Veritas NetBackup™ Administrator’s Guide, Volume II

for Windows

Release 6.5

12308282

Veritas NetBackup Administrator’s Guide, Volume II
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34 CLUSTER_NAME ..............................conf options for media servers .....................................28 NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL ..............................................28 NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD ..............................................................................................................30 ADJ_LSM ..............................19 Using multiple NetBackup master servers ..........................................................25 NetBackup configuration options ....................................29 vm..............................................................14 How to configure multiplexing ...................34 ...........................................20 Using multiple media servers with one master server ...................................................................................................................................................33 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY ...........................................................................................................................................15 Media multiplexing for a schedule ..23 Registering a media server ................................32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT .....................Contents Chapter 1 Additional configuration Multiplexing ............................................................................32 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION .................................................................................................................23 Adding a media server .....................................................................................27 NetBackup administration options .................22 NetBackup catalogs ..........................................................................................................34 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW .........33 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT ..............21 Software on each server ..................................14 Maximum streams per drive for a storage unit ..........................................................................29 NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY .................................30 API_BARCODE_RULES .......................................................................................33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY ......................................15 Other configuration settings to consider using multiplexing ..................................................28 NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING ..............................................................31 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED ........................................30 ACS_mediatype ......................................................................28 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR .............................................................................................................28 NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS .....................................................................................................................27 NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO ............................................................................................................................................29 REQUIRED_NETWORK ..........................................................................................................................13 When to use multiplexing ............................18 Demultiplexing ............................................

....................... 36 EMM_RETRY_COUNT ...................................................... 44 Disabling direct I/O ......................................... 55 Image catalog ........................................... 54 Policy configuration ........... 38 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS .................................................................................................................... 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL ...................................................................................................................................................... 40 REQUIRED_INTERFACE .................................. 37 INVENTORY_FILTER .............................................................. 40 RANDOM_PORTS ..... 46 Configuring the NetBackup master server ............................. 43 Direct I/O for backups ............................................................... 55 Error catalog ................................ 35 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS .... 35 DAS_CLIENT ............................................ 54 How NetBackup uses host names .......... 54 Qualifying host names ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Setting up dynamic IP addresses and host names ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 42 SSO_HOST_NAME ................................................ 37 MAP_ID ...............................................................................................................6 CONNECT_OPTIONS ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 49 Configuring email notifications .......................................................................................................................................................... 36 EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT .......................... 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT .................................. 51 Chapter 2 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup ........ 55 .............................. 39 MM_SERVER_NAME ................................................................................ 41 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL ................... 43 TLH_mediatype .......................................................................... 41 SERVER . 55 Catalog backup information ........................... 43 Example vm................... 50 Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation ................................................................................................... 37 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT ..................................... 39 PREFERRED_GROUP ....................................................... 43 VERBOSE .. 49 Configuring a dynamic UNIX NetBackup client .............................................................................. 36 EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT ......................................................... 36 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH .............. 43 TLM_mediatype ......... 47 Configuring a dynamic Microsoft Windows client .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 45 Dynamic host name and IP addressing ........................................................................................................................................................................................................conf file ............................................................................................................... 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX ..........................................

..................................................................................................................cmd .................................cmd .........................................60 Network transfer rate ..............................84 General practices ............85 Device management ...............................83 Media and device management best practices .......................................................................................................................................................................................67 NetBackup notify scripts ............................83 userreq_notify....................................................................................................................................................................58 Effects of a non-NetBackup tar .....................................................................................................58 Factors that affect backup time ..............................................................................................................cmd ......................................cmd .......................................cmd ............69 bpstart_notify (UNIX clients only) ..............cmd .59 Total data ..79 mail_dr_info............85 Performance and troubleshooting ...81 parent_start_notify.......................................61 Using the system monitor ..........83 session_start_notify.............................................87 ...........................................................................................................cmd .................................................................84 Media management .................................66 Determining backup media requirements ...............................................................................................................56 Reading backup images with tar ..................76 dbbackup_notify.......................................................................56 Special considerations for Domain Name Service (DNS) ...62 How NetBackup builds a worklist .....................................................................................82 session_notify.....................69 backup_exit_notify........70 bpstart_notify................78 diskfull_notify........74 bpend_notify..........81 parent_end_notify..........................................59 Transfer rate .......................................................82 restore_notify...............................................................................................................cmd ..................................................................87 TapeAlert log codes ...............7 How to update NetBackup after a host name changes .............................cmd ........................................................................................................................................65 To prioritize queued jobs .....................................60 Determining NetBackup transfer rate .............................................................................cmd ..................bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) .........87 Requirements for using TapeAlert ..................................................................................60 Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate .......................................................................................................................................................68 backup_notify........80 nbmail..............59 Device delays ......................................................................................................cmd ...............................................................................................................72 bpend_notify (UNIX clients only) ..................65 Building the worklist (Queue) ................................................................................61 Examples ................................................86 Using TapeAlert .61 Total transfer rate ...........................................................cmd .........................................bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) ...............................................................................................

............................................. 111 Breaking a reservation ..................................... 111 Forcing a release .......................................................................................... 91 Frequency-based cleaning ............................................................................................................................. 99 Checking barcodes .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 91 TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning ...................................................................... 106 How NetBackup reserves drives .........................................................................................................................................................................104 How NetBackup selects drives ..............................................................................................................114 ........................................ 91 Library-based cleaning ................................................................................................................................................................... 110 SCSI reservation conflicts ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 NetBackup actions for barcodes ......... 109 SPC-2 SCSI reserve process ............. 92 Frequency-based cleaning limitations ............................................................................................................................................... 98 Barcode best practices ........................... 102 Decommissioning a media server .................................................... 93 Volume pool and volume group overview ......................................102 Replacing devices ................................ 100 Media ID generation rules ..... 97 Barcode overview ....................... 114 Server operating system limitations ...............................................................8 Drive cleaning overview ........ 108 SCSI persistent reserve commands ........................................ 90 Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert) ..................................................................................... 109 SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands ................................................................................ 94 Volume pool and volume group example .................. 109 SCSI persistent reserve conflicts .............................. 98 Barcode advantages ............................................ 102 Controlling hardware compression ........................ 93 Using a cleaning tape ................................................................... 96 Scratch pool usage .............................................. 93 Volume pools .................................................................................................................. 107 SCSI persistent reserve process ...................................................... 92 Operator-initiated cleaning ................................................. 114 Checking for data loss .............................................................................................................. 96 Scratch pool example ...100 Example barcode rules ............. 98 Barcode rules ........................................ 112 SCSI reserve requirements and limitations ............................................................................... 102 Changing your hardware configuration ......... 112 SCSI reservation logging ................................................. 95 Scratch volume pools .................... 91 TapeAlert cleaning ................................................................................................................................................. 94 Volume groups ........................................................ 94 Rules for assigning volume groups ...........

..127 Device mapping file ......................................136 Creating an include list on a UNIX client .....................................................120 Standard tape format ............................................................................................126 Device discovery and shared tape drives ............125 Device discovery in the Device Configuration Wizard ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................9 Possible data loss causes ..........128 Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses .................................................121 Spanning tapes ...............................................................................................................................................................124 Devices that can be discovered ................................................................................................................117 Media selection using stand-alone drive extensions ...................................................139 Schedules for user backups or archives ........................................................120 Optical media format ........................................................................115 Common configuration problems ..........................................................141 ..........128 Correlating devices and names on Windows hosts .................................114 Checking for tape and driver configuration errors .......................................................................................................................................................................134 Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients .............................................................................................................................................128 Correlating devices and device files on UNIX hosts ............127 Adding devices without discovery ....115 Configuring SCSI reserve ..............................141 Server and client installation ...........121 Fragmented backups ..........................................................116 Spanning media ..................122 Device discovery overview ....................................121 Multiplexing format ..........................118 Media formats .............116 Selecting media in robots ...............................................................................................140 Chapter 4 Using NetBackup with AFS Installation ...............................................................................125 Device discovery in NetBackup ..........................................115 How NetBackup selects media ..........................................................124 Device serialization .................................................................................................................................................................................120 QIC/WORM tape format ...........................................................141 Configuration ..................................................................................................................................................................130 Chapter 3 UNIX reference topics Cross mount points ........................122 Media Manager commands ..................141 System requirements ...................................136 Creating an exclude list on a UNIX client ...................117 Selecting media in stand-alone drives ............126 Viewing and verifying the device configuration ..................................................................................................................................

.......144 Manual backup ............ 145 Notes about restores .................................... 144 Backups .. 152 Creating IDR media .................................................. 148 Requirements for IDR ................................................................................................................................................................ 164 Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes ............................................................................................................................................................... 144 Restore from the NetBackup master server .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 144 Automatic backup ............................................................................................................ 142 Backup selections ................................................................................................................. 148 Supported Windows editions ............................... 163 Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard .............exe to create or update a DR file ............................................................................ 167 .... 158 Updating a bootable CD ................................................................................................................................. 142 Backup selection list directives ...................... 159 Updating IDR diskettes only ..... 144 Restores ........................................................................................................................................... 158 Updating bootable diskettes ................................. 162 Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery .......................................................................................... 150 About the DR files ....................................................10 General policy attributes ........................145 Troubleshooting backups ................................................ 152 Choosing the bootable media ................................................................................................................... 142 Client list ...................................... 160 Using drfile.........................................................................0 and later ......................................................................157 Updating IDR media ........ 146 Chapter 5 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Changes for NetBackup 6.............................................................. 145 Troubleshooting .................................................................... 150 Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR ........... 144 Restore from the NetBackup for AFS client ................................................... 142 Regular expressions .. 149 Overview of IDR use ................................................................................................. 154 To modify diskette sets for use with multiple Windows 2000 computers 155 Creating a bootable CD image ............... 151 Backing up the protected computer ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 153 Creating bootable diskettes .......................................................................... 144 Backups and restores .......................161 Step 1: Boot your computer ................................................................................................... 156 Creating IDR diskettes .......................... 146 Troubleshooting restores ................................................... 143 Exclude and include lists ....160 Recovering your computer ...............................................................................

........................................168 Recovering IBM computers ...................................168 Recovering Compaq computers .....................................169 .............................11 Notes on recovering specific platforms .....................................................................................................................167 Recovering the dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID .......169 IDR frequently asked questions .......................

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are optional. NetBackup multiplexes the backups sequentially onto the media. Multiplexed and unmultiplexed backups can reside on the same volume. in most instances.Chapter 1 Additional configuration This chapter explains settings that. Separate volume pools or media IDs are not necessary. The sections in this chapter include the following: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ “Multiplexing” on page 13 “Using multiple NetBackup master servers” on page 20 “Using multiple media servers with one master server” on page 21 “Adding a media server” on page 23 “NetBackup configuration options” on page 27 “Direct I/O for backups” on page 44 “Dynamic host name and IP addressing” on page 45 “Configuring email notifications” on page 50 “Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation” on page 51 Multiplexing NetBackup multiplexing sends concurrent backups from one or several clients to a single storage device. .

Multiple slow networks.14 Additional configuration Multiplexing No special action is required to restore a multiplexed backup. multiplexing reduces the time each job waits for a device to become available. Instances in which NetBackup uses software compression. Note: To reduce the impact of multiplexing on restore times. Therefore. Many short backups (for example. Clients Disk Server Removable media or magnetic disk Disk Disk When to use multiplexing Multiplexing is generally used to reduce the amount of time that is required to complete backups. which normally reduces client performance. the storage device transfer rate is maximized. The performance in the following situations would be improved by using multiplexing: ■ Slow clients. are also improved. In addition to providing parallel data streams. How to configure multiplexing Multiplexing must be set in two places in the NetBackup configuration: . ■ ■ Multiplexing reduces performance on restores because it uses extra time to read the images. NetBackup finds the media and restores the requested backup. set the storage unit maximum fragment size to a value smaller than the largest allowed value. The parallel data streams take advantage of whatever network capacity is available. incremental backups).

Additional configuration Multiplexing 15 ■ ■ Storage unit Schedule Note: If you change these values. Because extra buffers are required. Volume I. other drives are available for non-multiplexed jobs. For more information. The value is set for each storage unit. The Media Multiplexing setting ranges from 1 through 32. If the server cannot perform other tasks or runs out of memory or processes. reduce the Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for the storage unit. where 1 is the default and specifies no multiplexing. Volume I. it does not take effect until the next time a schedule runs. If multiplexed jobs are confined to specific drives. where 1 is the default and specifies no multiplexing. memory is also important. see “Enable multiplexing” on page 228 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. Regardless of the setting on a schedule. multiplied by the number of drives. The number can range from 1 through 32. NetBackup attempts to add multiplexed jobs to drives that are already use multiplexing. The Media Multiplexing value specifies the maximum number of backups from the schedule to be multiplexed onto any single drive in the configuration. Maximum streams per drive for a storage unit The Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for a storage unit specifies how many backups NetBackup can multiplex onto any single drive in the storage unit. Consider the following to estimate the potential load that multiplexing can place on the central processing unit: ■ The maximum concurrent jobs that NetBackup can attempt equals the sum of the concurrent backup jobs that can run on all storage units. specify a Media Multiplexing value for each schedule. the maximum jobs that NetBackup starts never exceeds the Maximum Streams Per Drive value for the storage unit. ■ Media multiplexing for a schedule In addition to the Maximum Streams Per Drive setting for a storage unit. Choose a value that is based on the ability of the central processing unit to handle parallel jobs. For more information. see “Media multiplexing” on page 148 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. . The maximum concurrent jobs that can run on a storage unit equals the Maximum Streams Per Drive value.

9 denotes the completion of job A1 on Drive 1. NetBackup can add jobs from more than one schedule to a drive. In the following figure. The storage unit’s Maximum streams per drive setting. unshaded numbers denote a job starting. ■ . For example. it continues to add jobs to a drive until the number of jobs on the drive matches either of the following: ■ This schedule’s Media Multiplexing setting. If the limit is reached for a drive. NetBackup sends jobs to other drives. 1 denotes the start of job A1 on Drive 1. when the Schedule A limit is reached on Drive 1.16 Additional configuration Multiplexing When NetBackup multiplexes jobs. Shaded numbers denote job completion. In the following figure. NetBackup adds Schedule A jobs to Drive 2.

Additional configuration Multiplexing 17 Figure 1-1 Schedule A Media Multiplexing per drive = 2 dog 1 2 9 10 Multiplexing and schedules Storage Unit Max mpx per drive = 4 A1 A2 A5 13 Drive 1 B2 6 B1 Schedule B Media Multiplexing per drive = 4 fox 5 12 cat 3 11 A3 Drive 2 4 A4 B4 8 B3 7 otter Assume schedule A begins first (note that the schedules can be in the same or in different policies). JobA5 is the last job for schedule A. Job B2 is the only job currently running on drive 1. All jobs are now running for schedule B. Also. However. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 prevents job A5 from starting on drive 1. other drives are available for non-multiplexed jobs. Jobs B3 and B4 from client otter start on drive 2. Therefore. so a client can have multiple data streams. Jobs B1 and B2 for client fox start on drive 1. 11 12 Job A3 from client cat finishes on drive 2 and job B1 from client fox finishes on drive 1. Jobs A1 and A2 from client dog finish on drive 1. Storage unit max mpx is reached for this drive. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 is reached for this drive. assume that Allow Multiple Data Streams is enabled. 1 3 5 7 2 4 6 8 Jobs A1 and A2 from client dog start on drive 1. Storage Unit Max mpx is reached for drive 2. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 prevents job A5 from starting on Drive 2. job A5 starts on Drive 1. Jobs A3 and A4 from client cat start on drive 2. NetBackup attempts to add multiplexed jobs to drives that already use multiplexing. 13 . Job A5 from client cat starts on drive 1. If multiplexed jobs are confined to specific drives. Schedule A Media Multiplexing limit of 2 is reached for this drive. jobs B1 and B2 for client fox 9 10 continue to run.

see “Limit jobs per policy” on page 104 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide.) Other configuration settings to consider using multiplexing Limit jobs per policy Set Limit Jobs Per Policy high enough to support the specified level of multiplexing. (A1 in this example. Maximum Jobs Per Client appears on the Global properties dialog box. . the client setting does not affect multiplexing. The property specifies how long the server waits for additional restore requests of files and raw partitions in a set of multiplexed images on the same tape. NetBackup completes only the jobs that have started. Delay On Multiplexed Restores appears on the General Server properties dialog box. the maximum number of jobs that are permitted on the client would be reached before the multiplexing limit is reached for the storage unit. then only the first queued and active job starts and completes. For example. However. For more information. In this case. When the maximum number of jobs on the client is reached. For more information. it prevents NetBackup from fully using the storage unit’s multiplexing capabilities. Figure 1-1 on page 17 assumes that the Activity Monitor shows A1 through A5 as queued and active. Maximum jobs per client The Maximum Jobs Per Client property limits the number of backup jobs that can run concurrently on any NetBackup client. If only A1 and A2 start before the window closes. Volume I. see “Maximum data streams” on page 386 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide.18 Additional configuration Multiplexing Note: If the backup window closes before NetBackup can start all the jobs in a multiplexing set. Maximum jobs this client You can also set the maximum number of jobs that are allowed on a specific client without affecting other clients. If the window closes before any jobs have started. NetBackup does not perform the other jobs that are in the set. Volume I. consider a case where jobs from different schedules on the same client go to the same storage unit. MPX restore delay The Delay On Multiplexed Restores property applies to multiplexed restores. Usually.

Additional configuration Multiplexing 19 Demultiplexing Demultiplexing speeds up future restores and is useful for creating a copy for off-site storage. Note: If you use the bpduplicate command instead of the NetBackup Administration Console. the target contains a single demultiplexed copy of each duplicated backup. Use duplication to demultiplex a backup. When duplication is complete. . do not include the -mpx option on that command. Do not select Preserve Multiplexing in the Setup Duplication Variables dialog box when backups are duplicated.) The duplicate copy can be made into the primary copy. (The target can also contain other backups. Duplication allows one multiplexed backup at one time to be copied from the source media to the target media.

the two NetBackup server configurations are completely independent.20 Additional configuration Using multiple NetBackup master servers Using multiple NetBackup master servers For a large site. In this environment. You divide the clients between the servers as necessary. Workstations Network A1 Mass Storage NetBackup Master Server A Workstations Network A2 Mass Storage Network B1 Workstations Router Workstations Network B2 NetBackup Master Server B . You can also create a configuration where one server is the master and the other is a media server. you can use multiple NetBackup master servers to optimize the backup loads. The following figure shows a multiple-server configuration where the two sets of networks (A1/A2 and B1/B2) each have enough clients to justify separate servers.

A common alternative strategy is to install extra peripherals on the clients that produce large amounts of data. The master server directs the data from the client to the client’s peripherals. a client can have backups directed to any device on any server in the group.Additional configuration Using multiple media servers with one master server 21 Using multiple media servers with one master server You can set up a NetBackup protection domain as follows: ■ ■ One master server. Multiple media servers. They may have peripheral devices to provide additional storage. which controls all backup scheduling. Two important points to remember about master and media servers: ■ ■ There can be only one master server in a group. and its NetBackup clients. Multiple protected NetBackup clients. its NetBackup media servers. In a group of NetBackup servers. which write the backup images to disk or removable media. which reduces network traffic because the data does not traverse the network. which send their data to the media servers. ■ A protection domain refers collectively to the NetBackup master server. This strategy also distributes the backup load between the master and the media servers. . A NetBackup master server is a media server for itself but cannot be a media server for another master server.

The following topics provide more details on master and media servers and a procedure to configure them. Archive. . The NetBackup installation program has choices for master and media server installation. Administration Interface* User Interface (BAR) Master Server NetBackup Catalogs Configuration files Image database User Interface (BAR) NetBackup Client Storage Device Information in relational databases (about devices.22 Additional configuration Using multiple media servers with one master server The following figure shows where software is installed and where the NetBackup catalogs are located (by default). Install NetBackup server software on each NetBackup server that has a peripheral that you want to include in a storage unit. Software on each server Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. and Restore user interface from a Windows client that has the Remote Administration Console installed. volumes) Administration Interface* User Interface User Interface (BAR) Storage Device NetBackup Media Server NetBackup Media Server Storage Device Remote Admin Console* Remote Admin Console* * You can also use the Backup.

ensure that the host name you use in NetBackup matches the host name in your TCP/IP configuration. and backup or restore clients.db). do the following: a Select NetBackup Management > Host Properties > hosttype. The master server is the default location for the NetBackup catalogs. For help. Prepare the device drivers on the new media server host’s operating system as explained in the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. add it to the additional servers list on all media servers in the group. If the EMM server resides on a host other than the master server. Add the new media server to the additional servers list of the master server and of the clients the new media server backs up. The catalogs include the media and the volume database (emm_data. Note: To avoid problems with NetBackup. select Clients. If the new media server is part of a server group. Adding a media server The following section applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. 2 3 . For example. configure devices and volumes.Additional configuration Adding a media server 23 NetBackup catalogs Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. add the new media server to the additional servers list on that host. To add the new media server to the additional servers list. attach the devices and install any software that is required to drive the storage devices. To add a media server 1 On the new media server host. The volume database contains the media usage information and the volume information that are used during the backups. see the vendor’s documentation. to add the new media server to clients. Use the following procedure to add a media server to an existing NetBackup environment. Note: The NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager service must be active when you add a media server.

do the following to the NetBackup configuration: .ini file. Select Actions > Properties. and the media servers on which you added the new server name. Configure the drives and robots as explained in ”Devices” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. h Click OK. add the new media server name by using a SERVER entry in the bp. Click Close. Click Add to add the server to the additional server list for all selected hosts. Volume I.24 Additional configuration Adding a media server b Select the host that you want to change in the right pane. Configure the volumes as explained in “Media” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. On the master server. On NetWare target clients. Volume I. see “Servers properties” on page 467 in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. Install the NetBackup media server software as explained in the NetBackup Installation Guide. hold down the Shift key and select all the hosts that you want to change in the right pane. the EMM server. For more information. Click Add next to the Additional servers window and type the name of the new server. To select more than one host. 4 5 6 7 8 9 Restart the NetBackup services on the master server. c d e f g Select the Servers properties. Volume I.

cold catalog backup method: Add the catalog paths for the media server to the NetBackup catalog backup configuration. To register a media server 1 2 Start the EMM service on the EMM server. see Chapter 4. c 10 Test your configuration by performing a user backup or a manual backup that uses a schedule that specifies a storage unit on the media server.major_level. Registering a media server If the EMM server is not running when you add a media server. On the EMM server host. “NetBackup Catalog” on page 273 in the Administrator’s Guide.Additional configuration Adding a media server 25 a b Add storage units to the media server. Paths on a Windows media server: media_server_name:install_path\NetBackup\db media_server_name:install_path\NetBackup\var media_server_name:install_path\Volmgr\database Where install_path is the directory where the NetBackup software is installed on the media server. hot catalog backup method: NetBackup enters the paths automatically. configure. run the following command (use the host name of the media server): nbemmcmd -addhost -machinename hostname -machinetype media -masterserver server_name -operatingsystem os_type -netbackupversion level. You cannot discover. Enter the catalog paths if necessary: To use the online. and manage devices. the media server is not registered. Paths on a UNIX media server: media_server_name:/usr/openv/netbackup/db media_server_name:/usr/openv/var media_server_name:/usr/openv/volmgr/database Configure the NetBackup policies and schedules to use the storage units that are configured on the media server.minor_level . To use the offline. For more information. You must register the media server with the EMM server. Volume I. Always specify the media server as the media server for the storage unit.

For nbemmcmd command usage. see NetBackup Commands for UNIX and Linux or NetBackup Commands for Windows. . ensure that the host name you use in NetBackup matches the host name in your TCP/IP configuration.26 Additional configuration Adding a media server Note: To avoid problems with NetBackup.

these options are configured in the NetBackup Administration Console. then use bpsetconfig to change the entries as needed. under Host Properties. The commands are described in NetBackup Commands for Windows.conf file as explained in this chapter. use the bpgetconfig command to obtain a list of configuration entries. Generally. some options cannot be configured by using the NetBackup Administration Console. The vm. ■ ■ NetBackup administration options Media and device configuration options (vm.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 27 NetBackup configuration options NetBackup configuration options allow an administrator to customize NetBackup to meet specific site preferences and requirements. However.conf file contains configuration entries for media and device management.conf file) NetBackup administration options The following NetBackup configuration options cannot be configured by using the NetBackup Administration Console. Options for configuring media and device management in the vm. To change a default value. .

(Default: 1800 seconds/30 minutes. This entry indicates the number of seconds (default: 60) that can elapse between the cleanup of obsolete information in the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb) database. NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD The NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager and NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. a pending request queue can include. NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS The NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. .exe).) For example. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. full evaluations include matching job resource requests with available resources. For example. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. jobs awaiting resources. and if no other requests or resources have been released. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. Default: 5 minutes passes before the initial request is reevaluated. Default: 1 (true). NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL The NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD indicates the time between evaluations if an outstanding request is not satisfied. This entry indicates the number of seconds (default: 60) that can elapse between evaluations of the pending request queue.exe) queues.28 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO The NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. This entry indicates whether the Resource Broker caches states of resource requests. NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING The NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. using no cached EMM information. This entry indicates the number of seconds that can elapse between full evaluations of all NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb.

28. all connections fail and no backups are performed.) This setting can help avoid unnecessary reloading of tapes and applies to all backup jobs.conf file: REQUIRED_NETWORK = 192. For example. (Default: 10 seconds.0 and a backup network at 192. REQUIRED_NETWORK The REQUIRED_NETWORK entry specifies the required route for backup traffic in an environment where the network traffic is segregated.exe) waits for a new job to appear before a tape is unloaded. No equivalent exists in the NetBackup Administration Console host properties. nbrb. During restores. Volume I for more details. Default: 300 seconds (5 minutes).0 Note: If the variable is set and the network is not available.0. This host property is found in the NetBackup Administration Console under NetBackup Management > Host Properties > Select master server > Timeouts > Media mount timeout. if a media server is down. To indicate that NetBackup should use only the backup network. NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY The NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager. See Chapter 7 in the Administrator’s Guide.) The error must be one where a retry is possible. This entry indicates how long NetBackup waits after an EMM error before attempting again. Media mount timeout is used. This entry indicates the number of seconds that the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb. not NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY. During user backups. The RE_READ_INTERVAL entry determines how often NetBackup checks disk storage units for available capacity.132. (Default: 60 seconds.exe uses the maximum value of NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY and the Media mount timeout host property setting when unmounting the tape. add the following entry in the bp.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 29 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR The NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR entry serves as a performance tuning option for the Intelligent Resource Manager.21. an environment may contain a production network at 145.14.132. For example. .28.

conf. This algorithm is only for the cases where more than one MAP has been requested to handle the eject. If this entry is specified in vm.LSM_ID This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. Volume I. or utility. Use this entry to specify the physical orientation of the LSMs in an ACS robot. see “Media Type Mappings tab” in the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide for Windows. The NetBackup component reads this configuration file on the host where the component runs. NetBackup determines the appropriate MAP to complete the media eject using a nearest-MAP algorithm. This nearest-MAP algorithm is based on the physical orientation of the LSMs that defined with this entry. . but if it does not exist.conf file” on page 43 for an example configuration file.conf file contains configuration entries for media and device management. process. you do not need to know which MAP (or ACS CAP) to select for efficient ejects. ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM = robot_num ACS_ID.30 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options vm.conf. pass-through mechanisms may move ejected media to the media access port (MAP). This travel time can be excessive when media must pass through several LSMs. the ACS media type is mapped to the specified Media Manager media type.conf are ignored. Use this entry on every NetBackup media server that functions as an ACS robot control host. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run during a robot inventory operation. NetBackup may create this file. The host may be a NetBackup administration client or a server where administration operations are requested. In an ACS robot with multiple library storage modules (LSMs). any MAP_ID entries in vm.LSM_ID ACS_ID. See “Example vm. For a list of the valid ACS_mediatype entries. it must be created to add entries. If this algorithm is used. daemon. You can specify more than one ACS_mediatype entry. ACS_mediatype ACS_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server If this entry is used in vm.conf options for media servers The install_path\volmgr\vm. The NetBackup component is a command. A pass-through mechanism passes media from one LSM to another.

5 The robot has pass-through mechanisms between 7 LSMs. except for the first LSM and the last LSM.3 0.1 0. the following entries are required to specify the physical layout of LSM interconnections for robot number 700 (Figure 1-2 on page 31): ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM ADJ_LSM = = = = = = = = 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 700 0.2 0. For example.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0. It is not available from the NetBackup Administration Console.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 31 Note: The nearest-MAP capability is only available using the vmchange command with the -map option or the Vault administrative interface.4 0.1 0.4 0. . Without this entry present. robot_num is the robot number.2 0.6 0.3 0. Figure 1-2 Pass-through example Interconnections for Robot 700 1 0 6 5 4 2 3 API_BARCODE_RULES API_BARCODE_RULES This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.6 0.6 0. NetBackup assumes that all LSMs are interconnected with pass-through ports. The LSMs are interconnected in a line formation. ACS_ID and LSM_ID are the coordinates of the LSM.

NetBackup barcode rules allow default media mappings to be overridden. If the value is NO. this entry is read and interpreted on the host .conf file SERVER entry to control which hosts can monitor and control devices on this host. If no AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists and no SERVER entries exist. depending on how the drive was configured. the device configuration remains unchanged when the NetBackup Device Manager service (ltid) is started. barcode rule support for API robots is enabled. AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION = YES|NO If this entry is specified in vm. Therefore. For maximum security. a robot inventory operation configures all media of type STK1R as either hcart or hcart2. it specifies whether automatic device path remapping is enabled or disabled.32 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options If this entry is specified in vm. For example STK 9940A and STK 9940B drives use STK1R media. You can specify a barcode rule for a series of barcodes to configure some of the media as hcart2. NetBackup tries to discover attached devices and then automatically update the device configuration for any device paths that are incorrect. Other STK1R media not in this barcode range are configured as hcart (the default for STK1R).conf. If this entry is specified in vm. On Windows computers. If the value is YES. The drive must be configured using different drive types such as hcart or hcart2. AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED This entry specifies that NetBackup should use the vm.conf. This entry is read and interpreted on the media server on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. Without this entry. the vm. This entry is read and interpreted on media servers on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. but write data at different densities. the saved device configuration may be different than the actual configuration after you change devices and restart the server.conf. any NetBackup server can monitor and control devices on this host. Symantec recommends that you use this entry and SERVER entries.conf file also must include a SERVER entry for every media server that controls devices on this host. Barcode rules are especially useful when multiple generations of the same tape drive use the same type of media.

conf. this entry is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. The minimum for number_of_seconds is zero. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which avrd runs. Device path remapping is enabled by default on Windows and Linux servers. Use this entry to minimize tape mount times. AVRD_SCAN_DELAY AVRD_SCAN_DELAY = number_of_seconds If this entry is specified in vm. On some server operating systems (Windows. If a value is used that is greater than the default. Use this entry to minimize the display of this misleading status. Without this entry.5 seconds. On UNIX and Linux computers. NetBackup reports PEND if the drive reports Busy when a volume is unmounted. NetBackup delays mount requests and drive status updates in the Device Monitor. A value of zero is converted to 1 second. The default value is 15 seconds. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which avrd runs. AVRD_PEND_DELAY AVRD_PEND_DELAY = number_of_seconds If this entry is specified in vm.conf. avrd waits number_of_seconds before it displays a pending status (PEND) in the Device Monitor. The maximum is 180. This entry only operates with the TL8 or TLD robots that post a unit attention when their MAP has been opened.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 33 on which the NetBackup Device Manager service runs. Most robotic libraries with multiple partitions do not post a unit attention when the MAP has been opened. and HP-UX). avrd waits number_of_seconds between normal scan cycles. The maximum is 255. Media are injected if the robot generates a unit attention message. The minimum for number_of_seconds is 1. The default value is 180 seconds. AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT Use this entry to inject media automatically from the Media Access Port (MAP) into a TL8 or TLD robot and update the EMM database. . NetBackup delays mount requests by an average of 7. Symantec recommends that this entry not be used with partitioned libraries. It is disabled by default on all other servers. Tru64.

Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm. NetBackup may not detect media changes.conf.conf. CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT = minutes Use this entry to specify how long NetBackup waits for a drive to be cleaned before it removes the cleaning request from the cleaning queue. Use the same name that NetBackup uses.34 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options Caution: If number_of_seconds is set to a value that allows media to be changed within one scan cycle. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmd runs. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm. A value of zero is specified for start. Data loss may occur. For example. The default value is 30 and a value of zero is converted to the default value of 30. CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW = start end Use this entry to specify the range of non-reserved ports on this host that are used to connect to vmd on other hosts. CLUSTER_NAME CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias This entry and the following two entries determine the name other NetBackup servers and clients should use when they refer to this server: MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm.conf. . the following entry permits ports from 4800 through 5000: CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW = 4800 5000 The operating system determines the non-reserved port to use in the following cases: ■ ■ A CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW entry is not specified. minutes can be from 1 to 144000 (100 days). Use the gethostname() name. Unprocessed requests to clean a drive are removed from the queue after 30 minutes.

conf to specify the options that enhance firewall efficiency with NetBackup. or use only the daemon’s port number. The third option specifies the connection method to use to connect to server_name as follows: ■ A value of 0 specifies to use vnetd to connect to a daemon on the server. A value of 1 specifies to use vnetd only to connect to a daemon on the server. Server connection options can be any of the following: use vnetd or the daemon’s port number. server_name is the name of the media server to connect to. specify the DAS client name that the TLM robot uses for communications with the DAS/SDLC server. ■ ■ Examples The following entry specifies to use either vnetd or the daemon’s port number to connect to server shark: CONNECT_OPTIONS = shark 0 0 0 The following entry specifies to use vnetd only to connect to server dolphin: CONNECT_OPTIONS = dolphin 0 0 1 The following entry specifies to use the daemons’s port number only to connect to server perch: CONNECT_OPTIONS = perch 0 0 2 DAS_CLIENT DAS_CLIENT = client_name This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server If this entry is specified in vm. By default this client . The default value is 2. CONNECT_OPTIONS CONNECT_OPTIONS = server_name 0 0 [0|1|2] Add this entry in vm. If vnetd is not active. connect by using the traditional port number of the daemon. use only vnetd. The first and second options currently are not used. The server must be at NetBackup level 4. A value of 2 specifies to use the traditional port number of the daemon to connect to the daemon on the server.5 or higher for vnetd to operate correctly.conf.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 35 This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed. Specify zero for these options. CONNECT_OPTIONS entries can be specified for multiple servers.

conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT = number_of_seconds The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine how many seconds to allow a request to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager to complete.conf file or change this value. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where tlmd is running. Only change the value of this vm. EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT EMM_CONNECT_TIMOUT = number_of_seconds This value applies for broken connections between the vmd and the ltid daemons and the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager. and Linux. This entry does not impact debug logs created by Unified Logging. If you add this entry to the vm.conf. see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for UNIX. EMM_RETRY_COUNT EMM_RETRY_COUNT = number_of_retries The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine how many times to retry requests to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. For more information about Unified Logging. The default is zero. specify the number of days to keep debug logs before vmd deletes them. DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS = days If this entry is specified in vm.conf file or change this value. This entry is read and interpreted on the hosts where vmd is running. A value of zero means that the logs are not deleted. Default: 20 seconds. Default: 300 seconds. Only change the value of this vm.36 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options name is the host name of the media server. The vmd and the ltid daemons use this entry to determine for how long they should try to reconnect to the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager.conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. If you add this entry to the vm. Default: one retry. . Windows.

] This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. .Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 37 Only change the value of this vm.conf file or change this value. See the following examples: INVENTORY_FILTER = ACS 0 BY_ACS_POOL 4 5 INVENTORY_FILTER = TLH 0 BY_CATEGORY FFFA CDB0 MAP_ID MAP_ID = robot_num map_ID This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. INVENTORY_FILTER INVENTORY_FILTER = robot_type robot_number mode value1 [value2 . see the NetBackup 6. robot_type can be ACS or TLH.0 documentation. This default is highlighted as a choice in the NetBackup Administration Console but you can also select other Media Access Ports for ejects. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run. Use this entry to configure the default Media Access Port (MAP) to use to eject media from Automated Cartridge System (ACS) robots. robot_number is the number of the robot as was configured in NetBackup.. Note: This entry may be required for an ACS robot and the ACS library software host was an STK Library Station.. For information on Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization. ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH NetBackup encourages the use of Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization for NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) instead of legacy security implementations. mode is BY_ACS_POOL for ACS or BY_CATEGORY for TLH. Newer versions of STK Library Station allow robot inventory commands to function correctly so filters are not required.conf file entry when directed to do so by your NetBackup support representative. If you add this entry to the vm. Used to filter robot inventory results in ACS or TLH robot types. you must restart the vmd and the ltid daemons / services. This entry must be added to the configuration file (vm. see the NetBackup Security and Encryption Guide.conf) on the NetBackup server on which the inventory operation is invoked. For information about the ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH configuration entry.

robot_num is the robot number. seconds cannot be zero and values greater than 1200 (20 minutes) may cause the robotic daemon to cancel the operation. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the SCSI-controlled robotic daemon or process runs.conf. NetBackup uses the default MAP selection process. By default.comf file does not contain this entry. NetBackup uses the smallest MAP that can hold the number of media to be ejected. A timeout can occur while waiting for a reply from the user to continue after removing volumes from the media access port.0 is used.1. If this entry is specified in vm. If this entry is specified in vm. The default timeout value for seconds is 300 (5 minutes). the SCSI robotic daemons wait the specified number of seconds before they time out. MAP_ID = 700 0. Caution: Non-mount activities such as a robotic inventory can not occur during this timeout period. A timeout results in the operation being aborted. the robot must support barcodes and the robot type cannot be an API robots.0 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT = seconds This entry applies only when the vmchange command is used and the -w option is specified. it controls NetBackup media ID generation. For more information. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which vmcheckxxx and vmupdate run as part of the robot inventory operation. MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS = robot_num barcode_length media_ID_rule Note: To use this entry. see “ADJ_LSM” on page 30. .conf.38 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options If the MAP is not available or the vm. If NetBackup selects multiple MAPs. NetBackup uses the nearest-MAP algorithm rather than the MAP that is specified in the MAP ID entry.1. The following example specifies the MAP ID for ACS robot number 700. map_ID is in the format of an ACS CAP (Cartridge Access Port) ID and cannot contain any spaces. The ACS CAP ID of 0.

The following is an example rule and the resulting generated media ID: Barcode on the tape: 032945L1 Media ID rule: #N:2:3:4:5:6 Generated media ID: N32945 Also see “Media ID generation rules” on page 102. The best way to add media to a robot is to use the Robot Inventory Update Volume Configuration operation.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 39 Choose how NetBackup creates media IDs by defining the rules that specify which characters of a barcode on tape NetBackup uses. If the pound sign (#) prefixes a character. MM_SERVER_NAME MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name This entry determines the name other NetBackup servers and clients should use when they refer to this server: CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias . The numbers can be specified in any order. if the generated media ID is different from the label on the media. that character is inserted in that position in the generated ID. media management may be more difficult. 2 in a field extracts the second character from the barcode. For example. The multiple entries allow flexibility for multimedia. A media_ID_rule consists of a maximum of six fields that colons delimit.conf. NetBackup uses the rightmost six characters of the barcode to create its media ID.conf file. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation. Any alphanumeric characters must be valid for a media ID. Numbers in the fields define the positions of the characters in the barcode that NetBackup extracts (from left to right). it defines the media ID prefixes to use for media without barcodes. Alphanumeric characters can be specified to be inserted in the ID. Use rules to create media IDs of many different formats. specify media ID generation for each robot or for each barcode format that has different numbers of characters. Multiple entries can be added to the vm. barcode_length is the length of the barcode. If no MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS entries exist or the entry is invalid. robot_num is the robot number. MEDIA_ID_PREFIX MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = media_id_prefix If this entry is specified in vm. However. For example.

Without this entry present. Use inject or eject for access. TL8 robots execute the SCSI command PREVENT MEDIUM REMOVAL. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the TL8 robot control daemon or process (tl8cd) runs. PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL Applies to the TL8 robots only. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed.0 documentation. when volumes are added or moved. Specifying this entry changes the default operation for TL8 robots. Use the same name that NetBackup uses. To override PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL Do one of the following: ◆ ◆ Use the test utility and run allow media removal.conf. see the NetBackup Security and Encryption Guide. If this entry is specified in vm.conf. see the NetBackup 6. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm. RANDOM_PORTS RANDOM_PORTS = YES|NO . PREFERRED_GROUP NetBackup encourages the use of Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization for NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) instead of legacy security implementations. Use the gethostname() name.conf. For information on Symantec Product Authentication and Authorization. Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm.40 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm. The robot's main door or the MAP cannot be opened while the robotic control daemon runs. NetBackup allows the removal of media.conf. For information about the PREFERRED_GROUP configuration entry.

use REQUIRED_INTERFACE and specify the network host name of that interface. Use the NetBackup Host Properties on Windows. If random ports are not specified in the NetBackup configuration. and so on until a port is available. If YES or no entry exists (the default). This entry is read and interpreted on hosts on which vmd runs. NetBackup chooses port numbers randomly from those that are available in the allowed range. A NetBackup server can have more than one network interface. This entry is read and interpreted on the host on which the required interface is needed. specify RANDOM_PORTS = NO in the vm. REQUIRED_INTERFACE REQUIRED_INTERFACE = host_name This entry and the following two entries determine the name other NetBackup servers should use when they refer to this server: CLUSTER_NAME = cluster_alias MM_SERVER_NAME = host_name The algorithm for determining the server name is as follows: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Use the CLUSTER_NAME entry if present in vm. Use the same name that NetBackup uses. Use the gethostname() name.conf.conf. then tries the next highest.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 41 Use this entry to specify whether NetBackup chooses port numbers randomly or sequentially for communication with other NetBackup servers. To force NetBackup to connect through a specific network interface. SERVER SERVER = host_name . Use the MM_SERVER_NAME entry if present in vm. and by default the operating system determines the one to use.conf. NetBackup begins with the highest number in the allowed range. Use the REQUIRED_INTERFACE entry if present in vm. To specify no random ports in the NetBackup configuration file ◆ Do one of the following: ■ ■ Specify RANDOM_PORTS = NO in the bp. NetBackup chooses numbers sequentially.conf file on UNIX. If NO.conf file.

This vm. After the entry is added. For security.conf file are used for NetBackup media server security. . stop and restart ltid for the change to take effect.42 Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options SERVER entries in the vm. the entries that allow only specific hosts to access the devices must be added remotely. SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL = minutes This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.conf file must include a SERVER entry for every media server that controls devices on this host. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. If no AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists and no SERVER entries exist. it also must include a SERVER entry for itself or it cannot manage its own devices. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. This vm. The SERVER entries work with the AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry to control which hosts can monitor and control devices on this host. If the AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entry exists. ltid on a scan host periodically registers its shared drives with EMM/DA to ensure that it is still provides the drive scanning function. stop and restart ltid for the change to take effect. This reregistration allows conditions such as a device allocator restart to have minimal impact on use of shared drives. SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT = minutes This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If the vm. Use the SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL entry to tune this interval.conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only. Use the SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT entry to tune this delay period. The default for the reregistration interval is 5 minutes. The default value for the delay is 3 minutes.conf file contains any SERVER entries. This entry is read and interpreted on media servers on which the NetBackup vmd service runs. After the entry is added. ltid delays before trying again. the vm.conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only. any NetBackup server can monitor and control devices on this host. If ltid encounters problems during communications with EMM/DA or a failure while trying to reserve a shared drive. Only one of the hosts that share a drive scan the drive.

This entry specifies the name that the current host uses to register. If this entry is specified in vm. Use this option only if problems occur or if requested by Symantec support. Example vm.conf. The default is the local host name.Additional configuration NetBackup configuration options 43 SSO_HOST_NAME SSO_HOST_NAME = host_name This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. TLM_mediatype TLM_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. After the problem is resolved. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation. remove the debug logs or add a DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS entry. VERBOSE If this entry is specified in vm.conf file The following is an example of a vm. reserve. on host server1: SERVER = server1 SERVER = server2 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = NV MEDIA_ID_PREFIX = NETB ACS_3490E = HCART2 . IBM ATL media types in Tape Library Half-inch (TLH) robots are mapped to Media Manager media types. This vm.conf entry is for the Shared Storage Option (SSO) for Tape feature only. If this entry is specified in vm.conf file. It is read and interpreted on the host on which ltid runs. TLH_mediatype TLH_mediatype = Media_Manager_mediatype This configuration entry applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. all Media Manager components on the host are started with verbose logging enabled.conf.conf. and release shared drives with EMM/DA. DAS/SDLC media types in Tape Library Multimedia (TLM) robots are mapped to Media Manager media types. This entry is read and interpreted on the host where vmcheckxxx and vmupdate are running as part of the robot inventory operation.

Possible values to include in SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK or SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS include the following: Table 1-1 Absolute byte values for SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. Symantec recommends using SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. The backup to be stored cannot be multiplexed. 32 64 96 128 160 192 224 . SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK overrides the value in SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS. If the buffer size is set to a value greater than 256K. The storage unit must be either a Basic Disk or an Array Disk storage unit. An increased buffer size can improve backup speed. To increase the buffer size. The touch file that disables direct I/O must not be present (install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\DISABLE_DIRECT_IO). create one of the following touch files on the media server that owns the storage unit: ■ For backups to disk: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\config\ SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK For backups to disk or tape: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\config\ SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS ■ If both touch files are present. To increase the buffer size. backups written to that storage unit automatically use direct I/O. SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS enter this touch file value 32768 65536 98304 131072 163840 196608 229376 For a data buffer of this size (kilobytes). At this time. the buffer size for disk storage units is 256K.44 Additional configuration Direct I/O for backups Direct I/O for backups By default. the following conditions must be met: ■ ■ ■ ■ The storage unit must be owned by a Windows media server.

Note: If you use dynamic addressing. create the following touch file on the media server that owns the storage unit: install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\DISABLE_DIRECT_IO Dynamic host name and IP addressing By default. For example.” Disabling direct I/O To disable direct I/O. 256 Data buffer sizes continue in multiples of 32. NetBackup requires that IP addresses of clients have a network host name.Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 45 Table 1-1 Absolute byte values for SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS_DISK. remember that the NetBackup servers still require fixed IP addresses and host names. Buffer size: <buffer size>. 1 Configure your network to use a dynamic IP addressing protocol like DHCP. A direct I/O backup triggers the following message: “Enabling direct I/O. Be sure to define network host names for the range of dynamic IP addresses in the hosts file and (or) DNS on your network. Note: All clients configured to use dynamic addressing and host names must trust each other. similar to the NetBackup altnames feature. The following steps are required to support the configurations that use dynamic IP addressing for NetBackup. a NetBackup server assumes that a NetBackup client name is the same as the network host name of the client machine. SIZE_DATA_BUFFERS enter this touch file value 262144 For a data buffer of this size (kilobytes). Or. This assumption makes it difficult to back up any clients that have network host names that might change. Multiply the buffer size by 1024 for the touch file value. NetBackup dynamic host name and IP addressing allows you to define NetBackup clients that do not have fixed IP addresses and host names. a portable machine that plugs into a LAN and obtains IP addresses from a DHCP server. read this entire section. Before you make changes to a configuration. a remote machine that dials into a PPP server. .

(Select NetBackup Management > Host Properties > Clients. The NetBackup Client Properties dialog box appears. Archive. Change the Client Name to the correct NetBackup client name for the machine. it requests an IP address from the DHCP server. enable the Announce DHCP Interval option: Open the NetBackup Administration Console and navigate to the Host Properties for clients. Each NetBackup client must have a unique NetBackup client name. select Network. These NetBackup client names are used in step 3 and step 6. Select File > NetBackup Client Properties. 5 6 c Setting up dynamic IP addresses and host names Configure your network to use a dynamic IP addressing protocol. Configure the system to notify periodically the master server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name. For example. . Configure the system to notify the master server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name during startup. Under the Windows Client host properties. Create the entries by using the bpclient command. Make changes on each dynamic NetBackup UNIX client: a b Modify the bp. A protocol like DHCP has a server and several clients.conf file to include a CLIENT_NAME entry with the correct NetBackup client name for the machine. Select the General tab. The server then assigns an IP address to the client from a range of predefined addresses. 3 4 Make changes on each dynamic NetBackup Windows client: Start the Backup. Make changes on the master server: a b Create NetBackup policies with client lists that include the names from step 2.46 Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 2 Determine the NetBackup client names for the machines that have dynamic IP addresses and network host names. Create entries in the NetBackup client database for the client names from step 2. On the master server.) Open the client properties for the Windows client(s). Check the Announce DHCP Interval checkbox. The NetBackup client name that is assigned to a client is permanent—do not change it. when a DHCP client starts up. The bpdynamicclient command is used to notify the master server. and Restore user interface on the client.

The dynamic IP addresses and host names might be: 123. dynamic01). backup and restore results are unpredictable. nbclient01) rather than the dynamic network host names (for example. For client name lists. .123. suppose you have 20 machines that share the IP addresses as previously defined. As an example.79 dynamic00 dynamic01 dynamic02 dynamic03 dynamic09 Assign a unique NetBackup client name to each NetBackup client that might use one of these dynamic IP addresses.71 123. If you want these machines to be NetBackup clients. The client name that is assigned to NetBackup clients with dynamic IP addressing must not be the same as any network host names on your network. Ensure that each IP address that could be assigned to NetBackup clients has a network host name.72 123. you might assign them these NetBackup client names as follows: nbclient01 nbclient02 nbclient03 nbclient04 . If the NetBackup client names are changed or are not unique. create the client database on the master server. NIS. list. 123.70 123. and delete client entries with the bpclient command.123. The host name should be defined in the host file. suppose that you have 10 dynamic IP addresses and host names available. The NetBackup client name that is assigned to a client is permanent and should not be changed. . Next.73 .123. The client database consists of directories and files in the following directory: install_path\NetBackup\db\client You can create. use the NetBackup client names (for example. create your NetBackup backup policies. . nbclient20 Configuring the NetBackup master server On the master server.Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 47 NetBackup requires that the IP addresses of NetBackup clients have corresponding network host names.123. . For example.123.123.123.123. The bpclient command is in the following directory: install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd ■ To create a dynamic client entry: . update. and DNS on your network.123.123.

0. bpclient -add -client nbclient20 -dynamic_address 1 1 1 1 1 To see what is currently in the client database.exe -delete -client client_name ■ To list a client entry: bpclient.0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes . . run bpclient as follows: install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd\bpclient -L -All The output is similar to the following: Client Name: nbclient01 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0. .0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes Client Name: nbclient02 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0.48 Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing bpclient.0. Client Name: nbclient20 Current Host: Hostname: *NULL* IP Address: 0.exe -L -client client_name ■ To list all client entries: bpclient.exe -add -client client_name -dynamic_address 1 where client_name is the NetBackup client name.0. but that is unnecessary and adversely affects performance. ■ To delete a client entry: bpclient. . you can enter these commands to create the 20 clients: cd install_path\NetBackup\bin\admincmd bpclient -add -client nbclient01 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient02 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient03 -dynamic_address bpclient -add -client nbclient04 -dynamic_address . The -dynamic_address 1 argument indicates that the client uses dynamic IP addressing. .0.0.0.0 Connect on non-reserved port: no Dynamic Address: yes .exe -L -All In our example. You can create entries with -dynamic_address 0 for static IP addressing.

Additional configuration Dynamic host name and IP addressing 49 The NetBackup client notifies the NetBackup server of its NetBackup client name and network host name. Hostname. it checks for the existence of file_name. If . The bpdynamicclient command is in the directory: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin The format of the bpdynamicclient command is as follows: bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname file_name When bpdynamicclient starts up. Then. as follows: CLIENT_NAME = nbclient00 You must run the bpdynamicclient command once when the system first starts up. Start the Backup. Change the Client Name to specify the NetBackup client name for the Windows client. a good value to use is one-half of the lease period. The NetBackup Client Properties dialog box appears. If the host names match. install the NetBackup client software. Use the CLIENT_NAME entry to specify the NetBackup client name for the machine. On the client. bpdynamicclient writes the current network host name into file_name. Edit the /usr/openv/netbackup/bp. Select the General tab. For a DHCP client. bpdynamicclient connects to the master server and informs the server of its NetBackup client name and host name. see “Announce DHCP interval” on page 457 in the Administrator’s Guide. If file_name exists. set Announce DHCP Interval. If the host names do not match. Configuring a dynamic Microsoft Windows client If it is not already installed. stop and restart the NetBackup Client service to have the changes take effect. In the NetBackup Administration Console. Configuring a dynamic UNIX NetBackup client If not already installed. Archive. bpdynamicclient exits and does not connect to the master server. bpdynamicclient determines if the host name that is written in the file is the same as the current network host name. For more information. bpdynamicclient notifies the NetBackup server of the machine's NetBackup client name and current network host name. install NetBackup on the Windows client. The server is not notified if the default value of 0 is used.conf file. the Current Host. and Restore user interface on the client and then select File > NetBackup Client Properties. and IP Address fields display the values for that NetBackup client. This value specifies how many minutes the client waits before it announces that it will use a different IP address. Volume I. If bpdynamicclient successfully informs the server.

Notify server administrators when a scheduled backup. you can create a script in the /etc/rc2.50 Additional configuration Configuring email notifications bpdynamicclient cannot inform the server. administrator-directed manual backup. (See the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide for Windows. Volume I. You must also create a root crontab entry to call periodically the bpdynamicclient command. For example.d/S99nbdynamicclient <<EOF #! /bin/sh rm /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname \ /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname EOF # chmod 544 /etc/rc2. bpdynamicclient deletes file_name.d directory on a Solaris system: # cat > /etc/rc2. or a backup of the NetBackup databases occurs. archive. Administrator’s E-mail Address. the following entry (one line) calls bpdynamicclient at seven minutes after each hour: 7 * * * * /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpdynamicclient -last_successful_hostname /usr/openv/netbackup/last_successful_hostname If you use DHCP.d/S99nbdynamicclient Ensure that the dynamic client startup script is called after the machine obtains its IP address. a good interval to use between calls to bpdynamicclient is one-half of the lease period. Configure NetBackup to email these notifications by specifying the server administrator’s address with the NetBackup master server Global Attribute property. For example. and restore operations.) . Most UNIX systems provide a facility to define startup scripts. Configuring email notifications You can configure NetBackup to send email notifications to users and administrators with the results of backup.

see the comments in the .conf file contains information on the supported locales. and years would be as follows: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss -yyyy-mm-dd or: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss/dd /mm/yy You can add more TL lines. To help ensure consistency among the applications. date.conf file is divided into two parts.Additional configuration Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation 51 Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation NetBackup applications can display a wide range of international date and time formats as determined by the locale of the installation. the TL lines and the TM lines. The .conf file is not accessible. configurable source to define the locale conventions. However. The . UNIX The /usr/openv/msg/. and time formats.conf file. the TL line for the C locale is: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss/mm/dd /yyyy An alternate specification to the order of months. If the . the format of the file is summarized here. The fourth and the fifth fields define the date and the time fields and associated separators for that supported locale is as follows: You can modify the existing formats to change the default output. Table 1-2 Platform Windows To specify the locale of a NetBackup installation Directions To access the regional settings. . NetBackup uses a single. The Regional and Language Options dialog box provides access to the predefined number. See the Microsoft Help pages for further assistance. For example. TL Lines The third field of the TL lines defines the case-sensitive locales that the NetBackup applications support. double-click Regional and Language Options in the Windows Control Panel. the default locales (TL lines) are: TL 1 C :hh:mn:ss /mm/dd /yyyy TL 2 ov :hh:mn:ss/mm/dd /yyyy Note that C and ov are synonymous.conf file contains very specific instructions on how to add or modify the list of supported locales and formats. This file defines the date and the time formats for each supported locale. days.

conf file. the TM line is: TM 6 french 2 fr To map french to C TM 6 french 1 C To add more TM lines. The fifth field defines the supported equivalent that is identified in the TL lines. as defined by the TL lines. as the default locale is C (ov). . The third field of the TM lines defines the unrecognized locale. use the following TM line to map the unrecognized locale french to the supported locale fr. If the .conf file is not accessible. no default TM lines exist. For example. see the specific instructions in the .52 Additional configuration Specifying the locale of the NetBackup installation Table 1-2 Platform To specify the locale of a NetBackup installation (continued) Directions TM Lines The TM lines define a mapping from unrecognized locales to those supported by NetBackup.

Chapter 2 Reference topics The topics in this chapter provide additional information about various aspects of NetBackup configuration and management: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ “Rules for using host names in NetBackup” on page 54 “Reading backup images with tar” on page 58 “Factors that affect backup time” on page 59 “Determining NetBackup transfer rate” on page 60 “How NetBackup builds a worklist” on page 65 “Determining backup media requirements” on page 67 “NetBackup notify scripts” on page 68 “Media and device management best practices” on page 84 “Using TapeAlert” on page 87 “Drive cleaning overview” on page 90 “Volume pool and volume group overview” on page 93 “Barcode overview” on page 98 “Changing your hardware configuration” on page 102 “How NetBackup selects drives” on page 106 “How NetBackup reserves drives” on page 107 “How NetBackup selects media” on page 116 “Media formats” on page 120 “Media Manager commands” on page 122 “Device discovery overview” on page 124 “Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses” on page 128 .

For more information.54 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup ■ “Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses” on page 128 Rules for using host names in NetBackup NetBackup uses host names to identify.com or mercury. NetBackup uses TCP/IP host names to connect to NetBackup servers and clients. Qualifying host names A major consideration is the extent to which you qualify host names. This practice is not recommended. That is. Note: Place the system host name and IP address in the %Systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file to accelerate name lookups. communicate with. It can be necessary to import all previously used media to the server before you can use it under the new host name. The host name and address resolution must be set up correctly in DNS. Note: Do not change the host name of a NetBackup server.null. If the network environment contains multiple domains. For example. NetBackup validates its connections by performing a reverse host name lookup. . How NetBackup uses host names The following topics discuss how NetBackup stores and uses host names. or the local %Systemroot%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file (if necessary).bdev. see “Dynamic host name and IP addressing” on page 45. In many cases.bdev rather than only mercury. the short host name of a computer is adequate. WINS. These topics also address considerations to choose host names. use a name such as mercury. The correct use of host names during configuration is essential to the proper operation of NetBackup. qualify host names to the extent that servers and clients can identify each other in a multi-domain environment. NetBackup determines the IP address of a connection and then uses the IP address to look up the host name with gethostbyaddr(). and initiate processes on NetBackup client and server computers.

Always use qualified host names to add clients to a policy so that all NetBackup servers can connect to the clients. or restore request to the NetBackup server. The peer name (identified from its TCP connection) is used to determine the client’s configured name. Error catalog NetBackup uses entries in the error catalog for generating reports. Image catalog A subdirectory in the image catalog is created for a client when a backup is first created for that client. (For example.null. In this case. The subdirectory’s name is the client’s configured name. If you include a media server’s catalog files in the NetBackup catalog. the client cannot view all the files that are backed up on its behalf. shark instead of shark. If the same name is not used. This name is how the client is identified in the NetBackup configuration.and administrator-action is required to restore from some of the backups. These entries contain the host name of the server that generates the entry and the client’s configured name. .com. the server uses the peer name of the client. If you add a client to more than one policy. archive. if applicable. The server host name is normally the server’s short host name.Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup 55 Policy configuration The configured name for a client is the host name as it is added to a policy. The server uses the client’s configured name to connect to the client and start the processes that satisfy client requests. always use the same name in all cases.) Catalog backup information Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. file restores become complicated because both user. Each of these backup records contains the host name of the server on which the backup was written. When a client makes a user backup. Every backup for a client has a separate file in this subdirectory. Qualified names are necessary because they allow the master server to connect to the media server. qualify the host name of the media server in the file path.

) On UNIX clients.conf file to the new name. client software sends the name that it obtains through its gethostname library function. A name change might require that all previously used media be imported to the server before the host can be used under the new name. Create a file named ALTPATH in the image catalog directory. Archive. Use the following steps to update the NetBackup configuration if a client’s host name is changed.conf file in the $HOME directory. if the client name is client1. the ALTPATH file is created in the following location: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client1\ ALTPATH Create a directory for the new client2 in the \images directory: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client2 On the first line of the client1\ALTPATH file.56 Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup How to update NetBackup after a host name changes Note: Do not change the host name of a NetBackup server. change the client name setting either through the user interface or in a configuration file. If the name is unknown to . change the CLIENT_NAME value in the bp. Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\db\images\client2 a b c 2 On the client: ■ On PC clients. 1 On the master server: ■ Delete the client’s old name from all policies where it exists and add the client’s new name to those policies. The client continues to have access to all previous backups. For example. (See the online help in the Backup. Special considerations for Domain Name Service (DNS) In some requests to the master server. The path is the only entry in the ALTPATH file. ■ Note: If users on UNIX clients have a bp. specify the path to the directory for the new client. and Restore client interface. You do not need to reinstall NetBackup software on the client. users must change CLIENT_NAME in that file to the new name.

eng. This possible situation depends on how the client and the server are configured. Another option is to create a special file in the altnames directory on the master server.com. the master server may not be able to reply to client requests. The file forces the translation of NetBackup client host names. The client name must correspond to the name that is obtained by running the client’s gethostname.aaa. One possible solution is to reconfigure the client or the master server DNS hosts file. and a space character separates each element of the line: key hostname_from_ client client_as_known_by_server Where ■ key is a numeric value used by NetBackup to specify the cases where translation is to be done. the name xxxx. The name must match the name in the NetBackup configuration on the master server and must also be known to the master server’s network services.eng. Currently this value must always be 0. this name is also known to network services on the master server. And. The client was configured and named in the NetBackup configuration as xxxx. The value must be sent to the server in the request. hostname_from_client is the value to translate.com always replaces xxxx.aaa.xlate file contains three elements: a numeric key and two host names.aaa.xlate Each line in the host. problems occur. The master server’s network services gethostbyname library function did not recognize the name xxxx. If gethostname on the client returns host the names that DNS on the master server cannot resolve.eng. it returns xxxx. which indicates a configured name translation. client_as_known_by_server is the name to substitute for hostname_from_client for request responses. ■ ■ Consider the following example: 0 xxxx xxxx. The substitution resolves the problem if the following conditions are true: ■ ■ When gethostname is run on the client. Each line is left-justified.com The line specifies that when the master server receives a request for a configured client name (numeric key 0). install_path\NetBackup\db\altnames\host.Reference topics Rules for using host names in NetBackup 57 the master server Domain Name Service. ■ .

Although non-NetBackup versions of tar can be used to restore files. VxFS named data streams cannot be restored to a client. It offers features similar to those in cpio. Note: You cannot use the NetBackup modified-GNU tar on UNIX or tar32. you must read and combine the fragments from the media to give to tar. By using the modified tar. The following is a list of some effects that a non-NetBackup tar may encounter in certain situations: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Compressed backups cannot be recovered. though NDMP vendors may have tools or the utilities that may perform a restore directly from the media. the system’s dd command may be useful. To use tar on fragments may allow recovery of any file in the backup other than the one that spanned the media. Backups cannot be recovered that contain raw partitions.58 Reference topics Reading backup images with tar Reading backup images with tar NetBackup for UNIX uses a modified GNU tar for reading backup images. ACL information. The directory is no longer hidden and the name of the directory has a + appended to it. long pathnames. Multiplexed backups cannot be recovered. they provide only limited restore capabilities. HP CDFs are restored with non-NetBackup versions of tar. If the backup spans more than one piece of media. To combine the fragments. (Includes FlashBackup images. Another possibility is to use tar on the fragments. NetBackup can understand compressed files.) NDMP client backup images cannot be restored. Solaris extended attributes cannot be restored to a client. sparse files.exe on Windows to extract files from a NetBackup for Windows backup image. Non-NetBackup versions of tar may have trouble with sparse files and often skip sparse files. Possible problems result. Effects of a non-NetBackup tar Non-NetBackup versions of tar do not supply all of the restore capabilities that the NetBackup /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/tar provides. ■ ■ ■ ■ .

Transfer rate The transfer rate depends on the following factors: ■ The speed of the backup device. Factors that affect backup time The time NetBackup requires to complete a backup is an important factor in setting up schedules. The following formula shows the major factors that affect backup time: Backup = time Total data Transfer rate x Compression factor (optional) + Device delays Total data The total amount of data to back up depends on the size of the files for each client included the policy. ■ Full backups involve all the data. Differential incremental backups include only the data that has changed since the last full or incremental backup. the amount of data depends on the frequency with which files change. ■ Some versions of Solaris tar combine the atime. For example. If a large number of files change frequently. Longer backup times also increase the possibility of a problem that disrupts the backup. ■ ■ For incremental backups. The importance of time is particularly true for the sites that handle large amounts of data. The total amount of data also depends on whether the backup is a full backup or an incremental backup. Backups that are sent to tapes with a transfer rate of 800 kilobytes per second are generally faster than tapes with . the total backup time can exceed the time that is allotted to complete backups and interfere with normal network operations. The time to back up files can also give an indication of how long it may take to recover the files. mtime. incremental backups are larger. a full backup usually takes longer than an incremental backup. and ctime strings with the file name and create the file paths that are not desirable. Cumulative incremental backups include all the data that has changed since the last full backup. Therefore.Reference topics Factors that affect backup time 59 Some versions of the HP9000-800 /bin/tar command are known to give a directory checksum error for the second fragment of a backup that crossed media.

Like client speed. the device may be slow to find the location on the media at which to start writing the backup. The following are the three rates and calculation methods: ■ ■ “Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate” on page 61 “Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate” on page 61 The Microsoft Windows System Monitor also displays the NetBackup transfer rate. multiple backups occurring on the same network compete for bandwidth. The speed with which the server can process the data. the throughput is significantly reduced. Clients can process larger files faster than smaller ones.000 files that are 1 kilobyte each.60 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate a transfer rate of 400 kilobytes. ■ ■ ■ For more information. For more information. The number of concurrent backups being performed also affects server speed. File size is also an important factor. . Network configuration can affect performance. is faster than a backup for 20. when some machines run full-duplex and some run half-duplex in an Ethernet environment. These delays can vary widely and depend on the devices and the computing environments. Network transfer rate The network transfer rate is the rate provided in the All Log Entries report. The available bandwidth is less than the theoretical network bandwidth and depends on how much other network traffic is present. The speed varies with the hardware platform and depends on the other applications that run on the platform. The speed with which the client can process the data. see “Using the system monitor” on page 62. see “Determining NetBackup transfer rate” on page 60. Device delays Device delays can be due to the following factors: the device may be busy or slow to load the media. For example. server speed also varies with the hardware platform and depends on the other applications that run on the platform. (Assume that other factors allow for the faster transfer rate. A backup for twenty files. Or. Determining NetBackup transfer rate Calculate three variations of the backup transfer rate by using NetBackup report data.) ■ The available network bandwidth. For example. 1 megabyte each.

fragment 1. To determine this rate. Examples Assume that the reports provide the following data. 1161824 Kbytes at 230. Network transfer plus end-of-backup-processing rate This rate ignores the time it takes to load and position media before a backup. .325 Kbytes/sec Sample List Client Backups Report: Client: Backup ID: Policy: Client Type: Sched Label: giskard giskard_0767592458 production_servers Standard testing_add_files . fragment 1 to media id TL8033 on device 1 . This rate ignores the following: ■ ■ The time the device requires to load and position media before a backup. . use the All Log Entries report and calculate the time from the message: begin writing backup id xxx until the message successfully wrote backup id xxx To calculate the transfer rate. Sample All Log Entries Report: TIME SERVER/CLIENT TEXT 04/28/06 23:10:37 windows giskard begin writing backup id giskard_0767592458. Use the List Client Backups report to calculate the transfer rate by dividing Kilobytes by Elapsed Time (converted to seconds). divide this time (in seconds) into the total bytes that are transferred. 04/29/06 00:35:07 windows giskard successfully wrote backup id giskard_0767592458. However.Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 61 The network transfer rate considers only the time it takes to transfer data over the network from client to server. the rate does include the end-of-backup processing that is ignored in the network transfer rate. The time that the tape file requires to close and write an additional NetBackup information record to the tape. (The total bytes that are transferred is recorded in the All Log Entries report.) Total transfer rate This transfer rate includes the time it takes to load and position the media as well as the end-of-backup processing.

If the performance is monitored locally or remotely during a NetBackup read or write operation. The object instance is removed from the list once the NetBackup operation is completed.216 Kbytes per second Using the system monitor NetBackup adds the NetBackup Disk/Tape performance object to the list of objects that the Windows System Monitor monitors. the object instance exists after the NetBackup operation is complete. or from which NetBackup is reads. The read or write counters are updated depending on the type of NetBackup operation performed. In this case. To monitor NetBackup counters remotely. the object instance is removed when performance monitoring stops.325 Kbytes per second Network transfer plus end-of-backup processing rate: 23:10:30 . To attach to the process . The System Monitor displays object instances when NetBackup reads or writes from the disk or tape.00:35:07 = 01:24:30 = 5070 seconds 1161824 Kbytes/5070 = 229.62 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate Schedule Type: Backup Retention Level: Backup Time: Elapsed Time: Expiration Time: Compressed: Kilobytes: Number of Files: Full one week (0) 04/28/06 23:07:38 001:27:32 05/05/06 23:07:38 no 1161824 78210 The following three rates were compiled with the backup data from the sample reports: Network transfer rate: 1161824 Kbytes at 230. Four counters are available for the NetBackup Disk/Tape performance object: ■ ■ ■ ■ Disk/Tape Read Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Read Bytes/sec (KB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes/sec (KB) The NetBackup performance object supports instances in the System Monitor. the initiating computer attaches to the target computer’s WinLogon process through RPC. The instances can be drive names or absolute paths to which NetBackup writes.157 Kbytes per second Total transfer rate: Elapsed time = 01:27:32 = 5252 seconds 1161824 Kbytes/5252 = 221.

thus. . Instances are displayed when NetBackup begins to read or write from the disk or the tape drives. Click the plus sign (+) to add a counter to the display. The Performance dialog box appears.The user must have permissions to read the Windows registry. the object instances remain until the system is rebooted. 3 Select the counter to display from the list of available counters. Note: In order for the NetBackup objects to be available for selection.Performance data collection is enabled (select Host Properties > Media Servers > Universal Settings > Enable performance data collection). Available counters are: ■ ■ ■ ■ Disk/Tape Read Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Read Bytes/sec (KB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes (GB) Disk/Tape Write Bytes/sec (KB) 4 Select one or more object instances from the list of instances. Select NetBackup Disk/Tape from the Performance objects drop-down list. . the following conditions must be met: . .Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 63 locks the object instances. To use the system monitor with NetBackup 1 2 Open the System Monitor on your Windows system.A NetBackup job must be active (a drive is in use).The drive must be connected to a Windows media server (or SAN media server). .

The number of bytes that are read or written is updated dynamically. along with the rate.64 Reference topics Determining NetBackup transfer rate 5 Click Add. The NetBackup counter you select is displayed in the Performance dialog box. .

the job is considered Queued. (The time that NetBackup waits before it tries the job again is configurable by setting the Job retry delay Global Attribute master server property. The following items are some of the factors that affect the job order on the worklist: ■ Whether the job finished successfully or whether it failed and is Waiting for Retry. A retried job retains the original job ID. active jobs. The number of attempts counts toward the Schedule backup attempts limit. (Found under Host Properties > Global Attributes > Schedule backup attempts. When the job completes. This information is useful to evaluate problems with schedules. While a job waits for resources (devices) to become available. the job becomes Active and begins. NetBackup calculates the due time for each job. If the job does not succeed after the number of attempts that are allowed. the job is considered Done. NetBackup evaluates each job and determines when it is due.Reference topics How NetBackup builds a worklist 65 How NetBackup builds a worklist The following topics explain how NetBackup determines the order in which automatic backups occur for each client. Once a job receives the resources it needs. based on the following factors: ■ ■ ■ When the job ran last How often the job is scheduled to run (the frequency of the job) How soon the next scheduled window is open for the job (if the window is not currently open) c NetBackup sorts the worklist by the due time of each job. then sorts all the jobs in the worklist in the order that the jobs are due: a b NetBackup builds a worklist that consists of jobs for every client in every policy. thus the worklist is perpetually calculated and reordered.) Whether attempts to run the job exceed the number of attempts that the Schedule backup attempts host property indicates. and appears on the Jobs tab of the Activity Monitor. The order of the jobs on the worklist is dynamic. NetBackup computes the next due time for the job. Building the worklist (Queue) NetBackup builds an internal worklist that contains all scheduled. ■ . The status of the job indicates that the job was not successful.

For example. However. The jobs join an existing multiplexed group if allowed. For example. as determined by the policy Job priority setting. a tape is mounted that has the same retention level as client_2. NetBackup subtracts the frequency from the length of time since the last successful backup for that client. NetBackup checks the priority of the job. Backup jobs from the policy with the highest priority run first. assume that the client_1 job is the most overdue. The last backup for client_1 ran 25 hours ago and the last backup for client_2 ran 26 hours ago. all of the children from that parent job have precedence over other jobs. Here. If the priorities and retention level are equal. NetBackup prioritizes backups according to how long they are overdue. NetBackup checks for the following items when it determines the order in which to run the backups: 1 NetBackup checks for the jobs that are to be multiplexed.66 Reference topics How NetBackup builds a worklist ■ Whether the job is a child job. Also. a tape is mounted on that drive for the client_1 job. NetBackup looks for backups with a retention level that is the same as a tape that is currently mounted. The precedence includes the children of another parent job. 2 3 4 . To determine how long a backup is overdue. NetBackup tries to start a backup job that has the same retention period as a tape that is currently mounted. When a parent job is Active. even if a job of higher priority is on the worklist. If policy priorities are equal. assume that client_1 and client_2 are in different policies and that client_1 is in the policy with the highest priority. NetBackup looks for the backup jobs that are most overdue. To choose a tape with the same retention level reduces delays to mount tapes. The schedules for these backup jobs both have a frequency of 1 day. assume that client_1 and client_2 have some backup jobs that are in the same policy and have the same retention level. assume that client_1 and client_2 are in the same policy but their schedules have different retention periods. The clients that are the most overdue have the highest priority. To prioritize queued jobs The worklist generally contains jobs from different policies and schedules. If there is another drive of the correct type available. For example. (The backup frequency is indicated on the schedule in the policy. The client_2 job runs first because it can be stored on a tape that is already mounted to use resources most efficiently. the jobs for client_1 always run before the client_2 jobs.

A tape with many small backups (possibly incremental backups) contains less real data when compared to a tape that contains fewer large backups.Reference topics Determining backup media requirements 67 Both clients are overdue for a backup. To plan for the future. Whether duplicates for off-site storage or extra security are needed. worn media. However. check the Media Summary report to verify that enough media IDs and disk space are available. consider the following points: ■ How long you want to retain the data. All backups on a given tape or optical disk have the same retention level unless the Allow multiple retentions per media property is enabled. Media sharing may be used to help maximize tape usage. The daily requirement must be known to ensure that enough media is available for each backup session. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . Consider the changes in disk usage patterns over time. If disk usage and capacity increase. For daily requirements. The long-term requirements are necessary to assess costs for acquisition of new media. The priority of the most overdue jobs is important in a busy NetBackup configuration where the backup window can close before all backups can begin. the job of client client_2 is the most overdue and runs first. ensure that enough media is defined to accommodate the data. The sizes of the tape marks vary depending on the media type. determine the amount of media that is required for both daily and long-term use. Allow for the replacement of old. If not enabled. Consider the number of backups on one tape. Determining backup media requirements To manage a backup environment efficiently. additional media is required for each different retention level. first determine the approximate amount of data in the files that you back up to each type of media each day. Then. This approach ensures that a backup that was unsuccessful during its previous backup window has priority over the successful backups. and off-site storage (if required). Allow for new software releases and other special backups. Tape marks are created between backups. storage devices. backup needs may also increase. A tape that contains many small files has more backup overhead because each file requires an extra 512 bytes for catalog information on the media. If you have many different volume pools.

68 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

NetBackup notify scripts

NetBackup uses the following scripts or batch files for collecting information
and providing notification of events.
The following scripts are active on the master server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\backup_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\backup_exit_notify.cm
d
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\dbbackup_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\diskfull_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\mail_dr_info.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\restore_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\session_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\session_start_notify
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\usereq_notify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\parent_end_no
tify.cmd
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\parent_start_
notify
Scripts that run on clients: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpend_notify.
bat
To use the client scripts, the scripts must first be created on the client. Use the procedures as described in “bpstart_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)” on page 72 and “bpend_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)” on page 76. For further information, refer to the comments in the scripts. Caution: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. If you use either the bpstart_notify or bpend_notify scripts, do not include any commands that write to stdout. NetBackup sends the output that is written to stdout to the server as part of the backup. The resulting backup can abort with an error message that pertains to block sizes. Also, ensure that all commands in the scripts are appropriate to the client platform. For example, the -s parameter is invalid for the UNIX mail command on some UNIX platforms. Its use can cause data to be written to stdout or stderr.

Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

69

backup_notify.cmd
The backup_notify.cmd script runs on the NetBackup server where the storage unit is located. It is called each time a backup is successfully written to media. The parameters that NetBackup passes to this script are:
■ ■

The name of the program doing the backup The backup-image name or path

For example: backup_notify.cmd bptm bilbo_0695316589
Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. If NetBackup backs up files to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage migratory manages, the backup_notify script notifies Storage migratory to perform migration as quickly as possible. The released script does not, however, have commands to force a backup of the managed file system after NetBackup has stored its backups. To back up the managed file system, modify the script as necessary to meet site requirements for backup.

backup_exit_notify.cmd
The backup_exit_notify.cmd script runs on the master server. It is called to perform site-specific processing when an individual backup completes. Table 2-3 Parameter
clientname policyname schedname schedtype

backup_exit_notify parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR (differential incremental), CINC (cumulative incremental), UBAK, UARC Exit code for the entire backup job.

exitstatus

For example: backup_exit_notify.cmd freddie production fulls FULL 0 backup_exit_notify.cmd Dane production incrementals INCR 73

70 Reference topics
NetBackup notify scripts

bpstart_notify (UNIX clients only)
Note: Ensure that this script can be run by other on the client before it is used. To do so, run chmod 755 script_name, where script_name is the name of the script. On UNIX clients, NetBackup calls the bpstart_notify script each time the
client starts a backup or an archive.
To use this script, copy the following file from the server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
And place it to the following location on the UNIX client: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/
Modify the script and ensure that you have permission to run the script.
The bpstart_notify script runs each time a backup or an archive starts and
initialization is completed. The script runs before the tape is positioned. This
script must exit with a status of 0 for the calling program to continue and for the
backup or archive to proceed. A nonzero status causes the client backup or
archive to exit with a status of bpstart_notify failed.
If the /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify script exists, it runs
in the foreground and the bpbkar process on the client waits for it to complete
before continuing. Any commands in the script that do not end with an &
character run serially.
The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the
time that the BPSTART_TIMEOUT option specifies on the server.
The default for BPSTART_TIMEOUT is 300. If the script needs more time than
300 seconds, increase the value to allow more time.
Table 2-4 Parameter
clientname policyname schedname schedtype

bpstart_notify parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR (differential incremental), CINC (cumulative incremental), UBAK, UARC

. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled. For example: bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify bpstart_notify freddie cd4000s fulls FULL danr cd4000s incrementals INCR hare cd4000s fulls FULL freddie cd4000s user_backups UBAK DangDang cd4000s user_archive UARC To create a bpstart_notify script for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.fulls. For example. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy that is named production only when the schedule is named fulls. NetBackup uses only one bpstart_notify script and that is the script with the most specific name. the following environment variables can be used to support multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number.production. The bpstart_notify script can use the following environment variables: BACKUPID UNIXBACKUPTIME BACKUPTIME The NetBackup bpbkar process creates these variables. Note: For a given backup. The first stream from a policy.production and bpstart_notify. create script files with a .fulls The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy that are named production.policyname or .schedule] is not specified. and schedule is 1. client.policyname.production. NetBackup uses only bpstart_notify.production. if there are both bpstart_notify. The following are two examples of script names for a policy (production) that has a schedule (fulls): /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify. The following are examples of the strings that are available to the script to use to record information about a backup: BACKUPID=freddie_0857340526 UNIXBACKUPTIME=0857340526 BACKUPTIME=Sun Mar 2 16:08:46 2006 In addition.fulls scripts.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 71 Caution: The bpstart_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .schedulename suffix.production /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpstart_notify.policyname[.

72 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy, client, and schedule. STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar. RESTARTED can be used for checkpointed restarts or checkpointed backup jobs. A value of 0 indicates that the job was not resumed. (For example, upon first initiation.) A value of 1 indicates that the job was resumed.

bpstart_notify.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only)
For all Windows clients, you can create some batch scripts that provide
notification whenever the client starts a backup or archive.
To use this script, copy the following file from the server:
Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpstart_notif
y.bat
And place it on the client in the same directory as the NetBackup client binaries: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\ Where Install_path is the directory where NetBackup is installed. You can create bpstart_notify scripts that provide notification for all backups or for backups of a specific policy or schedule. To create a script that applies to all backups, name the script bpstart_notify.bat To create a bpstart_notify script that applies only to a specific policy or policy and schedule combination, add a .policyname or .policyname.schedulename suffix to the script name.

The following script applies only to a policy named days: install_path\netbackup\bin\bpstart_notify.days.bat
The following script applies only to a schedule that is named fulls in a policy named days: install_path\netbackup\bin\bpstart_notify.days.fulls.bat

Caution: The bpstart_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a .policyname[.schedule] is not specified. The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy named days. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy named days only when the schedule is named fulls. For a given backup, NetBackup calls only one bpstart_notify script and checks for them in the following order: bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat
bpstart_notify.policy.bat

Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

73

bpstart_notify.bat For example, if there are both bpstart_notify.policy.bat and bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat scripts, NetBackup uses only the bpstart_notify.policy.schedule.bat script. Note: bpend_notify scripts can provide a different level of notification than the bpstart_notify scripts. For example, to use one of each, the script names might be bpstart_notify.policy.bat and bpend_notify.policy.schedule.bat. When the backup starts, NetBackup passes the following parameters to the script. Table 2-5 Parameter
%1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6

bpstart_notify.bat parameters

Description
Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. One of the following: FULL, INCR, CINC, UBAK, UARC Status of the operation is always 0 for bpstart_notify. Results file that NetBackup checks for a return code from the script. NetBackup uses %6 to pass the file name and then expects the script to create the file in the same directory as the script. If the script applies to a specific policy and schedule, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES.policy.schedule
If the script applies to a specific policy, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES.policy
If the script applies to all backups, the results file must be named

install_path\netbackup\bin\BPSTART_RES
An echo 0> %6 statement is one way for the script to create the file. NetBackup deletes the existing results file before it calls the script. After the script runs, NetBackup checks the new results file for the status. The status must be 0 for the script to be considered successful. If the results file does not exist, NetBackup assumes that the script was successful.

The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the time that the NetBackup BPSTART_TIMEOUT option specifies. The default for

74 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts

BPSTART_TIMEOUT is 300. If the script needs more than 300 seconds, increase
the value to allow more time.
For Windows 2000 clients, the bpstart_notify script can use the following
environment variables for the support of multiple data streams:
STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. The first stream from a policy,
client, and schedule is 1. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not
enabled.
STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this
policy, client, and schedule.
STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar.

bpend_notify (UNIX clients only)
Caution: The bpend_notify script is run when the client is finished sending data, but the server has not yet completed writing to media.

Note: Ensure that this script can be run by other on the client before it is used. To do so, run chmod 755 script_name, where script_name is the name of the script. To receive a notification whenever a UNIX client completes a backup or an archive operation, copy the following file from the server: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\goodies\bpend_notify
And place it to the following location on the UNIX client: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify
Modify the script and ensure that you have permission to run the script.
The bpend_notify script runs each time a backup or archive completes. For
archives, it runs after the backup but before the files are removed.
If bpend_notify exists, it runs in the foreground and bpbkar on the client
waits until it completes. Any commands that do not end with an & character run
serially.
The server expects the client to respond within the time that the
BPEND_TIMEOUT NetBackup configuration option specifies. The default for
BPEND_TIMEOUT is 300.
If the script needs more than 300 seconds, set BPEND_TIMEOUT to a larger
value. Avoid too large a value because it can delay the server from servicing
other clients.
NetBackup passes the following parameters to the bpend_notify script.

Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 75 Table 2-6 Parameter clientname policyname schedname schedtype bpend_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog.policyname or . The following are two examples of script names for a policy that is named production with a schedule that is named fulls: /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify. create script files with a . UARC Exit code from bpbkar.production and bpend_notify.fulls scripts.policyname[. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog.fulls The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy production. UBAK.fulls.production. the bpend_notify script can use the following environment variables: BACKUPID UNIXBACKUPTIME . the All Log Entries report displays a status 84. One of the following: FULL.policyname. The client can display a status 0 when. For example: bpend_notify freddie pol_1 fulls FULL 0 bpend_notify danr pol_1 incrementals INCR 73 To create a bpend_notify script for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.production. INCR (differential incremental). The status is the client status and does not indicate that the backup is complete and successful. If the UNIX client is running NetBackup 3. due to a failure on the server. exitstatus Caution: The bpend_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a . Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog.schedulename suffix.0 or later software. For example. if there are both bpend_notify.production. Note: For a given backup. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy production only when the schedule is named fulls. NetBackup uses only one bpend_notify script and that is the one with the most specific name. NetBackup uses only bpend_notify.production /usr/openv/netbackup/bin/bpend_notify.schedule] is not specified. CINC (cumulative incremental).

client. you can create some batch scripts that provide notification whenever the client completes a backup or archive. bpend_notify. A value of 1 indicates that the client was finished sending all the of data. The following are examples of the strings that are available to the script for use to record information about a backup: BACKUPID=freddie_0857340526 UNIXBACKUPTIME=0857340526 BACKUPTIME=Sun Mar 2 16:08:46 2005 The following environment variables can be used for the support of multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. client. To create a bpend_notify script that applies to all backups. You can create bpend_notify scripts that provide notification for all backups or for backups of a specific policy or schedule. add a . and schedule. A value of 0 indicates that the client was not finished sending all of the data.bat Where Install_path is the directory where NetBackup is installed.bat (Microsoft Windows clients only) For Windows clients. ■ The following script applies only to a policy named days: Install_path\netbackup\bin\bpend_notify. and schedule is 1. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled.days. name the script bpend_notify. The first stream from a policy.policyname or .bat To create a script that applies only to a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.bat The following script applies only to a schedule that is named fulls in a policy named days: Install_path\netbackup\bin\bpend_notify. These scripts must reside on the client and in the same directory as the NetBackup client binaries: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\bpend_notify.policyname.days.schedulename suffix to the script name.fulls. STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy.76 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts BACKUPTIME The NetBackup bpbkar process creates these variables. FINISHED can be used for checkpointed restarts of backup jobs. STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar.bat ■ .

policyname[.bat scripts.bat bpend_notify.bat For example. When the backup completes. For a given backup.policy. CINC.schedule] is not specified.policy. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. The status is 0 for successful backups and 1 for partially successful backups. NetBackup calls only one bpend_notify script and checks for them in the following order: bpend_notify.schedule. Table 2-7 Parameter %1 %2 %3 %4 %5 bpend_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog.bat. the status is the value associated with that error.policy.schedule.schedule. If an error occurs.policy. Note: bpstart_notify scripts can provide a different level of notification than the bpend_notify scripts. . if you had one of each. NetBackup passes the following parameters to the script. INCR.bat and bpend_notify. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog. if there are both bpend_notify.bat bpend_notify. For example.bat and bpend_notify.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 77 Caution: The bpend_notify script also runs for NetBackup catalog backups if a . UBAK. they could be bpstart_notify. The second script affects scheduled backups in the policy named days only when the schedule is named fulls.bat.schedule. One of the following: FULL. UARC Status of the operation. It is the same as sent to the NetBackup server. NetBackup uses only bpend_notify. The first script affects all scheduled backups in the policy named days.policy.policy.policy.

NetBackup assumes that the script was successful. A 0 value indicates that multiple data streams is not enabled. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES An echo 0> %6 statement is one way for the script to create the file. dbbackup_notify. The script runs on the server that receives the data for the offline catalog backup. NetBackup uses %6 to pass the file name and then expects the script to create the file in the same directory as the script. The first stream from a policy. NetBackup checks the new results file for the status. The default for BPEND_TIMEOUT is 300. client. client. and schedule.78 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts Parameter %6 Description Results file that NetBackup checks for a return code from the script. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES.schedule If the script applies to a specific policy.policy If the script applies to all backups. NetBackup deletes the existing results file before it calls the script. If the results file does not exist. the results file must be named Install_path\netbackup\bin\BPEND_RES. STREAM_COUNT specifies the total number of streams to be generated from this policy.policy. and schedule is 1. After the script runs.cmd script each time NetBackup completes an offline. .cmd NetBackup calls the dbbackup_notify. The server expects the client to respond with a continue message within the time that the BPEND_TIMEOUT option specifies. The status must be 0 for the script to be considered successful. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script: Table 2-8 Parameter device dbbackup_notify parameters Description Device type the backup was written to. cold catalog backup. If the script needs more than 300 seconds. STREAM_PID is the pid (process ID) number of bpbkar. increase the value to allow more time. the bpend_notify script can use the following environment variables for the support of multiple data streams: STREAM_NUMBER indicates the stream number. For Windows 2000 clients. If the script applies to a specific policy and schedule.

cmd The diskfull_notify. diskfull_notify. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script. For example: . (The file being written is kept open by the active bpdm).Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 79 Parameter vsn_or_path status Description Volume serial number (for tape) or path (for disk) used for the backup. The disk media manager (bpdm) calls this script if it encounters a disk full condition while it writes a backup to a disk storage unit.cmd DISK /disk1/bpsync1 SUCCESS dbbackup_notify. Or modified to perform actions such as removing other files in the affected directory or file system. The script does not. Modify this script to produce a printed copy of the media ID to which the catalog backup was done. Path to the file being written. have commands to force Storage Migrator to back up its own catalog after a backup of the NetBackup catalog. For example: dbbackup_notify. Table 2-9 Parameter programname pathname diskfull_notify parameters Description Name of the program (always bpdm).cmd OPTICAL AA0001 FAIL dbbackup_notify. The default action is to report the condition and immediately try to write the data again. the dbbackup_notify script notifies Storage Migrator to perform migration as quickly as possible. The script can be modified to send a notification to an email address. If the NetBackup catalog files are backed up to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage Migrator manages. Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only.cmd script runs on the NetBackup server that contains the storage unit.cmd TAPE XYZ047 SUCCESS You must be able to identify the most recent catalog backup. You must modify the script to meet site requirements for backup of the Storage Migrator catalog. however. Specifies whether the backup was successful and must have a value of either SUCCESS or FAIL.

the diskfull_notify. NetBackup checks to see if mail_dr_info. For multiple addresses.cmd bpdm /disk1/images/host_08193531_c1_F1 Note In previous releases. enter email1.cmd exists. To retain this behavior upon upgrade. see the comments in the nbmail.email2 The subject line. NetBackup passes the parameters to the script. The message file name. or Modify the script. blat. copy the following script from the master server: Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail. either: ■ Copy the netbackup/bin/diskfull_notify. . The attached file name. If mail_dr_info. Update the script using the following script parameters.cmd. to change sleep 0 to: sleep 300 ■ mail_dr_info.) For details. (For example. To create the script. hot catalog backup. Table 2-10 Parameter %1 %2 %3 %4 mail_dr_info.cmd to send NetBackup disaster recovery information to specified recipients after running an online.cmd script default condition was to sleep for five minutes when a disk storage unit became full.80 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts diskfull_notify.cmd is present in Install_path\NetBackup\bin. Note: All NetBackup email notifications require that a public domain SMTP mail client be configured.cmd script.cmd parameters Description The recipient's address.old_revision_number script to netbackup/bin/diskfull_notify.cmd Use mail_dr_info.cmd Place it into the following location: Install_path\NetBackup\bin\mail_dr_info.

Table 2-12 Parameter clientname policyname parent_end_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. Table 2-11 Parameter %1 nbmail. Update the script using the following parameters.cmd exists. This is generated by another script.cmd script each time a parent job ends. If nbmail. Update the script using the following script parameters.cmd Use nbmail. parent_end_notify.email2 The contents of the subject line. copy Install_path\VERITAS\NetBackup\bin\nbmail. The file that is sent in the body of the email.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 81 nbmail.cmd exists is present in Install_path\NetBackup\bin.cmd to send specified recipients notifications about scheduled backups. UNIX platforms have a built-in SMTP transfer method. NetBackup passes the parameters to the script. The recipients email addresses must also be configured in the host properties. To create the script on a client.cmd from the master server into Install_path\NetBackup\bin of each client that is to receive the notification. enter email1. see “Universal Settings properties” on page 480. . Windows systems also require that an application to transfer messages using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol be installed in order to accept script parameters. %2 %3 %4 NetBackup checks to see if nbmail. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog.cmd NetBackup calls the parent_end_notify.cmd parameters Description The recipient's email address. For more information. For multiple addresses. The attached file name.

the restore_notify script notifies Storage Migrator to perform migration as quickly as possible after the restore is complete.cmd Note: Applies to NetBackup Enterprise Server only. status streamnumber parent_start_notify. The NetBackup tape or disk manager (bptm or bpdm) calls the script when it is finished sending data to the client during a restore. status streamnumber restore_notify. If the files are restored to a UNIX disk storage unit that Storage Migrator manages. UARC Exit code for the entire backup job. UBAK.cmd script each time a parent job starts. Policy name from the NetBackup catalog. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script: . The stream number for a parent job is always -1. CINC (cumulative incremental). One of the following: FULL. UBAK. INCR (differential incremental). UARC Exit code for the entire backup job. INCR (differential incremental). The restore_notify.82 Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts Parameter schedname schedtype Description Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog.cmd NetBackup calls the parent_start_notify. Update the script using the following parameters. One of the following: FULL. The stream number for a parent job is always -1. Table 2-13 Parameter clientname policyname schedname schedtype parent_start_notify parameters Description Name of the client from the NetBackup catalog. CINC (cumulative incremental). The script is called regardless of whether data is sent.cmd script runs on the server that contains the storage unit. Schedule name from the NetBackup catalog.

cmd script runs on the master server. or restore You can alter this script to gather information about user requests to NetBackup. It is called at the end of a backup session if at least one scheduled backup has succeeded. userreq_notify. session_start_notify.cmd script runs on the master server. manual_backup. When a set of backups is due to run. verify.Reference topics NetBackup notify scripts 83 Table 2-14 Parameter programname pathname operation restore_notify parameters Description Name of the program doing the restore or other read operation.cmd The session_start_notify. list Defines the client name. NetBackup calls this script to do any site-specific processing before it starts the first backup. Path to the backup name or path. restore. Table 2-15 Parameter action userreq_notify parameters Description Defines the action and can have the following values: backup.cmd script runs on the master server. import For example: restore_notify.cmd The session_notify. NetBackup calls it each time a request is made to: ■ ■ List files that are in backups or archives Start a backup. archive.cmd The userreq_notify. One of the following: restore. NetBackup passes no parameters to this script.cmd bptm bilbo_0695316589 duplication session_notify. clientname . archive. Scheduling is suspended until this script completes. so no other backups can start until that time. NetBackup passes the following parameters to this script. duplication. NetBackup passes no parameters to this script.

84 Reference topics Media and device management best practices Parameter userid Description Defines the user ID.conf and bp. http://entsupport. Use the documented methods for terminating the NetBackup Media Manager daemons and services. server platforms.symantec. you can minimize problems. When you restore the NetBackup catalog (for example. Periodically verify your backups using NetBackup Management > Catalog in the NetBackup Administration Console. Following these best practices should save you time.cmd restore mercury jdoe userreq_notify.conf (UNIX system) files on your media servers. and the latest device mapping file.cmd list mercury jdoe Media and device management best practices The following are best practices for NetBackup media and device management. Always back up the NetBackup catalogs. Also. master server databases and the EMM database). periodically restore files to prove that restores work correctly.cmd backup mercury jdoe userreq_notify.com. Those files contain configuration settings. For a list of supported devices. Many of these practices also reduce the time and effort that are required to administer your configuration.cmd manual_backup mercury jdoe userreq_notify. For example: userreq_notif.cmd archive mercury jdoe userreq_notify. The release notes also contain information about all new functionality in each release. Refer to the NetBackup release notes to see if the methods you use are eliminated in the current release or eliminated in future releases. see the NetBackup support web site. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . use backups from the same point in time. General practices The following are general best practices for media and device management: ■ Use only Symentec documented and Symentec supported options for NetBackup commands. You may also want to back up the vm. If you follow these recommendations.

Although NetBackup can handle a port that is not empty. A common convention is a prefix that identifies the type of media. Before performing inject or eject commands.Reference topics Media and device management best practices 85 ■ Ensure that all names and numbers for devices and all media IDs and barcodes are unique across the entire enterprise. Replace old cleaning media also. Use only robots. Do not use the robotic test utilities while running backup or restore jobs. tape drives and tape drivers. Use barcode rules for media type assignment when you inventory multimedia libraries. Use robotic libraries that have a barcode reader and use only barcode labels that the robot vendor recommends. and use TapeAlert for automatic drive cleaning if the drives support automatic cleaning. and server platforms and hardware that are tested and supported by Symatec. ■ . For supported devices. Read the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide before configuring devices on media servers (or SAN media servers). Replace old media according to the life-span recommendations of the manufacturer. Monitor devices by using the NetBackup Device Monitor. ■ ■ ■ ■ Device management The following are device management best practices: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Monitor the NetBackup system log for device errors encountered. Use a scratch pool for unassigned media. Use barcode naming conventions to differentiate between data and cleaning tapes and different physical media types. Configure cleaning cartridges for your tape drives. To use devices with other applications and NetBackup controls those devices. see the NetBackup hardware compatibility list on the NetBackup support site. some libraries may have problems. you must down the drive if the drive is in the UP state. ensure that the media access port is empty. Investigate the causes of all drives that are down. ■ Media management The following are media management best practices: ■ ■ ■ Use the robot inventory update operation for media management.

consult the vendor for firmware upgrades and consult the NetBackup hardware compatibility list for supported firmware levels.conf file). ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Performance and troubleshooting The following are performance and troubleshooting best practices: ■ Use the performance-tuning documents available on the NetBackup support Web page. A fully-serialized SCSI library should report a serial number for the robot and also a serial number for each drive in the robot. Use consistent logical drive types for all physical drive types on all servers in your environment. Download and install the latest device mapping file from the NetBackup support web site before you use the Device Configuration wizard.86 Reference topics Media and device management best practices ■ Use only fully-serialized devices. The default Microsoft medium-changer driver is acceptable (but is not required) for use with NetBackup. Plan periodic maintenance periods for all of your backup servers. Do not disable the operating system TCP_NODELAY functionality. use SCSI reserve. when you install operating system release updates. When possible. Consult the Troubleshooter in the NetBackup Administration Console or the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for all error conditions. the Solaris st. Use persistent bindings for fibre-attached devices. Verify all SCSI-related operating system configuration files (for example. Always configure and use pass-through paths for robotic libraries and drives. Use only a dedicated server for the NetBackup master server and Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) server. Do not use a server that hosts other applications or stores data. Always install the latest NetBackup release updates that are available from Symantec. For example. For problems with devices. Use the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard to configure your devices. Do not use the NetBackup DISABLE_RESOURCES_BUSY touch file. use dlt as the logical drive type for all DLT7000 drives. Do not load vendor medium-changer drivers on Microsoft Windows hosts.

For more information. the TapeAlert firmware monitors the drive hardware and the media. and informational states are logged on a TapeAlert log page. Requirements for using TapeAlert To use TapeAlert. NetBackup writes TapeAlert conditions into: ■ ■ ■ ■ The bptm log The error log The job details log The system log on UNIX and Event Viewer on Windows For more information. Refer to the device’s documentation for the list of codes that are supported by the device. and the need to clean drives. No additional configuration is needed. ■ The drive must support the TapeAlert capability. and the TapeAlert must be enabled on the drive. see the Symantec support site. ■ ■ ■ TapeAlert log codes TapeAlert codes are derived from the T10 SCSI-3 Stream Commands standard. all of the following conditions must be true. The TapeAlert utility can detect tape quality problems. or SharedDisk. To clean drives using TapeAlert. TapeAlert checks for errors of the following types: ■ ■ ■ Recoverable read and write drive problems Unrecoverable read and write drive problems Hardware defects . The cleaning tape has not reached its end of life. Using TapeAlert TapeAlert is a tape drive status monitor and message utility. Passthru device files must be configured on UNIX media servers. also see “Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert)” on page 91. To determine if a drive supports TapeAlert. Error. defects in tape drive hardware. OpenStorage. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. a cleaning tape is configured and available in NetBackup for the robotic library.Reference topics Using TapeAlert 87 ■ See the NetBackup Shared Storage Guide before you install and configure the NetBackup Shared Storage Option. For the tape drives that support TapeAlert. warning.

MECH.CRT TapeAlert code Default action 0x01 0x02 0x03 0x04 0x05 0x06 0x07 0x08 0x09 0x0a None None None Freeze media .CRT 0x0f 0x10 0x11 0x12 Freeze media .CRT Warning . MECH.FRZ Critical . Table 2-16 on page 88 describes the TapeAlert codes. Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes Error type Warning .WRN Critical .FRZ Freeze media .CRT Critical .WRN Warning . CARTRIDGE FAILURE UNREC.FRZ Freeze media .FRZ 0x0e Freeze media .WRN Warning .WRN Warning .CRT Informational INFO Informational INFO Informational INFO Critical . CARTRIDGE FAILURE MIC FAILURE FORCED EJECT READ ONLY DIRECTORY CORRUPTED ON LOAD 0x0d Freeze media .FRZ Freeze media ..CRT Critical .WRN Critical .WRN Warning .FRZ None None None Warning .88 Reference topics Using TapeAlert ■ ■ ■ Wrong or worn-out media Expired cleaning tapes Abnormal errors A set of TapeAlert conditions are defined that can cause the media in use to be frozen.WRN Critical .FRZ Freeze media . An additional set of conditions are defined that can cause a drive to be downed.CRT Warning .FRZ None None Error message READ WARNING WRITE WARNING HARD ERROR MEDIA READ FAILURE WRITE FAILURE MEDIA LIFE NOT DATA GRADE WRITE PROTECT NO REMOVAL 0x0b None CLEANING MEDIA 0x0c None UNSUPPORTED FORMAT REC.WRN .

WRN Warning .CLN Freeze media .DOWN Down drive .WRN Critical .DOWN None None None None None None None None None Warning .FRZ Critical .FRZ Error message NEARING MEDIA LIFE 0x14 0x15 0x16 Clean drive .CRT Critical .CRT TapeAlert code Default action 0x13 Freeze media . UNDEFINED 0x17 Freeze media .FRZ CLEAN NOW CLEAN PERIODIC EXPIRED CLEANING MEDIA INVALID CLEANING TAPE RETENSION REQUESTED DUAL-PORT ERROR COOLING FAN FAILURE POWER SUPPLY FAILURE POWER CONSUMPTION DRIVE MAINTENANCE HARDWARE A HARDWARE B INTERFACE EJECT MEDIA DOWNLOAD FAIL DRIVE HUMIDITY DRIVE TEMPERATURE DRIVE VOLTAGE PREDICTIVE FAILURE DIAGNOSTICS REQ.CRT Warning .WRN Warning .WRN 0x1c None Warning .WRN Warning .CRT Warning .CRT 0x18 None Warning .WRN Critical .WRN Warning .CRT Warning .WRN Informational INFO .0x31 None Down drive .WRN 0x1b None Warning .Reference topics Using TapeAlert 89 Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes (continued) Error type Informational INFO Critical .CLN Clean drive .WRN 0x1d 0x1e 0x1f 0x20 0x21 0x22 0x23 0x24 0x25 0x26 0x27 0x28 .CRT Warning .WRN Critical .WRN Critical .WRN 0x19 0x1a None None Warning .

WRN Warning .FRZ Freeze media .CRT Critical .CRT 0x39 None Critical . UNLOAD FAILURE AUTOMATION INTERFACE FAILURE FIRMWARE FAILURE WORM MEDIUM INTEGRITY CHECK FAILED WORM MEDIUM OVERWRITE ATTEMPTED UNDEFINED 0x34 Freeze media .WRN 0x3c Freeze media .WRN Warning .FRZ Warning .CRT 0x35 Freeze media .CRT 0x3a 0x3b None Freeze media . Library-based cleaning Frequency-based cleaning Operator-initiated cleaning ■ ■ ■ .WRN TapeAlert code Default action 0x32 0x33 None Freeze media .FRZ Critical .90 Reference topics Drive cleaning overview Table 2-16 TapeAlert log codes (continued) Error type Warning .FRZ Freeze media .0x40 None Informational INFO Drive cleaning overview The following types of drive cleaning are available using NetBackup: ■ Reactive cleaning Symantec recommends that you use reactive cleaning.WRN 0x3d .CRT Critical .FRZ Error message LOST STATISTICS DIRECTORY INVALID ON UNLOAD SYSTEM AREA WRITE FAILURE SYSTEM AREA READ FAILURE NO START OF DATA LOADING FAILURE UNREC.FRZ Critical .FRZ Warning .CRT 0x36 0x37 0x38 Freeze media .FRZ Critical .

you can configure and use frequency-based cleaning. The drive determines and initiates the cleaning when needed.Reference topics Drive cleaning overview 91 Reactive cleaning (TapeAlert) Reactive cleaning (also known as on-demand cleaning or TapeAlert cleaning) using TapeAlert is a function of the tape drive. Symantec recommends that you use reactive cleaning. drives. For more information. Not all platforms. For more information. see “Requirements for using TapeAlert” on page 87. In addition. TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning Using TapeAlert with frequency-based cleaning ensures that a drive is cleaned at least every x hours. . If bptm detects that either of these flags is set. TapeAlert allows reactive cleaning for most drive types. depending on the setting for the cleaning frequency. the drives sets a CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flag when a threshold is reached. For the drives that do not support TapeAlert. When you use TapeAlert without frequency-based cleaning. TapeAlert cleaning A drive with TapeAlert capability tracks how many read and write errors it has encountered within a certain time period. or firmware levels support this type of reactive cleaning. Although a drive can recover from these errors. a drive is cleaned only when the drive sets its CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flags. Library-based cleaning NetBackup does not support library-based cleaning (also known as robotic cleaning or auto cleaning) for most robots because robotic library and operating systems vendors have implemented this cleaning in different ways. it performs a cleaning at one of the following times: ■ ■ At the end of a backup or a restore to the drive. Before the next backup or restore to the drive. robots. if the CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC TapeAlert flags are set by the drive. the drive may be cleaned sooner. the NetBackup bptm process polls the drive for status from TapeAlert. see “Frequency-based cleaning” on page 92 and “TapeAlert and frequency-based cleaning” on page 91. If a drive supports the TapeAlert capability and it is enabled on the drive. These different methods often interfere with NetBackup robotic control operations.

A cleaning can occur within a backup if the backup spans tapes. To manage drive cleaning for these robots. The cleaning frequency is configured when you add a drive to NetBackup. NetBackup updates the mount time for the drive each time a tape is unmounted. NetBackup cleans the drive immediately after a tape is unmounted. A cleaning tape is configured and available for the robotic library. Frequency-based cleaning limitations The following applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. For example. Frequency-based cleaning Frequency-based cleaning occurs when the accumulated mount time exceeds the time you specify for the cleaning frequency. and the robotic library manages the cleaning media. drive cleaning occurs when the accumulated mount time exceeds the time you specified for cleaning frequency: ■ ■ ■ The drive is in a robotic library that supports drive cleaning. Because TapeAlert provides the same type of cleaning as library-based cleaning. The cleaning tape has cleanings that remain. NetBackup cleans the drive before it mounts the next tape. Media can remain in a drive for extended periods. Frequency-based cleaning is not supported for drives in ACS or TLH libraries that are under API robotic control. use the robot vendor interfaces. Symantec recommends that you disable library-based cleaning when using TapeAlert. It does not affect cleaning frequency because NetBackup increments the mount time only when NetBackup assignes the media to a process.92 Reference topics Drive cleaning overview NetBackup does not define cleaning media that is used for library-based cleaning. The mount time is reset after the drive is cleaned. The cleaning frequency value remains the same. If the following conditions are met. The robotic library software controls the drive cleaning. Drive cleaning never causes an unmount in the middle of an active backup. You can also change the cleaning frequency by changing the drive properties or by using the Media and Device Management Device Monitor. . if cleaning is due after the first tape is full.

If you use a cleaning tape past its recommended life. and either of the following conditions are true: ■ ■ NetBackup displays NEEDS CLEANING as follows: ■ ■ Using a cleaning tape Note: NetBackup does not control the cleaning tapes that library-based cleaning uses. When the number of cleanings is zero. You can use a new cleaning tape or increase the number of cleanings that are allowed for the tape. You can specify the number of cleanings that are allowed for a cleaning tape. A volume group is a logical grouping that identifies a set of volumes that reside at the same physical location. The comment field of the output from the tpclean -L command. Volume pool and volume group overview A volume pool is used to identify a logical set of volumes by usage. Volume groups are convenient for updating a . The drive is a stand-alone drive and a cleaning tape is not defined. The drive is a stand-alone drive and no cleaning tape has any cleanings that remain. The Tape Cleaning Comment column of the Drive List in the Devices node of the NetBackup Administration Console. NetBackup reports that a drive needs cleaning if either of the following conditions are true: ■ ■ The value for the mount time is greater than the cleaning frequency. Symantec suggests that you follow the recommendations from cleaning tape vendors for the amount of tape usage. NetBackup stops using the cleaning tape. cleaning delays may occur (due to excessive tape position operations) and drives may be downed. This number is decremented with each cleaning. You can clean stand-alone drives or robotic drives if a cleaning tape of the correct media type and residence for the drive was added to NetBackup.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 93 Operator-initiated cleaning You can initiate a drive cleaning regardless of the cleaning frequency or accumulated mount time of the drive. The TapeAlert CLEAN_NOW or CLEAN_PERIODIC flag is set.

The only way to clear a volume group name is to move the volume to stand-alone and not specify a volume group. All volumes in a robotic library must belong to a volume group. a media type and its corresponding cleaning media type are allowed in the same volume group (such as DLT and DLT_CLN). you must create a volume pool before you can add volumes to it. NetBackup. You can create volume pools for applications or other reasons. Operations include moves between a robotic library and a stand-alone location or deletetions from NetBackup. You cannot add volumes to a robotic library without specifying a group or having Media Manager generate a name for the group. Rules for assigning volume groups The following are the rules for assigning volume groups: ■ All volumes in a group must be the same media type. NetBackup. You specify volume pools and volume groups when you add volumes to NetBackup.94 Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview configuration when you move volumes (for example. Volume pools The volume pool concept is relevant only for NetBackup storage units and does not apply to disk storage units. and as you add volumes. from robotic to stand-alone). ■ ■ . However. you also must move it logically (a logical move means to change the volume attributes to show the new location). CatalogBackup. such as the robot in which it resides. Volume groups are convenient for tracking the location of volumes. associate them with the appropriate pool. and DataStore. Volume groups let you perform operations on a set of volumes by specifying the group name rather than each individual media ID of each volume. NetBackup creates volume pools named None. By default. With the exception of the CatalogBackup. You can also move unassigned volumes to a different pool. and DataStore volume pools. If you move a volume physically. Volumes pools protect volumes from access by unauthorized applications. such as the case when a volume is moved off-site. Volume groups Volume groups show the location of a volume.

For example. All volumes in a group must be in the same robotic library or be stand-alone. ■ Volume pool and volume group example Figure 2-3 on page 95 shows an example with one volume pool (named NB_pool) and several volume groups. All volumes. In this example. volumes can be moved between the groups in the robotic library and any groups that are off-site. remain in the same pool. standalone1. you cannot add a group (or part of a group) to a robotic library if it already exists in another robotic library. In this example. That is. however. The volumes in a pool can be in more than one physical location and in more than one volume group. Figure 2-3 Volume pool with multiple volume groups Standalone Robotic Group 1 Group 2 NB_pool Off-site 1 Group 3 Group 4 Off-site 2 In Figure 2-4 on page 96.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 95 ■ More than one volume group can share the same location. . the volumes in the pool NB_pool_dept_1 are spread among the rob_A. These groups also have volumes from more than one pool (though the volumes in each group must all be the same type). Note that the data is stored on separate volumes by assigning different volume pools. members of the same volume pools are in different volume groups. and off-site volume groups. a robotic library can contain volumes from more than one volume group and you can have more than one stand-alone volume group.

so Media Manager attempts to assign one from NB_pool_dept_1 in Robot C. NetBackup moves volumes from that scratch pool to other pools that have do not have volumes available. see “Scratch volume pools” on page 96.96 Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview Figure 2-4 Robot A Group rob_A Volume groups with multiple volume pools Standalone Standalone Group standalone1 Group off-site NB_pool _dept_1 NB_pool _dept_2 Robot B Group rob_B NB_pool _dept_3 You also can configure a scratch pool from which NetBackup can transfer volumes when a volume pool has no media available. If a scratch pool is configured. Scratch volume pools The scratch pool is an optional volume pool that you can configure. The three robots contain volumes from that pool in addition to those from other pools. Robot C has no unassigned volumes available in the NB_pool_dept_1 pool. For more information. Scratch pool example In Figure 2-5 on page 97. Assume the following sequence of events: ■ NetBackup requires a DLT volume. the scratch pool is named Scratch_pool. ■ .

Media Manager returns expired media to the scratch volume pool automatically (media that is returned must have been originally in the same scratch pool).TL8 Group rob_A Scratch_pool Robot B . Media Manager does not move assigned volumes to other pools as it does with unassigned volumes. If a volume is available. all requests for those volumes are denied. these volumes remain in the scratch pool. For example if a NetBackup policy or schedule specifies the scratch pool. Scratch pool example Robot C .DLT Group rob_C NB_pool_dept_1 Figure 2-5 Robot A . Otherwise.Reference topics Volume pool and volume group overview 97 ■ NetBackup searches the scratch pool for an unassigned DLT volume in Robot C. NetBackup moves it to NB_pool_dept_1. ■ ■ . NetBackup logs a media unavailable status. NetBackup does not assign volumes while they are in a scratch pool.TL8 Group rob_B NB_pool_dept_2 Scratch pool usage The following list contains important notes about scratch pool usage: ■ If the scratch pool contains assigned volumes.

A robot inventory update can determine which volumes are in a robot. The results associate the slot number and the barcode with the media in that slot. NetBackup is able to assign media IDs according to the criteria that you specify. it scans the media for barcodes and saves the results. The robot stores the correct barcode in memory or verifies a previously saved barcode. However. NetBackup moves volumes to the other pools as they are needed. consider the following: ■ Barcodes usually appear on the labels that you attach to the outside of tape volumes. but do not add any volumes to the pools. and NetBackup does not support barcodes for optical disk libraries (ODL robots). Barcode overview When a robotic library has a barcode reader. NetBackup obtains barcode and slot information from the robotic library. When you add new media to a robot. Increased performance. degrading performance. Barcodes are not generally used on optical disks. ■ . if a tape does not have a barcode. Barcode advantages NetBackup functions well whether or not barcodes are used. More accurate tracking of volume location. Not using barcodes can adversely affect performance for some robots. Define a scratch pool and add all of your volumes to it. the robot retries the scan multiple times. A robot that reads barcodes performs a scan each time it moves a tape. However. Symantec suggests that you use media with barcodes in the robots that can read barcodes. do the following: a b Create volume pools as required. The maximum barcode length that NetBackup supports depends on the type of robot.98 Reference topics Barcode overview ■ To have Media Manager manage the allocation of your volumes to your volume pools. ■ ■ Barcode best practices When you select barcodes for your volumes. Barcodes offer the following advantages: ■ Automatic media ID assignment.

In NetBackup. For API robots. the robot or NetBackup may not read them correctly. ■ . NetBackup verifies that the media type in the rule is compatible with the media type you specified for the update. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Barcode rules A barcode rule specifies criteria for assigning attributes to new robotic volumes. Use barcodes without spaces (at the beginning. or between any characters). NetBackup actions for barcodes When a robot inventory update operation uses NetBackup barcode rules and a new barcode is detected in the robot: ■ NetBackup searches the list of rules (from first to last) for a rule that matches the new barcode. the barcode for a volume must be identical to the NetBackup media ID. always follow the robotic library vendor’s recommendations. Volumes in an API robot have a real or a logical barcode. See the robot vendor’s documentation to determine the requirements for a specific robot type. You can match barcodes to media IDs by getting custom labels in the same series as your media IDs. to match a set of media IDs from AA0000 to ZZ9999. NetBackup assigns these attributes using the barcode for the volume that the robotic library provides and your barcode rules. you should assign specific characters in the barcode to different media types using media ID generation rules. TLH. you should use barcodes to differentiate between data tapes and cleaning tapes or to differentiate between volume pools. get barcode labels in that series. and TLM robots. Barcodes can represent any combination of alpha and numeric characters. Otherwise. When a robotic library can contain more than one media type. Also. at the end.Reference topics Barcode overview 99 ■ When you purchase barcode labels for use with NetBackup. The barcode rules are stored on the EMM server . This volume identifier is the volume serial number in ACS. but different robots support different lengths of barcodes. Ensure that the barcodes have the correct number of characters. If a rule matches the barcode tag. you choose whether to use barcode rules when you set up the robot inventory update operation. For example. This volume identifier is used as the NetBackup media ID.

Checking barcodes In the robots that have barcode readers. Rules are sorted first according to the number of characters in the barcode tag and then by the order you add them. the operator manually assigns the drive to the request. Note: NetBackup does not use barcode rules if a volume already uses a barcode. maximum number of mounts (or number of cleanings). NetBackup: ■ May assign the request a pending status (for media-specific jobs such as a restore) May use another volume (for backup or duplicate jobs) May fail the job (cold catalog backup jobs) ■ ■ If a requested volume is not in a robot. If the volume is unlabeled and not associated with a robot. and description. The attributes include the media type. NetBackup assigns the attributes in the rule to the volume. Table 2-17 Barcode tag 0080 DLT Example barcode rules Media type 8MM DLT Volume pool b_pool d_pool Max mounts / cleanings 55 200 Description new 008 volumes dlt backup . volume pool. If the barcode on the volume does not match the barcode in the EMM database. and resubmit the request. a pending request message appears in the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor. update the volume configuration to reflect the correct location for the media. Move the volume into the robot. the automatic volume recognition daemon reads the label and the drive is assigned to the request. which are always located at the end of the list. ■ If the volume is labeled (tape or optical platter). The operator must then find the volume and do one of the following: ■ Check the Device Monitor to find a suitable drive and mount the requested volume in that drive. NetBackup verifies the barcode to ensure that the robot loads the correct volume. Example barcode rules The following table shows some example barcode rules. Two exceptions are the <NONE> and <DEFAULT> rules.100 Reference topics Barcode overview ■ If the media types match.

Assume that you select the following media settings (update options) for the update operation for a new 8-mm volume in a TL8 robot: Media Type = 8MM Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Use Barcode Rules = YES Volume Pool = DEFAULT If a new volume in this robotic library has a barcode of TL800001.Reference topics Barcode overview 101 Table 2-17 Barcode tag CLD CLT TL8 TL <NONE> <DEFAULT> Example barcode rules (continued) Media type DLT_CLN 8MM_CLN 8MM 8MM DEFAULT DEFAULT Volume pool None None t_pool None None NetBackup Max mounts / cleanings 30 20 0 0 0 0 Description dlt cleaning 8-mm cleaning 8-mm backup 8-mm no pool no barcode other barcodes Refer to the previous table for example barcode rules for the following examples. NetBackup uses the rule with the barcode tag of TL and assigns the following attributes for the volume: Media ID = 000001 (last six characters of barcode) Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Volume Pool = None Max Mounts = 0 (no maximum) . NetBackup uses the rule with the barcode tag of TL8 and assigns the following attributes for the volume: Media ID = 800001 (last six characters of barcode) Volume Group = 00_000_TL8 Volume Pool = t_pool Max Mounts = 0 (no maximum) If a new volume has a barcode of TL000001.

you can control how NetBackup creates media IDs by specifying which characters of a barcode are used in the media ID.102 Reference topics Controlling hardware compression Media ID generation rules Note: To use media ID generation rules. In this example. NetBackup uses the last six characters of the barcode to generate its media IDs. You can define rules to specific robots and for each barcode format that has different numbers of characters in the barcode. the same media ID for the two barcodes would be created (0006L1) . create a file named install_path\NetBackup\Volmgr\NO_COMPRESSION. You can define multipe rules to accommodate your robots and the barcode lengths. If this file exists.conf). For example. “Decommissioning a media server” on page 104. The default method uses the last six characters of the barcode the robot provides to generate the media ID. the serial number of the new device is different than the old device. You also can specify that alphanumeric characters are to be inserted into the ID. Using media ID generation rules allows you to override the default media ID naming method NetBackup uses. In a rule. If you do not specify any media ID generation rules. To disable compression. NetBackup also . Media ID generation rules are saved in the Media Manager configuration file (vm. NetBackup recognizes the change and updates the EMM database without restarting ltid. Changing your hardware configuration The following are advanced topics for changing an existing NetBackup configuration: ■ ■ “Replacing devices” on page 102. NetBackup disables hardware compression for all tape drives that it uses. two eight-character barcodes are S00006L1 and 000006L1. Replacing devices If you replace an existing device in your configuration. Controlling hardware compression NetBackup tries to turn on hardware compression on all tape drives that support compression. Multiple rules allow flexibility for the robots that support multiple media types. the robot must support barcodes and the robot cannot be an API robot.

configure the new drive by using the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard. rediscovery.0. Therefore. devices retain their serial numbers. In upgrades from NetBackup environments earlier than 6. For devices on NetBackup 5. “To swap a shared serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a shared drive” on page 104 ■ ■ Disable runtime serial number checks by using the AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION vm. For more information.0 and later. select Up Drive. In the Device Monitor. Alternatively. Replace the drive or physically update the firmware for the drive. In such cases: ■ Update the serial number or reconfigure the device so that the new serial number to be stored in the EMM database. you must restart ltid before NetBackup recognizes the new device. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. From the Actions menu. and possibly a reboot of the operating system. select Down Drive. In NetBackup 6.Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration 103 recognizes device firmware upgrades. 2 3 . Integrity checks occur when ltid performs automatic path correction or when the run-time Plug-n-Play code (Windows only) performs serial number checks. In the Device Monitor. To swap a serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a single host 1 Down the drive. a change to a serial number formatting algorithm may affect a small number of tape drives and robotic libraries.conf option. If you replace a drive with a drive of a different type or replace a serialized drive with an unserialized drive. select the new drive. Up the drive. If you replace the drive. The drive must first be recognized by the operating system of each server.x hosts. specify the same SCSI ID for the new drive as the old drive. a device may be unusable (such as the tape drive may be downed). From the Actions menu. If so. Device configuration may require remapping. For procedures. NetBackup integrity checks that query the device serial number and compare it with the serial number in the database may fail. select the drive to swap or update. see ■ “To swap a serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a single host” on page 103 For a shared drive. down the drive using the vmoprcmd command with the -downbyname drive_name option. Those devices may be configured as unserialized or configured with a different serial number.

contact Symantec Consulting for help with this task. specify the same SCSI ID for the new drive as the old drive. Replace the drive or physically update the firmware for the drive. Alternatively. This command scans for new hardware and produce a report that shows the new and the replaced hardware. if the media is no longer usable or valid. you must move that media to a new NetBackup media server. From the Actions menu. If you replace the drive. select Down Drive. select Up Drive. Up the drive.104 Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration To swap a shared serialized drive or to update drive firmware on a shared drive 1 2 3 Down the drive. From the Actions menu. run the device configuration wizard on the server that is the robot control host. Run tpautoconf with the -replace_drive drive_name -path path_name options or -replace_robot robot_number -path robot_path options. Note: If you use NetBackup Vault and plan to decomission a media server. If the new device is a robot. If the new device is an unserialized drive. Use the following procedure to decommission a server (the old_server) and move its media to a new media server (the new_server). The tpautoconf command reads the serial number from the new hardware device and then updates the EMM database. Ensure that all servers that share the new hardware are up and that all NetBackup services are active. To produce a list of new and missing hardware. 4 5 6 7 Decommissioning a media server This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. In the Device Monitor. If any devices attached to the media server contain NetBackup media. run the device configuration wizard on all servers that share the drive. run tpautoconf -report_disc on one of the reconfigured servers. select the new drive. you must delete it from the NetBackup configuration. If you do not do the following and a subsequent restore requires media that is associated with the old media . In the Device Monitor. You must perform several steps to decommission a media server and remove it from a NetBackup configuration. select the drive to swap or update.

Use the NetBackup Administration Console to create the appropriate NetBackup storage units. Select each robot that is attached to the old_server. Verify that the operating systems on the new media servers recognize the robots. 5 6 7 b c . The command allows restores from the media that are associated with the old_server to occur from a new_server. Run the bpmedia command for each tape that has active images as identified in step 1. you must import the media. You can use the NetBackup Device Configuration wizard. and then connect them to the new media servers. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to delete all storage units that use the robots that are associated with the old_server. do the following: a Power down the affected servers. bpmedialist -mlist -l -h old_server 2 Select another server or the master server (new_server) to manage the tapes from the old_server. highlight all of the tapes.Reference topics Changing your hardware configuration 105 server. and move them to stand-alone. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to add the robots and drives to those media servers. The command replaces the old_server with the new_server in the EMM database and updates the images database on the master server. Importing media consumes more time than performing the following procedure. bpmedia -movedb -ev media_ID -oldserver old_server -newserver new_server 3 Add the following command to the end of the bp.conf file on the master server. Use the NetBackup Administration Console to delete the drives and then the robots from the old_server. FORCE_RESTORE_MEDIA_SERVER = old_server new_server 4 Use the NetBackup Administration Console to move the tapes that are in the robots that are attached to the old_server to non-robotic status (stand-alone). To decommission a media server 1 Run the bpmedialist command to determine which tapes on the old_server contain NetBackup images that have not expired. disconnect the robots from the old servers. The -l option produces one line of output per tape. If any robots from the old_server are reused on other media servers.

Remove all reference to the old_server in the bp. Run nbemmcmd -listhosts to verify that all references have been removed. The EMM server (nbemm) manages the drives and requests for locally-attached or shared drives in the EMM domain by doing the following: ■ Determines which of the drives are currently available. if applicable. These policies must be changed to point to any other defined storage units in the NetBackup configuration or to Any Available.conf files (UNIX only) and vm. The mount request is forwarded to the appropriate robotic daemon (UNIX) or process (Windows) based on the location of the media. The drive is in the robotic library that contains the media. the NetBackup Resource Broker (nbrb) queries the EMM database for the media ID of the volume requested. 8 Modify any policies that explicitly specified any of the storage units on the old_server. A drive must meet the following criteria to be selected for the mount request. When a robotic mount request is issued. 9 10 Use the nbemmcmd command to remove the host aliases and host names that reference the old_server. If the volume is in the EMM database. How NetBackup selects drives NetBackup stores media information and device configuration and status information in the EMM database. ■ ■ ■ The drive is configured.conf files on the NetBackup master server and all NetBackup media servers. the media request is matched with a compatible drive in the robot. as appropriate. Compatible with the media type . Location is the robotic library and the storage slot number.106 Reference topics How NetBackup selects drives d Use the NetBackup Administration Console to inventory the robots that are attached to the new_server. 11 Update the server list on all clients to no longer refer to the old_server. Restart the NetBackup daemons (or services) on any system that was updated. The drive allows the requested media density. A drive is available if it is: ■ ■ ■ Configured as UP Not assigned. The inventory updates the location of all tapes in these robots.

NetBackup can resolve NetBackup drive reservation conflicts and maintain high drive availability. and it is the default tape drive reservation method in NetBackup. (Shared Storage Option is a multiple-initiator environment.3. ■ Picks an available drive that was used least recently.4. Therefore. device-level access protection is required to avoid unintended sharing of tape devices and possible data loss problems. Alternatively. NetBackup selects the robotic-based drives over stand-alone drives unless the corrrect media already is loaded in a stand-alone drive. All tape drive vendors support the SPC-2 SCSI reserve method.) Access protection on a tape drive prevents an HBA that is not the reservation owner from issuing commands to control the drive. the new SCSI persistent reserve method may be more effective in either of the following environments because it provides device status detection and correction: ■ You operate NetBackup media servers in a cluster environment. and so on. (SPC-2 SCSI reserve provides no method for drive status detection.) ■ However. The following applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. NetBackup can recover and use a reserved drive after a failover (if NetBackup owns the reservation). If some of the drives are shared drives. SPC-2 SCSI reserve is effective for most NetBackup environments. NetBackup chooses a shared drive first so the shared drives can be used on other hosts that share the drives. a drive reset usually is required because the reservation owner is inoperative. SCSI access protection operates at the SCSI target level and depends on correct operation of the fibre-to-SCSI bridge or the native fibre device hardware. Shared drives require the Shared Storage Option.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 107 ■ Not reserved by another host (NetBackup Enterprise Server only). The first drive in the drive configuration is used first. (With SPC-2 SCSI reserve. the SCSI persistent reserve method is not supported or not supported correctly by all device vendors. you should thoroughly analyze your . NetBackup chooses a nonshared drive first (if one is available). You can see the drive order in the configuration by using the tpconfig -d command.) You want very high drive availability. How NetBackup reserves drives In multiple-initiator (multiple host bus adapter) environments. The only commonly available technique for this purpose is SPC-2 SCSI reserve and release functionality. then the second drive. NetBackup has used SPC-2 SCSI reserve since NetBackup 3.

The protection setting configures tape drive access protection for all tape drive paths from the media server on which the setting is configured.3 (SPC-3) standard. SCSI persistent reserve process The NetBackup process that reads from or writes to the media in a drive (bptm) issues SCSI persistent reserve commands to do the following: ■ Register with the tape drive’s device server (the server is a logical unit within a drive that processes SCSI tasks) Request an exclusive access reservation ■ If the tape drive’s device server grants the reservation. NetBackup fails the job. . The command removes both the reservation and the registration.108 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives environment to ensure that all of your hardware supports SCSI persistent reserve correctly. You can override the media server setting for any drive path. ■ ■ You can configure access protection for each NetBackup media server. No protection. If the reservation fails. SPC-2 SCSI reserve. Other HBAs can send the commands that may cause a loss of data to the tape drives. SCSI persistent reserve also provides device status detection. The devices must conform to the reserve and release management method in the SCSI Primary Commands . the NetBackup process has exclusive use of the device. NetBackup unloads the drive and sends a persistent reserve clear command to the drive. The following are the protection options: ■ SCSI persistent reserve. The reservation prevents other host bus adapters (HBAs) from issuing any commands that can cause data loss. SCSI reservations provide protection for NetBackup Shared Storage Option environments or any other multiple-initiator environment in which drives are shared. When the NetBackup process is finished with the drive. NetBackup lets you configure either SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve. The devices must conform to the SCSI Primary Commands .) This option provides SPC-2 SCSI reserve protection for SCSI devices. This option provides SCSI persistent reserve protection for SCSI devices.2 standard. (The default option. which NetBackup uses to resolve reservation conflicts within NetBackup. SCSI access protection is used on tape drives only.

In cluster environments after a failover event. Also. the device fails the command by returning a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT. Therefore. A device stays reserved until one of the following occurs on the device: ■ ■ ■ Released by the HBA that reserved it. other HBAs can clear or release an SCSI persistent reservation. SCSI persistent reserve commands When a device receives an exclusive access type SCSI persistent reservation command. For example. NetBackup attempts to resolve conflicts with other NetBackup reservations. it does not process commands from any other HBA until the HBA that owns the SCSI persistent reservation clears the reservation. NetBackup sends SCSI commands to unload the drive. NetBackup on the active cluster node detects the persistent reservation and clears the reservation. if a user on the same host issues a UNIX mt command. . If NetBackup does not own the persistent reservation. The reservation owner must clear the reservation before NetBackup can use the drive. NetBackup tries to unload the drive again by using additional information to release or preempt the persistent reservation. If a conflict exists. (The process can be bptm.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 109 The reservation does not prevent other applications on the host that has the reservation from using the same device and from causing data loss. Based on the drive status. the mt command may take control of the drive.) If the device is not reserved. SPC-2 SCSI reserve process The NetBackup process issues an SPC-2 SCSI reserve command to the tape drive that contains the media. NetBackup does not clear a NetApp persistent reservation. The only exceptions to this action are several commands that cannot interfere with the reservation. Therefore. an application can clear another HBAs reservation (although it should not do so). Power cycled (usually). such as Inquiry or Request Sense. NetBackup acquires a reservation. If an application sends a command to a reserved device. NetBackup reports a pending status in the Device Monitor. Preempted by an SCSI persistent reserve command. SCSI persistent reserve conflicts NetBackup uses unique reservation keys. For example. or bpbackupdb. bprecover. NetBackup regains use of the drive without power-cycling the drive.

A device stays reserved until one of the following occurs on the device: ■ ■ Released by the HBA that reserved it. if a user on the same host issues a UNIX mt command. it does not process commands from any other HBA until the HBA that owns the reservation issues the release command. These resets may be issued from any HBA. the mt command may take control of the drive. Only the reservation owner (the host bus adapter) can release the reservation. However. which means the system must be available. the reservation must be broken. The reservation does not prevent other applications on the host that has the reservation from using the same device and from causing data loss. SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands When a device receives an SCSI reserve command. To break a reservation. Released by a TARGET or a LOGICAL UNIT RESET. NetBackup fails the job. PLOGO. these limitations do not interfere with NetBackup operations in most environments. SCSI reserve does not provide a method to determine if a device is reserved. or TPRLO action or failed discovery (link actions). PRLO. A device that an HBA reserves stays reserved until the reservation is removed or broken. ■ ■ A negative consequence of SPC-2 SCSI reserve occurs if the HBA that owns the reservation fails. Released by fibre channel LOGO. For example. The release frees the device for access by another HBA. Only the original HBA can remove the reservation. The only exceptions to this action are several commands that cannot interfere with the reservation. If the reservation fails. the device must be reset by any of the following: ■ ■ SCSI reset Bus device reset . If an application sends a command to a reserved device. it issues an SPC-2 SCSI command to release the reservation during the unmount operation. the device fails the command by returning a status of RESERVATION CONFLICT. PRLI. Therefore. it cannot remove the reservation. Power cycled. These resets are protocol dependent and differ between parallel SCSI and FCP (SCSI on fibre channel). If the HBA that owns the reservation fails.110 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives The drive does not process commands from any other host bus adapters (HBAs) until NetBackup releases the reservation or the reservation is broken. After the NetBackup process has finished with the media. such as Inquiry or Request Sense.

The SCSI release command returns tape devices to general availability after a system crash. Alternatively. use the -h option of the command to specify the DA host. the following message is written to the log: Reservation Conflict status cleared from DRIVENAME (device NUMBER) Forcing a release To force a release of an unavailable HBA’s SPC-2 reservation. A properly configured NetBackup environment and properly configured tape devices should not receive a reservation conflict message from a tape drive. If avrd gets a reservation conflict message. . If the HBA that reserves the drive is unavailable (for example. You must force a release or break the reservation to make the drive available. The DA host is also the EMM server. NetBackup cannot release or break an SPC-2 SCSI reservation automatically. a reservation problem may exist. If a conflict occurs. due to a system crash or hardware failure). SCSI reservation conflicts The NetBackup Automatic Volume Recognition process (avrd) manages access to tape devices. When the conflict is resolved. it cannot release the reservation. avrd changes the status of the device to PEND and writes the following message in the system log: Reservation Conflict status from DRIVENAME (device NUMBER) Also. it issues an SPC-2 SCSI release to all configured. Issue the vmoprcmd command on the host that is the device allocator (DA host). even for a failover server in a cluster environment. you can use the following NetBackup vmoprcmd command and option: vmoprcmd -crawlreleasebyname drive_name This option requests that all hosts that are registered to use the drive issue SPC-2 SCSI release commands to the drive. See the SCSI 2 standard for a detailed description of SCSI reserve command operation and behavior. SPC-2 SCSI reserve commands are mandatory for all SCSI-2 and SCSI-3 devices. When avrd starts. The command releases all devices that were SPC-2 reserved at the time of a system reboot or crash.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 111 ■ ■ ■ LUN device reset Power cycle Fibre channel link actions may break reservations. nondisabled tape drive paths that are currently in the Up state. the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor or the output from the vmoprcmd command shows PEND in the Control column.

However. if the following operating system commands cannot break the reservation. See the st(1m) man page for more information. SCSI reserve requirements and limitations The following are the requirements to use SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve: .112 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives Caution: You can use this command after a PEND status has been displayed in the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor. A device reset breaks a reservation. Lastly. Breaking a reservation If you cannot release an SPC-2 SCSI reservation. You should first try alternate methods to break the reservation on a device (using switch and bridge hardware). To break an SPC-2 reservation on AIX ◆ Issue tctl -f drive_path_name reset. For more information about using the vmoprcmd command. see NetBackup Commands for UNIX and Linux or NetBackup Commands for Windows. Caution: The reset operation may reset other devices in your configuration. The procedure depends on the operating system type. A power cycle breaks SPC-2 SCSI drive reservations (and usually breaks SCSI persistent drive reservations). To break an SPC-2 reservation on HP-UX ◆ Issue st -f drive_path_name -r. you can power-cycle the drive. you can try to use an operating system command that forces a device reset. Loss of data is also possible. See the mt(1) man page for more information. Issue mt -f drive_path_name release. do not issue this command during backups. See the tctl man page (in the IBM AIX Commands Reference) for more information. To break an SPC-2 reservation on Solaris 1 2 Issue mt -f drive_path_name forcereserve.

conf file. Third-party copy configurations must be configured correctly. you must disable the operating system's use of SPC-2 SCSI reserve. You cannot use SPC-2 SCSI reserve if the following are true: the failover does not break the device reservations and those devices that were in use during the failover must be available without manual intervention.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 113 ■ There must be passthru driver access to all shared drives. For procedures. On HP-UX systems. You can use SCSI persistent reserve. Depending on your tape drives. backups and restores fail. see “Enabling SPC-2 SCSI reserve” in the “Hewlett-Packard HP-UX” chapter of the NetBackup Device Configuration Guides. You must configure the operating systems on the NetBackup media servers so they allow NetBackup to control SCSI persistent reserve or SPC-2 SCSI reserve. you cannot use SPC-2 SCSI reserve or SCSI persistent reserve in NetBackup. With SPC-2 SCSI reserve. The passthru driver must be installed and all required paths must be created. you may have to disable the operating system’s use of SPC-2 SCSI reserve. If you cannot disable dynamic path sharing. AIX and Solaris may require such a change. To retain reservation of a tape device during a third-party copy backup. see the NetBackup Snapshot Client Administrator's Guide. see the appropriate operating system chapter of the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. Therefore. Do not use SCSI persistent reserve on the drive paths that are used for third-party copy backups. For instruction. For information about how to configure and use the passthru driver for UNIX operating systems. ■ ■ ■ . For more information. jobs fail in cluster environments or any multipath environments that share paths dynamically. you must configure the NetBackup mover. devices may remain reserved after a failover in cluster environments or multipath environments with failover capability. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide . ■ ■ ■ The NetBackup implementation of SCSI persistent reserve and SPC-2 reserve has the following limitations: ■ SCSI persistent reserve and SPC-2 reserve do not apply to NDMP drives. The NDMP filer is responsible for providing exclusive device access. HP Tru64 is a system that uses dynamic path sharing. If a drive path changes.

the following occurs: ■ ■ ■ The tape is frozen. External event caused rewind during write. you should use the NetBackup tpreq command or Down the drive before you use the drive. The following error message entry is written to the bptm log: FREEZING media id xxxxxx. PEND appears in the Device Monitor if another application controls the tape drive. You should examine the bptm log on all NetBackup media servers to ensure that the SCSI operations are logged. Server operating system limitations This topic applies to Tru64 and Windows servers. .conf configuration file to filter out these extraneous reports. incorrect paths. These operating systems also may report PEND if the drive reports Busy when a volume is unmounted. the following may cause data loss: any third-party or operating system utilities that run on the server that runs the NetBackup backup job. If the actual position is less than the expected position at the end of the backup process. multiple master servers. Checking for data loss To detect data loss. the bptm process reads the tape position and then verifies the actual position against the expected position. SCSI reservation commands are labelled SCSI PERSISTENT RESERVE or SCSI RESERVE in the log. In addition. You can use the AVRD_PEND_DELAY entry in the vm. If access protection is enabled on all NetBackup media servers.114 Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives SCSI reservation logging The bptm process logs SCSI reservation-related commands. If you use other applications. the following may cause data loss: configuration errors. Therefore. incorrect Shared Storage Option configurations. The backup fails. Tru64 and Windows operating systems cannot distinguish between a reserved device and a busy device. NetBackup cannot share tape devices with other applications. and third-party or operating system utilities. information about the SCSI persistent reservations that are broken are also written to the NetBackup Problems report. all data on media is lost Possible data loss causes If tape drive access protection is not enabled on your NetBackup media servers.

such as in the /kernel/drv/st.conf file on a Solaris system. If so. the following occurs: ■ ■ ■ The tape is frozen. For information about tape driver configuration. and you can override the global setting for any drive path. Common configuration problems You must identify and fix the source of the configuration problem that causes data loss. data loss cannot be prevented only recognized after the fact. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. You must use the bpexpdate command to expire the images for the lost backup sessions.Reference topics How NetBackup reserves drives 115 Unfortunately. To override the media server protection setting: use the NetBackup Administration Console to set the drive path property Override SCSI reserve settings when you add a drive or change a drive’s properties. . the bptm process reads the tape position and then verifies the actual position against the expected position. check tape/driver block size configuration The backup data may be usable. The most common configuration error is a failure to configure the driver for variable length blocks. you can import the image using the NetBackup bpimport command so the data is available for restores. You can configure the protection for each media server. If a configuration problem causes the actual position to be greater than the expected position at the end of the backup process. The following error message entry is placed in the bptm log: FREEZING media id xxxxxx. Configuring SCSI reserve The SCSI reserve protection setting configures tape drive access protection for all tape drives from the media server on which the setting is configured. too many data blocks written. A less common error may be in the tape driver's configuration data. To configure SCSI reserve protection on a media server: use the NetBackup Administration Console to set the media server host property Enable SCSI Reserve on the Media tab. The backup fails. NetBackup does not remove catalog information about the backup sessions that were lost. Checking for tape and driver configuration errors To detect data loss.

device density. NetBackup issues the commands that move the volume to a drive. NetBackup automatically mounts and assigns it. or tpreq). NetBackup does not search by retention level. and the file name that is used to link to the device that is assigned. it searches the EMM database for the media ID. If a suitable volume is not in a robot or a stand-alone drive. Not currently in use by another backup or a restore. it checks the media catalog for any volume that is suitable. NetBackup does one of the following: ■ ■ ■ Pends a mount request if the request is media-specific (restore. and assign it to the request. If a suitable volume is found. The external media ID should correspond to the NetBackup media ID. Of the same density that is required by the requested backup andin the robot that is requested by the backup. If the volume is in a protected format. No manual intervention is required. if the NetBackup Media host property Allow multiple retentions per media is specified for the server. . However. FROZEN. No manual intervention is required. A request for a volume includes the media ID. If a suitable volume is not in a robot but is in a stand-alone drive. NetBackup detects tape format after the volume is mounted. position the heads to the beginning of the volume. ■ If NetBackup cannot find a mounted volume that satisfies all of the previous conditions. NetBackup unmounts the volume and resumes the search.116 Reference topics How NetBackup selects media How NetBackup selects media How NetBackup selects media depends on whether the media is in a robot or a stand-alone drive. or SUSPENDED state. IMPORTED. Selecting media in robots When NetBackup receives a request for a volume. ■ If a suitable volume is in a robot. NetBackup uses it. Not in a FULL. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Not written in a protected format. import. NetBackup selects a volume in a robot in the following order: ■ NetBackup searches the media catalog for a volume that is already mounted in a drive and meets the following criteria: ■ Configured to contain backups at the retention level that the backup schedule requires. In the volume pool that is required by the backup.

the backup terminates abnormally and the operation is retried according to the NetBackup Global Attributes host property. NetBackup uses another volume to start the next fragment and the resulting backup is composed of fragments on different volumes. Is not currently assigned (not already allocated to NetBackup). Has not exceeded the maximum number of mounts allowed. NetBackup does not span media if Allow backups to span media is not specified. In this case. Schedule backup attempts. a new volume is assigned. NetBackup may assign a new volume even if a volume is not full (because NetBackup received an EOM message from the drive). ■ Selecting media in stand-alone drives The following subsections explain media selection and other aspects of stand-alone drive operations. Resides on the requested host. The new volume must meet all of the following criteria: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Is the correct media type. ■ If more than one volume qualifies. Is located in the requested robotic peripheral (if applicable). Is not expired (if an expiration date is defined in NetBackup). as follows: ■ NetBackup spans media if the NetBackup Media host property Allow backups to span media is specified for the server. the backup terminates with an error message that no media was available. If there are no unassigned volumes of the requested type. . automatic media selection depends on whether NetBackup is configured to allow backups to span media. Is in the correct volume pool. Is for the correct robot type (if applicable). NetBackup then adds it to the media catalog and assigns it the specified retention level. ■ Spanning media After an end of media (EOM) is reached. ■ If the media catalog does not have a suitable volume or if a suitable volume is at end of media (EOM). NetBackup chooses the volume that was least recently used. In this case.Reference topics How NetBackup selects media 117 ■ Attempts to to use another volume (for backup jobs where any other media can be used).

■ ■ If the unused media is not labeled. If an appropriate drive contains a volume. Enable standalone drive extensions. NetBackup tries to select and use that volume. If a media ID is added. Disabling stand-alone drive extensions You can disable the stand-alone drive extensions by clearing the NetBackup media server host property. which eliminates the need to assign the drive manually. The Device Monitor shows the mount request.118 Reference topics How NetBackup selects media Media selection using stand-alone drive extensions With NetBackup stand-alone drive extensions. For example. if the NetBackup Media host property Allow multiple retentions per media is specified for the server. FROZEN. NetBackup does not require a specific retention level. the NetBackup Media ID prefix (non-robotic) is used as the first characters of the media ID. and an operator must manually insert the volume and assign it to a drive. NetBackup tries to use any labeled or any unlabeled media that is in a stand-alone drive. or SUSPENDED. . NetBackup adds the requested volume pool to the volume configuration (if the backup policy specifies a volume pool). NetBackup uses media that was not used previously. You can specify the -u parameter ito force assignment of a specific drive index. Contain backups at the retention level and be in the same volume pool as the backup that requires a volume. However. if necessary. the following actions occur: ■ ■ NetBackup labels the media. If a media ID prefix is not specified. This capability is enabled by default during installation. the default prefix is the letter A. If you clear this property. NetBackup selects a volume as explained in “How NetBackup selects media” on page 116. NetBackup uses the same method to select media for stand-alone drives as it uses for robotic drives. you can label it by using the bplabel command. NetBackup adds a media ID to the volume configuration. ■ A volume that has been used previously for backups must meet the following criteria: ■ ■ Not be FULL. If the media is unlabeled. A00000. The media selection process is as follows: ■ If a backup is requested and an appropriate stand-alone drive does not contain a volume.

The wait period is helpful when a gravity feed tape stacker takes a long time to load the next media in the drive. Keeping stand-alone drives in the ready state To leave stand-alone drives in a ready condition after a backup or restore completes. (A gravity feed tape stacker is not controlled by software.Reference topics How NetBackup selects media 119 Spanning media Media selection after an end of media (EOM) condition depends on whether NetBackup is configured to allow backups to span media. NetBackup selects another volume to begin the next fragment. as follows: ■ NetBackup spans media if the media server host property.) To direct NetBackup to wait. NetBackup does not eject the tape after an operation completes. NetBackup checks the EMM database for a volume that is the correct media type. This property specifies the number of seconds NetBackup waits to use a volume that is loaded in a compatible drive before looking for another drive. The backup terminates abnormally when the end of media is reached. The Media request delay property is effective only when stand-alone drive extensions are enabled. If a suitable unassigned volume is unavailable. One standalone drive may be ready and contain suitable media. The operation is rescheduled according to the master server host property Schedule backup attempts. When NetBackup spans media and an EOM is encountered on a stand-alone drive. the media is ejected if the drive needs to be used with another media or the media needs to be used with another drive. NetBackup also waits to generate a pending mount request during tape span operations. is specified for the server. Allow backups to span media. ■ ■ NetBackup does not span media if Allow backups to span media is not specified. you can direct NetBackup to wait until a volume is loaded in a compatible stand-alone drive. The media is still ejected if EOM is reached or an error is encountered. specify the Media request delay media server host property. use the nbemmcmd command to enable the -do_not_eject_standalone option. and so on. NetBackup attempts to use an unassigned volume rather than one that already has images on it. ■ After an EOM condition. Also. in the correct volume pool. NetBackup then does not search for other media or generate a pending mount request. and the resulting backup has data fragments on more than one volume. NetBackup selects a volume. . See the NetBackup Commands for Windows for detailed information on the nbemmcmd command.

which is used for position validation. NetBackup does not write empty backup headers (EH). the format for the backups that are not multiplexed is as follows: MH * BH Image * BH Image * BH Image * EH * When you add a new backup image. The following symbols are used in the media format descriptions in the following subsections. One for each job that is part of the set of jobs being multiplexed Data from the backup. a new EH is written for future positioning validation.. the tape is positioned to the EH and the position is verified. BHn Description Media Header (1024 bytes). NetBackup positions to the end of data (EOD) and then starts the next backup. When complete. Symbol MH * BH BH1 . Backup Headers (1024 bytes). Backup Header (1024 bytes). QIC/WORM tape format This format is used for quarter-inch cartridge (QIC) and WORM media. Tape mark. Image EH Standard tape format For all tape media except quarter-inch cartridge (QIC) and WORM. . it terminates the tape with two tape marks and does not write an EH. The format is as follows: MH * BH Image * BH Image * BH Image * To append backup images to QIC media. Unlike the standard tape format.. The format for tape and optical media differs slightly because of characteristics of the media.120 Reference topics Media formats Media formats NetBackup writes media in a format that allows the position to be verified before appending new backups. When NetBackup encounters the end of media during a write. Empty Backup Header. The EH is overwritten by a BH and the backup proceeds.

By default. The following is an example: MH * BH Image (frag 1)* BH Image (frag 2)* BH Image (frag n) * EH * Fragmentation is intended primarily for storing large backup images on a disk type storage unit. find operations and verify a position operations are a fast. the format is as follows: MH BH Image EH BH Image EH BH Image EH Optical disk media have no tape marks to delimit backups. Each block also contains 512 bytes that are reserved for multiplexing control information and to identify the backup to which the block corresponds. Exception: checkpoint and restart backups resume from the last checkpoint fragment. Because optical disks can seek to a random position. NetBackup writes a tape mark and starts multiplexing the revised set of jobs. the media format is similar to the standard tape format. BHn Image. the entire backup is discarded and the backup restarts from the beginning. The following is an example: MH * BH1 BH2 BH3 Image* BH2 BH3 Image* BH2 BH3 BH4 Image. The difference is that NetBackup breaks the backup image into fragments of the size that you specify when you configure the storage unit.Reference topics Media formats 121 Optical media format For optical media. the data image is in 64-kilobyte blocks.... Multiplexing format The tape format for multiplexed backups is as follows: MH * BH1 . Storage Migrator has to retrieve only the fragment that has the files.. The following are some benefits of image fragmentation: ■ For multiplexed backups. Storage Migrator does not have to retrieve the entire 500 MBs. . if a 500-MB backup is stored in 100-MB fragments. The data on an optical disk is recorded in successive sectors. When a job ends or a new job is added to the multiplexing set. . Fragmented backups For fragmented backups. It does not restart from the fragment where the error occurred. faster restores because NetBackup can advance to the specific fragment before starting its search for a file. Faster restores from any backup images that NetBackup Storage Migrator migrated. For example. ■ Note: If an error occurs in a backup.

Table 2-18 Command acsd Starting services and processes Description The Automated Cartridge System robotic process. This process is started by ltid.122 Reference topics Media Manager commands Spanning tapes By default. * EH * Media Manager commands See the NetBackup Commands for Windows for detailed information about the commands shown in the following tables. *BHn Image (frag 1) * * The following is the second tape format: MH * BHn Image (frag2)* . The format is the same as described for fragmented backups.. and terminates the tape with two tape marks): MH * . This process is started by ltid. Note: Services should be started and stopped using the Services tool available in Administrative Tools in the Windows control panel. These commands are located in install_path\VERITAS\Volmgr\bin.. Starting ltid also starts the robotic. avrd The Automatic Volume Recognition process. robotic control. ltid tl4d . some services will occupy that NetBackup Console session until they are stopped.. Note Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. The Tape Library 4MM robotic process. If they are started from the command line.. Media Manager volume. The first fragment on the next tape begins with the buffer of data where the end of media occurred. This process is started by ltid. The following is the first tape format (NetBackup does not write an EH. Starts the NetBackup Device Manager service. NetBackup spans a backup image to another tape if it encounters the end of media during a backup. and automatic volume recognition daemons.

Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. This process is started by ltid. and robotic-control services. Starts the Tape Library DLT robotic-control process. The NetBackup Status Collection service. tlmd The Tape Library Multimedia process.x servers are present in the configuration. Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. This process is started by ltid. Note tldcd -t tl8cd -t . This process is started by ltid. vmd The NetBackup Volume Manager service. This process is started by ltid. vmscd is started by nbemm on the same host as the EMM server if one or more NetBackup 5. The Tape Library DLT robotic process. vmscd Table 2-19 Command stopltid Stopping services and processes Description Stops the device. Stops the Tape Library 8MM robotic-control process. robotic. This process is started by ltid. Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. This process is started by ltid. Stops the Tape Library DLT robotic-control process. The Tape Library 8MM robotic process. Note tl8d tldcd tldd tlhcd tlhd The Tape Library Half-inch robotic process. This process is started by ltid. This process is started by ltid.Reference topics Media Manager commands 123 Table 2-18 Command tl8cd Starting services and processes (continued) Description Starts the Tape Library 8MM robotic-control process. Starts the Tape Library Half-inch robotic-control process.

Device discovery provides data that correlates the devices that are interconnected across multiple hosts or multiple host bus adapters on the same host. the device is not discovered. otherwise. Note Applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. Device serialization Device serialization is a firmware feature that allows device identification and configuration. If both a robotic library and a drive fully support serialization. NetBackup determines device relationships by comparing serial numbers from multiple sources that refer to the same device. and so on). . A unique serial number identifies a device. If a device supports serialization. Most robots and drives support device serialization. the following actions occur when the Device Configuration Wizard queries the devices. Detection depends on physical attachment (SCSI. Device discovery is an exploratory method used to determine which peripheral devices a host can detect. device state (on and responding or off and not responding). Fibre. NetBackup can determine the drive's position (or address) in the robotic library. ■ Each robot and each drive returns a unique serial number. Discovery sends SCSI commands through operating system device files (on UNIX) or APIs (on Windows) that support SCSI pass through. and host-based system device-layer configuration. For information about configuring the devices in your operating systems. Device discovery overview NetBackup discovers devices and configures them automatically on all supported operating system server platforms (except NetWare servers) and for supported peripherals. A pass-through path to a device must exist. see the NetBackup Device Configuration Guide. The goal of device discovery is to provide information to enable fully or partially automatic configuration of peripherals for use with NetBackup.124 Reference topics Device discovery overview Table 2-19 Command tlhcd -t Stopping services and processes (continued) Description Stops the Tape Library Half-inch robotic-control process.

TLM. If a device does not support serialization. NetBackup is based on a static configuration of devices. The greater the number of drives and robots in your configuration that do not support serialization. Even with the proper firmware. ask the vendor for the new firmware that returns serial numbers. make sure that you follow the maximum configuration limits that they allow. If you know that your devices do not support serialization. Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP) and FC-AL (loop) connections. The wizard uses the information to determine the correct drive number for each drive in the robot. These configurations are persistent for robotic libraries and tape or optical drives in the NetBackup Enterprise Media Manager (EMM) database. NetBackup uses the information to construct your configuration. The robot returns the number of drives and the serial number for each of the drives in the robot. the wizard issues an additional command. SCSI-based tape drives. the greater the chance of configuration problems using the Device Configuration Wizard. some devices require the vendor to perform another action to enable serialization for the device. and stackers). Native parallel SCSI. The EMM database contains the primary attribute information that the following NetBackup components need to use devices: ■ ■ ■ ■ The NetBackup Administration Console used on the master server Device configuration wizards that are used on the master server The tpconfig command that is used locally on each media server An internal API . autoloaders. SCSI over IP (reported). NDMP devices that run NDMP version 3 or later.Reference topics Device discovery overview 125 ■ For any robots in the configuration. ■ ■ ■ Device discovery in NetBackup This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. and TLH robots. Devices that can be discovered NetBackup can discovery the following types of devices: ■ ■ ■ SCSI-based robotic libraries (such as changers. ACS.

Automated discovery detects differences between the actual device configuration and the device configuration that is defined in the EMM database. storage units. However. You can use the Device Configuration wizard after initial configuration. the wizard configures it. NetBackup can be configured to run an automated form of device discovery during ltid startup (which is the default behavior for Windows). For a list of hosts to be discovered. robotic libraries. The EMM server contains information for all media servers that share devices in a multiple server configuration. If the devices are fully serialized. NetBackup polls locally-attached non-shared tape drives on the hosts where they are configured when they are in the UP state and are not in use.126 Reference topics Device discovery overview The EMM database also contains the discovered device attributes that are required for device correlation and for validation of consistency in the configuration. ensure that no jobs are active when you start the Device Configuration wizard. drive path. you can use the Device Configuration wizard again. When the device manager ltid starts up. Command line interfaces are available to obtain run-time (shared memory) information and static device configuration information. Device discovery and shared tape drives This topic is a NetBackup Enterprise Server topic. If the device configuration changes or if it needs to be verified. Therefore. The EMM database ensures consistency between drives. NetBackup then can reconcile those differences. you do not have to move devices. media. The NetBackup scheduling components use the EMM database information to select the server. The wizard changes the device configuration as needed on all hosts on which device discovery was requested. You can drag and drop devices between specific addresses in a robotic library and the group of stand-alone (non-robotic) drives. Device discovery in the Device Configuration Wizard The NetBackup Device Configuration Wizard uses device discovery. the wizard issues device discovery queries to all the hosts and correlates the data returned. and media for jobs. Socket protocols are used between components across multiple hosts. it reads device information from the EMM database into a shared memory segment. Components on the same host communicate by using shared memory IPC or socket protocols. and volume pools across multiple servers. only the scan host polls drives until a mount request is received . ltid cannot be stopped and restarted while NetBackup activity is in progress. ltid is stopped and restarted to activate the latest device configuration. For shared tape drives.

During a mount request. To add and configure those devices. However. NetBackup uses the host that requests the mount to poll the shared drive. automated device path correction when the ltid device manager starts is limited. you can use Media and Device Management in the NetBackup Administration Console or the tpconfig command. Polling a shared tape drive allows dynamic loop switching and reduces the number of device accesses and reduces CPU time. (A scan host is the host from which the automatic volume recognition process (avrd) scans unassigned drives. You can use the NetBackup robtest utility to mount tapes and validate the configuration. For the devices that NetBackup cannot discovered or that do not have serial numbers. some details of a device configuration cannot be validated without attempting tape mounts. it cannot detect connectivity breaks (for example. Each tape drive can potentially have its own scan host that switches dynamically to process errors and continue availability.Reference topics Device discovery overview 127 from NetBackup. The arbitrating component also provides a network drive reservation system so that multiple NetBackup media servers can share a drive. NetBackup supports some devices that cannot be discovered automatically. NetBackup also supports some devices that require user intervention during the discovery process. Adding devices without discovery Symantec recommends that you use device discovery and the Device Configuration Wizard to add storage devices to NetBackup and to update the NetBackup device configuration. . A central device arbitrating component manages scan host assignments for shared drives. discontinuity in the Fibre Channel fabric) until I/O occurs. Each tape drive needs to be detected only from a single host. However. However.) This design enables NetBackup to support Dynamic Loop Switching or SAN zones. Viewing and verifying the device configuration You can view your device configuration by using one of the following device configuration interfaces available in NetBackup: ■ ■ ■ Media and Device Management in the NetBackup Administration Console Menu-based device configuration interface (tpconfig on UNIX) Command line interface for device configuration (tpconfig -d command) You can verify your device configuration by running the Device Configuration wizard.

128 Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

Device mapping file
NetBackup uses a file to determine which protocols and settings to use to
communicate with storage devices.
In some cases, you can add support for new or upgraded devices without waiting
for a release updates from Symantec. For information about how to update this
file, see the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide, Volume I.

Related topics

Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses
If your tape drives do not support device serialization, you may have to determine which device file, logical device name, or SCSI address matches the physical drive. For shared drives, see the NetBackup Shared Storage Guide for more information. (NetBackup Enterprise Server only.)

Correlating devices and device files on UNIX hosts
Correlate device files to physical drives when you create the device files for each drive. The NetBackup Device Configuration Guide provides guidance to help you create device files. The following is a general procedure: To correlate device files 1 Determine the physical location of each drive within the robotic library. The location usually is shown on the connectors to the drives or in the vendor’s documentation. Physically connect the drives to SCSI adapters in your host. Record the adapter and SCSI addresses to which you connected each drive. Create device files for each drive; use the SCSI addresses of the drives and adapters. Add the device file using your notes from step 3 to complete the correlation between device files and physical drive location. Configure the robot in NetBackup and then add the drives. When you add the drives, verify that you assign the correct drive address (for example, robot drive number) to each device path.

2 3 4

5

Optionally, use the appropriate NetBackup robotic test utility to verify the configuration. For information about the robotic test utilities, see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide.

Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

129

After you create device files and configure NetBackup, you can verify the
configuration.
To verify the configuration (UNIX)
1 2 Stop the NetBackup device daemon (ltid).
Start ltid, which starts the Automatic Volume Recognition daemon (avrd). You must stop and restart ltid to ensure that the current device configuration has been activated. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If robotic control is not local to this host, also start the remote robotic control daemon. Use the robotic test utility to mount a tape on a drive. Use the NetBackup Administration Console Device Monitor to verify that the tape was mounted on the correct robot drive.

3 4

Verify configuration example For example, assume a TLD robot includes three drives and the operating system includes the following device paths:
■ ■ ■

Drive 1: /dev/rmt/0cbn Drive 2: /dev/rmt/1cbn Drive 3: /dev/rmt/3cbn

Also assume that in step 3 in “To verify the configuration (UNIX),” you requested that the tape be mounted on drive 1. If the device path for the drive is configured correctly, the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on drive 1. If the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on a different drive, the device path for that drive is not configured correctly. For example, if the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on Drive 2, the device path for drive 1 is incorrect. Replace the drive 1 device path (/dev/rmt/0cbn) with the correct device path (/dev/rmt/1cbn) for drive 2. You may need to use a temporary device path while making these changes. You also know that the device path for drive 2 is incorrect. Possibly, the device paths were swapped during configuration. Use the robotic test utility to unload and unmount the tape from drive 1. Repeat the test for each drive. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If the path to the drive where the tape is mounted is not on the host with direct robotic control, you may have to unload the drive with a command from another host or from the drive’s front panel.

130 Reference topics
Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses

Correlating devices and names on Windows hosts
Use the following procedure to match the logical device name with the drives: To correlate SCSI addresses 1 2 Note the SCSI target of the drive. Correlate the SCSI target to the drive address by using the robot’s interface panel. Alternatively, examine the indicators on the rear panel of the tape drive. Determine the physical drive address (for example, number) by checking labels on the robot. Configure the robot in NetBackup and then add the drives. When you add the drives, nsure that you assign the correct drive address to each set of SCSI coordinates.

3 4

Optionally, use the appropriate NetBackup robotic test utility to verify the configuration. For information about the robotic test utilities, see the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide. To verify the configuration (Windows) 1 2 Stop the NetBackup Device Manager (ltid). Restart ltid, which starts the Automatic Volume Recognition process (avrd). You must stop and restart ltid to ensure that the current device configuration has been activated. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server. If robotic control is not local to this host, also start the remote robotic control daemon. Use the robotic test utility to mount a tape on a drive. Use the NetBackup Device Monitor to verify that the tape was mounted on the correct robot drive.

3 4

Verify configuration example For example, assume a TLD robot includes three drives at the following SCSI addresses:
■ ■ ■

Drive 1: 5,0,0,0 Drive 2: 5,0,1,0 Drive 3: 5,0,2,0

Also assume that in step 3 in “To verify the configuration (Windows),” you requested that the tape be mounted on drive 1. If the SCSI coordinates for the

Possibly.0.0.1.0) for drive 2. If the data path to the drive where the tape was mounted is not on the host with direct robotic control. if the Device Monitor shows the tape mounted on drive 2.0. The following point applies only to NetBackup Enterprise Server.0) with the correct SCSI coordinates (5. Replace the drive 1 SCSI coordinates (5. Repeat the test for each drive. the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on drive 1. the SCSI coordinates were swapped during configuration. For example. If the Device Monitor shows that the tape is mounted on a different drive. the SCSI coordinates for drive 1 are incorrect. You also know that the SCSI coordinates for drive 2 are incorrect. . the SCSI coordinates for that drive are not correctly configured. Use the robotic test utility to unload and unmount the tape from drive 1. you may have to unload the drive with a command from another host or from the drive’s front panel.Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses 131 drive are configured correctly.

132 Reference topics Correlating tape drives to device files or addresses .

Chapter 3 UNIX reference topics This chapter contains information that pertains specifically to administering UNIX NetBackup clients or media servers from a Windows NetBackup master server. Most administrative tasks on the UNIX systems can be performed by using the NetBackup administration interface on a Windows NetBackup server or administration client. This chapter includes the following sections: ■ ■ ■ “Cross mount points” on page 134 “Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients” on page 136 “Schedules for user backups or archives” on page 140 .

select Follow NFS. ■ Notes on cross mount points ■ Cross Mount Points has no effect on UNIX raw partitions. This lets you back up a file path such as root (/) without backing up all the file systems that are mounted on it (for example. If the raw partition that is backed up is the root partition and has mount points for other file systems. For example.134 UNIX reference topics Cross mount points Cross mount points The following information applies specifically to UNIX clients. if you specify root (/) as the file path. Back up NFS files if the file path is (or is part of) an NFS mount. Table 3-20 summarizes the behavior of Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS: Table 3-20 Cross mount point behavior Follow NFS Disabled Enabled Disabled Enabled Cross mount points Disabled Disabled Enabled Enabled Resulting behavior No crossing of mount points (default). Disable Cross Mount Points to back up only the files and directories that are in the same file system as the selected file path. Follow the specified path across mount points to back up files and directories (including NFS). to back up all files and directories in the selected path. NetBackup backs up root (/) and all files and directories under it in the tree. other than those available through NFS. the other file systems are not backed up even if you select Cross Mount Points. . Do not use Cross Mount Points in policies where you use the ALL_LOCAL_DRIVES directive in the backup selection list. regardless of the file system. regardless of the file system where they reside. ■ Enable Cross Mount Points. The Cross Mount Points attribute controls whether NetBackup crosses file system boundaries during a backup or archive on UNIX clients or whether NetBackup enters volume mount points during a backup or archive on Windows clients. /usr and /home). Cross local mount points but not NFS mounts. Usually. ■ How cross mount points setting interacts with follow NFS To back up NFS mounted files. this means all the client’s files.

and /home in separate partitions on disk d1. assume the client disks are partitioned as shown. In addition. /(root) /usr d1 /home /home/njr /net /net/freddie /net/freddie/home NFS Disks on Local System d2 d3 Disk on Remote System Here. In this case. The following backup selection list backs up only /usr and individual files under /: /usr /individual_files_under_root . disk d3 contains a directory named /net/freddie/home that is NFS-mounted on /net/freddie. including those under /home/njr and /net/freddie/home.UNIX reference topics Cross mount points 135 Cross mount point examples The next two examples illustrate the cross mount point concepts. To prevent the policy from backing up everything. It does not back up /home/njr or /net/freddie/home. the client has /. leave / out of the list and separately list the files and directories you want to include. NetBackup backs up all the files and directories in the tree. NetBackup considers only the directories and files that are in the same file system as the backup selection list entry it process. In these examples. Example 2 Assume that you select Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS and include only / in the backup selection list. Example 1 Assume that you clear Cross Mount Points and Follow NFS and have the following entries in the backup selection list: / /usr /home In this case. /usr. Another file system named /home/njr exists on disk d2 and is mounted on /home.

Creating an exclude list on a UNIX client If a /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list file exists on a UNIX client. Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives. NetBackup uses the contents of the file as a list of patterns. The following types of files appear in an exclude list: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ *. you create the exclude and include lists in the following files on the client: /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list The following topics explain the rules for creating these lists on UNIX clients. NetBackup skips the files during automatic full and incremental backups. UnixWare) . On UNIX clients. Solaris. SGI. /usr/tmp Man pages Software that you can restore from original installation tapes Automounted directories CD-ROM file systems NetBackup automatically excludes the following file system types: ■ ■ ■ ■ mntfs (Solaris) proc (all UNIX platforms) cdrom (all UNIX platforms) cachefs (AIX.136 UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives.o files core files a.out files Files that begin or end with ~ (backups for editors) Files and directories under /tmp.

NetBackup must wait for a timeout before proceeding. Do not include extra spaces unless they are part of the file name. if you want to exclude a file named /home/testfile (with no extra space character at the end) and your exclude list entry is /home/testfile (with an extra space character at the end) NetBackup cannot find the file until you delete the extra space from the end of the file name. ■ If all files are excluded in the backup selections list. Spaces are considered legal characters. Syntax rules The following syntax rules apply to exclude lists: ■ ■ ■ Blank lines or lines that being with a pound sign (#) are ignored. NetBackup normally interprets a backslash literally because a backslash is a legal character to use in pathnames.UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients 137 Note: Veritas suggests that you always specify automounted directories and CD-ROM file systems in the exclude list. For example. precede each bracket with a backslash as in /home/abc/fun\[ny\]name ■ Note: A backslash (\) acts as an escape character only when it precedes a special or a wildcard character. assume the brackets in the following are to be used literally: /home/abc/fun[ny]name In the exclude list. Otherwise. if they are not mounted at the time of a backup. Only one pattern per line is allowed. Files can be excluded by using / or * or by using both symbols together (/*). Check with users before any files are excluded from backups. NetBackup backs up only what is specified by full path names in the include list. The following special or wildcard characters are recognized: [] ? * {} To use special or wildcard characters literally. ■ . precede the character with a backslash (\). For example.

/home/test/). ■ ■ Example of an exclude list In this example. does not match the exclude list entry. /usr/home/doc. the following files and directories are excluded from automatic backups: ■ ■ ■ ■ The file or directory named /home/doe/john. For example: test rather than /test This is equivalent to prefixing the file pattern with a slash: / /*/ /*/*/ /*/*/*/ and so on. To exclude all files with a given name. The directory /home/doe/abc (because the exclude entry ends with /). ■ . If the pattern does not end in / (for example. Do not use patterns with links in the names. regardless of the directory path.138 UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients ■ End a file path with / to exclude only directories with that path name (for example. /home/doc. an exclude list contains the following entries: # this is a comment line /home/doe/john /home/doe/abc/ /home/*/test /*/temp core Given the exclude list example. assume /home is a link to /usr/home and /home/doc is in the exclude list. The file is still backed up in this case because the actual directory path. All files or directories named test that are two levels beneath home. /usr/test). enter the name without a preceding slash. NetBackup excludes both files and directories with that path name. For example. All files or directories named core at any level. All files or directories named temp that are two levels beneath the root directory.

wkstations.wkstations and exclude_list. In this case. The following are two examples of include list names for a policy that is named wkstations that contains a schedule that is named fulls.policyname or . use a . . NetBackup uses a single exclude list—the list that contains the most specific name. For a given backup. To illustrate the use of an include list. Create an exclude_list file with a .fulls NetBackup uses only: exclude_list.wkstations.wkstations. The second file affects backups only when the schedule is named fulls.schedulename suffix.schedulename suffix.wkstations /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list.UNIX reference topics Exclude and include lists on UNIX clients 139 Exclude lists for specific policies or schedules NetBackup allows you to create an exclude list for a specific policy or for a policy and a schedule combination. we use the example from the previous discussion. The exclude list in that example causes NetBackup to omit all files or directories named test from all directories beneath /home/*/test. The same syntax rules apply as for the exclude list.fulls The first file affects all scheduled backups in the policy that is named workstations. The following two file examples use a policy that is named wkstations. add a file named /home/jdoe/test back into the backup by creating an include_list file on the client. create a /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list file. Note: Exclude and include lists do not apply to user backups and archives. Add the following to the include_list file: # this is a comment line /home/jdoe/test To create an include list for a specific policy or policy and schedule combination.workstations /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list. The policy contains a schedule that is named fulls: /usr/openv/netbackup/exclude_list.policyname. /usr/openv/netbackup/include_list.fulls The first file affects all scheduled backups in the policy that is named wkstations.fulls Creating an include list on a UNIX client To add back in a file that is eliminated with the exclude list.policyname or . if there are files named: exclude_list. For example.workstations. The second file affects backups only when the schedule is named fulls.policyname.

add the following options to the /usr/openv/NetBackup/bp.conf file.workstations.workstations.fulls NetBackup uses only include_list. .conf file on the client. Schedules for user backups or archives To have NetBackup use a specific policy and schedule for user backups or archives of a UNIX client.fulls as the include list.workstations include_list.140 UNIX reference topics Schedules for user backups or archives For a given backup. Given the following two files: include_list. NetBackup uses only one include list: the list with the most specific name. ■ ■ ■ ■ BPARCHIVE_POLICY BPARCHIVE_SCHED BPBACKUP_POLICY BPBACKUP_SCHED These options can also be added to a user’s $HOME/bp.

Configuration To configure backups for NetBackup AFS clients. or IBM AIX 4.0 servers.0 or 5.6 or later installed Server and client installation The NetBackup software that is needed to support AFS is automatically installed with the server and client. create separate policies. and use NetBackup to back up AFS file servers. The requirements are the same as for other NetBackup policies.0.x clients that run under 5.3 platforms NetBackup 5. except for the differences that are mentioned here.x or 6. Installation System requirements ■ The AFS file servers that can be NetBackup AFS clients: ■ ■ ■ Solaris 7 and HP-UX 11. AFS continues to be supported with NetBackup 5.1 clients AFS level 3.Chapter 4 Using NetBackup with AFS This chapter explains how to install. . AFS is not supported with 6. (AFS is an acronym for Andrew File System. add an AFS policy to the NetBackup configuration on the master server.) Note: AFS is no longer available from IBM and IBM has ended support for AFS.3.5 clients. configure. To back up the files and directories that are not in AFS volumes.

Note: NetBackup supports the maximum AFS 3.backup copies. Backup selection list directives The following directives can be in the backup selection list in an AFS policy: ■ CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES This directive causes NetBackup to create . Creating . this directive is useful if an automated mechanism is not in place to create . The following example shows both volumes and vice partitions: user.6 volume size of 8 GB.backup volumes before it performs the backup.abc All volumes in vice partition vicepb All volumes in vicepc that begin with user. These systems must have the NetBackup client installed.backup copy of AFS volumes. Backup selections In the backup selection list for the AFS policy. specify the AFS volumes and vice partitions to be backed up.* In this instance. Because NetBackup backs up only the . . NetBackup overwrites it to create a more recent copy. specify the names of the AFS file servers to be backed up.backup volume already exists. Client list In the client list. If a .abc /vicepb /vicepc/user. all the volumes in the partition are backed up one at a time.backup copies also ensures that the backups include the latest changes. NetBackup backs up the following: ■ ■ ■ The volume user.142 Using NetBackup with AFS Configuration General policy attributes Specify AFS as the policy type in the policy’s general attributes. When the list includes a vice partition.

The directive removes . For example: SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES ■ The following rules also apply to the directives: ■ ■ Directives must be all upper case.abc /vicepb Regular expressions NetBackup supports regular expressions in backup selection list entries.Using NetBackup with AFS Configuration 143 Caution: If an automated mechanism is not in place to create . For example: SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES=5 (do not include spaces on either side of the = sign) In this example.backup copies. Add vice partitions without having to change the backup selection list. include the CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES directive in the backup selection list or AFS volumes are not backed up. The different groups allow for concurrent backups or multiplexing. These are useful to perform the following actions: ■ ■ ■ Add or move volumes without having to change the backup selection list. Although directives can be located anywhere in the backup selection list.backup volumes that are created using the CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES directive or created by another mechanism. ■ REMOVE_BACKUP_VOLUMES This directive causes NetBackup to remove . The following examples use regular expressions: user. NetBackup skips volumes ≤ 5 KB. For example: CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES /user. If no number is specified.backup volumes after performing the backup. the size defaults to 2 KB. try to place directives at the top. SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES This directive allows small or empty volumes to be skipped during backups. Split volumes and vice partitions on AFS file servers into groups that can be backed up by separate policies.[a-m]* /vicep[a-c] . Specify any number for the volume size.

All changes or files that were created since the last backup are lost. Volume I. For example. An include list adds volumes to the backup that were specified in the exclude list. Restores are performed on the basis of volumes. For information about manual backups. the administrator must select all the volumes in that partition. Restores The administrator performs all restores on either the NetBackup AFS client or the master server. unattended backups. Manual backup The administrator on the master server can use the NetBackup Administration Console to run manually a backup for an AFS policy. and Restore interface to restore volumes to that . Backups and restores Backups Note: User backups or archives of AFS volumes are not allowed. Restore from the NetBackup for AFS client An administrator on a NetBackup AFS client (AFS file server) can use the NetBackup Backup.144 Using NetBackup with AFS Backups and restores Exclude and include lists Exclude lists can be created on the client to exclude certain specific volumes from automatic backups. the volumes are overwritten. see Chapter 3 of the NetBackup Administrator’s Guide. Caution: If the Overwrite Existing Files option is selected. the include list can add back specific volumes within the range. if a range of volumes is excluded. Automatic backup The most convenient way to back up NetBackup for AFS clients is to configure an AFS policy and set up schedules for automatic. Archive. An exclude list cannot contain vice partitions but it can contain individual volumes within a vice partition. To restore a vice partition.

NetBackup adds an R to the name of the restored volume. Archive.documents1 ■ ■ To specify an existing volume to restore to an alternate path. Archive. In this case. Restore from the NetBackup master server The administrator can use the NetBackup Backup. An administrator can perform a redirected restore as well. For instructions. the vice partition must exist or the restore fails. see the online help in the Backup.documents1 The restored name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/Rngineering. the restore fails. and Restore interface on the master server to restore volumes to the same NetBackup AFS client (AFS file server). (The maximum allowable length for a volume name is 22 characters.Using NetBackup with AFS Troubleshooting 145 client. the first character of the original volume name is replaced with an R.) For example: If the volume name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/engineering. and Restore interface. If Overwrite Existing Files option is not enabled.abc The restored name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/Ruser. enable the Overwrite Existing Files option. ■ Troubleshooting The following sections provide tips and information for troubleshooting problems with NetBackup for AFS. Or.abc If the volume name is 22 characters long. To restore a volume to an alternate vice partition. . See the NetBackup Troubleshooting Guide for UNIX and Windows for overall troubleshooting information. A redirected restore restores a volume to another volume or another vice partition. For example: If the volume name is: /AFS/shark/vicepa/user. to perform a redirected (or server-directed) restore. NetBackup adds a leading R to the name of the restored volume. the entire volume is overwritten. For example: ■ If the volume name is less than 22 characters long. Notes about restores ■ If the administrator does not specify Overwrite Existing Files or an alternate name for the volume.

) If the AFS backup terminates with a status code of 78.) ■ Troubleshooting restores If the restore of an AFS volume fails. (If the cached listvol file was created less than four hours before the backup.conf file on the NetBackup for AFS client. Create a /usr/openv/netbackup/logs/tar debug log directory if a vos restore command failure is indicated.146 Using NetBackup with AFS Troubleshooting Troubleshooting backups To increase the level of detail in the logs: ■ Add the VERBOSE option to the /usr/openv/netbackup/bp. The vos listvol command can demand much from system resources so NetBackup caches the output of the vos listvol command in this file. (afs/dfs command failed) The NetBackup Problems Report provides additional information as to why the command failed. The bpbkar debug log shows the command that was run. Create the following debug log directory on the NetBackup for AFS client: /usr/openv/netbackup/logs/bpbkar If the AFS backup terminates with a status code of 9. (An extension release update is needed. Also. check the restore process log for additional information. the code indicates that NetBackup AFS client software was not properly installed. . the code indicates an AFS vos command failure. examine the /usr/openv/netbackup/listvol file on the NetBackup client for irregularities. retry the operation and check the resulting log to see that the vos restore command was run. Then. Run the vos command manually to attempt to duplicate the problem. NetBackup uses the cached listvol file to obtain the volume list instead of running another vos listvol command.

“Creating IDR media” on page 152 explains how to use the IDR Preparation Wizard to prepare the bootable media that is used to recover data. The IDR wizards help administrators prepare for disaster recovery and recover computers to their state before the disaster. “Supported Windows editions” on page 148 documents the Windows versions that IDR supports. “Updating IDR media” on page 158 explains how and when to update the IDR media so it is always ready when it is needed. It allows administrators to recover Windows computers quickly and efficiently after a disaster.0 and later” on page 148 explains limited supported for IDR in NetBackup 6. “About the DR files” on page 150 introduces the Disaster Recovery files and explains their importance in disaster recovery “Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR” on page 151 explains how to configure the policies that contain the clients that use IDR.Chapter 5 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Intelligent Disaster Recovery (IDR) for Windows is an automated disaster recovery solution.0 and later. “Overview of IDR use” on page 150 explains the main steps that are involved in using the disaster recovery software. “Backing up the protected computer” on page 152 explains that you must back up the computer before you create the bootable media that is used in recovery. This chapter contains the following sections: ■ “Changes for NetBackup 6. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ .

To generate bootable media for supported clients (master server only). If no other problems exist. Backup jobs for NetBackup 6. To protect NetBackup 6.0 clients. You cannot use IDR to protect or recover NetBackup 6. Backup jobs for NetBackup clients earlier than 6. ■ ■ Changes for NetBackup 6.0 release. use the Bare Metal Restore option for NetBackup. and Professional.0 and later servers as follows: ■ ■ To protect NetBackup 5. “IDR frequently asked questions” on page 169 answers questions that are frequently asked about IDR.148 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Changes for NetBackup 6.1 or 5. Small Business Server.x media server to back up the client. The NetBackup server tries to collect IDR information from those clients and is unable to do so.0 return a status of 0 (successful).0 Enterprise Server.0 or later to protect NetBackup 5.0 and later Bare Metal Restore replaces Intelligent Disaster Recovery beginning with the NetBackup 6. the client data is backed up.0 or later clients return a status of 1 (partially successful). Windows XP 32-bit versions. However. Enterprise Edition. the NetBackup master server must be licensed for IDR. you can use Intelligent Disaster Recovery on NetBackup 6.0 or later client computers. Windows 2000 Server. “Notes on recovering specific platforms” on page 167 provides information on data recovery for specific types of platforms. Supported Windows editions IDR lets you protect and recover the following Windows computers: ■ Windows Server 2003 (Standard Edition.0 clients.0 and later clients. If a backup policy is configured to collect IDR information: ■ ■ If you use IDR with NetBackup 6. and Workstation editions with Service Pack 6A or later.0 and later ■ “Recovering your computer” on page 161 explains how to perform disaster recovery. and Web Edition).1 and 5. ■ ■ ■ . Requires a supported NetBackup 5. Advanced Server. Windows NT 4.

Refer to the “Network LAN Adapters” section of the “Hardware Compatibility List” that accompanies the Microsoft Windows software. Symantec ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ . The protected computer must be an Intel computer that runs a supported Windows operating system. For example. Windows NT computers: The IDR Preparation Wizard may detect that the driver on the protected computer is different than the driver on the Windows NT installation CD. see “Supported Windows editions” on page 148.97 GB.0 and later client computers. for 128 MB of RAM. The NetBackup master server that collects the disaster recovery information can reside on either a Windows or UNIX computer.8 GB.8 GB of data.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Requirements for IDR 149 Requirements for IDR The following are the requirements for IDR: ■ NetBackup client software must be installed on the Windows computers that you want to protect. For a 2-GB partition that stores 1. In addition. Windows must support the required driver of the CD-ROM drive on a protected computer. The IDR software is not required (and cannot be installed) on UNIX computers. The protected computer must contain sufficient space to accommodate the restored data. the minimum swap that is used is 128 MB. This section contains a list of cards that have passed Microsoft compatibility tests without service packs. it must contain 128 MB plus 40 MB. A protected computer must use a network card that does not require a Windows service pack to be installed. The IDR software is installed automatically when that client software is installed. IDR is not installed on NetBackup 6. At least 40 MB of hard drive space to hold the minimal recovery computer on the protected computer. The NetBackup master server that collects the disaster recovery information must be licensed for IDR. for a total of 1. The partition on the first physical drive on the protected computer must be the boot partition and must be labeled C:\. For more information. the required hard drive space for that partition is 1. The IDR Preparation Wizard that runs on the client computer generates recovery media only for the computers that have the same IDR version installed. The protected computer must contain sufficient swap space to support the computer’s RAM. In that case. select a driver to use.

Use the IDR Preparation Wizard on the client computer to help prepare the media that is used to recover protected computers. Preparing the IDR media. About the DR files The disaster recovery (DR) files are mentioned frequently in this chapter and in the wizard screens. Configuration. you should back up your computer frequently and update the DR files often. To activate IDR for backups. Licensing. IDR is not installed on NetBackup 6. Overview of IDR use Using IDR involves the following steps: ■ NetBackup client software must be installed on the Windows computers that you want to protect. configuration. . use the SCSI driver currently installed on the computer. A DR file contains the following information about the protected computer: ■ Hard disk partition information. Backup. Recovery. Also. Use the Disaster Recovery Wizard to help rebuild the protected computer and restore data to that computer. you must enter an IDR license key on the master server. backup.150 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Overview of IDR use recommends using the SCSI drivers currently installed on the protected computer because the drivers on the Windows CD may not be up to date. The IDR software is not required (and cannot be installed) on UNIX computers. The IDR software is installed automatically when that client software is installed. On the NetBackup master server. You can use a NetBackup master server on either a Windows or UNIX computer to collect disaster recovery information. and media preparation steps are necessary for to recover a Windows computer through a network connection to a NetBackup server. An initial full backup must be completed of a protected computer before you create IDR media.0 and later client computers. select the Collect disaster recovery information general attribute when setting up the policy configuration for protected clients. For IDE hard disks greater than 8 GBs. The protected computers should be backed up regularly by NetBackup. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ The installation.

if the network recognizes the computer name bison. ■ The NetBackup master server that collects disaster recovery information must be licensed for IDR. The automatic recovery of an IDR-protected computer requires a copy of the DR file for that computer. If a client does not have IDR installed. If the NetBackup client name is different. NetBackup configuration information necessary to restore data files. NetBackup stores a copy on the client and the master server after each of the following backups: ■ ■ ■ ■ Full backup Incremental differential or incremental cumulative backup User backup User archive NetBackup stores the DR file for each client in the install_path\NetBackup\Idr\data directory on the client.dr. That is. if the client name is bison. rename the DR file that is created after each backup before using it in a recovery.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR 151 ■ ■ Network interface card information.) On the NetBackup master server. the Collect disaster recovery information attribute cannot be selected. (Use the format computer_name. IDR must be installed on the server and client. If not. Select the Collect disaster recovery information policy attribute for at least one of the MS-Windows-NT policies that backup protected clients. The DR files that are generated after a backup are named in the format netbackup_client_name. the backups for that client by this policy can never end with a status of 0. Configuring NetBackup policies for IDR Set up the policy configuration on the NetBackup master server as follows: ■ ■ Ensure that each protected client is in an MS-Windows-NT type policy.dr. A successful backup in this instance ■ . Ensure that all the clients in this policy have IDR installed. the DR file is bison. the DR file must be named bison. Note: IDR requires that the DR file name match the computer name of the client.dr. The server must be configured to collect disaster recovery information for NetBackup to create a DR file.dr. the DR files for all clients are stored in the NetBackup catalog on the server. For example.

usually by the computer vendor. For example. for a NetBackup 5. Windows Automated System Recovery files. you must have: . The NetBackup master server that performs the backup must be configured to collect disaster recovery information.0 and later collects the DR information from the clients that run versions of NetBackup earlier than 6. System-specific drivers and the Disaster Recovery Wizard. However. use the same IDR version to prepare the IDR media. Ensure that any utility partitions are backed up.0. Utility partitions are small partitions created on the hard drive.dr. you must use the IDR software revision on the client to prepare the bootable media for that client. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers. If the names do not match. A set of IDR media includes the following: ■ The bootable media that is used to boot the computer and install and configure the operating system. ensure that System State is backed up. ■ ■ ■ To create IDR media. The backup information that is collected is used to create the DR file.) ■ Backing up the protected computer Perform a full backup of the protected computer before you prepare the IDR media. The disaster recovery (DR) file. Ensure that all local drives are backed up.1 client. Ensure that the client name that is used in the NetBackup policy configuration matches the client’s computer name.152 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Backing up the protected computer shows a status of 1 (partially successful). Creating IDR media The IDR Preparation Wizard helps you to create the IDR media that is used in recovery. ■ NetBackup 6. The status is a result of NetBackup being unable to find a DR file to store in its catalog after each backup. For Windows 2000 computers. that may contain computer configuration and diagnostic utilities. You can prepare IDR bootable media if differential or incremental backups have occurred since the full backup. rename the DR file that is created after each backup before using it in a recovery. (Use the format computer_name. which includes the DR file used in recovery.

create a set of diskettes for each computer with a different driver. CDs require less time for preparation and recovery than diskettes. For CD-R or CD-RW. the IDR Preparation Wizard can create both bootable diskettes and bootable CD-Recordable (CR-R) or CD-Rewritable (CR-RW) media.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media 153 ■ ■ At least one full backup of the computer to be protected. diskettes hold SCSI driver information for only one computer. or Windows Server 2003 operating system. Diskettes require the Windows installation CD during recovery. Choosing the bootable media For Windows NT and Windows 2000. Note: IDR does not support bootable diskette media for Windows XP or Windows Server 2003. Because of space limitations. For computers with different SCSI drivers. To use one set of diskettes to protect multiple computers. For more information. Administrative privileges for the protected computer. Windows XP. choose one computer that represents all the other computers and create bootable media for it. CD media has enough space to store SCSI driver information for multiple computers. You must prepare the media before a disaster. The Windows installation CD for the version and language that is installed on the protected computer. you should also try booting from the media before a disaster occurs to ensure that your hardware can boot from it. ■ ■ ■ ■ . Consider the following factors to decide between diskettes and CD-ROM media: ■ Diskettes work on most computers but require more time for preparation and recovery than CDs. Use a single CD for multiple computers during disaster recovery. see “Step 1: Boot your computer” on page 162. The license key for the Windows 2000. A device that can create bootable media: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ CD-R drive (CD Recordable CD-ROM) CD-RW drive (CD Rewritable CD-ROM) Diskette drive (IDR does not support bootable diskette media for Windows XP or Windows Server 2003) More information about media is provided later in this chapter.

formatted 1. The protected computer does not require a CD writer. The IDR Preparation Wizard creates a bootable image to write to a CD on any computer that contains a CD writer.44-MB diskettes for each set of disaster recovery diskettes. CD media requires CD writing hardware. Note: Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 do not support bootable diskettes. A full set of IDR diskette media includes the following: ■ Windows setup diskettes. third-party CD writing software is required if the protected computer does not have a CD writer. A Microsoft Windows utility creates the Windows Setup diskettes. prepare separate media for each operating system level and language being protected. ■ ■ ■ Creating bootable diskettes The IDR Preparation Wizard helps create a full set of diskette media to boot a computer during recovery and to run the Disaster Recovery Wizard. For CD media. The IDR Preparation Wizard modifies these setup diskettes for use specifically with NetBackup for Windows. Intelligent Disaster Recovery Diskettes that contain the computer-specific information that is necessary to perform disaster recovery. The IDR Preparation Wizard creates these diskettes. The software is also required if the IDR Preparation Wizard cannot detect the CD writer that is attached to the protected computer. The utility is on the Windows installation CD.154 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media ■ CD media requires that the protected computer have a BIOS that supports a CD boot. either during bootable diskette preparation or during recovery. You also need the Windows 2000 license key. Note: The Windows installation CD is required both to prepare disaster recovery diskettes and for disaster recovery using those diskettes. The CD hardware and software must be able to write ISO 9660 CD images. . With both diskettes and CDs. ■ Windows NT requires five and Windows 2000 requires six blank.

You can use the same diskettes 2 through 5 for all of the . Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed. Click Next to continue. do not select Let IDR Automatically Partition the Boot and System Drive.Full Set of Diskettes to boot the Windows Installation CD and click Next. The option appears on the Select Computer for Diskette Preparation screen of the wizard. select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. To prepare the diskettes. 2 3 4 Select Create . The IDR Preparation Wizard Welcome screen appears.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media 155 To create bootable diskettes 1 Format the diskettes. Windows NT requires five diskettes and Windows 2000 requires six. The Starting Bootable Diskettes Creation screen appears. Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 do not support bootable diskettes. 5 To modify diskette sets for use with multiple Windows 2000 computers To use the same diskettes 2 through 5 for all IDR-protected Windows 2000 computers.

156 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media

Windows 2000 computers. However, you have to create a different diskette 1 for each computer protected with IDR. Diskette 1 contains a file named winnt.sif. It is the script used to automate the installation of Windows 2000 for disaster recovery. This scripted installation of Windows 2000 requires that the name of the computer being recovered be listed in the winnt.sif file. Therefore, for each Windows 2000 computer that shares diskettes 2 through 5, make a copy of diskette 1 (and its files). For each copy of diskette 1, edit the winnt.sif file and change the computer name to the name of the computer to be protected. If you do not change the computer name, duplicate computer names on the network may occur. The duplicate names may prevent the recovered computer from participating on the network.

Creating a bootable CD image
The IDR Preparation Wizard helps create a bootable CD image. Then write the
image to a CD using the IDR Preparation Wizard or other writing software. The
computer where you run the IDR Preparation Wizard may not have a CD-R or
CD-RW drive. If it does not, write the image onto a CD on a different computer
using third-party CD writing software.
The CD image contains all the necessary IDR files unless you choose to store the
Windows Server 2003 Automated System Recovery files on a diskette. If you
store them on the CD, the ASR files always are read from the CD even if more
recent versions are on a diskette. For example, suppose you create a bootable CD
and then later create IDR diskettes. During recovery, the ASR files are read from
the CD even though the IDR diskettes contain more recent versions.
The Windows installation CD is required only during media preparation.
The license key for your Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Windows Server 2003
operating system is required. If you do not enter the license key while creating
the bootable CD, you must enter it during recovery.
Note: On Windows NT 4.0 computers, the IDR software cannot write to a CD; therefore, you must use other CD writing software to create the CD. To create a bootable CD image 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the bootable CD image. The IDR Preparation Wizard Welcome screen appears. Click Next to continue.

2

Intelligent Disaster Recovery Creating IDR media

157

The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears.

3

Select Create - Bootable CD Image for Use with CD Writers (ISO 9660) and click Next. The Starting CD Image Creation screen appears. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed.

4

Caution: Test your bootable CD to ensure that your computer can boot from it. (See “Step 1: Boot your computer” on page 162.)

Creating IDR diskettes
Two formatted, 1.44 MB floppy diskettes are required to create IDR diskettes. To create IDR diskettes 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the IDR diskettes. The Welcome screen for the IDR preparation wizard appears.

158 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media

2

Click Next to continue. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears.

3 4

Select Create - IDR Diskettes Only (Includes ASR Files for XP/2003) and click Next. The Creating the IDR Diskettes screen appears. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed.

Updating IDR media
Update the IDR media if the hardware configuration changes, if SCSI drivers
were updated, or if other computer drivers were updated.
Also, Symantec recommends periodic IDR diskette updates so the diskettes
contain the latest DR files.

Updating a bootable CD
You cannot update a bootable CD, you must create a new bootable CD image and then burn a new CD. If you install new hardware or change components on a protected computer, create a new bootable CD. For procedures, see “Creating a bootable CD image” on page 156.

After SCSI driver updates. After other computer driver updates. To update IDR bootable diskettes 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard to prepare the IDR diskettes.Full Set of Diskettes Used to Boot the Windows Installation CD and click Next. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed. . Click Next to continue. When you already have a full set of bootable diskettes that you want to update. 2 3 4 Select Update .Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media 159 Updating bootable diskettes Use the IDR Preparation Wizard to update the set of bootable diskettes. Update the diskettes: ■ ■ ■ ■ After hardware changes. The Welcome screen for the IDR preparation wizard appears.

exe to create or update a DR file” on page 160.exe to create or update a DR file If IDR diskettes have already been created.exe program on the client to update only the DR file. To update IDR diskettes using IDR preparation wizard 1 Select Start > Programs > Veritas NetBackup > Intelligent Disaster Recovery PrepWizard. Then copy the DR file to the diskette that .exe file from a command prompt to create a new DR file. Copy the DR file to the diskette. The Create or Update IDR Boot Media screen appears. run the drfile. run the drfile. Using drfile. Follow the prompts until the IDR Preparation Wizard is completed.160 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Updating IDR media Updating IDR diskettes only You can update the IDR diskettes with the latest DR file (and ASR files for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers) by using the IDR Preparation Wizard. 2 3 4 Select IDR Diskettes Only (Includes ASR Files for XP/2003) and click Next. Click Next to continue. For more information. see “Using drfile. to prepare the IDR diskettes. The Welcome screen for the IDR Preparation Wizard appears. To update the DR file only.

The diskette can be one of the IDR diskettes or a separate diskette. even if it differs from the name that is used in the NetBackup policy configuration. insert the separate diskette when prompted for the DR file during disaster recovery. ■ . network-interface-card driver.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 161 contains the DR file. If the NetBackup client name is different than the computer name. Use the previously prepared IDR bootable media to boot the computer being recovered. If you have not updated the DR file since the last backup.dr. The name of the DR file must match the computer name of the client. ■ ■ Automating the recovery with the Disaster Recovery wizard requires the following: ■ A NetBackup server that can restore the latest backups to the computer being recovered. The drfile. rename the DR file. Insert the diskette that contains the DR file and copy the DR file to it. Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery.exe. or backup set information. you must rename the DR file so it can be used in a recovery. If you use a separate diskette. The name is required. 2 3 Recovering your computer To use IDR to restore a computer to its pre-disaster status includes the following steps: ■ Step 1: Boot your computer. The DR file name is in the form computer_name. Use the Windows installation program to partition and format the computer drive on the computer being recovered. Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard. it may contain out-of-date hard disk partition. The name of the DR file should match the computer name of the client (the name that IDR requires). The IDR bootstrap process loads and runs the Windows installation program from the Windows installation CD. Use the NetBackup IDR Disaster Recovery wizard to restore your computer to its pre-disaster state and restore your data files. 1 Go to install_path\NetBackup\bin and double-click drfile.exe program creates (or updates) the DR file that is located in the install_path\NetBackup\Idr\Data directory on your computer. The latest DR file for the computer being recovered. If the NetBackup client name is different than the computer name.

Perform one of the following actions: 3 . The NetBackup Intelligent Disaster Recovery Bootstrap screen appears. For example. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 computers.reinstall any utility partitions before the recovery process begins. Start the computer. If your network adapter requires special driver software. For example. If they are not disconnected. To boot a computer using a bootable diskette 1 2 3 Insert the bootable diskette. the ASR files for the computer being recovered.162 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer ■ ■ Bootable IDR CD media or the original Windows installation CD. Reinstall the partitions by using the OEM-supplied installation program. ■ ■ Note: Windows 2000: if Let IDR Automatically Partition the Boot and System Drives was not selected during IDR preparation. During recovery. Start the computer and perform the tasks necessary to boot from the CD. the hard drives on those computers may be partitioned and formatted. you may have to press a function key to boot from the CD drive. use the installation program that the CD manufacturer provides. To boot from a bootable CD 1 2 Insert the bootable CD. select the option to partition and format the drives manually. a driver for a network interface card (NIC) supplied by the manufacturer. Caution: Disconnect any storage area network or cluster computers that are attached to the computer being recovered. Follow the on-screen boot process instructions and continue with “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163. Step 1: Boot your computer You can recover a Windows computer by using the bootable diskettes or the CD that was created during disaster preparation. The license key for your Windows operating system (if you did not enter the license key during preparation of the IDR bootable media). The computer being recovered must have a device capable of booting from the bootable media. Special drivers are the drivers that are not on the operating system installation program.

you must choose which file system format to use. If a new hard drive is detected. you may have to make choices about the following: ■ 2 For Windows NT. the DR boot process uses the Windows Setup program to partition and format the computer drive on the recovery computer. Usually. The Windows Setup program is loaded and performs the tasks necessary to partition and format drives and install a limited version of the operating system. If you have an ASR diskette. To use Windows setup in IDR recovery 1 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue the boot process. IDR cannot partition to the old layout if you build the partition as NTFS. Express Setup or Custom Setup. press Enter to continue with the boot process. Express Setup is the best choice. the system prompts you to insert the Windows installation CD so the Windows Setup can be started. the program prompts you to insert the Windows installation CD.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 163 ■ To test the CD to determine if it can boot the computer. For Windows NT and Windows 2000. Use Custom Setup if SCSI drivers are not present on the boot media or if RAID hardware needs to be reconfigured. the Disaster Recovery Wizard starts automatically. To perform disaster recovery. Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery During the recovery process. perform one of the following actions: ■ ■ 5 Continue by going to “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163. If you booted from diskette. If you booted from diskette. Select FAT format for the C drive. If you booted from the IDR bootable CD. press Esc to exit. Windows Setup is started from that CD. ■ 3 Ensure that no diskettes or CDs are in the drives when prompted to reboot. FAT or NTFS file system. Then remove the CD from the drive. ■ 4 Depending on the computer. Press Enter to reboot the computer. Go to “Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard” on page 164. During Windows Setup. For Windows NT. place it in the floppy disk drive so the ASR files can be loaded. For Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. After the reboot. press F2 to load the ASR files when prompted by the boot process. 4 . go to “Step 2: Windows setup in IDR recovery” on page 163.

2 One or more screens about hard disk layout may appear.164 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer Step 3: Disaster recovery wizard After Windows Setup finishes. Note: If a DR file does not exist. Perform one of the following actions: ■ If your network adapter requires special driver software. select the DR file for the computer to recover and click Next. When the wizard notifies you that you did not select a recovery file. To use the Disaster Recovery Wizard 1 When the wizard prompts you. click Next to continue the recovery process. Otherwise. click Yes to continue in manual mode. To make partition changes. For example. The program lets you make additional changes to the partition information. Run the Windows Disk Administrator (or Disk Manager) program. if the computer is named carrot look for the carrot. click Run Disk Administrator or Run Disk Manager. ■ . For more information about Disk Administrator and fault tolerant configurations. see “Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes” on page 167. see the operating system documentation.dr file. To continue. click Next to proceed. Special drivers are the drivers that are not on the operating system installation program. a driver for a network interface card (NIC) supplied by the manufacturer. Follow the prompts to find and install the appropriate driver software. a Completed IDR Phase 1 dialog box appears. For more information. the Disaster Recovery Wizard starts as part of the recovery process. click Next and go to step 5 to continue the recovery. The name of a DR file matches the computer for which it was created. Follow the instructions to recover the computer. click Pre-install Custom Network Driver. ■ 3 For Windows 2000. as follows: ■ Whether to replace the current hard drive partition with the partition information contained in the DR file or to keep the current hard drive partitions. However. For example. the process is similar to the following. These instructions do not provide a procedure because different conditions affect the process.

Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer 165 4 For Windows NT only. Click Next to start the network and complete the installation of the networking components. For automatic network installation to succeed. Proceed to step 5 to continue the recovery. The Windows NT Networking Installation dialog box appears. you are prompted to use DHCP. it may include the appropriate network drivers if the drive were found during the IDR preparation process. Click Next to continue. Perform one of the following actions: ■ If your network adapters use the drivers and the software that is included with the operating system. you are asked to select either Automatic Restore or Manual Restore for network installation. If you do not want to use DHCP. Enter the name of the workgroup or domain for your computer and click Next. b c The next screen lists the default network protocols. (If you created a bootable CD. If the network adapter does not require a manufacturer-supplied setup diskette. click Select from list. enter a TCP/IP number. Then click Have Disk.) Note: If additional screens about setting up your network interface card appear. d If TCP/IP is selected as the network protocol. select Automatic Restore. Insert the Windows NT installation CD or the IDR bootable CD into the CD-ROM drive. the Windows NT installation program must be able to recognize the network interface card being used. Click Next. respond as appropriate. select Manual Restore. Windows NT is ready to install the networking components. e f . click either Select from list or Start search. If your network adapters require special drivers and software. Select Wired to the Network and click Next. Proceed to step a. Select the networking protocols that are used on the network. To select the network adapter. ■ Note: If your network adapter is not listed. perform one of the following actions: ■ ■ a Click Select from list if the network adapter requires a manufacturer-supplied setup diskette. Then click Have Disk add an adapter to the Network Adapter List. A list of network adapters appears. Click Finish to complete the network installation.

Navigate to the following directory (the default location. If the hardware has not changed. g 5 Click Finish to complete the network installation and continue with recovery. click Next and proceed to step 8.) The registry merger ensures that the computer reboots after the restore if the hardware changed. continue with step a: a b Start a command window by pressing F1. you do not have to merge the live version and the saved version of the registry. %SYSTEMROOT% is usually C:\Windows) : %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\VERITAS\NetBackup\Bin Type the following command. Go to step 7. Select either Automatic or Manual: ■ ■ 6 The restore process merges hardware information from the current live version of the registry into the saved version of the registry when recovering the registry. W2KOption -restore -display -same_hardware 1 The following output appears: c NetBackup Restore Options ----------------------------------------SYSVOL Restore: Primary Hard Link Restore: Perform secondary restore Same Hardware Restore: Assume different hardware NetBackup Restore Options ----------------------------------------SYSVOL Restore: Primary Hard Link Restore: Perform secondary restore Same Hardware Restore: Assume same hardware . the computer is restored to its original workgroup or domain. If the hardware changed. (The saved version is the registry version that was backed up. To prevent merging the registries. The hardware registry settings are identical to the setting in the saved version of the registry. If you select Manual. If you selected Automatic. The files are restored and the hardware information from the current live version of the registry is merged with the saved version of the registry. Click Start Restore to submit the restore request to the selected server. then press Enter.166 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Recovering your computer Note: Symantec recommends that you enter the name of a temporary workgroup rather than the name of a domain. click Next and proceed to step 6. select the server from which you want to restore files. When the recovery is complete.

Archive. Using this interface. For example. you can make changes to the NetBackup configuration and you also have more control over the restore. IDR defaults to restore hard drive partitions to their pre-recovery size. then continue with the restore process. or Windows Server 2003. please refer to the Windows NT Server 4. . and Restore interface. Windows XP.0. When the restore is complete. Notes on recovering specific platforms For information about specific platforms. close the Backup. After the restore is complete. Select Start NetBackup Interface to start the NetBackup Backup. 9 10 Remove any diskettes from drive A and click Finish to reboot the computer. There may be unused and unallocated hard drive space. Formatting and partitioning is not supported on Windows 2000.) When the restore is complete. Archive. Notes on altering hard drive partition sizes Note: This section applies only to Windows NT and Windows NT 4. see the following. For information about fault tolerant configurations. click Next. a larger hard drive may have been installed or the DR file may be from a computer with a smaller hard drive. Run the Windows NT Disk Administrator program to alter the partition sizes to match the larger hard drive size. Archive.0 Resource Kit. (See the NetBackup Backup. and Restore Getting Started Guide for more information on using the interface. and Restore interface and any other open NetBackup windows. Go to step 10. The recovery computer may contain a larger hard drive than before the recovery.Intelligent Disaster Recovery Notes on recovering specific platforms 167 d 7 8 Make sure that Assume Same Hardware is displayed in the Same Hardware Restore field. The Windows NT Disk Administrator program is accessible during the IDR recovery process within the Recovery Wizard. click Next.

Failure to follow these steps results in Windows being unable to recognize any hard drive partitions on the computer. After the PowerEdge RAID software is loaded. After the additional drivers are loaded. reconfigure the computer before you recover it. Follow the on-screen instructions to load the PowerEdge RAID II controller software. press and hold down the F6 key. press S again to specify loading another device. After both pieces of third-party software are loaded. . Follow the on-screen instructions to load the Adaptec controller software next. Windows prompts for IDR diskette 2. Load the Adaptec controller driver manually after loading the PowerRaid II driver. 4 5 6 7 8 Recovering IBM computers If the drive that contains the computer’s configuration information fails. press Enter and proceed as normal to recover the computer. you must load the PowerRaid II driver manually. The general procedure is the same for any computer that requires the use of third-party drivers. Use the following steps with your IDR recovery diskette set 1 2 3 When the Windows blue Setup screen appears after booting with the IDR boot diskette.168 Intelligent Disaster Recovery Notes on recovering specific platforms Recovering the dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID Note: This section discusses how to restore a Dell computer. which is not bundled with the Windows operating system. To load Windows on this type of computer. Insert IDR diskette 2 and press and hold the F6 key again. Use the IBM Reference Diskette to reconfigure the computer. To recover a Dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID configuration is different from recovering a regular computer with one hard drive. a Setup screen appears that lets you specify additional devices. Release the F6 key and press the S key.

IDR recreates the partition on the new hard disk.exe to create or update a DR file” on page 160. It may be unbootable even though the operating system has been restored. If the original configuration does not match. Q. Because of the many different boot managers on the market. Generate it manually as explained in “Using drfile. Windows Hard Drive Numbering Scheme Primary IDE Master Server Media Server Master Server Media Server Secondary IDE . The following chart lists the order that Windows uses to assign disk drive numbers. In this case. Keep in mind that this chart can change if third-party drivers are used. use the Compaq SmartStart utilities to update the computer partition. However. Q. Be sure that the hard drive and controller configuration matches the original configuration before a disaster occurs. For example. IDR frequently asked questions Q. I do not see a disaster recovery file. reinstalling the boot manager should fix the problem. The minimal version of Windows that runs the recovery wizard may have detected the hard drives in a different order than originally configured. Why does the recovery wizard warn me that one or more of my hard drives are smaller than the originals? A. you may be able to control the numbering of the hard drive. For some reason. Can I restore boot managers such as System Commander or OS/2 Boot Manager with Intelligent Disaster Recovery for Windows? A. the DR file was not generated automatically. because boot managers usually are installed at a very low level that NetBackup cannot protect. the OS/2 boot manager resides in its own hard drive partition that NetBackup cannot access. I ran a full backup of my computer but when I run the IDR Preparation Wizard again. No. an IDR restore may render the computer unbootable.Intelligent Disaster Recovery IDR frequently asked questions 169 Recovering Compaq computers If the drive that contains the System Configuration Partition fails. What happened? A.

Note: Windows NT: If the IDR Recovery Wizard does not detect the hard drive order... SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is Wide SCSI) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 . continue with the automated restore of the backup media.... Then. To do so. enable the Use SCSI drivers currently installed on this computer option.170 Intelligent Disaster Recovery IDR frequently asked questions Windows Hard Drive Numbering Scheme (continued) SCSI Adapter 0 (In order of the lowest I/O port address) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 . set up hard drive partitions manually. To do so. use the Windows NT Disk Administrator option within the Disaster Recovery Wizard. create bootable diskettes. If the recovery wizard reports drives greater than 8 GBs as being only 8 GBs. SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is Wide SCSI) SCSI Adapter 1 SCSI Adapter n Other types of mass storage controllers are usually seen as SCSI controllers by Windows.. SCSI ID 7 (or 15 is wide SCSI) SCSI ID 0 SCSI ID 1 . .

vm.conf entry 35 crawlreleasebyname. host.conf file 105 UNIX client options 50 bpdynamicclient 49 bpend_notify script UNIX client 74 Windows client 76 bpstart_notify script UNIX client 70 Windows client 72 C catalog backups backup notification script 78 catalogs offline. vm. vmoprcmd option 111 B backup selection list. vm. recovering with IDR 169 compressed backups 58 CONNECT_OPTIONS.conf entry 33 multiplexed 58 session_notify script 83 session_start_notify script 83 barcodes 98.conf entry 32 auto cleaning 91 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION. vm. vm.conf entry 30 Administrator’s e-mail address property 50 AIX cachefs file system 136 Allow Backups to Span Media 117 alternate client restores. vm.conf entry 34 cleaning frequency-based 92 library-based 91 reactive 91 times allowed 93 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW.conf entry 30 ADJ_LSM. vm. vm.Index A ACS_ vm. 113 CLUSTER_NAME. 114 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY. 99 boot managers and IDR 169 booting a computer with IDR bootable media 162 bp.conf entry 32 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED. vm.xlate file 56 Andrew File System (AFS) backup selection list 142 directives 142 installing 141 regular expressions 143 restores 144 troubleshooting 145 Announce DHCP interval property 46 API robots 99 API_BARCODE_RULES. vm. UNIX 136 include files list 139 cluster environments 34.conf entry 33. AFS 142. vm.conf entry 32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOT. 143 backup_exit_notify script 69 backup_notify script 69 backups backup_exit_notify script 69 backup_notify script 69 bpend_notify script UNIX client 74 Windows client 76 bpstart_notify script UNIX client 70 Windows client 72 compressed 58 diskfull_notify script 79 estimating time required 59 media requirements 67 .conf entry 34 clients changing host names 56 dynamic UNIX client 49 exclude files list. cold backups 78 cdrom file system 136 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT.conf entry 34 Compaq computers.conf entry 33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY.

conf entry 36 EMM_RETRY_COUNT.conf entry 37 escape character on UNIX 137 Exclude files list UNIX 136 exclude lists creating 136 example 138 files on UNIX 136 for specific policies and schedules 139 . updating 160 DR files obtaining from server 151 overview 150 update with drfile. for catalogs 67 diskfull_notify script 79 Domain Name Service (DNS) hostnames 56 drfile.conf entry 36 dbbackup_notify script 78 decommission a media server 104 Dell PowerEdge 6100/200 with RAID recovering with IDR 168 device delays 60 discovery 124 DHCP server 45 directives for AFS 142 disaster recovery diskettes. 56 client peername 55 correct use 54 short 55 host.xlate file and alternate client restores 56 I IBM computers. vm.exe command 160 drives cleaning manual 93 operator-initiated 93 overview 90 Dynamic host name and IP addressing 45 G GNU tar 58 H hardware compression 102 host names changing client name 56 changing server name 54.conf entry 35 DataStore volume pool 94 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS. when to use 163 diskettes preparing 152 updating 159 diskettes.conf entry 36 Enable performance data collection property 63 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH. vm. updating 160 procedure 161 disk administrator 167 disk overhead. vm.172 CREATE_BACKUP_VOLUMES 142 cross mount points effect with UNIX raw partitions 134 examples 135 setting 134 syntax rules 137 wildcards in 137 extended attribute files 58 F FlashBackup 58 Follow NFS mounts with cross mount points 134 format description for optical 121 fragmented backups 121 frequency-based drive cleaning 92 D DAS_CLIENT. vm. recovering with IDR 168 include files list 139 Intelligent Disaster Recovery (IDR) bootable media choosing type 153 creating CD image 156 preparing 152 configuration 151 custom setup. altering sizes 167 E e-mail notifications 50 EMM_REQUEST_TIMOUT. vm.exe 160 frequently asked questions 169 hard disk partition changes 164 hard drive partition.

conf entry 38 MAP_ID.conf entry 40 proc file system 136 R RANDOM_PORTS. boot manager and IDR 169 P peername. AFS file list 143 remove a server from a configuration 104 REMOVE_BACKUP_VOLUMES 143 replacing a device in a shared drive . vm. vm. 160 using drfile. vm.conf entry 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL. 113 NetBackup Access Control (NBAC) use of 37.conf entry 39 MM_SERVER_NAME.cmd 81 NBRB_CLEANUP_OBSOLETE_DBINFO 28 NBRB_ENABLE_OPTIMIZATIONS 28 NBRB_FORCE_FULL_EVAL 28 NBRB_MPX_GROUP_UNLOAD_DELAY 29 NBRB_REEVAL_PENDING 28 NBRB_REEVAL_PERIOD 28 NBRB_RETRY_DELAY_AFTER_EMM_ERR 29 NDMP 58.conf entry 40 raw partitions 58 reactive cleaning 91 reconfiguring devices in a shared drive configuration 103 register a media server 25 regular expressions.conf entry 37 maximum barcode lengths 98 media determining requirements 67 formats 120 ID generation rules 102 pool 93 selection algorithm 116.conf entry 39 mntfs file system 136 multiple servers 20 multiplexing (MPX) backups 121 O optical disk format 121 OS/2. 119 using tar to read images 58 Media Manager best practices 84 configuration file 30 security 42 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS.173 overview 150 preparation wizard 152 recovery wizard 161 requirements for using 149 supported Windows editions 148 updating bootable media 158 updating IDR media recovery diskettes 159. using with NetBackup 63 PREFERRED_GROUP. client 55 Performance Monitor. vm. vm.conf entry 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX. vm. 40 network transfer rate 60 notification scripts 68 L library-based cleaning 91 M mail_dr_info. vm. 37 demultiplexing 19 Maximum jobs per client property 18 recovering backups 58 schedule media multiplexing 15 storage unit max per drive 15 tape format 121 N named data streams VxFS 58 nbmail.conf entry 36. vm. 117 server register 25 spanning 117. vm.exe 160 when to update 158 using boot managers 169 Windows disk administrator 164 editions supported 148 setup 163 wizards disaster recovery 161 IDR preparation 152 INVENTORY_FILTER.cmd 80 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT.

vm.conf entry 41 servers changing host names 54. 112 requirements 112 RESERVATION CONFLICT 110. 114 overview 108 PEND status 111. 112 error recovery 111 limitations 113.conf entry 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT. 63 T tape overhead. 119. 122 SSO. 119 tape format fragmented 121 multiplexed 121 non-QIC 120 QIC/WORM 120 spanned tapes 122 TapeAlert 87. for catalogs 67 spanning 117. vm.cmd 68 notification 68 parent_end_notify 68 parent_start_notify 68 restore_notify 68 session_notify 68 session_start_notify 68 userreq_notify 68 SCSI persistent reserve 108 SCSI reserve/release break a reservation 110.conf entry 43 transfer rate 59. vm.conf file ACS_ entries 30 ADJ_LSM entries 30 .conf entry 43 vm.conf entry 41 RESERVATION CONFLICT status 111 restore_notify script 82 restores AFS clients 144 restore_notify script 82 robotic cleaning 91 S schedules how processed 65 scratch pool 96 scripts backup_exit_notify 68 backup_notify 68 bpend_notify 68 bpstart_notify 68.174 configuration 102 REQUIRED_INTERFACE 29 REQUIRED_INTERFACE. 72 dbbackup_notify 68 diskfull_notify 68 mail_dr_info. 70. 111 SERVER. vm. vm. 91 log codes 87 requirements 87 tar GNU 58 to read backup images 58 TLH_ vm. disabling 118 System Commander and IDR 169 System Monitor.conf entry 42 SSO_HOST_NAME.conf entries 43 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL. vm. vm. 56 NetBackup master 21 media 21 multiple 20 session_notify script 83 session_start_notify script 83 SGI cachefs file system 136 SKIP_SMALL_VOLUMES 143 Solaris extended attributes 58 file systems 136 spanning media 117. 60 troubleshooting AFS backups 145 U UnixWare cachefs file system 136 userreq_notify script 83 using Media Manager devices with other applications 85 V VERBOSE. using with NetBackup 62.cmd 68 nbmail.conf entry 43 TLM_ vm.conf entry 43 stand-alone drive extensions.

prioritizing 66 . 37 MAP_CONTINUE_TIMEOUT entries 38 MAP_ID entries 37 MEDIA_ID_BARCODE_CHARS entries 38 MEDIA_ID_PREFIX entries 39 MM_SERVER_NAMEentries 39 overview 30 PREFERRED_GROUP entries 40 PREVENT_MEDIA_REMOVAL entries 40 RANDOM_PORTS entries 40 REQUIRED_INTERFACE entries 41 SERVER entries 41 SSO_DA_REREGISTER_INTERVAL entries 42 SSO_DA_RETRY_TIMEOUT entries 42 SSO_HOST_NAME entries 43 TLH_ entries 43 TLM_ entries 43 VERBOSE entries 43 volume group rules for assigning 94 pool configuring a scratch pool 96 overview 93 VxFS named data streams 58 W wildcard characters in AFS file list 143 in exclude lists 137 UNIX escape character 137 wizards disaster recovery 161 IDR preparation 152 worklist.175 API_BARCODE_RULES entries 32 AUTHORIZATION_REQUIRED entries 32 AUTO_PATH_CORRECTION entries 32 AUTO_UPDATE_ROBOTentries 33 AVRD_PEND_DELAY entries 33 AVRD_SCAN_DELAY entries 33 CLEAN_REQUEST_TIMEOUT entries 34 CLIENT_PORT_WINDOW entries 34 CLUSTER_NAME entries 34 CONNECT_OPTIONS entries 35 DAS_CLIENT entries 35 DAYS_TO_KEEP_LOGS entries 36 ENABLE_ROBOT_AUTH entries 37 INVENTORY_FILTER entries 36.

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