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A SEMINAR REPORT ON
BY Anurag Khatana
Submitted in partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Technology
Submitted to: Mr. Bhuwan Chandra (HOD I.T.)
DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session- 2011 - 2012
The practical aspect seminar in degree course is to correlate the theory with the practical aspect and to make students familiar with practical difficulties, which arise during working on the field so that they can face challenges boldly while actually working in the field. The field of information technology has become so vast that it is different to know it’s boundaries. Usually unskilled persons are engaged in this field thus it is important and necessary to have persons with technical knowledge, so that the work can be performed with proper perfection, as it is my first experience to write such a report.
Guide Mr. Bhuwan Chandra .2012 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Seminar entitled “GOOGLE CHROME” has been carried out by ANURAG KHATANA under my guidance in partial fulfillment of the degree of Bachelor of Technology in Information Technology of Rajasthan Technical University. Gaurav Jain Head of the Department Mr. Kota during the academic year 2011-2012. To the best of my knowledge and belief this work has not been submitted elsewhere for the award of any other degree.2011 . Gaurav Jain Examiner Mr.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.
Gaurav Jain. I am indebted to Mr. support for literature.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. (Signature of Student) Anurag Khatana . Head of Information Technology Department for his unconditional guidance and timely support in the preparation of this report. guiding me right from the inception till the successful completion of the Seminar. Associate Professor. for extending their invaluable guidance. Information Technology of Regional College For Education Research and Technology. critical reviews and report preparation.2011 . Bhuwan Chandra. I pay my thanks to all others who have been related to this work directly or indirectly.2012 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I express my sincere thanks to Mr.
1 Google’s Strategy and Chrome versioning 2.2012 INDEX S. b) Faster than old versions c) Tab Candy feature 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Features Security Speed Stability User interface Conclusion Reference 6 6 8 9 10 13 15 . No.1 Eye-catchers: 5 a) Chromicised and more browsing space. 1 2 Title INTRODUCTION Pg No.1 Eye-catchers: 4 a) Integrated Instant Google search b) HTML5 updates c) GPU acceleration 3 Firefox 4 and its Never Ending Delay 3.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.2011 .
It was released by microsoft for the first time in the form of beta vision for Microsoft Windows on 2nd september 2008 and it was available to public on 11 december 2008.It uses the WebKIt layout engine and application framework.Till August 2010 it was .2012 INTRODUCTION In 1990 Netscape lost its dominance in browser market due to Microsoft Internet Explorer.ability to accept add on coustomizations and pop up ad blocking. which includes speed .Its name is derived from an interface of graphics which is called graphical user interface “chrome”. Google chrome a powerful web browser developed by google itself have led to an important challenge to others like Mozilla .It was an open source release and netscape announced it as the open source was an open challenge for the Microsoft web browser. This led to emergence of “chrome”.The project which was named originally as “phoenix” which symbolized rebirth from the ashes of netscape hold a position quarter to that is used in todays scenario. Google given a helping hand to the firefox by financing it $75 million.This open source strategy of netscape led to an important turnover of the situation that previled earlier in the life netscape.This important step planted the seeds of a revolution in the web browser history. Howsoever google enthusiasm for firefox didnot ended and it demanded more. The software now contained google search engine and a separate search box on the right side for any querries for the site.2011 .It was this effort that led to emergence of firefox 2 in October 2006.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.Netscapes important project Mozilla also lost its importance in the market but on 9th November Firefox 1 emerged to rock again in the browser market.Moreover google also provided it with the code for spell checking and network stack software.firefox came with several feature s that attracted the general public a lot. Due to this features it was obsereved that when it was launched it was downloaded 10 million time during the first work was performed by the programmers on this web browser.tabbed interface.
Mozilla has put a new focus on Firefox performance. and is working to minimize the area of browser to make more room for Web content. But engineering has been affected. it released its first beta of the Chrome Web browser. Suddenly.2012 declared to be the third most important browser that are used widely and on the basis of percentage it can be classified to 7.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.0.2011 . But it also brought some Google-y values: a fast foundation for Web applications and a rapid release cycle.6. mostly in that Mozilla had to answer numerous questions about how Chrome would affect its future." Shaver said. 3. open source. and indeed Chrome and Firefox developers are allied in the effort to improve the HTML underpinnings of the Web. . Google's enthusiasm for Firefox. Mostly the relationship appears genial. In September 2008.7. it evidently wanted more. a major Web-focused company with a lot of spare money was also trying to free the world from the 2001-era Internet Explorer 6. And it's trying to shake off the "bloatware" label some attach to Firefox. It employed some of Firefox's values--performance. "It was a little disruptive. security. Since the arrival of Chrome.54% according to the data analysed by Net Applications. and 4. has moved to a faster release cycle. too. Ahead is an aggressive roadmap for Firefox 3.
though. duly followed by Opera.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. It's another level of competition there. we can always hope to see something new in the web world too." Overall. We're affecting the lives of people who don't think about their software. Google was the first one though to release one that supported quite a few (not all though) tags of HTML5. "Pretty much all our distribution comes from people going to our Web site and downloading it.0 exploding to about twice that now with the current Firefox 3. They wanted their own channel to control. And the growth doesn't show any signs of growth of slowing down.2012 "Google gets the Web on another level than Microsoft does.5. And here I am to give you some insight about the new born child in the world of web." Shaver said. . Mozilla and Google were the two amongst the first browsers to do that. He cites as evidence the continuing growth rate--an estimated 160 million users of Firefox 3. As we all know HTML5 is the latest version of HTML / XHTML and in the wake of its existence all the outdated web browsers that couldn’t support it are now forced to update themselves to fit into its new standards. At that scale. There's an act of volition there we really cherish." Shaver said. IE and Safari.2011 ." As we wake up on a brand new day. there's a real mainstream reach. "But I don't think it's a Chrome goal to be harming Firefox. One such day was when I woke up to the newest technology called HTML5. "There might be 350 million users. Shaver believes Firefox's position is strong.
DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. Google’s Strategy and Chrome versioning The hot news that’s doing the rounds in web circle is that Google has adopted a new strategy with Chrome Browser. Chrome 9 build has already started and we are expecting Chrome 8 beta to be out this week. Given our open and close rates we will . Wait there. whereas Firefox4 is still way behind in testing its Beta 6. Now that the race has begun. Now having said that. Chrome 7 beta is on live and Chrome 8 is available as latest build. they aren’t done yet. We’re 41 days away from the branch point for mstone:9 and we have 1236 open bugs. Google and Firefox are way ahead and the war has already begun to clinch the pole position. which means we will now be seeing a new face of it once in six weeks.” As I said before. ya. Anthony Laforge. at the time of this note. Technical Program Manager from Mountain View had recently said. does that mean we are going to be seeing Chrome 9 by the end of this year? The answer is “Hell . but now though the tables have turned and Chrome is already on its way to release the stable version of Chrome 7. Chrome was in its build stage with Chrome4.2012 While IE has been lagging behind in the race to impress its users. Chrome seems to have gained lot of ground when compared to Firefox. When Firefox was way ahead after releasing its Firefox4. Below research should help in giving you some idea where the browsers stand at this point.2011 .
DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. In total Mozilla needs to . Mozilla noted that it still had to resolve 17 blockers just to launch Beta 7. Obviously. and over 510 blockers to get from Beta to RC. HTML5 updates 3. (That isn’t too late…is it? J) Firefox 4 and its Never Ending Delay! One side we see Google Chromium team is fully pumped up and going smoothly with their strategy whereas on the other side Firefox team is working really slowly towards Firefox 4 release . Integrated Instant Google search 2. Just 10 days ago. How much so? Well.0 RC to speak of. According to the official schedule Mozilla should have shipped the seventh revision of Beta on September 17th. There are also quite hefty volumes of work still to be done For Firefox 4.0 which as a rule of thumb mean 4 out of every 5 bugs we have needs to be moved out.0. then Beta 8 on October 1st. they are lagging by over a month now (and still counting). Eye-catchers: 1. October 15th has come and gone but there’s no Firefox 4. GPU acceleration And going by what Anthony had said it seems like Chrome 9 will take more days and may go live only by end of 2010 or early 2011.2011 .2012 need to punt approximately 956 bugs in order to be ready for 9. and have the first Release Candidate (RC) by October 15th.
Chrome warns on the new tab page that "this feature does not make your actions on the internet invisible". Typically. but cannot write files or read from sensitive areas (e. the actual process-allocation model is more complex. Java applet support is available in Chrome with Java 6 update 12 and above. documents. The Sandbox Team is said to have "taken this existing process boundary and made it into a jail". eliminating the need to download and install it separately. but does not support the embedding of ActiveX controls. each process is stripped of its rights and can compute. Google notifies the owners of listed sites who may not be aware of the presence of the harmful software. malicious software running in one tab is supposed to be unable to sniff credit card numbers entered in another tab. 2010. interact with mouse inputs. cannot be sandboxed as tabs can be.g. This enforces a simple computer security model whereby there are two levels of multilevel security (user and sandbox) and the sandbox can only respond to communication requests initiated by the user.[On 30 March 2010 Google announced that the latest development version of Chrome will include Adobe Flash as an integral part of the browser. These often need to run at.2011 . itself operating at "very low privileges" in dedicated per-tab processes. Following the principle of least privilege. for example. Flash will be kept up to date as part of Chrome's own updates. or tell Windows to "run an executable on start-up" and it will be terminated when the tab is closed.2012 This service is also made available for use by others via a free public API called "Google Safe Browsing API". however. desktop)—this is similar to the "Protected Mode" used by Internet Explorer on Windows Vista and Windows 7. plugins are run in separate processes that communicate with the renderer. Chrome will typically allocate each tab to fit into its own process to "prevent malware from installing itself" and prevent what happens in one tab from affecting what happens in another. Plugins will need to be modified to operate within this software architecture while following the principle of least privilege. A private browsing feature called Incognito mode is provided that prevents the browser from storing any history information or cookies from the websites visited. however. plugins such as Adobe Flash Player are not standardized and as such. the security level of the browser itself. To reduce exposure to attack. Support for Java under Mac OS X was provided by a Java Update released on May 18. or above.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. and the browser advises the user to be wary of: . Chrome supports the Netscape Plugin Application Programming Interface (NPAPI).
. The home button can be configured through options to take the user to the New Tab Page or a custom home page. This strategy exacts a fixed per-process cost up front.2011 . similar to Loosely Coupled Internet Explorer (LCIE) implemented by Internet Explorer 8. This prevents tasks from interfering with each other. If a user enters the URL of . An attacker successfully gaining access to one application cannot gain access to others. except only a single tab crashes instead of the whole application. Tabs are the primary component of Chrome's user interface and as such. similar to the well-known Sad Mac. have been moved to the top of the window rather than below the controls. including the Omnibox. a procedure referred to as process isolation.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. This subtle change contrasts with many existing tabbed browsers which are based on windows and contain tabs. which combines the functionality of both the Address bar and search box. and cancel buttons. and failure in one instance results in a Sad Tab screen of death. a separate process is allocated to each site instance and plugin.2012 Stability The Gears team implemented a multi-process architecture in Chrome. Tabs (including their state) can be transferred seamlessly between window containers by dragging. meaning that most common browsers will use a multi-process architecture in the near future. By default. increasing security and stability. forward. the main user interface includes back. Each tab has its own set of controls. refresh. The Omnibox is the URL box at the top of each tab. Chrome includes a process management utility called Task Manager which allows the user to see what sites and plugins are using the most memory. but results in less memory bloat overall as fragmentation is confined to each instance and no longer requires further memory allocations. bookmark. go. downloading the most bytes and over-utilizing the CPU" and provides the ability to terminate them. Safari and Firefox are also adopting this architecture in upcoming versions. User interface Google Chrome's user interface on Mac OS X By default.
It also features a "Recently closed" bar that shows recently closed tabs and a "tips" section that displays hints and tricks for using the browser. When a user starts typing in the Omnibox. popular websites (not necessarily visited before . The thumbnails could be rearranged.powered by Google Suggest). a list of text links could be displayed instead of thumbnails.2012 a site previously searched from. The Basic tab includes options for the home page. the New Tab Page was updated to allow users to hide thumbnails they didn't want to appear. Chrome will conduct the search using the default search engine. If a user types several keywords into the Omnibox and press enter. and removed.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. pinned. this functionality is currently unavailable on the Linux and Mac platforms. Popup windows "are scoped to the tab they came from" and will not appear outside the tab unless the user explicitly drags them out. Personal Stuff. and Under the Hood. However. or Opera's Speed Dial. One of Chrome's differentiating features is the New Tab Page. the tabs become flush with the top of the titlebar.0. Chrome provides suggestions for previously visited sites (based on the URL or in-page text). Google Chrome's options window has three tabs: Basic. suggestions based on previously visited sites can not be turned off. it has a full-screen mode that hides the operating system's interface as well as the browser chrome. this showed thumbnails of the nine most visited web sites. In Google Chrome 2. and recently closed tabs. search . Alternatively. Like other browsers. Chrome includes a bookmark manager that can be accessed from a menu.0. Chrome allows pressing Tab to search the site again directly from the Omnibox. similar to Internet Explorer and Firefox with Google Toolbar 6. Chrome will also autocomplete the URLs of sites visited often. Starting in version 3. When maximized. Originally. which can replace the browser home page and is displayed when a new tab is created. the New Tab Page was revamped to display thumbnails of the 8 most visited web sites.2011 . and popular searches. When Google Chrome is not maximized. Adding the command-line option: --bookmark-menu adds a bookmarks button to the right of the Omnibox that can be used in place of the bookmarks bar. along with frequent searches. the tab bar appears directly under the title bar. recent bookmarks. Although Google Suggest can be turned off.
The Daily Telegraph's Matthew Moore summarizes the verdict of early reviewers: "Google Chrome is attractive. Microsoft reportedly "played down the threat from Chrome" and "predicted that most people will embrace Internet Explorer 8. Chrome features an element inspector similar to the one in Firebug. As part of Google's April Fools' Day jokes. sending Netscape to its doom. a special build of Chrome was released on 1 April 2009 with the additional feature of being able to render pages in anaglyph 3D. BusinessWeek had reported that "For the first time in years." But by February 25. the ubiquitous programs for accessing content on the Web. Credit for this trend—a boon to consumers—goes to two parties. Start . whose big plans for the Chrome browser have shaken Microsoft out of its competitive torpor and forced the software giant to pay fresh attention to its own browser. Chrome does not have a status bar. and default browser. Now it's back in gear. but displays loading activity and hover-over information via a status bubble that pops up at the bottom left of the relevant page.2011 . 2010. The Under the Hood tab allows changing network. privacy. Chrome lets you make a desktop. The Personal Stuff tab lets users configure saved passwords. The first is Google. Internet Explorer. and themes." Initially. fast and has some impressive new features." Mozilla said that Chrome's introduction into the web browser market comes as "no real surprise". energy and resources are being poured into browsers.2012 engine.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. that "Chrome is not aimed at competing with Firefox". download." Opera Software said that "Chrome will strengthen the Web as the biggest application platform in the world. Chrome's design bridges the gap between desktop and so-called "cloud computing. form autofill. Microsoft all but ceased efforts to enhance IE after it triumphed in the last browser war. browsing data. and furthermore that it should not affect Google's revenue relationship with Mozilla. For web developers. and security settings. but may not—yet—be a threat to its Microsoft rival." At the touch of a button.
leaving you with something that feels much more like a desktop application than like a Web application or page.2012 menu. For example. the German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) issued a statement about their first examination of Chrome. but also provides Google with web usage information tied to an IP address. Chrome strips away all of the toolbars and tabs from the window. blurring the line between what's online and what's inside your PC. On 2 September 2008. however. They did. The passage in question was inherited from the general Google terms of service. and removed the passage in question from the Terms of Service. a CNET news item drew attention to a passage in the terms of service for the initial beta release. praise the browser's technical contribution to improving security on the web. This allows Google to provide URL suggestions. . when Chrome was still in beta. Google noted that this change would "apply retroactively to all users who have downloaded Google Chrome. On the same day. or Quick Launch shortcut to any Web page or Web application. The optional suggestion service included in Google Chrome has been criticized because it provides the information typed into the Omnibox to Google before the user even hits return. When you create a shortcut for a Web application. because "beta versions should not be employed for general use applications" and browser manufacturers should provide appropriate instructions regarding the use of pre-released software. Concern about Chrome’s optional usage collection and tracking has been noted in several publications.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session. expressing a concern over the prominent download links on Google's German web page.2011 . I created a desktop shortcut for Google Maps. The feature can be selected off in the options-under the hood-privacy box." There was subsequent concern and confusion about whether and what information the program communicates back to Google. which seemed to grant to Google a license to all content transferred via the Chrome browser. On 9 September 2008. The company stated that usage metrics are only sent when users opt in by checking the option "help make Google Chrome better by automatically sending usage statistics and crash reports to Google" when the browser is installed. Google responded to this criticism by stating that the language used was borrowed from other products.
But there is no answer for this. . users are in a dilemma on which one to make as their default browser. it’s a crazy world out there and anything can happen over a cup of coffee). the big question that still stands unanswered is. All browsers are unique in their own way. who will win this war? (I can hear someone saying its Chrome. well not yet.2011 .DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.2012 CONCLUSION Having said that all. But with the release of Firefox 4 and Chrome 9 already.
2.com www.google.DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.2012 REFERENCES 1.wikipedia.com . www. 3.crazyengineers.com www.2011 .
2011 .DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Regional College For Education Research and Technology-Jaipur Seminar Session.2012 REMARKS __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ .
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