16 Tenses In English

CHAPTER I PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
1.1 THE USE OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE We use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening at the time of speaking. Example : Please don’t make so much noise. I’m studying. We also use The Present Continuous Tense when we talk about something which is happening around the time of speaking, but not necessarily exactly at the time of speaking. Example : Silvia is learning English at the moment. We often use the Present Continuous when we talk about a period around the present. Example :You’re working hard today. Yes, I have a lot of to do We use the present continuous when we talk about the changing situation. Example : The population without jobs is increasing very fast. 1.2. THE ADVERBS OF TIME USED The adverbs of time used in Present Continous tense are “NOW, RIGHT NOW, TOMORROW,ETC 1.3. THE PATTERN OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE The patterns of Present continous tense consist of : 1.3.A. Positive Pattern S + am/is/are + Verb 4…………………………………………….Now S + sedang + 4……………………………………..sekarang Examples : 1. I am studying English now. 2. We are going to Jakarta tomorrow (akan) 3. You are singing now. 4. He is making a cake now. 5. she is sewing a shirt now. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English 6. They are playing football in the field now. 7. Tom and Ani are doing their homework tomorrow. 8. The students are doing sport now. 1.3.b The Negative Pattern S + am/is/are + Not + Verb 4…………………………………… Now S + tidak sedang + 4 …………………………………….sekarang Example : 1. I am not studying now 2. He is not sleeping now 3. My father is not watching television now. 4. we aren’t going to Jakarta Tomorrow. 1.3.c. The Interrogative Pattern Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………………..Now? Apakah + S + sedang + 4…………………………sekarang ? Examples : 1. Are you studying English now ? Yes, I am/ No, I am not 2. Is he eating fried rice now? Yes, he is/ No, he isn’t 3. Is your father working in the office now? Yes, He is/No, He isn’t 1.3.d. Qusetion-word Pattern QW + Am/Is/Are + S + Verb 4…………………………………...Now? QW + yang + S + 4……………………………………..sekarang? Examples : 1. what are you doing now ? studying 2. Where is he studying English now ? at school EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English. 1. Jack sedang tidur sekarang 2. Mary sedang mengerjakan tugas itu 3. Kami sedang menonton sebuah film di televisi 4. Mereka sedang bermain bola di halaman sekarang 5. Guru itu sedang menerangkan pelajaran itu. 6. Perusahaan itu sedang tumbuh dengan pesat sekarang. 7. Harga saham di bursa Efek Jakarta sedang naik sekarang 8. Pak Adi sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris di kampus sekarang 9. Polisi tersebut sedang mencari Ali sekarang. 10. Ana, Ani, dan Tom sedang berdiskusi sekarang. Communicative English Course
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16 Tenses In English

EXERCISE 2 : Change the following sentences into (+), (-), and (?) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. They are speaking English now. We are not reading now. Is your mother frying rice now? No, she isn’t. What is your father looking at now ? a picture. He is watching “Plan to kill” on TV now. The teacher is not explaining tenses to the students now. Is Maradona playing football in Argentina Now?

EXERCISE 3 : Write questions by using question words based on the underlined words in the following sentences. 1. John is eating a plate of rice in the dining room now. 2. The cat is eating fried chicken in the kitchen now. 3. Tom and Jerry are quarrelling about food now. 4. My father is teaching Biology at school now. EXERCISE 4 : Answer the following questions with your own words. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Are you studying English now ? Is your father reading a newspaper now? Is your mother sewing a shirt now? Are They singing a song at home now? Is Mr.Adi teaching English at school now? What is your mother doing now? What is your brother doing now?

EXERCISE 5 : Write sentences by using the following verbs Writing, speaking, sewing, growing, discussing, doing, hunting,eating, drinking, dancing, singing, making, building, teaching, explaining, talking, watching, shopping, sleeping, typing, driving, riding, training, working

Communicative English Course

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Did John see a crocodile in the river yesterday ? Yes. he didn’t 2. we didn’t Communicative English Course 4 . The Interrogative Pattern Did + S + Verb 1……………………………………………. The Positive Pattern S + Verb 2…………………………………………………… Yesterday S + 2…………………………………………………. this morning . last night.3. 3. They didn’t play football in the field yesteryear. The Patterns of Simple Past Tense 2. They played football in the field yesteryear 2. yesterday morning.Yesterday? Apakah + S + 1…………………………………………kemarin? Examples: 1.1..3. The Negative Pattern S + didn’t + Verb 1…………………………………… ……. a week ago.16 Tenses In English CHAPTER 2 PAST TENSE 2. Examples : 1. 3. 2. We studied English here last week. 2.. Did you study here last week ? Yes. We didn’t study here last week. The Use of Simple Past Tense We use the past simple to talk about actions or situations in the past.3. etc.3.2. 2. yesterweek.. last…. John saw a crocodile in the river yesterday. yestermonth.1.Yesterday S + tidak + 1…………………………………kemarin Examples : 1.3. John didn’t see a crocodile in the river yesterday. we did/ No. The Adverbs of time used The adverbs of time used in this tense are Yesterday... 2. yesteryear.2. he did/No. 2.

Who saw a crocodile in the river yesterday ? John did 2. Apakah perusahaan anda menjual kursi tahun lalu ? Ya. Siapa yang membuat kue itu kemarin ? ibu saya. (-). 1. they did/No. When did John see a crocodile in the river? yesterday QW + Verb 2………………………………. Manajer pemasaran tersebut melakukan penelitian minggu lalu.4.? Examples : 1. 8. Kami menjual rumah kami di Jakarta tahun lalu.? Examples: 1. Communicative English Course 5 . The Question-word Pattern QW + did + S + Verb 1………………………………. 6. Dia tidak datang ke pesta itu minggu lalu 4. Change the following sentences into (+). Apakah kamu pergi ke luar tadi malam ? 3. Present Continous Tense. Apakah kamu tidur nyenyak tadi malam ? 5. they didn’t 2. 10. 7. What grew in the rice-field last year? A coconut tree did EXERCISE I : Translate these sentences into English ! 1. EXERCISE II.………Yesterday? Qw + yang + S + 1……………………………………. Kami menjual mobil kami kemarin 2. What did John see in the river yesterday ? a crocodile 2. Kapan anda menjalankan usaha anda di Jakarta ? tahun lalu 9. Apa yang jatuh di jalan kemarin ? Tas saya.3. Did they play football in the field yesteryear? Yes.16 Tenses In English 3. ( ?).………Yesterday? S + did QW + 2……………………………..

Asking someone to do something. what we intend to do in the future. I am going to have an early night.. Are you going to watch it? B: No..g. The pattern : S + am/is/are + going to + Verb 1…………………………………… S +am/is/are + not + going to + Verb 1…………………… ………… Am/is/are + S + going to + Verb 1………………………………….………Tomorrow? We often use will to be going to when we say what we have already decided to do. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE We often use will in this situation: Offering to do something: e. I will come to your house tonight.g. e. That bag looks heavy.? QW + am/is/are + S + going to + verb 1…………………………… . I’ve asked john to help me but he won’t Promising to do something..? Communicative English Course 6 . e.g. Will you close the window.g. Tomorrow? QW + will/shall + S + Verb 1…………………….please! The pattern : S + will/shall + Verb 1…………………………………… Tomorrow S + won’t/shan’t + Verb 1…………………… ………… Tomorrow Will/Shall + S + Verb 1…………………………………. I promise.16 Tenses In English 3. Agreeing and refusing to do something: e. A:There’s a film on television tonight. I am too tired. . I’ll help with it.

PRESENT TENSE Present Tense is used to talk about something in general.The earth doesn’t go round the sun ? Does the earth go round the sun ? + I get up at 8 o’clock every morning . + The earth goes round the sun . How often do you go to the dentist ? Mary doesn’t often drink tea. Communicative English Course 7 .I don’t get up at 8 o’clock every morning ? Do you get up at 8 o’clock very morning? The pattern : S + Verb 1 (s/es)…………………………………… Everyday/today S + don’t/doesn’t + Verb 1…………………… ……Everyday/today Do/Does + S + Verb 1………………………………Everyday/today? QW + Do/does + S + Verb 1…………………….g.16 Tenses In English 4. e.g. And it is also used to talk about something which is happened repeatedly or habituallly activities.…Everyday/today? We use the present simple when wse say how often we do things: e.

The action or situation had already started before this time but hadn’t finished: This time last year I was living in Brazil We often use the past continuous Tense and the past simple together to say that something happened in the middle of something else: When I was working in the garden.…… S + was/were + not + Verb 4…………….? QW + was/were + S + verb 4……………When + s + Verb 2 …………? e.When + s + Verb 2……. When + s + Verb 2 ……. ….g.When + s + Verb 2………… Was/were + S + verb 4………………….16 Tenses In English 5. I hurt my back. + She was cooking rice when Tom came yesterday She wasn’t cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? Was she cooking rice when Tom came yesterday ? Communicative English Course 8 . The pattern : S + was/were + verb 4…………………. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE We use past continuous Tense to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.

etc? Communicative English Course 9 ..g. Don’t forget to post this letter. (not drives) We often use the present perfect with yet. Nora? Nora: Yes. We have to use present perfect Tense with This is the first time…. Has it stopped raining yet ? (not ‘did it stop’). Would you like something to eat? ‘No. Do you know about Mary ? She’s gone to Jakarta. Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. The pattern: S + have/has + verb 3………………………. We can use the Present Perfect Tense with already to say that something has happened sooner than expected : e.etc Have/has + S + verb 3…………………. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE We often use the present perfect Tense to give new information or to announce recent happening: e.g. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences: e.16 Tenses In English 6. e.etc? QW + have/has + S + verb 3……………….etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + Verb 3…………….. We talk about a period of time that continuous up to the present. We often use ever and never with the present perfect: e. I have been to 47 different countries. thanks. We can use the Present Perfect Tense with just (= a short time ago) e. will you? I’ve already posted it.g. we use the present perfect. have you ever eaten caviar? We have never had a car. Dave: Have you travelled a lot.g.g.g.….g. This is the first time he has driven a car. …. I’ve just had lunch’. It the first time… e.

Tom had already gone home When I got home. PAST PERFECT TENSE We use the Past perfect to say that something had already happened before this time : Example : When I arrived at the party. 3. To tidak bearada di rumah ketika saya tiba. Semua orang sudah pergi tidur. Saya merasa sangat lelah ketika saya pulang. Communicative English Course 10 . I was very nervous because I hadn’t flown before. George didn’t want to come to the cinema with us because he had already seen the film twice. saya baru saja makan siang. The pattern: S + had + verb 3…………when/before S + V2 S + hadn’t + Verb 3……… when/before S + V2 Had + S + verb 3………… when/before S + V2 ? QW + had + S + verb 3……… when/before S + V2 ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. Dia baru saja keluar. 2. I found that someone had broken into my flat and had stolen my fur coat. 4. jadi saya langsung pergi tidur Saya tidak lapar.16 Tenses In English 7. Rumah itu sangat sunyi ketika saya tiba. It was my first time in an aeroplane.

Dia (pr) sudah bermain tenis sejak dia berumur 8 tahun 5. Hari sudah hujan selama dua jam 2. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + have/has + been + verb 4…………etc S + haven’t/hasn’t + been + verb 4……etc Have/has + S + been + verb 4……….Pelajar pelajar tengah menyanyi sejak pagi ini + The students have been singing since this morning . Saya sudah menonton acara TV tersebut sejak dua jam 4. Berapa lama kamu sudah belajar bahasa inggris ? 3. Berapa lama kamu suah merokok ? 6. Mereka sudah bermain PS selama tiga jam Communicative English Course 11 .16 Tenses In English 8.etc ? QW + have/has + S + been + verb 4…etc ? Example : .The students haven’t been singing since this morning ? Have the students been singing since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + had been + verb 4…………when S + V2 S + hadn’t been + Verb 4……… when S + V2 Had + S + been + verb 4………… when S + V2 ? QW + had + S + been + verb 4……… when S + V2 ? Example : . Saya sudah mengetik selama tiga puluh menit ketika listrik itu padam 5.They hadn’t been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Had they been doing the homework when I came yesterday ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.16 Tenses In English 9.Mereka tengah mengerjakan PR ketika saya datang kemarin + They had been doing the homework when I came yesterday . Orkestra itu sudah bermain selama sepuluh menit ketika seorang laki laki berteriak 4. Mereka sudah tidur selama 6 jam ketika kebakaran itu terjadi Communicative English Course 12 . Ken sudah merokok selama 30 tahun ketika akhirnya dia berhenti 3. Mereka sudah bermain bola selama satu jam ketika ada petir yang menakutkan 2.

You won’t be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Will you be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. George sedang akan meninggalkan Indonesia pada pukul 9 besok pagi 2. Saya sedang akan menyelesaikan PR itu sore nanti 3.Kamu sedang akan pergi ke sekolah pukul 7 besok pagi + You will be going to school at seven o’clock tomorrow morning . Dia (pr) sedang akan menonton acara di stadion tersebut nanti malam 4.. PRESENT FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will be + Verb 4 + O + at…………. Mereka sedang akan makan malam di restauran itu nanti malam 5.16 Tenses In English 10.o’clock ? QW + will + S + be +Verb 4…………o’clock ? Example : . Para karyawan sedang akan menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu pukul 9 nanti malam Communicative English Course 13 .o’clock S + won’t be + Verb 4 + O + at……….o’clock Will + S + be + Verb 4 + O + at………..

Menjelang bulan depan dia akan membayar hutangnya 4.by the end…… S + won’t have + Verb 3 + ……….Kita sudah akan tiba di Jakarta besok sore. Will + S + have + Verb 3 + ………by the end….We won’t have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Will we have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. John sudah akan selesai mengerjakan pekerjaanya menjelang akhir minggu ini 2. PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + will have + verb 3 + ……….by the end….16 Tenses In English 11. ? QW + will + S + have +Verb 3 +…………by the end… ? Example : . Kami sudah akan mendapat rumah baru menjelang akhir tahun ini Communicative English Course 14 . + We will have arrived in Jakarta tomorrow afternoon . Menjelang minggu depan saya akan selesai membaca buku ini 3..

? Example : . Menjelang akhir tahun ini kami akan sudah mempelajari bahasa inggris selama tiga tahun 2.since….16 Tenses In English 12.? QW + will + S + have been + verb 4….Mereka tengah akan belajar sejak pagi besok + They will have been studying since this morning .since………. Menjelang liburan sekolah ini saya sudah mengikuti tes selama 5 kali 4. S + won’t have been + verb 4……. Will + S + have been + verb 4……since………. PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + will have been + verb 4………since………. Menjelang hari raya idul fitri saya sudah akan dua kali pulang ke desa Communicative English Course 15 .. Menjelang hari natal saya akan sudah bekerja di kantor ini selama lima tahun 3.They won’t have been studying since this morning ? Will they have been studying since this morning ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1.

PAST FUTURE TENSE S + would + V1…IF + S + verb 2………….etc S + wouldn’t + verb 1…. saya tidak akan membeli rumah itu 2. Saya akan datang ANDAIKATA kamu mengundang saya I would come if you invited me 2.…. Saya tidak akan keberatan tinggal di Amerika jika cuacanya bagus Communicative English Course 16 . Jika saya dapat berbicara bahasa inggris..etc ? Example : 1. saya akan pergi keluar negeri 5.+ object………….+ object ……….etc Would + S + verb 1 ….. Tom akan melakukan perjalanan JIKAdia punya uang Tom would travel if he had more money Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1. Jika saya kaya. Saya akan keluar jika hari tidak hujan 3.16 Tenses In English 13. Jika saya jadi kamu. saya akan membeli sebuah villa 4.

etc S + wouldn’t + be + verb 4….16 Tenses In English 14. Saya akan sedang menempuh ujian hari berikutnya pada waktu itu 2. Communicative English Course 17 . Mereka sedang akan bermain babak kedua pada pertandingan sepakbola waktu itu. Kami akan sedang membangun rumah itu pada waktu itu 3.They wouldn’t be going home when we came ? Would they be going home when we came ? Translate these sentences into English ! 1. when S + verb 2……etc ? Example : . PAST FUTURE CINTINUOUS TENSE S + would be + Verb 4……when S + verb 2………..Sedianya mereka sedang akan pulang KETIKA kami datang + They would be going home when we came .when S + verb 2………etc Would + S + be + verb 4 ….

saya akan mengatakan hello 4. saya akan menikahi mu 5. 3..IF + S + had + verb 3…….object………. saya akan menemuimu 2.. Jika saya telah mengetahui bahwa kamu sakit. He would have become a presiden if his party had won in general election Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1.Ia sudah akan menjadi presiden ANDAIKATA partainya menang dalam pemilihan umum. Tom tidak akan mengikuti ujian itu jika dia mengetahui bahwa soalnya akan begitu sulit..etc Would + S + have + verb 3 ……. PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE S + would have + verb 3…. Jika saya telah mengumpulakan uang. Saya akan mengirim surat ini jika kamu telah selesai membuatmya Communicative English Course 18 . Jika saya berjumpa dengan mu.16 Tenses In English 15.etc ? Example : . S + wouldn’t have + verb 3 ……object……….

S + wouldn’t have been + verb 4……. …….Sedianya rapat tengah akan dimulai sejak pagi ANDAIKATA walikota sudah datang tepat pada waktunya The meeting would have been starting since this morning if Mayor had come on time. Sedianya concert itu tengah akan dimulai andaikata artis artis itu datang pada waktunya...object………. 2.etc ? Example : . PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE S + would have + been + verb 4…. Exercise : Translate these sentences into English! 1. Sedianya saya tengah akan tidur andaikata mereka belum datang 3. ibu saya akan memasak makanan itu Communicative English Course 19 .. Andaikata ayah saya telah selesai berbelanja.object…………etc Would + S + have been + verb 4.IF + S + had + verb 3…….16 Tenses In English 16.

Had not 20. Might not 25. Should not 24. Has not 19. Is not 14. Does not 12.16 Tenses In English 17. Do not 11. Could not 22. Did not 13. Was not 16. Have not 18. It is 8. Will not 9. She is 7. I am 2. You are 3. We are 4. He is 6. They are 5. Were not 17. May not = I’m = You’re = We’re = They’re = He’s = She’s = It’s = won’t = Wouldn’t = Don’t = Doesn’t = Didn’t = Isn’t = Aren’t = Wasn’t = Weren’t = Haven’t = Hasn’t = Hadn’t = Can’t = Couldn’t = Mustn’t = Shouldn’t = Mightn’t = Mayn’t Communicative English Course 20 . Would not 10. Abbreviation (singkatan) 1. Can not 21. Are not 15. Must not 23.

Present Future Continuous Tense: S + will be + being + V3…by… 3. 3. Present Future Tense: S + will be + V3…by… 2.atau: ter… 5. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: S + had been + being + V3… 11. Kalimat pasif ialah suatu kalimat yang subjeknya dikenai oleh suatu perbuatan atau yang predikatnya berawalan di…/ ter… 2. To be dapat dijabarkan dalam 16 Tenses (lihatlah 16 Tenses pada rumus kalimat aktif) Pelajarilah Rumus dibawah ini : 1. Present Future Perfect Tense: S + will have been + V3 4. Past Continuous Tense: S + was/were + being + V3… Communicative English Course 21 . Present Perfect Continuous Tense: S + have been/has been +being +V3… 9. Simple Present Tense: S + am/is/are + V3… 6. Past Perfect Tense: S + had been +V3… 10. PASSIVE VOICE (IN POSITIVE FORM) Penjelasan: 1. Present Continuous Tense: S + am/is/are + being +V3… 7. Kata kerja yang digunakan harus kata kerja transitive.16 Tenses In English 18. Present Perfect Tense: S + have/has + been + V3 8. Simple Past Tense: S + Was/were + V3… 12. To be berfungsi untuk menentukan Tenses dari suatu kalimat dan untuk membentuk awalan : di…. yaitu kata kerja yang bisa diikuti oleh suatu objek atau benda. 5. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + will have been + being + V3…. Rumus kalimat pasif dalam bahasa inggris adalah sebagai berikut: S + To be + V3…………………………………by… 4.

TO BE bisa terdiri dari: a. 9. Being dalam kalimat pasif menunjukan: Continuous. Tiga kata (will be being. had been being. Kata kerja yang dipakai dalam kalimat pasif ialah V3 (bukan V1. has been being. V2. Past Future Tense: S + would be + V3… 14.have been.16 Tenses In English 13. Empat kata (will have been being dan would have been being ) no. b. 6 dan no. has been. 8. Communicative English Course 22 . (am being-is being-are being-was being-were being) no. Past Future Continuous Tense: S + would be being +V3… 15. 4. Tenses dalam kalimat pasifditentukan aleh bentuk To be nya 3. had been. Satu kata saja (am/is/are/was/were) lihat nomor 5 dan 11. 14 dan 15. c. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S + would have been + being + V3… Penjelasan : 1. will have been. 13. Past Future Perfect Tense: S + would have been + V3… 16. d. Dua kata(will be. would be being and would have been) lihat nomor 2. would be) lihat nomor1. 12. 3. 10. 4 dan 16. have been being. 7. V4) 2.

(by ……. Present Future Tense S + Won’t be + V3………. 6. Present Future Continuous Tense S + Won’t be + being + V3…(by them)…. = S tak akan di………………… = S tidak sedang akan di…… Example : Rapat tidak sedang akan dimulai oleh mereka pukul 9 besok pagi. 5. Present Perfect Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + V3…. 3. Present Continuous Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + being + V3… (by……) Example : Mobil saya tidak sedang direparasi sekarang 7. Communicative English Course 23 .. PASSIVE – VOICE IN NEGATIVE FORM 1. …. Simple Present Tense S + (am not/isn’t/aren’t) + V3…. 2.(by the Judge) Example : Pengacau-pengacau itu tidak dikenakan hukuman oleh Hakim.) Example : Saya belum diajak dalam percakapan bahasa Inggris oleh kawankawan saya. Present Future Perfect Tense S + Won’t have been + V3…. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + Won’t have been + V3….(by the Bank)……… Example : Rumah itu belum lagi akan disita oleh Bank pada akhir tahun ini.(by him)……… Example : Engkau tak akan dimarahi olehnya.(by her) = S belum akan di………… Example : Nasi belum akan dimasak olehnya sore ini 4.16 Tenses In English 19.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense S + hadn’t been + being + V3…(by……….) Example : Pasien tidak sedang dioperasi ketika ia meninggal kemarin. 11. Example : Tomy belum dituduh sebagai penghianat. sebelum Jaksa Agung terbunuh. 10. 12.) Example : Buchary masih belum dicalonkan Walikota. 16.. ketika otonomi dilimpahkan ke-propinsi. • No. Past Continuous Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by………. hanya menambahkan kata Not. Present Perfect Continuous Tense S + (hasn’t/haven’t) + been + being + V3…by…. Communicative English Course 24 . pada kata bantu yang pertama. Example : Korupsi masih belum diberantas oleh pemerintah sejak bertahun-tahun yang lalu.. Past Perfect Tense S + hadn’t been + V3…by….16 Tenses In English 8.) Example : Tindakan keras tidak dilakukan oleh pemerintah terhadap para koruptor. Simple Past Tense S + (wasn’t/weren’t) + V3…(by………. 9. 13 s/d No. Lihat pada 16 Tenses kalimat pasip bentuk berita.

Present Future Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + V3…………… ? = Yes/No.16 Tenses In English Note : Keterangan pelaku (by me..………………. 20. ? = Because none is hones in government. Simple Present Tense (Am /Is/Are) + S + V3…………….. Present Future Perfect Continuous Tense Will + S + have been + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No.. by us. 2. Example : Apakah pekerjaanmu sudah akan diselesaikan sore ini ? What + ……………………. bisa dipakai bila diperlukan. ? = Yes/No. Present Future Perfect Tense Will + S + have been + V3……………? = Yes/No. 4. Example : Apakah norma-norma hukum tengah akan diberlakukan sesudah negara bangkrut ? Why + …………………………. 5.. by him...……………….……… Example : Apakah Bahasa Inggris akan dipakai di Pontianak ? When + ……………………………… ? = Few years from now. PASSIVE VOICE IN INTERROGATIVE 1..………………. 3. Example : Apakah rapat sedang akan diadakan pukul 9 besok ? What time + ………………... ? = Your job.……………… 25 Communicative English Course . ? = At 9 o’clock. Present Future Tense Will + S + be + V3…(by. Tergantung kepada : kondisi dan situasi dari tiap kalimat yang diucapkan.. dst) dan keterangan waktu.) few years from now ? = Yes/No.

.……………… Example : Apakah ia tengah diperbantukan sebelum kepada Departemen Pendidikan sebelum ia menjadi Menteri ? Communicative English Course 26 . Past Perfect Tense Had + S + been + V3………. ? = 5 tickets 8. 6.……………… Example : Apakah perampok-perampok itu sudah tertembak dikakinya sebelum mereka menyerahkan diri ? Who + ………………… ? = The robbers. 10. ? = By our director. Example : Apakah penari-penari itu sedang dijemput sekarang ? Where + ……………………. ? = For 3 days. ? = Yes/No. Past Perfect Continuous Tense Had + S + been + being + V3……………. Present Perfect Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + V3 ………… ? = Yes/No.………………... Example : Sudahkah tiket-tiket itu dibeli olehmu ? How many tickets + ……….. ? = Yes/No. Present Continuous Tense (Am/Is/Are ) + S + being + V3……….16 Tenses In English Example : Apakah saya diminta untuk menemani kamu ? By whom + …………………………. ? = Yes/No. ? = At the airport.………………. ? = Yes/No. 9..……………… Example : Apakah Budi tengah diopname di rumah sakit ? How long + …………………. 7. Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Has/Have) + S + been + being + V3……….

16 Tenses In English How long + …………………. ? = Tomy’s problem. Past Future Perfect Tense 16. 11. ? = Yes/No. Simple Past Tense (Were/Was) + S + V3 ………….……………… Example : Apakah proyek perumahan sedang direncanakan di kota ini ketika saya ada di luar negeri tahun lalu ? By whom + ………………… ? = By the mayor. Past Continuous Tense (Were/Was) + S + being + V3………… ? = Yes/No. ? = More than 3 year. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) Communicative English Course 27 . 12. Past Future Tense waktu : Hanya mengubah : Will dengan Would dan keterangan : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendiri) : sama di atas (kalimat dikarang sendri) 14.……………… Example : Apakah masalah Tomy dibicarakan di DPR ? What + ………………………. Past Future Continuous Tense 15. 13.

S + to get + someone + to + V1 + … etc Communicative English Course 28 . Tono menyuruh tukang cat mengecatkan rumahnya. Menyuruh agar sesuatu dikerjakan oleh orang lain. 4. S + to have + someone + V1 + … etc Eg: 1. He will have a mechanic repair his car tomorrow 3. Tono mengecatkan rumahnya. S + to have + something + Eg: 1. 3. He is having a mechanic ………etc now B. CAUSATIVE Dengan HAVE Dan GET Fungsi : I. He has a mechanic repair his car today 2. Ali has had his hair cut since yesterday Note : Perubahan Tenses hanya terjadi pada kata kerja to have. 2. Bandingkanlah kalimat-kalimat berikut: 1. Menyuruh sesorang untuk mengerjakan sesuatu. II. (have (has) – had – had – having) C. I had my tooth pulled out yesterday 2. Rumus-Rumus Causative: A.16 Tenses In English 21. Tono mengecat rumahnya hari ini. Rumah Tono dicat sendiri olehnya.

3. her…. Budi is getting his tooth pulled out now Catatan penting : Something = (sth) = sesuatu benda Someone = (so) = seseorang (object): me. The girl gets her face made up (dihias) 2. I won’t get my hair cut short. (Eg = example gratia) Communicative English Course 29 . He doesn’t get me to come to his house today 3.16 Tenses In English Eg : 1. him. their… Eg = example = contoh. … One’s (kepunyaan) = my…. He will get me to help him tomorrow 2. He has get me to bring a dictionary D. your…. S + to get + somthing + to + V3 + … etc Eg : 1. our….

S + would + have been + having + S. is. to have. (dilahat 16 Tenses diatas). S + would be + having + S. S + would + have had + S. 5. are) + V4 + S. Communicative English Course 30 .O = Some One = adalah Object.O + V1 + … S + will + have had + S. 4.16 Tenses In English THE 16 TENSES Perhatikan perubahan yang terjadi dari Rumus umum ke – TENSES TERTENTU: S + TO HAVE + SOME ONE + V1 + …DST 1. S + would + have + S.O + … RENUNGKAN: 1. S + will + have been + having + S. S + will + have + S.O + V1 + … 16.O + V1 + … 13.O + V1 + … S + have (has) + S.O + V1 + … 14. 2.O + V1 + … 7. S + will be + having + S. S + (was.O + V1 + … 11.O + V1 + … S + had + S. 3. dan bukan Subjek. were) + V4 + S.O + V1 + … 10.O + V1 + … 8.O + V1 + … 12.O + V1 + … 15. adalah bentuk : Infinitive (=kata kerja pokok) yang berubah menurut Tenses tertentu. S + (have been/has been) + having + S.O + V1 + … has 6. S.O + V1 + … 9. S + (am. 2. S + had been + having + S.O + V1 + … S + have + had + S. S + had + had + S.

Weather. dalam rumus diatas tidak berubah dalam segala bentuk kalimat dan bentuk Tenses apapun. our. her.? Does Eg : ………………………………………… 3. V1.O. 3. S + didin’t have + me + V1 + … etc Eg : ………………………………………… 2. QW + will + S + have + someone + V1 + … ? Eg : When …………………………………………. dsb S = (Subjek). Do +S + have + something + V3 …… today ? Does 31 Communicative English Course . the wind). We They. It.16 Tenses In English Jadi: S. dan benda-benda lainnya. She. 1. He. You. tidak ada perubahan. Have + someone + V1 + …… ! = suruhlah ……! Eg : …………………………………… B. you. seperti: I. us. her. S + won’t have + one’s house + V3 + … etc Saya tidak akan mengecatkan rumahku. = ………………………………………… 2. his. Do +S + have + Us + V1 …………. 4. your. 4. 1. V1. V1 have V2 had V3 had V4 having PATTERN EXERCISE: TASK : Make free statements according to the PATTERNS (rumus) below: A. bisa menjadi = me. him.V.. (T. Radio. tetap V1. them. One’s = bisa menjadi : my. Who + has + someone +V1 + …… ? Eg : Who has ……………………………… 5.

? 3. Communicative English Course 32 .. QW + did + S + have + something + V3 + … yesterday Dimana Evi mencabutkan giginya kemarin = …………………………………………….. 4. Who + will have + One’s + sth + V3 + …… ? Siapa yang akan berpoto ? = Who will have one’s picture taken ? One’s picture = seseorang yang belum diketahui.16 Tenses In English Apakah Budi mereparasikan mobilnya hari ini ? = ……………………………………………….

16 Tenses In English LIST OF TRANSITIVE – VERB Infinitive No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 (Kata Dasar) V1 to do to have to tell to own to read to write to listen to speak to say to ask to answer to borrow to lend to give to send to repeat to buy to sell to present to wait (for) did had told owned read wrote listened spoke said asked answered borrowed lent gave sent repeated bought sold presented waited Past Tense V2 done had told owned read written ~ed spoken said ~ed ~ed ~ed lent given sent ~ed bought sold ~ed ~ed Past Participle V3 ~ing having ~ing ~ing ~ing writing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing giving ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing Present Participle V4 mengerjkan. menyuruh menjawab meminjam (dari) meminjamkan (kepada) memberi (kan) mengirim. materi) menunggu The Meaning in Indonesian: Communicative English Course 33 . menceritakan. menyuruh. menyuruh mengulang membeli menjual menyajikan (cerita. melakukan. mempunyai mengatakan. pandai berbahasa berkata. mengatakan bertanya. meminta. memiliki membaca menulis mendengarkan berbicara.

berkenalan mengunjungi mengundang. menyogok menyerang mempertahankan memaksa. meningkatkan menghindari (kan) menyangkal. menyebabkan membangun. tahu. mengajak menolak menolak (tawaran. mambantah menyusun. mengantarkan makan minum mengganti berhasil.16 Tenses In English 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 to see to visit to invite to reject to refuse to inprove to avoid to deny to arrange to plan to make to build to burry to scold to rebuke to bribe to attack to defend to enforce to learn to study to copy to compose to review to interview to repair to know to understand to take to eat to drink to substitute to succeed saw visited invited rejected refused improved avoided denied arranged planned made buit burried scolded rebuked bribed attacked defended enforced learnt studied copied composed reviewed intervived repaired knew understood took ate drank ~d ~ed seen ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed denied ~ed ~ned made built burried ~ed ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~d learnt studied copied ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed known understood taken eaten drunk ~d ~d ~ing ~ing inviting ~ing refusing improving ~ing ~ing arranging ~ing making ~ing ~ing ~ing rebuking bribing ~ing ~ing enforcing ~ing ~ing ~ing composing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing taking ~ing ~ing subtituting ~ing melihat. mengarang mengulang kembali mewawancarai mereparasi mengetahui. mendirikan menguburkan memarahi memarahi menyuap. mengatur. kenal mengerti mengambil. bertemu. memberlakukan belajar mempelajari menyalin menyusun. ajakan) memperbaiki. merencanakan merencanakan membuat. menggantikan Communicative English Course 34 .

memberi tanda menimbang Communicative English Course 35 . melanjutkan menggambar.16 Tenses In English 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 to devide to nominate to cook to receive to believe to agree to disagree to propose to oppose to predict to let to put to cut to continue to draw to think to express to prove to remember to remind to warn to memorize to forget to admire to praise to insult to submit to report to open to shut to close to mark to weigh ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d drew thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgot ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d drawn thought ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d forgotten ~d ~d ~ed ~ted ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~ed ~ed dividing nominating ~ing receiving believing ~ing ~ing proposing opposing ~ing ~ting ~ting ~ting ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing proving ~ing ~ing ~ing memorizing ~ting admiring praising ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing ~ting closing ~ing ~ing membagi mencalonkan memasak menerima percaya setuju tidak setuju mengusulkan menentang. mengijinkan meletakkan memotong meneruskan. menarik berpikir. memuji memuji menghina menyerahkan melaporkan membuka menutup menutup manandai. berpendapat menyatakan. melawan meramalkan membiarkan. mengutarakan membuktikan ingat mengingatkan memperingatkan mengingat-ingat. menghafal melupakan mengagumi.

tidak dipakai sebagai predikat dalam suatu kalimat (Lihat Rumus) Communicative English Course 36 . “to” pada Infinitive. meraba mengajar mengembalikan menjawab membayar menghitung melempar memukul memukul menggigit bersembunyi melayani. menggerakan Note : tanda ~ (tilde).16 Tenses In English 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 to measure to evaluate to taste to hold to touch to teach to return to reply to pay to calculate to throw to hit to beat to bite to hide to serve to explain to interpret to predict to activate to motivate ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d threw ~ed ~ed bit hid ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d ~d ~d ~d held ~ed taught ~ed replied ~ed ~d thrown ~ed ~ed beaten hid ~d ~ed ~ed ~ed ~d ~d measuring evaluating tasting ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing ~ing calculating ~ing ~ting ~ing ~ing hiding serving ~ing ~ing ~ing activating motivating mengukur mengevaluasi mencicipi. ialah tanda yang berarti Kata Dasar (Infinitive) Contoh : to work ……~ ed = worked // ~ ing = working. menghidangkan menerangkan menafsirkan meramalkan mengaktifkan. merasa (dengan lidah) memegang. mengadakan menyentuh. dst. menggiatkan memotivasi.

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