P. 1
Gas Turbine Engines

Gas Turbine Engines

|Views: 676|Likes:
Published by Fikri Mohamad

More info:

Published by: Fikri Mohamad on Oct 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/03/2013

pdf

text

original

GAS TURBINE ENGINES

FUNDAMENTALS (1) 1. An example of a divergent duct is the....jet pipe at the exit from the turbine 2. A turbo-prop engine derives its thrust from...reaction of wash the prop-

3. On an axial flow, dual compressor forward fan engine, the fan turns the same speed as the....low pressure turbine 4. Jet nozzle is located...at the exhaust 5. Axial flow turbojet engine highest gas pressure occurs at...compressor outlet 6. If LP shaft shears....turbine runaway occurs 7. Density of gas....weight/volume 8. Heat and mechanical energy are mutually convertible and 1 CHU is equal to....1400ft/lbs 9. Turbojet engine gives....large acceleration to a small mass of air 10.ESHP....shaft horsepower + exhaust efflux 11.Engine most likely to have noise suppressor installed....turbojet 12.In a dual axial flow or twin spool compressor system with a free power turbine, Nf would indicate...free power turbine speed 13.The noise suppression system that increases the frequency of sound is termed....multi-lobe type nozzle 14.The accessory gearbox of a high bypass engine is....on the HP compressor housing 15.The purpose of a diffuser is to....increase the static pressure of the air 16.A gas turbine engine comprises 3 main sections....turbine, compressor and combustion 17.The hottest casing is the….HPT

18.Which has the better combination....centrifugal compressor, axial flow turbine, can type combustion chamber 19.Statement that is true for a high bypass ratio turbofan....the compressor assembly is larger and combustion chamber smaller than their turbojet equivalent 20.A waisted drive shaft is primarily to....provide a fuse if the driven component is overloaded 21.A turbojet engine is smoother running that a piston engine because....it has no reciprocating parts 22.Section that provides proper mixing of fuel and efficient burning of the gasses.....combustion section only 23.Unit generally used to measure aircraft noise....effective perceived noise decibels (EPNdB) 24.Core engine or gas generator made up of following components....turbine, combustion chamber, compressor 25.There is no peak pressure in a jet engine because of....continuous flow of air 26.A nozzle is choked when the gas flow through it is....sonic 27.A high bypass engine results in....overall slower airflow and greater propulsive efficiency 28.In a free turbine....there is no mechanical connection with the compressor 29.The advantage of a geared, fan type, dual spool engine is....a geared fan does not need a separate turbine to have a different speed from the compressor and the compressor is not limited to the fan speed 30.If a volume of a mass of air is 546 cubic feet at 273K, at 273K it will be....2 cubic feet greater 31.In a pure jet engine, the rate of pressure rise is greatest at the....compressor stage 32.Ram effect is....conversion of kinetic energy to pressure energy at the face of the compressor 33.Example of a divergent duct....jet pipe at the exit from the exhaust

34.Part of the jet engine has the most potential energy....just before the combustion chamber

ENGINE PERFORMANCE (2) 1. At constant RPM, the pressure ratio of the compressor and the temp rise across the compressor....remains constant irrespective of height 2. Method of comparing engine efficiencies is by comparing....specific fuel consumption 3. Engine section that will produce the most amount of discrete noise....turbine 4. Gas pressure is greatest at the....compressor outlet 5. Thrust rating on a FADEC engine can be changed by....changing the engine rating plug 6. The RPM for max power would be....lower on a colder day 7. As the speed of an aircraft increases, the momentum thrust of an engine will....decrease (momentum thrust is a product of the difference between aircraft speed and the jet efflux speed) 8. Specific fuel consumption for a turbo prop engine....decreases with increase in aircraft speed 9. Reduction in engine efficiency can be caused by....ice formation on air intake 10.Power is adjusted in a gas turbine engine by....increasing air and fuel flow 11.Ram recovery is the point at which intake....total pressure equals ambient pressure 12.The point of maximum velocity in the engine is in the....exhaust exit nozzle 13.Through turbine rotor blades, the pressure....decreases, temp and velocity decreases 14.To maintain the selected RPM of a gas turbine at altitude....the pilot will have to throttle back

15.Ultimate limiting factor of turbine engine operation....turbine inlet temp 16.Ram effect due to aircraft forward speed will cause the thrust of the engine to....remain constant 17.Increasing ram effect with increased speed....increases thrust due to increased maximum airflow 18.Temperature of the mass airflow through a gas turbine engine....increases from the inlet, thru the compressor and the diffuser into the burner and decreases thru the turbine into the exhaust 19.Most engines try to keep a uniform...flame temp 20.If the throttle position remains constant...with increasing OAT, RPM and TGT will increase 21.What happens to thrust as an aircraft climbs with a fixed throttle position....thrust decreases 22.Compressor type that gives the greatest advantage for both starting flexibility and improved high altitude performance....split spool, axial flow 23.Some turbo prop and turbojet engines are equipped with two spool or split compressors. When these engines are operated at high altitudes, the....low pressure rotor will increase in speed as the compressor load decreases in the lower density air 24.Effect of high atmospheric humidity have on the operation of a jet engine....has little or no effect 25.The engine rating plug is.....permanently connected to the engine casing 26.Ram recovery is a measure of....intake efficiency 27.The speed of the low pressure compressor increases as the inlet temp becomes colder because...the fuel controller senses the decreased T2 and schedules an increase in fuel flow to maintain the proper fuel air ratio with the denser air 28.Flat rated thrust is defined as....the thrust at the ambient temperature point above which thrust drops below 100%

has little or no effect 37.a general temp drop 33.turbine 39.. Intakes are designed to…decelerate the free air stream flow 2..decreases slightly but recover due to ram effect 30.At constant RPM....Statement that is true regarding jet engines.To ensure an engine maintains self sustaining speed.....The main factor considered when designing an engine is.2 38..1-0.at higher engine speeds..Turbine inlet temp is approx....850-1700 degrees celcius 36.Hottest component in a gas turbine engine is the..With an increase in forward speed..29. The inlet door of a variable geometry intake is open at…subsonic speeds . thrust increases rapidly with small increases in RPM 35.high with a low mass flow acceleration 31...remains constant irrespective of height 32...Factor that limits EGT is the.idle increases with density decrease 41... the engine thrust. The highest heat to metal contact in a jet engine is. there is..Mach 0....What effect does high atmospheric humidity have on the operation of a jet engine..The propulsive efficiency is..Across the turbines.. the pressure ratio of the compressor and the temp rise across the compressor.nozzle guide vanes 34.the turbine inlet guide vanes 40...Ram pressure recovery will generally take effect at aircraft speeds of.. The inlet door of a variable geometry intake at supersonic speeds will be…closed 3....maximum turbine temp INLET (3) 1...

4.Pitot type intakes are used in…subsonic aircraft .ambient pressure and compressor inlet pressure 19. The purpose of a bellmouth compressor inlet is to…maximize the aerodynamic efficiency of the inlet 6. An increase in the Ram Ratio of an intake will…increase the temp of the air 8. A variable geometry intake at subsonic speeds…throat area is increased 5. the heating elements operate…part continuous-part intermittent 12.Ram Ratio in regard to air intakes is the relationship between….With an electrical ice protection system.In a subsonic multi-engine aircraft.Vortex dissipaters prevent engine FOD by…a stream of engine bleed air blown toward the ground ahead of the engine 20. to reduce the air velocity at the compressor.The most efficient engine intake on subsonic or low supersonic aircraft is…pitot 15. the velocity of the air on the engine compressor face is controlled by…shock-wave pattern.Variable Ramp Intakes restrict airflow by…creating shock-waves in the intake 14.The cycling speed of the electrical de-icing mat….throat area is decreased 17. the variable intake…. a normal inlet duct will…increase in size front to rear along the length of the duct 11.An aircraft flying at supersonic speed.is affected by weather conditions 18. What is true for a bellmouth intake (is a convergent duct)…velocity increases and pressure decreases 7.A turboprop engine inlet anti-ice system operates…. Intake momentum drag causes…a decrease in thrust at low airspeeds 9.continuously 16. ramp and spill doors 10. In a variable geometry intake.A bellmouth compressor inlet is used on…helicopters 13.

Advantage of a multi-spool compressor is…. narrow chord type blades 5. the low speed compressor….sometimes open 11. variable intake guide vanes and bleed valves area at….The variable inlet guide vanes are operated….As an aircraft approaches the transonic range.continuously and intermittently 23. During low RPM range.quicker acceleration and better control of stall characteristics 10.by fuel pressure 25.If an inlet is choked then the velocity…. 2 types of centrifugal compressor impellers are….Centrifugal compressor produces a compression ratio….A well designed intake will take advantage of forward speed by… converting kinetic energy into pressure energy 24.21.seeks its own best operating speed 2. the low pressure compressor (LPC) speed tends to change with…. Pressure rise across a single spool axial flow compressor is in the order of…. failure of compressor bleed valve (jammed open) will make engine run at…. In a turbine engine with a dual spool compressor.decreases and pressure increases COMPRESSORS (4) 1.single entry and double entry 7.up to 15:1 8. On which blade type may a mid-span shroud most likely be used….lower RPM than normal 3.pressure rise per stage 6.decreases due to the shock wave 22. In flight. the aerodynamic efficiency of a pitot type intake….long.lower than the axial flow compressor .the CIT of LPC 4.Engine bleed at high speed is…. In a dual compressor. Advantage of centrifugal flow compressor is its high….maximum swirl position and bleed valves open 9.Electrical de-icing operates….

Type of combustion chamber is most suited for centrifugal compressors….Compressor surge is caused by….high peak efficiencies 24.higher compression ratios can be obtained 26.Purpose of stator blades in the compressor section….What is the function of the stator vane assembly at the discharge end of a typical axial flow compressor….What is the profile of a compressor blade….multiple-can type 19.relieves compressor choking at low RPM 21.How does a dual axial flow compressor improve the efficiency of a turbojet engine….to maintain the velocity of the air under rising pressure 13.Which of the following can cause fan blade shingling in a turbofan engine…. rapid throttle movements and FOD 23.large.Inlet guide vanes are fitted to….strengthen the EPR value 15.On a high bypass ratio engine.Abradable lining around the fan is to….to remove air swirl before the combustion chamber .The stator vanes in an axial-flow compressor….control the direction of the airflow 17.the margin between the compressor working line and the surge line 20.12.A bleed valve….fuel pressure 14.Advantage of an axial flow over a centrifugal flow gas turbine engine…. what medium operates the VBV….over fuelling 16.convert velocity energy into pressure energy 27.Why in an axial flow compressor is the cross sectional area of the compressor air duct reduced at each stage….A function of a cascade vanes in a turbojet engine compressor section….control the angle of airflow into the compressor 18.a cut out that reduces blade tip thickness 25.to straighten airflow to eliminate turbulence 22.Surge margin of an axial flow compressors….

kinetic energy into potential energy thru divergence . before the combustion chamber….‘Cascade Effect’ is related to…. located at the beginning stages of the compressor is to….vent some of the air overboard to prevent a compressor stall 30.3 42.air mass flow is reduced when the compressor is turning at high speed 29.An axial flow compressor compresses the air by….Tip speed of a centrifugal compressor can reach….rapid deceleration 40.a shroud-fillet area 31.Air thru the compressor.Stall will occur in the high pressure stages of an axial flow compressor because….direct the air smoothly into the impeller 33.Variable inlet guide vanes prevent….provide a pre-swirl to incoming air 36.diffusion 43.The diffuser after the compressor.2 / 1.Purpose of rotating guide vanes on a centrifugal compressor is to….Compressor stage….Purpose of bleed valve. pressure increases 35.An axial flow compressor surges when….A function of the cascade vane in a turbojet engine compressor section….2:1 45.compressor stalling 34.all stages are stalled 39.one rotor plus one stator 41.Cascade vanes in the intake of a centrifugal compressor are to….decreases velocity.to remove air swirl before the combustion chamber 37.thru divergent passage to increase the pressure 32.Diffuser vanes are used in jet engines to convert….What is the normal pressure rise across each compressor stage of an axial flow compressor…. before entering the combustion chamber passes….Phase of engine operation will bleed valves be fully open….to convert kinetic energy into pressure energy 38.No damage is permissible on….Mach 1.1.axial flow compressors 44.Purpose of the diffuser vanes of a centrifugal compressor serve….28.

Compressor stall is caused by….Primary factor which controls the pressure ratio of an axial flow compressor….What units in a gas turbine engine aid in guiding the airflow during low thrust engine operations….compressor bleed-air system and variable vane system 54.An axial compressor case annulus is….changing the velocity of the airflow 53.number of compressor stages 58.The fan speed of a twin spool axial compressor engine is the same as the…. temp increase .number of stages in compressor 57. velocity increase.inlet guide vanes 59.to multiply the pressure by each succeeding stage 51.pressure increase.low pressure compressor 55.the fuel control governor 60.Purpose of a counter-rotating spool in some dual or triple-spool compressors is….For any given power lever setting.If the RPM of an axial flow compressor remains constant.Mach 0.A compressor stage stalls when….46.a high angle of attack airflow thru the first stages of compression 61.The vanes of a diffuser in a centrifugal compressor….convert velocity energy into pressure energy 47.Energy changes that take place in the impeller of a centrifugal compressor are….The effect of different stages in an axial flow compressor is….convergent 52.4 50.Stator vanes in an axial-flow compressor…. the angle of attack of the rotor blades can be changed by….dampening gyroscopic effects 49.Compressor stalls may be eliminated by using which of the following systems….The optimum air speed for entrance into the compressor is approx…. the speed of the high pressure compressor is held constant by….The compression ratio of an axial flow compressor is a function of….are tangential to the impeller 56.smooth airflow is disrupted 48.

In an axial flow compressor is the cross sectional area of the compressor air duct reduced at each stage…. Why is it necessary to have a combustion chamber drain…. What is a cannular combustion system…. The main purpose of combustion is to…. enclosed in a common air casing 7.galling 65. Dilution air is placed….a number of flame tubes in an annular air casing 2. A tubo-annular gas turbine combustion system consists of….from LP to HP section to maintain uniform velocity in compressor 63. Another name for a cannular combustion chamber is….increase gas velocity 6.in the dilution zone of the combustion chamber after the primary zone 3. This is because….supplies more air than is required for combustion 64. A torodial vortex is….Compressor blades reduce in length….a set of flame tubes.An axial compressor case annulus is….Severe rubbing of turbine engine compressor blades will usually cause….to allow unburnt fuel to drain away….can-annular .convergent (all axial flow compressor case annulus are convergent to maintain a constant axial velocity thru the compressor) 67.to maintain the velocity of the air under rising pressure 68.The root of the compressor blades are loosely fitted to the compressor disks.it aids easy blade assembly and it provides a vibration damping effect COMBUSTION SECTION (5) 1.Stagger angle is used on the compressor blades to….to prevent initial over-fuelling on start-up or hot start 4.a region in the combustion chamber of low velocity recirculation 5.maintain exit velocity of airflow at the same value along blade length 66.62.A bypass engine LP compressor….

Percentage mass airflow which bypasses the flame tube snout….divergent inlet.swirl vanes 11.two calibrated outlets…one for low speed.Air thru the combustion chamber retains a constant….primary 20.In the combustion chamber….At high rotational speed at sea level.Air used for combustion is….to act as a diffuser to slow the airflow down 17.Percentage mass airflow taken by flame tube snout….In a turbo prop engine.8.interconnectors spread the heat to adjacent flame tubes .Air passing thru the combustion section of a jet engine is….Combustor air that is not used to support combustion….by combustion chamber gas pressure 18.multiple can.pressure 12.primary and the main nozzle 25.18% 14.45:1 and 130:1 21.When light-up takes place….the airflow pattern 24.Component that creates a vortex in a gas turbine flame tube….A combustion chamber has a….Flame stabilization in a combustion chamber is achieved by…. second for high speed 9.Combustion chamber drain valve closed….The purpose of the nose or snout in a combustion chamber…. a duple burner would be passing fuel via the….static pressure decreases slighty and volume increases 23. Duplex burners have…. combustion takes place at constant…. Combustion sections used in turbine engines…. convergent outlet 16.Overall air/fuel ration of a combustion chamber can vary between….82% 15. annular and can annular 10.will film cool the liner and dilute combustion chamber exit temp 19.pressure 13.most used for cooling 22.

a fuel/air mixture 29.... Turbine disks are attached to the shat in a gas turbine engine...swirl vanes 31.it requires less cooling air due to its minimal surface area 28.A shroud placed around fuel nozzles…..Hot spots in the combustion section of a turbojet engine are possibly due to…. root half impulse 3.In which type of turbine engine combustion chamber is the case and liner removed and installed as one unit during routine maintenance…. The turbine section.prevents carbon build up 33.Combustion liner walls cooled in a gas turbine engine…..by secondary air flowing thru the combustion chamber 27.bolted 2.gas re-circulation TURBINE (6) 1.. Hot section inspections for many turbine engines are required.the airflow has a higher velocity thru an impulse turbine NGV 5.on a time cycle basis 7....Component that creates a vortex in a gas turbine flame tube….Purpose of swirl vanes in the combustion chamber is to produce….annular 34... A nozzle guide vane is. Impulse-reaction turbine blades form....converts dynamic pressure into mechanical energy .small burner at low rpm and both burners at high rpm 30..Fuel entering the combustion chamber from an atomizer spray nozzle enters as…. Material used for LPT shaft in modern turbofan engines.tip half reaction.hollow in construction to allow for flow of cooling air 6.In an annular combustor (thru flow)….. Impulse blades operate cooler than reaction blades because..malfunctioning fuel nozzles 32..26..A duplex burner uses….Marage-250 4.

The passage between adjacent nozzle guide vanes forms..... the velocity.8.remains constant 9.inconel.Dirt particles in the air going into the compressor of a turbine engine will form a coating on all except the..Nozzle guide vane bow is an indication of.Stress rupture cracks usually appear on turbine blades at.......turbine blades ..Impulse turbine blades run cooler than reaction blades because..the turbine blades are shaped so that their ends forma a band or shroud 17..engine overheat 23.......secondary creep 11.across he leading or trailing edge at the right angle to the edge 16..due to thermal and centrifugal forces 19....gas welding 13..Creep of turbine blades is.allows slight movement 15.Turbine nozzle diaphragms located on the upstream side of each turbine wheel are used.A slow constant growth in a turbine blade is known as.Alloys used for gas turbine nozzles are...remains constant 22..temperature drop across NGV is greater 14.decreases 21.......Temperature thru the turbine stages generally.convergent duct 12.. the velocity...Nozzle guide vanes are fitted to...to increase the velocity of the heated gasses flowing past this point 24.a partially clogged fuel nozzle 18.Turbine engine components are never manufactured by.. nimonic and GMR-235 25...... An impulse turbine blade arrangement forms....What is meant by a shrouded turbine..Fir tree turbine blade attachment locates the blade. a permanent change in disk diameter 26.constant passage 10..‘hot streaking’ is caused by..Turbine disk growth is due to... As hot gasses flow thru an impulse turbine blading.As the hot gasses flow thru an impulse turbine blading...increase velocity of gas flow 20...

to increase the velocity and decrease the pressure of the gas stream leaving the nozzle (increase thrust) 13.impart a high exit velocity to the exhaust gasses 14.protects the airframe from heat damage 2.27. A supersonic duct is…convergent then divergent along its length 4.The forces driving a turbine round are due to.increasing the mixing rate 9.The purpose of a propelling nozzle of a gas turbine engine is designed….. The jet pipe of a gas turbine engine…. it should be…. the effect is….. If the exit area of the nozzle is too large.How is a radial turbine driven. As air flows out at the outflow of a choked nozzle…..by change of momentum and angle of airflow 28.momentum thrust 10.exit velocity lower causing loss of thrust 7.velocity increases and pressure decreases (convergent duct-exhaust) 8... Exhaust noise can be reduced by…. Lobe type exhaust noise suppressors are made from…heat resistant alloy 3.impulse and reaction EXHAUST (7) 1.makes maximum use of pressure thrust 12..A convergent-divergent nozzle…. A convergent exhaust nozzle produces mainly…. When should thrust reversers be used…low RPM and low forward speed 5.The struts on the exhaust cone….supports the exhaust cone and straighten the gas airflow . The purpose of a propelling nozzle (convergence) is to…increase the velocity of the air and increase thrust 6.The exhaust section is designed to….long and small diameter 11.To have minimum friction in the jet pipe.

.provides acoustic medium ....closed 17.On front fan engines. to obtain thrust reversal…cold stream is reversed 16.retard thrust levers to grd idle..full contact with race 2.a faulty combustion chamber 21..Reverse thrust can only be selected when the throttle is….15.engine bleed air system 18. Some labyrinth seals..The function of the exhaust cone assy of a turbine engine is to…. high decibel 24.What is the proper operating sequence of using thrust reversers….subsonic and supersonic 22. and then retard thrust reverser levers to grd idle 23.Thrust reversers utilizing pneumatics actuating system receives operating pressure from….A nozzle is ‘choked’ when the engine inlet airflow is…. then advance power levers as required.increase and velocity to decrease 19. An abradable lining in the fan case..Noise from a jet wake when untreated by suppression is…low freq. A carbon seal has which type of sealing arrangement.control the outflow of air at the turbine (can be air seals or oil seals) 3. select reverse thrust.Hot spots on the tail cone of a turbine engine are possible indicators of a malfunctioning fuel nozzle or….straighten and collect the exhaust gasses into a solid exhaust jet 20.An exhaust cone placed aft of the turbine in a jet engine will cause the pressure in the first part of the exhaust duct to….A choked nozzle…increases thrust BEARINGS AND SEALS (8) 1.

.The bearings of a compressor rotor are usually…..air pressure 13.....a restricted leakage of air between fixed and rotating components 9.. The highest turbine bearing temp takes place.... If ball or roller bearings found with magnetism.Main bearing oil seals used with turbine engines are usually.4.degaussed before use 10.ball and roller 12.In a jet engine. Seals on gas turbine engine restrict leakage of oil by.labyrinth and/or carbon 11. What is the purpose of pressure balance seal..a ball bearing has less friction than any other type LUBRICANTS AND FUELS (9) .Which of the following is true about ball and roller bearings.. Why are oil seals pressurized...at shut-down 6.air pressure 7.... the rotating assembly oil seals are maintained oil tight by means of. The function of labyrinth seals is to create.to ensure the location bearing is adequately loaded throughout the engine thrust range 8..to ensure minimum oil loss 5.

The purpose of a pressure filter in a lubrication system is to….Ignition of fuel depends on…both volatility and atomisation LUBRICATION SYSTEM (10) 1.Types of water present in aviation fuel are…free and entrained both harmful 14. Advantage of mineral base lube over vegetable based lube…chemical stability 2. Desirable characteristics of turbine engine oil…high flash point 3. seals. engine oil…cools.Calorific value is the…amount of heat or energy in 1 pound of fuel 11.DERD 2494…kerosene 13.Compared to reciprocating engine oils. Factors that determines the proper grade of oil to use in a particular engine…operating speeds of bearings 5. In a jet engine which uses a fuel oil heat exchanger. In addition to lubricating. the oil temp is controlled by a thermostatic valve that regulates the flow of…. The result of operating an engine in extremely high temp using lubricant meant for much lower temp…oil pressure will be lower than normal 7. Reid Vapour pressure…38 degrees Celsius 4. The specific gravity of fuel affects…aircraft range 9. Upon what quality or characteristics of a lubricating oil is its viscosity index based…its rate of change in viscosity with temp change 8. High tooth pressures and high rubbing velocities in spur type gears require the use of…an EP lubricant 6. prevents corrosion and cushions shock loads 10. the types of oils used in turbine engines…have less tendency to produce lacquer or coke 12.protect the oil jets 2.1.oil thru the heat exchanger .

engine overhaul 11. At cruise RPM. and to allow for slight misalignment 4. some oil will flow thru the relief valve of a gear type engine oil pump. What will happen to the return oil if the oil line between the scavenger pump and the oil cooler separates….the return oil will be pumped overboard 6. Oil pressure in the cooler is….insufficient lubrication 15. The possible combined output from all the scavenge pumps in a lubrication system will be…. The oil dampened main bearing utilized in some turbine engines is used to….the spacer thickness 16.A thread type oil seal in a lubrication system….provides a proper oil spray pattern from the main bearing oil jets 13.3. most engines are equipped with a….provide an oil film between the outer race and the bearing housing in order to reduce vibration tendencies in the rotor system. This is normal as the relief valve is set at a pressure which is…. but oil temp is high….‘Last chance’ filters in a lubrication system are serviced during…. The possible cause when a turbine engine indicates no change in power settings parameters.lower than the pressure pump capabilities 9.What is the primary purpose of the hopper located in the oil supply tank of some dry sump engine installations….What would be the probable result if the oil system pressure relief valve should stick in the open position on a turbine engine….spur gear pumps 5.higher than the fuel pressure 7.relief valve .greater than the pressure pump output 10.to reduce the time required to warm the oil to operating temp 12.Primary purpose of the oil breather pressurization system that is used on turbine engines…. Oil pressure and scavenge pumps are usually….has a thread on a stationary portion to prevent fluid leaks 14.What determines the minimum particle size which will be excluded or filtered by a cuno type filter….In order to relieve excessive pump pressure in an engine’s internal oil system.engine main bearing distress 8.

What is the purpose of the last chance filters….17.splashed or sprayed oil 30.The teeth of the gears in the accessory section of an engine normally lubricated by….consists of pressure.Low oil pressure can be detrimental to the internal engine components. the gerotor type oil pump….When rotating.Possible failure related ferrous metal particles in turbine engine oil causes an electrical indicating type magnetic chip detector to indicate their presence by….in-line thread filters 20.When rotating.bridging the gap between the detector centre (positive) electrode and the ground electrode 29.The air-cooled-oil-cooler has an anti-surge valve in order to….protect the cooler 27.What is the primary purpose of the oil breather pressurization system that is used on turbine engines…. high pressure design….Manufacturers normally require turbine engine oil servicing within a short time after engine shut down primarily to….outlet pressure against spring pressure 28.A full flow oil system has….prevent over servicing 18.What filters are used to protect oil pressure spray jets….to prevent damage to the oil spray nozzle 22.draws oil into the pump and carries it round between the gear teeth and casing 25.A vane type oil pump output is controlled by….A turbine engine dry sump lubrication system of the self contained. breather and scavenge subsystems 23. pressure and spray .provides a proper oil spray pattern from the main bearing oil jets 26.should be limited to the engine manufacturer’s recommendation 21.draws oil into the pump and carries it round between the gear teeth and idler 19.Type of oil system is usually found on turbine engines….dry sump. however high oil pressure….a variable oil pressure dependant upon throttle setting 24. the gear type oil pump….

N2 tachogenerator . the tank should be pressure checked to….A jet engine gear box breather is prevented from leaking oil to atmosphere by the action of….not less than 5psi plus the maximum operating pressure of the tank 36.Type of oil pumps most commonly used on turbine engines are….31.Oil pressure in the cooler is….impeller and centrifugal force 32.A spur gear pump operating in a lubrication system promotes….What is the cause of high oil temp….A scavenge filter is incorporated in a gas turbine lubrication system to…. What are float switches used for in the fuel system….Sump pressure is maintained by the…breather system FUEL (11) 1.protect the pressure pump 34.high flow at low pressure 41.followed by squares 35. An EEC is powered in flight by….After making a welded repair to a pressurized type turbine engine oil tank.higher than the fuel pressure 37.The possible combined output from all the scavenge pumps in a lubrication system will be….mass airflow rate thru the engine 3.Oil system generally used on most modern turboprop engines is….to control refuel/defuel valves 2.greater than the pressure pump output 42.Typical operating pressure of an oil pump in a a gas turbine lubrication system….The identification of a lubrication fluid line is the word ‘lubrication’….30psi 38. To what condition does the fuel flow respond during aircraft acceleration….a blocked pressure filter 39.dry sump type 40.positive displacement 33.

entrained water in fuel freezing 15.A fuel heater prevents….servo pressure is being bled off 14. To stabilize cams.increase direction 5.drops then increases due to increasing pump output 8. The maximum RPM of a turbine engine is limited by….reduction of the fuel pump stroke by a spill valve sensitive to centrifugally generated fuel pressure 6.a reduction in maximum RPM 11. With a decrease in fuel SG. manufacturers generally recommend that all final turbine engine trim adjustments be made in the….4.remove fuel. what is the result when the engine is fitted with an uncompensated fuel governor….pressure sensing . When a throttle is selected to increase power.LP filter icing 16.on one generator with 2 separate windings 17.lightly seated 9.BPC controls the FCU by…. down trimming signal immediately 19. During any stabilised running condition. how are the power supply windings for channel A and channel B wound….a dedicated generator 12.G.If the knife-edge blade in a kinetic valve is fully in….A FADEC system takes measurements from engine speed…. the pressure drop across the Fuel Control Unit throttle orifice….In a FADEC system.maximum RPM increases 10.When the EEC supervisory circuit senses a fault on the engine.40 degrees 18. Kinetic valves are used because…. the spill or half ball valve is…. the fault annunciator light will be on and the EEC will…. which one is the forward idle setting….What power supplies the EEC during normal operation….An increase in fuel S.Out of the following thrust lever resolver angles.they are more sensitive 7.A fuel heater prevents…. will cause…. springs and linkages within the fuel control.temperature and pressure 13.

Why is it necessary to control fuel supply to the engine during rapid acceleration….to provide the majority of the fuel pressure to the engine 30.Purpose of a silver strip on a fuel filter….knife blade 23.In a FADEC system. the fuel flow is increased at a controlled rate in order to….What is the primary purpose for trimming a turbine engine fuel control unit…to obtain maximum thrust output when desired 21.creates the primary and secondary fuel supplies 26.What moves the swash plate away from the minimum stroke position…. therefore a decrease in RPM 22.On approach….Purpose of the LP fuel pump is to…. the signal to the HMC is the difference between…. altitude.engine speed.During acceleration.A kinetic valve is a device used to control HP pump output.How is servo pressure. exhaust temperature and throttle position 24.Why is the high pressure fuel pump fitted in a gas turbine engine….Purpose of a fuel flow divider in a turbine engine duplex fuel nozzle….to prevent excessively high EGT and possible compressor surge 34. This is achieved by movement of a….to detect sulphur in fuel 28.RPM should be above the minimum idle for maximum acceleration 29.Which of the following inputs does the fuel control system combine to operate a gas turbine engine…. which is used to control fuel pump ‘swash plate’ angle obtained….ensure the HP fuel pump does not cavitate 27.20.Where is the engine fuel shutoff valve usually located…downstream of the engine driven fuel pump 33.actual N1 and computed N1 25.a spring .a reduction in fuel flow..What would be the effect on the engine if the BPC half ball valve in the servo line sticks open….prevent surge and the risk of flame-out 32.from pump delivery pressure through a fixed restriction 31.

What must be done after the FCU has been replaced….The basic concept of an HP fuel control is….During acceleration.a reduction in maximum RPM 43. what prevents fuel form spilling out of fuel tank vents….When considering a centrifugal type engine speed governor.constant adjustment of the swash plate angle of the HP fuel pump 38.1 FADEC with one channel active and the other channel monitoring with its output drivers de-energised 47.automatically via a fuel trim unit 41.During aerobatic manoeuvres.A fuel trimmer unit is adjusted at altitude….A barometric pressure controller controls….EEC 49.The burner fuel flow is at a maximum at….HMU receives signals form….Which of the following influences the operation of an automatic fuel control unit on a turbojet engine…. what is the result of channel A failing to recive information from a sensor….channel A will take the info from channel B .35.burner pressure 37. each engine has…. sensors and an HMU 39.float operated valves 36. will cause….G. n increase in fuel S.before the LP fuel filter 48.In a FADEC system.. sea level 45. the fuel flow is increased at a controlled rate in order to….electronic controls (EEC).separate permanent magnet alternator 50.The position of fuel heater in fuel system is….retrim the engine 46.The EEC receives its primary power from….I.prevent surge and the risk of flame out 40.On an engine powered by a FADEC.The fuel trimmer on a turbo-prop engine is operated….S.A.automatically controlled in conjunction with FCU 42.A FADEC consists of….fuel flow to suit atmospheric pressure changes 44.

it limits the rate of increase in fuel flow during sudden acceleration 52.The density of air is very important when mixing fuel and air to obtain a correct fuel to air ratio.whichever is the best channel 57. therefore a decrease in RPM 59.Why is the barometric pressure controller (BPC) fitted in a turbo-shaft engine fuel system….What would be the effect on the engine if the BPC half ball valve in the servo line sticks open….remain constant .The swash plate in a fuel pump when static is…. dump valve open 58.fuel pressure 62.a reduction of fuel flow.Baffles in a rigid fuel tank….100 parts of dry air 61.fuel flow 55.What are the positions of the pressurization valve and the dump valve in a jet engine fuel system when the engine is shut down…. Which of the following weighs the most…. what determines which channel is in control…. In flight.an acceleration control unit (ACU) is fitted 56.When trimming a turbine engine.51.prevents surge 63. the fuel control is adjusted to….set idle RPM and maximum speed or EPR 54.pressurization valve closed. the engine EEC controls….to vary pressure pump output in relation to the pressure variation at the intake 64.Specific fuel consumption at altitude will….Which valve ensures the adequate fuel flow….Why is a hydro-mechanical governor fitted to a gas turbine engine fuel pump….Why is an ACU fitted to a gas turbine engine….the fuel metering valve 65..in the maximum position 53.In a FADEC system.to enable the engine to operate over a wide range of SGs 60.To prevent compressor surge and overheating of the combustion chamber due to over fuelling….What causes the fuel divider valve to open in a turbine engine duplex fuel nozzle…..

If the swash plate of a positive displacement swash plate pump is perpendicular to the axis of the pump. If air is taken from the compressor for air cond / anti-icing.igniter is selected automatically AIR SYSTEMS (12) 1.What is the purpose of the attenuator fitted between the HP fuel pump and the BPC in a fuel system…..Conditions when trimming of a turbine engine be most accurate…... Air bleed for an anti-ice system is.no wind and low moisture 71... Bleed air pressure and shut-off cock pressure is.200psi 2. the flow will be…..provides better atomization and uniform flow pattern 68. EGT will increase 4.Opening of fuel valve after shut down will cause…. In an axial flow turbine engine. blades and bearings 6. turbine.After a bag tank replacement. Engine anti-ice is taken from...HP compressor 5.fan air 3.When a re-light is required in flight on a FADEC engine….thrust will decrease. where would you disconnect the system to carry out the flow checks….zero 67..risk of fire in turbine 72.at the engine 69.it damps out pulsations in the fuel delivery to the BPC 70.. compressor bleed air is sometimes used to aid in cooling the.66. Turbine case cooling utilizes... vanes.sent through a pressure regulator .What are the principal advantages of the duplex fuel nozzle used in many turbine engines….

where are the high voltage pulses formed…at the triggering transformer 2. An igniter plug for a large gas turbine takes the form of a…. Voltage at the igniter plug depends on…. to eliminate possibility of receiving a lethal shock.Inlet for cooling air for the 1st stage turbine blades are fed via the. A safety feature usually employed in pneumatic starters that is used to prevent the starter from reaching burst speed if inlet air does not terminate on schedule is the….high powerto-weight ratio 6.. A hot start is associated with….prolongs the discharge 3. Anti-ice bleed is controlled by. In the HEIU the choke….high EGT 4.A starter has 2 hole to check the….7..through a pressure regulating shut-off valve (PRSOV) 10..regulator valve 9. When removing turbine engine igniter plug.level of oil 11. In a gas turbine engine dc capacitor discharge ignition system.surface discharge plug 7.A glow plug may be used in place of a spark plug on….gap in the ignition system box 10.. the ignition switch is turned off and….blade root STARTING AND IGNITION SYSTEMS (13) 1.small engines ... thermal wing de-icing system derives air. On a gas turbine engine. When electrical anti-icing is on.redial inward flow turbine and axial-flow turbine 9.stator nozzle design that chokes airflow and stabilizes turbine wheel speed 5..the transformer exciter input lead is disconnected and the centre electrode grounded to the engine after disconnecting the igniter lead from the plug and waiting the prescribed time 8. Advantage of pneumatic starter over electric starters is…..power decreases 8.. Pneumatic starters are usually designed with what types of airflow impingement systems…..

prevents current surge when motor is at low rpm 18.activation of a flyweight cutout switch 21.high flash point of the fuel 17.is to prevent an initial current surge 19.A DC starter motor disconnects due to….A clicking sound heard at engine coast-down in a pneumatic starter incorporating a sprag clutch ratchet assembly is a n indication of….inspection of a magnetic chip detector 26.On a low energy dual ignition system (<3 joules).A ‘hot start’ with excessive temperatures may be caused by….throttle partly open 16.When is ignition used….To avoid lethal electric shock from ignition system.pilot selects both igniters 20.series wound with high torque 13.current decreasing switching off an overspeed relay 23.The resistor in a DC starter motor…. if a relight is necessary…. if there is an open circuit on the contact of the over speed relay….no supply is connected to the starter motor 14.An electrical starter-generator is…. the discharge resistors….Why do turbine engine ignition systems require high energy….A HEIU is rated in…joules 22.On a gas turbine engine DC starting circuit.Purpose of the current limiting resistor in a starter circuit….In the HEIU.12.to ignite the fuel under conditions of high altitude and low temp 24.the ignition lead 15.High energy ignition is required because of the….Air turbine starters are generally designed so that reduction gear distress or damage may be detected by….allows the capacitors to discharge when the unit is switched off 27.Airflow to the pneumatic starter from a ground unit is normally prevented from causing starter overspeed during engine start by….for relight and start up . ground….the pawls re-contacting and riding on the ratchet gear 25.

A glow plug….a discharging capacitor 34.Turbine blade is most commonly used in air starter motors….used on small engines 32.capacitor discharge 29.some contain radioactive material 33.clear engine after a wet start 31.The field of the DC starter motor used on gas turbine engine is….A dry motoring cycle would be required to….28.oil level and magnetic drain plug condition 43.unburnt fuel can be evacuated by motoring the engine with HP cock closed 36.drive shaft shear point 30.First instrument indication of a successful start of a turbine engine….the starter valve is disconnected by the fly weight cutout switch in the starter 35.Inspection of pneumatic starters by maintenance technicians usually includes checking the….operates electrically…. the slow start resistor is short circuited by the….Voltage at the igniter plug is….at the triggering transformer 38.A safety feature usually employed in pneumatic starters that is used if the clutch does not release from the engine drive at the proper time during start is the….disconnect power from the starter-generator and ignition when sufficient engine speed is reached 40.impulse .In an electrical starting system.Caution when handling damaged hermetically sealed turbine igniter transformer because….Type used on turbine engine….When an engine being started by an air starter reaches self sustaining speed….series or compound 39.time switch 41.The purpose of an under current relay in a starter-generator system is to….governed by the air gap in the HEIU box 37.After an unsuccessful start of a n engine….A HEIU works by….a rise in the exhaust gas temp 42.In a gas turbine engine DC capacitor discharge ignition system where are the high voltage pulses formed….

Instruments that measure relatively high fluid pressures. the starter cycle is cancelled by….Thermocouple metals most frequently used are….to correct for varying ambient temp at the cold junction 9.Motor driven impeller and turbine fuel flow transmitted are designed to transmit data…. A common type of electrically operated oil temp gauge utilizes…. such as oil pressure gauges are usually what type…. lbs/hrs or kg/hrs 3.using aircraft electrical system power 14.Regarding an engine EGT detection system.either a wheatstone bridge or ratiometer circuit 5. what is the purpose of the compensating resistor….Fuel flow indication is taken from….turbine inlet temp 6. What power supply is required for a thermocouple system work….bourdon tube 4.If the engine fails to light-up.neither of the above 10. What happens when bulb type thermometer resistive element goes open circuit….chromel is positive and alumel is negative 12. In a thermocouple temp sensing system. which of the following statements is true….reads more than ambient 8.How are EGT thermocouples connected….after either HP pump or LP pump . EGT indicator on a gas turbine engine provides a relative indication of the….parallel 13.44. Fuel flow is measured in…. Engine pressure ration is the total pressure ratio between the…front of the compressor and the rear of the turbine 7.constantan and copper 11. In what units are gas turbine engine tachometers calibrated….percent of engine RPM 2.a time switch ENGINE INDICATING SYSTEMS (14) 1.

noticeable shift in EPR 30.frequency output is proportional to engine speed 16. if one thermocouple goes open circuit. the indication….15.A tachogenerator to indicate revs/min requires….N2 is taken from….a current generated by the temp difference between dissimilar metal hot and cold junctions 29.When testing an EGT system….needs NO POWER.Instruments that provide readings of low or negative pressure.turbine inlet temp 28.will have no effect on temp indication 21.an amber ‘reverser unlocked’ light illuminates . the application of engine anti-icing will result in….a tachometer on the accessory gearbox 24.What instrument on a gas turbine engine should be monitored to minimize the possibility of a ‘Hot Start’…. it is self generating 26.In a multi-thermocouple loop.the OAT is always taken into consideration 27.The gauge on a bulb type temp indicator shows zero. This could be caused by….two cables shorting together by the sensor 19.N1 RPM or EPR 32.What will the EPR reading be if the P1 sensor probe becomes blocked on take-off….EGT gauge indication….A thermocouple indicator is basically a….Thrust in a high bypass fan engine is indicated by….What unit in a tachometer system sends information to the indicator….What indication is available to show that thrust reverser has been selected….Vibration signals when picked up….EPR reading higher than actual 31. such as manifold pressure gauges are usually….the frequencies are filtered to exclude unwanted frequencies 22.A thermocouple indicator is connected to the….no power 23..On an aircraft turbine engine operating at a constant power.The indication on a thermocouple-type EGT indicator is produced by….In a tachometer generator….diaphragm and bellows type 18.cold junction 25.milivoltmeter 17.3 phase AC generator 20.

Thrust in a high bypass engine….Motor driven impeller and turbine fuel flow transmitters are designed to transmit data….one indicates engine RPM and the other main rotor RPM 50.horsepower 34.Torque pressure is usually read from a….direct reading pressure gauge 37.Why do helicopters require a minimum of two synchronous tachometer systems….using aircraft electrical system power 41.Engine oil temp gauges indicate the temp of the oil….On an EGT thermocouple system.placed downstream of the combustion chamber 40.required only when the turbine drives a propeller 43.A red triangle. a computerized fuel system (CFS) with a totalizer indicator provides indication of how many of the .at the oil cooler 39.Torque measurement in a gas turbine engine is….33.noticeable shift in EPR 48. the application of engine anti-icing will result in….EGT is displayed in…. to give identical resistance values to all airframe 36.Modern oil pressure servo transmitters sense….A CIT sensor is made up of…. dot or diamond mark on an engine instrument face or glass indicates….In addition to fuel quantity. the pointer is deflected by….degrees celsius 42.EGT thermocouples are usually made of….On an aircraft turbine engine operating at a constant power.the maximum limit for high transients such as starting 46.Torsional deflection in a turboprop engine shaft is an indication of what variable….platinum-rhodium 49.On an RPM system using a synchronous generator.Oil temp thermocouples are usually constructed of…iron constantan 45.A ballast resistor is fitted…in series.chromel and alumel 44.differential pressure 38.is not indicated in flight 35.an AC servometer 47. the hot junction….

following….Integrating fuel flow gives…. the size of the EMF that is produced is a result of….What is the primary purpose of the tachometer on an axial compressor turbine engine….moves off scale on the zero side of the meter 52.The indicator of a tachometer system is responsive to change in…. what would the EGT gauge pointer indicate….the difference between the hot and cold junction 63. fuel used since reset or initial start up.In a thermocouple system.Thermocouple leads…. and motorless type fuel flow transmitters is a measure of….pulse type speed probes 60.The fuel flow indication data sent from motor driven impeller and turbine.The resistance of a temp bulb is….Engine pressure ration is determined by….are designed for a specific installation and may not be altered 53.does not need calibration 61.total fuel consumed 62.frequency 59.Engine vibration is monitored using….The compensation device on an EGT system….dividing turbine outlet total pressure by engine inlet total pressure 55.The RPM indication of a synchronous AC motor tachometer is governed by the generator….increases with an increase in temp 57.In a capacitive type fuel quantity indicating system the tank units are connected….If the thermocouple leads were inadvertently crossed at installation.frequency 58. fuel time remaining at current power setting 51.The turbine discharge pressure indicator sensor is located….fuel mass flow 54..immediately aft of the last turbine stage .monitor engine RPM during starting and to indicate overspeed conditions 64.piezoelectric accelerometer 65.in parallel 56.How is the N! and N2 measured on a triple spool engine….fuel flow rate.

the mass gas flow…remains the same 4. water methanol for cooling is injected into the…compressor inlet or outlet 9.Vibration pick-ups are located…. The main reason for adding methanol to the water is to…prevent mixture freezing 5.The fuel flow indicator rotor and needle for a motor impeller and turbine indicating system is driven by…. the gauge will….Where is Turbine Outlet Temperature (TOT) measured….on both fan and turbine cases 70.read low 68.is placed downstream of the combustion chamber 71. Water/methanol is injected…at high temp or high altitudes .downstream of the turbine 67. Water used in a thrust augmentation system should be demineralised to prevent…fouling the blades and vanes 7.If there is a restriction in the oil pressure line. During operation of the engine equipped with water injection system.pressure and temperature 69. When reheat is selected and in operation. EPR…remains constant 8. On a turboprop engine. the hot junction…. Methanol is added to water when augmenting thrust in order to… reclaim lost heat at the turbines 6. Water methanol injection is used…at a combination of higher than normal air temp & high altitude take off conditions 2.is not indicated in flight 72.an electrical signal POWER AUGMENTATION SYSTEMS (15) 1.thrust in a bypass engine….66.On an EGT thermocouple system. the metering of the coolant to the system is…due to atmospheric pressure 3.A bourdon tube instrument may be used to indicate…. When reheat is used.

The primary purpose of water injection is to…cool the turbine 17.When using water methanol in an axial flow compressor.Injection of water/methanol into compressor inlet causes…increase in power without the need for burning extra fuel 14.How is the flame stabilised in the reheat system of a gas turbine engine…by ensuring that the gas velocity is grater than the flame velocity 13. In a turboprop the propellers produce…75-85% of total thrust 4. it is injected into the…compressor inlet or burner section 12.10. If an EPR gauge is installed on turbofans as a measure of power output.Reheat is the term used to describe…adding fuel in the exhaust section 19.Screech liners in the afterburning jet pipe…prevents cyclic vibrations of large amplitude 16.The reheat ignition system which incorporates a platinum/rhodium element is known as…catalytic ignition TURBO-PROP ENGINES (16) 1. What type of reduction gear is used on most turboprop modern engines… epicyclic reduction gear 3.Water or water/methanol injected into the combustion chamber inlet increases…mass airflow through the turbine 18.Water methanol injection will increase thrust by up to…30% 15. Torque measurement is taken from the…reduction gearbox . what is used on a turbo-prop…torque meter 2.Afterburning is initiated in order to…increase the local speed of sound at the jet nozzle 11.

. A free turbine is usually found on a…turbo-prop 6..free power turbine 4. On a twin spool turbo-shaft engine...Fuel trimming on a turboprop engine is…governer controlled TURBO-SHAFT (17) 1..accurately aligns the driving and driven shafts APU (18) 1. A curvic coupling. The function of an APU air inlet plenum is to…stabilize the pressure of the air before it enters the compressor ..5.electromechanical and oil 5. Usually most of the load placed on an APU occurs when…the bleed air valve is opened 2.a power shaft which is not connected to the compressor 3...The fuel flow in a turboprop engine within the constant speed range is controlled…automatically 12. Which type of torquemeters are used on turbo-shaft engines.A propeller engine oil has…higher viscosity than turbojets 11. A turbo-shaft engine has. the thrust generated by the gas generator is absorbed by the. What controls the fuel trimmer on a turboprop engine…Engine Speed Governer 10.. A turboprop reduction gear is normally…10:1 9. the free turbine is connected to the.. A free turbine is…connected directly to the power output shaft 7. A direct drive turboprop engine…uses a reduction gearbox to reduce RPM of propeller 8. In the majority of helicopters.output gearbox 2.

An APU consists of…a power compressor and a load compressor 8.Generally. vertical and shear loads . fire warning. the purpose of which is to…cancel the ignition circuits and arm the overspeed protection circuits 10. Feeders are…heavy duty electrical generator cables 2. The minimum bend radius for a continuous loop type fire wire…1 inch 6. Fibrous metallic lining for noise suppression is used…in hot area 4. Forward engine mounts take which loads…thrust. An APU start cycle is completed at…95% 7. An APU shut down is initiated by…low oil pressure. 2 most important signals when monitoring APU…EGT and oil pressure 4. hot oil temp 5. 95% and 100% 6. Rubber anti-vibration pads are fitted to engine…pylons to prevent vibration thru the airframe 5. when maximum APU shaft output power is being used in conjunction with pneumatic power…pneumatic loading will be automatically modulated to maintain safe EGT 12.What initiates APU shutdown…fire detection. One of the accessories driven from the APU gearbox is a centrifugal switch.3. An APU is usually rotated during start by…an electric starter 9. Electrical speed control switches on an APU are set at…35%. The spring back and cushion on an engine power lever is…used to prevent the controls hitting the fuel control stops 3. low oil pressure. high oil temperature POWERPLANT INSTALLATION (19) 1.APU cooling before shutdown may be accomplished by…closing the bleed air valve 11.

use carbon dioxide 4.Rubber clips which hold the electrical wires are used for…heat absorption 11.contact with the air converts the liquid into snow and gas which smothers the flame 6. Co2 extinguish fire by….halogenated hydrocarbons 3.7. Rubber clips supporting a firewire is to…. Engine thrust is transmitted thru mountings that…allows for radial and axial expansion 9. Acoustic linings made from composite materials used on engine …cold section only 10.Lindberg continuous element system 9.insulate from engine vibration 7.resistance decreases 8. A fire detection system that operates on the rate of temp rise is a…. check the…module alignment first FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS (20) 1. Electrical fire…. What are installed in an engine mounting to tune out the worst engine vibrations…rubber encased wire-mesh vibration isolators 8. The following fire detection systems uses heat in the normal testing of the system…. A fire detection system operates on the principle of a buildup of gas pressure within a tube proportional to temperature.When checking the effect of inertia on the engine after heavy landing.theromocouple system 5. What are the types of continuous fire detection system….capacitance and resistance 2. What is used as an extinguishant in fire bottles…. when hot…. In a resistance type firewire.the thermocouple system and the Lindberg system . Which of the following systems does this statement define….

the detection system….dry chemical 17.A fuel or oil fire is defined as a…..Fenwall fire detection system use spot detectors wired in parallel between two separate circuits….automatically resets 20.A continuous loop fire detector is what type of detector….The fire detection system that uses two wires imbedded in a ceramic core within a tube is the….Fire extinguishing systems activated by…. hydraulic shut-off valve.the change in the gas pressure .Class B fire 23.short two pins together 18.The test switch of a continuous loop detector gives a….closes fuel shut-off valve.electrically discharged cartridges 19.Fire extinguishing agent distributed in the engine section…. disconnects the generator field and arms the fire extinguishing system 13.When testing a two pin fire bottle connector….When pulling fire handle….so that a single fault may exist in the system without sounding a false alarm 12.spray nozzles and perforated tubing 16.The most satisfactory extinguishing agent for an intake fire is….10.the Kidde system and the Fenwall system 14.A fire involving energized electrical equipment is defined as a….Class E fire 24.bromotriflouromethane (Halon 1301) 11.overheat detector 15.continuity check…it is a overheat detector 22.After a fire is extinguished or overheat condition removed in aircraft equipped with a Systron-Donner fire detector.Gas type firewires operate by utilising….The safest fire extinguishing agent to use from a standpoint of toxicity and corrosion hazards….Kidde system 21.The following fire detection systems will detect a fire when an element is inoperative but will not test when the test circuit is energized….

The fire detection system that uses a single wire surrounded by a continuous string of ceramic beads in a tube is the….When testing an installed fire bottle….rate of temp rise detectors 33.Methyl bromide fire extinguisher are installed with neck….The explosive cartridge in the discharge valve of a fire extinguisher container is….support the wire… insulate from engine vibration 34. if the indicator pin was protruding.Which of the following fire detectors are commonly used in the power section of an engine nacelle….Fire wire clips have rubber in them to….The operating principle of the spot detector sensor in a fire detection system….Two continuous-loop fire detection systems that will not test due to a broken detector element are the…Kidde and Fenwall System 36. you use a….Principle of operation of the continuous loop fire detector system sensor….a life dated unit 30.The use of water on Class D fires….When testing a squib on a fire bottle. this would indicate….will cause the fire to burn more violently and can cause explosions 37.On a fire bottle.at the bottom 26.Kidde fault free fire detection system has….low current ohmmeter 32.Omission of crushable washer on engine fire-wire connector will….2 internal wires in the sensing element 28.25.allow moisture ingress . aircraft powerplant areas are divided into fire zones based on………the volume and smoothness of the airflow thru engine compartments 35.For fire detection and extinguishing purposes..core resistance material which prevents current flow at normal temp 27.a safety ohmmeter is used 38.extinguisher had been fired 39.Fenwall system 29.a bimetallic theromoswitch that closes when heated to a high temp 31.

turbine damage or loss of turbine efficiency 8.erosion damage to the compressor and turbine sections .by blowing thru with compressed air 41. After shutdown. the engine would tend to…. Which engine variables is the most critical during turbine engine operation…. The probable cause is….high EGT before idle RPM is achieved 6.allow the turbine wheel to cool before the case contracts around it 10. in a multi-can system.In a Fenwall fire detection system….a defective pressurizing and dump valve 9.a rise in the exhaust gas temp 3. A cool-off period prior to shutdown of a turbine engine is done to….What retains the nitrogen charge and fire extinguishing agent in a high rate of discharge (HRD) container….surge 5.turbine inlet temp 7.40. A ‘Hot Start’ refers to….breakable disk or fusible disk ENGINE MONITORING AND GROUND OPERATIONS (21) 1. First engine instrument indication of a successful start of a turbine engine….When testing a squib on a fire bottle.low current ohmmeter 42.Extinguisher spray rings checked for freedom from obstruction….the tube is inconel and wire is nickel 43. high fuel flow and low RPM at all engine power settings….chafing 4. use a…. Galling is a condition caused by excessive…. If a burner was down. Possible cause if a gas turbine engine has high exhaust gas temp. flames are present in the exhaust pipe. Which of the following is the least likely indication of a main bearing failure…high oil pressure 2.The recurrent ingestion of dust or other fine airborne particulates into an engine can result in….

A ‘Hung Start’ is indicated by….If a compressor surge occurs…coughing in the compressor and vibration occurs 23.failure to reach idle RPM 17.Starting an engine with a bleed valve stuck closed would cause….During start.In the event of stall occurring…. if a bleed valve is stuck closed….A rotation pad on an accessory drive gearbox is provided for….If the run down time is less than the minimum stated for a given engine….turn off the fuel and continue engine rotation with the starter . an accurate trend forecast may be made after an engine’s first oil sample analysis 15.the freedom of rotation of the compressor 14.generally.After an engine fails to light on start.EGT will be lower than normal 20. the likely fault is…. this is an indication that the….The blending of blades and vanes in a turbine engine….compressor may be contaminated or damaged 22.low pressure at low engine speeds 24.N2 rotation 16.should be performed parallel to the length of the blade using smooth contours to minimize stress points 19.the rotating assembly is being restricted 12. which is not true….In regard to using a turbine engine oil analysis program.What should be done initially if a turbine engine catches fire when starting….Run down time is indicative of….FCU 18.If a turbine engine is unable to reach take off EPR before its EGT limit is reached.11.When the engine will not run up to idle after reaching starting speed.close throttle 13.possible stalling of the engine 21.Flame-out (lean) occurs due to…. u…may carry out a dry motor after a period of time prior to another start attempt 25.

starter.... To inhibit the fuel system of an installed engine.. Which part of the engine is most likely fatal if hydraulic fluid was to leak on it.no temperature indication (due to lack of ignition) 27. Normal gas turbine engine stating sequence..26. Fuel system inhibiting oil is.What must not be used during an engine compressor wash….mineral oil 2.. fuel 2.. commercial felt tip marker or chalk ENGINE STORAGE & PRESERVATION (22) 1..chlorine 28...stainless steel ... bleed valves should be.layout dye. Installed engine must be re-preserved after preservation at least every. ignition. Small cuts in a MVP engine storage bag can be repaired.with adhesive PVC tape UNVERIFIED (23) 1.open but blanked 6. When removing engine for long-term storage...CPU 3..pump oil into the engine when stationary 5..Mark turbine components only with…. Which material is used for gas turbine engine fuel lines.6 months 4.A ‘Wet Start’ is indicated by….

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->