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62159343 Poultry Diseases and Their Treatment

62159343 Poultry Diseases and Their Treatment

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Published by: wojewoda on Oct 17, 2011
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12/04/2012

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Introduction

A Coronavirus infection of chickens with a morbidity of 50-100% and a mortality 0-25%,
depending on secondary infections. Infection is via theconjunctiva or upper respiratory tract
with an incubation period of 18-36 hours. The infection spreads rapidly by contact, fomites
or aerosol. Some birds/viral strains can be carriers for up to 1 year. The virus, which may
survive 4 weeks in premises, is sensitive to solvents, heat (56°C for 15 mins), alkalis,
disinfectants (Formal 1% for 3 mins). Poor ventilation and high density are predisposing
factors.

Signs

Sudden death.
Muscular shivering.
Otherwise as for standard IB.

Post-mortem lesions

Oedema ofpectoral muscles and subcutaneously on abdomen, lesions progress to
necrosis and scarring of deep pectorals in convalescence.
In layers the ovules may be intensely congested.
Other lesions of 'classical' IB may be encountered.

Diagnosis

3-5 passages in CEallantoic cavity, HA-, typical lesions, FA, ciliostatic in tracheal organ
culture, cell culture (Vero, CK) only after adaptation Serology: HI, Elisa (both group
specific), SN (type specific), DID (poor sensitivity, short duration, group specific).

Treatment

Sodium salicylate 1gm/litre (acute phase) where permitted-antibiotics to control secondary
colibacillosis (q.v.).

Prevention

Live vaccines of appropriate sero-type and attenuation, possible reactions depending on
virulence and particle size.

M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir
M.Abubakar.Tahir

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