NATURE AND MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY I) Introduction:Since the creation of man in the world, constant efforts have been

made to understand man, his origin, his aim, his relationship with god, his destiny etc. & this constant effort of man to understand reality may be termed as philosophy. II) Nature of philosophy:1) Philosophy is systematic enquiry about the ultimate reality of the universe. 2) Philosophy is study of general principles & understanding of all that comes in the range of human experience.

III) Etymological meaning:1)Greek origin :- ‘Philos’ --- love ‘Sophia’---wisdom i.e. Philosophy = love for wisdom. Sanskrit origin :- ‘drish’ = means ‘to see’i.e. Darshan = knowledge of reality. IV) Definitions:-

Indian philosophers: 1.) Dr. Radhakrishnan : Critical exposition of reality. 2) Dr. Baldev upadhyaya : Methodical training or ‘Sadhana’. Western Philosophers: 1) Raymant : An unceasing effort to discover the general truth that lies behind the particular facts. 2) John Dewey: Critical reviewing of the familiar things. 3) Alexander: It is metaphysics & also an attempt to study comprehensive topics like

reality and universe. V) Characteristics of Philosophy:1) It is a living force.

• Philosophy of Economics. 4) It is search for truth & reality. 5) It is based on inquiry about life & existence. 2) Schools of Philosophy: 1. Naturalism 3.2) It is way of life. • Philosophy of History. Realism 4. Pragmatism 5. VI) Scope of philosophy:1) Fields • Philosophy of Art. Existentialism 3) Branches of philosophy: Metaphysics (Nature of reality) Epistemology (Theory of Knowledge) Axiology (Values) . • Political philosophy. 7) It is ever growing & developing. 3) It is oldest & original discipline of thought. 6) It is logical in its approach. • Philosophy of Literature. Idealism 2.

Ethics Aesthetics Logic (Theory of morality) (Discussion of beauty) (Thoughts & reasoning) VII) The nature of Indian Philosophy: 1) Concept of knowledge . 2)Education helps the individuals to understand the ultimate reality – asedn is aimed at the all round development of individual & equipping him to attain 4 purusharthasDharma. Artha. Kama & Moksha which in turn being about purity of their karma. 3)Ancient Indian philosophy of education believed in inculcation of following values. 1)Concept of values 1)Indian philosophers believe in 3 eternal values truth. 2)Education helps the individual to inculcate their eternal values. goodness. beauty. .Vedas are the main source of knowledge having Mantras Brahamanas Upanishadas Four types of Vedas a) Rigveda b) Atharva veda C) Samveda D) Yajurveda Philosophy enunciated in Veda-divided into six divisions – ‘Shasht Darshan’‘Shasht Darshan Vaisheshika Yoga Nyaya Samkya Vedant Concept of Reality / truth 1)Individual understands eternal reality through Nishkama Karma.

Philosophical and Sociological bases of Education. C) Disinterested divot. : The theory and principles of Education. B)Tolerance & foreberance for every individual as everthing in the world is manifestation of Brahma & hence is worth of respect & regard. r. B.p: Foundations of Education. 3)Safaya.c: Theory and principles of Education. 5) Bokil.d.: Education in the emerging Indian society. &Shaida. 2) Bhatia b.A) Liberation : of the individual from the ignorance.l.D.n. practice. v.: Development of Educational theory and 4)Arora k. Or (Nishkama Bhakti) REFERENCES 1) Aggarwal j. .

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