty principle. .

.

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