STRUCTURE OF B.E.
(ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS) 2008 COURSE TERM - I SUBJECT NAME OF SUBJECT CODE 404181 ELECTRONICS PRODUCT DESIGN 404182 VLSI DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY 404183 COMPUTER NETWORK 404184 ELECTIVE-I 404185 ELECTIVE-II 404186 PROJECT (PART-1) TH 3 4 4 4 4 19 2 2 2 2 8 1 PR TUT 1 PP 100 100 100 100 100 500 50 25 50 100 50 50 100 TW 25 50 OR PR TOTAL MARKS 125 150 150 175 100 50 750
Elective –I 1. Digital Image Processing 2. Embedded System and RTOS 3. Industrial Drives Control 4. Microwave Communication and Radar Elective-II 1. Entrepreneurship Development 2. Joint Time Frequency Analysis 3. Micro-electromechanical-system and System on chip ( MEMS and SOC) 4. Mobile Communication
ELECTRONIC PRODUCT DESIGN (404181) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 3 Hrs/week Tutorial: 1 Hr/week Unit 1: Introduction Stages in product design- Market survey, Product Specifications (Electrical, Mechanical, Environmental), R&D and Engineering Prototypes, Pilot Production Batch, Environmental testing, Documentation, Manufacturing. Electronic Products Classification- Consumer, Industrial and Military. Their peculiarities in terms of Cost/performance ratio and Reliability. Reliability- Bath tub curve, Measures taken (at Component and Product level and various soldering techniques including Surface Mount Technology) to improve reliability. Fundamentals of Communication System Design, criteria for selection of frequency bands, requirements of Voice and Multimedia Applications Unit 2: Hardware designs- Analog Analog Signal Conditioning- Factors affecting choice of OPAMPs in signal conditioning applications. Need for Instrumentation Amplifiers- Case study. Error budget analysis with Case study. ADCs- Interpretation of ADC specifications from design view point. Considerations in selecting References (Vref for ADC).DACs- Interpretation of DAC specifications from design view point. Unit 3: Hardware design- Digital Interface examples for- LED, HB LED, LCD, Keyboard, Touch Screen. Microcontrollers- Comparative study of different Microcontroller Architectures, Factors affecting choice of Microcontroller for particular application with Case study of one application. Introduction to buses and protocols used in Electronic Products- I2C, SPI. Unit 4: Software design and testing for Electronic Product Different approaches to development of application software for Electronic Product. Factors affecting choice between Assembly language and High level language like C and C++. Documentation practices and templates for above software.Debugging tools and techniques for software- Features and limitations of- Debuggers, Simulators, ICE, IDE. Hardware Test Programs. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Term work: 25 Marks
Unit 5: PCB design and EMI/EMC PCB Design practices for Analog and Mixed signal circuits- Ground Loops, Precision circuits, shielding and guarding. PCB Design Practices for High Speed Digital Circuits, Signal integrity and EMC. EMI/EMC testing standards and compliance. Unit 6: Design Considerations of Communication Systems Implementing Radio link, Path profile. RF path loss calculations, Transmitter/Receiver sensitivity, Signal to Noise Ratio and SINAD, Fade Margin. Study and evaluation of Performance parameters like- Bit and Symbol error rates. Spectral bandwidth calculations. Design of various blocks of communication systems such as- Phase-locked Loop, Equalizer and Interleaver. Text Books 1. Bernhard E. Bürdek, “History,Theory and Practice of Product Design”, Springer Science, 2005 2. Paul Horowitz, “Art of Electronics”, Cambridge University Press 3. Howard Johnson, Martin Graham, “High-speed Digital design- A Handbook of Black Magic”, Prentice Hall Publication 4. Proakis and Salehi “Contemporary Communication Systems Using Matlab”, PWS Publishing Company, 1998 5. G. Pahl andW. Beitz J. Feldhusen and K.-H. Grote, “Engineering Design - A Systematic Approach”, Springer,2007 6. Tim Williams, “EMC for Product Designers”, Elsevier, Fourth edition 2007 Reference Books 1. David Bailey, “Practical Radio Engineering and Telemetry for Industry”, Elsevier, ISBN 07506 58037 2. Bernard Sklar , “Digital Communication” , Pearson Ed 3. Pressman , “Software Engineering - A Practitioner's Approach” 4. David Bailey, “Practical Radio Engineering & Telemetry for Industry”, Elsevier, ISBN 07506 58037 5. Domine Leenaerts ,Johan van der Tang , Cicero S. Vaucher , “Circuit Design for RF Transceivers” , Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003 Tutorials 1. Power supply sizing (Estimation of current requirement) 2. Design of SPAN ZERO circuit 3. Error budget analysis 4. ADC Interface example 6
5. DAC interface example 6. Interfaces- LED, LCD, Touch Screen 7. Case study for deciding appropriate Microcontroller for given application 8. PCB Design for Mixed Signal Circuit (Involving ADC and Signal Conditioning) 9. DC analysis of given circuit 10. AC analysis of given circuit 11. Sensitivity analysis for given circuit 12. Reliability calculations for given circuit from given data 13. Case study of CDMA and OFDM (Using software tools like SIMULINK, MATLAB) 14. Digital Phase-locked loop 15. Equalizer 16. Interleaver 7
VLSI DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY (404182) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Practical/Week: 2Hrs. Unit 1: Analog CMOS Design Enhancement MOSFET equivalent circuit, parasitics, as resistor, diode. Active load, current source and push pull inverter amplifiers. Current source and sink. Common source, drain and gate amplifiers. Cascode amplifier. Differential amplifier. CMOS opamp. Unit 2: Digital CMOS Design CMOS Inverter, voltage transfer curve, body effect, hot electron effect, velocity saturation. Static and dynamic dissipations. Power delay product. Noise margin. Combinational logic design, W/L calculations. Transmission gate, design using TGs. λ parameter, layout, Design Rule Check. Technology scaling. Unit 3: VHDL and Finite State Machines VHDL design units, modeling styles, synthesizable and non synthesizable test benches, design flow, functions, procedures, attributes, test benches, configurations, packages. Synchronous and asynchronous machines, Finite State Machines (FSM), metastability, state diagrams and VHDL codes for FSMs. Unit 4: Programmable Logic Devices (PLDs) Need of PLDs. Comparison with ASIC, general purpose processor, DSP processor, microcontroller, memories etc. Features, specifications, detail architectures, application areas, limitations of Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD) and Field Programmable Logic Devices (FPGA). Unit 5: Fault tolerance and testability Types of fault, stuck open, short, stuck at 1, 0 faults. Fault coverage. Need of Design for Testability (DFT). Controllability, predictability, testability, Built In Self Test (BIST). Partial and full scan check. Need of boundary scan check, JTAG, Test Access Port (TAP) controller. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks
Weste and Kamran. Allen Holberg. “Modern VLSI Design (System on Chip)”.. Signal integrity issues. 5. To generate ramp/square waveform using DAC. 5. McGraw Hill Publication. Sung-Mo(Steve) Kang. 4. To design lift/traffic light controller. Perry. “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits”. “VHDL”. calculate W/L ratios. for the following (Any four). simulate and down load in to PLD. 1. “Principles of CMOS VLSI Design”. Assume suitable technology. To design programmable timer/counter. Wyane Wolf. wire parasitics. 3. To sense physical parameter such as temperature/pressure/flow etc. 4. To design following logic. Interconnect routing techniques.
. Group B. Yusuf Leblebici. To write/read in to RAM. “Analog CMOS Design”. 2. clock jitter. Clock distribution techniques. switching timings etc. Oxford University Press. Reference Books 1. CMOS Inverter. 6. power distribution techniques. Charles Roth. prepare layout in multi metal layers and simulate (Any four). Principles and Practices”. EMI immune chip design. Off chip connections. Supply and ground bounce. Power optimization. load capacitance. 3. interface to PLD and display. 1. Pearson Publication. synthesis. List of practical’s Group A: To write VHDL code and test bench. Prentice Hall Publication.Unit 6: Signal Integrity and System on Chip Clock skew. free running frequency. I/O architectures. Tata McGraw Hill Publication. convert in to digital using ADC. Pearson Publication. Neil H. “Digital Design. 2. John F. McGraw Hill Publication. To measure the period of a signal. Design validation. 2. 3. Textbooks 1. Wakerly. “Digital System Design using VHDL”. Data Sheets of PLDs.
4. 3. CMOS NAND. 5. 6. CMOS Combinational logic for minimum 4 variables.
. 2:1 Mux by conventional method and by using Transmission gates. Comparison of them. Clock skew generation and mitigation by any one method for synchronous machine. Minimum 5 stage cascaded Inverter ring counter and understand technology limitations. NOR.2.
IGMP. DHCP. Addressing. Fast Ethernet. Congestion Control. Guided and Unguided Transmission media. Unit 4: Network Layer Logical addressing: IPv4. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks
. Virtual circuit networks. IPv6 . Backbone networks.Address mapping.ARP. Multiple access: Random access. IPv6 addresses. IEEE standards. Quality of services (QoS). Internet Protocol: Internetworking. Unit 2: Data Link Layer Data link control: Framing. Networks models. Cable TV. Transmission Control. Cable networks for Data transmission: Dialup modems. Data gram Networks.11–Bluetooth. changes in the standard. Multicast routing protocols. Techniques to improve QoS. Protocol (TCP). OSI model. Wired LANS : Ethernet. Flow and error control.IPv4. Layers in OSI model. standard Ethernet. Unit 3: Wireless LANS Wireless LANS : IEEE 802. User Datagram Protocol (UDP).COMPUTER NETWORK (404183) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Practical: 2Hrs/week Unit 1: Physical Layer Data Communications. TCP / IP protocol suite. Controlled access. Routing -Unicast. Connecting LANS: Connecting devices. Protocols for Noiseless and Noisy Channels.Forwarding . Virtual LANS. Cable TV for Data transfer. ICMP. Networks. HDLC. Unit 5: Transport Layer Process-to-Process delivery.BOOTP. RARP. Gigabit Ethernet. Switching: Circuit switched networks. Delivery. DSL. Virtual circuit networks: Architecture and Layers of Frame Relay and ATM.
Connect to a shared folder. Kurouse & W. Build a small network using Windows 2000 Operating System. Install TCP/IP. Network performance study using FTP.2006 2. fifth edition. “Guide to Networking Essentials”. Second Edition. 2000. Tannenbaum.Manoj. Pearson Education 2. Install virtual web servers using IP addresses and port numbers. Eighth Edition. James . Wayne Tomasi. Share a folder.S.
. List of the Experiments (Minimum 8 experiments are to be performed). Install virtual FTP servers using IP addresses and port numbers. 1/e. Andrew S. Stop sharing a folder. Text Books 1.2003 Reference Books 1. Communication Security. E-mail. HTTP. Study of Windows 2000 operating System & Implementation of LAN Introduction to Windows 2000 operating systems. 2007. “Computer Networks”. 3. Greg Tomshon. David Johnson. Use the PING utility to test TCP/IP communications and its different options. connectors. Creating accounts and changing passwords.Unit 6: Application Layer Domain Name System (DNS). Rouse. Authentication Protocols. Pearson Education. FTP. Multimedia Network Security: Cryptography. etc . B. 1. “Data communication and Networking”. 2. Verifying the installed IIS5 services. C. “Data and Computer Communication”. Thomson India Learning. Management of Public keys. Symmetric key and Public Key algorithms. Digital signature. Pearson Education. “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach Featuring”. Pearson Education. Pearson Education. Use FTP service to transfer files. Install and test NetBEUI. “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”. Installation and configuration of Web & FTP Services Install Microsoft Internet Information Server (IIS5) services. Fourth Edition. Use the IPCONFIG utility to view configured IP parameters. Tata McGraw-Hill. Manually configure TCP/IP parameters.3/e. Introduction to networking devices. Use netstat to check the status of the TCP ports. Objective: To study about various applications and to understand the various network security algorithms. 5. WWW. 4. “Ad hoc Wireless Networks – Architecture and Protocols”. Assign multiple IP addresses to the web server. Behrouz A.Sivaram Murthy. Connect to a Web server. cables. Ed Tittel.F. William Stallings. Foruzan.
Assign classless IP address CIDR Implementation of LANs using CIDR IP addresses. Network Protocol Analyser Examine how networking packets are transferred and exchanged in a TCP/IP network. Write a program for implementation of Shortest Path algorithm. Interact with an Email server using SMTP and POP3 protocols commands. 4. Ethereal software is used to capture. Students learn how to interpret and manually edit routing-table entries in a network with multiple IP networks and IP routers. Study of DNS. Overview about the DHCP server. Define a range of subnetted network IDs. 12.3. Socket Programming for client/Server application 5. Study of wireless LANs. identify and correct some of the network problems. and Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). Implementation of LANs using subnetted IP address. Since this is the first lab that uses the routers. 10. Assigning IP address in a local area network. The lab exercise show how to set up a Windows PC and a router as an IP router and reveals the similarities of IP forwarding and routing tables on a Widows PC and a router. 7. Installation and configuration of Telnet server for Telnet communication. decode and analyze the packets.
. Ping to a host using its NetBIOS name Add IP addresses/host name mappings to the local host file Configure DNS service on Windows 2000 server Use Domain Name Service to resolve hostnames into IP addresses. Study of IP Address Classes and DHCP. 6. Write a program for Encryption and Decryption 11. Installing and configuring a DHCP server. Identify invalid IP address. Installing DHCP client. Study of IP Addresses subnetting and CIDR Basic principles of subnetting. Students learn how to detect. Configuration of router & study of routing between LAN’s This lab introduces the concepts of IP forwarding and routing between IP networks. there is a component that shows how to access the console port of a router from a Windows PC and how to issue configuration commands on a router. 9. Determine the address class. 8. Student will develop an understanding of the protocols in packets transfer and corresponding protocols like Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). SMTP & POP3 Determine the local host address.
gray level to color transformation. smoothening and sharpening spatial filters. Basics of spatial filtering. Unit 3: Image Transforms 2D-DFT. Image Enhancement in frequency Domain: smoothening and sharpening frequency domain filters. Fundamental of color image processing: color models.redundancy: coding. the KL Transform. psychovisual. Image Compression Model. Walsh/Hadamard Transform. PSNR etc. CMY. FFT. Arithmetic and logical operations between images. Lossy CompressionLossy Predictive. Image Sensing and Acquisition. Basic Relationships between Pixels. Measures and their significance.variable length. . Fundamentals of JPEG. SNR. Image formation model. interpixel.Elective-I
DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING (404184) Teaching Scheme Lecturers/week: 4 hrs Practicals/week: 2 hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Digital Image Fundamentals Components of Image Processing System. Statistical parameters. Unit 2: Image Enhancement Enhancement in Spatial Domain: basic gray level transformations. Pseudo Color Image processing: Intensity filtering. Haar Transform Unit 4: Image Coding and Compression Image Coding Fundamentals. HIS. MTF of Visual System. Elements of Visual Perception. variance. RGB. fidelity criteria. Basics of full color image processing. histogram processing. fractals. Mean.
. DCT. MPEG. YIQ. bit plane. fundamentals. standard deviation. elements of information theory. Image Sampling & Quantization Spatial and Gray Level Resolution. Error Free Compression . Lossless Predictive. equalization.
"Digital Image Processing". 5. spatial feature and boundary extraction. Pseudo coloring. Noise Models. Medical imaging. "Digital Image Processing".. Morphological Image Processing: Dilation. Hough Transform. 6. boundary representation by chain codes and B splines. 9. power law transformation etc. dilation. 8. Jain. Erosion. Prewitt and Roberts operators. Study of statistical properties. Edge detection using Sobel. Reference Book 1. standard deviation.mean. 10. K. "Fundamentals of Digital Intake Processing". Closing on Binary Images.smoothing & sharpening filters. Image. Edge detection. Gonzalez and Woods. variance and Histogram plotting. Study of BMP file format and Conversion of 24 bit color image to 8 bit image 2. Applications using different Imaging modalities such as acoustic Imaging. Spatial Domain filtering. 7.Unit 5: Image Analysis Edge detection. electron microscopy etc. Applications: Character Recognition. John Wiley & Sons List of Practicals (Atleast 5 assignments should be done using ‘C'. Text Books 1. DCT/IDCT of given image. Creating noisy image and filtering using MATLAB. and Restoration in Presence c Noise in spatial Domain. 4. line. 3. opening & closing on binary a. "Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing". A. Remote Sensing. PHI. Optional MATLAB support may be given to relevant assignments. Opening. Fingerprint Recognition. Histogram equalization & modification. Arthur Weeks Jr.erosion. Gray level transformations such as contrast stretching. 12
. Boundary detection and Thersholding. profile. Segmentation: Point. Pearson Education 2. Pearson Education. Unit 6: Image restoration and Image Processing Applications Image Degradation Mode. negative. Morphological operations.) 1. Linear Filtering. 2. Pratt William.
16. Arm11and Arm Cortex architecture..EMBEDDED SYSTEM AND RTOS (404184) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Practical: 2Hrs/week Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Introduction to Embedded System Characteristics . memory management.Serial Communication using on chip UART. Memory types such as RAM. Libc. message queues. ROM. touch screen. design metrics and optimization of various parameters of embedded system . ISR. MTD. DSP. IEEE 802. types of scheduler algorithms. On chip Real Time Clock and .11 and 802. Software architectures of embedded system and comparison of them. Different series of ARM : Arm7. pipes. Timer. µcos II RTOS services : Task management. EEPROM . Tool chain building. LCD Display .Features and applications of each with typical example. Switches.VLSI devices such as FPGA. Hardware interfacing of devices like LPC2148.cost and power. debugging tools .Wireless communication like Bluetooth..size. events. Current trends and challenges of embedded systems in terms of demand of number of applications. IRDA. First Linux application on ARM: “Hello world!” Linux Kernel architecture and 13
. GPRS. mailbox.IP CORES & SOC in embedded system. . Other protocols like CAN. Unit 4: Embedded Linux What is Embedded Linux? Development tools required for ARM/Linux applications.NVRAM. Tool utilities such as Minicomp. Busybox. On chip Multichannel ADC programming and USB interface with PC. Redboot. Survey of currently available processors from various manufacturers and comparison of them for embedded application Unit 2: Processor and Memory Limitations of 8 bit processors and need of 32 bit processors.flexray Survey of applications using linux. application and selection for embedded system. tablet etc Exposure to different architectures. Architecture of kernel. FLASH. Semaphores. Unit 3: Real time Operating System Concept Comparison of traditional and embedded OS. win CE and Android such as ipod.Arm9. using Embedded C language: LED.LIN .On chip Timer/ counter programming with practical implementation. signals.
priorities. Software development life cycle.industrial automations. energy meters. “ Embedded sytem design “ . Mobile phones Automotive applications for Car area network .SERIAL. Frank Vahid. Christopher Hallinan “ Embedded linux primer” Prenice Hall References Books 1. Mobile Internet Device(MTD). Unit 5: Commercial RTOS Overview of Commercial RTOS like Vxworks. Simple application W/O RTOS should have modular design with drivers and c codes. “LinuxDevice Drivers”. V models and Comparison. In software should mention No of tasks. signals etc. Real-time variants of Linux (free and commercial). Semaphore as signaling & Synchronizing on Arm7 6. Mailboxes queues. David Simon “ Embedded systems software primer” pearson 3. Mailbox implementation for message passing on Arm7 7. 3rd Edition O’Reilly List of Practical 1. On chip ADC interfacing using interrupt & display on LCD(Arm7) 4. Case study should be demonstrated by suitable hardware and software with or w/o RTOS. QNX.LCD. File system types & support. Features of each applicable for embedded applications. Various models like waterfall. Should specify processor. Interface and accessing PC104 compatible digital and analog I/O cards Introduction to Ethernet and TCP/IP . spiral. I2C interfacing to Arm microcontroller (Arm7) 3.KEYPAD) on Arm7 5. Features of Linux. 2. Andrew sloss “ Arm System Developer guide” 4. Android and symbian OS used in smart mobile phones & development support features.Writing simple device drivers . Text Books 1. RTOS services such as Semaphore. smart card. safety & fuel efficiency. PHI 2. ECG Machines. Nucleus. Memory & special I/O device.Linux applications.configuration. Alessandro Rubini and Jonathan Corbet. Interfacing LCD & KEYPAD to Arm microcontroller (Arm7) 2. Multitasking in Ucos RTOS using min 4 tasks (LED. Building tool chain for Embb Linux and porting Kernel on Arm9 target board 14
. Steve Furber “Arm System on chip architecture”. Win CE. Unit 6: Case Study of Embedded system Case study of embedded system like digital camera. Rajkamal “ Embedded Sytems “ TMH.engine control.and symbian. points of sales terminals. ATM. AddisonWesely 3.
writing simple application using embb linux on Arm9 OR 8. Writing simple application using WIN CE on Arm9 Note Simple demo should be arranged to show effect of Power down modes on power Consumption at two different clock frequencies 15
closed loop controlled slip system.Control of DC/ DC converters.INDUSTRIAL DRIVES AND CONTROL (404184) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4 Hrs Practical/Week: 2Hrs. Analysis of step-down chopper (buck converter) & 2-quadrant type C chopper with level load. Openloop & closed-loop control of DC drives with transfer function. rotor resistance control. Protection circuits for DC drives. Voltage control & harmonic reduction using sinusoidal PWM. Concept of resonant & soft switched inverters. analysis of circulating current type dual converter. direct vector control & indirect vector control. 3ф current source inverter. 1ф to 1ф and 3ф to 1ф cycloconverters. soft acceleration and deceleration. slip power recovery system. 1ф & 3ф converter drives for separately excited & series DC motors. V/f control. braking of induction motors. control strategies like stator voltage control. Unit 4: Induction Motor Drives & Control Induction motor characteristics. Protection circuits for AC drives. current control. comparison with 3ф semi converter. Operation of 4-quadrant type E chopper. Effect of source impedance on 1ф converters with analysis. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term Work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Line Commutated Converters & Choppers Analysis of 3ф full converter with level load. Unit 3: DC Motor Drives & Control Motor performance parameters. dual converter drives. 1ф and 3ф dual converters (ideal and practical). 2 quadrant and 4 quadrant DC chopper drives. 16
. Dynamic and regenerative braking. Unit 2: Inverters & Cycloconverters Half-bridge and full bridge 3ф voltage source inverters with square wave operation (180° & 120°). control schemes for non-circulating current type dual converter.
Bimal K. Mohan. Krishnan R. switched reluctance motors & drives.Unit 5: Synchronous Motor & Special Motor Drives Cylindrical-rotor motor. Stepper motor drive. N. Robbins. “Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives”. 4. and permanent-magnet motors. 2Q /4Q chopper DC drive. Energy audit. 3. P. Study of cycloconverter. Simulation of DC drives. 10. PHI List of Practicals 1. T.. 7. Simulation of 3-Φ VSI (180° or 120° or PWM) 9. “Fundamental of Electrical Drives”. 8. “Power Electronics”. Unit 6: Drives Applications & Power Quality Traction motor AC drives.H Rashid. Pearson. fuzzy logicbased wind generation system. brushless DC and AC motors & drives. Simulation of 3-Φ LCC (HCB or FCB or Dual Converter). “Power Electronics. Converters Applications and Design” John Wiley and Sons. Variable reluctance & permanent magnet stepper motors & drives. “Power Electronics Circuit Devices & Applications”. Bose. M D Singh & K B Khanchandani. “Electric Motor Drives: Modelling. 5. Analysis & Control”. Reference Books 1. Undeland & W. Third edition 2. fuzzy logic-based induction motor speed control. salient-pole motor. DC motor control using semi/full 1-Φ /3-Φ converter. Dual converter 1-Φ /3-Φ controlled DC drive. 3. M. TMH 3. preventive and nullifying techniques. sources of power line disturbances. Gopal K. 3-Φ induction motor control using square wave/PWM inverter. 3rd Edition. Dubey. Closed loop V/f control and load-commutated inverter (LCI) control. Pearson. 6. Power Quality: Types of power line disturbances. Text Books 1. M. Narosa Publishing House 2. 17
. 2. reluctance motor. Simulation of AC drives.
Principle of operation. characteristics.) properties of S-matrix. Magnetron oscillator. 3-port. E-H planes). coupling methods (probe. Principle of operation. modulators. Microwave attenuators and loads. Unit 3: Microwave Tubes Introduction to conventional vacuum tubes. Transit Time devices like IMPATT. Microwave Filters. gain. loop). construction. comparison of waveguides and co-axial cables. Directional Couplers. characteristics. bends. cut off frequency. Isolators. Slotted line. Varactor diodes. 4-port etc. Schottky Barrier diodes. advantages and applications of microwaves (overall applications). tuners. advantages of waveguides. Unit 2: Microwave Components Principle of S-parameters. Circulators. velocity modulation. Unit 4: Solid State Microwave Devices Introduction. applications. types. Co-axial to wave guide transitions. bunching process.
. waveguide joints. TRAPATT diodes. TWT: slow-wave structure. modes of propagation in waveguides. coupling probes and coupling loops. Tunnel diodes. Microwave tubes and circuits. parameters with analytical treatment of Magnetron. matched termination. wave modes. corners. waveguide characteristics and parameters. demodulators. oscillators. excitation in waveguides. waveguide Tees (E. construction. Introduction to wave guides. iris. Transferred Electron devices: Gunn diode. slot. frequency band definitions. H. coupling of cavities. application as amplifiers. Parametric amplifiers. short history of microwave engineering. PIN diodes. and applications. High frequency limitations of conventional tubes. Klystrons (multi cavity. Ferrite devices for microwave applications. application of re-entrant cavities. Rectangular waveguides. S-parameters for multi-ports (2-port.MICROWAVE COMMUNICATION AND RADAR (404184) Teaching Scheme Lecturers/week: 4 hrs Practicals/week: 2 hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Waveguides Introduction to microwaves. Avalanche diode. MOSFET. dominant mode. twists. reflex). parameters with analysis of Microwave transistors.
insertion loss. Study of microwave components and equipments. 4. Skolnik. block diagram and description. phase shift. Verification of Port Characteristics of Microwave Tees (E. Also calculation of insertion loss and isolation in dB. various applications of radar such as navigational aids. Liao. Plot the V-I characteristics. 2. factors influencing maximum range. antennas and scanning. Measure the VSWR for various values of terminating impedances (open/short/matched termination). definition and measurement methods of parameters such as frequency. John Willey & Sons. David M. “Microwave Engineering”. Q of a cavity resonator. 10. Prentice Hall India. attenuation. block diagram of basic radar. other radar systems such as CW Doppler radar. Unit 6: Radar Communication Basic principles and fundamentals. Verification of Port Characteristics of Isolator and Circulator. Study of slotted section with probe carriage. 19
. VSWR. 5. “Principles of Radar Engineering”MCH
List of Practicals 1. 3. Pozar. planar array radars. General overview and applications of power meter/dB meter/VSWR meter. dielectric constant. 3. Measurement of the free space wavelength of the microwave (for TE 10 mode) with the help of the X-band microwave test bench and verify with its theoretical calculation. surveillance. 8. insertion loss and directivity. phased array radars. Block diagram and classification of network analyzer and its applications.Y. classification. impedance. noise factor. Text Books 1. Calculation of its antenna gain and beam width. power.Unit 5: Microwave measurements Introduction to microwave measurements. 7. S. E-H Planes). 2. display methods. Calculation of coupling factor. radar performance factors. Verification of Port Characteristics of Directional Coupler. “Microwave Devices and Circuits”. radar beacons. H. Study of Gunn Diode & PIN Modulator as a Microwave source. Pulsed radar systems. Plot the radiation pattern of any one of the microwave antennas (ie: horn (E/H/E-H) or parabolic antenna). etc using the Xband microwave bench set-up. 6. FM CW Doppler radar. effects of noise. Study of cavity resonator and calculation of its resonant frequency and Q-factor. radar range equation. Reflex Klystron as a Microwave source in laboratory and plot its mode characteristics. 9. military. moving target indication.
. (Such as Radio/ TV / Radar / Satellite earth station or any other station which uses the microwave components).11. Report of a „Field Trip‟ to a Microwave transmission / reception station. calibration methods etc. of any one analyzer. Study of Network Analyzer (Vector or Scalar) and its applications for characterization of typical multiport microwave circuits/devices. Study of front panel & rear panel controls. accessories. 12.
Create a compensation package. The Concept of Cost. Learning about the internet. Entrepreneurs Skills: Communication Skills. The Marketing mix-promotion. Identify your competition. Select a Type of Ownership: Run an Existing Business. distribution. Manage staff . price.Elective –II ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT (404185) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Unit 1: Introduction Entrepreneur: Present and Past. What goes into a business Plan?. Record Keeping and Accounting: Set up a record keeping system. Purchase technology 21 Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. Use Technology Financial Management: Manage cash flow. and Insure Business: Put together a financial plan. Choose a location for a non-retail business. Finance. Choose the legal form business Unit 3: Business Plan Develop a Business Plan: Necessity a business plan. Obtain financing for business. Identify Business Opportunities and Set Goals. Understand basic accounting. Obtain space and design the physical layout. Identity and Meet a Market Need: The value of market research. Own a Franchise or start a Business. How to perform market research. Protect. Math Skills. supplies and inventory. Analyze financial performance. Use of Technology: Technology and business. Government in a Market Economy. Market Business: The Marketing mix-product. Set marketing goals Unit 4: Hire and Manage a Staff: Record keeping and Accounting Hire and Manage a Staff: Hire Employees. Insure business Choose Location & Setup for Business: Choose a retail business location. Create an effective business plan. Hire experts. Entrepreneurship for an Engineer. Theft proof business. Tracking inventory Unit 5: Financial Management. Purchase equipment. Problem-Solving Skills Unit 2: Entrepreneurs in a Market Economy and Ownership Entrepreneurs in a Market Economy: An Economy.
and Social Obligation: Understanding legal requirements. Cynthia L. Batra. “Entrepreneurship Development”.. First Edition. Deep & Deep Publications : 1st Edition. Ethical. Growth in Today’s Marketplace: Developing a strategy for growth.). Culture and business Text books 1. Ethical.Unit 6: Meeting Legal. meeting social responsibilities.S.
. and Social Obligation Growth in Today’s Marketplace Meeting Legal. 2.2000. G. Ethical issues in business. South Western Publishing Company (A Division of Thomson Learning Inc. Global Trends and opportunities. Greene. “Entrepreneurship Ideas in Action”.
Wavelet Frames. Analytic Wavelets. Unit 2: Bases for Time-Frequency Analysis Wavelet Bases and filter Banks. Scaling Functions. Case study of Daub-4 filter design. Frequency analysis of Haar 2-band filter banks. Construction of Haar and Roof scaling function using dilation equation and graphical method. Haar 2-band filter Banks. Other classes of wavelets like Shannon. Connection between Haar and Daub-4. Unit 3: Multiresolution Analysis Haar Multiresolution Analysis. compactly supported wavelet packets. Fundamentals of Hilbert Transform. case study of Walsh wavelet packet bases generated using Haar conjugate mirror filters till depth level 3. Concept of non-stationary signals. Banach Spaces. Daubechies filter coefficient calculations. Dyadic wavelet Transform. Hilbert Spaces. Conditions for alias cancellation and perfect reconstruction. Daubechies compactly supported family of wavelets. Parseval Theorem and need for joint time-frequency Analysis. Concept of Regularity. Battle-Lamarie.JOINT TIME FREQUENCY ANALYSIS (404185) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Unit 1: Introduction Review of Fourier Transform. MRA Axioms. Wavelet Transform. Wavelet Packet Trees. Real Wavelets. Unit 4: Wavelets Daubechies Wavelet Bases. Uncertainty Principle. scaling and wavelet dilation equations in time and frequency domains. Vanishing moments. Short-time Fourier transform (STFT). Time-frequency localization. Conjugate Mirror Filters. Study of upsamplers and downsamplers. Discrete wavelet transform and relationship with filter Banks. case study of decomposition and reconstruction of given signal using orthogonal framework of Haar 2-band filter bank. Instantaneous frequency. Localization/Isolation in time and frequency. Lifting schemes for generating orthogonal bases of secondgeneration wavelets. 23 Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. Quadratic time-frequency energy. Spanning Linear Subspaces. Orthogonal Wavelets Bases. Unit 5: Bi-orthogonal wavelets and Applications Construction and design. Case study of bi-orthogonal 5/3 tap design and its use in JPEG 2000. Discrete Wavelets. Meyer. nested subspaces. Tilings of Wavelet Packet and Local Cosine Bases.
audio. 1992. 4. Daubechies. Revised Edition. 1993. Wellesley-Cambridge Press. "Wavelets and Subband Coding". 2. 1995 24
. Cohen. Text Books 1. 1998. "A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing. Time-Frequency distributions: fundamental ideas. 1995. Q. feature extraction. 1999." Academic Press. 2. Second Edition. inverse problem. Strang and T. P. "Multirate Systems and Filter Banks". Reference Books 1. Applications: Speech. Prentice Hall. signal denoising. "Wavelets and Filter Banks". G. Kovacevic. I. Mallat. Vaidyanathan.Unit 6: JTFA Applications Riesz Bases. Scalograms. Prentice Hall. image and video compression. "Ten Lectures on Wavelets". Vetterli and J. Prentice Hall. Nguyen. P. SIAM. 3. “Time-frequency analysis”. L. M. S.
embedded core based system on chip test strategies Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. chemical sensors. Silicon pezoresisters. core architecture for digital media and the associated compilation techniques Unit 5: Overview of Physical Design Automation Physical design automation. accelerometers. test and design test for circuit to integrated systems. deposition processes. molecule-based biosensors. Gallium arsenide. Sliding mode control of MEMS. lithography. Digital control of MEMS. behavioural synthesis. Unit 4: Introduction to SOC Design of system on chip. exotic process Unit 6: SOC Testing and Packaging Hardware/software co-design. Active substrate material. exotic processes. synthesis of FPGAs and testable ASICs micromachining processes: substrates. gyroscopes . Mechanical Transducers : transduction methods. magnetic transducers. silicon. wet/dry etching processes. Microsystems technology and applications. cell-based biosensors. Unit 3: Transducers Chemical and Biological Transducers: basic concepts of cellular biology. application and design. and electrophoresis: optical transducers. History. Quartz. deposition processes. Materials for MEMS: Substrate and wafers. Unit 2: Control and Materials of MEMS Controls of MEMS: Analog control of MEMS. actuators. Concepts of MEMS: Principles. Scaling Properties/Issues. biological transducers. Polymers.pressure sensors. lithography. thermal transducers. MEMS microphones. film stress. wet/dry etching processes. testable design and testing of Microsystems. Micromachining Processes: Substrates. RF transducers.MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS AND SYSTEMS ON CHIP (404185) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Unit 1: Introduction to MEMS and SoC Introduction. piezoelectric crystals. mechanical structures. film stress. Silicon compound. chemical actuators.
A. Madou: “Fundamentals Of Micro Fabrication”.N. S.K. K. CRC press. CRC press. Sergey Edward Lyshevski: “Nano-And Micro Electro Mechanical Systems”.K. analysis and Applications” William Andrew. Second edition. Boca Ratron London. “Micromachined Transducers Sourcebook” McGraw-Hill 2.The science of miniaturization. Atare. Bhat. V. Gregory T. Nanogen Corporation. G. Max J.J. March 2002. USA. Kovacs. Jan G Korvinik and Oliver Paul. Anantsuresh. “MEMS Practical Guide to Design. “ Micro and Smart Systems” Wiley 26
. 4. Inc Springer 2.Micro System Packaging: Over view of mechanical packaging of micro electronics micro system packaging Text Books 1. Reference Books 1. 3. K. Vinoy. Gopalkrishnan.
Multiple Access: FDMA. Equalization: Survey of Equalization Techniques. 27 Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. Diffraction. Logical & Physical channel. GSM Codec. Diversity Techniques. MPSK. Linear Modulation Techniques: BPSK. SDMA. Pulse shaping Technique. Unit 5: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) System Overview. Trends in cellular radio & Personal Communication. Handoff. QPSK. Capacity of Cellular Systems. Spread Spectrum Modulation Techniques. Channel Assignment. OFDM. Algorithms for Adaptive Equalization. Unit 2: Mobile Radio Propagation Propagation Mechanism: Free space loss. TDMA.MOBILE COMMUNICATION (404185) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4 Hrs Unit 1: Introduction to Mobile Communication Introduction to wireless Communication Systems: Evolution of Mobile Radio Communication. Impulse response model of multipath channel. Linear Equalization. DPSK. BFSK. Interference & System capacity. MSK. Types of small scale fading. Linear Predictive Coders. Geometric representation of Modulation Signal. Small scale multipath measurements. Parameters of mobile multipath channels. The air interface. Improving coverage & capacity. GMSK. Trunking & Grade of Service. Modern Wireless Communication System: Second Generation (2G) and Third Generation (3G) cellular networks. Scattering. Unit 4: Coding & Multiple Access Techniques for Wireless Communications Coding: Vocoders. Reflection. Line Coding. RAKE receiver. Synchronisation. Coding. QAM. Digital modulation. Packet Radio. The Cellular Concepts: Introduction. CDMA. offset QPSK. GSM services. Frequency reuse. Examples of Wireless Communication Systems. Fading & Multipath: Small scale multipath propagation. Unit 3: Modulation & Equalization Techniques for Mobile Radio Modulation: Analog modulation. Modulation Performance in Fading & Multipath channels. MFSK. Circuit Switched data transmission. FHMA. Equalizer. Non-linear Equalization. Selection of Speech Coders for Mobile Communication. Establishing connection and handover.
"Wireless Communication Technology". “IS-95 CDMA And cdma 2000 Cellular/PCS Systems implementation” Pearson Education 3. Vijay K Garg. Handover.
. Wiley India. Joseph E Wilkes. Coding. Joseph E Wilkes.C.Unit 6: IS-95 CDMA and CDMA 2000 System overview.Y. “Principles & Applications of GSM” Pearson Education 2. 4. Air interface. Spreading and modulation. W. Second Edition. Vijay K Garg. Theodore S Rappaport. Lee. Pearson Education 2. R. Reference Books 1. Blake. Thomson Delmar. Andreas F Molisch. “Wireless Communications Principles & Practice” Second Edition. “Wireless Communications”. Text Books 1. McGraw-Hill International. "Mobile Communications Engineering: Theory and applications”. Logical and physical channels.
The abstract of the project should be submitted before Term work assessment. 3. A certified copy of report is required to be presented to external examiner at the time of final examination.
. The examination is conducted by two examiners (internal and external) appointed by the university.Project Part I (404186) Teaching Scheme Tutorial: 2 Hrs/Week Examination Scheme Term Work: 50 Marks
Note: 1. Applications. The assessment is based on Innovative Idea. Depth of understanding. 2. presentation. 4. Term work assessment is based on the project topic. 5. and the grade given by the internal guide based on the work carried out in a semester. The examiners appointed must have minimum 6 years of experience with UG qualification and 3 years with PG qualification. It consists of Literature Survey and basic project work. The report consists of the Literature Survey. basic project work and the size of the report should be maximum of 40 pages. Individual contributions.
TERM – II
SUBJECT NAME OF SUBJECT CODE 404187 TELECOMMUNICATION & SWITCHING SYSTEM 404188 OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION 404189 ELECTIVE-III 404190 ELECTIVE-IV 404191 PROJECT (PART-II)***
TH 4 4 4 4 16
PR 2 2 2 6 12
PP 100 100 100 100
TOTAL MARKS 150 175 175 100 150 750
25 25 100 150 50 100
50 50 100
Elective-III 1. Speech Processing 3. Artificial intelligence 2. Soft Computing 2. PLC and Industrial Process Automation 5. Nanotechnology 4. Test and Measurement Systems Elective-IV 1. Automotive Electronics 3. Television and Video Engineering 4. Any one subject from the list of Elective IV of Computer/IT/Electrical/Instrumentation OR institute can offer an elective-IV based on any industry need with prior approval of BOS (Electronics) Note: 1) All Theory papers are three hours duration 2) Practical/Oral shall be based on term-work 3) Term-work of Project Part I consist of project report based on project 4) ** * Exam at the end of II term
Digital switching: Switching functions. and Electronic Switching. two dimensional switching. 6. Design of progressive grading. digital switching in an analog environment Unit 2: Telecommunication Traffic Unit of Traffic. Networking Blocking Probabilities: End to End Blocking Probabilities. three stage networks. Availability and Security. CCITT signaling No. Holding time Distribution. Inband signaling. lost calls cleared.Common Control. Signal units. FDM carrier systems: Outband signaling. delay tables and application of Delay formulae. time division switching. four stage networks. Traffic measurement. 7: General. Gradings: Principle. Two stage networks. Queuing systems: Erlang Distribution. Queues in tandem. Strict sense non blocking networks. signaling networks. Digital customer line signaling
. Link Systems: General.TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS (404187) Teaching Scheme Lectures / Week: 4Hrs Practical /Week: 2Hrs. Sectionalized switching networks Control of Switching Systems: Call processing Functions: Sequence f operations. Signaling information field. Reliability. Analysis: Traffic Characteristics: Arrival Distributions. traffic performance. other gradings. Loss Systems: Lost calls cleared. Traffic capacity of gradings. loss systems in tandem. Grades of service of link systems: General. Finite Queues and Tandem Queues Unit 3: Switching Networks Single Stage Networks. lost calls returning. Applications of gradings. Two stage networks. Lost. digital cross connect systems.Finite sources. probability of delay. Manual switching. space division switching. four stage networks Call packing. systems with a single server. CCITT signaling No. Delay systems: Exponential Service Times. Inter-register signaling. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks
Unit 1: Development of Telecommunication Switching Systems Message switching. State transition diagrams. Rearrangeable networks. Circuit switching. Signaling:Customer line signaling. Signal exchanges.call systems: Theory. three stage networks. A mathematical model. lost calls Held . Overflow Traffic. Common channel signaling principles: general. High level Data – link control protocol. Finite queue capacity. PCM signaling. lost calls Held. Constant Service Times.Finite sources.
End to End layers. Cellular Telephone systems: Digital cellular telephone. Wiley Publications 3. signaling. User network interfaces. Wayne Tomasi. Numbering and Addressing. Fibre optic networks. MANs. Flood . Third Edition. “Digital Telephony”. systematic jitter. Integrated Services Digital Networks: ISDN. ISDN Standards. J. Master – Slave synchronization. Protocol stacks. Satellite based Data networks. Roaming and handoffs. Hierarchical synchronization Processes. Waiting time jitter. John C. Transmission Channels. Personal Satellite communication system Books 1. Elastic Stores.Unit 4: Network Synchronization and Management Timing: Timing Recovery. Frequency reuse. Voice Data Integration Unit 6: Cellular Telephone Concepts Mobile telephone services. “Telecommunication Switching Systems and Networks”. E. cellular telephone. Study of VOIP implementation 6. Link to link layers. GSM GPRS for Mobile communications. Study of CDMA Trainer 3. Interworking. Bellamy. Data Communication Architecture. Study of 3G Mobile trainer Kit 7. Traffic and Networks”. IS–95. Clock Instability. Interference. Study of PSTN TST switch 2. Broadband ISDN. Network Synchronization: Plesiochronous. Network master. Pearson Education 2. Study of Mobile phone trainer 4. LANs. mutual synchronization. Thiagarajan Vishwanathan. Cellular telephone network components. Cellular system topology. “Telecommunications Switching. Timing Inaccuracy: Slips. Pearson Education List of Practicals 1. Visit to Mobile Switching Office (MTSO)
. Network and protocol Architecture. Cellular telephone call processing. Data network Standards. Flow control 31 Unit 5: Networks Data Networks: Data Transmission in PSTN. 5th Edition. Study of AT commands 5. PHI Publications 4. Jitter measurements. Asynchronous Multiplexing. Network management: Routing control. “Electronic Communications Systems”. pulse stuffing.
OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION (404188) Teaching Scheme Lectures / Week: 4Hrs Practical /Week: 2Hrs. P-i-N. Fiber Nonlinearities. connectors & couplers & Coupling losses. Receiver Noise: Noise considerations in PN. Avalanche photodiodes & photo transistors: Principle of working & characteristics and relative merits and demerits of photodiodes. LEDs & semiconductor LASERs: principle of working & their Characteristics. MMGI & modal noise. Dispersion flattened. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Fiber optic communications system Electromagnetic Spectrum & Optical spectral bands. Optical fibers: Fiber Materials. Key elements of fiber optic communications system. Numerical aperture. State of art: LEDs and LASERs Unit 4: Optical detectors & Receivers Introduction: Material Considerations. Electromagnetic mode theory for optical propagation: phase and group velocity. scattering & bending. Receiver structures. Fiber Fabrication & Cable design. Overall fiber dispersion: MM & SM fibers. State of art: Materials & fabrication Technology Unit 2: Optical Fiber for Telecommunication Transmission characteristics of optical fibers: Attenuation due to absorption. refractive index profiles & mode transmission. NZDSF. Intermodal dispersion: MMSI. Fiber types according to: materials used. PN. State of art: Fiber Unit 3: Optical Sources & Transmitters Introduction to optical sources: Wavelength and Material Considerations. Optical transmitters: LED drive circuits for digital and analog transmission. Advantages of optical fiber communication over other communication systems. Line coding Different modulation schemes. Polarization maintaining fibers. State of art: Optical detectors & detection scheme 29
. Signal Distortion in optical fibers: Intra modal Dispersion: Material & Waveguide dispersion. Special use fibers: Dispersion shifted (DSF). Ray theory transmission: TIR. Power launching & Coupling: Fiber optic splices. cutoff wavelength & group delay. Acceptance angle. P-i-N & Avalanche photodiodes.
“Fiber Optic Communications Technology”. State of art: WDM components. Numerical Aperture of fiber: Aim: To estimate the numerical aperture of given fiber.Unit 5: Design considerations in optical links Point to point Links: System design considerations. build and test a simple fiber optic link for transmission of digital signal. Analog Links: CNR. Link Power budget. 4. “Fiber Optic Communication Systems”. 3. Principle of operation of Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (EDFA). Prentice Hall of India.Scheiner. Fiber Bandwidth/Data rate: Aim: To estimate the bandwidth of given fiber. 5. Optical Source Characteristics: Aim: To plot the electrical and optical characteristics of different light sources. 8. Isolation and Uniformity properties. OSA etc. Also study the effect of length and effect of bending on attenuation. Design. OTDR.
. 2. Pearson Education 2. Senior. Govind P. John M. 7. Fiber Attenuation: Aim: To measure the attenuation of given MMSI and SMSI fibers. Unit 6: Advanced Optical Systems Overview of WDM. Fourth Edition. second Edition References 1. Mynbaev and Lowell L. Djafar K.WDM Couplers/ Splitters: Excess loss. SOA applications: advantages and drawbacks. Optical Amplifiers: Classification of OAs. WILEY INDIA. Optical Fiber Communications-Principles and Practice. 6. Gerd Keiser. Principle of operation of a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (SOA) & Gain calculations of Fabry Perot Amplifiers (FPA). Study of any two optical instruments: Optical Power Meter. Insertion loss Coupling ratio. Rise Time budget. Optical Detector Characteristics: Aim: To plot the frequency response of detectors with different values of load resistor. Text Books 1. Third Edition List of Experiments 1. Optical Fiber Communications. build and test a simple fiber optic link for transmission of analog signal. Gain and Noise in an EDFA.Agrawal. Design. Multichannel transmission techniques. Tata McGraw Hill. 2.
Multilayer perceptron. Synthesis and validation of a fuzzy controller. unsupervising neural network. Unit 6: Neuro Fuzzy Modelling Introduction. Numerical Examples regarding MLP’s and RBF. validating the fuzzy controller Unit 4: Artificial Neural Network Artificial neural network theory.Elective –III
SOFT COMPUTING (404189) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Practical/Week: 2Hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks. Image processing. 33
. neural networks. Hybrid learning algorithm Learning methods that cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN. Radial basis function. Evolutionary computation. ANFIS architecture. Soft computing constituents and conventional artificial intelligence. and communication. determining the control laws. Fuzzy algorithms. Use of ANN for process control. from conventional AI to computational intelligence. Unit 5: Neural Network Application Neural network applications for identifying non-linear dynamic system and for complex system control. determining the fuzzy algorithm Unit 3: Fuzzy Control Systematic approach for the design of fuzzy control system. Fuzzy set operations. Fuzzy sets. Fuzzy rules. Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing Characteristics Unit 2: Fuzzy Set Theory Fuzzy logic. the fuzzy algorithm with linear constituents. Fuzzy set theory. Learning algorithm. Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Introduction to Neuro-Fuzzy and soft computing Introduction. Topologies. determining the fuzzy controller.
Skapura. NOT gate for the two input using MP model . N. Lavorgna. Implement Back Propogation algorithm to solve classification problem 4. Implementation of defuzzification using various method 9. Implementation of various learning learning laws 5. Xibilia and R.Text Books: 1. C. AND. Rizzotto. L-Fortuna. List of practicals 1. N. Reference Books: 1. S.” Principals of soft Computing”. Implement primary and composite linguistic fuzzy variables 8. G. “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”. James A. Jang. G. E. S. PHI Learning Private Limited. 2. M. “Neural Networks Algorithms. Freeman. G. J. Wiley India. Implement various membership functions 7. Sun. 2. Nunnari.S. 2.T. “Soft Computing”. Pearson Education. Implement Kohonen algorithm for character recognition 6. M. David M. Design and implement ANN to compute OR. 3. Deepa. Applications and Programming Techniques”. Springer. Implement perceptron algorithm for solving EX-OR problem. Implement fuzzy controller to control simple process (Mamdani / Sugeno / Tsukamoto) 34
. Mizutani. Sivanandam.Caponetto .
. Time Domain Models For Speech Processing: Introduction. Homomorphic Systems for Convolution: Properties of the Complex Cepstrum. Pitch period estimation using a parallel processing approach. Enhancement by re-synthesis. Formant Estimation. Pitch Detection. The Complex Cepstrum of Speech. evaluating the similarity of speech patterns. Unit 3: Homomorphic Speech Processing Introduction. The short time average magnitude difference function. Training and testing using HMMs. Mel frequency cepstrum computation. Pitch period estimation using the autocorrelation function. silence discrimination using energy and zero crossing. Unit 4: Speech Enhancement Nature of interfering sounds. Digital models for speech signals. The Acoustic Theory of Speech Production. Speech vs. parametric representation of speech. Short time energy and average magnitude Short time average zero crossing rate. The short time autocorrelation function. Unit 1: Fundamentals of Digital Speech Processing Anatomy & Physiology of Speech Organs. Window considerations. Wiener filter. The Covariance Method. isolated digit Recognition System. Pitch Detection and using LPC Parameters. Computational Considerations. The process of Speech Production. Durbin’s Recursive Solution for the Autocorrelation Equations. Solution of LPC Equations: Cholesky Decomposition Solution for Covariance Method. Hidden Markov Model for Speech Recognition: Hidden Markov Model (HMM) for speech recognition. Unit 2: Linear Predictive Coding (LPC) Basic principles of Linear Predictive Analysis: The Autocorrelation Method. Speech enhancement techniques: spectral subtraction. Unit 5: Automatic Speech Recognition Basic pattern recognition approaches. Continuous digit Recognition System.SPEECH PROCESSING (404189) Teaching Scheme Lectures / Week: 4Hrs Practical /Week: 2Hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks .
“Discrete Time Processing of Speech Signal”. 4. 5. 7. Proakis J. and Hanson J. Deller J. Voice Activity Detection. Speech Recognition. Wiley 3. 4. Claudio Becchetti and Lucio Prina Ricotti. Macmillian.. 37
. R. “Discrete Time Speech Signal Processing: Principles and Practice” 3.W. Wiley. 2. Linear Predictive Coding. Spectral Analysis (Spectrographic). 2. “Speech Recognition”. Quateri 1ed. 6. “Speech Communications: Human & Machine” 2nd ed.Unit 6: Speaker Recognition Issues in speaker recognition and speech synthesis of different speakers. Ben Gold & Nelson Morgan. Calculating acoustic parameters. Douglas O'Shaughnessy. PUBLISHER Reference books 1. Speech Enhancement using Homomarphic Deconvolution for removal of Distortion. It provides you with hands-on design experience and exposure to algorithms used in speech processing.H.R Rabinar and B. 1. Thomas F. Text Books 1. Juang. L. Text to speech conversion.. Pearson Education. IEEE Press List of Experiments The Laboratory work gives hands-on exposure to the concepts conveyed in lectures. synthesized speech output performance and characteristics of text to speech.. Speaker Recognition. Software tool such as MATLAB may be used. Schafer. R Rabiner and S. Voice processing hardware and software architectures. 2. G. “Fundamentals of Speech Recognition”. Speech Synthesis using LPC. Feature Extraction.H. “Speech & Audio Signal Processing” 1 ed. “Digital processing of speech signals”. 8. Also the required data may be acquired using sound card. 3.
Video Intercom systems/ Video door phones. conditional access system (CAS). Unit 2:TV Standards NTSC. Foot ball match). Unit 5:Video Recorders IP Audio and Video. Video compression ITU-Standards(H. HDTV transmitter and receiver/encoder.). 38
. Principle of Digital TV. 3D TV systems. CATV. Wi-Fi Audio / Video Transmitter and Receivers. IPTV systems. high level. direct to home TV. Signal transmission and channel bandwidth etc. Personal Video Recorders. colour fundamentals. advanced MAC signal transmission. Digital TV signals and parameters. colour perception. antennas for transmission. PAL. MPEG2. chromaticity diagram. colour TV transmitter. Unit 3:Digital TV Introduction to Digital TV. Basic principles of Digital Video compression techniques. IPod(MPEG4 Video player). MPEG1. low level transmitters. Digital broadcasting.. mixing of colours. Video transmission in 3G mobile System. Digital TV Transmitters. Digital Video Recorders. colour TV receivers. MAC signals. Mobile TV. video on demand. TV alignment and fault finding with Wobbuloscope and TV pattern generation. CCTV. field strength meter. remote control. Digital TV receivers. Digital TV satellite Systems. Video Projectors. Composite video signal. Marathon. case study (Cricket match. Digital TV recording techniques.. HD Video projectors. Color TV systems. SECAM systems.TELEVISION AND VIDEO ENGINEERING (404189) Teaching Scheme Lectures/week: 4 Hrs Practical/week: 2Hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1:Fundamentals of Television and Display Television basics: Factors of TV systems. Unit 4:HDTV HDTV standards and systems. set top box with recording facility. MPEG4.
P. Technical Education. A. 39
. Study Wi-Fi TV systems/ Mobile TV/IPTV 5. TFT. Study of Audio system: CD /DVD / MP3 player 8. Plasma. 3. Kelth jack. LCD. Television and video Engineering.G. Handycams. MPEG. Display devices: LED. Reference Books 1. Camcoders. Charles E. HDTV. “Color TV Theory and Practice”. 2. Gupta. CD/ DVD player. 2. Dhake. Bali. Voltage and waveform analysis for color TV. M. Simulation of video compressing techniques ( Software Assignments) 6. Text Books 1. “Basic TV and Video Sytems”.Unit 6:Consumer Applications Colour TV Digital cameras. R. Blue Ray DVD Players. Practical visit to TV transmitter/Digital TV studio. Penram International Publication. List of Practical Assignments 1. Video Demisified. and Digicams. Bernard Grobb. 3. Study of Digital TV. 3. MP3. Study of direct to home TV and set top box. TMH Publication. 4. S. 2. MP3 player. Gulathi. Study of HDTV. 9. “Monochrome & Color TV”. 7. Alignment and fault finding for color TV using Wobbulosocpe and Pattern Generator. Audio Video Systems.
vector impedance meter. counter. digital signal generators. Working principles of special purpose oscilloscope like Digital Storage Oscilloscope. TVM. DVMs. Unit 5: Synthesizers and generators Synthesizers and generators. tracking generator. swept superheterodyne spectrum analyzer. logic timing analyzer. Microwave signal analysis. logic state analyzer. Linearity. Simple & Distributing types of measurements. vector voltmeter. Digital Signal Processing. Measurements on oscilloscope. CRO vs Logic analyzer. Unit 3: Oscilloscopes Analog CRO. Frequency synthesis techniques. probability of errors. traceability and standards. alternating current probes. Block diagram-Working principles of Digital Phosphor Oscilloscope. AC voltmeters. Typical instrument block diagram. microwave power measurement. Unit 2: Measuring Instruments Voltage . LCR Q meter. EMI / EMC basics and measurement methods. RF bridges. TRF spectrum analyzer.TEST AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS (404189) Teaching Scheme Lecturers/week: 4 hrs Practicals/week: 2 hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks Practical: 50 Marks Term work: 25 Marks Unit 1: Introduction Statistical metrics in measurement systems. Sample Rates Analog Signal Processing. Resolution. Unit 4: Frequency Domain Measurement Frequency domain measurement. Instrument / Measurement Basics Parameters such as Sensitivity. Wave analyzer. HF CRO Block diagram. Mixed signal oscilloscope. true RMS meters. problems at RF. Settling Time. FFT analyzer. calibration. microwave sources. VTVM. Dynamic Range. Microwave network analysis. harmonic distortion analyzer. Accuracy. 40
. Oscilloscope accessories. Logic analyzer. RF meter methods. current and impedance measurement. RF impedance measurement. Direct current probes. Human & Computer Interfaces.
. 8. 4. Case study of measurement system using software package like LABVIEW.. M. PHI. 3. Observing spectrum of AM and FM waveforms for different modulation indices. Coombs.M. List of practicals: 1. 3. capturing transients and analysis of waveforms. “Digital Instrumentation”. Statistical analysis of measurements. such as labVIEW. Oliver-Cage. probable error. Measurements using Digital Storage Oscilloscope.S. different modes of DSO. Measurement of RMS of common and true RMS of complex waveforms. PHI 2. TMH edition. Car Joseph. virtual instruments. Reference Books 1. plotting frequency response of filters using tracking generator. J. 6. 7. “Electronic measurements and instrumentation”. reflection coefficient and s parameters using network analyzer. TATA McGraw Hill. Bouwens. Measurement and timing analysis of digital signals using Logic Analyzer. Software in instrumentation. Measurement of SWR. “Electronic instrument handbook”. Anand. calibration of meters. Measurement of Total Harmonic Distortion contained by output of amplifier. Case study of complete measurements systems. McGraw –Hill.Unit 6:Case Study Automatic Test Equipments. Microwave network analysis. Network connection model. “Electronics instruments and instrumentation technology”. Jr. 5. Clide F. “elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement”. inverter. 2. 2. Text Books 1. Measurement using spectrum analyzer and tracking generator. A.
backward chaining. Knowledge engineering in first order logic. games that include an element of chance. Syntax and semantics for first order logic. searching with partial information. Learning with complete data. imperfect real-time decision. Structure of problems. uniformed search strategies. Good behavior. Categories and objects. Alpha. Knowledge in learning. Ontological Engineering. Inductive logic programming. avoiding repeated states. structure of agents. 42 Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. prepositional versus first order logic. Adversarial Search. Games: Optimal decisions in games. Unit 2: Searching Search and exploration. Ensemble learning. Agents and environments. online search agents and unknown environments. Logical formulation of learning. unification and lifting. Actions . searching for solutions.Beta Pruning. example problems. Explanation based learning. Passive reinforcement learning. Neural networks Reinforcement learning. Using first order logic. Active reinforcement learning.Simulation and events. local search in continuous spaces.Elective-IV ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (404190) Teaching Scheme Lectures/Week: 4Hrs Unit 1: Foundation Intelligent Agents. Learning using relevant information. EM algorithm. The nature of environments. Inductive learning. Learning decision trees. forward chaining. Mental events and mental objects Unit 4: Learning Learning from observations: forms of learning. Backtracking search and Local search for CSP. Learning with hidden variable. Generalization in reinforcement learning. Inference in First order logic. Problem Solving. Statistical learning methods. Resolution. problem solving agents. Unit 3: Knowledge Representation First order logic. Informed search strategies. local search algorithms and optimistic problems. representation revisited. Knowledge representation. Constraint satisfaction problems (CSP). Instance based learning. heuristic function.
Architecture and functionality. A Modern Approach”. Pearson Education / PHI. 2000. 43
. “Artificial Intelligence”. Tata McGrawHill. 2nd Edition. Reference Books 1. 2003. Grammar induction. Augmented grammars. Probabilistic language models Text Book 1. “Artificial Intelligence: A new Synthesis”. “Artificial Intelligence-Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving”. Peter Norvig. 2004. 2.Unit 5: Perception and Expert System Visual perception -Waltz’s algorithm. Pearson Education / Prentice Hall of India. Stuart Russell. Introduction to Expert System. Elaine Rich and Kevin Knight. Luger. Example Expert system Unit 6: Natural Language Understanding Why NL. Discourse understanding.. Nilsson. Ltd. 2002. 3. Nils J. Formal grammar for a fragment of English. 2nd Edition. “Artificial Intelligence. George F. Syntactic analysis. Ambiguity and disambiguation. Semantic interpretation. Harcourt Asia Pvt. Probabilistic language processing.
modeling of linear and non-linear systems. topologies and limitations of all sensors covered in the above to in-vehicle processing or communications nodes. gain scheduling. Torque sensing e. Basic Transmission systems. Interfacing principles: Operation. Filters. Emission control. Cruise control. speedometer. exhaust differential. Unit 2: Sensor technologies in Automotive In-vehicle sensors: Working principles. control augmentation. Airconditions/Heating. Flow sensing and measurement e. adaptive control. diesel and gas engines.g. system responses Objective of Electronic Engine control. manifold. Level shifting. actuator limiting. stability augmentation. coolant. Transmission control. Controls for Lighting. Distance sensing e. Airbags. Fundamentals of Petrol. battery technology. automatic transmission. Evolution of Electronics in Automotive. Instrumentation amplifiers.g. Remote keyless Entry and Anti-theft System. Basic Automotive System. Use of Actuators: Types. Different forms and developments. Developments in existing engine forms and alternatives.g. LPG. air intake. anti-collision. Engine management testing: Engine management system strategies and implementation. Characteristics. Wave-shaping. Methods of improving engine performance and efficiency.g. anti-skid. 44
. Variable assist steering and steering control. limitations and use within the automotive context of each type Unit 3: Automotive Control Systems. Electronic Engine control: Motion equations. Position sensing e. tyre.g. Simulation and implementation methods.g. fuel cells). electric/gasoline. Emission sub-system control. Operational amplifier circuits. System Components. Comparators.g. Antilock systems. Noise mechanisms and reduction. Wipers. Working principles of various electronic components and accessories used in Automotive. traction control.AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRONICS (404190) Teaching Scheme Lectures / Week: 4Hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
Unit 1: Power Train Engineering and fundamentals of Automotive.g. Vibration sensing e. limitations and use within the automotive context of the following: Temperature sensing e. numerical methods. Pressure sensing e. Ignition systems. crankshaft. throttle plate. Control techniques used in hybrid system. Velocity sensing e. Interfacing electronics. Control system approach in Automotive: Analog and Digital control methods. System components and functions. ADCs and DACs. wind-up. Spark Ignition and Compression Ignition Engines and their electronic controls. Working principle. Characteristics. electric motors and control systems. Hybrid designs (solar power. Alternators and charging. Fuel injection. Special Control Schemes: Vehicle braking fundamentals.
M. B. Newness Publication. High-level language programming: Effective use of „C‟ programming with particular reference to: Operators. Interrupts. Elsevier Science.
.K. FlexRay. Timer/Counters. ARM 9 and ARM11. Electromagnetic environment and Automotive EMC Standards. Critical review of microprocessor. Unit 6: Diagnostics and Safety in Automotive Fundamentals of Diagnostics: Basic wiring system and Multiplex wiring system. On board and off board diagnostics in Automotive. such as Bluetooth. Timers and interrupts.including bit wise. Electronic transmission checks and Diagnosis. Automotive Buses: Use of various buses such as CAN. Communication protocols for automotive applications. Safety in Automotive: Safety norms and standards. Application of Telematics in Automotive: Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). PWM. Text Books 1. Wiley India. 4. Preliminary checks and adjustments. Use of a professional development system (Use of Embedded C). D2B.11x. Unit 5: Automotive Communication Systems Communication interface with ECUs: Interfacing techniques and interfacing with infotainment gadgets. Future trends in Automotive Electronics. “Understanding Automotive Electronics”. Control constructs. Pointers. Williams. Nitaigour Mahalik. and DSI). Higher End Technology: Comparative study and applications of ARM Cortex:-A series/M-series.Ribbens. G. Program Development: Software development strategies.Ramchandran. Self Diagnostic system. Compiling and linking.S. 2004.Vijayraghavan. K. IEEE802. MOST. Input and Output device programming. “Mechatronics: Principles. “Mechatronics: Integrated Mechanical and Electronic System”. LIN. Relevance of internet protocols. TMH. John Wiley and Sons. 2003. 2. 2003. Memory requirement and Usage. Real-Time Program Design: Pointers to physical addresses and linking. Architecture of 8 /16 bit microcontrollers with emphasis on Ports. Software testing and debugging. such as TCP/IP for automotive applications.Unit 4: Electronic Control Unit Design. Watch-dog timers. SAE and IEEE Standards. Wireless LANs standards.P. Fault finding and corrective measures. Passenger comfort and security systems. 6th Edition. Robert Bosch. 2010. Diagnostic procedures and sequence. “Automotive Electronics Handbook”.Current developments and issues. 3. microcontroller and digital signal processor development (overview of development within the automotive context). Concepts and Applications”. Balsundaram. IELLI. Recent trends in Automotive buses (Such as OBDII. latency. for use in an automotive environment. IE.
Yimin Gao. Gessner. CRC Press. Valldorf and W. 9. CRC Press. 2009. 2nd Edition. Mark Steffka. McGraw-Hill. Springer. 2001. 3.Reference Books 1. James D Halderman. Tracy Martin. “Automotive Computer Controlled Systems: Diagnostic Tools and Techniques”. PHI Publication 2005. “Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications”. 2005. Theory. 2007. “Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement Systems (SIE)”. 46
. TMH. “How to Diagnose And Repair Automotive Electrical Systems” Motor Books/MBI Publishing Company. 2nd Edition. and Design”. “Electric and Hybrid Vehicles: Design Fundamentals”. 7. 11. “Modern Electronic. 2. 2003. Meyer. and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals. Mehrdad Ehsani. Michael Histand. “Automotive Electronics Handbook”. 2009. Uwe Kiencke and Lars Nielsen. 2005. Springer Verlag. 2004. “Advanced Automotive Diagnosis”. “Automotive Electricity and Electronics”. Allan Bonnick. Springer. Elsevier. Terence Rybak. Driveline and Vehicle”. 1999. “Automotive Control Systems: Engine. David Alciatore. 6. 2nd Edition. 4. 2006. Tom Denton. Ronald K Jurgen. J. 5. Hybrid Electric. Elsevier Science. Iqbal Husain. G. 2nd Edition. Ali Emadi. “Automotive Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)”. 8. 10.
nanotubes. “Nanotechnology for Electronic Materials and Devices”.. Unit 4: Nanomachines and Nanodevices Nanomachines and Nanodevices. Nano-Electronics for advanced computation and communication. Poole Jr. Novel dielectric materials for future transistors. tools to make nanostructures and imagine nano-behaviours Unit 2: Nano-CMOS Devices Silicon Nanocrystal non volatile memories. Mark Ratner.NANOTECHNOLOGY (404190) Teaching Scheme Lectures: 4 Hrs/week Unit 1: Introduction Introduction to Nanotechnology: Fundamental science behind nanotechnology. scanning probe instrument. electron beam lithography. Unit 3: Nano particles and Nanotubes Properties of Nano particles: Metal nanostructures and semiconducting nanoparticles. clusters. molecular and super molecular switches. Carbon nanostructures: carbon molecules. Gregory Timp. Nano-CMOS devices and applications. Daniel Ratner . nanoscale lithography. Books 1. 2. applications of carbon nanotubes. atomic lithography. sensors. Frank J. Springer-Verlag NY. Unit 6: Nanotechnology in Electronics Use of Nanotechnology in Electronics: Application of nano structures in electronics. Anatoli Korkin. 4. Pearson Education. properties of nanotubesstrength and elasticity. energy capture. Application of nanotechnology in biomedical electronics. Unit 5: Nanoelectronics Introduction. the tools of manufacturing of micro and nano fabrication optical lithography. Evgeni Gusev. “Nanotechnology”. Springer. Serge Luryi . Jan Labanowski. “Nanotechnology: A Gentle introduction to a next big Idea”. Introduction to Nanotechnology –by Charles P. Owens – John Wiley & Sons. Lithography. NEMS and MEMS and their fabrication. Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
. Tools for measuring nanostructures. transformation and storage. optics. 3. tools for measuring nanostructures.
Supervisory control. Control System Evaluation. Tuning. Integral wind up. Interfacing Input and Output devices with PLC. Solid state switches. Networking of PLCs Unit 6: Advanced Process Automation Techniques Fuzzy logic systems and Fuzzy controllers. Operational aspects of PID controllers. Ladder programming. Analog Input / Output. Introduction to Statistical Process Control. Analog control. Foundation Fieldbus and Profibus Unit 2: Transmitters and Signal Conditioning Need of transmitters. Thermocouple. Electrical actuators.PLC AND AUTOMATON (404190) Teaching scheme Lectures/week: 4 Hrs Examination Scheme Paper: 100 Marks
Unit 1: Introduction to Process Control Control Systems. Evaluation criteria. Selection of PLC. Current. Discrete State Control Systems. Smart and Intelligent transmitters. Unit 4: Actuators and Final Control Elements Final control operation. 48
. Two wire transmitters. Applications and Interfacing PLC Programming. Steady state regulation. Electronic Differential Pressure Transmitter. Programmable Logic Controllers. Digital control. Anolog Implementation. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based controllers. Servomechanisms. DPT etc . Control System Networks. Mechanical switches. Stepper Motors. AC and DC motors. Process control principles. Fluid control valves. Stability. Unit 3: Controller Principles and Applications PID Controller Principles. PLC based automated systems. Signal conversions. Design considerations. Modification of PID algorithms. Voltage and Pneumatic signal standards. Standardization of signals. Transient regulation. Direct Digital control. Unit 5: Programmable Logic Controllers. Digital implementation. Analog and Digital signal conditioning for RTD. Pneumatic and hydraulic actuators .
3. Madhuchhanda Mitra. 2. Curtis Johnson. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Theory. Krishna Swamy. New Age International Publishers. T Haggland. 3. “Process Control Instrumentation Technology”. “PID Controllers. John W. Pearson Education. 5th Edition. Principles and Applications”. 8th Edition. 2. Penram International Publishing India Pvt. “Programmable Logic Controllers.Text Books . K. Astram. Ltd. “Process Control”. George J Clir. Bo Youn. K. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Reference Books 1. “Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic Theory and Applications”. Ronold A Reis. Ltd. Samarjit Sen Gupta. “Programmable Logic controllers and Industrial Automation”. Ltd. Design and Tuning”. Webb. ISA
Communication. if project complexity demands a maximum group size of 4 students. Selection and approval of topic Topic should be related to real life application in the field of Electronics and Telecommunication OR Investigation of the latest development in a specific field of Electronics or Communication or Signal Processing OR The investigation of practical problem in manufacture and / or testing of electronics or communication equipments OR The Microprocessor / Microcontroller based applications project is preferable.PROJECT (404191) Teaching Scheme Practical: 2 Hrs/Week (Sem –I) Practical: 6 Hrs/Week (Sem-II) 1. OR Interdisciplinary projects should be encouraged. Examination Scheme Term work: 100 Marks Oral: 50 Marks
. the committee should be convinced about such complexity and scope of the work. duly signed by internal and external guides. Optimum group size is in 3 students. problems faced. Project report must be submitted in the prescribed format only. Signal Processing and Agriculture Engineering with the justification for techniques used / implemented is accepted. 2. The examination will be conducted independently in respective departments.. No variation in the format will be accepted. It should have entries related to the work done. However. Group Size The student will carry the project work individually or by a group of students. One guide will be assigned at the most 3 project groups. OR Software development project related to VSDL. Instrumentation. solution evolved etc. Note: The group should maintain a logbook of activities.