Content & development

• It may begin by establishing a context which introduces the reader to the content area (what is it about).

The context
– Start either in a very general or specific way – Set the “stage”

Set the stage
• • • • • a quotation examples background information rhetorical questions reference to a previous material

• It may orient the reader on the direction of the report or paper.

Development by
– – – – – – by description by definition by specification by exemplification by exposition other speech acts

Grabbing the reader’s interest • Man will never conquer space. Such statement may sound ludicrous, now that our rockets are already 100 million miles beyond the moon and the first human travelers are preparing to leave the atmosphere. Yet it expresses a truth...

--Arthur C. Clarke, “We’ll Never Conquer Space”


It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was The age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us...


--Charles Dickens, “A Tale of Two

Paragraphs and Compositions
TRI Pattern
TOPIC SENTENCE: RESTATEMENT: ILLUSTRATION: State your key idea. Restate your key idea in other words. Support your key idea with illustrations and examples.


Physical activity is not only good for you; it is absolutely essential if you are to remain healthy. Studies have shown that people who regularly engaged in activities such as walking, climbing stairs, or dancing have lived longer. Since they were physically active, they significantly reduced their risk of coronary heart disease, certain types of cancer, and various chronic diseases.

In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people – the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to me.

--George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful