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1

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2

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4

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5

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6

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7

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8

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9

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10

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11

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12

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13

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14

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15

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16

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w,f/ tpmiwf? a&iwf? tiwfab; qku
d af eygw,f/
vlawG ypfxm;wJh xrif;vk;H awG? tnpf taMu;
awG? wHawG;? ovdyf? ESyfpwmawGudk &SmazGNyD; pm;
aomuf touf&Sifae&ygw,f/
xrif;aphav; wpfvkH;? a&uav; wpfayguf
avmuf &zkçYd pm;&zkt
Yd a&; tajy;tvTm; tvk t,uf
&SmMu&ygw,f/ pm;&jyefawmhvnf;b,frmS 0yghrvJyed f
csK;H ajcmufuyf ndK§ ;EGr;f Ny;D tlwMuKwf MuKwef q
YJ mavmif
ae&wm NydwåmawG&JU'ku©yg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

17

wapä o&J xifMu
tcsKd UNyw
d må awGu ukov
dk af umif;rI vkcd siv
f Ydk jzpf
ap? pm;csiaf omufcsiv
f jYdk zpfap rdr&d UJ aqGrsKd ; nDtpfudk
armifErS ? rdbom;csi;f rsm;ukd uk,
d x
f if&mS ;jy&ifawGUjrif
&wJholawGu wapäo&JqkdNyD; aMumufvefYMuw,f/
qkd;&Gm;wJh ykHyef;o@mefawG? aMumufvefYp&m
toGiaf wGeaYJ wGUjrifMu&wm[molw&Ydk UJ b0ay;'kua© wG
yg/ tukov
dk u
f aH wGaMumihf &&Scd pH m;ae&wJ'h u
k a© wGyg/

bkef;BuD;ao wapätEkdifEkdif
a&S;q&mawmfBuD;rsm;u 0denf;odu©myk'f rav;
pm;wJ&h [ef;awG?ayghw;D ayghqomoemrSmaeMuwJ&h [ef;
awGudk qk;H rwJt
h cg ]]uk,
d af wmfwYdk owdxm; Mu? ]bke;f
Bu;D ao&if wapätEkid Ef idk }f jzpfvrd rhf ,f}}vkq
Yd ;Hk rygw,f/
wapäb0Nyw
d må b0qkw
d mtyg,fav;bkrH mS awmh
uHtaumif;qkH;? toufomqkH;vkdY ajym&rSmyg/ olu
trQa0vkYd om"kac:&if uRwEf idk v
f w
G Ef idk yf gao;w,f/

18

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

ukov
dk af umif;rIaMumihf &ufyidk ;f vykid ;f twGi;f rSm
uRwv
f w
G cf iG hf &SEd idk yf gw,f/ i&J?wd&pämefwv
Ydk o
Ydk ufwrf;
rNrJygbl;/ urÇmeJYcsDNyD; oufwrf; &SnfwJh NydwåmawG&Sd
ovkd tcsed w
f w
dk ekd YJ uRwv
f w
G Ef idk w
f m vnf; &Sv
d Ydk awmf
ao;w,fvkdY ajym&r,faygh/
0deyd gwdu tol&mwk[
Yd mvnf; uHtm;avsmf pGm
jzpfvmMuwmrkdY oufwrf;rNrJygbl;/ wcsdKUu 7-&uf?
wcsKd Uu 15-&uf? wpfv? ESpv
f uae vlwYdk &JU tm,k
uyfvkH; 'ku©cH&wmawG &Sdw,faemf/
v,f rxGefEkdif? EGm; rausmif;Ekdif? a&TaiGjzifh
ta&mif;t0,fvnf;rvkyEf idk Mf uvkt
Yd pm;taomufu
tp 'kua© &mufMuygw,f/ pm;zG,f aomufz,
G af wGukd
rsupf ad &SUrSmjrifawGUae&ayr,ft
h em;a&mufaeayr,fh
rpm;raomufEkdifMuygbl;/
wpfcgwav uav;oli,fawG? vlrrmawG udk
yl;uyfNyD;awmh ajcmufveS NYf y;D awmh wifpm yçpm &SmMuH
pm;Mu&wmyg/ tJ'gvnf; tifrwef pGrf;EkdifrS yg/
awmf½kH avmufeJYawmh r&ygbl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

19

tJ'Dvkd i&J wd&pämef Nydwåm tol&um,fawG
&JU'kua© wG[maMumufp&maumif;avmufatmifuq
dk if;&JJ
Mu&ygw,f/
rodrjrifMu? rawG;rdMuvkdYom raMumufvefY
Muwmyg/odjrifMuwJo
h al wGuawmhoyd u
f adk MumufvefY
MuvkYd tyg,fb0 ra&mufcsiMf uyg/ tyg,f ab;'ku©
awGu vGwcf siMf uygw,f/ vGwaf tmifvnf;wwfEidk f
orQ BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMu&rSmyg/

tyg,f'ku© vGwfatmif
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf tyg,fav;bko
H nf 'ku© bk?H
tNrw
J rf; qif;&J'u
k c© aH e&wJah e&m'gaMumift
h odÓPf
&SdwJholrSef&if b,folrS tJ'Dae&mudk ra&mufcsifbl;/
a&mufoGm;rSm aMumufMuw,f/
bk&m;&Sdckd;wkdif; tyg,fav;yg;? uyfokH;yg;? &yf
jypf&Spfyg;rS vGwfajrmuf&ygvkd\? tyg,fab;rS uif;
a0;&ygvk\
d /? qif;&JEiS fh i&JrS uif;a0;Mu&yg vk\
d vdYk
wzGzq
G ak wmif;Muwmayghtyg,fusrmS aMumufvaYdk v/

20

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

bk e f ; BuD ; ud k wpf c gwk e f ; u a,m*D ' umBuD ;
wpfa,muf avQmufz;l w,f/ ]]t&Sib
f &k m;?wynhaf wmf
awmh w&m;tm;xkwaf ewm edAmÁ efr&ao;&ifaeygap?
tyg,frus&ifawmfygNyv
D t
Ydk m;xkwaf ewmygbk&m;}}wJ?h
tyg,fab;u uif;a0;aMumif; w&m;rsm;rsm;a[may;
yg bk&m;}}wJh? olu avQmuf xm;w,f/
bkef;BuD;vnf; 'gukd tNrJwrf; rSwfrdaew,f'g
aMumihf a,m*DawGudk 'DaeY tyg,fwHcg; ydwf xm;wJh
enf;vrf;? tyg,frusatmif ½IyGm;tm;xkwf wJhenf;
vrf;awGudk a[may;rvkyYd g/ em½keH aYJ wmhr&bl;/usiBfh uH
tm;xkwfrS &rSmaemf/
{ tukokdvfu tyg,fcs
'ku© qif;&Jonf/
raumif;usdK; qif;&JrSeforQudk jzpfapwJh
taMumif;w&m;[m tukokdvfyg/ tukodkvfaMumifh
tyg,fab;oifh&w,f/ qif;&J'ku©awGjzpf&ygw,f/
i&J? wd&pämef? Nyw
d må ? tol&um,fac:wJh tyg,f
av;bkHudka&mufoGm;MuwJholawG[m olwkdYjyK xm;wJh

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

21

tukov
dk u
f ykv
Yd u
dk w
f myg/ 'kua© wGudk b,f olu zef
wD;xm;ovJqkd&ifvnf; olwkdY&JUtukokdvfu zefwD;
xm;wmvkdY ajym&ygr,f/

tusOf;axmif b,folaqmuf
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf vlaY bmif vlaY vmurSm &mZ0wfrI usL;vGew
f o
hJ al wG? qk;d oGr;f rku
d ½f idk ;f wJo
h l awGukd
csKyaf ESmifzrf;qD; xde;f odr;f xm;wJh tusO;f axmifawG&dS
w,f/ 'DtusO;f axmifawG b,foal qmufovJ/tpk;d &
awGu aqmufwmr[kwfygbl;/ tusOf;om;awG
aqmufwmvkdYajymrS rSefygvdrfhr,f/
tusO;f om; &mZ0wfom;qkw
d m r&S&d if tusO;f
axmif rvkyd gbl;/ tusO;f om;? &mZ0wfom; awG &Sad e
vkYd tpk;d &awGu tusO;f axmif aqmuf& wmyg/olwYdk
&UJjypfrIawGqdk;rIawGu olwkdYukd tusOf;axmifxJ
a&mufatmif ac:oGm;wmyg/ tusO;f axmifxyJ v
Ykd u
dk f
wmyg/

22

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tJ'v
D ykd gyJ/ tukov
kd f 'kp½ku
d u
f aH wGuraumif;
rIawG jyKxm;wJholawGukd i&JjynfydkYNyD; i&J'ku©awG cH
ckid ;f ygw,f/ wd&pämefb0ukd a&mufapyg w,f/iwfrw
G f
wJh Nyw
d må tjzpfudk &apygw,f/ tyg,f'u
k r© eS o
f rQ[m
tukokdvfaMumihfyg/
tyg,fav;bku
H dk b,fwefc;dk &Siu
f rSzefqif;wm
r[kwfygbl;/ wefcdk;&SifawGu tyg,fusatmif rykdY
Ekid yf gbl;/ tyg,fuvGwaf jrmufatmifru,fwifEidk yf g
bl;/
rdrjd yKxm;wJh aumif;uH raumif;uHuom pk;d rk;d
cs,fvS,fygw,f/

tukokdvf[m aMumufp&m
tukov
dk [
f maMumufp&mtvGeaf umif;ygw,f/
tusdK;ay;csdefus&ifb,folYrsufESmrSraxmuf? &uf
&ufpufpufukd 'kua© y;ygw,f/ rodwek ;f ujyKrw
d myg/
em;rvnfpOfu rSm;rdwmyg/ ck aMumufyg w,f? vefyY g
w,fvYkd awmif;yefvnf; r&? a&SmifvJT vkv
Yd nf; r&yg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

23

rkqkd;BuD; rdvu
oD[Vdk af cwf oD&v
d uFmrSm omoemtvGew
f &m
xGef;um;pOfu awmxJawmifxJ vSnfhvnf NyD; om;
aumifawG owfjzwfa&mif;cs toufarG; wJh rkq;dk Bu;D
rdvuqkdwm &Sdw,f/
enf;rsKd ;pkeH YJ wd&pämefawG? om;aumifawGudk owf
jzwfw,f/ &ufpufw,f/ tukokdvfrSeforQ bmrS
ra&Smifbl;/ bmudkrS *½krpkdufbl;/
wpfaeYusawmh awmvSn&hf if; rsuaf phvnfvrf;
rSm; tpma&pmjywfvYdk 'kua© &muf? awm&ausmif;av;
wpfausmif;ukd a&mufomG ;owJ/h qmqmeJY a&aomuf
r,fvkdY aomufa&tkd;xJua&cyfvkdufwma&wpfpuf
rS r&Sdbl;wJh/
a&tk;d xJ a& rjznhx
f m;&aumif;vm;vkYd awm&
ausmif;rSm oDwif;okH;wJh t&Sifjrwfudkawmif olu
Budrf;armif;jypfwifw,f/

24

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

a&awG b,fa&mufukef
t&Sifjrwfu a&r&Sdbl;vkdY ajymqkdoHMum;awmh
pOf;pm;w,f/ olu,
dk w
f idk f a&tk;d tjynhf a&awG xnhf
xm;wm b,fa&mufuek o
f vJvYdk w&m;ESv;Hk oGi;f &mu
xvm...a&tk;d zGiMhfunfv
h u
dk af wmha&utjynf&h w
dS ,f/
uk,
d w
f idk cf yfay;rS rkq;dk Bu;D rdvu a&aomuf Ekid f
w,f/ rkqkd;BuD;&JU tukokdvfawGu odyftm; aumif;
vmvkdY tukokdvfaMumifh a&awG aysmufukefwm/
rjzpfEidk b
f ;l vkYd y&dowf rxife/YJ ysupf ;D csed f a&muf
&ifoed ;f aygif;rsm;pGmwefwyhJ pön;f OpömawGawmifaysmuf
ysufEkdifao;&if qkH;½IH;Ekdifao;&if a& tkd;xJu a&awG
aysmufuG,fukefwm thHMop&m r[kwfygbl;/
ukov
kd u
f u
H ay;vm&if tvG,w
f uleYJ csr;f om
<u,f0Ekdifovkd tukokdvfuESdyfpufvm&ifvnf;
'kua© wGu rzdwaf c:bJeu
YJ dk qufwu
dk v
f mawmh w,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

25

oHa0*jzpfvmNyD
awmausmif;aewJh t&Sifjrwfu rdvuukd
owday;w,f]'g,um'Dwidk ;f qk&d ifoifrh mS tukov
dk u
f H
awG odyfrsm;aeNyD/ ao&ifawmh tyg,fi&J usdef;ao
a&mufawmhr,f/ owdoHa0* &zkdY aumif;NyD}}vkdY owd
ay;rS rdvu aMumufvmw,f/
]]t&Sifbk&m;...u,fawmfrlyg/ wynfhawmf
aemifw&ygNyD/ tukokdvfawG aMumufygNyD}}qkdvdkY
t&Sifjrwfu olYukd omraP 0wfay;w,f/ w&m;
tm;xkwfckdif;w,f/
rdvu BudK;pm;tm;xkwfayr,fh raumif;wJh
tm½kHawG? owfcJhjzwfcJh n§if;qJcJhwmawGyJ jyef-jyef
jrifaevdkY tm;xkwfvkdYr&bl;/
pdwfxifwkdif; raygufawmh pdwfysufNyD; vljyef
xGufr,fvkdY BuHwJhtcg t&Sifjrwfu a&ozef;om;
tpkad wG ykNH y;D rD;½IcYd idk ;f w,f/ xif;awGu a&pkad eawmh
rD;ravmifEkdifbl;/ BudK;pm;½IdUvnf; ravmifbl;/

26

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tJ't
D csed rf S t&Sijf rwfu i&Jjynfu rD;yGm; av;
wpfck wefckd;eJY,lNyD; xif;ykHBuD;xJ xnfhjyw,f/ csuf
csif; avmifuRrf;vkdY jymykHBuD; jzpfoGm;w,f/ rdvu
vnf; tJ'aD wmhrS i&Jr;D b,favmuf ylw,f qkw
d mukd
odoGm;w,f/
]rdvu? oif&h UJ tukov
kd u
f aH wG aysmufysuw
f hJ
txd w&m;&atmif tm;rxkwb
f ;l qk&d if 'Dvdk yljyif;wJh
i&Jr;D awG tavmifc&H r,f/ tcGio
hf mwke;f BuKd ;pm;tm;
xkw}f }vdYk qk;H rawmhrS rdvu oHa0*jzpf Ny;D tm;xkwf
wm w&m;&oGm;ygw,f/
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf i&JrD;b,favmufylw,f/
i&J'u
k © b,favmufBu;D w,fqw
dk m owdxm;yg/ wwf
Ekid o
f rQ tyg,fab;uvGwaf tmif tm;xkwyf g/ tukodkvf'kp½kdufawGukd a&SmifMuOfyg/

tyg,fcswJh tukokdvfawG
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowftyg,fusatmifi&Ja&muf
atmif qif;&J'u
k a© wGujkd zpfapwJh tukov
dk f awGuo
dk d

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

27

xm;&ygr,f/ ukd,feJY jyKwJh raumif;uH? EIwfeJYajymwJh
raumif;uH? pdwu
f Buw
H hJ raumif;uH awG[m tyg,f
i&Ja&mufaMumif;awGygyJ/
olwpfyg;toufudk owfjzwfjcif;?olwpfyg;Opöm
ukd vdrfnmvSnfhjzm; ckd;,ljcif;? olwpfyg;wkdY&JU om;
r,m;ukd jypfrSm;jcif;qkdwJh tukokdvfum,uH okH;yg;
aMumifh owå0gawGtyg,fi&Ja&muf&ygw,f/
r[kwrf rSef vdrn
f m0g<um; ajymqkjd cif;? cspcf ifae
J mG ;atmif uke;f acsm
wJo
h al wG arwåmysujf ym;aoG;uGo
pum;ajymqkdjcif;?Murf;wrf;½kdif;pkdif;pGmqJa&;wkdif;xGm
ajymqkjd cif;? tusKd ;r&Sw
d hJ twif;tzsi;f pum;awG ajym
qkdjcif;qkdwJh tukokdvf0pDuHav;yg; aMumifh owå0g
awG tyg,fi&J a&mufygw,f/
olwpfyg;&JU csrf;omrIukd remvkdjcif;? pdwfqkd;
a'gotrsux
f u
G jf cif;? rSm;,Gi;f wJh rdpmä t,l0g'awGukd
vufcHusifhokH;jcif;qkdwJhtukokdvfraemuHokH;yg;
aMumihf owå0gawG tyg,fi&Jqif;&JokdY a&muf Muyg
w,f/

28

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

'Dtukov
dk u
f aH wGaMumifh tyg,fi&Juadk &mufMu
wmrkdY tyg,fab;u vGwfajrmufcsif&if raumif;rI
'kp½kduftukokdvfawGukd a&Smif&Sm;zkdYvkdygvdrfhr,f/
tJ't
D ukov
dk af wGom r&Sb
d ;l qk&d ifawmhuscsiyf g
w,fq&dk ifawmifrS b,forl S tyg,fusatmif rydEYk idk yf g
bl;/
{ arhavsmhaeu tyg,fus
'ku© qif;&Jrnf/
]]yrwåó pwåma&m tyg,m oua*[o'dom}}wJh/
arharhavsmah vsmh ayghayghqq aeolawG&UJ tNrJ
wrf;ae&r,fh tdr&f m[m tyg,fav;bkyH g/arhavsmo
h l
&JUtdrfa*[monf tyg,fav;bkHaemf/

ukokdvfjyK&rSm arhaeMu
rsm;aomtm;jzihf vlawG[m pm;0wfaea&;? vlrI
a&;awGaMumihf ukov
dk jf yK&rSmudk arhaeMuygw,f/om;
a&;orD;a&;? pD;yGm;a&;awGeJY wpfaeY wpfaeY vkH;csm
vkdufNyD; arhaeMuw,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

29

wpfaeYaevdYk wpfcg bk&m;&Scd ;dk zkaYd wmif tEkid Ef idk /f
wpfaeYaevdYk wpfcg w&m;rSwzf aYdk wmif tEkid Ef idk /f bk&m;
arh? w&m;arh jzpfaeMuykrH sm; ...[kwv
f m;/vuf&b
dS 0
ta&;uko
d m awG;aeMuwmrkYd oHo&ma&; ukov
dk af &;
ukd aemufxm;NyD; arhxm;Mu w,faemf/
pD;yGm;Opöm tqifajywJo
h al wGuvnf;csr;f om
aMumihf arh? tqifrajyolawGuvnf; &SmaeazGae½ke;f
uefae&vkdY arh... owdukd r&Mubl;/

odMum;rif;BuD;vnf; arh
wpfcgwke;f u Ak'j¨ rwfpmG om0w¬jd ynf aZw0ef
ausmif;wku
d rf mS oDwif;ok;H aewJt
h csed .f ..wm0wðomu
odMum;rif;Bu;D a&;Bu;D okwyf smeJY a&mufvmNy;D jrwfpmG
bk&m;udk ar;avQmufygw,f/ qif;&Juif;a0; csr;f om
a&;w&m;awGaygh/
jrwfpGmbk&m;u tusdK;taMumif;eJY ususee
&Sif;jya[mMum;wmukd em,lNyD; ]]oabmaygufygNyD
bk&m;? aumif;vSygw,fbk&m;}}qkdNyD; jyefoGm;w,f/

30

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

t&Sirf [marm*¾vmefuodMum;rif;Bu;D awmhrarh
ravsmh w&m;awG usiahf eawmhrmS yJvYdk pOf;pm;Ny;D tajc
taeod&atmif wm0wðomukd vkdufoGm; w,f/
odMum;rif;u [kdrSm olYtvkyfeJYol ½IyfaeNyD;
t&Siaf rm*¾vmefu ]]jrwfpmG bk&m;xHu b,fw&m;awG
rsm; emcJhygovJ}}vkdY ar;awmh rajzEkdifbl;/ ]]t&Sif
bk&m;? wynfah wmfarhomG ;ygNyb
D &k m;}}wJ?h [kwv
f m;...?
odMum;rif;vnf; w&m;arhw,f/
bke;f Bu;D wkYd a,m*DawGvnf; tvkyaf wGu tif
rwefrsm;? tifrwef½IyfMuvkdY odMum;rif;vkdyJ w&m;
em..emNyD; arharhoGm;w,faemf/

'ge? oDv? bm0em rarheJY
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf ukov
dk w
f &m;[m rarh&r,hf
w&m;yg/ tNrJwrf; owd&ae&r,hf w&m;yg/ tyg,f
ab;u vGwfcsif&if 'ge? oDv? bm0em w&m;awG
udk rarhravsmh BudK;pm;tm;xkwfae&rSm yg/
tukov
dk u
f arhxm;&r,hw
f &m;yg/ tukov
dk jf yK
zkdY arhaeav aumif;avyg/ jyKNyD;wJh? jzpfNyD;wJh tuk-

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

31

okdvfawGukdvnf; jyefrpOf;pm;bJ aeEkdifavav? arh
xm;Ekdifavav aumif;avavyg/
wpfcgu q&m0efrav;wpfa,muf w&m;0if
w,f/ taotcsm BuKd ;pm;tm;xkww
f ,f/ aemufawmh
olu avQmufxm;w,f/ ]]t&Sifbk&m;? wynfah wmfrmS
tm½kHwpfck pGJaerdygw,fbk&m;}}wJh/
olaq;ausmif;olb0wke;f uzm;av;wpfaumif
ukd rowfcsib
f J owfvu
dk &f w,f/ tckEpS af ygif;rsm;pGm
MumwJt
h xd tJ't
D m½ku
H raysmuf bl;/jyefpOf;pm;vku
d f
wmeJY jyefay:vmw,f/ tJ't
D m½keH o
YJ mao&r,fq&dk if
taoaumif;rSm r[kwf bl;/ tyg,fusrmS ukd aMumuf
aew,f/ b,fvkdvkyf &rSmvJvdkY olu avQmufw,f/

tukokdvfukd arhxm;
bke;f Bu;D taeeJY olu
Y dk ukov
dk w
f &m; tNrw
J rf; xkH
rTr;f xm;zkyYd J vrf;ñTeEf idk yf gw,f/ owfcsiw
f hJ apwem?
aoapcsiw
f hJ apwem ryg&if ygPmwdygwrajrmufyg
bl;/ aooGm;aomfvnf;yJ tjypfr&Sdygbl;/

32

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

rjzpfrae rvkyrf jzpfvq
Y d k ad k wmh tjypfjzpf&ifawmif
odyfrBuD;bl;vkdY olYukd ajym&ygw,f/
vlemaygif;rsm;pGm&JU toufudk u,fxm;wJh
ukov
dk af wG? vSL'gef;ay;urf;xm;wJh 'geukov
dk f awG?
aqmufwnfxm;wJh oDvukodkvfawG? BudK;pm; tm;
xkwx
f m;wJh bm0emukov
dk af wGukd ESv;Hk oGi;f Ny;D tukokdvftawG;awG r0ifatmif wm;qD;yg/ tukokdvf
tenf;i,f&adS omfvnf;ukov
dk u
f t
dk m½kjH yKNy;D b0ajymif;
&if tyg,frusygbl;vkdY bkef;BuD; ajzvkdufygw,f/
tukokdvfukd ukokdvfeJY zdESdyfxm;Ekdifygw,f/
ukov
dk pf w
d af wGtjzpfrsm;ae&iftukov
dk af wGr0ifEidk f
yg/ xkdYtwlygyJ/ tukokdvfawG tjyKrsm;ae&if awmh
ukov
dk af wGudk arhomG ;ygr,f/ ukov
dk af rh&if? arhavsmh
ayghqNy;D ae&if arhaeol&UJ tdr[
f m tyg,f av;bkyH g/

ewforD;awG arhvkdYao
[kdwkef;u jrwfpGmbk&m; oufawmf xif&Sm;&Sd
pOfwek ;f uwm0wðomrSmokjA[®ewfom;ewforD;ig;&m

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

33

eJY ewfpnf;pdrf ewfcsrf;omawGudk cHpm;pHpm; NyD; ae
w,f/ ewfwaYdk ysmpf &H m eE´0efO,smOfBu;D xJrmS aysmyf g;
aeMuw,f/
eE´0efO,smOfqw
dk mtvGeaf ysmpf &maumif;wJah e&m/
aocgeD; ewfom; ewforD;awG ewfoufa<ucgeD;
pdwq
f if;&Ju,
dk q
f if;&J jzpfaeMu&ifeE´0efO,smOfxaJ c:
oGm;? aozkaYd wmif arhomG ;Muw,f/ tJ'aD vmufawmif
pdwfESvkH;ukd qGJaqmifrItm;aumif;wJh ae&myg/
O,smOfBu;D xJrmS tcsKd UewforD;awGuopfyifay:
wuf? yef;yGiahf wG cl;cs? tcsKd Uu vSr;f qGwcf sLMu? tcsKd Uu
atmufuaeNyD; yef;yGihfawG aumufwJholu aumuf?
pkwJholu pk? yef;ukH;oDwJholu oDaygh/
tcsKd Uuvnf; oDcsi;f qkad eMuw,ftcsKd Uuvnf;
uckefaeMuw,f/ tcsdKUuvnf; wD;rIwfae Muw,f/
okjA[®ewfom;u ewforD;awGMum;rSm ewfyef;&eHaY wG
½SL½IdufvkdY? ewfoDcsif;awG em;qifvkdY pnf;pdrf,pfrl;NyD;
ZdrfcHaecsdefaygh/

34

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

jAKef;ceJ ewforD;ig;&m aysmufoGm;w,f/ ewf
oufa<uoGm;wm/ pnf;pdraf wGeYJ arhavsmah ewke;f ao
oGm;Muw,f/ taysmt
f yg;awGeu
YJ mr*kPaf wGeaYJ rhao
aooGm;Muwm/

aoNyD;wJhaemuf i&Ja&muf
½kww
f &uf ewforD;awG aysmufomG ;awmh okjA[®
ewfom; pdwful;,OftdyfrufxJu vefYEkd;oGm;w,f/
ta>ct&HawG b,frsm;a&mufoGm;ovJ/ b,fvkd
aysmufoGm;ovJaygh/
ewfjynfrSm &Smvnf; rawGU? vlYjynfrSm Munfh
vnf; rjrif? b,fa&mufukefovJ/ &SmMunfhrS i&Jjynf
a&mufukefwm jrifw,f/ i&Jusaewm awGU&w,f/
bmrS rMumvkdufbl;/ tcsdefykdif;av;? vufzspf
wpfw;D umvav;rSm ewfjynfuae i&JomG ;w,f/ewf
pnf;pdro
f ck awG cHpm;ae&muae i&J'u
k a© wG oGm;cH&
w,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

35

b0ajymif;w,fqkdwm raoao;vkdY Mumw,f
xifaewm/ 'Dbufb0eJY [kb
d ufb0 ul;ajymif;csed q
f dk
wm puúeyYf idk ;f awmif &Sw
d m r[kwb
f ;l / ckao ck a&muf
wmygyJ/
aor,f rxifao;vkYd ewforD;awG aysmaf eMu
w,f/ ao&rSmukd arhNyD; umr*kPfawG cHpm;ae Mu
w,f/ rxifrw
S b
f J aorif;ac:awmh ukov
dk af wGarhNy;D
aoMuwm... ewforD;awG tm;vkH; i&JrSmaemf/

jrwfAk'¨xHoGm;
okjA[®ewfom; oabmaygufoGm;w,f/ ]]'D
twkid ;f omaeoGm;r,fq&d k ifvnf; igvnf; olwv
Y d k rf;pOf
vku
d &f rSmyJ/ ao&if i&Ja&mufrmS yJ/ igvnf;aozkt
Yd csed f
eD;uyfaeNy/D avmurSm tm;uk;d p&m jrwfpmG bk&m;yJ&dS
w,f/ tjrefqkH; jrwfpGmbk&m;xH oGm;rS oifhr,f}}vkdY
pOf;pm;Ny;D Ak'j¨ rwfpmG oDwif;ok;H &m om0w¬jd ynf aZw0ef
ausmif;awmfodkY oGm; ygw,f/
jrwfpGmbk&m;ukd &Sdckd;OD;cs avQmufxm;NyD;awmh
tyg,fi&Jab;u vGw&f mvGwaf Mumif; w&m;"r® awG

36

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

a[mMum;ay;zkYd awmif;yefygw,f/ tcsed rf ½D Hk uav;/
ukokdvfjyKzkdY owd&oGm;vdkY? r[kwf&if 'Dewfom;
aMumufvefYNyD; ao&if usdef;aoi&JusrSm/
jrwfpmG bk&m;u ewfom;ukd tm;ay;ESpo
f rd hf Ny;D
tyg,fwcH g; ydwaf pzkYd w&m;a[mygw,f/usiBfh uyH mG ;
rsm; tm;xkwf&r,hf enf;vrf;awG ay;ygw,f/
ewfom;vnf; w&m;em&if; cE¨mrSm ÓPfoGif;
½Ivkdufawmh w&m;vnf;NyD;qkH;a&m aomwmyef jzpf
oGm;ygNyD/
tyg,fi&Judk ydrYk ,f tukov
dk w
f &m;awGudk y,f
vku
d Nf y;D jzpfvYdk tyg,fusrmS aMumufp&m rvkd awmhyg/
tyg,frusEidk af wmhyg/tyg,fwcH g;ukd taoydwx
f m;
vkdufvkdY tyg,fra&mufawmhygbl;/
{ 'geç oDvç orx
acwårQom u,fEkdifonf/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf tyg,fwcH g; ydww
f ,fqw
dk hJ
ae&mrSm ,m,Dyw
d ef t
YJ Nrx
J m0&ydwv
f EYdk pS rf sKd ;&Syd gw,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

37

vljY ynf? ewfjynf? jA[®mjh ynfukd vuf&adS &mufae
MuwJh owå0gawG[m vuf&t
dS csed rf mS tyg,f av;bkH
uae vGwfuif;aewmrkdY tyg,fvGwfaeMu? tyg,f
wHcg; ydwfaeMuygw,f/ 'g[m ,m,Dydwf aewmyg/

,m,Dydwfqkdwm
,m,Dyw
d q
f w
dk m pdwrf cs&ygbl;/ vljY ynfa&mufae
ol[m vlYjynfuae aoNyD;wmeJY tyg,fi&J wef; NyD;
a&mufEidk w
f ,f/ ewfjynfuae ewfom;ewforD; awG
[mvnf; ckeu ewforD;awGvdk wpfcgwnf; tyg,f
i&J a&mufEkdifygw,f/
psmef,mOfpD;xm;wJh jA[®mBuD;awGuawmh jA[®m
b0uae tyg,fi&Jwef;NyD; roGm;aomfvnf; vlY
jynfewfjynfrSm wpfaxmufem;NyD; a&mufoGm;Ekdifyg
w,f/ pdwfcsvkdY r&ao;ygbl;/
'ge oDv orx ukov
dk af wGaMumifh ok*wdb0
a&mufae&aomfvnf;ukov
dk t
f &Sed u
f ek o
f mG ;&iftyg,f
i&Jab;u rvGwfao;yg/

38

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

olwpfyg;tdrfukd acwåcP tvnfoGm;ol[m
tcsdefwef&if ukd,fhtdrfukd,f jyefa&muf&wJh enf;wl
ukokdvfuHu axmufrvkdufvkdY cHpm;ae& aomfvnf;
tyg,fab;ukd arhxm;vkrYd &yg/ tukov
dk f tusKd ;ay;
csdefus&if tyg,fav;bkHqkdwJhtdrf ukd jyef&rSmyg/

a>rayG; cg;ykduf ykduf
a>rayG; cg;yku
d yf u
dk x
f m;wJo
h [
l m cg;yku
d af xmifxJ
ygvmwJh a>rayG;uku
d v
f Ydk ao&w,faemf/ tyg,frsKd ;aph
&Sad eolonfvnf; uk,
d &hf ifxrJ mS &Sad ewJt
h yg,frsKd ;aphu
tyifxNyD;aygufwJhtcsdef i&Ja&muf rSmygyJ/
ykxZk Ofwidk ;f [m r*fw&m; zkv
d w
f &m;awGukd r&
ao;orQ rodao;orQ tyg,frsKd ;aphu ysupf ;D roGm;
bl;/ b,fomG ;oGm; ygaerSmyJ/ b,fa&mufa&mufvu
kd f
aerSmyJ/ taMumif;nDñw
G &f if tyg,fyifBu;D aygufvm
rSmyJ/
vlb
Y 0uae ewfb0ajymif;vnf;rvGwb
f ;l /ewf
jynfuae vljY ynfjyefvmvnf; rvGwb
f ;l / 'DEidk if u
H ae

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

39

wjcm;Ekid if aH jymif;vnf;rvGwb
f ;l awmifay:wufyek ;f
yke;f ? a&xJqif;yke;f yke;f b,frmS rS rvGwb
f ;l / bmjzpf
vkdYvJ? ukd,feJYruGmygaevkdY/ a>rayG; cg;ykdufykdufajy;wJh
vlvt
kd yg,frsKd ;aphuuk,
d ef x
YJ ufMuyfvu
dk yf gaevkyYd g...
[kwfvm;/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf 'gudk arhaeMuvkYd tyg,fus
wm/ 'gudk oabmraygufxm;vdYk i&Ja&mufMuwmvkYd
rSwfyg/

xm0&ydwfqkdwm
tyg,fwcH g;xm0&ydwo
f mG ;w,fqw
dk mtenf;
qk;H aomwmyefjzpfygrS/ tck okjA[®ewf om; jrwfpmG
bk&m; w&m;awmfukd emMum;w,f/ usihfBuHESvkH;oGif;
w,f/ ½Irw
S t
f m;xkwv
f u
dk v
f Ydk olY rSm aomwmywård *f
qdw
k may:vmNy;D aomwmyefjzpfomG ;&ifyJ tyg,frsKd ;
aph ysufpD;oGm;NyD/
&ifxrJ mS vk;H 0uif;&Si;f oGm;atmifudk r*fu &Si;f
vku
d w
f m... b,fawmhrS tyg,frusawmhb;l / b,f
a&mufa&mufb,faeae tyg,frusawmhbl;/

40

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tyg,fusapEkid w
f hJ tukov
dk w
f &m;awGv;Hk 0&Si;f
oGm;vdkY aomwmyefjzpfrS tyg,fwHcg;ukd taoydwf
xm;olvkdY ajym&ygr,f/
'gaMumifh 'geukov
dk ef w
YJ if auseyfraeygeJo
Y v
D
ukokdvfeJYwiftm;&raeygeJYbk&m;&Sdckd;?ykwD;pdyf..
arwåmyk½Yd eHk w
YJ if wif;wdraf &mih&f J raeygeJ/Y 0dyóemyGm;
rsm;NyD; r*fÓPf zkdvfÓPf &rS pdwfat;&rSmyg/

w&m;*kPfawmfwpfyg;
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf Ak'¨a[mMum;wJh jrwfw&m;
*kPfawmf ajcmufyg;xJu ]]Moyae,sdu}}qkdwJh *kPf
awmfukd MunfndKMunfh&atmif/
]]"ar®
h ufav;csuf
"ar®m= aomwmywåd ponfqifw
um= rdrdpdwf wGif
tjym; r*fw&m;onf? Moyae,sdaum
wpfBurd jf rifu av;cGit
f yg,f 0#fr;D uG,o
f jzihf uk,
d f
0,f0wfaESmif qHO;D aoQmifwYdk rD;avmifaomf jim; rNird ;f
tm;bJ Bu;D rm;avmifr;D 'kuB© u;D wkYd tNy;D {uef Nird ;f &m
rSeo
f nfh edAmÁ eftvdiYk mS usiBfh uaH wmfrl xku
d yf gay\}}wJ/h

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

41

rdrdpdwfxJ ESvkH;xJrSm wpfBudrfwpfcg jrifvkduf
½keH YJ tyg,fr;D Nird ;f oGm;atmif Nird§ ;f owfay;Ekid w
f monf
w&m;wnf;[laom a&pifa&aumif;? 0#f'u
k 0© #fqif;&J
taygif;uaevGwaf jrmufomG ;apwm"r®prG ;f &nfw&m;
owådxl;yg/
tusKd ;wpfyg; tJ'aD vmuf Bu;D rm;wmrkYd rdru
d ,
dk f
rSm 0wfxm;wJt
h 0wftpm;awGr;D avmifaeaomfvnf;
rNidrf;owfeJYOD;? w&m;ukd t&if &atmif usifh/
rdrd&JUOD;acgif;rSm tvQHwajymifajymifeJY rD;awG
awmufavmifaeaomfvnf; acgif;rD;avmifaeaomf
vnf; t&ifrNi§drf;eJY/ tJ'gxufudk ta&;BuD;wJh
w&m;&zkdYudk BudK;pm;&r,f-wJhaemf/
uk,
d rf mS 0wfxm;wJh t0wftpm;awG avmifwhJ
rD;? OD;acgif;udk pGJavmifaewJh rD;awGxuf tifrwef
Bu;D rm;qk;d &Gm;wJh tyg,fr;D ? 0#fqif;&Jr;D awGNird ;f atmif
usihfBuH&ygr,f/ tm;xkwf&ygr,f/ [kwfvm;/

42

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

r*f&,f zkv
d &f ,f edAmÁ ef&,f
r*fç zkdvfç edAÁmefvkdY Ak'¨bmom0ifawG tvG,f
wulac:a0:ok;H pGMJ uayr,fAh 'k t
¨ bd"r®mravhvmxm;
olrsm; r*f&,f? zkdvf&,f? edAÁmef&,fvkdY aocsmuseuGJ
jym;atmif rodMuyg/
0dyóem ÓPfpOfawGwuf? todÓPfawG &ifh
oefvmwJt
h csed rf mS ay:vmwJt
h odx;l ?tjrifx;l ukrd *f
ÓPfvYdk ac:ygw,f/ omref ykxZk OfawG rjrifEidk f rod
Ekid b
f J t&d,mrsm;om odjrifMuwJh r*fÓPf[m o½kyf
tm;jzihf av;yg; &Sdygw,f/
1/ aomwmywådr*fÓPf
2/ ou'g*grdr*fÓPf
3/ tem*grdr*fÓPf
4/ t&[wår*fÓPf-vkdY av;rsdK;av;pm; &Sd
ygw,f/
aomwmywård *fÓPfqw
dk medAmÁ efwnf;[laom
a&t,mOfoYkd tOD;qk;H tpqk;H pD;0ifomG ;wJÓ
h Pftjrif?
yxrqkH; edAÁmefukd jrifvkdufwJhtjrifyg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

43

ou'g*grdr*fÓPfqw
dk mumrbkv
H aYdk c:wJv
h b
Yl Hk
ewfbu
Hk kd wpfBurd w
f pfcgomjyefvmawmhwt
hJ xdtpGr;f
&SdwJh ÓPftjrifyg/
tem*grdr*fÓPfqw
dk mumrbku
H jdk yefrvmawmh
wJhtxd pGrf;&nfowådjrifhrm;wJh ÓPf&nfyg/
t&[wår*fÓPfqw
d k muawmhuad vomtm;vk;H ?
tukokdvftm;vkH;ukd y,fowfEkdifwJh ÓPf tjrif?
&[EÅmjzpfapwJh ÓPftjrifxl;yg/
r*fÓPf&UJ tjcm;rJrh mS jzpfay:vmwJh r*fÓPf&UJ
toD;tyGifhtusdK;w&m;onfvnf; r*ftm;avsmfpGm
av;yg; uGJjym;ygw,f/
1/ aomwmywådzkdvf (aomwmyef)
2/ ou'g*grdzkdvf (ou'g*rf)
3/ tem*grdzkdvf (tem*grf)
4/ t&[wår*fzkdvf (&[EÅm)-wkdYygyJ/
r*fÓPf av;yg;eJY zkv
d Ó
f Pf av;yg;? aygif;&Spf
yg;aomw&m;rsm;&olawGudk t&d,myk*Kd¾ v&f pS af ,muf?
'grSr[kwf &Sprf sKd ;vkYd ajym&ygw,f/ xko
d aYdk om t&d,m
awGom edAÁmefukd jrifEkdifMuyg w,f/

44

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

xk&d pS rf sKd ;aom ÓPfx;l todx;l awGxrJ mS tedrhf
qk;H jzpfwhJ aomwmywård *fukd &&ifawmif tyg,fwcH g;
vk;H 0 ydwo
f mG ;ygw,f/ aomwmyefjzpf &if tyg,frus
awmhygbl;/ edAmÁ efudk jrifawGUoGm; NyjD zpfvYdk r*fa&pifeYJ
oGef;avmif;vkdufvkdY tyg,frD;BuD; Nidrf;oGm;ygNyD/
aemufrS aomwmyefjzpfatmif usihfBuHenf;eJY
aomwmyef&JUt&nftaoG;awG bkef;BuD; qufNyD;
a[mygr,f/ tck tyg,frsdK;aphqkdwmukd jyefNyD; avh
vmMunfhMu&atmifyg/
{ tyg,frsdK;aph ukd,fhrSm&Sd
vm;\ tyg,f&Gm/
tyg,frsKd ;aphqw
dk m ouúm,'d|u
d dk ajymwm yg/
tyg,frsdK;aphonf ouúm,'d|d/ ouúm,'d|d &Sdae&if
tyg,fukd tcsdefra&G; ae&mra&G;uae wpfcPcsif;
a&mufoGm;Ekdifygw,f/
b,fw&m;u ydkYwmvJ..ouúm,'d|du ykdYwm/
i&Jjynfukd ydkYwmvJ.. ouúm,'d|du ykdYwm/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

45

wd&pämefb0 a&mufapwmvnf; ouúm,'d|d/
Nydwåmb0 a&mufapwmvnf; ouúm,'d|d/
tol&um,fbkHb0oGm;jzpfapwmvnf; ouúm,'d|dygaemf/

ouúm,'d|d y,fzkdYa[m
jrwfpGmbk&m; oH,kwfygVdawmfrSm owåd,m 0d, Mora|m
',Srmaem0 rw¬au/
ouúm,'d|ð y[mem,
oawm bdu©K y&dAÁaZZ-vkdY a[mygw,f/
]]cspo
f m;&[ef;wkYd &if0 vSpH ;l aeolonf &if0rSm
pl;0ifaewJh vSBH u;D ukd tjrefq;Hk qGEJ w
k yf pfvu
dk f ovk?d OD;
acgif;rSm tvQw
H ajymifajymif rD;awmuf avmifaeol
onf acgif;ay:u rD;BuD;ukd tjrefqkH; Nidrf;owf
ovdk ouúm,'d|dukd y,fpGefYzkdY tjyif;txef BudK;pm;
yg}}vkdY Ak'¨ a[mMum;awmfrlygw,f/
ololigig ykxkZOfowå0grSeforQ&JU pdwfoEÅmef
xJrmS pGu
J yfaewJh ouúm,'d|q
d w
dk m &Sw
d ,faemf/ r*feYJ

46

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

ry,frcsi;f udk &Sad ewm/b,fb0a&mufa&mufvu
dk af e
wm/ ykxZk OfreS &f if b,forYl mS jzpfjzpf ude;f 0yfaewmyg/
&Sib
f &k ifrmS vnf; &Sw
d myJ/ olawmif;pm;rSmvnf;
&SdwmyJ/ bkef;BuD; &[ef;awGrSmvnf;&SdwmyJ/ olaX;
ol<u,frSm? vufvkyfvufpm;rSm tm;vkH;rSm &Sdw,f/
jrefrm? &ckid ?f &Sr;f ? u&if? w½kw?f ukvm;? *syef..vlrsKd ;
ra&G; bmomra&G;rSmukt
d yg,fcszt
Ydk oif&h adS ewmonf
ouúm,'d|dyg/

tjrefqkH; y,fyg
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfu Aku
d af v; enf;enf;atmifh
&ifvnf; w&m;rxkid cf sib
f ;l / &moDOwk ylae&ifvnf;
w&m;rxkid cf sib
f ;l / acgif;uku
d af e? Zufx;dk ae&ifvnf;
w&m;rxkdifcsifbl;/
jrwfpmG bk&m;pum; b,favmufem;axmifovJ
qkdwm ... Munfh/
jrwfpmG bk&m;u &if0 vSpH ;l aewmawmif rEkwef YJ
OD;? w&m;rSwyf g/ acgif; rD;avmifae&ifawmif rNir§d ;f yg
eJYOD;? w&m;½IrSwfygwJh/ uGmcsifwkdif; uGmraebl;vm;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

47

&if0 vSHpl;aowm wpfb0? ouúm,'d|d ry,f
Ekid &f if tyg,fusrmS rMumcP/ acgif; rD;avmifvaYkd o
&&if 'Db0/ ouúm,'d|rd y,fEidk &f ifao&rSmb0aygif;
rsm;pGm/ tyg,fi&JusrSm tBudrfaygif;rsm;pGm/ ta&;
d jrefy,fygvkYd jrwfpmG bk&m;u
Bu;D vGe;f vkYd ouúm,'d|t
owday;ygw,f/
w&m;tm;xkwzf Ydk aeYa&TUna&TUeJY tcsed q
f aJG e wm
[m tyg,frsdK;aphukd wrif arG;jrLxm;wmeJY twlwl
ygyJ/

aemifESpfcg w&m;xkdifr,f
bke;f Bu;D wkYd e,fvn
S w
hf &m;jyawmhval ygif;pkaH wGU
&w,f/ wcsKd Uu wu,fudk rtm;vyfvYdk jzpfudk rjzpf
Ekid v
f Ydk w&m;rxkid Mf uwm/ wcsKd Uutajctaeay;vsuf
om;eJY pdwrf 0ifpm;vk?Yd ysi;f vku
Yd kd w&m;rxkid w
f m/ tJ'D
vkd awGU&w,f/
e,fw&m;pcef;wpfcrk mS a0,sm0pöacgif;aqmifae
wJh 'umrBuD;wpfa,muf odyfawmfw,f/ a0,sm0pö

48

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

udpaö wG aqmif&u
G Nf y;D wmeJY tm;&iftm; ovk?d tcsed &f
&if &ovkd w&m;xkid w
f ,f/ w&m;em w,f/olt
Y &yfrmS
a0,sm0pö jyKae&vkt
Yd csed jf ynfw
h &m;r0ifEidk w
f t
hJ wGuf
wpfEpS u
f w
dk pfBurd af wmh &yf a0;rSm w&m;vku
d Nf y;D tm;
xkwfw,f/
ol'Y umBu;D uawmh oleq
JY efu
Y sib
f uf/ wpfcgrS
w&m;r0ifb;l /'umrBu;D twif;ac:vmvkb
Yd ek ;f Bu;D wkYd
qD a&mufvmw,f/ w&m;0ifyg/ w&m;xkdifyg ajym
vku
d &f if ]]wynfah wmf aemifEpS cf g jzpfatmifw&m;xkid f
yghr,f}}wJh/ ol tNrJajymwm/
wpfESpfoGm;vnf; aemifESpfcg? wpfESpfoGm;vnf;
aemifESpfcgyJ/ olYaemifESpfcgu ukefukd rukefbl;/
tJ'v
D edk YJ ok;H av;ESpMf umoGm;awmh bke;f Bu;D u olu
Y kd
ajymw,f/ ]]'umBuD; 'DESpfawmh jzpfatmifukd w&m;
tm;xkw&f r,f/ ckyJ w&m;tm;xkwyf g}}qkd awmh olu
tMumBuD; awGNyD; pOf;pm;NyD;rS- ]t&Sifbk&m;? wynfh
awmfaemifEpS cf gus&ifaocsmaygufw&m;xkid yf ghr,f}wJ/h
taotcsm ol uwday;w,f/ 'DEpS x
f rJ mS yJw&m;xkid zf Ydk
trsdK;rsdK; wkdufwGef;wm &ukd r&bl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

49

'DEpS f bke;f Bu;D tJ'pD cef; a&mufomG ;awmh 'umr
Bu;D udk awGUwmeJY olu idNk y;D avQmufw,f/]t&Sib
f &k m;?
'umBuD;awmh rMumcifuyJ qkH;oGm;NyD bk&m;}wJh/
bkef;BuD;udk ol tcsdefqGJvkdY &ayr,hf aorif;
udkawmh aps;qpfvkdY r&bl;aemf/ wpfcgrSukd w&m;
tm;rxkwjf zpfvu
dk w
f mtajctaeay;vsuo
f m;eJ?Y eD;pyf
vsuo
f m;eJt
Y csed q
f aJG e&if;aorif;aemufygoGm;wmav/
'gaMumifh bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf tcGifhta&; &
wke;f &cku
d rf mS tjrefq;Hk BuKd ;pm;Muyg&oif&h xku
d w
f w
hJ &m;
awG? odoifo
h x
d u
dk w
f hJ w&m;awG odjrifNy;D ouúm,'d|dukd y,fzkdY BudK;pm;tm;xkwfyg/

ta&;BuD;qkH; w&m;
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf vl&,fvYdk jzpfvmMuwJt
h csed f
rSm om;a&;orD;a&;? pD;yGm;a&;? tdraf xmifa&;? ynm
a&;? usef;rma&;? rD;a&; xif;a&;? rif;pkd;a&;qkdNyD;
ta&;udpöawGtifrwefrsm;vSygw,f us,fjyefYyg
w,f/ udpörsm;ajrmif vlwkdYabmifaygh/

50

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

bkef;BuD; wpfcgwavus&if pOf;pm;Munhfw,f/
wk&Yd [ef;oHCmawGrmS vnf; pmoifay;&? w&m; a[m
ay;&? oma&;ema&; oGm;&vm&? ausmif;wkdufudpö?
w&m;pcef;udpö? omoema&;udpöawGeJY vkH;csm vkduf
ae&wmyJ/
]udprö sm;ajrmif &[ef;abmif}vdaYk wmifajym&rvkd
udk jzpfaeNyDvkdYav/
at;... b,fvydk t
J a&;udpaö wGrsm;rsm;?ta&;
tBu;D qk;H u w&m;"r®a&;yg/ udavomawGudk y,fEidk f
a&;yg/
udavomawGry,fEkdifavav ta&;udpöawG
rsm;avavyg/ udavomawG y,foGm;&ifawmh
ta&;awG enf ; enf ; vmr,f a emf / b,f a vmuf
ta&;awG rsm;rsm;? uk,
d t
hf a&; ud,
k u
hf pd ö ouúm,'d|d
y,fzkdYudkawmh arhrxm;ygeJY/

aozkdYta&; awG;xm;
taZÆ0 udpörmwyÜH
aumZnm r&PH oka0?
e [d aem o*F&H awe

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

51

r[maoaee rpöKem/
taZÆ0 = eufjzefra&TU ,ckaeYüyif? tmwyÜ H=
udavom tpkdtap;wkdYukd ajcmufaoGUoGm;apEkdifwJh
vkHYv0D&d,ukd? ud p ö H (umwAÁH) = rem;rae jyKoifhvS
ay\/
udavomy,fzt
Ydk a&; b,ftcsed f BuKd ;pm;&rvJ/
ouúm,'d|d y,fzkdYta&; b,ftcsdefBudK;pm;&rvJ/
ouúm,'d|d y,fzt
Ydk a&; b,fawmh pwif&rvJ/'DaeYyJ
pçaygh/ ckcsufcsif;om tm;xkwfBudK;pm;aygh/
oka0 = eHeufr;kd aomuf tvif;a&mufvm euf
jzefcgrS? r&PH= ao&rnfu?kd aum =b,fy*k Kd¾ vf onf?
Znm
Znm= wyftyfxifxif BudKwifí odEkdifygtHhenf;/
eufjzef tm;xkwfr,f/ oefbufcg tm;xkwf
r,f/ aeYa&TUna&TU tcsed af wG a&TUraeygeJ/Y ckcsucf si;f ukd
tm;xkwfygaemf/ bmjzpfvkdYwkH;/ eufjzef raobl;vkdY
b,folrS tmr rcHEkdifvkdYyg/ b,folrS rodEkdifvkdYyg/
aemufusoGm;rSm pkd;vkdYyg/
e [d aem o*F&H awe
r[maoaee rpöKem/

52

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

r[maoaee = wGif;y0ef;&H tNcHt&H&Sd rsm;
aom ppfonfAv
dk yf g &Sx
d aom? awe rpöKem
em= xkad o
rif;ESihf? o*F&H = acsmharmhjzm;a,mif;jcif;? wHpdk; vuf
aqmif ay;Ekid jf cif;? jyefvnf&ifqidk f wku
d cf u
dk f Ekid jf cif;
onf? e aem tw¬d(ew¬d {0)= r&S{d uef pifppf rSev
f S
ygay\/
aorif;ukd b,folrS r,SOfEkdifbl;/ ppfonfawG
odyrf sm;w,f/ oGm;&if;vm&if; pm;aomuf&if;eJY aoEkid f
w,f/ tema&m*g 0ifa&mufvYdk aoEkid w
f ,fowfjzwf
cH& n§i;f qJc&H vkYd aoEkid w
f ,f/ b,fov
Yl ufcsurf eS ;f ukd
rodbl;/ aorif;rSm ppfonfawG trsm;BuD;/
aorif;&,f..cPavmuftcsed af y;ygwpf&uf
ESpf&ufavmuf w&m;usifhNyD;rS ac:ygvm;/ udpöawG
&Si;f oGm;yg&apOD;/ tvkyu
f wef;vef;Bu;D jzpfaevkyYd g/
awmif;yefMunfh/ r&Ekdifbl;/
pnf;pdraf wG ykaH y;r,f/ wku
d af wGwmawG pdeaf &T
&wemawG? &mxl;tmPmawG &So
d rQ ay;ygr,f/ rac:
ygeJYOD; ajym... r&bl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

53

tacsmrh BuKd uw
f hJ aorif;?vmbfrpm;wJah orif;?
'Davmufjzpfvw
S m &&mvufeufpNk y;D jyefwu
dk rf ,fvl
oltiftm;pkNyD; jyefwkdufr,f/ BudK;pm;Munfhyg/ r&
ygbl;/ aorif;ukd b,folrS rEkdifbl;/
'gaMumifh bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf aorif;t&Sif rac:
ao;vkYd use;f rmaepOfumv?touf&iS af epOfumvrSm
w&m;bm0em BudK;pm;rS awmf½kHusygr,f/
raocifav; ouúm,'d|u
d dk y,fowfomG ; Ekid f
ygrS tyg,fab;twGuf pdwfat;&ygr,f/
{ xif&Sm;&Sdae cE¨mawG
ouúm, rnfavonf/
ouúm,’d|dqkdwJh ygVdpum;vkH;rSm ouúm,u
wpfv;Hk ? 'd|q
d w
dk m wpfv;Hk wGpJ yfxm;wmyg/ t&ifq;Hk
ouúm,qkdwm bmvJ Munfh&atmif/

ouúm,qkdwm bmvJ
]]oaEÅ
d ?hJ uma,m= cE¨m
oaEÅm = xifxif&mS ;&Sm; &Sw
ig;yg;taygif;onf?ouúma,m
a,m=ouúm,rnfygay\/

54

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

xif&mS ;pGm&Sad ewJch E¨mig;yg;taygif;onfouúm,/
vlwkdif;vlwkdif;rSm &SdaewJh cE¨mig;yg;onf
ouúm,vkdY ac:ygw,f/
owå0gwkid ;f rSm cE¨m&SMd uw,f/ ig;yg; tjynft
h pkH
r[kwf&ifawmifav;yg;?'grSr[kwftenf;qkH;wpfyg;
awmh &SMd uw,f/ tJ'D cE¨m[m ouúm, yg/ omrefvl
awGrS r[kwfygbl;/ jrwfpGmbk&m;rSm vnf;&Sdygw,f/
yapöuAk'¨g? &[EÅmawGrSmvnf; ouúm,&Sdw,f/

cE¨mig;yg; odxm;
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf uk,
d rhf mS &Sad ewJh cE¨mig;yg;ukd
odxm;&ygr,f/ rSerf eS u
f efuefukd odxm;zkYd vkyd gw,f/
{ ]]azmufjyefcHpm; rSwfom;jyKjyif
od0dnmOf ig;tif cE¨mrSwf}}
1/ trsdK;rsdK;tzkHzkH azmufjyefwwfwJh ½lyu©E¨m
2/ tm½kH&JUt&omukd cHpm;wwfwJh a0'eu©E¨m
3/ tm½kH&JUoabmudk rSwfom;wwfwJh onmu©E¨m
4/ trsdK;rsdK;tzkHzkH jyKjyifpDrHaewJh ocFg&u©E¨m

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

55

5/ txl;xl;tjym;jym; odwJh 0dnmPu©E¨m-&,fvkdY
cE¨mig;yg; &Sdygw,f/
wl&mwl&m aygif;vku
d rf ,fq&dk if ½lyu©Em¨ [m½kyf
w&m; ½kycf E¨myg/ usew
f ahJ v;yg;uemrfw&m; emrfcE¨m
yg/ ½kyfçemrfESpfyg;vkdYvnf; ajym&if&ygw,f/
cE¨mig;yg; 'grSr[kwf ½kyef mrfEpS yf g;[m xif&mS ;&Sd
wJw
h &m;rkYd ouúm,vkYd ac:ygw,f/ouúm,utyg,f
rcsygbl;/
cE¨mawG ½kyef mrfawGu tyg,frydyYk gbl;/ ewf&mG
edAmÁ efuv
kd nf; rydEYk idk yf gbl;0dygufcE¨mawG[mtaMumif;
aMumifh jzpfay:vmwJhtusdK;w&m;awGyg/
tusKd ;jzpfwhJ cE¨m½kyef mrf ouúm,awGudk y,fvYdk
vnf; r&ygbl;/ y,f&r,fvv
Ydk nf;jrwfpmG bk&m;ra[m
ygbl;aemf/ cE¨m'ku©awGudk rvkdcsifbl;qkd&if cE¨mjzpf
aMumif; w&m;awGudkom y,f&rSmyg/
'gqkd b,fou
l tyg,fyo
Ydk vJqadk wmh ½kyf emrf
cE¨may:rSmtxifrmS ;tjrifrmS ;eJpY v
JG rf;xifjrifaewJ'h |d d
u tyg,fydkYwmyg/

56

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

{ yk*¾dKvfowå0g igxifwm
'd|drnfavonf/
cE¨ m ig;yg;uk d cE¨ m ig;yg;vk d Y rod j rif a tmif
vSnpfh m;wm 'd|yd g/cE¨mig;yg;ukid gyJ?oly?J yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0gyJ?
a,musmf ;ç rdef;ryJvdkYjrifoGm;atmif tjrif ajymif;ay;
vkdufwm 'd|dyg/
'd|0d ifvmwJt
h csed rf mS cE¨mqkw
d mukd cE¨mrSe;f rod
awmhygbl;/ om;orD;? ZeD;r,m;? rdwaf qGoil ,fcsi;f ?
nDtpfukd armifESr? rdbaqGrsdK;vkdY jrifvkdufygNyD/
avmuoabmt& ynwfe,frSm rSefayr,fh
y&rwfe,f? w&m;e,frmS awmh'|d 0d if&iftrSm;0ifwmyg
yJtjrifrSm;wmonf'd|d?trSm;jrifwmonf'd|dvuf
csufyg/ [kwfvm;/

tyg,fcswm 'd|d
tyg,fcswm tJ'D tjrifrmS ;'d|u
d tyg,fcswm/
bk&m;? yapöuAk'?¨ &[EÅmawGrmS ouúm,vkaYd c:wJch E¨m

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

57

ig;yg;? ½kyef mrfEpS yf g;&Sad omfvnf; txif rSm; tjrifrmS ;
tawG;rSm;wJh 'd|d r&Sv
d Ydk tyg,frusygbl;/ aomwmyef
awGawmif'|d u
d ydk ,fvu
dk v
f t
Ydk yg,fi&Jrusawmhygbl;/
aMumufp&maumif;wm'd|yd gwu,f'u
k a© y;wm
'd|yd g/ cE¨mukd cE¨mvdk rjrifbJ igvdYk xif vku
d w
f ,f?jrif
vku
d w
f ,f/ ighom;ighorD;? ighZeD; ighr,m;? ight;dk ightrd ?f
ihgrdighzvkdY xifoGm;wm? jrifoGm;wm[m 'd|dyg/
trSefudk trSm;vkyf? trSm;udk trSefxifwJh 'd|d
onfom owå0gawGudkb0wkdif;b0wkdif;rSm'ku©ay;
aewmyg/

ig r[kwf&if uRefawmfwJhvm;
wpfcgu w&m;tm;xkww
f hJ a,m*DwpfO;D w&m;
u xGufNyD; tdrfjyefoGm;w,f/ q&mbkef;BuD; u ]]ig
r[kwfbl;? ol r[kwfbl;? yk*¾dKvf owå0g? a,musfm;ç
rde;f r r[kwb
f ;l }}vkYd tNrJ a[maeawmh oltawmfav;
em;pGJoGm;w,f/

58

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tdrfa&mufawmh om;orD;awGu 0rf;omtm;&
BuKd qMdk u? xrif;[if; cl;cyfauR;arG;Muawmh olu cyf
wnfwnfBu;D vkyaf ew,fw/hJ om;orD;awGu xrif;
0kdif;xJ twif; vufqGJac:NyD; ]]taz pm;av? taz
pm;av}}vkdY ajymMuawmh olUrSm jyefajymzkdY cufae
w,f/
]]ig r[kwfbl;? ol r[kwfbl;}}qkdawmh b,fvkd
pum;jyef&rvJ? b,fvjdk yefajym&rvJvpYdk Of;pm;aewm/
aemufrS tBuH&NyD; 0rf;omtm;&eJY tJ'D 'um
BuD;u om;orD;awGudk ajymvkdufygw,f/ ]]uRefawmf
rqmao;vkdYyg}}wJh/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf igpGJ jzKwv
f u
dk w
f maemf/ rSwf
xm;/ igtpm; uRefawmfvkdY ol okH;vkdufwm &,fp&m
jzpfoGm;a&m/ igeJY uRefawmf bmxl;vkdYvJ? twlwl
r[kwfvm;/ vkdufqkdMunfh { ouúm,&Sd tpGJNid
vm;\ tyg,f&Gm/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

59

ouúma, 'd|d ouúm, 'd|d/
ouúma, = xifxif&mS ;&Sm;&Sad ewJh cE¨mig;yg;ü?
'd|d = igç olwpfyg;ç a,musmf ;ç rde;f rvdYk xifjrif aejcif;
onf? ouúm,'d|d = tyg,frsKd ;aph ouúm, 'd|d jzpfyg
avawmh\/
ouúm,uvnf; xif&Sm;&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dtay:
rSmvnf; txifrmS ; tjrifrmS ; 'd|u
d Niw
d ,
G v
f u
dk f w,f
aemf/xifxif&Sm;&Sm;&SdaewJhcE¨mig;yg;½kyfemrfw&m;
tay:rSm igç olwpfyg;ç a,musmf ;ç rde;f r ponftxif
rSm;vku
d w
f ,fq&dk if bmjzpfomG ;vJ? ouúm,'d|jd zpfomG ;
w,f/ olurS tyg,fi&Judk ydkYwJh w&m;cHtppf/

wpfoHo&mvkH; aevmcJh
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf vlwkdif;vlwkdif; wpfoHo&m
vk;H aevmMuwm tJ'o
D uúm,'d|Bd u;D eJY aevmMuwm/
b0qufwkdif; rcGJrcGmukd aevmMuwmyg/
vljY ynf? ewfjynf? jA[®mjh ynf b,fae&mukd oGm;
oGm;olygw,foyl gvkv
Yd nf;b,fb0a&mufaea&muf

60

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

ae? b,fvcdk sr;f omrsKd ; cHpm;ae cHpm;ae tyg,fi&Judk
awmh vSr;f Ny;D rsuaf pmif;xk;d ae&w,f/ pdwaf t;vuf
at; raeEkdifbJ pdwfylyefae&ygw,f/

taotcsm ppfaq;Munfh
tjrifrSm;BuD;eJY vl&,f? ewf&,f? a,musmf ;? rde;f r?
ig? olwpfyg;&,fvkdY ac:aeMu pdwfxifaeMuayr,fh
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowfvlvkdYac:MuwJh½kyfcE¨mBuD;ukdcGJ
zsufMunfhvkdufyg/ Ak'¨jrwfpGm ay;xm;wJh okH;q,fhESpf
aum|mo "mwfceJG nf;eJY cGjJ crf;pdwjf zm Munhrf ,fq&dk ifqHyif? tarG;? ajconf;? vufonf;? oGm;? ta&?
tom;? taMum? t½kd;? ½kd;wGif; jcifqD? tn§d? ESvkH;?
tom;? tajr§;? tqkwf? tlr? tlodrf? tpmopf?
tpma[mif;? OD;aESmufpwJh tpdwt
f ykid ;f awGom &Syd g
w,f/
vlqw
dk mukd &SmvkYd r&ygbl;/ &SmvkYd rawGUygbl;/
uk,
d t
f *Fg tpdwt
f ykid ;f awG aygif;pkxm;wmukv
d v
l jYdk rif
aeMuwmyg/ tjrifrSm;yg/ 'd|dvufcsufyg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

61

tdrfeJY Oyrm,l
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf tdrfeJYOyrmxm;MunfhMu&
atmif? tdrq
f w
dk hJ tdru
f dk vufeYJ axmufMunf/h b,f
[m tdrv
f ?J b,f[m wku
d v
f v
J Ydk vufnK§d ;eJY axmuf&mS
Munfh/ rawGUbl;/
'gu opfom;? 'gu tkwfeH&H? 'gu wkdif? 'gu
oGy?f 'gu wHcg;? 'gujywif;ayguf?tdrrf awGUawmhb;l /
tdrfukd &SmvkdY r&awmhbl;/ opfawG? oHawG? oGyfawG?
eH&aH wG? tkwaf wG aygif;Ny;D tdrv
f Ykd awmh ac:Muw,f/
tdrf&Sm r&bl;/
rsupf ?d em;? ESm? t*FgajcvufawG aygif;Ny;D ig?ol?
a,musfm;? rdef;r ajymMuw,f/ vl b,frSmvJ? &Sm
Munfhprf;yg/
vufu vlvm;? r[kwfbl;/
OD;acgif;u vlvm;? r[kwfbl;/
cE¨mukd,fBuD;u vlvm;qkd&ifvnf; r[kwf bl;/
rsupf u
d vlvm;...?em;uvlvm;..?ESmacgif;u
vlvm;qkd&ifvnf; r[kwfjyefbl;/

62

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tJ'gawG tm;vkH;[m ½kyfawGyJ/ ½kyftrIefawG
aygif;pkNy;D yko
H @meftrsKd ;rsKd ;jzpfaewmta&miftqif;
trsdK;rsdK; jzpfaewm/
taotcsm &Sm&if ]vl}&SmvkrYd awGUawmhb;l aemf/
r&Sdwmukd t&Sdvkyf? r[kwfwmukd t[kwfvkyf?
rrSew
f mudt
k rSex
f ifatmifvn
S phf m;aewm?rsuv
f n
S jfh y
ovkd vSnfhpm;vkdufwm 'd|dyg/
ouúm,'d|q
d w
dk t
hJ xifrmS ;tjrifrmS ;ygvkb
Yd ek ;f Bu;D
wkyYd &dowfoad tmifjrifatmiftm;xkw&f ygr,f/tyg,f
wHcg;Bu;D udt
k aotcsmydwx
f m;csi&f ifouúm,'d|t
d pGJ
jyKwfatmif tm;xkwfMu& ygr,f/

ig xifwJh trSm;
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf vG,v
f ,
G ef YJ em;vnf atmif
ajym&&if ouúm,'d|q
d w
dk m cE¨mig;yg;ukd igvkYd xifwhJ
trSm;yg/ ½kyef mrfw&m;awGukd igvdYk xifaewJt
h rSm;Bu;D
yg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

63

tckw&m;tm;xkwMf uwmtrSm;jyifaeMuwmyg/
aeYpOfaeYwkdif;? b0wkdif; b0wkdif;u rSm;vm wJh? euf
eufeJeJudk rSm;vmwJh trSm;ukd trSefjyifaeMuwmyg/
]]trSm; Mumawmh trSex
f if? trSm; jrifwhJ trSef
a&muf}}wJ/h bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf trSejf rif atmif Munhf
yg/ trSm; aysmufoGm;atmif ½IrSwfyg/
tdrrf mS aewke;f u a&rd;k csKd ;? oeyfcg;vl;? Nz;D vdr;f
jyifqifNy;D &if bmvkad eao;vJ? b,fae&mrSm csKd U,Gi;f
csuf &Sad eovJvYdk odatmif rSeMf unhMf uygw,f/ tcsKd ;
us rus? ykpH H us rus odatmif rSex
f J rSm uk,
d ½hf yk o
f iG f
ukd MunfhMuw,f/
w&m;tm;xkww
f mvnf; rSeMf unfo
h vkyd gyJ/ighrmS
bmawG rSm;aeovJ? bmawG csKd U,Gi;f aeovJoad tmif
bk&m;ay;wJh "r®aMu;rkH w&m;rSefukd Munfhaewmyg/
w&m;rSeBf u;D axmifxm;Ny;D awmh trSejf rifatmif
MunfhaeMuwmyg/ igç olwpfyg;ç a,musfm;ç rdef;rvkdY
jrifaewm[m trSm;jrifyg/ cE¨mig;yg;? ½kyef mrfw&m;vkYd
jrifaewm?½Iaewm[mtrSejf rifygtjrifreS o
f r®m'd|yd g/
ouúm,'d|dudk or®m'd|djzpf atmif jyif&rSmyg/

64

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

{ ½kyfemrf½Ium rSefjrifvm
'd|duGmawmhonf/
½kyfemrfvkdY trSefjrif&if ouúm,'d|d uGmoGm;yg
w,f/tyg,fi&JrsdK;aphjyefNyD;tyifraygufEkdifavmuf
atmif ysufpD;oGm;ygw,f/

cE¨mig;yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;
a&SUem;rSm bke;f Bu;D ajymcJyh gw,f/ cE¨mig;yg;ukd
wl&mwl&maygif;&if ½kycf E¨mwpfyg;eJY emrfcE¨m av;yg;&
ygw,f/ ½kycf E¨monf ½kyw
f &m;? emrfcE¨m av;yg;onf
emrfw&m;qkad wmh ½kyw
f &m;eJY emrf w&m;om trSe&f dS
w,fvkdYaemf/
w&m;½IrSwf tm;xkwfw,fqkdwm ½kyfw&m;udk
½kyv
f Ydk odaewm?emrfw&m;udek mrfvo
Ydk ad ewm?odatmif
vkyfaewmyg/
cE¨mig;yg;udk cE¨mig;yg;vkYd odem;vnfomG ;&if½yk f
emrfw&m;ukd ½kyfemrfw&m;vkdY oabmaygufoGm; &if
trSefjrifwmygyJ/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

65

½IrSwfae&if uGmae
½IrSwfaewJhtcsdef[m 'd|duGmaewJhtcsdef/ t½I
trSwf vGwfaewJhtcsdef? trSwfwrJhaewJh tcsdef 'd|d
jyef0ifvmw,f/ owdvpfvu
Ydk dk r&bl;/ vpfwmeJY 0if
vmwmyJ/
acsmif;aew,f/ olu tNrw
J rf; tvpfacsmif;ae
w,f/ b,ftcsdef vpfoGm;rvJ? vpfwmeJY 0ifrSmyJ/
b,ftcsed f t½ItrSwf vGwo
f mG ;rvJ? vGww
f meJ0Y ifrmS
yJ? avQmhwGufvkdYukd r&bl;aemf/
'd|0d ifvmwmeJY ½kyef mrf rjrifawmhyg/ ighvuf?igh
ajc? ighu,
dk v
f Ydk jzpfvmw,f/ ighom;? ighorD;? ighypön;f ?
ighOpömvkdY jzpfvmw,f/yk*¾dKvfowå0gça,musfm;çrdef;r
vdkY jrifvmjyefygw,f/ ½I rSwfaerS 'd|duGmaewmyg/
½I&if;rSwf&if;eJYawmifç½IaerSwfaewmawmif'D
ouúm,'d|Bd u;D u jyefjyef0ifvmw,fq&dk ifr½IrrSwb
f J
ae&iftrd rf mS aeaeustwkid ;f omae&ifb,fvadk evku
d f
rvJvdkY pOf;pm;Munhfyg/

66

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

'geç oDvavmufeJY r&
bke;f Bu;D 'ge oDvukov
dk af wGut
dk xifao;wm
r[kwyf g/ jypfrmS ;wm r[kwyf g/ 'gayr,fh ouúm,'d|d
y,fwt
hJ csed rf mS 'gejyK½çHk oDvaqmufwnf½eHk YJ r&ao;
bl;vkdY ajymcsifygw,f/
ay;urf;vSL'gef; pGeBYf uaJ ewmu 'ge? odum© yk'f
awG apmihfxdef;NyD; rowfç rckd;ç raomufrpm;bJeJY
aumif;aumif;aewmu oDvyg/ 'geç oDvwkdY [m
t"dutm;jzifh uk,
d ef YJ EIwu
f kd xde;f odr;f ay;wmyg/ pdwf
ukdawmh rxdef;odrf;Ekdifyg/
ouúm,'d|d tyg,frsKd ;aphu pdwx
f m;rSm cku
d yf
jzpfwwfwmqkad wmh 'geç oDvavmufudk olraMumuf
ygbl;/
vSL'gef;aepOfrmS vnf; ig aumif;pm;zk?Yd igcsr;f om
zkdY? jzpf&mb0rSm ig jynfhpkH<u,f0zkdYqkd&if ol 0ifygvm
w,f/ oDv apmifx
h ed ;f Ny;D aepOfrmS vnf;'Dtwkid ;f ygyJ/
igpGJ rjyKwo
f rQç ½kyef mrfvYkd trSef rjriforQ'|d rd jyKwyf g/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

67

'geçoDveJ'Y |d u
d mG Ekid w
f ,fq&dk ifawmifrcS Pom
uGmrSmyg/ awmfMum 'k&H if; 'k&H if; jyefjzpfrmS yg/tckw&m;
emMum;aewJt
h csed f w&m;xJ pdwf a&mufaeawmh cP
uGmaew,f/ emNyD;wmeJY jyef jzpfw,f/
bk&m;&Scd ;dk ae&ifvnf; bk&m;*kPaf wmfawG tm½kjH yK
Ny;D aewJt
h csed f uGmaew,f/ Ny;D wmeJY jyef0ifvmw,f/
arwåmydaYk epOfvnf; owå0gawG&UJ aumif;usKd ;vkv
d m;
arwåmxm;aecsed f cPaysmufaew,f/ Ny;D &if jyefay:
vmwmyJ/

tjrpfjywf acsrIef;rS
'ge oDv orx ukokdvfawG jyKaecsdefrSm vl
vnfBuD; ouúm,'d|d[m cP a&Smifykef;aewmyg/
tcGifhromao;vkdY cP apmifhaewJhoabmyg/
bke;f Bu;D wkYd wpfbufew
YJ pfbuf ppfx;dk wku
d cf u
dk f
MuwJt
h cg uk,
d b
hf ufutiftm;rsm;ae&if&efoal wGu
wdr;f a&SmifaeMuygw,f/ awmf&myke;f Ny;D ppftiftm;pk
aqmif;aeMuygw,f/

68

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

olwb
Ydk ufu tiftm; aumif;vmNy?D tcGit
fh a&;
&vmNyq
D w
dk meJY uk,
d u
hf dk jyefwu
dk Mf uygw,f/ &efoal wGukd
wpfa,mufrusef tjrpfjywf racsrIef;Ekdifao;orQ
atmifNy?D Ekid Nf yv
D Ydk rajymEkid yf gbl;/ usLyifcw
k f usLikwf
rusef tjrpfuvSeEf idk rf aS tmifEidk w
f ,fvq
Ydk Edk idk yf gw,f/
tJ'DvkdygyJ/ ouúm,'d|dudk 'ge oDv orx
awGeYJ zdxm;wJt
h csed rf mS ol acgif;raxmifyg/ 'gayr,fh
ukd,fu vpfwmeJY oljyefwG,fzkdYu toifhygyJ/ tjrpf
jywfy,fcmG Ekid rf S pdwcf s&ygr,f/ r[kw&f if 'geç oDvç
orx tpGrf;awGeJY vlcsrf;om? ewfcsrf;om? jA[®m
csr;f omb0rSm acgif;waxmifaxmifaeEkid af omfvnf;
ouúm,'d|d tpGr;f jyvmwJt
h cg rSmtyg,fi&Jqif;&JoYkd
a&mufMu&ygw,f/

½kyfç emrf ½Ium rSefjrifvm
0dyóem ½Iw,fqkdwm ½kyfemrfw&m;awGukd ½I
rSwaf ewmyg/ ½kyef mrfvYdk trSet
f wkid ;f enf;vrf;usus
odjrifaewJo
h abm[m rSew
f hJ tjrifor®m'd|yd g/½kyef mrf
½Iae&if or®m'd|d jzpfaevkdY tjrif rrSm;awmhbl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

69

tjrifrrSm;&if BuKd ;pm;tm;xkwaf ewJh a,m*D udk
Munfhvkduf&if trSefjrifvkdY tawG;tBuHawGvnf; rSef
vmygNyD/ aumif;aomtawG;tBuH or®mouFyÜawG
a&mufvmygNy/D txiftjrifrmS ;awG? tawG; tBurH mS ;
awG aysmufvmygNyD/
owduyfxm;wJt
h wGut
f rSm;bufra&mufawmif
owdav;eJY ½Irw
S af ewJt
h wGuf aumif;aom rSeaf om
or®mowd? owdaumif;aumif; 0D&,
d aumif;aumif;eJY
BuKd ;pm;tm;xkwaf evdYk ½kyef mrft½I cHay:rSm ½Ipw
d af v;
wnfNidrfaewmu or®morm"d yg/
tJ'v
D rdk *¾iw
f &m;awGe½YJ yk ef mrfw&m;awGut
dk ao
tcsm ½Ivu
dk w
f t
hJ cgrSm oHo&mwpfavQmuf vk;H rSm;cJh
wmawGudk oabmaygufvmygw,f/ vl ewf jA[®m?
yk*Kd¾ vo
f wå0g? rif;? ol? igqkw
d hJ txif awG wu,fr&Sd
ygvm;½kyef mrfw&m;awGy&J w
dS mygvm;vko
Yd v
d mygw,f/
½kyef mrfEpS yf g; aygif;pyfxm;wmudk txifrmS ; ae
wmygvm;/ ig qkw
d m r&S?d ½kyef mrfw&m;om &Syd gvm;/
wu,ft&Su
d ½kyef eYJ mrfygvm;vko
Yd v
d mjrifvmygw,f/
trSejf rifvm&if'|d u
d mG oGm;ygw,fouúm,'d|u
d mG oGm;
ygw,f/

70

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

todw&m; aus;Zl;rsm;
tJ'Dtodav;[m odyfukd aus;Zl;rsm;ygw,f'D
todrsKd ; odatmif?'DtjrifrsKd ;jrifatmifw&m;tm;xkwf
Muwmyg/ jrwfpmG bk&m; yGiv
hf mawmhrS 'DtodawGoMd u
&ygw,f/ jrwfpmG bk&m; omoemawmfeYJ BuKrH S 'Dtjrif
awG jrifMu&ygw,f/ taotcsm ½IyGm;tm;xkwfrS'D
todtjrifawG 0ifvmyg w,f/
bmtusKd ;awG &Sv
d movJ/ tyg,fab;u uif;
a0;Ekid yf gNy/D tkjd cif;? emjcif;? aojcif;awG uif;Ekid yf gNy/D
edAmÁ efudk rsu0f g;xifxif awGUjrifEidk yf gNy/D 'gawG[m trSef
jrifwhJ tusKd ;awGyg/ouúm,'d|u
d if;pifomG ;wJt
h wGuf
ay:xGufvmwJhaus;Zl;w&m; awGyg/

aomwmyef y,fwJhw&m;
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf omrefykxkZOfb0uae ½kyf
emrf ½IjrifNy;D aomwmyeft&d,mb0ukw
d ufvrS ;f oGm;
wJholwpfa,muf? aomwmyefwpfa,muf[m b,f
tukov
dk af wGrsm; y,fvu
dk o
f vJ/ 'd|ed YJ 0dpu
d pd mä aemf/
'd|deJY 0dpdudpäm ESpfrsdK;aemf/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

71

jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mMum;xm;wm &Syd gw,f/ ]]cspf
om;&[ef;wd?Yk oifwo
Ydk nf 'd|u
d dk y,fEidk &f if 0dpu
d pd mä
udv
k nf; y,fNy;D om;jzpfygNy}D }wJ'h |d yd ,fvu
dk &f if0pd u
d pd mä
vnf; y,fNyD;om;jzpfoGm;NyD/
ykxZk OfawGrmS tjrifrmS ;'d|ed YJ oHo,0dpu
d pd mä &Sd
w,f/ &SdvkdYvnf; aMumufvefYae&w,f/
]][m...igao&ifi&Jjynfrsm;a&mufomG ;rvm;?
wd&pämefyJ oGm;jzpfae&vm;? ruRwrf vGww
f NhJ yw
d må b0
ukrd sm; a&mufomG ;rvm;}}awG;aMumuf ae&w,f/ ,kH
rSm;oHo,awG &Sdaew,f/
aomwmyefawGu raMumufawmhb;l tyg,fus
rSm raMumuf&awmhb;l / y[Demyg, *raem =tyg,f
a&mufaMumif;awG y,fNyD;NyD/ ighrSm tyg,frsdK;aph
ouúm,'d|dvnf; r&Sdawmhbl;/
bk&m;? w&m;? oHCm &wemok;H yg; aus;Zl;eJu
Y çH
uH&UJ tusKd ;w&m; ,krH mS ;wmawG r&Sad wmhb;l vkYd odawmh
ody0f rf;omzkYd aumif;w,f/ odyu
f kd pdwcf sr;f omw,f/

72

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

axmifu vGwfvmwmeJY wl
tusO;f axmifxrJ mS usO;f usO;f usyu
f syf ywf0ef;
usief t
YJ qufjywfae&wJh tusO;f om;av; &ufaphvYdk
vGwfvyfcGifh&w,f?axmiftjyifbufukda&mufvm
w,f qk&d ifyJ aysmv
f u
dk w
f m/ b,fvdk aysmrf eS ;f ukd rod
bl;/
jrifcsifwmawG jrif&NyD? pm;csifwmawGpm;&NyD?
oGm;csifwJhae&m oGm;EkdifNyD/ ukd,fhpdwfeJY ukd,fhukd,f?
odyfpdwfcsrf;omw,f/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfaomwmyefjzpfomG ;&iftyg,f
axmifxu
J vGwo
f mG ;wmyg/ tyg,fav;yg; [m oleYJ
bmrSrqkdifawmhbl;/ tyg,fwHcg; ydwfoGm;vkdufwm
aemufwpfacgufjyefa&mufp&mukd r&Sad wmhb;l qkad wmh
pOf;pm;Munfh? b,favmufaysmf vkdufrvJaemf/
tyg,faxmifuwif rubl;/tkjd cif;?emjcif;?ao
jcif;w&m;awGe'YJ u
k a© &mufae&wJb
h 0axmifxrJ mS ckepf
b0yJ ae&awmhr,f/ b0axmifxu
J vnf; vGw&f uf
eD;aeNyD/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

73

owåu©KwåKy&arm
f ;Hk ckepfb0yJ usef
y&arm- tvGeq
awmhw,f/ aomwmywård *f&UJ tpGr;f aemf/ 'd|0d pd u
d pd mä
y,fEidk v
f Ydk aomwmywård *fay:wmeJb
Y 0'kua© wGoyd u
f dk
enf;oGm;w,f/ raumif;wJh 'k*¾wdb0 ra&muf&bl;/
ok*wdb0rSmvnf; tvGeq
f ;Hk ae& ckepfb0/ cE¨m'ku©
awGukd tvGefqkH;&rS ckepfb0/
vGwv
f yfru
I dk &awmhr,f/ axmifxu
J xGucf geD;
vlv.dk .axmifxu
J xGuv
f mwJv
h v
l dk aysmpf &maumif;
vkdufwm/

taysmfqkH;aeY&ufawG
avmurSmajymajymaeMuwJt
h aysmq
f ;Hk aeYqw
dk m
&Sdw,faemf/ bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf odygw,f? b,faeY
awGv/J (1) &Siv
f id jf yefwahJ eY? (2) r*FvmaqmifwahJ eY?
(3) axmifuxGufwJhaeY-wJhaemf/
b,foal wGu ppfwrf;aumufNy;D b,foal wGu
twnfjyKxm;ovJawmh rodb;l / 'Dtwkid ;f ukd wGiaf e
wm/ vlwkdif; ajymaeMuwm/

74

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

bke;f Bu;D awmh tJ'aD eYrsKd ;awGeYJ rBuKH z;l awmh rod
bl;/ b,fvcdk pH m;Ny;D aysmMf uovJ/ taotcsm uk,
d f
awGUrodbl;/
bke;f Bu;D yxrwpfcgomoemhabmif0ifawmh&pS f
wef; ajzNyD;ump/ ausmif;zGifhvkdY vljyefxGufvkduf &
w,f/ omoemhabmifrmS ae&wmaysmw
f ,f&iS v
f id jf yef
wJah eY taysmq
f w
dk m cHpm;vkYd odyrf &bl;/ &Sio
f mraP
tjzpfeYJ yxrtBurd rf mS wpfveD;yg;ae Ny;D vljyefxu
G f
w,faygh/

b,fvkdaysmfMuovJ rod
aemufwpfBudrf q,fwef;ajzNyD;vkdY awmifpGef;
"® r®'w
l awm&rSm aus;Zl;awmf&iS f q&mawmfBu;D xHrmS
&Sio
f mraP jyefjzpfw,f/ tJ'u
D wnf;u tckxd NraJ e
w,f/ &Siv
f id jf yeft&omukd rod&awmhb;l /axmifrus
zl;awmh axmifuvGww
f t
hJ &om taotcsmrodb;l /
r*Fvmraqmifb;l awmh r*Fvm aqmifwahJ eYrmS b,fvdk
aysmfMuw,fqkdwm rodbl; aygh/
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowfawGuawmh odrSmyg/ wpfaeY
r[kwf&if wpfaeYawmh ukd,fawGUcHpm;zl;rSmyg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

75

tJ't
D aysmef o
YJ m rSe;f Munfah yawmh/ avmupnf;
pdr'f u
k a© wG a&maewJh umr*kPpf nf;pdraf wGudk cHpm;cGihf
&vkdY aysmfMuao;w,fqkd&if w&m;"r®pnf;pdrf? edAÁmef
qkw
d phJ nf;pdrBf u;D cHpm;cGi&hf wJh aomwmyef t&d,mawG
b,favmuf aysmfrvJqkdwmaemf/
wpfaeYxyfwkd;vkdufyg/ ]]aomwmyefjzpfwJhaeY
onf taysmfqkH;aeY}}vkdY/
{ r*fay:vm&if 'd|dpif
yg,fcGif rvm;NyD/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfouúm,'d|ed w
YJ uG'|d rd eS o
f rQ
ukd ajymifpifatmifaq;aMumokwo
f if&iS ;f vif;ay;wm
onf r*fw&m;uyg/ r*fÓPfav;yg; rSm t&ifq;Hk jzpf
vmrSmu aomwmywådr*fyg/
r*f&UJ tjcm;rJrh mS zkv
d Ó
f Pf0ifvu
dk w
f meJyY x
k Zk Ofu
ae aomwmyefjzpfomG ;ygw,f/ aomwmyef jzpfcsi&f if
aomwmywård *fay:wJt
h xd½yk ef mrf"r®awGu½kd rI w
S t
f m;
xkwf&ygr,f/

76

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

r*f&JU tpGrf;owåd
udavao rma&aEÅm edAÁmeH *päwd ra*¾g/
udavao
vao= udavomw&m;wku
Yd ?dk rma&aEÅm=
owfjzwfErdS Ef iS ;f vsu?f edAÁmeH = edAmÁ efo?Ydk *päwd =oGm;
wwfyg\/ £wd wo®m = xko
d Ydk udavom wku
Yd o
dk wf
jzwfvsuf edAmÁ efta&muf ykaYd qmifwwfonf\ tjzpf
aMumihf? ra*¾ g = r*f[ktrnf&ygay\/
udavomwkdYukd y,fowfay;wm r*f\ tpGrf;
owåyd g/ edAmÁ efuadk &mufatmif ykaYd qmifay;wmvnf;
r*f&UJ tpGr;f owåyd gyJ? bke;f Bu;D wkYd a,m*DawGu udavomawGukd ud,
k w
f idk yf ,fowfp&m rvkyd g bl;/ r*fay:
atmif tm;xkw?f r*fu y,fvrd rhf ,f/ edAmÁ efudk a&muf
atmifvnf; r*fu ykrYd ,fqadk wmh r*fw&m;?t&d,mr*f
ay:atmif tm;xkwfzkdYu a,m*DwkdYwm0efyg/

r*fay:vmatmif
r*fay:vmatmif ½kyfemrf½IrSwfum p&ygr,f/
uk,
d ef YJ qufpyforQudk ½ky?f pdwef YJ qufpyforQukd emrf
vkdY ½I&ygr,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

77

wjznf;jznf; ½I&if;eJY ½kyfemrfjrifvm? ½kyfemrf&JU
rwnfNrw
J o
hJ abm? qif;&Jwo
hJ abmawGukd jrifvm?½kyf
emrf&UJ tpk;d r& uk,
d rf ykid w
f o
hJ abmawGjrifvm? qifu
h J
qifhuJ jrifvm&ygr,f/
ol ig r&Sd? yk*¾Kdvfowå0g? &[ef;? vl? usm;? r
r&Sb
d ;l / ½kyef mrfom &Sw
d ,f/ ½kyw
f &m;awGuvnf; jzpf
Ny;D &if ysu?f emrfw&m;awGuvnf; jzpfNy;D &if ysu?f jzpf
ysufw&m;awGom &Sdw,fvkdY ÓPfu odvmygvdrhf
r,f/
quf½I quf½o
I mG ;wJt
h cg ½kyef mrfawGudk rvdck sif
&GUH rke;f nnf;aiGU tjypfjrifvmNy;D ½kyef mrf 'ku© awG uif;
&muke&f mudk vkcd siaf wmihw
f Ny;D ½Irw
S Bf uKd ;pm;awmhrrS *f
qkdwm ay:vmrSmyg/

BudK;pm;tm;xkwfrSom
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf wpfb0pm? wpfeyfpmta&;ukd
awmif BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMu&ygw,f/ owå0grSeforQ
vIyf&Sm;½kef;uef BudK;pm;aeMu&ygw,f/

78

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

r*fay:vmzkt
Yd a&;?edAmÁ ef&zkt
Yd a&;ukv
d nf;rBuKd ;
pm;bJeaYJ wmh r&ygbl;/ tm;rxkwb
f J ayghayghav; qk
awmif;ae½k?H bk&m;pl;vGwaf v; tm;xkw½f eHk YJ r&ygbl;/
wu,fvcdk si&f if wu,ftm;xkw&f ygr,f/t½k;d
aMuaMu ta&cef;cef; ravQmw
h rf; ZGv
J v
YHk eJY tm;xkwf
&ygr,f/ q&maumif; qnf;uyf? opöm qku
d w
f hJ w&m;
udkem? taotcsm tm;xkwf&if &udk &ygw,f/

bkef;BuD;ewfom;
Ak'j¨ rwfpmG xif&mS ;&Spd Ofumv bk&m;vufxufu
&[ef;wpfyg; w&m;tm;xkww
f ,f/jyif;jyif;xefxefudk
tm;xkwfw,f/
w&m;tvkyf ysurf mS pk;d vkYd rpm;raomuf? rtdyf
rae tm;xkwfvkdufwm 0D&d,vGefuJNyD; ukd,fcE¨mu
rcHEidk af wmhvYdk avoif"ek ;f jzwfNy;D ysaH wmfro
l mG ;ygw,f/
'Db0uae pkwpd w
d cf sKyv
f Ydk b0ajymif;&ifyJ wm0wðomewfjynfudk a&mufomG ;w,f/ ur®|mef; xkid af e
wJyh BHk u;D twkid ;f ewfjynfa&mufomG ;wm..ol rodao;
bl;/ ewfjynfa&mufaerSef; olYukd,fol rodbl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

79

ewforD;awGuawmh aysmo
f mG ;w,f/ Adrmefyidk &f iS f
ewfom;BuD;awmh a&mufvmNyDvkdY 0rf;omtm;& 0kdif;
vmMuw,f/
w&m;tm;xkw&f if; ysaH wmfr?l ewfjynfa&mufwm
qkad wmh bke;f Bu;D ewfom;u bke;f Bu;D pdwf raysmufb;l /
olYukd,folvnf; jyefrMunfhrdao;bl;/ w&m;xkdifae
w,fvkdYyJ xifaeao;wm/

bkef;BuD;pdwf raysmuf
bke;f Bu;D pdwu
f raysmufb;l / omoemhabmifrmS
taeMum&if tajymtqkd taetxkdifu ajymif;vm
w,ftok;H tEIe;f utpvlerYJ wlawmh...wjznf;jznf;
vleJYuGmvmw,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m; tqkH;treJY eD;pyfvkdY
aumif;wJb
h ufuw
dk jznf;jznf;a&mufvmwJo
h abmyg/
bkef;BuD;pdwfu b,favmufpGJovJvkdY bkef;BuD;
ajymjyr,f/ [kdwkef;upmoifwkdufuukd&ifawGtbd”
"r®m pmar;yGJukd 0if0ifajzMuw,f/ &[ef;0wf ukd&if
0wfeJY ajzcGifhr&Sdawmh vl0wfvJNyD; ajzMuwm/

80

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

vli,fawGqadk wmh vl0wfvJ pmar;yGaJ jz&wm ukd
aysmfMuw,f/ ususee ½Id;eJYrkd;eJY 0wfpm;vkdYaygh/ wcsdKU
&if;ES;D wJq
h rG ;f cHtrd af wGuvnf; uk&d ifawG pmar;yGJ ajz
&if 0wfzq
Ydk Ndk y;D t0wftpm;topfawGcsKyaf y;Muw,f/
OD;xkyfawGbmawG aqmif;NyD; ykqkd;awGbmawG 0wf
xm;awmh awmf½kHeJYqkd ukd&ifawGrSef;ukd rodombl;/
tJ..wpfcgawmh uk&d ifBu;D wpfpk pmar;yGJ ajz&
atmif vl0wfvJNyD; oGm;Muw,f/ ukd&ifBuD;awG vl
xGuv
f mwmqkad wmh ykNd y;D tku
d w
f ifcaH eMuwmaygh/ 'Dvdk
eJY vkdif;um;ay:vnf;wufa&m um;uusyf aeawmh
wkd;raygufbl;wJh/
a&SUqkH;u ukd&ifvlxGuf bmajymovJqkdawmh
]]'umrBuD;? enf;enf; wkd;ay;ygOD;}}wJh/ 0wfxm;wm
u ykqkd;eJY tusÐ? ajymvkdufwmu 'umrBuD;qkdawmh
tm;vkH;0kdif;&,fMuwmaygh/
aemufuygvmwJh ud&k ifvx
l u
G af wGu &Suo
f mG ;
w,f/ wku
Yd akd wmh uk&d ifvx
l u
G af wGreS ;f odomG ;Nyq
D Ndk y;D
&Suf&SufeJY wpfa,mufu vSrf;ajymw,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

81

]]t&Sib
f &k m;uvnf; pum;ajym&if owdxm;rS
aygh / uk d , f h u k d , f u k d vl j zpf a eNyD q k d w muk d v nf ;
arh0raeeJY OD; ukd,fawmfa&...}}wJh/
ydkqkd;oGm;wmaygh/ 'DawmhrS wpfzGJUvkH;udk ukd&if
vlxu
G af wGreS ;f odomG ;wm/ bke;f Bu;D pdwf b,favmuf
pGJw,fqkdwm ajymygw,f/

0rf;enf;yufvufjzpf
tck bke;f Bu;D ewfom;uvnf; rsupf rd w
dS f pu©Kk ajE´
csNyD;aevkdufwmewforD;awGtem;a&mufaewm
awmif rodbl;/ pum;oHawmh Mum;w,f/ ]]'umr
awG ausmif;vmMuw,f xifyg&JU}} qkdNyD; rsufvkH;zGihf
rMunfb
h ;l / ewforD;awGvnf; tem;uyfNy;D 0kid ;f tuJ
cwfaeMuw,f/ ]]bke;f Bu;D b0ua&mufvmwJeh wfom;
xifyg&JU}}ayghaemf/
]'Dae&mu ur®|mef;ausmif; r[kwfygbl; ukd,f
dk m pnf;pdrcf w
H ahJ e&m yg/ tJ'D
awmfBu;D &JU? ewfjynfqw
vkBd u;D awmhraeygeJ?Y rsuv
f ;Hk av;rsm;zGiMfh unfyh gOD;vm;}

82

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

vkdY ab;uae aemufajymifajymqkdaevnf;[kdu *½k
awmifrpku
d b
f ;l / oJorJ rJ J ½Irw
S f aewm?BuKd ;pm;aewm/
ewforD;awGvnf; ]'Du,
dk af wmfBu;D eJaY wmh cuf
aeNy/D bke;f Bu;D r[kwaf wmhb;l qkw
d m b,fvrdk sm; tod
ay;&if aumif;rvJ}}vkYd pOf;pm;Ny;D uk,
d v
f ;Hk ay:rSeBf u;D
o,fcsvmw,f/ a&SUwnfhwnfhuae axmifjyxm;
w,f/ tawmfMumrS rsuv
f ;Hk av;arS;Ny;D zGiMhf unfv
h u
dk f
awmh ]][m-ouFef;awGvnf; r[kwfygvm;? ewf0wf
ewfpm;awGygvm;? ig ewfjynf a&mufaeNy}D }vdYk tJ'u
D s
rS ewfom;u odw,f/
ewfjynf a&mufaeNyDqkdwm odawmhpdwfraumif;
jzpfvkdufwm? 0rf;enf;vkdufwm/ ]]ig omoemhabmif
xJ0ifNy;D udavomeJY wku
d yf 0JG ifaewm t&[wåzv
dk q
f k
BuD;rsm; &rvm;vkdY? tck bmr[kwf wJh qkao;av;yJ
&w,f/ ewfjynfyJ a&mufw,f/ ig ½IH;NyD../ ESajrmzkdY
aumif;vku
d w
f m/&Supf &maumif;vku
d w
f m}}vkeYd wforD;
awGudk vSnfhawmif rMunfhbl;/ wpfcgwnf; jrwfpGm
bk&m;xH vmNyD;awmh avQmufxm;w,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

83

Ak'¨xH avQmufxm;
tpä&m*P oCHk|H?
ydomp *Pao0dwH/
0eEÅH arm[eH emr?
uxH ,Mwm t0dówd/
]]jrwfpGmbk&m; ewforD;awG 0kdif;tkHNyD; tqkd
twD; tutckefawGeJY qlnHaewJh ewfjynfBuD;ukd
wynfah wmfpw
d x
f rJ mS bDv;l rawG 0kid ;f tkaH ewJah e&mvkYd
wynhaf wmfpw
d x
f J xifaeygw,fb&k m;awGa0rde;f arm
atmifaoG;aqmifaewJah wmtkyBf u;D xJa&mufaeovkd
ygyJ jrwfpmG bk&m;/ wynfah wmfudk vGwaf jrmuf&mvGwf
ajrmufaMumif; enf;vrf; aumif;rsm; ay;oem;awmfrl
yg}}vkdY avQmufw,f/
ewfpnf;pdrf ewfcsr;f om vkcd siaf wmihw
f wwfol
awGeYJ b,favmufumG ovJqw
dk m..Munf/h 'geç oDv
aMumifh ewfjynfa&muf&if pnf;pdraf wGeYJ arhNy;D aysmMf u
w,f/ bk&m;w&m; arhomG ;w,f/ bm0emaMumifeh wf
jynfa&mufwJh 'Dewfom;u enf;enf;rS raysmfbl;/
b,fv½dk ek ;f xGu&f yghrvJvYkd avQmuf xm;vku
d w
f maemf/

84

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]'Dewfom;[m &[ef;b0u
aeoGm;wJh ewfom;yJ/ wu,fu
h dk ZGeJ yJeYJ tm;xkwfNyD;
aovkYd ewfjynfa&muf&wm/ olrY mS &[ef;oDvawmif
rysuaf o;ygvm;}}vko
Yd ad wmh 'geç oDva[mraeawmh
bl;/ olYtwGuf edAÁmefvrf;aMumif;ukd wpfcgwnf; jy
awmfrlygw,f/

r*f&xm;BuD; wufumpD;
OZkaum emr aom ra*¾g
tb,m emr om'dom/
&axm tulZaum emr
"r®pauú[d oH,kawm/
]]cspfom;? oifonf ab;uif;&mudk a&mufcsif
w,fq&dk if? ab;&efcyford ;f uif;Nird ;f &mrSejf rwfeAd mÁ efudk
a&mufcsiw
f ,fq&dk ifajzmifw
h ef;aewJrh *¾iv
f rf;aMumif;
twkdif; oGm;yg}}wJh/
jrwfpmG bk&m;u ewfom;ukd tyg,fi&J0#fqif;&J
awG&JU vGwfajrmuf&mvrf;rSefukd jyvkdufw,f/ edAÁmef
vrf;pukd jyvku
d w
f ,f/ r*Áiv
f rf;rBu;D twkid ;f avQmuf
oGm;vkdufyg-wJh/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

85

]]cspo
f m;? oifonf ab;uif;&mrSef jrwf edAmÁ ef
uko
d mG ;csi&f if r*f&xm;Bu;D pD;&r,ftifrwefrn
S ifom
wJh? bmoHrSukd rjrnfwJh r*f&xm;ukd pD;&r,f}}wJh/
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf edAÁmefoGm;wJh r*f&xm;[m
toHrjrnfygbl;/ acwfay:&xm;awG? um;awG b,f
avmufaumif;w,f ajymajym? b,fvdk Zdr&f w
dS ,fajym
ajym toH j rnf y gw,f / toH x G u f y g w,f /
r*f & xm;u enf ; enf ; rS toH r jrnf y gbl ; /
tifrwefnifomvdkY oGm;aerSef;ukdawmif rodygbl;/
½kyf ½kyfç emrf emrfvdkY ½Iaewm[m bkef;BuD;wkdY
y&dowf r*f&xm;wufpD;aewmyg/ taumif;wumh
taumif;qk;H plyg&xm;Bu;D yg/ qlno
H aH wG r&Syd g bl;/
,drf;xkd;vIyf&Sm;aewm r&Sdygbl;/ pD;&wm tifrwefrS
oufaomifhoufom&SdNyD; Nidrfoufat;csrf; ygw,f/

r*f&xm;&JU tpdwftykdif;rsm;
]]cspfom;? r*f&xm;BuD;rSm wyfqifxm;wJhbD;
awG &xm;bD;awGukd Munfhyg/ 0D&d,qkdwJh bD;awG

86

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

wyfqifxm;w,f/ um,du0D&,
d ?apwodu0D&,
d bD;
awG wyfxm;w,f}}wJh/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf r*f&xm;&JUbD;awG[m 0D&,
d
w&m;yg/ odyfvnfygw,f/ odyfjrefygw,f/ vnf&if
vnfoavmuf c&D;a&mufw,f/ BudK;pm;&if BudK;pm;
oavmuf c&D;aygufwJh 0D&d,bD;awGeJY &xm;yg/
[d&D wó tygvarÁm
owsó y&d0g&PH/
"r®m[H om&xð jALrd?
or®m'd|d yla&Z0H/
]]cspo
f m; r*f&xm;ay:u rusatmiftumt&H
awG qGJukdifp&mawGvnf; &Sdw,f/ [D&dMowåyÜvuf
ukid u
f iG ;f awG? wef;awG umxm;wm &Sw
d ,f/ tvSqif
xm;wJh owdw&m; &Sdw,f/
zkerf wufjrLrwifatmif?tpGe;f tuGurf &Sad tmif
okwfoiftvSqifwJh owdw&m;wyfxm;w,f}}wJh/
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf r*f&xm;BuD; odyfjrefawmh
ususecf rhJ mS ryle/YJ tukov
dk jf zpfrmS ukd &Suaf MumufwhJ

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

87

[D&Md owåyv
Ü ufuidk u
f iG ;f ukd qGx
J m;/ &xm;ay:uvdrfh
rusatmif [D&dMowåyÜwkdifawG um&Hay;xm;w,f wJhaemf/
dk af wG
t&Sut
f aMumuf r&S&d if usecf rhJ mS /tukov
r&SufraMumuf jyKae&if r*f&xm;u vufrcHbl;/us
usecf rhJ mS yJ/ tukov
dk jf yKwo
hJ al wGudk r*f&xm;u vuf
rcHbl;aemf/
acwfay:&xm;awG? um;awG cefn
Y m;w,f? vSy
w,fqkdayr,hf zkefawG AGufawGwufygw,f/ tpGef;
tuGuaf wG pGe;f xif;ygw,f/ ode;f aygif;rsm;pGm wefwhJ
um;awGvnf; npfayvkYd a&aq;&w,f/ yGww
f u
dk yf pf
&w,f/
r*f&xm;rSm rvkb
d ;l / tNrw
J rf; tvSqif ay;ae
wJh owd &Sdw,f/ tnpftaMu;wifzkdY rajymeJY? zkef
wufzYdk rajymeJ?Y tNrw
J rf; ajymifvufaeatmifowdqdk
wJh ud&,
d mu yGww
f u
dk af y;aew,f/ owdeYJ yGww
f u
dk f
xm;?aq;aMumxm;vkdYajymifvufaewJh r*f&xm;yg
aemf/

88

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

"r®m[H om&xd jALrd? or®m'd|d yla&Z0H/
]]cspfom; r*f&xm;ukd armif;ESifaewJholu
avmukw&å m"r®yg/ olrY mS vnf; a&SUajy;eJY vrf;&Si;f xm;
w,f/ a&SUajy;or®m'd|du vrf;&Sif;ay;w,f}} wJh/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf um;aumif;ayr,fh armif;whJ
ol '½kdifbm raumif;&if c&D;oGm;&wm [efrusbl;/
'½kdifbm aumif;zkdYvnf; vkdw,f/
r*f&xm;rSm b,folarmif;ovJ Munfh/ avmukw&å mw&m;u armif;aewm/ edAmÁ efvrf;uku
d Rr;f usif
Ny;D om;/ b,fawmhrS vrf;rrSm;bl;b,ftcsed x
f armif;
armif; wdr;f rSm apmif;rSmarSmufrmS ryl&bl;/ wdu
k cf u
dk rf d
rSmvnf; ryl&bl;/
a&SUajy;&Sw
d ,f/ a&SUu vrf;&Si;f ay;wJh or®m 'd|d
&Sw
d ,f/ cvkwu
f efoif;awG? ql;ajimihaf wG tm;vk;H ol
u jyifomG ;ay;w,f/ab;awG&efawG&iS ;f oGm;ay;w,f/
edAmÁ efa&mufatmif r*f&xm;u ykYd r,fw/hJ a,musmf ;
jzpfjzpf rdef;rjzpfjzpf b,folrqkd pD;Ekdifw,f/ &xm;
ay:wufwmeJY edAÁmefta&mufykdYr,fh r*f&xm;yg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

89

r*fay:vm&if 'd|dpif
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf r*fay:vm&if 'd|dpifygNyD/
tenf;qk;H aomwmywård *f ay:&ifyJ ouúm,'d|d pif
oGm;ygNy/D tyg,fra&mufawmhygbl;/r*fay:atmifr*f
&xm;wufpD;zkdYyJ vkdygw,f/
r*f&xm; xGuEf idk af tmif a&SUajy;or®m 'd|&d xm;
vrf; &Si;f zkyYd J vkyd gw,f/trSejf rifwhJ or®m'd|u
d igç ol
wpfyg;ç a,musfm;çrdef;rvkdYjrifwJhrdpäm'd|dçouúm,'d|dudk y,fzsuf&Sif;vif;ygvdrhfr,f/
omrPewfom;uawmh jrwfpmG bk&m;enf;vrf;
ay;wJt
h wkid ;f r*f&xm;ay: wufp;D Ny;D edAmÁ efjynfBu;D okYd
0ifa&mufomG ;ygNy/D bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfvnf;aemufu
vkduf&atmif..qkdMunfhyg/
{ ½kyfemrf½IyGm; r*f&xm;
armif;oGm; edAÁmefqD/
r*f&xm;ay:bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf wufEidk af tmiff
edAmÁ efjynfBu;D odYk r*f&xm;Bu;D pD;0ifEidk af tmif ½kyf emrf
w&m;udk ½I&r,f/ r½Ivu
Ydk kd rjzpfyg bl;/ ½kyef mrf r½IbeJ YJ
edAÁmefa&mufukd ra&mufygbl;/

90

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf r*f&xm;Bu;D jzpfvmatmif
r*¾iv
f aYdk c:wJh t*Fgtpdwt
f ykid ;f awGwyfqif&ygr,f/½kyf
emrfawG½rI w
S af e&if;eJrY *f&xm;Bu;D ukw
d yfqifMu&r,f/

'gyJvm; bk&m;wJh
bkef;BuD; w&m;jyaeawmh wcsdKUa,m*D txl;
tqef;awG awGU&w,f/ w&m;tm;xkwfenf; ay;NyD;
tm;xkwcf idk ;f &if olwu
Ydk ar;w,f/ ]]t&Sib
f &k m;?t½IcH
u ½kyef YJ emrfqadk wmh 'gyJvm; bk&m;}}wJ/h olwu
Ydk bm
awG vkcd sio
f vJ rodb;l / ½kyef YJ emrftjyif bmawGtydk
½IcsiMf uovJ rajymwwfb;l / bke;f Bu;D uvnf; wkw
kd ydk J
ajymvkdufw,f/ ]][kwfw,f? 'gyJ ½I&rSm}}vkdY/

tusOf;csKH;Munhf&if
urÇmBu;D wpfcv
k ;Hk ? pMu0Vm wpfcv
k ;Hk ukd tusO;f
csK;H Munf&h if ½kyçf emrfrw
S pfyg; tjcm; r&Syd gbl;/ tykad wG
csUJ um;&if rsm;csiw
f idk ;f rsm;ayr,fh tusO;f csK;H &if ½kyçf
emrfrSwpfyg; tjcm; r&Sdygbl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

91

ouf&SdoufrJh avmuBuD; b,fvkdyif us,f0ef;
ayr,fh tusO;f csKy&f if emrfe½YJ yk yf gyJ/ trnfemrtac:
ta0:awG rsm;ayr,fh tm;vk;H [memrf½yk o
f abmxJu
rvGwfoGm;ygbl;/ ½kyfeJYemrfyJ &Sdyg w,f/
urÇmukefvkH; usOf;csKH;aomcg
½kyfç emrfukd xm; wjcm; ryg/
odwwf ñTwfwwf ac:rSwf emrfom?
rodwwf ½kyfrSwf azmufjyefwm/
emrfqw
kd mu odwwf ñTww
f wfwhJ oabm&Syd g
w,f/ ta0;u tm½kaH wGuv
dk nf; vSr;f Ny;D ñTwf wwf
w,f/
jzLeD0gpdr;f jrif&wmawGukd odwwfw,f/ Mum;&
wJh toHawGudk odw,f/ ESmacgif;xJ 0ifvmwJt
h eHaY wG
ukd odw,f/ vQmay:ay:vmwJt
h &omawGuo
dk w
d ,f/
ukd,feJYxdorQudk odw,f/ awG;awmw,f/ pOf;pm;
w,f/ BupH nfpw
d u
f ;l w,fqw
dk mawG[memrfw&m;yg/
emrf&JUoabmobm0awGyg/
½kyq
f w
dk mrSm tod r&Syd gbl;/xif;wk;H ?ausmufw;Hk ?
opfwkH;vkdyJ ylrSef; at;rSef;vnf; rodbl;/ emusif

92

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

ukdufcJrSef;vnf; rodbl;/ olYrSm &Sdwm u wpfrsdK;NyD;
wpfrsdK; azmufjyefoGm;wJhoabm? ajymif;vJoGm;wJh
oabmyJ &Sdygw,f/

b,fvkd ½I&rvJ
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf trSejf rifatmif ½Ienf;? r*f
zkv
d q
f u
dk af tmif ½Ienf;udk bke;f Bu;D ay;ygr,f/ b,fvdk
½I&rvJqw
dk moabmaygufem;vnfatmifem;axmifyg/
tck xkid Nf y;D w&m;emaeMu? xkid Nf y;D pmzwfaeMu
awmhtcsdeftawmfav;Mumvmw,fqkd&ifyJ½kyf&JU
azmufjyefrIudk odomjrifomvmygNyD/
uk,
d af y:uwpfae&mwpfae&mrSmylvmwmav;
awGUvmr,f/ pçxkid pf wke;f u tJ'yD w
l o
hJ abmav; r&Sd
cJhbl;/ tck ay:vmw,fazmufjyefvmwmaemft&if
u rylb;l / tck ylw,f/ at;&mu ae ylvmw,ft'J D
vkd azmufjyefvmwJo
h abm[m½kyo
f abm½kyw
f &m;yg/
ydNk y;D odomwmudk Munfyh g/ aeylBu;D xJu'Dae&m
udv
k mawmh a&mufvmumprSm w&Sed &f edS ef YJ uk,
d af y:rSm
ylaew,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

93

a[m ckMunh.f .yefumatmufaevku
d w
f ,f,yf
cwfvu
dk w
f ,f/ t&dyx
f rJ mS taeMumawmhyw
l maysmuf
oGm;w,f/ ylaewJhoabm aysmufNyD; at;wJhoabm
ay:vmw,f/
tylawGaysmuftat;awGa&mufvmwmajymif;
vJoGm;wm azmufjyefoGm;wmrkdY ½kyfw&m;/ ylwm[m
½kyw
f &m;? at;wm[m ½kyw
f &m;/ awaZm"mwfvaYdk c:
&wJh ½kyfw&m; tppftrSefyg/
ylwahJ e&m? at;wJah e&mudt
k m½kjH yKMunfv
h u
dk w
f m
eJY ylrSef;odw,f? at;rSef;odw,f/ tJ'Dtod[m emrf
w&m;yg/
ukd,fh&JUcE¨mxJ tm½kHjyK owduyfNyD; MunfhwmeJY
ylwmawGU&if ½kyfvkdY ½IrSwf? ylrSef; odwmukd emrfvkdY ½I
rSwfyg/ at;wmawGU&if ½kyfvkdY ½IrSwf? at;rSef;od&if
todukd emrfvdkY ½IrSwfyg/
uk,
d af y:rSm jzpfay:orQudk ½kyv
f Ydk ½Irw
S yf g/ pdwf
xJ jzpfay:orQudk emrfvYkd ½Irw
S yf g/ rodwmukd todr&Sd
wmukd ½kyfvkdY ½IrSwfyg/ odaewmukd emrfvdkY ½IrSwfyg/

94

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

MudKuf&mudk ½IEkdif
wcsdKUu ½kyfudk ½I&wm oabmusw,f? ½I&wm
ykid Ef idk w
f ,f? xif&mS ;w,fq&dk if ½kyu
f kd ½Iyg/ emrfw&m;
½I&rS tm;&auseyfygw,f? pdwfwkdif;us ygw,fqkd&if
emrfukd ½Iyg/
BuKd u&f mudk ½I&ygw,f/ wGNJ y;D vnf; ½IEidk yf gw,f/
wpfrsKd ;pDvnf; ½IEidk yf gw,f/ ½kyef mrf ESpyf g;xJu wpfyg;
yg; ½Iae&ifukd vkHavmufygNyD/

r*¾ifawG jzpfae
½kyfemrfudk jrifaewJh ÓPftjrif igç olwpfyg;ç
a,musmf ;ç rde;f r r[kwb
f ;l ½kyef YJ emrfomvkYd jrifaewJh
ÓPftjrif[m or®m'd|dr*¾ifyg/
½kyef mrfawG&UJ ay:vmNy;D aemufaysmufomG ;yk?H rNrJ
ykH? qif;&JykH? tpkd;r&ykHawGukd xyfumxyfum BuHpnf
aewm pOf;pm;aewmu or®mouFyÜr*¾ifyg/
t½Ict
H m½krH w
S pfyg; wjcm;ukpd w
d rf a&mufatmif?
½IÓPfay:atmif BuKd ;pm;aewm t[kwf wu,f BuKd ;
pm;aewmu or®m0g,mrr*¾ifyg/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

95

'Dtm½kx
H yJ J pl;pku
d af ewm? ½kyef mrfoabmawGod
aeatmif owdxm;aewmu or®mowdr*¾ifyg/
Nird af eNy/D ½kyef mrftm½kaH y:rSmwnfNird o
f mG ;ygNyq
D dk
wmu or®morm"dr*¾ifyg/
tJ'rD *¾iaf wG wpfaygif;wnf; wpfpnf;wnf;jzpf
vmNyDqkd&ifç jynfhpkHvmNyDqkd&if aomwmywådr*f? quf
BudK;pm;&if ou’g*grdr*f? tem*grdr*f? t&[wår*fvkdY
jzpfvmygvdrfhr,f/ edAÁmefoGm;&atmif r*f&xm;BuD;
bGm;ceJ ay:vmygvdrrhf ,f/ edAmÁ efqD ukd armif;ydyYk gvdrfh
r,f/
{ edAÁmefa&mufrS ab;'kuÁ
vkH;0 Nidrf;awmhonf/
edAÁmefa&muf&if ab;'ku©awGtm;vkH;Nidrf;ygNyD/
ab;&efawGtm;vkH; uif;&Sif;oGm;ygNyD/ tEÅ&m,fawG
&efpG,fawGvnf; tm;vkH; aysmufuG,fukefygNyD/

rSef;qNyD; MunfhEkdif
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf uk,
d o
hf EÅmefrmS r*fw&m;zkv
d f
w&m;awG ray:ao;vkdY edAÁmefukd rjrif&ao;ayr,fh

96

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

w&m;tm;xkwaf eolrsm;taeeJrY eS ;f qMunfEh idk yf gw,f/
cE¨mwGi;f rSm ÓPfoiG ;f Ny;D taotcsm ½Ivu
dk w
f ,fqdk
&ifyJ ½kyfemrf'ku©awG awGUvmygw,f/
xkid w
f mMum&ifajymif;a&TU&wJ'h u
k ?© qmavmifvm
&if pm;&wJ'h u
k ?© a&csKd ;okwo
f if jyKjyifay;&wJh 'ku?© pdwf
rcsr;f rom jzpf&? pdwq
f ;dk &? pdwyf ifyef;& wJ'h u
k q
© Ndk y;D
'kua© wGukd tvG,af v; odEidk yf gw,f/ rSe;f qMunfyh g/
enf;enf;av; tm½kHjyKNyD; rSef;q vkdufr,fqkd&if ]]aMomf...'D'ku©awG[m ½kyfemrfw&m;awG &Sd
aevko
Yd mjzpfvm&wm½kyw
f &m;emrfw&m;awGr&Sad wmhwhJ
edAmÁ ef? ½kyef mrf"r®w&Ydk UJ csKy&f medAmÁ efrmS 'Dv'dk u
k r© sKd ;awG
r&Sv
d Ydk odycf sr;f omrSmyJ/ b,favmufcsr;f omvdrrhf vJ/}}
vdYk wyftyfr[kwaf omfvnf; eD; pyfatmif rSe;f qMunfh
Ekdifygw,f/

tyg,f'ku©awGvnf; Nidrf;
tyg,f'u
k a© wGb,favmufBu;D rm;rsm;jym;w,f
qkw
d m bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfukd ajymcJNh y;D ygNy/D tJ't
D yg,f
'kua© wGvnf; edAmÁ efa&muf&if vk;H 0udk r&Sad wmhygbl;/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

97

r*feYJ tyg,frsKd ;aph ouúm,'d|u
d rdk sKd ;jyKwaf tmif
zsuq
f ;D vku
d Nf y;D wmeJY tyg,f'u
k a© wG tm;vk;H aysmuf
uG,u
f ek yf gNy/D avmuoabmt& Munf&h ifrsKd ;aph&&dS if
taMumif;nDñGwf&if tyifayguf Ekdifw,faemf/
tck edAmÁ efjrifwm[m rsKd ;aphuydk g zsuv
f u
dk w
f m
yg/ b,fvkdrS tyifBuD; raygufEkdifawmhbl;/
tyg,fwHcg;qkdwm[mvnf; aphxm;&ifç tao
rydwx
f m;&if 0ifEidk af o;w,f/ tck tyg,fwcH g;udrk *f
qkdwJh uefYvefYeJY rif;wkH;eJYukd ydwfxm;vkdufawmh b,f
vkdrS r0ifroGm; a&mufroGm;Ekdifawmhygbl;/
'ku©awGa&mufNyD; qif;&JaewJholwpfa,muf[m
aemufwpfcg jyefNy;D qif;&JrmS aMumufvcYdk sr;f omatmif
BuKd ;pm;w,f/ BuKd ;pm;wJt
h wkid ;f csr;f omvmwJt
h csed rf mS
b,fawmhrS jyefrqif;&Jawmhb;l vkYd ao csmaygufow
d hJ
tcsdefrSm awGUBuKHcJhzl;wJh qif;&JawGeJY jyefawGUrSmukd yl
p&mrvkdawmhbl;/ aMumufp&m rvkdawmhbl;/
tJ'v
D ydk .J .tyg,f'u
k a© wG odjrifNy;D BuKd ;pm;tm;
xkwv
f Ydk tyg,fab;u vGwo
f mG ;wJo
h [
l m b,fawmhrS

98

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tyg,frusawmhbl;vkdY taotcsm odoGm;wJhol[m
b,favmuf 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpfvkdufrvJ/ b,f
avmuf pdwfcsrf;omoGm;rvJvdkY bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf
rSe;f qNy;D Munfv
h u
dk yf g/ 'gqk&d if w&m; tm;xkw&f wm
ukd Ni;D aiGUp&mvkYd bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf rjrifawmhygbl;/
taotcsm BudK;pm;awmhrSmyg/

awG;rdwkdif; 0rf;om
bkef;BuD; awG;rdw,f/ wpfcgwavus&if
taotcsmukd awG;rdygw,f/ ]]wkdY[m Ak'¨jrwfpGm&JU
w&m;"r®awGudk odcGifh&vkdufwm 0rf;omp&maumif;
k a© wGudk
vku
d w
f m}}vk/Yd Ak'&¨ UJ w&m;awmfawGrmS qif;&J'u
vnf; taotcsm jyxm;w,f/ b,fvrdk rS jiif;Ekid b
f ;l /
tyg,fi&Jqkdwm qif;&J'ku©/
tJ''D u
k a© wG bmaMumihjf zpfvmovJ/tvkv
d jdk zpf
vmwmvm; .. r[kwb
f ;l wpfO;D wpfa,mufursm;zef
qif;wmvm;.. r[kwb
f ;l / wpfa,mufa,mufursm;
wefckd;eJY'ku©a&mufatmif vkyfvkdYvm;? r[kwfbl;/ olY

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

99

taMumif;eJo
Y l jzpfvmwm/ 'kua© &mufwmtaMumif;&Sd
w,f/ tyg,fi&J'u
k a© wGjzpf&wm[mtukov
dk Mf umih/f
ouúm,'d|daMumihfaemf/
'kua© wG &Sad ewmawmh [kwyf gNy/D 'kuj© zpfaMumif;
© w
G w
f ahJ e&m?'kua© wGtm;vk;H u
ukv
d nf; od&ygNy/D 'kuv
vGww
f ahJ e&maumr&Sad wmhb;l vm;?'kuv
© w
G af jrmuf&m
r&Sb
d ;l vm;/ &Syd gw,f/ jrwfpmG bk&m;u &Sw
d ,fwahJ emf/
'ku©vGwf&monf edAÁmef/ 'ku©awG uif;vGwf&monf
edAÁmefyg-wJh/
b,fvo
dk mG ;&rvJ/ 'kuv
© w
G u
f if;&mukd odyg Ny/D
f ehJ nf;vrf;? 'gukd vnf; jrwf
oGm;&r,fv
h rf;? a&mufEidk w
pGmbk&m;u jyawmfryl gw,f/ ]]w&m;usiyhf g?r*¾iw
f &m;
udk usihfBuHtm;xkwfyg}}wJh/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf Ak'b
¨ mom0ifwpfa,mufjzpf
&wm b,favmuf tm;&Spd &maumif;ovJ/avmurSm
aeenf;..?avmurSxu
G af jrmufenf;tm;vk;H ukb
d ek ;f Bu;D
wkdY jrwfpGmbk&m;u a[mcJhwm yJ/ xyfjznhfp&mvnf;
rvkb
d ;l / ykad evkYd Ekwyf pfp&m vnf; rvkb
d ;l / tydt
k vdk
r&Sd wdwu
d susukd jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mcJw
h myJvYdk awG;rd

100

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

&if 0rf;omvku
d w
f m/ Ak'w
¨ &m;awmfawGukd odciG &hf wm
0rf;omp&maumif; vkdufwmaemf/

tkdç emç ao 'ku©awGNidrf;
edAmÁ efudk jrif&if? edAmÁ efa&mufwt
hJ xd r*f&xm;
Bu;D pD;oGm;&if y#doaE¨ ae&wJ'h u
k ?© tk&d wJh Z&m'ku?©
em&wJh Asm"d'ku©? ao&wJh r&P'ku©awGvnf; Nidrf;
oGm;ygw,f/

trd0rf;xJrSm qif;&J
bkef;BuD;wkdYy&dowf wcsdKUu w&m;xkdif&wm
anmif;vku
d w
f mwJ/h rxkid Ef idk b
f ;l wJw
h &m;wpfcgxkid &f if
tvGefqkH;rS wpfem&D/ 'DMum;xJ ajymif;r,f? a&TUr,f
vIyfr,fqkd&if ajymif;vkdY a&TUvkdY vIyfvkdY&ao;w,f/
uk,
d f rarG;cif tarh0rf;Aku
d x
f J aecJ&h wmuk;d v?
q,fv..vIyfvkdYr&bl;?a&TUvkdYr&bl;usyfusyfwnf;
wnf;...usO;f usO;f ajrmif;ajrmif;aemf/ rodMuvko
Yd m/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

101

b,favmuf qif;&JrvJ/ wpfem&D ESpef m&D r[kwb
f ;l /
wpf&uf ESpf&uf? wpfv ESpfv r[kwfbl;/ ukd;v
q,fv ae&wm... Zmwd'ku©/
tckrSom ylw,fç tdkufw,fç arSmifw,fç rnf;
w,f ajymaewm/ tarh0rf;xJrmS rD;&Sv
d v
Ydk m;/ bmrD;rS
r&Sdbl;/ arSmifrnf;aew,f/ yltkdufvkdY jywif;ayguf
azmufrxm;bl;/ yefum r&Sdbl;/ ,yfawmif r&Sdbl;/
tJ,m;uGef; r&Sdbl;/ ylvnf; ‘Dtwkdif;aeç at;vnf;
'Dtwkid ;f aetpmopftrd u
f adk cgif;u&Gu.f .?tpma[mif;
tdru
f dk zifcx
k idk /f eHapmfvnf; 'Dtwkid ;f omae&wm..
Zmwd'ku©/
roufombl;aemf/ [kw
d ek ;f u qif;&JwmtrSeyf /J
'gayr,fah emufawmharhomG ;vdo
Yk wdr&awmhvo
Ydk m..
ckaeom jyef0ifcidk ;f &if b,forl S r0ifcsiaf wmhb;l / rae
csiaf wmhb;l / owdr&vko
Yd m? trSwrf &awmhvo
Ydk m..
Zmwd'ku©ukd raMumufMuwm/

102

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

tkd&wmvnf; qif;&J
tdk&wvnf;raumif;bl;aemf/ rtdkcsifvnf;
r&? wjznf;jznf;eJY tdkrif;vmMuw,f/ 'umBuD;
wpfa,mufuqdk ]t&Sib
f &k m;? tdv
k m&ifbmrSraumif;
awmhbl;bk&m;? aozkdYyJaumif;awmhw,f}wJh/ aocsif
avmufatmifudk qdk;wJh Z&m'ku©/
rsufpdawGrIefvmvdkY MunfhvdkY raumif;bl;/ ol
lrsm; ajymawmh Mum;wpfcsuf rMum;wpfcsufeJY em;u
raumif;bl;/oGm;awGraumif;vdkY pm;&aomuf&wm
vnf;raumif;bl;/ oGm;vmvSyI &f mS ;vdv
Yk nf;raumif;
bl;/tm;awG enf;vmvku
d w
f m/ cE¨muk,
d Bf u;D av;vH
vkdufwm/ xlckdif;&? qGJckdif;&? wGJckdif;& eJY..bmrSukd
raumif;awmhbl;/ tkd&wJh Z&m'ku©/
touf&n
S af vav tk'd u
k a© wG rsm;rsm;cH&av/
'gawmifrS bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowfu touf&mausmf &Snf
csifMuao;w,f/ 'Dom; 'DorD; 'DZeD; 'D cifyGef;awGeJY
b0qufwkdif; tkdatmifrif;atmif aygif;&ygapvkdY
qkawmif;Muao;w,faemf/ 'kuc© H csiv
f /Ydk tkw
d hJ Z&m
'ku© cHcsifMuvkdY/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

103

]]aMumif tkdawmh <uuf rav;? vl tkdawmh vl
rav;}}wJ/h tkv
d m&if om;awGajr;awGu odyrf av;pm;
csifMubl;/ t&mroGif;csifMuawmhbl;/ udk,fuvnf;
ae&mwumygcsif? ae&mwum ajymcsifw,f? qdkcsif
w,f/ vli,fawGu ]]tbd;k Bu;D ? tbGm;Bu;D awG acwf
rrDawmhygbl;? acwfaemufusaeNyD}}qkdNyD; 0kdif;y,fMu
wmcH&w,f/ tJ'gvnf; tkd&wJh 'ku©yg/

em&wmvnf; qif;&J
Bu;D Bu;D i,fi,f cE¨m&S&d if tema&m*g &Sw
d myJ/ae
xkid rf aumif; jzpf&? zsm;em&? ZufaMumxk;d &? acgif;cJ&?
0rf;avQm&? xdrcd u
dk rf &d ? 'Pf&mtemw& jzpf&wmawG
[m Asm"d'ku©awGyg/
aumif;wm wpfcrk S rygbl;/ oufomwm wpfck
rS r&Sdbl;/ tHBudwfNyD;awmh cH&w,f/ rsuf&nfusNyD;
awmh cH&w,f/ tdyf&mxJvJwJhtxd cH&w,f/ atmf
[pfnnf;nLNyD; cH&w,f/ em&wJh Asm"d'ku©/
ukd,fwkdifcH&wm rajymeJY/ ab;uaeMunfh&if
awmif pdwfrcsrf;ombl;/ wpfcgwavus&if ]]'DvkdcH

104

"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&

aH e&r,ft
h pm; aooGm;wmurS awmfO;D r,f}}vkaYd wmif
pOf;pm;rdwJhtxd qkd;wJh Asm'd'ku©yg/
ckacwfrSm tema&m*gawGuvnf; rsm;vkduf
wm?qk;d vku
d w
f m...uifqmwJ?h attkid 'f t
D ufpw
f ?hJ ESv;Hk
a&m*gwJ?h tonf;a&m*gwJah q;r&Sw
d mawGa&m..aq;
rukEidk w
f mawGa&m/cH&r,haf &m*gawG?vmr,fAh sm"d'u
k ©
awGyg/
wpfaeY wpfaeY aq;½kaH q;cef;awGrmS Buw
d Bf uw
d f
wkd;NyD; ukoae&wJh tema&m*gAsm"d'ku©awGyg/

ao&wmvnf; qif;&J
Z&m'ku?© Asm"d'u
k a© wG odycf &H wJt
h csed rf mS ]]ao
oGm;&ifawmif aumif;ao;w,f}}vdYk ajymayr,hf ao&
wmvnf; raumif;ygbl;/ b,forl S raocsib
f ;l / ao
&wmvnf; qif;&Jygw,f/
cspfolcifolawGeJY cJGcGmoGm;&w,f/ ykdifqkdiforQ
ypön;f OpömawG xm;cJ&h w,f/ &mxl;tmPmawG vuf
vTw&f w,f/ b,fb0a&mufvYdk a&muf&rSe;f rod?b,f

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

105

vk'd u
k a© wG BuKv
H BYdk uKH &rSe;f rod/ rsupf o
d il ,fem;oli,f
eJY b0Bu;D wpfcv
k ;Hk pGeo
Yf mG ;&wm.. r&P'kua© o&wJh
qif;&Jyg/
vljzpfap? wd&pämefjzpfap? vlqif;&Jjzpfap? vl
h 0av; ukd
csr;f omjzpfap owå0gwkid ;f vuf&&dS xm;wJb
rufarmMuygw,f/ wG,fwmMuygw,f/
tm;Bu;D wJw
h PSmeJY toufcE¨mudk wG,w
f mrI &Sd
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f J pGe&Yf
w,fqkdwm tifrwef BuD;rm;wJh r&P'ku©BuD;yg/
ao&r,fq&dk if vlawGrqkx
d m;eJ?Y wd&pämefav;awG
awmifrS aMumufMuw,f/ ukd,fhtjrifrSm odyf qif;&J
w,f?wefz;dk r&Sb
d ;l ...aowmuawmifaumif;r,fvYdk
xifayr,fh um,uH&iS u
f awmh rao csiyf gbl;/ wwf
Ekid o
f rQawmh touf&iS af tmif BuKd ;pm;½ke;f uefMurSmyJ/
rwwfomrSom aocsiaf oayghvv
Ydk ufavQmMh u
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Ydk q
J &dk if r&P'kuu
© kd aMumufvyYdk g/
½kwfw&uf aooGm;wm? nifnifomomav;
toufxu
G o
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106

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wkdif;u vufcHMu&rSmygaemf/

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cspo
f el YJ cG&J wm odyu
f kd pdwq
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ylavmif&ygw,f/ wcsdKUqkd &ifuGJemusNyD; aoawmif
aow,f/ cspo
f el q
YJ dk xm;ygOD;/ tifrwef oabmus
ESpo
f ufwhJ oufryhJ pön;f eJaY wmif rcGcJ sib
f ;l / ray;csif
bl;/ rysufpD;apcsifbl;/
jrwfpmG bk&m; a[mcJw
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k rJ mS ig;
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w,f/ ]]rD;avmifc&H vkYd rylygbl;? wHpx
Ydk ;dk cH&vkYd remyg
bl;}}wJ/h cspo
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aew,f? &ifxrJ mS emaew,f}}wJ/h cspo
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cspfrdvkdY cHpm;&wJh'ku©aemf/ OD;bñGefY&JU cspf'ku©u
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© adk wmh bke;f Bu;D
oHa0*&rdw,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

107

rcspfoleJY ae&wmvnf; qif;&J
rcspo
f el YJ aygif;ae&wmvnf; qk;d ygw,f/ ud,
k f
u rcspw
f mjzpfap? olu rcspw
f m jzpfap... arwåm
awG jywfawmufaewJt
h rd w
f iG ;f a&;..pdwu
f rdk csr;f om
bl;aemf/
Ak'v
¨ ufxufawmfutrsKd ;orD;av;wpfa,muf
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w,f/ bmawGvyk v
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f ifa,musmf ;utaumif;rjrif
bl;/ taumif;rajymbl;/ qJqBdk urd ;f armif;½ku
d Ef u
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ukd aeYpOfc&H w,f/ aeYwidk ;f rsu&f nfeYJ rsucf u
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NyD; bdu©LeDr 0wfvkdufw,f/ BudK;pm;w&m;tm;xkwf
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qnf;Ekid o
f mG ;rS csr;f om&&Smw,f/ rcsp'f u
k q
© ;dk u vGwf
oGm;wmaygh/ w&m;"r® u,fayvkdYaygh/

108

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&?ok;H pGaJ e&wmawmifrpS w
d rf aumif;bl;pdwrf csr;f om
bl;/ tJ'g rcspf'ku©yg/

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uHu ray;vk?Yd tajctaeuray;vkv
Yd ckd siv
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wkid ;f rpm;&bl;/ 0wfcsiw
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aecsifvsufom;eJY raeEkdifbl;/ 'gawGvnf; 'ku©ygyJ/

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twkdcsHK;NyD; ajym&&ifqif;&JreS o
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k Bf u;D &vmvkjYd zpf&wm
yg/ BuKH awGU&wmyg/ tyg,fi&JaMumuf&wmvnf;cE¨m
&SdvkdY/
tkdç emç ao&wmvnf; cE¨m &SdvkdY/
cspfoleJYuGJ rkef;oleJY wGJ&wmvnf; cE¨m&SdvkdY/
cE¨m&Sd&if 'ku©rSeforQ a&mufvm&Sdvmygw,f/
jzpfvmygw,f/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

109

tJ'v
D dk 'kur© sKd ;pku
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rS ab;'ku©awGtm;vkH; at;oGm;Nidrf;oGm;wm yg/
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf tyg,fab;u pNy;D ab;&ef
awG tm;vk;H at;Nird ;f oGm;atmif ½kyef mrf"r®awG ½Irw
S f
Ny;D w&m;&atmif BuKd ;pm;yg/ tyg,fwcH g;Bu;D ydwx
f m;
Ekdifatmif BudK;pm;tm;xkwfMuygaemf/

ed*kH;jyefcsKyf&if
bke;f Bu;D wkyYd &dowf ed*;Hk jyefcsKy&f if tyg,fwcH g;
udk [if;vif;yGiNhf y;D tyg,fukd cswmonf ouúm,'d|/d
tyg,fwHcg;aomhonf ouúm,' d|d/
tJ'o
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wmonf aomwmywård *f?tyg,f'u
k u
© pNy;D qif;&J'u
k ©
awG tm;vk;H ukd uif;Nird ;f apwmonf r*fç zkv
d çf edAmÁ ef/

110

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© w
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onf r*Ái&f pS yf g; tusiw
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ownf;/ tyg,fwHcg;BuD; ydwfxm;EkdifMuygap ukef
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£’Haem yknr*FvH/
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tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

111

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opömav;tif ckid o
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zkef;-(035) 70010

113

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tdy&f m0ifonfw
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Ekdifyg/
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d wynfh t&Sif
awaZmom& (
) wdwaf cGrS ul;,lum
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jyefvyk u
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onf/

tyg,fwHcg; ydwfxm;MupdkY

115

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)
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f t
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aumif;? vkt
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txl; aus;Zl; wif &Sdygonf/
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tay: aus;Zl;Oyum& txl;&SMd uukeaf om rdbESpyf g;
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jyefyY mG ;a&;twGuf xm0&aiGya'omyifrsm; pku
d x
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Yd m;vnf;aumif;?

116

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d pfaxG a&yifv,fomG ;olawmf

117

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ukefownf;/
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h m
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"r®'lw t&Sifyndó&
"r®mp&d,-bDat? trfat(oD&dvuFm)
wefcl;vjynfhausmf (6)&uf? 1362-ck/

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