# SKEMA FIZIK KERTAS 3 PERCUBAAN SPM 2008 SECTION A Question 1 Mark 1 1 Sectio n 1 (a)(i) 1 (ii 1 ) (iii 1 ) (b) 7 Answer State the manipulated

variable correctly Density of medium / refractive index State the responding variable correctly Refracted angle State the constant variable correctly Incident angle Tabulate the results correctly 1 2 3 Quantities of n, r, sin r and

1 7

1 shown in the table give one  sin r

State the units of r correctly. give one  The values of r is consistent to one decimal places, and

1 is consistent to one decimal sin r

place sin r is constant to 4 decimal place. give one  4& 5 All 5 values of r are correct -give two  If 3 /4 values are correct give one  If < 3 , 0  6 & 7 All 5 values of

1 are correct- give two  sin r

If 3 /4 values are correct give one  If < 3 , 0  Refractive index, n 1.49 1.52 1.66 2.40 2.91 Full marks : 7 Refracted angle, r/0 22.0 20.0 18.0 13.0 10.0 Sin r 0.3746 0.3420 0.3090 0.2249 0.1736

1 sin r
2.67 .2.92 3.24 4.44 5.76

5

(c)

(b)

5

Draw a complete graph of n against

1 sin r

Tick  based on the following aspects;. 1 2  n on the –y axis and 

1 on the –x axis sin r

give 

Both axes are marked with uiniform scale And not odd scale ( 1,2, 4,5,10)

give 

3

 All five points are plotted corectly (+/- 1 mm/ ½ square box) give  ( Only three points plotted correcly , givei )

4

 Best fitted straight line is drawn give  (berdasarkan keseimbangan bilangan titik di atas dan di bawah garisan i.i sama banyak, /2:1 /3 :2. T . Titik paling jauh dari garisan tidak lebih 0.5 cm) Reject : curve line

5

 Show the minimum size of graph at least 5(vertical) x 4(horizontal) square box (2 cm x 2 cm) (Dikira dari asalan hingga titik akhir jika mula dari asalan. Jika tidak mula dari 0 , tengok titik pertama dan terakhir) Beri  score : Number of  7 5-6  3-4  2 1 Toatal maks : 5 marks 1 (d) 1 State the correct relationship between n and Score 5 4 3 2 1

1 sin r 1 sin r

Refractive index, n is direcltly propotional to the

16 marks

Question 2 change Section (a) (i) 1 (a) (ii) 1 1 1 Mark Answer State the change correctly Decrease State the value of θ -shows graph exstrapolation -shows the corresponding arrow -18.5 0C // 18.00C // 19.00C (reject without unit) Calculate the gradient of the graph, h and state the value of h with the acceptable range -Draw a suffiecienly large triangle to calculate the gradient of the graph. -Correct substitution(follow candidate’s triangle) -State value of the gradient with correct unit. The gradient of the graph is14.55 0C kg Correct substitution to the formula (b) 1 1 1 (c) 1 1 Total 1

3

(a) (iii) 1 1 1

3

c=

3

4192.4 J kg-1 0C-1 Stir the water gently with the heater to ensure that heat is distributed uniformly to all part of the water. Make sure the insulating jacket is covered all part of the beaker. 2 12

SECTION B Question 3 Mark Section Answer 1 3 (a) State a suitable inference The volume of water displacement affects the buoyant force. 1 (b) State relevant hypothesis (with direction) The greater the water displacement the greater the buoyant force. 1 1 (c) Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework See text book. Experiment of Archimedes Principle State the aim of the experiment To investigate the relationship between the volume of water displacement and the buoyant force. State the manipulated variable and the responding variable mv - the volume of water displacement rv 1 - buoyant force State the constant variable cv – the density of water 1 List out the important apparatus and materials Ureka can, triple beam balance, 100 ml beaker water. State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus A manometer is connected to thistle funnel with rubber tube State the method of controlling the manipulated variable Full immerse the weight into water ad collect the water flow out from ureka can. 1 State the method of measuring the responding variable Measure the mass of the water collected from ureka can and find the weight. Where weight = mass x acceleration due to gravity. 1 Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with different values Repeat the different volume of the weight.

1

1 1

1

Tabulate the data Records the data . Volume, V/ cm3 Weight, w or buoyant force, F/ N

1 Total 12

5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 State how data will be analysed (sketch graph/statement) Plot graph volume against buoyant force.

Question 4 change Section 4 (a) Mark Answer 1 State a suitable inference • Distance between two consecutive fringe influence by distance of split separation 1 State relevant hypothesis (with direction) • If the distances split separation increase , the distance between two consecutive fringes decrease. Describe a complete and suitable experimental framework (10 marks) 1

4 (b)

4(c) 4 c (i)

State the aim of the experiment(M1) To investigate the relationship between distance between two spherical dippers and the distance between two consecutive node lines .

4c (ii)

1 1

State the manipulated variable and the responding variable(M2) Manipulated variable : distance between two spherical dippers Responding variable : distance between two consecutive node lines State the constant variable ( M3) Constant variable : frequency/wavelength/distance observation line .

4 c(iii)

1

List out the important apparatus and materials (M4) Meter ruler, water, white paper, stroboscope.

4 c(iv)

1

State a functionable arrangement of the apparatus (M5)

4 c(v)

1

State the method of controlling the manipulated variable (M6) * set up distance between two spherical dipper as 1.0 cm( or another suitable value)

4 c(vi)

1 State the method of measuring the responding variable (M7) - The waves are freeze by a mechanical stroboscope and sketched on the screen. * measure the distance two consecutive node lines

4c(vii)

1

Reapeat the experiment at least 4 times with different values (M8) * repeat the previous steps by increasing the distance of two spherical dippers to 1.2 cm,1.3 cm 1.4 cm and 1.5 cm Tabulate the data (M9) Distance between two spherical dippers 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Distance between two consecutive node lines

4c(viii)

1

1 4c(ix) State how data will be analysed (sketch graph/statement) (M10) Plot graph distance between two consecutive line against distance of two spherical distance 12

TOTAL