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Hak Cipta pada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Dilindungi Undang-undang
English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs) Writers Editors Layouters Illustrator Cover Designer Cover Photos Book Size : Artono Wardiman Masduki B. Jahur M. Sukirman Djusma : Editor Team of Setia Purna Inves : Layouter Team of Setia Purna Inves : Illustrator Team of Setia Purna Inves : Designer Team of Setia Purna Inves : Documentation of Setia Purna Inves : 17.6 × 25 cm
420.07 WAR e
WARDIMAN, Artono English in Focus for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs)/ Penulis Artono Wardiman, Masduki B. Jahur, dan M. Sukirman Djusma; -- Ed. 1. -- Jakarta : Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008. viii, 152 hlm: ilus.; 25 cm. Bibliogra : hlm. 140 Indeks ISBN 979-462-972-3 1. Bahasa Inggris–Studi dan Pengajaran I. Judul II. Jahur, Masduki B. III. Djusma, M. Sukirman
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semua pihak dapat mendukung kebijakan ini. dapat diunduh (down load). dialihmediakan. saran dan kritik sangat kami harapkan. untuk penggandaan yang bersifat komersial harga penjualannya harus memenuhi ketentuan yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. digandakan. berkat rahmat dan karuniaNya.Juli 2008 Kepala Pusat Perbukuan iii . Kami berharap. Namun.Kata Sambutan Puji syukur kami panjatkan ke hadirat Allah SWT. Jakarta. Kepada para siswa kami ucapkan selamat belajar dan manfaatkanlah buku ini sebaik-baiknya Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih perlu ditingkatkan mutunya. Pemerintah. Buku teks pelajaran ini telah dinilai oleh Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan dan telah ditetapkan sebagai buku teks pelajaran yang memenuhi syarat kelayakan untuk digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran melalui Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Nomor 34 Tahun 2008. dalam hal ini. Diharapkan bahwa buku teks pelajaran ini akan lebih mudah diakses sehingga siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia maupun sekolah Indonesia yang berada di luar negeri dapat memanfaatkan sumber belajar ini. atau difotokopi oleh masyarakat. dicetak. pada tahun 2008. Buku-buku teks pelajaran yang telah dialihkan hak ciptanya kepada Departemen Pendidikan Nasional tersebut. telah membeli hak cipta buku teks pelajaran ini dari penulis/penerbit untuk di sebarluaskan kepada masyarakat melalui website Jaringan Pendidikan Nasional. Kami menyampaikan penghargaan yang setinggi-tingginya kepada para penulis/penerbit yang telah berkenan mengalihkan hak cipta karyanya kepada DepartemenPendidikan Nasional untuk digunakan secara luas oleh siswa dan guru di seluruh Indonesia.Oleh karena itu.
discourse. Hopefully. speaking. The writers have made an effort to develop your ability in English use through this book. the writers are very grateful to all people who have helped and given their input. The necessity of English as one of the foreign languages studied in Indonesian schools. brings this book forward. young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). i. support and encouragement. This book also presents theories as well as activities that are closely familiar to the students. Last but not least. We also would like to appreciate PT Setia Purna Inves and the editorial team that give the support and contribution so that the books can be used by the young learners in junior high school (SMP/MTs). It aims to build your language. The activities will explore your creativity and encourage you to use your language skills in English.e. Bandung. sociocultural and strategic competence. All the components help you understand English and use it as the media of communication. listening.Preface English in Focus for Grade IX is one of a three-level English textbooks for you. this book will help you learn English in communicative way. reading and writing. The content of the book is integrated in the four language skills. July 2008 Writers iv .
Materials You’re Going to Learn in This Chapter mentions main subjects in every chapter. Bibliography shows you the resources for this book. 3. Grammar Stage explains grammar which is learned in every chapter. 12. 13. 11. 6. Learning Essential describes the primary subject of the chapter. UN Challenge challenges you some problems to solve that are taken from Ujian Nasional. 2. 15. Chapter Title displays the title theme of every chapter. The materials have been taken from the internet in order to enhance your ability. Index helps you nd grammar. 5. Glossary consists of list of words or terms to enrich your vocabulary. 16. Enrich Your Knowledge relates to the theme of the chapter. 7. v . 8. 14. 10. expressions. New Horizon enriches you with knowledge related to the learning material. Log On enriches your knowledge. Follow Up Activity gives you an activity to practice some materials that you have studied. Final Evaluation reminds you of the materials in each chapter.Guide to Read This Book 7 13 8 1 2 3 4 9 11 10 12 16 14 15 5 6 1. Learning Review brings to you in the form of questions that reminds you of some learning materials. Photo Credits shows you the resources of pictures. and author of each chapter. 9. 4. Exercise of Chapters recycles learning materials from the preceding chapters.
................................................................... Learning Review ............................................................... Listening .................................................................................................... • Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of a procedural text ... Learning Essential ................. • Listening to expressions of showing hesitation ....................................................... Reading .................... Writing .......... • Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas ............................................................................................... • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide ........................................................................ • Retelling the story in the form of report text .............................................. • Listening to an art schedule from the radio ............ Chapter 3 Be Creative! ........................................... Listening .................................................................................................. Learning Review ..... • Writing your own procedural text ............................................................. Learning Essential ...................................................... Guide to Read This Book ................................................................. • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts ........................................................................................ Listening ............................................................. • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure ..................................................................................................................................Chapter Contents Chart Kata Sambutan ................................ Chapter 1 Do It This Way! ............... • Writing a report text ............................................................................................................................................. Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing .... iii iv v 1 2 2 5 6 7 8 11 11 14 18 21 22 22 23 24 24 26 27 28 29 31 34 35 41 43 45 47 48 48 49 50 51 51 54 vi .......................................................................................................................................................................................... Speaking ......................... Speaking ...... • Studying the structure of a report text ....................................................... • Listening to the expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration • Listening to short functional text in the form of poster .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Reading ......................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text ............................................................................................................... • Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text ........................................................................................................................................................ • Responding to hesitation ..................... • Asking repetition .................. Writing ... • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts ...................................................................................................................................................... • Reading aloud procedural texts ... Preface .
............................................................ • Performing a monologue in the form of a report text ....................... • Identifying the structure of narrative text .............. • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner ............................................................................................................................................... • Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster ........................................................................................................................................................ • Promoting something through an advertisement .......................... • Composing a procedural text .... Exercise of Chapters 1–3 ............................................................................ Please ................ Learning Review .............................................. • Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form ................ Listening ......... Reading .......................... Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story ................. • Reading texts in narrative form ............................................................................ • Using polite expressions to show manner . Writing ................................................................................................................................................................................. • Showing attention and expressions of admiration .......................................................................... Reading ......................................... Writing ..... • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information ..................... • Reading report text ........ Learning Review ..........................................Speaking ............. Learning Essential ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. • Writing narrative texts ................. Learning Essential ............................................................................. 55 55 56 58 58 62 66 67 68 68 69 75 76 77 81 82 83 83 85 87 88 90 93 96 96 98 98 99 100 101 103 105 106 109 111 112 114 vii ................................................................................... Reading ...................................................................................... • Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form ........................ • Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary ....................................................... • Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story .......................... Speaking ................................................... • Identifying characteristics of procedural text .............................................. • Telling monologue in the form of procedural text ....................................................................................................................... • Telling interesting news or information .. Speaking ......................................................................... • Listening to monologue in the form of a report text .......................................................................................................................................................... Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter... Listening ............
................................................................................................................................................................. Index ..... Learning Essential ................................................................................................................ Learning Review ...................Writing ................................. Photo Credits .............................................................................................................................................................................................. Final Evaluation ..................................................................................... Answer Key ......................................................................................................... Bibliography ............................ Exercise of Chapters 4–5 ....................................................................................................................................... Glossary ....................... • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic ....................................................... Listening Script .................... 120 120 124 126 126 127 132 140 141 142 144 145 148 viii ........................... • Writing and sending a letter ......
Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Source: www.germes-online.com Listening to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text Listening to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text Speaking • • Telling monologue discourse in the form of procedure Asking repetition Reading • • Identifying characteristics of procedural texts Reading aloud procedural texts Writing • Writing your own procedural text 1 .
Nayla. My white shirt is stained. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. listen to a monologue in the form of procedure. Do you always give hints or tips to your friends if they need them? Could you give an example of your “number one” hint? Have you ever received any useful hints from another person or maybe from media? What kind of hints were they? Do you always feel certain about hints that you hear or see? Practice 2 Act out the following dialogue. Nayla : No! Don’t do that. you are expected to be able to: • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of a procedural text. rub the stain gently with a clean cloth. I think it’s better to use it for a cloth or something. After learning the lesson in this section. Continue rubbing until the stain is completely gone. Nur : I’m not in a good mood today. you will learn how to: • • listen to the expressions of certainty in the form of procedural text. Thanks so much. After that. First. 1. 3. 4. Nur : Are you sure? Nayla : Positive! I’ve already tried this tip several times and it works for me. I’ll try it.Listening In this section. 2. Then. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. 5. Speech Act The expressions of certainty Asking for certainty • Are you certain? • Are you sure? Informal 2 English in Focus for Grade IX . spray the stain with hair spray. Try my hints. put a paper towel under the stain. Nur : OK then.
I take medicine. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. I don’t know why. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Informal • Really? • Are you really certain about that. 2.. First. Write down each thing you will need to make fried chicken. Practice 3 Listen to the tape about the missing expressions. 1. You will sleep really well. Listen to the tape about the recipe of fried chicken. Then.. Sir/Ma’am? Responding to certainty • I’m quite sure. Then. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that doesn’t sleep easily. Next. Discuss it with your partner. I feel fresh again. : : . drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. rst. Practice 6 Do It This Way! 3 .. Listen again to the tape. Finally. Nona Ardi : I haven’t slept well lately.. when I get up.. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta Practice 4 Practice 5 Role play Practise the dialogue with your partner. • Certainly/de nitely • I’ve no doubt about. about it? : : .. don’t think too much. I go to sleep.
3. 1. satu sendok makan gorenglah satu sendok teh campurkan haluskan Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally.com Ingredients: 4 English in Focus for Grade IX . How to Make a Tropical Fruit Juice Source: www. 2. Do you like juice? What kind of juice do you like? What about other kinds of food? Could you mention some of your favourite foods and drinks? Practice 9 Listen to the tape about the ingredients for making a tropical fruit juice. heritage. 4. Then. 1.Practice 7 Listen again to the tape about the dialogue in Practice 5. ll in the following blank spaces. Then. 4. 3. nd the English equivalent of the following Indonesian words/phrases taken from the dialogue. 5. 2.
ll in the blanks with the procedure of how to make a tropical fruit juice while listening.Practice 10 Now. a into a blender syrup together with some c and d on high for one minute. 5 your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. 3. Do not use 4 effects or contact lenses. by 29 March 2008. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. 2. les. pineapple. . together all of your friends (max. 2 3 persons). do the same to the remaining f . red 1. e vanilla syrup and some ice cubes.wordpress • • • • • 1 your best pose and smile! your photo with a digital camera or a pocket camera. Jln. 15 Do It This Way! 5 . g . How to make: the b of papaya.h the juice into some glasses.15. Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Source: ayiedyary. Ria No. Practice 11 Listen to the tape about the announcement below and ll in the blanks.
he. Resty : How did you do that? Kesya : Sorry. Hey. four– ve glittery beads. What did you say? Resty : How did you do that.. do a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Dance competition Singing competition Cooking competition Speaking In this section. he. Resty : Hello. Resty. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. that’s right. Choose one of the following topics. that’s nice. What will you say if you want someone to repeat something? What do you feel if someone replies to your question or statement in an unexpected way? Practice 2 Practise the following dialogue. express correctly to spoken act of repetition. Kesya : Hello.. Well. make your own announcement. I just added some colourful buttons. Isn’t that your old purse? The one that we bought one year ago? Kesya : Yup. he. 6 English in Focus for Grade IX . I gave my magic nishing touch. Kesya.. 1. 2. I made it myself. Look at my new purse. After learning the lesson in this section. show expressions for asking repetition.. 1.Then. 2. rst.. Kesya? Kesya : Oh. you will learn how to: • • • • respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text.. The italicised sentence in the dialogue is asking the other speaker to repeat what was said. Finally. 3.Practice 12 Now.
Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions of asking repetition • Sorry. I can’t hear you! • I’m sorry. I didn’t catch what you said. Then listen to her/him carefully and follow the instructions. Preparation of how to make a paper aeroplane. You will need: 2 sheets of A4 size paper How to Make a Paper Aeroplane 1. please? • Sorry. what did you say? Practice 3 Class Project. please? • Would you be louder. Throw the at sheet of paper into the air and watch its path. Do It This Way! 7 . • Could you repeat again. Carefully follow the diagram and make paper aeoplane from one A4 sheet. Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make a paper aeroplane. 2.
3. It has been quite long since they have contacted each other. (Sasha opens the door) “Hi. Come on in.”reply Sasha. “Oh. make your own dialogue with the expressions for asking repetition. Sasha. How to Make a Chocolate Ball (Oky is in front of Sasha‘s house right now. Source: The Big Book of Science Projects. Act it out in front of the class. 3. where have you been? I’m ne. Practice 4 Practice 5 Now. hi Oky. 8 English in Focus for Grade IX . Answer the following questions orally.” Sasha said. Now throw the paper aeroplane into the air. thanks. 2. and watch its path. 2005 Note Don’t forget to practise the expressions of asking for repetition while doing the experiment. How are you?” greeted Oky.) (Oky knocks at the door) “Yeah. 1. Have you ever done a procedure by following some instructions? Is it dif cult for you to do that? Why is it dif cult or not dif cult? Practice 6 Practise the following dialogue with your partner. just a moment please.
” “OK. Mmm.” “Now.what about if the mixture is runny? What will happen?” “Well. Why not? My mom and I just made some yesterday. So. I don’t mind.what if we use solid chocolate instead of chocolate milk?” “No. Shall we eat now?” “Yeah. as easy as that. then. Next. stir it..that’s easy.“Thanks Sas.” “Oh. Let’s go to the kitchen.” Practice 7 Retell only the procedure in Practice 6 in your own words. Let’s eat. add the chocolate milk and at the same time stir it thoroughly. just like this.” “First of all.” “OK. make sure it’s not too runny.. one pack of colourful chocolate sprinkles. It tastes bitter. what snack do you prefer?” “OK. Let’s continue.” “Yup. three packs of milk biscuits.?” “After that. roll the ball in to colourful chocolate sprinkles. it will be easy to form balls with. I thought it was complicated. Do It This Way! 9 . so I still have the ingredients.. So. So. sure. Then. you should prepare a can of chocolate milk. smash the biscuit until it seems like a powder.” “Wow.. We can’t use solid chocolate.. we can start to form it like balls. OK... Finally.” “Yes. since you’re my best pal. until the mixture becomes hard. Well. It’s nished. it’s been so long since I ate your delicious food. and toothpicks just for accessories. It should be somewhere in between hard and mild. I am taking many courses before my nal exams. I’ve been so busy lately. Then. Thanks a lot.. Place it in the small cookie paper. What about a chocolate ball? I like them very much. By the way. stick in the toothpicks for handles. what do you think if we try one of your fantastic recipes today?” “I see.” “Uhm-hm.
Source: www. What Should You Do to Stop Nose Bleeding? 1. Practice 11 Announce it to the class. First. call a doctor. create your own tips/advice about something then share it with the class. /tʃ / (ch) chocolate chain /ɵ/ (th) think /ŋ/ (ng) sung /ʃ / (sh) sheep /tʃɒklət/ /tʃeɪn/ /ɵɪŋk/ /sʌŋ/ /ʃ i:p/ 2. and more. Pronounce It! 1. Squeeze your nose until it stops bleeding.. Compare with other groups’ work.com 10 English in Focus for Grade IX . a hairpin. 3. Practice 9 Practice 10 Work in groups.. Try to create your own advice about something and share it with the class. 4. 2.artcraft. Then sit down with your head leaning forward. Make Your Own Accessories Come to Activity Room at 4 this afternoon! Y You will learn to make a simple brooch.Practice 8 Take turn to tell the following rst-aid instructions.. 3. 4. If your nose continues to bleed. Now. Put a cotton pad in the bleeding nostril. 5. loosen the clothing around your neck.
Then.Practice 12 Answer the following questions orally. read aloud a procedure correctly. After learning the lesson in this section. 2. 1. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Goal/purpose Observe the following pictures carefully. rearrange the instructions based on the pictures. understand a procedural text in the form of pictures. 3. Where do you think you will nd this kind of announcement? Can you say brie y what the announcement is about? Do you think the announcement in Practice 11 is interesting? Why? Reading In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • identify procedural text by looking through pictures. Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem You will need : gravel a net water plants water animals 1 Materials a jug full of pond water an aquarium tank a bucket 2 Do It This Way! 11 . read a procedural text correctly.
Nature. There is your own aquarium ecosystem! Place the tank in bright light. ll in the tank about half way and pour the water gently from a jug. but not in direct sunlight. 2008 Note What Is a Procedural Text? Basically. The tell us how something is done through steps or actions. We often use procedural texts. put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. a bucket • Steps: What to do Example: Spread the gravels over base of the tank. Next. add a few water animals you have collected from local ponds. Taken from Hands on Science. Now. etc. how to turn on a CD player. add some water plants from an aquarium centre. Example: Place the tank in bright light. 2008 • • • The frame • • • The covering • Then. how long. Example: water plants.3 4 Steps Source: Hands on Science. spread the gravels over base of the tank. with what) Example: Put the gravel in a net and pour a jug full of water on it. read a manual on. 12 English in Focus for Grade IX . add a jug full of pond water. First of all. After that. Finally. The structure of a procedural text • Goal/purpose Example: Let’s Make Your Own Aquarium Ecosystem • Materials (precise information. details. • The frame (commands. The examples are when we follow the instructions of a recipe on television. even though we rarely realise it. do a simple scienti c experiment. procedural texts are part of our daily life. what type). action verbs). • The covering (where. how many. how. Nature.
Fill full of water. What do you do after you put the gravel in a net? What is the next step before you add a jug full of pond water? Where do you add some water plants? Why do you pour the water from the jug gently? Do you know why we can’t place the aquarium in direct sunlight? Do It This Way! 13 . g. You can nd water animals from nearby . 7. b. 1. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. jug water plants gravel ponds tank net Practice 4 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 3. 5. 6. 5. Use a to make your aquarium ecosystem. 2. 1. 1. Use a to lter the water. 2. 2. 3. small area of water large container for liquid or gas deep container for liquids Practice 3 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box. 4. You can use to decorate your aquarium. jug tank pond net pebbles gravel base A a. 4. e f. Add to the base of the tank. No. B loose open material of knotted string wire small stones small stones made smooth and round by water the lowest part of something. d. 6.Practice 2 In pairs. 3. c. 5. 4.
We can make many forms from a piece of paper. To make a papercraft you can click on www. Let’s Make a Monster with Bright Eyes You will need : • • • • • • • • 2 bulbs in bulb holders 3 wires a battery coloured card coloured paper scissors sticky tape glue 1.cp-ij. he puts it into the 3 and the picture will appear on the screen or monitor. The picture will be saved in a 2 .blogspot. He uses a 1 .UN Challenge Fill in the blanks with the words in the box.com. There you can download free papercraft models. Attach a wire to each of the screws on one bulb holder. When he wants to see the results of the picture.cp. video recorder CD ROM video compact disc Adapted from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 2004 Practice 5 Log On Making papercraft is really fun. The man wants to take a picture of a bird. com or www.papercraftworld. 14 English in Focus for Grade IX . Read the following procedure carefully.
Turn the monster face around. Connect the other end of one of these wires to the second bulb holder.2. Tape the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. Connect the loose wires to the ends of the battery. 5. Push the bulbs through the holes in the back of the card. Connect your third wire to the other screw on the second bulb holder. 2001 Do It This Way! 15 . 3. 4. Cut the card into a monster face with two eye holes. Watch the eyes glow! Taken from How Does It Work?. Finish it by gluing on a paper mouth and nose.
7. G r a m m a r Stage Using the Word Let to Introduce Imperatives Let can be used to introduce suggestions and orders. Use glue to stick the bulbs and the battery onto the back of the card. What should you do to make a monster? Where should you attach a wire? Which tool should you connect to the second bulb holder? What do you connect to the ends of the battery? Where do you push the bulbs to? Where should you tape the bulbs and the battery? Practice 7 Identify the structure of the text in Practice 5. This structure can be considered a kind of imperative. Three bulbs are needed to turn on the monster’s eyes. Correct the false one. 1. 4. details and tools. 5. 4. Colored wire is used to turn on the monster’s eyes. The following clues will help you. Connect your third wire to the other screw. 5. 2. What is the purpose of the text? Can you state the materials you will need? How many steps are there? How about the frame? Mention some commands. 3. 6. 3. 1. Can you write ve action words from the text? Practice 8 Decide whether the following statement is true (T) or false (F) based on the text. 5.Practice 6 Answer the following questions based on the text. 4. 1. Use sticky tape to attach the paper mouth and nose. You also need glue for the experiment. 6. You need three batteries to make a monster with bright eyes. 2. when these are not addressed to the hearer/reader (or not only to the hearer/ reader). Pattern Let + Object + Verb 1 16 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 3.
“Let’s go for a walk. 8. Ask your friend to cook together. Keep the water boiling. Let’s have a drink. (informal) Forms with don’t. 7.. State them orally. wherever they may be.” “Let him be. 2. I don’t care. OK. Let me just get my coat and I’ll be with you.. Let us pray.. with let us not and do not let us (informal let’s not/don’t let’s). Ask your friend to make an aquarium together. • In a very informal style. Yes. let’s (and let’s. 6. Let the prayers begin. (formal) Don’t let’s stay up too late tonight. eg. Do It This Way! 17 . Let’s see. 1. • Let can also introduce a suggestion or order for someone or something else. 3. Ask your friend to get lunch together. This is common in formal and ceremonial language.” • Practice 9 Make the imperatives of the following sentences. the expressions • Let me see and Let me think are very common. “What time do you want to have breakfast?” “Let me think. • Let me is used to ‘give instructions to oneself’. not the speaker or hearer. eg. Ask your friend to have dinner in a new restaurant together. • Shall we? is used as a question tag in British English. (informal) Do not let us forget those who came before us.. let’s. Let our enemies understand that we will not hesitate to defend our territory and our interests. don’t in American English) are very informal. Let us not despair. Add some salt by yourself. let’s is used as a short answer. 4. Stir the coconut milk by yourself thoroughly.We can use let us (formal) or let’s (informal) to make suggestions or to give orders to a group that includes the speaker. I reckon eight o’clock will be early enough. Keep stirring coconut milk. shall we?” “Yes. let’s is often used to mean let me. “Your boyfriend’s going out with another girl. let’s all get moving. but informal uses are also possible. 5.” • There are two possible negatives.” Now what’s the best way to get to Manchester? Let me see– suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. Suppose I take the M6 from Birmingham. (formal) Let’s not get angry.
The piramyd in Egypt was designed by writers. we carefully put the egg in water. The most famous one was Imhotep. After learning the lesson in this section. Then. Adapted from Ensiklopedia Tanya dan Jawab Seni. a teaspoon. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text correctly.Writing In this section. second. Then. astronomers and goverment of cers. you should give/use signal words to guide your reader from one step to the next. Horizon The Brine Effect You w n ill eed : table salt. a dessert spoon and water. Note Time-order (signal words) • First. He was one of the welknown architects in Egypt. you will learn how to: • write a procedural text. the rst thing you need to do is write down the steps of the process. using the dessert spoon. Olahraga dan hiburan. The egg sinks to the bottom. How to do it: 1. third • Next • First of all • Now • Then • Finally • After that Practice 2 New Read the following procedure carefully. When you want to tell someone how to do something. Practice 1 Read the following explanation carefully. When you write your paragraph. We half ll the glass with water. a large glass. an egg. you should arrange the steps according to time order. 2005 18 English in Focus for Grade IX .
Taken from The Big Book of Science Projects. The egg oats. We put the egg in the water again. making the egg sty in the middle. 5. so it sank. helping the egg to oat. Follow-up Activity Find a simple recipe from the internet. but less than the brine. Do It This Way! 19 . or a recipe book. They will be happy because of your attention. salt water (brine) was denser than clear water. Ask them to taste it. Finally. Make dishes from it. the egg was denser than clear water. Do you know why? In the rst stage. then surprise a family member. when clear water was added. 4. 3. The egg remains suspended in the centre of the glass. We take the egg out and slowly ll the glass totally. it oated on the brine. Now we add 10 tablespoons of salt in water and mix thoroughly to make brine. 2005 Practice 3 Identify the time order (signal words) and the structure in Practice 2.2. a magazine. In the second stage. as it has more density than clear water. We put in the egg again.
3. 20 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. Arrange the jumbled letters by looking at the box that follow. you need to wgro some plants from dees or buy young plants. 4. Wearing a pair of sveolg. dig several small slohe for your plants with the trowel. dig over your chosen ctpah of earth with a trowel. etxn. ts r fo lla. Let’s Make Butter y Garden 1. break up any large dsclo of earth with a trowel.Practice 4 Work in pairs. hten. inlylifa. Won start to take over the pot of your plot so that the earth is evenly spread and crumbly. It would be tetber to twaer your plants at kuds. water your plants well. teafr hatt. place the plants in the holes and sspre the earth wodn rmly with gloved hands around the sbae of each plant. They will need to be watered regularly.
Compare with other groups. Then. In groups of three. dcorer which butter ies you can see visiting your beautiful owers? Which is the most popular plant? Taken from Hands on Science. write them down in your exercise book. Then. (names of your procedural text) Materials Steps : : Do It This Way! 21 . make a procedural text.5. write your own procedural text. 2008 record down seed base gloves now after then that water clods patch press dusk rake grow next nally holes better rst of all Practice 5 Practice 6 Practice 7 Identify the instructions that you can nd in the text. You are free to choose the topic. Then. In your exercise book draw a form like the example below. Nature. tell the class what you have created.
Next... I can't hear you! .. 2. • Grammar : Using let to introduce imperative Examples Let me help you.Steps . 2...I'm sorry. answer the following questions. you need to grow some plants from seed or buy young plants.Are you sure? Responses for certainty .Sorry. What have you learned in this chapter? What do you say to ask for certainty? What do you say if you cannot hear what your friend says? If you nd some dif culties while answering the questions. • Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps Generic structure: . 3.I'm quite sure .Are you certain? .I've no doubt about . 1. First of all.The frame . break up any large clods of earth with a trowel.The covering 1.Goal . I didn't catch what you said. L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. After that. 22 English in Focus for Grade IX .Materials . Asking repetition .. Let’s have a snack. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.Learning Essential • Language Function Asking for certainty . dig several small holes for your plants with the trowel. 3.. .
Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of report texts Listening to expressions of showing hesitation Listening to an art schedule from the radio Source: www.indonesiaok Speaking • • Responding to hesitation Retelling the story in the form of report text Reading • • Studying the structure of a report text Identifying main ideas and supporting ideas Writing • • Getting the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide Writing a report text 23 .
1. They are successful because they are singers of great 9 and they can 10 well before an audience. After learning the lesson in this section. listen to some expressions of showing hesitation. 2. and the night clubs and on 4 . 4. 5. restaurants. 24 English in Focus for Grade IX . While listening. you are expected to be able to: • • • understand expressions of hesitation. you will learn how to: • • listen to a monologue in the form of report texts. What kind of music do you like? Why do you like it? Who is your favourite singer? Why do you like him/ her? What kinds of songs do you like? How often do you buy new cassettes or CDs in a month? Practice 2 Listen to the tape carefully. Gigi. And last but not least 8 of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. They are played by 3 in dance halls. cafe. identify a monologue in the form of report texts.Listening In this section. Pop Song Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. Ungu. 7 held by Maroon Five. Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. The bands consist of six to more than six 5 . 3. get the meanings from an art schedule in the radio. The boys bands are 6 today. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. The songs are mainly simple 1 with lyrics about 2 . ll in the missing words on the text.
come from popular attract fascinate well Practice 5 Retell the text in Practice 2 in your own words. 1. Boy bands are not popular today. 5. Pop songs come from pop composers only. 6. While listening. 8. 2. 4. 2. 7. 4. popular record beat emerge tremendous industry entertainment sold : : : : : : : : /ˈpɒpjʊlə/ /rɪˈkɔ:d/ /bi:t/ /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ /trɪˈməndəs/ /ˈɪndəstrɪ/ /̩entəˈteɪnmənt/ /səʊld/ Let’s Dance and Sing 25 . 6. state whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F). Gigi is a boy band. The boy bands are successful because of their physical appearance. 5. Practice 4 Find the synonyms of the following words taken from the text in Practice 2. 3.Practice 3 Your will hear the text from the tape again. 5. The bands always consist of eight persons. 4. Consult your dictionary for help. Pronounce It! 1. 3. 2. The songs are complex. 3. 1.
Discuss it with your friend. 10. answer the following questions. What would you do to state your hesitation about something? Does hesitation have the same meaning as uncertainty? Give your reason... • I couldn’t say . Listen to the text from the tape then try to retell it in your own words.. 2. 11.... 7. • There’s some doubt in my mind that/about . 1.. Then... 4. 3. Whom is Ronnie talking to? 26 English in Focus for Grade IX ..Practice 6 Practice 7 Work in pairs. • I’m afraid I can’t be certain about .. • I’m not convinced about . • I couldn’t really be sure about ..... 8. study the following explanation carefully... Answer the following questions orally.. 5. Practice 8 Now. Speech Act Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Showing Hesitation • I’m not too sure . Practice 9 Listen to the short dialogues from the tape. Who is Mr Herman? What will Budi have the next day? Why does Sute have some doubt about Handy? Does Yurike agree with Sute? What does Mrs Handoko say to her daughter? What is the name of Mrs Handoko’s daughter? What is Dora going to see next month? Does Wildan agree with Dora? Why? Where is the new art gallery? What is Rani waiting for? Why is Roni uncertain about the performance of the Gigi Band? 12... 9. • There’s surely some doubt about . 2. 6. 1..
Let’s Dance and Sing 27 . write down the expressions for showing hesitation you have heard in your exercise book.com with the name of the artist or the album as a keyword. then share it to the class. Practice 11 Log On Find new artist and album that you like much. Listen to the art schedule in the radio.Practice 10 Listen to the tape carefully. 1. 3. Place Day Time Art Exhibition Practice 12 Listen to the art schedule in your favourite radio station. then complete the following table. 2.uk No.co. Then. For help click to www.offshoreradio. sonybmg.co.google. Then make a report about them. Source: www.id or you can use the search engine www.
. • I’ve no doubt about ..banten.go.. www..unj.id. • do a monologue in the form of reported text. Then. • . 2.. Do you like dancing? What kind of dancing do you like? What is the difference between modern dances and traditional dances? Practice 2 Now. answer the questions that follow orally..absolutely positive/certain .id 1. • You can be sure about .... After learning the lesson in this section. Informal 28 English in Focus for Grade IX .ac. such as responding to hesitation correctly. Speech Act Responding to Hesitation • I’m a hundred percent certain .. Practice 1 Study the following pictures carefully. retell the text in the form of a report. you will learn how to: • • respond to speech. study the following expressions.. you are expected to be able to: • use the expressions for responding to hesitation.Speaking In this section.... 3. Source: www.
My uncle is sick. I don’t think there can be any doubt about that.00 p. • Our group is quite certain that 75% of young people love rock music.... Examples: • Our group is absolutely positive that dangdut is the music of joy. • I’m (quite) convinced/that ..... it can sound rude) • It’s quite certain . (say with a smile.Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) • . • There can’t be any doubt ..(surely) that’s obvious. and my sister asked me to visit him at 5.. • I’m fairly sure .. Practice 3 Study the following dialogues carefully. She can really sings beautifully without lip-sync..... • There’s no/very little doubt in my mind . Lana and Siska Surya and Kristin Let’s Dance and Sing 29 .... • I don’t think there can be any doubt about that ... Lana. • I don’t think there can be any doubt . are you sure you’re going to your singing course this afternoon? I couldn’t say right now... and only to friends... • We don’t think there can be any doubt that traditional art is becoming extinct.m. (isn’t it?). There’s some doubt in my mind that Britney Spears can really sing well without lip-sync.
Who hesitates to go to the singing course? Why is that? Does Surya think that Britney use lip-sync? What does Soni think of the dancers? Practice 6 Respond to what your teacher says. identify the expressions for responding to hesitation in the dialogue in Practice 3. I couldn’t be sure that we can make new friends by dancing. 2. 3. 6. Is there any doubt in your mind that dancing can really help our body to stay healthy? I’m not too sure that dangdut is the music of our country. 30 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. 3. Dad. Use the expressions of showing and responding to hesitation. 5. we have fun. Son? I’m not all convinced that they had good preparation before. Young people prefer rock music to pop music.What do you think of the dancers. based on the dialogues in Practice 3. Balinese dances are famous throughout the world. 2. act it out. 4. Then. 4. When we dance. 1. Answer the following questions orally. Father and Soni Practice 4 Practice 5 Now.
Can you predict the development of Indonesian dances in the future? Give your opinion. Basically. 3. For example. Listen to her/him carefully. Taken from Indonesian Heritage: Performing Arts: 1996 Let’s Dance and Sing 31 . Then. Is it necessary to keep the traditional dances in the future? Why? Practice 9 Your teacher will read the following text. or topeng dance from Betawi. New Horizon The rebana is a frame drum. uses a mask to perform its dance. in ballet. and turning.Practice 7 In groups of four. each group asks their representative to speak on their discussion’s result from number 1 to number 4. or turn out the legs at the hips and many more. 2. has some candles carried by the dancer. our body has the potential to be developed. lilin dance from West Sumatra. And there are many more. bending. Every culture emphasises certain features in its dance styles. Dancing belongs to rich people. With all these physical actions. 4. the ballerina exercises to rotate. we can create a number of body movements. We can also dance when we are in a bad mood condition. stretching. Most people dance to have fun. It is a part of Islamic performance in Indonesia. jumping. For example. The rebana has tubular bodies made of wood or metal and a membrane covering one end only. How is the development of dance in our country? State your opinion based on the dances that you often see on TV. Dance Our body can perform some actions such as rotating. 2. Use the expressions that you have learnt. 1. 1. 3. Practice 8 Answer the following questions orally. usually through long periods of special training. Dancing is moving the body together with music. discuss the following statements.
7. 1. Examples: tyre /taɪə/ tower /tɑʊə/ • Now. Then use your dictionary to write the phonetic symbols. The sequences /aɪə/ and /ɑʊə/ have weakened or eliminated in their second element. 5. nd in your English dictionary the phonetic symbols of the following words. re 4.Practice 10 Answer the following questions based on the text orally. diary 32 English in Focus for Grade IX . shower 3. pronounce them. 3. 2. 4. Then. do the exercise. 1. 8. 3. Read the following explanation carefully. Study the questions rst. 9. human beings certain feature perform some actions number of body movements culture emphases jumping and turning dance styles basically the legs at the hips Practice 12 Practice 13 Retell the text in Practice 9 in your own words. 4. 2. (Your answer can be the guide). shine 2. Discuss with your friend the meaning of the following words/phrases taken from the text. 1. Then. 6. What can our body perform? What is the use of some physical actions? Could you give an example that every culture emphases certain features in its dance? Could you mention another example of our body’s potential? Practice 11 Work in pairs.
2 .1 .7 .3 c. 6 .3 . The gerund is used as the subject of a sentence: Working for that lady is a pleasure. Present : He couldn’t help telling the truth.6 . (Active) He complained of having been ordered to vacate his room. b. (Passive) Perfect : He regretted having told us the secret.money . 3 . UN Challenge Arrange the following jumbled words into a good sentence buying .2 .clothes .5 .1 .8 b. (Active) He dislikes being told what to do. 3 .for. The gerund can also be used as the direct object of a sentence. (Participle) Gerunds Participle a running-track running water a diving-suit planning trip Gerund : Subject & Object a. The gerund may also have its own ‘subject’: There’s no sign of the bus coming. 2005 Let’s Dance and Sing 33 .7 . a.much .4 .4 .6 .7 .2 .G r a m m a r Stage Gerunds The gerund is the -ing form of a verb and is used as a noun. We avoid meeting him. c. (Gerund) The girl singing now is my sister. “Stop talking!” the man commanded.5 . the gerund may have its own object: Breaking his promise was his greatest mistake.8 Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 6 .2 .5 .4 .1 . after these verbs: begin need deny detest keep bear allow escape remember resent risk enjoy avoid imagine start miss hate nish prevent love stop like defer practise worth eg. d.did not .8 d.8 .5 . As the subject.spend . (Passive) Gerund vs Present Participle • You may be confused as to whether an ‘-ing’ form of a verb is a gerund or a present participle.7 .1 . Remember that the participle has the force of an adjective while a gerund has the force of a noun: Singing is one of my hobbies.we . For this reason it is also called a verbal noun.2 .
know the characteristics of a report text. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Do you like rock music? In your opinion. Have you heard of the saying ‘(see) is (believe)’? 2. 2. 4. Mrs Dana deferred (make) a decision until the last minute. Example: (Collect) stamps is my hobby.” she said. 3. The chairman left the conference room without (say) anything or (look) at anyone. know the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. 5. After learning the lesson in this section. Reading In this section. you will learn how to: • • • • identify the characteristic in the form of report text. My youngest brother dislikes (bathe) in cold water. Collecting stamps is my hobby. (Learn) English is much easier than (learn) French. 6. 1. She has completed (pack) her bags. “Neil. how is the development of rock music today? What is the difference between the rock music today and the rock music ten years ago? 34 English in Focus for Grade IX . 8. 1. The new clerk resented (tell) what to do. 9.Practice 14 Supply the gerund form of the verb in the brackets. identify the main idea and supporting idea in the form of report text. thank you for (help) my little brother. 7. I don’t like (interfere) in other people’s affairs. He was already late and couldn’t risk (miss) the bus. 10. 3.
Rock mainly became the music of the young. After he appeared on nation-wide television. Elvis Presley. Rock and roll was the name given to the music that developed in the early 1950’s. Rock became a very big business. earned more money annually than any other form of entertainment including the lm industry. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in the rock industry. Rock usic M Rock music is part of popular music today. 2. 2007 General classi cation Description Practice 3 Read the text again and answer the following questions. 7.Practice 2 Read the text carefully. It is believed that the term rock and roll was rst used by a disk jockey. records of a young singer from Tennessee. 3. were heard across the US. What happened in the 1970’s? Let’s Dance and Sing 35 . 6. Where is rock music played and listened to? What was the name given to the music developed in the early 1950’s? Who was Elvis Presley? What happened after he appeared on nation-wide television? Who emerged after Elvis? Do you agree with the statement that says rock is become mainly the music of the youngsters? Give your reason. Taken from The Book of Knowledge. They understood its beat and sound. 1. 5. Alan Freed. Then came Bill Haley and The Comets. In 1955. and its lyrics. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. It is played and listened in almost every countries in the world. 4.
b. c. The main idea of paragraph two is . a. b. He appeared on nation-wide television. Rock music is part of popular music today. Practice 5 The text in Practice 2 describes the series of events which led to Elvis Presley’s performance. Elvis Presley’s singing and his performing style b. Rock Music. Kinds of Music. c. 4. Rock and Roll was the name given by Alan Freed. Music. Rock music vs lm industry. d. 36 English in Focus for Grade IX . Rock mainly became the big business. young singer c. Rock became a very big business at that time. Elvis Presley’s voice was heard across the US d. The 1970’s were the time of big developments in rock music. Rock music. The term rock and roll wasn’t rst used by a disk jockey. Rock is popular among young people. or d based on the text. c. 7. 1. What is the best title for the text? a. c. Bill Haley and The Comets d. b. b. Which statement is not true based on the text? a. b. He was heard across the US. 5. 3. a. b. By the early 1970’s. c. 4. d. He was a young singer from Tennessee. 3. 2. His performing style was rock and roll. d. young singer from Tennessee. in 1955 b. Rock music is played and listened in most countries. The supporting idea of paragraph two is . Elvis Presley 6. All countries. Alan Freed. What does the word “it” in paragraph one line 1 refer to? a. After Elvis appeared on nationwide television c. Choose either a. Music from Time to Time. d. Bill Haley and The Comets sang rock and roll in their times 2. Elvis Presley’s performing style What is the supporting idea of paragraph three? a. c. Read the text again and put the actions in a correct order. Popular music.Practice 4 1. d. Below are some of his actions. What is the main idea of paragraph one? a. Alan Freed was the one who used the term rock and roll. Rock and Roll.
Almost means . What Is a Report Text? The rst point we should be aware of is the general de nition and the classi cation of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text. Report text (more general) Music Music is sound put into pleasing or interesting patterns. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder. The following are examples of a report text and a descriptive text. 2. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas. Appeared means . The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of different lengths. After he appeared on nation-wide television. do not forget that a report text is different from a descriptive text. Let’s Dance and Sing 37 . Discuss it with a friend. Practice 7 Match the italicized words in the following sentences with their meanings or synonyms in the box. Descriptive text (more speci c) Music Box Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves.Practice 6 Read the following explanation carefully. such as religious services. People use music for a part of ceremonies. parades. But. 1. Almost all of the young know Elvis Presley. his singing and performing style came to mean rock and roll all over the world. and weddings. Description text has a function to give an explanation about a speci c subject.
Source: appreciativeorganization. 4.3.org.com 38 English in Focus for Grade IX .ph Source: www. les. . les.kbrimanila. wordpress. Rock mainly became the music of the young. Anually means chie y nearly yearly came Practice 8 Work with your friend.com Source: www.kbrimanila. Look at the pictures and answer the questions orally. earning more money annually than the lm industry.ph Source: brangwetan. . Mainly means Rock became a very big business.org2.wordpress.
Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. In Gianyar Bali. Can you describe the pictures? Where do the dances come from? What do you think of the dancers’ costumes? Can you mention the names of the dances you know already? Practice 9 Read the text carefully. 2003 Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. In Cirebon. 3. The Chinese In uence in Indonesian Visual Art Source: Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. furniture and household objects. Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. 4. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. Buddhist or Muslim in uences.1. Identify the characteristic of the text. The architectural elements in some temples for example. reveal Chinese in uence. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. Let’s Dance and Sing 39 . 2. 2003 Practice 10 Work in pairs.
d... h. Buddhist or Muslim in uence. 3. A culture in uence indigenous restrict original mainland evidence palace rebuilt household a.. 4.. Identical means . 5. Played means . Evidenced means 4. 6. . 8. e. b. 1. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China.. j. 5. 1. Assimilated means . have the same form take in or absorb not very strong have a role give a reason for believing take and use something 40 English in Focus for Grade IX . 9.Practice 11 Match each word in column A with its Indonesian equivalent in column B... 10. and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng . B bukti dibangun kembali dibatasi asli budaya keraton alat-alat rumah tangga pengaruh pribumi dataran utama Practice 12 Fill in the blanks with the phrases in the box. although not as strong as the Hindu. NO. 2. Adapted means . 2. i. 7. . 3. Use your dictionary if necessary. . c. Not as strong as means Many Chinese culture form artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. f. g. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role .
• Supporting idea consists of evidences. Let’s Dance and Sing 41 . examples and explanation of main idea. strong links between the Chinese and local people are evidenced by the Chinese-style roo ng on the palace that was rebuilt at the end of the last century. Examples are taken from Practice 9.Practice 13 Read the following explanation carefully. Supporting idea Many Chinese culture form of artistic expression were adapted and assimilated into indigenous form. A paragraph is developed by three parts. Main idea Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. furniture and household objects. supporting idea and concluding idea. The Chinese in uence was restricted to an adapted form. Main idea. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. Concluding idea China designs were copied by local ceramics and paintings. In Gianyar Bali. It is identical to the original models found in mainland China. Chinese in uence also occurs in textile. reveal Chinese in uence. The architectural elements in some temples for example. • Main idea tells us what the paragraph is about. • Concluding idea unites main idea and supporting idea into one complete paragraph so. we can get the meanings.
The existing motifs that remain today are in uenced most with religious style. Introduction of Islam in the 21th century made some of the designs were lost.Practice 14 Now. supporting idea and concluding idea of the following text. So. 2003 Practice 15 Rewrite the text in Practise 14 in your own words by developing the main idea. it’s not leaving many evidence. we have known now that woodcarving is an old art and keep developing into many form and designs. try to nd main idea. Indian in uences from around the rst century AD led to the developing of a new designs. Climatic condition problem have eliminated some remain of wooden artefacts from a very early date. Woodcraft The developing of wood in Indonesia from earliest times. Many motifs found in prehistoric artefact used bronze in woodcarving. 42 English in Focus for Grade IX . but it seemed the woodcarving was an early form of artistic expression. supporting and concluding idea. provided the people with the raw materials to produce functional and artistic artefacts. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art.
However. played a fundamental role in the development of Indonesian traditional and modern art. 2003 Practice 2 Identify the characteristic of the text. Islamic. Then identify main idea. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. write and produce a report text and its other form. you will learn how to: • • get the meanings from short functional text in the form of TV channels guide. all of these helped to shape the development of what we now see as traditional art. Let’s Dance and Sing 43 . Indonesian Art The earliest Indonesian art marked by cave paintings and the arts of the pre-Hindu period. in their own ways. and Western. Chinese. Practice 1 Read and study the following text.Writing In this section. Adapted from Indonesian Heritage: Visual Art. write and produce a report text and its other form in your own words. one must remember that there are more than 300 diverse ethnic geoups in the archipelago which have. Then came after various design in uences – Hindu Buddhist. supporting idea and concluding idea.
environment. (1) Time 09.Note a. just like the way it is. • Use of present tense Practice 3 Now. The subject includes natural things. 1. Copy the table into your exercise book. TV’s Channel RCTI Transformer Animated No. and its classi cation. What Is a Report Text? The purpose of a text: To report something. Text structure: • General classification which includes the report’s subject. (2) Entertainment News (3) Cartoon (4) Film No. Description of a general classi cation. b. (5) Sport (6) Reality Show (7) TV Drama (8) Documentary (9) Variety Show 44 English in Focus for Grade IX . social matters. • Description of the subject. together with your friend classify the list of programmes based on the TV channel’s guide in Practice 4.m. or human matters. information.30 a.
00 11.Practice 4 1.00–12.30 17.30 00.00 08.00 15. 4.00 12.00 12.30 16.00 11.30–08.00 20.30 07.00 11.30 17.00 15. Fokus Euro Silet Sergap Idol: Hi Five Emang Gue Pikirin Sinetron: OB Hamba-Hamba Allah Cerita SMA Munajah Cinta Inbox Cinta Fitri Halo Selebriti Liputan 6 Siang Ada Gosip Sinema Siang Pacar Pertama Liputan Petang Sue Cinta Bunga Azizah Cinta 'Indah 3.00 11.00 20.30 07.00–16.00 07.00 18.30 16.00 22.30–10.30 11.00 19.30 10.30 11.00 09. 07.00 15.30 18.00 18.30 07.30 20.30 08.30 08.45 06.00 17.45 12.30 13. Go Spot Sinetron OB Seleb Transformer Animated 5.30 10.30–08.30 11.00 09.00 09.00 20.00 20.30 15.00 07.30 14. 04. Noda-Noda Cinta Intan Dragon Ball Drama Asia Kama dan Arjuna Sinema Unggulan Gaul Anak Muda Lensa Peristiwa Dangdut Asyik Layar Spesial Sinetron Sidik Sinema Religi Terbaik Musa r dan 3 Sahabat Kartun: Tom & Jerry Kartun: Casper Sinetron: Rahmat Dewa Dewi Malam Just for Laugh Gags Reportase Pagi Jazirah Insert Pagi Cerita Pagi Tom & Jerry Dorce Show Sketsa Liburan Insert Jelang Siang Ceriwis 2.00–12.30 20.00 22.30 00. Siang.00 17.00 09.00 Gengsi Gede-Gedean Halo Polisi Patroli Fokus.30 12.30 13.30 Decide what TV programmes each number belongs to. Let’s Dance and Sing 45 .00 14.00 14.00 07.
percussion instruments. The musician presses the keys to make sounds. The violin. and electronic organs are electronic instruments. 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2007 Study carefully the following pictures. They are stringed instruments. harp. The ute. and pipe organ are keyboard instruments. or by pressing valves that make the tube longer or shorter. Electric guitars. Percussion instruments have keys connected with a part that makes tones. The piano. Wind instruments are played by blowing into or through a tube. match them with their names. trumpet and saxophone are wind instruments. Stringed instruments make tones when the player makes one or more string vibrate. and electronic instruments. The player controls the sound by placing the ngers on holes in the instrument or on keys that cover holes. wind instruments. Then. cello. synthesizers.Enrich Your Knowledge Musical Instruments There are ve main groups of musical instruments. Electronic instruments use electricity to make sounds or to make the sounds louder. keyboard instruments. electronic pianos. and guitar are stringed instruments. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia.
Let’s Dance and Sing 47 . conga e. triangle c. 2007 The Names of the Instruments a. Which report is the most unique? Practice 5 Work in groups. Follow-up Activity Make a report about something unique that happens around you. tambourine Classify each instrument according to their groups based on the information from the text. Present the report in front of the class. drum h. Compare your report to your friends’ reports. accordion d. supporting idea and concluding idea. electric guitar f. Find a report text and complete it with its characteristic. main idea.7 8 Source: Kamus Visual. castanets g. harp b.
. . 3. Buddhist or Muslim in uences.. The subject includes natural things.I could say . information...General classi cation which includes the report’s subject. and its classi cation. just the way it is.. social matters.Learning Essential • Language Function Showing hesitation . environment.. 2.You can be sure about . or human matters. 1.Working for that lady is a pleasure.He couldn’t help telling the truth. What do you say to state hesitation? What do you say to response hesitation? Can you mention the steps for reporting something? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. .Description of the subject. Responding to hesitation .. 48 English in Focus for Grade IX . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher.There's some doubt in my mind that/about .. Description of a general classi cation. Generic structure: . Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. answer the following questions. . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.I'm a hundred percent certain . Grammar: Gerunds Examples . .
slbn3yogja.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to monologue in the form of procedural text Listening to expressions of giving attention and expressions of admiration Listening to short functional text in the form of poster Source: www.n et Speaking • • Showing attention and expressions of admiration Telling monologue in the form of procedural text Reading • Identifying characteristics of procedural text Writing • • Composing a procedural text Making and getting meanings short functional text in the form of poster 49 .
After learning the lesson in this section. Finally. state your destination to the operator. 2. you will learn how to: • • • listen to monologue in the form of procedural text. : Then. 4. First. state your name and address to the operator. : 4 . listen to short functional text in the form of poster. 50 English in Focus for Grade IX . ll in the blanks with the correct words/phrases. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? : Of course I do. Dial the service number. Then. 2 . understand the expressions of attention and admiration. 3. answer the following questions rst. get the meanings from a poster. respond to expressions of showing attention and admiration. 3 : . you are expected to be able to: • • • get the meanings of a monologue in the form of procedural text. Practice 1 Before you listen to the tape. Thanks for the explanation. 1.Listening In this section. Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo Anti Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. . Have you ever made something by yourself? Have you ever followed a procedure to make something? What are the things you have made by following some procedures ? Have you ever been asked by your friend about the way to do or to make something? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. pick up the phone. Then. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. : 1 : And then. you hang up the phone.
Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin. answer the following questions. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. What is Gun doing? Does Dona surprise? What does she say to express her admiration? Can you mention two materials needed to make a windmill like Gun’s? Practice 5 Listen to the procedure from the tape carefully. now it is nished. Then.recipezaar. Gun : See. 2. Gun. Then. 4. 3. Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. Dona : Hey. 1. ll in the missing expressions. Source: www. Ah. Then.Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. ! Dona : Practice 4 Answer the following questions. Dona : . Dona : . ! Gun : After that. ! How did you do that? Dona : Wow.com Be Creative! 51 . Then.
com Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. 3. 2. What do you say to show that you are paying attention to someone? What do you say to show that you admire something? Could you give examples for both expressions? Speech Act Informal (If you want to say it to older people or a stranger you can add could you please tell me more. lovely! • That’s really fantastic.rasamalaysia.. I see.. Source: www. • Well . • Really? • Has it? Does it? Expressions to show admiration • Wow. • If I may say. Sir/Ma’am. What is a suitable title for the text you’ve heard? Can you mention two materials you will need to make them? Can you mention one of the steps? Practice 6 Listen to a dialogue about how to make sweet buns. 52 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. • Tell me more. that’s marvellous! • Terri c! • How can you do that? • Oh. Then. Sir/Ma’am. that’s really brilliant. 1. write down the expressions you have heard in your exercise book. etc) Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) Expressions to show attention • Oh. Discuss it with your friends. 3.1.
snack c. saw. a. I see. c. . oh. Be Creative! 53 . cut woods into large sticks to make frame for the house. How do you make them?” “It’s easy. First of all. b. Next. Riana has made some fruit kebabs. Angga. choose a. After that.” “Oh I see. I call this fruit kebab. 1. Practice 10 Now listen to your teacher reading the following monologue. b. tie the sticks together and make the frame for the house. Yes. “Hi.” “Well. strong ropes. Then. or c for the right answer based on the monologue.Practice 8 Listen to the following monologue read by your teacher. it looks so delicious. prepare palm leaves.” “Great!” Of course I’ll taste it” Practice 9 Now. c. Put palm leaves on top for the roof. She wants Angga to taste them. it looks so delicious! Angga’s expression to show his attention is a. juice b. 4. choose the place for the house. what’s that? b. 2. woods. c. I saw the recipe in my mom’s magazine. Care to taste this?” “What is it? It looks so delicious. b. I see. . oh. cookies Angga’s expression to show his admiration is a. great! Does Angga want to taste fruit kebab? a. Now the house is ready. Riana has made a . Not really. 3. he does. we can make an Amazon hut. Do you know how to make an Amazon hut? With the help of three or four people. No.
You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. 2. Then complete the missing phrases. Listen to the complete poster from the tape. 3. gurethings. 1. You must have a . 3.Practice 11 Practice 12 Listen to some questions from the tape. You must have a name. 2. and Go Out for Party! Source: CD Image Conditions: 1. Your or weapon must be unique. For 4 Hana Riko Email details 5 us 09992434 09997326 gureparty@www. What does the poster tell you about? What is the meaning of costume party? What is the meaning of the character or weapon must be unique? 54 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4.com Practice 13 Answer the following questions. character out t must be original.
place the cheese slices on a piece of bread. uh. Nely : Really? Tell me how to make them. Finally. take two slices of bread. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the dialogue in Practice 2.Speaking In this section. and then? Vita : After that. 2. Have you ever seen or read a procedure? Where did you nd it? Did you follow the procedure step by step? Practice 2 Role Play Act out the following dialogue. 3. Vita : OK. 5. Vita : I brought some sandwiches. Do you want some? (She hands a sandwich to Nely) Nely : Thank you. Who brought sandwiches? Does Nely take the sandwich? Did Vita make them by herself or did she buy them? What do you call the italicised phrases in the dialogue? What are the ingredients for a sandwich? Be Creative! 55 . Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. such as showing attention and admiral expression. Put a slice of butter on each slice. Nely : Uh. 1. 1. First. Then cut some cheese into slices. • do a monologue in the form of procedural text. (Nely takes the sandwich) It’s very delicious. you will learn how to: • • respond to the speech acts. put the other piece of bread on top.. 4. Vita : I made them by myself.. respond to a monologue discourse in the form of procedural text. Fantastic taste. you are expected to be able to: • use speech acts of showing attention and admiral expression. 3.
Class Project Your teacher will read the procedure of how to make Flick Book. Listen to her/him carefully and follow her/him instructions.
Preparation of how to make Flick Book. You will need: • White paper • Colours • Pencil • Stapler How to Make Flick Book 1. Take a white paper and draw a background picture on it. Trace this picture on atleast 12 papers of some size. On each drawing leave a margin down one side. Draw a ball high in the sky on the rst page. Draw it a bit lower on the second page. repeat it until the ball falls on the ground. assemble the papers together and staple them with the stapler along with one side of the margin.
Hold your ick book by the margin and see the ball going down as you shuffle the pages.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments, 2005
Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. Wulan : you can do the test well. Renny : Thank you. Wish me luck. a. I hope b. I doubt c. I'm curious d. I'm not sure
Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris, 2005
Read the following dialogue carefully.
Mita Sarah Mita Sarah : : : : Hi, Sarah. What are you doing? I’m making milk shake. What are the ingredients to make it? You need 1 pint of milk, ice-cream, avouring, a jug, a tablespoon, a whisk, glasses and straws. Oh, I see. Tell me how to make it. First, put four tablespoons of ice-cream into a jug and pour on the milk. Add the avouring and whisk well. Pour into glasses. That’s all. Can I get some? Yes please. Oh, It’s terri c! Very delicious!
Mita : Sarah : Mita : Sarah : Mita :
Work in pairs. Make a dialogue similar to the dialogue in Practice 5. Then practise it.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. milk shake ingredients procedure jug avour whisk terri c delicious : : : : : : : : /mɪlk ʃeɪk/ /ɪnˈɡri:dɪənts/ /prəˈsi:dʒə[r]/ /dʒʌɡ/ /ˈfleɪvə[r]/ /wɪsk/ /təˈrɪfɪk/ /dɪˈliʃəs/
In this section, you will learn how to: • identify the characteristics of procedural text. After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • understand a procedural text.
Observe the following pictures carefully. Then, match each picture with the instructions.
Bene cial Magnets You will need: • A bowl • Clean, dry sand • A drinking straw • Green paper • Sticky tape • Cardboard • Iron or steel bolt • A magnet 1. Fill the bowl with sand to make a desert island.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now make a tree using a drinking straw and paste some green paper leaves with sticky tape and plant it on your island. 2005 4. 2005 Note • • • • Characteristics of Procedural Text Use imperative sentences. One of the rst magazines in England was The Gentleman’s Magazine. two centimeters from the top. New Horizon To make a treasure chest cut the cardboard in a shape of box. 5. such as then and while. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. published from 1731 to 1914. Adverbials to show when or how. Use action verbs. 3. Now put an iron or steel bolt in it.2. Connector to show chronology. Be Creative! 59 . Example: For ve minutes. Find the treasure from the sand with the help of magnet. this magazine collected true stories or articles from books. Later it published new stories. cut. such as turn. At rst. Taken from: Encyclopedia of Science Experiments. Bury the treasure firmly near the surface in the sand. mix and put. Example: Cut the paper.
f. g. B piece of iron or steel that attracts other metal object outer form or outline. 3. A treasure straw shape rm magnet sticky sand surface a. 5. 1. dry sand for? Where should we put the cardboard? Practice 4 Read the following text carefully. What is a drinking straw for? Why must we put an iron inside the cardboard? What is the clean. 1.com 60 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. 6. e. steady or stable the outside or topside of any object. state (mass of) ne grains of crushed rock (store of) very valuable object or person fairly hard. h. b. 3. No. d. outward appearance thin tube through which liquid is sucked up like or covered with glue Practice 3 Answer the following questions based on the text in Practice 1. 4. 4. Use your dictionary if necessary. condition.Practice 2 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. c. 8. 2. 7. Germinating Petunia Seeds Source: www.parkseed.
5. . It is one of the three moods of an English verb. Incorporate fertiliser into soil.You will need: • a packet of petunia seeds • a seed tray or small pots • loamy friable soil or potting mix • water • fertiliser. Scatter seeds on the surface of the soil. commands and instructions. . Knowledge Another Form of a Procedural Text Read the following text aloud How to Prevent Back Pain . Fill seed tray with soil. Spray water to moisten the seed bed. sunny position (at least 25 degree C).impc. 7. Imperatives are verbs used to give orders. Be Creative! 61 . to give rm orders or commands. the italicised words above are called imperatives. but not as much when trying to be polite or show respect to the other person. Taken from: www. Then seeds will germinate in approximately 10 .edu.Keep a positive attitude about your school and home life. 6. connector and adverbial.Maintain your proper body weight to avoid straining your back muscles.14 days. . 4. Keep soil moist by watering gently while seeds are germinating. Imperatives should be used carefully in English. Place seed tray in warm.Don’t slouch.Exercise regularly to keep the muscles that support your back strong and exible. Press rmly.au Practice 5 Enrich Your Identify the characteristic of the text in Practice 4 and mention its features such as action verb. Imperatives Meanwhile. poor posture puts a strain on your lower back. The term used is usually the same as the base form. imperative. Steps 1. 2. 3.Use the correct lifting and moving techniques. . Cover seeds with a 3 mm layer of soil.
They have slept.Paint brush .Hot and cold water .Red food colouring . this is a picture of your. Writing In this section.Large glass jar 62 English in Focus for Grade IX . s We have slept. Look at this magazine. I (read) this newspaper for an hour. 2.Scissors .String . Practice 1 Read the following procedure carefully. You have slept. 5. you are expected to be able to: • write a procedural text. Mrs Laluna (give) us her special edition Dolly magazine’s. 1.G r a m m a r Stage Pattern: Examples: The Present Perfect Tense Subject + have / has + past participle of the main verb. 4. “All my money (steal)!” he said. • make and get meaning from poster. “Where you (be)? We were looking for you everywhere. After learning the lesson in this section. make poster. you will learn how to: • • compose a procedural text. h s He/she/it as hlept.Small bottle . (has in the third person singular) I ave lept. h s You ave lept. We (not subscribe) Tempo for years. Practice 6 Put the verbs in the brackets into present perfect tense. Make an Underwater Volcano You will need : . 3.
Fill the bottle with hot water. Tie one end rmly around the neck of the bottle.1. 2. Tie the other end of the piece of string around the neck of the bottle to make a loop. Cut a long piece of string. Pour cold water into the large glass jar until it is about threequarters full. 3. Be Creative! 63 . 4. Add food colouring to turn the water bright red.
Taken from: 101 Great Science Experiments. 4. Can you mention the purpose of the experiment? What materials do we need to do the experiment? How many procedures that we can nd? Please explain. What is the conclusion of the experiment? How many imperatives are there? Mention it. 1. 64 English in Focus for Grade IX . 3. Lower it gently into the jar of cold water. The hot red water rises from the bottle like smoke from an erupting volcano. 2.5. 2006 Practice 2 Do the following exercise. 5. 6. Hold the bottle by the loop of string.
procedure. onions and green peppers into quarters. Cut the meat into small cubes. • Games instructions usually include instructions on how to play. purpose of the experiment. 1 2 3 4 Be Creative! 65 . method of scoring and the number of players. observations and conclusion. 2. Put the meat and vegetable pieces on a skewer. Chop up the tomatoes. • Scienti c experiments usually include the tools. 4. rules of the game. equipment that you need.Practice 3 Read the following information carefully. A procedural text has a format: • Recipes usually have the information presented in at least two basic groups: ingredients and method. Cover them with berbecue sauce and cook them in the oven for thirty minutes. 3. Practice 5 Rearrange the following pictures into the correct order based on the instruction in Practice 4. Practice 4 Arrange the jumbled instruction below into the correct order by adding some connectives. 1.
Nature. 1 2 3 4 5 Source: Hands on Science.Practice 6 Log On Do you like doing an experiment? For ideas. 3. 2. recipes.all-science-fairprojects. adverbial phrases. try to make some instructions. The form of the procedural text. 2008 Practice 7 In groups of three.) 66 English in Focus for Grade IX . (games. Compare with other groups. tell the class what you have created. Steps of your procedure. Some clues below will help you. make a procedural text. (Those include imperative sentence. you can click www. connectors. help. materials and subjects. 1. scienti c experiment or user guide/manual) Materials/ingredients that you need. action verbs.com or www. scienceproject. Use your dictionary. Then.com Study the following pictures carefully. Then.
advertise it with an attractive poster. 5. comedy or drama movie? Where will the movie be played? What will you get from watching the movie? When will the movie be played? What is the meaning of scream out loud? Follow-up Activity Have you ever tried to advertise your stuff by poster? Why don’t you start to do it now? If you have some stuff that you’re going to sell. 3. 4. 6. You don’t have to be too fancy. Just include it out with bright colours and big photos of your stuff. Premiere Sunday. Be Creative! 67 . Coming Soon! Source: CD Image Don’t Miss it! Watch it in Cute Cinema Get free tickets.Practice 8 Study the following poster then answer the questions. popcorn and mineral water. 2 March 2008 Scream Out Loud!! 1. 2. You’ll see that you can sellyour stuff easily. What do you think the most suitable title for the movie? Is it a horror.
3. Place the box in the middle of the rear board. After that. 3. 2. answer the following questions.Materials . you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher..Wow. First of all. Take great care with the hammer. 1.. I see.Practice 9 Make your own poster. The theme is free.Tell me more Expressions of admiration . She has written ve novels in a month. Next. 68 English in Focus for Grade IX . Learning Essential • Language Function Expressions to show attention .Goal . that's marvellous! . Generic structure: . and draw around it in pencil. Grammar: The Present Perfect Tense Examples: We have run for two kilometres. 2.Steps . add one of the side pieces to the base of your nesting box.Terri c! Genre of text: Procedure Social function : To describe how something is acomplished through a sequence of actions or steps. .. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to say if you admire something? What will you say to express your attention? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. nail all the pieces together.The rame f .The overing c 1.Oh.
agreement d. pens b. 11. a. a. The signal is low. This helps drivers to see them clearly. Wow! b. Wow. tip pens c. Let e h 69 . agreement b. sheet b. But I can’t hear you. a. Hello. a. b. black paper d. scissor b. a. 15. Hello. hesitation have a look! a. uncertainty c. Let s u c. certainty b. a. Excuse me? a. Let she b. Give your best try. certainty c. a torch c. a. Wow. 14. For numbers 5 to 10. I’m really sorry to hear that. Because my parents asked me to go with them. Excuse me. Can you say it again? I can’t hear you. a sheet of black paper 4. scissors c. c or d. You will need 1. Come on c. a. listen to some expressions and choose your response. a. 8. I have no doubt about it. 9. Let e m d. 2001 6. razors 3. torch 2. I’ll do my best. Can I c. a. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours You will need: • • white stickers • • silver glitter • non-toxic glue • • sticky tack • Adapted from How Does It Work. Then ll in the blanks by choosing a. Questions 1 to 15 are based on Text 1. I’m not really sure but. Excuse me. Let hem t have a drink! a. giving interesting news Donita : Hello. I have no doubt about it. a bright torch b. May I d. 10. razor d.Exercise of Chapters 1–3 Listen to your teacher carefully. Let e m b. a sheet c. b. felt-tip pens 12. felt-tip pen d. a. I can’t hear you. you look cool! b. Come n o go as soon as they have nished. I think you should see a doctor soon. As long as you keep studying. b. Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traffic. Let s u d. you look awesome with that jacket! Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. Let he s b. bright d. 13. can I speak to Lisa? Lisa’s mother : Sorry. 5. b. The italicised word shows . The italicised sentence shows . repetition d. 7. b. a. especially when it is dark.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 2.
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
16. What did the puppets use for centuries in Indonesia? a. Used to tell the stories of the ancient epics and myths. b Used to tell the stories of ancient art. c. Used to form a local art. d. Used to tell the characters of Indonesian people. 17. What are the famous tales of puppets in Indonesia? a. Wayang kulit and wayang golek. b Wayang klitik and wayang orang. c. Ramayana and Mahabrata. d. Malin Kundang and Timun Mas. 18. What is wayang kulit also called? a. Wayang golek. b. Shadow puppet. c. Skin puppet. d. Wooden puppet. 19. Who are enjoying to collect characters of Indonesian puppets? a. Some tourists. b. Some rich people. c. Some elders. d. Some expatriats. 20. What can we found in traditional puppet forms? a. Nature, animals, people. b. Nature, kingdom, people. c. Animals, people, demons. d. Demons, nature, animals.
Source: wayangsuket. les.wordpress.com
Puppets Puppets have been used for centuries in Indonesia to tell the stories of the ancient epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabarata, as well as ancient myths. Modern stories also utilize this ancient art form for contemporary audiences. Puppets fall into two major classifications, wayang kulitthe leather or shadow puppet of Central Java, and wayang golek-wooden puppets of West Java. There are several varieties of wooden puppets. Some expatriats enjoy collecting the same character by various artisans, or all the characters in a scene or story, or just characters that strike their fancy. Good guys, bad guys, gods, demons, nobles, giants, clowns, princes and princesses and monkeys, all can be found in traditional puppet forms. Less commonly seen are the Wayang Klitik, a at wooden puppet.
Taken from www.indonesianart.blogspot.com
Questions 21 to 30 are based on Text 3.
Text 3 kettledrums
English in Focus for Grade IX
Choose either a, b, c, or d for the correct answer.
21. Which one of the following musical instruments is not a percussion? a. Bell. c. Harmonica. b. Gong. d. Cymbal. 22. What does percussion mean? a. Pressing. c. Twanging. b. Striking. d. Blowing. 23. Bell is a hollow, metal vessel, usually , which makes a ringing sound when struck with a hammer. a. rectangular b. at like a oor c. round like a ball d. round like a cup 24. What is a gong? It’s a saucer-shaped bell made of metal, struck to give a . a. signal c. warning b. mark d. message 25. How are percussion instruments in Eastern orchestras? They are . a. numerous b. not numerous c. quite numerous d. not very numerous 26. What kind of percussion instruments are always played in Western symphony orchestra? a. Bongo drums. b. Triangle. c. Glockenspiel. d. Kettledrums. 27. Cymbals are brass plates. What is brass? a. Plates that are clashed. b. Plates that are clashed or jangled. c. Plates that is jangled. d. Plates that are clashed or jangled together. 28. Timpani when struck can give a soft or loud tone. Why? Because it depends on what tone the player . a. plans c. needs b. wishes d. decides
Source: Kamus Visual, 2007
Percussion Instruments Percussion means striking. All percussion instruments make musical sounds when struck by the hands, by the ngers, or by some suitable implement. Bells and gongs, bars of wood or metal, and even bowls and thin stones make ne percussion instruments. The orchestras of Eastern people sometimes have a wonderful variety of these and other kinds of percussion instruments, including drums of every size and shape. But in Western symphony orchestra percussion instruments are not very numerous. The bowl-shaped kettledrums, or timpani, are .almost always present. They give a clear, de nite note and a sonorous tone that can be as soft or as loud as the player wishes. Other types of drums may also be used. Cymbals are brass plates that are clashed or jangled together. The triangle is a metal rod left open at the corner. The xylophone is a row of wooden bars. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. It is often played by a keyboard, called a celesta. Only the kettledrums are regular percussion sections of the orchestra in Western music.
Adapted from The Instruments of Music
Exercise of Chapters 1-3
29. Give a clear, de nite note and sonorous tone. Sonorous means giving a full, rich, loud sound. What part of speech is sonorous? a. Adjective. c. Verb. b. Adverb. d. Noun. 30. The glockenspiel has metal bars that sound ringing and enchanting. The Indonesian equivalent of the English word enchanting is . (Which option is wrong?) a. memesonakan b. memikat c. mengusik d. menawan hati
Glue the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks. 2
Questions 31 to 40 are based on Text 4.
Text 4 Electric Fan Electronic motors can make things move. A washing machine, for example, has a powerful electric motor to move the washing around. Why not set up a circuit with an electric motor that drives an electric fan to keep you cool? To make an electric fan, you will need: • a small electric motor • a battery • 2 small blocks of wood • 3 wires • a thick block of wood • a plastic propeller • a large, metal paper clip • 2 metal drawing pin • glue • sticky tape 1
Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. 3
Connect two wires to the motor. Make a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. 4
English in Focus for Grade IX
To make a battery. 3 wires d. Glue it. 31. Which wire is connected to the battery? a. Let it ow. How many wires are needed for the experiment? a. c. b. glue. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Connect two wires to the motor. glue. rice. What should you do after you have glued the thick block of wood to one of the small blocks? a. d. 212 wires 38. d. c. c. To make an electric fan. c. Exercise of Chapters 1-3 73 . Wire from the paperclip. c. d. c. c. 32. Go to the bathroom. a lighter. d. b. or d for the correct answer. 3 wires. b. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Belt. d. b. a battery. Wire from your friend. Wire from the block of wood. Connect it.4. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. Eat some food. c. 35. Tape it with the motor. b. Glue it to the scissors. 111 wires b. 40. 2001 Choose either a. Push the propeller onto the spindle of the motor. c. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. sticky tape . turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. d. 37. d. 34. d. 36. The thick block . b. To start a fan. What do you have to do to get the motor glued to the top of the thick block? a. Wire from the motor. b. What should you do before making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood? a. tape. Pillow. Turn the paperclip so it touches the drawing pin. tires. 33. Connect two wires to the motor. To compose a letter. Connect one wire from the motor to the battery and the other to the switch. Taken from How Does It Work?. b. What must you do with the wires? a. 39. Glue the motor to the top of the thick block. Scissors. 3 wires. b. Sticky tape. Push it. Cut it into pieces. Connect it to the motor. b. Two stones. What is the purpose of the experiment? a. c. Cut it. To make an electric fan. Connect the battery and switch. what must you do? a. What things do we need to do the experiment? a. Which one is glued to one of the small blocks? a. After making a paperclip switch with the other small block of wood. d. 10 wires c.
3. Write the steps of how to make a procedural text. 2.Now. Answer the following questions. They (not work) together again since they quarrelled. Compose a dialogue containing an expression of admiration. Compose a dialogue containing the expressions of showing certainty and hesitation. do the following instructions. Compose a dialogue using expressions of asking repetition and showing attention. 5. 7. 8. 6. 4. You ever (see) a possum? 74 English in Focus for Grade IX . 10. Make a paragraph that tells a report text. 1. Change the sentences below into the present perfect tense. Can you mention the character of a report text? Do the following instruction. He (lose) his books. What is a report text? 9.
ac.u k Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • • Listening to someone giving interesting news or information Listening to monologue discourse in the narrative form Listening to short functional texts in the form of diary Speaking • • Telling interesting news or information Expressing meaning of monologue discourse in the narrative form Reading • • Reading texts in narrative form Identifying the structure of narrative text Writing • • Writing narrative texts Writing a diary in the form of imaginary story 75 .leeds.german.Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Source:www.
In this section, you will learn how to: • • listen to someone giving interesting news or information; listen to monologue discourse in the narrative form.
After learning the lesson in this section, you are expected to be able to: • • understand expressions for responding to interesting news or information; get meanings from monologue discourse in the narrative form.
Answer the following questions.
1. 2. 3. Do you know the story of Malin Kundang or Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih? What other stories do you know? What is your favorite story? Tell it to your friends brie y.
Stories around us • Si Pungguk • The Legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu • The Legend of Lake Toba • The Legend of Mountain and Lake Batur • The Legend of Separapat Island
Study the following short dialogue carefully and pay attention to the expression for giving interesting news and its response.
Guess what! I've read Stories from around the World.
Hahahah, there are many funny stories inside, aren’t there? It’s de nitely a good story book.
English in Focus for Grade IX
Now, listen to the tape carefully. Then, ll in the missing phrases/sentences you have heard.
! I’ve already read the story of Laskar Pelangi.
Tell me more about it, then.
I when I read the story of a Lovely, Lovely Mud.
Oh, really? I thought that was a sad story.
Expressions to tell interesting news • Guess what! • Surprise! • Funnily enough… • Normally, ... • Believe it or not, ...
Role play Now, with your partner, act out the complete dialogues in Practice 3 in front of the class.
It’s a Great Story
Practice 5 Practice 6
Try to make a short dialogue with your partner using the expressions in Practice 3. Then, act it out. Listen to the dialogue from the tape carefully. Then, arrange the expressions in italics into the correct order.
Loki Tari Loki Tari : Hi, Tari. What’re you doing? : Hi, Loki. I’m reading the story Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. ssgue thwa, this is the second time I’m reading it. : Well, what’s so special? Tell me more. : This story is about powerful love. Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan, although they were in love with each other, Purnama Bulan already had a ance. One day, Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. When Pungguk walked, Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil, and thought that Pungguk stole it. With his sword, he killed Pungguk. elvebile ti ro ton, from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms, it changed into living creatures, birds. Those birds were called Pungguk, they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. rsrpisiupngyl, they called“Pungguk! Pungguk!”. : What an interesting story! Well, unfortunately, it ended sadly.
Pronounce the following words taken from the text after your teacher.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. 9. princess although ance veil sword creature highest branch : : : : : : : : /prɪnˈses/ /ɔ:lˈðəʊ/ /fɪˈɒnseɪ/ /veɪl/ /sɔ:d/ /ˈkrɪ:tʃə/ /haɪɪst/ /bra:ntʃ/
English in Focus for Grade IX
Look at the pictures and answer the questions.
Source: www.grasindo.co.id, www.melayuonline.com
1. 2. 3.
Do you know about the pictures above? If so, explain them. Which kind of story do you prefer to read? A legend, a fable or a fairy tale? Do you have a favorite story? What is it?
Listen to the text from the tape carefully. While listening, choose a, b, or c for the correct answer based on the story.
Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales, 1990
It’s a Great Story
• About Retelling Story Have you ever retold a story you have heard to someone else? Or maybe someone told you an interesting story? Can you remember the most pleasing part of the story you have heard or retold? Actually. The dog got nothing. The dog saw another dog. regret What did the dog do in the bank of the river? a. c. The dog left the river. b. but he ignored it. 2. No. The dog ran off. displeased b. Another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Yes. Yes. 5. • Give some highlights to every important sequence in the story. The dog looked down into the river water. pleased c. Stepping stone to retell the story • Read carefully all parts of the story. Re ection of himself. you can also make your own interesting story by how you retell it to someone else. b. Check this out. c. What is meant by "when he was full"? a. Full of greed. The dog stayed hungry. he did. Did the dog realise it? a. A re ection of another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. he didn’t. b. Full with hunger.1. he did. 4. 80 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 10 Read the following explanation carefully. c. What was the other dog in the river? a. a. 3. b. b. c. c. The dog was very after he stole a big piece of meat. Full with meat in his stomach. What is meant by "so was left with nothing"? a. 6.
etc.• Enrich your vocabulary with some meaningful words/phrases (e. 1990 It’s a Great Story 81 . One day.) – And the lion jumped to catch the deer. Adapted from 366 and More Fairy Tales. funnily enough. Check their facial expressions. 1990 A long time ago. (Say it rst with low intonation then high. Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. so that the Sun and the Moon have to climb up to the roof because they do not want to be drowned.g. especially in the word “jumped”. Examples : – Can you guess what happened next? (Say it in a mysterious and deep voice. they invite the Sea to visit them. then they climbed up into the sky. the water begin to rise. luckily enough. with the sh and all the members of his family. So the Sea go along. the Sun and the Moon are a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. do they seem to understand? Are they bored or excited with your story? Practice 11 Listen to the text from the tape carefully.). Surprisingly. telling interesting news: surprisingly.) • Don’t forget to pay attention to your audience. Then correct some usages of the verb tense mistakes in the following story. where they have remain ever since. • Give some stressed intonations to the parts of story.
a. They invited the Sea. Dear diary. Now. He 6 for a money to buy some food. us. And were great friends of the Sea. conquered 3. So. In addition. stayed b. a. we gave him some money. the water began to rise. nice/close friends 4. neglected for b. he was just a 7 kid. started 5. big/huge friends b. Last Sunday. That was a very 8 experience. poor boy came out from the bush. 2. 82 English in Focus for Grade IX . Santi and I 1 going to the town . a dirty. Surprisingly. continued b. a.Practice 12 Now. Gosh. some one was 3 some noises behind the bush. But then. complete the Thalia’s diary and listen again to the tape. seemed b. the library together. choose the synonym from the italics taken from the text in Practice 11. We went 2 weather was ﬁne. Where they have remained ever since. We were very afraid that we 4 we were 5 by a pick pocket or a freak. a. stayed Practice 13 Practice 14 Listen to the tape about Thalia’s diary. Example: 1. He said thanks and went away. asked for Answer b. a. A married couple who lived. We heard Near the park.
classify each of the words you have heard in your exercise book. Pay attention to the sound of vowels /ɒ/. Informal Formal (to older people or a stranger) It’s a Great Story 83 . /ɔ:/. use the expressions for giving interesting news or information. Sir?Ma’am.Practice 15 Listen to your teacher when she/he is reading the following words. • I believed that news is really interest you much. Sir/ Ma’am. you will learn how to: • • • • give interesting news or information. I can’t believe it. express monologue in the narrative form. After learning the lesson in this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. /ʊ/. • This is the most marvelous news I’ve ever read. do monologue discourse in the narrative form. • Excellent! • How great! • Wow. Speech Act Responding to interesting news or information • You know what? This story is really interesting. 1. What will you say to give an interesting news or information? How do you respond to someone who gives you interesting news or information? Practice 2 Study the following expressions carefully. Then. 2. /ʊ/: u Words to look for on /ɒ/ /ɔ:/ /ʊ/ Speaking In this section. /ɔ:/: o (long). You pronounce /ɒ/: o.
Have you ever tried to ride on the Tornado? Gosh. There will be a library near our home. 6.Practice 3 Respond to the following statements orally. that the factory outlets are cool. I’ll do shopping then. it’s so exciting. 4.00 promotion. 5. 2. Lena Raka Lena Reka : that our school will have a study tour to Bandung next month? : ! Bandung is one of my favorite cities. 3. A dangerous prisoner was recaptured by police. we don’t have to go down town anymore. Then practise with your partner. A priceless painting was stolen from Madrid Art Gallery. Yeah. Now. Practice 6 Make your own dialogue using the expressions of giving interesting news or information with their responses. 1. Last week. an 18-year old student won the world’ chess tournament. : I can’t wait! Practice 5 Tell your friends about the interesting news or information based on the following topics. 1. 84 English in Focus for Grade IX . Surya got rst place in the World Environment Speech Competition. A cruise ship sank near Sumatra. 5. 4. causing widespread damage.000. Practice 4 Complete the missing words with the expressions of giving and responding to interesting news or information. 2. : but. Let’s go to Flynn Fried Chicken! They have an all you can eat for Rp10. not only the factory outlets are cool you know! The food is also outstanding. you can watch TV from your cellular phone. So. Hurricane Katrina has hit Florida. Two Indonesian novelists have been awarded the Nobel prize for literature. 3.
Soon he had found a feather. “It makes me feel so very small. Sylvia brought back a drawing pin.” chuckled Collin.Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. So the two of them spent the rest of that morning collecting the tiniest things they could nd. “It’s huge. “and look how big I am!” Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. “Look! You’re almost a giant Collin!” said Sylvia. a pin and a needle. a peanut. 3. a shell and a petal. 2002 Collin Caterpillar and Sylvia Snail were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning. a pea. 2002 It’s a Great Story 85 . “Isn’t the world big?” remarked Collin as he gazed around. it’s enormous” agreed Sylvia. Collin collected a crumb. how small these things are. “Funnily enough. Do you like listening to a story? What kind of story do you like? What do you like most when you tell the story to the people around you? Practice 8 Read the story aloud. Collin Thinks Big Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: the Perfect Way to End Your Day. “But I know a way to change all that!” said Sylvia wisely. Pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation.” Collin said. a paper clip. 2. who thought a lot about such things inside her mind. 1. a pen nib. a button and a berry.
A crawling remark gaze enormous wise crumb pea shell petal pen nib needle a. 6. retell the story in Practice 8 in your own words. j. bread) move slowly along the ground or on the hands and knees having good judgement round green vegetable say or write something especially as a comment hard outer. B coloured leaf. No. Some questions will help you. 2. 9. 8. f. 5. nuts. Practice 12 86 English in Focus for Grade IX . h. 4. k. used in sewing metal point of a pen very small pieces of dry food (eg. e. try to make sentences from the words in Practice 10 (choose three words only from column A). 5.Practice 9 Answer the following questions based on the story in Practice 8. 4. g. greatly Practice 11 Now. c. and some animals look long and steadily very large. covering of eggs. 2. 3. Role play With your friend. 1. d. like division of a ower small pointed piece of steel. 7. b. 3. 6. Then compare your sentences with your friend’s and say them aloud. 11. 1. 7. What did Collin and Sylvia do one sunny morning? What did Collin say? What did Sylvia agree to? How did they spend the rest of that morning? What did Collin collect? What did Sylvia bring? And what did they say at last? Practice 10 Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B. 10. i.
you are expected to be able to: • • read narrative text correctly. Dona : Will it take us to Bali? Mother : I think so. Practice 1 Answer the following questions. After learning the lesson in this section. How expensive it is! d. you will learn how to: • • read narrative text with correct punctuation. develop your own story and share it to the class. 1. 4. pronunciation and pause. a.1. UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 2. How nice it is! b. 5. What a big plane it is! c. identify the structure of narrative text. 2. 3. Father told me that it was also comfortable. 4. Dona : Look! Mother : Yes. Who were crawling along the garden wall one sunny morning? What did Collin and Sylvia talk about? What did they do then? Could you mention some things that were collected by Collin? What about Sylvia? Practice 13 With your friend. 2005 Reading In this section. that’s right. identify the structure of narrative text. What a horrible plane! Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Do you know a story from your city/town? Could you mention other stories from Indonesia? What is your favorite one? Could you give a short explanation about them? It’s a Great Story 87 . 3.
A Si Pahit Lidah Kembalinya Kebebasan Raja Parakeet Asal Usul Danau Toba Bubur yang Aneh Sang Katak Anjing yang Hebat Batu Badaon Timun Mas a. plays.Practice 2 Before you read the text. 7. d. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 3. as well as novels. there was a small kingdom on the slope of Mount Wayang in West Java. long ago. 2006 Long. 2. was a wise man. match each Indonesian story title in column A with its English translation in column B. 5.A. He had an only daughter.A. and short stories for grown-ups. called Princess Teja Nirmala.1956) was an English author. 88 English in Focus for Grade IX . Winnie the Pooh is one of the most beloved characters from A. The King. g. Milne (1882 . 4. when the gods and goddesses used to mingle in the affairs of mortals. e. h. who was famous for her beauty but she was not married. punctuation and pauses. b. named Sang Prabu. Milne also wrote two books of children’s poems. Milne’s Childen’s Stories. 6. One day Sang Prabu made up his mind to settle the matter by a show of strength. and his stuffed animals. 1. These stories were based on Milne’s son. f. The Legend of Mount Wayang Horizon A. c. Christopher Robin. Pay attention to the pronunciation. No. 8. B The Strange Porridge The Frog The Bitter Tongue The Wonderful Dog How the Parakeet King Regained His Freedom How Lake Toba Came into Existence Gold Cucumber Leafy Stone Practice 3 New Your teacher will guide you to read aloud the text below.
2. c. Princess Segara fell in love with Raden Begawan and used magic power to render him unconscious and he forgot his wedding.After that. e. 8. i. It indicates that Sang Prabu and his daughter have not met each other till dawn when it is time for them to part and to meet again on another moonlight night. g. B mix subject. human being make permanent/ make something permanently not conscious disappear suddenly morally bad matters of interest placed under a magic spell imaginary creature with magical powers rst light of day It’s a Great Story 89 . Raden Begawan saw him and soon realised that he had been enchanted by the wicked fairy. j. 5. k. So a nice fairy took her to the Kahyangan. When Princess Teja Nirmala heard this. 1. f. match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 6. 1999 Practice 4 In pairs. h. so she killed Raden Begawan. b. When Sang Prabu was searching. 3. she was very sad. The story goes that on certain moonlight nights. Unfortunately. d. 10. 4. mingle mortals affairs settle matter fairy unconscious wicked enchanted dawn A a. The fairy could not accept this. the wicked fairy. named Raden Begawan had won the competition. Prince of Blambangan. No. 9. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. one can hear the sound of music in the air above from the top of the mountain. 7. important things must die.
Sang Prabu. Complication Where the problems in the story developed. sad or horror. 3. magazine. 90 English in Focus for Grade IX . 7.Practice 5 Find the paragraphs in Practice 3 that give you the following information. Example : Little Mantu lived in a village deep in the jungle where elephants helped the men with their work. 5. His name was Opie. The meeting of Sang Prabu and his daughter. Her father’s name. The beautiful princess from a small kingdom. The princess went to Kahyangan. 2. newspaper or the internet. Her father’s idea to search for the right man to be her husband. The death of Raden Begawan. Compare your story with your friends’ stories. Note Characteristics of a Narrative Text Orientation It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced. Practice 6 Find as many pronouns in Practice 3 as you can. The wicked fairy. 1. 8. Resolution Where the problems in the story is solved. Then tell it to your class. Mantu had an elephant of his very own. Example : Mantu then climbed upon his little friend’s back and went home to the village. The prince of Blambangan. Example: “He” in paragraph 1 refers to the King. Follow-up Activity Find an interesting story from a story book. 6. The story may be funny. 4. Mention what they refer to and their paragraph number. Example : Now.
Pay attention to the punctuation. there lived on the island of Bali a giantlike creature named Kbo Iwo. a destroyer as well as a creator. The oldest man in the village gave a sign. 1999 It’s a Great Story 91 . In his hunger. The people of Bali used to say that Kbo Iwo was everything. Kbo Iwo was buried alive. The mound of earth dug from the well by Kbo Iwo is known as Mount Batur. He was satis ed with the meal. Adapted from Folk Tales from Indonesia. but this meant for the Balinese people enough food for a thousand men. he fell asleep in the hole. The limestone made the water inside the hole boiling. Dif culties arose when for the rst time the barns were almost empty and the new harvest was still a long way off. and rebuild all the houses and temples he had destroyed. It made the Balinese turn to rage. they came together to plan steps to oppose this powerful giant by using his stupidity.Practice 7 Read the text carefully. he began to dig a deep hole. and the villagers began to throw the limestone they had collected before into the hole. One day he had eaten too much. pronunciation and pause. he destroyed all the houses and even all the temples. So. After they fed Kbo Iwo. The Legend of Lake Batur A long time ago.This made Kbo Iwo wild with great anger. Then the water in the well rose higher and higher until at last it over owed and formed Lake Batur. They asked Kbo Iwo to build them a very deep well.
5. What was Kbo Iwo? What is meant by a destroyer as well as a creator? What made him satis ed? What had caused Kbo Iwo’s anger? Why did the Balinese turn to rage? How did the Balinese oppose this powerful giant? What did they ask Kbo Iwo to do? How could he fall asleep in the hole? Where did the Balinese throw the limestone? What happened then? Practice 9 Find the meaning and the phonetic symbols of the following words and what parts of speech they belong to. line 5) they (paragraph 2. line 6) this (paragraph 2. 4. line 9) 92 English in Focus for Grade IX . harvest 6. 5. heap Practice 10 Find what the following pronouns refer to.Practice 8 Answer the following questions by looking through the text. 10. 8. stupidity 9. 2. 4. he (paragraph 1. 7. well 10. line 6) them (paragraph 3. destroyer : penghancur (noun) 3. 7. 6. line 6) it (paragraph 2. line 1) he (paragraph 3. 1. 6. Example: 1. 2. 1. 3. devour 4. line 4) it (paragraph 3. oppose 8. 9. creature : makhluk (noun) 2. 3. rage 7. barns 5.
1.G r a m m a r Stage The Past Perfect Tense Pattern: S + had + past participle (of the main verb) I You He She It We They had grown The past perfect tense shows action that happened in the past. 3. you will learn how to: • • • • write a narrative text. • Sang Prabu saw that his only beloved daughter had vanished into the air. Have you ever written an imaginary story? Do you like writing stories? What kinds of stories do you like best? Have you ever shared your story to your friend or magazines via e-mail? It’s a Great Story 93 . write a diary in the form of imaginary story. write a diary in the form of imaginary story correctly. Writing In this section. you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Answer the following questions orally. Adverbs that can follow: already and all adverbs that can be used with the past tense. After learning the lesson in this section. 4. 2. Examples: • The news about the royal competition had also reached the prince of Blambangan. write a narrative text correctly.
What Is a Narrative Text? Purpose : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one. 1990 Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. The characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution. 94 English in Focus for Grade IX . She had to do all the house work. Cinderella The structure of the text is indicated by: (who. her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella was sad. where. action verbs) (linking words. speci c characters) (end of the story’s con ict) Source: 366 and More Fairy Tales. They treated her badly. The stepsisters went to the ball without her. the fairy godmother came and helped her to get to the ball. Text structure is indicated by: • who. b. The prince fell in love with her and then married her. action verbs • linking words. Fortunately. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. speci c characters • end of the story’s con ict • coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story a. At the ball. But. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. Cinderella danced with the prince.Practice 2 Read the following information carefully. where. They lived happily ever after.
. com Read the following story carefully. “This is just the thing we need!” and they jumped for joy. then you should create a blog. just click on www. To help you create a blog. a very forgetful professor got down on a grassy bank and began to look at the insects through his magnifying glass. What Hideous Creatures Source: 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. Practice 3 Log On Do you like to chat? Or maybe have a private community? If the answer is Yes. we’ll give them a fright for a change!”. 2002 It’s a Great Story 95 .multiply. “When the birds y down to gobble us up. you can sell and advertise anything on your blog. The birds had never seen such hideous creatures. and so they did. he forgot all about his magnifying glass.Note What lessons do you get from the story? A patient and kind-hearted person will always find happiness.. Now when the professor left for home. A blog provides you a free space to create a community. 2002 One sunny day. Furthermore. Adapted from 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day. so straight away all the insects gathered round. They took off squawking with fright and never ew down again.
. It 4 like an island. She said that I was screaming and yelling aloud. nd noun phrases in the text and change them like the example given. oh my God. I was 2 in a 3 place. middle of nowhere. they were approaching me. D LOL Dany 96 English in Focus for Grade IX .. their teeth 7 out in a way that made them seem to be smiling foolishly. It was my mom.they were biting me and going to swallow me! But a 11 hand touched my head.Practice 4 Practice 5 Can you try identifying the structure of the text? Mention the linking words. Then.. A 1 monster. complement of sentences. Practice 6 Complete the following blank spaces using the words in the box. Last night I met a monster.. (c) The crafty mouse in the corner (d) The crafty mouse that felt hungry • Now. object. my body was 10 hard. and as a complement in prepositional phrases. Noun Phrase The noun phrase typically functions as subject.oh no! Oh God! Were they going to eat me? I never 9 that I must die young. Suddenly. Dear diary. they were very much like the 6 but their skin was more scaly. Thank God it was only a horrible dream. she was calming me down. In their 8 steps. Ouucchh.I saw 5 reptiles. Example: crafty mouse (a) The mouse (b) The crafty mouse is smart.. They had heads a bit like young cows. the end of the story’s con ict and the moral values.. Read the following explanation carefully. speci c characters.
gentle familiar frown 7. identify the structure of the text. night 3. said It’s a Great Story 97 . 7. 4. 6. met was damped saw 5. 1. slow 5. smile agitated day 4. 3. Consult your dictionary if necessary. calm Practice 8 smart missed fast harsh Practice 9 Find the in nitive (V1) of the following words taken from the text. were had made thought 9. 8. foolish 8.shaking thought looked damped stuck horrible gentle slow amphibians strange some Practice 7 Now. 1. 2. The words in the box may help you. touched 11. with your friend. strange 6. Find the antonyms of the following words taken from the text. meet 2. looked 10.
. Generic structure: .. speci c characters .It's a great legend. What did you learn in this unit? What will you say to tell interesting news to your friend? What will you say when your friend gives you interesting news? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. 1.I am certain/not certain. This characteristic of the text is marked by con ict and resolution one.De nitely! Genre of text: Narrative Social function : To entertain listeners or readers with a true experience or an imaginary one.linking words. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. answer the following questions. 3..who. 98 English in Focus for Grade IX . Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense Examples They had studied for six hours. Amrizal had sleept for ten hours. She had to do all the house work. where. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother.end of the story’s con ict . Responding with certainty/uncertainty (convincing) . They treated her badly. action verbs . .You know what! This story is really interesting.coda : changes that occurred and the moral of the story Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella.Learning Essential • Language Function Giving interesting news or information . . 2. • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter.
Please Materials You Are Going to Learn in This Chapter Listening • • Listening to monologue and dialogue about showing manner Listening to monologue in the form of a report text Source: www.Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter.com Speaking • • • Using polite expressions to show manner Performing a monologue in the form of a report text Promoting something through an advertisement.frightenstein. Reading • • Reading report text Identifying another form of a report text Writing • • Writing a report text in the form of simple graphic Writing and sending a letter 99 .
What do you want to know? Wu F ei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. He works for the Ministry of Education. Its 4 located inside the post of ce. Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1 . 4. 5. To whom do you usually send a letter? For what purposes will you send a letter? Have you ever sent a letter to another country? Practice 2 While listening to the tape. Would you tell know about some 3 me more about it? Herman : Yeah. 2. get meanings from a monologue in the form of a report text.Listening In this section. SMS. The words in the box may help you. listen to monologue in the form of a report text. answer the following questions. ll in the blank spaces. or e-mail? Give your reason. I want to . 3. He is employed by the post of ce to 2 and collect those posted in pillar boxes. 1. How often do you send letters? Do you prefer to send news by letter. you are expected to be able to: • • how to show polite expressions. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. In fact. After learning the lesson in this section. sure. you will learn how to: • • listen to polite expressions. Wu Fei : My father is a civil servant. 100 English in Focus for Grade IX . Practice 1 Before listening to the tape.
The addressee must sign a receipt for it. really? Why was that? : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. Please 101 . Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi Nino Mr Randi : Hello. I called 5 and they helped me. 1 . : 4 . 3 . Send Me a Letter. anyway how’s your trip to Singapore? 2 ? : Well. Discuss the dialogue with your friend. : Oh. What happened next? : Then. Wu Fei : All right. Nino Mr Randi Nino Practice 4 Role play Act out the dialogue in Practice 3 with your partner. Herman. : So. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. : I see.Wu Fei : And 5 ? 6 for valuable mail for an Herman : It offers additional fee. Pay attention to your expressions. Thank you very much for the information. How are you? : Hello. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. I looked very different because of the surgery on my chin two months ago and my haircut. Mr Randi. locked mailboxes registered mail postal matters extra safety box deliver letters postman Practice 3 Listen to the tape carefully and complete it. Nino.
. feed league food card sword feet leak boot cart sort t lick foot cut soot Practice 6 Listen to the tape carefully. Ma’am? Post of ce clerk : Mrs Dina : I need envelopes. I'm in a hurry. Identify the different of the sounds. Mrs Yuna : How much does ? Post of ce clerk : It . Ma’am. ll in the blanks with some suitable information you have heard. ve and a .UN Challenge Choose the correct expression to ll in the blank. 1. Santi : Would you like to buy some sugar for me. Mr Tora : I need of East Jakarta. 2. Post of ce clerk : Absolutely. Then. Sir. please. I will buy it myself. I'm sure c. 2005 Practice 5 Listen to your teacher read the following words. please. a. I'm really sorry Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. 102 English in Focus for Grade IX . I don't know d. It’s . 3. Santi : It is OK then. Of course b. please? Santo : I can't.
3. Post of ce clerk : . Adapted from The Book of Knowledge. Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally.4. 1. please. a 2 carrier sometimes must walk 3 his route. Do you know for to Singapore ? Kiko : Which one ? Sending or by ? news by Ela : I prefer . If this is unsuccessful. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1 drivers. The mail is opened to try to 9 the sender or addressee. Send Me a Letter. This may happen if it is 8 addressed and does not have a return address. Do you like collecting stamps? What do you like most about stamps? What is the name for someone that collects stamp? Practice 8 Listen to the tape. In Spain or Indonesia. Consult your dictionary for the meanings. Sir? Mr rwin E : Yes. 5. Please 103 . Such mail goes to the dead-mail or deadletter of ce. In the US. the mail is 10 and any valuables are sold. 2. 2007 Practice 9 Find any dif cult words from the text. ll in the blanks with Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. the missing words. the 4 often travels by 5 or motorcycle. 6 mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7 . Then.
Ramajaya FM. Collecting stamps.000 c. 3. Around 7-8 a. 1. Tom and Jerry. b. b. What do the ads tell you about? a. Around 7-8 p. Rp140. Buying stamps. What cartoon character is mentioned in the ads? a. 4.000 When are the ads announced? a. These questions will help you. 1. b. How much must you spend for the stamp cartoon series? a. Sylvester and Tweety. Darajaya FM. Two. b. Donald and Daisy Duck. b. Then answer the following questions by choosing a. 104 English in Focus for Grade IX . Trijaya FM. What radio station announces the ads? a. 7.m. c. 5. Drawing stamps. How much does the Heroes stamp series cost? a. Four.m.000 c. 2. Around 2-4 p.Practice 10 Work in pairs and try to retell the text in Practice 8 in your own words.000 b. How is mail usually delivered? How is mail delivered in Mauritania? How is mail delivered in the USA? How is mail delivered in Spain or Indonesia? What is rejected mail? Practice 11 Listen to the radio advertisement read by your teacher. c. 4. 5. b or c for the right answer. c. 6. Rp155.000 How many series of the stamp collection are in the ads? a. c. One. Rp150. 3. c. Rp140. Rp155.000 b. Rp150.m. 2.
promote something through an advertisement. you will learn how to: • • • speak politely.Speaking In this section. 4. 5. express monologue in the form of report texts. Source: www. Have you ever stayed in a hotel? Where was it? Could you mention some hotel names that you know? Could you mention some facilities that we can usually nd in four/ ve-star hotels? Do you think staying at a hotel is nice? Why? Could you mention ve names of hotels in your city/town? Send Me a Letter. Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the following questions. perform monologue in the form of report texts. you are expected to be able to: • • • speak politely in your daily life. 3.com. 2. After learning the lesson in this section. Please 105 . promote something through an advertisement.my 1.rhhotels.
M-O-R-G-A-N. thank you. That will be ne . Sir. Now. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest : Speech Act Polite expressions • May I help you . A-N-D-E-R-S-O-N. Sir? Sure. I’m sorry.. I reserved two rooms for my wife and family.. Sir. Sir? Five days.. You’ve arrived today. 5-7-1-T.. And what is your rst name. 106 English in Focus for Grade IX . Mr Anderson... Sir? Morgan.. • Would you please . Could you please tell me your passport number.. That’ll be ne.Practice 2 Below is the dialogue for making a hotel reservation. practise it with your friend.. One moment . Ah yes. How do you intend to pay? By credit card. Sir. American Express.. And your private address... Could you please . My name’s Anderson. I hope you and your family enjoy staying with us.. the 6th March. Study the italicised sentences/phrases carefully. Daventry England. Receptionist : Guest : Receptionist : Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest Receptionist Guest : : : : : : : Good evening. I’ll get the porter to show you the room now... Ah.. Could you please spell that address for me again? 20 Flamboyant.. Thank you very much for . • Shall I . England. Sir/Ma’am. Shall I complete the registration form for you? Oh. • • • • All right. May I help you? Yes. Then. Then D-A-V-E-N-T-R-Y. it’s 6 oh 5. Sir? 20 Flamboyant Street.. Daventry. Thank you very much. And nally. How long are you going to stay with us.... we’re putting you in room 265 and 266. Sir. The name’s Anderson. • Would you mind . F-L-A-M-B-O-Y-A-N-T Street. All right. Sir. please.
Three d. 7. b. What should he do after making the reservation? a. A d. b. Andrew. Please 107 . A hotel. In England. c. d. . By debit card. What is he? a. What is the name of the guest? a. c. c d. b. 5. b. What is the number of his passport? a. A manager. b.Practice 3 Choose the correct answer either a. 6-5-5-7-9-1-T. 4. b. 5-5-7-9-1-T. By American Express. 5-7--1-T. b. 3. 1. c. How many rooms did he reserve? a. By credit. Europe. A afe. Two. d. Cash. c. Fill in the registration form. Anderson Morgan. c. A bungalow. or d based on the dialogue in Practice 2. Spain. c. Where does he come from? a. Fill in hotel cheques. d. b. c. 5-7-9-7-T. Pay the hotel. b. Make sure that his rooms are ready. How does he intend to pay? a. c. A restaurant. A purchasing manager. England. Where does the dialogue take place? a. Morgan nderson. In PT Heat Exchangers International. Daventry. 8. Four. Send Me a Letter. d. 2. d. One. c. 6. Bournemouth.
Madam? Caller : Around eight. Room 266. Employee : May I have your 7 please. Employee : A 8 for two this evening at 9 for Mrs O’Connel. answer the questions that follow. Employee : Hello. 11th March. What room is he going to stay in? a. 13th March. Madam. 6 . What time do you open this 3 ? Employee : At 7 a. Room 166. . Practice 4 Role play Now. Caller : 10 Employee : Thank you.9. b.m. Then. Work in pairs and make a short dialogue using polite expressions.2 I help you? Caller : Yes. the 1 . c. Room 265. Room 165. M b. Caller : I’d like to 5 a table for two. When is he going to leave the hotel? a. Pay attention to the expressions in the dialogue. with your partner practise the dialogue in Practice 2. Then. Caller : You’re welcome. 12th March. Madam. practise it in front of the class. Practice 5 Practice 6 108 English in Focus for Grade IX . c. d. Bye. 10th arch. d. Madam? Caller : Mrs O’Connel. Employee : For what time. 10. and we close at twelve 4 . Complete the following dialogue with the words or phrases in the box provided. please.
m. Where does the dialogue happen? What does Mrs O’Connel want? Explain your answer. d. Please 109 . 2. eight night ordered husband’s name all right restaurant name p. b. 3.eircom. that’s right a.m. 1. make some notes and retell it again using your own words.Holiday Inn table could Marguiritta Restaurant evening reserve reservation seven please hotel may a. Do you know what a hotel is ? Where do you usually nd a hotel? Can you mention types of hotels that you know? Practice 8 Read the text aloud.net Send Me a Letter. c. Is she going alone or not? Give your reason! Could you write the polite expressions you notice from the above dialogue? Practice 7 Answer the following questions orally. History of Hotel Source: homepage.
110 English in Focus for Grade IX . ancient lodging 1. Some offer you a room to spend the night along highway routes. 4. you can use stay the night. but usually only for a short time. is a place where you can stay. It’s better for you to take the South . The location of hotels has always been related to the transportation available. larger hotels were built near railroad stations to accommodate railway travellers. Some apartments are growing fast especially in big cities. 3. It’s cheaper than a hotel.Inns have served travellers since ancient times. Standards of service and comfort rose appreciably and in the larger cities the types of lodging offered by certain hotels became luxurious. 3. people used horses or ships to go to another place. After the construction of railroads in the 19th century. inn taverns luxurious route to If you go outside your town. When did inns start serving travellers? Where are hotels usually available? What happened by the end of the 18th century? Where were larger hotels built in the 19th century? Practice 10 Fill in the blanks with some words from the text. Because the distance you’ll take will be shorter. many inns and taverns were constructed to offer lodgings along highway routes. but by the end of the 18th century. 2. 1. 5. Adapted from Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. During colonial times hotels were usually situated in seaport towns. In times. 2008 Practice 9 Answer the following questions orally based on the text. 6. 4. 2.
00 Fitness centre Hotel Practice 12 Now. 7. 4.000. 5. 2.Pronounce It! 1. 3. 10. make your own advertisement. Send Me a Letter. Belibis A ve star hotel with city Promotion Package during only Includes 1X 2X dinner Free to Use Our Facilities Such as : and view Swimming pool Spa centre beach breakfast View Week days Rp750. Please 111 . travellers times hotels towns inns routes railroads cities luxurious types : : : : : : : : : : /trævlə(r)s/ /taɪms/ /həʊ'tels/ /taʊnz/ /ɪns/ /ru:ts/ /reɪlrəʊdz/ /sɪtɪs/ /lʌg'ʒʊərɪəs/ /taɪps/ Practice 11 Complete the following advertisement with the words in the box and promote the hotel to your friend in your own words. 6. Then try to promote it to your friend. 8. 9.
identify another form of report text. parcel glue mailbag postmark envelope seal postcard stamp 112 English in Focus for Grade IX . 4. you will learn how to: • • read aloud report texts. you are expected to be able to: • identify certain information and characteristic of report texts.Reading In this section. Practice 1 Look at the picture and answer the questions orally. After learning the lesson in this section. 2. 1. 3. What is the man? Is the motorcycle important for him? Why? How does the man travel if he does not use his motorcycle? Can you guess more about his profession? Practice 2 Write down the words in the box under the correct pictures.
substance. This is an . 2. is from 8. This my father.1. 5. This is a postage . Whose is it? 4. is a very sticky Source: Publisher’s Documentation 7. Send Me a Letter. My friend Matt gave me a from Australia. Please 113 . This is a . 3. 6. A is a design stamped on a piece of wax.
When is the mail collected from the mail box? Practice 4 Read the text carefully and answer the questions that follow. postcard. 114 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1. 5. 3. or package is going overseas. 4. Postal Matters Source: The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. documents. It is the duty of our postal service to see that your mail gets to its destination as quickly as possible. Each postage stamp becomes a personal messenger of your letter. If your letter. Because they connect each country. they will pass through many hands and perhaps many lands. Through it you can go into nearly every country in the world. 2. Is there a mailbox near your house? Does much of the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is mail transported? Can you give some examples of mail transportation? Mention them.Practice 3 Answer the following questions before reading the text. 2006 The mail box can be your doorway to the world.
be or make slow or late d. 2. 5.New Horizon 1. postcards and small parcels are taken to a central post of ce which employ many people. The rst stamp taxes were used by the Dutch in 1624. times for doing something b. The mail always goes through. 2. 4. The British Stamp Act in 1765 taxed the American Colonists. amount charged for the sending of a letter g. Basically. touch with or hold in the hands e. Please 115 . 2. No. The mail is collected from the mailboxes on a regular schedule. 3. an entrance Send Me a Letter. Taken from The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. 2006 Much of the world’s business depends upon the postal service. 1. The world’s rst adhesive stamp was made in Great Britain in 1840. but new routes are quickly found and mail is still delivered. Why can the mail box be the doorway to the world? What are the means of transportation used to carry mail? What will happen if our letter is goes overseas? Where are stamped letters mailed? Why does the world’s business depend upon the postal service? How is the mail collected? Practice 5 Match each word in column A with its meaning in column B. 3. or an earthquake in Turkey or Iran may cause a delay. to or from (places) across the sea f. A stamped letter is mailed from the post of ce or mail box. 7. mail is handled in the same way in almost every country. A ood in China or India. 5. list of planned events. 4. All letters. 6. That’s why most nations cooperate closely on postal matters. A doorway postage overseas destination handle schedule delay B a. Adapted from United States Postal Service 1. 6. place to which something or somebody is going c.
I have to go to the to mail some letters. Follow-up Activity Find from any literature another report texts. The departure of the train follows a From whom did you get the ? She wants to send a letter and she needs a . 2.Practice 6 Identify the characteristic of report text in Practice 4 by lling in the following table. 8. 7. 3. post of ce postage stamp regular schedule mail-box parcel deliver postcard post earthquake employed 1. Who has the most interesting topic? 116 English in Focus for Grade IX . Would you like to these letters? There is a in the neighbourhood. Compare your work with your friends’. Paragraph General Classi cation Description Practice 7 Complete the following sentences using the words/phrases in the box. 5. 9. Then identify its character and its feature such as present tense. Can I send a by using the postal service? My father is going to a speech in a seminar. He has her as a secretary. 10. The in Mexico has caused many deaths. 6. 4.
First. hotels spring up near airports. A good hotel provides many comforts and conveniences. Hotels with hundreds of rooms are common. the location of the airport is close to the hotels. the internet. if you plan to go on vacation soon. brochures.co. business executives often select airport hotels for meetings or conferences. Hotels Source: www.royalhoteliow.com to look for the latest info about places of interest. Hotels are places that provide lodging and usually meals and various personal services for the public. and magazines. They sometimes need hotels when they arrive in cities late at night and they do not have any relatives there. Travel is usually safe and pleasant.Practice 8 Log On Is travelling one of your hobbies? Which places do you like most to visit? Can you tell why? Travelling can help us to relax from the work routines that go through every day. So. Once the plane lands. People can nd the advertisements of the hotels in newspapers. you can click www. Second. Downtown hotels survive and prosper because of two important factors. the hotel is only minutes away. Send Me a Letter.uk People sometimes need hotels if they travel far from homes. business travellers wish to stay close to the of ces or industrial plants they plan to visit. Please 117 . iloveblue. Some travellers stay at airport inns when their ights are delayed. To save time. As the pace of jet travel grows. Read the text and answer the questions that follow.
b. b. b. What do the following words refer to? a. .. Arrive. c. 9.. hotels spring up near airports... Retreat. depth c. when their ights are delayed. To save time. Read the text once again and choose either a. Appear. c. their (paragraph 4) What does a good hotel provide? What kind of hotel is common today? Where can you nd advertisements for the hotels? Practice 9 1. Jump. What is the Indonesian word for lodging? a. Which one is it?) a.. 8. time b. c. drink. A large building where travellers may get meals and lodging. dinner. c. Hotels are places that provide lodging and meals . Bread. . Avoid loss of time. they (paragraph 1) b. Orang.. b. the hotel is only 10 minutes away.. What does save mean? a. d. Coffee. Continue to exist. Manusia. b... d. d. Remain alive. 6.. d. A building in which aeroplanes are kept.. jam. b. Keep from injury. Small hotels. Big hotels. Go bankrupt. b. What is meant by meals? a. 4. A place where whisky is sold and drunk. Umum. c. Some travellers stay at airport inns . and sleep. As the pace of jet travel grows. What is an inn? a.1. a. What does spring up mean? a. c. except one. Rice. Tempat istirahat. 4. d. c. 2. various personal services for the public. What does survive mean? (All the answers are correct. butter. Penempatan. c. 118 English in Focus for Grade IX . lunch. porridge. Losmen. Breakfast. Which hotels can survive and prosper more? a. Minutes away means a very short space of . Postpone. Downtown hotels. Bring... b. c. 3. d. d. Cancel. length 2. b. Continue to live. or d for the right answer. Once the plane lands. 5. What does public mean in Indonesian? a. Penginapan. d. there (paragraph 1) c. Keep for future use. 10. c. Leap. soup.. milk. d.. 7. What does delay mean? a.. Set free from sin. b. tea. Luxurious hotels. Perorangan. business executives often . 3. A public house where travellers may eat. distance d.
food. 2. c. 3. past or future. Special Finites ‘Can’ and ‘Could’ • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are always used as special nites. 5. 1. Both ‘may’ and ‘might’ show possibility: We have a few minutes left. 1. usually in official notices: Participants may not enter the ring until the bell rings. ‘might’ can refer to either present. you can. you can’t. to and .” “Could I ask you a question?” “Yes. Number : Attention : Hotel : Message : The guest’s name is He wants to stay from He will arrive at about to at . 6.Practice 10 Read the text in Practice 8 once again. 3. ‘May’ is also used to express prohibition.” b. Then answer the following questions. a. Identify the general classi cation of the text. We use ‘may’ to express formal permission whether it is asked. Please 119 . write down the messages in the following form. given or refused: “May I go now?” “Yes. Can you write a description of the text? What is the form of the text? Enrich Your Knowledge Taking a Message from Incoming Hotel’s Telex Listen carefully to the incoming telex in one hotel. 2. • ‘Could’ is the past tense form of ‘can’. Remember that we do not use ‘may’ to refer to the past. G r a m m a r Stage Special Finites ‘May’ and ‘Might’ • ‘May’ and ‘might’ are always used as special nites. you may. to express ability or capacity to do something: I can beat him at swimming any time! Send Me a Letter. Then. 4.” (Not: could) b. we may still catch the bus. • ‘Can’ and ‘could’ are used a. He wants a . 7. to replace the more formal ‘may/might’ in expressing permission: “Can I borrow this book?” “No.
Writing In this section. I can y a plane (after a few more lessons/when I was in the air force). He can leave it here. 5. (with more practice/when I knew her). 4. After learning the lesson in this section. She can cook very well. you will learn how to: • • • • identify report text in the form of simple graphic. You say: 1. (for an hour/whenever he wanted to).Practice 11 Make sentences like the example. 1. Hotel’s occupation (in percent %) 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 A B C D E City 120 English in Focus for Grade IX . 2. (this afternoon/when he was young). Example: You can drive (when you are 17/after you got your license). You can drive a car when you are 17. write a letter correctly. write report text based on graphic. You could drive a car after you got your license. We can do this exercise (next week/last week). you are expected to be able to: Practice 1 Study the following graphic. 2. 3. He can play chess. write a letter.
besides. The sentence connectors are used to link the ideas between sentences.. also however. In city B the occupation rate is City C has occupation rate. 1. 3. nevertheless still in contrast otherwise consequently. but in city B the occupation rate is . We can see that in city D the occupation rate is Practice 3 Study the following explanation about coordinators and connectors. 4. Begin your paragraph with The ve-star hotel in city A has 20 % rate. Send Me a Letter. 2.. Coordinating Conjunctions and but. accordingly Meaning additional idea contrast idea reason choice of two possibilities result negative choice Practice 4 Now.Practice 2 Complete the following sentences based on the graphic in Practice 1. in addition more over.. write a paragraph based on Practice 2. occupation The ve-star hotel in city A has rate. therefore. Please 121 . thus. yet for (untuk) or so nor Sentence Connectors furthermore. Use the coordinators and/or connectors.
Phone (0298) 91154. 1996 Practice 6 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the information in Practice 5. Daha 23. A. A. Nugraha Wisata has no phone number. Plaza Panghegar*** Jln. Phone (024) 91485. Kenteng Bandungan. Phone (0293) 64114. 2. Phone (0293) 65095. 5. 3. 1. Amanda Cottage is a ve-star hotels. City* Jln. Phone (024) 921334. 122 English in Focus for Grade IX . 5. Semarang Regency 1. Phone (0298) 91449. Kencana (J-3)** Gintungan Bandungan. Phone (0293) 64502. Sarimaryn (J-3)*** Bandungan Ambarawa. In Plaza Panghegar we can nd a pujasera and a department store. (0298) 91474 is the Kencana’s phone number. * = one-star hotel *** = three-star hotel ** = two-star hotel Adapted from Guides to Central Java. Diponegoro Ungaran. 2. 4. Puri Asri is a two-star hotel. Jend. 7. The phone number of Ungaran Cantik is (0298) 921334. Sudirman 68. Cempaka 9. Yani 4. Phone (0293) 64481. Ungaran Cantik* Jln.Practice 5 Study the following information about hotels in Central Java and classify them based on star hotel category. we can go to the Sarimaryn. Phone (0298) 91501. 3. Amanda Cottage* Jln. Trio** Jln. Puri Asri** Jln. Yani 492. 5. If we want to stay in Ambarawa. Magelang Municipality 1. Phone (0293) 63347. Raya Sumowono Bandungan. 4. 2. Borobudur* Jln. Nugraha Wisata* Jln. 3. 6. 4.
1. (NOT Dear Mr Bobi Iskandar) Send Me a Letter. Begin the letter (Dear. 2. with your partner make a short report based on the picture given. Start with the ‘smallest things’: house number. street. English-speaking people generally observe the following rules. Begin with day.Practice 7 Look at the following picture carefully. Common ways of addressing people are: • by rst name (informal): Dear Hany. Post code and telephone number come last. Then. 3. Put the date directly under the address. • Do not use a title like Mr together with a rst name. • by title and surname (more formal): Dear Ms. Some people like to use the name and surname (Dear Hany Panggabean) when writing to strangers or people that they do not know well. Please 123 .. Put your own address at the top on the right. Hopkins. Each culture has its own way of organizing a letter. Practice 8 Let’s write a letter. followed by the month and year. and town..) on the left.
Give him a post script asking if he wants Indonesian stamps to add to his collection. A. You send a letter to Ali in 22 Green Street London WIB 9DX Phone 071 066 956. The following clues will help you. Forbes. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) Practice 10 Make a letter to your friend Ali in London. Say you can bring them with you later. On 26 August 2008. After ‘Dear.4. after thoughts (tambahan/sisipan) that are added after the signature are usually introduced by PS (Latin language = post scriptum).g. 2. 124 English in Focus for Grade IX . put a comma or nothing at all. Forbes. Practice 9 Now. complete each part based on the explanation in Practice 8. J. yours. for example. A.’. Ways of writing one’s full name: Alan Forbes.. see you or love. 5. Dear Miss Laney. Informal letters may nish. You tell him that you’ll visit him next month with your parents. Dear David Brown) usually nish yours sincerely. Formal letters which begin with the person’s name (e. 7. 6. 3. In informal letters. 1.. Sign with your rst name (informal) or your full name (formal). study the following form of letter. Then. Letters which begin Dear Sir(s) or Dear Madam usually nish yours faithfully.
Send Me a Letter.penfriend. Choose a friend that has similar interests to you. • • • • • • Write a letter to one of your classmates. Why don’t you click www. your name and address attach a stamp here! the addressee Practice 12 Let’s send a letter to your classmate. Follow-up Activity Do you like to write letters? What about writing a letter to a new friend outside your country? It must be interesting and you can practise your English. Then post the letter. Make sure your friend receives the letter. put it in the envelope. You can write about an unforgetable experience in your life. Please 125 . Follow the steps of the letter mentioned in Practice 8.com and search for a friend to send your letter to.Practice 11 Complete the following envelope with the clues given. Write down the addressee of the letter completely. After writing the letter.
1.. you can learn the subjects once more or you may consult your teacher. social matters. .General classi cation which includes the report’s subject.. What will you say when you greet older people? Make a report of your daily activities Did you nd any dif culties in this unit? What were they? If you find some difficulties while answering the questions. 126 English in Focus for Grade IX . • • L earning Review After studying all subjects in this chapter. 3... information. May I talk now? I might forget an apointment with Mr Rusdi tomorrow. Grammar: The Past Perfect Tense. Description of a general classi cation. Chinese culture played a truly signi cant role in the development of visual art in Indonesia although not as strong as the Hindu. I help you .. Generic structure: . environment. . I can run to school. 2. Buddhist or Muslim in uences. and its classi cation. answer the following questions. 'Can' and 'Could' Examples They had studied for six hours.Learning Essential • Language Function Polite expressions to show a manner .Description of the subject.May... or human matters. Genre of text: Report Social function: To report something. The subject includes natural things. Special Finites 'May' and 'Might'.. She believed she could y..Would you mind . Amrizal had slept for ten hours. just the way it is.
d. b. ll in the blanks while listening by choosing a or b. please. Waiter : Good afternoon. giving interesting news 8. responding to happiness c. I have reserved one table for me and my friend. Don’t forget to write me soon. b. asking for information 10. responding to interesting news d. responding to pleasure b. Then. One week ago I 1 to Batam island for business. have do c. Is there anything I can do. I also visited Nagoya. pleasure b. Questions 1 to 6 are based on Text 1. It was a very hot day. Lala : Are you sure that you will quit your school next month? Dion : De nitely. Lula. a. tent went come came sort short picked tick continue continued have had 127 . I only stayed for one night. He thanked her for what she (do). 7. How are you? b. Miss. 6. How are you? I’m doing good here. May. a. b. I help you? c. 4. a. uncertainty c. b. Let s u c.Exercise of Chapters 4–5 Listen to the tape. 2. a. OK. I’m so sorry I could not 2 to Jakarta. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. a. a. b. The italicised words show . My colleague 4 me up at the airport. giving interesting news d. 5. Because my parents asked me to go with them. Then. Batam Centre and Galang Island. The second italicised phrase in the dialogue in number 9 is an expression . a. Do you want to order? Susan 1. a. That’s enough for now. go as soon as they have nished. Love. Let he s b. had done 12. agreement d. a. certainty b. because it was only a 3 visit. Let e m d. Let hem t 9. a. Miss Aura : Yes. happiness c. b. a. had do b. I remembered that I 6 ve cold drinks in one hour. we 5 our journey to the hotel. 3. giving information 11. Text 1 Dear Lula. have done d. Dika : Have you heard that we will be going to Dunia Fantasi next holiday? Tina : Really? How wonderful! The rst italicised phrase is an expression of a.
These men were re ghters called smoke jumpers. c. A porter will carry your lugage. Have a nice holiday. graf ting. almost ever n b. Sir 14. 15 ears y d. Thousands of trees had become blackened stumps had been saved. What is a forest ranger? a. Rarely means . you can. a great re sparking. Yes. it was a horrible dream.. A police of cer. 15 years d. Could I ask you some questions? . Text 2 The Forest Ranger’s Dream I am a forest ranger. never c. I saw a thin spiral of smoke. often 128 English in Focus for Grade IX . on a dark cold night. Especially when I check the camping area or in the holiday season where many people come to the forest.. A forest guard. c. Watches from a tower in the forest. Sir c. Certainly. Fire ghters rushed to the blaze in trucks. Since then. Stops any illegal logging. b. I love it. What does a forest ranger do? a. Please. the men battled against the blaze with streams of water. came the aeroplanes dumping massive amounts of water treated with special chemicals to put off the blazing forest. just small groups of illegal loggers and non-serious violations such as littering. From other planes came men with parachutes. in six hours. I am always be careful. No. I rarely face great problems. The trees in the forest were dry as a bone. I will not let the forest re in my dream come true. I rarely face any real problems.. It would just take a tiny spark to turn the whole forest into a raging sea of re. the remen had stopped the spread of re. 14 years c. I heard a terrible ringing sound coming from inside of the trees. a. 16. c. Receptionist : Mr Tanaka a. Sir b. Then.. Oh my God. Questions 15 to 29 are based on Text 2. a. Yes. 16 years b. . A p oliceman. 15. Then. d. Finally.13. This is very dangerous work because no one can save them if they get into trouble. Takes care of the forest. In my duty. you could. Then. or d for the correct answer. He has been working there for . aeroplane engines were roaring over my head. 17. Working as fast as they could. d. Fire! I yelled aloud. in the afternoon from my watchtower high above the trees. All right. and camping in illegal places. A forest scientist. Not one single active cigarette left or camp re remains. I’m. Choose either a. a. They parachuted into places that men on the ground cannot reach easily. In my duties. b. It happened three years ago. : Thank you very much. 25 years 18. Yes. d. you couldn’t. c. All the answers are correct. People in yellow everywhere. eventhough sometimes it can be very dangerous. b. Taking care of forests has been my job for fteen years. I had one bad experience that changed my life forever. I was so worried. the weather was hot and there had been no rain for a long time.. Yes. Sir d. I could lose my life. b. They started to chop down trees and dig up the ground to keep the re from spreading.
Bad experience. person that comes to the forest illegally 20. big re 25. What is the meaning of “dry as a bone”? a. Descriptive. Recount. Chop down the young trees and dig up the ground. b. Chop down the trees and dig up the ground. Which one is it? a. person that chops down trees illegally b. re like a sea c. b. Lighting. Now. Chop out the trees and dig up the ground. Private parcel carriers also compete with the post of ce. c. Camping in forbidden areas. Questions 30 to 40 are based on Text 3. Sparking. Throwing a dead leaf. d. 2007 Post of ces in industrial countries have a policy to provide their customers with a better service. c. although some private carriers have been increasingly in circulating catalogues. 21. Illegal logger is a . Horrible dream. 22. 27. The statements below are stated as nonserious violations in the text. b. person that steals wood d. But there is one wrong statement. Fire.19. Text 3 Recent Developments at the Post Of ce Source: The World Book Encyclopedia. c. What does blaze mean? a. expanding re d. Tiny lamp. Helicopter. magazines. What is the meaning of parachute here? a. Battle. c. b. d. Narrative. A half dry. c. 28. a. What changed the writer’s life forever? a. Report. 26. Throwing a plastic can. d. Aeroplane. b. A raging sea of re means . They parachute into places . Parachutes. jumping d. d. Chop up the trees and dig up the ground. Private rms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. b. What does “tiny spark” mean? a. One of their better services is the handling of mail. running b. 24. What is the form of Text 1? a. a. landing c. Dry all over d. Other planets. c. Tiny re. Dry inside and outside 23. Tiny light. Government also takes part to increase the function of post of ces. What do they do to keep the re from spreading? a. the postage rates have risen. d. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 129 . c. b. c. person that sells wood illegally c. Horrible experience. Tiny beam. Valuable dream. walking 29. d. and merchandise samples. Dry enough. Where do men with parachutes come from? a. large re spreading b. Writing symbols on trees. Fire ghters rush to the blaze in trucks. b. d.
a. c are incorrect. d. Better service. They handle it carefully. Invaluable income. a. d. How can the government increase the function of post of ces? a. b. d. and modernised into new technological developments. d. Asking people to write many letters. Great money.The growth of electronic postal services has been a major development. c. Industrial countries. Main development. c. Earning income. Parcel businesses. In developing countries. An example of modernising into new technological developments of the post of ce is . b. postmen driving cars b. Government. Valuable income. using hotline services What do small nations get from the stamp collectors? a. 40. 130 English in Focus for Grade IX . Initial development. d. 32. What is the meaning of the phrase “a major development” in paragraph 2 line 2? a. Delivering mail. c. Stricter laws. Private rms. b. Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia. Delivering parcels. c. To be enlarged. Modern countries. In what countries do post of ces have a policy? a. 33. 31. Single development. 2007 c. d. c. b. c. b. What is the meaning of the phrase “being extended” in paragraph 2 line 4? a. 35. In your opinion. What competes with the post of ce? a. Funding b. 34. how can they increase their better services by handling of mail? a. c. Delivering money. now. the postal service is being extended to rural areas. b. However. d. Customers only. To be continued. Why have the postage rates risen? a. b. c are incorrect. They handle it carelessly. d. b. 30. and c are incorrect. Private carriers. First development. They handle it foolishly. b. Because some private carriers have also increased their services. b. What is the policy about? a. 38. c or d for the correct answer. Because it has better service. 39. c. 36. c. Because the private firms are not normally allowed to handle ordinary mail. b. To be stopped. using web services d. B e c a u s e t h e g o v e r n m e n t i s involved. b. Choose either a. 37. They don’t deliver mail on time. To be delayed. a. What is the main job of post of cers and postal workers? a. Many small nations earn valuable income from the stamp collectors. delivery of letters remains the main job of post officers and postal workers around the world. using pigeons c. Developing countries. b. d. To provide better service for everyone. d. a. To provide better services for customers.
1. Simple Past Exercise of Chapters 4-5 131 . Change the words in brackets into the correct form. 7. Can I go now? Change the following sentences into passive voice with agent. Citra : Did Sam Spider buy new shoes? Wulan : Yes. 9. Sam Spider new shoes. Present Perfect 5. The tenses are given. (after a few practises/when he was seventeen years old) 2. 3. He did. Angel (write) this story when she was in elementary school. A : Did you nish reading the fable? B : Yes. I did. The building (bomb) two months ago. (if he doesn’t disturb me/every day last week). 8. He saw that his beloved daughter (vanish) into the air. Change the following sentences using may or might. The article (beautiful write) by Lola. 10.Change the following sentences using can and could. He can play football. The door (already shut) by Bona. I it yesterday. I can write a short story quickly. Present Perfect 6. 4.
(2) the lesser Sunda Islands. Which is not true? a. c. Dogs only. if there are small children in the house. b. Babies may get scratched by pets. d. 132 English in Focus for Grade IX . a. Text 2 The Indonesian Archipelago Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia that consists of more than 13. or d for the correct answer. Which pets need to be taken out for walks? a. and (3) the Mollucas. Questions 6 to 10 are based on Text 2. Dogs.000 kilometers. c. 3. that costs money. The Mollucas lie between Sulawesi Choose either a. taking care of a pet c. b. Birds. Time and money. Which is needed to have a pet? a. choosing a pet cat d. after Greenland. c. d. Firstly. it is better not to get a pet. Taken from UPSR. d. Do you have a room in your house for a pet cat or dog? They need plenty of room to run about. ask yourself. 2001 4. So if you do not have time to take them out. Lastly.Final Text 1 Evaluation Questions 1 to 5 are based on Text 1. And you need to take dogs out often so that they will not fall sick. Babies may get bitten by pets. Secondly. b. d.000 islands. c. Choose a pet carefully and you will enjoy taking care of it. playing with brothers and sisters. Dogs and Cats. But about a half of New Guinea and three quarters of Borneo also belong to Indonesia. What pets are mentioned in the text? a. Dog food. you have to spend money on pet food. It costs money to keep pets. b. Cats. Baby sister. The Greater Sunda includes Borneo. 1. don't get a pet dog. Java and Sumatra. 2. Many of the islands cover only a few square kilometers. which is part of New Guinea. c. choosing a pet dog b. Are you thinking of getting a pet dog or cat? You must think carefully about how to take care of a pet. b. You do not need to take care of pets. The islands lie along the equator and extend more than 5.600 islands of Indonesia into three groups: (1) the Greater Sunda Islands. Dogs and Cats. The Lesser Sunda Islands extend from Bali eastward to Timor. Those islands are the second-and-third largest islands in the world. Baby brother. Indonesia also includes Irian Jaya. Cats only. 5. Sulawesi. Your little baby brother or sister may get bitten or scratched. Many geographers divide the more than 13. Dogs eat a lot and that means you have to buy a lot of dog food. The passage is all about . Birds.
What must you do before making the centre tube? a. d. b. c. making sure that the two side edges overlap a little. c. the position of Indonesia 8. 1993 9. Lightweight card. ruler. Cut a fringe for the base. d. 1993 11. What will you need to do the experiment? a. the Indonesian geographers. Sulawesi and Borneo. b. c. Near Mollucas. Rule a line. • a pencil • a ruler • scissors • sticky tape How to make it: 1. Cut a fringe for the base. Unfold the slotted card. 6. the greater Sunda islands. Compared to the other regions. Ruler. Sulawesi. Pencil. scissors. Borneo. 7. Rule a line along the length of the card near the unfolded edges. d. 3. d. Java and Sumatra Questions 11 to 15 are based on Text 3. b. b. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Fold one of the sheets of card. b. pencil. Sumatra. 2007 You will need: • 2 sheets of lightweight card in different colours. ruler. Where is Indonesia located? a. Fold one of the sheets of card in half lengthways. Sumatra. Lightweight card. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. Paragraph two talks about a. Irian Jaya is the most thinly populated. Cut a fringe for the base. 2007 6. d. 4. Rule a line. pencil. d. New Guinea. an Indonesian territory. 13. Borneo. 5. Java and New Guinea. c. 12. c.and New Guinea. In Southwest Asia. In the Greenland. ruler. What must you do after folding one of the sheets of card? a. b. d. c. the three divisions of Indonesia's islands. Along the equator. sticky tape. The western part of New Guinea is called Irian Jaya. Java. New Guinea. Taken from Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris. Tape the edges of the slotted card to the tube. Greenland. Sulawesi. Cut slits about 1 cm apart ip to this line. 2. c. Text 3 Japanese Lantern Source: Make and Do. Which of the followings belong to the rst largest island in the world? a. Final Evaluation 133 . b. d. The Mollucas lie between . Kalimantan. sticky tape. Cut slits about 1 cm apart. 10. Overlap the ends and tape them together. Taken from Make and Do. To make the centre tube. cut the second sheet of card in half widthways. b. a. Irian Jaya. sticky tape. The greater Sunda includes a. New Guinea and Sulawesi. Overlap the ends and tape them together. c. sticky tape. scissors. Sumatra.
What kind of text is Text 3? a. Can you repeat again. clean b. you need at least sticks a. Rani : Hi. 15. The italicised sentence is showing a. mobiles can be hung anywhere d. at both ends of the stick b. pencil or sharpeners. a. triangles. to keys. two c. Fold one of the sheets of card. Draw squares. four d. are of many shapes 19. Then. it is easy to make mobiles b. move easily b. To make a simple mobile. at the centre of the stick c. Descriptive. Narrative. Do the same thing with another stick. Taken from UPSR. Ramdan : Are you sure? Rani : . b. Balance the stick from this string. a. many things are needed to make mobiles 21. Cut out the shapes. a. children like to make mobiles c. Tie a piece of string at its centre. I will go to Surabaya to visit my sister. colourful d. You can hang other light things like keys. rectangles. 3. I didn't catch what you said. You need strings. sticks and cardboard to make mobiles. Unfold the slotted card. The string should be tied . c. From the passage. d. It is best to use light things because they . interesting 20. circles. hesitation 22.14. certainty b. Each end of the stick should not be higher or lower than the other. please? . stars and other shapes on a cardboard. Procedure. Use string to hang the cut-out shapes on both sides of the stick. Anton : Hello. Report. 4. Text 4 How to Make Mobiles Make some mobiles to decorate your room. How to make it: 1. feathers and sharpeners 17. The word decorate in the rst paragraph means to make a place . 2. Cut the second sheet of card in half width ways. d. You can hang them from the ceiling or on the windows or doors. agreement d. are balanced c. Make sure that the stick is balanced. to the door. How do you make the centre tube? a. we can see that . one b. repetition c. beautiful c. 134 English in Focus for Grade IX . Ramdan. Questions 16 to 20 are based on Text 4. window or ceiling d. c. are colourful d. a. They will move easily when there is some wind. 2000 16. feathers. can I speak to Dinita? Dinita's mother : Sorry. Overlap the ends and tape them together. tie these two sticks to another stick above them. three 18. b. Take a stick.
a. attention b. Actually. Tika : Really? Fantastic! The italicised word is showing ." King Aruya said angrily. hesitation is a. I'm quite sure b. My brother said he knew everything and his answer was wrong. All your subjects will be happy. I'm sure b. I can d." They went to see King Aruya. said. Really? Ami : Are sure you can do it by your– self? Tika : (the expression of certainty)." Ombah then said. Yes. I didn't hear Rizki : I got 10 for Mathematics yesterday. visiting Questions 28 to 32 are based on Text 5. buying b. We will become very rich. my answer will be right. "That is not true! No body knows everything. nished d.' a. Akomi said. Yes. So if I say the opposite. don't you? Guards! Throw him into the river of crocodiles. Akomi. 24. For example. opening d. 2000 Final Evaluation 135 . 26. For example. I'm not too sure c. a.23. let us be your ministers. being nished Bob nished at midnight. "If we become the King's employees. opening c. The correct expression to show . a. truly! Everybody knows at least something. 25. repetition It was cold and humid yesterday. They were ambitious and winning. so we postponed the botanical gardens. you know your father's name. I am wise and clever. Nobody knows nothing. "Your Majesty. admiral c. Sorry." King Aruya said. I can d. to King Aruya. the elder brother. I know everything. studying d. 27. buying b. visiting A: Can I have this newspaper? B: 'Yes I have with it. Yes. We will make good laws. nish c. Really? c. a. agreement d. "That is also a lie. nishing b. Text 5 Two Brothers Long ago. "Your majesty. we can make laws to collect more money from the people. I know nothing. "King Aruya will also punish me if I say the wrong thing. there were two brothers called Akomi and Ombah. working c. do you know how many stars there are in the sky? Guards! Throw this liar into the river of crocodiles!" Ombah's hands trembled. too!" Taken from UPSR. Then he thought to himself.
become ministers c. kept many crocodiles b. 2000 passengers and 33. a.. to remain calm during the emergency d. Some passengers panicked when there was as shortage of life-jackets. more than one thousand c. to show that they were very brave c.m. The captain gave the order to evacuate the ship at 5. The word evacuate means to .m. four hundred and sixty one d. to all crew. More boats including Penang Port tugboats and two Langkawi ferries also rushed to the rescue. make the King's subjects happy 29. was thinking hard d. The ship was on its way to Singapore from Thailand. could make good laws c. They waited for rescue ships. knew everything b. save the passengers 136 English in Focus for Grade IX . did not know how many stars there were d. did not want to lie to King Aruya b. was afraid b. Some passengers sang “My Heart Will Go On” probably . There were crew members on the ship. wanted to see the crocodiles c. had the right answer 32. about two thousand b. six hundred and thirty two 34. a. did not tell the truth d. knew nothing c. put out the re c. wanted to collect money 30. Some passengers song My Heart Will Go On while black smoke was billowing from the engine room.m. The holiday cruise ship. thought that the answer would be right 31.05 a.30 p. All the 461 passengers and 632 crew members were rescued. The passengers were moved to the open upper decks for safety. become rich b. a. a. did not need any ministers d. we can see that King Aruya .00 p. because they liked the song b. From the story. The re started in the engine room at about 2. made him angry c. Ombah said I know nothing because he . a. a. disliked people who told lies Penang. 2000 Questions 33 to 37 are based on Text 6. The passengers were ordered to get into the sixteen lifeboats. Sun Vista sank in the Straits of Malacca yesterday after its engine caught re. 28. The Royal Malaysian Navy sent nine vessels to the rescue. Taken from UPSR. leave the ship b. because they enjoyed the excitement 35. Text 6 Ship Sinks – All Rescued Source: UPSR. Sat. Ombah's hands trembled because he . a. Marine police boats were the rst to reach the scene at 12. help the King make good laws d. The two brother's ambition was to a. use the lifeboats d. The passengers remained in lifeboats for several hours. King Aruya called Akomi a liar because Akomi .
However. uncle 39. As for me I would rather have a space for playing football or badminton.36. jumped b. new house 42. I hope that you and your family are doing well. shifted d. a. Risa : That’s great. gratitude b. I think you will enjoy a weekend here. b. Why does Budi like the new house? a. there were only sixteen lifeboats c. my mother said she would rather have a rock garden complete with waterfall. There are more rooms and we have big garden. Risa. badminton b. pushed 40. 38. cousin brother d. d. 43. Badminton court. It has a swimming pool. there were not enough life jackets 37. bought c. two Langkawi ferries How about visiting me and seeing our new house? I have already found a river which is good for shing. It is bigger with more rooms. Mawar no. a. The rst ships to arrive at the scene were . I think my father will listen to my mother. they were moved to the uppendecks d. As you can see from the address above I have moved house. 2008 Jl. c. Budi . The italicised phrase is the expression for . telling interesting news d. agreement c. Guess what! I passed the test yesterday. How are you getting along? It has been quite some time since I wrote to you. c. Penang Port tugboats d. Dina is probaby Budi’s a. The compound is so much bigger than the old house. good friend c. Some passengers panicked because . My father bought a new house. a. Which of the following would probably be built later? a. Swimming pool. I like the new house. 41. 30 Bandung – 12345 Dear Dina. Final Evaluation 137 . It has a rock garden. Rock garden. Irma : Hi. See you soon! Your Sincerely. a. they waited for several hours b. My father said that we could have a swimming pool in the garden if we want to. Marine Police boats b. a. shing c. From the letter we know that Dina likes . The word moved means . congratulations. Text 7 Bandung. June 21. d. pleasure Questions 38 to 42 are based on Text 7. younger brother b. It has a river. Royal Malaysian Navy c. Football eld. We sold off the double storey terrace house and moved to a double storey semi-detached house. b. football d.
Susan to Lombok with her friends last week. forgot d. a. pleasure b. make b. can nished c. a. Really? 45. 56. go c. writing d. They last night. must see b. 52. showing certainty b. a. sleep c. Someone to lock the door. Olga : Did Gigi sing last night? Rima : Yes. sleeping b. sung c. Rusdi : How awful. have forgotten c. falling c. must d. fallen Liana : My brother had an accident last night. ? Mr Edi : I want to know more about your products. a. gone b. 53. see c. a. was sleeping 49. gratitude d. Played d. 54. must saw 48. simphaty c. went 51. showing sympathy 138 English in Focus for Grade IX . have written b. a. can nishing d. Raka : What time did you sleep last night? Ami : I at 10 p. Sir. a. a. 57. make c. was sleeping 50. a. Can you help me? c. May I help you? b. Bayu : Oh. Being played Mrs Clarke deferred a decision until the last minute. football is my hobby. Are you sure? d. forget b. giving compliment d. had forgotten 47. Play b. a. a. a.m last night. going d. The italicised words express . 55. can be nished He from the stair last night. fell d. they did. certainly 46. slept d. a. is making d. wrote c. Playing c. is making Rima his new article for Publisher's Weekly. made I my work tonight. a. making c. Sales : Good morning. made b. making d. showing uncertainty c. can nish b. fall b. Joe a doctor today. Mey Mey : I lost my wallet yesterday. sang b. I’m so sorry to hear that.44. write My mother a special dinner for my father last night. The italicised sentence is an expression of . singing d.
can) 9. The farmers told him about the problem. slow d. My sister Ungu concert two days ago (Past Tense) 8. Make a sentence using might. The horse was a big animal. Tisa Ayat-Ayat Cinta three times. in the sea can be dangerous. 3. 'You don't have to cut the entrance with a saw. short 60. Can you state the structure for Present Perfect Tense? 58. Their saw was old and not very good. ears d. I well without sleeping pils. feet b. was very old c. The horse's ears are the problem. 2.' So they found a saw and started cutting. was a big animal Final Evaluation 139 . 1. Then the entrance will be higher. and the entrance of its ears hit the top of the entrance. The horse did not like this. a friend came to see them. (Modal. (Present Perfect Tense) 7.' The farmers thanked their friend. The horse worked in the elds in the day and slept in a stable at night. After a few minutes. 5. so the work was hard. (Gerund) 6. 4. Make a sentence using an expression of asking repetition. 2000 59. when farmers used horses a lot. worked on the farm b. Then one farmer said to the other. 'Let's cut away the top of the entrance. a. Text 8 Two Farmers Two farmers had a big horse.' Taken from Junior Comprehension 2. The horse was too entrance. tall c. You can dig the entrance with a spade. 'That man's stupid. a. thin b. slept all day d. Identify the structure of text 9. and he went away. It always hurt its a. 'What are you doing?' their friend asked.Questions 58 to 60 are based on Text 8. The horse . 10. it got angry and often kicked the farmers. Make a sentence using an expression of asking and giving certainty. 'What can we do about this problem?' they often asked. The friend said. Make a sentence using an expression of showing and responding to uncertainty. one of them thought of an answer. nose for the . He said. head c. Then the oor will be lower. After a long time. That'll be easier and quicker. Do the following instructions. not its feet. This was fty years ago.
London: Thomas Nelson and Sons. Bonner. 140 English in Focus for Grade IX . 1998. A Conversation Book 2. Wardiman.M. Junior Comprehension 2. Nm. Alexander. and Van Veen. 2005. Make Yourself a Master of English for Grade IX Junior High School (SMP/MTs). 1972. Alice. Jakarta: PT Setia Purna Inves. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. Blanchard. S. Indonesia : Binarupa Aksara. Tan Boon. Karen and Christine Root. London: Oxford University Press. Reference Guide to English. D'Arcy. Singapore: Periplus Edition (HK) Ltd. 1983. Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. T. 1987. A Beginning Writing Text. London: Oxford University Press. Blundell. The Topic Dictionary. 1995. Reading Elementary. Stannard. Carver. Scott. 1982.C: CBS College Publishing. 1998. Seal. Soars. 2008 Molinsky. Get Ready to Write. 2000. Step into Writing. London: Oxford University Press. Steven J. 1993. W. Microsoft Encarta Reference Library. Joan. Tan Boon. Chicago: World Book. Ready to Write. London: Longman.Bibliography Adrian – Vallace. UPSR. Guide to Patterns and Usage in English. London: Longman. 2005. Allen. 2006. Liz and John. 1994. Hornby. London: Longman. Childcraft: Nature in Danger. Kim. Jon. Word by Word. UPSR. A Handbook of English as a Second Language.S. Blanchard. 1992 Primary 1: Vocabulary Practice. 1994. 1987. World Book Team. Practice and Progress. 1991. Kim. Jonathan Higgens and Nigel Middle Miss. London: Oxford University Press. Artono. London: Longman.G. Standar Isi. Indonesian Children’s Favorite Stories. Karen and Christine Root. 1983. 2007. 1994. Headway Student’s Book. Rosemary. Margaret. Function in English. Bennet. Tina Kasloff and Sandra Douglas Fotinos. London: Longman. London: Longman. English in Everyday Life. London: Longman. Kheng.G. 2000. 2003. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD. Washington D. Bernard. 2007. Vocabulary Builder. London: Longman. A Basic Writing Text. The New Book of Knowledge. Chan S. A. Selangor : Sasbadi SDN BHD Maclin. Suyenaga. 2000. World Book Team. Living English Structure. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. L. A First Composition Text. 2006. London: Grolier Incorporated Danbury Co.
Hands on Science. 20 Chapter 2 1. www. 2007• 70.id• 79 www. wayangsuket. 2007• 47 Chapter 3 1.go. 20 6.rasamalaysia. 2008• 11.kbrimanila. www.uk• 117 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1.uk• 75 2. 366 and More Fairy Tales. www. Publisher Documantation• 113 5.germes-online.indonesianart. 2005• 50. Hands on Science. 67 5. www. How Does It Work?.wordpress. 2002• 85. Kamus Visual.files. 1993• 133 2. 101 Great Science.rhhotels. 2003• 39. homepage.com• 79 3.my• 105 3. 2007• 129 Final Evaluation 1.org2.leeds.id•28 4. The Big Book of Science Projects. Make and Do.kbrimanila.id• 28 www. Experiments. Nature.com• 99 2.indonesia. Visual Arts. UPSR.net• 49 2. How Does It Work?. 18 5.com• 70 2. 95 Chapter 5 1.blogspot. heritage. 2005• 7. Nature. les. www. www. 2001• 14. 2006• 114 6.uk• 27 3.recipezaar. www. 50 Bedtime Stories: The Perfect Way to End Your Day.org.co.artcraft.com• 10 7.slbn3yogja. 1990• 79. www. 81. 42. 2008• 66 141 .co. com• 38 www.wordpress.com.ac.banten.2006• 63 8. 136 Chapter 1 1. www. german.parkseed.com• 71 2. www. 71 3.melayuonline. CD Image• 54. www. ayiediary. Encyclopedia of Science Experiments.com• 51 3.unj.com• 4 3.ok• 23 2. appreciativeorganization.com• 1 2.ph• 38 brangwetan. The World Book Student Discovery Encyclopedia. les. www. 2000• 135.Photo Credits Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1.com• 52 4. les. www. 94 4.royalhoteliow. www. www. 58 6.com• 38 5.offshoreradio.co. Indonesian Heritage.net• 109 4.com 7.frightenstein. www. 43 6.wordpress• 5 4.grasindo. 2001• 72 Chapter 4 1.wordpress.ph• 38 www.ac. Kamus Visual.eircom. The World Book Encyclopedia.
pesisir konservasi. wadah/kotak terus-menerus mengubah makhluk menjelajah pelayaran. menolak 2. meniup rusak upacara kesempatan peredaran. perlindungan alam terus-menerus. tak henti-hentinya.) /kru:z/ custom /ˈkʌstəm/ customary /ˈkʌstəmərɪ/ decline /dɪˈklaɪn/ delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ diet /ˈdaɪət/ diving /daɪvɪŋ/ dot /dɒt/ earn one’s living /ɜ:n wúns lɪvɪŋ/ emerge /ɪˈmɜ:dʒ/ enliven /ənlɪvən/ enormous /ɪnɔ:məs/ entertainment /ˈentəˈteɪnmənt/ environment /ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt/ excellent /ˈeksələnt/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : kecelakaan menemani. koran/surat kabar) pantai. sabuk lagi pula. makanan menyelam titik. baik sekali.) /kru:z/ cruise (n.Glossary accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ accompany /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ aircraft /eəkrɑ:ft/ annually /ænjʊəlɪ/ apologize /əˈpɒlədʒaɪz/ attend /əˈtend/ attention /əˈtenʃn/ average /ævərɪdʒ/ based on /beɪsd ɔn/ beak /bi:k/ beast /bi:st/ bellhop /belheʊp/ belt /belt/ besides /bɪ’səɪd/ blow/bləʊ/ break down /ˈbreɪkdəʊn/ ceremony /ˈserɪmənɪ/ chance /tʃɑ:ns/ circulation /ˈsɜ:kjʊleɪˈʃn/ coast /kəʊst/ conservation /ˈkənsəˈveɪʃn/ constantly /ˈkɒnstəntlɪ/ container /kənˈteɪnə/ continually /kənˈtɪnjʊəlɪ/ convert /kən’vɜ:t/ creature /ˈkri:tʃə/ cruise (v. enak diet. menyertai pesawat terbang tiap tahun meminta maaf menghadiri perhatian rata-rata berdasarkan pada paruh binatang (buas) pelayan/pesuruh pria di hotel (= bellboy) ikat pinggang. tambahan bertiup. pertunjukan lingkungan ulung. merosot lezat. pesiar adat. oplah (mis. kebiasaan biasa 1. bintik mencari nafkah muncul. timbul memeriahkan sangat besar. unggul 142 English in Focus for Grade IX . hebat hiburan.
memberi hasil kacang polong kemungkinan 1. menerangkan penjelasan alat pertanian baik. melunasi 2. kebetulan saja pokok/kepala berita tumit lari gawang tidak teratur lembing alat memasak/dapur kadal memuat(i) 1. ekspansi menjelaskan. kebutuhan namun. berhati-hati 2. terjadi 2. melipatgandakan dongengan bangsa kapal angkutan laut keperluan. menyenangkan. alur badan pesawat terbang agung. menguntungkan anggar alat pemadam kebakaran armada daging sering kali galur. hebat 1. belaka mengalikan.expansion /ɪkˈspænʃn/ explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ explanation /ˈekspləˈneɪʃn/ farm implement /fɑ:m ˈɪmpləmənt/ favourable /ˈfeɪvərəbəl/ fencing /fencɪŋ/ re extinguisher/ˈfaɪə ɪkˈstɪŋgwɪʃə/ eet / i:t/ esh / eʃ/ frequently /ˈfri:kwentlɪ/ furrow /ˈfʌrəʊ/ fuselage /ˈfjʊ:zəlɑ:ʒ/ grand /grænd/ happen /ˈhæpən/ headline /hedlaɪn/ heel /hi:l/ hurdling /ˈhɜ:dlɪŋ/ irregular /ɪˈregjʊlə/ javelin /ˈdʒævlɪn/ kitchen appliance /ˈkɪtʃɪn əˈplaɪəns/ lizard /ˈlɪzəd/ load /ləʊd/ look out /lʊkʌʊt/ manufacture /mænjʊˈfæktʃə/ marbles /ˈmɑ:bl/ merely /ˈmɪəlɪ/ multiply /ˈmʌltɪplaɪ/ mythical /mɪðɪkl/ nation /ˈneɪʃn/ naval vessel /ˈneɪvl vesl/ necessity /nɪˈsesətɪ/ nevertheless /ˈnevəðə’les/ of cially /əˈfɪʃəlɪ/ parlour /ˈpɑ:lə/ pay off /peɪəf/ pea /pi:/ possibility /pósəˈbɪlətɪ/ preserve /prɪˈzɜ:v/ : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : perluasan. meskipun begitu/demikian secara resmi kamar/salon tamu 1. awas membuat/menghasilkan dengan tangan/mesin kelereng hanya. memelihara 2. menyenangkan. mengawetkan Glossary 143 . pengembangan.
70. 137 • Report text. 28. 79 • La Fontaine. 5. 4. 71. 102. 18. 91. 24. 46. 81 • Mckie. 95 • Wardiman. 136. 14. 6. 44. 51. 53. 64. 34 • The present perfect tense. 52. 78. 128. 52. 83. 9. 39. 135. 106. 59. 134. 62. 107. 56. 127. 58. 15. 89. 55. 119 Index of Texts • Procedural text. 61 • The past perfect tense. 110. 26. 139 Index of Authors • Clark. Artono 24. 96. 115. 103. 92. 85. 20. 19. 72. 17 • Gerunds. 52. 55. 100. 133. 53. 129. 2. 8. 3 • Asking repetition. 63. 77 • Responding interesting news or information. 43. 35. 103. 117 144 English in Focus for Grade IX . 76. Colin. 29 • Responding hesitation. 82. 51. 11. 56 • Giving admiration. 37. 42. 85. 81. 53 Index of Grammar • Using let to introduce imperatives. 12. 101. Anne. 29 • Showing attention. 118. 84 • Showing polite manners. 50. 73. 95. 127. can and could. 94. 7 • Showing hesitation.Index Index of Expressions • Asking and responding certainty. 33. 117. 88. 108 • Showing simpathy. 114. 93 • Special nites may and might. 56 • Giving interesting news or information. 132 • Narrative text. 7. 16. 31.
You will sleep really well. Fried it in a hot oil until it turns light brown. Next. Practice 5 Mrs Siregar : Hello. don’t think too much. I make it easy and quick. pour the juice into some glasses.. Put the slices of papaya. 15 persons) Give your best pose and smile is a must! Take your photo with digital camera or pocket camera. OK. one tablespoon of salt. 1 slices (100 gr) pineapple 3..I’ll have an English test tomorrow. when I get up. Contemporary art has also developed here. 1 piece (300 gr) soursoup 5. First. 3. Practice 11 • • • • • Join the Faces of the Month Competition! Bring together all of your friends (max. Son? Budi : I’m not so sure. Letto and Peterpan attract a lot of people. 1 tablespoon red syrup 4. Finally. by 29 March 2008. do the same to the remaining soursoup. Next. 3 cm of ginger. arts. The ancient Hindu epic is the basis for many aspects of life in Java.Listening Chapter 1 Do It This Way! Practice 3 1. Practice 9 Ingredients : 1. Would you like to come.let’s see. restaurants. Ria No. mix the our with a grain of peppers. magic. Get the chicken thighs out from the freezer. They are successful because they are singers of great 9voices and they can 10perform well before an audience. garlics and salt. : Don’t worry if you’re the kind of person that does not sleep easily. They like it very much. Roll the chicken thighs to the our. They are played by 3bands in dance halls. Practice 9 : I will go to watch wayang orang in Taman Sriwedari tonight. Next month is an examination time! 1. Some ice cubes Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Practice 2 Pop Songs Pop songs come from movies and pop composers. The songs are mainly simple 1music with the lyrics about 2love. Instant recipe is much quicker. spirits and powers of good and evil are together to be a part of Javanese culture. After a while prepare 0. Finally. 2. Yurike : Hmm. cafe. 1 egg. 3. Dora : Would you like to see Glenn Fredly concert next month? Wildan : I couldn’t really be sure about that. I go to sleep. Just keep practising. Fira. Practice 6 Javanese Culture Culture. 3 pieces of garlics. Sute : There’s some doubt in my mind that Handy will pass to the next level of Indonesian Idol. and the night clubs and on 4television. I am going to the market. Mrs Siregar : I see. Do not use computer effects or contact lenses. Mrs Hery : I de nitely sure. drink a glass of hot milk before sleeping. Mom. Fira : I’m not sure I can dance Serimpi Dance beautifully. I know that an instant recipe is much quicker but I don’t think it’s better. Where are you going? Mrs Hery : Oh. And last but not least 8the programmes of Indonesian Idol and Mamamia always fascinate young and old people. The boys bands are 6famous today. Collect your photo to Callista’s Photo Studio. one teaspoon full of peppers. Mrs Siregar : Are you sure? Why don’t you use an instant recipe? I don’t think that a traditional recipe will much better. Mr Herman 145 . 2. I don’t know why. : Really? : I’ve no doubt about it. He sang badly last night. The bands consist of six to more than six 5persons. Mrs Siregar : Can you tell me the recipe? Mrs Hery : Well. hello Mrs Siregar. You just need some slices of chicken thighs for about 0. Practice 6 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. Mrs Hery. red syrup together with some ice cubes into a blender and blend on high for one minute. I want to make fried chicken for Sisi and Niar. By the way. Then. Nona Ardi Fadli Cinta Fadli Cinta : I haven’t slept well lately. I feel fresh again. rst. mix it with the pound of the spices. 7Boys bands held by Maroon 5. : Do you know how to get rid of a cold easily and quickly? : When I get a cold. vanilla syrup and some ice cubes. Practice 7 Listen again to the dialogue in Practice 5. keep in the freezer for a half hour. : Are you certain about it? : De nitely. pineapple. First of all. the white juice is on the bottom and the red juice is on the top. Nona Ardi Script Practice 10 1. jln.5 kg.25 kg our. pound ginger. Ungu. Dad. how do you make your fried chicken? Mrs Hery : I use a traditional recipe. Gigi. Then. mix the chicken thighs with egg yolk. 2. 4.15. 4 slices (400 gr) papayas 2. Mrs Handoko : Don’t worry. take medicine. 1 tablespoon vanilla syrup 6. peppers.
. now it is nished.. Mrs Jhon : Well. Do you know how to order a ticket by phone? Anti : Of course I do. Taste it. Well. You must have a mission. Add sugar. Shall we see it? : I don’t know. I just made it. pick up the phone. salt. Mr Burhan said. 4. Choose your favorite programme and leave your chair! Chapter 3 Be Creative! Practice 2 Sinyo : I never ordered a ticket by phone. Dona : Terri c! Practice 12 You’re Invited! The Costume Party 2008 Choose Your Own Character Wear the Out t. launching of Tristan’s painting in Rialto Gallery. well. This helps drivers to see them clearly.com Exercise of Chapters 1-3 Text 1 Bright Colours Police of cers wear bright colored jackets when they are directing traf c. Mix well. 2. What are the materials to make an Amazon hut? What is the rst step? Why should we cut woods into large sticks? How can we make the frame for the house? Where we put palm leaves? 1.. Sabang. hmm. Practice 5 You will need: 1 cup all-purpose our. and vanilla. It’s Fantastic! Can you tell me the recipe to make this buns. Mr Jhon : Ok. First. cornstarch 20 g and water 100 ml. : That’s too bad. I’m not so sure that my sister will become a good singer. sugar. Your character or weapon must be unique. Mrs Jhon : First of all. 3. 3. milk. and beef for 1 minute. 2. soy sauce. Gun : See. 1/2 teaspoon salt. 1 Sinyo : Oh. Dona : Wow. Add our. Add contract slurry to the wok and stir until thickened over mild heat. Tio Rani 6. I’m still waiting for my examination result right now. he would announce it in one hour. you need barbecue beef 500 g. 1/2 teaspoon vanilla (optional) How to make it 1. tell me more! Gun : After that. I couldn’t say that rap music was from Africa. onion. state your destination to the operator. Mixture. Practice 11 1. I see. What will you do at the coming Saturday night? I’ve some information to ll your Saturday night.. cool sweet and savoury beef down for lling. 3. Place a wok of sauce pan over medium heat until hot. state if you are going to pay by credit card or cheque. oil 15 ml. : I can’t be certain about the presentation of Gigi Band. What are you doing? Gun : I’m making a windmill from paper.. Practice 6 Mr Jhon : What is that? Mrs Jhon : It is sweet buns. Then. sugar 15 ml. Dona : Oh. 4. Mix constarch with 6 table spoon water completely into a smooth. I see. Practice 3 Dona : Hey Gun. oyster sauce 15 ml. Bring above mix to the boiling. Sir. state your name and address to the operator. 2.. 3. at 7 pm. She probably used lip synch. Mr Jhon : Oh. That’s marvellous! How did you do that? Gun : I made it from a square piece of paper by cutting inwards from each corner halfway to the centre point. 4. gurethings. powder. Thanks for the explanation. Add in any extra goodies and cook over med heat griddle. I see.. Then. And in the end. remove roast beef lling to bowl and refrigerate. especially when it is dark. I wish they would come for this charity. Then. you hang up the phone. Anti : And then. I’m not all convinced about the singer’s voice. egg. 2 teaspoons sugar.5. nely chopped onion 25 g. Their manager says that they’re on a full schedule. Theatrical Performing Art by Alama n’ friends in Selasar Open Theatre at 8 pm and Ska Music Festival starts from 5 pm. 5. 1 egg. Imaginary character out t must be original. Roni Headmaster Practice 10 : There’s a new art gallery at Jln. please. Then. Which colours do you think are the best to wear for safety at night? More about Bright Colours 146 English in Focus for Grade IX . Then. You may want/need to add a little more our or milk based on the consistency you want. add and stir oil. I couldn’t really be sure about where Salsa Dance originally came from. soy sauce 15 ml. 1 tablespoon baking powder. For further details contact us Hana 09992434 Riko 09997326 Email gureparty@www. 3/4 cup milk. First. Ah. sauce. Sinyo : 3What should I do after that? Anti : Then. I folded over each point with a dot on it and tape it to the centre. Finally. Sinyo : 4Well. Now you can blow on the pin wheel and watch it spin.2Tell me more. Dona : Well. I pushed the drawing pin through the centre and into the rubber on the end of the pencil. You must have a name. There’s some doubt in my mind that Hula-Hula Dance originated from Honolulu.. 2. Dial the service number. Practice 11 Good evening young listeners. then tell me what to do to the ingredients. oyster and remainder water in wok and stir well. 5. I couldn’t say. and Go Out for Party! Conditions: 1.
What do you think of my new jacket? Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Practice 3 1. Then. he threw himself on the other dog to steal his meat as well. how’s your trip to Singapore? 2Would you tell me more about it? Mr Randi : Well. they used to sit on the highest branch of a tree looking at a full moon. Tari. Nino : Oh. Wu Fei : All right. a dog stole a big piece of meat and he was very proud of it. We heard some noises behind the bush. where they have remained ever since. Surprisingly. Expressions for number 5 to 10 Are you sure that you will get the scholarship? I doubt that I will pass the test Can you hear me? I got headache for the last two days. He fell in love with Princess Purnama Bulan. Unfortunately. poor boy came out from the bush. We were very afraid that we 4 thought we were 5 followed by a pick pocket or a freak. • • • • white stickers silver glitter a sheet of black paper felt-tip pen So the Sea went along. He 6 asked for a money to buy some food. Would you tell me more about it? Herman : Yeah sure. The addrese must sign a receipt for it. when he was in the water. Practice 3 Nino : Hello. Ma’am? Mrs Dina : I need three envelopes. He is employed by the post of ce to 2deliver letters and collect those posted in pillar boxes. So. Practice 6 1. Loki. they called “Pungguk! Pungguk!”. He works for the ei Ministry of Education. ve stamps and a postcard. birds. What happened next? Mr Randi : Then I called 5The Indonesian Embassy and they helped me. That’s very a 8 heartbeating experience. What’re you doing? Tari : Hi. this is the second time I’m reading it. Surprisingly. and so was left with nothing. 8. some one was 3 following us. it ended sadly. When he was full. Practice 9 The Greedy Dog One day. what so special? Tell me more. when I read the story of a Lovely. He said thanks and went away. then they climbed up into the sky. One day. B : Oh. Tari : This story is about a powerful love. The post of ce insures such mail and keeps a careful record of it. Mr Randi. Believe it or not. Post Of ce Clerk : What do you need. please. They are used by people who nd them more convenient or more private than the regular service. Practice 14 Dear diary Last Sunday. 7. really? Why was that? Mr Randi : I had trouble with my photo in the passport. When Pungguk walked. A : I laughed out loud. Fira. 3not very smooth exactly. Gosh. and thought that Pungguk stole it. I looked very different. Purnama Bulan gave Pungguk a veil. from Pungguk’s dead body grew some mushrooms. the dog did not realise that it was his own re ection in the water.You will need: • a bright torch • scissors • non-toxic glue • sticky tack 5. the Sun and the Moon were a married couple who lived on the Earth and were great friends of the Sea. In fact I want to know about some 3postal matters. Loki : What an interesting story! Well unfortunately. because of the surgery in my chin two months ago and my haircut. He looked down into the river water carefully and he saw another dog with a piece of meat in its mouth. Wu Fei : And 5registered mail? Herman : It offers 6extra safety for valuable mail for an additional fee. Wu F : My father is a civil servant. then. he ran off until he reached the bank of the river. he was just a 7 hungry kid. what do you want to know? Wu Fei : I want to know what is meant by PO BOX? Herman : PO BOX stands for Post Of ce Box. Practice 6 Loki : Hi. we gave him some money. the weather was ne. B : Tell me more about it. We went 2 in the afternoon . Nino : So. with the sh and all the members of his family. What do you think of my new hair cut? Hello. With his sword. Those birds were called Pungguk. Its 4locked mailboxes located inside the post of ce. so that the Sun and the Moon had to climb up to the roof because they did not want to be drowned. 9. 2. 10. thanks. he had to let go the remains of the meat to avoid drowning. Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. They almost brought me to the immigration of ce. Herman. although they were in love with each other. In addition . Near the park. Santi and I 1 were going to the town library together. I’m reading the story of Si Pungguk from West Sumatra. Practice 11 Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky A long time ago. Listening Script 147 . Pungguk was a poor good-looking young man. Thank you very much for the information. Lovely Mud. he killed Pungguk. 1I’m ne. really? I thought that was a sad story. Nino : I see. Please Practice 2 Wu Fei : What kind of job does your father do? Herman : My father is a 1postman. 6. A : Surprise! I have already read the story of Laskar Pelangi. it changed into living creatures. Funnily enough. Nino. Purnama Bulan already had a ance. Nino : 4That’s horrible. the water began to rise. Purnama Bulan’s ance noticed the veil. Loki : Well. But then. One day. a dirty. Guess what. anyway. How are you? Mr Randi : Hello. they invited the Sea to visit them.
Mr Tora : I need the postal code of East Jakarta please. Wonder woman. 4. I also visited Nagoya. How are you? I’m doing good here. In the US a 2mail carrier sometimes must walk 3along his route. Sir? Mr Erwin : Yes. Tom and Jerry. My colleague 4picked me up at the airport. I only stayed for one night. please. This may happen if it is addressed 8wrong and does not have a return address. especially for you llatelist freak. Practice 8 Do you know that mail is usually delivered once a day. Love. I didn’t forget to go shopping there. In Spain or Indonesia the 4postman often travels by 5bicycle or motorcycle. OK. Practice 11 Good evening youngpals wherever you are. we 5continued our journey to the hotel. Such mail goes to the dead-mail or dead-letter of ce.000. You’ll nd Superman. Batam Centre and Galang Island.500. I remembered that I 6drank ve cold drinks in one hour. Post Of ce Clerk : May I help you. Heroes series and cartoon series. because it was only a 3short visit. Kiko : Which one do you prefer? Sending news by air mail or by electronic mail? Ela : I prefer by air mail. Ma’am. That’s enough for now. Sir. Exercise of Chapters 4-5 Dear Lula. Central post of ce has launched two new series of stamp. It’s 17421. Mickey and Minnie Mouse. It was a very hot day. Post Of ce Clerk : Absolutely. I’ll tell you one interesting ads. The mail is opened to try to 9 nd the sender or addressee. One week ago I 1went to Batam Island for business. What’re you waiting for? Get it now on your nearby post of ce.2. Spongebob and Patrick. Lula. Now. Don’t forget to write me soon. Do you know how much is the charge for a package to Singapore as soon as possible? 5. If this is unsuccessful. Back to Ramajaya FM. 3. Then. Susan 148 English in Focus for Grade IX . I’m so sorry I could not 2come to Jakarta. Spiderman. Mrs Yuna : How much does the stamp cost? Post Of ce Clerk : It costs Rp3. 6 Rejected mail is mail that cannot be delivered or returned to its 7sender.00 and get 10% discount if you buy both series. six days a week? In Mauritania mail is delivered by 1post drivers. the mail is 10destroyed and any valuables are sold. Each series only Rp150.
1. 4. looking c d b d a b b Practice 3 water plant tank gravels ponds net jug Let’s cook (together). water. base nally. 4. seeing is believing missing interfering helping telling bathing learning making packing saying. 7. 6. 2. rst of all. 4. g f e d 5. 6. 4. c b a Reading Practice 2 (Grammar Stage) 1. 1. 7. F F F Writing Practice 8 1. 6. 2. 9. 2. 2. c 3. clods. 3. 4. 6. 9. 2. 2. 2. F T F originate famous charm captivate. now after that. Let’s have dinner in a new restaurant. 10. 4. 8. 5. Let’s keep the water boiling. 7. 5. 6. 5. 3. 4. Let’s make an aquarium (together). 9. 2. 5. seed. 4. 2. a 2. 5. then. grow. 5. better. have a role not very strong – take and use something – take in or absorb have the same form give a reason for believing Chapter 2 Let’s Dance and Sing Listening Practice 3 1. nearly came chie y yearly e h i c d 6. 10. T F T F F Practice 6 Practice 5 (Grammar Stage) Practice 8 1. 3. 4. j a f b g Practice 9 Practice 11 Writing Practice 6 1. h 4. 7. 2. F F T T T 6. 1. 2. 7. Let me stir the coconut milk thoroughly. 7. 3.Answer Chapter 1 Do It this Way! Listening Practice 7 1. Let’s get lunch (together). 2. 3. 5. 3. magnetise nely Practice 4 Reading Practice 2 1. 10. 4. 3. 3. gloves. 1. Let’s keep the biscuit smashing. 8. 7. patch next. holes. 3. 8. 5. 3. 2. 3. 5. Let’s keep the coconut milk stirring. 9. down. 1. 6. Let me add some salt. 5. press. 4. one table spoon fried one teaspoon mix pound Key 4. 8. b f d e Answer Key 149 . 8. g 5. dusk record Practice 12 1. 4. 3. 3. 5. 1. 6.
a b d c b b b a a b a b c a b 16. 30. Practice 11 c-a-b-e-f-d-g Reading Practice 2 1. 23. and the bridle 6. A text that gives hints about the way to make something with its steps. 9. 39. 26. 4. what type • Steps : What to do • The frame (commands. 9. details. a. 4. 3. 5. 6. a a c a b a a b b b Practice 6 Practice 12 Speaking Practice 10 1. 12. 7. 3 1 2 4 5 Reading Practice 2 1. 38. 3. 2. 27. 6. 5. 1. 24. 3. 2. 2. c e f a b d h g a c h d b j e g i k Exercise of Chapters 1-3 1. 8. 8. 4. a c b d c c b c a c d d b a c 31. 33. 19. with what) • The covering (where. 18. 4. 2. 2. 10. 6. 7. 25. 1. b c a d d c b a d c Practice 4 150 English in Focus for Grade IX . 10. 3. 5. 1. 29. 13. how. 4. 5. has been brought haven’t collected has been cheated have been swept has written 5 6. 1. 5. 2. 4. A text that gives informations about something just the way it is as the result of systematical observation and analysis. 20. 8. 2. 14. b c c b 1. 3. b Writing Practice 4 3-2-1-4 Practice 7 1. 7. 6. 8. 4. answer my vary answer my vary answer my vary haven’t worked has lost have you ever seen Practice 4 Chapter 4 It’s a Great Story Listening Practice 9 1. 5. The generic structures of procedural text • Goal • Materials (precise information. 5. 11. 28. 4. 15. 5. 3. 40. 10. 5. h c f 2. e h j k f 6. 7. 6. 3. d g i a c 11. 36. 4. 8. 3. 7. 4. 9. 3. 7. 22. how many. 17.Chapter 3 Be Creative! Listening Practice 10 1. 3. 6. action verbs). 37. 34. 2. 21. 7. how long. 2. 32. 2. 3. 10. 35. d g b e F T F T haven’t subscribed has given have you been have ead r has been stolen has been caught. 2. 4. 8. 3. 4. 9.
10. horrible damped strange looked some amphibians stuck slow thought shaking gentle missed day frown fast familiar harsh smart agitate Practice 10 Practice 8 Practice 12 Hotel view beach weekdays Rp750. 2. 2. 8. 7. 7. 1.I The destruction of all the houses and even the temples. 6. see 5. 6. 5. have make think look touch say Practice 7 Chapter 5 Send Me a Letter. 6. 5. 2. 6. 7. Kbo Iwo. 7 8. meet 2. 4. 1. 8. 6. 2. 6. am/is 3. 2. 1. 3. 10. 8. 2. 4. 2. 2. 10. b c a d c b d d b b Marguiritta Restaurant may restaurant p. 8. reserve please name table eight That’s right inn route ancient luxurious lodging tavern Practice 13 Practice 6 Writing Practice 6 1. 11. 10. 5. damp 4. 9. 6. 4. Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 had planted had drawn had painted had written] had confused 6. 5. 9.000. 3. 7. 4. 4. 4. 3. 8. 2. 4. 2. 7. 11. 4. 5. 3. 3.m. b b c a c a c Practice 8 1. 6. Kbo Iwo The Balinese. had eft l had one d had t sted a had one d was sat/rested post/had written had gone went/had lost had gone Kbo wo. are Answer Key 151 . Speaking Practice 3 1. 7. 3. 1. 5. 3. 5. The Balinese. Please Listening Practice 12 1. 7. 3. 5. 9. 1. 7. 5 6. 4. 5. 3.Practice 5 1. 10. 3. 4. 9.00 breakfast spa centre tness centre swimming pool Practice 9 1. 8. The water. 9.
25. 12. a. b a b a a b a a c c d b d a b a c a d b b a d a c b a c c b b b a b c 16. d b c a c c c b a c d a a c d b b a b d c c a c d c d b c a d a b c b 31. 49. 53. 2. 7. 14. 27. 8. 57. 6. a. 4. 34. 22. 23. a. 15. 8. 3. b. 8. I could go early everyday last summer. 48. 30. 40. 5. d c a c c a b c c d Practice 6 Final Evaluation 41. She could cook well when I knew her. 1. 6. 40. She could read easily before her eye got trouble. 47. 3. 18. I could y a plane when I was in the air force. 23. 8. 8. 11. d a b d b b c d c c 152 English in Focus for Grade IX . 37. 2. 3. 10. 39. 9. 12. 1. He could leave it whenever he wanted to He can play chess this afternoon. 6. b. 36. 9. 35. 21. 24. envelope postcard mail bag seal postmark glue parcel stamp g f e b d a c employed post mailbox post of ce parcel post basically postcard postage stamp money order depend Writing Practice 6 1. 4. He could play chess when he was young I can y a plane after a few more lessons.Reading Practice 2 1. b. He can leave it for an hour. 10. 28. 26. b. 35. 3. 44. 36. 17. 18. 6. Practice 10 1. 4. 5. She can read easily with her new glasses. 20. We can do this exercise next week. We could do this exercise last week. She can make her own dresses in a few years. 9. 59. 13. 7. a. 38. 3. 37. 34. 2. 7. 21. I can go early if he lets me. 33. a. 4. 45. 7. 25. 29. 10. 38. b. 6. 7. 43. 30. 5. 52. 5. a. a. 32. 31. 56. 2. 9. 6. 17. b c c a b d a a c d b c a d a c d d b c Practice 7 (Grammar Stage) 1. 4. 2. F F F T F T F Practice 5 Exercise of Chapters 4-5 1. 7. 15. 28. 4. 29. 55. 32. b. 13. 5. 5. 26. 27. 10. 4. 22. 39. 11. She could make her own dresses before she got married. 1. 16. 51. 19. 20. 6. 19. 3. 8. 2. 58. b. 2. She can cook well with more practice. a. 54. 24. b. 14. 50. 7. 3. 7. 5. 2. 4. 33. 3. 60. 42. 6. 5. 46.
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