©2001-2003 Eric MARCIANO

These Airbus panels have been designed to be used with Airbus A320 and A330 series aircrafts. For the A340 panel, please have a look at my web site, or go directly to the A340 specific page: http://emarciano.free.fr/A340/ The panels have been developed and tested with the following aircrafts:

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A320 from Project Airbus, the best freeware A320 available today (http://avsim.com/projectairbus/) A320 from Precision-Sim Designs (http://www.precision-simdesigns.com/) A330 from Project Opensky, the best A330 (http://www.projectopensky.com/)

These panels have been developed to be as realistic as possible. Regarding the FS2002 capabilities, I have tried to find the best compromise between the best possible realism and what FS2002 can offer. I have also kept in mind the ease of use, I want my panels to be as pleasant to use as possible. They are optimized for a 1024x768 screen resolution, and can be used with any other resolution. Requirements: These panels include advanced features. For this reason, they require some additional software:

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Credits:

FSUIPC version 2.87 or higher, by Pete Dowson (http://www.schiratti.com/dowson.html) DirectX 8.0 or higher

Many thanks to all the people who helped me in designing these panels:

• • • • • •

Stefan Leppek, who provided the beautiful background images Tony D'Ambrosio, developer of NavData, who allowed me to use his navigation databases Project Airbus team, Trevor, Gianmarco, Simone, and all the others... Pete Dowson, for his help and his great tool FSUIPC Peter Skotte and Mattias Nordin for their help on graphics FPDA Group for their gauges and sounds

Disclaimer The included files have been tested and have been determined not to be harmful. However, the author is not responsible for any direct, consequential or indirect damage these files may cause to you and your computer. Use entirely at your own risk. These panels are FREEWARE. These files are strictly for your own personal, non-commercial use. Any redistribution, repackaging or reselling of these files in any form is expressly prohibited without the written permission of the author. All the FPDA gauges and sounds are the property of the FPDA group.

Support These panels are 100% freeware. No support is provided for their use. If you have any problem, read this documentation carefully. For further information, have a look at my web site: http://emarciano.free.fr, and go to the FAQ section. You will find answers to the most common questions. No support will be provided by e-mail.

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Installation.................................................................................................... 5 Panel Usage .................................................................................................. 7 Global Layout ................................................................................................ 8 PFD - Primary Flight Display ...........................................................................10 Layout .....................................................................................................10 Flight Mode Anunciator ...............................................................................10 Airspeed section ........................................................................................11 Altitude section .........................................................................................12 Heading section .........................................................................................13 Attitude indicator .......................................................................................13 ILS section ...............................................................................................14 Altimeter setting........................................................................................14 ND - Navigation Display .................................................................................15 Layout .....................................................................................................15 Navaid and Airport Display ..........................................................................16 Route display ............................................................................................16 Navigation ................................................................................................17 LS mode (Rose) .....................................................................................17 VOR mode (Rose) ...................................................................................17 NAV mode (Rose) ...................................................................................17 ARC mode (Arc) .....................................................................................18 PLAN mode............................................................................................18 TCAS .......................................................................................................18 EFIS Control Panel ........................................................................................19 FCU - Flight Control Unit ................................................................................20 Selection and Management .........................................................................20 FCU features .............................................................................................20 Autopilot Activation.................................................................................20 Speed and Auto-Throttle..........................................................................21 Heading / Course mode ...........................................................................21 Wing Leveler..........................................................................................21 Altitude mode ........................................................................................21 Vertical Speed........................................................................................21 LOC and APPR modes..............................................................................22 Autoland ..................................................................................................22 MCDU - Multi-Control Display Unit ...................................................................23 Layout .....................................................................................................23 Pages.......................................................................................................23 MENU Page............................................................................................23 AIDS Page.............................................................................................24 CONFIG Page .........................................................................................24 INIT Page..............................................................................................24 F-PLAN Page ..........................................................................................25 AIRPORT INFORMATION Page...................................................................25 PROG Page ............................................................................................26 WIND Page............................................................................................26 STATUS Page - On ground .......................................................................26 STATUS Page - Climb ..............................................................................27 STATUS Page - Cruise .............................................................................27 STATUS Page - Descent...........................................................................27 E/WD - Engine / Warning Display ....................................................................28 General Layout..........................................................................................28 Message Display - Left part .........................................................................29

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Message Display - Checklists .......................................................................30 Message Display - Right part .......................................................................30 SD (System Display) .....................................................................................32 Other instruments .........................................................................................34 Main Panel ................................................................................................34 Barometric Setting..................................................................................34 Flight Director & Landing System ..............................................................34 Standby Instruments ..............................................................................34 Landing Gear and Autobrake ....................................................................35 Clock ....................................................................................................35 Navigation Chrono ..................................................................................36 DDRMI ..................................................................................................36 Pedestal ...................................................................................................36 Radio....................................................................................................36 Page Keys .............................................................................................37 Transponder (XPNDR) .............................................................................38 Audio Selector .......................................................................................38 Spoilers and Flaps ..................................................................................38 Operating the flaps .................................................................................39 Rudder Trim ..........................................................................................39 Parking Brakes .......................................................................................39 Throttles ...............................................................................................40 Engine Starters ......................................................................................41 Engine Start Procedure............................................................................41 Engine Shutdown Procedure.....................................................................41 Overhead .................................................................................................42 Light switches and Signs .........................................................................42 Anti-ice .................................................................................................42 Electrical Panel.......................................................................................42 Fuel Pumps............................................................................................43 ADIRS ..................................................................................................44 ELAC Computer ......................................................................................44 Keyboard .....................................................................................................45 Fine Tuning the Airbus Gauges........................................................................46 Flap positions ............................................................................................46 Stall Warning ............................................................................................47 Radio Altitude ...........................................................................................48 Autobrake.................................................................................................48 A Typical Flight .............................................................................................49 Known Bugs .................................................................................................55 Keyboard Usage ........................................................................................55 Cross Feed................................................................................................55 Virtual Cockpit...........................................................................................55 Frequently Asked Questions............................................................................56 Checklist......................................................................................................58

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Installation
The installation procedure is easy if you follow carefully all the steps described here. Step 0 - Requirements The Airbus panels require the module FSUIPC, version 2.87 or higher. It is developed by Pete Dowson (Thanks again, Pete!) and it can be downloaded on his website. Download it and install it simply by copying the file FSUIPC.dll into your FS2002\Modules directory. Read the FSUIPC documentation for more information. FSUIPC must absolutely be installed before any Airbus panel is used. Otherwise, FS2002 will crash when the panel is loaded. Step 1 - Panel Installation Step 1.1 - Unzip the panel file A320v22.zip or A330v22.zip in a temporary directory. In this directory, you should find the following sub-directories: • • • • • Doc Gauges Modules Panel Sound

Step 1.2 - The Doc sub-directory contains the HTML documentation. You can move it wherever you want on your computer. Step 1.3 - Move all the files contained in the Gauges sub-directory into your FS2002\Gauges directory. You can overwrite existing files. Step 1.4 - Move all the files contained in the Modules sub-directory into your FS2002\Modules directory. It is not necessary to overwrite existing files. Step 1.5 - Move all the files contained in the Panel sub-directory into the panel directory of the aircraft you want to fly with this panel. For example, if your aircraft directory is A320_PA, it is located in your FS2002\Aircrafts\A320_PA directory. This directory contains a Panel subdirectory. This is your target directory. Move all the files here, and overwrite existing files if necessary. Step 1.6 - Move all the files contained in the Sound sub-directory into your FS2002\Sound directory. Warning: Do NOT move the sound files into the Sound sub-directory of your aircraft. A specific version of the panel is provided for the excellent Project Airbus A320 aircraft. To use this specific version, look into your panel directory, rename the file PA_panel.cfg into panel.cfg (and erase the existing panel.cfg file if necessary). Step 2 - NavData Installation

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The NavData package was developed by Tony d'Ambrosio for his RealCRT gauges. The installation of this package is necessary for my navigation display which shows navaid and airport information. If you don't install it, the navigation display will work, but no navaid will be visible. The Navigation Data provided in this package is freeware, and Tony d'Ambrosio was very nice and gave me his authorization to use this data for my panels. I thank him for this. If you already use the RealCRT gauges, you don't need to install the NavData package as it is already used by these gauges. The installation procedure is finished for you. Step 2.1 - Download the file nd2k_13.zip. If you can't find it, it is available on my website. Step 2.2 - Unzip nd2k_13.zip in a temporary directory. In this directory, you should find a file called setup.exe. Step 2.3 - launch setup.exe and follow the instructions. At the end of this procedure, you should have a directory called NavData in you FS2002 directory. For more help on this package, you can contact Tony d'Ambrosio. The End... It is finished. The panel is ready to be used. In FS2002, load the aircraft that uses this panel, and you should see it appear. To make sure the NavData package is correctly installed, check that navaids and airports are visible on the ND. And now, enjoy!!

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Panel Usage
This part explains how to use all the features of these panels, instrument by instrument. To have a global illustration on the way these instruments are supposed to be used together during a flight, read the typical flight section. For easier reading, it is separated into several sections: • • • • • • • • • • • • Global Layout, shows the layout of the whole panel, composed of 3 views (front view, overhead panel and pedestal) PFD, Primary Flight Display, one of the most important display of this panel ND, Navigation Display, explains how this instrument works EFIS CP, the control panel of the Navigation Display FCU, Flight Control Unit, explain how the auto-pilot can be used in this panel MCDU, including the FMGC (Flight Management and Guidance Computer), explains how to use this advanced computer to manage your flight E/WD, Engine/Warning Display, shows all the engine information and system warnings SD, System Display, explains how the system display screen can show all the system information, in combination with the Page Keys Others, describes all the other instruments (stand-by instruments, clock, lights, etc...) Keyboard section describes the use of the keyboard for fast access to panel functions Fine Tuning, a section dedicated to expert users only, which shows how the gauges developed here can be adjusted to work perfectly with your aircraft A typical flight, describes all the steps of a typical flight, and illustrates how the check-lists and the instruments can be used

Reading all the documentation is highly recommended to take benefits of all the gauges developed for these panels. Please read it carefully, no question will be answered by e-mail.

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Global Layout
The panel is composed of 3 views: the front view, the overhead view and the pedestal view. When you load the panel, it should appear with the front view. This panel does not work like most FS2002 panels. To display the overhead panel or the pedestal, you must not use Shift-2 or Shift-3. You must look up to see the overhead panel, and look down to see the pedestal, or use the corresponding clickable areas. It works like in the real aircraft, and this is why I implemented it this way. If you look up, you see the overhead panel, and you keep seeing outside with a different angle of view. If you look down to see the pedestal, you don't see outside the aircraft any more. An FS2002 default key to look up is Ctrl-NumPad 8, and look down is Ctrl-NumPad 5. You can easily change these key assignments in FS2002, which I did because I think those keys are not very easy to use. The following picture shows the global layout of the 3 views, and the legend of the major instruments. It also shows the clickable areas (in green) which allow you to change the view from the Front View to the Overhead View or from the Front View to the Pedestal View, and vice-versa.

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PFD - Primary Flight Display
This is the most important instrument. It is amazing, it displays so many information in a clear and compact way. As you will see, it displays all the necessary information for the flight, using several modes for the different steps of the flight. You can almost fly the whole flight with this single instrument. Layout The PFD is composed of several parts: • Top: the Flight Mode Anunciator (FMA) displays information about the flight management (autopilot, autothrottle) Left: the airspeed indicator displays the airspeed in knots and Mach Right: the altitude part shows the altitude and the vertical speed Bottom centre: Heading indicator Bottom left: ILS id and distance Bottom right: Altimeter setting Center: Attitude indicator, including Flight Director and Localizer/Glide Slope

• • • •

All these parts are explained in details below. Flight Mode Anunciator This part of the PFD is composed of 5 columns. In each column, a word displayed in green indicates a selected mode, and a word displayed in light blue indicates a managed mode. See the FCU section for more details.

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The first column contains information about speed management. When auto-thrust is not engaged, this column displays the current throttle status. If auto-thrust is engaged and speed is selected, SPEED is shown in green. If Mach speed is selected, MACH is shown in green. If speed mode is managed, SPEED appears in light blue. The second column shows altitude management mode. If an altitude is selected, ALT is displayed in green. If altitude is managed, ALT is displayed in light blue. If the glide slope mode is engaged for an ILS landing, G/S is displayed in green in this column. Column 3 shows the navigation mode. If Heading is selected on the FCU, HDG is displayed in green. If the wing leveler is engaged on the FCU, LVL is displayed in green. If normal navigation mode is engaged, NAV appears in green. If automatic navigation is engaged to follow the flight plan programmed in the MCDU, NAV appears in light blue. If LOC mode is engaged on the FCU to follow the localizer, LOC is displayed in green in this column. The fourth column displays vertical information. When an ILS approach is engaged, the ILS category is displayed here. AS FS2002 does not manage this data, CAT 3 is always displayed. Below 2000 feet AGL, the decision height (in feet) is shown on the 3rd line. The decision height is the height where you must decide if you land or if you go around. The decision height is also used by the autopilot to arm the autoland. The fifth column displays the automatic modes engaged: • • • AP1 for the main autopilot 1FD2 indicates the flight director is engaged A/THR for the autothrottle. A/THR is displayed in blue if the throttle lever is on the CL, FLX or TOGA position, to indicate that it is ready to be engaged. It is displayed in green when engaged.

Airspeed section This section is dedicated to the airspeed management. Several indications are displayed on the speed tape: • • The green circle indicates the ideal speed at which the aircraft should be flown, depending on its configuration. The triangle shows the selected or managed airspeed. It is colored in purple if the speed mode is not engaged, otherwise it is in light blue. If the triangle is not visible on the speed tape, the value of the selected airspeed in shown above the speed tape. The current airspeed in knots is designated by the yellow line. The yellow arrow shows the airspeed prediction that is the airspeed the aircraft will have in 5 seconds

• •

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• • • •

• •

if all conditions remain constant. Note: If you fly in a turbulence area, this arrow may jump up and down very quickly. This is a limitation of FS2002, I can do nothing against this. A little green line is shown to remind you of the speed limit of 250 kts IAS below 10000 feet An 'S' is shown to indicate the maximum speed for slat deployment. As shown here, the slats should not be deployed at a speed greater than 230 kts. An 'F' is also displayed to indicate the maximum speed for flaps operation. The Red ladder indicates the maximum airspeed. You should never fly faster than the maximum speed shown here, or you will have an overspeed warning, and a risk of damaging the aircraft. The Yellow ladder shows the minimum airspeed, at which you have a high risk of stall. The Yellow bar indicates the maneuver speed, which is the stall speed * 1.3. You should always fly faster than the maneuver speed to avoid any risk of stall.

Minimum, maximum and maneuver speeds are calculated depending on the aircraft configuration. To fly safely, you should always make sure that your airspeed is between maneuver speed and maximum speed, and also make sure that the predicted speed does not goes over these limits. Below the speed tape, the airspeed is indicated in Mach. Altitude section The altitude indication works exactly the same way as the speed indication: • • The altitude tape shows the current altitude The autopilot target altitude is displayed above the speed tape or with a triangle moving on the altitude tape. It is purple if the altitude mode is not engaged or light blue if altitude is selected or managed. When you are close to the ground, the ground altitude is shown with 2 red bars. Obviously, you should never fly below this altitude limit, or it is a crash!!

In addition, the vertical speed indicator is located on the right of the altitude tape. It shows the vertical speed (in thousands of feet per minute) both with a needle and a number showing roughly the number of thousands of feet per minute.

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Heading section The heading tape shows several information: • • The current heading is shown by the yellow vertical line (center of the heading tape) The heading selected or managed on the FCU is shown by a triangle, drawn in purple if heading mode is not engaged on the FCU, and light blue if it is engaged The red cross shows the ILS course selected on the FCU The Track is shown by the green diamond. The track is the real direction the aircraft is flying. It is calculated with the current heading, corrected with the current wind speed and direction.

• •

Attitude indicator The attitude indicator mainly shows the bank and pitch angles of the aircraft. In addition, this attitude indicator also integrates other indicators: • On the top of the attitude indicator, a bank angle indicator shows the current bank angle, and a bank angle limit: the white double bar shows a bank angle of 30° that should not be passed. If the bank angle is higher than this limit, the protection system of the aircraft will bring it back within the acceptable limits. Into the attitude indicator itself, the horizontal and vertical bars of the flight director are shown, if it has been engaged. On both sides of the attitude indicator, 2 green symbols show the maximum bank angle limit. The alpha-floor protection system will never let you pass these limits, unless you disconnect the ELAC computer which handles the alpha-floor. If you do so, the 2 green symbols disappear to indicate there is no bank angle limit. On the bottom part of the attitude indicator, the radio altitude is shown in yellow, only when the aircraft is close to the ground (below 2500 feet AGL).

• •

The attitude indicator also has a ground mode (specific to Airbus aircrafts), only visible when the aircraft is on the ground, where a white cross shows the current position of the stick within its moving limits.

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ILS section The ILS information is composed of 3 parts: • • • The ILS name and frequency, displayed below the speed tape, is shown only when an ILS signal is received The vertical scale, on the right of the attitude indicator, with a purple diamond which shows the glideslope deviation The horizontal scale, located below the attitude indicator, with a diamond showing the localizer deviation

The ILS scales and diamonds are only shown when the LS (landing system) mode is activated on the glareshield panel. Altimeter setting Below the altitude tape, an indicator displays the current altimeter setting. It the standard mode is activated, STD is shown here.

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ND - Navigation Display
The ND is the main instrument for navigation. It displays the route programmed in the FS2002 GPS system, the navaids and airports located around the aircraft, and also includes a TCAS system that shows all the other aircrafts flying around, with potential alerts if they are too close. The ND has 5 display modes: LS, VOR, NAV, ARC and PLAN. Layout Description of the different pars of the ND: • The main part of this instrument is composed of the navigation display itself, located in the center. Just like on the PFD, the green diamond shows the actual track, and the blue or magenta triangle shows the heading selected or managed on the FCU. On the top left corner, the ground speed (GS) and the True Air Speed (TAS) are displayed in knots. The wind direction and speed (in knots) are shown just below, with an arrow displaying the wind direction. The information shown on the top right part depends on the mode selected on the EFIS control panel (see details below). On the bottom left corner, the navigation chrono is displayed. It is controlled by the CHRONO button located on the glareshield panel. Below the Chrono, the selected navaid information is displayed on the left for navaid 1, on the right for navaid

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2. Navaid 1 and 2 can display VOR1, VOR2 or ADF information depending on the selection switches of the EFIS control panel. VOR1 is represented by a white thin arrow, VOR2 with a white thick arrow and ADF with a green arrow. For each navaid selected, the type is displayed with the frequency or the name (if available), and the DME measurement is green, if available. As soon as a glideslope signal is received, a vertical scale appears on the right of the ND to show the glideslope deviation.

Navaid and Airport Display The ND shows all the airports and navaids around the aircraft, depending on the range and on the visibility buttons located on the EFIS control panel. They are shown with various symbols, with their name, and the frequency is displayed if the corresponding option is selected on the MCDU. For airports, the frequency displayed here is the ATIS frequency, if available. Airport VOR NDB (with its frequency) Intersection If an ILS frequency is set, a dashed line is drawn on the ND to show the ILS course and to help for establishing on the localizer. Route display The route programmed in the GPS system is shown on the ND, with all its waypoints. The departure waypoint is shown with a magenta square, and the arrival waypoint (the last) is shown with a magenta circle. If the Heading is managed on the FCU (which means the auto-pilot will follow the route programmed), the route is displayed in green. Otherwise, it is drawn is yellow.

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Navigation The main part is the center part. Depending on the selected mode, the display will change and various elements may be visible or not.

LS mode

(Rose)

This mode is dedicated to ILS approach and landing. It displays the ILS course and localizer deviation. In the top right corner, the name and course of the selected ILS are displayed. On this picture, the aircraft is close from landing, and not aligned on the localizer yet. The ILS course of IPZ is 258°. As the ILS signal is received, the vertical scale is displayed on the right to show the glideslope deviation. VOR mode

(Rose)

This mode is designed for optimal VOR/ADF usage. The top right corner contains the closest VOR station information: type, frequency, course and name. On this image, NAV1 is set on the ILS frequency, so VOR1 needle shows the direction of the runway. NAV2 is set on PXR, which is at 6.1 NM of the aircraft.

NAV mode

(Rose)

Used for navigation, it shows all the necessary information is rose mode. The top right corner contains information about the next waypoint of the route: name, bearing, distance and ETA (estimated time of arrival).

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ARC mode

(Arc)

This mode is similar to the NAV mode, the only difference is the Arc representation. This is the most common mode used by the pilots during the flight. On this image, navaid 1 is OFF, this is why "----" is displayed in place of the navaid1 name, and NAV2 is set on AGU frequency, located 6.6 NM away from the aircraft. The aircraft is following the route displayed in green, heading to the next waypoint MMAS, which should be reached at 15:51 local time. There is no wind. You can see another aircraft flying very close to us (around 7 miles distance) at an altitude 3000 feet below us (no danger). PLAN mode This mode is specific to the route visualization. Only the programmed route is displayed with all the waypoints. The waypoints shown in the center of the display is the waypoint selected on the MCDU. By selecting the next waypoint on the MCDU, you can visualize the whole route, waypoint by waypoint. This display is NORTH-oriented.

TCAS The ND shows information about all the aircrafts flying around you. Each aircraft is represented by a diamond, and the numbers show the altitude difference (in hundreds of feet). For example, +50 indicate the aircraft is flying 5000 feet above your current altitude. In normal situation, the aircrafts are drawn in grey. If an aircraft is too close from you, it is displayed in orange to indicate a collision danger. If it is VERY close from you, a TRAFFIC alert is triggered, you will hear it... Aircrafts in normal situation: the distance and altitude separation are correct. Danger of potential collision: this aircraft is close and the altitude difference is only 500 feet!!

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EFIS Control Panel
This instrument lets you control the Navigation Display. • The Visibility Buttons will show or hide elements displayed on the ND. They are very useful when you fly in a region with many navaids, it allows you to keep a clear display. o o o o o • CSTR shows/hides the route entered in the FMGC WPT shows/hides intersections (also called waypoints) VORD shows/hides VOR stations NDB shows/hides NDB stations ARPT shows/hides airports

• •

The left rotating button lets you select the ND mode. Read the ND section for more information about each mode. The right button is for range selection. Navaid 1 and Navaid 2 are 3-state switches. They can be switched on the ADF, OFF or VOR position. o If ADF is selected on one of the switches, the ADF needle will be displayed on the ND. Only one ADF is available in FS2002. If VOR is selected, the corresponding VOR needle (VOR1 for navaid 1 switch, VOR2 for navaid 2) will be displayed on the ND. If OFF is selected, no needle is displayed for the corresponding navaid on the ND, and "----" is displayed instead of the navaid name. This is useful when you want to have a clear display, especially on final approach when you only need to visualize the ILS information.

o

o

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FCU - Flight Control Unit

Selection and Management On this FCU, the speed, heading and altitude buttons can be pushed or pulled. To push a button, press the left mouse button. To pull, use the right mouse button. When you push one of these buttons, you use the SELECTED mode of the FCU. This is the "standard" mode, where the autopilot will follow the instruction entered as a value displayed on the FCU panel. When you pull a button, you use the MANAGED mode. It means the FMGC will automatically take control of the autopilot to provide it the right value of speed, heading or altitude in order to follow the flight plan programmed in the FMGC. When a speed, heading or altitude is managed, no value is displayed on the FCU panel, "---" appears instead.

As you can see on this example, the speed and altitude are managed, the pilot does not have to think about the right value of speed and altitude, the FMGC handles it. Heading is selected with a value of 76°, which means the aircraft will follow this heading.

FCU features Autopilot Activation The autopilot is engaged pressing the AP1 button. It can not be engaged

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when the aircraft is on the ground. A secondary autopilot is available to provide redundancy during critic phases of the flight. In these Airbus panels, the secondary autopilot must be used for automatic landing only, as this is the most dangerous part of the flight. The secondary autopilot is engaged by pressing the AP2 button on the FCU panel.

Speed and Auto-Throttle Speed and Mach mode are armed using the same button. To choose between Speed (in knots) and Mach, press the Speed Selector button. Auto-Throttle can be armed and disarmed using the A/THR button. If you arm the auto-throttle, nothing will happen until you arm the speed or mach mode. Conversely, if you arm the speed or mach mode, it will automatically arm the auto-throttle if it is not already armed.

Heading / Course mode Heading and Nav (or Course) modes are designed to be set and activated using the same button. To choose between heading and course setting, press the Heading/Course selector. When the HDG or NAV mode is activated, a dot highlights next to the selected heading or course display.

Wing Leveler Pressing the LVL button will keep your wings leveled.

Altitude mode This mode is activated with the ALT mode button. The interesting feature here is that you can select your target altitude by increasing or decreasing the altitude by increments of 100 or 1000 feet. This is very useful when you want to select your cruise altitude (33000 feet for example), because it is much faster with 1000 feet increments. When the ALT mode is activated, a dot highlights next to the selected altitude display. When the aircraft altitude is close to the programmed altitude (within 800 feet), the dot flashes until the target altitude is reached.

Vertical Speed When ALT mode is engaged, you can select your vertical speed (in feet per minute). You can also press this button to level off at the current altitude.

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LOC and APPR modes LOC mode activation will make the aircraft follow the actual localizer. APPR mode will do the same, and will also manage the altitude to follow the glideslope. This is very useful for automatic landings. Autoland The autopilot pilot is now equipped with an automatic landing capability. The autoland is automatically engaged when the aircraft is below the decision height (displayed on the Flight Mode Anunciator of the PFD). In order to make it work, the following conditions must be fulfilled: • • • • • AP1 must be activated. The APPR mode must be engaged on the FCU panel, and the aircraft must be positioned on the approach path (localizer and glideslope). Obviously, this will only work if AP1 is active. Auto-throttle must be armed Auto-Brake must be set (LOW, MED or MAX, as you wish) AP2 must me activated for high redundancy.

If one of these conditions becomes false, the autoland is aborted. If all these conditions remain true during the final approach, you will hear a beep and an AUTOLAND message appears on the E/WD. At this time, you can let the aircraft land by its own. When the aircraft will be close to the ground, the throttle will be set to IDLE. As soon as the aircraft touches the ground, the spoilers will be deployed if they were armed (recommended), and reverse thrust will be engaged and brake power will be applied until the aircraft decelerates to 60 knots. Then thrust will come back to IDLE, and auto-brake will keep braking until the aircraft comes to a complete stop. At this time, all autopilots and auto-throttle will be disarmed, and the control of the aircraft comes back to the pilot. If the AUTOLAND is engaged and you wish to abort it, you can easily abort it by switching AP1 or AP2 OFF or by disarming auto-throttle. As soon as AUTOLAND is aborted, it will not be available again until the aircraft has landed.

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MCDU - Multi-Control Display Unit
The main feature of this instrument is the included FMGC - Flight Management and Guidance Computer, which will help you in managing your flight, following the programmed route and correct approach. The FMGC works with the flight plan loaded into FS2002. You can use the FS2002 flight planner, or any other software, such as FSNavigator, to plan your flight and export it into GPS flight plan format. This instrument is not supposed to be realistic, the real Airbus MCDU is much more complex than this one. I just wanted to develop an instrument that helps the FS2002 virtual pilots to manage their flight easily. Layout The MCDU is composed of six buttons on the left (named LB1 to LB6) and six on the right (RB1 to RB6). These buttons have variable functions depending on the page displayed on the MCDU. Eleven buttons are located on the lower part of the MCDU. They are used to navigate easily through the MCDU pages. On all the pages, a message displayed in blue with a * indicates a selection. Normal messages are displayed in green. Pages MENU Page This is the first page displayed on the MCDU when it is switched ON. You can also call this page by pressing the MCDU MENU button. This page gives an access to the FMGC and to other features described below.

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AIDS Page This page displays features designed to help you in managing your flight. At this time, only the AUTO TUNE feature is implemented. If this function is engaged, AUTO TUNE appears in blue with a * indicating that it is selected. Otherwise, it appears in green. When engaged, this function will automatically set the NAV1 frequency and course according to the ILS of your destination runway when you get close to the airport.

CONFIG Page Through this page, you can configure the ND to decide if you want it to display the names and frequencies of the airports and navaids around your aircraft.

INIT Page This is the first page of the FMGC. It is displayed when you select FMGC from the MENU page, or when you press the INIT button. • • • • • FROM/TO shows the departure and arrival airport codes, determined from your flight plan. FLT NBR is your current flight number LAT and LONG display your position. It should be aligned with the ADIRS. COST INDEX is a fixed value (fake) CRZ FL is the cruise flight level. It should be set before take-off. It is displayed in blue when set. To set the CRZ FL, first make sure it is not already set. If it is set, press LB6 to unset it. Then select your cruise flight level on the FCU. Come back to the MCDU, it now displays the FL selected on the FCU, and press LB6 to set the CRZ FL. It is very important for altitude management.

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F-PLAN Page Several pages may be necessary to display all the waypoints of the flight plan. Click on the F-PLAN button to display the first page. You can navigate through all the pages using the PREV PAGE and NEXT PAGE buttons. Each page displays the waypoints of your route, and the distance and heading between waypoints. Clicking the left button (LB1 to LB6) corresponding to one of the waypoints displays specific information about this waypoint. At this time, only airport information are available. This is especially useful for the departure and arrival airports. Clicking one of the right buttons (RB1 to RB6), marked SEL, selects the corresponding waypoint. The selected waypoint is shown in blue, and it is centered on the ND when PLAN mode is used. You can select the previous or the next waypoint by using the up and down arrow keys of the MCDU. You can also use the keyboard shortcuts: Shift-Ctrl-Up Arrow and Shift-Ctrl-Down Arrow

AIRPORT INFORMATION Page This page is very important to get information about your destination airport. It displays the airport full name, the ICAO code, the elevation (important to estimate your altitude AGL, above the ground level). ILS information is also displayed for each runway that is equipped. You can select the runway in use on this page as soon as you have this information from the ATC or the ATIS. If auto-tune is active, this will allow the FMGC to automatically set the ILS for a perfect approach. The runway heading is shown with 2 numbers. The first number is the magnetic heading, which may vary. The second number, between parentheses, is the geographical heading of the runway which is constant. The difference between these numbers is the magnetic variation at the airport location. The VORs and ILSs work with magnetic heading, so you should only take this information into account.

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PROG Page Click the PROG button to access this page. It shows the progression of the flight along the programmed route. You can see the previous waypoint, the next waypoint, and the waypoint after the next. For each waypoint, the separating distance and the ETA are displayed. Below the dashed line, the arrival airport is displayed, with the total distance and ETA to the destination, following the route. You can click any left button (LB1 to LB6) to have information about the corresponding waypoint. At this time, only airport information is available. This is especially useful to read information about your arrival airport. When ATC directs you to the destination airport, you can press the DIRECT button (LB6) to indicate that you leave your route to fly directly to the destination. At this time, the distance and ETA are calculated using the direct distance from your aircraft to the airport. You can press the WIND key (RB6) to have information about the wind. See details below.

WIND Page This page is dedicated to the wind information. It displays the wind strength and direction, composed of front and side wind.

STATUS Page - On ground The STATUS page is accessible by displaying the PROG page and by pressing the NEXT PAGE button. When the aircraft is on the ground, it displays the status of the flight plan to indicate if it is loaded or not. It also indicates the cruise altitude status (if the CRZ ALT is defined or not). The flight plan and the cruise altitude should be defined before take-off.

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STATUS Page - Climb During the climb phase, this page shows the target speed and altitude. The target speed is calculated by the FMGC, depending on the configuration and the altitude of the aircraft. The target altitude is the cruise altitude that has been defined before.

STATUS Page - Cruise During the cruise phase, this page shows the cruise altitude (it should be the current altitude) and the target speed. It is calculated to be lower than the maximum speed, depending on your cruise altitude and aircraft configuration.

STATUS Page - Descent The descent phase begins when you program an altitude lower than the cruise altitude on the FCU. At this time, this page shows the target speed calculated by the FMGC.

To understand how the MCDU is supposed to be used during a flight, you should read the typical flight section.

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E/WD - Engine / Warning Display
General Layout This system displays many useful information about engines, fuel, flaps, and also watches all the aircraft systems to display alert messages when necessary. The information shown on this screen are displayed in several parts: • • • The top left part shows N1, EGT, N2 and Fuel Flow (FF) for each engine. 2 white rotating indexes (triangle) around N1 displays show the throttle lever positions. When auto-throttle is engaged, 2 blue rotating indexes (lines) around N1 displays show the throttle power set by the autothrottle system. This is useful in the Airbus aircrafts because the throttle levers don't move in auto-throttle mode. The top right part shows the FADEC position set on the throttle lever: IDLE, FLX, CLB or TOGA. When the throttle lever is set into one of these predefined positions, a sound can be heard to simulate the "hard points" which exist in the real aircraft. For more information, please refer to the Throttle section. The blue indication shows the MAX percentage of N1 that you can obtain, depending on the FADEC position. FOB (Fuel On Board) is the total quantity of remaining fuel (in KG) in all the tanks. The flap display shows the flap handle position (in blue) and the current position of the flaps and slats. This display may be wrong with some aircrafts. To make sure it can work with your aircraft, read the fine tuning section.

• • •

All the information displayed about engines now has a different appearance when engines are shut down. The quadrants turn to orange, and all the values displayed are replaced by "XX", meaning that the value is not available any more. Note: The Airbus aircrafts are not supposed to be flown like Boeings... One of the specificity of Airbus aircrafts is their auto-throttle system. This is explained in details in the throttle section. You should engage auto-throttle when the levers are in the CL position, and the throttle levers don't move at all as soon as the auto-throttle mode is engaged. For this reason, you can use the white and blue indexes when you disengage the auto-throttle, it is very easy: align the white indexes with the blue indexes just before disengaging. Doing this, you will make sure that engine power

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remains constant when you disengage auto-throttle. Train yourself in doing this a few times, you will realize how useful it is. Message Display - Left part The bottom part of the E/WD screen contains 2 message areas. The left area displays dynamic messages about gears, engines, signs, etc... The messages are shown in different colors according to the level of alarm: • • • • GREEN for normal messages YELLOW for low level warning AMBER for mid level warning RED for high level alerts

Mid and high level alerts also trigger Master Caution and Master Warning alarms, shown on the left part of the glareshield. Normal Messages GEAR DOWN LOCKED SEAT BELT NO SMOKING LDG LIGHTS ON SPOILERS ARMED Low Level Warnings HIGH GROUND SPEED HIGH AIRSPEED Mid Level Warnings CONFIG UNSUFFICENT FUEL ELAC DISC STALL WARNING BATTERY High Level Warnings ENGINE x OFF ENGINE x FIRE DOOR RELEASE BRAKES The engine x is on fire The engines are running, and an aircraft door is still opened The parking brakes are set and you require a push-back Reason The gear is down and locked, you can land safely. The seat belt sign is on The No Smoking sign is on Landing lights are on The spoilers are armed and will be automatically deployed when the aircraft touches the ground Reason Your ground speed is higher than 30 kts Your airspeed is over the speed limit of 250 kts below 10000 ft Reason Your airspeed is not appropriate to the current flight configuration Your total fuel quantity is low Indicates that the ELAC computer is disconnected, the Alphafloor system is not active You are at the limit of the flight envelope, incidence is too high Engines are running, and generators are still OFF, the batteries are discharging Reason The aircraft is in flight, and the x engine is OFF

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LOW FUEL TRAFFIC GEAR DOWN

The total fuel quantity is VERY low, you should land immediately on the closest airport Another aircraft is close from your aircraft, possible collision The current airspeed is too high to keep the landing gear down The Alpha-floor system has detected a dangerous situation and will take the appropriate action to keep the aircraft in its flight envelope The bank angle is too high (higher than 67°) and the alpha-floor system will take the appropriate action to keep the aircraft in its flight envelope A problem has been detected in the hydraulics system. The HYDRAULICS page should appear on the System Display, look at it for more details about the problem. A problem has been detected in the oil system. The ENGINE page should appear on the System Display, look at it for more details about the problem. A problem has been detected in the vacuum system. A problem has been detected in the oil system. The ELEC page should appear on the System Display, look at it for more details about the problem. The aircraft is about to stall, take the appropriate action immediately The current airspeed is too high for your aircraft.

MAX TIRES SPEED The ground speed is too high for the tires, risk of tire explosion ALPHA FLOOR

BANK ANGLE

HYDRAULICS

OIL PRESSURE VACUUM ELEC FAILURE STALL OVERSPEED

Message Display - Checklists The left message area also displays Take-Off and Landing checklists. These lists show a list of items in bright blue if not activated, in green if OK. All items should be green for a correct take-off or landing. Take-off is automatically detected when your aircraft reaches a high speed on the ground. This checklist can also be displayed by pressing the "TO - CONFIG" button on the "Page Keys" panel, on the pedestal. Landing is automatically detected when the aircraft is descending, with 2 notches of flaps or landing gear extracted.

Message Display - Right part The right area is used to display standard system message: Auto-pilot (when it is turned off), Auto-throttle (when it is turned off), Autoland, Auto-brake, Speed brakes and Parking brakes.

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• • • • • •

A/P OFF when auto-pilot is turned off A/THR OFF when auto-throttle is disengaged AUTOLAND indicates an automatic landing (armed automatically when all the conditions are fulfilled) AUTOBK OFF, LOW, MED, MAX or RTO indicates the current auto-brake status SPEED BRK indicates the spoilers are deployed (partially or totally) PRK BRK indicates parking brakes are set

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SD (System Display)
The SD is located below the E/WD. Because of the geometry of this panel, this screen is only partially visible in forward view. You can see the whole SD screen in pedestal view. The SD screen can display several pages according to the page selected on the Page Keys panel, on the pedestal, or in any case of system failure. The system is designed to display the right page at the right time. On its lower part, the SD screen displays • • • • • the the the the the Total Air Temperature (TAT) Saturated Air Temperature (SAT) ZULU time (current UTC time) Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW) or your aircraft Gross Weight (GW), the total weight of the aircraft

Here is a description of all the available SD pages: Engines (ENG) This page monitors the oil quantity and pressure, and the vibration for the engines. It also shows the N2 value, with an index showing the correct value to engage the fuel valve. This N2 index has been added to make the engine start procedure easier. Cabin Pressure (PRESS) This page monitors the cabin pressure system.

Electricity (ELEC) All the information about the electrical systems are shown here: Battery status, generators. The grey rectangle displays LOAD or DISCH to show if the batteries are charging or discharging. Hydraulics (HYD) This page displays all the hydraulic system status (hydraulic pressure and reservoir level).

Fuel Tanks (FUEL) This page shows the quantity of fuel available in each tank, and the total quantity of fuel available, in KG. If a tank is not available (some aircrafts don't have wing tip tanks), "XXXX" is displayed instead of the fuel quantity. If the fuel quantity of a tank is low, it is displayed in red. This page automatically displayed if one of the fuel tanks is low on fuel. It also shows the fuel pumps and cross feed status.

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Door Page (DOOR) This page shows the status of the main exit door. For Project Airbus A320 only: the status of the right door and the rear doors is also shown on this page. This page automatically displayed as soon as a door is opened. Unfortunately, the status of the secondary exit (used for the cargo doors on Project Airbus A320) is not available in FS2002 at this time. Wheel Page (WHEEL) This page shows the status of the landing gear (retracted or deployed) and the gear doors. This page shows the landing gear movement when operated. It also displays the Ground Speed, useful to respect taxi speed limit (also shown on the ND), and the brake pressures and status (pressed or released). This page automatically displayed when landing gear is operated. Flight Controls (F/CTL) This page shows the position of all the important flight controls: Left and Right elevators, Left and Right ailerons, rudder, elevator trim and speed brakes. This page automatically displayed for 10 seconds when the elevator trim or the spoilers are moved. Cruise Page This page displays the fuel quantity used by each engine, the oil quantity and information about the cabin (temperature, pressure). It is automatically displayed as soon as the aircraft is in cruise.

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Other instruments
This section describes all the other instruments, located in different places of the panel. Main Panel

Barometric Setting This gauge lets you adjust the barometric setting used by the standard altimeter. It can display the setting in inHg or in hPa, depending on the position of the rotating switch. You can also set it to the standard setting (29.92 inHg or 1013.2 hPa) by pressing the rotating button used to adjust the baro setting. STD is then displayed instead of the pressure value. This setting must be used when you are flying using Flight Levels for altitude. This should be done as soon as you fly higher than the transition altitude (usually 18000 feet). If you fly higher than 18000 feet without STD setting, the value display will flash. Conversely, if you fly lower than 18000 feet with STD setting, it will also flash. This is VERY useful to avoid having your flight canceled by ATC because of a bad altitude.

Flight Director & Landing System Two buttons located under the barometric setting button activate the Flight Director and the Landing System on the PFD. The flight director shows the perfect flight path with 2 green bars, and the landing system is displayed on the PFD with 2 scales (vertical and horizontal) and 2 diamonds showing the glide slope and the localizer deviation.

Standby Instruments Airspeed This a very standard airspeed gauge. It shows current airspeed and maximum airspeed. Altimeter This standby altimeter shows current aircraft altitude. The interesting part of this gauge is the ability to have a barometric setting different from the standard FS2002 setting. You can have several altimeters with several baro settings, so they display different altitudes. This can be very useful: set the baro to the pressure corresponding to the airport altitude, and it will show the altitude above the airport, instead of the altitude above the sea

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level. This altimeter must be initialized by pressing the RESET button: it is aligned with the standard FS baro setting. Then you can adjust the baro setting using the Baro button (increase/decrease), in inches of Hg or in hPa. Select the mode using the "mode" button. Attitude Very standard attitude gauge.

Landing Gear and Autobrake Landing Gear 3 indicators show the status of the landing gears: o o o green triangles indicate gear down and locked red sign show that the gear is unlocked (either retracting or extending) all lights off indicate that the gears are correctly retracted

Autobrake Press one of these buttons to activate LO, MED or MAX autobrake. If you activate MAX autobrake on the ground, this will automatically select the RTO mode (Rejected Take Off). This is supposed to brake if you interrupt your takeoff, but I never could make it work in FS2002... When automatic braking is applied, a green indicator DECEL highlights on the corresponding button.

If your aircraft model does not have the auto brake function enabled, this feature will not work. You can easily change that by editing the .air file of the aircraft, with an editor like AirEd.

Clock This gauge displays current local time, and lets you change it by increasing/decreasing the hours. It also controls the time acceleration of FS. Using the rotating switch, you can switch between time and acceleration, and the increase/decrease button lets you change this setting. This gauge also includes a chronometer. Pressing the chrono button, you can start, stop and reset the chronometer.

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Navigation Chrono The CHRONO button controls the chrono displayed on the navigation display. It is designed to be used for navigation purpose. Pressing the chrono button, you can start, stop and reset the chronometer.

DDRMI This gauge provides an additional display of navaid information: the distances from VOR1 and VOR2 (DME1 and DME2), and the direction of navaids. According to the corresponding switch, each needle can show the direction of VOR1, VOR2 or NDB. The gauge also displays current aircraft heading.

Pedestal Radio This gauge lets you control all the radio frequencies for COM (COM1 and COM2) and navaids (NAV1, NAV2, ADF). This gauge displays the frequencies with all the digits (3 decimal digits). You can adjust the standby frequency of the selected navaid with the rotating button. The main switch in the bottom right corner is the Avionics switch. All the other buttons are fake and ineffective.

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Page Keys The buttons on this panel are used to manage the SD (System Display) and E/WD (Engine/Warning Display) screens of the main panel. o TO-CONFIG: makes the take-off checklist appear on the E/WD message area if the aircraft is on the ground. This button is also accessible by pressing Shift-T. EMER CANC: acknowledges an alarm, so that the Master Warning light stops flashing, and the alert sound stops. If an alarm is still present 1 minute later, the warning light will flash and the sound will be heard again. ENG: displays the Engine page on the SD (page automatically displayed in case of an engine problem, or during engine start) PRESS: displays the Cabin Pressure page on the SD ELEC: displays the Electricity page on the SD (page automatically displayed in case of an electricity problem, or if the battery is discharging when engines are running) HYD: displays the Hydraulics page on the SD (page automatically displayed in case of a hydraulic alert) FUEL: displays the Fuel page on the SD (page automatically displayed if one of the fuel tanks is low on fuel) DOOR: displays the door page on the SD (page automatically displayed as soon as a door is opened). The right door and the rear doors of the Project Airbus A320 are also managed. WHEEL: displays the Wheel page on the SD (page automatically displayed when landing gear is operated, showing the animation of gear doors) F/CTL: displays the Flight Controls page on the SD (page automatically displayed for 10 seconds when the elevator trim or the spoilers are moved) ALL: Cycles through all the available pages. Press ALL key again to stop the sequence. CLR: clears the checklist on the E/WD to display standard messages. This button is also accessible by pressing Shift-C.

o

o

o o

o

o

o

o

o

o o

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Transponder (XPNDR) This is a standard transponder gauge. You can enter the ATC code with associated keyboard. First type the C key to clear the existing code, and enter the 4 digits of the code. The rotating switch lets you select the mode: o o o OFF: the transponder is OFF STBY: You can enter the ATC code XPDR: The XPNDR is fully operating and sends the ATC code when requested

The ID button is used to send the ATC code the first time, when it has just been entered, to make sure that the controller will identify your aircraft immediately. This feature is pure simulation, because FS handles the ATC code as soon as it is entered.

Audio Selector This device lets you select the audio channel that you want to hear. You can select COM1 and COM2 simultaneously. This is very useful when you are in communication with the tower and you want to listen to the ATIS at the same time. The RESET button will bring back the default audio selection, which is COM1 and Markers. The VOICE button will give privilege to the voice channels, by selecting COM1 and COM2, and deselecting all the other channels.

Spoilers and Flaps The Flap lever has 5 predefined positions: 0 (retracted), 1, 2, 3, FULL (fully deployed). Depending on the aircraft airspeed, the lever position 1 corresponds to the 1 (slats) or 1+F (slats + flaps) flap status.

The spoilers are operated in a very standard way: o You have 4 predefined positions, accessible by moving the handle or by pressing the Ctrl-Page Up or Ctrl-Page Down keys (refer to the Keyboard section for more details) To arm the autobrake system (to deploy the spoilers automatically when the aircraft touches the ground), you must

o

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move the lever to the ARMED position (above the RET position). You can also use the Shift-: key (default FS2002 key).

Operating the flaps The best flap configuration is: • • 1+F or 2 for take-off 3 or FULL for landing

The flaps should not be extended with airspeed greater than 230 kts, or you will have a CONFIG warning. When you extend the flaps to position 1, you will obtain: • • Position 1 (slats only) if you airspeed is greater than 210 kts Position 1+F (slats + flaps) if your airspeed is lower than 210 kts

If the flap position is 1+F, they automatically retract to 1 when airspeed is greater than 210 kts. This automated behavior will work only if your aircraft has 6 flap positions (0, 1, 1+F, 2, 3 and FULL). This is true for almost all the A320 aircrafts, including the IADG A320 and the Precision-Sim Designs A320. The real aircraft also has 6 flap positions.

Rudder Trim This gauge is useful to adjust the rudder trim. It displays CTRD when centered, or the value of the left or right deflection. A reset button is available to automatically center the rudder trim.

Parking Brakes Parking brake command. Clicking the handle will make it turn to apply or release parking brakes.

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Throttles It shows the position of throttle levers for both engines, and the elevator trim positions on the sliding scale. The two trim wheels are animated to show the movement of the elevator trims (especially useful when autopilot is armed). The throttle lever management is very specific to the Airbus aircrafts: • When you move the throttle lever, you feel 5 hard points that define pre-defined positions: REV, IDLE, CL, FLX and TOGA. A sound can be heard to help you in localizing the hard points. The throttle levers do not move when autothrust mode is engaged.

Operating the Throttles When you move the throttle lever into one of the pre-defined positions, a sound can be heard to make you feel the "hard point" that does not exist on your throttle device, and which exists in the real aircraft. The throttles are supposed to be used in a very standard way during the different phases of the flight. The throttle mode is indicated on the FMA, shown on the PFD (see the PFD section for more information). • For taxi, the throttle lever can be moved slightly to provide enough thrust for taxiing. If the aircraft model is realistic (like the Project Airbus A320), the aircraft should taxi with IDLE throttle as soon as it has a minimum ground speed. For take-off, move the throttle lever to the FLX (Flex) or TOGA (Take off - Go Around) position, depending on the power you need. If the meteo conditions and the runway length permit, you should use FLX to save fuel and optimize engine usage. After take-off, move the lever to the CL (Climb) as soon as you have reached the safety altitude (usually, 1500 feet above ground level) At this time, it is highly recommended to engage the auto-thrust mode. You can use the selected or managed speed mode (see the FCU section for details). If auto-thrust mode is engaged, the throttle lever can stay in the CL position during the whole flight (the FADEC will manage the engine power), until the retard action for landing. At any time, you can disengage the auto-throttle mode. To do so, you can press the ATHR button on the FCU, or you can move the throttle lever to the IDLE position. An alert sound can be heard when you disengage auto-thrust.

• •

When you disengage auto-thrust, you should use the white and blue indexes shown on the E/WD. Move the throttle lever so that the white indexes are aligned with the blue indexes, then disengage auto-throttle. Doing this, you will make sure that the engine thrust remains constant during the disengagement.

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Engine Starters The Airbus aircrafts are equipped with a FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control) system which will handle the startup sequence automatically. This gauge is composed of 2 levers (A320/330) for the fuel feeding of engines, and a rotating button which selects the engine mode: o CRANK: This position is supposed to be used to start the engines with an external system. It is not used here. NORM: Normal position, when engines are normally running. IGN/START: Switch to this position to start the engines.

o o

Engine Start Procedure When engines are OFF, all the levers should be down, meaning that no fuel is provided to the engines. To start the engines: 1. Move the rotating button to the IGN/START position, engine 1 should start immediately and the ENGINE page should be automatically displayed on the SD. 2. On the E/WD or the SD screen, watch the N2 value of engine 1 (if you look on the SD, purple indexes are shown on the N2 display) 3. When N2 reaches 20% (indicated by the purple indexes on the SD screen), push the lever for Engine 1 or press Shift-Ctrl-1. It should start and run normally. If engine 1 does not start at this stage, the FADEC starts engine 2. 4. Now watch N2 for engine 2 on the E/WD or the SD screen 5. When N2 reaches 20%, push the Engine 2 lever or press Shift-Ctrl-2. When the startup sequence is finished, a beep sound is heard and the rotating button automatically returns to the NORM position. The WHEEL page should now appear on the SD. Note: If you want to simplify the startup sequence without having to monitor N2 values, push the 2 fuel feed levers before beginning the automatic startup sequence. The engines will automatically start when N2 reaches 20%. Engine Shutdown Procedure Simply pull the 2 engine levers for fuel cutoff on both engines. You can also press Shift-Ctrl-1 and Shift-Ctrl-2 (refer to the Keyboard section for more details).

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Overhead

Light switches and Signs The external light switches are grouped on the bottom part of the overhead panel. They are all connected to the lights of the modeled aircraft.

The internal light switches are located on the left of the external light switches. The panel light can be switched ON or OFF through this switch, or with the Shift-L key (by default). The Seat Belts and No Smoking sign switches are located just below.

Anti-ice The anti-ice buttons are located above the light switches. Two of them are dedicated to the engine anti-icing, and the PROBE button is to be used to heat the pilot tubes.

Electrical Panel The electrical panel is located on the top part of the overhead panel. It includes switch buttons that control batteries and generators, and 2 displays for the battery voltages.

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Fuel Pumps The Fuel pump panel includes buttons that have both roles: switch a fuel pump on or off, and display the pump status. When a pump is switched off, OFF appears in white on the button. If the pump is in fault status, FAULT is displayed in orange. This happens when the fuel level of the tank is too low.

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ADIRS The ADIRS display shows the location of the aircraft provided by the 3 IRS of the aircraft.

ELAC Computer The ELAC computer handles the alpha-floor protection system. This system ensures the aircraft always flies within its flight envelope. The Alpha-Floor has several possible actions: • Bank angle limitation: the bank angle is limited to 67°. In addition, if the bank angle is greater than 33°, the AlphaFloor will automatically bring it back to 33°. Stall avoidance: if the aircraft is close to stall speed, the Alpha-Floor system will slightly push the nose down using the elevator trim, and will apply full throttle (TOGA).

Switching OFF the ELAC computer will disable the alpha-floor system.

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Keyboard
To make the panels easier to use, some keyboard shortcuts have been defined so that you don't have to click everywhere on the screen, when you have your hands on the stick and throttle. This is especially useful to have quick access to the buttons located on the overhead panel or the pedestal. Key Shift-Ctrl-1 Shift-Ctrl-2 Shift-Ctrl-F Ctrl-Page Up Ctrl-Page Down Shift-C Shift-T Shift-I Numpad- / Numpad- * Numpad- Numpad- + Shift-Ctrl- arrow up Shift-Ctrl- arrow down Engine 1 fuel valve Engine 2 fuel valve Swap current radio frequencies Retract spoilers (1 notch) Extend spoilers (1 notch) CLR key of the Page Keys panel TO-CONFIG key of the Page Keys panel Integ light switch Previous ND mode Next ND mode Decrease ND range Increase ND range Arrow up key of the MCDU Arrow down key of the MCDU Function

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Fine Tuning the Airbus Gauges
This part is for expert users only. If you don't know how to edit a panel or aircraft configuration file (.cfg files), do not look this section. No support is provided to help you tuning the gauges, do it at your own risks, and always backup your files before any modification. This panel has been designed for some Airbus aircrafts that have their own specify and model. If you want to use this panel with other aircrafts (you can use it for any twin-engine Airbus aircraft), you may experience some troubles because some parts of the gauges are related to the aircraft model. To prevent this, you have the ability to tune the gauges to make them work correctly with any aircraft.

Flap positions The E/WD screen shows the flaps and slats position. The E/WD gauge is designed to work with the 6 flap position values. If your aircraft has a different number of flap positions, or if the flaps values are different, then the flap display may look wrong. For example, the A330 from Project Opensky has different values for the intermediate flap positions (these values are visible in the "Flaps.0" and "Flaps.1" sections of the "aircraft.cfg" file). The E/WD screen can only display 6 flap positions: 0 (retracted), 1 (slats), 1+F (slats + flaps), 2, 3, FULL (fully deployed). This gauge shows the flap position relatively to the flap position handled by FS2002. Some aircrafts have various flap values, and some don't even have 6 flaps positions. To solve this problem, I give you the ability to tune the E/WD gauge so that it works with your aircraft, even if it has a different flap configuration. Follow the instructions: 1. Open the aircraft.cfg file 2. Find the [Flaps.0] section You should have something like this:

[Flaps.0] type=1 span-outboard=0.75 extending-time=12.0 flaps-position.0=0 flaps-position.1=7 flaps-position.2=15 flaps-position.3=20 flaps-position.4=35 flaps-position.5=40 damaging-speed=230 blowout-speed=250 lift_scalar=1.0 drag_scalar=1.0 46

pitch_scalar=1.0 system_type=1
3. 4. Read carefully all the "flaps-position.x" values 5. Open the A320 panel "panel.cfg" file 6. Find the line where the E/WD gauge is defined, it should look like this:

gauge19=A320!E/WD,

722,446,215,192

7. 8. At the end of this line, add all the flaps-position values that you have in the aircraft.cfg file, separated by a "-" (hyphen). For this example, it should look like this:

gauge19=A320!E/WD, 35-40

722,446,215,192, 0-7-15-20-

Next time you load the panel, the gauge will get this information, and will display the flaps properly.

Stall Warning Depending of the flight dynamics of your aircraft, the stall warning message may be displayed when your flight condition is OK. This is because this warning is based on the angle of attack value, which may differ depending on your aircraft. The stall warning system works by watching the Angle of Attack value handled by FS2002. In normal flight condition, the value is 32767, and it is going down to 0 as the aircraft gets closer to the stall. By default, a value of 25000 triggers a STALL WARNING alarm. You can change this if you find that the STALL WARNING appears abusively, when the aircraft is still flying correctly or inversely if you think that the warning comes too late. 1. Open the panel.cfg file 2. Find the line where the "Warnings" gauge is defined:

gauge05=A320!Warnings,

198,306,31,64

3. 4. At the end of the line, add the AOA value which triggers the STALL WARNING alarm. For example, if you set it to 22000, the warning will come later:

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gauge05=A320!Warnings,
That's it!!

198,306,31,64, 22000

Radio Altitude The Airbus aircrafts are equipped with a radio height probe. The radio height is displayed on the PFD when the aircraft is below 2500 feet AGL (above ground level). Normally, the display should be 0 when the aircraft is on the ground. By default, FS2002 give the radio height of the center of gravity (CG) of the aircraft. Depending on the aircraft model, the CG radio height can be around 10 feet for an A320, so the radio height displayed is around 10 when then aircraft is on the ground. For this reason, it is important to subtract the height to the current radio height, so that 0 is displayed on the ground. This value can be adjusted in the "panel.cfg" file, on the line which defines the PFD gauge. In the Project Airbus panel file, this line looks like this:

gauge00=A320!PFD, 21,447,215,200, 10
The last number (10 in this example) is the radio height of the CG. If the PFD doesn't display 0 on ground, you can adjust this value.

Autobrake This feature will work only if your aircraft model has the autobrake enabled.

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A Typical Flight
This section describes a typical flight to illustrate the use of the checklists and the main instruments. You should read all the instrument documentation before reading this section. This flight takes place in America, between MMCN Ciudad Obregon Intl (Mexico) to KPHX Phoenix Sky Harbor Intl (USA). The aircraft is the United Airlines A320 by Project Airbus. This scenario begins with a dark and cold cockpit (all engines OFF, all power OFF), spoiler and flaps retracted, main exit opened. Startup and Taxi • The first thing we need to do is to switch batteries • ON and avionics ON. • • As engines are OFF, all Generators should be OFF. • • All the passengers are on board, we can close the • doors. • At this time, we can turn NAV lights ON. • • The ADIRS must be checked to make sure they are • correctly aligned (check with your position on the airport). • Fuel: The quantity of fuel should be enough for our • flight. Here we have a little more than 19 tons (almost maximum load), which is more than enough for this flight which should last around one hour and a half, including reserves. • • The ATIS should be listened to have the latest weather information. I write down the current runway in use and the altimeter setting. We can set COM2 frequency to 126.700, and switch COM2 ON, on the audio selector. ATIS indicates runway 31 is in use, and altimeter should be adjusted to 30.09 inHg. Now we can switch COM2 OFF. • Then we need to load the flight plan, using the • Flight Planner of FS2002. The flight level will be FL330 • (33000 feet), I have to set this cruise altitude on the FMGC. • Now it is time to contact the ground frequency to • copy the IFR clearance to Sky Harbor. I write down • the departure frequency and enter the squawk code that was requested on the transponder. We will now pushback and start the engines at the same time... • The throttle lever should be on the IDLE position • • Then the SD screen is set to display DOOR page, to • make sure all doors are closed. • Now the Beacon light is turned ON, and the seat • belts and no smoking signs are switched ON, the • parking brakes are still set. • • • Taxi clearance is requested. MMCN is a small • Check-list Batteries: ON Avionics: ON Generators: OFF Doors: CLOSED Nav Lights: ON ADIRS: Checked

Fuel Quantity: Checked

ATIS: OK

Flight Plan: Loaded FMGC Cruise Alt: Set

IFR Clearance: OK Transponder Code: OK

Throttle: IDLE DOOR Page: Checked Beacon: ON Seat Belts: ON No smoking: ON Parking brakes: Set Taxi Clearance: OK

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airport, so we do not need to change the COM1 frequency to request IFR taxi clearance. • Once cleared for taxi to runway 31, we can switch • taxi lights (Nose) ON, release parking brakes and • begin pushback. • During pushback, the engines are started by turning • the engine starter switch to the IGN/START position. • N2 values must be watched for each engine. As • soon as it has reached 20%, the fuel valves must be opened (you can use Shift-Ctrl-1 and Shift-Ctrl-2 keys for this) • When engines are started, the engine starter • switch should turn back to the NORM position. • The SD screen should now display the WHEEL page. • Otherwise, it means something is wrong... • Immediately after startup, both Generators must be • turned ON. Otherwise, a BATTERY warning is triggered and the ELEC page is displayed on the SD to indicate an electrical problem. • The navigation chrono can be turned ON at this time • to count the running time of the engines. You can decide to turn it on at another moment if you wish. • Before taxiing, the elevator trim should be adjusted • for take-off (centered), and the flaps must be • positioned for take-off: you can use the 1+F or 2 position. • The rudder trim is centered, the spoilers are armed • and the Flight Director is turned ON. The aircraft is • now ready for taxi. • With the Project Airbus A320, a little thrust is • enough to begin taxi, and IDLE power is enough to maintain taxi speed (20 to 30 knots). • During taxi, the brakes should be tested to make • sure they work properly. • Depending on the weather, you can turn ON the • probe and engine anti-ice if you wish. Here it is not • necessary. • The standby altimeter must be set to the ground • altitude so that it displays 0 (it will give you the ground altitude). Take-Off and Initial Climb • Before asking for the take-off clearance, all the • systems must be checked to make sure there is no alert. • As soon as we have take-off clearance, the • departure frequency is entered as the COM1 standby • frequency. • I switch OFF taxi lights (Nose) and switch ON • landing lights and strobe lights. • • Auto-brake is set to RTO (Rejected Take-Off) and •

Taxi light: ON Parking brakes: Released Engine Starter: IGN/START Fuel Valve: OPEN

Engine Starter: Checked SD Page: Checked Generators: ON

Nav Chrono: START

Elev Trim: Centered Flaps: 2

Rudder Trim: Centered Flight Director: ON Taxi speed: 20-30 kts

Brakes: Tested Probe Heat: As needed Anti-ice: As needed Stdby Alti: 0

Systems: OK

Take-off clearance: OK Departure freq: Entered Taxi light: OFF Landing lights: ON Strobe Lights: ON

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spoilers are armed, in case of an aborted take-off.

• By pressing the TO-CONFIG key, the take-off checklist appears on the E/WD. Everything is green, showing the aircraft is ready for take-off. • The aircraft is now aligned on the runway, ready for • take-off. As the runway is not that long and the aircraft is heavy, we decide to take-off with a flap configuration of 2 and FLEX power. You can choose the TOGA power if you wish, but FLEX is better to reduce the engine temperature. • For take-off, the stick is pushed half-way forward, • and throttle lever is slowly pushed to the FLEX position. • The aircraft accelerates on the runway. When it • reaches 80 knots, the stick is pulled back to the neutral position. When Vr is reached (around 140 knots), the stick is pulled to leave the ground. • As soon as positive vertical speed is confirmed, the • landing gear must be retracted, spoilers must • be disarmed and auto-brakes must be switched OFF. • Initial climb should be conducted with a climb angle • around 15° (depending on the aircraft weight), corresponding to an airspeed close to the ideal speed indicated on the PFD. • We are now requested to contact the departure • center. As the frequency is ready to be used, COM1 frequencies just have to be swapped to have it set (key Shift-Ctrl-F). • When the ground altitude (shown on the standby • altimeter or the radio altimeter) reaches 1500 feet, • throttle lever is pulled back to the CL position. It shouldn't move from here during the whole flight. I can also turn landing lights OFF. • At this time, the automatic systems of the A320 can • be used: speed is set to managed mode by pulling the speed button on the FCU. Doing this, the FMGC will automatically determine the best airspeed depending on the aircraft configuration. The throttle lever does not need to be touched any more. • Suggestion: ND can be switched to ARC mode for • more convenience. End of Climb - Cruise

• Auto-Brake: RTO • Spoilers: Armed • TO-CONFIG: Checked

Flaps: 2

Throttle: FLEX

Vr, Rotate

Landing Gear: Up Auto-Brake: OFF Climb angle: 15-20°

Departure freq: Set

Throttle: CL Landing lights: OFF

Speed: Managed

ND Mode: ARC

• As the aircraft keeps climbing, the flaps are • Flaps: retracted progressively retracted, and the aircraft accelerates to • Altitude: Managed 240 knots below 10000 feet as ATC instructions are • Heading: Managed followed. The flight management system can be used also for altitude and route following: heading and altitude buttons are pulled on the FCU to set managed mode.

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• Then the transition altitude of 18000 feet • is reached. It is time to switch Seat Belts sign OFF and • make sure the flaps are completely retracted. • The altimeter setting flashes to indicate that it • should be switched to standard mode. Pressing the button, STD appears instead of the altitude setting. The aircraft keeps on climbing, following the route programmed in the FMGC. • At 32500 feet (500 feet below the cruise altitude), a beep is heard that indicates the cruise altitude is about to be reached. The aircraft slowly climbs to the cruise altitude of 33000 feet, accelerating to the cruise speed of Mach 0.80. • The cruise altitude is reached about 20 minutes • after take-off. During the cruise, the crew is supposed • to monitor the SD and E/WD to make sure all systems • and fuel quantities are OK, and make sure the route is correctly followed by the aircraft, even if cross wind is strong. Today, we have about 60 kts of cross wind, and the heading is corrected by the FMGC to take this into account. Descent • ATC asks for an altitude change to flight level 280, it • is time for descent. The target altitude is changed on • the FCU, and this triggers the descent on the FMGC (a beep can be heard). Heading and speed keep on being managed. • As we go down, we arrive to the transition altitude • again, in descent. The correct pressure must now be • set on the altimeter. You can get this value by interrogating an ATIS nearby or by waiting for the next radio contact with the ground. The Seat Belt sign can also be switched ON. • Later on the descent, the ATC asks us to turn to a • heading of 320°. The aircraft stops following the • planned route (the route now appears in yellow on the ND). At this time, the DIRECT key of the FMGC is pressed to indicate that we will now fly direct to the destination airport. • The ATC also gives the runway in use at the • destination airport. This runway is selected on the FMGC destination airport page, and as auto-tune is activated, the correct ILS frequency and course will be automatically set. • When the aircraft is close to the airport (around 40 • miles), COM2 frequency is set to the ATIS frequency of • the destination airport, that can be read on the FMGC or the ND. For Sky Harbor, it is 121.200. COM2 is selected on the audio selector to hear the ATIS. The LS switch can be pressed to activate ILS information

Seat Belts: OFF Flaps: 0, Checked Altimeter: STD

Systems: Checked Fuel qty: Checked Route: Checked

AP Altitude: Entered FMGC: Descent

Altimeter: Set Seat Belts: ON

AP Heading: Set FMGC: Direct mode

FMGC: Runway selected

ATIS: OK LS: ON

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on the PFD. • At this distance, the ILS frequency and course are • ILS course: Checked automatically set for approach (auto-tune). The dashed line appears on the ND to indicate the runway heading. Landing • Following the ATC instructions, we arrive near our destination airport. Flaps are progressively extended, and the FMGC maintains a correct speed depending on the aircraft configuration. • ATC finally guides the aircraft to the localizer of our destination runway. It is time to extend the landing gear and make sure it is down and locked. • Suggestion: The ND can be switched to LS mode, and Navaid 1 and 2 can be switched OFF to increase ND readability during final approach. • Then Landing Lights are turned ON, the spoilers are armed for automatic extension on the ground, and the auto-brake should be set as necessary. • Even if the visibility is perfect, I decide to make an automatic landing. When aligned on the localizer and glideslope, the approach mode is selected on the FCU by pushing the APPR button. The auto-pilot now keeps the aircraft aligned on the approach path. • For the Autoland to work, the auto-throttle is engaged, the auto-brake must be set on the MED or MAX position and the second autopilot AP2 must be turned ON. • The aircraft keeps descending. As it reaches the decision height, a beep is heard and the message AUTOLAND appears on the E/WD. • I keep my hands on the throttle and stick, just in case something is wrong. Fortunately, everything works great this time again... • The aircraft lands on the runways. As soon as it touches the ground, spoilers are deployed, engine reverse is engaged, and automatic braking begins. • The aircraft goes slower and slower until it comes to a complete stop. I had my hands ready, but they did nothing... As the aircraft stops, the auto-brake should turn OFF automatically. Taxi - Parking • Now I take the control of the aircraft again. Autobrake is OFF, the spoilers can be retracted, landing light can be switched OFF and the taxi light ON. As I begin taxiing, the flaps and slats can be retracted. • As soon as the aircrafts leaves the runway, I am requested to switch to the ground frequency to taxi to the parking point. • Flaps: As needed

• Landing Gear: Down and locked • ND mode: LS • Navaid 1 & 2: OFF • Landing lights: ON • Spoilers: Armed • APPR mode: Armed

• Auto-throttle: Checked • Auto-Brake: MED • AP2: ON • AUTOLAND: Checked

• Spoilers: Extend, Checked • Braking: Checked • Auto-Brake: OFF, Checked

• • • • •

Spoilers: Retracted Landing lights: OFF Taxi lights: ON Flaps: Retracted Ground frequency: Set

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• To the parking place, the aircraft can be switched • OFF. First, parking brakes must be set, then • Generators must be switched OFF just before engines • are shut down by closing fuel valves. Lights can be • switched OFF (taxi and strobe lights). The passengers • can be released and allowed to smoke... and doors can • finally be opened (check the DOOR page on the SD). • • • As I want to leave the aircraft, Avionics can be • turned OFF, just before Batteries. The aircraft is now • dark and cold, ready to start again...

Parking Brakes: Set Generators: OFF Engines: OFF Taxi light: OFF Strobe light: OFF Seat Belts: OFF No smoking: OFF Main exit: Opened Avionics: OFF Batteries: OFF

The flight duration was 1 hour 10 minutes, and my A320 burnt around 4.5 tons of gas. Nice flight...

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Known Bugs
Keyboard Usage Some key combinations allow you to trigger some actions through the keyboard. If FS2002 is running in background, this feature is still active. For example, if you use Notepad while FS2002 is running, and if you press 'I', the integ light will be switched on in your aircraft. This feature uses DirectX (DirectInput) and I couldn't find a way to ignore the key press when FS2002 window is not the active window. Cross Feed When playing with the fuel pumps, you may notice a strange behavior of the cross feed selector. I don't know how to fix it, it may be a bug in FS2002. Virtual Cockpit In this mode, the flight plan, the traffic and the navaids don’t appear on the ND. This is a limitation of FS2002, which does not show the vector drawings in VC mode. This can be seen with the Project Airbus A320, which has a great virtual cockpit.

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Frequently Asked Questions
Question When I load an aircraft that uses one of your panel, I get a message saying that FS2002 can't load the gauge, and the panel appears almost empty. Why? Answer You get this because the gauge uses the module FSSound.dll, and this module was designed for FS2000. This is why it has to be declared as an old module for FS2002. To do this, edit your FS2002.cfg file, and add the following lines: [OldModules] FSSound.dll=1

Question When I change the heading or course on the autopilot, it changes by increments of 10 instead of 1. What can I do? Answer Download the latest version of FSUIPC (http://www.schiratti.com/dowson.html), and install it. Run FS2002, open FSUIPC window, and look into the Technical page. Check the box Fix control acceleration if it is not already done.

Question When autobrake is armed, the spoilers are automatically deployed when the aircraft is still in the air, at around 20 feet AGL. Why? On take-off, the PFD is still in ground mode when the aircraft is airborne, until it reaches 20 feet AGL. Why? Answer Both questions have the same answer: this happens only with the Project Airbus A320. It comes from the aircraft model and not from the panel. Some people say that it can be corrected by editing the "Contact Points" section of the aircraft.cfg file. I have never tried this.

Question When I land, on short final, the throttle is on IDLE position, but full throttle is applied. What is wrong? Answer Your approach speed is too low, so the Alpha-Floor protection system automatically applies full power to avoid stall. To correct this problem, you can change your

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approach speed by following the ideal speed indicator shown on the PFD, or you can disconnect the ELAC computer to disable the Alpha-Floor.

Question The "PED", "FMC" and "GPS" buttons below the PFD that were present in the older versions of your panel have disappeared. Why? Answer Since version 2.1, the panel layout has changed. Read the documentation, it shows that the panel is much bigger than the screen, it is composed of the main panel, the overhead panel, and the pedestal. There are two new clickable zones. The first one is located on the top part of the main panel, on the left of the light switches, the second zone is below the PFD and ND. Click on the first zone and the overhead panel will appear, click on the second zone to see the pedestal. You can also use the "look ahead/up" and "look down" keys of FS2002 (default keys are Ctrl-Keypad 8 and Shift-Keypad 5), just like in reality. In the real aircraft, you see the overhead panel when you look up and the pedestal when you look down.

Question I have no joystick connected to my PC, and the Airbus panel works badly. What can I do? Answer The Alpha-floor flight envelope protection system developed in my Airbus panels are required to fly the aircraft with a joystick. If you have no joystick, this feature can't work, and you can disconnect the ELAC by pressing the ELAC1 button on the overhead panel. This will disable the Alpha-floor features.

Question I have no throttle device connected to my PC, can I fly without it? Answer Yes, you can. The white triangle indexes shown on the E/WD screen are supposed to show the position of the throttle levers. If you don't have a throttle device, these indexes will stay at a median position, and everything will work fine in the panel.

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Checklist
PRE-START BATTERY AVIONICS GENERATOR 1 GENERATOR 2 DOORS NAV LIGHTS ADIRS FUEL Flight Plan IFR CLEARANCE TRANSPONDER THROTTLE Page SD DOOR BEACON SEAT BELTS NO SMOKING PARKING BRAKES ON ON OFF OFF Closed ON Check, Aligned Quantity checked Loaded Copied Code checked IDLE Checked (All doors closed) ON ON ON Set PUSH-BACK TAXI CLEARANCE CLEAR AREA TAXI LIGHTS PARKING BRAKES Granted Checked ON Released (Check NULL pressures) ENGINE START ENG MODE ENG MASTER 1 ENG MASTER 2 Engine Start ENG MODE Page SD WHEEL GENERATOR 1 GENERATOR 2 CHRONO IGN/START ON ON Done Check NORM Checked ON ON Start

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BEFORE TAXI ELEVATOR TRIM FLAPS RUDDER TRIM FLIGHT DIRECTOR Takeoff Setting Takeoff CENTER ON TAXI BRAKES ENG ANTI-ICE PROBE ANTI-ICE STANDBY ALTIMETER AUTOPILOT GROUND SPEED Tested As Required As Required Set to 0 (Ground Altitude) Set, not armed 20-30 kts MAX BEFORE TAKEOFF HEADING/ALTIMETERS ALERTS TAKEOFF CLEARANCE DEPARTURE FREQUENCY TAXI LIGHTS LDG LIGHTS STROBE LIGHTS AUTO-BRAKE SPOILERS TO CONFIG Checked Checked (no Alert message or light) Granted Copied OFF ON ON RTO Armed Checked TAKEOFF 1- Release brakes before increasing thrust. 2- The stick must be pushed half-way below 80 kts and brought gently back to neutral. 3- Increase thrust in 2 steps: increase to 50% N1 on both engines, and then apply takeoff thrust (FLX or TOGA). As soon as climb is confirmed: GEAR SPOILERS AUTO-BRAKE Above 1500 ft (AGL) AUTOPILOT THROTTLE Retracted Disarmed, Retracted OFF

As Required CL 59

LDG LIGHTS EXTERIOR LIGHTING

OFF As Required AFTER TAKEOFF

FLAPS AIRSPEED

As Required (retracted above 230 kts) Under 250 kts below 10 000 ft TRANSITION ALTITUDE

ALTIMETER FLAPS SEAT BELTS AIRSPEED

Set to Standard Retracted OFF Accelerate to cruise speed CRUISE

Check navigation on FMGC. Check fuel tanks balance for a straight flight. BEFORE DESCENT SEAT BELTS AIRSPEED AUTOPILOT ON 280 kts or Mach 0.80 Altitude entered DESCENTE Transition altitude reached: ALTIMETER On ATIS reception: Get Runway info (QFU) Enter the QFU as the COURSE Enter the ILS frequency into NAV1 (if available) Enter QNH into the Altimeter Compute the QFE depending on the runway elevation Enter the QFE on the standby altimeter Set to QNH

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DESCENT – APPROACH FLAPS Extended depending on Airspeed : 230 kts : Pos. 1 210 kts : Pos. 1+F 200 kts : Pos. 2 185 kts : Pos. 3 177 kts : Pos. FULL ON BEFORE LANDING GEAR LDG LIGHTS SPOILERS AUTO-BRAKE PARKING BRAKES AIRSPEED Extended, Checked (3 Green) ON Armed As Required Checked released Under 160 kts If FLAPS FULL, Airspeed 140-150 kts LANDING SPOILERS THROTTLE BRAKES THROTTLE Confirmed Extended Short Landing : REV Otherwise : IDLE As Required IDLE (When speed reaches 60kt) AFTER LANDING - TAXI AUTO-BRAKE SPOILERS FLAPS LDG LIGHTS TAXI LIGHTS ELEVATOR TRIM GROUND FREQUENCY EXTERIOR LIGHTING Disarmed Retracted 0 OFF ON Set for Takeoff Set As Required

LANDING SYSTEM

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PARKING – SHUT DOWN THROTTLE PARKING BRAKES TAXI LIGHTS STROBE LIGHTS ENG MASTER 1 ENG MASTER 2 VALUES DECREASE Page SD DOOR SEAT BELTS SIGN NO SMOKING SIGN BEACON GENERATOR 1 GENERATOR 2 BEACON EXTERIOR LIGHTING FLIGHT DIRECTOR LANDING SYSTEM ANTI-ICE AVIONICS BATTERY IDLE Set OFF OFF OFF OFF Checked Checked OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF As Required OFF OFF All OFF OFF OFF

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