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DISEMBARKING FROM STEAMERS IN BUENOS AYRES HARBOUR
Table of Contents
Introduction........................................................................................................................................... 4 Brief History of Scots......................................................................................................................... 4 Scottish Forebears in Argentina and Southern Patagonia .............................................................. 4 Researching Scots.............................................................................................................................. 6 Tracing Scottish Forebears in Argentina and Southern Patagonia ................................................. 6 Commerce and Land.............................................................................................................................. 8 Founding Merchants.......................................................................................................................... 8 Scottish Merchants in Buenos Aires - 1800 – 1850............................................................................ 8 Scots Colonists................................................................................................................................. 14 Introduction................................................................................................................................. 14 John Thomas Barber Beaumont and His Scheme for Colonisation. ............................................ 15 The Symmetry and the Colony of Monte Grande........................................................................ 16 The Colonists................................................................................................................................ 16 Colonists on the Symmetry 1825................................................................................................. 16 The “Symmetry”.......................................................................................................................... 19 Peter MacDonald and Colonia Nueva Escocia.............................................................................. 19 Daniel Mackinlay, Merchant and Landowner in Argentina .......................................................... 22 John and William Parish Robertson............................................................................................. 23 Civil Records..................................................................................................................................... 24 Scots in the 1895 Census for Chascomus..................................................................................... 29 Scots in the 1869 and 1895 Censuses for the Province of Entre Rios .......................................... 31 Scots in the 1869 and 1895 Censuses for Concordia and Federacion, Entre Rios. ......................31 Scots in the 1895 Census for Concordia and Federacion, Entre Rios ........................................... 34 Department of Concordia............................................................................................................ 35 Department of Federacion........................................................................................................... 39 1895 Census, Colon, Entre Rios.................................................................................................... 44 1895 Censo, Concepcion del Uruguay, Entre Rios........................................................................ 46 1895 Census, Gualeguay, Entre Rios............................................................................................ 48 1869 Census for Gualeguaychu, Entre Rios.................................................................................. 50 1895 Census, Gualeguaychu, Entre Rios...................................................................................... 53 1869 Census Concepcion del Uruguay......................................................................................... 55 Scottish Settlers in Cordoba Province- Department of Union, 1869 Census ................................59 Scottish Railwaymen........................................................................................................................ 60 The Scottish Community...................................................................................................................... 68 History 0f The Scots Presbyterian Church in Argentina ................................................................ 68 Introduction................................................................................................................................. 69 St. Andrew’s Scotch Presbyterian Church.................................................................................... 70 Presbiterio San Andres - The Presbyterian Church of Argentina ................................................. 71 Churches...................................................................................................................................... 72 Ministers and Assistant Ministers, 1829-1925............................................................................. 72 Assistant Ministers....................................................................................................................... 73 Names on Memorials in St. Andrew’s Church, Buenos Aires ....................................................... 73 Church Records................................................................................................................................ 74 Chascomus: The Rancho Kirk and St. Andrew’s Church............................................................... 75 The Chascomus Communion Roll up to 1884.............................................................................. 76 Deaths in Chascomus - 1900 to 1930........................................................................................... 81 Index of Baptisms – Entre Rios/Banda Oriental........................................................................... 83 Declarations of Marriage............................................................................................................... 106 Declarations of Intention to Marry given at the British Consulate, Buenos Aires 1849 - 75 .....106 Index of Marriages in the Scots Church for Entre Rios and the Banda Oriental 1868 - 1907 ....110 2
Baptisms in The Scots Church During The First World War........................................................ 110 Baptisms 1915........................................................................................................................... 117 Baptisms 1916........................................................................................................................... 123 Baptisms 1917........................................................................................................................... 126 Baptisms 1918........................................................................................................................... 130 Name......................................................................................................................................... 130 Father........................................................................................................................................ 130 Mother....................................................................................................................................... 130 Date of Baptism......................................................................................................................... 130 Place Born.................................................................................................................................. 130 Baptisms in the Scots Church, Bahia Blanca 1922 – 1932 .......................................................... 133 Scots Burials................................................................................................................................... 136 Scots Burials in Buenos Aires..................................................................................................... 136 The Socorro Cemetery in Buenos Aires...................................................................................... 136 Deaths of Scots in the Death Roll of the Yellow Fever Outbreak in Buenos Aires in 1871, Extracted from the Burial Registers of St. John’s and St. Andrew’s ........................................... 138 Members of St. Andrew’s Society.................................................................................................. 139 St Andrew’s Society of the River Plate List of Members in 1894 ................................................ 139 Scots in Patagonia Austral.............................................................................................................. 141 The Sheep Industry in Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego .............................................. 141 Southern Patagonia Births in the Register of Baptisms of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Buenos Aires 1893 to 1913........................................................................................................ 142 Scots in Patagonia 1883 – 1915................................................................................................. 144 Scottish Owners of Sheep Ranches in Southern Patagonia 1885 – 1913................................. 146 Scottish Malvineros................................................................................................................... 147 The Scottish Malvineros............................................................................................................. 150 The Hebridean Connection............................................................................................................ 154 A Shepherd in Tierra del Fuego...................................................................................................... 156 William Blain, Shepherd in Scotland, The Falklands, Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. .............156 The Journal of William Blain, Shepherd in Tierra del Fuego, 1891 - 98 ...................................... 157
Brief History of Scots
Scottish Forebears in Argentina and Southern Patagonia
In the hundred and fifty years prior to the Second World War the great majority of emigrant Scots found new homes in the U.S.A. and Britain's vast overseas empire. Others, however, were attracted elsewhere, notably to the emerging nations of South America such as Argentina. Scots formed a small minority among the many nationalities that contributed to the development of Argentina from former provinces of the Spanish colonial empire into a modern national state. Yet despite their small numbers - perhaps no more than four or five thousand by the end of the 19th century plus others who came and went - some played a highly significant role in international commerce, the agricultural development of the vast plains of the pampas and the sheep industry in distant Patagonia, while others merged into the body of clerks, artisans and labourers in cities and towns throughout the land. Whilst many Scots, knowingly or speculatively, have forebears who went to Argentina or Southern Patagonia and may have descendants there today, past difficulties of access to records and the language barrier have deterred them from research into the lives of their forebears in these fascinating lands. However, opportunities for research have improved significantly in recent years, due in large measure to communication through internet websites and e-mail and to individual researchers in Argentina, Chile and elsewhere who are communicating information previously restricted to archival searches. Scots first made their presence felt in Argentina between 1800 and 1825, when enterprising merchants founded business houses in Buenos Aires and elsewhere. Despite the political uncertainties of the years before and after the creation of an independent state in 1816 and the problems of coming to terms with the Spanish language and culture they prospered. According to an English observer in 1825, "The majority of British merchants are natives of Scotland, proverbial for their talent and activity in trade". From this core of men, such as John and William Parish Robertson, Thomas Fair, John Gibson and Alexander Mackinnon, there developed a business community of Scots which by the end of the century saw key involvement in commerce, banking and insurance; some, like the Drysdales, becoming "Merchant Princes of the Plate" famous for their wealth, philanthropy and support for the Scots Church. Wealthy members of the early business community were soon investing in land, buying estates estancias - in previously settled areas, and this encouraged other Scots to follow them to work on estates and start their own farms. Chascomus, south of Buenos Aires, became one such centre for Scots, described by one writer as " (Chascomus) has been for thirty years a favourite settlement for Scotchmen, some of whom are the richest farmers in South America". And, wherever substantial communities of Scots developed, as in Buenos Aires and Chascomus, they signalled their Scottish identity through establishing Scots Churches and celebrating events such as St. Andrew's Day and Burns Suppers. Apart from one deliberate attempt to found a whole Scottish community, when over two hundred Scottish men, women and children sailed in 1825 in the "Symmetry" from Leith to Buenos Aires and settled at Monte Grande, others came as small groups, families and individuals to work on the land or in urban professions and occupations. Many of these emigrants knew little or nothing about their new country, its Spanish language and culture, but had been drawn to it by stories of opportunities
to own land or find profitable occupations. It was a culture shock, eased somewhat by keeping alive their Scottish identity. Beyond the settled, former colonial provinces of Argentina lay the vast plains - the pampas stretching to the south and west, inhabited only by semi-nomadic Indians, many of whom were hostile to settlers. The Argentine government carried out savage campaigns against them, and by the 1880's the whole country as far south as the Rio Negro was being laid out for settlement for farming and stock-raising. Scots such as the Bell brothers from Dunbar settled on the western pampas, at what is now named Bellville, and the Kincaid brothers had a large estancia, named Balcleuther, in the fertile valley of the Rio Negro. South of the Rio Negro lay the Patagonian territories of Argentina and Chile, a thousand miles of plains, river valleys and mountains stretching down to Tierra del Fuego. In the 1875 edition of the Mulhalls's "Directory of the River Plate Republics", the writers commented that "Patagonia will probably be uninhabited for centuries". But they were wrong! Scots played a pioneer role in settling the territories of southern Patagonia. Some of the first settlers were Scots from the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), tempted by land grants in the province of Santa Cruz. Among them was William Halliday, originally from Dumfriesshire, who settled with his family on the bank of the Rio Gallegos and founded one of the best known sheep stations in the province. Others followed from Scotland, notably the shepherds from Lewis and Harris who came to work on estancias in the Argentine and Chilean territories. Arriving (with their dogs) to work on contract, some stayed and became owners of estancias. So, by the beginning of the 20th century Patagonia had become one of the major world exporters of mutton and sheep products. The settlement of Scots in Argentina and Patagonia is a remarkable story of enterprise and endeavour in a land initially alien in language, religion and culture. It has been a largely neglected aspect of Scottish emigration in the 19th and early 20th centuries, but one well worth exploring by the descendants of those who went to that fascinating land.
Tracing Scottish Forebears in Argentina and Southern Patagonia
How then does one set about tracing forebears and perhaps their descendants, and creating an account of their lives in Argentina or Patagonia? Clearly, it is essential to start with what one knows, perhaps a family oral tradition, a document or a letter. From one or more of these, it should be possible to establish approximate dates, perhaps a likely place and a possible occupation. Then, if one knows little about Argentina or Patagonia it may be helpful to get some background information from maps and books. For general information on Argentina in the second half of the 19th century the various editions of M. and E. Mulhall's "Handbook of the River Plate Republics" make excellent reading; they give descriptions of the various provinces and include names of principal landowners, some of whom are Scots. Some editions are available in the Mitchell Library. Also, in the National Archives of Scotland, there is James Dodds' "Scottish Settlers on the River Plate and Their Churches" which contains many names of members of the Scots community in Buenos Aires. The National Archives of Scotland also has William Blain's "A Shepherd in Falkland and Patagonia", describing his experiences on the estancias. Michael Mainwaring's "From the Falklands to Patagonia" and Greta MacKenzie's "Why Patagonia?", both in the National Library, are valuable sources for background and for many names of shepherds and estancieros from the Hebrides and other parts of Scotland. These and other books in the National Library of Scotland, National Archives of Scotland and the Mitchell Library offer a good start and may even turn up a relevant name. The two editions of Andrew Graham-Yooll's "The Forgotten Colony" offer a wider introduction to the British community in Argentina. Finally, Maxine Hanon's "Diccionario de Britanicos en Buenos Aires" is a marvellous source of brief biographies of Scots and other British subjects who entered Buenos Aires in the first half of the 19th century. Apart from consular returns from Buenos Aires, held in the National Archives in London, much of the relevant documentary material for Scots in Argentina is held in the National Archive and the Archive of the Civil Registry in Buenos Aires or by the Scots Church in Buenos Aires. The National Archive holds immigration records, censuses, Roman Catholic registers, property and other legal documents, cemetery records and directories. The Civil Registry has civil records of births, deaths and marriages. The Scots Church in Buenos Aires has records of baptisms, marriages and burials. In most respects, then, the records parallel those for Scotland. However, various factors affect availability. As one would expect with a developing nation with a distinctive culture and language, some records start later than their equivalents in Scotland, are mostly in Spanish, and may or not be indexed. The censuses, taken in 1869 and 1895, are very useful, and contain entries for nationality - although Scots are usually lumped together with other Britons as "Ingles" or "Britanico"! The 1869 and 1895 Censuses for Argentina can now be accessed at < Family Search.Org > The immigration records, from 1820-70 may be very useful, giving dates, names, ages, occupations, ports of origin and names of ships. Data from later immigration records are available from a body called The Centre for Latinoamerican Migratory Studies (CEMLA). Civil registration began in the 1880's and certificates are similar to Scottish ones in content, with the added bonus of nationality. However, there is no equivalent to the Scottish Registers of Sasines with indexes and abridgements, although vast records of landownership and other legal processes exist. So, most of the key records survive but are several thousand miles away, accessible only to a searcher on the spot or by precise correspondence with an archive! However, the combined contributions of communication by Internet, the Genealogical Society of Utah and individual researchers have radically changed the situation. Through the Internet it is now possible to access 6
websites holding transcribed data and to correspond easily with people with expert knowledge who may have the information one wants. The Family History Library of the Genealogical Society of Utah holds extensive microfilm on Argentina, including the 1820-70 immigration records, census data and records of the Scots Church in Buenos Aires and elsewhere, Roman Catholic registers and so forth. Searches on the internet of the catalogue can be made at < Familysearch.Org > under "Family History Library Catalogue", and microfilm can then be ordered for study at a local Mormon Family History Centre. Other transcribed data can be accessed in two ways, either by entering individual websites or sending e-mail to a mailroom. Neil Hampshire's Brits in South America, (BiSA) is a growing compilation currently containing some eleven thousand names of British emigrants, with dates and places, for Argentina and elsewhere. Patagonia is particularly well-served: Ricardo Drault's patagoniadatabase contains Scots among others; and Duncan Campbell has a fine collection of data on British subjects in southern Patagonian territories of Chile and Argentina. His site at < Patbrit.Org > has among other things: extracts from the 1895 Argentine census for Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, Anglican marriages at Punta Arenas, some Scots Church baptisms, an index of protestant burials in Punta Arenas, an index of British consular registrations at Punta Arenas, a list of names of pioneer settlers taken from a plaque at the British Club in Rio Gallegos, names of men who went to serve in the first world war, names of businesses, photographs and other information. Lastly, the baptisms, marriages and burials at St. Andrew's Scots Church, Buenos Aires, up to 1900 can be accessed on Jeremy Howat's site at < Argbrit.Org > E-mail requests can lead to other data or enable one to ask questions. The best starting point is to email SOUTH-AM-EMIemail@example.com and subscribe (free). Thereafter, e-mails of a specific or general nature can be posted. This is an excellent mailroom with many expert correspondents. Among the data currently available from subscribers' personal websites are lists of doctors and other professionals, an 1871 yellow fever death roll for Buenos Aires, a list of passengers aboard the "Symmetry" in 1825, lists of merchants, burials in the Socorro cemetery in Buenos Aires, foreign residents in Buenos Aires in 1863, marriages at St. John's Episcopal Church, Buenos Aires 1824-51 and so forth. Alternatively, specific requests may turn up all sorts of information about particular persons and families, places of settlement, occupations and so forth. As yet, some key records are either not directly accessible by internet from official archival databases in Argentina so require different routes to be taken. Civil registers can only be accessed on the spot or by correspondence. At present the same holds for searches of the immigration records in the National Archive, but happily these may be in the process of being digitised and will then be available from source instead of ordering microfilm from LDS Utah. Also, the later immigration data for the 1880's through to the 1920's which are held by the Centre for Latinoamerican Migratory Studies (CEMLA) cannot be directly accessed; however, requests (a fee is payable) for a search of their database can be made by e-mail to < firstname.lastname@example.org >. Despite the obstacles that remain, research is now a practical proposition for researchers living in Scotland. Consequently, it may be possible to use records and other sources to trace a forebear to a particular place, find his or her occupation, identify marriages and children and, most interestingly, create a picture of the communities and landscapes of their new homeland. A short list of readings available in Scotland is given below, and for those who wish to have a fuller account of the emigrants and sources for research, a booklet may be purchased from the present author by e-mailing < email@example.com > or < firstname.lastname@example.org > An Englishman (George Thomas Love), Five Years Residence in Buenos Aires 1820-25, London, 1827. 7
Blain, William, A Shepherd of Scotland, GD1/987/1-18. Dodds, J., Records of Scottish Settlers on the River Plate and Their Churches, Buenos Aires, 1897. Graham-Yooll, A., The Forgotten Colony, Hutchinson, London, 1981. Hanon, Maxine, Diccionario de Britanicos en Buenos Aires (Primera Epoca), Gutten Press, Buenos Aires, 2005. Hudson, W.H., Far Away and Long Ago: A Childhood in Argentina, Century Hutchinson, 1985. Mainwaring, M., From the Falklands to Patagonia, Allison and Busby, 1983. MacKenzie, G., Return to Patagonia, The Islands Book Trust, Kershader, Isle of Lewis, HS2 9QA, 2010. Morrison, A., Scots in Argentina and Patagonia: An Illustrated Guide to Researching Scottish Forebears, 2002. Mulhall, M. and E., Handbook of the River Plate Republics, Buenos Aires, 1885 (several editions between 1863 and 1892). Seymour, R., Pioneering in the Pampas; or the First Four Years of a Settler's Experience in the La Plata Pampas, London, 1869. Stewart, I.A.D. (Ed.), From Caledonia to the Pampas, Tuckwell Press, 2000.
Commerce and Land
Scottish Merchants in Buenos Aires - 1800 – 1850 “The majority of British merchants are natives of Scotland, Proverbial for their talent and activity in trade.” George Thomas Love, 1825 In the early years of the 19 th century Scottish merchants laid the foundations of what was to become by the 1850s a distinctive community within the wider presence of the British in Argentina. Their commercial achievements enabled them to diversify their activities against a rapidly changing political scene, on the one hand, investing in land and agricultural development, and on the other, gradually developing the social and institutional structures which would serve Scots from all backgrounds to retain a sense of identity in the wider Argentine society. What they achieved, like that of merchants from England and other countries, took place against the complexities and conflicts of Argentina; from the final years of the Spanish Viceroyalty of the provinces of the River Plate and the humiliating defeats of British invasions, through to autonomous government, to war with Spanish forces and the Declaration of Independence in 1816, then to the liberal government of the 1820s and the war with Brazil, and lastly the long, repressive dictatorship of Manuel de las Rosas which ended in 1852. It is a remarkable story of survival, from the tenuous foothold of a few Scots and English merchants in 1810 to British dominance of the import/export trade, major investment in land and the sheep industry, the involvement in philanthropic and political support for immigration and colonisation and for establishing Presbyterian and Episcopalian churches, schools, hospitals, cemeteries, libraries and social events. Sources: Andrew Graham-Yooll’s The Forgotten Colony provides an excellent general account of the EnglishSpeaking communities in Argentina. It contains chapters on British Merchants and on Scottish Settlers. Maxine Hanon’s Diccionario de Britanicos en Buenos Aires (Spanish text) is an outstanding contribution to the lives of English, Scottish, Irish and Welsh people in Buenos Aires (city and province) in the first half of the 19 th century. It draws upon consular registers, shipping records, periodicals, church and cemetery records and other sources to provide a remarkable body of 8
information upon the origins, arrivals, lives and deaths of settlers or visitors of all classes. I am greatly indebted to her for the basic information on Scots merchants which I have given below. However, further, often detailed, information on those listed below should be sought in her book or other sources. The following list covers surname, name, birthplace, date of birth/baptism, date of arrival in Buenos Aires, marriage and notes. The column for notes refers to points of interest regarding land, philanthropy, social activities, etc. It should be noted that date of birth/baptism may not be exact and that birthplace may only give a general indication of location, since the actual parish is only occasionally given. Surname Name Birthplace d.o.b. d.o.a Marriage Notes Brash William Glasgow 1824 1842 1851 Catherine White Stock Exchange, British Hospital, St. John’s Church, Quilmes. Lloyd’s Agent, first cricket match in Bs.As. St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church Bank of Buenos Aires, Socorro Cemetery. 1836 Maura Hardee 1855 Jane Julia Keen Irish Famine Relief. Episcopal and Presbyterian Churches, British Subscription Library,Foreign School Society, ? Anna Bank of Buenos Trabajo Aires, British Hospital, St.Andrew’s School, Estancia San Juan. 1840 St. John’s Elizabeth Presbyterian Church, Foggo (d) Quilmes, St.Andrew’s 1854 Church and School, MaryDenholm St. Andrew’s Church in Chascomus.
Buchanan Butters Campbell Campbell Dallas Davison Dickson Douglas Douglas
James Adam James Stewart Hugh Robert George Stewart William
Glasgow Glasgow Islay Edinburgh Scotland Perthshire Edinburgh Govan Leith
1803 1800 1810 1801 1780 1812 1827 1812 1790
1830 1822 1830 1820 1818 1832 1846 1829 1825 ? Nieves Guido Spano
Marriage 1826 Anne Esther Mackinlay (d) 1838 Isabella Frances Barton
Notes British Subscription Library, British Friendly Society, British Hospital, St. Andrew’s School, Irish Famine Relief. St. Andrew’s Church, Bs.As. Foreign School Society British Commercial Rooms, St. Andrew’s Church. Bank of Buenos Aires, Estancias El Espatillar, Monte Grande y Laguna, British Friendly Society, Foreign School Society. Estancia Los Yngleses, British Commercial Rooms, St. John’s Episcopal Church. Estancia Rincon del Tuyu, St. Andrew’s Church and School, St. John’s Church, Quilmes, British Cmetery, British Hospital, Estancia El Riachuelo in Uruguay. British Hospital, Irish Reief Fund, St. John’s Church, Quilmes. St.Andrew’s Church,Chascomus. St. Andrew’s Church, Bs.As..
Dunnett Dunnett Fair
Francis James Thomas
Paisley Paisley Coldstream
1805 1798 1784
1825 1825 1809 1818 Harriet Kendal
1850 1824 ?1860 Luisa Platton
Gifford Gifford Gifford Graham Gilmour
Edward John Robert William William
Scotland Great BritaIn Scotland Scotland Glasgow
? Mary Harriet Trelvar
1832 1821 1826
1850 1845 1844
1836 Annie Lloyd Hughes 1853 Jemima White
British Hospital, Irish Relief Fund. British Hospital.
Surname Hill James Jamieson
d.o.b. 1800 1775 1797
d.o.a 1828 1825 1817
John Greenock Clark Alexander Glasgow Andrew Glasgow
British Commercial Rooms, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church and School, St. John’s Episcopal Church, Socorro Cemetery. 1802 Mary Thomson St. Andrew’s Scottish School. 1832 Anne Hargrave St. Andrew’s Pres. Church, St. John’s Episcopal Church, Victoria Cemetery, British Subscription Library. Buenos Aires Race Club. St. Andrew’s Scottish School, British Hospital, St. John’s Episcopal School and Church, Committee of British Merchants. Committee of British Merchants, Foreign School Society, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church and School. St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Victoria British Cemetery, Foreign School Society.
Johnston Ker Kerr Lamont
John Glen James Robert Duncan
Perth Peebles Paisley Greenock
1773 1812 1821 1792
1828 1836 1853 1828
1824 1823 1834 Ann Downes
MacFarlane John MacFarlane John
1818 1825 1835 Marion Campbell
D. (Jnr) Donald
Thomas Edinburgh Alexander William Edinburgh
1825 1825 Foreign School Society, British Commercial Rooms.
Marriage 1799 Mary Ann Russell (d.) 1802 Hannah Lindo 1839 Matilda Caroline Barton
Notes Bank of Buenos Aires,
Alexander Scotland Charles Seton Patrick Caithness 1822
1809 1846 1855 Emiliana Segundina Platero 1834 Jemima Campbell
British Hospital, Irish Relief Fund, Committee of British Merchants. British Commercial Rooms, National Library.
Walter Duncan (Lucas) George Sievert John Robert
1835 1820 1832 Dalmasia Ituarte Puerreydon 1847 Ana Gertrudis Klein
Committee of British Merchants, Foreign School Society, Scottish School, Foreign School Society, British Library, British Hospital. British Cemetery, British Hospital. British Library, British Hospital, St. John’s Anglican Church. St. John’s and St. Andrew’s Churches, Estancia San Juan y San Pedro. St. Andrew’s Church and School, British Hospital, St. John’s Quilmes and St. Andrew’s Chascomus, Irish Famine. Socorro Cemetery, St. Andrew’s Church and School, British Episcopal Schools. St. John’s and St. Andrew’s Churches, Foreign School Society. 12
1824 1833 ?1849 Emily Cannon
Surname McDougall McDougall McDougall McDougall
d.o.b. 1813 1803 1804 1800
Notes St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church Irish Famine Relief.
Alexander Argyllshire Archibald Dugald John Argyllshire Lochgoilhead Lochgoilhead
1825 1822 Susan Campbell British Commercial Rooms, Foreign School Society, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church. St.Andrew’s Scottish School. Socorro Cemetery. Socorro Cemetery 1821 1810 Dolores Saturnina Balbastro St. Andrew’s Scots Church. Bank of Buenos Aires, Estancias La Caledonia and Los Toldos Viejos, Tarquin, the Shorthorn Durham Bull, British Commercial Rooms, Scientific Society, St. John’s Anglican Church. British Hospital.
McQueen Mathison McNeile Miller Miller Miller
David Robert John Dumfries ? 1795 1775 1794 1803 1788
1834 1824 1810 1813 Pasqualla Talegas
Alexander Elgin James John ?Thurso Elgin
Muir Orr Parlane
Andrew John William
Glasgow Renfrew Great Britain
1826 1811 1825 ? Isabel Pereyra Lucena 1832 Anne Margaret Campbell
Foreign School Society, St. Andrew’s Scottish School, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Estancia Yerma.
James John Parish
1792 Juana Vazquez Scottish Colony at Monte Grande, British School Society, Scientific Society. 13
Name William Parish
Marriage 1821 Harriet Mackinlay
Notes Monte Grande Colony, Socorro Cemetery, British School Society, Bank of Buenos Aires, St. John’s Anglican Cathedral. St. Andrew’s Scottish School, Victoria Cemetery.
Rodger Semple Semple Smith Spalding
Alexander ?Scotland James James John David Lanarkshire Lanarkshire Ayrshire Perthshire 1779 1830 1800
1835 1850 1850 1834 1806
1842 Jean Hewit Learmonth 1859 Elizabeth Clark 1823 Mary Chalmers
Speara Stewart Thomson Watson Watson Wright
Alexander Glasgow Duncan William James John Angus Campbeltown Glasgow Lanarkshire Lanark Paisley
1798 1804 1797 1790 1793 1800
1825 1818 1822 1824 1815 1835
?1808 Maria de la Encarnacion de Orue 1826 Maria Dolores Rubio 1832 Dorotea Agell Blanco
St. Andrew’s Scottish School, British Hospital. Former Sergeant in British Army. St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church. Foreign School Society. Estancia Yancay. Foreign School Society, British Subscription Library.
The emigration of Scots to Argentina in the 19th century took several forms and was promoted in various ways, whether by the national or provincial governments in Argentina through advertisements or agents in Britain, private sponsors or even by letter or word of mouth from Scots already there to others back in Scotland. Consequently, some came in substantial groups whilst others made their own way as families or individuals. While many moved to areas where Scots were already established, especially to the city and the province of Buenos Aires, a minority sought to establish distinctive colonies. The creation of colonies was in fact practised by several immigrant nationalities, Swiss, Italians, Germans and English among them. Such colonies were usually characterised by having settlers of predominantly one nationality, 14
often reflecting particular cultural and religious affiliations. Furthermore, they had the advantages of offering social cohesion in a new land, a common language and, importantly, access to cheap land in areas open to settlement. The Welsh colony in Patagonia, founded in 1865, is one of the best known and descendants are still there, but the earliest British colony was founded much earlier, in 1825, and was distinctively Scottish. This section deals with three attempts to establish Scottish colonies in Argentina; the scheme promoted by Bernardino Rivadavia and John Thomas Barber Beaumont to establish a colony at San Pedro on the river Parana; the settlement established by the Parish Robertsons at Monte Grande/Santa Catalina; and the colony of Nueva Escocia in Entre Rios. For various reasons all were short-lived. Nevertheless, the colonists established a lasting presence in Argentina, some becoming successful landowners and others leading members of the commercial community. Many of their descendants still live in Argentina, now members of the wider community of Argentines, yet often conscious of their Scottish heritage.
John Thomas Barber Beaumont and His Scheme for Colonisation.
In 1818 John Thomas Barber Beaumont had initiated discussions with the government in Buenos Aires about establishing a British colony, an idea also close to the heart of Bernardino Rivadavia, but it was not until 1824 that the Comision de Inmigracion promoted the idea, offering Beaumont various inducements to encourage immigration. A visit to London by Rivadavia, a leading figure in the government and later, briefly, President of the Republic, partly to raise funds for mining at Cerro Famatina, but also to encourage colonisation, lead to Beaumont and others forming the Rio Plata Agricultural Association with funds to buy properties and concessions. The colonists were to be settled on the lands of the old convent of San Pedro, 150 miles north west of Buenos Aires on the shore of the river Parana, so Beaumont put the first stage of his grand scheme into action, recruiting 184 prospective colonists, farm workers and tradesmen and their families, mostly from the west of Scotland and shipping them on the Norval from Greenock. They arrived in Buenos Aires on the 28th May, 1825, and were accommodated in the first Hotel de Inmigrantes. There they remained for nearly two months, waiting on arrangements for travel to San Pedro. Disillusioned by the delay and lacking funds some deserted to work for local landowners, British merchants or as artisans Finally, those left were transported to San Pedro, only to find that no preparations had been made for them, no one knew anything of the concession and the local justice of the peace recommended that they should return themselves to Buenos Aires. Abandoned by the Argentine authorities and Beaumont’s agents the majority had left San Pedro by December, finding employment elsewhere, including a number, surnames Black, Grant, Cleland, Ferguson and Graham, who eventually appear as farmers and shepherds in the Chascomus area. Under the auspices of Beaumont and the Association other groups of prospective colonists from Britain arrived in Buenos Aires. Among them were the “Martha”from Liverpool with some 25 persons who were sent to San Pedro, and a third group from London who were destined for a second colony to be formed in Entre Rios. However, the Entre Rios scheme failed, due to the reasons mentioned earlier and also the onset of war with Brazil, and by the end of 1826 only four families remained in San Pedro. Overall then, the grand plans of Beaumont and the Association were a complete failure. However, the scheme had brought men and families to Argentina and most found employment elsewhere in their new country. Also in 1825, the “Margaret” from Leith brought 99 passengers, almost all of them Scots, who were described by the port authorities as “mineros de Inglaterra. It is not clear whether Beaumont and the Association were involved in their recruitment, although the River Plate Mining Association, with which John Parish Robertson was associated, was at the time recruiting Cornish and other miners for Famatina. Whatever is the case, the 49 Scotsmen who registered with the British Consulate were not 15
miners but the usual mix of farm workers and skilled tradesmen. In fact, many of them , such as James Barclay, headed for Monte Grande, while others found employment in Buenos Aires. Sources: Names, places of origin, occupations, dates, ships and ports of origin are to be found in the Registers of the British Consulate in Buenos Aires and the Registers of the Port Authorities (Entradas de Pasajeros). As mentioned earlier a superb secondary source on British immigrants is Maxine Hanon’s “Diccionario de Britanicos en Buenos Aires (Primera Epoca”, Gutten Press, Buenos Aires, 2005 (ISBN 987-545-39-0) which contains brief biographies of hundreds of Scottish, English, Irish and Welsh who entered Argentina through the port of Buenos Aires in the first half of the nineteenth century.
The Symmetry and the Colony of Monte Grande
Originally the brainchild of Daniel MacKinlay, a Scots merchant in Buenos Aires, the colony was the creation of John and William Parish Robertson. Wealthy merchants, they purchased sixteen thousand acres of land south of the city of Buenos Aires, then recruited mainly tenant farmers and agricultural workers from the Scottish Borders, with a leavening of other Scots and English skilled workers and professionals, so that the projected colony had the means to make itself self-sufficient. The prospective colonists sailed from Leith on the 22nd May, 1825 on the “Symmetry”, Captain Samuel Smith, and reached Buenos Aires on the 11th August, from whence they travelled south to the lands at Monte Grande (Santa Catalina), taking with them the agricultural equipment and supplies, also carried on the ship, which they would need to establish the colony. Their journey from Leith and their first impressions of Argentina are recorded in the journal of William Grierson and in verses by Rab o’ Stirling. Despite the initial hardships the colonists established a successful community. However, their success was short-lived, for the economic situation in Argentina and the civil war between the armies of Generals Rosas and Lavalle forced the dispersion of all but a few colonists.
There is some uncertainty as to the number of colonists on the “Symmetry”. The journal of William Grierson, one of the passengers on the ship, states that there were 213 passengers, including two baby girls born in June and July during the voyage. The records kept in the National Archives in Buenos Aires list by name 170 passengers and are clearly incomplete. The only published list is that compiled by the Rev. James Dodds much later in the century, which he derived from consular records. This list contains 220 names and gives ages, professions, wives and children. However, Dodds qualifies his list: “These are the names of the colonists who received Consular protections after their arrival here, per ship Symmetry, but we know that some of them also came out in other vessels, whose names we have been unable to trace”. So he does not claim that his list is an entirely accurate record either of those who sailed on the “Symmetry” or of those residents of the Monte Grande colony. Other researchers, notably Jeremy Howat and Graeme Wall, have given careful attention to actual and possible inaccuracies in the list produced by James Dodds, producing several corrections/interpretations and arriving respectively at 227 and 225 colonists. Apart from such helpful corrections it seems unlikely that a precise number will ever be determined. So, the list published by Dodds, plus corrections noted above, stands as the best record of the colonists.
Colonists on the Symmetry 1825
Name David Anderson James Broach William Grierson Thomas Galbraith
Age 50 24 32 28
Occupation Farmer Farmer & sister Farmer Farmer
Wife Mary Catherine Jane
Children 2 3 1 16
Name John McClymont John Miller James White William White James Aird Richard Adams John Goldsworthy William Arthur William Steel Ann Aird William Attwell Robert Burns Helen Bone Robert Barclay James Brown Maxwell Beattie William Burns Margaret Barber Robert Boyd Maria Boyd Anne Irving Ebenezer Jaggart Ruth Irving William Johnstone Andrew Lawrie Edward Leach James Lawrie John Jarrell Jane Jarrell Peter Morton Alexander Malcom Susan M'Michan D M'Reavie Thomas Mallet John Mitchell Thomas M' Kenzie John Moddick Robert M' Gregor Robert M' Clymont Andrew Rae Hugh Robson James Rodger Barbara Rankin Malcolm Ramsay John Robertson James Smith John Simpson
Age 25 38 24 22 28 32 25 26 24 19 43 28 25 23 25 21 31 25 21 18 23 21 36 24 19 22 21 22 27 25 23 27 29 25 20 30 22 26 30 43 28 21 16 17 23 29
Occupation Wife Farmer Catherine (White) Farmer Anne Farmer Margaret Farmer Janet (M’Clymont) Carpenter Mary Architect Anna Painter Sylvia Cooper Margaret Servant (Servant usually means farmworker) Servant Basketmaker Agnes Trainer Anne Servant Servant Helen (Bond) Servant Mary (Hope) Servant Servant Elizabeth Servant Servant Maria Servant Servant Servant Servant Servant Carpenter Helen Bricklayer Blacksmith Servant Servant Servant Mary Servant Servant Servant Agnes Bricklayer Butcher Clerk Servant Seaman Servant Servant Anne Servant Jane (Ferrish) Servant Euphemia (Bryce) Servant Clerk Servant Bricklayer Clerk
Children 2 1 1 1 4 1 1
5 1 1 1 2
2 6 3
Name John Robson Janet Brown Moses Berry Jonathan Barker Anne Crosby William Crozier George Croughton John Clark Tumbull Clark James Cathcart Robert M' Clymont William Chessell William Martin Ennar David Fleming Mungo Tinnock Thomas Fulcher William Goodmans Thomas Griff Thomas Grahame Joseph Grahame John Gowan Marion Hazell Benjamin Hill Thomas Heally John Hicks James Candlish Hart William Young Andrew Young Elizabeth Hedger Henry Jones John Taylor John Tweedie Ebenezer Haggart James Watson Margaret Wright John Watson John Whitaker James Purvis Peter Purvis William Speed John Christian Thomas Debenham Andrew Duncan John Mair William Pixton Thomas Bell Andrew Kidd J Smart
Age 18 26 22 40 18 32 26 28 30 23 26 25 24 24 22 22 25 28 25 27 27 25 33 24 26 27 23 28 25 23 30 50 25 30 26 24 41 21 19 26 39 28 29 19 38 27 34 25
Occupation Servant Servant Carpenter Bricklayer Governess Servant Servant Servant Servant Surveyor Servant Carpenter Carpenter Bootmaker Servant Sawyer Bricklayer Bricklayer Servant Servant Servant Servant Sawyer Bricklayer Bricklayer Carpenter Servant Servant Servant Land Surveyor Carpenter Gardener Servant Servant Servant Servant Painter Servant Servant Carpenter Land Surveyor Carpenter Carpenter Blacksmith Sawyer Bailiff Servant Bricklayer
Jane (Smith) Laura Martha Ruth Sarah Elizabeth
Hannah Barbara Betsy
1 1 3
Janet Kings Catherine
Euphemia Margaret (McConchie) Janet Maggie
1 2 6 3
Name George Dawson George Knight William Wilson James Parris Fisher
Age 30 29 25
Occupation Servant Sawyer Doctor Land Surveyor
Wife Jeanie Eleonora
Children 3 2
The “Symmetry” was built in Scarborough in 1823 and owned by James, Robert and William Tindall. She was a three-masted ship, barque-rigged, of 382 tons burthen and captained at this time by Samuel Smith. She survived until 1868 when she was wrecked and sold to a foreigner at Oran. The full details of the ship are in the Register Book belonging to the Custom House in the Port of Scarborough, deposited in the North Yorkshire County Records Office, Northallerton (available on microfilm). I am most grateful to Jeremy Howat for tracing and sending me a copy of the entries in the Register Book. Also, there is a copy of a drawing of the ship by Richard Adams on Graeme Wall’s website. The ship’s cargo on her voyage to Buenos Aires in 1825, published in the “Leith Commercial List” is described broadly as: saddlery, harness, iron, deals, 5 pieces of fir timber, 47 boxes of machinery, loose agricultural implements, 729 barrels of wheat, 6 bags of clover seeds, 5 casks of raisins, window glass, painters’ colours, 2 puns of rum, 2 puns of Geneva, I pun of brandy, 17 casks of porter and ale, rice, coffee, refined sugar, numerous boxes without contents given and 260 packages of luggage. Many of these items were clearly for use in the colony, but others were possibly destined for persons in Buenos Aires.
Peter MacDonald and Colonia Nueva Escocia
Peter MacDonald grew up in a climate of emigration. The parish of St. Martins in Perthshire, where he was born in 1844, was experiencing the changes in the rural economies which were affecting the lives of people across the Lowlands and Highlands and causing widespread emigration. In St. Martins itself, occupants of small holdings were being removed in order to create a large farm, causing numbers to leave the parish. The minister’s remarks in the 1851 census return mention parishioners emigrating to America, and in the 1841 census there is a mention of Buenos Aires as one destination. Peter was one who subsequently went to Argentina, although his date of arrival is not known. Some time after Peter was born his family left St. Martins and next appeared in Longforgan parish in a baptismal record of another son, John, in 1849. However, they had left by the time of the 1851 census and no further record has been found until Peter surfaces in the province of Entre Rios in Argentina. Awareness of the opportunities for commerce and farming in the emerging nation of Argentina had existed since the early years of the century. Initially, the city and vast province of Buenos Aires attracted Scottish merchants, who soon diversified their investments into landownership and the raising of sheep and cattle. Their great estates (estancias) needed labour and it is not surprising that they turned to Scotland for workers with rural skills. Similarly, the national government and provincial administrations wished to encourage immigration in order to develop the resources of under-developed territories, offering free land and other inducements to prospective settlers from many parts of Britain and Europe. Consequently, by the 1840’s, through advertisements and word of mouth, Argentina was known throughout Scotland as a place where working men and their families might prosper, acquiring their own land, flocks, herds and crops. A tempting prospect for displaced tenants and agricultural labourers.
Some of the Scottish immigrants came as single individuals or families and gained work as shepherds on estates, found opportunities to develop their own flocks and eventually purchase their own farms. Others emigrated in groups or, being already in Argentina, responded to newspaper advertisements to join a group to establish a colony. For the former, settling in a country with a different language and culture was challenging, and they tended to settle, at least initially, in areas where there were already Scottish landowners and shepherds. For example, Chascomus in Buenos Aires province developed as a major area of settlement, with a Scots church and small schools established by great landowners. The best known Scottish attempt to found a colony took place in 1825, when Scottish landowners in Argentina recruited over two hundred people, many from the Borders, to settle at Monte Grande in the province of Buenos Aires.. Sailing from Leith on the “Symmetry” they established a flourishing colony, only to have it disrupted after a few years by wars and economic problems in Argentina. Nevertheless, this approach had its attractions and it was frequently adopted by immigrants of other nationalities. It was particular suitable for settlers moving into other under-developed provinces, where not only could the settlers benefit from a shared national identity but also practise their own beliefs and values. A notable example of this was the Welsh settlement in distant Patagonia in the 1860’s. From the 1850’s onwards the province of Entre Rios attracted Swiss, German, French and Italian colonists. Lying to the north of Buenos Aires, between the two great rivers, the Parana and the Uruguay, Entre Rios and the neighbouring districts of Uruguay had already attracted major Scottish landowners, among them James Black, James and Hugh MacDougall James Mohr Bell, Thomas Drysdale and James T. Ramsay. Now it was to have a Scottish colony, named by the settlers Colonia Nueva Escocia, situated at Yarua, south of the town of Concordia Records of the Scots Church for Buenos Aires and Entre Rios suggest that the colony was founded in the early 1860’s, and that many if not all of the colonists were already in Argentina. They had come originally from many parts of Scotland and a number were Gaelic speakers. The oral history of the MacDonald family recounts that there were MacDonalds, M’Neills, Frasers, Buchanans, Sinclairs and Farquharsons in their number. Peter MacDonald had come from Perthshire, James Farquharson and his wife from Kilarrow parish in Islay, and Walter M’Neill from the parish of Kilmodan, Argyllshire. Some were already married with families, others such as the MacDonalds and M’Neills were later to inter-marry, and Peter himself waited to become established before he returned to Scotland and brought back to Buenos Aires a Janet Sym from Perthshire, whom he married in 1874 in St. Andrews Presbyterian Church in that city. James Farquharson, on the other hand, sailed from Greenock in 1866 on the barque “Margaret Falconer”, the party consisting of James, his wife Cristina MacDonald, their three children, John McCorquodale, his wife and children, John’s brother James, and Flora McQuarrie, a maidservant who later married Alexander Buchanan. The diary of James McCorquodale describes their three-month journey to Buenos Aires and then on to Concordia. Like most Scottish immigrants they kept alive their attachments to their homeland and to what they saw as its traditions and values. Their oral historian says: “These families were protestants and hard workers… One of the first things I’ve learnt was ‘sin labore nihil’ (and) God, Church, Work, Family and Save”. Those attachments to Scotland were to be reflected later in the names of estancias they owned: San Martin (after St. Martins in Perthshire), Clyde, Kintail, Mossgiel, Britannia and so forth. Also, they kept alive the old Scottish naming customs, an aid to tracing their backgrounds. Between 1866 and 1877 they and other Scots in Entre Rios and nearby Uruguay had a Scots minister. Lachlan M’Neill, formerly minister of the Gaelic Church in Paisley and brother of the colonist Walter, 20
had a “parish” reaching three hundred miles on both sides of the river Uruguay. To meet the needs of the Scots he held preaching stations on the great estancias of Scots landowners in Uruguay, and at Concordia in Entre Rios. A letter to James Dodds, mentions that he held services in Gaelic for some of his parishioners and attended their events – “On one of these journeys we had a Highland wedding, the musical instrument the bagpipe. The party rode to Concordia, crossed the Uruguay to Salto, where the ceremony was held”. Dodds held him in high regard: “Mr. M’Neill is a man of iron frame in the field, with the fire of old Rome in the pulpit”. However, perhaps by the circumstances of remoteness and absence of a Scots minister they also used the services of the Anglican Church. The registers of the Anglican church in Salto, Uruguay, across the river from Concordia, records the baptism in 1880 of John s.o. Peter MacDonald and Janet, sheep farmer; and a year later a daughter Margaret. And there are other Anglican baptisms in Salto and Concordia of Frasers, Buchanans, Sinclairs and M’Neills, all from their estancias in the Mandisovi area of Entre Rios. The people of Colonia Nueva Escocia seem to have prospered and that was probably an important factor in causing them to seek their own properties elsewhere, although civil conflict and the protracted war between Argentina and Brazil against Paraguay from 1864 to 1870 affected Entre Rios and may have contributed to the decision to move. The 1869 census for Entre Rios indicates that the families mentioned above had moved to another area of the province, north of Concordia, so the colony was short-lived. Prosperity enabled them to establish their own estancias in the area of Mandisovi, Chajari, Gualeguaycito and Federacion. Near them was a Swiss-German protestant colony and the two communities joined in building an evangelical chapel, opened in 1897 and still used as an inter-denominational church for presbyterians, anglicans, methodists and others, with monthly services in Spanish. They also have a burial ground for Scots and English, where Elizabeth Murchland, wife of Walter M’Neill and one of the first settlers, is among those buried there. And still, some of the present-day neighbours of the MacDonalds are descended from among those original colonists. By the end of the 19th Century there were many Scots in Entre Rios, some of whom were descendants of the colonists of Nueva Escocia. The name of the colony still survives in a small community near the river Uruguay, but it no longer has any connection with Scotland or with those early colonists who gave it that name. But clearly, they and their traditions and values are still alive elsewhere in Entre Rios.
St Martin's Parish Church, Perthshire Sources on Both Colonies 1841 and 1851 Census Returns for St. Martins, and 1851 Census for Longforgan, Perthshire, New Register House, Edinburgh. 1869 Census for Entre Rios, Argentina, National Archive, Buenos Aires. Correspondence with Carlos Amarillo, the historian of the MacDonald Family. Dodds, J.,Records of the Scottish Settlers on the River Plate and Their Churches, 1897, Buenos Aires. Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae, Church of Scotland, Edinburgh. Grant, William Denis, A History of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in Argentina: Chap. 42, The Interdenominational Church and Chapel at Mandisovi, Province of Entre Rios, 1997. (Pub. In Argentina) McCorquodale, James, Photocopies of a Diary, 1866, of James McCorquodale on a Voyage of Settlement to Argentina. National Library of Scotland, Acc. 7027. Morrison, A., Scots in Argentina and Patagonia Austral, 2004, Pub. Privately. Mulhall, M.G. and E.T., Handbook of the River Plate Republics, 1875, London and Buenos Aires. Records of St. Andrews Scots Church in Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires. Records of the Anglican Churches in Concordia and Salto, Buenos Aires. Registers, General Register House, Edinburgh, Scotland. Stewart, I. A. D. (Ed.), From Caledonia to the Pampas, 2000, Tuckwell Press. (This book contains Dodds’s list and William Grierson’s journal. The Baptismal Index of the Scots Church for Entre Rios, Microfilm, Church of Jesus Christ & Latter Day Saints, Utah. The International Genealogical Index, Church of Jesus Christ and Latter Day Saints, Utah.
Daniel Mackinlay, Merchant and Landowner in Argentina
Daniel Mackinlay was one of the children of John Mackinlay and his wife Margaret. The MacKinleys were associated with a farm or small settlement called Blairquhanan in the parish of Kilmoronock in Dunbartonshire. The farmhouse was built in 1728, and on the door lintel there is the inscription W 1728 M, presumably the initials of the builder or of the builder and his wife. By the 1770’s John had moved to London where he became a noted bookbinder and bookseller with premises in Bow Street. John died in London 1821, aged 76, and his wife shortly afterwards, aged 74. Their known children were John, a bookseller, who died in the early 1800‘s; Anna, who married a James Barton in Buenos Aires; Isabella; and Daniel. Birth order and dates of birth are not clear. Daniel was born in London in 1772. Nothing is yet revealed about Daniel’s early years in London until he married Mary Ann Russell in St. Luke’s Old Street in 1798. Then, in 1802, Daniel, described as a widower, married Hannah Lindo in St. Luke’s Old Street, Finsbury, Middlesex. Hannah was related to a wealthy family of Sephardic Jews who had business interests in the West Indies. Perhaps the marriage was disapproved of by one or both of the families, but later in 1802 Daniel and his new wife were in Buenos Aires. From then on Daniel forged a career as a merchant and landowner. The early 1800’s in Argentina were uncertain times, with opposition increasing against Spanish colonial rule and a disastrous invasion by British forces. Daniel was one of the many British merchants and their clerks who waited in Montevideo in 1807 for a British takeover of Buenos Aires, becoming a lieutenant in the short-lived Royal British South American Militia. However, following the humiliating defeat of the British army, trade eventually recovered and Daniel prospered so much 22
in the following years that he was able to purchase a fine property in the San Telmo district of Buenos Aires, called the Quinta de los Ingleses, now occupied by the National Museum of History. Like other merchants he invested further in land, becoming joint owner with Thomas Fair of the Estancia El Espartillar, a vast property which following Daniel’s death in 1826 became part of Thomas Fair’s estates. Daniel was one of the group of wealthy Scottish merchants based in Buenos Aires in the first quarter of the 19th century. Their homeland meant much to them and it is said that Daniel was the proponent of a Scots colony. His idea was carried forward and developed into a practical scheme by John and William Parish Robertson ( William was Daniel’s son-in-law) who bought land south of Buenos Aires and in 1825 brought over two hundred settlers from Scotland to found the famous colony of Monte Grande.
John and William Parish Robertson
Although John and William Parish Robertson wrote extensively about their experiences in South America, for example, in “Letters on South America”, 1843, reprinted AMS Press,1971, and there are secondary sources on their lives, not much is known about their early years. M.G.Mulhall in his “The English in South America”, Arno Press reprint, 1977, says that John was born in Kelso in 1792, his father assistant-secretary of the Bank of Scotland and his mother, Juliet Parish. Thomas Hudson in “The Honourable Warrior”, Pentland Books, 1971 states that William was the son of Alexander Ravenscroft Robertson. Then, William records a visit to Lasswade, stopping at the cottage where his mother and sisters lived, and also calling at Dalkeith school where he spent five years. So, the family seems to have been closely associated with East Lothian and the Borders.
John Parish Robertson 23
In 1806 John, aged thirteen, apparently served briefly in the Royal Navy during the siege of Monte Video, then worked for four years as a commercial clerk in Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires. In 1811 he went to Paraguay, then ruled by the tyrant Francia, and was joined there by his brother William c.1814. After a trading dispute with Francia they were expelled from Paraguay, fleeing to Corrientes in Argentina where they traded in hides. With these experiences behind him John visited Britain in 1817, establishing valuable contacts with merchants in Glasgow, Paisley, London and Manchester. Returning to South America John and his brother traded in Buenos Aires and Peru for seven years. They were very successful, so much so that John returned in his own ship to Greenock ,with a fortune of £100,000. Now he and his brother were to initiate plans for establishing the Scots colony at Monte Grande, recruiting settlers and commissioning the “Symmetry” to take them to their new homeland. It is said that Daniel Mackinlay proposed the creation of a Scottish colony. Certainly, there was a close group of Scottish merchants in Buenos Aires and the Robertson and Mackinlay families were related through the marriage of Daniel’s daughter, Hannah, to William, so ideas about establishing a colony must have been aired, with perhaps Daniel taking the lead. However, it was the Parish Robertsons who made the investment and carried out the negotiations with the government and with the landowner needed to get the plan approved and the land purchased, near their estancia at Santa Catalina. Daniel could have played little part, for he was to die in 1826. The story of Monte Grande is well-documented elsewhere, but its failure due to civil war and economic depression ruined John’s investment and he returned to Britain in 1830. There he studied at Cambridge University and then retired to the Isle of White to write highly popular accounts of his life and times in Paraguay and Buenos Aires. John died in Calais in 1843, only fifty one years old.
The following table contains data on people of given or possible Scots origin, extracted from the 1869 Census for the town and rural district of Chascomus. The full transcription of 770 Scottish, English and Irish inhabitants was kindly provided by Maria Cruset. Readers wishing further information from the full transcript should contact the present writer by e-mail. By 1869 the attractive district of Chascomus, with its town, lakes, fertile lands and rail connections with Buenos Aires some seventy miles away, had become a popular area for British settlers. Among them were many Scots, some of them great landowners, others shepherds, farmers or labourers. These Scots had their Presbyterian chapel and a resident minister, the Rev. Martin Ferguson. The census enumerators collected data on Surname, Name, Age, Sex, Civil State, Nationality, Birthplace for those born in Argentina, Occupation, Whether the person could read and/or write, school attendance and some miscellaneous information, e.g. orphaned children. Family relationships are not given. Since the original data were recorded by Spanish-speaking enumerators and some of those giving information could not write their names, there are some misspellings of surnames. However, most surnames are clear or easily interpreted. As well as those who are recorded as Scottish, a number of others described as English have been included, principally on the grounds that English was often used to describe Britons, they have possible Scottish surnames and/or are known to be of Scots origin from other sources. The present extract covers Surname, Name, Age, Sex, Civil State, Nationality Birthplace if Argentine, and Occupation. Entries for some categories have been abbreviated and occupations translated into English terms. Key to abbreviations 24
Sex – V = Varon = Male M = Mujer = Female Civil State - C = Casada = Married S = Soltero = Single V = Viuda/o = Widow/er Nationality - A = Argentine E = Escoces = Scot I = Ingles = English Born - Bs.As. Buenos Aires Province ( Mostly children born in Argentina) Surname Buchanan Jefford Jefford Walker Bell Grant “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Cameron “ Shedden “ “ “ “ “ “ Barne Dodds “ “ “ “ “ Robinson “ Rocha Robinson Blaque Walson Bruce Kein Magon Memurry Magon Name Roberto Ines Josefa Antonio Juan Diego Martha Ana Martha Juana Tomas Roberto Guillermo Juan Jorge Alejandro Rodrigo Guillermo Isabel Guillermo Jorge Eufemia Catalina Juan Juan Juan Isabel Luisa Diego Guillermo Maria Maria Luis Juana Hugo Mariano Enrique Roberto David Alejandro Maria Elisa Age 10 32 58 22 28 43 40 17 15 12 10 8 5 3 1 2 28 64 44 22 19 17 15 8 48 37 39 12 10 8 6 9 28 47 55 27 20 30 28 31 68 2 Sex V M M V V V M M M M V V V V V V V V M V V M M V V V M M V V M M V M V V V V V V M M Civil State C V S S C C S S S Nationality A E E E I I A “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I I I A “ “ “ “ I (E) I A “ “ “ “ E E E E E E E E E E A Born Bs.As. Occupation Pupil
Shepherd Landowner Landowner Bs.As. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Landowner Landowner Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Landowner Majordomo
C C C S S S S S C C
Ditcher Landowner Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Pupil Pupil Pupil Pupil
S C C S S S S C C
Landowner Landowner Cattlehand (Gaucho) Labourer Labourer Labourer Shepherd
Surname Magon Magon Robinson Robinson Magon Esme Androse ? Esquen Thomson Burnet “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Dodds “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Sinclair “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Dodds “ “ “ Alejandro Walker “ “ Reid
Name Maria Juana Eufemia Guillermo Alejandro Santiago Diego Juana Santiago Diego Diego Luisa Catalina Enrique Isabel Luisa Mariana Diego Tomas Diego Isabel Elena Juan Tomas Guillermo Roberto Luisa Georgina Horacio Tomas Marta Jorge Andres Diego Margarita Jorge Margarita Marta Juan Guillermo Juana Diego Guillermo Santiago Roberto Margarita Margarita Patricio
Age 3 4 24 45 70 30 30 35 40 29 47 38 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 44 40 16 14 12 9 7 6 4 20 55 60 18 32 27 8 6 4 2 31 28 3 1 22 27 23 1 34
Sex M M M V V V V M V V V M M V M M M V V V M M V V V V M V V M V V V M V M M V V M V V V V M M V
Nationality A A E E E E E E E E I I A “ “ “ “ “ “ I I I A “ “ “ “ “ I I I I I I A “ “ “ I I A “ E E E E E
C C C S S C C S C C S
Shepherd Shepherd Shepherd Ayo Shepherd Shepherd Landowner
Bs.As. “ “ “ “ “ “
Pupil Pupil Pupil Pupil
C C S
Bs.As. “ “ “ “ “
Pupil Pupil Pupil Pupil Pupil
S C C S C C
Farmer Shepherd Shepherd
S C C V
Surname “ “ “ Dick Stewart Riddel McMahon “ “ McDonald “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ McDougal “ “ Ferguson “ “ Scot “ “ “ “ “ Auld Ross “ Reid Begg Bell “ Bellany “ “ “ Bell “ “ “ “ Jonston Jolly
Name Catalina Margarita Elena Andres Margarita Elena Margarita Juan Catalina Juan Santiago Isabel Amelia Donald Catalina Juan Archivaldo Ronaldo Alan Catalina Maria Martin Elisa Augusta Pedro Francisca Roberto Amelia Luisa Adolfo Jules Donald Donald Guillermo Alejandro Diego Georgiana Juan Helena Christiana Enrique Eleanor Isabel Mariana Luisa Juan Santiago Stewart
Age 7 5 2 29 40 29 50 18 14 40 40 35 11 9 7 5 3 2 28 21 1 43 4 2 25 30 9 7 5 2 30 21 22 35 25 35 35 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 2 1 26 23
Sex M M M V M M M V M V V M M V M V V V V M V M M V M V M M V V V V V V V M V M M V M M M M V V V
Nationality A “ “ E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E A E A A E A “ “ “ “ E E E E E E E E E E E A A A A A E E
Born Bs.As. “ “
S V S C S S S C C
Landowner Servant Cook Labourer Servant Labourer Labourer
C C C
Grower Bs.As. Minister (Pres.) Bs.As. “ Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Blacksmith Domestic Serv.
C S S S S C C S S
Merchant Landowner Dependant Shepherd Shepherd Landowner
Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Shepherd Shepherd 27
Surname “ Jervisson Laidlan McKay Johnstone “ “ “ “ “ “ Johnstone Shiell “ McDonald “ “ “ “ “ Johnstone Wallace Creig “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Johnstone “ “ “ “ “ “ Anderson “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
Name Hugh Jorge Tomas Hector Joseph Juana Juana Juan Margarita Kiriam Jose Juan Jorge Elena Alejandro Petrona Duval de Elena Alejandro Prudencio Matilde Maria Patricio Diego Juana Juan Diego Jorge Margarita Guillermo Carlos Kiriam Juana Roberto Luisa Elena Margarita Anita Juan Elisa Marta Juan Matilde Tomas Roberto Teresa Elisa Jose
Age 21 33 70 28 34 25 9 7 5 3 1 30 55 45 31 28 6 4 3 1 24 22 32 28 11 10 8 6 5 1 60 57 30 21 19 17 15 49 38 17 16 15 12 10 8 7 5
Sex V V V V V M M V M V V V V M V M M V V M M V V M V V V M V V V M V M M M M V M M V M V V M M V
Civil State S S S S C C
Nationality E E I I I I A A A A A I I I I A A A A A I I I A A A A A A A I I I A A A A I I A A A A A A A A
Occupation Shepherd Photographer Schoolmaster Shepherd Landowner
Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Shepherd Landowner Majordomo Bs.As. “ “ “ “ Landowner Landowner Bs.As. “ “ “ “ “ “ Pupil Pupil
S C C C C
C S C C
C C S S S S S C C S S S
Landowner Landowner Bs.As. “ “ “ Shepherd Bs.As. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 28
Surname “ “ “ Wallace “ “ “
Name Guillermo Maria Juana Patricio Ester Guillermo Diego Cristobal
Age 3 2 1 26 32 23 26
Sex V M M V M V V
Nationality A A A I I I I
Born “ “ “
C C S S
Shepherd Shepherd Shepherd
Scots in the 1895 Census for Chascomus
The following list is drawn from those individuals and families with British surnames in the 1895 census for Chascomus and contains those who are actually or probably Scots and their children born in Argentina. As with the 1869 census, there is the difficulty that some Scots may be described as English, so the listing has had to depend largely upon identifying those with typically Scottish surnames. The list differs substantially from the 1869 census. It contains considerably fewer families and many of the earlier ones are absent, although there are still, for example, such names as McCargo, Sproat, Fair, Bell, Reid and McGaw/McGaull. The differences between the two censuses may be due to movement of families from or into the department of Chascomus, absence at the time of the census or shortcomings in the census itself. Nevertheless, the 1895 list is particularly useful as a record of many children born in Argentina, taking families of Scottish descent well into the 20 th century. Surname Drisdale (Drysdale) Burns Drisdale (Drysdale) “ “ Carruntheres (Carruthers} “ “ “ Young “ “ “ “ “ Berne (?Burn) Donaldson “ “ “ Name Diego Mariana Isabel Diego Maria Guillermo Margarita Guillermo Roberto Tomas Juana Marta Diego Isabel Juana Bernardo Juan Elena Isabel Juan Sex V M M V M V M V V V M M V M M V V M M V Age 60 55 17 11 8 25 28 2 1 54 54 30 23 19 16 50 45 45 22 20 Civil State C C S Nationality I I A A A E E A A E E E A A A E I A A A Born Occupation Tenant
Bs.As “ “ “
Bs.As “ Manager
C C S S S S S C C S S
Bs.As “ “
Peon Owner Bs.As “ “ 29
Surname “ “ “ “ Sproat “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Reid “ “ “ “ Johnston Fair “ “ “ Davison Nicholson “ Alexander MacDonald “ MacDonald “ “ “ “ “ MacDonald “ “ “ “
Name Kirian Maggie Roberto Maria Juana Kiriam Ana Kiriam Juan Jose Juana Santiago Alejandro Margarita Mariana Juana Ines Elena Juan Ana Diego Carolina Roberto Maria Patricio Juana Tomas Catalina Jaime Juana Elena Cristina Anita Guillermo Diego Santiago Brigida Santiago Isabel Donald Angel Emilia Juan Juan Ana Maria Duncan Brigida Ricardo
Sex V M V M M V M V V V M V V M M M M M V M V M V M V M V M V M M M V V V M V M V V M V V M V M V
Age 14 12 10 8 63 39 39 7 6 4 3 1 31 25 3 1 36 27 23 20 34 36 5 4 2 25 35 32 4 1 74 41 19 51 30 27 21 58 19 15 28 30 54 12 38 30 <1
Civil State S
V C C
Nationality A A A A E A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A I A A A I A A A A I I A I I A I I A A A I I A I I A
S S S S C C
Born Occupation “ “ “ “ Dumbart Proprietor on Bs.As Baker “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Baker “ “ “ “ “ “ Baker “ “ Landowner Bs.As “ “ Bs.As “ “ “ Dressmaker Labourer Teacher Majordomo
S C C
V V S S C C S V S S S S C C C
Bs.As Part-owner of a flock Bs.As Bs.As Bs.As Labourer Landowner Bs.As Majordomo Bs.As 30
Surname Name Gordon Maria “ Antonio “ Duncan “ Josefina MacDonald Maria “ Duncan “ Alicia “ Romulo “ Cristina Bell Tomas “ Margarita “ Santiago “ Feliciana McGaull (?Santiago McGaull) “ Jacinta “ Anita “ Jacinta “ Juan “ Diego “ Luis “ Francisca Bell Diego “ Georgina “ Georgina “ Isabel “ Grace “ Guillermina Fraser Guillermo “ Ana “ Guillermo
Sex M V V M M V M V M V M V M V M M M V V V M V M M M M M V M V
Age 34 11 7 1 12 8 6 42 36 58 43 6 3 56 51 16 15 14 9 7 <1 61 61 27 25 17 56 60 55 25
Civil State C
C C C C
C C S S S
A A A I I I A A A I A A A A A A A I I A A A I I I A
Bs.As “ “ Shepherd Shepherd Oriental Bs.As “ Landowner Bs.As “ “ “ “ “ “ Landowner Bs.As “ “ Shepherd Bs.As Shepherd
C C S S S V C C S
Scots in the 1869 and 1895 Censuses for the Province of Entre Rios
Lying between the Rivers Parana and Uruguay, the province of Entre Rios attracted many British settlers in the 19th Century. The following census data for various departments of the province are a rich source of information on Scots and English settlers, giving among other things, comparisons between settlement in 1869 and 1895, the origins of settlers and their families, ages, places, occupations and relationships. The data, therefore, are of genealogical and demographic value. I am most grateful to Luis Stuart-Pennington for carrying out the major task of transcribing the records.
Scots in the 1869 and 1895 Censuses for Concordia and Federacion, Entre Rios.
The following census table has been extracted from the 1869 Census for persons of British descent in the districts of Concordia and Federacion in the province of Entre Rios. I would wish to thank Mr. Luis Stuart-Pennington for the data and for helpful notes on the interpretation of spellings as they were recorded by the Spanish-speaking enumerator. Whilst most spellings of surnames are straightforward, some are less so, such as “Maquinlen” for McKinlay, “Maclo” for Macleod, “Freize “ 31
for Fraser, “Maclar” for MacLaren, “Cincler” for Sinclair, and “McNil”, “Mannil” and “Menil” for McNeill. Some names presently defy interpretation. Names are grouped by households and most wives appear to have followed the Scottish practice of using maiden surnames. Among the entries are many children and young persons, some born in Scotland and others in Argentina, and so giving useful information on arrival of parents in Argentina. Also, it should be noted that the entries may not represent all the Scots in the full census; while some give Scotland as the place of birth, others use the common practice of describing themselves as from “Inglaterra. or Ingles”, so they are difficult to distinguish from those who are actually English. Abbreviations: V (Varon) = Male, M(Mujer) = Female, C(Casado) = Married, S(Soltero/a) = Unmarried, V (Viudo/a) in Civil State = Widower or Widow, E.R. = Entre Rios, B.A. = Buenos Aires, Scot. = Scotland, I = Inglaterra or Ingles. Occupations: Jornalero/a = Labourer, Estanciero/a = Landowner, Hacendado = Landowner, Criador = Stock breeder, Pastor = Shepherd, Agricultor = Farmer, Comercio = Merchant. This census information can be usefully related to the account of Nueva Escocia given on the page on “Scots Colonists” on the website. Surname Campbell Campbell White Clerk Patterson Ferguson Lopez Ferguson Ferguson Bayn Bayn Bayn Bayn Maquinlen Mclain Clark Escala de C. Clark Clark Clark Macrey Maclar Macrey Name Guillermo Telma Juan Norman Simon Frederico Mercedes Maria Marta Renaldo Maria Maria Enriqueta Diego Jorge Tomas Emilia Mercedes Frederico Maria Juan Daniel Juanita Age 28 2 31 24 28 29 19 1 2 45 30 7 1 24 28 45 34 7 6 4 13 28 17 Sex V M V V V V M M M V M M M V V V M M V M V V M S S S S C C C C S S S C C Civil State S Birth Place E.R. E.R. I I I I E.R. E.R. E.R. I I E.R. E.R. Scot. I I Chile E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. Scot. E.R. 32 Jornalero Tatuti al N. Comercio Comerciante Estanciero Tatuti al N. Hacendado Inquenes Hacendado Hacendado Jornalero Jornalero Jornalera Inquenes Inquenes Inquenes Inquenes Inquenes Occupation Estanciero Place Yerua
Surname M.Buchana M.Buchana M.Buchana M.Buchana McNilne Meclane Mannil Maclo Macleod McCorqudale Bucanan Macari Bucanan Bucanan Bucanan Maclan Maclan Maclan Maclan Maclan Maclan Maclan Maclan Bucanan Bucanan McNeil McNil Menil Menil Menil Menil Menil Menil Clarck Cinkler
Name Juan Mariana Isabela Nil Niel Margarita Lacklen Jorge Grace Diego Alejandro Florentina Juan Baldomero Juana Tomasa Ana Catalina Juan Valter Juana Guillermo Baldomero Waltro Juana Juana Walter Elizabat Juana Isabel Walter Lachlan Diego Duncan Isabel
Age 34 20 2 1 40 25 3 34 25 23 32 23 1 2 36 11 10 9 8 6 4 2 1 24 32 1 38 36 10 7 5 3 1 22 16
Sex V M M V V M M V M V V M V V M M M M V V M V V V M M V M M M V V V V M
Civil State C C
Birth Place Scot. E.R. E.R. E.R.
Place Tatuti al N.
S S C C S C C
Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. E.R. Scot.
Scot. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R.
S C C C
Scot. Scot. E.R. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. E.R. E.R.
Scot. Scot. 33
Surname Marchidale Maclon Maslabis Mccrey Mccrey Sinclair Sinclair Sinclair Sincler Sincler Sincler Sincler Sincler Sincler Blaca Ferquharson McDonald Ferquharson Ferquharson Ferquharson Ferquharson Ferquharson Ferquharson Fraser Jamilton Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser
Name Ducle Juan Baldomero Maria Daniel Maria Inacio Mungo Baldomero Catalina Baldomero Anita Inacio Juan Juan Diego Cristina Juan Grace David Frederick Jessie Donald Alejandro Maria Guillermo Alejandro Maria Daniel Juan Jacinta Carlos Isabel Pedro
Age 22 24 45 53 15 18 60 25 29 23 4 3 2 1 19 50 30 11 9 8 6 4 2 48 46 23 20 18 16 14 12 10 6 4
Sex V V V M V M V V V M V M V V V V M V M V V M V V M V V M V V M V M V
Civil State S S S V S S C S C C
Birth Place Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. E.R. E.R. Scot. Scot. Scot. Scot. E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R.
Pastor Pastor Criador
Gualeguaycito Gualeguaycito Gualeguaycito
S C C
Scot. I I I I I I I I
C C S S S
I I B.A. B.A. B.A. B.A. B.A. B.A. B.A. B.A.
Scots in the 1895 Census for Concordia and Federacion, Entre Rios
Firstly, I wish to thank Luis Stuart-Pennington for transcribing the following data from the census books held in the Archivo General de la Nacion in Buenos Aires. The general explanation of the census categories is given under the earlier account for the 1869 census. However, there are more occupations given in this census and these are translated below. With the exceptions of those of British descent born in Argentina and in the Banda Oriental (Uruguay), persons are often described as “Inglaterra”, whether Scots or English, although “Scotland” does occur. Since surnames are an imprecise guide, both nationalities are listed. Among those listed are early Scottish settlers who originally farmed at Nueva Escocia, Yarua, Department of Concordia but later moved to places in the Department of Federacion, where descendants still live. The ages and nationalities of settlers show individuals and families arriving from the 1850/60’s onwards. Among the occupations mentioned are: Alambrador = Wire Fencer; Aprendiz = Apprentice; Caldarero = Boilermaker; Cocinera = Cook; Carnicero = Butcher; Cochero = Driver; Corredor = Agent; Costurera = Dressmaker; Dependiente = Shop Assistant/Clerk; Enfermera = Nurse; Ingeniero = Engineer; Lavandera = Laundress; Maestra = Teacher; Maquinista = Engine Driver or Mechanic; Modista = Dress Designer/Maker; Ninera = Nanny; Operaria = Worker; Peon = Labourer; Rentistas/Rentas = Persons of Independent Means; Carpintero = Carpenter; Puestero = Person tending livestock on a section of an estancia; Abbreviations for Nationality: Arg E.R. = Entre Rios; Arg Bs.As. = Buenos Aires; B.Ori = Banda Oriental (Uruguay); Arg S.Fe = Santa Fe; I = England; Scot = Scotland.
Department of Concordia
Surname Brookes Hooper Day “ “ “ “ “ Matthew “ “ Douglas Lucas Michael Filip Patterson “ Taylor
Name Enrique Frederico Pedro Sarah Catalina Maria Flora Elena Roberto Cristina Benjamin Archibald Alfredo Alejandro Delfino Simon Simon Victor Casilda
Age 35 27 35 36 11 10 6 4 39 24 30 30 27 29 49 53 23 50
Sex V V V M M M M M V M V V V V V V V M
C.S. State S S C C
Nation I I I I I Arg. E.R. “ “ Arg. Bs.As I I I I Scot I I B. Ori. I
Occupn Ingeniero Estanciero Jornalero Lavandera
Place Fluvial Yarua, Nueva Escocia Yarua, Nueva Escocia “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Yarua “ “ “ “
C C S S S S S C S C
Alambrador Estanciero Hacendado Trabajador Agricultor
“ “ “ “ Yarua de Campana Yarua Yarua Yarua Yarua “ “ Concordia Urbana 35
Surname “ “ “ Macraca “ “ “ “ Macleon Ceti Macleon “ “ “ Macrae Nicolas Manson “ “ Brown “ “ “ McDugal “
Name Alberto Mariano Lino Juan Fermina Luisa Roberto Juana Frederico Justa Justa Frederico David Sarah Alejandro Enrique Seferiana
Age 23 25 21 47 30 14 10 8 35 25 3 5 24 1 44 52 27
Sex V V V V M M V M V M M V V M V V M V V V M M M V V V M M M M V V M V
C.S. State S S S S S
Nation I I I I B.Ori “ “ “ B. Ori “ Arg E.R. “ Ori Arg E.R. I I Arg E.R. “ “ I Spain Arg E.R. “ I Arg E.R. I Arg Bs.As. Arg Bs.As. Arg E.R. I B. Ori Arg E.R. Arg E.R. I
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ Concordia Puerta “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Concordia “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
S V S
Concordia Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
Mariana 10 Enrique 7 Juan 37 Maria E. 38 de Rebecca 2 Carolina Hugo Jaime 1 25 19 21 57 13 11 34 23 69 70 16
S S S S S S S S C C S
Mecanico Mecanico Empleado rentas Rentas Rentas Maestra Empleado Rentista
Gill Enrique Oughterson Francisca Robinson “ Howard West Dunsford “ Manigton Maria Berta Ana Guillermo Mauricio Genara Enrique
Surname Patterson “ “ “ “ “ Pitterson “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Hibert “ White “ Osborne “ “ McLeod “ “ “ “ “ Grey “ “ “ “ “ Wall
Name Margarita Maria E Jorge Carlos Margarita Julian Carlos Juana de Pedro Elena Esteban Carlos Maria Juan Bartolo Roberto Tomas E. Catalina de Guillermo Arturo Emma Isabel Ema George Margarita Isobel Guillermo Engracia Juan Francisco Margarita de Eduarda Magdalena Maria Teresa Enrique
Age 44 19 18 15 11 9 45 40 17 16 14 11 9 5 4 3 38 36 26 23 44 17 16 62 23 19 16 11 21 55 52 22 18 13 9 49
Sex M M V V M V V M V M V V M V V V V M V V M M M V M M V M V V M M M M M V
C.S. State V S S S S C C S S S S S
Nation I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ I Cordoba, S.Fe. Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I I I I I Arg Bs.As. “ I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ I “ “ “ “ “ “
Occupn Comercio “ “ E. Nacional Comercio “ “ “ “ “ “ Maquinista “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 37
C C S S V S S V S S S S C C C S S S S
Caldarero Comercio Comercio Modista
Surname Phillips “ “ “ Everill Mountford “ “ “ “ Everill “ Claret Unta Felipe Cre Benzaquen “ “ Robinson Caley Cavil Caley Ritchie Biggs King Flippard Reeve Geyi Miller “ “ Wilson Huxley
Name George Leopold Teresa Julia Alfredo Amelia Alfredo Winifred Jorge Raimundo Reginaldo Juan Ana Gillermo Anita Adelina Isac Sara Meriam Alberto Stuart A Winifred Beatriz George Emma Clara Guillermo Claudio Anita Henry Juana Enriqueta Ines
Age 59 17 15 14 43 43 14 13 11 9 8 4 5 36 24 18 24 18 50 47 36 23 <1 19 40 28 24 26 24 42 8 23 31 45
Sex V V M M V M V M V V V V M V M M V M M V V M M V M M V V M V M M V M
C.S. State S S S
Nation I B. Ori Arg E.R “ I I “ “ “ “ I Arg Bs.As I
Occupn Hacendado Aprendiz “ “ “
Place “ “ “
“ “ Concordia Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Rural Chacras 38
Huerfana Maquinista Operaria Operaria
“ “ “ “ “ “ “
S C S S S C C C
“ “ “
ArgBs..As. Comercio “ I I I I Arg E.R. I I “ “ “ “ “ Arg E.R. “ I Comercio Cocinera I Carpintero Comercio Fabrica Conserva Carne
S S S C S C V
Comercio Enfermera Ninera Peon F.C. Comercio
“ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Zona and
“ “ White Nicolson Mequay Coles Rodger Short “ “ “ “ “ Cocker “ “ “ “ Fisher Essex
Francisca Isabella Walter Enrique Diego Alfredo Tomas Carlos
16 14 25 43 53 60 59 46
M M V V V V V V M V V V V V M V V V V M
S S S C C V S C C S S S S C C S S S S S
Arg E.R. “ I “ “ “ “ “ “ B.Ori. “ “ “ I I I Arg Bs.As. “ I “ Dpendiente Estudiante Estudiante Ingeniero Civil Comercio Alambrador Estanciero Hacendado Cochero Estanciero
“ “ “ Egido Rural “ Chanar “ “
“ “ “ “
Concordia Diego Lopez “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
Maria, L.J. 50 de C Carlos 25 Jose Ernesto Guillermo Alberto Mary Champny Alberto Eduardo Alejandro Frederico Mabel 20 19 15 47 47 17 15 11 30 28
Department of Federacion
Tomo 1045 Hogg Kaemena “ “ “ “ Roster Hogg Juana Jorge Luis Isabel Gerardo Luis Francisco Isabel 32 46 46 4 2 <1 14 57 M C V C V S M V V V M I Aleman “ Arg E.R. “ “ B.Ori I Atencio al Este, Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 39
Tomo 1045 “ “ “ Lamacreff “ “ “ ? Caranis Forget “ “ “ “ “ Buchanan McRae “ “ “ “ Buchanan MacTavish “ “ “ Majatan “ Buchanan Majatan Buchanan “ “ “ “ “ McDonald “ Isabel Guillermo Juana Guillermo Elisa Ernesto Ines Maria Catalina Juan Alfredo Anita Carlos Guillermo Violeta Catalina Juan Juana Juanita Baltazar Isabel Daniel Juan Archibaldo M de Juana Ana Juana Andres Sofia Ana Maria Flora Daniel Robinson Juana Daniel Isabel Margarita Pedro Sim Juana 21 12 7 38 38 12 5 45 40 34 34 11 9 7 6 54 35 10 9 8 3 31 34 36 2 1 28 30 15 8 3 55 53 23 18 10 50 47 M V M V M V M M V V C C I B.Ori Arg E.R. I Agricultor “ “ “ “ I Londres I Estanciero Uru “ Arg E.R. “ “ I “ Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ I I “ “ “ Colonia Otano, Suburbio “ “ “ “ Colonia Ensanche, Zona Rural Gualeguaycito al Oeste, Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Gualeguaycito, Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 40
C S C
M C V V M M V S M V M V M V V S V C M C M M V S M S M M M V C M V M M V M S S C C
Tomo 1045 “ “ “ Grave “ “ “ “ McKnight “ “ McKnight Imlach “ “ McLeod Davidson Johnson Tomo 1046 Anderson Sogaray “ “ “ “ “ Clark “ “ “ “ Carmona Clark “ “ “ Turner Juan Tomas Ines Maria Santiago O de Isabel Maria Amalia Ester Guillermo Ricardo Maragarita Margarita Roberto P Antonia F Enrique Diego Juan Carlos Juan Donata Miguel Nicanor Juana Maria Avelino Emilia Mercedes Margarita Felipe Frederico Florencia Emilia Carlos Laurentino Arcenia Eduardo 14 12 17 39 34 5 4 1 50 4 3 1 45 36 7 59 25 38 56 37 13 12 9 6 1 60 29 23 10 32 27 8 7 3 1 54 V V M S V C M C M M M V V M M V C M C V V V V V S S S C Arg E.R. “ “ I Arg E.R. “ “ “ I Arg E.R. Arg E.R. “ I Arg Bs.As. Arg E.R. Scot Scot I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ Chile Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 1 “ “ “ Estanciero Estanciera “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Carpintero “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Estanciero Estanciero Molinero Empleado “ “ Villa Libertad, Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Villa Libertad, Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 41
M C V V M M V M V M M C V V C M C M V V M V
Tomo 1045 “ “ Wilkinson “ Majatan Morrison Dixon Farquharson “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Britton Ferquharson “ “ “ “ “ Bocar Fraser “ “ “ “ “ Majatan Ferquharson “ “ “ “ Heslop Hannah Maria Hannah Frederico Elsa C de Baldomero Victorino Enrique Diego Cristina de Ignacia Juanita Daniel Guillermo Cristina Roberto Dualdo Margarita Juna Dominga C de Mere Dora Ema Lidia Elena Josef. Carlos Maria M de Alejandro Juanita Maria Ana Alejandro Andres Juana David Filomena C de Diego Elena Rodrigo 52 14 56 53 32 32 28 75 M 55 28 26 25 24 22 18 16 8 45 26 6 5 2 <1 5 59 58 45 12 11 7 4 55 32 22 5 4 3 M M V C M C V S V V V S S C “ Arg E.R. 1 “ Arg E.R. “ 1 Scot Scot “ “ Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ Scot Arg Bs. As. “ “ “ “ “ Scot Scot B.Ori Arg E.R. “ “ Ingeniero “ “ Hacendado Hacendado Hacendado Jornalero Mandisovi Campana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 42
M C M S M S V S V S M S V S V M V M S S S C
M M M M M V s M C V M M V V M V M V M V C
V C C
Tomo 1045 “ Mcneill Mcneill “ “ “ Jeuner Fraser “ “ “ “ “ Tomo 1047 Suurd Nicholson Suurd “ “ Wiliamson Cooper Wiliamson Hogg “ White Sutill White White Robert Gisfin McDonuagh McKnight Sinclair “ “ “ Haida Walter Isabel M de Walter Isabel Diego Frederico Isabel M de Daniel Alejandro Maria Hector Sofia Juan Florencia Arturo Alicia Alan Guillermo Emma Edgar Guillermo Maeia Arturo Maria Arturo Eustaquio Juan Tomas Gissfin de Lucia Tomas Mungo C Maria S de Juan Ignacio Mungo david 2 65 55 27 25 23 37 35 10 1 7 7 4 57 35 6 4 1 44 39 1 57 24 28 19 <1 18 43 56 56 25 47 38 10 9 M V M V V V V M V V M V M V C M C V M V V C M C V V M V M V V V V M V C S C C C C S S S S V “ Scot Scot “ “ “ I Arg E.R. “ “ “ “ “ Scot I Arg Santa Fe I Arg E.R. I I Arg E.R. I I I Espana Arg E.R. I “ “ “ Arg E.r. I Arg Bs. As. Arg E.r. “ Hacendado Hacendada Hacendado “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Tatuti, Zona Rural “ “ “ “ Comerciante “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 43
S C C C S
Carpintero Carpintero Puestera Puestero Hacendado
V C M C V V
Tomo 1045 “ “ “ Sinclair “ Buchanan Sinclair White Hogg Shaw “ Buchanan Hunt Muir Makkinon Little Johnson Pike Dickson Pike Pike MacRae Meopham Dionisio B Alejandro Margarita J Diego Archibaldo Neil Isabel Fred Cristina de Shaw Haggie Johnson Cristina A H Francis Enrique C Carlos Archibald Maryam Helen Christina Antonia Aldrich Ellen Nellie Ausborne Annie Caroline Alejandro Eliza 7 5 3 3 <1 26 40 36 38 9 5 20 37 35 27 28 26 43 36 2 1 36 33 V V M V V V M V V S M C M M V S V V V M M C S S S S “ “ “ Arg E.R. “ Arg E.R. Scot I Scot Arg Bs.As. B. Ori Arg E.R. I Scot I “ I “ “ Arg E.R. “ I “ “ “ “ “ Estanciero Empleado de Campo Criadora Maestro de Escuela Comercio “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Estanciero Carpintero Jornalero “ “ Frontera “ “ “ “ “ “ Hacendado “ “
M C M C M M V C M C
1895 Census, Colon, Entre Rios
Surname Taylor “ “ “ “ “ “
Name Tomas Jemima Florencia Alicia Semora Evelina Alberto
Sex V M M M M M V
Age 52 48 22 20 17 16 13
Civil State C C S S S S
Birth place I Bs.As. E.R. “ “ “ “
Estanciero Paysandu’ Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ 44
Surname “ Owens Cooker Davidson “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Gramthon “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Jinangs “ Cowell “ “ Hurrell Phillips Hurrell “ “ Bartlett Campbell “ “ Bartlett Campbell “
Name Cirilo Andres Juan F. Tomas Polonia Polonia Tomas Lia Elvia Ester Diego Carlos Pedro Juan Tomas Maria Isabel Ana Juan Santiago Margarita Enrique Margarita N. de Jorge
Sex V V V V M M V M M M V V V V M M M V V M V M V
Age 11 27 49 46 37 11 9 8 6 5 3 3 40 18 16 13 11 9 6 3 52 50 63 52 47 27 18 5 3 2 15 18 22 27 51 3 6
Civil State S C C C
Birth place “ E I B.O. “ “ “ “ “ E.R. E.R. E.R. I I “ “ “ “ Bs.As. E.R, I I I Suiza I Bs.As. E.R. Bs.As. “ “
Place “ Saladero, Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Colonia Mabrogana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
Quimico Contador Comercio
V S S S
C C C C S C S
Estanciero 4 District Zona Rural “ “ Colon 6 Zona Rural “ “ “ “ Barquero Peon Lavandera Barquero “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 45
Luisa de M Guillermo V Pauka R. M de Flora Sara Maria Aida Maria Elena Ramon Felix Tomasa Telma Enrique Pedro Gregorio M M M M V V M M V V V
S S S S S
“ E.R. “ “ I E.R. “
Surname “ Phillips “ “ Pike Sanchez Pike “ “ “ Guiles “ Maquintoss France “ Robinson “ “ Griere “ “
Name Maria Ernesto M Ernesto Rufino Juan Luisa Jenara Juan Luisa Juana Enrique Baltaran Carlos Jorge Jercia Francisca Linie Aida Cristobal Juan Silvia
Sex M M M M V M M V M M V V V V M M M M V V M
Age 1 53 10 6 40 24 6 4 2 1 42 40 30 62 43 45 20 7 71 28 22
Civil State V
Birth place “ I E.R. “ I E.R. “ “ “ “ I “ E I
Place “ “
S C S C C C S C C C
“ “ Jornalero Colon Campana “ “ “ “ “ Estanciero “ Estanciero “ Jornalero “
Estanciero “ “ “ “ “ Vapor Nacional Don Pepe “ “
I Paraguay Rentista E.R. “ E Estanciero E.R. “ Agricultor
1895 Censo, Concepcion del Uruguay, Entre Rios
Apellido Peart Place Peart “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Cooper Hervers Rain
Nombre Jose Margarita Maria Estela Enrique Madalena Eva Alfredo Ines Elena Arturo Jacinto Eduardo
Sexo V M M M V M M V M M V V V
Edad 40 55 17 13 12 11 10 8 6 5 30 50 35
Estado Civil C C
Nacion I “ E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I “ “
Zona Moscas Norte “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ al
S S C
Apellido “ “ “ “ “ Key Forfar Russell Smith “ “
Nombre Maria Margarita Miguel Catalina Guillermo Diego Juan
Sexo M M V M V V V V V V M V V M
Edad 35 15 11 10 8 27 26 23 24 34 30 1 24 54 54 48 20 16 13 54 49 29 25 22 13 9 6 41 67 67 41 34
Estado Civil C
Nacion “ “ “ “ “ “ “ E “ “ E.R. “
Zona “ “ “ “ “ Potrero de la Campana Potrero San Lorenzo “ “ “ “ “
Encargado de Campo Empleado “ “ “
S S S C C
William Frederico Henry Ana Wesley de “ Henry Wesley Magynton Walter Morguen Spilbury “ “ “ “ Cook “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Peart Grieve “ Desomyer Vital Navarte Luisa
S V C C S S
I “ “ “ “ Cordoba Capital Federal E.R. “ “ “ “ Corrientes E.R. E.R. I “ “ “ “
Mayordomo Tala, Colonia Esgrina Poblacion de Las Islas Profesor C de Ciudad “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Hacendado Estanciero “ “ “ “ “ U,
J.H.Gybbon V Laura G. Nelly G Enrique G Carlos G Benito G Francisca LLanes Carmen Ana Francisco Orlando Eduardo Maria Eloisa Jose H Cristobal Juana Elliot de Jesse Grieves Esther Grieve de M M V V V M M M V V V M V V M M M
C C S S S S
C C V C V
Apellido Desomyer Vital “ Grieve Mardon “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Rossell “ “ “ “ Backley Rutslinn Backley “ “ “ “ Tindlater Cook Talbot Cook Buttero
Edad 10 8 10 52 35 17 16 14 13 11 9 7 8 5 55 48 19 16 12 54 30 13 11 9 8 3 42 29 24 2 27
Nacion E.R. “ “
Zona “ “ “
Juana M Elena Francisco J V Urq. Juan V Elena G de Juana Jose Guillermo Juan E Alfredo Elena J Arturo Benjamin Victor Carlos Emilia de Anita Carlos Guillermo Hoque Anita de Backley Reinaldo Rosa Alisa Stella Lola Carlos Juan N Maria H Elspet S Isabel G de M M V V V V M V V V V M M V V V M V M M M M V V M M M
C C S S S S
I E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I “ “ “ “ “ “ E.R. “ “ “ “ I “ “ B.O. I
C C S S C C
Gerente de “ Banco Nacional “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Rentista “ “ “ “ “ Sin Bulevares Profesion al Norte Profesora “ “ “ “ “ “ Geracito “ “ “ Molina, Zona Urbana
C C C
1895 Census, Gualeguay, Entre Rios
Civil State V
Birthplace Occupn Bs.As. Tornero
Place Primera seccion, chacras rural “ “ “ “ Ciudad Zona Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Campana “ Costa Nogoya “ “ “ “ 49
“ “ “ “ Paterson McKay Mand Dougall “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Jessibuay Bocs Chaparro
Sebastiana M Eudalda Cristina Frederico Francisco Isabel Ricarda M M V V M M M M V V M V M V V M M V M V M V V V V V V V V V V V M M M
22 18 17 14 38 34 38 17 15 13 12 10 6 4 30 24 74 44 40 32 55 38 40 31 19 54 24 23 45 32 32 51 39 37 9 8
S S S S S V S S
E.R. “ “ “ “ I E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I “ “ E.R. “ “ I E.R. I “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I “ “ E.R. “
Tornero Peon Costurera Costurera “ “ Peon Peon Costurera
Mariana Ricarda Pedro Irchiato Palmira Justo Rosa Enrique Juan Catalina M de “ Juana “ Daniel “ Maria Luisa Malta Juan Clark Augustina “ Luis Percy Diego Shawe Francisco Mridges Diego Michall Ambrosio McDougall Tomas Watson Jorge Williamson Alejandro MacMaster Angel Adamson Alejandro McDougall “ “ “ Pedro Anita J de Francisca Isabel E
S S V S S S S C C S S C S S V S S S C C
Costurera Carpintero Comerciante Pastor Tornero Hacendado Agente Agente Carpintero Estanciero Cabanero
Surname “ Norris Derbyshire “ “ “ Grant Carminas Grant “ “ Carmicheal Hay/Kay Milne Corin Burton Wilson “ “ “ “ Hadanson Wyatt Smith Nicoll Coghlan
Name Juan A Guillermo Maria Katerine Enrique Eva M Tomas Fortunata Florentina Jovita Catalina Guillermo Juan Guillermo Paul Milnes H
Sex V V M M V M V M M M M V V V V V V M M V M V V V V
Age 4 27 40 14 9 5 52 53 21 17 15 46 60 43 31 22 53 28 5 3 1 38 24 29 54
Civil State S C
Birthplace Occupn “ I “ Bs.As. “ “ I E.R. “ “ “ I E I “ “ “ E.R. “ “ “ I B.O. I “
C C S S S S S S S C C
Guillermo Hugh Francisco William
S S S S
“ Estanciero “ “ “ “ “ Hacendado “ “ “ “ “ Campana Vizcachas Maquinista Fluvial e Islas Comerciante “ Tenedor de “ Labras Dependient “ e Maquinista 2 Distrito Chacras “ “ “ “ 1 Seccion Chacras Dependient 3 Distrito e Rural Estanciero “ “
1869 Census for Gualeguaychu, Entre Rios
Civil State S
Nationality Occupn Bs.As. Peon
Place 2 District Rural, Costa de Uruguay “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 50
“ “ Colman “ “ “ “
Braulio Francisco Pedro Nicefora Angelita Simeon Galo
17 21 37 30 10 8 6
V V V M M V V
S S C C
B.O. “ E.R. “ “ “ “
“ “ Peon Peona
Surname “ Burr Phillips Milligan Weir Maquinales
Name Benigno Eduardo Frederico Alejandro James Patricio
Age 3 26 27 26 27 25
Sex V V V V V V
Civil State C C S S S
Nationality Occupn “ I “ “ “ “
Place “ 4 District “ “ “ 9 District, San Antonio del Sud “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 51
Hacendado Albanil Peon
Clark Leon “ “ “ “ Furlong Collins Comyn de Co Collins “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Browning “ “ “ “ Peirce Browning Owen “ Reeves Gow Beckwith Browning “ “ Ellis Barkle “
Tomas Jorge Elsa Fabiana Enriqueta Elisa Catalina Juan Catalina Juan Catalina Marian Juan Margarita Dionisio Catalina Cornelio Jorge Eduardo Eloisa Carolina Constancia Francisco Santiago Jeffrey Samuel Felipe Roberto Archibald Guillermo Guillermo Elena David Santiago Elena Roberto
38 31 60 22 33 28 73
V V M M M M M
S S V S S S V
“ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
54 50 23 26 20 16 13 10 14 45 40 12 10 8 30 20 22 27 30 29 35 30 45 24 34 17
V M M V M V M V V V M M M V V V V V V V V V M V V M V
C C S “ “ “ “ “ “ C C S S S S S S S S C C C S S C S
Surname “ Bingbarkle “ “ “ Barkle Baigle Walker Dunn “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Linn Shand Gilchrist Latham Holmes Browning McCann “ Newman Barcle Bowning Chapman Cooke “ “ “ “ “ Stevenson Campbell “ Dalglish Edmiston
Name Margarita Elena Agueda Ana Luisa Alejandro Juan Maria Bequi Maria Miguel Carlos Jaime Juan Isabel Anita Jose Cristobal Nicanor Carlos Miguel Guillermo Juan Juan Jorge Elena Jose Carlos Eduardo Tomas Enrique Arturo Santiago Maria Francisco Jose Maria Bernardo Enrique Jorge Juan Enrique Alejandro
Age 14 12 4 6 2 1 40 48 24 27 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 4 3 1 60 29 24 21 26 1 23 26 18 27 26 24 32 30 9 6 4 2 24 31 29 30 38
Sex M M M M M V V M M M V V V V M M V V V V V V V V V M V V V V V V V M V V M V V V V V V
Civil State S S
Nationality Occupn “ “ “ “ “
“ “ “ “ Hacendado “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
C V S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S C C
E.R I “ Bs.As. E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I “ “ “ “ E.R. I “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Bs.As. “ I “ “ “ “
Jornalero Hacendado “ “ “ “ Dependient e Peon
S S S S S
Hacendado Jornalero “ Hacendado “
Surname Morrison Findleton McDuald Morrison Anderson Sterling Perkins Sterling Stevenson Stewart Dickens Dowlevy Nicolson Scheridan Cock O’Connor Arspell Cock Warley Scot Warley Moore Tinker
Name Jorge Roberto Tomas Alejandro Carlos Andres Isabel Ricardo Jaime Alejandro Eduardo Isabel Mary Guillermo Diego Victoria Juan Jaime James Jenny William Enrique Jaime
Age 23 30 40 29 28 40 39 17 40 30 45 28 21 40 29 22 30 58 40 32 9 48 30
Sex V V V V V V M V V V V M M V V M V V V M V V V
Civil State S S S S S C C S S S C C C S C C C C C C S S
Nationality Occupn “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Jornalero “ “ “ Hacendado Ovejero Ovejero Hacendado “ “
Place 10 District, Perdices “ “ “ Ubicui “ “ “ 10 District, Perdices “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Seibas “ “ “ “ “ “
Hacendado “ Hacendado “ “
1895 Census, Gualeguaychu, Entre Rios
Surname Campbell Collins Fair Norton Peitairs “ Bateson Brait “ “
Name W. Jorge Margarita de Campbell Herbert Hilda Emilia Emilia Sarah Enrique Emilia Tomas
Sex V M V M M M M V M V
Age 56 47 34 27 32 5 68 34 35 9
Civil State C C C C S V C C
Birth Place I “ “ “ “ E.R. I I “ “
Ciudad, Zona Urbana Ciudad Quintas “ “ 53
Surname “ “ Appleyard “ Wesley “ “ Luterall Gastrell “ Luterall “ “ Kenyon Dunn “ “ “
Name Santiago Maria Ines de Dolores Enrique Ana A de Berta Pedro Elisa Anita Pedro Isabel C de Pedro Enrique Rebecca Carlos M. Luisa Maria
Sex V M M M V M M V M M V M V V M V M M
Age 7 3 70 24 58 53 18 28 70 37 30 31 <1 43 50 27 20 48
Civil Birth State Place “ Villaguay V I S C C S S C S C C E.R. I E.R. “ I “ E.R. I E.R. “ I B.A. E.R. “ Corrientes
Place “ “ Ciudad, Zona Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Pejuajo al Norte “ “ “ San Antonio Zona Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 54
S S S S S
hacendado Proprietaria Jornalero Proprietaria
“ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Colt
Fermin Anita Martin Conrado Anita Petrona Pablo Margarita Maria Carlos Ramona Emilia Jose Isobelina Miguel Lumilda Manuela Delfina Micaila Ema Celia Juana Carlos
V M V V M M V M M V M M V M V M M M M M M M V
11 34 18 12 7 5 3 1 70 42 38 2 35 24 45 35 19 17 15 13 11 9 49
S S S
“ “ B.O. E.R. E.R. “ “ “ I E.R. “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ I
V C C S S C C S S S S S S
Proprietaria “ “
Surname “ “ “ “ Jelly
Sex V M M M V V V V M V V M V V V
Age 48 44 20 16 45 52 49 45 40 23 22 19 20 25 40
Enrique Maria Alicia Bianca Samuel Alberto Bookey Guillermo Weir Jaime Callander Henry B “ Nora Malcomson Livoris Erskine Carmikal Murray Bright Carrey Esme S Annie James Enrique Patricio
Civil State C C S S S
Birth Place “ “ E.R. “ I Bs.As. I E I E I E I “ “
Occupn Estanciero Proprietaria “ Estanciero
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
S C C S S S V C
Sirviente Estanciero Proprietaria
1869 Census Concepcion del Uruguay
Surname Brauht Forbes Forbes Cook Luibeque James Forbes Forbes Forbes Forbes Forbes Atkins Higginson Forbes Mason Cook Cook Cook O’Connor O’Connor O’Connor
Name Thomas Guillermo Luis Maria Ana Simon Alejandro Juan Rafael Alberto Concepcion Guillermo Stowon Guillermo Enrique Carmen Benito Benito Gregor Juan Guillermo Guillermo
Age 80 18 10 35 39 35 45 30 12 8 4m 23 27 17 13 3 1 23 27 1 35
Sex V V V M M V M V V V M V V V V M V V V
Civil State C S C C S C S
Birth Place I Arg I E.R. Arg Arg I !
Place Urbana “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Urbana y Rural “ “ “ “ “
Oriental E.R. I Cocinero North Empleado American North Estudiante American E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R. I E.R. I Estudiante
Reconocedor “ de Frutos “ Saladerista “ 55
Surname Wells Smith Caughlan Hartoll Firrileter? Edin Mac Lerman Van Deurs Mountstephen Grina Grina Richie Bacamer Bacamer Scott Peart Morrough Peart Wualtert Bateson Bateson Paterson Payne Collins Collins Spangebert Creik Osborn Gress Elliot Gress Gress Gress Gress Gress Gress Gress Gress Palma Caufil Gress Pitte
Name Enrique Juan Guillermo Juan Tomas Ricardo Juan Juan Jorge Roberto Balte Guillermo Leoun Enrique Tomas Carlos Bertrand Frederico Ernesto Ricardo Margarita Jayme Santiago Juan Santiago Jacobo Alberto Carlos Cristobal Juana Enrique Jacinta Santiago Estela Guillermo Isabel Francisco Juana Juan Juan Tomas Patricio
Age 30 26 24 40 32 26 40 45 22 25 20 23 22 1 53 24 23 26 29 38 35 35 30 24 19 43 35 26 42 42 20 16 13 11 9 7 5 3 25 25 25 38
Sex V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V M V V V V V V V V M V M V M V M V M V V V V
Civil State C S S C C S S C S S S S C S S S S V C C S S S S S S S C C S S S
Birth Place I I I I I I I I I I I I I E.R. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I
Occupn Medico Peon Peon Carpintero Jornalero Peon estanciero Comerciante Peon Capataz de Estancia Peon Hacendado Cocina Comercio Hacendado Hacendado Jornalero Pastor
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ LaIsleta IIslete “ “
Pastor Pastor Pastor Pastor Cocinero Hacendado Peon Estanciero
S C S
Arg Arg I I I I
Carpintero Ovejero Peon
Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 56
Surname Blanco Walqueneen
Name Miguel Roberto
Age 26 21
Sex V V
Civil State S S
Birth Place I I
Occupn Abastacedor Jornalero
Place “ “
Gualeguay 1869 Census Surname Black Black Black Black Black Robson Robson Burns Morgan Keilly Morris Moon Key Bisdon? Aldorno? Ellerman McDonald Ellerman Ellerman Ellerman Burrows Davidson Davidson Davidson Armstrong Armstrong Armstrong Armstrong Mac Dougall Mac Dougall Ogilvy S de Gotuso Brichese Brichese Orr Hom Portel Name Esperanza Elias Catalina Guillermo Margarita Juana Maria Ines Luisa Estevan Thompson Alejandro Santiago William Isabel Enrique Norman Emma Clarence Emilia Guillermo Tomas Guillermo Jorge Antonio Jose Estanislao Pedro Maria Juana Francisco Elena Isabel Anita Juana Jorge Margarita Age 32 9 8 6 5 18 17 43 28 26 37 67 40 34 38 38 23 35 3 6 22 30 2 1 37 19 14 30 50 18 28 37 72 27 13 45 45 Sex M M M V M M M M M V V V V V M V V M V M V V V V V V V V M M V M M M M M M S S V S S S C C S C C S S Civil State C Birth I E E E E Bs.As. E.R. I I ! ! I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I E.R. I I I E.R. E.R I E.R. Occupn Maestra de Escuela Place 16 Distrito “ “ “ “ “ “ 3 Distrito “ “ 1 Distrito 2 Distrito “ “ “
Estanciera Comercio Peon Carpintero Albanil Costurera Comercio Comercio
S C S C C C S C C
Fabricante de Material Bordadora
1 Distrito Urbano “ “ Rural “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 57
Surname Hom Hom Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Cook Railes Brooks Mac Dougald Mac Dougald Wilson Walker Mac Kelen Mac Kelen Mac Kelen Mac Dougald Mac Dougald Mac Dougald Mac Dougald Black Black Chilinfort Carmichael Mac Dougall Robson Scott de Robson Robson Robson Robson Robson Robson Black Kerbis? Mac Dougall MacKay
Name Bonifacio Jorge Genoveva Jose Benito Bonifacio Ezequiel Jose Isabel Daniel Jorge Enrique Melchora Magdalena Tomas Enrique Diego Alejo Alban Margarita Hugo Rosario Daniel Tomas Diego Robert Guillermo Alejandro Pedro Juana Margarita Josefa Amelia Esperanza Eduardo Roberto Juan Pedro Duncan
Age 14 15 24 57 13 11 9 7 5 60 28 37 2 41 48 36 34 30 49 27 16 14 40 72 80 22 34 48 40 15 7 5 2 1 41 23 20 42
Sex V V M V V V V M V V V M M V V V V V M V M V V V V V V V M M M M M V V V V V
Civil State S S S C
Birth I I B.O. Peru E.R. E.R. E.R. E.R E.R. I I I E.R.
Occupn Hornero Hornero Labradora Labrador Labrador Labrador
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
S S S
Jornalero Jornalero Costurera
S S S S S C S S
I I I I I I E.R. E.R. E.R.
Estanciero Estanciero Estanciero Estanciero Estanciero
“ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
S V S S S C C
I I I I I I Bs.As. Arg Arg Arg Arg Arg I I E.R. I
Tenedor de Libros Estanciero Estanciero Estanciero Estanciero
“ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 58
C S S C
Dependiente Jornalero Estanciero Carpintero
Surname MacKay Mackay MacKay Mackay MacKay MacKay Mackay MacKay Davidson McLean McLean Butter Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Fraser Morton Mac Dougall Mac Dougall Mac Dougall Mac Dougall Medell
Name Annie McI Cristina Elizabeth Ann Guillermo Alejandro Kyttie C. Mary Ellen Juan Ann Catherine Ricardo Guillermo Juana Catalina Isabel Margarita Andres Hugo Victoria Juan Gavino Enrique
Age 39 11 10 8 6 4 2 1 24 19 24 23 43 37 6 4 1 41 42 18 9 9 58
Sex M M M M V V M M V M M V V M M M M V V M V V V
Civil State C M
Birth I I I I I I E.R. E.R. I I I I I I I I E.R. I I E.R. E.R. E.R. I
Place “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “
S S S S C
Scottish Settlers in Cordoba Province- Department of Union, 1869 Census
In the 1860s the government of the Province of Cordoba auctioned off large areas of the pampas in the south-east of the province, land previously occupied only by hostile pampas Indians. The area around Frayle Muerto, later named Bell Ville after the Bell brothers from Dunbar, was extensively settled by Scots and English. With the British-owned Central Argentine Railway (FCCA), between the port of Rosario and the city of Cordoba, passing through Bell Ville the area had ready access to markets for its livestock and arable crops. The Scots listed below are taken from the census for the Department of Union. Readers should refer to Richard Seymour’s book on farming on the Cordoban pampas for a fascinating account of the pioneering days. Seymour, Richard Arthur, Pioneering in the Pampas, Longman, Greens, and Co., London, 1869. Also, a recent edition by Stockcero, Viamonte 1592 C1055ABD Buenos Aires, Argentina, 2002. Readers who wish further information should go to Juan Delius’s website at <www.pampacordobesa.de/ >. This excellent site gives detailed information on settlement in the south-east of the province of Cordoba, including maps and a plan of land holdings. Surname Aitken Watt Watt Watt Name W. Henry John A James Stormont Age 20 26 22 24 Sex V V V V Civil Status S S S S Occupation Estancia Agricultor ““ ““ ““ 59
Surname McPherson Calder Moore Pack Miller Riddle Douglas Douglas Fairbairn Fairbairn Fairbairn Fairbairn Calder Bell Hope Hope Bell King Paul Linton Linton Linton Linton Linton Linton Weir ?Cowan Best Richardson Melrose Melrose Gow Paul Allison
Name Bazil G James H Daniel McK William S John B Geoirge Adam Robert G John M M Eliza B Lawrence L S Edward, V L Adam Robert Thomas Robert John Frederick A Thomas John Jane John David William Robert Robert Robert Walterina Henry G S Mary P C William L Helen Thomas F D
Age 19 26 26 20 28 21 50 18 28 24 22 20 32 34 25 ?24 27 25 26 33 30 8 6 4 2 36 27 34 24 30 -----26 20 30
Sex V V V V V V V V V M V V V V V V V V V V M V V V V V V M V M V M V V
Civil Status S S S S S S Widower S C C S S S S S S S S S C C
S S C S C S S C
Occupation ““ ““ ““ Agricultor Estanciero Peon Agricultor Estancia Agricultor ““ Estancia Agricultor ----------Agricultor Peon Agricultor Estancia Agricultor ““ ““ ““ ““ Estancia Agricultor ““ Peon Agricultor Cocinera ----------------------------------------------------Estanciero Agricultor ““ -------------Estanciero Agricultor --- ------------- ----------Sirviente Estanciero Agricultor Estanciero Agricultor
Between 1860 and 1900 the social and economic structure of Argentina was transformed, due in large measure to four inter-related factors: mass immigration from Europe; foreign capital and investment; the vast expansion of settlement following the subjugation and displacement of the indigenous peoples; and construction of railways throughout the land. This page deals only with the British-owned railways. From the 1860s into the 20 th century British investment, construction and management played the leading role in the development of the railway system in Argentina. Four broad gauge lines radiated from Buenos Aires into the western and southern pampas, west to the provinces of Santa Fe, Cordoba, San Luis and La Pampa and south through Buenos Aires province to the valley of the Rio Negro and the frontier of Patagonia. And standard gauge lines went to the north eastern provinces. 60
With the gradual displacement of the pampas Indians and their final subjugation in the so-called Campaign of the Desert the great grasslands were opened to occupation and exploitation by individual immigrants and commercial interests. These railways were, then, crucial to the great expansion of the diverse agricultural economy of Argentina in the latter part of the 19th century. They also led to industrial development, through engineering workshops, storage and manufacturing facilities and docks. And, not least, of course, railways, by providing speedy communication, helped to strengthen the sense of national rather than provincial identity. The British-owned railway companies drew heavily upon skilled and experienced staff from the United Kingdom, commonly from employees of railways and from engineering companies engaged in the manufacture of locomotives and rolling stock. Many of them were Scots, now employed in the engineering workshops and locomotive depots in Buenos Aires and elsewhere, managing railway stations and driving trains. Communities grew up around depots and workshops (Talleres), with housing provided by the companies, churches, social facilities and sports clubs. Readers of this site who are interested in the history of British railways in Argentina should go to: Stones, H. R., British Railways in Argentina 1860-1948, P.E. Waters and Associates, 1993. This book is not readily available, but is held in major reference libraries. There is a copy in the National Library of Scotland. Readers interested in preserved steam locomotives in Argentina should go to: Internationalsteam.co.uk
Sources Damus, Sylvester, Who Was Who in Argentine Railways, 1860-1960. Dia Agency. Inc., Ottawa, 2008. Notes. The Notes column includes, where known, date of birth or the age of the subject in the year of the source, the location at that time, occupation, railway company, the name of the spouse and other information such as the particular birthplace in Scotland. Where the information has been drawn from Sylvester Damus’s fine biographical dictionary the surname has an asterisk. His 61
dictionary contains substantial information on the largely British directors, managers, engineers and others who created and served the splendid network of railways. The list so far presented represents only part of those employed. Firstly, further sources have yet to be identified and accessed, especially after 1900. Secondly, the data available are sometimes inadequate. Thus, the terms <engineer> or <employee> have various meanings which may or may not indicate a railway employee. Without additional information being available some have so far been excluded. Also, the church registers do not always give the name of the railway company. The initials of railway companies are given. The full titles are: FCS = Great Southern Railway FCCA = Central Argentine Railway FCO = Buenos Aires Western Railway FCBByNO = Bahia Blanca and North Western Railway FCBP/FCP = Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway FCCC = Central Cordoba Railway FCBE/FCE = Buenos Aires and Ensenada Railway FCSSFyC = Santa Fe and Cordoba Great Southern Railway FCCyR = Cordoba and Rosario Railway FCN = Buenos Aires Northern Railway FCBAyR/FCR = Buenos Aires and Rosario Railway FCNEA = North East Argentine Railway Name Adamson Aitchison Aitken Alexander Alexander Allen Angel * Angus Angus Archibald Arcus Bain Baird Forename Robert Dugald William James Frederick James Manning Hugh James Calder David John James William John John Occupation Superintenden t Engineer Engine Driver Railway Notes 45,1920, Blanche Amelia ? Suppy , Cordoba 32,1940, Moron 44, 1916, Margaret Muir (dec’d), Partido de 25 Mayo 21, 1901 1884, Dolores, Frances Reeves. In 1892 he is at Ayacucho 38, 1896, Barracas, Charlotte Yeomans B.1885. Glasgow, Luisa A Cash. B.1855, Dalreoch, Mary Wilson. Campana 1885. 35, Campana, 1893, Jane Selanders Robin, 30,1935, Florida, Ana Julia Perry. 1891, Barracas al Sud 1897, Margaret Bain, Talleres del FCCA, Rosario 45, 1922, Villa Maria,Cordoba,, Mary Duff Johnson 39. 62
Stationmaster Engine Driver Director Construction Engineer Engineer Engineer Engine Driver Employee Engine Driver
FCCA, FCS FCBAyR
Name Bannatyne * Barclay Barrie * Bell * Bell * Bell Bennett * Bisset Brack Brough Buish Burns Cameron Campbell * Campbell Clark * Clark * Cook * Cooper * Cormie * Cunningham * Davidson * Day Dick
Forename Andrew Walker William Allan Charles Coupar Henry Norman Forster Thomas David Francis Frederick - Webster William Stewart William Thomas William Fraser William Keedy Robert Allan Thomas Juan Eduardo Mateo John Patrick Ashley Matthew Robert John Colin Campbell Hamish William
Occupation Chief Mechanical Engineer Engine Driver Director Director Draughtsman Engine Driver Chief Mechanical Engineer Fireman Engine Driver Draughtsman Stationmaster Employee Assistant Railway Traffic Manager Civil Engineer Railway Inspector Contractor Contractor Chief Mechanical Engineer Director Architect Foreman Blacksmith Director Inspector Engineer
Notes B. Lanarkshire 1865, Constance Dorothy Parkyus 48,1923, Tolosa,Mary Russell,46 B. 1875 ,Ethel Broom B. Glasgow1848, Lizzie French B.1873, Ratho, Louisa ? 40,1913, Pergamino B. c.1865, Margaret Hamilton Anderson 45,1921, Helen McMillan Ross, Cordoba. 44, 1918, Ina McDonald, Talleres 42,1926,Belgrano, Jeannie Riddoch 1883, Chascomus, Harriet Dry Farnie 33, 1896, Buenos Aires, Janet Hamilton 46,1925, Muriel Marr,34
FCCA FCS, FCBByNO FCBP FCBP
B. 1815, Albany, NY. 42, 1886, Anita Patience Noble Transandine B. 1840, Chile, Julia Railway Sarmiento Transandine B.1843, Chile, Blanca Leslie Railway FCNEA B. 1894, Aberdeen, Elizabeth ? Transandine Railway FCCA FCO FCS, FCO, FCCA, FCBByNO B. 1887, Aberdeen, Kathleen Spickett B. 1900, Lockerbie?, B. c.1891, ?Clydebank B. 1889, Aberdeen, Frances Joan Dickinson 32,1922, Martinez, Helen May Innes, 33 42,1925, Temperley,Sarah Chalmers,37
Name Dobie Docherty * Dougall Downes Duncan Dundas Dunlop Emslie Fair * Falconer * Ferguson * Fowlie Gardner Gauldie Gibson * Gifford Glasgow * Gordon * Graham Graham Grant Harper *
Forename Thomas Richard Henry Charles James Gordon William Henry John Gilmour William John Peter L. Thomas G. James Forbes Wilfred Wayman James Ross Herbert Edward Kellas John Ferguson Thomas John Adams Robert Adams Alexander James Lindsay
Occupation Engine Driver Traffic Manager Clerk Boilermaker Engineer Engine Driver Engine Driver Electrician Director Manager Chief Mechanical Engineer Employee Employee Employee Director Employee General Manager Chief Mechanical Engineer Stationmaster Engine Driver Superintenden t General Manager
FCCA FCS FCCA FCCC FCCA FCP FCNEA FCS, FCBByNO, FCE FCS FCSSFyC FCCC FCS
Notes 50, 1927, Remedios de Escalada, Annie Cheyne B.c. 1871, Susan Horie Finnie 33, 1898, San Jose de Flores, Priscilla Eleanor Baker 1893, Fanny Holland de Junin, Junin 51, 1929, Temperley, Bella Fraser 40, 1894, Campana, Eliza Matthews 40, 1894, Barracas, Janet Barlas Gibson 1891, San Fernando B.1822, Bs.As., Agnes Elizabeth Best B. 1893, Kirriemuir, Eileen Hisford B.c.1864 39, 1895, Chile, Florence Amelia Sheffield 37,1935, Mendoza, Alice Owen Rankin 40, 1928, Chajari, Elizabeth Greenwood Craig B. 1863, ?Edinburgh, Madeleine Jessica Savell 45,1939, Nora Annie Tanner,26
B. 1862, Glasgow 23, 1881, Olavarria, Ruth Sutton 1885, Juarez, Eleuteria Fernandez. s.o. Irving Graham 37, 1887, Alice Eliza Hastings B. Edinburgh
Name Harvey Hawkes Hay * Hepburn Hutton Hyslop * Jack * Johnstone Kelman Kilgour Kiloh Lees Leckie Leishman Leitch Liddell * London * Love McCallum McCulloch * MacDonald MacEwan Mackay McGarva McHardy
Forename Thomas Charles William Montague Arthur Joseph Peter Sharp Alfred Thomas Wallace Frank John Alexander James William Archibald George Alexander John Cyril Stanford Robert William Alexander James Hamilton Ronald Arthur Alexander William John
Railway FCS FCS FCNEA FCCA
Engine Driver Chairman Accountant Mechanical Engineer Engineer Traffic Inspector Engine Driver Enginer Engine Driver Engine Driver Railwayman Engine Driver Railwayman Engineer General Manager Superintenden t Engine Driver Civil Engineer Electrical Engineer Engine Driver Fireman Engineer Engine Driver Railway
Notes 30,1938, Banfield, Hannah Taylor,36 1893, San Martin, Amy Sly B. 1826, Candida Bartolucci 47,1926,Urquiza, Rebecca Johnston Millar 49,1919, Margaret Carruthers, Bahia Blanca B. 1852, Kirkconnel, Elizabeth Hastings Weir B. Elgin, Margaret ? 39, 1918, Maggie Ann Proudfoot, Talleres 48, 1921,Bernal, Wilhelmina Mutch, 38 37, 1915, Mary Isabel Walker, Talleres 33,1913, Venado Tuerto, Catherine Black 39,1936,Winifred Mary ? Dagal 38, 1915, Virginia Luna, Pergamino 27,1937, Capital, Marjory Jack Scott, 29 33, 1914, Bertha Lorimer Mungall, Belgrano B.c.1871, ?Glasgow, Ethel ? B. 1887, Glasgow?, Ethel ?-40, 1916, Jessie Mitchell, Lobos 36,1920, Gwendoline L’’Estrange Walker, Belgrano B. 1879, Glasgow 33, 1896, Buenos Aires, Jessie Bowkett 41, 1898, Campana, Emma Maw 30,1923,Lomas, Mary Jane Ogilvie Maitland, 29 34, 1914, Ellen Graves, Tolosa b. Glen of Suie, Glenlivet. 65
Name McKay Mackenzie * Macintosh * Macintosh * MacIntyre Maclean MacLuskie McRae * Mailer * Martin Mathieson Meldrum * Montgomery * Moore Morrison Muir Munro * Murray * Murrie O’Brien Ogilvie * Ogilvy * Plenderleith *
Forename John Roderick Ninian Alexander John Hugh Macdonald John Rowland Henry Donald MacNaughton James H. Robert McIntosh Hugh James Robert William Alexander David Duncan MacKay William Robert Alexander John Charles Alexander Robert John Bryce
Occupation Stocker Fireman Traffic Manager Traffic Superintenden t Traffic Superintenden t Engineer Civil Enginer Traffic Manager General Manager Chief Mechanical Engineer Engine Driver Engine Driver Chief Constructional Engineer Chief Accountant Stationmaster Locomotive Inspector Employee Manager Engineer Railway Inspector Boilermaker Contractor Manager Traction Superintenden
Notes 31, 1914, Jessie Reid, Province of San Luis B.c.1862, Marguerite Rix B.c.1874 B.c.1882, Strathnairn 32,1926,Lomas, Arabella McCallum Clark 49,1920, Florida, Jessie Colquhoun Smith,38 B.c.1868 B.1879, Inverkeithing, Nellie Elizabeth Eddy B. 1886, Glasgow? Annie Marion ? 33, 1893, Rosario, Jessie Rae, b. Aberdeen 1861 30, 1895, Buenos Aires, Jane Mitchell B. 1855, Colinsburgh B.c.1885, Maria ? 1885, Las Flores, Annie Grant 45,1928, Petrona Perez 29, 1898, Clara Annie Waring, Campana B.1844, Inverness, Catherine Hipwell B.1883, Lockerbie 48, 1899 27, 1914, Matilda Amy Allan, Lomas B.1812, Clocksbriggs, Forfar, B.1815, Kirriemuir
FCCA FCS FCCA
FCCA FCS FCCA FCS
FCS FCS FCS
FCR FCN, FCCyR FCS FCBE
FCCA, FCBE FCCA FCCyR
Name Praik Prosser Rae Reid Roberton Robertson * Robertson Scott Shennan * Sibbald * Simson * Smith * Smith Sommerville * Steven * Stevenson Stewart * Stewart Stewart * Sturgeon Sutherland Tait * Taylor
Forename Stewart Patrick John Thomas Alexander Robert Donald David John Charles David Anderson George Campbell David James John Reid John C. Ormond William Angus Mathieson Allan Thomas Buchan Ambrose John Andrew Wilson James
Occupation t Engine Driver Employee Engineer Employee Clerk Chairman Engine Driver Engine Driver Director Superintenden t General Manager Architect CivilEngineer Traffic manager
Notes 42, 1915, Ina McDonald, Talleres 35,1937,Temperley,Maud Marie Hamilton,29 48,1923, Lavalle, Agnes Storie Cameron,42 33, 1895, Banda Oriental, Charlotte Alexandrina Wallace 29, 1901, s.o. Stephen Roberton,Kirkintilloch B. 1797, Berwickshire, Marianne Haggerston 47,1934,Rosario, Ramona Melida Leiffe 1886, Las Flores, Margaret Evans B.c.1843, Dolores Margarita Parish B. 1885, Glasgow B.1861, Roxburghshire, Lydia Grissell B.1879, Glasgow, Elizabeth Reynolds 39,1928,Temperley, Valentina Antonoff B.1885, Dennistoun, Glasgow B. 1886, ?Perth, Jeannie Helena White 41, 1918, Elizabeth Logg B.c.1874, Glasgow?, Vera Broke 35, 1898, San Martin,, Hannah Margaret Junor B.1882,Lochee, Dundee, Jessie A. Skinner
FCS FCS FCCA FCO FCS
Engine Driver Chief Engineer Employee Traffic Superintenden t Engine Driver Employee Chairman Boilermaker
FCO FCR FCS FCS
1883, Chascomus, Fanny Martin FCS 34,1939,Temperley, Eva Maud Cleland,39 Transandine B.1876, Tait St., Edinburgh, Railway Isabel May Allinson 31, 1915, Janet Corbet, Villa Ballester 67
Name Thomson Torbet Todd * Vance Wilkin Williamson * Wilson Wilson * Young
Forename Robert Thomas Laurie Joseph White John Herbert John Archibald Edward John John William
Occupation Engine Driver Engine Driver Director Engine Driver Engine Driver Director Engineer General Manager Engine Driver
Notes 40, 1915, Jane Duguid, Talleres 41, 1915, Jessie Duncan Christie, Talleres B. 1846, Stirlingshire, Aline Lefebvre, Euphemia Halsey 32, 1914, Marion Wyllie Muir, Belgrano 33, 1915, Emma Jane Ward, Caseros B. 1860, Birkenhead, England, Caroline Hayne, Agnes Herschell B. 1881, Coatbridge, Janie MacNaughton Shaw 40, 1917, Talleres, Mary Henderson,
FCCA FCNEA FCO, FCNEA
The Scottish Community
History 0f The Scots Presbyterian Church in Argentina
From the early 1800s Scots had begun to settle in Argentina, principally in the city and province of Buenos Aires. Initially the settlers were merchants, attracted by the opportunities for highly profitable import and export trade, made possible by the decline of Spanish colonial rule, the achievement of independence, a liberal constitution and policies supportive of British interests and immigration. Soon, these circumstances encouraged Scots from many backgrounds, trades and professions to emigrate to Argentina, either to work in the cities or on the fertile lands of the pampas where sheep and cattle-raising were highly profitable. The 1820s saw many ships carrying Scots arriving in Buenos Aires, the best known being the “Symmetry”, with some two hundred and fifty men and their families who founded the short-lived agricultural colony of Monte Grande, south of the city. They were to be followed by thousands more throughout the 19 thcentury The early Scottish settlers, like their English counterparts, were a small Protestant minority in a Roman Catholic country. They brought with them their distinctive identity as Scottish Presbyterians, but they had no church premises nor a Scots minister to serve their needs. Consequently, services were held in private houses, with ministers from other Churches officiating at baptisms, marriages and burials. Also, when a Chaplaincy was established by the British Government it was intended to serve both Anglicans and Presbyterian, despite the differences between the two Faiths.
Faced with this unsatisfactory situation, several meetings of prominent members of the Scots Presbyterian community were held between December 1828 and March 1829, which resulted in decisions to secure the services of a minister, to establish a Scotch Presbyterian Chapel and to make a wide appeal for funds. The Chapel was opened on the 15 th March 1829 and the Rev. William Brown, formerly minister to the now defunct colony at Monte Grande, officiated. Now thoughts turned to a properly organized and equipped Church and to the erection of a suitable building. The plans were realized, with the authority of the Buenos Aires Government, and on the 25 th February 1833 the foundation stone was laid of “the First Scotch National Church in South America and to be called St. Andrew’s”. The Church, at 55 Calle Piedras, was opened for public worship on the 25 th April 1835, with the Rev. William Brown conducting the service.
St. Andrew’s Scotch Presbyterian Church
The original Church served the Presbyterian congregation until 1893 when the property was expropriated by the municipality of Buenos Aires. The new Church, on the Calle Belgrano, was dedicated on the 10th April 1896, and serves the wider Presbyterian community to the present day. The growth and dispersion of the Scots population in Argentina, particularly in the vast province of Buenos Aires, but beyond into Entre Rios in the north and Patagonia in the extreme south, created the need for other centres of worship or for visitations by ministers. The first of the new congregations was established in the district of Quilmes, at Florencio Varela, initially with a “Rancho Kirk” (wattle and daub) and then in 1855 with the permanent Church of St. John’s. St. John’s building is supported by the Sociedad de Amigos de la Capilla de Los Escoceses It was soon followed by another “Rancho Kirk” near Chascomus, some seventy miles south of Buenos Aires, where there was a flourishing Scots community. The permanent Church of St Andrew’s Chascomus was opened in 1872. However, Churches could not be justified for more distant and smaller communities. The Scottish settlers who founded Nueva Escocia, south of Concordia in Entre Rios, gradually dispersed and they, together with Scots on scattered estancias in the Banda Oriental, now Uruguay, were served for many years by the Rev. Lachlan McNeill, a Gaelic speaker, who moved from one preaching station to another. Patagonia perhaps presented greater problems and was visited at infrequent intervals over several years. Travelling or “camp” chaplains had, in fact, to meet 70
other needs in many distant communities, ranging west beyond Rosario to Mendoza and north as far as the province of Jujuy. Meanwhile, the workshops of the Great Southern Railway , initially at Barracas and then Talleres in the southern suburbs of Buenos Aires, employed many English-speaking staff. A Presbyterian Church was opened at Barracas in 1888, followed by another at Remedios de Escalada, by the new site of the workshops. Later again, in 1908, the residents of the suburb of Belgrano in the north of the city had a Church opened. Further developments took place in the first quarter of the 20 th century, with Churches at Bahia Blanca, Temperley, Quilmes and much later, in 1966, Olivos.
Presbiterio San Andres - The Presbyterian Church of Argentina
By the early 20th century the Church could look back on major achievements, with ministers and congregations in various parts of the city and province of Buenos Aires, the extensive use of “camp” chaplains and occasional visits of ministers to serve the spiritual needs of small communities of Scots in many parts of Argentina and an impressive record in meeting the educational and social needs of Scots and others. However, much was to change. Increasingly there were Scots who had married 71
into Criollo families and others into families of foreign immigrants, losing their Presbyterian origins and often speaking little or no English. Furthermore, there were many non-Scots in the huge population who had little or no attachment to the Roman Catholic Church or, indeed, any denomination. Clearly there was a need for a Spanishspeaking and evangelical policy which could reach out to these two major groups. In 1912 Pastor Jose Felices, educated in Spain and Aberdeen, was appointed for the purpose of developing the Spanish work of the Church, holding Services in Spanish and starting Spanish Sunday Schools. His mission brought numerous adults and children from many nationalities into the Church. On his retirement in 1941 no successor was appointed, perhaps because the English-speaking Scots Presbyterians feared that they would be taken over by the Spanish-speaking congregation. The difficulties of reconciling the different interests were ultimately to weaken the historic connection with the Church of Scotland. In 1983 the Rev. Gordon Morris, the last minister who belonged to the “Scottish Church”, retired. The title “Scots” was dropped in 1981 and in 1987 the Presbyterian Church in Argentina went its own way. Today, The Presbyterian Church of Argentina - Presbiterio San Andres - is an independent Church, working almost entirely in Spanish, its ministers trained at the Instituto Biblico Buenos Aires or the Instituto Superior Evangelico de Estudios Teologicos. The following sections deal with the Churches themselves, ministers and their assistants and others who are recorded in way one or another in publications on the history of the Scots Presbyterian Church in Argentina.
The following list contains the location of Churches founded by the Scots Presbyterian Church, their year of opening, and whether the existing buildings are still in use. 1829 Buenos Aires. Open. The present building was opened in 1896. 1855 Florencio Varela (originally Quilmes). Closed 1953. Destroyed by fire. 1857 Chascomus. Ranch Kirk replaced in 1872. Closed. 1868 Jeppener. Closed. 1888 Barracas. Closed 1941. 1908 Belgrano.Open. 1911 Bahia Blanca. Closed 1964. 1913 Temperley. Open. 1913 Remedios de Escalada. Closed 1952. 1924 Quilmes. Open. 1966 Olivos.Open
Ministers and Assistant Ministers, 1829-1925
Biographical information on the following can be found in the Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae, the record of ministers of the Church of Scotland from the Reformation to the present day. Ministers: Rev. William Brown, D.D. First minister of St. Andrew’s, 1829-1850. Rev. James Smith, D.D.. Second minister of St. Andrew’s, 1850-1885. Rev. Francis Gebbie, St. Andrew’s and St. John’s, Quilmes (later Florencia Varela). Rev.Martin P. Ferguson, First minister at Chascomus. Rev. Lachlan McNeill, Entre Rios/Banda Oriental and St. John’s. Rev. J. W. Fleming, D.D., O.B.E., Third minister of St. Andrew’s, 1885-1925. Rev. E. Williamson, Chascomus. 72
Rev. Alfred S. Barritt, Chascomus. Rev. M. Gillespie, Chascomus. Rev. Douglas W. Bruce, Fourth minister of St. Andrew’s. Rev. Jose Felices, minister for outreach work in Spanish, 1912-1938.
These ministers usually served in Argentina for two or three years, serving either in the city and its suburbs or as camp chaplains. Places where they later went are given. 1850-51 James Smith, St. Andrew’s, Buenos Aires. 1879-83 James W. Fleming, St. Andrew’s, Buenos Aires. 1884-85 Charles Robertson, Assynt, Sutherland. 1889 Alexander Macdonald, Otautau, New Zealand. 1890-92 D.J. Moir Porteus, Port Glasgow. 1892-94 W. Lyall Wilson, St. Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh. 1894-95 T. Edward Taylor, Dooars, India. 1895-97 A. R. Howell, Paisley Abbey. 1897-1900 J. H. Horton MacNeill, Gargunnock. 1900-02 C. Gordon Mackenzie, West Parish, Crieff. 1902-04 H. Shaw Masterton, Rosemarkie. 1902-07 A. Taylor Hill, Old Luce, near Stranraer. 1904-06, W. N. Monteith, Elie. 1906-08 W. A. Forbes, Murroes, Dundee. 1908-10 D. Bruce Nicol, St. Mark’s, Dundee. 1910 Dugald MacCallum, Rosskeen, Invergordon. 1910-12 Douglas W. Bruce, St. Andrew’s, Buenos Aires. 1910-11 J. Aulay Steele, St. Vincent’s, Glasgow. 1911-12 Percival Mackenzie, Dulwich, London. 1912-14 P. Hill Nicol. Scotland. 1914-16 W. M. Laing, Union Church, Valparaiso. 1915-16 J. Stuart Cameron, Springburn, Glasgow. 1916-20 Donald Macdonald, Benbecula. 1917 W. T. Duncan, U.S.A.. 1919 R. J. V. Martin, Alvah, Banffshire. 1919-20 Peter MacPherson, Vryheid, Natal. 1921-23 J. Y. Clark, Insch, near Stranraer. 1922-24 Victor Wands, Garvald, Haddington. 1921-26 Archibald Bell, Kelvinhaugh, Glasgow. 1922-26 Peter MacPherson, Vryheid, Natal. 1923-25 Neil MacColl, Scotland. 1923 C. Gordon Mackenzie, West Parish, Creiff. 1925 Hector K. Macdonald, Argentina. 1926 James S. Taylor, Northern Suburbs, Buenos Aires. 1927 A.R.E. MacInnes, Mauchline. 1927 D. A. Macrury, St. Andrew’s, Buenos Aires.
Names on Memorials in St. Andrew’s Church, Buenos Aires
The following list is restricted to names on memorials. However, the memorials often carry additional information which may be useful to family historians. 73
Rev. James Smith, M.A.,D.D.; James and Elizabeth Black; Ann Margaret Maclean; George Bell; William McClymont; Thomas Drysdale; Juan Drysdale; John Alston, M.D. Carlota Luna; Henry and Margaret Thompson; John and Ann Riddle; Roderick Hugh Campbell; David Methven; John Davidson; Rev. T.E.Taylor; Hugo John Grant Fleming; Roy Stuart Fleming; Arthur and Mary Towers; Robert Inglis Runciman; Mary Spring Inglis Runciman; Janet S. Ritchie de Wilson; Maud Elizabeth Birrell; John and Mary Rosary Robson Campbell; John Shaw and Mary Maclean; Alexander Grant; William Brown, D.D.; Robert Reid, M.D.; Rev. Francis Gebbie; Rev. Lachlan McNeill; Robert Cook; William Norman Caldwell Cook; James Watson Bell; George, Charles, Frederick and Ernest Bell; Alfred Thomas Drysdale; John Drysdale; Rev. James William Fleming, D.D.,O.B.E..
Memorial to Dead Heroes of the Scots Church community (First World War)
David Lyall Anderson; Magnus M. Angus; John Lyle Barr; Andrew Baxter; Thomas beattie; Thomas H. Bell; Allan Brodie; Arthur S. Buchanan; William Bell Burns; John Argentine Campell; Herbert David Coldwell; Norman Cobbold; Ian Staveley Drysdale; Henry Howard Drysdale; Donald Roy Drysdale; James J.W.Fairbairn; Gibson Finlayson; William James Nisbet Glasgow; George Hugh Graham; William H. Grassick; Cecil B. Grundy; John Mackie Hay; William Muir Hayman; Frank Henderson; James Moore Hopson; Robert Colvill Jones; Thomas Colvill Jones; William G. Lacey; William Weir Laird; John Archibald McColl; David McCorquodale; John Stewart McHardy; John McRostie; Frederick McWilliam; Hugh Meikle Miller; Harold Methven Musson; Rev. W.N.Monteith; Alfred Mountjoy; William Gilmour Moore Orr; Raymond Stanley Pearse; Victor Ernest Irvine Reid; William Halliday Reynolds; Joseph Robinson; Ben Matthews Roberts; Edmund Inglis Runciman; Alexander Shrewsbury; Charles Faulkner Smith; Kenneth Struthers; Peter Sutherland; Charles Peter Waddle; Geoffrey Philip Walsh; Alfred Ernest Walter; George H. White; Robert Scott Whigham. Sources The principal sources are: Dodds, James, The Records of Scottish Settlers on the River Plate and Their Churches, Buenos Aires, 1897. Drysdale, J. Monteith, A Hundred years in Buenos Aires 1829-1929, Buenos Aires, 1929. The books by Dodds and Drysdale are both difficult to obtain. Fortunately, Alastair McIntyre has done an online transcription of the book by Dodds, which can be accessed at www.electricscotland.com Also, I have a copy of Drysdale’s book for anyone interested in obtaining further information. It contains much detail of possible interest to family historians. The Rev. Charles S. Morrice’s article is particularly helpful in explaining the changes in the Scots Church in the later part of the 20 th.century. Information on the Presbiterio San Andres can also be found at www.sanandres.org.ar and www.ipsanandres.org.ar Lastly, I would wish again to thank Luis Stuart-Pennington, in Quilmes, Argentina, for his continuing help; on this occasion for information on the present status of church properties.
As the Scottish communities grew in Buenos Aires and provincial centres, so presbyterian churches were established in major centres, and ministers of the Church of Scotland were appointed to charges, either to a particular church or with a remit to visit on a regular or occasional basis those Scots dispersed over large provinces. St. Andrew’s Church in Buenos Aires was founded in 1833, and was followed among others by churches at Florencio Varela, Chascomus, Jeppener and Bahia Blanca through into the early 20 th century. Scots in Patagonia Austral were served by occasional visiting ministers. Very extensive records of baptisms, marriages and burials survive, as do items such as subscription lists and communion rolls. James Dodds’ “Records of the Scottish Settlers in the River Plate and Their Churches” is an essential published source.
Chascomus: The Rancho Kirk and St. Andrew’s Church
Over a hundred miles south of Buenos Aires, Chascomus and its extensive territories became an important area of Scottish settlement. A chapel, Rancho Kirk, was built on the Adela estancia in 1857 and was followed in 1872 by St. Andrew’s Church in Chascomus.
Reverend M P Ferguson
St Andrew's Church, Chascomus
The Chascomus Communion Roll up to 1884
Mr. & Mrs.George Burnett, San Felipe Mrs. Henry Bell, San Felipe Mr.& Mrs. James Dodds, Adela Mr.&Mrs.Ninian Johnstone, Las Mulas Mr.&Mrs.Samuel M’Gaul,Laguna las Padres Mr.&Mrs. Geo. Sheill, Las Mulas Mr.&Mrs.Joseph Johnstone, Las Mulas Mrs. Thomas Bruce, Valle Sta. Ana Mr.&Mrs.Hugh Robson, Esperanza M.r & Mrs. Wm. Dodds, Adela Mr. & Mrs. Robert Burnett, San Felipe Mr. John Young, San Felipe Mr. & Mrs. John Dodds, Las Mulas Mr. Thomas Black, San Pedro Mr. John Purvis, Valle Sta. Ana Mr. James Harrow, Magdalena Mr. James Bell sr. Valle Sta. Ana Mr.& Mrs. James Greig, Las Mulas Mrs. James Bell, sr., Valle Sta. Ana Mr. & Mrs. James Sinclair, Adela Mr.& Mrs. Geo. Cribbs, Valle Sta. Ana Mr. James Blackhall, Adela Mr. George Foggo, San Felipe Mr.& Mrs. John Grant, San Pedro Rev.& Mrs. M.P.Ferguson, Chascomus Miss Catherine Crampton, Adela
1873 Mr. Thomas Bruce, sr., Valle Sta. Ana Miss Olivia Ayliffe, Las Mulas Miss Annie M’Kiddie, Las Mulas Mr. Jas. Allan, jr., San Roberto Mr. John Donaldson, San Roberto Mr. Michael Henry, Adela Mr. Wm.Bell, Las Mulas Miss Luisa Blake, Chascomus 1874 Miss Ellen Balleny, Sta. Elena Mr. Robert Bruce, Chascomus Mr. Robert Hope, Chascomus Miss Lizzie Dodds, Las Mulas Mr. Archibald Auld, Chascomus Mr. James Church, Espartillar 1875 Mr.&Mrs. Geo. Bruce, Chascomus Mrs. Neill Black, Chascomus Miss Mary Robson, Esperanza Mr. Geo. W. Ferguson, Adela Miss Janet Allan, San Roberto Miss Agnes M’Revie, Chascomus Miss Elizabeth Purvis, Las Mulas 1876 Miss Grace Burnett, San Felipe 76
Mr. Robert Harvey, Las Mulas Mr.& Mrs. John Hattrick, Las Mulas Mr.& Mrs. Roderick Cameron, Las Mulas Mr. John Anderson, Espartillar Mr. Joseph Shillinglaw, Espartillar Mr. Andrew Shillinglaw, Espartillar Mr.& Mrs. Alex. Bell, Las Mulas Mr. & Mrs. John Corbett, Las Mulas Mr. W. Blake, Las Mulas Mr. P.V.A.Reid, Espartillar Mr. Joseph Millar, Espartillar Mr. Robert Johnstone, Las Mulas Miss Janet Johnstone, Las Mulas Mr. James Cribbs, Magdalena Mr. Sam. Bowen, San Pedro Mr.& Mrs. James S. Ritchie, Magdalena Mr. Henry Ritchie, sr., Magdalena Mr. David Redpath, Adela Mr. Thomas Lynch, Adela Mr.&Mrs. Alex. M’Gaw, Esperanza Miss Elena Burnett, San Felipe Miss Mary Johnstone, Las Mulas Mr Thomas Ronaldson, San Felipe Mr.&Mrs. Geo. Sinclair, Adela Mr.& Mrs. Thomas Young, Adela Miss Susan Sinclair, Adela Mr. John Henry, Adela Mr. Thomas Sinclair, Adela Mr. Geo. Talmadge, Magdalena Mr.&Mrs. James Sproat, Magdalena Mr.& Mrs. James Allan, Magdalena Mr. Thomas Clelland, Chascomus Miss Mary Hosie, Chascomus 1868 Mr. Neill M. Auld, Chascomus Miss Jane Robson, Esperanza Mr. William M’William, Sta. Ana Mr.&Mrs. James Buchanan, Las Mulas 1869 Miss Ellen Dodds, Adela Mr. James Erskine, Las Mulas Miss Mary Bruce, Valle Sta. Ana Mr.&Mrs. John Johnstone, Las Mulas Miss E. Johnstone, Las Mulas Miss Helen Johnstone, Las Mulas 1870 Mr.&Mrs. Wm. Attwell, Sta. Ana Mr.&Mrs. James Yorston, Sta. Ana
Miss Annie Johnstone, Las Mulas Miss Elisabeth Robson, Esperanza Miss S. Manzano, Esperanza Mr. James Dodds, Las Mulas Mr. John M’Cargo, Las Mulas Mr. Anthony Walker, Vivot Mr. Charles Weiss, Las Flores 1877 Mrs. Smeaton, Espartillar 1878 Mr. Henry Burnett, San Felipe Miss Isabella Burnett, San Felipe Miss Annie Clelland, Valle Sta. Ana Mr. James Liddle, Regreso 1879 Miss Cristina Ballena, Sta. Elena Miss Lizzie Crosbie, Chascomus Mrs. Lucio Sutton, Chascomus Mr. Wm. Dodds, Las Mulas 1880 Mr. Geo. Bell, Barros blancos Mr. Wm. Bell, Barros Blancos Mr. Thomas Wilde, Barros Blancos Mr. John Clelland, Barros Blancos Mr. Charles Corff, Barros Blancos 1881 Miss Martha Young, Adela Miss Elisabeth Burnett, San Felipe Miss Mary Jane Burnett, San Felipe Miss Elsie Bell, Sta. Elena Mr. Richard Allan, Las Mulas Mr. Thomas Cowes, Espartillar Mr. Robert Chisholm, Espartillar Miss Mary Dodds, Las Mulas Miss Margaret Young, Adela Miss Jessie Bell, Barros Blancos Mr. Wm. Ferguson, Espartillar 1882 Mrs. Alex. Barclay, Samboronbom Mrs. James Barclay, Samboronbom Miss Ellen Barclay, Samboronbom Miss Margaret Johnstone, Las Mulas Mr.& Mrs. Edward Chandler, Church Mr.&Mrs. Alex. Craise, Espartillar Mr.& Mrs. John Martin, Espartillar Mr. James Drysdale, Lezama 1883 Miss Martha Grant, Regreso 77
1871 Mr. Wm. Robb, Esperanza Mrs. John Black, Esperanza Mr. John Allan, Adela 1872 Mr. James S. Dodds, Adela Mr. John Bell, Valle Sta. Ana Mr. John Burnett, San Felipe Miss Catherine Burnett, San Felipe Mr. Henry Dodds, Adela Miss Annie Camp, Adela Mr. John Young, Adela Mr. John Niven, Chascomus Msr. James Pettigrew, Chascomus Miss Mary Pettigrew, Chascomus Mr. Thomas C. Watson, Chascomus Mr. Andrew Sinclair, Adela Mr. James M’William, Las Mulas Mrs. Robert M’Kean, Chascomus Miss Margaret Allan, Adela Burials in Chascomus 1865-1899 Date 1866 “ 1868 “ 1869 1870 “ “ 1871 “ “ “ 1872 “ “ “ “ “ Name Wyllie, John Speed Freeborn, Charles Maxwell, John Clelland, Thomas Brown, Richard Johnstone, Joseph Bell, Ellison Porter Blackhall, James Manson, Robert Moore, Samuel Gibson, Elizabeth Blackadder, Jane Black Andrew Joseph Blythman, John Joseph MacTavish, Hugh Johnstone, Jane B Purvis, James Longstaff, Martin, William Age 31 29
Miss Margaret Bell, Sta. Isabel Miss Isabella Bell, Sta. Elena Miss Mary Burnett, Los Tojos Mr. Alex. Sproat, Porvenir 1884 Miss Marion Bell, Sta. Elena Miss Mary M’Gaw, Esperanza Miss Jane M’Graw, Esperanza Mr. John Johnstone, San Jose Mr. James Burnett, San Felipe Note: The list up to about 1873 contains the names of original members of the church.Those following are principally children of the former, In 1881: 180 on the roll 47 have died 73 have left the district 3 have lapsed
Place Chascomus Magdalena Chascomus Jeppener Brandzen Chascomus Chascomus Ranchos Chascomus Las Flores Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Dolores Chascomus Las Flores Ranchos
Place of Birth Brechin, Scotland Edinburgh, Scotland Kirkcudbright, Scotland Glasgow, Scotland Paisley, Scotland Innerwick, Scotland Dunbar, Scotland Innerwick, Scotland Kilmarnock, Scotland Kirkcudbright, Scotland Ayrshire, Scotland Scotland Buenos Aires Ranchos ?Inverchaolain, Argyllshire, Scotland Chascomus Buenos Aires Glasgow, Scotland 78
49 53 36 64 47 60 48 65 61 1 1 39 10days 46 78
Date “ “ “ “ “ 1873 “ 1874 “ “ 1875 “ “ “ “ “ 1876 “ “ “ 1878 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1879 1880 “ “ 1881 “ “ 1882 “ “ 1883 “ “ 1884 “ “ 1885
Name Longstaff, Martha Longstaff, James Kelly, James Crosbie, J Johnstone, William Stewart, William Brown, Jane M Miller, David Irvine, George Watson, William McNeil, Agnes Wright, Helen Johnstone, Robert Cunningham, Catherine MacIntyre, Agnes Purvis, John Hosie, Mary Aswell, Joseph Dodds, Wm J Dick, Andrew C Donaldson, Jane B Auld, Wm H R Johnstone, Elizabeth McWilliam, J J Couper, John Miller, John C McKay, Margaret Young, James Davidson, J Bonthron, Robert Donaldson, Ellen Dunlop, Jane Dunlop, Christina Craig, James Shiel, George Kirk, Charles Miller, Marion Bruce, Thomas Barron, John Sinclair, George Sinclair, J Susan Barrie, Andrew Sproat, James Weddell, Anna
Age 26 25 66 48 63
Place Ranchos Adela Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Magdalena Chascomus Chascomus Magdalena Castrelli Chascomus Chascomus Magdalena Chascomus Ranchos Ranchos Magdalena Dolores Chascomus Ranchos Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Brandzen Chascomus Chascomus Ranchos Brandzen Chascomus Chascomus Las Flores Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus
Place of Birth Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Dumfries, Scotland Kirkcudbright, Scotland Innerwick, Scotland Scotland Scotland Edinburgh, Scotland Barrhead, Scotland Ayrshire, Scxotland Inverness, Scotland Paisley Scotland Innerwick, Scotland Leith, Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Chascomus Scotland Buenos Aires Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Banda Oriental Scotland Chascomus Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Ranch Scotland Scotland Scotland 79
52 69 57 72 37 37 92 17 48 39 60 8 38 1 5 29 2 months 55 24 80 10 8 80 2 62 64 85 68 44 92 75 70 73 2 67 56 81
Date “ 1886 “ “ “ “ 1887 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1888 “ 1889 “ “ “ 1890 “ “ 1891 1892 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1893 “ “ “ 1894 “ “ “ “ “ “
Name Robson, Hugh McIntyre, Agnes MacGaul, Robert MacGaul, Alexander Dixon, Andrew MacGaul, Samuel Glover, Martha Corbett, John Miller, Ann Wordie, James Gilmour, Mathew Harley, Margaret McCargo, Martha Gilmour, Isabel Melville, Mary Redpath, Jane McIndoe, John B Court, James McInnes, Angus McInnes, Neil Hardie, Mar….. MacKean, Robert Auld, Neil McDonald Black, Catherine McInnes Liddle, James Buchanan, Elizabeth McGregor, William Trotter, John Bowie Sproat, James A Miller, Isabella Burnet, James Hardy, Robert McClelland, William McGaul,Elena Purvis, Jane ?Geives, George Barclay, Elizabeth Urie, Robert Purvis, William Keys, Mrs.Richard Owen, Thomas
Age 71 14 days 43 88 76 4 months 76 67 69 62 78 40 35 70 33 48 40 45 30 33 53 46 52 72 50 52 26 64 6 77 72 81 62 27 70 71 58 60 72 Old Age 37
Place Chascomus Saladillo Brandzen Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Rauch Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Ayacucho Valle St Anna Loma Alta Ayacucho Chascomus La Plata Chascomus Magdalena Chascomus Chascomus Juarez Chascomus Chascomus Ayacucho Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus “Gevaro”, Chascomus El Progreso Chascomus Chascomus “Tigre”, Chascomus Magdalena …. La Mala… San Jorge, Balcarce Chascomus Chascomus Brandzen “Belar”, Biedma Chascomus
Place of Birth Scotland Ranchos Scotland Scotland Scotland Chascomus Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Dundee Quilmes Scotland Falkirk Scotland Scotland Kirk……, Scotland Buenos Aires Quilmes Scotland Paisley,Scotland Glasgow ---Coldingham Buenos Aires Escoces Edinburgh, Scotland Chascomus Campsie, Scotland Dunbar, Scotland Orkney, Scotland Scotland Sajones, Rancho Scotland Scotland Partido Quilmes Paisley,Scotland Scotland Scotland Newport, Scotland 80
Date “ “ 1895 “ “ “ 1896 “ “ 1897 “ “ “ “ 1898 “ “ 1899 Date 1900 “ 1901 “ 1902 “ “ “ 1903 “ “ 1904 “ “ “ “ “ 1905 “ “ “ “ “
Name Bell Smith, James Millar, James Buchanan, James Rodman, Robert Stewart, Isabella Barclay, John Barclay, Charles Owen, Thomas Noble, Alexander Iredale, James Campbell,Donald Barclay, Margaret Bissell,John Dodds, John Barclay, Robert Bell,Georgina Allan, James Purdie, John
Age 55 31 64 53 60 15 55 days 72 78 56 65 60 57 66 58 --77 45
Place Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Partido de San Vicente Ranchos General Paz Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus General Paz Chascomus Chascomus Los Merinos, Jeppener General Paz Santa Elena Chascomus Ayacucho
Place of Birth Scotland Escocia Ayrshire, Scotland Kilmarnock, Scotland Scotland San Vicente La Plata Dundee,Scotland Buenos Aires Scotland Isle of Skye, Scotland Buenos Aires Glasgow,Scotland ------,Scotland Quilmes Scotland Scotland Roxburgh, Scotland
Deaths in Chascomus - 1900 to 1930
Name Longstaff. Mary Ann Macinnes, Malcolm Bruce, Mary Young, Euphemia Burnet, John Cribbes MacGaw, Euphemia Lydia MacGaw, Alexander McGaul, Mrs James Stewart, Alexander Davidson, Mrs John, nee Catherine McRae Noble, Mrs Alexander, nee Jane McRevie Dodds, Mrs John Young, Andrew William Torry, John Oliphant, Isabell Dodds McGaul, Samuel Allan, Ann Gilmour MacGaul, Elizabeth Bell, William Campbell,Isabel Bruce, Henry Reid, Mary Ann Barclay, Elizabeth
Age 79 37 83 10
33 58 11 64 74 74 72 75 74 68 82 69 49 61 56 85 39
Place Brandsen Chascomus Chascomus Canuelas Chascomus “La Pacifica” “La Pacifica” Est. San Andres Ferguson’s Camp Chascomus San Narciso Los Parisos Partido Pila
Place of Birth Scotland Quilmes Edinburgh, Scotland
Tandil Tandil Chascomus Canuelas Scotland
General Paz Partrido Puyreddon Chascomus Parrtido Chascomus Chascomus Branszen Chascomus Chascomus
Jeppener FCS Argentina Midlothian, Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Scotland Argentina 81
Date 1906 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1907 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1908 1909 “ “ 1910 “ “ “ 1911 1912 “ “ 1913 “ “ “ 1914 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1915 “ “ “ “ “ “ 1916 1917 1918
Name Sproat, Jane Johnstone Sinclair, Margaret Sproat, James McGaw, Alexander McKean, Alexander James Ferguson, Martin Paterson McGaw, Lionel Robson MacInnes, Ann Sproat, Arthur Edward Barclay, Ernest John Liddle, Janet Kay Sproat, Joseph Sproat, Jane Johnstone Brown, John McGaw, Helen Robson Cowan, David Cranston, Guillermo Johnstone, Juna McCargo Sproat, Alexander ?Rodgers de Avellaneda, Isabel Rodger de Robson, Juana McGaw, Juana Robson Johnstone de --, Isabel Drysdale, Jose Sproat, Ninian ? de Grieg, Elena Bell, Tomas Noble de McGaw, Juana McGaul, Santiago Donaldson, Kenneth Juan Barclay, Santiago Walker, Robert Johnstone, Juan Bell, Mrs W. ? De Robson, Elena Noble, Alexander Robson, Hugo Cameron, Diego Rodrigo Grant de Dodds, Juana Bell de Gravell, Ana Sinclair de Young, Juana Greig de - , ? Young, Diego Sinclair Bruce,Roberto S Bell de Barclay, Mariana Grant, Diego Grant, Ana
Age 21 65 11 68 16 80 8 days 45 4 2 64 16 75 86 13 days 53 58 72 46 86 88 40 days 71 56 80 50 43 74 10 81 70 75 80 60 11 days 58 89 76 90 44 78 78 91 66
Place Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Alegre Paraquil Chascomus Chascomus Jeppener Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Magdalena Chascomus Chascomus General Paz General Paz General Paz Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Adroqui Chascomus Chascomus Las Flores Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Bahia blanca
Place of Birth Argentina Scotch Argentina Argentina Argentina Scotland Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Scotswoman Argentina Scotland Scotsman Argentina Scotland Scotland Argentina Argentina Scotland Scotland Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina ? Argentina Argentina Scottish Argentina ? ? ? Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Aregentina Argentina ? ? ? ? ? Dunbar (Scotland) Argentina Argentina 82
Date “ “ “ 1919 “ 1920 1921 1923 “ 1924 “ “ “ 1925 “ “ 1926 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 1928 “
Name Donaldson, ? W Donaldson, Juan Brown, Jorge Buchanan, Margaret Orr Young,Tomas Bell, Juan Hatrick, John Robson, Juan Alejandro Sinclair, Diego Noble, Diego Brown, Tomas Juan Gillespie, Margaret Murdoch Bell, Jorge Young, Margaret MacCargo Hatrick, --- Johnstone Robson de McGaw, Eufemia Robson de Auld, Juana Bell, Andrew Cleland Brown, Juana Grant, Sara Alice Bell de Hatrick, Cristina J. Cleland de Bell, Juana Grant, Robert Bell, Peter Cameron, Roderick Allan, Francisco
Age 43 70 88 70 62 83 51 86 64 62 77 67 85 59 79 75 32 73 54 38 63 64 73 87 38
Place Chascomus Chascomus Brandzen Lomas Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Las Flores Coronel Dorrigo Pila Brandzen Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Coronel Brandzen Lomas de Zamora Chascomus Santa Fe C. Brandsen Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Chascomus Buenos Aires Adela Chascomus
Place of Birth Argentina Argentina Argentina Escocia Escocia Argentino Escoces Argentino Escoces Argentino Argentino Scotland Argentino Argentina Argentino Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentino Scottish Argentino
Index of Baptisms – Entre Rios/Banda Oriental
The following table contains an index of baptisms of the children of persons with British surnames, recorded by the Presbyterian Church of Scotland in Argentina for the period between the late 1850’s and early 1900’s, for the province of Entre Rios in Argentina and the Banda Oriental, now better known as Uruguay. Located to the west and the east of the River Uruguay, these lands attracted both major landowners and ordinary settlers from Scotland, England and elsewhere. Among them were numerous Scottish Presbyterians, while some belonged to other nonconformist denominations and chose to use the services of the Church of Scotland. Probably their best known minister was the Rev. Lachlan McNeill, who served the scattered communities between 1866 and 1877. His “parish” was so large that he travelled on horseback across the territories, holding services in English and sometimes Gaelic at four preaching stations: the estancias of Thomas Drysdale, James Mohr Bell and James T. Ramsay in the Banda Oriental, and at Concordia in Entre Rios . Among those who attended his services in the Concordia area were Scots, some Gaelic speakers, who had established themselves at Colonia Nueva Escocia, south of Concordia. This community of McNeills, MacDonalds, Sinclairs, Frasers and others prospered; some moving later to the north of Entre Rios, and into the province of Corrientes, where they established their own estancias, some named after places in Scotland such as Clyde, Kintail and Mossgiel. Descendants of these pioneers 83
still live there, where they have had for over a hundred years a chapel and burial ground. A monthly service in Spanish is still held, and some of the earliest settlers are buried there. Sources of the above information are the oral history of a MacDonald descendant and correspondence by the Rev. Lachlan McNeill recorded in James Dodds’ “Records of Scottish Settlers in the River Plate and Their Churches”. Further, it should be noted here that the Church of England was also present in these territories, with churches in Concordia and Salto. A substantial body of baptismal, marriage and burial records, including those of some Scots, is now available on Jeremy Howat’s excellent website at < Argbrit.Org > The following index has been transcribed from the microfilm record and then edited. Perhaps inevitably, some names have been difficult or impossible to decipher, but generally the record is clear. A large proportion of the surnames indicate Scottish origins, but there are other Britons and some that indicate parents of other nationalities. It is a remarkable record, not least because some of the later children would still have been alive in not so distant times. Father Allan, Hugh Mother Bonallie, Eliz. Child Robert Barclay Ellen B. James Eliz. James Robt. George James Anita May James Thos. Ford Margaret Robert William Henry Julio Gregorio Barbara James Griffin Edward Albert Allan James Agerton Arthur John Charles James Montgomery Peter Honra Micaela Ellen Bone Agnes Bone Henry Jas. Bell Date of Baptism 24/05/1861 04/03/1863 13/08/1865 18/06/1868 20/05/1862 30/12/1862 03/08/1864 19/08/1867 08/10/1872 08/10/1863 25/07/1870 11/02/1872 13/06/1875 05/09/1876 --/04/1875 25/01/1889 07/01/1886 27/??/1887 27/09/1886 29/10/1893 ? 25/06/1890 27/12/1896 27/12/1896 13/08/1897 21/02/1869 22/12/1878 17/12/1882 03/08/1857 24/05/1861 21/09/1857 84
Allan, Jas. Arthur, Alan
Gilmour, Ann Crozier, Ellen
Anthony, Evan Aycliffe, Thos. Anderson, Robt.
? Ritchie, Ann Wilde, Mary L.
Acosta, Julio Allan, Jas. Lawrie Alexander, Hugh Anderson, James Ahlberg, Jno. Gustavo Aitken, Thomas Anderson, Peter Barclay, John ?Ballion, Thos.
Maxwell, Barbara Morini(?), Virginia Moody, Elizabeth Oughton, Margt. Johnson, Jane Montgomery, Mary Matilda Georgina Bonallie, ? Bell, Jane
Father Burnet, Jas. Barclay, Allan Brown, Wm. Buchanan, Robt. Brown, Jas. Bell, Wm.
Mother Bell, Eliza Bell, Marrian Watson, Agnes Wright, Ellen Fulton, Agnes Baird, Eliz.
Child Grace Isabella Eliza Marrian Robert Alice James Emma William Robt. Jas. Alex. William Jessie James Andw. Margt. Margaret David Matt. Wm. Annie Eliz. Susan Jno.Jas. Wm. Chas. Thos. Jno. Eliz. Francis Robert John Isabella Jessie Caroline Alison Porter Thos. Reeves Thos. Eliz. Jane Alfred Thos. M. Ellen M. Albert M. Leonard M. Septemus M. Isabella Ellen Allison Mary Jane Alice Lola
Brown, Jno. Barnet, Wm. Blake, Wm. Brown, Saml. Barnet, Robt. Barton, Thos. Barclay, Jas. Burns, Sam. Brown, Reuben Bell, Jas. Brown, David Bray, Thos. Brown, Henry Wm. Bell, Jas. Mohr (or Mohr Bell, Jas.)
Dunlop, Jane Cribbes, Isa Cook, Mary Ellen Juanes, Juana Cribbes, Mary Cooper, Hannah Mary Barclay, Mgt. Purvis, Jessie Moodie, Jane Bell, George Jeanie Reeves, Eliz Purvis, Ellen Gillard, Mary Jane Robson, Mary
Bell, Ramon Barclay, Alex. Brown, Joshua
Shillingworth, Manuela Bell, Marrion Thomson, Marian
Date of Baptism 14/12/1857 14/11/1859 15/09/1865 19/10/1858 31/10/1859 15/11/1858 03/01/1860 15/05/1859 20/04/1861 29/06/1859 31/08/1859 25/04/1862 27/04/1864 02/08/1865 09/12/1867 14/10/1859 21/04/1861 16/10/1859 15/12/1861 19/05/1860 19/05/1860 16/09/1860 19/04/1862 22/09/1871 21/10/1860 16/11/1861 02/08/1868 01/??/1861 08/12/1865 19/10/1867 17/03/1861 17/05/1861 27/05/1861 20/10/1861 15/11/1861 16/11/1862 03/07/1863 14/04/1865 25/06/1867 08/12/1869 12/12/1878 25/12/1880 11/10/1865 09/03/1864 27/06/1866 25/03/1867 19/09/1882 85
Child Lily Eleanor George A. Josephina Boyd Adelina Beatrice Neil Alex. Margaret George James Andrew William Mary A. Lily Margaret Alison Smart James Catharine Hardy Joseph Margaret Annie Timothy Luela John and Helen ? Hy. Adolfo Jas. E. Jessie Thos. Wm. Ernest Alex. Alfred Carron Alice Berry Frederico Mary Ann Agnes Frances David James John Christina Juno Carlos L Guillermina Dorotea C. Helen Agnes Virgin John & Duncan (Twins)
Buchanan, Jno. Bell, Andw.
Buchanan, M.A. Woollens, Mary Ann
Brown, Wm. Barnes, Jas.
Hardy, Cath. Maughan, Mgt.
Date of Baptism 19/09/1882 07/04/1868 11/10/1870 08/11/1872 18/11/1875 09/03/1869 28/10/1871 31/08/1886 14/07/1869 20/10/1870 26/10/1871 11/03/1875 23/10/1876 19/12/1877 19/07/1880 20/04/1871 30/06/1874 27/05/1883 All baptised 26/09/1871
Bogue, Fred Behrens, John Buchanan, John Brown, Jas.
Curran, Sarah Miller, Margt. Law, Jane Gibson, E.J.C.
Brydge, Berry Behrens, Cristobal Boyle, Francis
Orrell, Nancy ? Matilda Purvie, Elizabeth
Bell, James A. Behrens, Carlos
Gray, Ann Miller, Guillermina
Maxwell, Helen B.
28/10/1871 18/01/1875 29/02/1880 25/04/1875 30/03/1876 25/11/1883 25/01/1885 30/01/1887 20/12/1876 18/12/1878 14/03/1878 22/10/1878 30/05/1880 22/06/1884 27/06/1886 23/06/1889 15/03/1879 29/02/1880 08/01/1884 23/10/1885 10/02/1888 07/12/1882 26/04/1883 27/03/1885 10/09/1886 22/05/1888 86
Child Annie John A. Dugald Wm. Alex. Margaret M. Albert Robert B. Grace James Marion Robert Janet John Alice Janet Mary Minion Margaret James Peter William Mabel Jas. Archd.Frederick Ida Ella Lucy Jane John M Henry Jno. John Catherine Isabel Flora Donald Christina Alfred R. Robert Margaret Alice Effie Cowan Mary Maud Emma Elizabeth George W. Daisy Effie Grace Dora Wm. Arthur Donald Walter Max Matthew Charles Mary C. Allison Dougal McD.
Date of Baptism 06/02/1890 22/02/1882 27/03/1885 04/03/1887 25/09/1889 22/09/1892 13/06/1895 11/07/1897 19/03/1889 20/09/1885 ??/04/1876 22/02/1875 17/05/1883 01/06/1883 26/02/1884 14/01/1886 17/12/1889 07/04/1884 20/10/1885 15/02/1887 22/01/1888 06/10/1890 29/03/1892 29/03/1894 07/06/1884 24/08/1885 10/06/1885 29/08/1888 22/01/1893 03/10/?? ? 20/07/1891 25/12/1891 28/12/1893 03/02/189? 30/12/1894 16/12/1896 26/12/1897 12/09/1892 10/09/1994 27/12/1892 24/06/1894 29/12/1895 31/12/1899 29/12/1907? 27/02/1908 13/06/1895 31/12/1896 87
Benger, Henry Buchanan, Walter Bell, John Brown, Archd.
?, Mary Williams, Elizabeth ?, Mary Jane Dempster, Jane
Brown, Jno. Buchanan, Alex.
Guzman, Manuela McQuarrie, Flora
Bolton, Albert Burnett, Robt.
McRevie, Agnes Cowan, Mary
Brown, Peter Buckle, Wm. Burnett, Wm. Charles
Foster, Alexa ?, Susan Cowan, Ann
Father Brown, ?
Mother Bell, Marion
Child Thomas Malcolm Oscar Hay John Cecil Cuthbert Hay Reginald Bell Margaret Isabella Margaret Emma Eric Alwin James Mary Isabella Margaret A. Robert Horace Albert Wm. Edward Reginald Ada Isabella Edwin Jas. Charles Wilfred David William Elizabeth Robert Jno. Jas. Stewart Barclay (Illegitimate) Annie Georgina Jemima Henry Wm. Luis Jas. Elizabeth Catherine Henry Abden Luis Augustin Elma Angela Emilia Eliza Peter Faustino Filomena Concepcion Daniel Arthur Norberto Dario Archd. Elizabeth Maggie Owen Emily Cecelia Catherine (Illegitimate) Harriet
Bell, George Arthur Brown, Archd. Barclay, Robert Buchanan, Donald Brown, Alexander Brown, Joseph
Kellie, Jane Dempster, Jane Johnstone, Jane R. McCredie, Janet Harris, Mary Ellen Anthony, Agnes
Bayley, Wm. Burnett, Jno. Jas. Barclay, Johan Balleny, Henry Bodd, Herman Boncey, Jas. Burnett, Robert P. Behrens, Henry Behrens, Cristobal Behrens, Henry
Vaughan, Jane Watt, Elizabeth Kennedy ?, Isabella Barnes, Annie Thompson, Mary Rodgers, Sarah Ann Cowan, Mary E. Henderson, Felicia Bastian, Luisa Pavia, ?
Date of Baptism 09/03/1896 22/05/1898 27/11/1901 23/11/1903 26/07/1897 05/07/1899 30/12/1896 23/10/1898 30/05/1897 21/02/1901 10/06/1885 29/06/1885 12/09/1892 23/05/1897 19/05/1887 21/11/1889 11/09/1893 13/02/1896 28/08/1887 24/01/1889 20/12/1889 25/12/1891 03/10/1889 31/08/1890 30/05/1891 31/08/1890 28/12/1890 27/01/1901 11/02/1901 28/02/1904 25/03/1906 25/04/1909 26/03/1905 26/03/1905 26/03/1905 06/10/1905 06/10/1905 26/08/1866 13/03/1867 13/12/1868 14/09/1870 12/10/1868 14/02/1870 88
Brown, Jno.M. Buchanan, Donald Buchanan, Jno. Bunce, Robt. Buchanan, Thomas Bayne, Ronald
Guzman, Emma Sinclair, Ann Buchanan, M. Owen, Maggie Cruickshank, Janet White ? Gierweitz, Mary
Brookfield, Samuel Borda, George Breon
Cruickshank, Jessie Codrington, ?
Bennett, Frederick Millars Buchanan, Alexr. Buchanan, James
Lambrechts, Caroline Frances McQuarrie, Flora Owen, Emily
Grace ?Mashiter Alice Louisa Emily Clara Mary Francis Breon Charles Wm.Charles Ann Walter Joyce Mary Ray Rosina Boyd Edward Joseph Charles Jas. Elizabeth Ida John Anita Agnes Donald Archd. Chris Robertson David James Wm. M Mary E. Margt. Dond. Lily Eliza Matt. MacDonald Jane Susan S. Peter Dow Mary M. Maggie J. Jemima Eliza Ellen Janet Christopher Helen Alexander James H Jno. Mary C. Chas. A. Lucy
Brooks, Joseph Christiansand, John Craig, Archd. Cowan, Manuel
Thompson, Catherine Sprott, Ann McRevie, Isabella Mackay, Ann
Cowes, Jas. Cribes, Geo.
Cleland, Mary Dow, Catherine
Casay, Thos. Christiansen, Jno.
Libby, Susane Sprott, Ann
Cowes, Jas. R. Clark, Chas.
Mc?, Mary Semple, Barbara
Date of Baptism 19/01/1887 ………. 14/02/1871 13/04/1872 31/03/1872 05/03/1874 11/04/1876 Likely to have been born 26/12/1871 24/02/1873 19/05/1875 28/03/1878 19/01/1875 04/09/1878 27/08/1876 18/07/1880 15/02/1875 20/10/1857 22/05/1860 26/04/1862 13/01/1858 29/12/1859 08/02/1858 27/03/1865 27/03/1865 27/03/1865 27/12/1867 24/07/1859 29/01/1863 15/09/1861 17/03/1867 25/10/1868 24/09/1871 26/01/1873 27/01/1871 ? 08/01/1862 16/11/1867 09/05/1864 19/02/1868 20/09/1871 18/03/1874 18/12/1866 09/04/1868 29/05/1881 25/12/1866 05/06/1868 89
Father Cowan, Alex. Archd.
Mother Thomson, Isidora
Child Alex. Ellen June Margt. M. and Isidera Susana Julia C Ann Allice Thos. E.W.G. Eveline Alex. Annie McNiel James Charles George Elenna M.B. Isabella Margt. Wilson Alex. McRobbie Matilda Clementina Gibson James Watt McGregor Louisa Reid Robert Jno.A.M. Thomas Peter Wm. Bauldin George Andrew Digna Bell William Robert Jno. Ellen Jeu… Margaret Mary Elsie Luis Thos. (Illegitimate) Catherine John John Leopold Adela Roderick Ada Grace Anthony Ernest
Date of Baptism 14/03/1867 22/03/1868 19/01/1870 01/10/1871 10/11/1867 19/01/1870 10/02/1870 22/09/1871 26/01/1873 24/08/1879 16/01/1881 14/10/1882 02/07/1869 22/03/1880 ? 04/04/1868 21/12/1871 16/03/1884 12/03/1888 14/10/1886 14/10/1886 16/07/1891 16/07/1891 04/01/1894 19/12/1887 08/03/1889 02/03/1891 04/07/1893 22/07/1888 28/03/1889 19/07/1891 22/12/1893 24/12/1898 16/04/1878 24/12/1878 17/12/1889 24/01/1891 28/01/1892 26/03/1899 22/06/1892 22/06/1892 26/12/1894 29/12/1899 29/12/1899………. ……….. 90
Cleland, Thos. Christiansen, Paul Cowan, Manuel Grindall, Arthur Cowan, James Cochrane, Robt. Cochrane, Robt.
Young, Mary Mathieson, Marrion McKay, Ann Smith, Han. G.C. Harre, Margt. Stanley, Mary Ann Watson, Matilda
Corbett, George Cowes, Wm.
McGregor, Helen M. Reid, Luisa
Cowes, Jas. R.
Collins, Wm. Carruthers, Jas.
Smith, Victoria Gilmour, Mary
Cowan, Wm. Clutterbuck, Luis Crawford, Archd. Clydesdale, Jas.
Marr, Ann Carrea, Angela Guana, Mary Wilson, Mary J.
Father Christe, Laurence
Mother Guthrie, Ann Hope
Child Laurence Scott ? Helen Margt. Clementina Jno. Charles Hope Albert Alfred Ernest Jno. Julian Clement Gutierrez Emilio Augustus John Murdoch Robert Wm. Jas. Albert Henry James Emily Jane James Matthew James William Mary Wm. Bell Robert Mohr Bernard Jno. John Sarah Jane Agnes Edith Annie Florence James Margaret Ann Lucy Helen Jane Mary Elizabeth Thomas Robert Muir Walter John Jessie Grant Martha E. Lizzie John Grant James Grant Betsy Grant Ethel Mary Jas. Brown Jessie Rodger
Carrol, Samuel Carmichael, Jno. Corfield, Edward Currie, Archd. Carson, Martin Black Clark, Jas. Cumming, Daniel Carruthers, Jas. Smith Dodds, Jno. Dodds, James Domsalars, Bern. Duke, Jno. Dick, Jno. Davidson, Jno. Davis, Wm. Dallas, Hector Denholm, Walter
Watson, Elizabeth Watson, Mary Roland, Maria McLeod, Margaret Maxton, Ann Eliza Cannon, Juana Clow, Isabella Gilmour, Mary Brown, Eliza Bell, Isa Mitchell, Eliza Richards, Eliza Gilmour, Helen McRae, Catherine Denholm, Margt. McLachlan, Jane Smith, Margaret
Date of Baptism 01/06/1902 01/01/1905 20/05/1906 24/04/1910 15/01/1866 08/10/1867 06/11/1866 14/09/1867 21/12/1868 14/02/1871 02/05/1873 31/05/1872 31/07/1872 31/03/1876 31/03/1876 29/09/1878 14/12/1880 16/12/1882 25/12/1857 06/05/1859 04/01/1862 17/12/1859 15/03/1862 28/08/1860 19/06/1865 30/03/1862 03/06/1863 03/10/1871 16/07/1878 All baptised 25/04/1880 29/09/1881 25/02/1883 22/02/1885 10/10/1869 24/02/1871 16/04/1873 25/02/1874 19/03/1890 12/02/1892 08/11/1893 05/04/1895 14/02/1897 26/11/1899 24/09/1893 15/03/1895 13/03/1898 91
Dodds, Jas. B.
Dodds, Wm. H.
Black, Elizabeth Jane
Child Alfred Rodger Agnes Jno. Vicente Elenzar Sarah Ester Eliza Mary Charlotte Lucy Archibald Eleodora Evariste Everisto Henry ? Alexr. ?Arival Rodolfo Israel Harriet Beatrice Senecio Abel Herbert Rodger Edith Ellen Hector Adolfo Elizabeth Thomas Mary Alexandrina Smith Alfred Jno. Percy Daniel Lucy Andrew Emelia E. Anna Jemima John Frances Elenor Jessie Ross Chas. Eliz. Peter Marion Sophia Ellen E. Eliza Aug. Johan Thos. Alexander Andrew Margaret Jane Fanny Twins - Hector and
Dewey, Jno. Lucius
Dodds, Jas. B. Dewey, Adolfo Alexr.
Grant, Janet Muller, Dorotea Anne
Dewey, Francis Dodds, Jas. Wm. H Dewey, Adolfo A. Denholm, Alexander
Henderson, Cecelia Margt. Black, Elizabeth Jane Muller, Dorothy A. Smith, Elizabeth
Dutton, Robert Davis, Elias Denholm, Walter ?Ezgelly, Andrew Engelhardt, Francis Ellis, David Ellis, Richard Fraser, Alex.
Jones, Ann Vincent, Margaret Smith, Margt. Cameron, Annie Bain, Marg. Griffiths, Sarah Ann Cadwalader, Frances Hamilton, Mary
Date of Baptism 11/06/1899 20/12/1900 04/01/1901 20/12/1901 05/12/1903 30/01/1906 12/12/1890 09/06/1901 05/12/1902 27/11/1904 30/01/1906 28/07/1907 30/11/1902 27/11/1904 29/03/1908 22/11/1903 25/03/1906 25/09/1908 09/10/1867 10/09/1868 03/04/1870 21/12/1871 29/11/1872 20/08/1874 25/02/1883 26/08/1885 04/08/1892 10/07/1866 10/02/? 22/06/1869 20/06/1868 30/04/1858 22/11/1860 13/08/1863 15/01/1866 27/03/1866 23/03/1863 20/11/1863 16/10/1865 12/01/1868 29/07/1871 01/05/1887 26/01/1891 23/07/1887 18/01/1888 02/10/1888 92
Foster, Thos. Frew, Jno. Ferguson, Rev.Martin P Fraser, Wm. Fraser, Alex Farquharson, Jas. Farquharson, Jno. McD Fraser, Donald
Cooper, Sophia Nicholson, Charlotte Eliza Schmidt, Aug.E. Grant, Hannah Majatan, Ann McDonald, Christina Castex, Dominga Majatan, Elizabeth
Child Mary Elizabeth Sophia Ann Albert Jas. Ellen Charles E Peter A. Dionisio Malcolm Edmund Aurelio Teodero Alfred R Richard Edward Charles Gustavo Mercedes Donald William Robert Christina Robert Dugald James Janet Thos. Robt. Danl. Wm. Jno. Henry Jas. Euphemia Ann John Car. Sophia Jessie Mary Ann Mary Ann Lucia Jane Kate Constance M. Helena Jane Christina Helen Jane Alice John H. Robert Caroline Alfred Francis St. John Fred. St. John Thos. St. John Wilfred St. John
Date of Baptism 02/02/1892 13/04/1889 19/01/1890 26/08/1890 28/01/1890 24/04/1901 24/04/1901 24/04/1901 03/03/190? ? 24/04/1901 15/02/1907 ../../1908 16/07/1868 11/02/1870 17/01/1872 16/08/1874 21/05/1875 03/04/1878 28/05/188? 17/10/1858 19/05/1860 15/02/1862 21/11/1858 13/01/1859 31/01/1861 15/05/1859 17/05/1863 16/05/1859 01/04/1861 17/02/1860 20/04/1863 15/08/1860 24/03/1861 16/11/1861 19/02/1865 11/07/1869 12/04/1871 27/03/1870 16/07/1872 19/12/1876 17/12/1875 16/02/1880 25/03/1888 30/08/1870 02/09/1871 15/10/1872 02/09/1876 93
Forres?, Benjamin Farquharson, David D. Fraser, Charles Fallesan, Cristavo
Martin, Mary Ann Leal, Filomena Oria, Dolores MacInnes, Margt.
Fallesan, Charles Fallesan, Edward Chas. Farquharson, James
Peterson, Matilda Fallesan, Matilda Rosira McDonald, Christina
Grant, Jas. Green, Danl. Greig, Jas. Greig, Alex. Graham, Irving Gatherall, Wm. Graham, Jas. Grant, Jno. Gregory, Ed. M. Gregg, Richd. Gebbie, Andw.
Liddell, Martha Preston, Mary Hart, Janet Jones, Ellen Adams, Sophia Purves, Eliza Laurie, Jane Alan, Lucy Ellen Davidson, Sarah Kath. Bonthron, Christina T. Manson, Margt.
Child Oswald St. John Dora Mgt. St. John James Alexander Margaret George Mary H Thomas J. Jessie B. Wm. H. Hugh Jane Albert G. Mary Janet (Illeg.) Henry Gordon James Jessie Edith James R. George R. Jno. Miguel Jas. Nio…. Aurora Ellen Victor? Ann Honoria Ellen Grace Ellen Leonora Annie Margt Agnes Alex. David Robertson Alice Smart Jane Adam Mary Ann Andrew Alice Janet M.E. Mary Ellen Wm. Eliza Ann Alex. Jno. Annie William John Eliz. Hardie Eliz.
Gentles, James Gardener, Jas. Guthrie, Thos. Graham, Jas. L. Goodfellow, Hugh Greig, George L. ?Gragetena, Jno. M. Gordon, Stewart Grant, Thos. Grafitanez, Jno. Miguel ?Guilamandeguy, Jno. Martin Godfrey, Charles James Gifford, Robert Gunn, David Robertson Gilmour, Robert Harker, Alex.
McCleckie, Kate E. Robertson, Euphemia Brown, Mary Laurie, Jane Dow, Margaret Barnes, Luella Saunders, Mary B. ?Raiwhin, Jessie Black, Janet R. Saunders, Mary Ellen Greig, Euphemia Brown, Charlotte ?Loyti, Annie Hunter, Agnes Hardie, Jessie Wylde, Jane
Date of Baptism 02/03/1878.. 25/12/1882 09/02/1873 15/09/1874 20/?/1879 27/01/1880 04/08/1875 23/03/1878 09/11/1880 06/03/1876 30/?/1880 16/10/1881 30/05/1891 08/07/1891 30/04/1903 All baptised 26/12/1891 17/04/1893 21/02/1894 24/06/1895 06/10/1896 15/04/1898 12/01/1902 13/04/1902 13/04/1902 15/11/1867 04/08/1871 15/04/1878 23/12/1878 16/04/1878 19/09/1958 19/10/1860 04/01/1863 11/12/1870 13/08/1859 02/02/1864 26/08/1868 21/04/1861 07/08/1862 09/01/1864 27/06/1866 12/03/1871 All baptised 03/10/1871 03/10/1871 16/03/1872 94
Huntly, And. Harris, Robert Hossack, Wm. Henderson, Alex. Hardie, John Hardie, Ford Jno. Harrison, Geo.
Barclay, Eliz. Reid, Mary Ann Baird, Janet Cathcart, Helen Ford, Eliza Ford, Mary Helen McCargo,Eliz.
Child Francis Isabella Martha William Anne Harriote George Duncan Ella B. Annie Robert Frederick Henry Wm. Thomas Gregory Albert Jas. Weir Richard Henry Placido George Lucie Rebecca Elisha Wm. Albert A. Francis Gregory George Margaret Catherine Henry Edward Michael Jas. Nicodemus Thomas Robert Jane Ninian Wm. Peter John M. Jas. Joseph Annie Isabella Albert Robert & Robert (Twins) Catherine James Gerardo Luis Adele William Mary
Hamilton, Wm. C. Hough, Edward Thos. Hutton, Wm. Jas. Hillcoat, Henry
Perez, Garbriel Brown, Ann L. Staig, Williamina Oliver, Mary
Hutchison, David Harvey, Wm.
Ayala, Mercedes Vega, Pilar
Henderson, Wm. Albert Henderson, Alex. Jno. Hunter, Peter Hopkins, Henry Ismay, Thomas Robert Johnstone, Jas. Joslyn, Wm. Johnstone, Ninian Jackson, Joseph Johnstone, Jas. Jeffrey, Alex. Kilby, James ?Kanneman, George
Broberg, Mary Weston, Agnes Orr, Mary ? McKeddie, Ann McCargo, Jane Brown, Isab. McCargo, Martha Shillingford, Isabella Palmer, Emma Craig, Margt. Withers, Alice Hogg, Jane
Date of Baptism 30/03/1874 25/01/1877 16/12/1878 16/03/1884 14/09/1879 12/09/1880 08/05/1887 26/06/1890 19/12/1892 19/12/1892 21/12/? 21/12/1905 21/12/1905 21/12/1905 21/12/1905 21/03/1898 21/03/1898 21/03/1898 21/03/1898 21/03/1898 06/03/1901 06/03/1901 …… 12/04/1867 05/04/1869 04/08/1871 30/05/1872 30/05/1872 18/09/1873 06/05/1872 15/12/1860 18/05/1862 17/11/1861 17/11/1861 09/08/1876 05/05/1888 19/01/1894 09/11/1895 22/02/1900 05/11/1867 18/12/1878 23/01/1895 23/01/1895 25/01/1897 15/03/1901 25/03/1901 95
Father Kelly, Charles
Mother Williams, Eliza Barclay Hardy, Jane Margt.
Child Arthur James Jane Williams Charles Williams Frederick George James R. Wm. G. Margt. Annie Irving A…….. Henry Richd. Edwd. Jas. Allan Wm. Kay A.nnie D George F. Robert M. Andrew McHarg Florence Gertrude Eliz. J. John J. Andrew J. Jane J. Helen Mary L. Elizabeth M. Margaret Dunn Catherine B. Marion Wallace Andrew Peter George Christina Jno. Jane Thomas D. Adam Francis James Mary Ellen Hilda Sofia Elias Ester B. Agnes M. Annie Mair Jno. Wallace Emilio R. (Illegit.) Jas. Lyon Ivy Noble John James Alex
Longstaff, Geo. Lockhart, Jno. Liddel, Jas.
Martin, Mary Ann Rutherford, Mary Kay, Janet
Laurie, Robt. ?Larda, Juan
Allan, Rosanna Dixon, Mary
Date of Baptism 29/05/1872 29/05/1872 27/11/1872 11/04/1876 15/08/1861 11/06/1865 08/07/1867 25/12/1871 27/09/1879 18/04/1862 26/07/1868 21/08/1870 19/11/1872 14/03/1875 20/06/1876 22/10/1878 15/08/1880 26/01/1873 All baptised 21/05/1874 15/09/1876 29/07/1878 21/04/1880 21/05/1882 16/05/1887 25/11/1888 24/10/1876 22/12/1878 17/03/1883 15/03/1885 14/04/1878 26/02/1884 26/02/1884 15/07/1891 29/03/1885 28/03/1886 15/12/1890 23/12/1891 02/01/1887 25/01/1891 15/06/1891 08/05/1898 27/12/1892 24/07/1898 30/11/1902 20/06/1866 12/05/1868 96
Laurie, Andrew Lean, John Orr Lawrence, Henry ?Laborthe, Lavis
?Carriguiry, Maria Patterson, Christina Daniel, Elizabeth Foster, K.
?Lustase, Cayetano Lamcraft, Wm. Lyon, Wm. Leighton, Emilio Lockhart, Jas. Lawrie, Jno. Logan, James
Anthony, Eliz. Scott, Eliza Buchanan, Mary Jorgensen, Christina Lyon, Jane Noble, Margaret McVicar, Margaret
Father Lowe, Isaac Lean, Jno. Morley, Wm. McLeod, George McArthur, Robt. McCulloch, Jas. McMillan, Wm. Moorgate, Luis McLachlan, Jno. McDonald, Peter McGowan, James Moor, James Moore, Richard Pettigrew McWilliam, Alex. McInnes, Edmond McInnes, Malcolm
Mother Maugham, Emma Paterson, Christina Bolard, Emily Francis McCorquodale, Grace Stewart Sanders, Margt. McClelland, Agnes Stanley, Mary Ann Thomas, Jane Taylor, Mary Sim, Janet Brown, Jane Hollidge, Sarah Pettigrew, Ann McGaul, Ellen Black, Sarah Black, Ann
Child Margt. Whitaker Robert Jno. George Henrietta Margaret Jno. Margt. Peter Wm. Jane Margaret Mary Stanley Mary Neill James Agnes Ann Conacher William Edith Sarah Natividad George John Francis Ellen Effie Cath. Sarah Angus Annie Malcolm William Lucy Eliza Robert B. Ann Jackson Janet Horace Gilbert Archd. Lucy Frederick K Flora Catherine Ann Elizabeth Alvin & Alvira (Twins) Eve Dorothy Leonard Beck George H.
McMillan, Edward McLeod, Robert McTavish, Archd.
Denholm, Mary Buchanan, Catherine ?Majatan, Janet
More, John C. McFarlane, Jno.
Robson, Dinah Buchanan, Christina
Date of Baptism 02/04/1872 14/09/1879 21/03/1881 17/03/1883 04/10/1869 17/01/1872 16/08/1874 13/07/1871 27/12/1873 09/09/1875 23/06/1878 03/12/1871 15/02/1875 22/05/1875 22/05/1876 03/04/1878 10/06/1879 16/04/1878 20/03/1881 18/03/1883 03/09/1857 12/01/1859 13/02/1862 12/10/1857 21/08/1858 03/09/1860 18/11/1862 24/12/1858 09/01/1862 19/11/1863 17/05/1866 27/12/189… 29/09/1892 22/01/1893 22/01/1895 15/01/1896 28/03/1899 26/03/1893 26/06/1894 14/02/1894 20/01/1896 22/03/1898 24/03/1900 29/04/1894 30/03/1896 24/04/1898 27/04/1902
Father McGregor, Alan McWilliam, Jno. Morley, Thos. McLean, Archd. McLachlan, Hugh McMillan, John McNeill, Lachlan McCargo, Luis
Mother Barclay, Johann Christie, Isabella Lucy, Margaret McDonald, Catherine Osborne, Carlota Hogg, Isabella McKellar, Mary Ellen Risso, Catherine
Child Margaret Barclay Alexander Elizabeth Arthur Catherine A. Allan Hugh Alfred Betsy Jessie Morrison Mary Morrison Lachlan Thomas Margaret George Mary Louisa Sarah Ann Martha Margaret Lachlan James Emily Fanny Elizabeth Mirron Jane Mary Ann Margaret Thomas James Donald Arthur Mary John Eleanor Emma Archd. Andrew Janet Barbara Margt. Anna Agnes Mary Eliz. Andw. Ellen Agnes Joan Wm. Alex. Margt. Edward Eliz.
Marr, Alexander McNeill, Walter Morley, William McLellan, Jas. McGarva, Andrew
Foster, Ann Victoria Kirkland, Betsy (Murchland) Boland, Emily Francis McIlwraith, Martha Dalrymple, Jane
Miller, James McCorquodale, Jno.
Benedina, ? Buchanan, Mary
McLean, Thomas ?Majatan, Jacob Maxwell, John
Buchanan, Jane Buchanan, Janet Barclay, Ellen
McGaul, Saml. McGaul, Jno. Marr, Alex. McInnes, Edward Moodie, Jno.
McGaw, Eliz. Sprott, Ellen Bell, Allison Black, Sarah Turner, Jane
Date of Baptism 28/06/1894 27/12/1894 26/12/1897 23/01/1895 20/03/1898 22/03/1898 26/03/1900 28/03/1898 28/03/1899 19/03/1900 24/03/1901 10/04/1901 10/11/1903 30/11/1904 11/12/1906 24/12/1903 27/12/1904 30/12/1866 20/09/1868 27/02/1867 19/01/1868 19/01/1867 02/06/1869 27/02/1871 24/08/1873 31/03/1868 18/06/1868 22/01/1872 16/08/18… 07/05/1876 22/03/1869 24/03/1869 24/03/1869 23/04/1859 13/04/1861 08/10/1864 14/10/1866 14/10/1859 17/03/1861 16/05/1862 17/02/1860 14/11/1862 09/04/1865 08/12/1863 29/06/1865 22/04/1865 19/05/1867 09/07/1865 98
Child Ann Hugh Eliz. E. Helen G. George Isabella Christine Christine B. Andrew John R. Eliz. Frederick Mary Maggie Isabella Agnes Janet James John William Elizabeth John George Ellen McDougall John B. Jean James Daniel William Alice Louise James Norman Ann James B. Sarah Ellen D. Margaret Christina Alexandria Ann Jane B.A. Walter Black Elizabeth Mary Donald Frederick James L Robert Daniel Argus
Manson, Robt. McMicking, Alex. McFarquhar, Robt.
Dawson, Jane McGaul, Eliz. Davidson, Eliza
McGaul, Jas. Miller, Geo. McHarg, Andrew
Johnstone, Janet Rebach, M. Chisholm, Janet
Medhurst, James Murray, Alexander Maull, George Muir, George
Hill, Luella Black, Elizabeth ?Lamodia, Hilaria Buchanan, Helen
Moore, William McCorqudale, James
Grant, Annie McR…, Janet
Moore, James McKenzie, Thos. Allan McRae, Farquhar McCanish, Hugh McRae, Donald
Hollidge, Sarah Daniel, Mary Ann Clark, Jessie Buchanan McLeod, Christina McNeill, Jane
Date of Baptism 04/06/1866 25/04/1866 13/07/1867 02/07/1865 21/08/1872 11/09/1874 07/11/1876 16/07/1878 10/05/1874 22/04/1878 17/04/1880 18/01/1875 20/06/1876 08/07/1877 22/10/1878 28/03/1880 18/03/1882 14/03/1879 20/02/1881 01/02/1880 11/11/1880 07/01/1881 29/05/1883 06/03/1885 03/02/1887 24/10/1890 19/09/1893 18/09/1882 22/08/1886 28/02/1883 22/03/1889 04/05/18? 13/02/1883 18/03/1883 26/02/1884 25/04/1884 30/04/1884 30/04/1884 31/05/1881 01/05/1884 15/01/1885 07/05/1887 23/01/1892 22/06/1879 Date unclear. 01/05/1884 16/01/1885 28/01/1892 99
Father McHarg, Andrew McGregor, James McFarlane, Alex.
Mother Chisholm, Janet Robson, Mary Sinclair, Ann
Child Jane Nicol Catherine D. Mary Helen Catherine E. Duncan Archibald Mary Ann Margaret James K Archibald George E. Neil John Duncan Flora Mary Alex. Albert Jessie Alexandrina Elizabeth Ellen Mabel Jane Mabel Mary Hamilton William Jno. Harriet C. Alex John Henry Luis Jno. Francis Peter Adolfo Hugh Jospeh Luis Terencia Jane John Jas. Janet Donald Jane Alfred Agnes Purves Wm. Brown Albert Laurie Margarita Frederick R. Sarah Ethel Frederick Ryburn Edward
McKellar, Archd. Morgan, Wm. McDonald, Duncan
Kerr, Elizabeth ?Amy, Lusanna McLachlan, Margt.
McGregor, Allan Morley, Wm. Miller, Henry ?Marval, Jno.
?Bovellia, Ella Fraser, Jessica Middleton, Isabella Muratoff, Olga
Nicholson, Jno. Noble, Geo. Nelson, Alejandro Niven, James Naylor, Wm.
Young, Agnes Laurie, Ann Ortiz, ? Pettigrew, Mary Janet Adie Mary Susannah
Date of Baptism 16/07/1884 26/07/1886 10/08/1884 10/06/1885 05/05/1887 24/01/1890 22/01/1891 26/01/1893 10/06/1885 25/01/1891 21/09/1885 11/02/1886 27/09/1888 28/01/1892 06/02/1894 28/01/1896 31/02/1886 17/07/1886 02/10/1888 24/01/1895 12/04/1886 15/04/1888 30/01/1894 26/01/1897 19/04/1888 29/01/1890 29/01/1890 21/09/1890 24/01/1892 11/09/1890 07/10/1891 16/11/1893 04/09/1895 10/11/1897 27/08/1899 12/10/1857 28/03/1860 27/10/1864 03/06/1866 24/07/1871 08/12/1871 16/08/1859 15/01/1862 03/07/1870 29/02/1880 26/02/1883 26/06/1890 26/02/1883 17/05/1883 100
Child Godfrey & Robert (Twins) George Charles E.J. Santa Eliza Isidora Eulalia Celia Harvey Walter Herbert Agnes Jno. Janet Miller Mary Ann Catherine Blanche Arnold Elix. James George George Dods Margaret Margaret Thomas Jno. Ann Ross George & James Isabel D. Euphemia Barclay Eliza Mary Barbara Ellen Euphemia Isabella Mary Dorothy Dodds Herbert Jas. Richard Jno. Thos. Richard Agnes Horace Adela Robert Bruce Ada Belinda Robert, H.S. Alexander Laurence Mary Eliza George Jno. Gozo
Date of Baptism 21/09/1890 28/03/1886 30/03/1890 22/01/1891 22/?/1890 29/?/1892 01/12/1902 20/12/1905 20/12/1905 ? 20/12/1905 20/12/1905 17/05/1871 15/06/1875 04/05/1871 27/10/1851? 15/09/1861 18/05/1864 20/12/1862 27/12/1866 15/03/1874 05/05/1887 19/04/1888 22/? 29/01/1892 05/04/1895 29/11/1896 27/11/1898 25/12.1900 ? 27/11/1898 25/12/1900 24/11/1901 27/11/1904 25/07/07 30/03/1903 28/02/1904 25/03/1906 24/11/1907 12/12/1866 24/03/1871 17/03/1901 01/02/1866 10/05/1876 24/05/1876 26/03/1878 21/03/1877 101
Newberry, George Northmore, Soloman Nelson, Wm. Neild, Frederick
Purvis, Isabella Ferrandez, Desideria Ferguson, Francesca Crafts, Ines
Noble, David Miller Nimmo, James Nicol, Jas. Watson Oliphant, George
Milne, Mary Ann Harvey, Catherine C…. , Blanche Dods, Isabella
Osgood, Wm. Ogilvie, Thomas
Barnes, Ellen McDougall, Catherine
Young, Mary E.
Young, Barbara Rankin ?Bess, Mary ?Delmage, Mary Agnes O’Dwyer, Belinda Durrel, Catherine Ross, Catherine McKay, Margt. Loney, Ann
Owen, Thomas O’Dwyer, Joseph Peter, Jno. Stewart Proctor, Alex. Peel, Robert L. Paterson, George Pearce, Jno.
Father Palmer, Richd. Palmer, George Pettigrew, Jas. Purvis, Wm. Parks, Henry Purvis, Jno. Purvis, Jas. Pettigrew, Jas. Purvis, Andrew Purvis, Wm. Perch, Jno. Polley, Jno. Perry, Miguel Purvis, Thos. A. Pettigrew, Fredk. Robson, Ed.
Mother Hunt, Christina Jane Carrisal, Eusalia Inocencia Stewart, Eliza Margt. Kidd, Mary Robertson, Elizabeth Roberton, Ann Laurie, Agnes Stewart, Eliz. Spence, Margaret Maher, Margt. Binder, Mina Hartley, Mary Ann Buchanan, Eliza Young, Margt. A.C. Jones, Lucy Ciriola, Rosa
Child Charles Edward Mary Euselia Edith Laura Eliz. Fred. Hannah William Matilda Andrew Hugh Robert Eliz. Ann Robert Irvin Thos. A. Geo. Balfour James Sophia Jane Joseph Wm. Spence Mary Ellen William Philip Wm. Jno. Albert (Illegit.) Agnes Lawrie Grace Rodger Jno. Moore Harold Victor Margaret Lucy Hugh Francis Peter Gabr. Margt. R. Eliz. M.C. James Fred Margt. Alex. Jno. Eliz. Margt. Elizabeth Eliz. Henry Hugh (Illegit.) Wm. Henry Flora Helen Alexander Wood
Robson, Hugh Roscoe, Roger Robson, John Rodger, Wm. H. Rodger, Thos. Ramsay, Wm. Rose, Wm. Hugh
Rogers, Jane Hylde, Margt. Olquin, Anacleta Hardy, Catherine Enriquez, Isabela McDonald, Marion Massy, Annie Austin
Date of Baptism 15/04/1878 02/10/1878 10/03/1879 15/02/1858 29/12/1859 15/11/1861 17/09/1858 19/10/1860 17/10/1862 29/11/1858 22/01/1861 20/05/1862 16/10/1859 24/03/1862 26/08/1866 28/06/1868 17/05/1863 07/10/1864 18/11/1883 26/12/1886 10/01/1886 14/06/1887 26/12/1891 30/07/1893 30/01/1896 23/08/1897 08/12/1902 23/02/1900 09/05/1906 24/09/1909 07/04/1859 12/04/1861 17/04/1863 23/03/1863 03/05/1859 20/02/1861 06/04/1863 09/01/1867 21/10/186… 14/05/1859 11/12/1870 14/07/1880 28/06/1885 29/01/1888 27/01/1891 27/08/1869 09/10/1872 05/12/1869 102
Child Hugh Henry William James Oswald Ellen James Eliz. Andw. John Mary Francis Jane Emily Ruth Jane Agnes Richd. George Susan Eliz. Margt. Jas. Jno. Frances Roli Jane Thomas Janet Helen James A John A. Wm. Andrew Robert John Robert Elizabeth (Illegit.) Silvia Otyn Thia Charlotte James John Mary Ella Caroline Sarah Jane Charles Stewart Robert Jas. Ann Charlton
Date of Baptism 06/09/1872 25/08/187? 11/03/1857 20/05/1857 12/07/1859 17/05/1857 16/06/1859 31/07/1862 18/12/1857 17/10/1859 17/11/1861 20/11/1858 19/05/1860 14/12/1861 16/09/1860 22/01/1861 16/03/1862 26/02/1861 22/10/1882? 12/06/1863 18/09/1864 20/03/1866 15/09/1867 15/11/1868 02/02/1870 17/09/1871 21/12/1873 30/03/1872 02/07/1875 26/09/1878 29/03/1882 …….. …….. …….. 28/04/1879 05/11/? 21/11/1882 10/12.1882 18/11/1883 28/06/1885 26/06/1887 22/06/1889 23/08/1891 11/06/1893 12/04/1885 15/10/1886 11/02/1886 2?/01/1891 103
Rainey, Samuel Jno. Risdon, Alfred Wm. Sprott, Alex. Stockdale, Thos. Smart, Jno. Saunders, Thos. Sorbie, Francis Sprott, Jas. Sutton, Lucio Sadler, Richd. Sinclair, Jas. Sheriff, Wm.
Porter, Mary Erricalde, Catherine Acosta, Pipa Berens, A. Sprott, Mary McCormick, Ellen Carrigle, Mary Johnstone, Jane Graham, Jessie Johnstone, Agnes Bonallie, Margt. Vanderfreare, Jane
Saunders, John Stewart, John
McMorrine, Janet McGaul, Eliz.
Scott, David Sheriff, Roberto Alva Simons, John Sires, Archd.
Cowes, Robina Sheriff, Elizabeth Graham, Lucia Philpotts, Caroline
Stirling, Robert Scott, ?
Sinclair, Mary McLean, Ann
Child Ernest Frank Elizabeth Jane Charles Hamilton Alexander Mary Agnes Samuel Alexander James Ronald Alfred Jane Cribbes Margaret Florence Maud Juanita Carlos Wm. Jane Harry Jane Adelera Jas. Fergus Stuart Ronald Harriot Kidd Archibald Charles Sidney Lucy Jane Wm. Henry Francis Archd. Angus Mungo Albert Emmanuel George Aurelius Herbert Archibald Ann Angus John Donald Archd. Duncan Jas. McCulloch William Robert June Edward Isabella Jane James Adam Robert John Janet Margaret
Sinclair, Thos. Shae, Jno. G. Stevenson, Charles Sheriff, George Sheriff, Frank Sword, J.S. ?Sives, Archibald
Barrett, Susan Muir, Mary Ann Pratt, Elizabeth Sheriff, Margaret McMillan, Mary Nicolson, Florence Philpotts, Caroline
Sheriff, Wm. Sinclair, Jno. ?Sives, Archd. Sinclair, Archd.
Carruthers, Elizabeth Urriola, Feliza Philpotts, Caroline Buchanan, Catherine
Stark, Jas. Adam
Stark, Adam Saunders, Wm.
Mirron, Isabella Wallace, Jessie
Date of Baptism 22/01/1891 26/01/1893 20/02/1889 09/11/1890 25/10/1893 27/11/1894 24/01/1901 28/01/1890 23/01/1895 29/03/1899 25/03/190. 22/09/1890 31/01/1892 20/07/1891 17/02/1893 04/12/1896 08/08/1893 25/12/1898 25/12/1893 25/12/1893 25/12/1898 30/01/1894 28/03/1898 26/11/1894 23/08/1898 28/08/1898 27/04/1901 07/04/1904 25/12/1898 26/03/1899 22/03/1901 23/12/1906 ?/09/1907 04/06/1882 27/?/1866 01/05/1867 03/10/1869 16/01/1872 11/06/1867 13/09/1868 15/03/1870 29/02/1872 23/09/1873 06/06/1869 06/06/1867 05/10/1868 23/06/1873 06/06/1870 23/06/1878 104
Father Torry, Thos.
Mother Hardie, Margt.
Child Wm Thos. Jno. Jas. Agnes Catherine Jemima William Jno. Frederic Wm. Christian Sophia Paulina Annie Eliza Mabel Gerald Murray Dorothy Marjorie Johann Borallis Euphemia Rodger Margt. Campbell Eric Stewart Jemima Victoria Jas. Young Lucy Jane Charles Edward Ann Durie George James Joseph Jessie Adelaide Moriano Joseph Wm. John Thos. Mary Robt. Thos. Eliz. Jane Jno. H. Caroline Alex? Ann Margt. Jas.Jno. Thos. George Adelaide Janet John J. Edith J.
Thomas, Jno. Henry Thompson, Hernan Tregarthan, Henry Urie, Robt. Watkins, Conrad Watson, Jas. Weston, Jas. Evie Weston, Jas. Webster, Stephen Wallace, Wm. Walley, John Ware, Joseph Wiltshire, Henry Wilde, Thos. Wallace, Thos. Wightman, Pat. Wylde, Robt. Watson, Thos.
Jones, Jane Lorenzo, Ina Wethorall, Eliza Hamilton, Sarah Tulloch, E. Young, Euphemia Rodger McKechnie, Margt. Young, Euphemia Rodger Durie, Ann Shaw, Agnes Herbert, Mariana Lusk, Elizabeth Hall, Ann Purves, Rosa Graham, Isabella Patty, Agnes Kidd, Euph. John, Ann Bonallie
Date of Baptism 10/03/1860 10/07/1861 06/05/1863 18/06/1869 17/02/1883 20/09/1885 15/04/1878 13/03/1880 10/09/1881 13/12/1868 19/06/1869 13/12/1866 26/06/1890 26/01/1895 20/01/1896 20/01/1896 02/06/1895 27/08/1899 20/12/1900 01/?/1902 30/08/1903 28/07/1907 22/03/1909 06/06/1869 06/06/1869 28/06/1886 05/03/1870 23/02/1872 09/11/1871 09/08/1872 19/12/1873 18/12/1857 20/05/1860 20/04/1862 13/01/1858 19/08/1858 14/07/1860 17/02/1860 13/09/1861 12/02/1861 21/06/1863 23/12/1866 25/?/1871 30/01/1863 22/08/1871 20/11/1872 20/01/187.. 105
Williams, Thos. Watt, Thos.
?, Sarah McDonald, Jane
Child William Thomas Isaac Wynne Robert Bell Evelyne Elvira Bertha E.C. Arthur John Williams Andrew Thos. Mary Jas.B. Elizabeth Wm. Margt. A.C. Jas. B.B. Eliz. George Alex. Robert A. George Jas. Janet Jane Euphemia Margt. Rankin Mary Jane Jno. Jas. Rebecca Janet Barbara Alfredo Wm. Adam Celia Eliza Stella Moria Esther Charles Andrew Melita Ida Wm. Thos. Elizabeth Ann Ellen Rose Eliza Rodger Richard George Jno. Alexr. Ellen Jacinta Jas. Andrew Jas. Andrew
Williams, Wm. Jno. Webster, Thos. Walsh, Charles C. White, Arthur Young, Thos.
Williams, Rebecca McDermott, Marian Denholm, Elizabeth ?Sutil, Mary Esnidor, ?
?Yuman, Wm. Henry Young, Jno. Young, Wm.
Yoxall, Sarah Barclay, Euphemia ?Court, Rebecca
?Gevey, Emma Jane
Young, Jno. Andrew
Young, Thos. Adam Young, Wm.
Stewart, Ellen Court, Rebecca
Date of Baptism 05/11/1880 28/08/1887 20/12/1889 20/12/1889 27/12/1891 23/01/1895 13/01/1858 01/03/1859 02/04/1862 29/06/1863 23/12/1864 20/10/1864 24/06/1866 05/12/1868 30/01/1881 18/11/1882 22/10/? 18/01/? 26/12/1886 24/01?/1891 10/06/1893 24/?/1894 29/04/1896 28/08/1898 ? 24/04/1898 29/04/1900 27/04/1902 17/07/1907 09/06/1901 22/11/1903 27/11/1904 29/03/1908 09/06/1901 30/11/1902 28/02/1904 26/11/1905 22/09/1907 26/03/1905 25/03/1906 29/03/1908 27/03/1910
Declarations of Marriage
Declarations of Intention to Marry given at the British Consulate, Buenos Aires 1849 - 75
Like other British settlers some Scots chose to register their intention to marry at the British Consulate. Only a minority seem to have done so, nevertheless there is useful information about places in Scotland from which they came and a good indication of when the actual marriage would take place.
Anderson, William Arthur, Alexander Balberry, Thomas Barclay, John Barron, Joseph Bayne, Ronald Bell, Alexander Bell, Andrew Boyd, William P Brand, Thomas Brash, William Brown, George Brown, Rubin Campbell, Alexander L Campbell, Donald Campbell, John Campbell, William Carron, Martin, B Cooper, George Craig, Alexander Craigdallie, Thomas Crawford,Gregory Cumming, Alexander Davidson, John Dawson, John
37 Scotland, Glasgow 23 Scotland, Glasgow 23 Scotland, Edinburgh 24 British Subject 29 England, Newcastle 31 Scotland 35 Scotland 30 Scotland 26 Scotland, Wigton 32 England, Whitby 28 Scotland, Glasgow 27 Scotland, Roxburghshire 35 England, Portsmouth 32 Montevideo 27 30 Scotland 28 Scotland, Wigtonshire 26 England, Cheshire 31 Scotland, Dundee 25 England 25 Scotland, Edinburgh 24 Scotland, Glasgow 30 Scotland, Wigtonshire 44 British 33 England, Lancs.
Hughes, Margaret Crozier, Ellen Bell, Georgina Bonallie, Ellen Rorison, Ann Gervien, M Speed, Jane Woollen, Mary Ann Reid, Jane M Atkinson, Margaret White, Catherine Watson, Betsy Crampton, Jane Steward, Emma Diehl, Rosa Robson, Maria McDonald, Annie Maxton, Ann E. Wilson, Julia McRevie, Isabella Jack, Margaret Ray, Mary Jane Crozier, Ann Campbell, Margaret Jeffrey,
20 Wales 23 British Subject 18 Scotland, Dunbar 17 Scotland, Edinburgh 28 Scotland, Glasgow Prussia 25 21 Buenos Aires 24 Scotland, Kirkinner 27 Scotland 19 20 British Subject Scotland
10, 1864 1854 12, 1850 4, 1852 10, 1867 9, 1860 5, 1852 3, 1868 1, 1864 4, 1860 5, 1851 1852 1, 1860 1, 1859 1, 1856 12, 1873 3, 1852 9, 1868 12, 1861 5, 1854 10, 1850
21 Montevideo 19 21 Entre Rios 21 British Subject 27 Scotland, Saltcoats U.S.A. 22 British Subject 19 Buenos Aires
18 Scotland, 3, 1866 Dumfriesshire. 26 Scotland, 8, 1849 Renfrewshire 26 British 6, 1855 33 Scotland, Skye 12, 1856 107
Dickson. George C Dodds, John Errecalde, Michael Foster, William Gibbon, Andrew Graham, Joseph Graham, William Graham. James Grant, James Gregg, Richard J Grierson, John Hamilton, Hugh Henderson, Alexander Hunter, John Huntly, Andrew
28 Scotland 25 Scotland France
25 Scotland 25 Scotland 50 Scotland 32 Scotland 27 Scotland England, London 20 England, Maryport 30 Buenos Aires 27 Scotland, Fife 35 Scotland 24 Scotland Scotland
Johnstone, Fowell 30 England B Kerr, James Jnr. 32 Scotland, Portpatrick Kidd, John Henry Kyle, John J J Le Roussignol, Alfred MacLean, Robert C Marshall, John McClymont, John McClymont, William McCosh, Thomas McDougall, Alexander 28 Scotland 31 Scotland 28 Jersey 43 British Subject 24 Scotland, Glasgow 25 British Subject 27 Buenos Aires 27 Scotland 20 Scotland
Catherine Keen. Jane Julia Brown, Elizabeth Grierson, Margaret K Cooper, Sophie Drysdale, Margaret Brackhill, Catharine White, Jemima Lawrie. Jane Lennox, Elizabeth Bonthrow, Christina Duffy, Jane Halligan, Catherine Cathcart, Ellen Arriola, Martina Barclay, Elizabeth Douglas, Alice Jolly, Margaret Irillia, Eliza S Wright, Margaret G McLean, Jemima Chalkley, Margaret Noble, Mary Arriola, Clementina Miller, Lucinda Hargrove, Anna M Jeffreys, Sara I
19 British 26 British 32 Scotland 18 British Subject 26 Scotland Ireland
11, 1855 3, 1856 9, 1855 1854 10,1854 7, 1855 1853 1, 1856 4, 1857 8, 1863 7, 1858 1, 1869 6, 1865 12, 1854 5, 1855 8, 1869 2, 1868 10, 1873 3, 1869 5, 1868 11, 1854 5, 1851 1854 6,1863 8, 1872 2. 1875
20 British Subject 19 British 18 Scotland, Glasgow 23 Scotland, Buckhaven Ireland Ireland Buenos Aires Buenos Aires
18 Scotland 23 Scotland 23 Scotland, Stonykirk 20 Buenos Aires 27 Scotland 26 Buenos Aires 35 British Subject 20 20 Buenos Aires 19 Buenos Aires 26 Italy, Pisa
McInnes, Malcolm McIntyre, William McLean, Hugh McRae, Frederick McRevie, John Milne, Alexander Pearson, Adam Pettigrew, James Purves, James Ramsay, David Ramsay, William Reid, Patrick Ian Agnew Reid, Patrick N A Robson, Peter Rolleston, John Ross, John Sproal, Matthew Sterling, George Stewart, William T Taggart, Charles Taylor, John Walls, William R White, William (w) Wyllie, John
41 Scotland, Isle of Mull 25 Scotland, Galloway 23 British Subject 31 Scotland, Ross-shire 27 Scotland, Argyll 24 Scotland, Edinburgh 32 Scotland, Glasgow 19 Scotland, Ayrshire 28 Scotland, Haddington shire 25 British Subject 26 Scotland 24 Scotland 38 Scotland 28 Scotland,Dumfriesshire 44 Ireland, Londonderry 29 Scotland,Ross-shire 41 Scotland, Glasgow 29 Scotland 29 Scotland 30 England, Berkshire 29 Scotland 34 Scotland, Orkney Isles 45 Scotland 30 Scotland
Black, Ann Cathcart, Elizabeth Smith, Matilda M Buchanan, Mary Rodger, Elizabeth McClymont, Catherine Montgomerie, Isabella Stuart, Elizabeth Lawrie, Agnes Reid, Margaret MacDonald, Maria McClymont, Mary A Naylor, Eliza M Scott, Jane Ferguson, Christina Cornfoot, Isabella Baird, Margaret Moffatt, Amelia(w) Lasbaines, Julia McKiddie, Isabella B Jackson, Elizabeth S Gurbara, Florinda Torres de Arriola,Emilia Capdavila, Carola
21 British Subject 23 Scotland, Ayrshire 20 British Subject 32 Scotland, Argyll 22 Scotland, Irvine 21 Buenos Aires 28 Scotland, Loudon 16 Scotland, Dundee 28 Buenos Aires 20 British Subject 24 British Subject 20 Buenos Aires 24 England 20 Buenos Aires 45 Scotland 24 Buenos Aires 22 Scotland, Glasgow 28 Guernsey, Channel Isles Buenos Aires 24 Scotland, Montrose 22 England, Liverpool Buenos Aires
4, 1854 9, 1851 5, 1851 4, 1852 12, 1850 4, 1851 2, 1875 4, 1852 10,1849 12, 1854 11, 1854 7, 1858 7, 1873 1, 1850 2, 1863 9, 1851 4, 1851 1853 11, 1874 3, 1852 2, 1859 1851 1, 1850 1, 1866
Index of Marriages in the Scots Church for Entre Rios and the Banda Oriental 1868 - 1907
The following index of marriages has been extracted from the registers of the Scots Presbyterian Church and covers the period from 1872 to 1907. The officiating minister was Lachlan McNeill who worked in Entre Rios and the Banda Oriental (Uruguay) from 1866 to 1877, but thereafter returned on occasions to conduct marriages. Most of the entries are for Scots settlers, including some from Colonia Nueva Escocia who moved later further north in Entre Rios and Corrientes. In most cases the place is given. Finally, it should be noted that other marriages and baptisms of Scots in Entre Rios and the Banda Oriental may be found in records of the Anglican Church in Concordia and Salto and in the registers of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church in Buenos Aires. Name of Husband Buchanan, James Risdon, Alfred William Buchanan, Alexander Brookfield, Samuel Denholm, Walter Procter, Alexander David, Elias Brookes, Joseph William McCorquodale, James Stalker, Jasper Macdonald, Peter McIntyre, Donald Clark, Cecil James Mallens, Frank McRae, Donald Huntly, Edward Macdonald, Duncan Northmore, Solomon McTavish, Archibald McFarlane, John McNeill, Lachlan Peters, John Stewart Murchland, James Name of Wife Owen, Emily Erricalde, Catherine McQuarrie, Flora Whyte, Janet Smith, Margaret McLoughlin, Mary Ann Vincent, Margaret Thompson, Catherine McRae, Janet Lindsay, Elizabeth Sim, Janet Furlong, Elizabeth Herbert, Ada Judith Richardson, Mary McNeill, Jane McLachlan, Agnes McLachlan, Margaret Fernandez, Desderia Majatan, Jane Buchanan, Cristina McKellar, Mary Ellen O’Dwyer, Belinda Ada Macdonald, Annie C. Date of Marriage 30/01/72 23/02/ ? 21/07/68 11/04/68 05/10/68 31/07/69 03/03/73 09/03/74 16/07/74 16/09/74 15/12/74 25/01/76 22/12/76 02/04/78 02/04/78 15/01/85 19/04/88 20/01/92 02/02/92 22/03/99 14/12/99 27/03/1907 Place Paysandu Salto Juan Gonzalez Paysandu Paysandu Paysandu Carmelo Concordia Fray Bentos Concordia Carmelo Carmelo Concordia Sauce, Corrientes Concordia Mandisovi San Jose Feliciano Gualeguay Mandisovi
Baptisms in The Scots Church During The First World War
Baptisms in 1914 Key to abbreviations of parental nationalities: Arg. = Argentine; S = Scottish; E = English; I = Irish. Name Osgood Oscar Orlando Elena Father Osgood, Guillermo Diego. Mother Bartolino, Juana 28, Arg. Date of Baptism 04/01/14 ““ ““ Birth Place Azul Talleres Talleres 110
Father 39, Arg. Employee Wall, Charles Needham 43, E. Hall, Francis Edward. 37, E. Crowther, Harry Coulthurst 36, Arg. Merchant. Attwell, Robert Leslie 34, Arg. Timber Measurer Richmond, Alfred John (decd) Arg. McGaw, James Arnold 25, Arg. Foreman Mailer, James S. Porteous, Gilbert Gilmour 33, E. Employee Kiloh, Alexander 33, S. Lutkin, Charles, 49, Germany, Estanciero Young, James Wood, 32, S, Cutter Foster, Henry, 47, E, Engine Driver Thomson, Hugh Robert, 35, E, Merchant
Date of Baptism
Wall, Richard Hale Hall, Frank John Crowther, Stanley, McEwan Attwell, Oscar James Violet Richmond, Helen Ethel McGaw, Haydee
Kean, Carolina Annette 42, Arg. Muncaster, Lily 35, E. Johnson, May Stevenson ---- Leonora 36, Arg.
10/01/14 08/01/1914 ““ 09/01/1914
Buenos Aires Talleres Talleres Buenos Aires
Attwell, Ethel Mary Attwell, Grace 26, Arg. Miller, Anita Taylor, Agnes Teresa, 30 Black, Isabella, 32, S. Young, Margaret Barbara, 38, Arg. Robb, Isabel 31, S. Arundel, Elizabeth, 41, E. Fraser, Elizabeth, 29, Arg.
Mailer, Florence Margaret Porteous, Gilbert Edward Henry Arthur Gladys Agnes Kiloh, Jane Gertrude Lutkin, Anna Maria Young, Agnes Robb Foster, Hilda Rose Thomson, Norman Warringford Cecil Warringford
20/01/1914 27/01/14 ““ ““ 01/02/14 11/02/14 13/02/14
Santa Fe Province Banda Oriental Banda Oriental Banda Oriental Venado Tuerto Pergamino Tmperley
14/02/14 23/02/14 ““
Villa Devota Buenos Aires Buenos Aires
Name Quistorp, George Arthur Orwell, Charles Nathaniel Henderson, Stella Lawrie Lillie, Gerald Arthur Hepburn Waring, Elena Anita Townsend, Robert Walter. Milne, John Stewart
Beckett, Vera Jane
Gilbert, Ines Anna Martha Leitch, Joyce Isabella Lorimer Vance, Agnes Annie Beattie Clark, Gladys Mary Darbyshire, Flora Ramsay
Father Quistorp, John Norman 49, S, Manager Orwell, Thomas William, 26, E, Fireman Henderson, John Lawrie, 30, S, Employee Lillie, Arthur Hepburn, 36, S, Employee Waring, John, 28, E, Engineer Townsend, Sydney David, 30, E, Engine Driver Milne, James Hendry, 35, S, Estancia Manager Beckett, Henry Nield, 38, E, Employee Gilbert, John Wesley, 31, E, Broker Leitch, George Alexander, 33, S, Engineer Vance, John, 32, S, Engine Driver Clark, Edwin, 36, Arg, Estanciero Darbyshire, Gilbert Ramsay, 29, Arg, Employee
Mother Geddes, Elizabeth, 45, S. Ratcliffe, Edith, 26, E. Lean, Isabella Gow, 27, Arg. Millar, Annie Johnston, 25, S. Palmer, Mary, 30, E. Mynott, Jane Harriet, 33, E. Keynes, Ella Maud, 35, E. Lacy, Mercedes Ercilia, 40, Banda Oriental Kay, Carmen Agnes, 34, Arg. Mungall, Bertha Lorimer, 27, S. Muir, Marion Wyllie, 32, S. Milne, Violet Jane, 27, Arg. Grant,Margaret Macdonald, 27, Arg.
Date of Baptism 22/7/14
Birth Place Rio Chico, Tucuman Province Venado Tuerto
Villa Constitucion Pergamino
29/03/14 03/04/14 04/04/14
Rosario Villegas Olivos
Name Medhurst, Emilio Charles Gibb, Dorothy Clark Woodhouse, Margaret Graham, Sylvia Margaret Sheriff, Carolina Greenwood, Doris Sylvia Dixon, Ann Mary Maclean, Aurora Margaret O’Brien, Reginald Clarke Rankin, Hugh Janet William Kay, Ivan Logan Young, Mary Innell, George Phillips, Edward Gerald
Father Medhurst, James John, 35, Arg. Engine Driver Gibb, John Clark, 32, S, Estanciero Woodhouse, Fergus Sandon 35, E. Estanciero Graham, Henry, 32, Arg. Veterinary Surgeon Sheriff, William 54, S. Agent Greenwood, John Beresford, 26, Arg. Employee Dixon, Henry William, 45, E. Maclean, Alexander, 40, Arg. Estanciero O’Brien, John Charles, 27, S. Boilermaker Rankin, Angus, 51, S. Kay, Samuel, 42, Arg. Merchant Young, William, 37, S. Supervisor Innell, John, 25, E. Foreman Phillips, Walter James, 29, Australia
Mother ------, Louisa, 32, E. Libardi, Adelina, 20, Arg. Velez, Joanna 18, Arg. Niven, Katie Lennox, 25, Arg. Carruthers, Elizabeth 47, Arg. Rasmussen, Rasmina Ida 25, Arg. Stirling, Mary Havelock Donald, 32, Arg. Millar, Mary 37, Arg. Allan, Matilda Amy, 27, Arg. McPhee, Ann, 35, S. Logan, Maud Turnbull, 32, Arg. Henderson, Mary Jackson, Aice, 19, E. Collins, Lily Cleland, 26, Arg.
Date of Baptism 06/04/14
Birth Place Banfield
Bahia Blanca Tigre
Capital Federal Sauce, Corrientes
02/06/14 ““ ““ 01/06/14 08/06/14 08/06/14 08/06/14
Martinez Talleres Talleres Capital Federal
Date of Baptism
Mackenzie, Eric Charles Henry Lothian Smith, Annie Thomas Moffat, Norah Bertram Maclean, James
Millar, James Henry Alfred Young, Douglas Robertson Cochrane, Lizzie Smith Bruce, George Douglas MacGregor, Nelida Stella Ritchie, Dorothy
Johnstone, Thomas Wallace, 34, S. Supervisor Briggs, William Arthur, 30, S. Employee Mackenzie, Roderick, 37, S. Engineer Smith, Edward, 37 , E. Engine Driver Moffat, James Smith, 44, S. Engineer Maclean, John Roland, 42, S. Civil Engineer Millar, John Henry, 38, Arg. Employee Young, david, 29, S. Manager Cochrane, James, 37, S. mechanic Bruce, George Neil, 26, Uruguay Estanciero MacGregor, Hugh Robson, 37, Arg. Manager Ritchie, John, 34, S. Mayordomo
Proudfoot, Margaret Ann, 35 Scott, Isobel McNair S. Baxter, Margaret, 35, S. Wadsworth, Emily, 38, E. Bertram, Lucy Ellen Smith, Jessie Colquhoun Barboza, Sophia, 40, Uruguay Robertson, Eliza Hill, 29, S. Robertson, Margaret Williamson 32, S. Lowe, Ellen Blanche, 20, Arg. -----, Rosa Stella, 27, Arg. Walling, Emily Margaret, 27, India
13/06/14 ““ 16/06/14 19/06/14 San Martin Tandil
Parana, Entre Rios
Name Campbell, Valerie Isabel Wight, Elena Bell, Marjorie, Nora Steele, William Henry Robertson, Kenneth Graham Bell, Sarah Ellen
Father Campbell, Frederick, 41, S. Mayordomo Weight, Leslie, 44, S. Landowner Steele, Edgar Ashley, 37, E. Employee Robertson, Edward, 30, S. Employee Bell, Thomas David’ 40. I. Engine Driver Davies, David, 43, Wales Docherty, Richard, 43, S. Employee Kay, John James, 27, Arg. Employee Watson, Horace Victor, 28, Arg. Employee Roscoe, Robert William, 32, Arg. Employee Ingleson, George Francis, 27, E. Estanciero Conley, William 28, I. Employee Candler, William Matthew, 36, Arg. Employee
Mother Davis, Isabel Gordon 27, Uruguay Hintermeister, Maria, 29, Arg. Cook-Smith, Marion Eleanor, 34, E. Luke, May Watson 28, E. Conner, Ellen 26, Arg. Speed.Anna Louise’ 33, E. Finnie, Susan Horie, 40, S. Freeland, Mary Adeline, 26, Arg. McGaul, Beatrice Ellen, 22, Arg. Smyth, Margaret, 31, Arg. Farquharson, Margaret, 20, Arg. Clark, Annie, 27, Wales Frost, Greta, 32, E.
Date of Baptism 16/07/14
Birth Place Juarez
18/07/14 ““ ““ 23/08/14 London
Davies, David England Docherty, Susan Mary hamilton Kay, Eileen Martha Watson, William Thomas james Roscoe, Annie Haydee Dora Alice Ingleson, George Alexander Conley, Rosalind Moira Chandler, Florence Irene
Campana Villa Devota
26/09/14 ““ 16/10/14
Lomas Banfield Monte casero, Corrientes Junin Temperley
Name Southam, Elida Anna Hughes, William Henry Downes, Joanna Amelia Lacey John Bettles, Michael
Smyth, Evelina Leila Ancell, Robert hastings Wilson, george Alfred Mackay, William Alexander Dimalow, Phillip Keith Taylor, Walter William Haigh, William Stevenson Turner, Alfred
Park, Joseph William Violet Barclay Nicklin, Doris Norman
Father Southam, Robert (Jun), 34, Arg. Hughes, Frank, 33, E. Merchant Downes, Robert Howe, 33, South Africa, Employee Bettles, Francis james, 40, E. Engine Driver Smyth, Eugenio, 35, Arg. Employee Ancell, Robert Wolfe, 33, E. Estanciero Wilson, William henry, 37, E. Engine Driver Mackay, John, 31, S. Fireman Dimalow, James Francis, 41, E. Merchant Taylor, Walter Harold, 28, E. Employe Haigh,Norman Stevenson, 34, E. Employee Turner, William Atkins, 41, E. Engine Driver Park, Joseph (Decd0, E. Nicklin, Albert Henry, 40, E.
Mother Nowll, Wilhelmina, 29, Arg. Risden, Alice Margaret 35, Uruguay Roberts, -----Speid 33, S. Hull, Agnes, 35, E. Thomas, Etelvina Enriqueta, 28, Arg. Green, Hilda Susan 36, Uruguay Woodhall, Lily, 35, E. Reid, Jessie, 26, S. Fleming, Marjorie, 30, Arg. Taylor, Amy Annie 27, E. Prieto, Rosa, 21, Spain Pulford, fanny, 37, E.
Date of Baptism 14/11/14 14/11/14 13/11/14
Birth Place Belgrano Martinez Libertad
Burzaco Capital federal
Province of san Luis Capital Federal
Province of Cordoba Huinca Renonco, Province of Cordoba San martin
Anthony,Elizabeth 17/12/14 Barclay, ““ 35, S. Stysan, Ann 17/12/14 40, E.
Father Engine Driver
Date of Baptism
McCormick, John Michael Robers, Gordon Reay Campbell, Eleanor Joan
McGarva, William, 34, S. Engine Driver McCormick, Henry haining, 31, S. Estanciero Roberts, John Frederick, 40, E. Merchant Campbell, John Augustine 37, Arg. Estanciero
Groves, Ellen, 38, I. Hefford, Lucy, 32, E. MacDougall, Bessie Paterson, 35, S. Grant, Myra Gertrude, 34,Arg.
Name Brown, Finlay Hope
Carstairs, James Kininmonth Leslie Everill, Brenda Mabel Dent, Gerald Edwin George Bowling Taylor, Donald Waters, John George Taylor, Adele Julia Praik, Wilhelmina Ellen
Father Brown, James Hope, 40, Arg. Estanciero Carstairs, James Leslie’ 32, S. Engineer Everill, Thomas George, 31, Wales, Employee Dent, William (decd) Taylor, John, 34, Arg. Employee Waters, John, 46, S. Employee Taylor, Peter, 26, Arg. Employee Praik, Stewart Patrick, 42, S.
Mother Fraser, Margaret, 28, S. Kininmonth, Helen 27, S.
Date of Baptism 02/01/15
Place Born Capital Federal
Tyson, 16/01/15 Kathleeen Irene, 27, E Thompson, Frances 45, Arg. Cumming, Emily, 36, Arg. Profumo, Robushiana, 24, Arg. Vega, Juliana, 19, Arg. McDonald, Ina, 29, S. 30/01/15 30/01/15 28/02/15 28/02/15 04/03/15 01/03/15
Capital Federal General Lavalle, Ajo General Lavalle, Ajo General Lavalle, Ajo Talleres
Name Thomson, Helen Isabel Wilkin, Violet Gertrude Anderson, Lilia Elena Carlos Beator Hill, Donovan Charles Taylor, Aileen Mabel Stewart, Dugald
Finlayson, Elena Stuart Buchanan, John Pell
Maclean, --- Dando
Allison, Eugenia Alexander
Whitelegg,Thomas William Torbet, Christopher
Father Engine Driver Thomson, Robert, 40, S. Engine Driver Wilkin, Herbert John, 33, S. Engine Driver Anderson, Guillermo, 49, Arg. Landowner Hill, William John, 35, S. Employee Taylor, James, 31, S. Boilermaker Stewart, Angus Matheson, 40, S. Civil Engineer Finlayson, James Stuart’ 32, S. Merchant Buchanan, Robert John, 42, A. Electrical Engineer Maclean, Thomas, 28, Uruguay, Stockbroker Allison, Alexander Henderson, 32, S. Employee Whitelegg, Thomas Arthur’ 32 G.B. Estanciero Torbet, Thomas Laurie, 41, S. Engine Driver
Mother Duguid, Jane, 37, S. Ward, Emma Jane, 32, I. Arthur, Maria Elena, 43, Arg. Alston, Ella Kathleen, 35, E. Corbett, Janet, 39, S. Balfour, Vera 36, E. Foulis, Grace Helen, 32, S. Pell, Clara, 32, Arg.
Date of Baptism 01/03/15
Place Born Talleres
Rosario, Santa Fe
Belogui, Dolores 24, Arg. Frick, Freida 34, Germany
Orr, Janet Isabel’ 22, E. Christie, Jessie Duncan, 28, S.
Name Barnfather, Dorothy Elizabeth Poole, Irene Kilgour, Nellie catherine Aycliffe, Elvira Genoveva Campbell, Ada Melanie Dunn, Neville Walker Neilson, Margaret Russell Stewart Dewey, Francis
Watson, Cora Sylvia
Leckie, Virginia Herminia Bell, Alexander Patrick Clark, Maurice Holroyd Lane, Walter Ankett, Violet
Father Barnfather, Thomas, 33, E. Employee Poole, William, 40,E. Engine Driver Kilgour, John, 37, S. Engine Driver Aycliffe, Henry James, 53, Arg. Employee Campbell, Thomas, 35, Arg. Merchant Dunn, William Charles, 44, Arg. Merchant Neilson, Robert, 33, S. Engineer Dewey, Hugo Clarence, 40, Arg. Engineer Watson, David john, 35, Arg. Employee Coulson, Charles, 36, E. Engine Driver Leckie, William, 38, S. Engine Driver Bell, Peter, 31, S. Clark, John, 33, Arg. Bank Manager Lane, Arthur, 34, E. Engine Driver Ankett, John
Mother Hall, Nora, 31, E. Gowers, Ida, 30, E. Walker, Mary Isabel, 36, S. Ferguson, Elvira, 42, Arg. Dyer, Melanie, 24, Arg. Walker, daisy Isabel, 33, Arg. Stewart, Jane Russell, 31, S. Nowell, fanny Adelaide, 34, Arg. MacGregor, Mary Helen, 30, Arg. Waites, Ann Margaret Luna, Virginia, 33, Arg. Nicol, Beatrice Mary, 31, S. Edwards, Ann 36, Arg. Jackson, Rebecca Mary 32, E. Moore, Alice
Date of Baptism 11/05/15
Place Born Talleres
11/05/15 11/05/15 13/05/15
Talleres Talleres Temperley
Province of Cordoba Capital Federal Capital Federal
31/05/15 09/06/15 12/06/15 10/06/15 10/06/15
Pergamino Rosario, Santa Fe Capital Federal Canada de Gomez Canada de Gomez 119
Name Blanche Eden, Ines Augusta Clark, Denis Campbell Walker, Joseph John Milton Dewey, Emma Hilda ? Cheetam, Henry Robert Goddard, ---Naismith Stirling, Henry Robert Ross, Margaret
Father Henry, 33, E. Engine Driver Eden, Cecil, 33, E. Estanciero Clark, Arthur Taylor, 29, Arg. Employee Walker, John Milton, 24, E. Merchant Dewey, Robert, 46, Arg. Employee Cheetam, Henry Hobson, 32, S. Employee Goddard, ? 30, E. Railway Inspector Stirling, Walter Stuart, 35, Uruguay Estanciero Ross, George Robert 29, U.S.A. McDonald, Roderick Beveridge, 31, S. Unsworth, John William, 24, Arg. Harding, John, 31, E. Hart, James Alexander, 50, S. Employee Brace, John McRevie, 38, Arg.
Mother Blanche, 30, E. Orr, Agnes Gilmour, 24, Arg. Campbell, Olive, 23, Arg. MacLeod, Margaret Stuart, 26 Nowell, Emma, 32, Arg. Milly, Hannah, 24, Arg. Leslie, Josephine, 28, E. Edwards, Ninette Irene, 31, Arg. Wood, Margaret Robertson, 21, Arg. Lobb, Mary Florence, 30, E. Girardi, Luisa, 20, Arg. Nash, Margaret Elena, 20, Arg. Collins, Florence Elizabeth, 35, Arg. Lowe, Alice Maude 28, Arg.
Date of Baptism
Capital Federal Buenos Aires
McDonald, Roderick Lobb Unsworth, Lydia Luisa Harding, Isabel Margaret Hart, Alice Beatrice William Alexander Brace, Myrtle
19/08/15 29/08/15 02/09/15
Buenos Aires Venada Tuerta Marmol
Name Buckley, Robert Gordon Davies, Robert Ewan Ewart, Jane Steward, Edward Kathleen Grace Sly, George Arthur
Macdonald, Charles Keith Sheriff, Alfred MacKinnon, Roderick John Cain, Edward Thomas Farquharson, David Leon George James MacHardy, Jessie Dalgety Richmond, William Hastings
McDonald, ? Zelena
Father Buckley, Stanley, 30, E. Estanciero Davies, David, 43, Wales, Master Mariner Ewart, William, 43, S. Merchant Steward, Sydney Edward, 29, E. Employee Sly, Alfred Robert, 34, Arg. Estanciero Macdonald, Charles Donald, 47, E. Merchant Sheriff, William, 56, S. Estanciero MacKinnon, Roderick Yuill, 42, S. Bank Manager Cain, Edward, 29, E. Employee Farquharson, James H., 27, Arg. Stockowner MacHardy, William, 36, S. Merchant Richmond, Benjamin James, 42, Arg. Bank Manager McDonald, William, 40, Arg. Mayordomo Farquharson,
Mother Lowe, Jane Anita, 30, Arg. Speed, Avril Louisa, 33, E. Walker, Euphemia Jane, 35, Arg. Atwell, Annie, 32, Arg. Buller, Celia Maria, 37, Peru Boote, Florence Ada, 30 Carruthers, Isabel, 42 Barnes, Margaret Stewart, 36, Arg. Hogg, Margaret, 20, Arg. Melber, Freda 21, Arg. Dalgety, Mary, 39, S. MacGregor, Euphemia Elizabeth, 35, Arg. Escalada, Ada, 37, Arg. Sullivan, Isabel,
Date of Baptism 03/09/15
Place Born Mercedes
05/09/15 06/09/15 10/09/15 10/09/15 11/09/15
Camp ? Buenos Aires ? Liniers, Santos Lugares Paraguay
18/09/15 18/09/15 18/09/15 22/09/15
Concordia --- Cofre
Name Evelyn Mary Sullivan, Lily
Bannerman, Eileen edith Asher, John James Gilbert, Charles Henry Kay, Herbert John
Macfarlane, Marta Catherine Ingleson, Robert James Ayrd, Robert Stephen Fairlie, Ann McGroather Niven, David Alexander Davy, George Heriberto Brown, Frederick Davies, Margaret Violet Hutton, John Scott
Father Dugald, 37, Arg., Stockowner Sullivan, Charles Thomas, 30, Arg. Stockowner Bannerman, David Black, 32, E. Draughtsman Asher, James, 34, S. Merchant Gilbert, John Wesley 32, E. Broker Kay, John James, 28, Arg. Merchant Macfarlane, Duncan Arrol, 38, S. Merchant Ingleson, George Francis, 28, E. Landowner Ayrd, Arthur, 27, S. Employee Fairlie, John Cochrane, 25, S. Employee Niven, Thomas 38, Arg. Stockowner Davy, Heriberto, 32, E. Estanciero Brown, George, 50, S. Employee Davies, Richard Lloyd, 30, Arg. Hutton, Joseph,
Mother 26, Arg. ? Kaemead, Isabel Rebecca, 24, Arg. Hawkins, Edith, 37, E. Jack, Jessie McPherson, 33, S. Kay, Agnes, 34, Arg. Freeland, Mary Julia, 27, Arg. Kay, Ann Marie, 38, Arg. Farquharson, Margaret, 28, Arg. Clark, Emily Bell, 27, Arg. McGroather, Isabella McCorquadale, Mary, 30, Arg. Parker, Mary Louisa, 32, E. Gutierez, Hertendia, 33, Arg. Shrewsbury, Annie Rose, 28, Arg. Carruthers,
Date of Baptism
Federacion, Entre Rios Florida
Belgrano San Fernando
Monte Caseros, Corrientes Buenos Aires Banfield
01/11/15 01/11/15 06/11/15 07/11/15 07/11/15
Bonifacio, Partido de Guarani Buenos Aires Buenos Aires ----Bahia Blanca 122
Carruthers, Mary Elisa Roberts, George Robertson George, Annie Emily
Tyrell, Daphne Marion Caldwell, Ivor Frederick Henry, Francis Edward Clydesdale, Grace Boyd Ross, Marion Allan, Henry
Father 44, S. Mechanical Engineer Gunn, George Hunter, 34, S. Estanciero Carruthers, Matthew, 33, Arg. Mayordomo Roberts, George Robertson, 33, E. Merchant George, Walter William, 32, E. Inspector of Vehicles Tyrell, John, 34, E. Engineer Caldwell, Oliver Frederick, 29, Arg. Employee Henry, Roland, 30, E. Accountant Clydesdale, William James, 32, Arg. Ross, Alexander, 32, S. Employee Allan, Hugh george, 23, Arg. Joiner
Mother Margaret, 38, Arg. Smith, Susan Madeline, 34, E. Holmes, Mary Harriet, 30, Ireland Mitchell, Alice Addison, 27, Arg. Fry, Beinderina, 31, Holland
Date of Baptism
GarrettHarrison, Marion 27, E. Poole, Ethel, 26, Arg. Adamson, Charlotte, 28, Arg. Campbell, Winifred, 33, Arg. Hegarty, Eveline, 29, Arg. Carsten, Mary, 20, Arg.
15/12/15 30/12/15 31/12/15 31/12/15
Temperley Bahia Blanca San Isidro Talleres
Name Gammie, Elizabeth MacGregor,
Father Gammie, William George, 32, S. ----- Reporter MacGregor,
Mother Mackenzie, Mary Ann 31, s> -------, Celestine
Date of Baptism 04/01/16
Place Born Buenos Aires
Name mary Esther Paton, John
Angus, Douglas Gordon Fraser, Martha Evelyn
Young, Robert Horace Ross, Isabella Geddes, Lily Elisa
Craig, Beatrice Florence Sylvia Mary Taylor, James Clemen, Joseph Arthur Forbes, William Henry Grierson, Janet Isabel Grant, Robert Alexander McLean, Alastair Aitken, Margaret
Father Ernest Jones, 33, Arg. Employee Paton, George Stuart, 29, S. Civil Engineer Angus, Wm., 41, S. Engineer Fraser, James Gladstone, 36, Arg. Estancia Manager Young, Thomas, 40, Arg. Farmer Ross, Wm., 32, S. Electrician Geddes, William Henry, 51, Arg., Estanciero Craig, Robert James, 40, Arg., Engineer Taylor, James, 32, S. Bales Maker Clemen, Joseph, 38, Arg. Employee Forbes, William, 39, S. Mayordomo Grierson, James, 32, S. Capataz Grant, Herbert MacDonald 27, Arg. Employee McLean, Hugh, 37, S. Engineer Aitken, William 44, S.
Mother Etelina, 27, Arg. Hyslop, Caroline Younger, 29, S. Stirling, Isabel, 41, S. ? Williams, Marta Adela, 26, Arg. Stewart, Elena McGaul, 41, Arg. Smith,Jessie Mackenzie, 26, S. Campbell, Mary Anne, 42, Arg. Fraser, Miriam Annie, 37, Arg. Corbett, Janet 40, S. Inglis, Emma MacGregor, 29, Arg. Baxter, Mary Morrison, 27, S. Reid, Agnes, 27, S. Goodfellow, Margaret, 22, Arg. Simpson, Elizabeth, 32, S. Muir, Margaret (dec’d)
Date of Baptism
-------Province of santa Fe
06/02/16 12/02/16 23/02/16
Canuelas San Martin Bahia Blanca
02/03/16 02/03/16 08/03/16 16/03/16 17/03/16 17/03/16 02/04/16
U.S.A. Quilmes Villa Ballestre Capital Federal Capital Federal Capital Federal Lomas
Belgrano Scotland Partido de 25 de 124
Name catherine William Johnson, Elizabeth Catherine Porteous, Patricia Isabel Bennett, Cecilia Agnes Millard
Father Engine Driver Johnson, Thomas, 36, S. Architect Porteous, James Duncan (dec’d) s. Master Mariner Bennett, Frederick Millard, 43, Uruguay, Estanciero Smith, James, 37, S. Architect Levett, Arthur James, 41, E. Engine Driver Darbyshire, Gilbert Ramsay, 31, Arg. Employee Roberts, John Frederick, 42, E. Merchant Love, Robert, 40, S. Engine Driver Leitch, George Alexander, 35, S. Engineer McCulloch, John Alfred, 37, Uruguay, Estanciero Ross, George, 30, USA, Merchant Lee, Frederick Charles, 43, E. Accountant Sanderson, Thomas,
Mother S. Holmes, Agnes Liddle 25, S. Thomson, Agnes Cecilia, 29, S. ---------------
Date of Baptism
Place Born Mayo --------
Smith, Margaret Elizabeth Reid Levett, Barbara Robina Darbyshire, Alexander Grant Roberts, Ada
Reynolds, Elizabeth, 34, E. Forsyth, Barbara, 27, S. Grant, Margaret Macdonald, 29, Arg. MacDougall, Bessie Paterson, 36, S. Mitchell, ? 39, S. Mungall, Bertha Lorimer, 30, S. Taylor, Edith, 35, E. Ross, Margaret, 22, Arg. Murison, Ella, 38, S. Campbell, Mary Rosaline,
? Tundera Junin
Love, John Leitch, Harold George McCulloch, James Ross, John Robert Lee, Ella Gertrude Sanderson, Louis Gustavo
Lobos San Isidro
Province of Cordoba Belgrano
Capital Federal 125
McGarva, Alexander James Herdman, Julius
Angel, Harriet Calder Maclean, Gerard
Farquharson, Griselda Cristina Owen Walker Briggs, Arthur
Maclean, Ian Reid Baxter, John Lionel Bruce, Idina Maud MacKinnon, Betty Kathleen
Father 44, S. Stockowner McGarva, James, 32, S. Foreman Herdman, Archibald, 60, S. Labourer Angell, Arthur, 29, S. Employee Maclean, Archibald, 47, Arg. Estanciero Farquharson, Donald, 49, Arg. Estanciero Briggs, William Walker, 33, S. Employee Maclean, John Rowland, 45, S. Engineer Baxter, Lionel damon, 30, GB. Employee Bruce, George Neil, 29, Uruguay Estanciero MacKinnon, Stuart Shaw, 36, E. Manager
Mother 32, Arg. Muir, Ellen McNaughton, 32, S. Eyras, Claudia, 32, Arg. Clark, Emily Bell, 29, Arg. Kanneman, Rose, 22, Arg. Buchanan, Margaret 35, Arg. Scott, Isabel McNair, 33, S. Smith, Jessie Colquhoun, 34, S. Jackson, Mary, 34, S’ Love, Ellen Blanche, 23, Arg. Turnbull, Agnes McDiarmard, 28, GB.
Date of Baptism
Capital Federal Sauce, Corrientes
Name McDonald, Hector,
Father McDonald, Roderick Beveridge, 32, S. Bookkeeper Balfour, George
Mother Lobb, Florence Mary 31, E. Hope, Daisy
Date of Baptism 05/01/17
Place Born Lomas
Capital Federal 126
Name William Stewart, Alasdair Thomson, Godfrey Beckwith, Ivor campbell Fraser, Kenneth McCormick, Heather Lilian King, Dora Maria
Bell, Mary Morrison Finlayson, Maragaret Mary Young, Robert Love Stewart, Charles Robert Fraser, Christina Alice McLachlan, Lydia McGaul, Frank harrison
Father William’ 28, S. Estanciero Stewart, Angus, 32, S. Accountant Thomson, Henry Bell, 27, E. Sales Manager Beckwith, Ridley Horace, 29, E. Accountant Fraser, Robert, 35, S. Merchant McCormick, John Haining, 34, S. Manager King, William Armour, 38, S. Merchant Bell, Peter, 33, S. manager Finlayson, James Stuart, 34, S. Merchant Young, William, 40, S. Engine Driver Stewart, Thomas Buchan, 35, S. Employee Fraser, Benjamin, 52, S. Estanciero McLachlan, Hugh, 49, S. Estanciero McGaul, Andrew Thomas, 42, Arg.
Mother Eileen, 30, Arg. Risden, Norah, 28, Uruguay Macfarlane, Alice Lovell, 18, Arg. Campbell, Roberta, 24, Arg. Dodds, Isabella Florinda, 30, Arg. Hefford, Lucy, 35, E. Foralino, Amelia Luisa, 34, Arg. Nicol, Beatrice Mary, 33, S. ?Fortis, Grace Helen, 34, S. Henderson, Mary, 25, S. Skinner, Jessie, 36, S. Farquharson, Christina, 44, Arg. Osborne, Charlotte, 39, A. McCargo, Isabella, 37, Arg.
Date of Baptism
Capital Federal Capital Federal
Las Rosas Capital Federal
Province of Corrientes Bahia Blanca
Name Graham, Charles Alfred Tarbet, Jessie
Turnbull, Margaret Helen Moir, James Gordon Thomson, Vera Elizabeth Barclay, Doris
Mackinnon, ? Robert(a) Buchanan, Duncan Dennis Martin, Douglas Calder Grant, Leona
Carruithers, Elizabeth Gilmour Campbell, William Denholm Anderson, Catherine
Father Stockowner Graham, Joseph Laurie, 46, Arg. Stockowner Tarbet, Thomas Lawrie, 44, S. Engine Driver Turnbull, William, 47, S. Merchant Moir, Donald, 35, S. Engineer Thomson, Hugh Robert, 39, E. Merchant Barclay, William Allan, 42, S. Engineer Mackinnon, William Yuill, 44, S. Merchant Buchanan, Duncan, 30, Arg. Employee Martin, Douglas Stewart, 38, S. Manager Grant, Ernest Ford, 41, Arg. Merchant Carruthers, William, 43, Arg. Manager Campbell, Thomas Rupert, 37, E. Employee Anderson, George,
Mother Liddle, Joan Chisholm, 32, Arg. Christie, Jessie Duncan, 30, S. Barnes, Harriet Agnes, 35, Arg. Hutcheson, Isabel, 35, S. Fraser, Isabella, 32, Arg. Russell, Mary, 40, S. Barnes, Margaret Stewart, 38, Arg. Record, Louisa, 35, Arg. Angel, Jeannie Calder, 38, S. Parker, Frances Camila, 41, Arg. Gilmour, Al;ice Smart, 39, Arg. Denholm, Edith Mary, 37, Arg. Macdougall, Annie,
Date of Baptism 29/05/17
Place Born Lafrida
Buenos Aires 128
Geddes, James David Love, Ellen Smith, Jessie Colquhoun Farquharson, Joy Isabel Walker, Colin Armour Henry Stuart Grierson, James Alexander McFarlane, Alexander Camson, Joan Robert Baird, Esme Balfour, Jean Gordon Ritchie, Delia Elsa Sylvia Iabella Fraser, Lydia Henrietta Maclean, Angus William MacKinnon, Hugh Stuart
Father 52, S. Sheep farmer Geddes, James, 23, Arg Employee Love, Robert, 42, S. Engine Driver Smith, James, 38, S. Architect Farquharson, Dugald, 39, Arg. Estanciero Walker, John Milton, 26, E. Employee Grierson, James, 33, S. Stock Manager McFarlane, Duncan 31, Arg. Mayordomo Camson, Robert Mcgaul, 39, Arg. Farmer Baird, John 38, S. Engine Driver Balfour, George William, 29,S. Estanciero Ritchie, Harry William, 46, Arg. Fraser, James Gladstone, 37, Arg. Stockowner Maclean, Hugh, 39, S. Electrical Engineer MacKinnon, Stuart Shaw,
Mother 28, S. McCorquadale, Eleanor, Juanita 24, S. Mitchell, Jeannie, 40, S. Reynolds, Elizabeth, 35, E. Sullivan, Isabel, 28 Macleod, Margaret Stuart, 28, Arg. Reid, Agnes Barton 27, S. Lyall, Filomena, 25, Arg. McGaul, Janet, 34, Arg. Thomson, Mary Duff, 33, S. Hope, daisy Aileen, 31, Arg. Donaldson, Margaret Ann, 35, Arg. Williams, Martha Adele, 27, Arg. Simpson, Elizabeth, 34, S. Turnbull, Agnes McDiamard
Date of Baptism
16/08/17 30/08/17 22/09/17 25/09/17
Bahia Blanca Talleres Capital Federal Concordia
13/10/17 13/10/17 20/10/17 30/09/17
Coghlan Coghlan Capital Federal Province of Cordoba Chascomus
Villa Maria Rosario
27/11/17 27/11/17 14/12/17
Lomas Lomas Province of santa Fe Belgrano
Kay, Percy Yorston, Florence
Father 37, E. Manager Kay, John James 31, Arg. Merchant Yorston, James, 36, Arg. Employee
Mother 29, S. Freel, Maria Julia, 29, Arg. McGaw, Margaret, 35, Arg.
Date of Baptism
San Fernando Marmol
Baptisms 1918 Name Father Mother Date of Baptism Place Born
Stevenson, Mary McTaggart Jane Graham, Joseph Albert Milne, Victor Harvey
Philip, Robert Gordon McKechnie, Olivia Margaret Gillies, Martha James Andrew Fairlie, Catherine Isabel Young, Margaret June Thomson, Sarah Dunbar Lillie, Rachel Heath
Stevenson, William, 41, S. Engine Driver Graham, John Lewes, 47, Arg. Estanciero Milne, James Hendry, 39, S. Estancia Manager Philip, Andrew, 40, S. Merchant McKechnie, James, 31, S. Engineer Gillies, James, 34, S. Employee Fairlie, John Cochrane, 37, S. Employee Young, David, 32, Manager Thomson, Henry Bell, 28, E. Manager Lillie, Arthur Hepburn, 39, S. Employee
Logg, Elizabeth, 41, S. Liddle, Janet Chisholm, 33, Arg. Keynes, Ella Maud, 39, E. Carruthers, Mary, 39, Arg. Jaffrey, Margaret, 30, S. Fraser, Martha, 36, Arg. McGrouther, Isabella Erskine, 31, S. Robertson, Eliza Hill, 33, S. Macfarlane, Alice Lovell, 19, Arg. McMillan, Annie Person 29, S.
Lomas General Urquiza
03/02/18 03/02/18 03/02/18
Quilmes Quilmes Lomas
Capital Federal --------------
Date of Baptism
Auld, Enid dodds
Grant, Kenneth Alexander Brack, George Morrison McLellan, Irma Edna Robson, John Scott Russell, Constance Jessie Black, Eric Alan Cran Bridger, Lorna Agnes
Auld, Charles Arthur, 26, Arg. Merchant Grant, Herbert Macdonald, 29, Arg. Employee Brack, William Stewart, 44, S. Engine Driver McLellan, James Robertson, 46, S. Educationalist Robson, John Alexander, 46, Arg. Estanciero Russell, Alan Lionel, 37, E. Employee Black, William Cran (dec’d) Bridges, Alexander George, 34, Uruguay, Merchant Ross, William 33, S. Electrician Johnstone, Thomas Wallace, 38, S. Engine Driver McHardy, George Thomas, 22, Arg. Merchant White, Robert, 34, S. Employee Wyllie, Charles John, 28, S.
Dodds, Beatrice Isabells, 22, Arg. Goodfellow, Margaret, 23, Arg. McDonald, Ina, 34, S. Davey, Clara Henrietta, 40, Arg. Carrigill, Elizabeth 27, Arg. McIntosh, Jessie Williamson, 37, S. Wakeling, Edith Mary, 37, E. Bruce, Adeline Mary, 33, Uruguay McKenzie, Jessie, 28, S. Proudfoot, Maggie Ann, 39, S. Lacey, Lilian, 20, Arg. Robb, Catherine (dec’d) S. Mackenzie, Nellie, 23, S.
29/03/18 29/03/18 22/04/18
Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Las Flores
Capital Federal Lomas
Ross, Catherine Selby Johnstone, James Anita McHardy, Hilda Lucy White, Robert Millar Wyllie, Charles John
San Martin Talleres
San Martin, Province of Buenos Aires Capital Federal
Date of Baptism
Hamilton, Agnes Robina Marjorie Elizabeth McArthur, Alexander Alan Hilda Victoria Cameron, Wilfred Boyd Duncan, Janet Annie Norah maude Stewrat, Hermenagilda Henrietta Gibson, George Frederick Stirling, Norman Stewart Adamson, Thomas Sword, John Arthur Brown, Audrey
Employee Hamilton, Walter, 36, Canada, Farmer McArthur, John, 58, Arg. farmer Cameron, david Miller, 45, Arg. Employee Duncan, William, 40, S. Employee Stewart, Alfred William, 28, Arg. Gibson, George, 30, S. Merchant Stirling, Walter Stuart, 38, Uruguay, Mayor Domo Adamson, Robert, 43, S. Employee Sword, Arthur Nicholson, 27, Arg. Estanciero Brown, Joseph Wilson, 33, S. Employee Tarbet, Thomas Laurie, 44, S. Engine Driver McClymont, Robert Arthur, 44, GB. Lt. Col., Military Attache Brown, George,
Butchart, Agnes, 33, S. Cochrane, Hilda, 44, Uruguay ?Cagales, Haydee margarita, 23, Arg. Crease, Norah, 29, E. ? de Ibanasea, Hermenagilda, 28, Arg. McKer, Margaret Stewart, 32, S. Edwards, Ninette Irene, 34, Arg. ---------
16/09/18 16/09/18 21/09/18 21/09/18 4/10/18
Capital, Caseros Carmen de Areco Carmen de Areco Capital Federal
22/09/18 22/09/18 05/10/18
Flores Rosario Talleres
Haynes, Margaret, 28, Arg. Noel, Drothy Anna, 29, E. Christie, Jessie Duncan, 32, S. Stead, Katherine Maud, 39, E. Gutierrez,
Date of Baptism
Ernest Barclay, Lydia Hannah Fitzgerald, Helen henrietta
53, S. Employee Barclay, Alexander, 59, Arg. Employee Fitzgerald, Edward, 51, I. Stockowner
Hortensia, 40, Arg. Barton, Sophie Louise, 46, Arg. Chisholm, Joan, 29, Arg.
Province of Cordoba`
Baptisms in the Scots Church, Bahia Blanca 1922 – 1932
Ministers: Rev. William Murdoch Gillespie and the Rev. John MacIntyre. Now a major city and port on the Atlantic coast of Argentina, Bahia Blanca was initially a fort built in 1828, then grew into a town. Development was much hindered by the hostility and incursions of the pampas Indians, and it was not until the 1860’s that ranching and agriculture were permanently established, with substantial immigration of European settlers. It was not a major area of Scots settlement, but there were sufficient presbyterians by 1911 for a Scots church. Some baptisms pre1911 can be found intercalated in the records of St Andrew’s Church in Buenos Aires. The list below covers only the later period of the records of the church, although, of course, many actual births far pre-date the baptisms. Child John Salle Josephine “ George “ Jennie “ Agnes “ Peter “ Andrew “ Domingo “ Matilda “ Arthur Lionel Young Hilda Mary Graham Rueben Ernest Graham Elida Amanda Henderson Peter Minard Born 12/7/07 4/9/08 20/5/20 14/2/16 9/8/18 12/5/03 23/9/04 24/9/10 16/11/13 3/10/20 14/7/19 27/8/21 1/9/15 b. Faro, F.C.S. Father Peter “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ John Andrew Joseph Laurie Farmer “ George W. Joseph, Farmer Mother Betty McHarg “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ Rose Wilde Janet Chisholm Liddle “ Lucia Cecilia Henderson Martha Suerick Baptism 4/10/22 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 5/10/22 “ “ 8/11/22 Witnesses Herbert Brown & Robert Wilde b b b b b b b b Joseph Hatrick Herbert Brown “ Joseph Hatrick Mary Henderson Thomas Grant James Sinclair 133
Child Sarah Elsa Moore Diego Norman Meyer Frances Gertrude Mackie Eduardo Herman del Pino Alexander Young Murrie John Albert McGaul Hannah Sofia Pino Henry Connor Graham Robert Robertson Carruthers Felisa Iriarte Richard Clarke Margaret Elaine Hutton Cecila Labrisca Cornelia “ Mercedes “ Dina Luiza Minard Delia “ Ricardo Pastor del
Father Reginald, Argentine Raul Carlos, Argentine
Mother Agnes Niven Juanita Ethel Geddes Frances Johnstone, Cambuslang, Glasgow Hannah C. Pettigrew Ester Young, Argentine Jane Bella McCargo Hannah C.M. Pettigrew Katie Lorna Niven, Argentine Eliza Robertson, Argentine Jane ? Jane V. Sheriff Margaret Carruthers, Argentine Juana Minard “ “ Marta ? “ Hannah C M Pettigrew
Baptism 8/12/22 10/12/22 11/1/23
b. Ingeniero White, 27/9/22
b. Nueva Roma, FCP, 20/5/23 b. Bahia Blanca, 5/7/23 b. Bahia Blanca,18/6/23
b. Cabildo FCS, 13/12/23 Dorrigo, FC Sud, 20/11/03 b. Medaros, FC Sud, 19/4/24 24/5/24 11/12/20 16/4/23 2/3/25 10/7/23 9/1/25 26/1/25
Robert John Mackie, Cambuslang, Glasgow Eduardo del Pino, Argentine Al;exander Barton Murrie, Argentine Andrew McGaul, Farmer, Argentine Dr. Eduardo del Pino, Argentine Henry Graham, Veterinary Surgeon, Argentine Robert Carruthers, farmer, Argentine Martin Iriarte, Farmer, Dorrigo John Richard Clarke, Ireland Joseph Hutton, Scotland I. Labrisca “ “ Santiago Minard “ Eduardo del Pino
Witnesses Stanley Geddes Elida Carmona Ethel Moore Geddes, Diego Meyer b
1/10/24 10/12/24 20/12/24 13/10/25 “ “ 13/10/25 “ 10/1/26
b b b b b b b b b 134
Child Pino Duncan McGeorge Aitchison Haydee Angelica Amistoy Nelida Margarita Amistoy John Eloy Amistoy Thomas Robert McGaul Sylvia Heather Stuart Diane Stanley Roberts Maria June Roberts Anne Rodgers George ? Couston Haylee Elena Burnet Andrew Young Rosemary ?Pritchett Margarita Amistoy Isobel May Reid Dorothy Katharine Reid Maria Margaret Reid Nancy Rachel Cruikshank Nora Alicia Amistoy John
Born 23/9/25 23/4/26 4/6/26 25/9/26 23/6/24 5/10/23 7/1/25 ------23/11/27 25/8/26 18/6/26 20/9/27 -/5/28 ? 9/8/18 15/8/20 5/11/22
Father Duncan Aitchison George Amistoy William Amistoy Eloy Amistoy Andrew McGaul Stanley Samuel Stuart Stanley Roberts Stanley Roberts William Rodgers George ? Couston Manuel Burnet Charles Young John ? Pritchett Guillermo Amistoy Andrew Douglas Reid
Mother Janet McGeorge Mary Martiarena Felisa Iriarte Recorda Murgierza Jane Isabella McCargo --- Small Dorothy Lyall Dorothy Lyall Laura --Margaret Mc---? ? Margaret Wallace Felisa Iriarte Isabel ---
Baptism 14/2/26 5/7/26 5/7/26 5/4/27 9/5/27 20/12/27 24/12/27 24/12/27 8/1/28 29/1/28 29/1/28 28/4/28 8/7/28 18/11/28 20/2/29 “ “
Witnesses b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b
-/5/29 -/9/29 10/8/29
Richard Cruikshank Eloy Amistoy John ?
Carmen Fernandez Ricarda Murguenza Margaret
13/7/29 10/10/29 13/10/29
b b b 135
Child Joseph ? Pritchett Edward Stuart John Young Isabel Maria ? Pangese James Gordelio Grant Maria Elena Moore Eduardo del Pino Ruth Leticia Pettigrew
Father Pritchett Alex Charles A Young Jose Salvador ? Pangese James MacDonald Grant John Moore Eduardo del Pino James Pettigrew
Mother Wallace Esther Young ----Isabel Maria Pettigrew Isabel Gordelia Sheena Geddes Hannah C M Pettigrew Adele Villeneuve
6/1/29 28/10/28 -?11.29 -/3/29 20/8/30 15/7/22 29/1/31
10/11/29 26/11/29 1/12/29 20/9/30 26/9/30 10/6/32 22/6/32
b b b b b b b
Scots Burials in Buenos Aires
There were three principal cemeteries used for Anglican and Presbyterian burials in Buenos Aires, the Socorro, the Victoria and the Chacarita, and there was also the Sur, used briefly for victims of the 1871 fever epidemic. The earliest of these was the Socorro, the list below showing Scots burials between 1822 and 1833.
The Socorro Cemetery in Buenos Aires
Name Aird, Ann Anderson, Eliza Andrews, David Arthur, - (Mrs) Baird, James Berry, James Boyd, Mary Boyde, Robert Bruce, William Burns, Robert Campbell, Archibald Campbell, Stewart Clark, Marion Cleland, Margaret Colom, William
Age 24 25 36 40 31 37 36 34 28 36 34 5 44
Country/Place of Origin Scotland, Ayrshire Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Ayrshire Scotland, Edinburgh Scotland, Girvan Scotland, Dumfries Scotland Scotland, St. Andrews Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland, Peebles/Edinburgh Scotland Scotland, Dumfries
Profession Farmer Gardener Carpenter Farm Worker Seaman Blacksmith Shop Assistant Carpenter
Date of Death 2. 2. 1829 14. 2. 1828 29. 9. 1826 28. 8. 1833 12. 12. 1831 9. 3. 1826 23. 8. 1831 22. 12. 1829 20. 10. 1822 14. 3. 1829 30. 1. 1833 19. 6. 1827 16. 7. 1831 16. 6. 1825 28. 6. 1829 136
Name Coward, John Cross, Robert Culbert, Agnes Cummings, Daniel Cuthbart, Charles B Dallas, Hugh Davy, James Drummond, Capt. Francis Edwards, William Elder, Andrew Ferguson, Robert Ferguson, William Foggeln, William Gardiner, John Given, Alexander Gordon, James Hepbern, John Irvin, Catherine Irwin, William Jack, Arthur Jnodan(?), Hugh Johnson, John Kenock, James Kidd, Margaret King, Archibald Livingstone, John Lokie,Adam Long, Joseph Lowe, Ann McCallum, James McClea, John McClimont, Maria McDonald, Peter McDougal, William McDougall, Dugald McGady, Mary McGaw, James McGaw, Peter McGuffey, Alexander McKintosh, (Mrs.) McLachlane, Alexander McLean, Alexander McLean, John McLeven, Peter McMasters, John Mouro, Robert
Age 2 44 45 45 27 25 30 58 4 8 40 30 25 37 2 31 30 27 13 3 30 65 18 22 52 30 56 45 21 29 28 36 50 22 38 45 38 50 40 35 30 31 56 48 44
Country/Place of Origin Scotland Scotland, Glasgow Scotland, Ayrshire Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland Scotland, Edinburgh Scotland, Aberdeen/Dundee Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Glasgow Scotland, Montrose Scotland Scotland Scotland, Glasgow Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Perthshire Scotland, Glasgow Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Argyllshire Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Ayrshire Scotland Scotland, Gallowayshire Scotland, Edinburgh
Profession Saddler Servant Merchant Shop Assistant Seaman Farm Worker Shop Assistant Seaman Ship’s Captain Hat Maker Farm worker Carpenter Miner Farmer Carpenter Hide Merchant Shop Assistant Shop Assistant Windmill Builder Ship’s Captain Merchant Ship’s Carpenter Carpenter Merchant Mariner Carpenter Cattle Hand (?) Surgeon
Date of Death 16. 6. 1825 25. 9. 1831 27. 7. 1831 5. 7. 1831 22. 7. 1830 11. 12. 1824 29. 1. 1829 9. 4. 1827 22. 10. 1833 10. 12. 1828 24. 12. 1831 29. 9. 1829 7. 6. 1824 3. 2. 1828 22. 8. 1830 17. 6. 1826 29. 9. 1831 19. 2. 1832 23. 4. 1829 17. 8. 1832 24. 4. 1826 30. 7. 1828 17. 7. 1833 26. 5. 1829 27. 3. 1826 10. 12. 1832 18. 4. 1827 30. 6. 1832 7. 5. 1829 23. 3. 1827 22. 1. 1833 7. 10.1831 26. 9. 1826 30. 3. 1833 16. 5. 1827 30. 1. 1828 18. 11. 1832 15. 12. 1826 6. 12. 1825 18. 4. 1824 30.. 3. 1822 21. 3.1830 24. 12. 1831 1. 2. 1828 2. 1. 1832 26. 9. 1832 137
Name Nicholle, George Pardel, John Petty, William Proven, John Reid, (Mrs) Reid, Jeremiah Robertson (Robson), John Robertson, William Rymer, Margaret Shaw, Robert Sherriff, Peter Shouden, Betsy Slater, Charles Smith, William Steel, Stein, John Stewart, William Swan, James Tait, James Taylor, James Thorns, Adams Turnbull, John Venton, Peter Wallace, Thomas Waters, Thomas Williamson, Andrew
Age 60 50 40 30 40 26 21 25 45 51 26 32 42 23 30 27 64 37 55 27 23 36 23 28 23
Country/Place of Origin Scotland Scotland Scotland, Fifeshire Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland, Glasgow Scotland Scotland, Glasgow Scotland, Edinburgh Scotland, Dumfries Scotland, Dunbar Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland,Glasgow Scotland Scotland, Aylly(?) Scotland Scotland, Aberdeen Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland, Edinburgh
Profession Carpenter Mariner Barrel Maker Immigrant Farmworker Shoemaker Ship’s Captain Sailmaker Shoemaker Master Mariner Destitute Carpenter Farmer Carpenter Captain’s Clerk Carpenter Servant Plumber Tailor Shoemaker
Date of Death 3. 2. 1825 19. 2. 1828 30. 7. 1829 18. 3. 1833 1. 4. 1826 4. 8. 1825 7. 4. 1829 30. 6. 1825 18. 7. 1831 5. 8. 1833 15. 5. 1824 9. 8. 1830 2. 2. 1826 17. 1. 1827 22. 3. 1830 28. 5. 1829 2. 4. 1825 25. 9. 1827 3. 10. 1831 16. 4. 1829 25. 11. 1830 17. 9. 1830 21. 7. 1829 6. 1. 1829 13.10.1831 5. 9. 1826
Deaths of Scots in the Death Roll of the Yellow Fever Outbreak in Buenos Aires in 1871, Extracted from the Burial Registers of St. John’s and St. Andrew’s
Name Allinson, Mary Brown, David Brown, George Bryce, Anne Louisa Campbell, Agnes Cribbes, James Cumming, John Douglas, Adam Thomson Gallagher, Janet Gallagher, William Albert Henderson, Mary
Age 19 36 37 30 74 41 65 17 40 40 37
Place of Birth Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland
Address Independencia 17
Wool Bailer? Cabinetmaker Clerk
Name Pearson Hunter, Robert Leggat, James Linnay, James Ramsay, Gilbert Roberts, Patrick Shanks, Rubina Shanty, R, Simpson, John Spratt, G. Stewart, James Thomson, John Watson, Elizabeth White, James Wilson, Andrew Wilson, Mary Young, Margaret
Place of Birth Scotland Scotland Scotland Ayrshire Scotland Scotland Glasgow Scotland Wigtonshire Scotland Edinburgh Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland Scotland
71 30 20 20 28 27 41 80 70 29 48 60
Linen Merchant Teacher Gunsmith Professor
Europa 76 Artes 112
Draper’s Clerk Merchant Merchant Engineer
Corrientes, 61 Belgrano
Members of St. Andrew’s Society
St Andrew’s Society of the River Plate List of Members in 1894
It had long been the custom among Scottish merchants and others in Buenos Aires to hold dinners on St. Andrew’s Day. However, the growth and importance of the commercial and property-owning community led to the founding in 1888 of the St. Andrew’s Society of the River Plate, and under its auspices an Annual Dinner and other events as Burns Suppers, Caledonian Balls and the Gathering of the Clans. The Society is still in existence. The list given below contains many of the prominent Scots and descendants of Scots living in Buenos Aires and elsewhere in Argentina at that time. Life Members: John Caldwell David Angus Thomas Aitken A.N. Bisset James Begg George Bruce James H. Crowe W.D. Campbell C. C. Cumming Patrick Campbell L. Christie James Craik Jos. N. Drysdale James Dodds John Dodds John Glasgow F. Maitland Heriot
Richard Hall Alex. Colven John Calder JamesW.Colquhoun A. J. Cruikshanks Colin Campbell D. Cowan G. R. Campbell Dr. Cruikshanks W. K. Connell R. Campbell Michael Caldwell Thomas J. Drysdale W.Herbert Drysdale William Dunn James Dunn Dr. R. M. Dodds
J. S. McPherson A. Watson Hutton James Hamilton H. Hume William Higgins J. M. Hill W.F.S.Hetherington John Henderson Joseph Irvine Charles Knox Samuel Kay Thomas Kincaid James Kincaid George K. King David Leslie T. M. Lees James Liddell
Jas. Marr E. W. MacGregor J. H. McHannaford Alex. Murray D. A. Macfarlane H. St. John Munro J. Nicolson J. J. Nisbet W. Napier A. Noble George Paton W. C. Patterson John Patterson W. Patterson Alex. Patterson A. R. Pearson 139
John H. Kidd John H. M. Logan R. McClymont A.G. MacKinnon Andrew Mackintosh D.R. McVicar Alex. Miller William Miller Duncan M. Munro Adam Pearson James M. C. Reid R. I. Runciman J. M. Tulloch R. A. Thurburn
Horace O. Dodds Thomas Dodds John E. Dodds D. E. Drummond Juan Drysdale Thomas Drysdale J.Monteith Drysdale J. G. Dunn D. Dallas W. H. Dodds J. Dow James Dey G. Ellis John G. Falconer M. G. Fortune
Arnot Leslie Arnot Leslie Jnr. Thomas Lee John Lean D. Lean Wm. Lillie C. S. Lawson Andrew Lawrie Alex MacKill Thomas Murray James Mitchell J. Kirk MacGowan John McClymont Martin L. Munro George Manson
R. Paton W. Paton E. Graham Pilgrim M. L. Runciman John Rodgers Wm. Riddick H. Scott Robson Wm. Russell J. Russell Jas. Ritchie Rev. Dr. Smith W. Saunders V. G. G. Scroggie John Stewart David Scott
Ordinary Members: Rev. J. W. Fleming Ed. A. M. Adamson James Alexander Hy. G. Anderson R.W. Anderson Joseph Adam John Anderson Archibald Auld W. A. Agar J. Angus G. S. Anderson Thos. Allan J. S. Allan John Ballantyne Jas. Mohr Bell Alex. Burns W. C. Black Robt. Begg Chas. Brown F. Brodie David Bankier G. M. Blanch J.G. Blanch A. Buchanan Baird Thomas M. Burnett John Bramwell A.A. Bell H. Mohr Bell J. C. Bell P. Boyd James R. Boyd Alfred Boyd
David Miller Chas. F. Fleming John H. French James Fraser G. D. Ferguson W. Flint A. Adam Falconer R. Fraser R. L. Goodfellow P. A. Grassick John Grant Robert Grant George Grant James Grant Richard Godsall Wm. G. Gallacher James Gordon Thomas Guthrie J. Gifford John C. Gibson A. Grant Fred. Grant E. T. Grant A. Gebbie James E. Gordon J. W. Grant Herbert Gibson Hope Gibson F. Gallacher David Hogg Robert Henderson George Henderson
Fred. J. Smith Wm. McClymont George Miller R.F. Miller W. Y. MacKinnon R. C. MacKinnell J. L. MacKinnon D. W. Macrae W. H. MacKintosh Jas. McCallum W. Munro Peter MacGregor Parlane Macfarlane Colin Macfarlane Arch. Macfarlane C. D. MacDonald Rodk. Mackenzie William McKechnie Captain Murray J. Marjoribanks John Mitchell S. J. Moody Jas. B. MacDonald Thos. Muir J. N. Muir T. A. MacDonald M. G. Matheson W. H. Masters C. H. Menzies D. S. Munro J. MacMillan William MacEwan
John Scott J. Skinner John Shaw Jnr. R. G. Shearer Andrew W. Smith Captain Stewart James Smart Wm. Samson R. Swan Thomas Sinclair J. MacLeod Smith J. J. Smith S. Stewart James Smart John Thompson Wlliam Thorburn J. G. Tyre W. Turnbull John Todd Rev. E. T. Taylor John W. Wilson Thomas Wood A. Williamson George Whyte Wm. F. Walker Wm. Watson M. Wilson D. M. Wilson W. Warden John Wilson James Yorston 140
John A. Hyslop
S. D. McKay
Scots in Patagonia Austral
The Sheep Industry in Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego
Between 1880 and 1914 the vast plains of Patagonia Austral and Tierra del Fuego became one of the world’s great centres for the raising of sheep and the processing of their products. Vast estancias sheep ranches - were established by individual settlers or by companies, the largest of the latter being La Sociedad Explotadora del Tierra del Fuego (SETF) which possessed vast properties in Tierra del Fuego and on the mainland in Chile and Argentina. The sheep raised on the estancias were sent to one or other of a string of processing plants - frigorificos - from San Julian and Rio Gallegos on the east coast of Argentine Patagonia round the Straits of Magellan and west to Puerto Bories, near Puerto Natales in Chile, where they were slaughtered and the meat, wool and other products exported. Scots, some migrating from the Falklands/Malvinas and others coming directly from Scotland, were amongst the earliest shepherds, ranchers, managers and engineers in processing plants, merchants and shopkeepers, and continued to play a prominent role in this great agroindustry up to and well beyond the first world war. Some came on fixed contracts and later returned home, while others from all parts of Scotland settled on the estancias and in ports on the coast, where some of their descendants still live. The following page contains photographs, followed by three lists of Scots. I am grateful to Duncan Campbell for giving or obtaining permission to use the photographs and some of the data. Readers who wish to develop a fuller understanding of the industry and search more extensively for forebears from Scotland and elsewhere should visit Duncan Campbell’s website at Patbrit where there is a superb collection of lists of settlers, e-books giving contemporary accounts, and photographs of estancias, processing plants and people.
Estancias in Patagonia Austral
SETF Frigorifico, Puerto Bories, Magallanes, Chile
Southern Patagonia Births in the Register of Baptisms of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, Buenos Aires 1893 to 1913
(This list, compiled by Duncan Campbell, includes a few who are not Scots) Name Alder, Thirza(?) Jane Allan,Dorothy Minnie Allan, Emilius John Anderson, Maria Bedatou, Dorothy Sarah Betts, Lillian Betts, Margaret Betts, Susan Ellen Byron, Jessie Maude Campbell, Annie Campbell, Donald Campbell, Elizabeth Clasen, Mary Jane Denholm, David Charles Denholm, Ethel Margaret Denholm, Birthdate 21 Dec 1912 18 Jun 1912 10 Feb 1911 14 Jan 1912 8 Feb 1911 16 Nov 1902 30 Aug 1899 6 Jan 1901 30 Nov 1912 26 Feb 1911 23 Jul 1904 7 May 1903 17 Mar 1913 8 Nov 1906 23 Jul 1904 14 Aug 1912 Birthplace San Julian Ultima Esperanza Ultima Esperana Bahia Laura San Julian Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Gallegos Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Gallegos San Julian San Julian San Julian Father Alder, Stephen Allan,John Allan, John Anderson, George Bedatou, Peter Betts, William Henry Betts, William Henry Betts, William Henry Byron, John Ellison(?) Campbell, Roger Campbell, Roger Campbell, Roger Clasen, Ulric Francis Denholm, Thomas Denholm, Thomas Denholm, Walter Mother Angell, Rose Annie Phillips,Emily Annie Phillips, Emily Annie MacDougall, Catherine Wallace, Sarah Dryden Wilkinson, Mary Ellen Wilkinson, Mary Ellen Wilkinson, Mary Ellen Carey, Ella(?) Clara Noble, Elizabeth Noble, Elizabeth Noble, Elizabeth Rudd, Ellen McMullen, Ana McMullen, Ana Kyle, Jessie 142
Name Richard Fell, Agnes, Jane, Wilhelmina Finlayson, Betsy Catherine Finlayson, Janet Catherine Gass, William John Nish Halliday, Mary Hope, James Jamieson, John Archibald Jonnson, Norberto Lino Kyle, Agnes Kyle, Margaret Jeffers Kyle, Maria Kyle, Santiago (James) Kyle, Thomas Alexander Lewis, Arthur Ferdinand Sivitor Lewis, Theodore Gilbert MacDonald, Donald MacDonald, Walter James MacKenzie, Alexander MacKenzie, Catherine MacKenzie, Dolly MacKenzie, Murdo MacLean, Annie McDonald, Kenneth McLeay
Birthdate 30 Dec 1912 25 Nov 1911 22 Apr 1912 26 Dec 1912 6 Feb 1911 11 Nov 1910 13 Jan 1911 25 Apr 1912 22 Jan 1911 16 May 1904 26 Dec 1912 3 Dec 1912 14 Oct 1904 4 Dec 1908 7 Mar 1912 26 Jan 1912 24 Jan 1913 21 Aug 1910 23 Jan 1913 14 Apr 1911 14 Jan 1909 26 Jun 1913 15 Jan 1905 27 Jun 1912(?)
Birthplace North Arm Station, Magallanes San Julian San Julian Gallegos Hill Station, Rio Gallegos San Julian Moy Aike, Gallegos Estancia Nueva, San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian Corpenaike Corpenaike Gallegos Gallegos Markatch Aike, Rio Gallegos San Julian Coyaike Canadon de las Vacas Gallegos Rio Gallegos Punta Arenas
Father John Fell, William Finlayson, Aexander Finlayson, Murdoch Gass, Samuel Halliday, John Hope, James Jamieson, Henry Jonnson, David Kyle, James Kyle, James Kyle, James Kyle, Andrew Kyle, Andrew Lewis, William James Lewis, William James MacDonald, Simon MacDonald, Simon MacKenzie, William MacKenzie, Hector MacKenzie, Hector MacKenzie, Hector MacLean, Alexander McDonald, Malcolm McLeay
Mother Rudd, Agnes McLeod, Betsy Ann Fraser Anderson, Mary Patterson Nish, Isabella Johnston, Kathleen Anderson, Agnes Halliday, Maria Walker, Barbara McMullen, Elzabeth McMullen, Elizabeth McMullen, Elizabeth Denholm, Harriet Jane Denholm, Harriet Jane Finch, Margarita Annie Clara Finch, Margarita Annie Clara MacKenzie, Christine MacKenzie, Christine Dill, Fridiofine(?) Robertson, Annie MacKenzie, Dolina MacKenzie, Dolina MacKenzie, Ina McKinnon, Mary Campbell, Jessie 143
Name (MacLeay), Agnes McLeay (MacLeay), Isabella Morrison, William Nicol, James Peter Patterson, Thomas Ivan Lafone Patterson, William Robert Duncan Slater, Geoffrey Sivitor George Smith, Lilian Jean Magellan Sutherland, Edith Thelma Sutherland, Isabel Elena Sutherland, Jane Elizabeth Walker, Barbara Elizabeth Walker, John Wheeler, Annie Wheeler, Mary Lillian Wigstrom, Ada Hildegard Maria Wigstrom, Otto John William Wigstrom, Paul Alexander
Father Mother (MacLeay)’ Donald McLeay(MacLeay), Campbell, Jessie Donald Morrison, Murdo Nicol, Alexander Patterson, James Patterson, James Slater, James Smith, Peter Wood Sutherland, Robert Sutherland, Robert Sutherland, Robert Walker, John Walker, John Wheeler, George Henry Wheeler, George Henry Wigstrom, Otto Richard Wigstrom, Otto Richard Wigstrom, Otto Richard Sutherland, Andrewina Nicolson, Janet Fraser, Elizabeth Fraser, Elizabeth Lewis, Eleanor Eliza Weiss, Theresa Annie Atkins, Annie Maud Atkins, Annie Maud Atkins, Annie Maud Pergolis, Hyacinth Pergolis, Hyacinth McLean, Flora McLean, Flora Brown, Janet Brown, Janet Brown, Janet
15 Dec 1911(?) 17 Apr 1911 10 Nov 1911 20 Nov 1901 22 Jul 1912 28 Jun 1911 18 Sep 1910 18 Feb 1911 21 Apr 1908 30 Jul 1909 23 Feb 1913 12 Jun 1904 16 May 1904 13 Jun 1902 13 Aug 1908 14 Aug 1911 14 Aug 1911
Punta Arenas Rio Penitente, Magallanes Gallegos San Julian ? Gallegos Punta Delgada Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Gallegos Rio Coyle Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Bella Vista, Santa Cruz Puerto Bories Puerto Bories
Scots in Patagonia 1883 – 1915
(This list was prepared by the present author and appears in a fuller referenced and annotated version in Spanish on Ricardo Drault’s Patagoniadatabase) Name Blain, Ernest Blain, William Cameron, Gregory Dickie, William Occupation Rural Worker Shepherd Shepherd Place San Julian Rio Gallegos San Julian Santa Cruz Year 1895 1895 1895 c.1895 Notes Dumfriesshire
Name Douglas, Thomas Douglas, William Fell James Felton, Herbert Finlayson, Alan Finlayson, Murdo Finlayson, Peter Frazer, John Greenshields, Jane Grimind, George Grimond, William Gunn, James Halliday, Agnes Halliday, William Hamilton, John Kyle, Albert Kyle, John MacAulay, Donald MacBean, Alexander MacDonald, Angus MacDonald, Christina MacDonald, Ewan MacDonald, John MacDonald,Robert MacGeorge, George Mackay, Calum Mackay, James Mackay, John MacKenzie, Hector MacKenzie, Dolina MacKinnon, Lachie Macleay, William MacLellan, Peter MacLennan,
Shepherd Manager Shepherd Shepherd
Place Punta Arenas Santa Cruz North Arm, Magallanes Santa Cruz San Julian San Gergorio, Chile San Julian San Julian Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Rio Gallegos Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Santa Cruz San Julian San Julian San Gregorio, Chile Rio Chico Tierra del Fuego Cerro Guido, Magallanes San Gregorio, Chile Rio Gallegos Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Cerro Guido, Magallanes Rio Gallegos Puerto Deseado Santa Cruz Santa Cruz
Year 1885 c. 1885 1901 c. 1886 c. 1905 c.1910 c. 1905 1895 c. 1895 1895 1895 1895 1885 1884 1886 1895 1895 1903 ? 1915 1914 c. 1915 1895 1889 1885 1914 1895 ? c. 1905 c. 1905 1913 ? c. 1910 c.1895
Marvaig, Isle of Lewis Ardroil, Isle of Lewis Marvaig, Isle of Lewis Wife of William Douglas
Estate Owner Estate Owner Rural Worker
Estate Owner Estate Owner Estate Owner Shepherd Shepherd Shepherd
Wife of George McGeorge Dumfriesshire
Keose, Isle of Lewis
Shepherd Carter Estate Owner Manager Manager Shepherd Shepherd
Leurbost, Isle of Lewis. Wife of Calum Mackay Balallan, Isle of Lewis
Achmore, Isle of Lewis
Manager Estate Owner Shepherd Manager
Isla del Este Isla Riesco San Gregorio, Chile Tierra del Fuego
Airidhbhruaich, Ise of Lewis Wife of Hector MacKenzie Airidhbhruaich, Isle of Lewis Applecross Seaforthhead, Isle of Lewis
Name Alexander MacLeod, Angus MacLeod, Annabella MacLeod, Donald MacLeod, James MacLeod, Malcolm MacPherson, Angus MacPherson, Hugh Martin, Angus Macbean, Donald McCall, Agnes McCall, Mary McCall, William Morrison, Alexander Morrison, Ivor Morrison, Kenneth Munro, Donald Murray, Elizabeth Ness, William Patterson, Gregory Patterson, Robert Patterson, William Saunders, Thomas Scott, Ann Scott, John Smith, Donald Smith, Murdo Smith, William Tennant, Ann
Place San Gregorio,hile Tierra del Fuego
Year c.1910 1915 1910 1895 1911 ? ? 1905 ? 1901 1884 1884 1891 c. 1900 c.1910 1895 c. 1885 1895 1895 1895 1895 1883 1883 1885 1910 c.1910 1911 1885
Notes Balallan, Isle of Lewis Wife of Angus MacDonald Keose, Isle of Lewis
Estate Owner Rural Worker Shepherd Shepherd Shepherd Estate Owner Shepherd
Eight League Camp, San Julian Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Ultima Esperanza Ultima Esperanza Magallanes Rio Chico North Arm, Magallanes Santa Cruz Santa Cruz Moro Chico – Penitente, Chile Magallanes Isla Dawson, Chile San Julian Santa Cruz Rio Gallegos San Julian San Julian San Julian Estancia Otway,Magallanes Estancia Otway Santa Cruz Ultima Esperanza San Gregorio, Chile Santa Cruz Punta Arenas
Balallan, Isle of Lewis
Balallan, Isle of Lewis Wife of James Fell Wife of William Halliday
Shepherd Estate Owner Shepherd Estate Owner Estate Owner
Boghaglas, Isle f Harris Boghaglas, Isle of Harris Wife of William Dickie
Shepherd Rural Worker Estate Owner Rural Worker Estate Owner
Wife of Thomas Saunders Keose, Isle of Lewis Balallan, Isle of Lewis Isle of Lewis Wife of William Douglas
Estate Owner Shepherd Rural Worker Shepherd Nurse
Scottish Owners of Sheep Ranches in Southern Patagonia 1885 – 1913
The following data were kindly provided by Duncan Campbell from a List attributed to Hugh Lively and John Frazer, ranchers in Patagonia. 146
Name Anderson, George Bain, Donald Bain, William Cameron, Samuel Campbell, Alexander Campbell, Roger Craig, Gibson (Sir) Dickie, William Douglas, William Finlayson, Alexander Finlayson, Murdock Frazer, D.H. Frazer, John Frazer, John B. Frazer, William Gillies, Robert Greenshields, John Greenshields,Thomas Halliday, William Hamilton, John Hope, James Hope, William Kyle, Andrew Luke, (?) MacBean, Alexander MacBean, Donald MacCall, William MacCormack, John MacDonald, Robert MacGeorge, George MacKaskall, D.
Place(s) San Julian, Deseado Deseado Deseado San Julian San Julian, Rio Gallegos Rio Negro, Rio Santa Cruz Lago San Martin Lago Argentina Rio Gallegos,Lago Viedma, Rio Chalia Rio Gallegos, San Julian Rio Gallegos San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian Moro Chico Camarones Monte Dinero Rio Gallegos Rio Negro, Rio Gallegos San Julian Rio Negro, San Julian San Julian Cerro Castillo Rio Chico Rio Chico Rio Gallegos Rio Coyle Rio Coyle, Lago Argentina Rio Negro, Rio Coyle San Julian
Name MacKay, James MacLean, John MacLeod, John MacPherson, Angus MacPherson, Hugh MacRae, John Martin, Angus Morrison, Alexander Munro, Donald Ness, William Nicolson, Robert Nicolson, Malcolm Oman, John Paton, (?) Patterson, Donald Patterson, George Patterson, James Patterson, Robert Patterson, William Reid, William Saunders, Thomas Saunders, William Scott, John Searight, Samuel Smith, Christopher Sutherland, Robert Tweedie, John Wallis, William Wilson, Charles Wilson, Simon
Places Rio Negro,San Julian Rio Negro, San Julian Rio Coyle, Bahia Laura Ultima Esperanza Ultima Esperanza, Lago Buenos Aires Rio Negro, Deseado Rio Gallegos Rio Penitente San Julian Rio Gallegos Deseado Rio Chalia, Mala Espina Rio Chico Cerro Castillo Rio Coyle San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian San Julian Rio Gallegos Rio Negro, Rio Gallegos Gallegos Chico, San Julian Rio Negro, Rio Santa Cruz Rio Coyle Rio Chalia Cerro Castillo San Julian Rio Chalia, Lago Viedma San Julian
“My further acquaintance with the industry and steadfastness of the few Scotch settlers (Highlanders from Argyleshire, the last from Glasgow), at present in the colony, induce me again to take the liberty of drawing your Lordship’s attention to the advantages of emigrants for these islands being selected from similar districts. The pastoral inhabitants of the hills and dales of the southern Scotch counties on the borders, would also be well adapted as settlers in the Falklands. They have the general character of being intelligent, steady, well-disposed men, and excellent shepherds; and the hardships they might have to undergo at the commencement of their residence would be trifling in comparison to what they constantly experience among their native hills during the greater part of the year.” Lieutenant Governor to Lord Stanley, 1842. Lying three hundred miles east of South America, the remote islands now known as the Falklands or Las Malvinas were first discovered by European navigators in the sixteenth century. In the eighteenth and early nineteenth century the Falklands grew in importance as a landfall with the commercial exploitation of the South Atlantic and the development of shipping routes into the Pacific via Cape Horn. Diverse claims to sovereignty were made, by Britain, France, Spain and the newly-created Provinces of the River Plate; however, in 1833 Britain took possession, appointing a Governor in 1841 and a colonial administration in 1845, with a capital at Port Stanley. Initially, the commercial value of the Islands lay in the great herds of wild cattle on East Falkland, and Samuel Lafone, a merchant in Montevideo, obtained a government contract in 1846 to hunt the cattle, using gauchos. However, within a few years the cattle had been hunted to virtual extinction, and the Falkland Islands Company, created in 1851, with Lafone as one of its directors, turned its attention to sheep farming. It was as shepherds on contract that most Scots were to live in the Falklands. For, by the 1860’s the lands of East and West Falklands were largely in the hands of the FIC and other major ranching enterprises which needed shepherds to tend the huge flocks of sheep and process wool for the British textile industry. For these Scots and other British shepherds there were few prospects other than to renew contracts or move on. Much later, in 1891, in a letter home to his father in Innerleithen, George Anderson wrote:
“No chance of getting any further advanced, there is no land to be had…..so there is no chance of becoming one’s own master here.” Fortunately for him and other shepherds, major opportunities were at hand on the grasslands of Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. The suitability of these lands for sheep ranching had become clear in the early 1880’s, with encouragement from the authorities in Argentina and Chile for settlers to acquire large sections of land on almost nominal leases. Writing home from Body Creek, Falklands on the 8th. May, 1891, George says: “I am leaving here on the 23rd June for Patagonia.” Emigration to Patagonia by people from Britain was already established in the 1860s. Some entered through the port of Carmen de Patagones on the Rio Negro, the frontier between Buenos Aires province and Patagonia. The wide and fertile valley of the river and its good climate were excellent for rearing animals and growing crops. Among the settlers were the Kincaid brothers from Scotland and Charles Morrison, the only one listed below known to have come via the Falklands. And further south a Welsh colony had been established by the Rio Chubut. However, the development of Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego in the 1880s and 90s was separate and distinctive. George Anderson was not the first of the Scottish Malvineros to move to Southern Patagonia, for William Halliday and others had preceded him, settling either in Santa Cruz territory in Argentina or entering Magallanes, Chilean Patagonia, through the port of Punta Arenas. These Malvineros, as they were known, faced many hardships, but frequently prospered as ranchers, achieving their ambitions to own their own properties. William Halliday, for example, leased land by the Rio Gallegos for twenty pesos a square league, some thirty thousand acres, becoming one of the best known and prosperous members of the community in Santa Cruz. Although they were relatively few in number, they made a pioneering contribution to the sheep industry and the community in Patagonia. The pioneering Scots and their families who left the Falkland Islands for Patagonia in the 1880s were remarkable people. In the Falklands they had secure contracts, mostly with the Falkland Islands Company, reasonable accommodation and a familiar English-speaking community. In stark contrast, Patagonia was vast, remote and for the most part empty of people.apart from Tehuelche Indians. They were thrown almost entirely upon their own resources: to build primitive houses, stock their land with sheep, ward off predators and deal with an often hostile climate. Neighbours were far distant, supplies were precarious, there were no schools or medical services, they initially had to lease their properties and they had no secure income. But, mostly importantly, they were now their own masters. For many on this list the gamble paid off in the long term. They eventually owned their estancias, built good homes and, as coastal settlements, especially Punta Arenas and Rio Gallegos, grew, had access to schools, churches, community associations, medical services and abundant supplies of imported goods. Some became very wealthy, some returned to Britain, but most settled in their new homeland, their children following them. In contrast, however, there were others who by choice or otherwise did not become landowners. William Blain, for example, was content to work for others, was comfortably off, and eventually returned to Dalry in Scotland to marry. Other Scottish Malvineros are certainly missing from the following list because they did not own property or were not prominent in the community, shepherds working for the companies which had huge estates on the mainland and on Tierra del Fuego.. William Blain in his journal mentions meeting an old friend from the Falklands in Punta Arenas and to judge solely on Scottish surnames there were others, such as William Campbell, Kenneth John Morrison, Enrique King McHattie, Roderick McPhee, William McDaid, William D. Stewart, Roderick McAskill and Donald Macdonald. 149
So, by the turn of the century and thereafter, Scots, including some from the Falklands, were more likely to come as shepherds on contracts, estate managers, workers in industrial plants - frigorificos processing sheep or in commerce and trade. The years of the pioneering ranchers who came in the eighties and nineties to transform the empty plains of Southern Patagonia were past. Acknowledgements In compiling the following list, I am particularly indebted to Duncan Campbell, whose excellent website at < Patbrit. Org > contains listings and other information on British subjects who emigrated to Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, among them the list of Malvineros compiled by Professor Mateo Martinic, names on the plaque in the British Club in Rio Gallegos, ranchers and their estancias, consular records, notes on families and a map of the territories of Santa Cruz and Magellanes, identifying the locations of estancias. Other sources are listed below.
The Scottish Malvineros
Anderson, George Born in Innerleithen, Scotland and went to work as shepherd in the Falklands for the Falkland Islands Company. In 1891 left the Falklands with William Reid from Stirlingshire and settled in San Julian, Santa Cruz where he became a rancher. At Mata Grande in 1893 and in 1898 settled at Cape Watchtower. Blain, William. Born c.1852 in Galloway in Scotland and became a shepherd. In 1878 he went to work for the Falkland Islands Company, then moved in 1884 to work for Mr. Greenshields at Monte Dinero, Patagonia. From 1889 to 1898 he established and managed a sheep station on Tierra del Fuego, working for Mr. Wales of the Tierra del Fuego Sheep Farming Company. He returned in 1898 to Dalry in Scotland, where he married in 1899 a Jane Riddle. He died in Dalry in 1924. Blain wrote a fascinating journal of his time as a pioneering sub- manager on one of the great estates on Tierra del Fuego. Cameron, Mary Ann. Born in 1875 at Black Rock in the Falklands. Married, c.1894, John Maclean, born 1863 in Scotland, who went to Monte Video in 1883 before bring sheep from the Falklands to San Julian and Rio Gallegos. Between 1887 and 1904 bought various properties in Chile and Argentina. Died in Puerto Natales in 1940. Thirteen children. Coutts, Fell Born in 1888 in the Falkland Islands, son of William Coutts and Ann Fell, from Banffshire, Scotland. Emigrated to Punta Arenas c.1918. Settled at Morro Chico Married 1919 Theodora Gladys Williams, three children. Dickie, William Born 1861 in Old Meldrum, Aberdeenshire. Arrived in the Falklands on contract to Falkland Islands Company in 1885, he and his wife, Elizabeth Murray, had four children. Moved to Patagonia, where he founded with George Drew the Estancia Bon Accord, Largo Argentino. His wife died in 1899, he in 1923. Douglas, Thomas Born 1846, Scotland. Emigrated c.1880 to the Falklands with his wife, Ann Tennant, born 1850, and son Thomas. Moved to Punta Arenas in 1885. Children, Thomas, William, Margaret, Walter, Jessie, 150
Mary Annm John, Annie and James Magellan. His wife is thought to have been the first qualified nurse to practise in Magallanes. Douglas, William Arrived from the Falklands at Punta Arenas in 1883. In 1885 settled at Morros Grande, near Rio Gallegos. Married Jane Greenshields, born in the Falklands, and had a son and daughter. Fell, James. Born in 1852 in Ardersier, Inverness-shire, Scotland, son of William Fell and Ann Fraser.Taken with family as a child to the Falklands, where he worked for the Falkland Islands Company, then emigrated to Patagonia in 1901. Married to Agnes McCall, a Scot, and had children, William, Anne, James, John and Agnes. He leased 16,000 hectares at North Arm Station, named after his father’s birthplace in the Falklands. His father-in-law, William McCall died in 1901 and James himself a short time later. His son, William, then worked the farm, in 1910 marrying his cousin, Agnes Rudd, a granddaughter of William McCall. Finlayson, Alexander. Born in 1886 in the Falklands, then moved to San Julian c. 1905, Landowner. Married Betsy Ann Fraser McLeod, issue. Recorded on the Rio Gallegos. Finlayson, Murdo(ck). Born in the Falklands, brother of Alexander Finlayson. Landowner. Moved to San Julian c. 1905. Married Mary Patterson, issue. Recorded on the Rio Gallegos Memorial Plaque. Died in 1963 and buried in San Julian cemetery. Forbes, David. Born in Dundee c.1883. Went to the Falklands in 1904 before moving on to Patagonia in 1909. Employed by the Sociedad Explotadora del Tierra del Fuego until his death in 1915. Buried in Punta Arenas. Frazer, John Born in Scotland, an Inverness schoolmaster, married to Annie Herald. Four children, the first born in Scotland. Emigrated to Port Darwin, Falklands in 1879, then moved to Port Julian, Santa Cruz, where he became a highly successful wool trader. Bought the Estancia Colmena and others. Frazer, John MacLean Born in Ross-shire in 1864, he emigrated to the Falkland Islands. Then in 1883, aged 19, he went to Punta Arenas, and in 1887, in association with Merrick MacLean, he obtained land in Santa Cruz, Argentina. He joined the famous arreo of Saunders and others, then fixing his attention on land in central Magallanes he obtained 10,000 hectares in Punta del Monte, following that with lands at El Zurdo in Argentina. In 1894 he married Mary Ann Cameron McCall. At the turn of the century he decided to add another farm to what he had already, obtaining land in the district of Ultima Esperanza in partnership with his brother, Murdo. However, legal and other problems lead to the loss of properties and he finally settled on the Estancia San Juan. There, again, he was threatened with dispossession, but had his claim confirmed by the government. He continued there until his death in 1940, when his sons followed him for some years Greenshields, Thomas Member of a Scottish family which owned 42,000 acres in the Falklands. He arrived in Patagonia in 1884, where he had a ranch at Monte Dinero on the south-east tip of Santa Cruz. He married Ann McMunn in 1889 but he died a few months later aged 29, leaving no children. He was buried in 151
Punta Arenas Public Cemetery, leaving a will bequeathing William Douglas half of Useful Hill, the other half to his brother George Greeshields and a share in Douglas Station in the Falklands to his brother James. Halliday, William. Born in 1845 at Durisdeer, Dumfriesshire in Scotland. Emigrated to the Falkland Islands in 1862 to work as a shepherd for the Falkland Islands Company. In 1869 second manager to Mr. Armstrong, Hillside House. Moved to the Rio Gallegos, Santa Cruz, Patagonia, in 1885 where he leased and later bought 30,000 acres of land. Married Mary McCall in 1874, seven children. Father-in-Law of William McCall. Lived at Hill Station, Rio Gallegos, Argentina. Died 1917 and buried in British cemetery, Buenos Aires. Hamilton, John. Born 1860, Wick, Scotland. Arrived in the Falklands c.1880,.then moved on with his partner, Thomas Saunders, to Magallanes, Chile, in 1885 then in 1887 to a rented property at Pale Aike, Santa Cruz, Argentina. Member of the famous 1886-8 1000 miles “arreo”, sheep drive, with Henry Jamieson, Thomas Saunders and John Maclean. Married Oliva Heap in 1904, two children, Oliva and Penelope. Lived at Estancia Loyola until 1940, and died in Buenos Aires in 1945. In their partnership, Hamilton and Saunders had estancias at Otway Station, Morro Deslinde and La Portada, a total of 40,000 hectares. Hope, William. Born 1860. Married to Ann Kyle. Property on the Rio Negro then San Julian. Recorded on the Rio Gallegos Memorial Plaque. Died in 1923 and buried in San Julian cemetery. Kyle, Andrew Left Cobb’s farm. Lafonia, East Falklands, in 1891, together with Morrison and the Pattersons. Settled in San Julian, Santa Cruz. Kyle, James William Born in Stirling(?), c. 1858, Went to the Falklands in 1885, then in 1890 moved to San Juan. McCall, William Born in 1824 at Durisdeer, Dumfriesshire, Scotland and emigrated as widower in 1873 to the Falklands with his daughters Agnes, Ann, Mary and Jane. After a long residence in the Falklands working for the Falkland Islands Company he emigrated to Punta Arenas in 1901. His wife was Bridget Rae, born in Dalton, Dumfriesshire. Daughters: Agnes married James Fell, Ann with John Rudd, Mary with William Halliday and Jane with John Cameron. McDaid, William Charles Born Scotland and emigrated to the Falklands. Arrived in Punta Arenas in 1914. MacDonald, Robert. Born in Scotland and went to the Falkland Islands, leaving there in 1889 to settle on the Estancia La Vanguardia, Rio Gallegos. Married Fernanda Garcia from Spain. Had issue. MacGeorge, George. Born in Scotland in 1856. Arrived in the Falklands in 1875. In 1885 moved to Patagonia, acquiring lands on Rio Gallegos, also on Rio Coig. Estancia Guakenken Aike. In 1898 he married the eldest daughter of William Halliday, having three children. Donated the plaque in the British Club in Rio Gallegos, listing the British pioneers. 152
McKay, Donald. Born on the Isle of Harris,Scotland, c.1880. His parents took a contract win the Falkland Islands c.1893, and sometime after that Donald moved to Patagonia. He died at Dore Aike, south west of Puerto Santa Cruz, Argentina, in 1913, aged 33 years. Subsequently, his death reported in the Falkland’s Church Times. Morrison, Alexander. He came from Scotland via the Falklands and arrived in the territory to work as a shepherd. He obtained the modest concession of Penitente Farm in 1893, developing from that until he eventually had large estates in Scotland and other interests in Magallanes, Argentina and the Falklands. He died in 1929. Morrison, Charles Born in 1825 in the Gorbals, Glasgow. Arrived in the Falklands c.1850. Moved before 1856 to Carmen de Patagones on the Rio Negro on the northern boundary of Patagonia. Settled on land in the northern district of Patagones with his wife, Emma Hutchins, governess, married 1852, Falklands and their their children, Luca, said to be born Falklands c.1851 but not confirmed, and John,1854 and Margarita, 1856, both born in Patagones. He died c.1868. Luca married Elisea Sosa in 1881, but he died childless a year later. Margarita married Francisco Abel, ship owner, in Patagones in 1875, having three children: Alicia, Antonia and Francisco. In the 1895 census she is a widow with property. Patterson, Robert Born 1866, Kirkmichael, Scotland, his parents and children moved to the Falklands, then in 1891 Robert moved to Patagonia. Had the Estancia Mata Grande, San Julian, with William Patterson, Mulak Aike with J. Frazer and Lai Aike with C. Witters. Robert died in 1927, worth £300,000. Patterson, William Born in Scotland. Like Robert, his brother, he left Cobb’s farm in Lafonia, East Falklands, in 1891. They shared an estancia at San Julian, Santa Cruz. Saunders, Thomas Alexander Born Scotland, he left Fife aged 18 and landed in the Falklands in 1877. In 1883 he left the Falklands for Magallanes. With John Hamilton he founded the Estancia Otway, the basis of his prosperity. Well known for his part in the famous arreo of 1886-88, driving several thousand sheep and horses from Buenos Aires province down to Magallanes. Kept a diary of the journey. Married Annie Scott c. 1893 and had five children. Prominent figure in Punta Arenas, where he was a benefactor to the Anglican church and school, and a founder member of the fire brigade and the British Association. He died in England in 1928, but his body was brought back to Punta Arenas and he was buried at Estancia Otway, his first ranch. Saunders, William Brother of Thomas Saunders. From Falklands. Married Margery Duncan Macdonald, eight children Scott, John Born in 1863 in Closeburn, Dumfriesshire, he moved to the Falklands in 1882 to work as a shepherd for the Falkland Islands Company. In 1889 he formed a partnership with Herman Eberhart at Chymen Aike , but in 1894 he moved to Bella Vista, Rio Gallegos area. In 1902, after disastrous losses in the winter, he sold the property and took remaining 3,000 sheep to Los Machos near San Julian where he eventually prospered. Died in Dumfries in 1948. 153
Stewart, Lucy Mary Born in the Falklands and emigrated to Magallanes c. 1907 to work as a lady’s companion. Married Amador Vallina Lorenzo, a Spaniard, and had several children. Wallace, John. Born in 1853. Married in Port Stanley, Falklands, in 1880, to Janet Carmichael, b. 1857 in Lochmaben. They had seven children. He was a shepherd in San Julian. he died by drwoning in Tierra del Fuego in 1898. Janet died in 1916 and is buried in San Julian cemetery. John had a brother, William, born 1859 in Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire. Landowner at Laogo Tar. He died in 1899 and was buried in San Julian cemetery. References Anderson, George, Letters of George Anderson in the Falkland Islands and Patagonia to his Family in Innerleithen, 1884-1902, National Library of Scotland, Acc. No. 9002. Campbell, D. and Grace, G. The British Presence in Southern Patagonia. A website: Patbrit.org Canque, Manuel Fernandez, Scots in Latin America: A Survey. In Gage, Robert (Ed.), The Scots Abroad: Enterprise, Capital, Labour 1750-1914. Croom Helm, 1984. Dean, William, Papers of William Dean, Royal Commonwealth Society Library, University of Cambridge Library, RCMS 277. Dooley, Elizabeth, Streams in the Wasteland: A Portrait of the British in Patagonia, Punta Arenas, 1993. Mackenzie, Greta. Why Patagonia? The Stornoway Gazette, 1995. Mainwaring, Michael, From the Falklands to Patagonia, Allison and Busby, 1983. Martinic, Mateo, Inmigrantes Malvineros en Magallanes, Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia, Serie Ciencias Humanas, Vol.24, Punta Arenas, 1994. Martinic, Mateo, Falkland Islands Immigrants to the Magellanic Region, Falkland Islands Journal, 1996, pp. 76-109. Mulhall, M.G. and E.T.,Handbook of the River Plate Republics, The Standard Office, Buenos Aires, 1875.
The Hebridean Connection
From the 1880s onwards the great plains of Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego were openedup to sheep-raising, leading eventually to a huge agro-industry of estancias, refrigeration plants and transport facilities which provided wool and meat for European markets throughout the 20 th century. Opportunities to rent large tracts of land and stock them with sheep or to work as shepherds on contract on established estancias attracted many shepherds from Scotland, some coming via the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas, others directly from various parts of Scotland. Among them were young men from the Outer Hebrides, establishing a remarkable connection between their families and communities in Lewis and Harris and the new communities at the other end of the world, a connection which survives in descendants in Patagonia and in the relationships and memories of families in the Hebrides. In her book, “Return to Patagonia”, Greta MacKenzie lists some two hundred men from crofting townships in Lewis and Harris who went to Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. These townships were the product of major changes in land use in the 19 th century, during which landowners cleared tenants from traditional holdings in order to create large sheep farms and sporting estates. The displaced people were mostly re-settled on coastal land where they rented subsistence plots. 154
Against this background of clearances and re-settlement, a low standard of living, large families and lack of employment, many sought escape by emigration, either to the industrial centres of Central Scotland or overseas. And, wherever they went they took with them the language, culture and values of the Hebridean Gaels. Patagonia presented both a challenge and an opportunity to young crofters, accompanied by their dogs, who sought work as shepherds on the estancias. Attracted by newspaper advertisements, requests from prospective employers and reports by word of mouth from those who had been there, they were engaged initially on three-year contracts, with wages of fifty or sixty pounds annually and provision of a horse, a shanty and other basic necessities. They were collected from ships serving coastal settlements, such as San Julian, Rio Gallegos, or Punta Arenas in Chile, taken to the headquarters of the estancias, from where they were dispatched to distant isolated shanties to look after large flocks of sheep. Perhaps fifteen or more miles from his nearest neighbour, each shepherd would live alone for most of the year, only seeing the occasional passing shepherd or a group of Tehuelche or Ona Indians. He had to care for his flock on a windswept and treeless expanse of semi-arid grassland, protecting the sheep and lambs from predators and in the winter from blizzards which buried them. It was a hard and lonely existence, relieved only when the flocks were brought in to the shearing sheds. The wool had to be graded and baled before being sent to the nearest seaside settlement for shipment. Here were opportunities to socialize, perhaps meeting friends to share experiences in Gaelic. The Hebrideans were, of course part of a much larger number of men from different nationalities, so that Spanish was the common language. Most of the men came from crofting townships around Loch Erisort, a sea loch south of Stornoway, especially Balallan, Keose, Leurbost and crofts in the area of South Lochs. Others came from Achmore to the west and further on to the townships of the Uig and Carloway areas, such as Breanish, Mangaster and Carloway itself. Whilst distances between townships were generally no more than a few miles the Lewismen who went to Patagonia were dispersed over hundreds of miles, from estancias in Santa Cruz province in Argentina, then across the Magellan Straits to Tierra del Fuego, and then back to the mainland into the Chilean province of Magallanes. At the same time, however, some major employers hired several members of a family or men who came from neighbouring crofts. The San Julian Sheep Farming Company, founded by Munro and Blake, employed several MacLeod brothers from Croft No.5, Keose, John Macdonald from No.13 Keose, and two Finlaysons from Marvaig. Morrison and Labone, who owned an estancia of sixty thousand sheep, employed Peter MacDonald of Carloway as manager, Murdo MacLeod of Achmore as under manager, and others from Balallan, Keose and Harris. However, the most prominent employers of Lewismen were Menendez and Braun, owners of vast lands in Tierra del Fuego and on the mainland. The Sociedad Explotadora de Tierra del Fuego employed Lewismen and other Scots on various estancias. In 1904 seven Keose men worked on Estancia Menendez “Maria Behety and were later joined by men from Achmore, Habost and Laxay. Estancia Gregorio, a farm of over two hundred thousand acres, Donald Macaulay of Croft No.10 Keose went there in 1903 and was followed by Ewan MacDonald from Balallan, Murdo Finlayson of Ardroil, the manager, Murdo Smith, under manager, Angus MacLeod of No.50 Balallan and Peter Maclennan of Seaforthhead. For some shepherds Patagonia was a short interlude in their lives, but others stayed on, married and raised families. As they did so, what had been small coastal settlements for exporting wool became important commercial centres, with facilities for processing meat for export (frigorificos) as well as the basic wool trade, and, of course, such centres offered a range of stores, hotels and schools to meet the needs of those working on the estancias. San Julian, for example, met the needs of estancias covering nearly three hundred thousand hectares, half of which were owned or rented by Scots and English estancieros. Reminders of Scots who lived there can be found in the cemetery, some of them Lewismen, such as John MacDonald and Roderick Charles MacLean. A list of Scottish 155
names on graves contains: Anderson, Buchanan, Burns, Cameron, Carmichael, Chisholm, Douglas, Finlayson, Fraser,Grant, Kemp, Martin, MacDonald, MacKenzie, MacLean, MacLennan, MacLeod, MacBean, Patterson, Peebles, Sinclair, Wallace and Walker. And, of course, the descendants of some of these men still live there, for example, those of Roderick Charles MacLean and John MacDonald. The story of the shepherds, managers and landowners from Lewis and Harris echoes throughout Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. However, the great agro-industry they and others served in the first half of the 20th century is much reduced. Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego are no longer dependent upon a monoculture, so that while sheep farming remains important the economy has diversified to include substantial tourism, fisheries, mineral and oil industries. Nevertheless, it was the sheep industry which laid the foundations for the cities and communities of the present day. This page can only exemplify some of the contribution made by the Hebrideans. For more detail about the early shepherds and their descendants and of life and work on the estancias I am indebted in particular to Duncan Campbell in Puerto Natales, Chile, and Greta Mackenzie in the Isle of Lewis, Scotland. Sources Duncan Campbell’s website at < Patbrit.org > This is a mine of information on the British in Patagonia, including extensive material on estancias, individuals and accounts of life and work. The site also contains < Patlibros >, an invaluable library of e-books and articles on Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Greta Mackenzie’s “Return to Patagonia” gives a fascinating description of her visits to Patagonia and the past and present connections with Lewis and Harris. The book includes a substantial list of men who went to Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego and the crafting townships from which they came. Published in 2010 by The Islands Book Trust,South Lochs, Isle of Lewis, ISBN: 978-1-907443-11-4 Rosemary Goring’s “Return to Patagonia - By Way of the Falkland Isles” provides an interesting account of growing up in a wealthy family on an estancia by San Julian and a return visit to Patagonia years later. Published in 2006 by Peter Owen Publishers, 73 Kenway Road, London, SW5 0RE. ISBN 07206-1260-8 Municipality of Puerto San Julian, 1900-2001 Centenario de Puerto San Julian. This publication contains the names of Scottish and English settlers and brief biographies of their descendants.
A Shepherd in Tierra del Fuego
William Blain, Shepherd in Scotland, The Falklands, Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego.
William Alexander Blain was born c.1852 at Blate’s Hill near Laurieston in Galloway, south west Scotland and grew up in Ferguslie, then a thatched cottage, Dalry, Galloway. When he was thirteen he went to work as a shepherd for a Mr. Johnston, Barndennoch, near Carsphairn. For thirteen years he followed shepherding in the Galloway Hills. However, “Saw little prospect of saving enough to shield me from poverty in my old age.” “my object in going to the colonys was to get hold of that glorious privilege of being independent.”. In 1878 he met Mr.John McCall in Dumfries who engaged shepherds for the Falkland Islands Company and agreed £65 per annum, free passage and return after five years. He sailed from London on the “Vicar of Bray” and worked for Bellion Bros. on the West Falklands for six years. In 1884 he was invited by Thomas Greenshields to start up a sheep ranch at Monte Dinero in Patagonia. Following Mr. Greenshields death, in 1889 Blain sold his own flock of sheep and accepted a job as sub-manager to a Mr. Wales who was establishing a sheep ranch in Indian territory in northern Tierra del Fuego. (A letter among Blain’s papers is headed “Mont. E. Wales, Tierra del Fuego Sheep Farming Company). Apart from an intervening period on Navarino Island, Blain worked for Wales until 1898. He then returned to Dalry - “and here I have remained” and settled in Main Street, next to his boyhood home. Blain died in 1924 aged seventy 156
two years. He stayed a bachelor in Patagonia - “Neither heathen squaw or Chilean maid will be Mrs. Blain.” - but later married in Scotland and had a son, W.J.Blain. William Blain’s papers were gifted by the family to the National Archives of Scotland The most important items are: narrative notebooks written in ink describing his times in Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego; a daily diary for an early period, which begins at Useful Hill, Patagonia, and gives a detailed description of shepherding on the camp and the people he met, including Scots; a substantial list of the names of Indians and of the English equivalents of Indian words for a whole number of everyday terms; and an article based on his father’s records and submitted by his son on his father’s life in the Falklands, published in the Falkland Islands Journal, 1981. Apart from some minor changes the original text has been retained. A few translations of Spanish words have been noted and question marks indicate obscure spellings, e.g. of ships and names. Lastly, I wish to thank the National Archives of Scotland for the opportunity to use the material for research purposes. Ownership and copyright reside in the National Archives of Scotland.
The Journal of William Blain, Shepherd in Tierra del Fuego, 1891 - 98
Amongst the offers mentioned in my last ------ I was to go to Tierra del Fuego to act as sub-manager under Mr. Wales, who was starting a large sheep farm there. Mr. Wales made me a very good offer, good though his offer was I could not see my way to accept it before knowing what the place was like. It was arranged that I was to meet him at Punta Delgada, cross the Straits of Magellan in one of his schooners. It was well in the afternoon when I first landed on Tierra del Fuego, at the place where we landed there was a large shed for stowing cargoes, something like half an hours walk brought us to a good dwelling house which consisted of three rooms, one was set apart for those in charge the others was for the peons or labours, with a small corral, a few horses, two yokes of oxen was the settlement when I landed there. Something like 3 hours ride inland there was two men living in a shanty to keep back the Indians. The morning after we landed Mr Wales and I made an early start to have a look at the camp (land), that whole day our horses seldom broke the walk, where there was any sign of pasture the ground was so over run with carroas (cururos, field rats) that it was with difficulty our horses keep their feet, where there was no carroas the ground was barren no doubt. About 3 pm we came to an iron pyramid that was erected by the Chilean Government for a guide through one of the narrows in the Straits of Magellan, where we had some lunch. Mr Wales asked me what I thought of the camp, I told him if he had nothing better to show me he could not make me an offer I would accept, he informed me the camp was much better inland. What about your settlement being so far inland from the beach I asked before you take in hand to keep the sheep. We will soon find a place to clip and dip them was his answer. Well I said grass and water is all that is wanted for a start but these two items are still to be found. From there we struck across camp towards Lomas Bay at a place some English speaking person had named Spring Hill, there was several leagues of level camp, by this time the day was far spent, so it was only a small corner of the long plain we had time to explore. Till then I had no idea that land in its natural state could produce such a weight of pasture, there was several small ponds in sight, I asked if they were fresh water ponds, Mr Wales said he did not know but pointed to a place where he said there was a large fresh water stream and then beyond it a place called plantanos which means soft or bogie land was another river called Rio Grande or big river. Afterwards I found out that the real Rio Grande was a long way further south. On 3 sides of the camp was hills with Lomas Bay in front. When asked what I thought of the place I had to confess that it was an ideal place for a settlement, so Mr Wales decided at once there the settlement was to be. It took us the most of 3 hours to get back to Creek house where we had left in the morning. That night an agreement had its duly signed on the understanding that I was to take up my duties at the earliest opportunity. Next morning we recrossed the Straits of Magellan to Punta Delgada, that same night I was back in Monte Dinero, something like 8 hours ride, in a few days I was ready for my new abode. I left Monte Dinero on March 28 1891 for Punta Delgada. There we put some horses aboard and crossed over to Tierra del Fuego. On April 2nd,3rd the horses we landed last night had gone missing, my first job was to go in search of them. I thought the most likely place to find them would be near the coast so I made for the beach. There being no carroas under high water mark I could get along easier and quicker, as I journeyed I came on several large barrels of sheep dip and a few cases of sugar in 7lb tins that had been washed ashore by the tide, all of the sugar and most of the dip I put above the high water mark. At last I saw the lost horses, they were so scary the horse I was riding began to fag, I had to give up the chase and make my way home without them. April4 succeeded in bringing home the strayed horses. I met with some gold diggers that had been in camp several days looking for strayed horses. These gold diggers was well armed and quoted several instances where Indians had been both troublesome and dangerous. Some horses seemed to be naturally afraid of the Indians, if horses 158
were well… and kept in good heart, when disturbed at night generally made for home, but strange horses one could never tell when and where they would stop after taking others along with them. The most needful thing I always tried to get done first was a paddock or park to shut the animals in overnight. My instruction was to put one about a mile square, this meant about 4 miles of fencing with only 3 labourers and myself, we had orders to turn out under very unfavourable circumstances. The few callers that came our way generally got a kindly invitation to lend us a hand. On the 12th April I had to send a letter to a place called Gentie Grandie about 60 miles off. At the time I could badly spare two men and horses, so a Chileno volunteered to undertake the journey alone, the outward journey he accomplished without mishap, on his return journey he rode into an Indian camp. On perceiving his mistake he put spurs to the horse and cleared out, not before an arrow pierced one of his horses ears, two or three went through his poncho, that was a lesson I kept in mind as to sending strangers on journeys alone. One Sunday afternoon in the month of April I was taking it easy when one of the men came with the news that one of the River Side horses had arrived, with an empty saddle, 4 of us caught horses and started off at once in search of the rider. Towards dusk two of us found him on foot making towards Creek house. He was mounted on behind the other man and we made for home making fires all the way as a signal for the other two to do the same. On reaching home there was no word of them, bedtime came and no tidings of our companions, that night I felt rather uneasy as to their safety so as I was still very short of horses I decided on going in search of the men alone, with the first peep of day I started, armed with a repeating rifle and a 6 chambered revolver. However, some 2 or 3 leagues from home I came across them, they had not been prepared for a night in the camp, between cold and hunger mixed with fear of Indians they had spent a most uncomfortable night. I had taken some food with me so I treat them to a fairly good breakfast under the circumstances, then we started for home rejoicing that nothing more serious had befallen us. On the 29 of April Mr Wales paid us a two days visit - we went to Spring Hill to see the place I had selected for the settlement, to save time the mens house, clipshed and dip was to be so close together that no time would be lost going from one to the other which was a consideration in the busy season, he was quite satisfied with everything I had done in a short time, there was both carpenters and labours at work on Spring Hill. By this time the Indians had commenced to cut the paddock fence and carry off the wire. I had learned that the Indians was very fond of a piece of wire to make spears which was useful to them when hunting carroas, as a rule these small animals do not burrow deep in the ground and where they were likely to be found the Indians formed… conceal quietly, whenever they heard the least sound in went the spear, it was but seldom the missed the mark. To accommodate them I left several pieces of wire hanging on the posts along the fence, never did they take one of the pieces left for them, their favourite place for cutting the fence was on each side of a straining post, that gave me two stretches of wire to mend instead of one, whether it was by choice or planned I do not know. Mr Wales had given me strict orders not to allow any of the men to ill treat the Indians, they were to be overcome by kindness. These orders I carried out to the letter for a time, on going to their camp the men was always absent, the squaws only laughed in our faces, the nearer they camped the oftener the fence was cut. On several occasions I found Indian tracks close to the galpon (shed) on the beach, after about midnight the horses would come galloping up to the corral, the men at the River Side had to shut up their horses and keep watch during the night. From what I had heard and as far as I could see other means must be tried. It was with reluctance that I adopted sterner measures. Mr Wales had sent to me two men whose nicknames was the Divel and Buffalo Bill. These 159
two men had a little experience in camp work, so I got them mounted on to good horses with 3 days provisions, turned them adrift to clear the camp around of man, woman and child but not to shed human blood except in self-defence, Indian dogs was very numerous both wild and tame and these they were to destroy without reserve. At the end of the 3 day the two men returned to inform me that they had carried out my orders and that the shooting of the Indians dogs had the desired effect of clearing out the Indians. At that time no -- was kept at Spring Hill, the men was living in tents, every man was supplied with a rifle and ammunition in case of emergency. What the men called their own time was occupied in stalking wild dogs and shooting game such as geese flamingos and the like, in fact some of the men was fonder of the sport than work which caused me to pay them surprise visits when I could ill spare the time… on leaving home one morning and not quite sure when I might return I left a horse tied up for one of the men to gather up the animals for the night and secure another horse for the next morning, it being rather late that night when I reached home I let my horse go, as soon as I entered the house I enquired if they had tied up the horse I wanted for the night, they said no, and why I asked, because I had left them an untamed horse, a horse that none but a real jockey could mount. They told me it kicked 3 men in succession, it had got away from the 3 man, kicked off the gear… it was a young horse newly broken in, only a few days from the time it was handed to me as a very tame animal, that was all I knew about it, if it had been bad in the afternoon what was I to expect of it next morning. After it had stood at the end of a tether in a cold frosty night, when morning came they all seemed anxious to see how I got on with it. When saddled and ready for the road not to show the white feather I mounted quickly and quietly, to my surprise it put its head to its breast and went off as if it was proud to feel a man on its back. It took me all my time from thinking that the beasts wickedness was only an excuse for idling away the afternoon.
About that time we was very short of provisions, we had only a small quantity of rice and some tea no sugar. Around Creek house I had the ground well marked that a goose was not safe inside 500 yds, it was not every day that I got a chance at that distance. On May 21st the (?) Luisa arrived Mr Wales on board with a supply of provisions. 23rd I accompanied Mr Wales to Spring Hill, he thinks I have done wonders in the circumstances. 24th May drew up plans for the cookhouse and the dip, 160
the dreeping stage to hold about 500 sheep. 29th the (?) Luisa returned with 4 working oxen. 4th June (?) Luisa landed some cattle 5 horses and a few wethers for mutton. Saturday 13 a message arrived from River Side saying that the Indians showed fight yesterday, men horses and ammunition to be dispatched at once. Sunday 14 went to River Side with 2 men and 6 horses, met with 4 Argentines there, the 6 of us started on our expedition, it had been a very severe frost for several days, the ground was so hard especially inland it was only with the greatest care that we got our horses along without laming them, of course you will understand that they horses there is not shod like the home horses. We neglected to take a hatchet with us to break the ice, from early morning to late that night our horses was without water. All that day we did not see an Indian though I have no hesitation in saying the Indians saw us, we came across several camps where the remains of their fires was still warm, in their camping places was large holes scraped out on the sheltered side of the hill, the holes being about 18 inches deep, in these men women children and dogs all huddled together at night with only their small mantels spread over the. From a little I know of them previous to this, and from a careful examination of their camps that day I was inclined to think that a more degenerate class of people did not exist. The ground being so hard and the fresh water frozen to such an extent we resolved to make towards the beach for a camp out. We struck the beach near Rio del Oro on Philips Bay, after securing our horses for the night a fire was our next consideration, after we got the fire going one was told to cook supper while the others gathered a supply of wood to keep the fire going through the night. We were fortunate in getting a fair supply of wreck wood which answered our purpose. After supper we enjoyed a comfortable smoke and a drink of mattie. As we had no tent with us, we only took with us what we could not do without, so we had no tent, when the question of bed time came another Scotchman and I agreed to be bed mates, so we selected our position our heads to the wind our feet to the fire. The others for some reason best known to themselves each had their own bed, though it was very severe frost that night my chum and I was fairly comfortable, but none of the others was so fortunate, not more than a quarter of an hour would pass without someone getting up to repair the fire and shouting mucho frio (its awfuly cold), every now and again a wild dog would start barking which was answered with the report of a riffel. Though my chum and I got but little sleep we keep our bed and let those get up that needed a change. Next day we returned to River Side with the same results as the previous day. The 17th 5 of us searched the greatest part of the camp between River Side and Creek House without seeing a single Indian. In my absence one of the working oxen had gone amissing, the finding of him occupied 2 more days of my time. June 20th the paddock fence cut, 7 of us started off in search of the offenders and returned home the following morning without seeing any signs of man woman or child. Sept 4 the schooner arrived with 7 new horses, these were sent to Spring Hill. On another occasion I found 11 boxes of candles, a quantity of fine oils for cooking purposes, besides a box containing a large picture and the spar of a vessel. So I came to the conclusion there must have been a wreck somewhere in the neighbourhood. Sat 11 on the beach I found a large barrel of Jin, which turned out to be of very superior quality, the beach was strewn with candles, fancie soaps, writing paper in abundance. Now all the men have got wrecking on the brain. The next day being Sunday all hands was of to the beach, in the evening the mens apartments was crammed with cases of butter preserves candles and various other articles too tedious to name. Immediately after supper everyone was on the move with a bottle, some with wine, others with something of a stronger nature, now I knew what to expect. On the Monday I went to Spring Hill, there the men had all ceased work and taken the most of the horses with them to gather up wreck stuff around Lomas Bay. On my return that night to Creek House I found all the hands worse for drink and quarrelling among themselves, the following evening a Chileno shouted at me to come quick for Andrew was killing (?)Valencia, on reaching the scene of strife Valencia was down - the other fellow was holding on to the bunk and kicking him in the face with a pair of hobnailed boots. Without saying a word I took him by the neck and before he knew what was up I landed him in my own room and locked the door. After getting Valencia to bed a 161
Chileno and I went to see what mood Andrew was in, he was raving a bit but not so bad as I expected, before trying to get Andrew to bed I went to make sure the others was alright, on returning to my room Andrew seemed both ready and willing to go to bed ….on our way to the bedroom the Chileno whispered that Andrew had a long camp knife of mine stowed inside his vest. I ordered him to give it up, at first he denied having anything of the kind about him, at last he gave it up and I made sure that he had no other weapon in his possession. That night I remained in the room within till they were all sound asleep, the Chilean was afraid to remain in the house, so he made his bed in the carpenters shop among some shavings.
The 15 was a day of reckoning and an end to the boozing for the time being, on the 16 all at work, once more for a few days I visited the beach but found no more licors, Spring Hill men gave me little or no trouble after the first talking to. 6 August (1892) 200 sheep landed, the Luisa and Rippling Wave landed with sheep, Mr Wales on board. On account of rough weather it was the 14 before we got the vessels discharged. As soon as Mr Wales got ashore he went to River Side, the men there had been on the booze for some time and lost all the cattle. August 17 The cattle not being found Mr Wales left with a weeks provisions for 3 or 4 men to search for the lost animals, that same day the Rippling Wave arrived with another load of sheep, there was 71 dead ones before we got them ashore, this lot of sheep had been herded out during the day on poor pasture and penned at night for nearly 3 weeks waiting on vessels to ship them across the Straits. At the end of 3 days Mr Wales and party returned with the lost cattle. On the night of the 25 it had been an exceptionally high tide, part of the paddock being covered with salt water, the sheep not having tasted fresh water for a considerable time drank greedily of the salt water, in the morning there was scores of dead and dying sheep all over the paddock. On the 27 Sept 4 of us started with the sheep for Spring Hill, I never saw so many weak sheep in one lot before nor since, they were so weak and heavy in lamb it was almost impossible to do anything with them. The schooner is shipping sheep in small quantities which keep me on the move almost night and day. Sept 13 Got word that the River Side horses were lost, sent 4 men to look for them. On the 16 the men returned with the lost horses and 3 Indian boys - their introduction to civilisation was as follows - first with a pair of sheep shears their head was cropped as close to the skin as the shears would cut it. They were next taken alongside the dipper with shoe brushes, they were effectively scrubbed with the sheep wash, non poisonous of course, this was to kill the vermin - then they were finished up with soap and water. With old clothes from the men their nakedness was covered for the first time in their lives, they were very much afraid of the rifle, the consequences of clearing out was well impressed on their minds, in a short time they were quite at home among us. 162
About the first of November the sheep began to settle down and for the last month the navvies had got rather much of their own way, as looking round I found many things, not what I expected. One or two of the men got their walking tickets, all the Spanish I knew was used on the others. November 6th Having heard of sheep tracks being seen outside I went in search of them, I found the tracks but not the sheep. On reaching home the shepherd informed me that he had found 20 motherless lambs, that same evening some gold diggers arrived and said they had found some dead sheep that had been stowed away by the Indians, on the 7th the shepherd and I went to see if we could pick up the trail. In our travels we found 5 ewes and 27 lambs, at last I came to a place where sheep had been forced across a stream and close by was 18 ewes and forty lambs. On the 9th the shepherd found 48 ewes drowned in another part of the stream. November 10th the shepherd and I resumed our search, at last we found the direct trail but learned that the River Side men was ahead of us, that day we found more lambs without mothers. On reaching home I learned that Mr Wales had arrived from the mainland, but overnight he intended to stay at Creek House, next came a messenger to inform me that they had been following up the Indians for three days, when they got up to them they were so numerous that they had almost been surrounded before they knew what they were about, the place being pointed out afterwards I thought their escape was little short of a miracle. As I was asked for a reinforcement of men and horses I sent for Mr Wales to come to Spring Hill at once (Nov 12) six of us left Spring Hill about midnight, our intention was to reach their camp at daybreak, in the dark we got a bit out of our reckoning. On the 13th we only saw one Indian at a distance. We got back to Spring Hill in the afternoon of the same day but only to learn that the Indians had made another raid the same day, the shepherd told us where to pick up the trail while Mr Wales and the others were having something to eat, fresh horses was got ready for them and they started at once in hopes of getting back some of the sheep, that night they got up to the Indian camp, they had made their camp on a round hill that was surrounded by a large swamp the horses could not cross, thinking themselves safe they waved their mantels as much as to say come on, one man got round to nearly the other side, this formed a kind of cross fire and they were forced to leave their quarters. Close at this place we found a large number of dead sheep but no live ones. The men told me afterwards it was a mystery how they managed to kill so many sheep in the time. I spent several days from daylight till dark gathering stragglers that had got away from them on this occasion, to save the few sheep left to us it was decided to mark the lambs so that we could shut up the sheep overnight and keep watch. From 6500 ewes shipped we could only mark 1200 lambs, we soon had a small enclosure erected close to the house, within the enclosure I got a dugout made, covered with corrugated iron. In the hole for 3 or 4 nights before and after the full moon I mostly sat from 8 in the evening till 2 or sometimes 3 in the morning with a repeating rifle at hand, to spend 6 or 7 hours in such small quarters was a position not to be envied especially in a cold weather night. About this time Mr Wales brother arrived from England, he took up his duties at Creek House, this left me only Spring Hill to look after. The greatest part of the sheep when landed was too weak to dip, the result was scab broke out among them, the shutting of them up overnight made matters worse, up till shearing time it took the shepherd and me all our time to keep the sheep farmers pest in bounds. In the month of December out of 6500 sheep landed we only clipped 1636, in 5 or 6 months we had lost 4864 sheep or as many pounds sterling. There was one thing I could never forgive the Indians for, that was when stealing sheep any one that could not travel fast enough the two hind legs were broken, after to be torn to pieces by wild dogs. In the month of December 3 or 4 men was erecting a house at a place called the pantanos nearly every night after they had turned in the Indians would come and pelt their tent with stones. From the month of December to the month of March 1893 every day I could spare was occupied in trying to clear the camp of wild dogs, these dogs beside destroying a lot of sheep chased the others all over the place. During the summer months there was always two or sometimes three men on the outside camp keeping in touch with the Indians, laying down poison for the dogs and foxes, as the wild dogs deceased the foxes became
more numerous, the Tierra del Fuego foxes would be equal in size to our home foxes and after playing havoc among the young lambs I have seen as many as 15 dead on the side of a small knoll. About the middle of March we commenced to ship more sheep.Mr Wales brother being at Creek House he was always at hand to revive the sheep and then to pass them on to me at Spring Hill. In a short time I had more sheep than our small inclosure would hold so I had to leave them out at night, in the month of April suspected the Indians for taking away small quantities, on the 11th May I found the Indians had taken a rather large quantity of sheep, I followed the trail until well into the afternoon when I met the outside men on their way back with about 800 sheep and eleven bows and arrows. It is a well known fact that the last thing an Indian will do is to part with his bows and arrows but seeing I was not present at the engagement I will not give an opinion as to what the result had been, on the 15th of the same month there was signs of more sheep having been taken away.
On the 13th August 1893 I left Spring Hill having had enough of Tierra del Fuego for the present, on the 14th I crossed the Straits of Magellan in a Chilean man o’ war, passed the night at Punta Delgada, on the 16th found myself back at Monte Dinero, here I got a friendly reception, they were rather short of tame horses so to pass the time I agreed to tame 8 5year old colts, while doing this I could go where and when I liked. On 15th November I left for Punta Arenas and reached there on the 16th, on the 20th a Mr. (?)Fregui and I went aboard a small steamer called the Antonia Diez bound for Navarino Island to look at some land, the weather was all that could be desired for a trip, in a short time we were wending our way among the islands of which there is a great many though many of them are very small but very close together with high peaks, they were thickly wooded round the base becoming stunted toward the top till at last the high barren peaks overlooked. Any person visiting that part of South America for pleasure will not regret spending a few days between Punta Arenas and Ushuaia, at Ushuaia there is a small settlement with a few government officials. Gold is found in payable quantities on many of the islands, when a schooner calls with provisions the generally have a supply of liquor on board which is easily sold and often the place is pretty lively for a few days. On the other side of the island is the mission station, at the time I am speaking of it was under the control of Bishop Stirling, our next landing place was Navarino Island which is one of the largest of the group and about 50 miles from Cape Horn, on this island the missionaries have erected several one room houses for the Indians, besides enclosing a piece of land for cultivation, at one time they had cows as well. When I landed there I found the houses very much out of repair with the exception of one the rest was all broken down and there garden turned into a wilderness, what remained of their cattle 164
was running wild in the forest, I came across several tracks but nothing more of them did I see, it was in one of those Indian houses that Mr Fregui and I took up our abode with a cano (canoe)Indian and his wife, the house had no floor so we had to make our beds among the sand and dust, between dust and smell it was far from being agreeable, we had no choice, a little shelter was better than none seeing we had no tent, we engaged 2 Indians who said they could show us a large track of land in about 3 hours walk, so next morning we made an early start, after we had walked something like 5 hours up a steep mountain and through a dense forest we came to a thick scrub that completely barred further progress, I was anything but pleased with the result, we had some lunch and started for our last nights quarters. As I expected the steamer to call for me that night after travelling a considerable distance I became doubtful as to us going in the right direction, and asked my friends opinion on the matter, he said there was no fear that the Indians would take us back alright, we walked something like another hour when I said to Mr. Frequi we are holding too much to our left, I am going to our right, you can either follow me or not as you like, after a talk with the Indians he decided to accompany me, but I could see it was more for fear of anything happening to me than faith in me as a guide, near sundown we struck the beach about 200 yds from our starting point that morning, next morning came and no steamer, I was left behind, hereabouts I had to remain for the next 2 or 3 weeks. Mr Fregui had about 500 sheep he wanted shipped on to another island so with a small cutter boat we set to work, by the time we got all the sheep removed we came across 2 Indians that assured us that they could take Mr Fregui and me to a large block of land without trees on the other side of Navarino Island. On this occasion it was not convenient for my friend to accompany me, so I set off once more with the 2 Indians, the first night I took up my abode a respectable distance from my 2 guides, next day we reached the beach on the opposite side of the island and marched a long way along the beach which was much easier than wending our way among the trees, while travelling along the beach we came on several Indian huts, these was long poles put on end and tied together at the top with pieces of hide, then covered with branches, alongside of each hut there was a tremendous lump of shells, these large mounds gave me the impression that the cano Indians had been very numerous till of late years. There was no sign of human life along the beach, I asked my guides what had become of all the Indians, they said a few years previous to the time I am speaking of nearly all the Indians on Navarino Island died out in one year, from other sources I was told that the Indiand had contracted a loathsome disease from sailors who went ashore when cruising round these island. Near sundown my 2 guides suddenly stopped and asked me what I intended doing, I said I was going with them to see the land they had told Mr Fregui about, they said there was no land hereabouts they knew of, to be told that after nearly 2 days walk through a thick forest was enough to ruffle the temper of a saint, at all events it set me on edge, though the only weapon I had was a stout stick I gave them to understand that I was in no mood to be trifled with, when they saw I was in earnest they excused themselves by saying there grub was done. I told them I had taken care of mine and that they ought to have done the same, for not a single bite would they get from me after the lies hey had told us about the camp, there was no other for it but to retrace our steps, we walked on till dark, camped out for the night, not knowing what they might attempt I slept with one eye open. Next day on our way back every now and again my 2 guides would go to a certain tree and pick what I thought was a kind of fruit, about the size of a large crabby (crab apple), it was of a nice pink colour with tiny little spots, it was alright to look at, I tried several but to me they had no taste, so I put them down as a kind of fungus. On reaching the appointed place I found Mr Fregui and another Indian with a small punt waiting to convey me over to Watts Island where the 2 men and the sheep were By this time my provisions was done, my friend had brought none with them, all our appetites was on the keen side, by this time it was blowing a gale, our small craft was not altogether seaworthy, after waiting for several hours we made an attempt to cross, my friend was but a poor seaman and became afraid of getting drowned, so we had to put back once more, the old Indian had been a long time on Kepple Island in the Falklands and spoke fairly good English, when he knew I had been in the Falklands he fairly adored me, he said beyond a point of rock which caused the breakers it was all smooth water, he said Mr Fregui no good 165
in a boat but you pull with me we soon get to Watt island, so we made another attempt and succeeded, on reaching Watt Island the 2 men informed me they were living on mussels, there had been some delay in sending out stores, my friend and the Indian left in the punt to signal the cutter to take them over to Ushuaia and bring out stores for the men so I was left behind to live on mussels. At last the cutter boat arrived with provisions, here I embarked for Punta Toro at the other end of Navarino Island, while here I got plenty to eat and drink, they had a supply of the best wines I ever tasted before or since. On the 3rd day after my arrival one of the native gentlemen offered me one of his daughters for a wife, he asked for neither fee nor ceremony, immediate possession was the only stipulation, or to put it in other words take her as a trial. I declined the offer with thanks, the following afternoon I was informed that another party had accepted her with thanks. At Punta Toro there was 2 or 3 fairly good houses, besides gold diggers tents, a few Indian huts, with a dense forest down to the very beach, though December is one of the warmest months of the year during my stay there I have seen the trees hanging with snow, the weather in that part is very unsettled, a few days stay and I found there was no inducement for me to take up my abode there and the sooner I got away the better pleased I would be. Nearer the end of December the Antonia Diez called, I went aboard and found her overcrowded with passengers, all gold diggers bound for Punta Arenas, that crowd represented a great many nations, with the exception of 2 or 3 a rougher crowd none of you would care to see. Outside the harbour the day was very stormy and soon a great many of them became seasick, this happened to be one of my brave days at sea so I had an opportunity of seeing what others were like under the circumstances, we had not been long underway when a few seemed indifferent to what became of them, others prayed, another lot stood and cursed between the unpalatable mouthfuls, by this time we reached Ushuaia the storm had abated, I went ashore and had some tea. About midnight we started for Punta Arenas, we had beautiful weather the remainder of the journey, by the time I reached Punta Arenas I found myself in possession of a goodly number of what Burns calls the creeping hurlies. On getting ashore I went straight to a clothiers shop and ordered a full rigout to be sent at once to my lodgings, I called at the barbers shop, got a crop and a shampoo, on reaching my quarters I got a large tub which did duty as a bath. After getting into my new rigout I gathered up any old clothes with the exception of my boots, tied them into a bundle, pitched them into a backyard among some boxes and other rubbish, this over I was quite myself again, felt none the worse of my experiences. (January 1894 - he returns to Monte Dinero for the shearing, then July 1895 goes back to Tierra del Fuego) In the month of July 1895 Mr Wales made me a good offer to go back to Tierra del Fuego, having a weakness for money I accepted his terms and bad adieu to Monte Dinero on the 27th August 1895. On reaching Tierra del Fuego I was informed that the Indians was not near so troublesome as in 1893, after I had a look around to save driving the sheep for miles at lamb marking I got pens put up at suitable places in camp, we got through the lamb marking without hitch. When shearing commenced the sheep was so bad with scab that it was necessary to clip and dip at the same time, this required a double staff of men, as soon as the lambs was old enough to wean I commenced to separate the clean from the unclean, when the latter was brought in and clipped the number was over 8000 scabit sheep. Between the loss of sheep and extra expense of dipping the colonial farmer has to encounter many difficulties. By this time there was a new settlement started at Rio del Oro. Mr Charles being in charge in his brothers absence we went out one day to see how things was getting on, after a ride of about 30 miles on a cold winters day we reached our destination, only to find one man in charge of the place, the tradesmen having run short of materials had gone to Punta Arenas for a day intending to return with the first schooner. The stores being almost exhausted we had to be content with a drink of tea for the time being in what was called the bosses house or shantie. We found plenty of rifles but only 3 cartridges, with a rifle and 3 cartridges Mr Wales and I 166
set out for our dinner and breakfast, at length we sighted a wild goat about 300 yds off, there being little chance of getting nearer, however, Mr Wales had a try and missed, a little further on we saw another something like the same distance, it was now my turn to try, try I did with no better result. We had only one cartridge left and nothing for either dinner or breakfast on our way back we were fortunate in killing an old gander with our last bullet, so we had enough for that night and next morning we reached Spring Hill in time for dinner. About the middle of May 1896 I was 1 of 4 who started with 4000 sheep for Rio del Oro, we had one fearful cold night in camp, we had to keep on the move the whole time, on reaching Rio del Oro I found 2 shepherds from Dumfries awaiting my arrival, by the time I got them to Spring Hill they were completely done up, a long ride is very trying for those not accustomed to horseback. About the 11th June 1896 we heard of some Indians being seen rather close to the sheep boundary, an expedition was sent in search of them, on the 16th the party returned with about a dozen men women and a few children. They were to be sent to Dawson Island. On the 26th June Mr Wales left for England, on the 2nd July two more Indians was brought in making the number up to 14. So I made up my mind to give them another chance, after breakfast I went to them to explain my intentions and my conditions but found that one of the children had died during the night. I got the carpenter to make a coffin, when the parents saw the corpse coffined and the lid screwed down they seemed very much affected, much more so than I had expected. On being asked if they would like to see what we was going to do with it they said yes, so we took them along to the grave which was quite close by, when the grave was filled in and the turf neatly placed they marched back to their quarters, then it was explained to them if they would promise to behave themselves in the future and not molest the animals they would get their liberty, they would get as much as they could carry away, to this they readily agreed, after giving them as much as they could eat, each macho or man got half a sheep, then we turned them adrift with the understanding that if they broke there promise they need not expect any mercy from us. About 2 weeks after this one of the River Side men came with the news that the Indians had taken up their abode close to River Side house and he and his chum was afraid of them, however this lot of Indians turned out to be the same lot I had liberated in the early part of July. They took up their abode close to River Side house, they kept their promise and soon were on friendly terms with all the outside men. About the end of September 5 of the machos came marching into the settlement, we gave them shelter for the night, plenty to eat, the following morning they took the rode, each having as much mutton as they could carry, a few days after other 2 came along, they came straight to my door, there they left their bows and arrows and came to the dipper where we was busy dipping sheep, we all gave them a friendly welcome, one of the shepherds killed a wether, gave each a knife, the skinned it, cut it up, each with his share took to the road to all appearances the best of spirits. In the month of November one of our boundary riders named Pike asked if I would take an Indian that had left his tribe and taken up his abode with him, he said the Indian was so quiet and honest that he did not want to put him with the other men for fear the would knock him about, as he was shifting his quarters he could not do with him any longer, as I had plenty of spare room I consented to give him a trial. When he arrived he told me his name was Joe, I found that Joe had got hold of a good many English words, I gave him a room to himself and told him I expected he would keep himself and his room clean and tidy, in a few days I was surprised to see the interest he took in the house, nothing pleased Joe better than to ask him to do some little job for me, in a short time I could see he was rather out of sorts, I wanted him to take sulphur once or twice a day for a few days, that he would not listen to, to show him it was not poison I tasted it myself, even then he held out, at last I told him he must either take it or go back to the Indians, the threat was too much for him, he promised to take the quantity I showed him twice a day. About the 3rd day I asked him to show me how much he had taken out of the tin, to my surprise there was enough out of the tin to have done 10 men, when I explained to him that he had taken too much, no no he said, it do me good, you a 167
good doctor, the cook told me when he saw any of the Indians approaching he went out and locked the door and cleared out with the key. Within 12 months poor Joe died of consumption. Very few in fact I knew none of the Onas that survived civilised life for any great length of time.
Map of Tierra Del Fuego Several of the River Side Indians wanted to remain in the settlement, Mr. Wales had 2 with him in his house and had taught them to wait the table in there turn, one of the boys showed a taste for drawing, another boy took to camp work, who died since with £50 to his credit. February 1897 word came that a tribe of Indians apparently strangers had been hanging round close to the sheep camp for some time, Another expedition of 5 men was sent out to search for them, after 6 days in camp they returned without seeing man woman or child. In the month of May the River Side Indians quarrelled among themselves, killing one of their number, in the early part of the month it was found necessary to send out another expedition, after a few days in camp they returned with an Indian boy, this one makes 7 Indians in the settlement, about 14 May we got word that the Indians had stole about 800 sheep and some English rams, as these raiders from Gentie Grande had never shown any respect of persons it may be our turn next. July 1st 1897 we have got 5 strangers and 11 Indians with us for the night, the Indians include men and women all in there natural state are squatted round a large fire not more than 30 yards from my door with lumps of mutton in the fire cooking, they all seem quite happy, but strange, the Indians belonging to the settlement don’t associate with their friends, of late there had been several expeditions but always failed to get in touch with the Indians, at last one of our tame boys told Mr Wales he thought he could find them. About the first of August 1897 another expedition went in search of the Indians with the Indian boy as a guide and interpreter. The 2nd day out the boy guide pointed to a place some distance off and said the Indians would be there or thereabouts, the guide having got his instructions started of 168
alone, in due time a large crowd of Indians was seen coming towards their civilised neighbours, when the got a certain distance of the tent the crowd halted, the guide came to the tent to inform Mr Wales and party that the Indians was friendly. Mr Wales and his guide went up to the Indians, the guide being interpreter, the Indians were told that Spring Hill, Rio del Oro and Gentie Grande had agreed to give them all the meat they required on condition that they did not molest their animals in the future, when they required meat 2 or 3 of their number was to come into the nearest settlement when a supply would be sent to them, they would also be protected from the more unscrupulous white men. To the conditions mentioned they readily agreed. With the August mail was a letter from my old friend Mr Sparks asking me to try to get up a subscription on behalf of one of our old acquaintances who had returned to London and was in very straitened circumstances on account of not being able to work, from Spring Hill, Rio del Oro and Gentie Grande I had the pleasure of sending him a cheque for £25 the following mail. September 14. 2 shepherds found a dead Indian in camp with an arrow sticking in his side, most likely the result of a quarrel, October 1st the Indians that gave themselves up in the early part of August came cross to River Side our old friends, the 2 lots of Indians met in deadly combat, the strangers left 4 dead on the field of battle while several others were wounded. Shortly after this affair the River Side Indians told us the others were stealing sheep, knowing that the 2 lots were not on friendly terms I thought it best to act with caution till I heard what the other lot had to say, the result was the one lot blamed the other, about a week after one of the shepherds came on a place where sheep had been killed and the skins buried. The River Side Indians being told of the discovery, one of the Indians volunteered to show us a place where a lot of sheepskins was buried and took one of the shepherds to the place, not far from his own house, from the same source we were informed at Rio del Oro the Philips Bay Indians was killing plenty of sheep. A lot of men was sent to search the camp, the search party soon revealed a very unexpected state of affairs, the Indians being told about the number of sheep skins being found buried in the camp denied all knowledge, they were reminded of their promise and warned what the result would be if they misbehaved in future. 10 November 1897. Commenced lamb marking, by this time lamb marking was rather an interesting affair, as a rile we generally made a start on the Monday weather permitting, there was two bullock carts which took our tents, sheep nets and provisions - the most of the camp was rather scarce of water for domestic purposes so that commodity had to be taken in barrels, also a supply of firewood. Perhaps 8 or 10 men on horseback, mostly shepherds with a number of dogs, while the tents and nets were being put in order the shepherds would be bringing in a lot of sheep, ready to start at once, one man was told off as cook, those in charge had a small tent to themselves, coffee was mostly ready for us at daylight, it mostly fell to my lot to see all the men afoot, when the cook called out coffee it was time for me to bestir myself, when I passed the word coffee along for the 2 time those that were not afoot could be heard muttering, theres that old Divel again. If the men was not ready, with a whip I made for the offenders, this meant they had to dress in the open at the expense of a good laugh from the others, of course care had to be taken not to carry the joke too far. Though we had long hours and small comforts all seemed to enjoy it, when the season came round the shepherds were very good at reminding me when they thought it ought to be their turn lamb marking, from Monday till Saturday afternoon two of us marked 11,326 which is only two short of 1870 per day, in 1897 we marked 16450 in all. On Sunday 15 a Scotch minister held services in Mr Wales house, that was the second sermon I had heard preached in twenty years. In the meantime the Philips Bay Indians were showing no respect for there promises made in the month of August, instead of coming into the settlements for meat they were killing whatever suited themselves, burying the skins - another expedition went out to call them in question, about the 19 November the expedition returned with about 40 prisoners including men women and children, the men were disarmed and handcuffed in pairs, the women and children had no additional 169
inconvenience, at nights they were lodged in a large iron shed, only the men were put in irons but got their freedom first thing in the morning, a man stood by them during the day with a loaded rifle, they were prisoners from the 19 November to January 13 when they were shipped to the mission station on Dawson Island, not any of them attempted to escape during there imprisonment. I had several opportunities of noticing some of the habits and peculiarities, only two of the latter have I any notes of, the first the belief in their medicine men, on the occasion the patient was a young woman or squaw, she was brought outside and stretched on the green, next came the doctor who happened to be both deaf and dumb, he placed himself straight legs over her, from the loins to the crown of the head he felt her all over minutely and gently returning to his starting poi the commenced the same operation but gradually wrought himself into the most excitable state imaginable between pushing and twisting the groans of the patient was more like ending in serious catastrophe than expecting a cure, even the patients head got more of the treatment than I would have cared for, eventually the doctors two hands came together with considerable force, to appearance he had become so rigid that he had great difficulty in gaining an upright position, his two hands being still closed as if holding on to something in desperation, after effecting a few twists he commenced to blow on his hands which gradually opened, with a bound he was clear of the patient. The last performance was to blow disease or pain clear of the patient, he next squatted on the ground as if fairly exhausted. The patient was lifted and carried into the shed, next morning she was all right, whether the cure was effected through science or faith you can judge for yourselves. One morning a squaw with a baby came into a shed where we had some barrels of hot lime, she seated herself beside an opened barrel, laid the baby cross her knees, the only covering it had was a small bandage round its eyes, after undoing the bandages she wet her fingers in her mouth dipped them into the hot lime commenced rubbing the childs face and body with this simple ointment. I remonstrated with her and explained as well as I could that she was likely to injure the child but she considered herself the best judge as mothers often do, she continued the rubbing or rather painting process to her own satisfaction then bandaged up the childs eyes and joined her comrades, it being a male child the rubbing or painting was to make him a brave warrior when he grew to manhood, it was the custom with their children male or female to keep a bandage round the eyes for a certain period, this custom was supposed to improve the sight, that these Indians had exceptional sight is beyond doubt - whether it was the blindfolding of the children or the practice of observation from childhood that deserves the credit of this most useful gift I cannot say. About the first march 1898 John McQueen one of the shepherds left for Punta Arenas to meet his lady love who was due there from Scotland. I had promised to accompany him on this special occasion but could not get away till the morning of the 4, got to Rio del Oro the first night, second night reached Gentie Grande, got to Porvenir on the night of the 6. As the boat I intended to cross the straits on had not arrived I passed the night with an old friend from the Falklands. That night some government officials arrived with the remains of two men that had been killed by Indians, one of the bodies had been pierced 25 times by arrows, the Indians around that part is one of the worst lots on the island, that part of the island is thickly wooded and it is no easy task to get between them and their cover, at that time there was no end of trouble with them and the new settlers. March 7 the boat arrived, I went aboard in the afternoon, reached Punta arenas the same night, the distance across being somewhere about 20 miles. McQueen did not arrive till the 10, about noon on the 11 the mail arrived with his lady love aboard, she was taken to the hotel I was staying at and given in charge of the landlady, as I was the only one of the 3 that knew a little Spanish it fell to my lot to carry out the arrangements for the coming event, while doing this a few came to the conclusion that my bachelor days were near on end, even our landlady was under the impression up to the last moment. On the evening of the 13 a government official arrived at the hotel with a considerable quantity of books and papers to give the young couple their matrimonial license according to Chilean custom, it was now time for me to take a back seat, by chance I met an old comrade of mine named Daily, he was an expert penman and well up in Spanish, I asked him to be one of our guests and 170
promoted him to the post of interpreter, but his duties did not end there for the official was so slow with the pen that the books and papers were handed over to Daily to fill up, the official was quick enough in letting us know that his fee was 3 soverings. After the ceremony the select party did ample justice to a well filled board, the only females present was the good wife, the landlady and her servant girl, during that evening David McCall did not spare his violin accompanied with Scotch songs, we all spent a most enjoyable evening. March 15 got the young couple aboard a steamer bound for Tierra del Fuego. On the 19 I crossed the Magellan Straits on the Antonia Deiz, arrived at Spring Hill in the afternoon of the 23. In the month of May a party of Indians came into the settlement, to settle some disputes in regard to their size it was decided to take some measurements, to such procedures they seemed rather dubious, at last one consented whose height was 5x8, chest 40, arm above elbow 14, calf of leg 14, we had another who was 5x10, as he would not submit chest measurement we saw it was no use to insist, there may be some of the Onas or foot Indians on Terra del Fuego that is over 6 feet but they are few and far between, it should be born in mind that the canoe Indians of that part is of a more diminutive size. June 1898, June being one of the winter months in that part of the world, the farm work being well in hand and being near the end of my agreement I decided on having another look at Auld Scotlands Heathery Hills. Mr Wales had to go up to Chile on business, for the sake of the company it was arranged that we would go to Punta Arenas together, but he could not leave till he got his mail from England which was due on the 7, the 7 came and no mail, the 8 past with the same result, for fear he would miss the boat for Valpariso I agreed to wait the arrival of his letters and follow him up, so he left early on the 9, later in the evening the mail arrived. On the morning of the 10, about 6 o’clock I started with 2 good horses, the custom in South America when on a long journey or a journey of importance is to change horses every 2 hours, it was one of those frosty mornings like what we have at times in Scotland, it had been freezing hard for several nights, the ground was like iron, the horses in that part not being shod my progress was but slow, it was only when on or near the beach I could go faster than a walk, my feet got so cold several times I had to dismount and walk. On reaching Rio del Oro I found they had a fresh horse ready for me, after a hurried refreshment I continued on my journey, I got to Gentie Grande about midnight when I had the pleasure of handing Mr Wales his mailbag before retiring for the night. The following day we rode to Porvenir to find we were 2 days ahead of the boat that was to carry us across to Punta Arenas, after about 2 more days in Punta Arenas Mr Wales embarked for Valapariso. The next time we met was a few years later when he paid his first visit to Dalry. From about the 12 or 13 June I remained in Punta Arenas till July the 10 when I went aboard the Oropesa bound for Liverpool.
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