Dental Decks Part I 2009 -2010 Edition Testlets - Case Scenario: #4 The answer to Question #8 is B Posted on 7/6/09 The answer

to Question #10 is C Testlets - Case Scenario: #5 The answer to Question #5 is D Illustrations Card: #64 Posted on 7/9/09

The labels for #3 - #7 are as follows: #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 = = = = = Styloid process Masseter Mandible Maxilla Zygomatic arch Card: #72 Posted on 7/9/09

Illustrations

Label #8 should read as follows: Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi Illustrations Card: #99 Posted on 7/9/09

Label #5 should read as follows: Inferior vena cava Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Ant-Inf Card: #1 Posted on 8/2/10

The question should read as follows: A stray crown is found in your office. It i s an anterior tooth and has a cingulum that is offset from center. What tooth is it most likely to be? The first answer choice should be: Maxillary canine Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Ant-Inf Card: #4 Posted on 8/3/10

Clarification/Additional informational: It should be mentioned that Canines have a pentagonal shape when viewed from the labial or lingual aspect. Also, remember the following information for specific shapes of teeth: All anterior teeth when viewed from the mesial or distal (proximal) have a trian gular shape All maxillary posterior teeth when viewed from the mesial or distal (proximal) h ave a trapezoidal shape All mandibular posterior teeth when viewed from the mesial or distal (proximal) have a rhomboidal shape. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Es Card: #22 Posted on 7/6/09

On the back of the card, in the chart , first row (7 months), under the specific teeth, it should read as follows: 4 = mand. and max central incisors Dental Anatomy and Occlsuion / Misc. - Card: #40 Posted on 8/3/10 The answer should be: Lingual and labial of posterior teeth

Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Mol-Inf

Card: #51 Posted on 8/3/10

On the back of the card, the third sentence should read as follows: In approxima tely 50% of maxillary first molar teeth, a fourth canal is present with its orif ice being just lingual to the orifice to the mesiobuccal canal. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Mol-Inf Card: #56 Posted on 10/19/10

The third and fourth answer choices should read as follows:

it should read: C1. the second bullet should read as follows: Overjet: the horizontal distance betweeen the labio-incisal surfaces of the mandibular incisors and the labio-incisal surfaces of the maxillary incisors *** Please disregard the correction as noted above***** Posted on 7/20/09 The second bullet should read as originally printed: Overjet: the horizontal dis tance betweeen the labio-incisal surfaces of the mandibular incisors and the linguo-incisal surfaces of the maxillary incisors It is actually the image of overjet which is incorrect. the TALLER the cusps MAY be Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Occl-Terms Card: #91 On the back of the card. the last sentence should read: In a Class III lever sys tem. the fifth bullet. C2. for the innervation of the st ernothyroid muscle. The Class I picture is below the Class III description and the Cla ss III picture is below the Class I description. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Occl-Terms Card: #93 On the back of the card.Maxillary second molar Mandibular second molar Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Mol-Inf The answer should be Lingual and mesial Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Msl Card: #66 Card: #63 On the back of the card. under Alveolodental ligament. C3 from ansa cervicalis Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Msl Card: #71 The answer should be Right lateral pterygoid Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Occl Inf Card: #82 The pictures depicting the Class I and Class III occlusions have been inadverten tly switched. the workload at the other end and the force (eff ort) lies between the workload and fulcrum. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Occl Terms Card: #89 Posted on 8/3/10 The first answer choice should read as follows: The MORE the VERTICAL overlap. it should show overjet f rom the labio surface of the mandibular incisor to the lingual surface of the maxillary incisor. See image. under infrahyoid muscles. the fir . the fulcrum is at one end. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Pdl / G Card: #95 Second part posted on 7/13/09 The answer should be Alveolar crest group On the back of the card.

last paragraph. Important: should read as follows: Important: In a laterotrusive movement (non-working. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Premolar / Inf Card: #109 Posted on 8/3/10 On the back of the card. forming the cres t of the interradicular septum. right and left).st and sencond sentences should read as follows: The interradicular group of the alveolodental ligament: found only between the r oots of multirooted teeth. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Premolar / Inf Card: #106 Add the following answer choice: From a proximal view. the mandibular premolar c rowns tilt labially On the back of the card. right and left). the lingua l cusp of a maxillary second premolar passes through the facial embrasure betwee n the second premolar and the first molar. not a Maxillary Right First Premolar. Additional note: In a laterotrusive movement (working. the picture on the bottom right is that of a Mandibular Right Second Premolar. Run from the cementum into the bone. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Perm T Card: #145 The second sentence under the heading Distinguishing Features should read: Has t wo buccal grooves (MB and DB). the ling ual cusp of a maxillary second premolar passes through the lingual embrasure bet ween the second premolar and the first molar. ***DB was inadvertently cut-off .

Reovirus is its own family. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Pict-T Card: #159 On the front of the card. the third row down reads Vari cella-Zoster. the mesiobuccal line angle is the most acute.Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Perm T Card: #155 Posted on 8/3/10 On the back of the card. it is not part of the Picornavirus family. . the second sentence describing the Crown. Coxsackievirus A & B are listed under DNA viruses. both in type and function. however it is a RNA non-enveloped vir us. Microbiology / Pathology / Vir Card: #1 In the chart on the back of the card . in some respe cts the crown of this primary tooth resembles a permanent maxillary premolar. Microbiology / Pathology / Vir Card: #26 In the chart on the back of the card. the divisions of the occlusal surface and the root form with its efficient anchorage make it a molar. Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Primary #201 Posted on 8/3/10 Card: The question should be read as follows: The occlusal form of the ___________ varies from that of any tooth in the perman ent dentition. Ne vertheless. under Picornavirus family. should read a s follows: When viewed from the occlusal. the last row under genome for HSV-2 it sh ould say ds DNA Microbiology / Pathology / Vir Card: #12 In the chart on the back of the card. the second answer choice should read as follows: The d istal view of a maxillary left first molar Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Primary Card: #194 The answer should be The primary maxillary right first molar Dental Anatomy & Occlusion / Primary Card: #200 On the back of the card under notes: #2 should read The mandibular central incis or is the smallest primary tooth. it shoud read Epstein-Barr Microbiology / Pathology / Vir Card: #13 On the back of the card. The answer is The primary maxillary first molar Note: Although there are no premolars in the primary set of teeth. under Virus. this is incorrect. as they are nonenveloped viruses with linear single-stranded RNA. this is incorrect they should be listed under RNA viruses.

because of redundancy in the genetic code (both "ACC" and "ACA" encode threonine). the last sentence should read as f ollows: Fermenting organisms are restricted to niches where oxygen is lacking an d suitable carbon sources exist. the second sentence should read as follows: Most strains are obligate aerobes. Microbiology / Pathology / Bact Card: #60 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. Microbiology / Pathology / Terms Card: #65 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. the diagram on the right should be labeled Transduction . tissue never becomes vascularized. should read as follows: minutes to hours. the first paragraph. Microbiology / Pathology / Terms Card: #63 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. Microbiology / Pathology / Bact Card: #61 Posted on 7/6/09 On the back of the card. because there is pre-existing host serum Ab (IgG) specific for Ag in the graft. . first bullet (Silent mutations). the fifth bullet (Hyperacute rejection). the third sentence sho uld read as follows: Their resultant sequence will still encode mRNA that is tra nslated into the amino acid threonine. *** The words "sources exist" were inadvertently cut off. the first paragraph.Microbiology / Pathology / Bact Card: #54 On the back of the card.

Notes #1. Microbiology / Pathology / Cells/Org Card: #80 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card.g. and calc ium deficiency Microbiology / Pathology / Inf Card: #170 The fourth answer choice should be Acute appendicitis. The last sentence in the second paragraph should read as follows: The neoplasm c an usually be cured by surgical resection. the Function/Characteristics should read as follows: Long-lived cells th at recognize previously encountered T-dependent antigens. the last sentence should read a s follows: The tumor is invasive. penicillins) are haptens and the catechol in the plant oil that causes poi son oak and poison ivy is a hapten. The correct answer is Acu te appendicitis. the third sentence should read as follows: Many drugs ( e. hypercorticism. the first sentence should read as follows: Ci rrhisis of the liver is an end-stage liver disease in which normal hepatic archi tecture is destroyed and replaced by bands of fibrous scar tissue. in the chart. Microbiology / Pathology / Bn Disord Card: #154 Posted on 9/8/09 On the back of the card. Microbiology / Pathology / Immun Card: #187 Posted on 9/8/09 On the back of the card. and locally destr uctive but has a limited capacity to metastasize. *** -tion was inadvertently cut off. Microbiology / Pathology / Immun Card: #194 . under B cells. On the back of the card.Microbiology / Pathology / Sub Card: #71 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. the fourth sentence should read as follows: Predisposin g factors include physical inactivity. Microbiology / Pathology / Lv Dis Card: #104 On the back of the card.. the first row (B lymphocyt es). the seventh row (Memory T cells). ulcerative. often indurated. the first sentence in the Function/Characteristics should read as follows: On antigen presentation. they differentiate into plasma cells and memory B cells. in the first paragraph. The next sentence should read as follows: Important: Antibody production involve s activation of B-lymphocytes by the hapten and helper T-lymphocytes by the carr ier. hyperthyroidism. in the chart. histamine is stored in the coarse cytoplasmic granules of mast cells and/o r basophils. Microbiology / Pathology / Neo Card: #123 On the back of the card. the third sentence should read as follows: Once synthes ized. under T cells.

Microbiology / Pathology / Disord Card: #230 Posted on 7/13/09 On the back of the card. Microbiology / Pathology / Syndr Card: #250 On the back of the card. the second paragraph should be entitled. under Other autosomal dominant disorders: the first bul let should read as follows: Familial hypercholesterolemia: characterized by anom alies of receptors for low-density lipoproteins. Please disregard the notes: these are physical findings for acute appendicitis not acute pancreatitis. the second sentence should read as follows: I n adults. Notes #1. this may result in increased insulin sensitivity with hypoglycemia. Subgingival pl aque: saliva and diet alter bacterial composition: ------not Supragingival plaqu e. . and anemia. de creased muscle strength. the second answer choice should read as follows: Expos ure to foreign antigen leads to an immediate response Microbiology / Pathology / Disord Card: #227 On the back of the card.On the front of the card. under the triad of findings found in Sjogrens syndrome includes: the second bullet should read as follows: Xerostomia (dry mouth) Microbiology / Pathology / Oral Cav Card: #276 Posted on 7/6/09 On the back of the card. Microbiology / Pathology / Disord Card: #228 Posted on 9/11/09 On the back of the card.

Biochemistry / Physiology / Bld . The fourth sentence in the second paragraph on the back of the card should read as follows: The specific combination of these four components determines an individual's typ e..6 linkages.) should read as follows: Amylose (which is unbranched) forms long stra ight chains while amylopectin has highly branched chains with alpha-1.Card: #15 Answer D on the back of the card should be into Biochemistry / Physiology / Bld .Ethics and Patient Management Card: #6 Posted on 7/9/09 The answer should be: Direct Supervision Ethics and Patient Management Card: #14 The first answer choice should read as follows: A dentist who accepts a third pa rty payment under a co-payment plan as payment in full without disclosing to the third party that the patients payment portion will NOT be collected. ***dentist and selection were misspelled*** Biochemistry / Physiology / Carb .Card: #28 The answer choice on the front of the card that reads Secretion should be Secret in. Biochemistry / Physiology / Bld .Card #20 Posted on 8/11/10 The fifth sentence in the first paragraph on the back of the card should read as follows: A-B type people's blood does not discriminate against any other ABO type. the fourth sentence under the first bullet (Starch is a large..Card: #16 The sixth sentence in the explanation on the back of the card should read as fol lows:Patients with hyperparathyroidism will have decreased renal calcium excreti on and will also be predisposed to an increased likelihood of bone fracture. Ethics and Patient Management Card: #16 The question should read: Since the name under which a dentist conducts his or h er practice may be a factor in the selection process of the patient. Biochemistry / Physiology / GI S . Bicarbonate ion should be an answer choice as well Biochemistry / Physiology / Msl . is engaged in overbilli ng.Card: #39 The answer should be: Stretched / stretch / monosynaptic / contraction.Card: #5 On the back of the card. Biochemistry / Physiology / Msl -Card: #40 .

under Spinal reflexes. although som e literature still refers to them as being the same. #2 Tendon reflex the first sente nce should read as follows: it is initiated at receptors called neurotendinous o rgans (Golgi tendon organs) that are sensitive to tension that occurs as result of muscular c ontraction. Biochemistry / Physiology / Circ S .Card: #56 .Card: #41 On the back of the card. under Intrafusal Fibers. Biochemistry / Physiology / Msl .On the back of the card. more prominent than tunica media.Card: #53 On the back of the card.Card: #42 The first sentence on the back of the card should be eliminated (taken out) as t he dorsal horn and the dorsal root ganglia are not the same entity. Nuc lear chain fibers should read as follows: Innervated by the slower group II affe rents as well as group Ia afferents. the third row down (Veins). in the chart. under Tunica Adventitia. Biochemistry / Physiology / CNS . Biochemistry / Physiology / Disord/Dis . the second bullet under 2. the box should read as follows: Provides flexible support that resis ts collapse or injury.

Card: #97 Posted on 4/2/10 On the back of the card.On the back of the card. the second paragraph. phospholipase A2 and elastase.Card: #93 On the back of the card. the second sentence should read as follows: The other 17 amino acids are coded by two or more. the second paragraph (Important:).Card: #82 Posted on 8/18/10 On the back of the card.Card: #69 Posted on 7/21/09 On the front of the card. the last sentence should read as follows: In jaundice. Biochemistry / Physiology / Disord/Dis . such as trypsin.Card: #69 Posted on 7/6/09 On the back of the card. These changes in the thyroid gland are similar to those caused by excessive thyr . produce auto digestion of pancreatic tissue. under Deriv ed from. Biochemistry / Physiology / Enz . the plasma comcentration of bilirubin can rise to as high as 40mg per 100 ml of plasma. Biochemistry / Physiology / DNA/RNA . Graves disease): In the patient with hyperthyroidism the entire thyroid gland is usually markedly hyper plastic.Card: #90 The answer should be enteropeptidase Biochemistry / Physiology / Enz .Card: #61 On the back of the card. fourth row down (Coenzyme A). the four answer choices should read as follows: The elimination of the third nucleotide of a codon The elimination of the first nucleotide of a codon A substitution of the third nucleotide of a codon A substitution of the first nucleotide of a codon The answer should read as follows: A substitution of the third nucleotide of a c odon Biochemistry / Physiology / Enz . the last paragraph should read as follows: A good example of what occurs when some zymogens become active enzymes inside th e cells is seen in acute pancreatitis. Notes #1 should read as follows: Phenylalanine is an es sential amino acid. Notes should be removed and replaced with the folllowin g: Causes of Hyperthyroidism: (Toxic Goiter.Card: #95 The first answer on the back should be Follicle-stimulating hormone and Luteiniz ing homone Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . Thyrotoxicosis. in which the premature activation of some of the pancreatic enzymes. Biochemistry / Physiology / DNA/RNA . it should read as follows: Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5). Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . in the chart.

Card: #106 Posted on 7/6/09 Clarification. it is found in the anterior pituitary and also bound to TSH receptors which are found mainly on thyroid follicular cells.Card: #112 . However. has a prolonged stimulating effect on the thyroid glan d. Note: In hypothyroidism (whether it is manifested as myxedema in adults or as cr etinism in children). the fourth bullet should read as follows: Decreased level of amino acids (especially arginine) in the blood plasma. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . there is decreased serum free T4 and increased serum TSH Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . another substance that has an action similar to that of TSH is found in the blood of most patients.Card: #101 Posted on 7/13/09 On the back of the card. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . is not found in the thyroid eit her. TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone.oid-stimulating hormone. and often to be esse ntially zero. it does not promote the release o f insulin as do glucagon and cortisol. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm . On the other hand. This substance. under Glucagon release by alpha cells is promoted by th e following.Card: #100 The 3rd bullet under the heading: Insulin release by the beta cells is promoted by the following: GH inhibits insulin release. radioimmunoassay studies have shown the plasma TSH concentrations to be less than normal rather than enhanced. called long-acting t hyroid stimulator (LATS).

but interphase is te chnically not part of mitosis. metaphase.clearance equals the GFR Biochemistry / Physiology / Kid .as happens with inulin or creatinine -.Card: #140 The answers should be as follows: #1 Ruffinis end organs #2 Pacinian corpuscles Biochemistry / Physiology / Nrv . Biochemistry / Physiology / Misc . and sodium influxes into the postsynaptic cell. the second sentence should read as follows: Mitosis is further divided into: prophase.Card: #158 Posted on 12/1/09 The third answer choice should read as follows: 1 M potassium chloride Biochemistry / Physiology / Misc .Card: #166 Posted on 12/1/09 On the back of the card. anaphase. On the back of the card. so the entire amoun t of substance was released in the first pass.Card: #144 Posted on 7/13/09 On the back of the card. and telophase. the second sentence in the explanation should read as f ollows: Inulin is freely filtered from the glomerular capillaries into Bowman ca psule.Card: #161 Posted on 7/6/09 On the back of the card. S.Card: #163 Posted on 7/6/09 On the front of the card. but rather encompasses stages G1. the first sentence under the answer should read as foll ows: *** Calcium influxes into the presynaptic cell. Biochemistry / Physiology / Nrv .The answer should be: Zona Glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. prometaphase.Card: #113 In the chart on the back of the card: Glucagon and epinephrine promote glycogeno lysis NOT glycogenesis. *** Interphase is often included in discussions of mitosis. the second bullet on the left hand side should read as follows: Art ate a substance that is filtered and secreted. acetylcholine is released f rom the presynaptic cell. *** Biochemistry / Physiology / Kid . the second sentence should read as follows: Some literature states that the most accurate measure of GFR is creatinine clear ance. Notes: #2. but inulin does not undergo tubular secretion or reabsorption. and G2 of th e cell cycle. Biochemistry / Physiology / Kid . On the back of the card. under Remember:--the first bullet should read as follow s: If the tubules neither reabsorb nor secrete the substance -. the fourth bullet after the first paragraph. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm .Card: #169 .

and you will likely excrete a large amount of dilute urine.urine is excreted once it is formed. called tubular secretion. answer #1 and #3 should read as follows: 1. Excretion -. excretion is not part of fo rmation 3. reabsorption.Card: #174 The third and fourth answer choices should be as follows: #3 Repolarization / atria #4 Repolarization / ventricles . Biochemistry / Physiology / Kid . Filtration and tubular secretion -.Card: #171 On the front of the card the third answer choice should be Excretion On the back of the card . supplements the initial glomerular filtration. and tubular secretion.both send substances from the blood to th e tubules The first sentence in the explanation should read as follows: The formation of u rine has three processes: filtration. The last sentence in this paragraph should read as follows: This process. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrm .The answer should be: Your plasma osmolarity is lower than normal.

squeezes the veins a nd this pushes blood in the extremities towards the heart.Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrt . it is fairly easy for natural supplies to run short. the first sentence should read as follows: Co ntraction of the skeletal muscles. although the body manufactures its own histidine. Notes #1. because a different enzyme is used i n DOPA for melanin synthesis. Biochemistry / Physiology / Pro/AA .Card: #236 and Illustration Card: #178 .Card: #219 Under Notes. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrt . Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrt . Biochemistry / Physiology / Lipids .Card: #209 The second answer choice should read as follows: Hemoglobin has a higher affinit y for CO than O2 Biochemistry / Physiology / Pro/AA .Card: #180 The fourth answer option should be P wave. but not for adults. #3: the last line should read.Card: #204 Clarification: The literature differs on the exact number of essential and nones sential amino acids. It is not certain if histidine is an essentia l or nonessential amino acid . Biochemistry / Physiology / Pro/AA . The 2 amino acids in question are Arginine and Histidine. Biochemistry / Physiology / Lipids .Card: #187 Posted on 8/11/10 The second sentence on the back of the card should read as follows: The bundle of His emerges from the AV node to begin the conduction of the impuls e from the AV node to the ventricles.Card: #221 In the chart under Saturated Fatty Acids the first acid should be Arachidic acid NOT Arachidonic acid Clarification: The first bullet (Saturated fat) should read as follows: Contains no double bonds between carbon atoms. the fourth bullet under the summary of the events that occur during the diastole phase should read as follows: Semilunar valves close.Card: #177 Posted on 8/11/09 On the back of the card. back flow is prevented by the presence of numerous one-way valves in the veins.most health experts agree that. preventing backflow into the ventricles. especially in the limbs. A rginine is required for the young.Card: #184 On the back of the card. Biochemistry / Physiology / Metab .Card: #227 The answer should be creatinine. Biochemistry / Physiology / Hrt .

a free-floating phosphate group displaces coenzyme A and forms a bond with the succinyl complex. It leaves behind a molecule of succinate.79 torr . the change is highlighted in yellow ( from t he Krebs Cycle or Citric Acid Cycle ---. under Normal Adult Arterial Values: PO2 --.2 FADH2= 4 ATP).*** Note: In Step 5 of the Krebs cycle a water molecule sheds its hydrogen atoms to coenzyme A.Card: #243 Posted on 7/28/09 The answer to question #2 should be: 8 -.2 from glycolysis and 6 from the Krebs cycle (2 from GTP and 4 from FADH2) *** the corrected drawing is below.Card: #237 The illustration card that goes with this card is 172 NOT 177 Biochemistry / Physiology / Metab . should read GDP into GTP (not ADP into ATP). The phosphate i s then transferred to a molecule of GDP to produce an energy molecule of GTP. Biochemistry / Physiology / Rsp S . Then.Card: #281 On the back of the card.Under step 5.should be > 79 torr NOT . Biochemistry / Physiology / Metab .

under Mandibular Teeth. Anatomic Sciences / GI S . In the chart on the back of the card. which counters the action of insulin Beta cells: secrete insulin.Card: #31 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Msl . the carotid sinus is overly sensitive to manual stimulation and can lead to loss of consciousness. Anatomic Sciences / Art -Card: #38 The first sentence in the question should read as follows: In carotid sinus sync ope. Notes #2 should read as follows: Branches of the vagus nerve pass behind the root of each lung to form the posterior pulmonary plexus.Card: #145 The answer should be Third. medius. the first row. levator scapulae.Card: #106 Posted on 7/24/09 On the back of the card.Anatomic Sciences -Card: #25 The answer should be: At or slightly above the occlusal plane and posterior to t he molars. #1 Endocrine portion should read as follows: Endocrine portion (secretes into bloodstream) takes the form of many small clusters of cel ls called islets of Langerhans (cells of the pancreas): Alpha cells: secrete glucagon. and the scalenus muscles (anterior. t he source of the Inferior alveolar artery should be: First part of the maxillary artery. which promotes uptake and storage of glucose. to reach the base of the skull. and posterior). the last row should read as follows: Third ---------------Inferior parathyroid glands (from the dorsal part).ascends alongside the pharynx . in the chart . under Cervical portion (of facial artery). Anatomic Sciences / Rsp S . Thymus (from the ventral part) . the second b ullet should read as follows: Ascending palatine . Anatomic Sciences / Art -Card: #57 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences -Card: #30 Posted on 7/20/09 The second sentence in the question should read as follows: This leads to decrea sed elasticity of lung tissue. Anatomic Sciences / Art -Card: #45 On the back of the card.Card: #107 Posted on 8/10/09 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Emb . the last paragraph should read as follows: Important: M uscles that usually appear in the floor of the posterior triangle include the sp enius capitus.

the second paragraph. the second bullet under adrenal cortex produces three t ypes of hormones.Card: #173 Posted on 7/20/09 . the second sentence should read a s follows: When the sublingual duct (Bartholins duct) is present. Ultimobra nchial body (from the ventral part). Anatomic Sciences / Emb . Major. Anatomic Sciences / Endr S -Card: #168 On the back of the card.mixed serous and mucous gland with mucous predominating.A new 4th row should read as follows: Fourth ------------Superior parathyroid glands (from the dorsal part). Anatomic Sciences / Emb .Card: #173 On the back of the card. under Types of salivary glands. it usually ter minates on or near the sublingual caruncle also. Anatomic Sciences / Endr S -Card: #167 On the back of the card. #3 should read a s follows: Sublingual gland -. should read as follows: Mineralcorticoids: enhance sodium reab sorption in the collecting duct of the kidneys.

but have input from the cortex and thalamus. the fifth sentence in the first paragraph should read a s follows: The gland forms a "U" shape around the posterior border of the mylohy oid muscle. under the four extraocular muscles that. the second sentence should read as fo llows: Endocrine glands constitute the endocrine system and include the pituitar y. thyroid.Card: #205 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Endr S -Card: #176 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Nrv . Anatomic Sciences / Endr S -Card: #186 Posted on 7/20/09 On the back of the card. which divides the submandibular gland into a superficial and deep lobe. the se cond bullet should read as follows: Motor to all of the muscles of the pharynx e xcept the stylopharyngeus (from CN IX) and all muscles of the soft palate. under Somatic vs. second paragraph. the second bul let should read as follows: Medial rectus muscle. tonsils. Note: the spleen. and pineal glands as well as the gonads and the islets of Langerhans (endocrine cells of the pancreas). Anatomic Sciences / Pdl/G .Card: #255 Posted on 7/20/09 . the first sentence should read as follows: The thymus glan d is a primary lymphopid organ (along with bone marrow) that consists of two lob es surrounded by a thin layer of connective tissue. The fourth paragraph. lymp h nodes. Anatomic Sciences / Nrv . Anatomic Sciences / Endr S -Card: #181 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Nrv S . the second paragraph (Remember).Card: #230 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / Nrv .On the back of the card. the first sentence sho uld read as follows: The primary function of the thymus is the processing and ma turation of special lymphocytes (white blood cells) called T lymphocytes or T cells. the second bullet sho uld read as follows: Visceral motor neurons are directed from the hypothalamus a nd midbrain and are involuntary. under The vagus nerve (CN X): General functions. visceral motor. adrenal. the fourth sentence in the explanation at the top of th e card should read as follows: Completing the formation of the saddle posteriorl y is the dorsum sellae. and Peyers patches are secondary lymphoid organs.Card: #234 The answer should be An ipsilateral (same side) paralysis of facial muscles. whic h play a central role in cell-mediated immunity.Card: #223 Posted on 12/1/09 On the back of the card. parathyroid.

which ente r the apical foramen of the tooth to supply the pulp.Card: #262 The answer should be Pseudostratified epithelium. sh ould read as follows: The PDL has a vascular supply (arises from the maxillary a rtery). Additional information: Sensory nerve fibers that originate from the inferior an d superior alveolar nerves innervate the odontoblastic layer of the pulp cavity. Anatomic Sciences / Pdl/G . Anatomic Sciences / Tis . This is where the subodontoblastic nerve plexus of Raschkow is located.On the back of the card. the last paragraph that begins with "The PDL has a". the 3rd and fourth bullets under The central zone or pu lp proper should read as follows: 3rd bullet: Cell-free zone or zone of Weil: contains fewer cells than the odonto blastic layer. the fir st and sencond sentences should read as follows: The interradicular group of the alveolodental ligament: found only between the roots of multirooted teeth. Run f rom the cementum into the bone. Anatomic Sciences / Tis . under Alveolodental ligament. Contains fibr oblasts and odontoblast progenitor cells. and a nerve supply. 4th bullet: Cell-rich zone: contains an increased density of cells compared with the cell-free zone and also has a more extensive vascular system. except for the mandibular in cisors which drain to the submental lymph nodes).Card: #275 The answer should be papillary layer. lymphatics (drain to the submandibular lymph nodes. the fifth bullet.Card: #256 Posted on 7/20/09 On the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / T-Card: #278 Posted on 8/3/10 On the back of the card. These nerves . forming the crest of the interradicular septum.

the embryologic al background is Dental sac NOT Dental papilla. under alveo lar bone. sym pathetic nerve bundles also enter the tooth to innervate blood vessels. Also. under Cementum. http://www. e second sentence should the junction between the falx cerebri f the transverse sinuses the third bullet down concerning the straight sinus. Anatomic Sciences / Vns . the fifth row. first row.enter the tooth through the apical foramen as myelinated nerve bundles. the formative cells are osteoblasts NOT osteocytes.dentaldecks.Card: #279 On the back of the card.Card: #282 In the chart on the back of the card. Anatomic Sciences / T .Card: #318 Posted on 7/20/09 On the back of the card. th read as follows: The straight sinus runs posteriorly in and tentorium cerebelli to become continuous with one o (most commonly the left). Anatomic Sciences / T .com/Pages/Morecorrections.aspx . They bra nch to form the subodontoblastic nerve plexus of Raschkow which is separated fro m the odontoblasts by a cell-free zone of Weil. the third sentence should read as follows: These are co lumnar cells that differentiate during the bell stage in the crown area. In addition to the sensory nerves.

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