# PHYS 218 mid-term Exam

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(Oct. 4, 2009)

UIN: 21-qoo30:lLf

Name:

As"" A

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"An Aggie does not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do ~,
Useful Formulae:

ret) = x(t)i
vet) = diet:)
dt

+ y(l)J
_.() dV(t) at =-dt
I

ret)

= r(O)+

jV(i)dt

vet)
1
2

!

= v(O)

+ ja(t)cft
o

o v = Vo + a-t
X V
2

J "dx

=-~X

1

,,+1

n+l

=
-

X

Q

+

V@

t

_

+ - at
2

vo.~

=

2·a oX .A

For free fall, a = -g where g = 9.80 11]1s2 Projectile motion: (ax = 0 and ay = -g)

F=ma
"F x =ma &""".
.f

....

IFy =r»,

h \$;-,u)v(static), It. = ,ukN(kinetic)
1.
7

(N: normal Force)

J\

2.
3.

A~
3Q

4.
5.

2S- l'J 1\2- I'f

L.

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1. (15 points) The acceleration of a car is given bya .,..(t) =ctt, where it = 1.2m Is 3. (a) If the car',svel~~ity at ~me t=1 sec. ~s5 mis, wha~ i~ its v~l~city at.time t=2 sec.'? (b) If the car S position at trme t=1 sec. rs 6 m, what IS Its posrtion at time t=2 sec.?

Q")tCk) ~

ex k
V
=::-

t= l s

5

'rV\

Js.

-b~f<25' V,,(-I:)
::0

_ ex...t r
o
o
~
0(-t-2.

/o_ ,,(J:) dtdt
sz:

v-=- ?

4-

tlJ
4

v;
.

+-

\J 0

V"A -t) ==-t---:::.\ \})'lU) 5 -

+ Va +-

l,'l.. ~

V0 -q::-

'2-

V

o-

~

s-

\.Q._

-=- 5- 0\6

VtJ.

~tl

-t- -z: \
h

S

Q~

uJ-~J Iv>, (:t:) cI t')II.. -::\.v"\

b

+

'>to
yt

ll~-I--L,' 'V +K -l:-3

G'

vt -t-::\

l-t)
)\_~)

:=

rt-

Lt Lt t:-

6
....

+ Yl l.../

0

6

-

C
t>o(

rx.. b

.-\- L.r' Lt .\--

-y1. D '

+- ~·4

J-

'Yl

It

&.) -.:_ t
D(

j

~

6"

4· 41::-

+ 1'1 ,
x:: 2-

-xz~ =
~

I·~ X '2

3

6

+ Lr·J,

+\.",

~ ~1.&

>.:J

M U

2. (15 points) Three ropes'pull on a stone stuck in the ground producing the three forces 1, f3, and C as shown in the figure. (a) S~etcb briefly ~0W thesumo~-thr~e vectors.4'+ B + C is_madein a diagram. . (b) Fmd the magnitude and the direction of the fourth force D on the stone that will make the vector sum of the fOUT forces zero. Draw the vector D to clearly indicate its direction.

1

A=-(

B == c =: 4rON

rJ ~O rJ
00

R

A C6fJ-

1
A-

.+
\~

:: 100!} Ij
{5 coSS

'! ~
/:'shAG> J
0

1: 1:

-~

CJ...-

dr-~-t ~
q_

G:.g\v..&d

C-

/"ce>.e J':--. -:::).
L..-

-

(_

~ -lfoJ2.

<2-

1:" -

~o.fr)_
Q_

r

A ~1f -\-C' -\-j)

== 0 .

~ ~P~"Lv\+8
50-~o

~

-'2ov:L

0=
j)

o· 'lD-h...l--4o-So
=-

+ CJ

(j.-:=

2--0\$ -( 0

=

J8"l)~

=-

\Q..';j-,b

1- +-::: ,~~~<1

\<1;,

2.'I>:f

MClv(, .\-v-dL \

J7 -:;:~
'N
==

- (- \~
lc\
~~

';j- •

~y'+0..~,'2- '0'1-

~-'W ~ ta..-.-'/_lB,!l-k_1
2-';l-'

6

J
/
'It. ~

-== ~

-'6·I{,·
~.l£o

'.

x:

a~-~.,~
laY]
t~\,

IrJ-Oc..k\ve

~4°

~1-v'I

pos~ve_)l~

J) ==
.

-A.

-B-C

/

3. (30 points) An object, initially at rest On the ground, experiences an acceleration whose components are given by at = a anday(t) = a - p.Jt as functions oftime. (The parameters Q; a, and f3 are all positive constants.) (a) What is the maximum height that this object can reach? (b) What is the total distance travel! ed horizont~ when it returns to the ground? _

\}Jt o,_,._

o

:=

0
CL

=

pb~
CA.,,- t-

hAl-'

?to='O

Q) V;jo=

0 ...... ls

'a0 -

0.

V'A. -=- V...." -\'

a.Cl \0 '" ~ - ~ Ji VoLle)::= o..{kJ ,H..

V'A.

z:

0..10-)to

cD

1'l::::
'}l

-\- Vo ~

=

_l 0..-l?

'Gl

k~

t-2...
Q¥.-

V(J l!)=

f

J\
0

+ v~
+
0

0

0<...

-

(l> -/.l)

0(

t- _ ~
3

(1 -t-~'l-

V
~

'}...

A'{; ,_.... t . 1t-o}a.W:~~.,._ (J
r......

\j~l ) k

-:: DC\: -

%- ~-\:
23"""
r' -e

\}';J.=O(j) u
I ~/~ '==
fL .

~ (Ie)
0
'

-=:=:

/\.1 (lJ d I:- +ifo
~C

Ir~Jc -

-b

b.~ -% ~ .t:-~/~Jt.»

I

[)(.t -=

n I 3/
1

-w

1)iJ-

30L

-:::::: 1:

'J/'J__ - \

=-

D( Q_

x. 8-\c<Lf }6 ~Lj
O(_S

g.\

~2. ~~

(!J

LD~

; l-

y<..{uyV\.s.

~l~) =-0
~ -l:: 'L
c:2-~

@
(1.

~..tt\.Q

(j'0I..U-\J
=- 0 .

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IS

.t _sr~
Ie;.

0(
~Q_

-= .x. ~ l 4"2. .
=-

q_

t Sf'2.

-~

61 (3)q_ &,

G

-6\J &;A~{Q tOvve!1eJ

\__6Lf0~ ~ _L Q (Q__Ys
Q._

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,,--t~~
Q

r>(~
2- / _

,2-

@

===

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elt

0(1
--,..

V

4. (25 points) A 2 kg block, initially at rest, is dragged along a horizontal floor by a rope. The rope has a tension of 1ON and makes an angle of 45.0 above horizontal. The surface has the coefficient of friction, j.t = 0 .1. (a) Identify all the forces acting on the block using the free-body force diagram. (b) What is the "speed of the block after it travels 1 rn? (c) If the external force (tension in the rope) is increased from 10 N to a certain value, the block OM then be lifted off the floor. What is that critical value?

~\ON

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I'//~I

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(\ o.otd
.....

..., "",*,'~
h'\~..\~

cal o~

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0.

N'N
::0

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-

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-}4

t-~-r!A''''~)
Q_::::,

.-\-C4S e r
~J-{(J

-=:.

VV'\

0... .

+ _}-I (S,',JJ + r'uS e)

~ t)-1 (j -+

l~~-0
-+ ('CdS ~
===0,

_,.(A F>'I'.-l)

it-

@~

v_

a.~

=

a. xVi va_

=-..f};;

c c)

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rs:.-",e

-=

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9

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\fL

=2

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-=-

'2-:. 1-'1.. N _
-=::"

X

'& x0i

5. (15 pointsjYou are lowering two boxes, oneon tQP of the other down the ramp-as shown in the figure by pulling 01) a rope parallel to the surface of the ramp. Both boxes move together at a constant speed of 15.0 cm/s.The coefficient of kinetic friction between the ramp and the lower box is 0.444, and the coefficientof static friction between the two boxes is' 0.800. (a) Draw the free-body force diagram for each box to identify a11the forces. (b) What magnitude afforce do you need to exert to accomplish this? (Hint: Use Newton s second law for the system of the two boxes together, keeping in mind that the boxes are moving at CQnstant speed). (c) What are the magnitude and the direction of the friction force on the upper box?

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==-o\44~)(

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N

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t t i -=
(:)

:::: ~

0, -::Jil
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N

-1

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N ~ 3'2-0 %<9 ~o . N:=_~2Q C4& -

t s + 3?-O -sh.,Cl

::=

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\

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