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Published by: Rishi Agarwal on Oct 14, 2011
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Personal Communication Service

Ji-Lung Hsieh

• Introduction • PCS Architecture • Cellular Telephony

anywhere. and any terminal form. .PCS • Personal Communication Service – A wide variety of wireless access and personal mobility services – Can connect to Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) and Public Data Network (PDN) • Goal – Enabling personal communication ability at anytime.

Categorization of PCS • High-tier digital cellular system for vehicular and pedestrian service – – – – Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) Digital Communication System-1800 (DCS1800) S95 CDMA-based cdmaOne system Personal Digital Cellular (PDC) • Low-tier telecommunication systems for residential. workplace – Digital European Cordless Telephone (DECT) – Personal Access Communication Systems (PACS) – Personal Handy Phone System (PHS) .

Variety of PCS • Except the protocol mentioned before… – Wideband wireless systems for accommodate Internet and multimedia services in modern age • cdma2000 — evolved from cdmaOne • WCDMA—proposed by Europe • SCDMA—proposed by China/Europe – Paging systems – Mobile-satellite system – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) .

PCS Architecture • • • • PSTN PLMN Basic Architecture of PCS Communication Access Technology .

Original PSTN .


Basic Architecture of PCS .

Terminology of PCS • Each PCS technology has similar architectures which consists two parts – Radio Network • MS (Mobile Station) (or so-called mobile phone) • BS (Base Station) – Wired Transport Network • MSC (Mobile Switching Center) • Mobility database attached with MSC .

Mobile phone • Base Station (BS) – The radio coverage of a BS is called a cell – The BSs usually connect to wired core network via land links or dedicated microwave links. .Terminology • Mobile Station (MS) – Portable Handset.

Cellular Concept .

Communication Access Technology • FDMA — Frequency Division Multiple Access • TDMA — Time Division Multiple Access • CDMA — Code Division Multiple Access .

Cellular Telephony • High-Tier – AMPS—Advanced Mobile Phone Service – GSM—Global System for Mobile Communications – JDC (or PDC)—Japanese Digital Cellular • Low Tier – PHS .

• Disadvantage – Lack of privacy and easy to be embezzled . total 50MHz • Advantage – Communication quality is better.AMPS • Properties – – – – – 1G analog signal Beginning to commercialize in 1983 Phone number format using 090xxxxxxx or 091xxxxxxx in Taiwan Using FDMA Frequency: 824~849 MHz and 869~894MHz. no echo.

GSM • Properties – “Digital “ cellular system developed by European Union – TDMA – Frequency: 890~960 MHz and 1710~1880MHz. and GSM1800 – Cellular Cell Concept — using several smaller cellular base station to replace a high-energy base station – Frequency carrier is divided into 8 time slots – Digital switch can provide many application. call waiting . group addressing. called GSM900. not only analog • Short messaging.

Comparison of Cellular System .

Characteristics of Cellular System • Characteristics – – – – – – Support high mobility Large coverage area High transmission power of BS and handset High signal process power of handset Low voice quality High network complexity • Microcell is developed for increasing the system capacity – Low transmission power – Low base station cost – Increase capacity .

and outdoor environment – TDMA/TDD – Using dynamic channel allocation to provide basic slow mobility .PHS • Properties of low-tier PCS – Evolved from cordless phone in early family environment • PHS – Developed by RCR. Japan 1993 – Telecommunication services for homes. office.

Comparisons of Various Low-Tier PCS .

Characteristics of Low-Tier PCS • Low transmission power • Long talk time • Small coverage area but large number of base station • Low transmission delay • High voice quality • Low mobility • Low network complexity • Low cost .

Comparisons of Mobile Technology .

and low-tier system • Allowing to digital speech with low bit-rate – 3G • High-speed and wireless Internet access (to 2Mbps) • Wireless multimedia service (Audio and Video) .3G Wireless System • Generations of Wireless System – 1G: AMPS • Analog voice calls – 2G: GSM.

in 2001 • SCDMA • cdma2000 .3G Wireless System • 2. Bit rates depended on distance – Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) backbone – Standard • W-CDMA—developed by DoCoMo Co. QoS.5 G: GPRS and EDGE – Bridge 2G to 3G • New feature in 3G – High bit rates.

3G Evolution .

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