TYPES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA

TEXT MEDIA Text media is consists of alphanumeric letter and characters either printed on papers, books, or projected from a computer screen. It is the most commonly used media in most classrooms today. Types of text media: • • • • AUDIO MEDIA Audio media refers to the various means that can make human voice and other sounds into more powerful forms of information, communication, and education. Its type ranges from the traditional vinyl records and cassette tapes to digital ones like compact discs and portable media players. The use of audio media can stimulate students learning and may serve as motivation for them. From the content areas like Math and Science to the musically-inclined subjects like MAPEH, audio media has a great application. Printed Books, brochures, newspapers, manuals Displayed Bulletin boards, flipcharts Projected Texts projected by LCD or overhead projectors Digital E-books, E-zines, E-journals

VISUAL MEDIA Most of us are visual people. We learn and remember things through pictures or images. Visual media has a great contribution to our learning. Our mind processes messages as images rather than as audio or texts. A person should be visually literate in order to critically evaluate, examine, and efficiently use various visual representations around him. A visually literate person finds and accesses needed images efficiently. He can also evaluate the appropriateness and reliability of the image before using it. Furthermore, he can also make and create his own visual design.

MOTION MEDIA As the name connotes, it is MEDIA IN MOTION. It combines motion, color, and sound in ways that can show ideas better than any other medium. Videos are example of this kind of media. Advantages of using motion media in the classroom are as folllows: 1. Motion is the best media in portraying concepts that include motion. (E.g. The division of cells) 2. Steps and procedures can be shown more effectively. 3. It provides risk-free observation. Phenomena that might be dangerous when view directly, like volcanic eruption, can be shown in videos without causing any hazardous effect. 4. It can also bring affective impact to students. PEOPLE MEDIA This media has two types: People as media and People in media. The former is the use of people as a medium by utilizing the people themselves to transfer information while the latter pertains to the people working in mass media. Examples of people as media are teachers, students, administration, resource speakers, etc. People in media include the editorial board, tv and radio people, etc. MANIPULATIVE MEDIA physical objects that are used as teaching tools to engage students in the hands-on learning of different subjects.  (such as markers, toothpicks, or coins) provide visible models that help students solve problems and develop

concepts.  Enables students to explore concepts at the first, or concrete, level of understanding.  Using concrete manipulatives is the first step to using mental images and models.  Students can easily remember the lesson through images by the use if manipulatives. 1. Math Children must have the opportunity to gain the knowled ge and attitudes needed to become lifelong learners of mathematics. To achieve this goal, educators are concerned that more time be spent on understanding math concepts with the help of manipulatives and less on

how to do paper-and-pencil computations. The implementation of this trend is beginning in the early elementary grades. 2. English/Filipino  Auditory discrimination and phonics manipulatives incorporate text with vibrant graphics and are useful for teaching English vocabulary.  Decoding manipulatives offer abundant practice applying rules as students learn English words and structure.  Scrambled sentences teach English syntax as they foster reading comprehension and fluency.  Students who have difficulty learning due to language barriers, auditory deficiencies, or behavioral issues have a much easier time stay engaged and on task when manipulative models are introduced. 3. Science  To demonstrate Newton's First Law of Motion, students calculate average speed based on their observations of a rolling marble. Answers will vary depending on the distance and speed at which the marbles roll.  Using a ball and bat, students can observe Newton's Second Law of Motion by increasing the force of their swings to make the ball travel faster and farther.  The concept of inertia becomes visible when students stack four or five dominoes and use a ruler to knock the bottom domino out repeatedly until there is only one left.  A creative science teacher can demonstrate any number of scientific theories by having students bring in such things as soap, miniature toy cars, balance scales, toothpicks, modeling clay, rope, and coins. 4. Social Studies/MAPEH  Geography – use of globe to find the absolute and relative location of a certain place  Music – use of musical instruments

MULTIMEDIA Multimedia is a combination of many forms of media. It may be audio and text. motion, audio and text, manipulatives and audio, and more. The use of multimedia is very interesting and engaging. It also provides multi-sensorial approach to teaching. Students with different modes of learning benefit in using multimedia in the classrooms.

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