AMMONIA ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION PLANTS (AARP

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Steam / Heat Driven With Knowhow from world leaders “Mattes AG., Germany. Wide refrigeration temperatures from + 5oC to –55oC. Accepts Heat source of ≥ 85oC. No moving parts, except a robust centrifugal pump. High availability reliability, low maintenance. Fully automatic. No running attention required. Outdoor / rooftop installation possible. Long life even beyond 40 years. Best efficiency up to 30% of rated capacity. Oil-free refrigerant, no fouling problems. Ecofriendly, Complies montreal protocol sustainable development initiatives.
TRANSPARENT ENERGY SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED
E-mail : trans@pn2.vsnl.net.in , Website :www.tesplaarp.com.

AARP is the first choice of refrigeration on low cost steam / heat produced from fuels like biomass / coal / heavy fuel oil / natural gas or renewable sources like solar. Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration process was invented in 1850 by ‘Ferdinand P. Transparent Energy offers Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants with technology evolved and perfected over 80 years from world leaders Mattes AG. reduces CO2 emission tax and promotes sustainable development initiatives through energy conservation. AARP has long life of atleast 25 years. Type 1 – Using Air cooled remote radiators for heat rejection. The condenser and absorber of AARP is water cooled. The heat from cooling water is rejected in Air cooled fan assisted heat exchangers. Many plants are in operation for more than 40 years.Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants the ideal refrigeration system for new millenium.. Heat refrigeration & Power (CHRP Plants) on various fuels like Biomass. Germany. Natural Gas. Xxxxxxxx 1 Page . Air cooled AARPs are offered in following two types. Carre’. AARP has wide operating range of +5oC to –55oC. Air Cooled Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants a boon for Industries having water scarcity. Heavy Oil etc. AARP has extreme reliability and very low maintenance because it has no moving parts except a dependable centrifugal pump. AARP earns Carbon Credits. AARP ideally fit into the concept of Integrated Energy Systems such as Cogeneration involving Combined generation.E. AARP replaces hazardous ozone depleting CFC Refrigerants. AARP uses Ammonia which is known to be one of best ecofriendly refrigerants. Type 2 – Ammonia condenser is direct Air Cooled and Absorber is cooled by air cooled remote radiator as in type 1. AARP is excellent energy conservation system to convert waste heat into useful refrigeration. Coal. geothermal etc.

geothermal sources. Xxxxxxxx 2 Page . Solvent Recovery Vapor Ammonia Recovery Chemical Processes Cogeneration Systems & Power Plants Waste heat utilization from Reciprocating Engine Jacket Water & Exhaust Gas Heat utilization from Gas Turbine exhaust LP steam from steam turbine exhaust Gas Turbine inlet air cooling Heat from solar. Blast Freezing Solvent Recovery Chemical & Process Industries Refineries Fertilizer Plants Bulk Drug Plants Pesticide Plants Ammonia Recovery from Liquor Ammonia from Chemical Processes.Typical Industrial Applications Food & Pharmaceuticals Freeze Drying Food Refrigeration Cold Storages Dairies Ice Making Plants / Ice Storage. Ice Cream Plants Meat Processing Fish Processing Industries.

Xxxxxxxx 3 Page . B) Safety & Reliability : Reliable control instruments for proper monitoring of various parameters and interlocks. System restarts quickly on supply of electric power even after interruption of 20 to 30 minutes and power failure for 20 minutes.Exclusive Features A) Design & Material of Construction : Heat Exchangers as per AD Merck Blatter. Systems can work automatically even on 0 to 100% load variation. Operating settings can be changed without change of Hardware Components. Systems is controlled through full proof (fool proof?) PLC based control. Factory fabricated assembled & modular in construction. Therefore site work is minimal. D) Capacity & Operating Control of Parameters for Fluctuating Loads & Other Parameters : System can modulate without loss of efficiency over 30 to 100% capacity.

etc.Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Standard Models. exact technical specification are application specific and are offered on case to case basis. Cooling water temp. Typical Heat Sources for Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants. Refrigeration temp. Model AK 5 AK 10 AK 25 AK 50 AK 70 AK 100 AK 150 AK 200 AK 250 AK 300 AK 400 AK 500 AK 600 AK 750 AK 900 AK 1200 AK 1600 AK 2000 Lowest Refrigeration Temp (Ammonia Evaporation Temp) -30 -30 -30 -30 -30 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 -55 Highest Capacities Refrigeration (TR) 3 7 15 25 40 50 75 100 125 150 200 250 300 375 450 600 800 1000 Note : Refrigeration Capacities & other parameters operation mentioned in above table are indicative only. Exact values depend on various parameters like Heat source temp. Steam Hot water Superheated water Hot oil Direct heating Engine / Gas Turbine / Furnace Exhaust Low pressure steam from steam turbine exhaust or similar source Waste heat sources from Industrial processes Xxxxxxxx 4 Page . Refrigeration capacities higher than AK 2000 are met with multiple standard models installed in parallel or with custom designed plants.

This improves energy efficiency of the plant. Xxxxxxxx 5 Page . Ammonia vapours from evaporator are used for sub-cooling (HE2) the liquid ammonia supplied to evaporator. The receiver supplies liquid ammonia to evaporator Weak ammonia solution in the desorber is sent to absorber for absorption. The heat of absorption is removed by cooling water. The traces of water in the evaporator are bleed from evaporator to absorber through Bleed Heat Exchanger (HE8). This greatly improves of energy efficiency of the plant. These vapours also contain some water vapours due to affinity between ammonia and water. A solution heat exchanger (HE7) is provided to cool the weak solution before entering the absorber and preheat the strong solution before entering the desorber. Heat is supplied in the desorber to boil off the ammonia from strong solution. These vapours are condensed (HE6) and liquid ammonia is stored in the receiver (V). Ammonia vapours are absorbed in absorber (HE3). The ammonia vapours are rectified (purified) in the rectifying column (HE5) and generate pure ammonia vapours. The strong ammonia solution is pumped to desorber (HE4). Vapor Ammonia Liquid Ammonia Reflux Ammonia Condenser HE6 Cooling Water Liquid Ammonia Receiver (V) Liquid Ammonia WEAK SOLUTION RICH SOLUTION AMMONIA VAPOUR COOLING WATER BRINE STEAM CONDENSATE LIQUID AMMONIA HE5 Rectification Column Solution heat exchanger HE7 Cooling Water Sub-cooler HE2 Vapor Ammonia Ammonia Evaporator/ Brine chiller Brine HE3 Ammonia Desorber Steam / Heat Supply HE4 Poor / Weak Solution Ammonia Absorber Solution Pump Strong Solution Liquid Ammonia bleed HE8 Bleed Heat Exchanger HE1 Liquid ammonia evaporates in the evaporator (HE1) to give the refrigeration effect.Typical Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant with single stage Absorption & single stage Desorption. Bleed Heat Exchanger further subcools liquid ammonia and improves efficiency.

40 tw =1 o 5C (59 o F) th = 160oC 320oF 0. STEAM) tw COOLING WATER SUPPLY TEMPERATURE th = 140oC 284oF th = 120oC 248oF th = 180oC 356oF th = 200oC 392oF th = 80oC 76oF th = 100oC 212oF 0. TEMPERATURE (SATUR.10 tw -60oC -76oF = 35 o C 5 (9 o F) AMMONIA ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS HEAT RATIO (COP) Qo/Qh = f(to) -40oC -40oF -30oC -22oF -20oC -4oF -50oC -58oF Evaporation Temperature to -10oC 14oF 00C 32oF AARP having two stages of Absorption.50 0. This reduces the solution circulation losses. Subcooler Cooling Water Absorber 1 Evaporator 2 Bleed Heat Exchanger Cooling Water Evaporator 1 Absorber 2 Pump NH3 Bleed Xxxxxxxx 6 Page .20 0.30 tw =2 5C o o F) (77 0.C. These plants have improved COP and power consumption compared to two separate single stage plants.C to 180 Deg.70 Qo/Qh (COP) 0.60 Qo REFRIGERATION CAPACITY Qh REQUIRED HEAT SUPPLY th HEAT. heat source temperature requirement varies from 95 Deg. Single stage Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants are used for refrigeration temperatures ranging from +5 to –55 Deg.AARP with single stage Absorption & single Stage Desorption.C. The absorption of refrigerant vapours at different temperatures is done by the same stream of solution in successive manner. 0. POOR SOLUTION Rectifying Column Desorber Heat Exchanger Receiver Condenser Cooling Water RICH SOLUTION AMMONIA VAPOUR AMMONIA LIQUID COOLING WATER AMMONIA REFLUX STEAM CONDENSATE Heat Source These plants are used when two different refrigeration temperatures have to be achieved from the same plant and capacity requirements for both the stages is large and comparable to each other. The requirement of heat source temperature is comparable with singe stage plants.

Xxxxxxxx 7 Page . with an intermediate absorption stage. AARP working on waste heat from Reciprocating Engine Jacket water & exhaust heat recovery Boiler Heavy Fuel Oil / Natural Gas / Diesel fuel Jacket Hot Water Reciprocating Engine Genset Elect. Typically for refrigeration temperature range of 5 to –55 Deg. The heat from engine jacket hot water is used for driving an Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant with or without Ice Bank Tank.C. Power Exhaust Gas from Engine Exhaust Heat Recovery Steam Boiler or Hot Water Generator Electrical Power for Process Hot Water driven Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant Refrigeration Exhaust Gas to stack Steam / Heat To Process Plant Steam / Heat Ice Bank Tank Chilled Water Process To Process Steam / Heat driven Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant Refrigeration The exhaust heat from the engine is used for generating steam for process requirement or to drive AARP. Rectifying Column Desorber 1 Heat Source Heat Exchanger POOR SOLUTION RICH SOLUTION AMMONIA VAPOUR AMMONIA LIQUID COOLING WATER AMMONIA REFLUX STEAM CONDENSATE Condenser Cooling Water Receiver Cooling Water Heat Source Heat Exchanger Cooling Water Subcooler Evaporator Absorber Pump NH3 Bleed Bleed Heat Exchanger Desorber 2 These plants are used for meeting low temperature refrigeration requirements using heat source relatively at lower temperature compared to single stage plant.Due to desorption at two places.AARP Two Stage Plants having Two Desorption Stages The desorption of refrigerant vapours is done at two places.

Stand-alone AARPs Using heat / steam from agrofuel / coal fired Boilers / Heaters. Any other simultaneous refrigeration load such as Ice Plant or Milk Chilling can be met with the same plant. A small DG set is adequate for auxiliary power needs of cold storage. Agrofuel Fired Hot Water Generator Steam / Heat STEAM / HEAT AMMONIA ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION PLANT Vapour Ammonia ICE Plant Liquid Ammonia Condensate Cooling Tower Coldstorages operated by AARP driven on Coal / Agrofuel Fired Boilers / Hot Water Generator Fuel : Bagasse. agro-products. The operating cost and maintenance cost of the cold storage is therefore very low.G. The rising electricity cost and poor availability of electricity has adversely affected the viability of cold storages. The cold storages for vegetables. due to versatile AARP. The cost of electricity dominates the running cost of cold storage. Xxxxxxxx 8 Page .G. The bio-mass and other agro-fuels available locally can be used to drive AARP. Advantages of Cold Storages driven by AARP. The cold storage can store a wide range of products at different temp. Rice Husk Coal Diesel / Kerosene Fired D.Set for Auxillary Power Standby D. The total electricity requirement reduces substantially. Set Hot Water Return Exhaust Heat Recovery System 50000 kcal Vapor Ammonia Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant Cold Storage Hot Water Generator Hot Water Supply To AARP Liquid Ammonia For Refrigeration Cooling Tower Conventionally cold storages are driven by Compression Cycle Refrigeration Plants. fish and meat products are generally located in remote and agriculturally rich area.

Hot Water Supply Heat Exchanger Ghee Boiler Steam / Heat driven Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant NH3 Liquid Ice Bank Tank Chilled Water NH3 Vapour Chilled Water Pasteuriser A bio-mass/ Coal fired steam boiler / Hot water generator combined with use of AARP for refrigeration substantially reduces the cost of milk processing. This ice can be sold as a by-product to bulk as well as retail consumers in the local area such as dairies. The steam / heat output from the exhaust heat recovery Boilers is then used for driving an Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant for producing block ice. Brine Chilling as a cold storage of suitable capacity can be operated using the exhaust heat. the heating of milk is done by an oil/gas fired hot water generator or steam boiler and chilling is done by a electrically driven compression cycle refrigeration plant coupled to an Ice Bank Tank. Exhaust Waste Heat from Incinerator / Furnace / Process Waste Heat Recovery Steam Boiler / Hot Water Generator Exhaust Gas Out Also many industries such as steel mills. Conventionally in a small scale dairy industry (typically 50000 lit/day milk handling capacity). process waste heat etc. Waste Heat Utilization by AARP for Ice Production / Cold Storage / Brine Chilling There are many unutilized Industrial waste heat sources like Incinerator or Furnace hot gases. There are additional heating loads such as ghee or butter boiling. textile spinning mills.AARP for Pasteurization of Milk with Combined Heating and Cooling on Agro Fuel Fired Boilers Agro Fuel Fired / Steam Boiler / Hot Water Generator Coal / Agro Fuel / Biomass Fuel Hot Water Return Hot Water Supply Pasteurization of milk involves heating and chilling of milk in predetermined cycle. milkcan washing etc. adversely affecting the viability of small scale dairy plants. Modern pollution control equipments such as cyclone separators and or bag filters are provided for clean and smoke-less exhaust from Boiler. generate waste heat. Xxxxxxxx 9 Page . Steam / Heat Steam / Heat driven Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant Heat is rejected from captive power plants to atmosphere both through exhaust gas & jacket cooling water. fisheries etc. Also there are other chilling loads such as milk cold storage. ICE Production Cold Storage Brine Chilling A Heat Recovery Steam Boiler or Hot Water Generator can be installed to recover such waste heats from these exhaust gases. The rising cost of fuel oil as well as electric power has increased the cost of milk processing substantially. Alternatively.

Liquid / Gas Incinerators .tespl.Five Star Industrial Estate 2. are technology leaders working in the field of Co-generation Systems.Blow Down Heat Recovery Systems . 1995.Disintegrators & Pulvarisers 9.heatrecovery-system. 1986 with the name of Vapor Energy Machines Private Limited. Pollution control. Energy Conservation Projects – www.Rising Film Evaporators .Pressure Reducing Station .Ammonia Vaporizers . product concentration & crystallization. .tesplcogen.Counterflow Evaporators .Fluidized Bed Paint Stripping Systems for Paint Coating Air Pollution Control .www. Water Recycling Plants.tesplaarp.Water Tube .89% Superefficient Agrofuelled / Coal Fired Boilers.Biomass Types of Cogeneration Systems .Falling Film Evaporators .Paddle Dryers / Vacuum Paddle Dryers .Plate Evaporators . Boilers & Heaters – www. . Drying Plants etc. Superefficient Boilers.Power .Flash Steam Recovery Systems 4.Spray Coolers .Heat .Fluidized Bed / Spray Dryers .Natural Gas .com .Air Handling Units . (Oil / Gas / Coal / Biomass Fired for Cogeneration application 5.Fluid Bed Dryers / Coolers / Agglomerators .96% Superefficient Oil / Gas Fuelled Boilers .Steel . Business groups.Flue Gas Desulphurisation Plants .tespl.com Hot Water / Steam Driven Multistage Evaporators for continuous water distillation.Dairies .Steam Engine / Turbine Based Co-generation .Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) .Software Parks .Activated Carbon Filters .Dry Powder Mixing Systems and Granulators .Condensate Recovery Systems .waterrecyclingplant.Spray Reactors cum Dryers . Heat Recovery Systems – www. The first commercial production was started in January.Transparent Group of Companies Transparent group companies. Evaporation. Energy Conservation Contracts.Structural / Self supported / Guyrope supported Steel Chimney / Stacks .Water Softners .Textile Industries .Demineralising Plants . The name of the company was changed from Vapor Energy Machines Private Limited to Transparent Energy Systems Private Limited on 18th December.Commercial Complexes .Spray Dryer cum Combustion Chamber Incinerators .Natural Circulation Evaporators .Gas Turbine Based Co-generation Type of Industries .Economisers ( Smoke tube / water tube / finned tube type) . .Turnkey Refrigeration Contracts.Assisted Circulation Evaporators . Pollution Control Group – www.Moisture Seperators Transparent Technologies Private Limited 7.Hotels .com Conservation of Electrical heating to Steam / Thermic Fluid / Hot Water Heating 6.Superefficient High Pressure steam Boilers.Homogenizers and Dispersion Mills .Spiral Tube Evaporators 8. Water Recycling & zero effluent discharge plants – www. 1988.Accessories .Finned Tube . Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants.com Cogeneration Systems involving combined generation of . Products & Systems Transparent Energy Systems Private Limited Our company was incorporated on 16th April.High / Low pressure chemical dosing systems .Mechanical Dust Collectors .Refrigerant Evaporators .Residential Complexes . Heat Recovery Systems.Fluidized Bed Incinerators / Calciners .Spray Dryers .Refrigeration / Chilling .Cement .Sugar Industries .com .Wet / Venturi Scrubbers .Feed Water Deaerators .Flash Dryers .com .Chemicals & Process Industries . 3. desalination. .Coal .Bag Filters .Reciprocating Engine Generator Based Co-generation .Combustion Air Preheater .Water Recycling / Desalination by multistage evaporation.Agitated Evaporators . Co-generation Systems .Refrigerant Circulation Systems . Fuels and energy sources for Cogeneration.Fluidized Bed evaporators .Biogas .Smoke Tube Waste Heat Recovery Thermic Fluid Heaters Heat Recovery & Efficiency improvement Retrofits .Flash Vessels . Dryers – www.93% Superefficient Thermic Fluid Heaters / Hot Air Generators .Cyclone / Multicones .www.com Incinerators .Fluidized Bed Incinerators for Liquids and Solids & Gases .com Waste Heat Recovery Boilers . 1.Process Waste Heat .Paper Mills .com .Ceramic Industries .HSD / Kerosene / LDO .Fuel Storage & Handling Systems.tespl. Water Treatment Plants & Other Accessories – www.Packaged Fixed Grate Incinerators for Solids . Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plants (AARP).Sand Filters .Forced Circulation Evaporators .Food Industries .air-pollutioncontrol.ttplpune.

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