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62159343 Poultry Diseases and Their Treatment

62159343 Poultry Diseases and Their Treatment

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Published by: wojewoda on Oct 17, 2011
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12/04/2012

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Introduction

A condition of chickens, turkeys and ducks seen worldwide and due to Vitamin D or calcium
deficiency.Predisposing factors include small body size, high production.

Signs

Lameness.
Soft bones and beak.
Birds go off legs.
Drop in production.
Soft-shelled eggs.
Enlarged hocks.
Birds rest squatting.

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Post-mortem lesions

Bones soft andrubbery.
Epiphyses of long bones enlarged.
Beading and fracture of ribs.
Beak soft.
Parathyroids enlarged.

Diagnosis

History, signs, lesions, bone ash. Differentiate from Marek's disease, spondylitis.

Treatment

Over-correct ration vitamin D, calcium carbonate capsules, place on litter.

Prevention

Supplementation of vitamin D, proper Ca and P levels and ratio, antioxidants. As birds
progressively mobilise skeletal calcium for egg production through lay, skeletal size and
mineral content at point of lay are critical.

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