You are on page 1of 3

GERUNDS A GERUND IS A FROM OF A VERB DOING THE WORK OF A NOUN; ITS A VERBAL NOUN.

VERB ROOT READ GERUND READING

1. WE CAN USE THE GERUND AS THE SUBJECT OR OBJECT OF A VERB, TO TALK ABOUT AN ACTIVITY IN GENERAL SWIMMING IS FUN (THE GERUND IS THE SUBJECT) I LIKE SWIMMING (THE GERUND IS THE OBJECT) 2. WE OFTEN PUT GERUND AFTER VERBS OF LIKING AND DISLIKNG ADORE DETEST LIKE MIND APPRECIATE DISLIKE ENJOY LOVE CANT BEAR FANCY LOATHE CANT STAND HATE PREFER

I CANT BEAR STANDING IN QUENES AND WAITING FOR THE BUS PAUL REALLY LOVES WATCHING TV HE DOES IT ALL WEEKEND 3. WE CAN USE A GERUND AFTER OTHER VERBS AND VERB PHRASES ADMIT DENY SUGGEST RESIST AVOID IMAGINE POSTPONE RISK CANT HELP MENTION PRACTISE CONSIDER MISS PREVENT

MARY ADMITTED BREAKING THE WINDOW KEVIN MENTIONED SEEING HIM IN THE PARK 4. WE ALWAYS MAKE A VERB THAT COMES IMMEDIATELY AFTER A PREPOSITION INTO THE GERUND FORM WE STARTED BY SINGING A SONG VICKY RAN HOME WITHOUT STOPING 5. WE CAN USE A GERUND AFTER PRHASES WITH PREPOSITIONS, SUCH AS: AFARAID OF FELL LIKE SUCCEED IN GET USED TO CAPABLE OF APOLOGISE FOR INSIST ON THINK OF BELIEVE IN FAMOUS FOR CONGRATULATE ON KEEN ON LOOK FORWARD TO ACCUSTOMED TO FED UP WITH DREAM OF BE USED TO TIRED OF ASHAMED OF IN SPITE OF

INTEREST IN

PUT OFF

RESPONSIBLE FOR

JOHN WAS ASHAMED OF STEALING THE MONEY IM FED UP WITH STUDYING ALL DAY IM INTERESTED IN LEARNING FRECH VANESA IS FAMOUS FOR MAKING HER OWN CLOTHES SHE IS CAPABLE OF WINNING THE RACE 6. WE CAN USE A GERUND AFTER THESE PRHASES: ITS NO GOOD ITS NO USE ITS A WASTE OF ITS WORTH TIME

INFINITIVES THE INFINITIVES THE ROOT FORM OF THE VERB, IN SOME SITUATIONS WE USE THE INFITIVE BY ITSELF, AND IN OTHERS WE USE IT WITH TO.
1. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO WITH ALL MODAL VERBS, WOULD

RATHER, HAD BETTER AND USED TO JESSICA USED TO BE FAT BUT NOW SHE IS VERY SLIM MY DAD COULD SPEAK CHINESE THE DOCTOR TOLD ME I MUST GET FIT MARCO WOULD RATHER GO TO BRAZIL THAN NEW YORK YOU HAD BETTER HURRY UP OR WELL LEAVE WITHOUT YOU
2. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO AFTER THE VERBS MAKE (WHEN MAKE

MEANS TO FORCE) AND LET (WHEN LET MEANS TO ALLOW) DONT MAKE ME APOLOGISE TO HIM DAD LET US GO TO A PARTY LAST NIGHT
3. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO AS THE SUBJECT OF A VERB. THIS IS

USUALLY FORMAL TO DRINK COLD WATER IN SUMMER IS A PLEASURE


4. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO AS THE OBJECT OF VERBS. LIKE WANT

AND WISH I DONT WANT TO EAT NOW I WISH TO SPEAK TO THEM LATER
5. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO AFTER TOO+ADJECTIVE/ADVERB

MY CAT IS TOO FAT TO CATH MICE


6. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO AFTER AN ADJECTIVE/ADVERB+ ENOUGH

ANDRES ISNT OLD ENOUGH TO GO TO UNIVERSITY

7. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO TO GIVE THE PURPOSE FOR DOING

SOMETHING I CAME HERER TO SPEAK TO SPEAK TO THE HEADMASTER


8. WE USE THE INFINITIVE WITH TO AFTER CEATAIN VERBS:

ADVICE * DARE INVITE* ORDER* REMIND*

AFFORD DECIDE INTEND PERSUAD E* SEEM

AGREE EXPECT LEARN PLAN WANT

APPEAR FAIL MANAGE PREPARE WARN*

ARRANGE FORCE* MEAN=(INT END) PRETEND

ASK HELP PROMIS E

ATTEM PT HOPE

*THESE VERBS USUALLY TAKE AN OBJECT MY DOCTOR ADVISED ME TO GO ON HOLIDAY