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Annotated Bibliography

Szatmary, D. P. (2000). Rockin’ in time: a social history of rock and roll. Upper Saddle
River, New Jersey : Prentice Hall.
In this book, author Dave Szatmary connects rock music with the changing social
climates in the United States and Great Britain. This book contains the history that links
the changes in popular music to changes in economic, political and social concerns.

Martin, D. R. ( 2001). The music of murder. In R.C. Monk. (Ed.), (2001). Taking sides:
clashing views on controversial issues in crime and criminology. Guilford, Connecticut :
Dushkin/McGraw-Hill. (pp.20-24).
Dennis R. Martin theorizes that since music has both the power to soothe the savage beast
and to stir violent emotions, then rising racial tensions and violence can be attributed to
rock music’s promotion of vile, deviant, and sociopathic behaviors.

Hamm, M. S., Ferrell, J. (2001). Rap, cops, and crime: clarifying the ‘Cop Killer’
controversy. In R.C. Monk. (Ed.), (2001). Taking sides: clashing views on controversial
issues in crime and criminology. Guilford, Connecticut : Dushkin/McGraw-Hill.(pp.25-
30)
Hamm and Ferrell are indignant that racism and poverty are facts of life. They reject
Martin’s analysis of the relationship between music and violence, charging that Martin’s
theory is based on racism and ignorance of both music and broader cultural forces.

Williams, J. (1989). Fighting words: racism, sexism, and homophobia in pop and rap. In
J. Green. (Ed.), (2003). Rap and hip hop. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Greenhaven Press.
(pp.105-109).
Juan Williams argues that gangsta rap directs violent and hateful language towards other
historically oppressed groups. He also argues that rap music contributes to racism and
homophobia.

Hip-hop. (2007). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 26, 2007, from


Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9117537
This article is about the history of rap music or hip hop. It also helps us understand the
changes in rap music and different views about social issues.