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53005420 Strain Gauge

# 53005420 Strain Gauge

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10/11/2011

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# Strain Gauge

By, Sandip Nair sandipnair06@yahoo.com sandipnair.hpage.com

What is strain gauge? • Principle: . capacitance or charge .Change in resistance of metallic wire in response to strain produced • It is used to sense the mechanical strain produced on a body • Strain gauge converts mechanical strain into electrical signal • The strain produced is converted into equivalent change in resistance.

Classification According to the type: • Resistance (all metals) • Semiconductor • Capacitive • Piezoelectric Types of strain gauges: • Bonded • Unbonded • Blended metal foil • Thin metal film by vacuum deposition • Thin metal film by sputter deposition .

CrNi or Ni-Fe • Gauge factor : 2 to 4 . Materials used.Cu-Ni.Unbonded Strain Gauge • Unbonded strain gauge consists of a piece of wire stretched in a multiple folds between a pair or more insulated pins fixed to a movable members of a body or even a single flexible member when strained. the wire also gets strained • These are used in preloaded conditions not to allow the ‘strings’ to go to slack.

Bonded Strain Gauge Bonded type is the simplest form consists of wire/ strip of resistance arrangement in grid E = Em E = actual strain Em= measured strain .

Bonded Strain Gauge Types of bonded strain gauge: • Flat grid type • Wrap around type • Woven type .

Resistance • It is the obstruction produced on the movement of electron for the potential difference applied across the conductor • The resistance of a material is given by: - Where = resistivity of material l = length of the material A = Circular cross sectional area of the material of diameter “d” .

t.r.Derivation for gauge factor Differentiating w. stress σ: - Dividing by .

Strain = Thus.Derivation continued… A = πd2 As it is a circular cross section But. Poisson’s ratio = .

Derivation continued… Gauge Factor = .

D. Patranabis (page-18) .Reference • Sensors and Transducers .

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