I C I V I L WAR RECOLLECTTOrJS OF TTTOiTAH J . DOT 101 il'AM O H I O H'.'tTVOLlfN'l'"";! a "IN "A ijw,'' ' V o l u n t e e r s m u s t e r e d i n A u g u s t 2 2 , 1862, a t Camp D e n n i s o n , O h i o , I was 17 y e a r s o l d .

U n i f o r m e d t h e r e and i s s u e d A u s t r i a n r i f l e s - c o t s s o f t - rnuv.'zlo l o a d e r cap l o c k . A f t e r a f e w days a t D e n n i s o n , v/ent t o C o v i n g t o n , Ky. , and g u a r d e d I'enn. R. I t . K i r b y S m i t h was t h e n t h r e a t e n i n g C i n c i n n a t i . Then b a c k t o t h e O h i o s i d e , t h e r e g i m e n t gua.r<lod t h e P e n n . R. R. f r o m M i l f o r d , 0. t o P e n d l e t o n f o r a week o r 30 and t h e n r e c r o s s e d t h e r i v e r t o C o v i n g t o n , t h e n o r o s s e d t h e L i c k i n g R i v e r on o o n t o o n b r i d g e b r e a s t w o r k s - Camp S l i c k ( o o u l d bo S l i d e , C l i c k , G l i c h , e t c . ) on s i d e h i l l . A week i n C o v i n g t o n Camp K i n g , t h e n back t o t h e Ohio s i d e o f t h e r i v e r to C i n c i n n a t i . ( s i c ) A t F r o n t S t . t o o k box c a r s t o l e v e e , t h e ^ t h e d 8c 0 t o Hamden, O h i o , n e a r C h i l l i c o t h e w h o r e we w e r e t r a n s f e r r e d t o c o a l o a r s and s e n t t o J a c k s o n , 0. "'e w e n t i n t o camp a f e w days a t J a c k s o n , t h e n marched t o G a l l i n o l i s , 0. H e r e we t u r n e d o v e r o u r o l d f l i n t l o c k s - A u s t r i a n a r m s and r e c e i v e d M a r k e r ' s F e r r y m u s k e t s w i t h n e r c u s s i o n l o c k s a t t a c h e d . T o o k t h i s r u s t y g u n I c o u l d n ' t 3hoot to a rilacksmith s h o p , tie t o o k o u t s t u c k o i n and o u t i n new. From t h e r e we c r o s s e d t h e O h i o R i v e r a t P o i n t P l e a s a n t i n West V i r g i n i a , and marched u o t h e Aanawha l i v e r v a l l e y t o t h e mouth o f t h e G a u l c y R i v e r , where i t e n t e r s t h e Kanawha. Canrood h e r e a week o r t w o .
:

Then moved t o C o l t o n ( s i c . c o u l d be C h a r l t o n ) M o u n t a i n w i t h no t e n t s o r p r o v i s i o n s . F i v e ' d a y s r a t i o n s b e fore starting foraging. S i x mi 1%"march. We s n e n t a f e w weeks h e r e w i t h t h e u s e o f c L o t h t e n t s . ttuilt w i n t e r q u a r t e r s h e r e - Camp P e n w i c k - o r d e r e d o u t ' a f t e r Christmas. We t h e n moved on t o F a y e t t e v i l l e , IV. V s . , f o r a f e w d a y s t o g u a r d e r e c t i o n o f t e l e g r a o h w i r e s . Then r e t u r n e d t o ^ o l t o n , c u t l o g s f o r . ' w i n t e r q u a r t e r s ^nd r e m a i n e d 10 d a y s , n a r d t a c k - u i c k l e d n o r k - beans o o f f e e , mainstays. We w e r e t h e n o r d e r e d down t h e Kanawha R i v e r t o C a n n e l t o n ( s i c . ) w h e r e we p r o c e e d e d t o f i n i s h t h e w i n t e r q u a r t e r s o t h e r s had begun. C r u d e l o g s t r u c t u r e s w i t h r o o f on b u t no c h i n k i n g o r d a u b i n g o r any c h i m neys b u i l t .

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Two weeks a t Camr> C a n n e l t o n and we marched down t h e Kanawha t o e n t r a n c e o f O h i o r i v e r n e a r i o i n t P l e a s a n t . T h e r e we b o a r d e d t h e "D. C. L e v i " s t e a m b o a t w h i c h was a s m a l l b o a t , h a r d l y b i g enough f o r a r e g i m e n t . Men c r o w d e d l i k e s a r d i n e s o r hogs i n a c a t t l e c a r . Slent o u t s i d e t h e c a b i n and was c o v e r e d w i t h snow.
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The b o a t steamed down t h e Ohio and a n c h o r e d a t C i n c i n n a t i . Anchored i n the middle o f the r i v e r we s h o u l d t a k e a F r e n c h l e a v e , and go home.

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Then we steamed down t h e Ohio R i v e r t o s m i t h l a n d , &y. w h e r e t h e C u m b e r l a n d H i v e r m e e t s . And f r o m t h e r e up the C u m b e r l a n d t o P o r t l a n d . Camped a t P o r t l a n d a few day3 and t u r n e d i n o u r o l d r i f l e s and drew S p r i n g f i e l d R i f l e s . The now arms were s p l e n d i d r i f l e s - w i s h e d 1 had mine s t i l l . We b o a r d e d t h e b o a t t o s t e a m f o r N a s h v i l l e . A r r i v e d a t Jf'ort D o n a l d s o n ( s i c . ) ( D o n n e l s o n ) j u s t i n t i m e t o save t h e 8 3 r d I l l i n o i s who w e r e g u a r d i n g t h e f o r t . They were u n d e r a t t a c k by F o r r e s t ' s B r i g a d e . Union gun b o a t a r r i v e d i n t i m e t o a i d s h e l l i n g F o r r e s t ' s i n f a n t r y , the 8 3 r d was i n s i d e t h e b r e a s t w o r k s . Camped on the o p p o s i t e s i d e o f t h e r i v e r t h a t n i g h t . C r o s s e d the r i v e r t o f o r t n e x t a.m. Were t h e f i r s t t o w i t n e s s the r e s u l t s o f engagements, b u r y d e a d , e t c . We l e f t t h e same day by b o a t f o r C a r t h a g e , T e n n e s s e e , and w e n t i n t o camp t h e r e w i t h t h e 1 1 t h O h i o , 3 6 t h O h i o , 92nd O h i o , 1 8 t h K e n t u c k y , and John M. M i l l e r s t i l l commanded the 8 9 t h Ohio u n t i l wounded, l i e had been i n command s i n c e Camp D e n n i s o n . S c o u t i n g was o u r p r i n c i p l e d u t y . These r e g i m e n t s made up G e n e r a l G e o r g e Cook's brigade, ( s i c . oould be D a n i e l M c C o o k ' s ) ( G e n . Geo. C r o o k ? ) S i n o e t h e y had no c a v a l r y a t t a c h e d t o us we had t o do our own s o o u t i n g . Morgan's ( J o h n H u n t M o r g a n ) and Wheeler's (Joseph Wheeler) c a v a l r y were v e r y t r o u b l e some t o u s . O f t e n , j u s t a f t e r t a p s , t h e y w o u l d come down the o p p o s i t e s i d e o f t h e r i v e r w i t h a p i e c e o f a r t i l l e r y and s h e l l o u r camn. Then we w o u l d have t o c h a s e them - t h e y had t h e a d v a n t a g e o f u s , b 6 i n g m o u n t e d - we had no chance t o c a t c h them. Onoe t h e 8 9 t h and 1 1 t h Ohio w e n t o u t t o s c o u t t o M i d d l e t o w n , Tonn., 7 m i l e s f r o m C a r t h a g e , when we d i s c o v e r e d Morgan's p i c k e t s . The C o l o n e l h a l t e d b o t h r e g i m e n t s and o r d e r e d a company o f t h e 1 1 t h O h i o and Company G, my oorapany, t o d e p l o y as s k i r m i s h e r s .

We Advanced t o a h i l l t o t h e r e a r o f town and opened an engagement w i t h Morgan's mon. The C o l o n e l s e e i n g o p p o s i t i o n t o o g r e a t , ordered s k i r m i s h e r s o f t h e 1 1 t h O h i o I n f a n t r y t o f a l l back w i t h command. And o r d e r e d b o t h r e g i m e n t s t o f a l l back. T h i s l o f t o u r company to hold t h e l i n e . As wo came down o f f t h e s k i r m i s h l i n e a b o u t t h e p i k e a t t h e f o o t o f t h e h i l l , some o f Morgan's mon came d a s h i n g a r o u n d m o u n t e d , and came n e a r c u t t i n g u s o f f f r o m o u r command. Wo w e r e compell e d t o l e a v e t h e p i k e and t a k e t o t h e h i l l s and woods to a v o i d t h e i r f i r e . We had one man wounded, but succeeded i n r e a c h i n g the regiment. First Tire. S t r u c k C u m b e r l a n d R i v e r a b o u t n i g h t f a l l - above Carthage - camping h e r e . The f o l l o w i n g m o r n i n g on w a k e n i n g d i s c o v e r e d squad o f a r t i l l e r y had come t o r e i n f o r c e u s b u t r e t u r n e d t o C a r t h a g e m a r c h i n g , and o r o s s o d t h e r i v e r i n b o a t s and w e n t back i n t o o u r o l d camp. Soon a f t e r t h a t , C o l o n e l (one a c c o u n t s a i d G e n e r a l ) S t o k e s o f t h e 5 t h (one a c c o u n t s a i d 3 r d ) T e n n e s s e e M o u n t e d I n f a n t r y r e g i m e n t was a t t a c h e d t o o u r b r i g a d e doing a l l scouting duty a f t e r . Since a n o r t i o n o f h i s men had l i v e d t h e r e w i t h some o f Morgan's and W h e e l e r ' s men, t h e y were f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e i r h i d i n g plaoes. S t o k e s n e v e r took any p r i s i o n e r s - hanged t h e m as he c a p t u r e d them - t h e y soon l e f t t h e c o u n t r y . J u n e 1 s t b r o k e camp a t C a r t h a g e - t e n t s - m a r c h e d t o M u r f r e e s b o r o w h i c h was r e a l l y t h e b e g i n n i n g o f t h e T u l l a h o r a a o a m p a i g n (was a c t u a l l y s w e l l e d T a l a h o m a ) Joe S m i t h h e r e s u s p i s i o n e d as s p y l i v e d j u s t o p p o s i t e t h e C u m b e r l a n d R i v e r , had v i s i t e d camp a number o f times. Few men s e n t a c r o s s i n - Morgan's dinge a o o o m p a n i e d by g u a r d i n u n i f o r m g i v i n g c o m p l e t e i n f o r m a t i o n t o supposed Morgan men. A s p y was a r r e s t e d and s e n t t o C a r t h a g e and J a i l e d - C o u r t m a r t i a l e d and f o u n d g u i l t y - e r e c t e d s c a f f o l d and t r o o p s f o r m i n g a s q u a r e and some were s i t t i n g on box i n w h i c h he was t o be b u r i e d , ( t h i s p a r a g r a p h s i c . u n c l e a r ) The f i r s t day's m a r c h a f t e r b e i n g i n M u r f r e e s b o r o we came u p o n a f o r o e o f r e b e l s a t H o o v e r ' s g a p , 13 m i l e s from Murfreesboro. T h e r e t h e y b r o u g h t on an e n g a g e m e n t . Man wounded. O r d e r e d t o s u p p o r t L o o n i s - - ? — . Rcbs h e l d gap c o n t r o l l i n g t h e r o a d f o r m i l e u n t i l i n f a n t r y came up and d r o v e them f r o m g a p . Our r e g i m e n t r e m a i n e d w i t h L o o m i s and came up h i s b a t t e r y o c c u p y i n g g a p . Supply l i n e i n rear o f 89th. R e b e l s moved b a c k t o s i d e

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h i l l o p p o s i t e g a p . Opened a r t i l l o r y d u e l . L o o n i s a b l e d r e b e l ' s b a t t e r y - r e t i r i n g and r e t r e a t e d .

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Camped h e r e u n t i l f o l l o w i n g d a y . D r e n c h e d r i l l n i g h t , w a t e r soaked b e d . We l a y o n o u r arms a l l n i g h t . During t h e n i g h t t h e r e b e l s e v a c u a t e d o r moved o u t . N e x t d a y marched t o M a n c h e s t e r . m i l l o f corn meal. H e r e we c a p t u r e d ab i g

The n e x t days m a r c h b r o u g h t us t o T a l a h o m a . ( s i c . ) Came n e a r s h o o t i n g man o f o u r own company. " H a l t n o t h i n g , s h o o t a n y t h i n g a l i v e i " Came n e a r s h o o t i n g A d j u t a n t ' s g u a r d i n f r o n t o f Talahoma - r a i n i n g - o u r company was p u t on p i c k e t a l o n g r o a d t h r o u g h w o o d s . " L e t n o t h i n g o r o s s t h e r o a d " On 4, o f f 2 hour3 * s t a r t e d r a i n i n g before r e l i e f . Saw man on some s i d e o f r o a d s t a n d ing behind t r e e - motioned next s e n t i n e l f o r r e o e l discovered. Next morning a f t e r r e l i e f , 2 r e b e l s g o t i nr e a r o f a d v a n c e d p i c k e t o f i n f a n t r y mounted and w e r e s h o t . A t T a l a h o m a r e b e l s made a n o t h e r s t a n d , and d u r i n g t h e n i g h t evacuated. On t h i s c a m p a i g n we w o r e 16 days w i t n o u t a t e n t o r s h e l t e r o f any k i n d . I t h i n k t h e r e was n o t any t i m e t o exoeed 24 h o u r s t h a t wo h a d d r y c l o t n e s . The r e b e l army m o v i n g j u s t ahead o f u s , we w e r e l i k e l y t o g e t an engagement a t any t i m e and w e r e c o m p e l l e d t o have o u r a m m u n i t i o n s , a r t i l l e r y , and c a v a l r y U P t o t h e f r o n t , w h i c h c a u s e d r o a d s t o oe i n such a c o n d i t i o n t h a t our p r o v i s i o n wagon was a week's m a r c h b e n i n d u s . On t h e n i g h t o f J u l y 3 r d we c a n n e d on t h e rtar.ks o f t h e E l k R i v e r Tennessee. There t h e y issued a o i n t o f meal t o a man. The r i v e r was r i n i n " so t h a t t h i y had t o s t r e t c h a b i g r o p e a c r o s s t h e r i v e r f o r men t o h o l d t o w h i l e t h e y waded a c r o s s . Wo n e x t camped a t b i g S p r i n g s , T e n n . , 3 i n c c t h e men w e r e so f a t i g u e d and h u n g r y . We w a i t e d f o r t n e p r o v i s i o n wagon t o come up. A f t e r g e t t i n g a s u p p l y o f p r o v i s i o n s we moved o n . Camped h e r e some t i m e . F i r s t t o Camp — i - y ( ? ) One n i g h t a t camp — i - y , c a l l e x c i t e d s t i n k i n g r e b e l s - men h i d i n g i n e n t r e n c h m e n t s I p r o b a b l y near Docherd, Tenn.) called o u t i n Line-C r o s n e d r i v e r o v e r b r i d g e - march i n t o n i g h t - w h e r e niggers b u i l t breastworks. Cnvm s t u c k o n l y f » / d / v s . «" A f t e r engagement - 1 1 t h O h i o s k i r m i s h e r s . ( P a r a g r a p h unolear)

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From h e r o , company was d e t a c h e d a t C'^'ir f ^ c . Cowar.) S t a t i o n and w e r e o e n t t o Cumbo "land M o u n t a i n - T r a c y C i t y - t o g u a r d a c o a l m i n " . To s o u t h o f t h e m o u n t a i n c a l l o d " R i c h V a l l e y " fiovo.rd.onu C o a l M i n e - h e r e we w e r e s u p p l i e d w i t h an abundance o f r L >e a p p l e s and poach;:.: b r o u g h t t o ua b y c i t i z e n s f r o m t h e v a l l e y on h o r s e b a c k i n m i l l sacks. The b o ^ y s g a t h e r e d as f a r as. t h e p i c k e t s w o u l d n e r m i t and p r o c e e d t o h e l p them u n l o a d by c u t t i n g t h e s t r i n g s and l e t t i n g thorn f a l l o u t . A w i l d s c r a m b l e f o l l o w e d . T h e r e a b o u t 2 week3 and o r d e r e d t o r e j o i n regiment. We c r o s s e d t h o Tennessee R i v e r a t B r i d g e p o r t , A l a . , on a p o n t o o n b r i d g e . Camped b e f o r e dusk b e l i e v i n g t h a t we w o u l d s t a y t h e n i g h t . About 8 o'clock t h e bugle b l e w t o " f a l l i n " . We moved on t h r o u g h n i g h t . The n e x t m o r n i n g a t d a y l i g h t we w o r e c o m i n g down t h e b a c k spurs o f Lookout Mountain. The C o l o n e l h a l t e d t h o r e g i m e n t g i v i n g o r d e r t o t a k e 15 m i n u t e s t o make c o f f e e , b u t I d i d n o t s t o p t o make c o f f e e , f a l l i n g t o s l e o n as I touched ground. The n e x t t h i n g I knew, C a p t a i n C a t c h punched me w i t h h i s s w o r d and s a i d , "Get u p , w e ' r e g o i n g o n ! " The same day we marched t o R o s s v i l l e b e y o n d C h a t t a n o o g a , w h e r e we w e n t i n t o camp. A d a y o r two l a t e r , on t h u r s d a y ( g o p t . 17) t h e 0 9 t h and 22nd M i c h i g a n w e r e s e n t t o R i n g o l d , Gu., t o r e c o n n o i t r e t o see w h a t f o r c e s t h e R e b e l s h a d . Wo d i s c o v e r e d pickets this side of Ringold. D r o v e them i n , a d v a n c e d on t o a s l i g h t e l e v a t i o n o u t s i d e o f t o w n . Rebs b r o u g h t up a p i e c e o f a r t i l l e r y on t h e o p p o s i t e s i d e o f t h e r i v e r , w i t h o x e n , and f i r e d a s h e l l , b u t f u s e c u t t o o s h o r t so 3hot e x p l o d e d t o o s o o n , n o t r e a c h i n g u s . Had o r d e r s t o l i e down. Many o f u s , h o w e v e r , r o s e , a n x i o u s t o see w h a t was g o i n g o n , b u t t h e n e x t one came c l o s e r . I t h i n k t h a t one was f i r e d t o t r a p , t h e y h a v i n g more a r t i l l e r y i n w a i t i n g . We w e r e * ordered t o r e t u r n t o R o s s v i l l e , f i n d i n g t h e i r s t r e n g t h too g r e a t . B e f o r e r e a c h i n g R o s s v i l l e , n i g h t came on and camo was made. The a d j u t a n t o r d e r e d Company D, 8 9 t l i , and a oompany o f t h e 22nd M i c h . , t o go oack on t h e r o a d o v e r w h i c h we had J u s t come, f o r p i c k e t d u t y . The commanding o f f i c e r o f p i c k e t s o r d e r e d a l l M i c h 22nd company and p a r t o f my company G t o r e m a i n on t h o r o a d as r e s e r v e s . B e i n g woods on eaoh s i d e o f t h e r o a d , we w e r e s c a t t e r e d t h r o u g h t h e woods as s t r i n g g u a r d - C o r p o r a l Weaver

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( S e n t . 17) and m y s e l f w e r e t h e f a r t h e s t o u t i n th< woous on o u r s i d e o f t h e r o a d . We h a d n ' t been p i c k e t t o o l o n g u n t i l t h e r e b 3 f o l l o w i n g up o u r r e a r g u a r d began t o f i r e on o u r g u a r d i n t h e woods. A p p a r e n t l y knew w h e r e we w e r e s t a t i o n e d .
5

The o o r p o r a l b e i n g somewhat e x c i t e d , s t a r t e d t o go t o reserve. I a d v i s e d , "No - g e t b o h i n d a t r e e . " I t was t h e C o r p o r a l ' s f i r s t t i m e u n d e r f i r e . Shortly we saw i t a d v i s a b l e t o go t o r e s e r v e , i t b e i n g d a r k . "Come o n , G i l ( o r S i l , T i l , L i l ) - l o t ' s go." J u s t as we r e a o h o d r e s e r v e , t h e y came U P and f i r e d a v o l l e y i n t o u s . The M i c h i g a n company made r e t r e a t , 2 o f t h e 8 9 t h boys a c c o m p a n y i a g . L i e u t e n a n t S c o t t o f company G 8 9 t h r a l l i e d , drew s w o r d , commanding " R a l l y b o y s " . Company G r a l l i e d t o command, and on oommand t o f i r e - w a l k i n g b a c k w a r d i n l o a d i n g b e i n g crowded - f i r e d second t i m e i n v o l l e y - checked f i r e - g o i n g down r o a d t o w h e r e o u r t r o o p camp j o i n e d t h e woods. Then rao3t o f company G was l e f t on t h o r o a d as r e s e r v e , p l a c i n g t h e r e s t o f u s i n s i d e f i e l d a d j o i n i n g woods as s e n t i n e l s , and r e m a i n e d t h e r e u r . w i l morning. ( S e p t . 18) M i c h i g a n company was s e n t back t o r e l i e v e us u n t i l we c o u l d f a l l baok t o t r o o p camp t o make c o J f e o and b r e a k f a s t b e f o r e we r e t u r n e d t o R o s s v i l l e , w h e r e we a r r i v e d t h a t d a y . Remained i n camp a t R o s s v i l l e t h a t night. ( S e p t . 19) H a v i n g t o s t o c k ( o r s t a c k ) o u r knapsacks a t B r i d g e p o r t , ray o n l y o l e a n s h i r t was i n my k n a p s a c k , and Sunday was n e a r a t h a n d , and m a k i n g i t my ".-ractico o f a l w u y s h a v i n g a c l e a n s h i r t on Sunday - I s t a r t e d , w i t h camp k e t t l e , t o a s p r i n g t o wash a s h i r t . We w o r e b l u e s as we washed s h i r t s . At getting half the distance b e t w e e n t h e c a p t a i n and C o l o n e l ' s q u a r t e r s , I h e a r d l o n g (drum) r o l l 3 t r i k e - " F a l l i n " . I l e f t t h e camn k e t t l e w h e r e I was, and i f i t h a s n ' t been m o l e s t e d i t i s s t i l l t h e r e . I b r o k e f o r my q u a r t e r s f o r g u n and a c c o u t r e m e n t s and i n l e s s t i m e t h a n i t t a k e s t o r e l a t e , wo w e r e on t h e move t o t h e b a t t l e f i e l d o f Chicaraauga. ( s i c . ) We t o o l : o u r p l a c e on t h e l e f t o f t h e l i n e o f b o t t l e and h e l d i t a l l d a y Saturday. When n i g h t came o n , we w e r e o r d e r e d t o l a y on o u r a r m s , n o t b e i n g p e r m i t t e d t o u n r o l l o u r b l a n k e t s - t o soeak any above a'«*^-«y*^ o r t o s l e e p a n y .

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I t was a c o l d n i g h t t h a t w i l l n e v e r be f o r g o t t e n by any who wan on t h a t f i e l d . C h i l l e d t o t h e bone and f a t i g u e d bevond o n d u r a n e e . (Sept. 2 0 ) I n t h e m o r n i n g we w e r e t a k e n o u t o f o u r b r i g a d e ( t h e 8 9 t h was A t t a c h e d t o W h i t u k e r ' s b r i g a d e , Stoedmon's d i v i s i o n a t t h i s tirao) and c a r r i e d s u g a r and c o f f e e a l o n g , i s s u e d t o ua as we marc l i e d . Wo w e r e being, o r d e r e d t o R o s e n c r o n t z ' s ( s i c . ) extreme r i g h t , where L o n g s t r e e t ' s f r e s h t r o o p s t h a t came uo f r o m t h e e a s t e r n array was p r e s s i n g R o s e n c r a n t z r i g h t w i n g . As we was m a r c h i n g o v e r some c l e a r e d l a n d on t h e edge Of a f i e l d n e a r some w o o d l a n d , v/e c o u l d see some t r o o p s o f f t o our l o f t . Seeing horsos o f f t o o u r l o f t w o r r y i n g C o l o n e l — ? - - ( l o o k s l i k e ,\athes) r a i s e d h i s g l a s s e s t o h i s eyes and s a i d , "Lay down, boys,'." V/e had h a r d l y g o t t e n down when wo saw smoke r i s e w h e r e we saw t h e h o r s e s . Robs had a r t i l l e r y - r i f l o b a t t e r y i l l p o s i t i o n t o s h e l l u s . ( N a t h a n B. F o r r o s t ) The f i r s t s h e l l d r o n p e d some d i s t a n c e i n f r o n t o f U3, t h e second coming nearer. The C o l o n e l gave command, " F o r w a r d , d o u b l e q u i o k — r i g h t o b l l q u o i n t o wood::-1" t o a v o i d shell fire. They d i d f i r e , and came n e a r g e t t i n g u s . We w e n t i n t o t h e woods d o u b l e - q u i c k . I t was n o t l o n g b e f o r e we came t o t h e f o o t o f S n o d g r u s s Ridge. On s t r i k i n g t h e r i d g e , h a r e came an I l l i n o i s r e g i m e n t down t h e h i l l P e l H o i w i t h the- r e b s r i g h t behind. Our C o l o n e l , s e e i n g t h e s i t u a t i o n , o r d e r e d t h e 8 9 t h t o " F i x b a y o n e t s , c h a r g e l " Wo f o r m e d a l i n o o f b a t t l e , and w i t h a c h e e r no Johnny c o u l d e q u a l , we started. S e e i n g u s and h e a r i n g , us. c o m i n g , t h e r e b s g i v e " a b o u t f a o e " up t h e h i l l . The R e b e l l i n e b r o k e b a c k up t h e r i d g e , t h e I l l i n o i s t r o o p s d i d a b o u t f a c e and w e r e r i g h t b e h i n d them, and us c l o s o b e h i n d them. I n r e a c h i n g t h e t o p o f t h e r i d g e , o u r C o l o n e l b a i t e d us g i v i n g oommand, " L i o down boys.". As soon as t h o r e be saw we w e r e n o t o o m i n g f u r t h e r , t h e y a b o u t f a c e d and • c h a r g e d t h e I l l i n o i s t r o o p s , and back t h e I l l i n o i s t r o o p s came, p a s s i n g o v e r our r e g i m e n t , t h e i r C o l o n e l p a s s i n g w i t h i n 5 f e e t o f w h e r e I l a y . T h a t n u t us i n front. (Horseshoe Ridge area J We opened f i r e on t h e m , and p r o c e e d e d t o f i g h t them l a y i n g down, s i n c e we was n o t so much e x p o s e d as when standing. Our C o l o n e l had a l r e a d y i n s t r u c t e d u s t o shoot t h e o o l l o r b a r e r s . "Get t h e e o l l o r s down!" ( s i c ) We s u c c e e d e d i n c h o c k i n g them. W h i l e doing, t h a t , t h e f i r i n g c e a s e d on o u r p a r t o f t h e l i n e , f r o m t h e i r s i d e .

Comrade, IV. S. T h a c k e r and m y s e l f o f o u r company g o t up f r o m t h e r a n k s and advanced rv r h a p s 3 o r 4 p a c e s i n f r o n t o f t h o company and l o o k e d down o v e r t h e c r e s t o f the r i d g e t o 3oe w h a t t h e enemy was a b o u t . We seen t h e y was f o r m i n g f r e s h t r o o p s t o a t t a c k us a g a i n . T h a c k e r w e n t back t o t h e r a n k s and l a i d down w i t h t h e oorapany. I , h o w e v e r , l a i d down j u s t w h e r e 1 was, i n exposed p o s i t i o n . They soon came m a r c h i n g up f o u r a b r e a s t . T h e y g o t i n c l o s e r a n g e and w h e e l e d i n t o l i n e o f b o t t l e , t h e i r c o l l o r s b r i g h t as t h e n t h e y w e r e u n f u r l e d f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e . They w e r e j u s t o p p o s i t e me. Thinking t h a t now was my o h a n c e t o g e t a c o l l o r b a r e r , I g o t uo on ray f e e t r i g h t by a s m a l l s a p l i n g , r e s t i n g my gun on the s a p l i n g and w e n t t o f i r i n g a t t h e c o l l o r b a r e r , s u p p o s i n g t h a t my r e g i m e n t w o u l d r a i s e , b u t t h e y d i d n o t - s t i l l r e m a i n e d f i r i n g w h i l e l y i n g down. The f i r s t b a l l c o m i n g my way c u t o f f ray c a n t e e n s t r i n g and my o a n t e e n was t h r o w n t o t h e g r o u n d . Another b a l l p i e r c e d my h a v e r s a c k . I hod f i r e d s e v e r a l t i m e s and had my gun a t r e a d y when 1 was s t r u c k by one o f t h o s e e x p l o s i v e musket b a l l s - w i t h i n h a l f i n c h o f t h e j o i n t o f l e f t h i p . - F o r t e c h n i c a l d e s c r i p t i o n see m e d i c a l r e c o r d - p a s s i n g t h r o u g h l o w e r b o w e l and e x p l o d e d i n right hip. I t u r n e d h a l f a r o u n d , f a c i n g my company, and f e l l on ray hands and k n e e s . H e l d on t o my gun t i g h t l y and o r a w l e d b a c k t h r o u g h my r e g i m e n t w h i c h was still l a y i n g down b e h i n d me, t o t h e r e a r . One o f t h e b o y s a s k e d , " J e f f , y o u wounded?" "Yes, One t h e S. 0. B.'3, go a f t e r them!"

says,

"Whore?"

I s a i d , " I n t h e f o o t " , as i t numbed my l o f t l i m b at. t h o t i m e . Had t h e s e n s a t i o n o f f o o t a s l e e p . I crawled to the r e a r o f t h e r e g i m e n t and a l l I t h o u g h t o f was d o i n g some b i g s h o o t i n g a g a i n , but I got s i c k nausea and f a i n t n e s s - and t h e b a l l s w o r e c o m i n g t h i c k and f a s t , and I began t o f e a r l i n i n g h i t a g a i n . An old stump j u s t i n f r o n t o f me o f f e r e d p r o t e c t i o n f o r the t i m e b e i n g and I c r a w l e d t o i t s s h e l t e r . Hut s e e i n g a b a l l k n o c k a c h u n k o u t o f my l o g , I c o n c l u d ed I had b e t t e r r e m a i n w h e r e I was.

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Soon S e n r g a a n t J . I I . H u l l ( r , i c . ) o f my t o me a s k i n g , " J e f f , can y o u w a l k ? "

company came

I a n s w o r o d , " I d o n ' t know. I ' l l t r y . " Ho h a l o e d me t o my f e e t and n o t u n t i l t h e n d i d I d i s c o v e r w h o r e I was wounded. I t h e n saw t h e b l o o d c o m i n g down my l e f t p a n t s l e g and c o u l d f e e l t h e b a l l j u s t u n d e r t h e s k i n u n d e r my r i g h t h i p . I t h r e w my gun down, t o o k o f f my b o l t and c a r t r i d g e box and d i s c a r d e d them, h a v i n g n o t h i n g - l e f t b u t h a v e r s a c k and b l a n k e t . I n u t my arm a r o u n d t h e S e a r g e a n t ' s n o c k and he h e l p e d me b a c k down s i d e o f r i d g e o u t o f t h e r a n g e o f Reb g u n s . T h e r e met M i c h a e l P a u l o f my company who had gone t o t h e r e a r . S e a r g e a n t H a l l gave h i m ray b l a n k e t and h a v e r s a c k and he h e l p e d me a l i t t l e f a r t h e r , w h e r e we met a s o l d i e r t h a t s a i d ho b e l o n g e d t o an I n d i a n a R e g i m e n t and had e x h a u s t e d h i s a m m u n i t i o n . K n o w i n g P a u l had p l e n t y , as wo e n t e r e d f i g h t w i t h 100 r o u n d s t o t h e man, I t o l d h i m t o g i v e me my t h i n g s and t h e n handed them t o t h e o t h e r s o l d i e r and s a i d t o P a u l , "Go b a c k . " I l e t go o f \ n u l and l e a n e d on t h e o t h e r man. I t o l d P a u l t o go b a c k and s t a y w i t h t h e b o y s , n o t r u n o f f i n t h i s s t y l o , t h a t ho was needed n t the f r o n t , n u t he w o u l d n o t g o , i n s i s t e d on accompanying us.
T

At t h e f o o t o f t h e r i d g e w h e r e t h e C o l o n e l o f t h e I l l i n o i s R e g i m e n t was t r y i n g , t o g e t h i s men i n l i n e t o go back and s u p p o r t t h e U9th, we p a s s e d j u s t i n f r o n t of the Colonel's horse. S e e i n g two men w i t h me, and P a u l n o t a s s i s t i n g me, l i e d r e w h i s s w o r d o v e r P a u l ' s head and commanded h i m t o g e t i n t o t h e r a n k s r i g h t t h e r e , t h a t one man w i t h me was enough. Did n o t go b u t l i t t l e f a r t h e r u n t i l v/e cam:) t o an o l d h o u s e - c o t t u g e . We w e n t i n and he f i x e d a bed f o r • me on t h e f l o o r . One wounded man was a l r e a d y i n t h e r e . Soon a f t e r , a n o t h e r wounded man was b r o u g h t i n and p u t on t h e f l o o r w i t h me. l i e was s h o t t h r o u g h t h e groin. As n i g h t oame on and one man who was n o t wounded s t a y e d t h e r e . T h i s was t h e a f t e r n o o n o f Sunday 2 0 t h and R o s e n c r a n z ' s ( s i c . ) army f e l l b a c k on C h a t t a n o o g a t h a t n i g h t and t h e r e was numerous c o n f u s e d s t r a g g l e r s . The I n d i a n a man w o n t o u t and s h u t t h e d o o r and i t was n o t l o n g u n t i l d a r k came.

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( S e n t . 21) I knew n o t h i n g more u n t i l n e r t m o r n i n g a b o u t :;un i n . A b o u t d a y l i g h t monday - t h e d o o r opened ana i n s t o o ped two Keb s o l d i e r s w i t h gun:, and t o o k t h o s o l d i e r who s p e n t t h o n i g h t w i t h u s , p r i s o n e r . E said J i g was u p , I c o n s i d e r e d m y s e l f a o r i s o n o r now. D u r i n g Monday m o r n i n g , w a t h e n c o o o e r , ( s L c . ) and h i s w i f e and two s m a l l c h i l d r e n , and h i s m o t h e r - whose home was t h i s house - ho b e i n g a c o n f e d e r a t e s o l d i e r was a l l o w e d t o v i s i t h i s homo. - C o r r e s p o n d e d w i t h h i m f o r 15 y e a r s - . A w i d o w l a d y w i t h t w o boys a l s o o c c u p i e d t h i s house. I a s k e d them i f t h e y knew w h e r e t h e r e was a d o c t o r . T h e y s a i d t h e r e was one c l o s e by, and I r e q u e s t e d t h e y send t h e boys f o r h i m . ''/hen t h e M. D. came i n , I r s i a w he was one o f o u r c a p t u r e d s u r g e o n s . I was t o l d t h a t he was b e l o n g o d t o t h e 1 0 5 t h O h i o V o l u n t e e r Infantry. I t o l d h i m I ' d l i k e t h e b a l l i n my h i p removed - and a f t e r t h o e x a m i n a t i o n he s a i d he c o u l d do n o t h i n g , as t h e Reb3 had t a k e n a l l h i s i n s t r u m e n t s . I t o l d h i m t o c u t away w i t h w h a t he had and do t h e b e s t he c o u l d . A f t e r c u t t i n g i n he removed a number o f f r a g m e n t s o f b a l l and r e m a r k e d , " I guess y o u w e r e s h o t w i t h a b u t t o n . " A f t e r p r o b i n g f u r t h e r he r c movod a one ounce l e a d b a l l - r o u n d e x c e p t a f l a t t e n i n g on one s i d e . The o u t s i d e c o v e r i n g of the main b a l l i s s t e e l about the t h i c k n e s s o f a k n i f e blade. This p a r t exploded. I know t h i s t o be t r u e and s t i l l p o s s e s s t h e b a l l . T h e r e b e i n g a number o f Reb s t r a g g l e r s p r o w l i n g a r o u n d r o b b i n g t h e d e a d , one came i n . And I h a v i n g removed my shoes and p u t thorn e l o s e b e s i d e me - he w e a r i n g a w o r n o u t p a i r o f boot;;, w a n t e d t o know how I ' d l i k e t o t r a d e my uhoos f o r h i : , b o o t s . I remarked t h a t I w o u l d n ' t t r a d e , t h a t I i n t e n d e d w e a r i n g them. He s a i d , " Y o u ' l l n e v e r w e a r them a g a i n . " and I d i d n ' t f o r he p i c k e d t h e m up and w a l k e d o u t w i t h o u t r e m o v i n g ' h i s delapidated boots. Soon a f t e r , a n o t h e r b i g Confe.-dorate came i n w i t h gun i n h a n d . He s w o r e a t e r r i f i c o a t h and w a n t e d t o know w h e r e I was wounded. I t o l d h i m . lie r a i s e d h i s gun s a y i n g , " I g u e s s I ' l l k n o c k y o u r b r a i n s o u t i " and was p u t t i n g h i s t h r e a t i n t o e x e c u t i o n when O l d L a d y C o o p e r c a t c h e d h i s arm, a r r e s t e d t h e b l o w and t u r n e d him a r o u n d . She r e m a r k e d t h a t he s h o u l d n ' t a b u s e t h e s e men s i n c e t h e y w e r e wounded and p r i s o n e r s . He l e f t s w e a r i n g .

Not a m o u t h f u l o f food i n the house, w i t h t h e s m a l l c h i l d r e n c r y i n g f o r f o o d . I t o l d Mrs C o o o e r t h e r o w e r e s e v e r a l p i e c e s o f h a r d t a c k and c o f f e e i n my haversack. They a l l w e n t away t h a t n i g h t b u t t h o s e two hoya stayed. Tho wounded man on t h e bod w i t h me w a n t e d water i n the n i g h t . I c a l l e d t o t h e b o y s , g o t them t o g e t some w a t e r . 1 g o t him q u i e t , b u t s o o n he w a n t e d w a t e r a g a i n , b u t I c o u l d n o t g e t h i m any more. I g o t h i m q u i e t e r , b u t b e f o r e d a y l i g h t he d i e d and I l a i d i n bed w i t h h i m u n t i l a b o u t 1 1 o ' c l o c k b e f o r e t h e y t o o k h i s body o u t . They was a l l v e r y k i n d t o me. The t h i r d o r f i f t h day t h e Uebs came w i t h t h e i r g o v e r m e n t wagon and h a u l d me a b o u t 3 m i l e w h e r e t h e y w e r e g e t t i n g o u r wounded t o g e t h e r . T h e r e was a b o u t 500 t h e r e wounded. My, my, t o see t h e d i f f e r e n t wounds. I t i s s t i l l f r e s h i n my m i n d y e t . They t h e n t o o k o u r names and command i n o r d e r t o s h i p us S o u t h t o p r i s o n . They hod t o h a u l us a b o u t 12 m i l e s t o p u t us on a t r a i n t o s h i p s o u t h , so t h e y p r o c e e d e d t o oomraence h a u l i n g . When t h e y g o t a l l t h o s e t h e y t h o t w o u l d be a b l e t o a g a i n go i n t o o u r S e r v i c e , t h e y s e n t a R e b b l e d o c t o r a r o u n d t o examin t h e r e s t o f u s , and when he examined mo he s h o o k h i s head and s a i d I was t o o n e a r d e a d . C o n s o l i n g , was i t n o t ? Wnen t h e y g o t - t h r o u g h w i t h t h a t p a r t , t h e y p r o p o s e d an exchange w i t h Rosencrantr,. So Rose s e n t h i s mule t r a i n through a f t e r us, but they would not a l l o w our d r i v e r s t o come c l o s e r t h a n t h e P i c k e t t P o s t . They ^ane t o me a b o u t noon on Wednesday. I t o l d them t o l e t me down and see i f I c o u l d b e a r my w e i g h t on my f e e t . I c o u l d n o t t e l l when my f e e t t o u c h e d t h e g r o u n d . V/ent down l i k e a r a g . R a i n i n g , g o t s o a k i n g w o t , g o t t o C h a t t a n o o g a , 14 m i l e s , at d a y l i g h t thursdny morning. They had no h o s p i t a l and p u t us i n an o l d s t o r e room, ttad no one t o w a i t on u s . W h i l e i n R e b l e hands we g o t £ o i n t o f g r u e l y o r any. Got $ p i n t o f g r u e l on W e d n e s d a y morning, and n o t h i n g , more u n t i l t h u r s d a y e v e , t h e n t h e y b r o u g h t us some h a r d t a c k and b a c o n . They g a v e each man a h a n d f u l o f h a r d t a c k and a b o u t 2 pounds o f b a c o n . A t e i t raw. y o u s h o u l d have seen us e a t . On t h e 6 t h day o f O c t o b e r C r u t c h f i e l d house and p u t storry. I had n o t had my b a l l was t a k e n o u t on t h e t h e y c a r r i e d me u ^ t o t h e me i n t h e 3 r d w a r d , 3 r d wounds d r e s s e d s i n c e t h e 2 1 s t day o f S e p t e m b e r .

J o h n P e t e r s and C h a r l e s H o l l o y w o r e ;uy f i r ^ t n u r c o s a f t a r Geo T e t e r . ( s i o . ) I l a i d on my back o v e r two months u n t i l t h o bod s o r u s w i t h g a n g r e n e a. thorn g o t so bad t h e y t u r n e d iau o v u r on r»y f a c e , un«; ; l a i d t h a t way f o r t h r e e m o n t h s . 1 c o u l d not nuvc a '.arti c l e , o n l y my hand w h i l e i a t h a t p o s i t i o n , 'y iV:wt e x t e n d e d o v e r t h e one o i ' t h o bunk - no s o c k s - aid t h a t c o l d Newyears I g o t my f o o t f r o z e n by t h o t i i u o my F a t h e r g o t t h e r e t o b r i n g me home, i-sut ho had t o w a i t u n t i l I r a l l i e d some, as my wound huu h e a l e d up on t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e wound i n my r i g h t h i p ar.u had t o be c u t open a g a i n . Then t h e y t r a n s f e r e d me t o N a s h v i l l e , T e n n e s s e e . Took me o u t o f t h e h o s p i t a l c a r and u u t me i n an a m b u l a n c e , t h i n k i n g I was an o f f i c e r , and h a u l e a me up t o t h e o f f i c e r s h o s p i t a l on t h o h i l l . Then b^ok down t o w n t o t h e h o s p i t a l w h e r e t h e y t o o k me o u t o f t h e c a r . ( s i o . ) I have a s c a r on one o f my knees y e t t h a t was c a u s e d by me b e i n g bumoed a r o u n d o v e r t h e rough s t r e e t s . W h i l e l a y i n g on my f a c e , I l a i d on a c a u s e d s e v e r e bed s o r e s , c o m i n g n e a r domen. I was p u t u n d e r c l o r a f o r m a t t h e y s c r a p e d t h e bone t h e n b u r n e d i t t o n a i l gangrene. r i n g which c u t t i n g , :ay abNashville and out, i n order

a n o t h e r s o l d i e r b u s y n e a r b y , r i n s e d o u t an o a t h s a y i n g , " Y o u ' r e y o u n g t o g e t a d i s c h a r g e , " ho s a i d , "ha h a i " g u t u p , t o o k h i s k n a p s a c k . I n h o s p i t a l near depot. N e x t day f a t h e r t r i e d t o s e c u r e f u r l o u g h w i t h t h e r e s u l t s t h e same as a t C h a t t a n o o g a . Thoy c l a i m i n g I was s u b j e c t t o d i s c h a r g o . l i e r e t u r n e d t o me and I refused discharge a f t e r - - ? — at d i f f i c u l t times f o r two w e e k s . They f i n a l l y g r a n t e d me a f u r l o u g h o f 30 d a y s w i t h t h e u n d e r s t a n d i n g t h a t I was t o r e p o r t at N a s h v i l l e u f t e r the e x p i r a t i o n of t h a t t i m e . F a t h e r b e l i e v i n g t h a t I w o u l d n o t l i v e u n t i l v/e a r r i v e d home, r e m a r k e d t h a t a aoad man w o u l d have t o report. I had r e f u s e d a d i s c h a r g o a number o f t i r o e s . F a t h e r had been so a n n o y e d by g r a y b a c k s ( l i c o ) h i m s e l f , t h a t when v/e w e r e r e a d y t o b o a r d t h e b o a t , he p u r c h a s e d a new s u i t o f c l o t h e s t o r i d h i m s e l f o f h i s u n i n v i t e d g u e s t s . The b o a t t h a t we b o a r d e d had t r a n s p o r t e d s o l d i e r s and v/as w e l l i n f e s t e d . The s o l d i e r s l e a v i n g many o f t h e i r l i c e b e h i n d , w i t h t h e r e s u l t t h a t f a t h e r was t h e u n w i l l i n g h o s t o f numerous new g u e s t s .

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As wo w o r e on t h e b o a t a week g o i n g f r o m i i a s h v i l l e t o C i n c i n n a t i , he w o u l d go t o b j i s l e e p i n g i n t h e »« bunk above m i n e , and a b o u t t h e t i m e ho was n e a r l y t o s l e e p , t h e g r a y b a c k s w o u l d bug, i n t h e i r s e r e n a d e , d r i v i n g h i m f r o m h i s bunk - s t r i k e a l i g h t ana h u n t for graybacks. he w o u l d r e o e a t t h i s s e v e r a l t i m e s d u r i n g the n i g h t . I t amused me- s i n c o I had become so a c c u s t o m e d t o ray g u e s t s t h a t I was no l o n g e r much annoyed. V/e l a n d e d a t t h e C i n c i n n a t i w a r f and t h e y c a r r i e d me t o t h e Penn H. R. d e p o t . From t h e r e t o i . i l f o r d , O h i o . And f r o m M l l f o r d t o Goshen, O h i o , by h a c k . N i n e m i l e s by h a c k d r i v e n by L o u i s W e l l n e r . L a n d i n g a t Goshen a b o u t 6 P. M. My home i n '62. F a t h e r b r i n g i n g me home a l l t h e way f r o m C h a t t a n o o g a l y i n g on ray f a c e on t h e same m a t t r e s s t h a t I had l a i d so l o n g , and had used i n t h e h o s p i t a l i n C h a t t a n o o g a and N a s h v i l l e . A r r i v e d home a b o u t t h e middle of February 1864. H a v i n g r e f u s e d a d i s c h a r g e a number o f t i m e s , on t h e 2 0 t h day o f F e b r u a r y , 1864, a t N a s h v i l l e , T e n n e s s e e , t h e y f i l l e d o u t my d i s c h a r g e and s e n t i t t o me by m a i l . I t a r r i v e d J u s t a few d a y s b e f o r e my f u r l o u g h e x p i r e d . I was a b l e t o w a l k on c r u t c h e s a b o u t June o f '64, and used them f o r some t i m e . My f i r s t v o n t u r e o u t on c r u t c h e s was t o t h o — ? - o h u r c h , ( i n i t i a l s , b u t i l l e g i b l e ) w h i c h was c l o s e by. C o l . T e t o r ( o r T e b o r ) was s u n t o f Sunday S c h o o l , n o t n o t i c i n g mo when I e n t e r e d . He d i s c o v e r e d my p r e s c e n c e . nc came t o me and w a n t e d me t o go up f r o n t . 1 a s k e d t h e C o l o n e l zo < x c u s e me s i n c e 1 had been t o t h e f r o n t once t o o o f t e n now. I s t i l l have my o l d d i s a b i l i t i e s t o c o n t e n d f e e l t h a n k f u l t h a t I am as w e l l as I am. Thomas j . Doughraan Co. G 8 9 t h 0. V. I . Goshen Clermont County Ohio with, but

NAMES - Doughman's s t o r y

P v t . W i l l i a m S. T h a c k e r - Was n o t l i s t e d among t h e c a p t u r e d b u t was t r a n s f e r r e d t o a v e t e r a n ' s r e s e r v e c o r n s i n O h i o I n A p r i l o f 18G4, and soon a f t e r , r e l e a s e d . He was p r o b a b l y wounded o r i l l . C o r p o r a l S i I n s Weaver - T h i s man was on p i c k e t t d u t y i n t h e woods "near H i n g o l d Rd. w i t h Doughman t h e n i g h t b e f o r e the b a t t l e . He was k i l l e d t h e n e s t day i n t h e same c h a r g e t h a t wounded Doughman. S e r g e a n t J o s e p h u s H. H a l l - H e l n e d Doughman down t h e h i l l a f t e r he was s h o t . " H a l l a p p a r e n t l y r e t u r n e d t o t h e f r o n t l i n e , f o r he was c a p t u r e d w i t h t h e r e g i m e n t . He l i v e d t h r o u g h p r i s o n ( n o r e c o r d o f w h i c h p r i s o n ) and was m u s t e r e d o u t i n June 1 8 6 5 . P v t . M i c h a e l P o w e l l - The o n l y p o s s i b i l i t y o f b e i n g t h e Michael Paul mentioned i n t h e s t o r y . The C o l o n e l who had h i m j o i n r a n k s w i t h h i s men wa3 commander o f the 1 1 5 t h I l l i n o i s . The 1 1 5 t h n e v e r made i t b a c k t o t h e f i g h t and was c r i t i s i z e d by some. Powell was n o t c a p t u r e d as a r e s u l t , and a p p a r e n t l y made i t b a c k t o h i s company d u r i n g t h e chaos f o l l o w i n g t h e b a t t l e and f i n i s h e d t h e w a r w i t h h i s comnany. J o h n M. M i l l e r - R e f e r r e d t o as R e g i m e n t a l Commander " s i n c e c o m i n g f r o m Camp D e n n i s o n " , was a c t u a l l y o n l y a p r i v a t e I n t h e comaany. He meant John 0. M a r s h a l l who was C o l o n e l o f t h e 8 9 t h . C o l . John D. H a t f i e l d r e p l a c e d h i m , h o w e v e r , i n O c t o b e r 1 8 6 2 , and was h i m s e l f r e p l a c e d i n 180.3 b y West P o i n t e r C a l e b H. C a r l t o n , 26 y e a r s o f a g e . C a r l t o n was c a p t u r e d a t O h i c k a m a u g a w i t h t h e r e g i m e n t . The C o n f e d e r a t e G e n e r a l who c a p t u r ed h i m was a c l a s s m a t e o f h i s a t 'Vest P o i n t , named Kelly. He was e x c h a n g e d a l o n g w i t h o t h e r o f f i c e r s . C a p t a i n O l i v e r C. C a t c h - Commander, Company C a f t e r C a p t a i n Wm. H e i g h t r e s L g n e d i n A p r i l , 1 6 6 3 . He was c a p t u r e d n t C h l c k a m a u g n , and was e x c h a n g e d . C o n t i n u e d as commander u n t i l end o f t h e w a r . S u r g e o n C h a r l e s N. F O w l e r - O n l y S u r g e o n o f t h e 1 0 5 t h O h i o . Nome n o t m e n t i o n e d , b u t i s a l m o s t c e r t a i n l y t h e s u r g e o n who o p e r a t e d on Doughman and c u t o u t t h e b a l l . H3 was t h e o n l y s u r g e o n w i t h t h e 1 6 5 t h and he was c a p t u r e d t h a t d a y . (He had t h r e e a s s t . S u r g e o n s b u t none was c r o t u r e d . )

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statistics

Company G numbered 87 when i t l e f t Camp D e n n i s o n , O h i o i n A u g u s t o f 186?.. One y e a r l a t e r a p p r o a c h i n g t h e b a t t l e f i e l d a t C h i o k n m a u g a , Company G had d w i n d l e d t o 70. Of t h o 17 m i s s i n g , 8 had d i e d i n camps and 9 had b e e n d i s c h a r g e d as wounded o r s i c k . Most o f t h o i l l n e s s o c c u r e d i n t h e w i n t e r camp a t C a r t h a g e , T e n n e s s e e , e a r l y i n 1863. C a p t a i n W i l l i a m H a i g h t , t h o o r i g i n a l company commander, r e s i g n e d i n A p r i l o f t h a t y e a r (a l u x u r y p e r m i t t e d o f f i o e r s o n l y ) and was r e p l a c e d b y O l i v e r C. C a t c h , 26. D u r i n g t h e b a t t l e o f C h i c k a r a a u g a , t h e Company was i n o r n e a r t h e f r o n t l i n e f o r o n l y 2 o r 3 h o u r s , and d u r i n g t h a t was r e d u c e d t o 37 men. 22 w e r e c a p t u r e d , 6 k i l l e d , end 5 wounded. Of t h e 22 c a p t u r e d , 9 w o r e e x c h a n g e d ( m a i n l y o f f i c e r s ) and 13 u n l u c k y s o u l s s p e n t t h e r e s t o f t h e i r l i v e s e i t h e r i n a R e b e l o r i s o n o r marked by t h e e f f e c t s of i t . Only 2 l i v e d . 8 d i e d i n A n u e r s o n v i l l e , and 1 e a c h d i e d a t C h a r l e s t o n , D a n v i l l e , and Richmond. E v e r y o n e s e n t t o A n d e r s o n v i l l s d i e d i n 1804. T h e r e i s a t lea.«t oao man t h a t l o o k e d so h e l p l e s s l y wounded t h a t he was Judged i l l f i t t o make t h e t r i p t o t h e p r i s o n , un d l i v e d t o be 75 y e a r s o l d . D u r i n g the balunce o f t h e war t h e c a s u a l t i e s were l i g h t c o n s i d e r i n g t h e m a j o r e n g a g e m e n t s p a r t i c i p a t e d i n by t h e company. 1 wa3 wounded a t M i s s i o n a r y R i d g e ; 1 vvas wounded and 1 k i l l e d a t A t l a n t a ; t n d 4 m u s t e r e d o u t e a r l y f o r h e a l t h r e a s o n s . The g r a n d t o t a l s a r e ; 29 dead 13 d i s a b l e d 1 disaopeared 4"3 T o t a l S i n c e t h e a v e r a g e C i v i l War s o l d i e r was s e r i o u s l y i l l a t least twice during his s e r v i c e , i t is d i f f i c u l t to believe t h a t any o f t h e r e s t d i d n o t have some l i f e t i m e souvenir h a c k , s p i t , o r l i m p he c o u l d summon w h i l e s i t t i n g on t h e bench i n f r o n t o f the Legion H a l l . time

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