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Sections

  • PP Component Short Description
  • Production Planning and Control
  • Basic Data
  • Bills of Material (see LO-MD-BOM)
  • Work Center
  • Routing
  • CAPP-based Calculation of Standard Values
  • Production Resources/Tools
  • Sales & Operations Planning
  • Master Data
  • Sales Plan
  • Production Plan
  • Distribution Requirements Planning
  • Production Planning
  • Material Forecast
  • Demand Management
  • Master Production Scheduling
  • Long-Term Planning (Simulation)
  • Capacity Planning
  • Scheduling
  • Capacity Loads
  • Capacity Evaluation
  • Capacity Leveling
  • Material Requirements Planning
  • Planning Execution
  • Procurement Proposal
  • Planning Evaluation
  • Production Orders
  • Order Planning
  • Header / Operation
  • Components
  • Trigger points
  • Order Processing
  • Order Close
  • Kanban
  • Control Cycle - Kanban
  • Kanban Control
  • Kanban Board
  • Creation of Master Data
  • Evaluations
  • Repetitive Manufacturing
  • Run Schedule Header
  • Planning for Repetitive Manufacturing
  • Planning Run Schedule Quantities
  • Planning
  • Evaluation
  • Assembly Processing
  • In Repetitive Manufacturing
  • In Production by Lots
  • Production Planning for Process Industries
  • Resources
  • Master Recipe
  • Process Order
  • Order Execution
  • Order Closing
  • Process Management
  • Process Message
  • Control Recipe
  • PI Sheet
  • Process Data Documentation
  • Process Data Evaluation
  • Plant Data Collection
  • Work Order Time Recording
  • Work Order Time Recording (PM Order)
  • Personnel Time Recording
  • Project Time Recording
  • Information System
  • Reporting
  • Interface to Logistics Information Library (LIL)
  • Data Collection
  • Early Warning System

PP Component Short Description

Release 4.6B

HELP.CACOMPPP

PP Component Short Description

SAP AG

Copyright
©

Copyright 2000 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

No part of this brochure may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP AG. The information contained herein may be changed without prior notice. Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors. Microsoft , WINDOWS , NT , EXCEL , Word and SQL Server are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. IBM , DB2 , OS/2 , DB2/6000 , Parallel Sysplex , MVS/ESA , RS/6000 , AIX , S/390 , ® ® ® AS/400 , OS/390 , and OS/400 are registered trademarks of IBM Corporation. ORACLE is a registered trademark of ORACLE Corporation, California, USA. INFORMIX -OnLine for SAP and Informix Dynamic Server Informix Software Incorporated.
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December 1999

SAP AG

PP Component Short Description

Icons
Icon Meaning Caution Example Note Recommendation Syntax Tip

December 1999

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PP Component Short Description

SAP AG

Contents
PP Component Short Description .....................................................................6
Production Planning and Control ................................................................................................ 7 Basic Data....................................................................................................................................... 8 Bills of Material (see LO-MD-BOM)............................................................................................ 9 Work Center ............................................................................................................................. 10 Routing ..................................................................................................................................... 11 CAPP-based Calculation of Standard Values .......................................................................... 12 Production Resources/Tools .................................................................................................... 13 Sales & Operations Planning...................................................................................................... 14 Master Data .............................................................................................................................. 15 Sales Plan................................................................................................................................. 16 Production Plan ........................................................................................................................ 17 Distribution Requirements Planning ......................................................................................... 18 Production Planning.................................................................................................................... 19 Material Forecast...................................................................................................................... 20 Demand Management .............................................................................................................. 21 Master Production Scheduling ................................................................................................. 22 Long-Term Planning (Simulation)............................................................................................. 23 Capacity Planning........................................................................................................................ 24 Scheduling ................................................................................................................................ 26 Capacity Loads......................................................................................................................... 27 Capacity Evaluation.................................................................................................................. 28 Capacity Leveling ..................................................................................................................... 29 Material Requirements Planning................................................................................................ 30 Basic Data ................................................................................................................................ 31 Planning Execution................................................................................................................... 32 Procurement Proposal.............................................................................................................. 33 Planning Evaluation.................................................................................................................. 34 Production Orders ....................................................................................................................... 35 Order Planning ......................................................................................................................... 36 Header / Operation.............................................................................................................. 37 Components ........................................................................................................................ 38 Production Resources/Tools ............................................................................................... 39 Trigger points ...................................................................................................................... 40 Order Processing...................................................................................................................... 41 Order Close .............................................................................................................................. 42 Kanban.......................................................................................................................................... 43 Control Cycle - Kanban ............................................................................................................ 44 Kanban Control......................................................................................................................... 45 Kanban Board........................................................................................................................... 46 Creation of Master Data ........................................................................................................... 47 Evaluations ............................................................................................................................... 48 Repetitive Manufacturing............................................................................................................ 49 Run Schedule Header .............................................................................................................. 50 Planning for Repetitive Manufacturing ..................................................................................... 51 Planning Run Schedule Quantities ..................................................................................... 52

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66 Process Management................................................................. 63 Order Execution ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 77 Information System ...................................................................................................................... 59 Basic Data ............................................................................. 75 Personnel Time Recording ........................................................................................ 67 Process Message........... 79 Planning...................................................................................... 69 PI Sheet... 76 Project Time Recording ..................................................................................................................................... 53 Creation of Master Data ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 65 Capacity Planning.......................................................................... 61 Master Recipe ....................................................................................... 56 In Repetitive Manufacturing..................................................................................................................... 72 Plant Data Collection................................................. 68 Control Recipe................................ 64 Order Closing .................................... 73 Work Order Time Recording...... 78 Reporting ................................................... 74 Work Order Time Recording (PM Order) .............................................................................. 82 Early Warning System ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Process Data Documentation...................................... 57 In Production by Lots........................................................................................................................... 54 Evaluation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 83 December 1999 5 ................................. 55 Assembly Processing ................ 80 Interface to Logistics Information Library (LIL) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 60 Resources .............................................................................................................................. 71 Process Data Evaluation ...................................... 62 Process Order ........................ 58 Production Planning for Process Industries ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................SAP AG PP Component Short Description Planning................... 81 Data Collection .................................................................

PP Component Short Description PP Component Short Description SAP AG PP Component Short Description 6 December 1999 .

quantities and values are saved directly meaning that all users of the system have access to the same data which is always up-to-date. that is. warehousing and the transport of materials and intermediate products. The planning of production includes procurement. The performance of the complete system is achieved by integrated modules that each cover a logical group of functions.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Planning and Control Production Planning and Control Definition The PP System is a component of the R/3 System and is a highly integrated application software covering all business functions in production planning and control. Materials Management (MM) Controlling (CO) Project System (PS) and Personnel Planning (PD). Selection Criteria The functions in the Production Planning and Control system provide a far-reaching solution for planning the demand program (type and quantity of product) as well as production. Interfaces exist between the PP System and the following areas: • • • • • Sales and Distribution (SD). All modules are real-time applications. December 1999 7 .

Selection criteria If you intend to use Sales & Operations Planning.PP Component Short Description Basic Data SAP AG Basic Data Definition This component comprises the basic administrative and technical functions of Sales & Operations Planning (SOP). 8 December 1999 . you must select this component.

or if you want to maintain bills of material for technical objects in plant maintenance. Bills of material (BOMs) contain important master data for a number of organizational areas within a company. they may also be referred to as recipes. December 1999 9 .SAP AG PP Component Short Description Bills of Material (see LO-MD-BOM) Bills of Material (see LO-MD-BOM) Definition A bill of material is a complete. quantity. Depending on the industry sector. formally structured list of the components that make up an object. you can create the following bills of material: Selection criteria You require this component if you want to use the SAP R/3 System to plan production. such as: • • • • • • • • • materials planning staging of materials for production product costing plant maintenance material BOM equipment BOM functional location BOM document structure sales order BOM In the SAP System. and so on. and unit of measure of each component. You also require this component if you want to organize comprehensive documents in the form of document structures. lists of ingredients. Different forms of bills of material are used wherever an end product is assembled from several component parts or materials. It contains the name.

10 December 1999 . therefore. positions and people from the Personnel Planning and Development module (PD) to a “work center”. Selection criteria If you choose these components. With a work center. producing an output of work. You assign a work center to a cost center for a specific time period. you can • • specify which machines or people are positioned in the operations.PP Component Short Description Work Center SAP AG Work Center Definition A “work center” is an organizational unit where an operation is carried out. determine costs. capacities and dates for the operations. you can assign qualifications.

You can use the following routing types in Production Planning and Control: • • routings and reference operation sets rate routings and reference rate routings You enter planned times for the execution of individual operations (standard values) in a routing. if necessary. In addition to the routings in the PP module. Routings are used as a reference for production orders. Selection criteria You need to select this component if you want to plan production in your company using the R/3 System.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Routing Routing Definition A routing describes a sequence of work steps and resources required to produce a material without reference to an order. These standard values are the basis for lead time scheduling. the following are further task list types in the R/3 System: • • master recipes (PP-PI) networks (PS) December 1999 11 . product costing and capacity planning. You use these values in a production order and can change them there.

PP Component Short Description CAPP-based Calculation of Standard Values SAP AG CAPP-based Calculation of Standard Values Definition The calculation of standard values with CAPP (CAPP = computer aided process planning) provides machine support for work scheduling to determine standard values in a routing. Formulas and tables are used for the calculation. 12 December 1999 . you can have the system calculate standard values in a routing. Selection criteria If you choose this component.

You assign production resources/tools to operations in task lists or orders where they are required.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Resources/Tools Production Resources/Tools Definition Production resources/tools (PRT) are moveable operating resources used to form objects. structure and efficiency. such as a technical drawing or an NC program. Routing Operation 10 PRT 1 PRT 2 Operation 20 Operation 30 Selection criteria You must select this component if you require production resources/tools to carry out operations. such as measurement and inspection devices. You can monitor the usage of production resources/tools as well as control their requirements planning. or used to check size. December 1999 13 . A production resource or tool can also be a document. such as tools and fixtures.

Flexible planning is carried out on hierarchies containing any chosen organizational levels (for example. materials. Selection criteria This component focuses on standard SOP. select also Application Link Enabling (ALE). Moreover. to all distribution channels.PP Component Short Description Sales & Operations Planning SAP AG Sales & Operations Planning Definition Sales & Operations Planning (SOP) is a flexible forecasting and planning tool with which sales. material. and plants in a particular sales organization). Sales & Operations Planning is made up of two elements: standard SOP and flexible planning. and other supply chain targets can be set on the basis of historical. and plant). To run SOP in a distributed environment. either a top-down or a bottom-up approach to planning is possible. 14 December 1999 . The system can be configured either such that target key figures set at one organizational level are distributed automatically and consistently to all the other organizational levels in the hierarchy (for example. or such that each level is planned separately. sales organization. production. Rough-cut planning can also be carried out to determine the amounts of the capacities and other resources required to meet these targets. distribution channel. Flexible planning offers multiple options for customized configuration. and/or estimated future data. in flexible planning the content and layout of planning screens can be defined by the users. Standard SOP comes largely preconfigured with the system. Thus. existing. SOP supports both the high-level planning of complex planning hierarchies and the detailed planning of finished products. Planning in standard SOP is based on product group hierarchies and is always carried out level by level.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Master Data Master Data Definition This component comprises the master data you need as the basis for production planning for process industries. Master data is data that remains unchanged over an extended period of time and is used in the same manner for similar objects. Master data in PP-PI Resource Master recipe with material list Corresponding component in discrete manufacturing Work center Routing and bill of material (BOM) Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company. The following table contains the PP-PI specific master data together with the components corresponding to it in discrete manufacturing. December 1999 15 .

Planned sales quantities can be passed on to Demand Management.PP Component Short Description Sales Plan SAP AG Sales Plan Definition Using this component. you set sales targets for product groups or finished products. 16 December 1999 . Selection criteria If you intend to use the standard SOP element of Sales & Operations Planning. select this component.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Plan Production Plan Definition Using this component. Selection criteria If you intend to use the standard SOP element of Sales & Operations Planning. Planned production quantities can be passed on to Demand Management. you set the production quantities that are required to meet your sales targets. December 1999 17 . select this component.

PP Component Short Description Distribution Requirements Planning SAP AG Distribution Requirements Planning See Distribution Requirements Planning [Ext.] 18 December 1999 .

December 1999 19 . the production quantities are defined for a certain interval.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Planning Production Planning Definition In Master Planning.

PP Component Short Description Material Forecast SAP AG Material Forecast Definition The Material Forecast uses material consumption to calculate forecast values that can be transferred to demand management or consumption-based MRP. you can also execute individual forecasts interactively for the material processed. They are used as the basis for creating the demand program and/or for calculating the reorder point and safety stock automatically. Selection Criteria Choosing this component allows you to execute the forecast either as a mass forecast or as an individual forecast. you can change the result of the forecast in a graphic. 20 December 1999 . When maintaining planned independent requirements or the material master record. If required.

material forecast). The result is the demand program. December 1999 21 . The strategy to be used for planning and producing/procuring a certain finished product is also determined in demand management. Selection Criteria If you select this component.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Demand Management Demand Management Definition In Demand Management. SOP. the future requirement quantities and dates are defined for finished products and important assemblies. you can either create the demand program manually and/or you can process preceding planning results (from sales planning.

assemblies. The SAP System supports a series of functions for master production scheduling to make it possible to plan master schedule items carefully and. 22 December 1999 . you can improve the quality of planning. Master schedule items may be finished products. These functions include: • • • • separate planning run for master schedule items planning time fence and fixing logic interactive planning special evaluation layout for master schedule items Selection Criteria If you select this component. those parts or products which greatly influence company profits or which take up critical resources are marked as master schedule items and are planned with extra attention. you can achieve a more exact capacity planning for critical parts and thus.PP Component Short Description Master Production Scheduling SAP AG Master Production Scheduling Definition In Master Production Scheduling. or even raw materials. therefore. precisely.

This provides them with a basis for negotiating delivery schedules and contracts with vendors. December 1999 23 . They use the information on the future requirements quantities to estimate future orders. Long-term planning can also be used to gain an overview of future requirements for materials that practically plan themselves in the oprerative process. you can create an annual planning or a rolling quartarly planning. activity requirements for the cost centers and the number of purchased parts required. such as reorder point materials. The system calculates capacity requirements. or whether additional machinery will have to be purchased to reach the sales target. The basis for long-term planning is provided by the operative PP basic data (including bills of materials. This means that you can make early decisions on whether other work centers are going to have to be used to cope with bottlenecks. to preview the future stock and requirements situation. routings and work centers). Selection Criteria If you select this component.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Long-Term Planning (Simulation) Long-Term Planning (Simulation) Definition In Long-Term Planning. bulk material or KANBAN materials. various versions of the demand program can be created which are planned in MRP and in capacity planning to calculate their effects (in simulative mode) on the future master plan. The results of long-term planning can also be used by the purchasing department.

Capacity planning supports planning in all its phases: • • • long-term rough-cut planning medium-term planning short-term detailed planning Integration Capacity planning is integrated in the following applications: • • • • • • • • • • Sales and Distribution (SD) Production Planning and Control (PP) Sales & Operations Planning (PP-SOP) Requirements Planning (Master Production Scheduling and Material Requirements Planning PP-MRP/MPS) Long-term Planning (PP-LTP) Shop Floor Control (PP . available capacity and capacity requirements are determined and compared with each other in lists or graphics.PP Component Short Description Capacity Planning SAP AG Capacity Planning Purpose The economic use of resources is an objective for many areas of a company. The component “Capacity Planning” is available in the R/3 System for this purpose. • – – Capacity leveling The objectives of capacity leveling are: Optimal capacity commitment Selection of appropriate resources 24 December 1999 .SFC) Repetitive Manufacturing (PP-REM) Process Industries (PP-PI) Plant Maintenance (PM) and Service Management (SM) Project System (PS) Capacity planning can be flexibly adjusted to planning demands and to the area of responsibility within the company. Features Capacity planning comprises the following partial components: • Capacity evaluation In the capacity evaluation.

you can use two types of planning table (graphical and tabular versions) to display the capacity situation and to carry out capacity leveling. there are application-specific planning tables for capacity leveling. In some applications such as Repetitive Manufacturing (PP-REM) or Sales and Operations Planning (PP-SOP). December 1999 25 .SAP AG PP Component Short Description Capacity Planning In most applications.

which does not take the capacity loads into account. You can choose between lead time scheduling. for example. Selection Criteria You should choose this component if you work with orders. which does. and finite scheduling. 26 December 1999 . You can determine the capacity requirements for orders. in production.PP Component Short Description Scheduling SAP AG Scheduling Definition “Scheduling” is carried out in capacity planning using standard times from task lists.

December 1999 27 . Selection Criteria You must select this component if you want to use capacity planning because it contains the necessary settings and the master data for this area.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Capacity Loads Capacity Loads Definition The “capacity load” is a result of a comparison between the requirements of a certain capacity and its available capacity. Capacity requirements are expressed as a percentage of available capacity.

PP Component Short Description Capacity Evaluation

SAP AG

Capacity Evaluation
Purpose
You can use capacity evaluations to analyze capacity loads in your company. You can adjust the analyses for each user according to the planning level, planning horizon and the area of responsibility. Available capacities and capacity requirements can be selected according to various criteria and cumulated using any period split you choose. You can use work center hierarchies to cumulate the available capacities of production work centers and their capacity requirements to superior planning work centers.

Integration
Capacity evaluation is a part of Capacity Planning.

Features
• You can execute various evaluations in the capacity evaluation online or in batch. – – – You get an overview of the load situation of selected work centers using the standard overview [Ext.]. You can use the detailed capacity list [Ext.] to display the orders that cause the capacity requirements at work centers. You can use the variable overview [Ext.] to display any capacity planning data you wish. The various evaluations can be displayed both in tabular and graphical form. The SAP Gantt diagram gives you an overview of the dates of the operations at a work center. • From all of the evaluation lists, you can either display or change work centers and capacities [Ext.]. From the detailed capacity list you can also process orders and confirmations [Ext.] and display stock/requirements lists [Ext.]. You can use the EXCEL interface to export the evaluation lists and continue working with Microsoft Excel [Ext.].

Constraints
In the capacity evaluation you can display the planned capacity requirements and the remaining capacity requirements. You cannot display the following capacity requirements in the capacity evaluation. • • • Actual capacity requirements Split capacity requirements that are assigned to individual capacities of a capacity SOP requirements

You can display this data in the extended evaluation [Ext.]. However, there are no change functions available in the extended evaluation; for example changing work centers and orders.

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SAP AG

PP Component Short Description Capacity Leveling

Capacity Leveling
Purpose
Capacity leveling is used in various areas of a company and at different planning levels with the following objectives: • • • • • • • High capacity load Adherence to dates Short lead times Low stocks Leveling overloads and underloads at work centers Achieving optimum commitment of machines and production lines Selecting appropriate resources

The objectives of capacity leveling include:

December 1999

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PP Component Short Description Material Requirements Planning

SAP AG

Material Requirements Planning
Definition
The main function of Material Requirements Planning is to guarantee material availability, that is, it is used to procure or produce the requirement quantities on time both for internal purposes and for sales and distribution. This process involves the monitoring of stocks and, in particular, the automatic creation of order proposals for purchasing and production. Materials planning can be split into two main procedures, consumption-based planning and MRP. Multi-plant planning is also possible.

Selection Criteria
If you select this component, you can make sure that the correct material is available for production in sufficient quantity and on time. To make this possible, materials planning aims at optimizing the following: • • service level minimizing costs and capital lockup

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PP Component Short Description Basic Data

Basic Data
Definition
The Basic Data for material requirements planning includes, for example: • • • MRP controller lot-sizing procedure special procurement types

Selection criteria
You must select this component as you cannot carry out material requirements planning without any basic data.

December 1999

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PP Component Short Description Planning Execution SAP AG Planning Execution Definition Execution of material requirements planning for all materials or assemblies whose requirement or stock situation has changed since the last planning run.either for a particular plant. Selection Criteria The selection of this component is necessary to be able to carry out the planning run. or for a single material or product group (single-item planning). with all relevant materials being planned at the corresponding plant (total planning). You can carry out the planning run at two levels . 32 December 1999 .

Selection Criteria The selection of this component is necessary to be able to carry out planning. December 1999 33 .SAP AG PP Component Short Description Procurement Proposal Procurement Proposal Definition The Procurement Proposals specify the quantities and dates that are automatically calculated in MRP or that are manually created by the MRP controller which are required to cover future requirements. Procurement proposals can be created for internal procurement (in-house production) and for external procurement.

34 December 1999 .PP Component Short Description Planning Evaluation SAP AG Planning Evaluation Definition This component provides the following evaluations for checking the planning results: • • • • • • • • MRP list (also as collective display for mass evaluations) current stock/requirements list (also as collective display for mass evaluations) comparison of the MRP list and the stock/requirements list planning situation (self-configurable evaluation) planning result (self-configurable evaluation) comparison of the planning situation and the planning result pegged requirements order report Selection Criteria This component is necessary for monitoring and processing the planning results. you can also create and perform self-configurable evaluations. In addition to the standard evaluations.

you need to select this component. shop floor control adds order-specific data (such as dates and quantities) to the already existent information. 20 Machine t Labor t Production overheads As soon as a planned order or an internal request exists from previous planning levels (MRP). December 1999 35 . Selection criteria If you want to use production orders. 10 Op.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Orders Production Orders Definition A production order specifies • • • • what is to be produced the production dates where the capacity load is to be dispatched the production costs Production/Assembly Order Scheduling Times Control data Texts 10 20 N t BOM RTG Op. 10 PRTs Materials Quality assurance Start date Finish date Capacity Planning Work center Capacity Costing Material costs Material overhead costs Production costs Op.

planned costs are determined. Scheduling: When a production orders is created it is automatically scheduled. you need to select this component. capacity requirements are generated for work centers. and nonstock components and externally processed operations are created for purchase requisitions. The following business transactions are carried out before the order is released: • A routing is selected. You can also manually trigger scheduling at any time. • Selection criteria If you want to use production orders. using the basic order dates as starting points. reservations are generated. a bill of material is exploded. 36 December 1999 . You can specify that the order should automatically be rescheduled if changes occur in the order that are relevant to scheduled.PP Component Short Description Order Planning SAP AG Order Planning Definition This component deals with the planning stages in the production order.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Header / Operation Header / Operation Definition This component contains the main order elements of a order. you need to select this component. the operation and sub-operation numbers. The most important production data needs to be specified during order creation. If this data already exists in the form of master data. it is automatically copied into the production order. The header data of the material includes • • • • • • • • • • • • • the material number of the material to be produced the order quantity the basic start / finish date (depending on scheduling type) the expected scrap quantity the order priority the order status the plant in which the material is to be produced. which specify the sequence in which operations are to be processed the work centers at which the operations are to be carried out the current status of the operations the start and finish dates of the operations the control key of the operations a short description of the operations. The operation overview screen includes Selection criteria If you want to use production orders. December 1999 37 .

that have not been allocated to an operation in the routing. They need to be specified in the production order. Selection criteria If you want to use production orders. you need to select this component. If they have already been maintained as master data. In a production order. however. they are automatically copied into the order. reallocate components from one operation to another. 38 December 1999 . All components.PP Component Short Description Components SAP AG Components Components are materials that are required in production. components have to be allocated to an operation. You can. are automatically allocated to the first operation during order creation.

or used to check size. such as tools and fixtures. Routing Operation 10 PRT 1 PRT 2 Operation 20 Operation 30 Selection criteria You must select this component if you require production resources/tools to carry out operations. such as measurement and inspection devices. You assign production resources/tools to operations in task lists or orders where they are required. December 1999 39 . such as a technical drawing or an NC program. A production resource or tool can also be a document.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Resources/Tools Production Resources/Tools Definition Production resources/tools (PRT) are moveable operating resources used to form objects. structure and efficiency. You can monitor the usage of production resources/tools as well as control their requirements planning.

40 December 1999 . You should. you need to select this component. however. create orders. It can trigger a function • • if a particular status is (de-)activated in a particular operation manually when the operation is confirmed Selection criteria This is an optional component.PP Component Short Description Trigger points SAP AG Trigger points Definition A trigger point is an object that can be allocated to an operation in order to trigger a function (for ex. select it if you want to • • • automate the release of operations in predefined intervals trigger rework during completion confirmation use workflow tasks If you want to use production orders. trigger workflow tasks). release / insert operation(s).

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Order Processing Order Processing Definition This component deals with the execution stage of the production order. You deliver the finished product back into stock and post a corresponding goods receipt. etc. such as scrap. The following business transactions are carried out after the order is released:: • Shop floor papers: You can print the documents required for carrying out the production order. processing time. yield. automatic goods receipt of finished product). Confirmation: Confirmation of actual order data. It is. possible to post goods movements automatically when you confirm an operation or an order (backflushing of components. you need to first take the required material components out of stock. you need to select this component. however. December 1999 41 . • Selection criteria If you want to use production orders. such as: − − − − − • operation control ticket job ticket pick list time ticket confirmation slip Goods movements: In order to start producing a material.

PP Component Short Description Order Close SAP AG Order Close Definition This component comprises the following steps carried out during process order execution: • • Process order settlement Archiving of process orders Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company. 42 December 1999 . you must choose the special functions for process manufacturing within Product Cost Controlling. To be able to settle a process order.

Selection Criteria The aim of KANBAN is to create a self-regulating environment controlling production and procurement.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Kanban Kanban Definition KANBAN production control is a technique for controlling production and material flow based on a modular backward linking of operations in production. KANBAN can also be implemented for organizing internal or external production according to the ‘supermarket principle’. paving the way for shorter lead times and zero inventories. The success of KANBAN depends on the following conditions: • • A relatively constant consumption level of the kanban part within a period that is greater than the replenishment lead time of the kanban. and to reduce the manual administrative effort required in production as far as possible. December 1999 43 . Minimum setup times and reliable production along with many small lots within a short period. The replenishment or production of a material is only triggered when a production level actually requires the material.

PP Component Short Description Control Cycle .Kanban Definition The kanban control cycle defines the relationship between the supply source and the demand source. the delivery address and so on.Kanban SAP AG Control Cycle . the number and contents of the circulating containers. 44 December 1999 . you must select this component as it plays a central role in the KANBAN philosophy. the kanban (card) print. Selection Criteria If you use KANBAN production control. The control cycle defines the replenishment strategy assigned.

the system receives the necessary data for the control cycle and for replenishment via the bar code and automatically carries out the postings required to trigger replenishment. Selection Criteria The selection of this component is required for triggering the signal for replenishment or for passing on information on the container status within the control cycle. December 1999 45 . the goods receipts for the replenishment are posted automatically depending on your settings. The most important status changes are setting the containers to ‘full’ and ‘empty’.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Kanban Control Kanban Control Definition KANBAN is controlled by the kanban signal which triggers the status change for the containers. When a container is full. The kanban signal is usually triggered by scanning a bar code. When a container is empty.

the supply source and the demand source receives a detailed overview of the container circulation. The kanban board can also be used for triggering the kanban signal. all the containers in circulation are displayed with their respective status. For each control cycle. Selection Criteria If you select this component.PP Component Short Description Kanban Board SAP AG Kanban Board Definition The Kanban Board displays the control cycles sorted according to the supply areas to which they are allocated. 46 December 1999 .

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Creation of Master Data Creation of Master Data Definition The Backflushing transaction for repetitive manufacturing with production cost collector provides the following options: • • • • posting goods receipts with automatic reduction of the open master plan posting goods issues posting actual costs to production cost collector updating statistics The following options are available for backflushing in repetitive manufacturing without a production cost collector: • posting goods receipts • • posting goods issues confirmations December 1999 47 .

PP Component Short Description Evaluations SAP AG Evaluations Definition Evaluations in repetitive manufacturing provide the following information: • • • • • pull list reporting point overview (goods in process) component reprocessing list document log CO reports • • • goods receipt statistics reporting point statistics material consumption analysis Statistics and analyses can also be accessed from the Logistics Information System: • production costs analysis 48 December 1999 .

Repetitive manufacturing has the following characteristics: • • • • • • • • master plans created and processed based on periods and quantities and released automatically for production easy-to-use backflushing functions based on quantities dispatching to production lines combined capacity and quantity planning range of coverages (days’ supply) multi-order material provision no firmed material allocations period-based Controlling December 1999 49 . This procedure supports production types that flow through production over longer periods.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Repetitive Manufacturing Repetitive Manufacturing Definition The SAP Repetitive Manufacturing component can be used for the purposes of production planning and control within a repetitive manufacturing environment.

The run schedule header contains no production quantities nor does it contain any dates. Both quantities and dates are planned using run schedule quantities assigned to the run schedule header. It is used for planning and settling finished and semi-finished products that are produced repetitively over a longer period. RS headers can be created with or without a production cost collector.PP Component Short Description Run Schedule Header SAP AG Run Schedule Header Definition A Run Schedule Header must be created before a material can be planned in repetitive manufacturing. Costs can be settled: • • • via a production cost collector per run schedule header via a production cost collector that is created for several run schedule headers via production orders 50 December 1999 .

This plan is displayed in the form of a periodic planning table providing an overview of all run schedule headers. available quantities and so on are displayed in this planning table which can be created automatically in the planning run and processed interactively. All important information such as capacities. December 1999 51 . product groups as well as production lines and groups of production lines. materials.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Planning for Repetitive Manufacturing Planning for Repetitive Manufacturing Definition The basis of the planning activities in Repetitive Manufacturing is the master plan.

Actual data and cost settlement data are collected by the production cost collector. Planning with run schedule quantities is especially useful if: • • a product is produced repetitively over a long period of time the same routings and therefore the same work centers are used for the production of a product family (production organized by production lines) 52 December 1999 .PP Component Short Description Planning Run Schedule Quantities SAP AG Planning Run Schedule Quantities Definition The Run Schedule Quantities specify the production quantities for a run schedule header that are produced in a certain period.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Planning Planning Definition In this type of planning. supplemented by additional functionality. Planning with partial orders is especially usefull when: • • producing complex. The planning procedure and also cost settlement is identical to that used for production orders. December 1999 53 . multi-level products each with a separate routing which are to be settled separately. each production lot is to be settled separately using a production order This process corresponds to the usual PPC procedure with production orders. These partial orders correspond to the standard planned orders that have to be converted into production orders. partial orders are created for certain dates. depending on the run schedule header.

the costs are collected at a so-called production cost collector and can be settled periodically by product costing. the costs are assigned to the production order. 54 December 1999 . Cost accounting for KANBAN (in-house production) can be controlled differently depending on the replenishment element used to control the control cycles.PP Component Short Description Creation of Master Data SAP AG Creation of Master Data Definition The Backflushing function provides the means for automatically posting goods receipts for the product as well as backflushing the goods issue for the components. • • • In the process with run schedule quantities. In replenishment control with production orders. the costs are also collected at a cost collector. In manual KANBAN.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Evaluation Evaluation Definition This component provides the following tools for evaluating KANBAN: • • • error display plant overview evaluations from other areas Using the error display. Selection Criteria The selection of this component is necessary if you want to carry out evaluations for KANBAN production. you can display all errors and you can delete the corresponding error messages. December 1999 55 . The plant overview provides you with an overview of the production progress of each control cycle either per plant or per plant plus certain selection criteria.

Here. Since. repetitive manufacturing. the system automatically creates a procurement element (such as a planned order) when creating a sales order. the production of PCs or automobiles. Vice versa. production by lots and projects are supported. Selection Criteria This component is especially useful for make-to-order production (with and without variant configuration). the finished product is not normally held in stock. any changes coming from production to either dates or quantities are immediately reflected in the sales order. assembly processing allows you to automatically check the availability and capacity at component level when processing sales orders. Due to the close cooperation between SD and PP. for example. For this purpose. 56 December 1999 .PP Component Short Description Assembly Processing SAP AG Assembly Processing Definition Assembly Processing makes it possible to quote more reliable dates to the customer in make-toorder production. any changes made to the sales order are also automatically passed on to production. in make-to-order production.

The components are procured using Kanban production techniques. ‘assembly planning’. This means that you can use repetitive manufacturing for maketo-order production whereby the backflush of the run schedule header is posted directly to the sales order. or if assembly can be carried out without routings. If the production of the assemblies is carried out in a constant flow through the production lines. A planned order is created when creating the sales order. December 1999 57 . • If the production control effort is to be kept to a minimum and backflushing is to be simplified. If simple routings are used. production control is carried out using the planning and control tools from the repetitive manufacturing module. or the planning strategy. consumption-based planning. Selection Criteria Assembly processing in repetitive manufacturing is especially useful when several of the following criteria are applicable: • • • • If the production process of the finished product is simple with clear production processes.SAP AG PP Component Short Description In Repetitive Manufacturing In Repetitive Manufacturing Definition In assembly processing with Repetitive Manufacturing. for example. If the components are provided at the production lines on an anonymous basis.

a production order is created automatically (or a planned order is created that can be converted into a production order). Selection Criteria This component is especially useful for complex production procedures.PP Component Short Description In Production by Lots SAP AG In Production by Lots Definition In assembly processing for Production by Lots. When creating a sales order. The process with production orders means that you can carry out production control: • • • • • • using collective orders using the status management of the production order using various business operations at operation level process flow production It makes sense to implement assembly processing with production orders in the following areas: manufacture of co-products production with parallel production lines 58 December 1999 . production control is carried out using production orders.

waste disposal.General) for batch-oriented manufacturing Additional optional functions and possibilities of integration are available if you select the corresponding components from the following areas together with PP-PI: • Classification System (Cross-Application Functions) enabling you to search or select classified data more easily • • • • Engineering Change Management (Logistics . • • • PP-PI is primarily designed for the chemical. pharmaceutical. When choosing this component. and production laboratories. PP-PI supports: the integrated planning of production. and transportation within a plant the integration of plants within the company: − − vertically by means of a continuous flow of information. These areas are: • • Material master (Logistics .General) enabling you to create a change history as well as to implement a release procedure Variant Configuration (Logistics . as well as the process-oriented electronics industry. PP-PI uses data provided by other components. you not only decide for the PPPI specific subcomponents but also for the higher-level planning components PP-PI uses in common with discrete manufacturing. if you want to use your system for the planning and execution of batchoriented process manufacturing. waste disposal facilities.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Production Planning for Process Industries Production Planning for Process Industries Definition The PP-PI component (Production Planning for Process Industries) is an integrated instrument for the planning and execution of batch-oriented process manufacturing. • • • Sales & Operations Planning Master Planning Material Requirements Planning In some areas. Basic Data) and materials management for the planning of input materials required and products to be manufactured Batches (Logistics .General) enabling you to create different production variants using maximum master formulas (recipes) Quality Management enabling you to carry out in-process inspections Controlling enabling you to carry out order settlement December 1999 59 . food and beverage industries. You also need to select these components if you want to use PP-PI. ranging from central business applications to process control horizontally by the coordination of planning between production plants. Selection criteria Choose this component.General. recycling.

This is data that remains unchanged over a longer period and is always used in the same manner.PP Component Short Description Basic Data SAP AG Basic Data Definition This component contains the master data you require as a basis for production planning in discrete manufacturing. 60 December 1999 . Selection criteria You need to select this component if you want to plan production in your company using the R/3 System.

Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company. December 1999 61 . and dates. However. They are used as the basis for the calculation of costs. for process manufacturing you can also create a resource network to specify the sequence in which the resources are to be used. Resources are allocated to operations and phases in the master recipe and process order. The resource corresponds to the work center in discrete manufacturing.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Resources Resources Definition Resources are objects and persons involved in the production process which have capacities allocated to them. capacity requirements.

However. They are mainly used for the manufacture of products. inspection characteristics) • • • In addition. These parameters are specified during process planning and have to be communicated to process control. 62 December 1999 . The master recipe is used as the basis for the process order. Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company. the master recipe contains parameters relevant to the control of the production process (process instructions). From the planning view. The data scope of the master recipe in the R/3 System was defined in accordance with the international standards of the European Batch Forum (EBF).PP Component Short Description Master Recipe SAP AG Master Recipe Definition Master recipes describe the company-specific application of manufacturing procedures without relating to a specific order. the norms working committee for measuring and control techniques in the chemical industry (NAMUR) as well as in accordance with standard S88 of the Instrument Society of America (ISA). the data contains the following information: • the individual steps in the production process (operations and phases) in the sequence in which they are to be carried out as well as planned durations and other activities (standard values) the resources required for the individual steps in the production process the ingredients required for production (material list) instructions for in-process quality inspections (for example. they can also describe the clean-out or changeover of a processing unit.

December 1999 63 . You use a process order to plan the quantities. Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company. and resources of the manufacturing process. A process order describes the production of materials in a production run or the output of a service. dates. and to define rules for the account assignment and settlement of the costs incurred. to control process order execution. It is generated from the master recipe and contains all the information specified during process planning.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Process Order Process Order Definition Process orders are the main element used for the detailed planning and execution of process manufacturing.

Process planning comprising • Process order creation – selecting a master recipe – creating reservations or copying them from planned orders – calculating planned costs – creating capacity requirements for the resources Scheduling Starting with the basic order dates. In addition. the system automatically schedules the process order when you create it. you must also select the corresponding components from Process Management. it can later be rescheduled automatically or manually whenever changes relevant to scheduling have been made. You only create control recipes during process order execution if you want to use PI sheets and/or process control systems. Release of process order Creating and downloading control recipes (optional) • • • • • Process order execution and process management Printing shop floor documents Carrying out material withdrawals Withdrawing material components required in the manufacturing process in the form of goods issues from the warehouse. Recording confirmations Carrying out in-process quality inspections (optional) • • • Posting goods receipts Delivering the manufactured product to the warehouse by posting a goods receipt. In this case. 64 December 1999 . Selection criteria Choose this component if you want to use PP-PI in your company.PP Component Short Description Order Execution SAP AG Order Execution Definition This component comprises the central processing steps involved in process order execution. you must select the relevant components from Quality Management. If you also want to carry out in-process quality inspections for your orders.

the actual costs incurred for the order are settled to one or more receiver cost-objects (for example. Selection criteria If you want to use production orders.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Order Closing Order Closing Definition When a production order is settled. Offsetting entries are generated automatically to credit the production order. to the account for the material produced to a sales order). you need to select this component. December 1999 65 .

PP Component Short Description Capacity Planning SAP AG Capacity Planning Definition Capacity planning is an instrument used to determine the available capacity and capacity requirements and to carry out capacity leveling. Capacity planning supports • • • long-term planning medium-term planning detailed planning 66 December 1999 .

it can be linked to automated.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Process Management Process Management Definition Process management is the interface between the PP-PI component (Production Planning for Process Industries) and process control. Due to its flexible structure. checking. and transferring process messages with actual process data manual entry of process messages December 1999 67 . Process management comprises the following functions: • • • • • receiving control recipes with process instructions from released process orders transferring control recipes to the corresponding line operators or process control systems editing process instructions in natural language (PI sheet) so that they can be displayed and maintained on the screen by the line operator receiving. partially automated and manually operated lines.

The content as well as message destinations are predefined specifically for a plant. Process management transfers them to the destinations defined there. as well as to generate batch and production records. Process messages can either be created when an R/3 PI sheet is maintained or they can be received by external systems (via the interface PI-PCS). Process messages are used to update existing data records. such as inventory management user-defined ABAP/4 tables. The content of the process messages can be determined individually by assigning characteristics and characteristic values. for evaluation purposes users of the SAPoffice mail system. 68 December 1999 . such as a process control system. such as the shift leader external functions.PP Component Short Description Process Message SAP AG Process Message Definition Process messages are structures that are used to transfer actual process data from process control to one or more message destinations of the following types: • • • • R/3 function module or component. for example.

SAP AG PP Component Short Description Control Recipe Control Recipe Definition A control recipe contains all information required for the execution of a process order by a certain process control system or line operator. After the process order or the corresponding phases have been released. December 1999 69 . The content of process instructions can be determined individually by assigning characteristics and characteristic values. the process instructions are bundled into control recipes and transferred to the destinations (control system or operator) which have also been maintained in the order. It contains: • • information on the processing steps to be carried out during process control information on the actual data to be reported Information relevant for process control is maintained in the process order in the form of process instructions.

order confirmation. document management or material quantity calculation 70 December 1999 . The PI sheet enables the exchange of information between PP-PI and line operators in lines that are operated manually (either totally or partially). the PI sheet supports the following functions: • • • • • • display of control information in natural language recording of actual process data calculation of values reporting entered and calculated values using process messages recording inspection results by jumping directly to QM calling R/3 function modules to access.PP Component Short Description PI Sheet SAP AG PI Sheet Definition In a PI sheet. the process instructions contained in a control recipe are edited for display and maintenance on the screen. for example. Depending on the process instructions contained in the control recipe.

lists of order-related and batch-related process data are generated and stored in an optical archive. Customer-specific enhancements are possible. This enables the creation and storing of an Electronic Batch Record (EBR). December 1999 71 . which cannot be manipulated. The archived lists are generated based on international standards such as those defined in the guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).SAP AG PP Component Short Description Process Data Documentation Process Data Documentation Definition During process data documentation.

PP Component Short Description Process Data Evaluation SAP AG Process Data Evaluation Definition This component comprises the following functions for the evaluation of process data: • the shop floor information system which you can use to analyze the following data: − − − − − − • − − • resources business transactions materials process orders material consumptions product costs process message evaluation which you can use to display message data using SAP Business Graphics transfer message data to Microsoft EXCEL for further processing the possibility to call process data for evaluation from the database using external tools (required interface software: ODBC) 72 December 1999 .

December 1999 73 . as well as to maintain statistics. quality. labor-related and machine-related messages). the SAP standard communication channels.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Plant Data Collection Plant Data Collection Definition Plant data collection comprises the collection and display of plant data (that is. and transfer. including check. processing. evaluation. The aim of plant data collection is to obtain up-to-date information on machine utilization. etc. editing. Selection criteria Using plant data collection only makes sense if you connect an external subsystem (such as PDC) via standard interfaces. order situation.

Selection criteria Using work order time recording only makes sense if you connect an external subsystem (such as a time recording system) via standard interfaces.PP Component Short Description Work Order Time Recording SAP AG Work Order Time Recording Definition The aim of work order time recording is the collection and evaluation of all time-related messages that are created when a production order is executed. SAP’s standard communication channels. The target standard times are compared with the actual times. 74 December 1999 .

The target standard times are compared with the actual times. December 1999 75 .SAP AG PP Component Short Description Work Order Time Recording (PM Order) Work Order Time Recording (PM Order) Definition The aim of work order time recording is the collection and evaluation of all time-related messages that are created when a maintenance order is executed. SAP’s standard communication channels. Selection criteria Using work order time recording only makes sense if you connect an external subsystem (such as a time recording system) via standard interfaces.

This data is the basis for time-related payments systems. SAP’s standard communication channels. 76 December 1999 . comes. goes. Selection criteria Using labor time recording only makes sense if you connect an external subsystem (such as a time recording system) via standard interfaces.PP Component Short Description Personnel Time Recording SAP AG Personnel Time Recording Definition The aim of labor time recording is the collection and evaluation of all labor-related messages (such as. short business trip).

SAP’s standard communication channels. The target standard times are compared with the actual times.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Project Time Recording Project Time Recording Definition The aim of project time recording is the collection and evaluation of all time-related messages that are created when a project is executed. Selection criteria Using project time recording only makes sense if you connect an external subsystem (such as a time recording system) via standard interfaces. December 1999 77 .

The Shop Floor Information System is part of the Logistics Information System (LIS) which also includes the Purchasing Information System and Inventory Controlling. good on-time delivery performance. controlling and planning your business operations. low costs) and so be in a position to take necessary action in good time. Selection Criteria Use of the Production Planning and Control component is a prerequisite for the Shop Floor Information System component. You can also define the level of detail in which you wish to see the information. good capacity load utilization. All information systems in LIS make use of the same techniques for analyzing data and they all have the same user interface. 78 December 1999 . It is a flexible tool for collecting. aggregating and analyzing data from the area of production. The information system allows you to view all information in the operative application from a wide range of perspectives. then you do not need to select the Logistics Information System component at Logistics General level. The Shop Floor Information System contains informative key figures which help you to permanently monitor the key aims in production (short lead times.g. to include external data (e. however.PP Component Short Description Information System SAP AG Information System Definition The Shop Floor Information System can be used at a variety of levels in the decision-making process as an instrument for monitoring. It is also possible. from non-SAP systems). Tools are available in Customizing. which allow you to apply a self-defined structure to your information system and tailor it to meet your own specific requirements. the Early Warning System and the Logistics Information Library are integrated in the Shop Floor Information System. The data is evaluated either by means of standard analyses or flexible analyses. If you select the Shop Floor Information System component while you are in the Production Planning and Control application itself. Flexible planning. Data from the area of Kanban can also be analyzed in the information system.

correlation curve. This makes use of functionality in the Report Writer. previous year comparison. cumulative frequency curve. These functions enable you to target specific key figures and to analyze them in detail (e. etc. Different display types enable you to vary the layout of your reports. You can specify the level of detail in which you wish to view the information.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Reporting Reporting Definition The reporting component comprises the standard analyses and flexible analyses of the Shop Floor Information System.g. ABC analysis. • December 1999 79 . A great variety of functions are available as part of the standard analyses. planned/actual comparison. and to create reports very easily. Flexible analyses Flexible analyses allow you to group together and aggregate key figures yourself. The values for each list can also be viewed graphically. The standard and flexible analyses enable you to analyze and evaluate data which is written to the Shop Floor Information System.). • Standard analyses The standard analyses are based on statistical data from production and provide a wide range of options for evaluating data.

PP Component Short Description Planning SAP AG Planning Definition The planning functionality of the LIS information systems is integrated into the central component Sales & Operations Planning (SOP). and/or estimated future data. The system can be configured either such that target key figures set at one organizational level are distributed automatically and consistently to all the other organizational levels in the hierarchy. and other supply chain targets can be set on the basis of historical. select also Application Link Enabling (ALE). Flexible planning offers multiple options for customized configuration. Rough-cut planning can also be carried out to determine the amounts of the capacities and other resources required to meet these targets. Thus. Planning in standard SOP is based on product group hierarchies and is always carried out level by level. Selection Criteria This component focuses on flexible planning. or such that each level is planned separately. either a top-down or a bottom-up approach to planning is possible. production. Flexible planning is carried out on hierarchies containing any chosen organizational levels. To run SOP in a distributed environment. Sales & Operations Planning is made up of two elements: standard SOP and flexible planning. 80 December 1999 . Sales & Operations Planning (SOP) is a flexible forecasting and planning tool with which sales. SOP supports both the high-level planning of complex planning hierarchies and the detailed planning of finished products. Moreover. existing. Standard SOP comes largely preconfigured with the system. in flexible planning the content and layout of planning screens can be defined by the users.

The LIL enables you to integrate reports. The LIL also offers you the option of cataloging and structuring key figures. Sales and Production. The LIL also allows you to access key figures that are not integrated in any key figure system and those that have been created specifically for your own business purposes. information systems and tables from different areas of Logistics. It is possible to search for and call up a specific key figure.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Interface to Logistics Information Library (LIL) Interface to Logistics Information Library (LIL) Definition The Logistics Information Library (LIL) helps you to create. the transaction code or the menu path. December 1999 81 . The Logistics Information Library uses simple search strategies which enable you to access all key figures in the LIS information systems. classify and find key figures in the area of Logistics and is integrated in all information systems of the Logistics Information System (LIS) as an individual menu option. such as Purchasing. transactions. without knowing the exact name of the report.

82 December 1999 . Update groups and update rules are also available to help you with your definition. A variety of tools allow these structures to be filled with customer-specific data (even external data). Variable data structures are used to ensure that the varying requirements of different user groups and applications are satisfied. This takes place in the data collection component. Selection Criteria Selection of the data collection component is a prerequisite for using all other components in the logistics information systems. the data collection component contains functions which allow you to define the way in which statistical data from the application is written to the information system. The functionality in this component allows you to define and construct your own Logistics Data Warehouse. In addition.PP Component Short Description Data Collection SAP AG Data Collection Definition The data collection component (Logistics Data Warehouse) is central to the Logistics Information System (LIS) and is integrated in all LIS information systems. The so-called self-defined information structures play a key role in this process.

or you can view the critical data in the system. The Early Warning System allows you to search for exceptional situations and thus helps you to detect and rectify potential problems at an early stage. as well as the conditions for subsequent follow-up processing. If an exceptional situation occurs. You can define your own exceptional situations in the form of ‘exceptions’. The display of the critical data is supported by various visualization techniques.SAP AG PP Component Short Description Early Warning System Early Warning System Definition The Early Warning System aids the decision-making process by enabling you to select and monitor weak points in production processes. for instance. then you can be informed automatically by mail or fax. The key figures of the Shop Floor Information System form the basis for the analysis. The Early Warning System is integrated in the Shop Floor Information System. December 1999 83 .

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