1-GENERAL The CONTRACTOR shall furnish and install manholes of the type shown on the Contract Drawings and as specified herein. The work shall include the required inlet and outlet pipe connections whether for new or existing sewers, frames and covers, masonry, concrete, reinforcing steel, special pipe fittings, precast units, and all other materials, tools and equipment necessary to produce complete manholes. Associated work such as excavation, backfilling, grading, paving, etc., is specified elsewhere. Manholes shall be watertight, and shall be so tested in accordance with the Section entitled, "Underground Sewer Piping." Precast reinforced concrete sections utilized to construct manholes shall be produced in a plant approved by the ENGINEER. The plant shall be currently approved by the NYSDOT for the manufacture of concrete pipe. The manufacturer shall provide the ENGINEER with a shop drawing certifying that all precast concrete manhole sections furnished to this project shall conform to the requirements of the Contract Documents and shall conform to ASTM Specification C-478, except as modified and/or supplemented in this section of the specifications. Aggregates shall be from NYSDOT-approved sources.

2-PRECAST CONCRETE BASES Manhole bases shall be precast concrete. Their design and fabrication shall conform to the general requirements of this section and the provisions of ASTM Specifications C-478. The bases shall conform to the basic dimensions shown on the Contract Drawings, and the CONTRACTOR shall submit shop drawings prior to construction, showing typical design, reinforcing, and manufacturing details. The horizontal joint at the top of the base shall be compatible with that of the precast wall sections. The precast bases shall be uniformly supported on a compacted, level, foundation of Type D-R-1 run-of-crusher stone per the Section entitled, "Excavation and Backfill," which in turn shall bear on sound undisturbed earth. The minimum depth of the stone foundation shall be six (6) inches throughout, but shall vary to the depth necessary to reach a sound undisturbed earth. Minimum diameter of the stone foundation shall be the outside diameter of the base plus two (2) feet. The precast bases shall be manufactured to contain openings in the wall, of minimum size, to receive the ends of the pipe, such openings being accurately set to conform with line and grade of sewer. All sanitary sewer connections between manholes and pipes shall be made with flexible connectors meeting all material and performance requirements of A.S.T.M. Standard C-923 titled "Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced Concrete Manhole Structures And Pipes". The ends of the pipe shall be accurately positioned in the openings, properly secured against movement. All precast concrete bases shall be free from cracks, damaged joints, exposed reinforcing, aggregate pockets, spalls, and dimensional distortions or other irregularities. Any units rejected by the ENGINEER shall be tagged and removed from the job site immediately.


Materials shall conform to the following requirements: Item Brick Concrete Block Portland Cement Sand Lime ASTM Specification C-62 C-90 C-150 C-144 C-207 Remarks Grade "SW" Grade "U-I" Type I or III --Type "N" 3B-2 . spalls. 4-MASONRY WORK AND GRADE RINGS The manhole frame shall be supported and adjusted to finished grade using solid. The total height of precast wall required for each manhole shall be determined in the field. After joint assembly the gap between sections shall be packed on the inside and outside with Anti-Hydro "Axpandaretes. All tongue-and-groove (or male and female) joints in the precast wall. damaged joints. Any units rejected by the ENGINEER shall be tagged and removed from the job site immediately. and with reinforcing as shown on the Contract Drawings.MANHOLES 3-PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS D MANHOLE TOPS Precast concrete walls shall be made up using straight. to allow for masonry work or precast concrete grade rings. All precast concrete sections shall be free from cracks. shall be made up using the "Snap-On" Type "O"-ring gasket. and shall be troweled smooth so that no projections remain on the inside. Precast concrete grade rings may be utilized. Openings shall be eccentric when manholes are furnished with steps and concentric with no steps and of the proper diameter to receive the frame specified. Grout Corp. and shall be carefully set in a full bed of mortar.. and shall conform to ASTM Specification C-443. to support and adjust manhole frames. or Five Star Grout by U. Minimum longitudinal and circumferential reinforcing steel shall be in conformance with ASTM Specification C-478. exposed reinforcing. dimensional distortions. All precast units shall be laid up plumb and level." Masterflow 713 by Master Builders. Joints may also be made up using Butyl joint sealant rope material in lieu of the "O"-ring gasket. and shall be such that the vertical distance between the top of the assembled precast units and the bottom of the installed cast iron manhole frame is a minimum of four (4) inches and a maximum of twelve (12) inches. except they shall be 8 inches thick. and the gasket shall not support the weight of the section.S. or other irregularities. Slab tops shall be set in a full bed of mortar. Precast reinforced concrete slab tops for manholes shall be manufactured in accordance with ASTM Specification C-478. including the joint at the top of the base. The precast sections shall be provided with a special groove (cast into the male end) to receive and hold the gasket in position during joint assembly. in lieu of brick. aggregate pockets. except that joint taper shall not exceed 3-1/2 degrees. in accordance with the applicable requirements of Clause entitled "Masonry Work and Grade Rings" in this section. brick masonry as shown for the various types of manholes. There shall be concrete bearing between the various sections. Grade rings shall conform to ASTM Specification C-478. circular sections and eccentric tops if manhole steps are required.

Components shall fit together in a satisfactory manner. Horizontal surfaces shall then be brush finished. 6-FRAMES AND COVERS Frames and covers shall have 24-inch opening. shrinkage distortion. The inverts of these channels shall be constructed of half sewer pipe sections or concrete. Grade 60-40-18. The bench surface itself shall extend laterally to the manhole walls. with both sides plumb. Castings . or when in the ENGINEER's judgement a satisfactory job cannot be accomplished. pitching slightly toward the flow channel.BENCH WALLS The flow channels in each manhole shall be carefully shaped following the details on the Contract Drawings. The interior and exterior face of the brick to be finished smooth with non-shrink grout. Class 30.MANHOLES Water --Clear and free from all deleterious materials Type "M" (min. or other defects. All brick is to be laid true to lines. or when the temperature is below 40 degrees F. They shall match the inverts and size of pipes which connect to the manhole. etc. creating a channel of gradual slope and curvature such that a smooth. porosity. and all vertical joints shall be shoved tight. free from blowholes. hard spots. or Syracuse Casting Model 1030.Brick shall be wetted just prior to being laid. Mortar on inside and outside joints shall be struck off flush with wall surface and joints shall be so planned that courses will come level with and conform to the overall dimensions required.No masonry work shall be done during heavy rains.shall be gray cast iron conforming to ASTM Specification A-48. as manufactured by Neenah Type R-1642. Weather Conditions . Bed joints shall be 3/8-inch to 1/2-inch thick. Refer to Contract Drawings for details. and mortar for the bed shall be spread to a uniform thickness (not furrowed). 5.shall be manufactured true to pattern and shall be of uniform quality. The CONTRACTOR shall protect the CONTRACTOR's work with coverings. or shall be ductile cast iron conforming to ASTM Specification A-536. Minimum concrete Mix "C" shall be used for bench walls and all exposed surfaces shall receive a steel troweled finish. short sections of half sewer pipe may be cut and used to form the channel. uninterrupted flow through the manhole is assured.2500 psi strength) 1 part cement 1/4 part hydrated lime 3 parts sand Mortar Mix C-207 Construction. and shall maintain the air temperature within these coverings at a minimum of 45 degrees F for a period of three days after the masonry has been laid. or equal with non-penetrating pickholes and machined horizontal bearing surfaces and shall conform to the following general requirements: Material .. 3B-3 . All interior joints shall be filled solidly before laying the next course. For bends. plastic envelopes. Brick shall be laid in full mortar bed.

or equal. 9-MANHOLE STEPS Manhole steps shall be copolymer polypropylene plastic with 1/2-inch Grade 60 steel reinforcement as manufactured by M.shall be smooth and well-cleaned by shot-blasting or by some other approved method. base course. it shall be connected to the manhole with an inside drop section for pipe sizes 12 inches and smaller and an outside drop section for 15-inch pipes and larger unless otherwise shown on the Contract Drawings. Covers shall seat uniformly in any position in the frame without rocking. all as detailed on the Contract Drawings. After installation of the outside drop section and pipe connections in to the manhole.A. The collar shall not encase the frame but shall be cast to the edge of the flange of the frame such that the frame is laterally supported for its full perimeter. using concrete mix "C". Bolted-on types are not acceptable. The top surface of the cast collar shall be screeded off at the correct elevation to receive and support the full depth of the pavement surface course. raised letters. as shown. Inc. Fittings. Frames to be set parallel to surface slopes. For inside drop pipes. 1-1/2 inch wide. The manhole shall be a minimum of 6 feet in diameter and be constructed in the normal manner. Covers shall have cast in. Industries. Sanitary manhole shall have the words "SANITARY SEWER" cast in the covers. 3B-4 . Steps shall be in conformance with OSHA requirements having drop front or equivalent. or other material required for finished grade. frames and covers shall be heavy duty. 8-DROP SECTIONS Whenever the invert of a pipe entering a manhole is 24 inches or more in height above the invert of the lowest pipe leaving the manhole. outside assembly shall be encased in concrete. Frames shall be firmly seated in full bed of mortar and be positioned to conform to the adjacent finished grade or to the specific elevation shown on the Contract Drawings.. non-penetrating pickhole type of non-rocking design. and special adapters required for the outside drop section shall be of the same material and class as the sewer pipe entering the manhole. Refer to Contract Drawings for details. use polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings (SDR Class 35) with PVC mechanical plug and stainless steel straps as shown on the Contract Drawings. and shall have machined bearing surfaces to prevent rocking and rattling under traffic loads. Finish . except that the concrete base shall be extended for outside drop pipes and a straight clean-out pipe shall be connected through the wall. the entire vertical. Steps are to be cast in or grouted solid into the precast units at intervals of 12 inches.MANHOLES Unless otherwise scheduled. 7-CONCRETE COLLARS The CONTRACTOR shall furnish and install a Mix"C" concrete collar around all manhole frames installed in paved areas and road shoulder areas including necessary excavation. and such that the frame can be lifted vertically off its masonry supports.

the flow channels and bench walls are to be reconstructed. Total thickness of the two-coat application shall not be less than 16 mils.MANHOLES 10-EXISTING MANHOLES At existing manholes. Leakage tests on sanitary manholes shall be conducted in accordance with the section entitled "Underground Sewer Piping. Tnemec Heavy Duty Black 46-449. having new pipe connections. Preco Nitoproof 600." 3B-5 . or equal. and shall be applied according to manufacturer's specification. 12-TESTING Manholes shall be watertight. 11-WATERPROOFING Waterproofing shall consist of a two-coat application of coal tar compound as manufactured by Koppers Bitumastic Super Service Black. All visible leaks shall be permanently sealed.

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