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PROBLEM 3.14

A mechanic uses a piece of pipe AB as a lever when tightening an alternator belt. When he pushes down at A, a force of 485 N is exerted on the alternator at B. Determine the moment of that force about bolt C if its line of action passes through O.

90mm 72nnll

65mm

SOLUTION

We have Noting the direction of the moment of each force component about C is clockwise.

Where

x=120mm-65

mm=55 mm

y =72 mm+90 mm=162 mm and

FBx

=

=

65 J(65)2 + (72f 72 ~(65)2 + (72)2

(485 N) (485 N)

= 325 N

= 360 N

FBy

Me

= (55 mm)(360 = 72450N'mm

=72.450 N'm

N)+ (162)(325 N) or Me =72.5N.m) ....

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. © 2010 The McGraw-Hili Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed, reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission 0/ the publisher, or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by Mctiraw-Hilifor their individual course preparation.lfyou are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.

166

lnc. (b) the cable at C. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.(540 N)k j MA k = 0 2. (b) We have where MA rGIA TCG =rG1A xTCG = (2.4 N· m)k or MA = -(1242 N· m)i .7 -108 2.6)2 + (3.(3 m)k (810 N) ~(0.3 m)j TDE = ADETDE = (0..(540 N)k j k MA= 2..6 m)i + (3. without the prior written permission of the publisher.3 594 0 -540 N'm = -(1242 N· m)i + (1458 N· m)j + (1852 N· m)k or MA=-(l242N·m)i+(1458N·m)j+(1852N·m)k .(248... or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation.6)2 + (3.25 The ramp ABCD is supported by cables at comers C and D.Ifl ~E 2.. If you are a student using this Manual.3)2 + (3)2m = (108 N)i + (594 N)j . x SOLUTION (a) We have where rEIA = (2.. No part of this Manual may be displayed.3)2 + (3)2m = -(108 N)i + (594 N)j .3 m)j = ACGTCG = -(..7 m)i + (2.3 m)j .6m)i+(3.3m PROBLEM 3.(248 N· m)k . Determine the moment about A of the force exerted by (a) the cable at D. The tension in each of the cables is 810 N. 177 . you are using it without permission. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.3 o -540 Nvm 108 594 = -(1242 N· m)i .3m)j-(3m)k(8l0N) ~(..

7.21): MC = 0 48 7. you are using it without permission.26 A small boat hangs from two davits. 178 . Inc.75 -226 = (492 lb ft)i + (144 lb ft)j . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. No part of this Manual may be displayed.75 j .(24 Ib)k ft)k rA1C =(7. without the prior written permission of the publisher.75 ft)j+(3 j k 3 -24 Using Eq. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.(372 lb· ft)k Me =(4921b·ft)i+(144. one of which is shown in the figure. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved.0 Ib·ft)j-(372lb·ft)k .. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.(2261b)j . (3. SOLUTION We have where and FAB = -(82 lb)j =F F AD FAD AD AD = (82 lb) 6i .3k AD 10.25 Ib)j-(241b)k =(48 lb)i-(62 Thus Also RA = 2FAB + FAD = (481b)i . Determine the moment about C of the resultant force RA exerted on the davit at A. If you are a student using this Manual. The tension in line ABAD is 82 lb.PROBLEM 3.

If you are a student using this Manual.92 ft or a = 5.6a)] = 0 Solving a = 5. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. without the prior written permission of the publisher. No part of this Manual may be displayed.(10 ft)j . 186 .34 Determine the value of a that minimizes the perpendicular distance from Point C to a section of pipeline that passes through Points A and B. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. All rights reserved.92 ft . or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by Mctlraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.(a -10 ft)k Mc = F 3 -10 lOa 6 6 j k -7 11 6a)j + 78 k] _!_ or = [(10+ 6a)i + (81Since 11 _1_(10+ 6a)2 + (81-6a)2 + (78)2 121 Setting = d2 :fa (d2) = 0 to find a to minimize d -[2(6)(10+ 121 1 6a) + 2(-6)(81.... IMcl = IrA1C xFI = F(d) Where d =perpendicu1ar distance from C to line AB F= AABF = (24ft)i+(24ft)j-(28)k J(24)2 + (24i + (18)2ft = F rA1C F (6)i+(6)j-(7)k 11 = (3 ft)i .-' If ///":>l : PROBLEM 3. you are using it without permission. Inc.y 2 ft 3 ft ft . © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Hi ft 18 it x SOLUTION Assuming a force F acts along AB.

PROBLEM 3.79782 PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. No part of this Manual may be displayed. -AB· EF = (AB)(EF) = (AB)(EF) cos () 32° cos 45°j + sin 32°j . If you are a student using this Manual. Determine the angle formed by pipes AB and EF. Branch lines CD and EF join AB as shown. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by Mctiraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. Now or I ! 1. you are using it without permission.cos 37°k)' EF(cos cos () or cos () = (sin 37°)(sin 32°) + (-cos 3T)( -cos 32° sin 45°) I = 0. All rights reserved.cos 37°k) EF = EF(cos 32° cos 45°i + sin 32°j . 190 . .38 Section AB of a pipeline lies in the yz plane and forms an angle of 37° with the z axis. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies.cos 32° sin 45°k) ! f)): I . Inc.cos 32° sin 45°k) f AB(sin 37°j . without the prior written permission of the publisher. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.Z SOLUTION First note AB = AB(sin 37°j .

All rights reserved. determine the tension that must be developed in the cable of winch puller AB to create the required moment about Point D. If d = 2.2m 7 24 Then and We have 24 960 Nvm =-TAB(O) 25 TAB = 1224 N 7 +-TAB(2. without the prior written permission of the publisher..80m+O.875 1 I1J SOLUTION Slope of line Ee = __ 0_. m about D is required to straighten the fence post CD.10 It is known that a force with a moment of 960 N . if you are a student using this Manual. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.8_7_5_ill __ 2... J O. 162 . © 2010 The McGraw-Hili Companies. Inc.80 m. No part of this Manual may be displayed. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission..PROBLEM 3. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation.2m 0.80 25 m) or TAB = 1224 N .

...(0.50N·m)i-(6.075sin 30 )i .075 m)j Fc = -(200 N)cos 30 j + (200 N)sin 30 k 0 0 j Then MA =200 0.06sin 30 )j . reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.21 A 200-N force is applied as shown to the bracket ABC.06 cos 30 )k] or MA =(7. 173 .(0.06 m)i + (0.06 0. No part of this Manual may be displayed.39N·m)k . All rights reserved.075 -cos 30° 0 k 0 sin 30° 0 0 o = 200[(0. Inc. z SOLUTION We have where rC1A = (0.00N·m)j-(1O. without the prior written permission of the publisher.. If you are a student using this Manual.PROBLEM 3. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. Dctennine the moment of the force about A. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. you are using it without permission.

. Knowing that the distance from 0 to P is 6 in. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. Inc. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies.k) = J342 cose cos or e = ~I 3'\1342 [(5)(2) + (11)(2) + (14)(-1)] = 0...1 First note Then r c x '--/""'19.43 15 in. AOA + (11 in.> !~ Slider P can move along rod ~A. If you are a student using this Manual. AOA PC PC (TpcA pc) . (b) the projection on OA of the force exerted by cord PC at Point P.)k + (11)2 + (14i = J342 in. All rights reserved. without the prior written permission of the publisher. ~ OP =_!_(OA) 3 are (4 in.k) 3 Now The coordinates so that and (a) We have or (Si ofPointP OP =6 in. cos = (PC) 3 e + IIj + 14k)· l(2i + 2j .973 lb . AOA =Tpc-'AoA = Tpc cose' or (Tpc )OA = 0.32444) ) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 4.)j + (14 in. 195 . 4 in. An elastic cord PC is attached to the slider and to the vertical member BC. SOLUTION OA=~(l2i +(12i +( __)2 =18 in. and that the tension in the cord is 3 lb.PROBLEM 3.6k) 18 = _!_(2i + 2j -. -2 in.) PC = (5 in. = (3 Ib)(0.)i PC = ~(5)2 Pc.. you are using it without permission. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation. No part of this Manual may be displayed.32444 (b) We have (Tpd OA = Tpc = . 6 AOA = OA OA = _!__(12i + 12j -. determine (a) the angle between the elastic cord and the rod OA.

B = 25° i j k -d 111.9694cos ¢)k] in. From Equation (3) = (70 Ib)(-0.. z SOLUTION We have where rAJO = -(4 in.69048 . No part of this Manual may be displayed. M. a force F of magnitude 70 lb is applied to the handle of the valve. you are using it without permission. and M. If you are a student using this Manual.6252sin 41) + j = -(61 Ib ft)(12 in. All rights reserved.6 in.9694cos 41)in. = -43 lb ft.9063Isin ¢)k] Mo = (70 Ib) -4 11 -0. and Mx = (70 Ib)(9. F = (70 lb)[(0. = -43 lb· ft(12 in.9. Knowing that B = 25°..lft) (1) My M.6252sin 41) + in.90631d cos 41 3.53 To loosen a frozen valve. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means.)i + (11 in.86 d = (1022..9063Icos ¢)i .OA2262j + (0.69048 .)j ...33) = 24.~ .90631sin ¢ + (-0. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hillfor their individual course preparation.0. without the prior written permission of the publisher.42262 = (70 Ib)[(9.zft) or 41= cos" (634. = (70 Ib)(1.583 J = 34.636° 697.---------------------------------PROBLEM 3.. or d = 34..42262d)in.9694 sin 41 0.6° .. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. determine ¢ and d. = -61lb· ft.90 From Equation (1) 29.(d)k F = F(cos Bcos ¢i .577 in. Inc. MATERIAL.90631cos 41 -0.42262d)i +(1.9. - O. (2) (3) 41=24.9694 sin ¢ .sin Bj + cos Bsin ¢k) For F = 70 lb.90631d cos 41 3. PROPRIETARY 205 .

or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by Mctiruw-Htil for their individual course preparation. 115 Then T EF = 46 lb (-lSi -110J' + 30k) =2[-(3lb)i-(221b)j+(6lb)k] Also AD = ~( 48)2 + (-12)2 + (36)2 = 12J26 in. Inc. or and that ~~ = ~g= +. All rights reserved. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. 214 . without the prior written permission of the publisher.).%X36) (36 in. Then dEF =~(-15)2 +(-110)2 +(30)2 = 115 in. determine the moment of that force about the line joining Points A and D. No part of this Manual may be displayed. If the force exerted by cable EF at E is 46 lb. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. 96 in. = ~ (48)2 + (36)2 = 60 in. Then "AD =- AD AD ~(48i-12j+36k) 12 = Now -v 26 ~(4i- j+3k) PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. The coordinates of Point E are 96. If you are a student using this Manual.if PROBLEM 3. SOLUTION First note that Be then (tX48. you are using it without permission..61 A sign erected on uneven ground is guyed by cables EF and EG.. 27 in.

...26 (2304 + 81. No part of this Manual may be displayed.)k Then MAD = ~(2) . All rights reserved.26 2 1 4 -1 3 96 27 36 -3 -22 6 =~ .. Inc. If you are a student using this Manual. © 2010 The McGraw-Hill Companies. you are using it without permission.PROBLEM 3. reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means. PROPRIETARY MATERIAL..61 (Continued) where rEIA = (36 in.2376 + 864 + 216 + 2376) or MAD = 1359 Ib in. without the prior written permission of the publisher.)j + (27 in. or used beyond the limited distribution to teachers and educators permitted by McGraw-Hill for their individual course preparation.)i + (96 in. 215 ..

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