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PRACTICAL VIVA QUESTIONS

1. Define the following terms (a) Least count (b) Pitch 2. How will you determine the Vernier Constant of a Vernier Callipers? 3. Explain the types of errors in Vernier Callipers and Screw Gauge. 4. How is the least count of a measuring instrument related to its accuracy? 5. What is the SI unit of length, area, volume, specific gravity, acceleration due to gravity, potential difference? 6. What is the working principle of Nicholsons Hydrometer? 7. What is the specific gravity of pure water? 8. Is the specific gravity of a body lighter than water greater than 1? 9. Is the specific gravity of a body heavier than water greater than 1? 10. What is the working principle of a metre bridge? 11. What is the working principle of PO Box? Why it is so named? 12. State Wheat Stone Bridge principle. 13. How the resistance of a conductor varies with variation in the temperature? 14. State Ohms law. 15. What is dispersion? 16. What is parallax error? 17. A body of specific gravity 2.4 is broken into to identical equal halves. What will the specific gravity of each halves: 18. State Archimedes principle. 19. How the specific gravity of a substance is varies with temperature? What is the specific gravity of water at 40C? 20. State the laws of refraction. Define refractive index. Which property of light remains constant when it travels from one medium to another medium? 21. Define total internal reflection. Give its one practical application. 22. State the nature of the image obtained in case of a plane mirror. Define pole and focus of a concave mirror. 23. On what factors the focal length of a lens depends. State lens makers formula. 24. A lens when immersed in water becomes invisible. Under what condition this can happen? 25. Explain why a lens has two focal points whereas a mirror has only one? 26. State the nature of image obtained when an object is placed between the pole and the focus of a concave mirror. What about a convex mirror? 27. What are magnetic lines of force? State their properties. 28. Define the three magnetic elements of Earth. What is neutral point? 29. What is the value of the angle of dip at the equator and at the poles? 30. Repulsion is the surest test for magnetism. Explain. 31. In what direction a freely suspended bar magnet aligns itself? 32. State the laws of simple pendulum. Define point of suspension & point of oscillation. How do you measure the length of a simple pendulum? 33. How does the acceleration due to gravity varies with height and depth? 34. How will the time period of a simple pendulum vary if it is taken to the top of Mt Everest? 35. What will be the time period of a simple pendulum oscillating inside a freely falling lift? 36. State the working principle of an ammeter. How will you convert it into a voltmeter? 37. What will happen if an ammeter is connected in parallel in an electrical circuit? 38. What will happen if a voltmeter is connected in series in an electrical circuit? 39. Why a voltmeter is always connected in parallel in an electrical circuit? 40. What is the working principle of a physical balance? 41. Which material have +ve temperature coefficient of resistance?

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