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SAT

SAT, ,

SATISE(Identifying Sentence Errors), IS(Impr


oving Sentences)IP(Improving Paragraphs)ISE-18IS-25
IP-6ISIP

ABCDEA

SATSAT
SAT

1 there be

neither nornot only but also

3 have

4 theiritt
heyit
onetheyoneyouthis

5 as well asthan

EGThe population of China is larger than that of America.

6 adjadvadjadvAdjadv

7 and

Tips

1 havingbeing

2 ones doing sthThe doing of sthdoing sth

3 becausebecause of

4 that

5 whichwhowhom

6 nonot

8 than

9 whether or notif or not

10adjving/vedadv I'm careful reading it. I'm reading it carefully.

SAT

-----------------------------------------------------SAT---
SAT, , , ,

SAT

1to study (to + )

2studying ()studied ()

3studying ()

1.

"to+" totonot,
never for

who, whom, whose, what, which, when, where, why, how


whether

it

To die like that is a terrible thing.=It is a terrible thing to die like that.

it to die like that

To know oneself is difficult.=It's difficult to know oneself.

1affordag
reearrangeaskattempt begbeginchoose
claimconsentdaredecidedeclinedesirede
manddetermineexpectfailforgethatehelp
hopeintendlearnlike longmanageme
anneedofferplanpreferprepareprete
ndpromiserefuserememberseekseemtend
threatenundertakevolunteerwantwish

2how, which, what, who, whom, whose, when, wherewh


etheraskadviseconsid
erdecidediscoverdiscussexplainfind outfor
getinquireknowlearnremembershowtell
teach thinkunderstandwonder

I don't know where to get so much money.

They haven't decided whether to leave or stay.

3askadvise
allowbegbelievecall oncausecompelco
mmanddirectenable encourageexpectfeel
forcegethatehavehearhelp inspire
intend ,invite,instructknowleadletlikeli
sten to look atmake , notice, observeorderper
mitpersuadepreferpressremindrequest
teachtellurgewant warnwish

4to

Why to

Why not relax yourself?

Why not try to train your character?

Why not give the $40 to Tom? 40

5it
considerfeelfind
makethink

I think it best to go.

Do you consider it right to send our doctors over?

I found it strange for her not to come today.

abilityagreementambitionanxiety
attemptcampaignchanceclaimcouragedec
isiondeterminationdriveeagernesseffortfai
lurehopeintentionmotive forcemovement
needopportunityplanpromisereadinessrefus
alreluctanceresolutiontendencyrightstruggl
ethreattimewaywillingnesswish

ability be able to, refusal


refuse to

Not to speak much is the best way to avoid trouble.

This is a good way to make money.

My hope is for all members to come together once a year.

My advice is for you to apologize to her.

The question is where to go for help.

who, whom, whose, what, which, when, whe


re, how,whether

Who to turn to is what she wants to know.

It's a problem what to do.

The question is which to take first.

The question is which of the methods to adopt.

3ask, consider, decide discuss, expl


ain, forget, find out,

guess, inquire, know, learn, remember, see(=understand), show, settle(=


decide), tell(=know), think,

understand, wonder

4:

I must find a pen with which to fill in this form(=to fill in this form with).

He offered me some hot coffee with which to refresh me spirit (=to refres
h me spirit with).

1:

We waved flags, beat drums and blew bugles to encourage the players.

They went to the U.S.A. not to study English but to study law and busines
s.

2:

To hear him talk in that manner, you would think him a foreigner.

The old father smiled to know his success.

3learnfind see he
ar to be told

make only+:

He hurried to the airport to learn that the flight had already taken off.

He returned home from his holiday only to find that his house had been b
roken into.

4 "be said, be reported,"


"It's said, It's reported,"()

An explosion is reported to have happened, and three are known to have


been killed.

= It's reported that an explosion has happened and it's known that three
have been killed.

2.


not, never

and

Fishing in this lake is forbidden.

Going abroad for a visit and settling down abroad are two different things.

admitappreciate avoid advise


can't help celebrate consider complete conte
mplatedeferdelay deny detest discontinue
dislikedisputeendure enjoy escapeex
cuse fancyfeel like finish forgive hinder
imaginekeep mention mind miss pardon
permitpostpone practise prevent re
call reportresent resistriskstop sug
gest understand

The children are fond of listening to pop music.

Are you interested in going to the show?

3.

be beha
ve

I am reading a novel by Maupassant.


be

Mr. Robinson has drunk five glasses of wine already.


have

convincing facts / convinced audience

the rising sun () / the risen sun

the falling rain/ the fallen leaves

3"
"

""

His lecture is disappointingI'm disappointed

We are surprised to hear the newsThe news is surprising

Seeing nobody at homeshe decided to leave them a note

()

Tired of the noisehe closed the window


()

Deeply movedshe thanked me again and again


(

somethinganythin
geverythingnothing

(
)

Who is the boy dancing over there?

The girls swimming in the sea were in danger

Seeing the teacher entering the roomthe students stood up(=When t


he students saw the teacher

entering the roomThey stood up)


()

Heatedthe Metal expands (=The metal expands if /when it is heate


d)(

Can you get the machine going again

You should have your hair cut

I saw him coming last night

The film is very moving

Your homework is well done

The visitors looked surprised.

The boys were seen walking on the grass

Flags flyingthe army men marched in the streets

All his ribs brokenhe lay half dead

()

SAT
SAT

----------------------------------------------------------------------SAT

, SAT, , ,

SAT
A Comprehensive English Grammar
parallelismand. or. butn
ot onlybut (also),eitheror
Conjunctions join together words, p
hrases or sentences of similar value.

SATstandard written English

this,it

ISEIS

1.

Social scientists agree that(A) a system for exchanging(B) goods and serv
ices is not only(C) present but also of necessity(D) in all societies. No error
(E) OG 602.20

not onlybut also, not onlypresentad


j., Dnecessary

During a conference with Pravika's parents, the teacher mentioned that P


ravika had demonstrated considerable ability in math and to learn foreign lan
guages. OG 492.8

(A)

considerable ability in math and to learn

(B)

consigerable ability in math and that she could do it well in

(C)

ability that was considerable in math as well as in learning

(D)

considerable ability in math and in

(E)

considerable ability to learn math and in

and, BC
andD.

2.

Of the hundreds of warm-water coral species, only a few(A) are highly pri
zed(B) for use in jewelry because of their(C) beauty, luster, and they are hard
(D). No error (E) OG 533.12

because of
beautylusterDhar
dness.

Every August, Cody and Ally vacation in Hiawatha National Forest, where

they enjoy hiking, fishing, and to camp with their friends. 085

(A) where they enjoy hiking, fishing, and to camp

(B) where they enjoy hiking, fishing, and camping

(C) where they enjoy to hike, fish, and camp

(D) which they enjoy to hike, fish, amd camp at

(E) they enjoy hiking, fishing, and camping there

enjoy doing sth.


to camp
B

3.

It is far easier(A) to ride a bicycle than explaining(B) in words exactly how


(C) a bicycle is ridden(D). No error (E) OG 602.22

It is + adj.+ to do sth
It is + adj.+ to do sth than t
o do sth, Bthan to explain.

To attempt a comprehensive mapping of the human genome is undertaki


ng an extremely ambitious project. 085

(A) genome is undertaking

(B) genome is to undertake

(C) genome undertakes

(D) genome, it undertakes

(E) genome, thus undertaking

to do sth is doing sthbe


to do sth is to do sth,
B

--------------------------------------------------------------SATIS
, , SAT,
IS
SVOVOrun-onSAT

doing/done, SVOdoing/done
S
23

1. While working as a nurse in the streets of Calcutta, that was when Mot
her Teresa developed a profound love for the poor. OG 892.1

(A)
oor

that was when Mother Teresa developed a profound love for the p

(B)

Mother Teresa developed a profound love for the poor

(C)
then the development of Mother Teresa' profound love for the po
or took place

(D)

Mother Teresa's profound love for the poor developed

(E)

a profound love for the poor developed in Mother Teresa

workingMother TeresaMoth
er TeresaB

2. Of all the states represented at the conference, the governor of Missou


ri was the only one to present plans for enforcing the new regulations.

OG 740.14

(A)

the governor of Missouri was the only one to present

(B)

making the governor from Missouri the only one to present

(C)

Missouri's governor only presented

(D)

Missouri's governor presented the only

(E)

Missouri was the only one whose governor presented

statesstateACD
BE

3. The author, taking the reader on a chronological journey through her n


ative land, skillfully combining history and legend with fragments of fiction.
OG 863.7

(A)
The author, taking the reader on a chronological journey through
her native land, skillfully

(B)
The reader is taken on a chronological journey through the autho
r's native land by skillfully

(C)
The reader is taken on a chronological journey through her native
land by the author who is skillfully

(D)
The author, who takes the reader on a chronological journey thro
ugh her native land, skillfully

(E)
The author takes the reader on a chronological journey through h
er native land, skillfully

doingBC
DESVO,
doing.

S,,V O
V

4. Pearl Buck, one of the most popular writers of her day, wining the Nob

el Prize in Literature in 1938 for her novels about China.

OG 738.3

(A)
out China

day, wining the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938 for her novels ab

(B)
day, wining the Nobel Prize in Literature, which she won in 1938 f
or her novels about China

(C)
day, and she won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938 for her nov
els about China

(D)
t China

day, won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938 for her novels abou

(E)
day, her novels about China bringing her the Nobel Prize in Literat
ure in 1938

winingBEA
CandD

5. Many of the instruments used in early operations of the United States


Army Signal Corps were adaptations of equipment used by the Plains Indians,
particularly that of the heliograph. OG 803.14

(A)
Corps were adaptations of equipment used by the Plains Indians,
particularly that of the heliograph

(B)

Corps, there were adaptations of equipment used by the Plains In

dians, particularly the heliograph

(C)
Corps, and in particularly the heliograph, was an adaptation of eq
uipment used by the Plains Indians

(D)
Corps, particularly the heliograph, were adaptations of equipmen
t used by the Plains Indians

(E)
Corps being adaptations, the heliograph in particular, of those us
ed by the Plains Indians

that of particularly t
he heliographwere adaptations of equipment used by the Plains Ind
ians DBthere beCan
dadaptations of an adaptation of ,E
being

6. Enzymes are among the oldest known chemical compounds, as they a


ctually are nonliving protein molecules. OG 925.8

(A)
Enzymes are among the oldest known chemical compounds, as th
ey actually are nonliving protein molecules.

(B)
Among the oldest known chemical compounds, the nonliving prot
ein molecules are actually called enzymes.

(C)
Enzymes, among the oldest known chemical compounds, actually
are nonliving protein molecules.

(D)
Enzymes actually are nonliving protein molecule, being among th
e oldest known chemical compounds.

(E)
Actually, enzymes being nonliving protein molecules, they are am
ong the oldest known chemical compounds.

SVO, conj.SVO
actuallyasconj.
conj.B
SAT
Bchemical compoundsc
hemical compoundsEnzymesthe nonliving protein molecules
BCCDEbeing

-----------------------------------------------------------SAT123
SAT,

1. be found in

2. be associated with

3. be typical of

4. the use of

5. rely on

6. be derived from

7. refer to

8. be known as sb

9. be known for sth

10. be concerned with

11. in relation to

12. act on

13. bring about

14. protect.... from

15. together with

16. a number of

17. be able to

18. be similar to

19. be dependent on

20. with ease

21. according to

22. specialize in doing sth

23. serve as

24. at one time

25. tend to

26. interest in

27. due to

28. lead to

29. at least

30. contrary to

31. be equal to

32. contribute to doing sth

33. live in

34. be dedicated to doing

35. deal with

36. belong to

37. it is estimated that

38. be resistant to

39. result from

40. consist of

41. in connection with

42. transform into

43. take place

44. excel at doing

45. be based on

46. play a key role

47. spread to

48. come from

49. be related to

50. a minimum of

51. begin to

52. begin doing

53. start to

54. start doing

55. cause/lead/enable/force/order sb to do sth

56. attempt to do sth

57. expect sb to do sth; sb be expected to do sth; sb expect (it is expected) t


hat +

58. be compared to/with

59. appear/seem to do

60. at a time when +

61. indicate/state/believe/predict/show/demonstrate/reveal that +

62. not only.... , but also..... ; not only.... , but as well

63. the relationship between A and B/of A to B

64. be responsible for (doing) sth/to sb

65. whereas/while

66. at a time when +

67. be likely to do sth/ that +

68. the possibility/likehood + (1) that (2) of doing sth (3) of sth

69. (1) use sth to do sth (2) use sth to be (3) use sth as SAT

70. be/give/have grounds for

71. forbid sth/doing sth

72. prohibit./prevent/keep sb from doing sth

73. depict.... as....

74. in effect = in fact

75. not.... but....

76. not..... but rather....

77. call for sth/ call for A and B

78. prove (1) prove sth (2) prove (to be) + adj

79. regard.... as sth/adj/doing

80. be known (1) for sth (2) as sb (3) to do sth (4) to +

81. descend from

82. on condition that

83. model.... after....

84. be based on

85. look to sb to do sth

86. however much S + V; however many sth

87. believe (1) that + (2) sth to be sth (3) adj

88. apply to

89. attribute sth to; be attributed to

90. be consistent with

91. be worried about

92. before sth/doing/

93. associate with; be associated with

94. on account of; because of sth/doing sth

95. the same as

96. benefit from

97. to (a great) extent

98. range/vary (in ) from.... to....

99. in danger of

100. be founded on/in

101. react with

102. allow/permit sb to do sth

103. a wide range of

104. be lack of; be lacking in

105. amount to

106. be credited with/to/for

107. between.... and....

108. collaborate with

109. claim to do/to be/to sth/that +

110. order sb to do sth/ that +

111. from.... to.... ; until

112. owe.... to....

113. be equal/equivalent to

114. regard/view.... as....

115. account for

116. suggest doing sth/ that +

117. seek to do sth

118. persuade sb to do sth

119. be enrolled in

120. be subjected to

121. criticize sb for doing sth

122. be fond of sth

123. admire sb for sth

------------------------------------------------------------------

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SAT
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toneattitudeOG589
10In lines 1-4, Waverly characterizes June's advertisement as being?,
200810In lines 4
6-50, the mother's memories of China are portrayed as.

OG844
Getty MuseumHowever, I had calculated the ris
ks-and, I say this with an admired degree of arrogance, I disregard them.
arrogancedisregardcourageous de
fiance.

SATOG
SAT

resentment SAT

OG
SAT

Somber 0/4

Ambivalent 0/4

Indifferent/apathetic 0/3

Resent/resentment 0/6

Indignant/indignation/indignity 0/3

Regret 0/3

Hostile/hostility 0/2

Resign(ment) 0/3

Presumptuous 0/2

Cynical 0/2

Critical 1/6

Apology 0/3

Capricious 0/2

Annoy 0/2

Puzzle(ment) 0/2

Confusion 0/3

Historical 0/2

Outrage 0/2

Sentimental 0/2

Overt/overly 0/2

Arrogant 0/2

Fear 0/2

Scholarly 0/3

Mischief 0/3

Pragmatic 4/4

Appreciation/delight 4/4 + 1

Analysis 2/6

Ironic 2/4

Qualified (appreciation/admiration) 2/2

Skepticism/skeptical 2/4

excitement, amusing,(OG)pragmatic
compounded/confused/bewildered. Overwhelming,2
wry

SAT

---------------------------------------------
,
6

""--""--

""

OG : Do changes that make our lives easier not necessarily make them b
etter?

200512: Do the benefits of scientific and technological developm


ents come at the cost of undesirable changes to people's lives?

20066Does a strong commitment to technological progress cau


se a society to neglect other values, such as education and the protection of t
he environment?

20085Are there benefits to be gained from avoiding the use of


modern technology, even when using it would make life easier?


20085Are there benefits to be g
ained from avoiding the use of modern technology, even when using it would
make life easier? use-easier; use-benefits
-

""""

SAT

--------------------------------------------------------SAT700
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SAT
700
1213
5

2
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3
4

20%
1(

PACE)
1)(TRUEBUT
)

2)

3)

4)

5)

(assumption)

1)SAT2)

1)
()

2)

3)100

PS:

700

2 REGARD,
VIEW,

2626

----------------------------------------------------------------

SAT
SAT,

SAT
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BARRONSATGRE
SAT
,

SAT

-ingrea
d readable

-ing
agreeagreeable
SAT865It was
interesting to be in the quiet old town once more, and it was not disagreeable
to be here and there suddenly recognized and stared after.

In such situations, the rain forest becomes host of smaller animals.


host a host of sth/sb/

SATP45714

In line 24, occupation most nearly means

A. military conquest B. pleasant diversion C. vocation D. settlement E. politica


l repression

line 23-26 Thus, at a time when occupation was becoming a


core element in masculine identity, any position for middle-class women othe
r than in relation to men was considered anomalous. occ
upationposition

C
Occupation
VOCATION//
CVOCATION
VACATIONC
vAcation
vOcation

agreeagreeableremarkremarkable
remark/
remarkable-ing
tell telling
invite inviting/become becoming
/consume consumingengage
/ engaging

SAT

observe1. 2.
3. 4. SAT
4

hailhail1. 2.
3. 4. SAT3
/

current/crossreache
s/ends/entertain (/)facul
ty/

vocationvacation

adopt adapt

disinteresteduninterested

indigentindignant

ingeniousingenuous

literalliterary

maritalmartial

modifymortify

nonliterateilliterate

perpetrate//perpetuate/

somber/sombresober

SAT

---------------------------------------------------

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CICI

Sat

1.2.3.
IS STATED IN IMPLY BY

ACCUM
ULATE

1 2
3
4

1
2.A()-B AB
3

1.

ERNI()as a pretty girl studies in Beijing

AS

2.

perhaps, regardless of, however, as well as, on the other hand SAT

abc

bothA andB

1BOTH
AND
2AB 3 AB
both and , so that, between and ,prevent from, better than, regard a
s, not only but also, just as so


1Ved
V- ING

- ed
-ing

2
such as, for example
A For example B A B

3
which that

SATSentence Completion
SAT


TTA Topic Theme attitude and aspect

Topic +Attitude\aspect=theme
Attitude

D1
topic
D2

d1 D1

d2

1TOPIC
2 however but yet as a result therefore obvi
ously
history
today at present nowadays

D,d

+

While

3.1 95%100%
best,no,rarely,no longer, can not,
without,any,must,only,always,all,extremely,every,entirey,too
to,statement can may some fr
equently probably 2
one of\among

3.2 90%


More than, as
as, equaily, contrast, comparison, compare 2

12
34

1.TOPIC

A, DUODUO
B, ERNI()
C, ERNI
D, ERNI()
E, YUFU
AETOPIC
2
A,
B
C
D
E

A,ERNI

B,ERNI
C,YUFU
D,DUODUO

E ,XIAOMA
CDE

SAT TOEFL
SAT cici


A.
1, the authors argument would be most weakened\strengthened if it wer
e shown that..
2 which of the following statements most weaken\strengthen the authors arg
ument?
weakened\strengthenedweakened\strengthened

clue


CICI

MOST ALL NO ONLY

B
1.

strengthened
weakened
1.
AB AB weakenedBA
2.
1

2 ARGUMENT

3. 2

5
6
today at
present nowadays

1 The author' use of ... in the first ...sentence of the passage primaril
y serves to...
In the context of the passage as a whole, the last sentence serves to ...?
The passage proceeds by...?

a.

b
1
2
3 "

1
2


1
2
3

unabashed

attitude

perceives

The author's attitude toward...could best be described as...

153
2
TTA
3
4


The author's main purpose is to.....?

1
2
A TTATOPIC THEME
B
C
3

either A or B

not only A but also B both A and B between A and B

A+B(
AB
SAT


1
2 A B

1 imfer imply
2 A B

what topic is the author most likely to discuss next?



3
A
B

----------------------------------------------------------2010

SAT

SATSAT

SATCriticalReading
SentenceCompletionPassage-basedreading
SAT
SAT

Since establishing the Children'sDefenseFund in 1973, Marian Wright Edelma


n

hasbeenanadvocate, steadfast and constant.

unwitting

unswerving

inhibiting

elusive

antagonistic

Step1SAT

sinceestablishingthe Childre
n's Defense Fundin1973informativefact

Step2MarianWrightEdelman
has been anadvocate, steadfastandconstant.MarianW
rightEdelmanadvocatesteadfa
standconstant

Step3steadfastco
nstant
Bswerving
un

SAT

1SATSAT

2
SAT
unwittingelusive
inhibiting antagonistic

unswervingun
swerving4

SAT

SAT
SAT

SAT

SATSAT
SAT

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