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# 2 Functions

Ext2

## Extension For this exercise, the domain is R unless otherwise stated.

Exercise 2
1 x2
1 f (x)  with x 6 3 and g (x)  with x 6 4.
x3 x 4
a Find fg, gf and g 1 . b Solve f (x)  g (x)  1.
2 The function f (x)  jx 1j  jxj  jx  1j is defined for 3 4 x 4 3.
a Sketch f (x). b State the range.

15 1
3 f (x)  x  2 and g (x)  , x 6 0.
x x
a Find gf (x) and fg (x). b Solve gf (x)  0, and fg (x)  0.
4 a Sketch the graph of the function f :x ! jjx  2j jxjj.
b State the range of f.
ax  b d
5 Given that f (x)  with x 6 , show that
cx  d c
a if f (x) is an even function, then ad  bc and hence f (x)  k, where k is constant
b if f (x) is an odd function, then either a  d  0 or b  c  0 and hence
k
f (x)  kx or f (x)  where k is a constant
x
c if f (x) is self-inverse, then a  d  0.
6 Given that f (x)  2x 1, find an expression for f n (x).
(Note: f n (x) means ff . . . f (x) where f is applied n times.)
7 a Show that for any function, f (x), for which f ( x) is defined
. g (x)  f (x)  f ( x) is an even function
. h (x)  f (x) f ( x) is an odd function
b Hence show that any function can be expressed as the sum of an even and
an odd function.
x3
c Express f (x)  , x 2 R, x 
6 2, as the sum of an even and an odd function.
x 2
8 The description `even or odd' can be applied to integers or functions.
(Functions may also be neither even nor odd.)
Complete these four tables with E (for even) or O (for odd) or N (for neither).
Multiplication of integers Addition of integers
 E O  E O
E E
O O

 E O  E O
E E
O O

## A2 Core for Edexcel # Pearson Education Ltd. 2005 1

2 Functions

9 A periodic function f (x) is defined for x 2 R such that f (x)  2x with 0 4 x < 2
and f (x)  f (x  2) for all values of x.
a Find a general solution for f (x)  2.
x
b Find the number of solutions of f (x)  4 .
4
x
c Find a general solution for f (x)  4 .
4
10 Solve these equations.
a j4 xj  1  jx  1j b 2jxj 5x

## 11 Solve these inequalities.

a j4 xj > 1  jx  1j b 2jxj 5<x